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					                                                        CLIPS REPORT
 Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri and higher education,
 compiled by UM System Strategic Communications as a service for UM System officials. The report may include articles
 dealing with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher education trends and other significant topics affecting the
 University.

 The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports, or representation of campuses,
 University Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from Columbia newspapers, are written by students.
 The report is not an effort to measure the University’s public information efforts.


                                                             March 13, 2009

UM curator nominee is chosen, 1                                             Wash. U. researcher gets millions for breast cancer
Column: Student leaders lack maturity to be UM                              study, 68
curators, 5                                                                 Kansas Bioscience authority gives $26M to KU
Letter: Business principles shouldn’t apply at MU, 6                        Medical Center, 69
Congressman tours MU Life Sciences Business                                 SIUC weathers an unusual storm of bad publicity, 70
Incubator, 7                                                                State House committee OKs budget, 73
Big expansions planned for Discovery Ridge, 9                               Missouri House panel drops idea to cut college
Williamson named permanent vice chancellor for                              scholarships, 78
MU Health Care, 10                                                          Missouri Sunshine group aims to pursue transparent
Nixon talks health care, 12                                                 government, 88
State is still negotiating on Mid-Mo, 14                                    Education secretary defends Obama’s budget at
MU settles O’Neal lawsuit for $2M, 17                                       Congressional hearing, 90
MU School of Music receives $1M donation, 28                                What’s in the new student loan proposal, 92
MU to close Health Connection, 31                                           More bad news on campus: Scholarships drying up,
Stimulus puts historical society back on agenda, 33                         95
Op-ed: Missouri needs more good old American                                Faculty raises are down slightly from last year, 97
know-how, 35                                                                Point of view: On the bottom line, good teaching
Agriculture feels economic crunch, 36                                       tops good research, 98
MU doctoral candidate arrested for marijuana                                Spending bill could lower price of contraceptives at
growing operation, 37                                                       campus health centers, 101
Researcher explores benefits of human-animal                                Commentary: Cost reductions and tuition restraint:
bonds, 39                                                                   been there, done that, 102
MU professor wins prestigious Goodeve Medal, 41                             For some, hard times make hiring easier, 105
Fire prompts evacuation at MU building, 43                                  College counseling centers remain understaffed
Former MU basketball player says Columbia police                            though demand is strong, survey finds, 108
officers mistreated him, 44                                                 13 reasons colleges are in this mess, 109
Jury recommends 11 ½ years in MU professor’s                                Endowments feeling economy’s sting, 113
death, 46                                                                   Aid to private colleges goes on states’ chopping
MU symposium honors Darwin bicentennial, 50                                 blocks, 115
Mars lecture held at MU, 51                                                 Obama lifts federal restriction on stem-cell research,
Columbia Regional Hospital to receive baby sleepers                         119
from 4-H members, 53                                                        Political Fix: Weatherize this: Missouri to receive
‘Real World’ holds auditions at MU, 55                                      $185M in energy efficiency cash, 137
UM president speaks at Missouri S&T town hall, 59                           Education Department releases data on enrollment,
Nietzel: MSU needs to internally reallocate up to                           graduation rates and student aid, 138
$1M, 61                                                                     In shifting era of admissions, colleges sweat, 139
MSU, Drury taking look at sustainability, 62                                Colleges wean off fossil fuels, 142
Stephens College to interview 10 candidates to                              Data-collections advocates weigh progress toward
replace retiring president, 64                                              accountability, 144
Stephens targets staff, wages, pension plans to meet                        Maryland lawmakers layout plan to help higher
economic crunch, 65                                                         education students with costs, 145
Columbia College to buy Atkins property, 66                                 CU to recruit students to come back and finish
Harris-Stowe State University releases $31M                                 degrees, 146
stimulus wish list, 67                                                      College freshmen study booze more than books, 147
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Political Fix Blog: Curator nominee is longtime ally, donor, to Gov. Jay Nixon
By TONY MESSENGER
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Jay Nixon’s first nominee to the University of Missouri Board of Curators is St.
Louis lawyer Don Downing, a longtime ally and former employee of Nixon. He’s also a trial attorney
whose firm was a big donor to the governor during his campaign.

While that’s hardly unusual — governors frequently appoint big donors to various government boards
— it’s also an issue that Democrats criticized Gov. Matt Blunt over during his tenure. So, in the game
of politics, turnabout is fair play. In this sense, Downing is a triple threat: a former Nixon employee, a
political donor, and (drumroll please) a trial lawyer.

I featured Downing in a column during the campaign in which Nixon and Republican candidate Kenny
Hulshof were fighting over the issue of “tort reform.”

        Depending on your perspective, it’s either money for consumers and their attorneys, or it’s
        money for big businesses and their shareholders.

        Attorney Don Downing of Gray, Ritter & Graham chooses the consumer perspective. Downing,
        a former chief deputy to Nixon, said his firm “dug deep” to fund its $100,000 donation to
        Nixon because it believes Nixon will be the best governor for consumers.

        Downing points out that Nixon has built a reputation for going after consumer fraud during his
        long tenure as attorney general. On the campaign trail, Nixon makes it clear that he wants to
        protect the rights of consumers to seek legal redress through the courts.

        “For those who are victimized or hurt by the actions of others, electing Nixon will be good for
        those people,” Downing said.

Nixon still has two spots open to appoint on the Board of Curators.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Curator nominee is chosen
Don Downing is St. Louis lawyer.
By TERRY GANEY
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — Gov. Jay Nixon has moved to fill one of three vacancies on the University of
Missouri Board of Curators, nominating Don Downing, a St. Louis attorney.

Downing, 51, is an old friend of Nixon's, having served as chief deputy attorney general and as a
political campaign supporter. Downing's name had been rumored as being in the mix for a possible
curator appointment for several weeks and was finally announced yesterday afternoon.

“It's something I've always wanted to do, and I really look forward to this,” Downing said. “I come with
an open mind and with no preset agenda. I want to work with the other curators to make the
university the best in the country.”




                                                                                                         1
Downing had sought the appointment and will succeed Marion Cairns, a former Republican state
representative from Webster Groves, the St. Louis County community where Downing lives. Cairns'
term expired Jan. 1. If confirmed by the state Senate, Downing will serve a term that expires Jan. 1,
2015.

Jack Cardetti, a spokesman for the governor's office, said Nixon believed no one would be more
capable and enthusiastic in putting students' needs first than Downing.

Born in Kennett, Downing received a bachelor's degree in economics from MU in 1979 and his law
degree there three years later. He was editor of the Missouri Law Review.

In 1977, he was the first man to be chosen MU Homecoming king. Before that, only Homecoming
queens went through the review, nomination and election process to get a crown.

Downing has been an active alumnus, serving on the law school's Foundation Board and as a member
of the UM Jefferson Club, an organization that raises money for the campus.

A partner in the law firm of Gray, Ritter and Graham, Downing was Nixon's chief deputy from 1993 to
1995, the early part of Nixon's 16 years as attorney general. In that role, Downing hired and supervised
about 170 lawyers in the office.

One curator is appointed from each of Missouri's nine congressional districts. Downing fills a position
in the Third District, and Nixon still has two nominations to make, from the First District in the St. Louis
area and the Sixth District of northwest Missouri.

Columbia Missourian
Nixon picks St. Louis attorney for vacant UM System curator’s seat
By VALERIE INSINNA
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY – Gov. Jay Nixon has picked MU's first homecoming king to fill one of three vacant
seats on the UM System Board of Curators.

St. Louis attorney Don Downing formerly served as Nixon's chief deputy attorney general in the
attorney general's office. His law firm, Gray, Ritter, and Graham P.C., also contributed $100,000 to
Nixon's gubernatorial campaign in 2008.

The newly appointed curator received his bachelor's degree from MU in 1979 before earning a law
degree three years later.

As an MU alumnus and father of an MU student, Downing said, he understands the significance of
state universities.

"I think it's important that all citizens of Missouri realize how important the University of Missouri
is," Downing said.

If his nomination is approved by the Missouri Senate, Downing will replace Marion Cairns.




                                                                                                           2
The board acts as the UM System's governing body and is made up of one member from each of
Missouri's nine congressional districts. Members serve six-year terms, with three members replaced
by the governor every two years.

Although Downing said he does not have a pre-set agenda of what he wants to accomplish, he hopes
to help the board with current funding difficulties.

Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, said he thinks Downing would make a difference in that regard.

"He understands both the state of Missouri, government and higher education," he said. "He'll be a
real strong advocate for the university."

Sen. Kurt Schaefer, R-Columbia, who worked with Downing at the attorney general's office, said he
thinks Downing is a fine lawyer, but he also raised concerns over a lack of diversity on the board.

"I think you have to have at least some curators who understand the issues that face minorities at the
university, and some of the issues that arise in funding," he said. " ... And when you simply don't have
any minorities, you're no longer reflecting the makeup of the state of Missouri."

Nixon communications director Jack Cardetti said the governor believes state government and
universities should include minorities, but that Downing was the best fit for the position.

"Don really sees the governor's same vision as putting the students first at the university, but also
believes that the university could be a part of the state's economic turnaround," he said.

Cheryl Walker, who is black, is also leaving the board. As is Don Walsworth, who is white.

Jennifer Hollingshead, MU's assistant director of communications, said the university had no comment
on the appointment because Downing has not yet gone through the confirmation process.

St. Louis Business Journal
Nixon names MU curator, other appointments
Monday, March 9, 2009

Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon made the following appointments Monday:

University of Missouri Board of Curators — Don Downing, 51, of Webster Groves, a partner in the law
firm of Gray, Ritter and Graham P.C and former chief deputy attorney general for Missouri.

Missouri Quality Home Care Council — Juan Samaniego, 49, of St. Louis; Richard Blakley, 51, of
Viburnum, executive director of the Disabled Citizens Alliance for Independence; Debra Catlett, 54, of
Hannibal, executive director of the Hannibal Area Council on Aging; Tammy Long, 42, of Knob Noster;
Bruce Lynch, 49, of Poplar Bluff, executive director of the Independent Living Center of Southeast
Missouri; and Todd Mayfield, of Jefferson City, member of the Governor’s Council on Disability.

Missouri Development Finance Board — Brian May, 46, of Eureka, a private practice attorney and a
partner in the law firm of Yates & May L.C., and Rose Marie Carmichael, 59, of Springfield, owner and
president of Affordable Homes Development Inc.




                                                                                                           3
St. Charles County Convention & Sports Authority — Joseph McCullough, 52, of St. Charles, a lawyer
with Todt, Ryan & McCullough, and Thomas Wapelhorst, 66, of St. Charles, owner of Walters’ Jewelry.

Missouri Highway and Transportation Commission — Joe Carmichael, 61, of Springfield, president
and manager of the law firm Carmichael & Neal P.C.

Mental Health Commission — Dennis Tesreau, 57, of Herculaneum, an attorney in private practice in
Jefferson County.

Governor’s Council on Disability — James Trout, 58, of Webster Groves, a real estate broker and
principal with Trout and Co.

Missouri Medal of Valor Review Board — Oliver Glenn Boyer, 58, of Crystal City, a sheriff of Jefferson
County.

Missouri Commission on Autism Spectrum Disorders — Anne Roux, 39, of Ballwin, executive director
of the non-profit Missouri Families for Effective Autism Treatment; Dr. David Crowe, 57, of Cape
Girardeau, founder of Crowe and McGuire Orthodontics and father an autistic son; Connie Hebert, 42,
of Cape Girardeau, interim director of the Southeast Missouri State University Autism Center for
Diagnosis and Treatment; and Vicki McCarrell, 57, of Pilot Grove, executive director of Unlimited
Opportunities Inc., a nonprofit in Boonville that serves children and adults with disabilities.

Missouri State Employees Retirement System Board of Trustees — Charles Weber, 61, of Jefferson
City, an employee of Central Bank Co. Inc.




                                                                                                     4
The Maneater
Column: Student leaders lack maturity to be curators
Focusing on transgender policies does not show responsibility.
By MARCUS BROWN
Monday, March 9, 2009
Last month, Chancellor Brady Deaton met with students to express support for a proposal that would
add "gender identity and expression" to MU's non-discrimination policy.
According to a March 5 report in The Maneater, students who are transgender are not protected by
the university's non-discrimination policy. Triangle Coalition President Asher Kolieboi insists the lack of
unisex bathrooms is discriminatory toward the transgender folks among us. Apparently, Kolieboi
believes the changes to the university's diversity polices would bring about more unisex bathrooms
and lead the transgender folks to feel more accepted in our community.
Earlier this week, the Missouri Students Association began to draft a bill that would call on MU
departments to include gender identity and expression in their individual non-discrimination policies.
MSA Senator Phyllis Williams said, "This is not radical by any means." In reality, it is radical by nearly
every means. This entire issue is so ridiculous -- it is hard for me to decide whether to laugh or to cry.
This entire discourse exemplifies everything that is wrong with MU. We have spent countless hours
and way too much mental energy trying to change our campus into a wonderful peaches-and-cream
utopia. We spend way too much time and energy on transgender diversity clauses and way too little
time learning how to make money. I often feel college is more about accepting everyone than it is
about learning how to be a successful, productive, hard-working member of society.
I don't think that anyone deserves to be discriminated against, but we can't make rules for everything.
We can't add a new caveat to the diversity rules every time someone comes up with a new way to
define identity. MU offers plenty of bathrooms for men and women. The present accommodations are
very reasonable. The university is already on a very tight budget. It is nothing short of irresponsible to
insist that we build more unisex bathrooms.
The words and deeds of our student government reflect upon all of us. When the student government
panders to immature and ridiculous issues such as gender identity, they discredit the intelligence and
seriousness of our student body. When our student government gives serious consideration to
policies, such as gender identity non-discrimination, it only serves to show the outside world how out
of touch we truly are.
Since 1984, a non-voting student representative has sat on the UM system Board of Curators. For
more than 10 years, lobbyists associated with MU's student government have petitioned Missouri's
state legislators to give this student curator one vote, just like the other curators. So far, their efforts
have been unsuccessful, as their bill has never been signed into law.
In 2008, former Gov. Matt Blunt was right in vetoing legislation that would have given the student
curator a vote. Our student government has yet to prove itself mature enough to handle such a
responsibility. The gender identity non-discrimination bill Williams is advocating, is a perfect example
of the student government's inability to embrace practical solutions to real problems. I call on our
student government to abandon its present course and to begin advocating important and realistic
proposals that solve real problems. As students, once we prove that we're mature enough to handle
the responsibility of a curator vote, perhaps we'll get one.
Marcus Bowen is a former vice president of the MU College Republicans and serves with the Jackson
County Republican Party. He can be reached at mbowen@themaneater.com.




                                                                                                               5
Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: Business principles shouldn’t apply at MU
By KAREN PIPER
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Editor, the Tribune: At President Gary Forsee's recent town hall meeting, a man who introduced
himself as a “pipefitter” (we'll call him Joe) said he was worried that the University of Missouri
model is becoming more corporate under Forsee's leadership. And, as Forsee spoke of
“efficiency” (i.e., working harder for less money) and “accountability” (i.e., proving you “perform,”
or bring in the most money), I had to agree. Forsee has obviously been brought in to corporatize
the university, whereas Joe just wants a decent hourly wage, overtime and the ability to retire —
things he said he holds “sacred.” But, as Forsee repeatedly said, “everything is on the table” and
“nothing is guaranteed” for workers at MU.

What Forsee did not say is that what's really on the table is our children's education. The
corporate model means getting the most money from “consumers” (students) while putting the
least amount of money into the “product” (teaching). In reality, it's like outsourcing our children's
education to India, to underpaid and overworked adjuncts and faculty who don't have the time or
energy to care. That's “performance.” The university and “business principles” do not mix.

Thankfully, today corporate gluttony is finally being exposed, and men like Forsee — with his $40
million severance and $84,000 a month guaranteed pension for life — are starting to seem like
anachronisms. In short, it's time for Forsee to learn the language of Joe the pipefitter, or for us to
find a president who can.

Karen Piper, member
AAUP Executive Committee professor, MU Department of English, 107 Tate Hall




                                                                                                     6
Columbia Business Times
Congressmans views on business stimulus, taxes
By JACOB BAKER
Friday, March 6, 2009

A few hours before President Barack Obama signed the stimulus package into law, U.S. Rep. Blaine
Luetkemeyer toured the newly opened MU Life Sciences Business Incubator, a key component of
what could be called Columbia’s economic stimulus plan.

Luetkemeyer, a small business owner before becoming the 9th District’s new congressman, listened
with keen interest as the incubator’s director showed him the resources available to high-tech startups
renting space in the building on Providence Road.

The business incubator already has two companies preparing to move in, including British company
PetScreen, which specializes in canine cancer screening. The recruitment of PetScreen is a great thing,
Luetkemeyer said in an interview later that morning at his local office in the Buttonwood Business
Center. But then he added, “My concern is, will they stay?”

With U.S. corporate tax rates among the highest in the world, he is concerned that businesses such as
PetScreen might stay until they develop their product for the U.S. market and then go abroad to avoid
American taxes. Scaring off companies and putting them at a disadvantage in the global market is not
going to pull the country out of the recession, he said.

“We gotta find a better way to do this,” the Republican congressman said with an exasperated
chuckle. “Even Sweden dropped their taxes the other day.”

Luetkemeyer has a strong pro-business, anti-tax philosophy and has visited a multitude of Columbia
businesses since taking the seat vacated by Republican Kenny Hulshof, a Columbia resident.

Luetkemeyer is from St. Elizabeth, a small town between the Lake of the Ozarks and Jefferson City. He
owns a 160-acre farm and Luetkemeyer Insurance agency, and his family owns and operates the Bank
of St. Elizabeth. Luetkemeyer served three terms in the Missouri House, coming in as a minority
member in 1999 and retiring as member of the majority in 2005. After a close race against former
25th District Rep. Judy Baker, where he won by 2.5 points, he finds himself in the minority party again.
Thus far, he’s spent a lot of his time watching as the Democrats pushed through the massive stimulus
bill, something he adamantly opposed.

“It’s not going to work,” Luetkemeyer said in the CBT interview. “It’s a very poor bill.” He added that
he expects the initiative to raise inflation and interest rates over the next few years.

As the only new member to the Missouri delegation and a minority member of a strongly Democratic
House, Luetkemeyer has begun his tenure in the House at a time of intense partisanship and keen
public interest in change. Even though much of the time at his new job has been dominated by the
scramble to push through the largest federal spending bill in history, he said D.C. is not unlike Jefferson
City.

“You do your committee work, you form relationships and coalitions to work on issues and work them
through the process,” Luetkemeyer said. “You still have to do your homework. It’s just on a bigger
scale. Issues have more national and world importance, and as a result, they take a little more study.”




                                                                                                          7
One of the areas he’s studying right now is close to his heart and, luckily, under the umbrella of one of
his committee assignments. Because of his business background, Luetkemeyer landed a spot on the
Small Business Committee, which is currently looking at the Small Business Administration’s loan
guarantees. He said the stimulus package already has a provision that would increase the guarantee
on SBA loans for 12 months, something Luetkemeyer likes because it should encourage lending
without any upfront costs.

“Small businesses are where the real jobs are created, and this is where we need to have the help,” he
said. “The SBA has always done a good job, an aggressive job, in helping small businesses get started.
It’s not a big piece of the overall puzzle, but it’s a nice little piece.”

But overall, the stimulus plan doesn’t do enough for small business, Luetkemeyer said, explaining it
contains only four tenths of one percent (more than $3 billion) for small business. And he said he
didn’t really hear much support for the bill from constituents, despite ads running against him,
encouraging people to call him and tell him to vote yes.
During the debate over the bill in Congress, Luetkemeyer said on the floor that “49 percent of my
people are saying ‘no’ to this massive spending bill, and the other 51 percent are saying ‘heck no.’”

And that wasn’t much of an exaggeration, he said.

“Within our district, there may have been less than five people in the course of two weeks that called
in and wanted me to support the stimulus package,” he said. “The rest of the hundreds of calls we got,
were really ‘no’ and ‘hell no.’”

The problem was that it was touted as a tax-cut and infrastructure-spending bill, Luetkemeyer said,
and then rushed through Congress as a spending bill.

“While some of the spending can be justified, it should have gone through the legislative process, the
committee process, and let everybody vote on whether this is a good spending item or not,” he said.
“A bunch of the stuff in there is very questionable spending, and that’s the portion that really gives me
and many others pause.”

Had more time been given to the lawmaking process, Luetkemeyer said he believes the stimulus plan
never would have been passed. The true cost of the bill, which includes interest payments and the
possible extension of new programs over the coming years, is much higher than the advertised price
tag, he added.

“This is the problem I have with the liberal mindset and the liberal way of governing,” Luetkemeyer
said. “They believe the money in your pocket is their money, and they’re going to take and do what
they want with it and decide when and if they give it back to you.”




                                                                                                        8
Columbia Daily Tribune
Big expansion planned for Discovery Ridge
Research park set to grow fivefold.
By LAURA LATZKO
Friday, March 6, 2009

The University of Missouri’s Discovery Ridge Research Park in south Columbia is expanding to five
times its current size.

The fledgling research park on MU’s South Farm property between Highway 63 and Rolling Hills Road
is now home to two scientific buildings: pharmaceutical company Analytical Bio-Chemistry
Laboratories Inc. and the Research Animal Diagnostic Laboratory.

Rick Finholt, director for Discovery Ridge, said the expansion from 105 to 550 acres will create space
for other companies that tie into the scientific and engineering research at the university. The idea is
to provide a place for a cluster of high-tech companies, Finholt said.

The UM Board of Curators initially approved 105 acres for the research park as part of an effort to
make space for ABC Labs.

The next phase would bring in companies of different sizes while maintaining green space for trails and
open space. The goal is to have 30 to 35 percent green space to create a campus-like environment,
Finholt said.

The development also would feature lakes that would act as storm-water drainage areas, collecting
runoff so it would not go into Gans Creek.

As the park grows and attracts more companies, the university plans to work with the city to develop
more infrastructure such as street connections to nearby neighborhoods.

Rusty Saunders, a planner from Loomis Associates Inc. of Chesterfield, presented the university’s plan
to the Columbia Planning and Zoning Commission last night. Although Discovery Ridge is not subject to
the same zoning regulations as private developers, the university wants to coordinate the project with
the city and the Missouri Department of Transportation, Saunders said.

Discovery Ridge ties into the city’s Metro 2020 Land Use Plan, a long-range guide for development that
includes an employment center near Highway 63 housing laboratories, technology-based companies
and training centers.

Some commissioners thought expansion of Discovery Ridge could benefit Columbia by expanding its
road construction opportunities and storm-water management techniques.

David Brodsky and Doug Wheeler said this expansion project could lead to the much-needed
construction of a southeast bypass, and Jeff Barrow thought the storm-water drainage activities at the
park could potentially be implemented by other businesses in Columbia.

“I’m happy that the university and Discovery Ridge want to set an example for storm-water
management practices,” Barrow said.




                                                                                                           9
Columbia Missourian
Williamson named permanent vice chancellor for MU Health Care
By RACHEL SCHALLOM
Thursday, March 12, 2009

COLUMBIA — MU Chancellor Brady Deaton announced this week that Harold "Hal" Williamson Jr. has
been named the permanent vice chancellor for MU Health Care. Williamson has served as interim vice
chancellor since September 2008.

Administrators and professors alike, such as Judith Fitzgerald Miller, say they are pleased with the
news.

“He is without a doubt the best choice for this position,” said Miller, dean and professor of the Sinclair
School of Nursing. "He has respect for the disciplines that report to him, as well as historical wisdom
about the MU Health Care system and the University Physicians practice group.”

“In addition, he has compassion for patient care,” Miller added. “He sets high standards of excellence
for all that we are about. I am very excited about him being named in the permanent position. We
need a sense of stability at this time.”

MU Health Care includes the School of Medicine and University Physicians, the Sinclair School of
Nursing and the School of Health Professions.

“All of the components report to Dr. Williamson,” said Jo Ann Wait, director of public relations and
marketing for MU Health Care. “He is responsible for advancing the mission of all the units of the
health system.”

Williamson has served on MU’s family medicine faculty since he was a member of the first class of the
Robert Wood Johnson Academic Family Practice Fellowship Program in 1982.

Before accepting the position, Williamson served as a chair of MU’s Curtis W. and Ann H. Long
Department of Family and Community Medicine for 10 years.

He has also previously directed MU’s family practice residency program, served as director of the MU
Area Health Education Center for 11 years and was a visiting scholar at the University of Washington,
where he helped rural communities develop health-care services.

“His devotion to the success of the health sciences component (at MU) is evident,” Miller said.

Williamson received his medical degree at Case Western Reserve University Medical School in
Cleveland and completed residency training at the University of Minnesota.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU picks permanent health system leader
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Hal Williamson Jr., who has been serving as interim vice chancellor for the University of Missouri
Health System since September, has been named to the permanent position, MU Chancellor Brady
Deaton announced today.




                                                                                                        10
“Dr. Williamson has provided outstanding leadership during this interim period,” Deaton said. “Given
his devotion to the highest standards in health care and the health sciences and his ability to
successfully integrate the educational and clinical areas of this complex organization, he is the perfect
choice to continue in this position on a permanent basis.”

University of Missouri System President Gary Forsee created the vice chancellor position last year to
oversee the university’s health enterprise, which comprises University of Missouri Health Care, the
School of Medicine and University Physicians, the Sinclair School of Nursing and the School of Health
Professions.

Williamson will be paid $355,000 in his new position, the same salary he received as interim vice
chancellor, MU spokesman Christian Basi said.

Forsee praised Williamson for creating a “more collaborative and effective health sciences
organization” at MU.




                                                                                                       11
Columbia Daily Tribune
Nixon talks health care
Governor stumps for new tax plan.
By T.J. GREANEY
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Gov. Jay Nixon stopped in Columbia this morning and urged legislators to take quick action on a
health care proposal, which he says there is no good reason to oppose.

“I really am having a hard time figuring out how pretty much anybody can be against this,” said
Nixon. “It's $145 million for our health care system without a penny of Missouri dollars at a time
when we have huge stresses on the system because of increased unemployment.”

Speaking in the Family Health Center at the Sanford-Kimpton Building, 1001 W. Worley St., Nixon
unveiled an agreement with the Missouri Hospital Association to voluntarily increase hospital
taxes and generate an additional $52.5 million. That new money would help draw $93 million in
matching federal funds and allow the state to provide health coverage to 34,800 low-income
Missourians, he said.

Nixon emphasized urgency by citing rising unemployment numbers in Missouri. He said the lack of
health care is “crippling our economy.”

“We cannot get this economy moving until we get the cost of health insurance under control,” he
said. “And we can't get the cost of health insurance under control until we reduce the number of
Missourians who don't have it.”

To make the agreement a reality, legislators must vote to increase the poverty limits on state
Medicaid. Adults now are ineligible for Medicaid once their income is above 20 percent of the
federal poverty level.

For instance, a single mother with two children is excluded from existing health care coverage if
she makes more than $3,700 a year, or $71 a week. Nixon wants that figure to be 50 percent of
the federal poverty level, meaning the same mother would be eligible if she earned less than
$9,155 a year.

State Sen. Kurt Schaefer, R-Columbia, said the plan amounts to throwing more money at a flawed
system. He pointed to 60,000 Missouri children who are eligible for health care but don't have it
because their parents have not signed them up.

“We need to have a debate systemically about how we deliver health care most effectively,” he
said. “And not simply throw more money at it. Because that has already shown that it does not
work.”

Schaefer is also concerned that new money might be a short-term fix that would run out when
federal or hospital funding goes away, leaving taxpayers to foot the bill.

Nixon insists the funding would be permanent.



                                                                                                    12
Jim Ross, the chairman-elect of the Missouri Hospital Association and CEO of University of
Missouri Health Care, said increasing the provider tax on hospitals is a good thing. Too many
people without insurance are avoiding the doctor's office until it's too late and flooding
emergency rooms, he said. This is the costliest, least efficient way to treat illness, he added.

“At MU Health Care facilities alone, we provide more than $40 million annually in unreimbursed
care,” he said. “As one of two safety-net hospitals in the state, we treat patients from every
county in the state regardless of the patients' ability to pay. … Missouri hospitals must do what
we can to help offset the growing uninsured problem.”

Family Health Center patient Robert Sonka, 49, said he applied for Medicaid in 2007 and it took
about a year to get approval. Meanwhile, he was rushed three times to a hospital emergency
room for heart attacks. He paid close to nothing for the treatment he received at University
Hospital and says the system swallowed the costs of his care.

“I was dead broke,” he said. “If it wasn't for people helping me, I'd be sleeping on the street
today.”

Missouri Department of Social Services Director Ron Levy also touted the economic stimulus
aspect of the proposal, saying it would add 1,300 jobs in the health care sector.




                                                                                                   13
Columbia Daily Tribune
State is still negotiating on Mid-Mo
Building improvements are ‘last sticking point.’
By JODIE JACKSON JR.
Monday, March 9, 2009

Negotiations for University of Missouri Health Care to take over operation of the Mid-Missouri Mental
Health Center should result in a more efficient way to treat psychiatric patients, state Department of
Mental Health Director Keith Schafer said.

Schafer has been pursuing MU Health Care’s takeover of Mid-Mo for about two years now. The
concept got a lot of attention in January when Gov. Jay Nixon announced that Mid-Mo was being cut
from the fiscal year 2010 budget and suggested the hospital transfer to the university as a way to trim
$21 million from the mental health department.

“We believe this is a very good deal for Mid-Mo,” Schafer said in an interview with the Tribune. He
said he hopes the negotiations will result in “a high level of care that can be appropriately funded.”

The negotiations have created a heightened state of anxiety among Mid-Mo’s 190 employees, who
would be laid off and have to reapply with MU Health Care if the university agrees to take over.
Schafer said MU does not have a large enough staff to handle acute inpatient psychiatric care and
expects the university would draw from the pool of existing Mid-Mo employees.

“They are going to need a lot of people,” Schafer said of the university. “They don’t have a lot of
people standing around doing nothing.”

Joe Parks, state director of comprehensive psychiatric services for Schafer’s department, recently told
employees that it would be a “deal-breaker” if MU Health Care does not agree to hire “the grand
majority” of Mid-Mo employees.

Schafer said he has been concerned for some time about the mental health department’s capacity to
provide acute inpatient care; 17 states have moved away from trying to operate state-run inpatient
facilities, mostly because of inadequate Medicaid reimbursements based on “arcane rules.” MU Health
Care would be able to collect a much higher level of reimbursement than Mid-Mo can collect.

Tim Harlan, a Columbia lawyer and former state legislator who championed mental health issues, said
if Mid-Mo and University Hospital were “under the same roof” it would mean much better general
medical care to patients; the two are in adjoining buildings. Mid-Mo is not set up to treat general
medical problems such as heart disease and diabetes.

Harlan has been retained by the mental health department to help with possible changes at Mid-Mo
and a psychiatric hospital in Kansas City. Harlan said he tried in 2001 to start a conversation about the
university taking over Mid-Mo when he served in the General Assembly.

“I always thought this would be a better way to run the hospital,” he said. “We have a chance to
provide better patient care more efficiently in a budget crisis,” he said. “What’s the alternative?”

Meanwhile, the university has identified about $20 million in improvements needed to the Mid-Mo
facility.

“The university is hesitant to take control of a building that needs physical improvements,” Schafer
said. “I think that’s the last sticking point.”




                                                                                                         14
If that point can be worked out, Schafer thinks the human resources departments from Mid-Mo and
MU Health Care could be getting together within the next two to three weeks to discuss how to add
employees to the university’s payroll.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: Health care
A state budget battle
By HENRY J. WATERS III
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Gov. Jay Nixon and his Democratic colleagues are making a major push to get additional health care
coverage included in the state's FY 2010 budget. Majority Republicans in the House and Senate are
pushing back.

First, is there a problem that justifies the Nixon spending? Yes, there is. Testimony from every expert
says as much. Recently I met with a group of such people from law enforcement, public education,
private and public psychiatric care about the problem in mental health. They were unanimous: Too
often facilities do not exist for emergency cases. They end up in regular hospitals at greater expense to
the public, receiving inadequate attention too late. Even facilities for continuing treatment are
woefully inadequate. Judge Christine Carpenter of the Boone County Mental Health Court agrees, and
you can't find a firsthand observer who says otherwise.

To help with this problem locally, the state Department of Mental Health and MU Health Services are
negotiating a university takeover of the state Mid-Missouri Mental Health acute care center. This
would be a good move, enabling substantially increased federal reimbursement funding. Let's hope
they can work the deal.

But even so, the state will remain short of extended care facilities for people coming out of short-term
acute care. Keith Schafer, director of the mental health department, favors the transfer of Mid-Mo but
admits he does not have a solution for next-phase care.

Gov. Nixon urges the legislature to approve a plan for gaining $141 million in low-income health care
with $52.5 million in additional hospital taxes, which would enable $93 million more in federal
Medicaid funding. The hospitals agree to their increase.

GOP leaders oppose this plan and have the ability to deny it. They are generally opposed to enlarging
welfare rolls and worry about funding continuing programs with temporary federal stimulus money.
Nixon argues the spending is of fundamental importance and future money will be available to
continue the funding.

As an abstract budget-handling proposition, the Republicans are right. It's somewhat loose-handed to
fund continuing programs with one-time money. But the current situation is unique. The health care
need is desperate. Even if additional spending is hard to sustain two years down the road, it will not
have been a mistake to use today's federal stimulus money intended for such uses to treat a crisis and
give time for finding longer-term solutions. By leveraging federal funding, Nixon would enable his
program with relatively little state spending.

I think the Republicans should agree to salve the immediate crisis then work hard over the next two
years to clarify the systematic problems with the program that some of them allege. They have the
majority power in the General Assembly to do both worthwhile deeds.




                                                                                                      15
Columbia Daily Tribune
New cuts alarming, panel says
Mental treatment to hurt in county.
By JODIE JACKSON JR.
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Members of the Boone County Mental Health Board of Trustees are scrambling to respond to
additional proposed cuts in funding for the Missouri Department of Mental Health.

“They're pretty severe,” board member Elaine Larson said yesterday of $58 million in proposed cuts —
on top of $20 million shaved from funding by Gov. Jay Nixon.

She said the cuts would lead to greater demand on local emergency rooms and jails, resulting in more
untreated mental health patients going homeless.

Larson encouraged fellow trustees to call Missouri House Budget Committee members to express their
concerns.

Bob Whittet, a vice president for the Pathways organization in Central Missouri, said, “It's somewhat
urgent to make those calls” before Thursday, when the committee votes on whether to send the
budget document to the Senate.

“This is a rapid-response opportunity,” said Rita McElhany, a state mental health department
community development manager. “All of us have to be voices” for mentally ill people “and make it
real” for legislators.

The list of possible cuts comes as state mental health officials are negotiating with University of
Missouri Health Care to take over operation of Mid-Missouri Mental Health Center in Columbia. DMH
Director Keith Schafer said the loss of aftercare or outpatient, community-based mental health
services — targeted in many of the proposed cuts — would “inevitably require more inpatient care” of
mental health patients.

Schafer has said he told the budget committee yesterday that if MU Health Care does not take over
Mid-Mo, he will be asking to restore Mid-Mo's funding.

“Nobody in the state legislature is of the mind there should not be acute psychiatric care in Central
Missouri,” Schafer said. But to restore funding to Mid-Mo would require even deeper cuts to
community-based outpatient services, where 95 percent of the 175,000 people served by the mental
health department find treatment, he said.

Boone County Associate Circuit Judge Christine Carpenter, who supervises the county drug,
reintegration and mental health courts, said the programs receive “a significant amount of money”
from the mental health department.

“It's a bit frustrating to see these kinds of cuts proposed,” she said. “We can show that our programs
save money for the state” by treating, rather than incarcerating, mentally ill offenders.




                                                                                                     16
The Maneater
O’Neal lawsuit reaches settlement
Aaron O’Neal died during a voluntary workout July 2005.
By JOHN GASS
Thursday, March 12, 2009

A tentative agreement has been reached in the wrongful death lawsuit filed by the parents of former
MU football player Aaron O'Neal.

The lawsuit alleged MU coaches and trainers failed to properly care for Aaron O'Neal after he
collapsed from a voluntary workout July 2005, MU Athletics spokesman Chad Moller said.

O'Neal, a native of St. Louis, was a freshman linebacker who died after a voluntary summer workout in
2005.

The 13th Judicial Circuit Court approved a settlement Thursday in the lawsuit involving the death of
Aaron O'Neal. Circuit Court Judge Gary Oxenhandler approved the settlement and the defendants
reached the settlement with no admission of fault, an MU news release stated.

Aaron O'Neal's parents filed the lawsuit against employees of MU's athletic department, according to
Missouri court documents.

Lonnie O'Neal, Aaron O'Neal's father, filed the lawsuit in 2005 after the autopsy report came back
from the hospital.

The settlement includes MU establishing a scholarship in O'Neal's name and the amount of money
paid to the O'Neal family.

"It's difficult to describe the emotions that are involved in something like this," Athletic Director Mike
Alden said in the release. "You're certainly relieved that the legal process is over, but you still have this
void that was created by Aaron's death that can never be filled."

The university will honor O'Neal permanently by starting a $250,000 endowed scholarship fund, the
news release stated.

"The scholarship means an awful lot to me and to his family," football coach Gary Pinkel said.

The settlement also states that $2 million will be paid to the O'Neal family and MU will pay $600,000
with the rest coming from the university's insurer.

Another part of the settlement was there was no fault attributed in the death of Aaron O'Neal to the
fourteen defendants. All defendants have been dismissed.

Pinkel said it's good to have the legal process completed, the news release stated.

"From the moment we lost Aaron, our primary concern was always for his family and for us to do
what's right for them," Pinkel said. "I've always understood through this whole process that they were
doing what they had to do, and all we could focus on was honoring Aaron and what he meant to our
program."




                                                                                                          17
Pinkel said he thought the scholarship was a good way to keep O'Neal's memory alive.

MU spokesman Christian Basi said he does not know exactly when the scholarship will first be
awarded.

"The university is still sorting out the details for the scholarship," he said.

O'Neal came in the fall of 2004 and was a redshirt his first season. He would have been a senior this
year.

MU's football team has honored O'Neal for almost four years by preserving his locker, members of the
team alternately wearing his No. 25 jersey during home games and by doing other honors within the
team's facilities and stadium.

"For three and a half years, we honored him as if he were still on the team," Pinkel said. "Now that he
would have graduated, we will figure out how best to honor him from now on."

-- Staff writer Amanda Wysocki contributed to this report.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU settles O’Neal suit for $2 million
By JOE MEYER
Thursday, March 12, 2009

University of Missouri employees have settled a wrongful death lawsuit by agreeing to pay $2 million
to the parents of a football player who died in 2005 after an offseason workout.

The settlement in the 3½-year-old case with the parents of Aaron O’Neal was approved Thursday
afternoon by Boone County Circuit Judge Gary Oxenhandler. As part of the agreement, MU will also
use $250,000 to establish an endowed scholarship in honor of O’Neal, a 19-year-old linebacker who
died July 12, 2005, after collapsing during a conditioning workout on Faurot Field.

The settlement includes no admission of fault in O’Neal’s death.

O’Neal’s parents will divide the settlement: his father, Lonnie O’Neal, will receive 65 percent, or
$1,306,840.10, and Deborah O’Neal will receive 35 percent, or $703,483.85.

Lonnie O’Neal was in the courtroom for Thursday’s hearing but declined comment.

MU will pay about $600,000 of the settlement, with the remainder coming from the university’s
insurer, according to a news release from MU.

The MU Board of Curators will establish the scholarship to an MU student “in honor of and in the
name of Aaron O’Neal” with Lonnie O’Neal having sole input on criteria for the scholarship, according
to the settlement document. The plaintiffs have agreed to pay their attorneys’ fees.

UM System General Counsel Steve Owens said MU offered to establish the scholarship as a way to
permanently remember O’Neal, who would have been a senior on the football team last season.




                                                                                                        18
“It’s difficult to describe the emotions that are involved in something like this,” MU Athletic Director
Mike Alden said in a prepared statement. “You’re certainly relieved that the legal process is over, but
you still have this void that was created by Aaron’s death that can never be filled.”

Football Coach Gary Pinkel was to speak with reporters Thursday evening after a spring football
practice.

“It’s good to have the legal process completed,” Pinkel said in a prepared statement. “We’ve done a
lot of things over the last 3½ years to keep his memory alive, and I think the scholarship is a wonderful
idea to continue that.”

Columbia Daily Tribune
Missouri to pay $2M to fallen FB player’s family
By ALAN SCHER ZAGIER
Thursday, March 12, 2009

COLUMBIA, Mo. (AP) -- The University of Missouri will pay $2 million to the family of a former
linebacker who collapsed on the field and died during a 2005 preseason workout.

Boone County Circuit Judge Gary Oxenhandler approved the settlement in a brief hearing Thursday.
The agreement ends a lawsuit over the death of Aaron O'Neal, a 19-year-old redshirt freshman from
suburban St. Louis who collapsed on the Memorial Stadium field during a voluntary workout in July
2005. He died less than two hours later.

The settlement also requires the university to pay $250,000 toward a scholarship fund in O'Neal's
name. A university attorney says the school wanted to permanently honor O'Neal with the gesture.

"We have been honoring Aaron for the last 3 1/2 years," said Steve Owens, general counsel for the
University of Missouri system. "We wanted to find a way to continuously honor him."

Under the agreement, Lonnie O'Neal, the player's father, will receive $1.3 million plus court costs.
Deborah O'Neal, his estranged wife, will receive the remaining $700,000, plus legal fees.

Lonnie O'Neal will have "sole input" on behalf of the family regarding requirements and eligibility for
the scholarship in his son's name. He attended the 15-minute hearing but declined comment.

A statement issued by the university after the hearing noted that the settlement attributed no fault to
the 14 employees named as defendants, a group that consists of football coach Gary Pinkel, athletic
director Mike Alden, team medical director Rex Sharp and 11 trainers and strength coaches.

The lawsuit alleged that school employees failed to take medical precautions required by O'Neal's
sickle cell trait. The hereditary condition has been linked to heat stroke and exercise-induced collapse.

"It's difficult to describe the emotions that are involved in something like this," Alden said in the
statement. "You're certainly relieved that the legal process is over, but you still have this void that was
created by Aaron's death that can never be filled. My hope is that the closing of the legal chapter is
beneficial for everyone, and that the O'Neal family knows that our thoughts will continue to be with
them."

The university will pay about $600,000, with the balance coming from its insurer.



                                                                                                        19
The settlement came the same day that a similar lawsuit was filed in Orange County, Fla., by the family
of Ereck Plancher, a redshirt freshman wide receiver at the University of Central Florida who died last
year after an offseason conditioning session.

An autopsy showed that Plancher also suffered from sickle cell trait.

In 2007, the National Athletic Trainers' Association recommended that college teams screen athletes
for the inherited blood disorder, noting some trainers mistake the ailment for heat exhaustion, muscle
cramps or heart problems.

At least 10 athletes have died under such circumstances in the past eight years, ranging in age from 12
to 19 years old, according to a study from the association. The study also notes the deaths of 13
college football players at schools that did not test for sickle cell trait or had "a lapse in precautions."

Columbia Missourian
Second Update: UM System settles O’Neal lawsuit
By CHAD DAY
Thursday, March 12, 2009

COLUMBIA — The University of Missouri System and its insurer will pay $2 million to the parents of
Aaron O'Neal and establish a $250,000 scholarship endowment fund in his memory as part of the
settlement of the wrongful death lawsuit filed by his parents against employees of MU's athletics
department.

As part of the settlement, neither the UM System nor the 14 employees of the athletic department
named in the lawsuit will be held liable for O'Neal's death.

Boone County Circuit Judge Gary Oxenhandler approved the terms of the settlement during a hearing
Thursday afternoon.

"It's good to have the legal process completed," MU football coach Gary Pinkel, who was named as a
defendant in the lawsuit, said in a statement from the MU News Bureau. "From the moment we lost
Aaron, our primary concern was always for his family and for us to do what's right for them."

Aaron O'Neal's father, Lonnie O'Neal, will receive 65 percent of the settlement, or about $1.3 million.
Deborah O'Neal, Aaron O'Neal's mother, will receive 35 percent, or about $700,000. In addition, the
UM System and its insurer, United Educators Insurance Co., will pay the $10,333.95 in the plaintiff's
taxable court costs.

Of the $2 million settlement, the UM System will pay $600,000 and United Educators will pay the
remainder, according to the news bureau statement. The insurance company "recommended and
participated in the settlement," according to the statement. The UM System's share will come from its
self-insurance fund, to which all campuses and operating departments contribute, UM System
spokeswoman Jennifer Hollingshead said.

MU will award a scholarship from the Aaron O'Neal endowment to a student athlete each year. The
$250,000 will come from unrestricted funds in the MU athletics department's budget, UM System
Chief of Staff David Russell said after the hearing Thursday.




                                                                                                         20
According to the settlement, Lonnie O'Neal will be the sole family member with input on the
requirements and criteria of the scholarship, subject to UM System regulations.

Russell said that the UM System offered the scholarship endowment to honor O'Neal and that "both
parties wanted to resolve (the lawsuit) amicably."

"I've always understood through this whole process that they were doing what they had to do, and all
we could focus on was honoring Aaron and what he meant to our program," Pinkel said in the
statement. "We've done a lot of things over the last 3 1/2 years to keep his memory alive, and I think
the scholarship is a wonderful idea to continue that."

Pinkel said later that the scholarship would be given to a football player and that he and others in the
athletics department were discussing plans to further honor O'Neal, but nothing had been decided
yet.

"Since the tragedy happened for me my whole concern has always been for his family, teammates and
his friends," Pinkel said after spring practice Thursday evening. "For the family and those involved, if
there's closure I think that's good."

In September 2008, MU football seniors decided to honor O'Neal by having a different senior each
game wear the No. 25, O'Neal's number at the time of his death. His number also appeared on the
sideline at Memorial Stadium.

"You're certainly relieved that the legal process is over, but you still have this void that was created by
Aaron's death that can never be filled," MU athletics director Mike Alden, another defendant in the
lawsuit, said in a statement. "My hope is that the closing of the legal chapter is beneficial for everyone,
and that the O'Neal family knows that our thoughts will continue to be with them."

Alden was unavailable for further comment because he is at the Big 12 basketball tournament in
Oklahoma City, MU spokesman Christian Basi said.

The parties reached a tentative settlement agreement in the lawsuit on Feb. 20 after an independent
mediation the day before. On Tuesday, UM System General Counsel Steve Owens said the parties had
been discussing ways to resolve the case since its filing.

Lonnie O'Neal filed the lawsuit on Aug. 23, 2005. Deborah O'Neal was later added to the lawsuit.

The suit alleged that trainers, coaches and staff didn't properly care for O'Neal after he collapsed
during a voluntary workout on July 12, 2005. According to an autopsy report released Aug. 23, 2005,
by then-Boone County Medical Examiner Valerie Rao, trainers first took O'Neal to the Tom Taylor
athletic facility.

There they decided not to use a defibrillator on him because he had a heartbeat, and trainer Greg
Nagel called 911. About 10 minutes later, an ambulance crew took O'Neal across the street to
University Hospital, where he died that afternoon.

Rao said in her autopsy report that O'Neal died from a lymphocytic meningitis infection. In a letter to
Rao regarding her report, University Hospital neurologist Douglas Anthony said he had found sickled
red cells in O’Neal’s brain, which suggested he had sickle-cell trait.




                                                                                                        21
The lawsuit was later amended to allege that O'Neal died from complications of sickle-cell trait and
physical exertion.

As of Feb. 25, the UM System had paid almost $375,000 in legal defense costs, according to
documents obtained by the Missourian under the Sunshine Law.

Lonnie O'Neal appeared at the hearing with his attorney, Chris Bauman. During the hearing, Lonnie
O'Neal testified that he agreed to the terms of the settlement and understood that he could take no
further action against the 14 defendants concerning his son's death.

Lonnie O'Neal declined to comment further after the hearing. Grant S. Rahmeyer, an attorney for
Deborah O'Neal who represented her at the hearing, also declined to comment.

The Kansas City Star
$2 million settlement OK’d in death of MU player
By MIKE DEARMOND
Thursday, March 12, 2009

OKLAHOMA CITY | Athletic director Mike Alden said Thursday that he hopes a $2 million settlement to
the family of deceased Missouri linebacker Aaron O’Neal will provide closure “for what continues to be
a very tragic event.”

Lorenzo Williams said he wasn’t sure there could ever be closure over the death of his friend and
former MU teammate, who collapsed in July 2005 at Faurot Field at a voluntary workout and was
pronounced dead at University Hospital.

“For me, it doesn’t work like that,” Williams said in a telephone interview Thursday. “It’s never going
to be a situation where I’m going to forget about him.

“I got married on Jan. 24, and we were talking about him there.”

Alden spoke to the settlement — approved Thursday by Boone County Circuit Judge Gary Oxenhandler
in Columbia — just before the tipoff of the Missouri women’s basketball game against Texas in the Big
12 Conference tournament.

“It still continues to be a very sad event,” Alden said, noting that since O’Neal’s death — ruled by the
Boone County medical examiner as caused by meningitis — the football program has continually
sought to honor O’Neal’s memory.

During what would have been O’Neal’s senior season, players took turns wearing O’Neal’s No. 25 on
game days. They chanted “A.O.” at the end of every practice, at every game.

Alden indicated that the settlement — with $1.3 million plus court costs going to O’Neal’s father,
Lonnie, and $700,000 plus legal fees to his estranged wife, Deborah O’Neal — was not an admission of
wrongdoing.

Further, the settlement ordered MU to establish a $250,000 scholarship fund to honor Aaron O’Neal,
with Lonnie O’Neal to determine how that fund is administered.




                                                                                                       22
The original lawsuit — brought against Alden, coach Gary Pinkel and 12 other MU officials — alleged
that not enough medical attention had been paid to the fact O’Neal carried a sickle-cell trait.

Alden said the parties had been meeting for several weeks toward the settlement. Alden said he last
spoke to Lonnie O’Neal on MU’s Senior Day football game in Columbia.

“We wanted to find a way to continue to recognize Aaron’s memory,” Alden said. “We’ll work with the
O’Neal family to determine how that will work out. We really want to make sure that we honor him in
a way that his family feels appropriate.”

A phone call to the home of Lonnie O’Neal in St. Louis was not returned. Lonnie O’Neal declined
comment after attending the court hearing Thursday in Columbia.

Will Franklin, a former MU teammate of O’Neal’s and a current Chiefs wide receiver, could not bring
himself to comment when reached by phone.

Franklin said he would never forget O’Neal’s death and struggled merely to get out that response.

Columbia Missourian
Update: Tentative settlement reached in Aaron O’Neal suit
By CHAD DAY
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

COLUMBIA — A tentative settlement agreement has been reached in the three-and-a-half-year-long
wrongful death lawsuit filed by the parents of MU football player Aaron O’Neal against employees of
MU's athletic department, according to documents filed in Boone County Circuit Court.

In a letter to the court’s civil division, attorney Michael C. Rader, who represents Aaron O'Neal's
mother, Deborah O'Neal, said the case “recently settled.” The letter also states that a hearing to
decide whether to approve the settlement terms would be scheduled soon. In Missouri, settlements
must be approved by the court before they are considered binding.

“At this stage, we can’t talk about any settlement details, but from what I understand, we should be
able to shortly,” Rader said. “My understanding is that once a settlement is approved by the court, all
parties will send out a press release with the details.”

The lawsuit was filed in 2005 by Lonnie O’Neal, the father of Aaron O’Neal, the 19-year-old MU
football player who collapsed during a training practice and died shortly after at University Hospital on
July 12, 2005. Deborah O'Neal was later added to the lawsuit.

The lawsuit alleges that MU coaches and trainers failed to properly care for Aaron O'Neal after he
collapsed during the workout.

UM System General Counsel Steve Owens said discussions had been ongoing between the university
and the O'Neals since the lawsuit's filing and that the parties had taken part in an independent
mediation in St. Louis on Feb. 19.

Owens said he could not discuss any dollar amount that was sought but could "confirm that there has
been a tentative settlement agreement and that we are going to present that to the court for its
consideration and approval," he said.



                                                                                                      23
The University of Missouri System, which contracted the firm of Ford, Parshall and Baker to represent
the 14 defendants in the lawsuit, had spent almost $375,000 in legal defense costs as of Feb. 25,
according to documents obtained by the Missourian under the Sunshine Law.

W. Hamp Ford Jr., who represents the defendants including MU Athletic Director Mike Alden and MU
football coach Gary Pinkel, said that he couldn't talk about any particular settlement agreement in the
case at this time.

"I would anticipate that there will be some further filings about that matter soon," Ford said.

Calls to Lonnie O'Neal and his attorney, Robert D. Blitz, were not returned.

On July 12, 2005, O'Neal was participating in a voluntary football workout when he became distressed
while running drills. Later, he collapsed inside the door of the locker room after being helped off the
field by other players.

“When the coach observed Aaron lying on the turf, he asked all the players to move forward so that a
staff trainer could render assistance. The individual approached and stated that there was nothing that
could be done,” former Boone County Medical Examiner Valerie Rao wrote in O'Neal's autopsy report
released on Aug. 23, 2005.

According to the report, an unnamed staff member placed O'Neal in an MU landscaping truck and
then transported him to the Tom Taylor athletic facility where trainers decided not to use a
defibrillator on O'Neal because he had a heartbeat.

Athletic trainer Greg Nagel called 911. O'Neal was loaded into an ambulance about 10 minutes later
and taken to University Hospital. He was pronounced dead about 30 minutes later at 4:05 p.m.

The lawsuit alleges that the decision to take O'Neal to the training facility instead of University
Hospital, which is across the street from Memorial Stadium, was a breach in the trainers' duties.

Rao wrote in her report that some players said they didn't think the training staff had taken O'Neal's
collapse seriously and hadn't responded quickly enough.

In her report, Rao said that O'Neal's death was caused by lymphocytic meningitis.

But University Hospital neurologist Douglas Anthony, who examined Aaron O’Neal brain after his
death, found characteristics of sickled red blood cells, which is commonly found in a person with
sickle-cell trait.

In a letter to Rao summarizing the pathology report, Anthony wrote: “While 8 percent of African
Americans have sickle-cell trait, it is worth noting that sickle-cell trait is associated with a 40-fold
increased risk of sudden death.”

The lawsuit was amended to include the allegation that O'Neal died from "a vascular crisis caused by
sickle-cell trait and extreme physical exertion" and that coaches and trainers did not take sufficient
precautions necessary for someone with the trait.




                                                                                                           24
According to a previous Missourian story, a special task force of the National Athletic Trainers
Association found that at least 15 college football players, including Aaron O’Neal, had died as a result
of a blood-vessel blockage caused by sickle-cell trait from 2000 to 2007.

The report listed sickle collapse as the No. 3 most common cause of sports deaths among high school
and college athletes behind heatstroke and cardiovascular conditions.

MU student athletes have the option of being tested for sickle-cell trait. Though the test is not
required, many athletes opt to undergo the test, according to a July 13, 2007 Missourian story.

Columbia Daily Tribune
University of Missouri settles Aaron O’Neal wrongful death lawsuit
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

The parents of Aaron O’Neal, a University of Missouri football player who died in 2005 after an
offseason workout, have settled a wrongful death lawsuit with MU employees, according to
documents filed in Boone County Circuit Court.

Details of the settlement between the university employees and O’Neal’s parents were not part of the
court filing. A hearing is scheduled for March 23 in front of Boone County Circuit Judge Gary
Oxenhandler.

According to a Feb. 20 letter from plaintiffs lawyer Michael Rader of Leawood, Kan., attorneys have
agreed to a settlement and would contact the court to schedule a “wrongful death settlement
approval hearing.”

The settlement ends a 3½-year legal battle after the July 12, 2005, death of O’Neal, a 19-year-old
linebacker from Creve Coeur who collapsed at a voluntary workout on Faurot Field. A month later,
O’Neal’s father, Lonnie O’Neal, sued 14 MU employees, including football Coach Gary Pinkel and
Athletic Director Mike Alden.

Former Boone County Medical Examiner Valerie Rao ruled that O’Neal died as a result of viral
meningitis. But O’Neal’s family argued he died from “vascular crisis” caused by sickle cell trait, a blood
disorder O’Neal had that they claimed the team’s trainers and assistant coaches were unequipped to
deal with.

The case was expected to go to trial in May, according to court documents.

The Kansas City Star
Missouri reaches deal in football death lawsuit
By ALAN SCHER ZAGIER
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

The University of Missouri has reached a settlement in a wrongful-death lawsuit filed by the family of a
former reserve linebacker who collapsed on the field during a 2005 preseason workout.

A Boone County judge still must approve the undisclosed settlement, referred to in court records filed
this week in the lawsuit over the death of Aaron O'Neal.




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James Bartimus, a lawyer for O'Neal's mother, Deborah O'Neal, said he could not discuss the details
until the court approves the agreement. A hearing is set for later this month.

"This obviously has been a tragic time in her life," Bartimus said. "Fortunately we were able to bring
the litigation to an end and get some degree of closure. We're looking forward to putting this behind
us."

An athletic department spokesman and other university officials declined to discuss the settlement
Tuesday, citing the upcoming hearing. O'Neal's parents have consistently declined comment since his
death.

O'Neal was a 19-year-old redshirt freshman from suburban St. Louis who collapsed on the Memorial
Stadium field during a voluntary workout in July 2005. He died less than two hours later.

The lawsuit alleged that school employees failed to take medical precautions required by O'Neal's
carrying of the sickle cell trait. The hereditary condition has been linked to heat stroke and exercise-
induced collapse.

In the four seasons since his death, Missouri coaches and players rallied around their fallen teammate.
They shouted his name after each practice. His game-day locker - never used - remained intact. And in
2008, seniors who entered school with O'Neal as freshmen took turns wearing his No. 25 during home
games.

O'Neal, who was 6-foot-3, 220 pounds, started to struggle with conditioning drills about 45 minutes
into the hourlong workout on July 12, 2005. Players wore shorts, T-shirts and cleats but no helmets or
pads.

The former Boone County medical examiner cited viral meningitis as the cause of death. But the
chairman of the university's pathology department and several outside experts suggested the sickle
cell trait contributed.

The hereditary condition is found in an estimated 8 to 10 percent of African-Americans. Sickle-shaped
blood cells carry less oxygen and can clog blood vessels that flow to the heart and other muscles.

In 2007, the National Athletic Trainers' Association recommended that college teams screen athletes
for the inherited blood disorder, noting some trainers mistake the injury for heat exhaustion, muscle
cramps or heart problems.

At least 10 athletes have died under such circumstances in the past eight years, ranging in age from 12
to 19, according to a study from the association. The study also notes the deaths of 13 college football
players at schools that did not test for sickle cell trait or had "a lapse in precautions."

The O'Neal family lawsuit accused Missouri coach Gary Pinkel, athletic director Mike Alden, team
medical director Rex Sharp and 11 trainers and strength coaches of failing to recognize signs of
medical distress they say could have prevented O'Neal's death.

Pinkel and Alden were scheduled to testify under oath later this month in legal depositions.

The medical examiner's report said that once O'Neal slumped to the ground after the workout's final
drill, Sharp told a concerned strength coach, "There was nothing that could be done." While O'Neal



                                                                                                           26
was eventually taken to University Hospital, where he was pronounced dead, a strength coach first
took him to the football team's office in a university pickup truck he and another player had to flag
down.

Both Pinkel and Alden were out of town the day of the workout, which was classified as a voluntary
session. NCAA rules prohibit head coaches and their assistants from attending such workouts, which
are led by strength and conditioning coaches and monitored by trainers.

The Kansas City Star
MU tentatively settles O’Neal lawsuit
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

COLUMBIA | The University of Missouri has reached a tentative settlement in a wrongful-death lawsuit
with the family of Aaron O’Neal, the former Missouri linebacker who collapsed during a preseason
workout in July 2005.

The settlement is not final until it is approved by the Boone County Circuit Court, which has not yet
scheduled a hearing.

O’Neal was a 19-year-old redshirt freshman when he collapsed during a voluntary workout and died
less than two hours later.

The former Boone County medical examiner pronounced the cause of death as viral meningitis. The
lawsuit alleged that school employees failed to take medical precautions required by O’Neal’s carrying
of the sickle-cell trait, which has been linked to exercise-induced collapse.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
Sinquefields gives MU $1 million
Donation to help music composers.
By JONATHON BRADEN
Monday, March 9, 2009

The University of Missouri’s School of Music composition program is set to nearly triple in enrollment
after receiving a $1 million donation from Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield, MU officials said this morning.

“We’re going to make Mizzou a Mecca for composition,” Jeanne Sinquefield said this morning.

The funds will provide eight new full-ride scholarships for undergraduate composers. The money will
also fund scholarships for an ensemble of musicians to perform the new music and pay for a summer
composition festival for college students. The festival will feature guest composers and professional
ensembles-in-residence performing new compositions.

Robert Shay, the director of the MU School of Music, said the composition program has about six
undergraduate students and two or three graduate-level students. With the new funding, Shay said,
the program could have 15 to 18 undergraduate students and six to eight graduate students in a few
years.

“All of this will make MU a center for new music,” Shay said.

Four years ago, the Sinquefields founded the Creating Original Music Project, which features an annual
competition for composers at MU and in kindergarten through twelfth grade. The program also has a
summer camp for high school composers.

As the program grew, Jeanne Sinquefield said, MU students e-mailed and talked to her about
expanding MU’s composition program. Sinquefield said she also wanted to do more for high school
composers.

“It’s the very beginning of something special,” Shay said.

Chancellor Brady Deaton said the donation will cement MU’s spot as the center for musical
composition in the state. “We are beginning today a new pathway for discovery,” he said.

Columbia Missourian
MU Music School gift to help Columbia become center for music composition
By RYAN GIBBONS
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

COLUMBIA — Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield have donated $1 million to further Jeanne's mission of
making Columbia a "music mecca" for composition.

The gift from the Westphalia couple will greatly expand the composition program at the MU School of
Music.

"This gift will allow us to attract some of the finest young composers to MU with an elite scholarship
program," said Robert Shay, director of the School of Music. "It will create assistantships for a




                                                                                                         28
graduate-level new music ensemble, a group to serve as kind of a living laboratory for composition
students."

Eight full-tuition scholarships for undergraduate composition students will be created as part of the
gift. Currently, Shay said, there are about six undergraduate and two or three graduate students
studying composition at MU.

Tom McKenney, a professor of music theory and composition, said the creation of a new ensemble
dedicated to performing new work would allow professors in the school to focus more on teaching
and less on the logistics of organizing recitals and performances.

Composition students will benefit greatly from this new ensemble, McKenney said. "We (composers)
don't write things in isolation, we write a piece," he said, "and the real insight comes when that piece
is performed. ... The public performance of the piece is the main goal of, I think, every composer."

The School of Music also plans to change how it reaches audiences. The new ensemble will begin
performing in dormitories, student unions, the library and locations across the state, bringing new
music to new listeners rather than the other way around.

One of the preconceptions Jeanne Sinquefield and the School of Music would like to fight is the idea
that new music is dead and that fine art music is limited to only the greats — Bach, Mozart, Wagner
and the like. Instead, Shay said, "All music was once new music."

"There is great new music coming out every day," said Jeanne Sinquefield, an arts supporter and
bassist who plays regularly with Columbia ensembles.

The announcement Monday morning in Reynolds Alumni Center featured a premiere of its own.
"Fanfare for Jeanne," written by Stefan Freund, an assistant professor of music theory and
composition, was performed by the MU Faculty Brass Quintet.

Freund said he hoped to capture the spirit of Sinquefield with the composition, calling it a "variation
on the MU fight song with a lot of fun going on."

Freund said that every time he goes to a performance with Sinquefield, she leaves saying, "Now wasn't
that fun."

Freund said he is most excited about the opportunities he sees in another implementation of the
Sinquefield gift: a summer music festival scheduled to start in 2010. The festival will serve as a great
recruiting tool, he said.

This summer, as a kind of run-through, the nationally known Alarm Will Sound, a 20-member
ensemble that focuses on the composition and performance of new music, will be at MU in mid-July.

"There is not an undergraduate or graduate composer that is not going to want to work with Alarm
Will Sound, and they are certainly going to want to study with the high level composers that come in,"
said Freund, a cellist in the group.

The Sinquefields are also behind the Creating Original Music Project, which includes a summer camp in
music composition for high school students. The project also hosts a K-12 competition and the
Sinquefield Composition Prize. The prize is awarded annually to an MU student. On Monday evening, a



                                                                                                           29
piece by this year's winner, Stephanie Berg, was performed at the Chancellor's Concert in Jesse
Auditorium.

St. Louis Business Journal
Sinquefields give $1M to Mizzou
Monday, March 9, 2009

Jeanne and Rex Sinquefield recently donated $1 million to the University of Missouri to enhance the
School of Music’s ability to support composers and performers.

The donation will provide funds for scholarships for student composers and a graduate-level new
music ensemble, which will perform in non-traditional venues on campus and throughout the state,
said Robert Shay, director of the MU School of Music.

The money will also fund a summer composition festival for college and graduate students that will
feature guest composers and professional ensembles-in-residence that will perform new
compositions.

The School of Music is home to the Creating Original Music Project, a four-year-old incubator for new
music and composers, funded by the Sinquefields and the Sinquefield Charitable Foundation.

COMP is an incubator for new music and composers.

Jeanne Sinquefield plays the double bass for the Columbia Civic Orchestra, the Jefferson City
Symphony Orchestra and the Ninth Street Philharmonic Orchestra.

St. Louis native Rex Sinquefield did influential research on historical stock market returns and
pioneered many of the nation's first index funds. He lived in an orphanage as a child before being
reunited with his mother.

Headquartered in Osage County, the Sinquefield Charitable Foundation supports organizations that
enhance music, children, art and education.

St. Louis Business Journal
Mizzou to announce ‘major gift’
Friday, March 6, 2009

University of Missouri said Friday it plans to make a major gift announcement Monday that will help
its school of music support composers and performers.

The announcement will be made at 11 a.m. Monday at the Reynolds Alumni Center on the MU campus
in Columbia.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
MU to close Health Connection
Tight budget brings ax to fitness program.
By T.J. GREANEY
Saturday, March 7, 2009

The Health Connection, a fitness institution operated for 19 years by the University of Missouri,
will shut its doors at the end of June because of budget constraints.

The program began through research by Marian Minor, a School of Health Professions professor
studying rheumatoid arthritis, and expanded to a six-days-a-week wellness and fitness center.
Located on the Stephens College campus, the program has 323 clients, who mostly are elderly or
rehabilitating from surgery or chronic illness.

The decision announced this week was a response to a directive last month by UM System
President Gary Forsee that all MU schools cut costs. The move will save the school most of the
$366,000 it budgeted to operate the fitness center in fiscal 2009.

The school recovers some of its operating expenses through membership fees but has been losing
an average of $110,000 per year.

Cheri Ghan, a spokeswoman for the School of Health Professions, said Dean Richard Oliver
considered alternatives to terminating the program, including reducing hours and increasing fees,
but ultimately found that closing down the center was the best way to save money without
significantly affecting students.

“He was looking for the area where there would be least impact on the School of Health
Professions,” Ghan said. “This was really the farthest away from classrooms and farthest from
day-to-day contact with our students.”

Five full-time employees will lose their jobs.

Ghan said space constraints at the School of Health Professions offices on Providence Road made
the Health Connection less profitable than it might have been if the program had been on
campus. Health Professions pays rent to Stephens, and the Health Connection is not attractive for
research because of location.

Health Connection gym members yesterday said they were saddened by the news.

John Blow, a 78-year-old heart transplant patient, said he visits the gym three times a week for
weightlifting and aerobics. “It’s a shame,” he said. “It’s kind of like a big family. Everybody knows
everybody, and they come in to talk, see each other. It’s kind of like a social thing.”

Ivah Dodds, 78, who suffers from arthritis, said she was “devastated” by the closing. She called
Health Connection one of the few places in town where elderly people feel safe working out at
their own pace. She’s not sure where she’ll go next. “I’m not going to Wilson’s or Gold’s. I’ve
checked them out, and it’s nothing but a bunch of hard bodies in there,” she said.



                                                                                                    31
Dodds said losing the Health Connection would be a big loss for “at-risk” patients. “There are
people that come here to work out, who are at risk of a heart attack or stroke or falling,” she said.
“And when they come here, they’re monitored and there’s someone that helps them if they need
help and takes their blood pressure. … Those people might just quit exercising.”

The Kansas City Star
MU closing fitness site in budget move
Monday, March 9, 2009

COLUMBIA | Budget constraints are forcing the University of Missouri to close a fitness facility it
has operated for 19 years.

The Health Connection will close at the end of June. The facility on the Stephens College campus
has 323 clients who are mostly elderly or rehabilitating from surgery or chronic illness.

The move will save the university most of the program’s annual $366,000 budget. Although the
school charges membership fees, it has lost an average of $110,000 on the center.

Officials with the School of Health Professionals said they considered cutting hours and increasing
fees but determined closing was the best option.

Five full-time jobs will be eliminated.




                                                                                                  32
Columbia Daily Tribune
Stimulus puts historical society back on agenda
Eminent domain still a possibility.
By SARA SEMELKA
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

After learning that as much as $40 million of federal stimulus money could be available for a new
State Historical Society of Missouri building, Columbia's mayor has put the matter of eminent
domain back on the city's agenda.

At last week's Columbia City Council meeting, Mayor Darwin Hindman asked that next week's
agenda include a first reading of a resolution authorizing the city staff to acquire land on Elm
Street. The land currently is occupied by Bengals Bar and Grill, U.S. Cleaners, a residence and a
parking lot owned by the University of Missouri.

The state historical society has outgrown its current facility at MU's Ellis Library and houses
millions of dollars' worth of artifacts and artwork it is unable to display.

Society Director Gary Kremer has said the site is the society's choice because of its proximity to
the core MU campus and the future Elm Street museum corridor that would be created when the
university fulfills its long-range plan to move its anthropology museum and art and archaeology
museum to the block between Sixth and Seventh streets.

“A number of people have suggested we move to the old Osco's, but that's just too far away,”
Kremer said. “Students getting across Providence Road, it's just too difficult in the 10 minutes
between classes.”

Kremer said the latest plans show the building at four stories tall with a $54.6 million price tag. He
said this might be the only chance for the society to get stimulus money for the project.

“If we can't get ready in Columbia and want to use stimulus money, there is still the possibility to
move to Jefferson City,” Kremer said, referring to a competing effort to move the society to the
capital city.

Kremer said he wants the society to remain in Columbia, but state legislators have discussed
combining the historical society and state artifacts stored in the Capitol in one location.

Jack Rader and his wife, Julie, own the Bengals and U.S. Cleaners property and said the historical
society has not made any offers to buy it. Kremer said he is awaiting appraisals to come back so
the society can make offers to the property owners.

“Whether this becomes a conflict or just another deal, within the next 10 days we should know,”
said Craig Van Matre, an attorney representing the Raders.

Jack Rader said because of the uncertainty of the land negotiations, he has not been able to
renegotiate the lease for U.S. Cleaners. Consequently, the business owner has not been able to
renew financing and will have to close the business at the end of this month.



                                                                                                    33
“I'm a businessperson, and I realize what's going on here,” Rader said. “I have no intent to sell my
property, but if a number is reached, I will consider it. We have a successful business that is
getting better every day. … They've thrown in this stimulus money, and it really confuses me.”

Rader said Bengals and the cleaners combined employ 60 people who take home salaries above
minimum wage.

“It's totally outrageous as far as I am concerned,” he said. “This is not a site-specific use; it can go
down the street. There are other sites people are willing to sell or deal with.” Kremer said there
are no other suitable sites available.

Hindman said he hopes appraisals will come in and the city will not have to step into the
negotiations by initiating eminent domain proceedings, which would force a sale under court
supervision.

“I consider it to be a truly valid public purpose where we've got to acquire land in order to make it
happen,” Hindman said this morning. “Our goal is not to use eminent domain, but it is a tool in
the tool kit.”




                                                                                                      34
Columbia Missourian
Op-ed: Missouri needs more good old American know-how
By RUSS KREMER
Friday, March 13, 2009

Over the last century, America watched its marketplace change from local to national. Big box stores
pushed mom-and-pop shops aside. Unique local restaurants fell victim to snazzy corporate chains.
Bright lights and catchy advertising promise convenience and consistency, often at the expense of
nutrition and taste. Bigger became better.

But not so quietly any more, a consumer movement is gaining momentum, and society is showing
trends of coming full circle, back to local markets. More and more baby boomers — and their children
— are seeking self-sufficiency and individualism. That can be as simple as starting a victory garden in
the back yard or raising chickens that taste like the ones Grandma served at Sunday dinner. More and
more folks are retiring to the country, and they're hungering for information about producing and
marketing on a local scale.

Even before America's economic downturn, there was a growing emphasis on a new sustainable
economy that focused on locally based products. Think farmers markets.

Remember the fad of boutique breweries and wineries? Big corporate brands did their best to swallow
up the little fish. Now, there are too many. While sales of big national brands like Budweiser and Miller
grew by less than two percent in 2007, market share for America's more than 1400 craft brewers grew
more than 17 percent. Today, according to one estimate, one in 15 beers purchased in supermarkets is
a boutique brew. A decade ago, less than 50 wineries dotted Missouri's landscape. Today, the Missouri
Grape and Wine Board lists 84 wineries.

More and more, consumers are breaking the corporate mold in search of better quality, better taste
and better nutrition. Big city restaurants search for rural suppliers who produce a healthier brand of
meat. It's even happening in the corporate world, as chains like Chipotle Mexican Grill seek suppliers
who raise hogs and chickens in a more humane environment. The result? Less antibiotics, better taste
and climbing profits.

As more and more people get back to their roots, they're searching for "how-to" information. In the
past, MU Extension provided much of that information to millions of rural folks. Generations of farm
families grew up raising livestock and crops in 4-H and FFA. Along the way, they learned leadership and
the importance of sustainable agriculture.

The economic downturn has forced Missouri to look at cutting back on services. The decisions are gut-
wrenching. But one caution: now more than ever we need a strong extension program to assist local
production and the growing local markets.

An old business rule of thumb says in tough times, advertise more. In the same vein, as more and
more people return to their roots and learn lost arts of self-sufficiency, Missouri will benefit from the
114-county extension service that provides the know-how and the "how to."

Russ Kremer is president of the Missouri Farmers Union.




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Columbia Missourian
Agriculture feels economic crunch
By WHITNEY WALLACE
Thursday, March 12, 2009
COLUMBIA — An MU economic study projects net farm income will decrease by 20 percent by the end
of 2009.
The predicted $18 billion decrease means national farm income will drop to $71 billion from $89
billion. The report, released by MU's Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute, expects net farm
income will not reach 2008 levels again before 2013.
The study cites 2008 as the worst financial year for hog producers since 1998. While 2008 pork exports
tripled from the 2001 levels, the input costs of pork production still exceeded the income, which
provided additional strain on producers.
“It’s been an unpleasant year,” said Don Nikodim, executive vice president of the Missouri Pork
Association.
Nikodim and other industry leaders listened Wednesday as the economists shared their outlook for
agriculture.
Consumers, however, can expect food prices to remain stable for 2009, the report stated. Food
inflation reached an all-time high in 2008 at an increase of 5.5 percent; for 2009, food inflation is not
expected to exceed 2.7 percent.
Economists say agriculture will continue shifting.
“The roller coaster we’ve been on is not something we’re expecting to be off of anytime soon,” said
Lori Wilcox, program director of research and operations for the research institute.
Wilcox attributes this volatility to several factors, including the general economy, uncertainty of
petroleum prices, commodity prices and input costs.
With a lot of focus on the future, John Hagler, director of the Missouri Department of Agriculture,
addressed an audience of more than 100 with his vision for Missouri agriculture.
“This state can never move forward unless agriculture moves forward,” Hagler said, referencing a
statement Governor Jay Nixon made recently.
On a national level, legislators and industry groups listened as the economists presented the same
findings in Washington, D.C., last week. Scott Brown, the research institute's dairy and livestock
program director, said this annual report offers lawmakers the right tools to make policy decisions.
“The base line is there to be the yardstick in which we measure the policy change off of,” Brown said.
“We’re standing back saying, ‘Here’s what the numbers tell us. Take this and make the best possible
decision.’”
The Columbia-based institute has offered economic expertise to Congress since 1984. The joint
venture between MU and Iowa State University is also connected with several other universities
through projects on a national and international level.




                                                                                                        36
Columbia Daily Tribune
Marijuana growing behind walls
Police find 450 plants in homes.
By JOE MEYER
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Narcotics investigators found hundreds of marijuana plants hidden behind false walls yesterday in
two houses in the Vanderveen subdivision in north Columbia and arrested two men, including a
Columbia lawyer.

Police began their investigation about two weeks ago after receiving a tip, Columbia police
narcotics Sgt. Brian Richenberger said, declining to elaborate. Columbia police officers and
members of the MUSTANG drug task force searched the residences just after 2 p.m. yesterday
and seized about 150 marijuana plants from 3903 Mamba Drive and about another 300 marijuana
plants from 3800 Snow Leopard Drive, police said.

Officers also seized an undisclosed amount of processed marijuana and equipment allegedly used
in the growing operation, including lights, fans, fertilizer, chemicals and water filtration systems,
along with $1,000 cash.

“These are probably the largest, most elaborate and well-maintained” growing operations “that
I've come across,” Richenberger said. “It wasn't amateur work.”

Anthony L. Phillips, 39, of 3903 Mamba Drive was arrested on suspicion of manufacturing a
controlled substance, felony possession of a controlled substance and possession of drug
paraphernalia. He was released from the Boone County Jail after posting $20,000 bond.

Steven T. Maurer, 39, of 3800 Snow Leopard Drive was arrested on suspicion of manufacturing a
controlled substance, misdemeanor possession of a controlled substance and possession of drug
paraphernalia. He posted a $16,000 bond.

Police encountered an adult woman at each residence. Richenberger described the women as
Phillips' girlfriend and Maurer's wife. Neither was arrested yesterday.

Phillips is a Columbia lawyer and a doctoral candidate and instructor at the University of
Missouri, according to his law office's Web site. He also is a member of the Democratic Boone
County Muleskinners and was a law clerk for retired Boone County Circuit Judge Ellen Roper.

There was no response this morning to a phone message left at Phillips' law firm, and there was
no answer at the Mamba Drive residence, which he owns, according to county tax records.
Maurer declined to comment this morning at the Snow Leopard residence, which he owns with
Leah Maurer.

Richenberger said one growing operation was hidden by a homemade bookshelf and the other
was only accessible through the back wall of a closet. Officers found the hidden rooms during the
search and also discovered a second room in the Mamba residence while dismantling a light
fixture and following an electrical wire.



                                                                                                   37
Police believe the growing operations are related somehow because they were similar. “I don't
know that these two guys were in business together,” Richenberger said, “but they know each
other.”

Pat Bess, management agent of subdivision management company Community Association
Management, was surprised by the police raids in the Vanderveen subdivision, which she said is
about eight years old and includes 725 homes. “It's a very nice residential, hardworking
community,” Bess said.




                                                                                                 38
Columbia Business Times
Researcher explores benefits of human-animal bonds
By PHIL LESLIE
Friday, March 6, 2009

The relationship of humans and their pets dates back millennia. That special human-animal bond,
which started when the first caveman enticed a canine ancestor to team with him on a hunt, is as
important, if not as immediately utilitarian, today.

With the continual graying of our 21st-century population and the ever-burgeoning population of
animal pets in our society, a University of Missouri nursing professor is focusing her research on the
practical applications and health benefits of interaction among humans and animals.

Dr. Rebecca Johnson founded the Research Center for Human-Animal Interaction in 2005. As a joint
effort of MU’s College of Veterinary Medicine and the Sinclair School of Nursing, ReCHAI is true to its
name.

Among its many programs and research efforts: PALS (Pet Assisted Love and Support for seniors), an
innovative, online training program to promote animal-assisted activity for older adults; PAWSitive
Visits, an animal visitation effort at senior housing facilities; and Walk a Hound, Lose a Pound, a
community project to walk shelter dogs and increase physical activity of human participants … children
and adults.

Animals have played a major role in Johnson’s family life since her formative years in rural northern
Illinois. During her early career working as a hospital nurse, she frequently saw many extended-stay
elderly patients whose overriding concerns were not for themselves but for the pets waiting for them
at home.

In many of those cases, elderly people, who could no longer care for themselves, were forced to give
up their pets. Those patients faced the double whammy of moving to a new environment and losing a
loving and trusted companion.

As part of the ReCHAI programming, Johnson teaches a three-hour undergraduate course - Human-
Companion Animal Interaction. As part of the course, Johnson encourages students to bring their pets
to class at the Adams Center on the MU campus. Jessica Ludwig of Hatton, Mo., recently brought her
long-haired dachshunds, Oscar and Truman. To help pay her school bills, Ludwig works at the
Columbia pet store Treats Unleashed.

“The center is a culmination of what I have observed during these many years and what I have learned
in studying the growing body of research in the field of human-animal interaction,” Johnson explained.

ReCHAI developed from a serendipitous meeting in 1999 between Johnson and Joe Kornegay, then
dean of the MU veterinary school. Their persistent efforts and those of Cecil Moore, former chair of
the veterinary medicine and surgery department, led to the formation of ReCHAI six years later.

Soon after starting the center, however, Johnson discovered she needed more than her expertise in
the field of human-animal interaction to make it a success. She found she needed training in budgeting
and operational management. She also needed a business plan to attract the donations needed to
support the center and its services.




                                                                                                         39
That’s when a colleague at the veterinary college, Development Officer Greg Jones, pointed her to an
enterprising resource on campus, the Small Business and Technology Development Center at the MU
College of Engineering.

“I had no business experience, so I needed mentoring to create the center, to plan for its future and to
manage its resources,” Johnson recalled. “This was the main obstacle, which was wonderfully
overcome by my affiliation with the SBTDC.”

She soon started working with Jim Gann, business specialist with the SBTDC. He helped her develop a
written business plan for the center, which was necessary as Johnson met with potential donors who
asked to see a documented plan before contributing. They needed reassurance that their gifts were
going to a viable effort.

Charlotte McKenney, assistant director of ReCHAI, brought Gordon setter Miss Holly for a visit to the
residents of TigerPlace, a senior living home in Columbia. The activity was part of the Center’s
PAWSitive Visits program, which arranges weekly scheduled visits among senior residents and a
variety of companion animals.

“We assisted Rebecca with such a plan, and as a result, she was able to gain funding from benefactors
who strongly believe in her work,” Gann said.

Among those benefactors is The Roetheli Lil’ Red Foundation. Joe and Judy Roetheli, creators of the
Greenies dog biscuits, gave $400,000 to ReCHAI in 2007. The Roethelis sold 750 million of the canine
treats from 1998 to 2006 when Mars Inc. bought their company.

Donations from other sources followed. Once donors began contributing to ReCHAI, Gann and
colleague Bill Stuby, a specialist with the Missouri Procurement Technical Assistance Centers, assisted
Johnson with other business elements.

 “Jim has been absolutely invaluable in helping me forge the center,” Johnson explained. “Very
concretely he helped me with the business plan, has provided continued guidance on HR matters, and
together with Bill, financial advice.”

As a result of the entrepreneurial guidance from the SBTDC, Johnson said: “It has been wonderful to
see the widespread support of the programs that we have developed. It’s exciting to find that donors
and corporate sponsors are very interested in partnering with us to further the work, and it’s
rewarding to see that we are helping people and animals to interact beneficially.”




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Columbia Missourian
MU professor wins prestigious Goodeve Medal
By RACHEL SCHALLOM
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

COLUMBIA — MU professor Kalyan Pasupathy was awarded the Goodeve Medal for work with
the Red Cross in which he involved many students in developing a program for the non-profit
organization to use nationwide.

The Operational Research Society in England awards the honor to the singlemost outstanding
work done that year. Pasupathy was unable to attend the ceremony in London this past October,
but his co-author, Alexandra Medina-Borja, accepted the award. They worked together on the
project for six years and published their study in the Journal of the Operational Research Society.

The Red Cross has close to 1,000 chapters across the nation. Each chapter is given a specific
jurisdiction and is responsible for generating enough funds through donations, federal funds and
various organizations to support programs such as disaster relief and health and safety courses.
Pasupathy developed a formula that translates data and lets the chapter know what its potential
as an organization is, given its staff and resources.

He estimated that up to $700,000 could be saved for the non-profit organization. The Red Cross
has not tracked specifics in efficiency changes that have been made since the program went into
use.

Bernie Benson, director of chapter information and decision support at the Red Cross, worked
with Pasupathy to develop the project model.

“He was the right person at the right time to do the work,” said Benson. “He had a thorough
understanding of the (complex) methods. He knew how to use the tools. He understood the
organization.”

One of the most prominent features of the new program is that it allows users to see how similar
chapters are using resources.

“There are always ways you can learn from others,” Pasupathy said.

The program is able to make recommendations based upon three main sources of information:
customer satisfaction and program outcome surveys, financial records and service delivery data.

Benson said the organization was not only able to see what the chapters were achieving, but also
able to learn a little bit about the demographics of the people it serves.

As a professor in the MU health management and informatics department, Pasupathy said that
one of the most rewarding aspects of this project was to involve his students.

“It brings together research and the real world,” Pasupathy said. “I can not only talk to my
students, but show them how things can be applicable; how what we learn in the classroom is
useful.”


                                                                                                 41
While Pasupathy never dreamed that the project would be so successful, he is glad it has drawn
attention to the university.

“It puts the name of the department and the university out there,” he said.

While the project is now completed, he is not ruling out working with the Red Cross in the future.

“One of the things I feel very strongly about is, anything that we do as a faculty does not have
true value if we do not impart that knowledge on students or others in general,” Pasupathy said.




                                                                                                 42
Columbia Daily Tribune
Fire prompts evacuation at MU building
By JODIE JACKSON JR.
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

A smoldering fire possibly sparked by construction work interrupted Engineers Week activities
Wednesday afternoon and prompted the evacuation of Lafferre Hall at the University of Missouri.

The Columbia Fire Department and University Hospital ambulance workers responded to the 3:50
p.m. report of a commercial structure fire on the MU campus. Battalion Chief Gary Warren Jr. said
the fire, between the old and new ceiling under construction on the second floor of the building,
was quickly suppressed. There were no reports of injuries, and damage was limited to the
building’s exterior, he said.

Marty Walker, director of administrative services for the College of Engineering, said “a full
complement of students” was in the building when the fire became evident, but he did not
estimate the number. The building has been busier than usual since Friday because of E-Week
activities. Walker said the evacuation “went very smoothly,” noting that a weather evacuation
drill took place Tuesday.

“We don’t’ know how the fire started right now,” Warren said. “We presume it’s in the area of
construction.”

Warren speculated that a cutting torch in use in the area “would appear to be the most likely
thing” that sparked the fire. “We’ll know more as soon as the investigation is complete,” he said.




                                                                                                 43
Columbia Missourian
Former MU basketball player says Columbia Police officers mistreated him
By ALICIA SWARTZ
Thursday, March 12, 2009

COLUMBIA – Former MU basketball player and MU Hall of Famer Willie Smith says he was treated
like a criminal and roughed up by Columbia police early Monday morning and that he is filing a
formal complaint against the officers.

Smith, a 1976 graduate of MU and an All-American player, was arrested Monday morning outside
Smokin’ Chick's BBQ Restaurant at 4603 John Garry Drive in Columbia.

Interim Police Chief Tom Dresner said Wednesday that Smith had not yet filed a complaint. “I
hope he shows up tomorrow,” he said.

Smith is the owner of Magic Services Inc., a cleaning service in Columbia. He also owns Mama
Bessie's Dry Cleaning with his wife, Margaret Hickem. Early Monday, he and his nephew were
cleaning Bella Salon next to the barbecue restaurant, as Smith does every Sunday, when the
burglar alarm at the restaurant went off.

Smith and his nephew were in their car when the police officer who first responded to the scene
“casually” questioned Smith, he said.

“I didn’t flaunt my name because I don’t think you should have to be anyone special to be treated
fairly,” Smith said.

The first officer then called for backup. When the rest of the officers arrived, four officers with
weapons drawn surrounded the car Smith was sitting in with his nephew, he said.

Smith said the officers ordered his nephew to put his hands on the dash and ordered Smith to get
out of the car.

When police told Smith he was being arrested and handcuffed, he turned slightly toward one of
the officers to ask why, he said. That officer sprayed him with Mace, shoved his head into the side
of the car, and then put him in the back seat of a police car where he remained for two hours, he
said.

Smith's nephew was handcuffed, but later was released without having been arrested.

Smith was treated at an emergency room for bruises and an injured nose.

Smith said he is now prepared to file a formal complaint against the police officers. His lawyer,
Andrew Popplewell of the Law Office of Eng and Woods, said the action is especially important
because the police arrested Smith that night. He faces a charge of resisting arrest and obstructing
a government operation.

Dresner said he had begun to look into the incident and that when the department has a formal
complaint in hand, it will begin a Professional Standards Unit investigation.


                                                                                                      44
A woman who works at Bella Salon and asked to be described only as a member of the salon’s
staff said the alarm at Smokin’ Chick’s is sensitive and that she once set it off herself while locking
up the salon. She said Smith always cleans the salon at night to make time for family obligations
on Sunday afternoons.

The incident has soured Smith’s view of the Police Department, he said.

“I have always cooperated with the police and am very pro-law enforcement,” he said.

He noted that he had been opposed to the idea of a citizen board to review complaints against
the Police Department but now he's changed his mind.

“We need (a Citizen Review Board),” he said. “We need fully qualified people who are objective
and fair.”

Smith said that in this case, the police acted against the oath they are supposed to uphold — to
protect and serve. He said he worries for his two teenage boys, who he hopes never have any
encounters with the police.

“I have heard people say stuff about the police,” he said, and he had doubts about stories of
mistreatment. “But now after this, I am appalled, embarrassed and humiliated.”




                                                                                                     45
Columbia Daily Tribune
Jury recommends 11 ½ years in MU professor’s death
By JOE MEYER
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

A Lafayette County jury on Wednesday convicted a Liberty man of manslaughter and recommended
he serve 11 ½ years in prison in an Interstate 70 collision that resulted in the death of a University of
Missouri professor last year.

The jury deliberated about 45 minutes and found William Downs guilty of first-degree involuntary
manslaughter and possession of a controlled substance in the Feb. 22, 2008, wreck. Charles Fulhage,
61, of Rocheport, died several days after the wreck.

Prosecutors allege that Downs was high on marijuana, cocaine and a prescription pain killer when he
drove on I-70 from St. Louis County through Columbia. His pickup truck slammed into the back of a
pickup driven by Fulhage west of Columbia.

The jury took two hours to recommend Downs, 34, serve a 10-year prison sentence for the
manslaughter charge and 1 ½ years for the drug charge, less than the 15- and 7-year maximums that
prosecutors asked for during the trial’s sentencing phase.

Boone County Circuit Judge Kevin Crane scheduled sentencing for April 27 when he will decide
whether to order the sentences served at the same time or consecutively. Crane could also impose
lesser sentences.

After the trial, Fulhage’s widow Jane said she was disappointed with the sentencing recommendation.

“Charlie was such a kind and sensitive man who would never willingly hurt anyone or anything,” Jane
Fulhage told reporters as she left the courtroom. “For the defendant to be sentenced to a maximum of
10 years” for manslaughter “that’s what’s incomprehensible.”

During the sentencing phase, jurors heard different depictions of Downs.

Boone County Assistant Prosecutor Stephanie Morrell asked for maximum sentences because of a DWI
arrest and conviction in St. Charles County months before the crash. As part of his probation on that
case, Downs had been ordered to install an ignition interlock device, which only detects alcohol use.

A former girlfriend of Downs testified that he had become distraught by the death of his father and a
close friend shortly before the crime. Defense attorneys also asked for leniency, mentioning that
Downs has an 8-year-old son.

After the trial, Morrell said she respected the jury’s decision. “We were asking for the maximum,” she
said. “We thought that was an appropriate request.”

Public defender Manuel Tatayon declined to comment on the case and said he would consult with his
client before deciding whether to appeal. Defense attorneys did not call any witnesses after the
prosecution rested its case late Wednesday morning.

In a closing argument before the guilty verdicts, Morrell highlighted witness testimony that Downs
swerved while driving west on the interstate through Mid-Missouri, passing countless opportunities to
pull off the road or stop.

“Would any reasonable person have behaved the way Mr. Downs behaved that day?” Morrell asked.



                                                                                                            46
Columbia Daily Tribune
Driver impaired, cop says
Professor died after I-70 wreck
By JOE MEYER
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

A Liberty man charged with involuntary manslaughter in a fatal crash last year on Interstate 70
admitted using marijuana, cocaine and a prescription painkiller before the wreck, a Columbia police
officer testified today.

William Downs said he had snorted cocaine and smoked at least three marijuana joints the night
before the wreck and consumed at least three Tylenol pills with codeine on the day of the wreck,
Columbia police Sgt. Candy Cornman said in the jury trial in Boone County Circuit Court.

Cornman was called to University Hospital and conducted a drug evaluation after Downs was arrested
by a Missouri State Highway Patrol trooper. Downs exhibited numerous symptoms of “poly-drug use,”
Cornman told jurors, including slurred speech, an elevated pulse and pale face.

Downs, 34, also is charged with possession of a controlled substance in the Feb. 22, 2008, rear-end
collision near mile-marker 133 on I-70, west of Columbia. University of Missouri Professor Charles
Fuhlhage, 61, died days later as a result of injuries suffered in the crash.

Downs could face as long as 15 years in prison if convicted on the manslaughter charge.

A jury selected in Lafayette County began hearing testimony yesterday in front of Circuit Judge Kevin
Crane.

After a brief opening statement by Assistant Prosecutor Brent Nelson, public defender Manuel
Tatayon did not make an opening statement, preserving his time until later in the trial.

The prosecution’s first witnesses included two motorists who saw Downs driving erratically on
westbound I-70 before the early-evening wreck and the trooper who investigated the crash.

Samantha Lewis of Columbia identified Downs in court as the driver of the Dodge truck that struck her
car on I-70 near the Providence Road exit. She testified that she called 911 after Downs failed to stop
after the collision that forced her car to the interstate shoulder. “And I told the 911 dispatcher he was
going to end up hurting somebody,” Lewis testified.

After the collision, Lewis said, she followed the truck and saw it crash into the back of Fuhlhage’s
pickup, forcing it off the road.

The pickup rolled down an embankment. Lewis testified that she ran down the hill, where she saw
Fuhlhage unconscious and bleeding.

Lewis said Downs began walking away from the scene of the wreck but stopped after she confronted
him.

Highway patrol Trooper Brad German testified that Downs’ speech was slurred and he failed field
sobriety tests beside the highway, though Downs told him he did not drink alcohol and a breath test
was negative for alcohol.

“I knew he was impaired by something and placed him under arrest,” German said.




                                                                                                       47
Downs later complained of back pain, and German took him to University Hospital, where Cornman
arrived as a trained drug-impairment evaluator. A later search of Downs’ pickup revealed a single
prescription pill as well as a prescription receipt with Downs’ name on it.

Christopher Long, a toxicologist with Saint Louis University, told jurors that a blood sample drawn from
Downs tested positive for marijuana, cocaine and a prescription drug. “He had been impaired due to
the effects of marijuana within a couple of hours” from when the sample was taken, Long said.

After tearful testimony from widow Jane Fuhlhage, who said her husband was driving to their
Rocheport home after they attended a fish fry in Columbia, prosecutors rested their case.

The state called a total of nine witnesses.

The trial is expected to conclude by tomorrow.

Columbia Missourian
Trial begins for man suspected in fatal I-70 collision
By MINA MINEVA, MEGAN WIEGAND
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

COLUMBIA – The trial of a Holts Summit man charged in connection with a fatal car collision on
Interstate 70 began Tuesday in Boone County Circuit Court with the testimony of three witnesses.

William C. Downs, 34, is charged with first-degree involuntary manslaughter in the February 2008
death of MU agricultural engineering professor Charles D. Fulhage, 61, of Rocheport. Downs is also
charged with possession of diazepam, commonly known as Valium.

Judge Kevin Crane swore in the 14-member Lafayette County jury shortly after 4 p.m. Tuesday. The 10
women and four menwere present for the opening statement delivered by Assistant Prosecuting
Attorney Brent Nelson.

Family and friends of Charles Fulhage accounted for the majority of the courtroom audience. A few
stared at the courtroom floor or hid their faces behind their hands as Nelson recounted the events
surrounding Fulhage’s death.

Nelson said Fulhage was driving west on I-70 when his Ford Ranger was struck from behind by Downs’
Dodge truck. Fulhage’s truck veered off the interstate and rolled down an embankment. He died
several days later at University Hospital from injuries sustained in the crash.

In the prosecution’s opening statement, Nelson told the jury they would hear testimony from several
police officers, drug-testing experts and “ordinary citizens” driving on I-70 at the time of the crash.
The prosecution is calling these witnesses to connect Downs — and his suspected drug use at the time
of the accident — with Fulhage's death.

Nelson said Fulhage’s widow, Jane Fulhage, will recount her final conversation with her husband
shortly before the crash. Fulhage's son, Eric Fulhage, is also expected to testify.

The defense, led by public defender Manuel Tatayon, did not give an opening statement.

The state's first witness, William J. Allen, said he spotted Downs driving "erratically" on I- 70, swerving
between lanes and running cars onto the shoulder. Allen, a Missouri Department of Transportation
employee, followed the silver truck belonging to Downs twenty miles beyond his intended exit, to the
Stadium Boulevard exit in Columbia.



                                                                                                         48
When Assistant Prosecutor Stephanie Morrell showed Allen photos of the Downs' truck, he identified
the vehicle as “identical” to the truck that he followed on I-70.

The second witness, Samantha J. Lewis of Columbia, identified Downs as the driver who struck her car
on I-70 and kept driving. After regaining control of her car, Lewis called the police and continued to
follow Downs. Lewis said she saw Downs swerve into the right lane and hit the back of the white truck
driven by Fulhage. The truck then veered off the highway and down an embankment.

“I stopped, jumped out of my car and ran down the hill,” Lewis said.

After seeing Fulhage unconscious, Lewis confronted Downs, who had pulled over onto the 1-70
westbound shoulder.

“Did you make contact with” Downs? Morrell asked.

“Yes, I told him that he hit my car and kept going. I told him, 'There is a man in critical condition,'”
Lewis said.

Lewis said that Downs denied hitting her car, and she told him to wait for the police. Officers arrived
soon after.

Tatayon questioned her recognition of the truck by asking her about any defining features. She said
the truck was missing license plates.

Trooper Brad Germann of the Missouri State Highway Patrol administered several tests to check
Downs for head injuries and intoxication at the crash scene. Germann said the field sobriety tests
showed involuntary jerking of the eyes, which, he added, is usually a sign of intoxication. A
Breathalyzer test indicated no presence of alcohol. Germann said Downs admitted to taking both
energy drinks and energy pills. Germann intended to take Downs to the Boone County jail for further
drug tests but instead went to University Hospital when Downs began to complain of back pain. Downs
was later administered a drug test at the hospital.

After nearly three hours of testimony, the judge recessed the court and sequestered the jury. The trial
is expected to continue at 8:15 a.m. Wednesday in Boone County Circuit Court.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
Symposium honors Darwin bicentennial
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

In observance of Charles Darwin’s 200th birthday anniversary and the 150th anniversary of the
publication of his “On the Origin of the Species,” University of Missouri faculty will host a
symposium this week.

In addition to the symposium, titled “Darwin’s Ongoing Revolution: Evolutionary Thought in
Emerging Fields,” director Randy Olson will present his film, “Flock of Dodos: the Evolution-
Intelligent Design Circus,” at 7 p.m. tomorrow at Ragtag Cinema. The film features Olson’s Kansas
upbringing with the controversy regarding evolution and his background in evolutionary biology.

On Thursday, at 10 a.m. in Monsanto Auditorium, Olson will give a lecture, “Don’t Be Such a
Scientist: Talking Substance in an Age of Style. The film “Sizzle: A Global Warming Comedy” will
show at 7 p.m. Thursday in Jesse Wrench Auditorium at Memorial Union.

Several events are set Saturday and Sunday at MU’s Bond Life Sciences Center.

Saturday:
 9 to 9:50 a.m., Michael Ruse, Florida State University, lecture, “Is Darwinism past its ‘Sell By’
    Date?”
 10:30 to 11:20 a.m., David Sloan Wilson, Binghamton University, lecture, “Evolution for
    Everyone: How Darwin’s Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives.”
 11:30 a.m. to 2:20 p.m., Gillian Beer, University of Cambridge, lecture, “The Uses of
    Extinction.”
 2 to 2:50 p.m., Ron Numbers, University of Wisconsin-Madison, lecture, “Creation, Evolution,
    and the Boundaries of Science and Religion.
 3:30 to 5 p.m., Ruse, Wilson and Beer, panel discussion.

Sunday:
 8:30 to 9:20 a.m., Randolph Nesse, University of Michigan, lecture, “Why Didn’t Natural
   Selection Make Humans Healthier and Nicer?”
 9:30 to 10:20 a.m., Dave Geary, University of Missouri, lecture, “Darwin and the Evolution of
   Psychology.”
 10:45 to 11:35 a.m., Ann Gibbons, Science magazine correspondent, lecture, “The Human
   Race: The Quest to Find Our Earliest Ancestors.”
 11:45 a.m. to 1 p.m., Nesse, Geary and Gibbons, panel discussion.




                                                                                                   50
Columbia Daily Tribune
Mars lecture captivates crowd
NASA researcher has rover stories.
By JONATHON BRADEN
Sunday, March 8, 2009

Amber Wiggins has been attending the Saturday Morning Science series at the University of
Missouri for about two years, but yesterday she said she saw one of the program’s better
showings as NASA scientist David Des Marais lectured on explorations of Mars and his role in
seeking evidence of habitable environments on the planet.

“I thought it was phenomenal,” said Wiggins, a 22-year-old animal science major at MU.

Wiggins and about 125 other people sat in on the visually rich lecture that included an animated
video of a Mars rover launching from Earth, becoming a beach ball-like object that bounced on
the Red Planet and then transformed into a Mars rover.

“Those videos were so cool,” Wiggins said.

The colorful animation actually represented some tense moments for the entire Mars rover team,
Des Marais said. He described a brief period during a landing on Mars when NASA had no
communication with the rover.

“We put 15 years of our lives into this, and it all comes down to a few minutes,” he said.

Des Marais works as a senior research scientist at the NASA Ames Research Center in Mountain
View, Calif. He is one of eight long-term planners who try to keep the two Mars rovers, Spirit and
Opportunity, in line with the mission’s long-term goals.

“He comes from California, but he lives on Mars,” quipped MU biochemistry Professor Bruce
McClure, a program organizer.

Growing up in the late 1950s and early ’60s, Des Marais grew interested in the race for space.
“We were all enthralled,” he told a reporter before the lecture.

Des Marais earned a doctoral degree from Indiana University in geochemistry and in 1976 was
hired by NASA to analyze the findings of the Viking Exploration, two early space probes to Mars.

Des Marais’ presentation at MU gave the audience a behind-the-scenes look at the Spirit and
Opportunity craft, which launched in January 2004 and were supposed to last only 90 days. NASA
scientists recently celebrated the rovers’ fifth anniversary in the ongoing mission.

Given that each rover endures a daily 150-degree temperature change, “everybody is surprised”
the machines have lasted so long, Des Marais said.

The Mars exploration has a theme of “follow the water,” Des Marais said. When a rover
encounters possible evidence of water, the team investigates. Des Marais showed photo slides of



                                                                                                 51
craters believed by researchers to have held water 3.5 billion years ago. He also showed images
portraying vast portions of Mars covered by water.

Researchers also have found volcanic rock worth investigating as well as other non-water findings.
“There are all kinds of good science being done that has nothing to do with water,” Des Marais
said.

Des Marais’ job is to keep the rovers moving. His team gathers as much data from as much area as
possible rather than staying in one spot for months on end. “How you proceed day to day has to
reconcile with your long-term goals,” he said.

Rock Bridge High School senior Meron Ghidey said he would receive extra credit in a science class
for attending the event, but he also liked the visual portions of the presentation. “These people
really give you the details and the facts about what’s going on,” Ghidey said of the almost weekly
10:30 a.m. lectures at MU.

Melvin Blase, an MU professor emeritus of agricultural economics, said the presentation filled in
gaps left by “casual” news stories about the Mars exploration.

In October 2011, Des Marais said, NASA is scheduled to launch a new Mars rover that will be the
size of a Mini Cooper. It will be known as the Mars Science Laboratory.

“It’s going to do a much more thorough job of analyzing the sentiments,” Des Marais said.
“There’s just a lot more neighborhoods we can look in on.”




                                                                                                  52
Columbia Missourian
Columbia Regional Hospital to receive baby sleepers from 4-H members
By DANICA FRIEDERICH, WHITNEY WALLACE
Monday, March 9, 2009

COLUMBIA — The slow hum of a motor whirls, while needles zoom up and down with each stitch.
At a cutting station, adult volunteers use homemade patterns to trim soft flannel fabric. The
cuddly material, adorned with kid-inspired designs, rapidly piles up. At another table, a
grandmother-granddaughter team separate the fabric for the next step of the sleeper-making
process.

All of this effort will result in a batch of sleepers — cocoon-like garments similar to a sleeping bag
with shoulder straps — for the newborns in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Columbia
Regional Hospital. Each sleeper features a blanket sewn at the spine.

MU Extension 4-H members met Sunday to assemble baby sleepers using the skills they’ve
learned in their 4-H sewing project. The goal is to produce nearly 140 baby sleepers for the
hospital.

Sleepers, instead of blankets, are used on newborn babies to help reduce the risk of Sudden
Infant Death Syndrome. The sleepers can also be used to educate parents on the importance of
proper swaddling techniques.

Sarah Patton, a neonatology fellow at Columbia Regional Hospital, said because hospital providers
play a large role in developing habits for parents of newborns, the hospital can use the sleepers to
promote newborn safety.

“It teaches parents that one blanket is enough,” said Theresa Shettlesworth, a Boone County 4-H
project leader.

Shettlesworth organized the sleeper construction project and even designed the pattern for the
baby sleepers herself.

Shettlesworth's 10-year-old daughter, Kenlyn, describes her mother’s design for the sleeper as
similar to a potato sack.

Shettlesworth’s design uses front snap closures to provide openings for the cords connected to
medical monitors. She attributes snaps to increasing sleeper longevity; commercial models
feature zippers, which require cutting holes in the fabric for cords to pass through. Her pattern
also includes snaps at each shoulder to allow for size adjustments.

The project is charitable, but also allows 4-H members, through the variety of sewing techniques
required to make a sleeper, to build their sewing skills, Shettlesworth said.

“I thought it would be a great project for the kids,” she said.

During Sunday’s activity, the kids migrated through different stations to work on various parts of
the sleeper, focusing on a bigger purpose with each stitch sewn.


                                                                                                    53
"I just like to help people," Kenlyn Shettlesworth said.

The group plans to deliver the sleepers to the hospital on March 31 so the kids can see how their
project will be used to help newborns. The 4-H members' donation means the hospital won't have
to buy its own sleepers.

The Missouri 4-H Foundation gave the group a $750 grant to purchase the materials needed for
the sewing project.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
‘Real World’ creator learned diversity at MU
Saturday, March 7, 2009

Jon Murray, the producer of long-running reality cable show “The Real World,” has been exploring
what happens when seven strangers from different parts of the country are put together in a house
and “stop being polite and start getting real.”

Murray, a University of Missouri graduate, started his career reporting for KOMU-TV in Columbia.
After graduating in 1977 from the School of Journalism, he worked six years at TV stations in Green
Bay, Wis., Atlanta and Cleveland. His big break came in 1991, when he and partner Mary-Ellis Bunim,
an executive producer for soap operas, proposed a reality show to MTV executives.

The next year, the first installment of “The Real World” series premiered. The first season featured a
19-year-old dancer from Alabama, a rapper from New Jersey and a gay artist from Michigan.

Since then, Murray’s goal has been to bring together people from different parts of the country so
they can learn from each other and teach viewers about diverse groups of people and issues. Murray
said he has tried to promote honest conversations between people who might not otherwise meet
one another and to show the complexity of individuals.

“I want the show to get below the surface,” he said. “We try to avoid people who just want to be on a
TV show.”

Murray drew from his MU experience when developing the concept for the show. He said that while
living at Mark Twain Residence Hall, he met a diverse group of people who shaped his views.

An upstate New York native who transferred to MU for journalism, Murray said he was like people in
Missouri and elsewhere who hadn’t been exposed much to people with different perspectives. At
campus dining halls, he recalled, black and white students sat at separate tables.

Murray got to know people from different countries and backgrounds. Having a black roommate at
MU was part of his inspiration for “The Real World,” which is known for heated discussions,
friendships, relationships and memorable cast members.

“Normally in society, we live with people like ourselves,” Murray said. “One of the things I liked about
Mark Twain was the diversity.”

In the show’s current season, which airs on MTV, Murray said he sought people as diverse as the group
on the show’s third installment, which featured a bicycle messenger from California, a third-year med
student attending the University of California, San Francisco, and a gay Cuban with AIDS.

Murray said it’s sometimes a challenge to cast the show. For the current season, he said, Bunim-
Murray Productions tried to target groups it previously had not cast: Iraq war veterans and
transgender people. The current broadcast season features Katelynn Cusanelli, a transgender person
from Florida, Ryan Conklin, an Iraq war veteran from Pennsylvania, and Devyn Simone, a former
beauty queen and Jovani model from Kansas City.

“The Real World” has become more than just a reality show, Murray said. It has brought attention to
social issues and a range of groups. He said a former cast member, Pedro Zamora, who died of AIDS in



                                                                                                         55
1994, was described by former President Bill Clinton at that time as having been “particularly
instrumental in reaching out to his own generation, where AIDS is striking hard. … Through his work
with MTV, he taught young people that ‘The Real World’ includes AIDS and that each of us has a
responsibility to protect ourselves and our loved ones.”

"The Real World" is auditioning people ages 18 to 24 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. today at MU's Memorial
Union.

Columbia Missourian
No joke: ‘Real World’ audition challenges reality TV perceptions
By ANDREW OROZCO
Monday, March 9, 2009

COLUMBIA — Everyone I told about my plans to audition for MTV's “The Real World” on Saturday
reacted in the same way. They laughed. Then they asked if I was going to audition as myself.

My friend Melanie Morgan summed up everyone’s advice: “We need to make you a persona.”

I agreed. I didn’t think I had the reality TV demeanor. I don’t practice the exhibitionism that I thought a
person would need to make it on such programming. Sure, I love attention — I am writing a story
about myself — but I don’t joyously proclaim my every inner feeling and conviction.

The premise of "The Real World" is that seven or eight strangers live together in a house for several
months with the cameras on. It broke ground for reality TV when it began in 1992, and the casting-call
stop at MU, one of 11 scheduled so far around the country, was for its 23rd season.

Besides not having the personality I thought I needed to succeed on the show, I am not a fan of reality
TV. First and most obviously, reality TV doesn’t portray reality. The people are far too good-looking
and the situations too contrived. Second, a show that claims to be real doesn’t appeal to me. If I
wanted to experience reality, my first step would be to turn off the TV.

Still, auditioning sounded like fun, and I started thinking about how I could jazz myself up to appeal to
the casting directors. But as I began to come up with material I felt I could pull off without breaking
character or laughing, my editor stepped in. “You have to really want it,” she said. "Otherwise, don't
go."

I’m competitive by nature. I like to strategize and analyze and calculate, but, most of all, I like to win.
With new motivation, I locked my sights on “The Real World.” This was no longer a stunt.

I started pumping up my confidence early in the week, but I didn’t get a strong grip on what I was
going to say until I was heading for the audition Saturday morning. With The Who blasting in my ear
buds as I walked toward Memorial Union, I mined my head for anecdotes and gritty details, things that
would leave an impression.

I came up with things I considered real and honest. But at the casting call, to my surprise, I found much
more reality than I'd expected.

After I finished filling out a sign-in form and stapling my picture to it, assistants began counting off the
applicants in groups of 10 and led us into the next stage: the group interview. Casting director Kasha
Foster later told me that about 300 people auditioned, with a rush coming about 4 p.m.



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My group was led to a table headed by Foster, who has worked for other shows including “Laguna
Beach” and “The Simple Life.” And here's where my shock at what other people had to say almost
struck me speechless.

One applicant mentioned how his childhood obesity marred his self-confidence to this day. Another
showed the scar on his brow from when he was randomly assaulted by a group of drunken minors
outside a bar, and he spoke about how the broken jaw he received forced him to eat liquid food for a
month. One woman confessed that, if she had the chance to repeat her life, she would not have had
an abortion.

If I hadn’t been afforded the distraction of being chosen to move ahead to the second round of
auditioning, I would have been heartbroken. I had not expected to encounter such raw, naked reality
at a casting call like this. Real people showed up and told real stories.

The second phase of the audition continued to reverse my reality TV bias. The 16-page questionnaire
was hyper-personal, asking about my relationships with my parents and siblings, which physical or
personality features I would change about myself and about times I’ve been ashamed of how I treated
people. It was the first real look I had given my life at least since making a choice about which college
to attend.

After finishing the packet, I handed it to the assistant sitting at the desk. She told me I’d hear back that
evening about whether I’d be accepted for the next round of casting. Honestly, as I left Memorial
Union, I was divided on whether I wanted to be called back. Sure, I’d enjoy the fame.

But I don’t know if I could handle the reality.

Andrew Orozco, 19, a sophomore from Lewisville, Texas, was called back a third time and appeared
before casting directors for a video interview Sunday morning. However, he had to agree to no longer
write about the experience. Orozco is studying magazine journalism and film studies at MU and this
semester is on the features beat at the Columbia Missourian.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Trying out for ‘Real World’
Desire to tell all can aid audition.
By LAURA LATZKO
Sunday, March 8, 2009

A small group of supporters sat on chairs and couches outside Stotler Lounge in Memorial Union as
daughters, sons, brothers, sisters and friends auditioned for a shot at appearing on MTV’s long-running
television show “The Real World.”

Lisa Quirke, left, of Salina, Kan., talks with her daughter, Kaci Schultz, after the 20-year-old auditioned
for the MTV show “The Real World” Saturday in the Stotler Lounge of Memorial Union at the
University of Missouri.

Lisa Quirke of Salina, Kan., said she awoke at 5 a.m. to drive to the casting call with her daughter, more
than five hours from their hometown. Quirke thought appearing on the show would give her daughter,
Kaci Schultz, a chance at experiences she didn’t have growing up. “She’s 20 years old. It might help in
the maturity level, help her grow up a bit,” Quirke said.




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Schultz, a Wichita State University sophomore studying criminal psychology, sent an e-mail to MTV’s
Web site and was invited to the casting call. Schultz sports a Chinese tattoo on her ankle that she
translated as “mother, daughter.” Wrist tattoos spelled out “hate less” and “love more.” She said she
had not met many people of different backgrounds in Salina.

Schultz was among about 250 people ages 18 to 24 who auditioned yesterday for Bunim-Murray
Productions at the University of Missouri. Since 1992, the reality TV program has brought together
seven people from different parts of the world to share a house in a large city. Recent production sites
for the show have included Brooklyn, N.Y., and Cancun, Mexico. The site of the next production has
not been disclosed.

Many of those trying out yesterday brought friends and family from across Missouri and from other
states. Many had had no prior contact with casting directors or the production company.

Hopefuls were asked to fill out an application, answering questions about their best traits, most
important issues, most embarrassing moments, relationship with their parents and career goals. They
also faced interviews. In groups of 10, they were questioned by two casting directors who asked them
to introduce themselves and talked to them about social, political and economic issues.

Candy Wiley, a Saint Louis University senior studying biology, said she was asked about her worst
attributes. She replied that she is bossy and stubborn but also bubbly.

Wiley said she should be on “The Real World” because she differs from people who have been on the
show before. She described herself as a biracial woman who grew up in a single-parent household,
aspires to work at a wildlife reserve with chimpanzees and has worked with preschoolers in
disadvantaged neighborhoods. She said she is involved in several cultural organizations at college and
enjoys dating guys but will only go so far because of her Christian beliefs.

Wiley said she likes the diversity that a spot on the show would provide. Off-campus, she said,
sometimes the only people she sees are black or white.

Bunim-Murray has said it is seeking types of people who haven’t been on the show in the past. In
particular, the company is looking for physically challenged people, those who are personally trying to
gain U.S. citizenship or have a family member who is, those who are grieving the loss of a spouse or
significant other, and people who are passionate about a social or political cause.

“We want to put people in the house whose experiences are different from each other,” said Kasha
Foster, casting director.

Some who auditioned at MU were to receive a phone call last night, saying they would advance to the
next set of interviews, Foster said. The cast selection process generally takes about four months.

Foster believes the show has been successful because it finds people who like to share their lives —
the good and bad moments. “I think it’s lasted for such a long time because it accurately reflects what
young people are going through in their lives,” she said.




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The Rolla Daily News
Forsee explains plight
By ADAM VAN HART
Monday, March 9, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – University of Missouri System President Gary Forsee addressed the economic issues
the system is facing at Missouri S&T on Friday.

"We can wear out metaphors like 'perfect storm' or whitewater,” Forsee said, adding that it was
an accurate description.

This was the fourth and final town-hall style meeting that Forsee, an S&T graduate, has delivered,
one each to the branches of the System.

"I will attempt to convey the complex situation,” Forsee said.

The complex situation Forsee explained was much of what faculty at S&T had been hearing the
for the past several weeks, except this time they were hearing from the person largely involved in
the decision-making.

Although there are several aspects of the System's finances that Forsee covered, each area had
the same root cause—the current economic meltdown.

"It has not been a pretty picture in the last 10 years,” Forsee said, as he presented a slide that
depicted the steady lowering of state funding, while tuition has been increased to compensate.

This is in addition to the potential difficulties it could have to gain funding from its three other
sources of revenue, tuition, philanthropy and external research.

Even with the promise by Gov. Jay Nixon to the keep funding at its current levels, the System will
still need to make changes to scale back spending, since in return for holding higher education
funding steady, tuition cannot be raised.

Some of those changes include the implementation of a hiring freeze and salary freeze, cutting 5
percent of the 2009 budget and the potential for furloughs.

These actions, however, are short-term, according to Forsee. Some of the longer-term goals
Forsee laid out for the staff included addressing the salary gap between the System and other
peer institutions and working on state priorities of job creation and economic development.

Forsee remained consistent from his previous town-hall meetings where he said that the
possibility of furloughs being implemented is small in his view since and will depend on whether
the General Assembly chooses to enact a withholding this year.

Forsee also addressed the decision to have staff pay into the System’s retirement fund.
“Our pension plan is down as anyone who has money in the market can tell you,” Forsee said.




                                                                                                       59
He went over the numbers that S&T faculty had seen a few weeks previously from Elizabeth
Rodriguez, the human resources director for the System.

The value of the retirement plan has decreased from $2.9 billion to $2 billion. Faculty will now be
paying 1 percent on the first $50,000 they make and 2 percent on any salary above that.

The system also will be increasing its contribution to the fund during the next several years going
from 6.12 percent in fiscal year 2010 to 12.2 percent in fiscal year 2013.

Forsee informed the crowd that the employee contributions were long-term solutions, not short-
term fixes to help keep the retirement plan “fully funded.”

Doug Carroll, the president of the S&T Faculty Senate, called attention to other state agencies
that he felt were in worse shape than the System, in terms of their retirement fund, who are not
taking similar actions to help shore up their own funds.

Forsee responded that he did not want to take the risk that the market could come back quickly,
allowing the System to recoup its losses.

Dr. Warren Wray, the university provost, expressed concerns about Missouri House of
Representatives’ proposal that would put higher education funding at its 2006 level, which is
somewhat lower then its current levels, something that Forsee expressed concern about.

Forsee’s approach was not without criticism, in terms of the pension plan. Frank Blum expressed
concerns about the speed in which the retirement benefits were enacted, which did not leave
much time for deliberation between the administration and faculty.

Forsee acknowledged the quickness did not leave much room for debate but was steadfast in the
change.

“I had to make a decision, and it was my decision,” Forsee said.




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Springfield News-Leader
Nietzel: MSU needs to internally reallocate up to $1 million
Friday, March 6, 2009

Missouri State University President Mike Nietzel told the Board of Governors that the university
will need to internally reallocate $750,000 to $1 million and details would be unveiled in the
budget proposal later this spring, according to those who were at the meeting.

The board is meeting in St. Louis today and tomorrow for its mid-year retreat. Paul Kincaid, chief
of staff, and John McAlear, secretary to the board, told the News-Leader Nietzel gave the board
an update on the budget for fiscal year 2010.

Nietzel said the board should expect flat revenue for next year, because both state funding and
tuition revenue — the university’s two major income sources — are expected to stay flat.

The president also told the board that applications for both freshmen and transfer students are
up for fall 2009.

Earle Doman, acting vice president for student affairs, told the News-Leader earlier this week that
it’s too early to tell if the applications would turn into enrolled students.

“If past trends continue, however, we may be looking at another increase in enrollment for fall,”
Doman said.

Springfield News-Leader
MSU set to reallocate funds amid flat year
Saturday, March 7, 2009

Missouri State University President Mike Nietzel told the Board of Governors Friday that the
university will need to internally reallocate $750,000 to $1 million and details would be unveiled
in the budget proposal later this spring, according to those who were at the meeting.

The board met Friday and is meeting today in St. Louis for its mid-year retreat. Paul Kincaid, chief
of staff, and John McAlear, secretary to the board, told the News-Leader that Nietzel gave the
board an update on the budget for fiscal year 2010.

Nietzel said the board should expect flat revenue next year, because both state funding and
tuition revenue are expected to stay flat.




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Springfield News-Leader
Greener campus from student fees?
MSU, Drury taking look at sustainability.
By DIDI TANG
Sunday, March 8, 2009

Student leaders at Missouri State University and Drury University are exploring the possibility of
levying a student fee to pay for efforts to make the campuses greener.

The proposed fees are $2 at Missouri State and possibly $10 at Drury per semester. The
universities' governing boards will make final decisions.

Students are opening up to charging themselves in a time when universities are placing more
emphasis on sustainability, an issue that covers topics such as clean energy, recycling and
ecological balance.

At MSU, the student government association's senate decided to put the proposal of the $2-per-
semester sustainability fee to a campus-wide referendum in late March.

"This will give students the opportunity to support it if they want to," said Courtney Wendel,
spokeswoman for MSU's SGA.

At Drury, the SGA's senate has unanimously supported a sustainability fee, student president
Javier Detrinidad said. He said the decision by the senate represents the wishes of Drury's
students.

"We're students as well," he said. "We gather the feeling around the campus."

Students to Decide
MSU has made sustainability the theme of its annual public affairs conference this April.

Students have been thinking about what they can do but have found little money available for
their ideas, said Zach Smith, a political science senior.

"We've got lots of requests to do sustainability but there's no money," said Smith, one of the SGA
officials who proposed the sustainability fee.

"We feel it does add up (with other college expenses)," he said. "However, the benefit of this fee
is so great that it would help us students save money over the long term and save the
environment when we're at it."

If students approve the fee, the university would match the fund by up to $75,000, said Ken
McClure, vice president for administrative and information services.

With the match, MSU students would count on $150,000 each year for their projects, Smith said.

McClure said students -- not university officials -- would decide how the money should be spent.



                                                                                                 62
Smith said the sustainability fund would work much like the Wyrick Fund, in which student
proposals are reviewed and approved by fellow students. Potential projects include more
recycling bins, educational programs and a campus community garden, Smith said.

Putting Funds To Use
At Drury, Wendy Anderson, associate professor of biology, chairs the president's council on
sustainability. She said the group wants to promote alternative transportation modes on campus
and believes a sustainability fee can provide a viable funding source.

"These students don't have to vote for it," Anderson said. "It's not a fee that the administration is
imposing on them."

Detrinidad said the student government believes sustainability programs are important.

The fee, if approved by Drury's Board of Trustees, would generate $30,000 a year, Anderson said.

The president's council on sustainability would oversee the fund, and the money would go to
student-driven initiatives, Anderson said.




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Columbia Missourian
Stephens College to interview 10 candidates to replace retiring president
By LINDEN WILSON
Thursday, March 12, 2009

COLUMBIA — Stephens College has invited 10 semi-finalists to meet with members of its
presidential search committee off campus later in March, according to an statement posted on
the college's Web site.

Stephens is not disclosing any information about the candidates that will be interviewed to
replace current president Wendy Libby, who will retire in July.

The committee "quickly came to consensus in selecting those with the necessary experience and
qualifications to lead Stephens College at this important moment in our history and enable the
college to capitalize on our strengths and address our challenges," according to the Web site.

"The next president must be collaborative and have a passion for Stephens and its students," said
Amy Gipson, vice president for marketing and public relations, citing the online institutional
profile.

The profile outlined additional qualities the next president should have:
 A demonstrated commitment to diversity and to developing a campus climate that fosters a
    sense of community
 An ability to tell the Stephens' story both internally and externally in ways that inspire support
 The need to continue Stephens' efforts to enhance its academic quality

Committee members will soon begin the process of checking candidates' references, according to
the online update.

Once interviews have been completed, the committee will select an undetermined amount of
finalists for the job.




                                                                                                 64
Columbia Missourian
Stephens targets staff, wages, pension plans to meet economic crunch
By LINDEN WILSON
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Stephens College is reducing staff, freezing wages and curtailing payments on employee retirement
plans for at least a year to address current economic realities.

Stephens, like many universities across the country, must confront the challenges created by the
economy, Stephens President Wendy Libby said last week in a letter to parents of Stephens College
students.

“We have reduced some staff positions recently and after this academic year will reduce the number
of adjunct faculty positions we will need this fall,” Libby said.

Stephens is also holding faculty, staff and administrative salaries at current levels for next year and
suspending contributions to employee pensions for 2009 to 2010.

“Employees may still contribute,” said Amy Gipson, vice president for marketing and public relations.
“We had a pretty generous contribution level of 7 percent in recent years, and we don’t require that
our employees be vested for several years.”

In addition, Stephens is changing student meal plans because of the rising cost of food. Students will
now have a meals-per-semester plan instead of a meals-per-week plan. This will allow them to choose
from five options, ranging from 75 to 250 meals per semester, according to Libby.

The cost difference between a meals-per-semester plan and a meals-per-week plan depends on the
plan a student elects and how much flexibility they have.

“Students who live on campus don’t currently have the option to select a 75 meals-per-semester
plan,” Gipson said. “Those are only for students off campus, but next year those options will start to
open up. It’s a way of adding more flexibility.”

Tuition at Stephens will increase 5 percent next year, which is less than the increases in some past
years, Libby's letter noted.

Although housing costs are increasing by 4 percent, shutting down both Prunty and Searcy residence
halls will allow for mechanical and electrical renovations. Double occupancy in several halls will allow
families worried about costs to save money. Housing costs for double-occupancy halls have not been
released.

“Consolidating housing reduces costs associated with needed heating, cooling, cleaning and
maintenance,” Libby said.




                                                                                                          65
Columbia Daily Tribune
Columbia College to buy Atkins property
By JUSTIN WILLETT
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Columbia College has taken another step toward meeting its space needs by making a deal to
purchase the Columbia Photo property on North Tenth Street, just south of its main campus on Rogers
Street.

Columbia College President Gerald Brouder said college officials heard that Tom Atkins — owner of
Columbia Photo and the 1.42-acre property it occupies at 310 N. Tenth St. — was looking to move his
business, and after a quick phone call, a deal was reached.

Columbia Photo is moving next month to the Atkins City Centre, also owned by Tom Atkins. The final
day of business at the Tenth Street location will be March 31.

The property sale to Columbia College is scheduled to close April 1. Brouder declined to disclose the
price.

“We are landlocked for the most part,” Brouder said of the school. “We've been growing at such a
pace that we now need additional space to operate the institution.”

Jennifer Jonas, coordinator of public relations and marketing for Columbia College, said the college
serves 25,000 students a year, including its Columbia campus, its 35 campuses nationwide and its
online program.

Nearly 16,000 students take at least one online course each year from the college, Jonas said.

“We are virtually out of classroom space,” Brouder said. “We might not put classrooms” at the
Columbia Photo property, “but offload certain things there that would open up classroom space. We
might use some of that space for transcript storage. It is literally adjacent to our parking lot here at
Tenth and Rogers. It's a great opportunity for the college.”

The college has purchased other nearby properties recently to provide options for expansion.

It owns two lots at the southeast corner of Tenth and Rogers and one building at 704 Range Line St.,
between a building that houses its online campus and athletic facilities on the east side of Range Line.

“What we're doing now is laying all of the open spaces out on the table,” Brouder said, noting that the
options would be taken to the administrative council, which would determine the best way to use
them.

Brouder said the college has no plans to raze the Columbia Photo building but will look to retrofit it for
storage and/or office use. He noted that in the future, the college could put up a building on its
existing parking lot at Tenth and Rogers and relocate parking to the Columbia Photo property.

Brouder said a future need is more on-campus housing and building a new residence hall could be one
of the options considered.




                                                                                                        66
St. Louis Business Journal
Harris-Stowe State University releases $31M stimulus wish list
Friday, March 6, 2009

Harris-Stowe State University in St. Louis has named $31.5 million in projects and programs on its
economic stimulus wish list.

The biggest item on the list is $13.2 million to create a baccalaureate program in domestic
security.

The others are:
   $10.6 million to renovate the Vashon Community Center into a multipurpose facility that
     will house a jazz institute and professional development program for homeland security.
   $3.2 million to overhaul five laboratory spaces.
   $2.8 million to pay off the debt of a heating, air and lighting overhaul.
   $660,000 one-time funding and $500,000 annually for the maintenance of the 100-year-old
     main campus building.
   $425,000 one-time funding and $200,000 annually for information technology
     infrastructure upgrades.
   $321,000 for tuck-pointing of exterior brick walls of Vashon Community Center.
   $240,000 for the renovation and expansion of business school library.

 Harris-Stowe State University, located in Midtown, is a four-year institution offering 12 degree
 programs.




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St. Louis Business Journal
Wash. U. researcher gets millions for breast cancer study
Friday, March 6, 2009

A $4 million Era of Hope Scholar Award has been given to Jason Weber, associate professor of
medicine in the division of oncology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.

Weber is an associate professor of cell biology and physiology and a researcher with the Siteman
Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University. He will study potential new
ways to control breast cancer cell growth.

Washington University in St. Louis is a private teaching and research university. Its school of
medicine is affiliated with Barnes-Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital.




                                                                                                  68
Kansas City Business Journal
Kansas Bioscience Authority gives $26M to KU Medical Center
Monday, March 9, 2009

The Kansas Bioscience Authority announced about $40.1 million in investments Monday, with
more than half dedicated to adding cancer research space at the University of Kansas Medical
Center in Kansas City, Kan.

Included in the investments the KBA detailed in a release is $26.4 million to assist with the $50
million renovation of the Wahl/Hixon Research Complex at KU Med.

According to the bioscience authority, the University of Kansas Cancer Center proposes using the
money to renovate roughly 170,000 square feet to house 37 cancer researchers.

The Cancer Center has said the renovation is necessary to help advance its efforts to earn
National Cancer Institute designation.

In this round, the KBA board also included $250,000 for research at the Cancer Center to develop
drug candidates that target cells that start tumors.

The board, meeting in Washington, also approved the authority’s first two centers of innovation,
which aim to draw on the strengths of higher education and industry to bring products to the
marketplace.

The two initiatives, which both involve KU and Kansas State University, are the Kansas Bioscience
Innovation Center in Drug Delivery and the Kansas Bioenergy and Biorefining Center of
Innovation.

Also Monday, the board awarded $3.25 million for three years in matching money for a
Lawrence-Douglas County Bioscience Authority wet-lab incubator at the University of Kansas.

The incubator is expected to facilitate growth of the bioscience industry in Douglas County and
supplement other existing or proposed incubators in the Kansas City metro region.




                                                                                                    69
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
SIUC weathers an unusual storm of bad publicity
By KAVITA KUMAR
Monday, March 9, 2009

By some measures, it has been a rocky year for Southern Illinois University Carbondale. A high-
profile archive collection was uprooted from its library, a couple of administrators have left under
bizarre or suspicious circumstances and the school is still grappling with chronic enrollment
decline.

Not to mention the fact that the campus continues to be plagued by plagiarism allegations — this
time the question is over a draft of a new plagiarism policy that itself appears to have been lifted.

But Chancellor Samuel Goldman, who is the university's fourth chancellor in three years, does not
see a school in crisis. Rather, he said, faculty and staff morale is higher than it's been in a while.

"We are a very complex, very visible university, so a lot of the things that go on here become a
part of the news," Goldman said.

"Issues arise," he added. "So, no, it's not been a particularly rocky year."

But Peggy Stockdale, president of the SIUC Faculty Senate, said it's hard to ignore the number of
recent controversies.

"Some of the bad press is deserved," she said. "I can't deny that."

But she thinks some of the issues also have been blown out of proportion.

"The controversies themselves are minor," she said. "But I'm worried about the way these things
are shaped in the press. It may have an effect on our reputation."

Allison Petty, editor of the campus Daily Egyptian, says the student staff fights mixed feelings
reporting the controversies.

"Certainly, as a paper when we report on these things, we want to be as accurate as possible. It
brings us the joy of breaking the story," she said. "But it doesn't bring us joy because we are
Salukis and we don't want to see these things happen. It's sort of disheartening to see."

DOCUMENT EXODUS
One of the most prominent flare-ups began unfolding last summer after the death of John Y.
Simon, a prominent Civil War scholar who taught at SIUC for decades. Simon had spent much of
his life accumulating a large collection of Ulysses S. Grant papers — a collection that was housed
at SIUC.

But after his death, it became known that Simon had been accused of sexual harassment by some
co-workers and that SIUC had temporarily locked him out of his office because of it. The Ulysses S.
Grant Association, of which Simon had been the executive director, alleged that SIUC had not
treated Simon fairly and that he did not receive proper due process. So the association sued the


                                                                                                    70
university as it fought to remove the collection from the campus.

The two sides resolved the issue "amicably," a joint statement released in December said. But the
statement went on to say that the association was moving the documents to Mississippi State
University. In mid-December, a large moving truck hauled away 90 file cabinets worth of Grant's
letters and documents, as well as about 1,500 books and other memorabilia. Goldman said the
agreement prohibited him from commenting further on the issue.

The Simon imbroglio sparked renewed interest in revising the university's sexual harassment
policy. Drafts are now being considered by various campus groups.

Meanwhile, the campus drew national attention for the case of James Scales, who was SIUC's
director of career services until last month. A story in the university student newspaper revealed
questions about whether Scales lied about his military service, including that he had served in the
Vietnam War and was a three-time recipient of the Purple Heart.

Scales initially denied the allegations, but then he told SIUC he was retiring immediately for health
and personal reasons.

CHANCELLOR CAROUSEL
Adding to the faculty drama is high turnover among top administrators at SIUC. Goldman was
appointed interim chancellor last year after President Glenn Poshard ousted the previous
chancellor, Fernando Trevino, after accusations that he failed to fulfill his duties.

Trevino has contested that the university had cause to terminate his contract and is in the midst
of binding arbitration proceedings with SIUC. (The two previous permanent chancellors at SIUC —
Walter Wendler and Jo Ann Argersinger — also were removed from their positions for various
reasons.)

And then there are the plagiarism allegations that have nagged SIUC for years. Various campus
leaders have been accused of not properly attributing speeches or other documents.

The most notorious case surfaced in the fall of 2007, when Poshard was accused of not properly
attributing parts of his doctoral dissertation from 1984. A university committee determined that
he had inadvertently plagiarized.

The latest plagiarism accusation that came up a couple of months ago was ironic: The draft of
SIUC's new plagiarism policy itself is quite similar to one at Indiana University. SIU leaders have
emphasized that the statement in question was just a draft.

"It happens," Goldman said simply. "We're human. The committee that put that together is made
up of very capable academics. It was just an error. There was no intent here."

'I'M VERY PROUD'
Despite a long list of embarrassing incidents and allegations, Goldman is optimistic about the
campus and its future.

"We have some outstanding students here who have won national awards," he said. "And we


                                                                                                      71
have faculty here who have risen on a national scale. I'm very proud."

Others say that the episodes, while unflattering to the SIUC, have not affected the school's day-
to-day operations or the campus life of most students and faculty.

Petty, of the Egyptian, said some students either react negatively about what's going on or are
quick to defend the university. "Then there are the students that don't know or don't really care,"
she said.

Goldman points to positive developments on campus, including the groundbreaking for a long-
awaited $83 million project to build a new football stadium and to renovate the basketball arena.

"It's going to be a beautiful addition to what is already a beautiful campus," he said.

Goldman also sees some bright spots with enrollment, which ranks as a critical measure of the
university's standing — and one the campus has struggled with for several years.

In an effort to lure more students, SIUC recently changed its tuition policy to give in-state rates to
students who live in the neighboring states of Missouri, Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee and
Arkansas.

Rod Sievers, a university spokesman, noted that a lot of the population centers in these states are
closer to SIUC than Chicago. SIUC has just kicked off a big marketing campaign with television and
radio ads in those states, he said.

While the number of students in the fall declined about 300 students from the year before — a
1.5 percent drop — Goldman said other Illinois universities are suffering, too, and some more
than SIUC.

"It's been a down year for a lot of universities," he said. "We're in no worse and in some ways
better than others in the state."

Valerie Schremp Hahn of the Post-Dispatch contributed to this report.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
State House committee OKs budget
Thursday, March 12, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY (AP) — House budget writers backed off a plan to cut college scholarships yesterday
but refused to expand Medicaid coverage for the poor as they clashed over priorities in Missouri's
more than $22 billion proposed budget for next year.

Majority party Republicans propose a wide range of cuts, including to public health and social services,
that Democrats say could be avoided if Republicans were willing to spend more federal economic
stimulus money.

But House Budget Committee Chairman Allen Icet, R-Wildwood, has limited how much of Missouri's
more than $4 billion in stimulus money can be included in the state's operating budget.

The House committee approved the budget late yesterday after spending most of the day sifting
through more than 100 proposed changes. The committee endorsement is just the first step. The
budget next goes to the House floor, then to the Senate Appropriations Committee, which typically
rewrites it. The House and Senate eventually must pass the same version of the budget.

The Kansas City Star
Budget work frustrates Missouri Democrats
By JASON NOBLE
Thursday, March 12, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY | Lawmakers on Wednesday added dozens of amendments to next year’s state
budget in a daylong House committee hearing, but did not reinstate Democratic priorities stripped out
by Republican legislative leaders.

Ultimately, changes from both parties were allowed onto the bills, which now go to the House floor for
further debate later this month.

The budget bills, written by the House’s Republican majority and introduced late last week, had set
aside several spending increases recommended by Democratic Gov. Jay Nixon and cut deeply into
existing social programs.

Democrats were largely unable to reinstate those cuts.

Nixon’s proposed budget sought to add 34,800 more parents to Medicaid, the state health-care
program for the poor, and 27,609 children to the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, at a total
cost to the state of about $35 million.

Early in the day, Democrats attempted to clear a path for those expansions by challenging committee
rules, which require lawmakers to cut funding for one program before another can be boosted.

Republicans blocked them.

Later, Democrats returned with proposals to shift revenues from elsewhere in the budget or from
sources outside of state government. After some debate, the Republican majority voted each
amendment down.



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The introduced House budget also cut millions from existing social programs and services, including
alcohol and drug-addiction treatment, meals for seniors, county health centers and public health
inspectors.

On Wednesday, lawmakers from both parties restored a few of the cuts, including those affecting
county health centers, smoking-cessation programs for young Missourians and a portion of those that
pay for meals for seniors.

The House budget totals $22.8 billion, including $7.8 billion in state revenues collected through taxes.
The governor’s proposed budget — with its additional funding for health care and other services —
totals $23.1 billion and relies on about $809 million in federal stimulus money.

The House budget is also balanced by stimulus funds, despite pledges by Republican leaders not to use
the one-time federal money for ongoing expenses.

The federal award to Missouri is expected to total at least $4 billion, most of which will be
appropriated at a later date. From that, the House budget uses about $1 billion, of which $410 million
is intended for one-time education expenses.

About $300 million more in stimulus funds is appropriated in the budget as well, without an
accounting for which specific expenditures they would pay for.

Budget Committee Chairman Allen Icet, a St. Louis County Republican, conceded that the budget
would use funds in ways his party has argued against, but said it was necessary to comply with federal
guidelines to ensure that Missouri received its share.

“I’m trying to cover every base possible,” Icet said.

Nearly $296 million is noted in the budget as a surplus, and ostensibly would be appropriated with
remaining federal dollars on one-time economic-stimulus projects in a separate bill once the budget
process is completed.

“The budget is a process and we have a long way to go,” Icet said.

Today is the final legislative day before a weeklong spring break. Lawmakers will debate the budget on
the House floor when they return March 23. Upon passage in the House, the bills will move on to the
Senate for further review and debate. Ultimately, the governor must sign the budget into law.

The new state fiscal year begins July 1.

Columbia Missourian
House committee passes fiscal year 2010 budget bills
By CHRIS DUNN
Thursday, March 12, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — The state House Budget Committee passed the state budget for fiscal year 2010
late Wednesday night.

The House's version of the bill comprises 13 bills that will be ready for the House floor in two weeks,
committee chairman Allen Icet, R-Wildwood, said.



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When Icet introduced the 13 bills last week the 13 Democrats on the 29-member committee objected
to his refusal to use federal stimulus dollars to support social services and health care programs.

Efforts to restore the cuts made in those programs were made even more difficult by a House rule that
allows representatives to add to the proposed budget only if they produce an offsetting cut that would
balance the budget, as is law under Missouri's state constitution, resulting in all amendments being
made in pairs.

Icet said he hopes the bills will be ready for review by the House by March 26. The legislators' spring
break begins Thursday afternoon.

Icet also said his next priority is to communicate with Gov. Jay Nixon and the state Senate about using
federal stimulus dollars to supplement the proposed state budget.

The committee passed 13 bills after a 14-hour committee hearing Wednesday:

House Bill 1: Appropriates money to the Board of Fund Commissioners

VOTES: Passed unanimously in committee.

No amendments were proposed or substituted.

House Bill 2: Appropriates money to the State Board of Education and Department of Elementary
and Secondary Education

VOTES: 16-13. All Democrats on committee voted against the bill; all Republicans on committee voted
for it.

Six amendment pairs were proposed.

House Bill 3: Appropriates money to the Department of Higher Education

VOTES: 28-1. The only opposing vote came from Rep. Rachel Bringer, D-Palmyra.

No amendments were proposed or substituted. This bill fully complies with Nixon's January request
that the Higher Education Department not receive any budget cuts next fiscal year.

House Bill 4: Appropriates money to the Departments of Revenue and Transportation

VOTES: Passed unanimously in committee.

No amendments were proposed or substituted.

House Bill 5: Appropriates money to the Office of Administration and the Departments of
Transportation and Public Safety

VOTES: 20-9. The opposing votes came from Democrats.

Thirty-six amendment pairs were proposed. Of those, 29 asked that substantial budget cuts be made
to Nixon's office. Instead the money would go toward funds including social services, ethanol



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incentives and St. Louis' Metro. Most of those 29 amendment pairs were eventually withdrawn or not
offered in committee because of concern for the office's coffers and how much money was being
drawn from them.

House Bill 6: Appropriates money to the Departments of Agriculture, Natural Resources and
Conservation

VOTES: 28-1. The only opposing vote came from Rep. Sara Lampe, D-Springfield.

Twenty-six amendment pairs were proposed. Of those, 17 were withdrawn because of repetition from
amendments adopted in earlier bills or concern for the funds that would lose money to offset
proposed expenses.

House Bill 7: Appropriates money to the Departments of Economic Development, Insurance,
Financial Institutions, Professional Registration, Labor and Industrial Relations

VOTES: 26-3. The opposing votes came from Bringer, Lampe and Rep. Belinda Harris, D-Hillsboro.

Fourteen amendment pairs were proposed. Five were adopted.

House Bill 8: Appropriates money to the Department of Public Safety

VOTES: Passed unanimously in committee.

Two amendment pairs were proposed and adopted. These amendments add a total of $479,000 to
veterans' services.

House Bill 9: Appropriates money to the Department of Corrections

VOTES: 18-11. Rep. Jonas Hughes, D-Jackson County, and Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, voted for the
amendment while all other Democrats voted against it.

Two amendment pairs were proposed and adopted.

House Bill 10: Appropriates money to the Department of Mental Health, Board of Public Buildings
and Department of Health and Senior Services

VOTES: 16-13. The opposing votes came from Democrats.

Four amendment pairs were proposed and withdrawn. One included Kelly's $146 million proposal to
support the UM System hospitals using federal stimulus funds.

Before this bill received its vote, Rep. Rachel Storch, D-St. Louis County, urged committee members to
reject the bill because it did not use any federal stimulus dollars to offset the cuts that were made to
programs such as Meals on Wheels.

Icet defended the bill, saying it was difficult to write but that if the committee did not "face the reality"
of the struggling economy, providers will have to completely close their doors instead of having to
reduce programs.




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House Bill 11: Appropriates money to the Department of Social Services

VOTES: 16-13. The opposing votes came from Democrats.

Thirty-five amendment pairs were proposed. One included Kelly's $52 million proposal to support the
UM System hospitals using funds cut from the Federal Reimbursement Allowance program. Kelly's
amendment pair was rejected.

Before this bill received its vote, Rep. Shalonn Curls, D-Jackson County, asked the committee to reject
the bill, saying, "For every dollar we cut, there's a face attached to it. We're hurting innocent people."

House Bill 12: Appropriates money to statewide elected officials, the Judiciary, Office of the State
Public Defender (attorney general) and General Assembly

VOTES: 17-12.

Seven amendment pairs were proposed; three were withdrawn. One amendment pair, proposed by
Rep. Ryan Silvey, R-Jackson County, would have fired the Governor's Mansion executive chef, whose
$45,000 salary would be channeled to compensating the families of firefighters killed while in duty.
Silvey's amendment was rejected.

House Bill 13: Appropriates money for real property leases and related services

VOTES: Passed unanimously in committee.

No amendments were proposed or adopted.




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The Maneater
MSA, ASUM support Access Missouri changes
New bills would increase funds for public higher education institutions.
By AMANDA WYSOCKI
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Representatives of the Associated Students of the University of Missouri and Missouri Students
Association traveled to Jefferson City to lobby for the Access Missouri program Tuesday.

ASUM and MSA have teamed up to lobby for one Senate and one House bill that would equalize funds
available to Missouri students attending either public or private four-year higher education
institutions.

Access Missouri provides up to $2,150 for students attending a public four-year institution and up to
$4,600 for students in private schools. If passed, the two bills would set the amount available to all
students at $2,850 to either public or private institutions.

Missouri ranks 47th in the nation in terms of funding public higher education and fourth for funding
private institutions, MSA Senate Speaker Amanda Shelton said.

"This is simply unacceptable," Shelton said.

ASUM helped coordinate a news conference in the House Lounge on Tuesday afternoon.

ASUM Legislative Director Ally Walker spoke along with Sen. Kurt Schafer, R-Columbia, Sen. David
Pearce, R-Warrensburg, Rep. Gayle Kingery, R-Poplar Bluff and Rep. Chris Molendorp, R-Raymore.

"Currently, 29 percent of students are receiving 52 percent of the Access Missouri funding," Walker
said. "It is important to have a discussion on Access Missouri."

Walker said because students attending public schools often graduate with greater debt than private
school students, this bill needs to be opened for debate.

"It is time to take a realistic look at the landscape of the state," Walker said. "Private schools can give
different opportunities in funding that state schools cannot."

Although the Senate bill has been assigned to the education committee, the House bill is yet to be
delegated.

"I ask the Speaker of the House to assign my bill to committee so we can open a dialogue," Kingery
said. "We need time to work on the bill and craft it."

Kingery said he would like to see Missouri's excellent public and private schools succeed.

Molendorp also voiced his support of the bill.

"I will push this issue until the program is equalized," Molendorp said.

Schafer spoke about the state Senate's duties to support higher education.




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"We have a constitutional obligation to maintain public higher education," Schafer said. "State
universities are at a disadvantage."

At Wednesday's MSA Senate meeting, a resolution passed stating MSA fully supports the two bills to
ensure equal access.

Shelton encouraged all MSA senators to write a letter of thanks to Schafer for his support. She also
urged senators to write letters to the Speaker of the House asking to assign the bill to a committee.

"Until the bill gets assigned to a committee, no one will actually talk about or vote on it," Shelton said.

Shelton also asked anybody receiving the grant to either go down to Jefferson City and lobby in
support of it or write a state legislator asking him or her to vote in favor of it.

Private school students opposed to the change in funding have set up a Web site,
keepmeincollege.org, to publicize their complaints with the two bills as it would directly decrease their
funding.

Southeast Missourian
Mo. House panel drops idea to cut college scholarships
By DAVID A. LIEB
Thursday, March 12, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. — House budget writers backed off a plan to cut college scholarships
Wednesday but did cut the state's computer services as they weighed priorities in Missouri's more
than $22 billion proposed budget for next year.

Majority party Republicans are proposing a range of cuts, including to public health and social services,
that Democrats say could be avoided if Republicans were willing to spend more federal economic
stimulus money.

But House Budget Committee chairman Allen Icet, R-Wildwood, has limited how much of Missouri's
more than $4 billion in stimulus money can be included in the state's operating budget.

Icet's proposed budget uses $619 million in federal stimulus money to replace state money that
otherwise would have gone to public schools and universities. It then spends about $323 million of
that freed-up state money elsewhere in the operating budget, although Republicans initially had said
they did not want to use stimulus money for ongoing programs.

The proposed operating budget leaves a balance of $296 million. House Republicans intend to
combine some of that with additional federal stimulus money in a later spending bill focused on one-
time purposes, such as construction or a tax rebate.

Icet has said lawmakers may have to handle that spending bill in a special session if they cannot pass it
before the legislature adjourns in mid-May.

As outlined last week, Icet's budget would have cut funding for the state's main academic and financial
needs-based scholarships — the Bright Flight academic merit scholarship and the Access Missouri
scholarship, which is awarded according to a family's financial need.




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But one of Icet's first moves Wednesday was to reverse course and keep the two scholarship programs
at the same funding level as this year. The committee approved the change.

Because of an expected growth in students participating in the Access Missouri program, even level
funding will result in a roughly 8 percent decrease in the amount of money each student can receive
next year, said Deputy Higher Education Commissioner Paul Wagner.

Icet's original proposed budget cut would have cut the Access Missouri scholarship from its current
funding of $95.8 million to $91.9 million next year, resulting in a roughly 13 percent decrease in what
Access Missouri students receive, Wagner said.

The $2,000 Bright Flight scholarship would have been reduced by $150 as a result of the proposed cut,
the Department of Higher Education said.

Icet on Wednesday also lessened the proposed cut to the state Tourism Division and reversed
proposed cuts to adult psychiatric care and alcohol and substance abuse treatment.

But the cuts got deeper for the Information Technology Services Division, which oversees the state's
computer systems.

The division was budgeted to receive about $62 million in general state revenue this year for
personnel, expenses and equipment — a little over one quarter of the agency's total budget for those
categories when federal and other funding sources are counted.

Gov. Jay Nixon had proposed reducing that to $48 million for the 2010 fiscal year, which starts July 1.
But that got whittled down to less than $38 million after House members raided the computer
technology division Wednesday.

Among other things, House members diverted computer money toward ethanol plant subsidies,
county assessor reimbursements, health efforts for women and minorities and a program that
videotapes World War II veterans recounting their stories.

Some lawmakers acknowledged they may have cut computer services too deeply.

"We're creating quite a hole for the IT department, and we're creating a problem," said Rep. Rob
Schaaf, R-St. Joseph.

The House Budget Committee is the first step for the proposed state budget. It goes next to the House
floor and then to the Senate Appropriations Committee, which typically rewrites it. The House and
Senate eventually must pass the same version of the budget.

KWMU.com
Mo. scholarships spared from cuts
By MARSHALL GRIFFIN
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Two college scholarship programs in Missouri have been spared the budget axe.

Members of the House Budget Committee were poised to curtail the academically-based Bright Flight
scholarship and the needs-based Access Missouri scholarship.



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But House Budget Vice-chairman Rick Stream (R, Kirkwood) says they were able to secure funding
from Washington and from other sources.

“We only have a small part of it so far…we don’t know how much we’re going to get, what strings are
going to be attached, and when we’re going to get it and when we’re allowed to use it…there are a lot
of unknowns about that money,” Stream said.

But Stream indicates they know enough to justify reversing the planned cuts to the scholarships.

Committee members are working to approve the entire 2010 state budget before leaving for Spring
Break Thursday.

Springfield News-Leader
House reinstates scholarship funds
Lampe, GOP fight over required cuts.
By CHAD LIVENGOOD
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Jefferson City -- House budget writers on Wednesday restored funds for college scholarships and local
public health departments, but resisted Democratic attempts to expand government-run health care
for children and low-income adults.

Under House rules, any increase in spending must include a decrease in funding for the same amount
somewhere else.

Budget writers raided more than $5 million from the state's Information Technology Services Division
budget to fund line-item earmarks to restore cuts made in the budget by House Budget Chairman
Allen Icet, R-Wildwood.

Icet's budget includes $619 million in federal stimulus money to supplant state tax dollars budgeted
for public schools, universities and community colleges. Icet's budget appropriates millions of dollars
of stimulus for on-going operations, even though Republicans have said for weeks that they would not
use federal aid to bail out the state budget.

The budget committee met for more than 10 hours Wednesday, debating more than 100
amendments.

Budget writers rejected three amendments Rep. Sara Lampe offered to restore funding for a fine arts
and scholar program for high school students.

The Republican-authored House budget proposes gutting the $700,000-a-year program, which funds
the three-week Missouri Fine Arts Academy and Missouri Scholars Academy summer camps.

Republicans have argued it's not a core program like bus transportation or K-12 schools in the overall
education budget. It also serves just a few hundred students.

Lampe, D-Springfield, proposed cutting funding for a character education program to fund the scholars
and fine arts academies.




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Rep. Mike Thomson, R-Maryville, chairman of the House education appropriations committee, argued
against Lampe's amendments, saying they would lead to "tearing down one program to promote
another."

Lampe said the results of the character education program she proposed cutting funding for "are great
... but I think we're at a point where we can let that (program) go."

"The scholars academy is direct money to children," Lampe said.

Lampe's first amendment that failed would have restored $645,428 for the scholars and fine arts
academies.

The second amendment sought to restore $322,714 for the programs.

A third attempt by Lampe to secure just $160,000 for the programs by cutting adult agriculture
education programs also failed.

All three amendments failed on party-line voice votes, with the Republican majority voting "no."

Without restoration of the funding on the House floor or in the Senate, the program could be
eliminated altogether , Lampe said. It also could seek private funds or charge students to attend.

"I was just trying to get something in there," Lampe said.

Icet has used House rules to make procedural moves to prevent Democrats from proposing funding
restoration with stimulus money. He plans to write separate bills for spending the one-time federal aid
next month.

Lampe said federal stimulus dollars could be used to pay for the program, but the GOP majority
rejected Democrats' efforts to pay for programs important to them with stimulus funds.

"The stimulus money is designed for education," Lampe said. "But they won't let us talk about the
stimulus money."

Lampe also tried unsuccessfully to get $5 million reallocated from school bus subsidies to professional
development training for teachers.

During budget deliberations, Rep. Ryan Silvey, R-Kansas City, was able to secure $109,366 to fund a
Greene County family court commissioner position for which the county will eventually reimburse the
state.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Scholarship issue splits campuses
Bill would give more to public college students.
By TERRY GANEY
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — Public and private college students in Missouri are battling over scholarship money
that was divided up two years ago in the deal to finance public college construction projects with the
sale of student loan assets.



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Because much of the student loan money had been raised from private school students, an agreement
was made in which students attending private colleges could get a maximum needs-based scholarship
of $4,600 compared with $2,150 for public college students.

Now some students of the University of Missouri want to unravel that deal so that all students —
whether they go to a public college in Missouri or a private one — get the same maximum amount:
$2,850 per year.

“We support equality and fairness when distributing aid to our neediest students,” said Ally Walker,
University of Missouri-Kansas City student from Ashland. Walker is the legislative director of the
Associated Students of the University of Missouri.

Students from ASUM gathered in the Capitol yesterday to press their case. But students from
Westminster College in Fulton were there as well.

“A student like me, I wouldn’t be able to go to a college like Westminster if this is passed,” said Lindsay
LaBrier, a sophomore from New Florence majoring in political science. LaBrier said she is a needs-
based student who receives the full amount of the scholarship, more than $4,000.

Gov. Jay Nixon, a Democrat, has proposed making the Access Missouri scholarship grant for needy
students the same no matter where the student goes to college. Two Republican lawmakers, Sen. Kurt
Schaefer of Columbia and Rep. Gayle Kingery of Poplar Bluff, have introduced bills to make the grants
equal at $2,850 per student. “These bills are aimed at making a public policy so that they could be
distributed equitably,” Schaefer said.

Since 1972, students attending private colleges in Missouri have received larger scholarship grants
than public school students. The grants were based on a percentage of the cost of education, and
private schools charged more than public schools.

The system was adjusted two years ago with legislation in which student loan assets of the Missouri
Higher Education Loan Authority would be sold to pay for construction projects on public college
campuses. At the same time, more money was poured into a new scholarship program, Access
Missouri.

About $95 million is going into the program this year, providing scholarships for about 12,000 students
attending private colleges in Missouri and 21,000 going to public schools. The private school students
get about 52 percent of the funds available.

Kingery said he doesn’t want to penalize private school students.

“Personally, I would like to see the publics at the level of the privates,” Kingery said. He believes it
would take between $150 million and $160 million to bring the public school students up to the
$4,600 maximum. He would like to develop a formula for gradually increasing the maximum grants for
public college students over a four-year period. “It does cost more to go to a private school,” Kingery
said. “We have excellent schools, both public and private. Competition helps you achieve excellence.
We don’t want to impact the private schools at all.”

Kingery doubts anything will happen soon.




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“People in power believe we should honor those deals until they sunset or are no longer valid,”
Kingery added. Proponents of making the scholarship grants the same say the deal is no longer valid
because the plan to sell the student loans fizzled and many of the construction projects have not been
funded. At the same time, state funding for public colleges and universities remains at levels last
witnessed in 2001. “There were some things that were supposed to have happened that have not
happened,” Kingery added. “That’s why we feel it’s appropriate to move forward with this.”

Lacey McFadden, a business and marketing student at Westminster, said the grants going to private
school students cover about 22 percent of a college education compared to 25 percent for a public
school student.

McFadden is the oldest of three children from a single-parent household in Salisbury. She uses the
Access Missouri grant and a federal Pell grant to pay for college. “The way it is set up now, there is
already a discrepancy,” said McFadden, who is a junior. “This would increase that gap by that much
more.”

The Kansas City Star
Prime Buzz Blog: Lawmakers plead with leadership for a hearing on changes to college scholarships
By JASON NOBLE
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY | Attention Charlie Shields and Ron Richard: a press conference was held just for you
this afternoon in the House Lounge.

Lawmakers seeking to equalize scholarship awards for students at public and private universities
summoned reporters today not so much to explain the merits of their bills as to pressure their
movement through the legislative process.

At issue is the Access Missouri scholarship, a state-funded need-based award that came into being
along with the Lewis and Clark Discovery Initiative of 2007. Currently, the maximum award is $4,600
for Missouri students attending a private school in the state, but just $2,150 for students attending
state schools.

The lobbying group Associated Students of the University of Missouri wants awards for both types of
institutions to be equalized at $2,850 per year. Gov. Jay Nixon, a Democrat, also supports the change.

Administrators and students at private schools, as you might expect, like things the way they are.

Reps. Gayle Kingery, of Poplar Bluff, and Chris Molendorp, of Raymore, and Sens. Kurt Schaefer, of
Columbia, and David Pearce, of Warrensburg -- all Republicans -- are sponsoring the legislation.

In his remarks to the press, Kingery all but acknowledged that the bills had no chance of passing this
year.

Many lawmakers oppose equalizing the awards, he said, because it would undercut a political deal
made in 2007.

To win approval of his plan to use assets held by the state student loan authority to finance building
projects at several public universities, then-Gov. Matt Blunt agreed to create a new scholarship
program that was weighted in favor of private schools. That program was Access Missouri.



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Connie Farrow, a spokeswoman for the private colleges opposing the bill, said in an e-mail message
that 60 percent of the assets sold to finance the construction projects came from loans taken out by
private school students -- and that some public schools benefiting from the construction projects don't
use the loan provider at all.

That's why Access Missouri was added to the Lewis and Clark legislation, she said.

The purpose of today's press conference was not to inform the public of the virtues of changing the
scholarship program, Kingery said. Rather, it was to influence Senate Leader Shields and House
Speaker Richard to open discussion on the bills and allow a compromise to develop.

Currently, the Senate version of the bill has been referred but not heard in committee, and the House
version hasn't even been assigned to a committee.

"The dialogue is important," Kingery said. "My plea to the speaker is to go ahead and assign my bill so
we can start the dialogue and start working toward finding a way to make this happen."

Columbia Daily Tribune
Mo. lawmakers propose equal Access Missouri among
By LEE LOGAN
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) -- Caitlin Steiner says if the state had cut her need-based scholarship, she
might have had to leave the private liberal arts college she attends in central Missouri.

But to Ally Walker, who attends the University of Missouri-Kansas City, the scholarship program that
helped Steiner has a fundamental unfairness: Students at private colleges can receive more than twice
as much money as those attending public institutions.

Steiner and Walker represent a struggle in the Legislature over which students get how much
scholarship money from the need-based Access Missouri Program.

The program currently offers maximum yearly scholarships of $4,600 to students at four-year private
schools but only $2,150 for students at Missouri's four-year public colleges and universities.

Bills filed in both the House and Senate this year would eliminate that gap, setting a maximum yearly
need-based scholarship of $2,850 for both groups of students.

A group of Republican lawmakers held a news conference Tuesday in support of the legislation,
although the issue isn't partisan - Democratic Gov. Jay Nixon also supports leveling out the payments.

"It's really about equitable funding for need-based students," said Republican Sen. Kurt Schaefer of
Columbia, home of the University of Missouri's flagship campus. "If somebody chooses to attend a
private school, well (they would be) on an equal footing with someone who attends a public school."

Supporters of the current system say students at private colleges need larger scholarships to help
offset their tuition.

"When you have a more expensive school, you're going to have a higher need," said Sen. Scott Rupp,
R-Wentzville.



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The state budgeted $91.5 million for the Access Missouri Program this year, and Nixon has proposed a
$2.5 million increase in the fiscal year that starts July 1. But Republican House budget writers have
proposed to cut the program to $87 million next year.

Walker lobbies for a group of students at the four-campus University of Missouri system. She noted
that 29 percent of the students in the program received roughly half of the funds.

"This is a fundamental discrepancy in state policy," she said.

Walker said students generally take on more debt at public schools and that private colleges have
larger endowments to plan for long-term funding.

But Steiner, a senior at William Woods University in Fulton, said the scholarships have been key during
her tenure at the small private school, where tuition is higher than at most public colleges.

"The money from Access Missouri has been able to keep me at William Woods," Steiner said. "I don't
think they should take that away."

Rep. Gayle Kingery, R-Poplar Bluff, sponsored the House bill setting $2,850 as the maximum annual
scholarship for all students receiving Access Missouri aid.

But Kingery said his preference would be to set $4,600 - the current maximum for private college
students - as the level for both public and private students. He said that would cost the state roughly
$150 million per year.

"I don't want to hurt them," Kingery said of private school students. "I'd just like to raise us up to
where public schools are at the same level."

Rupp said he would be interested in that proposal, instead of "artificially capping" the amounts that
private school students receive.

The two tiers of scholarships were part of an agreement in 2007 to pass a college capital improvement
package funded by the sale of student loans held by the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority.
About 60 percent of the students who get loans through that agency go to private schools, but the
construction projects were only at public colleges.

But Kingery said parts of that agreement - such as many of the capital projects and increased state
funding to public universities - have not materialized.

House Leaders haven't assigned his bill to a committee, which prevents it from receiving a hearing.
Kingery said he wants a hearing to work on a compromise this year so a bill can be passed in future
sessions.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Mo. lawmakers reject scholarship consolidation
By LEE LOGAN
Monday, March 9, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) -- Missouri lawmakers on Monday rejected a plan by Gov. Jay Nixon to bring
six college scholarship programs under the supervision of the Department of Higher Education.



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The scholarships are now administered by various agencies. Nixon contended his plan would increase
efficiency and make it easier for families to apply for scholarship funds.

But the House voted 85-67 against Nixon's proposed executive order, blocking it from going into
effect. The governor could offer a revised version of the plan.

Critics argued the plan would lower the priority of two scholarships in particular - one for veterinary
students studying to treat large animals, the other for high school students heading to community
colleges.

Some lawmakers who focus on agriculture issues say moving the Large Animal Veterinary Student
Loan Program from the Department of Agriculture would endanger it.

"I'm concerned about the priority in the Department of Higher Education," said Rep. Dan Brown, R-
Rolla, a veterinarian. "Maybe this program goes away" under that department, he said.

Other lawmakers said the Higher Education Department could not adequately administer the A-plus
Schools Program, which is now run by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

"It's much more than just a scholarship program," said Rep. Mike Dethrow, R-Alton, who sponsored
the resolution to reject the plan. "It's a school improvement program and a student improvement
program."

A Nixon spokesman said the governor is willing to work with lawmakers on a revised proposal.

"This wasn't the largest reform in state government history, but it made a lot of sense to us," said
Nixon spokesman Jack Cardetti. "If lawmakers can tweak this to their liking, then we're certainly
amenable to that."

House Democrats say critics only want to embarrass Nixon.

"I think your resolution is simply sticking it in the eye of the governor," said Rep. John Burnett, D-
Kansas City.

Rep. Joe Aull, D-Sedalia, said officials at the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education told
him that most of the A-plus administration would remain in that department and that only the
scholarship funding would move.




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Columbia Missourian
Missouri Sunshine group aims to pursue transparent government
By CHRISTA ROOKS
Friday, March 13, 2009

COLUMBIA — Journalists might be called many things, but "political strategist" is rarely one of
them.

"Reactively whining is a bad political strategy," said Charles Davis, director of the National
Freedom of Information Center, at a kickoff Thursday afternoon for the Missouri Sunshine
Coalition.

Davis was referring to the response journalists sometimes give after having difficulty obtaining
public records quickly and easily. He said he hopes the newly formed coalition can take more
proactive steps to promote transparency in government.

For example, the group plans to hold workshops to inform not only journalists but also attorneys,
residents and public officials about their rights regarding public records and to make them
generally more informed about the intricacies of the Sunshine Law.

 The kickoff, which took place at the Reynolds Journalism Institute at the MU School of
Journalism, included both a reception and a program.

Speakers included Missouri Attorney General Chris Koster, who talked about the strategies his
office intends to implement to beef up enforcement of and compliance with the Missouri Open
Meetings and Records Law, more commonly known as the Sunshine Law. It outlines state statutes
on public meetings and records, and on the votes, actions and deliberations of public
governmental bodies.

"Transparency is good for government," said Koster, who became attorney general in January.

Koster said he has hired a team of five attorneys to handle all complaints about noncompliance
with the Sunshine Law and to help people who are seeking public records. He also promised that
public officials who refuse to comply will be prosecuted, though he said it should rarely come to
that.

"People want to comply with this law, generally speaking," he said. "Violations occur due to
ignorance."

Koster also addressed problems with the ambiguity of the Sunshine Law when it comes to modern
technology. Gray areas include whether e-mail, voice mail and the use of social networking sites
and text messages should be considered public records.

"I think it should be noted ... there are many areas of Section 109 (which deals with electronic
public records) that I think are ambiguous in an electronic age," he said. "The attorney general's
office will take a broad view."




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Still, problems with technological bugs in government offices, ignorance among attorneys and
residents, and the tricky language of the law still could pose problems.

"It's not the easiest law in the statutes," Koster said.

Forty-seven of 50 states have sunshine coalitions, but simply having the coalitions is not enough,
Davis said.

"We have to keep the issue on the radar," Davis said.

Applications to join the Missouri Sunshine Coalition, along with more information about the
group, can be found on the group's Web site.

Both Davis and Missouri Sunshine Coalition president Jim Robertson, managing editor of the
Columbia Daily Tribune, said the group encourages everyone to get involved.

"The success of this group depends on a strong, diverse membership," Robertson said.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Education secretary defends Obama’s budget at Congressional hearing
By KELLY FIELD
Friday, March 13, 2009

Washington – Secretary of Education Arne Duncan defended President Obama’s education
budget for next year in an appearance before members of Congress on Thursday, arguing that
making Pell Grants an entitlement would encourage more low-income students to attend college.

Mr. Duncan also told skeptical lawmakers that his department can “absolutely” handle the
president’s proposed switch to 100-percent direct lending. Roughly 70 percent of federal loans
are now made through the bank-based guaranteed-loan program, while 30 percent are made via
the department’s direct-loan program.

Not surprisingly, most of the criticism at yesterday’s hearing before the U.S. House of
Representatives Committee on the Budget came from Republican lawmakers. They questioned
the wisdom of creating a new entitlement program at a time when Medicare and Social Security
costs are spiraling upward, and they called the president’s proposed $2.5-billion grant program to
help colleges improve retention “duplicative” of existing programs.

“We should be removing entitlements, not adding new ones,” said Rep. Paul Ryan of Wisconsin,
the panel’s top Republican.

“If we’re drowning in a sea of debt, how are people going to afford college?” added Rep. Jeb
Hensarling of Texas, suggesting that adding to the nation’s debt would drive higher taxes.

Mr. Duncan responded that making Pell spending mandatory would “create a sense of stability”
for low-income families. Most spending on Pell Grants is now discretionary, meaning the
maximum award is set by Congress each year and therefore is subject to politics and the
economy.

“I worry about low-income families who don’t think they belong to that world, who have never
been exposed to it,” he said.

“If we can tell them the money is going to be available for you …” Mr. Duncan began to add,
before Representative Hensarling cut him off to ask another question.

Somewhat more surprising was the fact that so few Republicans stood up to oppose the
president’s plan to eliminate the bank-based student-loan program. Apart from a question from
Representative Ryan about whether the department was “prepared to take on the new risks of
additional borrowing and spending,” and a few others' expressed doubts about the department’s
capacity to handle the additional volume, there was little griping about the plan.

But perhaps the biggest shock was a defense of the proposal from Rep. Robert E. Andrews,
Democrat of New Jersey. While Mr. Andrews supported the creation of direct lending in 1994, he
had become a defender of the bank-based program and is one of the few Democrats lenders
consider a reliable friend.



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In questioning the education secretary, Representative Andrews systematically shot down every
argument against ending bank-based lending, suggesting that president’s plan would be less risky
and less costly than bank-based lending, and might actually create jobs for the loan industry by
expanding loan servicing.

“You’ve made the refreshing step of not only announcing a lofty goal but also talking about how
to pay for it,” he said.

Meanwhile, the education secretary also reassured Rep. Timothy Bishop, Democrat of New York,
that no colleges will lose money under the president’s plan to change the formula used to
distribute Perkins Loan dollars, saying “this is not a zero-sum game, this is increasing the pie.”

Mr. Obama has proposed expanding the Perkins program by $5-billion, and replacing a formula
that has given a disproportionate share of the money to colleges that joined the program at its
inception with one that would reward colleges that control costs and expand need-based aid.




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The New York Times
What’s in the new student loan proposal
By JONATHAN D. GLATER
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Higher-education experts say the Obama administration has proposed the broadest overhaul of
federal college aid programs in decades. But for all the focus on the size of the budget, it has been
hard to tell just what this means for students and their families.

One problem is that whatever the president proposes, Congress actually holds the purse strings. So
there is no way to know just what aid will really be available down the road. But based on what
administration officials have said, here is a summary of how the budget as proposed would affect
funds available to help pay for college.

The first important thing to understand is that the proposed benefits will not be available until July 1,
2010 — more than a year from now.

Here are the major administration proposals:

PELL GRANTS In years past, the size of Pell grants, which go to the neediest students, depended on the
budget in a particular year. The administration’s proposal would end that.

Also, beginning in the 2010-11 academic year, the maximum Pell grant would rise with inflation; the
grant would be indexed to the Consumer Price Index plus 1 percent. Over all, the maximum Pell grant
in 2010-11 would be $5,550, up from $4,731 in the current year (note that the size of the grant
awarded to an individual student depends on that student’s financial circumstances).

More information about Pell grants is available on the Education Department’s Web site.

LENDERS Probably the most controversial part of the proposed budget involves an issue that most
students do not care about: where their loans come from. The administration wants to get rid of the
federally guaranteed student loan program, called the Federal Family Education Loan Program. Under
that program, banks and other companies (like Sallie Mae) have provided loans to students for years
at rates set by Congress. The loans are guaranteed by the government. (A list of the rates for the
popular Stafford loans in the coming years is here.)

Under the Obama proposal, students would borrow directly from the government. Students could still
borrow from banks, but the loans would not be guaranteed and the interest rate would not be set by
the government.

LOAN AMOUNTS This is actually the more important question for students and families. The
administration aims to provide borrowing options for students to make it easier to pay for college
without turning to private lenders, primarily by expanding the Perkins loan program.

The administration wants to make the loans available at all colleges and universities in the country —
more than 4,000 institutions, up from just 1,800 now. It also wants to sharply raise the total amount of
money available, to $6 billion, from $1 billion a year.

In addition, the administration wants to increase the amount individual students can borrow through
the Perkins program to match what is available through the Stafford loan program. The Stafford



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program provides up to a total of $31,000 ($5,500 a year in loans to first-year students, $6,500 to
second-year students and $7,500 to upperclassmen).

Currently, undergraduate students can borrow up to $4,000 a year and up to $20,000 over all through
Perkins. The bad news is that interest on Perkins loans would accrue while a student was in college.

That is one of the ways that the government envisions paying for those Pell grant increases.

Perkins loans are available based on financial need, so you have to fill out the federal financial aid
form, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or Fafsa, to get one.

Over all, although the changes that the administration wants are broad, the impact on individual
students may be modest — a few hundred dollars more in grants, a few thousand dollars more in
loans. But, as any indebted college student knows, every little bit helps.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Duncan touts Perkins loans for struggling middle-class families
By MEGAN ECKSTEIN
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Washington – Expanding the Perkins Loan program, as President Obama has proposed, will help
millions of middle-class families afford college, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan said on
Wednesday at the Association for Career and Technical Education’s annual conference.

The extra aid, Mr. Duncan said, would provide "an unprecedented chance for families to go on to
college ... at a time when going to college has never been more important, more critical."

The secretary’s remarks came in response to a question from a middle-class mother and educator who
asked what President Obama would do for “the masses,” those millions of students who don’t qualify
for Pell Grants, but can’t afford college on their own. The tuition tax credit—which Congress recently
increased from $1,800 to $2,500—won’t cut it, she told the secretary.

In response, Mr. Duncan pointed to Mr. Obama’s plan to expand the Perkins Loan program from $1-
billion to $6-billion a year, saying the loans, coupled with the larger tax credit, would help about seven
million more students go to college.

His reply suggests that the president has made Perkins Loans the centerpiece of his college-
affordability plan for the middle class, much as Bill Clinton, his Democratic predecessor, did with
tuition tax credits.

The Perkins Loan program provides low-interest, need-based annual loans of up to $4,000 for
undergraduates and $6,000 for graduate students. The government and participating colleges
contribute money to a pool of funds from which the colleges make loans. Proceeds from repaid loans
also go into the pool, making more money available for new loans.

But expanding the Perkins Loan program may not be a simple task. In addition to adding $5-billion per
year to the program, President Obama's proposed budget calls for rewriting the formula that
determines how the federal Perkins dollars are distributed to colleges. If he does so in a way that hurts
colleges that benefit from the existing formula, he is certain to face a backlash from those colleges and
from some of his fellow Democrats.



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Under the current formula, colleges that enrolled in the Perkins Loan program before 1999 are
guaranteed to receive at least as much money as they did that year. Institutions that enrolled in 1999
or after must vie for the leftover money—in some years not more than a few million dollars.

President Obama wants to change the formula to favor schools that work to lower tuition and raise
student aid, "to make sure schools like UNLV don't get a tenth as many Perkins Loans as schools like
Harvard," as Mr. Obama said in a speech to the U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce outlining his
education agenda on Tuesday.

Persuading Congressional Democrats to change the allocation model could take some work. In 2004,
Republicans, including John A. Boehner, the Ohio Republican who is House minority leader, tried to
phase out the "base guarantees" for colleges that enrolled before 1999, saying that too little money
was left over for community colleges and for-profit institutions. But private colleges, and some more
established public universities, fought the plan, and Republicans eventually agreed to abandon efforts
to change the formula.

This week, U.S. Rep. Timothy Bishop, a New York Democrat who opposed the change in 2004, said he
would support a formula change as long as no universities lost money in the process.

Also, if Congress approves the spending increase for Perkins, it will represent a sweeping turnaround
in the program’s fortunes. President George W. Bush often requested no increases for the program,
and in 2008 he called for it to be eliminated entirely. Though Congress refused to end the program, it
did agree to stop contributing federal dollars to it, creating a situation where colleges could only lend
more money if they collected existing loan payments faster. The federal cuts, combined with a decline
in the consolidation of student loans, have reduced the amount of money available to colleges for
making new Perkins Loans.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
More bad news on campus: Scholarships drying up
By DONNA GORDON BLANKINSHIP
Thursday, March 12, 2009

SEATTLE (AP) -- Mike Westfall calls it the second wave of bad financial news on campus. First
came a dramatic drop in university endowments. Now students and their parents are learning
those same endowments are short of money for next year's college scholarships.

It's a national issue, but small regional universities with less than epic endowments are feeling the
pain most sharply, said Westfall, vice president for university advancement at Eastern Washington
University in Cheney, near Spokane.

A survey from the nonprofit Commonfund Institute of Wilton, Conn., found that college
endowments across the nation lost an average of 24 percent of their value during the six months
preceding Dec. 31, 2008.

How that drop in endowment value is affecting scholarship money is now becoming more clear.

For the current academic year, Eastern's foundation provided $500,000 for about 500
scholarships. After a 20 percent drop in its endowment, the foundation will be able to provide
only about $100,000 for next year's scholarships, Westfall said.

"Over 50 percent of our students are first-generation students. First-generation students tend to
be more dependent on financial aid. To take that away is troubling," he said.

Eastern has turned up the volume on its annual fundraising and created a new scholarship Web
site to try to make up the difference, but some colleges are canceling scholarships entirely.

An endowment drop of 22 percent at Rhode Island College put most of the school's endowed
scholarship funds "underwater" - below the amount of money used to start the fund - so the
college foundation has decided to suspend payment of endowed scholarships for next year.

Because of a drop in its endowment, the University of Wisconsin-Superior plans to give away
about $100,000 less in endowed scholarships for next fall.

Other universities have laid off staff to prevent cutbacks in other areas, such as scholarships and
endowed teaching and research positions.

The University of Washington has seen the value of its endowment drop about 25 percent over
the past few quarters. Although the university has cut 70 jobs from its fundraising office to save
money, the prospect for next year's scholarships is still uncertain, said Kay Lewis, director of
student financial aid.

The UW's students rely heavily on state and federal dollars for financial aid, and since that money
is up in the air until the Washington Legislature figures out how to handle the state's economic
downturn, Lewis said the university has stepped up its scholarship fundraising.



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"We're getting quite a few calls from students wondering what their aid will be like next year,"
Lewis said. "At this point, we're telling them they'll just have to wait."

Western Washington University in Bellingham has also increased scholarship fundraising to make
up for a 30 percent drop in its endowment, which has resulted in a decrease from $900,000 in
endowed scholarships this academic year to a projected $200,000 available next year, said
Stephanie Bowers, vice president for university advancement and the Western foundation.

The university also distributes another $800,000 from an annual scholarship campaign, but
officials are pushing hard to see that number rise to make up for the loss in endowed
scholarships, Bowers said.

She said the university is asking every endowment donor it can reach if he or she can afford to
make a special donation this year, and Western also is running a special faculty and board
member fundraising campaign.

Bowers said the prospects for next year are bleak, but she remains hopeful about the future.

"When you work for a foundation, you take the 100-year view," she said.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Faculty raises are down slightly from last year
By MARISA LOPEZ-RIVERA
Monday, March 9, 2009
Salaries of college faculty members increased by a median average of 3.7 percent in 2008-9, a lower
rate of increase than in 2007-8, a study has found.
The study, by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources, says public
doctoral institutions had the smallest increase, at 3.3 percent, down from last year's 4.4-percent
growth. Private doctoral institutions had the largest increase, at 4.1 percent. In all, the salaries of
faculty members and administrators together grew by 4 percent last year.
Only special-focus institutions, including seminaries, law schools, and art schools, saw higher growth
rates in salaries than last year, with salaries increasing 4 percent compared with 3.4 percent.
Faculty members at private special-focus institutions enjoyed salary increases of 3.9 percent, while last
year they saw a 3-percent increase. Those at public special-focus institutions got 4-percent increases,
the same as last year.
By position, full professors and associate professors at all private institutions received the highest
average increases, at 4 percent, the same as last year. The lowest were received by instructors at
public institutions, at 3 percent, down from 3.8 percent.
Faculty members teaching law, engineering, and business again had the highest average salaries, no
matter where they worked or at what rank.
Law professors across all ranks and all institutions earned an average of $102,142. Business professors
earned an average of $90,076, and engineering professors $90,021.
The lowest average salary for all ranks was $62,047, for faculty members in foreign languages,
literature, and linguistics at public institutions.
Rosemary G. Feal, executive director of the Modern Language Association, said several factors caused
this wage disparity. One is that because the private sector is not competing with academe to hire
humanities scholars, there is less pressure driving up humanities salaries.
"There is no doubt," she added, "that we have too few full-time jobs with job security for professors in
the humanities."
The MLA has noted that job listings in literature and languages are down 20 percent from last year.
"That seems to be an American problem right now ... some kinds of teaching aren't all that valued,"
Ms. Feal said.
Another CUPA-HR report, "Impact of the Economic Crisis on Staffing & Compensation Planning in
Higher Education," shows that 21.6 percent of the over 300 colleges that responded will see or are
seeing less money available for salary increases for full-time staff members who are not paid on an
hourly basis. About 27 percent will or have already frozen wages.
Over a third of the institutions in the survey said they would put hiring freezes into effect; almost 44
percent said they would delay hiring.
Both reports report can be ordered online (http://www.cupahr.org).




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Point of view: On the bottom line, good teaching tops good research
By FRANK HEPPNER
Monday, March 9, 2009

In research universities, those faculty members who write and obtain grant proposals enjoy
certain perks, including summer salaries, more travel, more space, and an extensive list of other
benefits, great and small. As one of my own professors pounded into my head years ago, "A great
teacher is known all over the campus. A great researcher is known all over the world." The
implications of that maxim are not lost on rookie faculty members as they consider promotions
and job mobility.

In part, research is more prized because it is easy to determine the dollar value that professors
bring to universities through outside grants. It is more difficult to establish the economic value of
good teaching in such institutions. But it is not impossible.

When research universities hire faculty members in fields where grants are available, the
expectation is clear. Several years ago, in an issue of Science magazine, 65 percent of the want ads
for entry-level science-faculty positions at American research universities stated an expectation
that the candidate would secure financial support from extramural sources, outside the
university. If the phrase "develop a strong independent research program" is code for
"extramurally funded," the proportion would top 75 percent. New hires are usually given a
briefing in which lip service is paid to teaching, but the reality of the expectation of "rainmaking"
is usually made explicit.

Once hired, such faculty members follow a reasonably predictable path. If hired to teach large,
lower-division courses, they go to the dean after a year or two and beg relief: "How can I write a
proposal, which requires at least four months of near-full-time effort, with this monstrosity
fastened to my back?" If the petitioner already has a grant, the request is almost a done deal. The
dean can hire an adjunct instructor for a few bucks and take the money out of general overhead,
freeing the enterprising new researcher to seek "productivity." If the grant hasn't yet come
through, a positive response will depend on the dean's assessment of the likelihood that it will.

Large introductory courses therefore become orphans cast out into the snow, sustained only by
the good will of the transients who are their temporary custodians. To the successful researcher
(in the financial sense) come fame, money, promotion, and prestige. To the good teacher comes
... the gratitude of his students. It has been so since I began my career at the University of Rhode
Island, almost 40 years ago.

But does that approach still make sense in light of the new economic realities at research
universities? It is an enormously different dollar world than when I started. In 1969 the state
provided more than 50 percent of operating expenses; this year it is below 15 percent. Our
research-grant overhead income has increased, but our tuition income has increased much more.
In 2008 grant recipients at our university brought in a little more than $60-million, of which
roughly $20-million was gross overhead — money given to the college to support the grant. But
the research enterprise is expensive. A glance through our campus phone book reveals 38 names
associated one way or another with grant acquisition or processing (compared with two names
associated with the improvement of teaching). By the time various administrative offices dip their


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beaks into this overhead pool, a reasonable estimate might be that $15-million is left to pay the
electric bill.

During the same year, gross income from tuition was around $190-million, or close to nine times
as much as gross overhead income. Clearly we are today a tuition-driven institution, and while
research supported by outside sources provides valuable intangibles — visibility, support for
graduate students, standing in the rankings, assistance with recruiting — in terms of net income
to the university, it's chump change.

So where does good teaching come in? The proportion of freshmen who return for their
sophomore year, or retention rate, is 81 percent. That's actually a pretty good number for an
institution like ours. For our freshman class, that means about 500 students a year don't return.

Because each student who did not return would have provided about $50,000 in tuition and fees
over the three remaining years until graduation — based on a rough average of $17,000 a year for
in-state and out-of-state students — that retention rate represents a loss of $25-million a year.
That's $5-million more than our gross overhead income.

Some of these nonreturning students are not "recoverable." They have family problems, personal
problems, economic problems. But a substantial number are on the fence. They could stay, but
maybe they will, and maybe they won't. What causes a student to stay? Twenty years of research
on the "retention issue" can be summarized in one word: engagement. If the student somehow
forms a bond with the institution, he or she comes back to the fold.

How is such a bond formed? It could be social. The student picks up a boyfriend or girlfriend.
Maybe her team wins in her first season. Or he pledges a fraternity. Professors have little or
nothing to do with those things. But on the academic side, the biggest single factor seems to be:
Does a member of the faculty care whether the student lives or dies?

How can a student possibly have that feeling when he or she is part of an introductory sociology
class of 300? Not easily — but with an investment of time and effort, it can be done.

I teach 600 freshmen a year in my two big introduction-to-biology classes. It is a demanding pre-
med-style course, and a number of years ago, the failure rate started to skyrocket, because the
university had "broadened its concept of academic excellence" in admissions. So I decided to see
if I could do anything that would have an impact, short of the now almost universal practice of
grade inflation.

I announced to my classes that those who failed the first exam would be required to come in and
see me for a diagnostic interview. I have had over 95-percent compliance. How? I simply suggest
that the result of their not coming in will be so dreadful that I can't even mention it in class.
Power of suggestion does the rest.

Because more than 100 students typically fail the first exam, I essentially do nothing but see
students for two weeks after that. Although they're a bit scared at first, most of them say "thank
you" after the interview is over. The first semester that I tried this, the failure rate dropped by 40
percent. I continue the practice to this day with excellent results.



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Of course, all the time I spend with these students I could be working on grant proposals.
However, out of my 600 students, 114 are statistically at risk of not returning. If, through this
personal attention, I "salvage" only five of those students, I will have recovered $250,000 in lost
tuition. And I can do that every year. In my discipline, that is far more than I would ever be able to
generate in grant overhead.

My university has 27 departments that have an average of at least two courses with more than
150 students each. If instructors in each of those courses "salvaged" the same number of students
in their courses as I am sure I do in mine, almost $15-million in otherwise lost tuition could be
recovered — about the same amount generated by grant overhead minus expenses.

Can faculty members be trained to be more effective teachers and so have an impact on
retention? Absolutely. Instructional-development programs traditionally do just that. These
offices are typically marginalized and token at research universities, without appropriate money,
prestige, or appreciation. Faculty members typically have no official incentive to seek advanced
training in teaching; in fact, they are often discouraged because of the disproportionate emphasis
placed on research "productivity."

If research universities like mine, facing hard economic times, are serious about improving their
bottom lines, they need to improve teaching. That goal, with the potential to yield far more
income than grant overhead, deserves an appropriate investment in time, money, and
recognition.

Frank Heppner is an honors professor of biological sciences at the University of Rhode Island.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Spending bill could lower price of contraceptives at campus health centers
By ERIC HOOVER
Thursday, March 12, 2009

Washington – The $410-billion spending bill that President Obama signed on Wednesday contains
a provision that will allow pharmaceutical companies to once again supply college-health clinics
with discounted birth-control pills and other contraceptives.

Until a few years ago, drug companies had supplied college health clinics with prescription birth
control at significant discounts as a means of cultivating future customers. But changes in
Medicaid reimbursement rules embedded in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 removed the
financial incentives for companies to continue offering those discounts.

As a result, many college students saw big increases in the cost of birth-control prescriptions.
Some institutions, like Bowdoin College, stopped offering oral contraceptives altogether.

The new law enables—but does not require—drug companies to reinstate the discounts they
previously gave campus health centers. Institutions would need to renegotiate contracts with
pharmaceutical companies before students could start paying lower prices.

On Wednesday, campus health officials were optimistic that drug companies would welcome
those discussions.

"This is definitely great news," said Jason D. Walker-Crawford, the pharmacy manager at the
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, in Madison. "This gives us an opportunity to go back
to those companies and see what they might do for us."

At Madison, the cost of Desogen, an oral contraceptive, rose to $55 per month, up from $8.50.
The clinic was ultimately able to offer a cheaper generic equivalent for those pills, but other
products, such as the vaginal device NuvaRing, had no equivalent.

"A lot of students switched off that product and the only reason they switched was the cost," Mr.
Walker-Crawford said of the NuvaRing, which rose to more than $60 per month, up from about
$15.

About 40 percent of women in college take birth-control pills, according to the American College
Health Association.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Commentary: Cost reductions and tuition restraint: Been there, done that
By JOHN C. CAVANAUGH
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Government support for higher education has received more attention lately than in any comparable
period throughout my roughly 30-year career. The recent debate over the inclusion of colleges in the
stimulus package put two aspects of higher education in the spotlight: the importance of attending
college, and the role of higher education as an enormous economic driver.

The first point is well-trodden turf. It has been documented for years that more professions are
requiring some level of postsecondary education. The second point is not, at least to the public. The
fact is that higher education creates and provides lots of jobs. Suddenly we are viewed by many as a
major part of the solution to the current economic problems. As Secretary of Education Arne Duncan
said, "The best thing we can do is educate our way to a better economy."

On the surface, that attention is welcome and overdue. Finally elected officials and the public are
recognizing the huge economic role we play. But there is an ironic catch: Despite that role, public
higher-education appropriations in the states become big targets in economic downturns, as
governors and legislatures look for money with which to balance their strained budgets.

The process starts the same way each time: The critics sing the familiar song of inefficiency,
administrative bloat, overpaid presidents, faculty members who don't work hard enough. They sum it
up with comments that "higher education just doesn't get it," colleges need to be run more like
businesses, and serious cost-cutting is long overdue to stem the tide of runaway tuition increases.

That I've heard similar statements for decades leads me to one of two conclusions: Either we really
don't get it, and the negative comments are actually merited, or the critics are factually off base.
Anyone who has closely tracked higher education over the past 30 years knows the latter is the case at
most public institutions. We already do more with less, and have done so for years. Unless we fill the
knowledge gap between perception and reality, public higher education will face an untenable
position, stimulus support notwithstanding.

The problem is clear. If the critics persuade legislators to impose cost-reduction targets that do not
consider what has already been accomplished, public higher education as we know it will be measured
mainly by a standard of the fastest pathway to a degree (calls for three-year bachelor's degrees are
already being heard) at the cheapest possible (no-frills) price.

Don't get me wrong. I strongly support cost efficiency and believe we owe it to all of our
constituencies to be the best possible stewards of public funds and tuition dollars. Yet what many
people fail to recognize is that most public colleges and universities have struggled for decades with
declining state support, resulting in significant cost shifting to students and families through tuition
increases. That well-documented fact is essentially ignored in many news-media reports and legislative
hearings. Unfunded federal and state mandates regarding accountability, data reporting, required
services, and the like have had a significant impact on the cost of higher education (as well as on other
sectors, such as health care), which puts added pressure on state budgets. Given that the only choice
for most public institutions is to raise tuition, the pressure to reduce costs is great.

Public colleges and universities have responded. To illustrate the point, I'll use the Pennsylvania State
System of Higher Education, a 14-university system that educates more than 112,000 students. The



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universities largely started in the 19th century as schools to train teachers and have evolved into
strong regional master's-degree institutions, with one doctoral university. Throughout the system's 25-
year history, its mission has been to offer the best combination of quality and affordability.
Affordability is key. Despite the decline of state support — from roughly two-thirds of the system's
operating budget at its founding, in 1983, to 37 percent today — holding the line on tuition remains a
high priority. Tuition is less than half that charged at comparable branch campuses of Pennsylvania
State University and the University of Pittsburgh, two of the four state-related institutions in the state
(the others are Temple University and Lincoln University).

Let's look at the trend over the past decade more closely. Adjusted for inflation, our system's state
appropriation per student fell more than 20 percent. Meanwhile tuition increased only 16 percent
during the same period. The system's Board of Governors has made a deliberate effort to hold tuition
increases near, and often below, the Consumer Price Index. In aggregate, total support per student
(the state appropriation plus tuition) actually declined 5 percent in inflation-adjusted dollars over the
decade. We are now operating a larger, more complex, higher-quality university system than existed in
1998, for less per student.

How have we done it? For starters, the system has eliminated more than $200-million in costs since
2000. Those reductions were achieved through purchasing goods and services more strategically (such
as bundling purchases of natural gas on the commodities market across the system); reduced energy
consumption per square foot (for example, conversion of inefficient systems to geothermal and other
modern, more-efficient systems); renegotiated benefits contracts, including for health care; and the
elimination of more than 125 low-demand academic programs. The system also instituted the only
institution-level public-accountability and performance-financing model in the state (and one of the
first in the nation), which rewards institutions not only for reducing costs and increasing productivity
but also for enhancing quality.

The results have been noteworthy. As costs have gone down, quality has gone up. About 80 percent of
eligible academic programs, systemwide, are now accredited by external associations, up from a little
more than half just five years ago. Retention and graduation rates have risen above the national
average for similar institutions. The numbers of undergraduate and graduate degrees awarded have
increased, respectively, by 18 percent and 29 percent. Economic-development activity on the
campuses has grown significantly.

This decade-long example indicates that public higher education is serious about reducing costs and
improving quality while doing so. It also demonstrates that discipline with respect to tuition increases
is possible. However, such discipline comes at a price — the overall level of resources per student will
decline in real dollars to the extent that either state support or tuition, or both, does not keep pace
with inflation. But such outcomes cannot continue forever. At some point — on the near horizon for
our system — further reductions will require compromising quality.

Moreover, cost reductions in public higher education are structurally limited to the extent that state
laws, like those governing procurement, limit flexibility in spending. What critics of our efforts at cost
control often fail to consider is that unlike private corporations, public institutions are not free to
select just any supplier or to get lower prices through tough, private negotiations with vendors.
Rather, they must follow strict rules that require public bidding and may prescribe wage levels for
capital projects. As important as those regulations are to transparency and public accountability, they
add costs that private corporations typically do not have. In that regard, the viewpoint that colleges
need to be run more like businesses is misinformed. They cannot. Different rules apply.




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As we sink deeper into this economic quagmire, critics of higher education will undoubtedly get more
airtime. State legislators will be under enormous pressure to reduce expenditures to balance budgets
in the face of plummeting revenues. The first of our two challenges is to keep elected officials focused
on long-term solutions and on what public higher education has already accomplished fiscally. We
must emphasize that investing in public higher education pays a high return. In our system, for
example, 80 percent of the undergraduates who receive degrees take their first jobs in Pennsylvania.

Our second challenge is far more daunting. We must get legislators to take into account what public
higher education has already accomplished fiscally when setting any new targets for cost reductions or
tuition controls. If they do not, and if they declare the 2010 fiscal year as "year one" for target-
reduction purposes, then institutions like ours will be put into an untenable situation.

Two courses of action are most apparent. First, public higher education can join the increasing ranks of
companies that are laying off workers in droves. The consequent reductions in educational quality
would have a significant negative impact on students, ultimately cheapening their degrees.
Alternatively, legislators and public higher-education officials can work together on a rational plan for
giving credit for past accomplishments and developing new strategies based on those
accomplishments. Our system has been highly successful in creating a financing formula based on
institutional performance. State legislatures could and should do the same, taking into full account all
of the successful outcomes that public colleges and universities have achieved through previous
efforts, and working with them to continue that record of achievement.

Continued cost reduction for its own sake in public higher education is neither a sustainable long-term
business model nor a smart political strategy. What we need is an informed dialogue between
legislators and public higher education that pays attention to and learns from systems, such as ours,
that have increased quality while reducing operating costs and limiting tuition increases. To do
otherwise would be irresponsible.

John C. Cavanaugh is chancellor of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
For some, hard times make hiring easier
By ROBIN WILSON
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

The number of colleges freezing faculty hiring seems to grow each week. Yet some institutions are
going against the grain of the poor economy and appointing new professors. This decision has given
those campuses an edge, yielding top-quality candidates who might not have been within reach in a
more-competitive job market.

In the nation's few flush states, public universities are capitalizing on relative financial health by luring
professors away from budget-strapped areas. And some private liberal-arts colleges that did not rely
heavily on investment income still have the resources to hire.

They are getting double and even triple the usual number of applications. And instead of finding one
or maybe two top candidates for each job, some colleges have found as many as six prospects they
would be pleased to hire.

"This is an opportunity to find the very best people," says Michael J. Chajes, dean of the University of
Delaware's College of Engineering — which had more than 500 applications each for two of its eight
faculty job openings. "Typically, we might be competing with 10 other top schools for these people,
but this year we might be competing with only three. If you are one of the last ones hiring, you have
your pick of whoever you want."

In short, this is a year of stark contrasts: The tight economy has made times bleak for most of higher
education and turned this market into one of the worst in decades for academic job seekers. But for
institutions that have managed to be out on the market, this has been one of the most successful
faculty-hiring seasons ever.

'Absolutely Stunning'
The news that some campuses are hiring this year has been drowned out by concern over how the
country's economic downturn is hurting higher education. Among the prestigious institutions that are
suffering and have frozen or cut back faculty hiring are Brown, Harvard, and the Johns Hopkins
Universities. They join dozens of public institutions that have seen cutbacks in state budgets and
decided not to fill faculty vacancies and have even frozen professors' salaries or issued furloughs.

But The Chronicle contacted 15 colleges that have found a way to continue hiring and will each bring
on between six and 90 new tenured or tenure-track professors this coming fall. That doesn't mean
they are flush with money. Even campuses that are hiring have had to cut back elsewhere. Some have
put off building new residence halls or renovating athletics facilities, while others have trimmed travel
costs, left staff openings unfilled, and not hired as many visiting professors to cover for faculty
members who are on leave.

"Our president has said, 'This is the time to invest strategically where we can,'" relates Iain Crawford,
vice president for academic affairs at the College of Wooster, which is adding 10 tenure-track
professors this year to its faculty of 131. "The most critical place for us to invest is in the classroom and
in the faculty. We have protected our tenure-track searches."

The decision has paid off, says Mr. Crawford, as the northeastern Ohio college has snagged candidates
who might not have even considered coming for an interview in the past. Mr. Crawford counts among



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them one of the college's newest hires, Travis M. Foster, who is earning his Ph.D. from the University
of Wisconsin at Madison.

"He is absolutely stunning," says Mr. Crawford, adding that Mr. Foster "gave one of the finest teaching
demonstrations my colleagues had ever seen." As a gay man, Mr. Foster also brings a measure of
diversity that Wooster has difficulty attracting because of its rural location.

Mr. Foster, whose specialty is 19th-century American literature, had interviews with five colleges at
the Modern Language Association meeting last December and telephone interviews with two more
institutions. Five subsequently invited him to their campuses for visits. But he pulled out of the other
job searches when he got the offer from Wooster last month, in part because it is situated in a low-
cost area of the country where he and his partner can raise a family on Mr. Foster's income. Two of
the other institutions that were interested in Mr. Foster are public universities where resources are
strained.

Augustana College, a private liberal-arts institution in Illinois, is adding 12 tenure-track professors to its
faculty of 164, It, too, has attracted interest from candidates who "wouldn't have even put us on their
radar screens," says Thomas E. Bengtson, chairman of the college's department of mathematics and
computer science. For an opening in math this year, the department had four finalists, among them an
African-American woman with a Ph.D. in applied mathematics and a young scholar with a doctorate in
mathematics and a master's degree in finance. These candidates had rare attributes. Only a tiny
proportion of mathematicians are black and female. Relatively few hold an advanced degree in
finance, which is a growing area of interest among undergraduates.

Late last month, the department ended up hiring another candidate — its top choice: Brian P. Katz,
who holds a Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin. "He just fit" with the department and with
students, says Mr. Bengtson. "When he was giving this lecture, he got students involved in what he
was doing."

Augustana's religion department also did something it doesn't often get to do: It filled its tenure-track
position in Hebrew Bible with someone who had already earned tenure at another institution.
Hemchand Gossai has been at Georgia Southern University for three years, but because of financial
problems the university has never followed through on its plan to develop a major in religious studies,
he says. "Budget constraints have led areas such as religious studies and the liberal arts in general to
fall far lower on the list of priorities," says Mr. Gossai, who determined it was worth giving up tenure
to move to Augustana, where the religion department is growing.

The history department at the University of Puget Sound also saw some startlingly qualified candidates
among the 270 applicants for its job in modern European history. The sheer number of applications
was so impressive that David F. Smith, the department's chairman, called the university's academic
vice president into his office one day to take a look at them.

The job's three finalists were a tenure-track professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a
tenure-track professor at the United States Military Academy at West Point, and a postdoctoral fellow
at Harvard University. The department ended up hiring the postdoc, but if none of the three finalists
had accepted, says Mr. Smith, "we had another three who were just terrific."

An Upgrade in Quality
Indeed, the strength of applicant pools this year has allowed academic departments to look beyond
the basics to more complex qualifications. "We get to make more nuanced choices among individuals,"



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says Mr. Crawford, the vice president at Wooster. "We can weigh more finely than in the past how a
candidate could contribute not only to their home department but departments across the
disciplines."

Ritva H. Williams, chairwoman of the religion department at Augustana, agrees. "We're able to ask:
What is the special something they are going to bring us?"

But what will happen with these special new hires once the economy and the academic job market
improve? Will colleges be able to hang on to them if other institutions come calling? That could be a
challenge. But officials say that while they may have had access to more top-notch candidates this
year, they still hired people who fit the college well. "We certainly didn't go out and pluck a star to
have for a short period," says Mr. Crawford. "We always hire with a view toward the long term."

In this market, some universities are also getting a chance to show off their own special attributes,
which may have been overlooked in more-robust job markets. For years, North Dakota State
University, in Fargo, has battled an image problem: It is known for its cold weather and isolation in the
northern plains. But with its state enjoying an $800-million surplus and the governor proposing a 25-
percent increase in the university's biennial budget, it is appealing to candidates who might never
have given it a second look.

One of them is Newell D. Wright, a full professor of marketing in the College of Business at James
Madison University, in Virginia. Mr. Wright has worked at James Madison for 22 years and been happy
there. But last year, the university began suspending nearly all faculty travel and freezing professors'
pay, he says. "The future was bleak as far as getting a raise and being able to accomplish things," says
Mr. Wright. "Everything is tight." Virginia is facing a $3.2-billion deficit over the next two years.

North Dakota State, on the other hand, is just finishing construction on its $17-million College of
Business, which will house a new Center for Global Initiatives and Leadership. And Mr. Wright, who
learned that the university was looking for someone to direct the center, considered the opportunity
"too incredible to pass up."

Joseph A. Chapman, North Dakota State's president, says the economic downturn plaguing most of the
country has combined with his university's unusual robustness to create a "perfect storm" for the
campus. The university will make 39 tenured or tenure-track hires this year. "People are looking at
places they wouldn't have traditionally looked, and that's coming together for us right now when
we're emerging on the scene," says Mr. Chapman.

Fargo was not a place Mr. Wright ever thought he'd end up. Still, he says: "I might be cold, but I'll be
happy."




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
College counseling centers remain understaffed though demand is strong, survey finds
By STEVEN BUSHONG
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

The profile of campus counseling centers has risen since the shootings in recent years at Virginia Tech
and Northern Illinois University, yet greater attention has not necessarily brought greater resources.

Many campuses are noting a rising demand for mental-health services (The Chronicle, February 29,
2008). Yet centers continue to be understaffed, according to the preliminary results of a survey
presented on Monday by the Association for University and College Counseling Center Directors, a
nonprofit organization whose mission is to assist directors in managing counseling centers.

The survey indicates that professional-staff-to-student ratios remain close to steady—on average, at
one staff member to 1,952 students. The ideal ratio is 1 to 1,500, according to the counseling group.
Four-year public universities have the least adequate ratio, at one staff member for 2,607 students.

The counseling association presented the preliminary findings in Seattle at the annual conference of
Naspa: Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education. The presentation comes at a time when
faculty and staff members are relying more on counseling centers for support in dealing with students'
mental-health issues.

Although interest in mental-health services is high, the recession has put pressure on administrators to
cut budgets wherever they can. At times, counseling centers are in the cross hairs. Of the 391 directors
who responded to the survey, 10 percent said their budgets were cut during the 2007-8 academic
year. Half said their budgets stayed the same. And nearly a quarter reported that their funds increased
by 3 percent or less.

Yolanda K. H. Bogan, a member of the counseling association's board, said that in response to cost-
cutting pressures, counseling centers should use the survey's findings to highlight the importance of
their work. For example, the counseling group reports that students who seek mental help are six
times less likely to kill themselves.

“When you see clear data that indicates that students who utilize mental services are less likely to
harm themselves, then the data speak,” said Ms. Bogan, who is director of counseling services at
Florida A&M University. Among other findings, the survey also showed that:
 At respondents’ campuses, fewer than one student (0.59) on average died by suicide last year,
     while 6.5 attempted suicide.
 About 70 percent of centers offer psychiatric care, and 22.6 percent charge for the service.
 Twenty percent of centers reported they are “about where” they should be in terms of the
     number of hours of psychiatric services they provide, while 42 percent said they could use more
     hours.
 About 37 percent of clients at the centers suffer from depression, 36.6 percent have anxiety, and
     14.4 percent have suicidal thoughts or behavior.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
13 reasons colleges are in this mess
How greed, incompetence, and neglect led to bad decisions
Monday, March 9, 2009

The economy may not have hit rock bottom, but the finger-pointing over what went wrong is well
under way.

In some ways, higher education has been a victim of the recession — but not a defenseless victim.
Smart moves clearly helped some colleges and universities avoid the worst of the downturn. But
mistakes have left many others in the lurch.

The downward spiral has brought layoffs, budget cuts, and anxiety to many campuses. With the cuts
have come protests and recriminations.

Scores of college presidents have written open letters that describe dire finances and make the case
for an era of belt-tightening. But missing in many of those messages are explanations of how colleges
landed in their predicaments, and who is to blame.

The Chronicle came up with 13 common mistakes that have put many colleges in the fix they're in.
There's plenty of responsibility to go around, in the industry and beyond. And the choices that people
made are likely to haunt higher education for years.

1. Took on Risky Investments
David F. Swensen is a rock star among endowment managers, and many colleges have tried to
duplicate his success.

With a portfolio heavy on hedge funds and private equity, Yale University's chief investment officer
averaged annual returns of more than 16 percent for 20 years. Yale's endowment reached $23-billion
last year.

Times have changed. Yale officials say a quarter of the value of its investments have evaporated. The
university is considering layoffs and delaying construction projects.

The pain will be deeper for most imitators of the Yale model, who have far less cushion.

Mr. Swensen has said the diversity of his model will pay off in the long run. But he acknowledges that
most colleges lack the resources to have properly followed his lead.

2. Sloughed Off as Trustees
By most accounts, the glory days of rubber-stamp governing boards have passed. But the shocking tale
of Bernard J. Madoff and J. Ezra Merkin, two trustees of Yeshiva University who allegedly defrauded
the institution — and many other investors — suggest that some boards are still nodding off on the
job.

Trustees are fiduciaries, responsible for ensuring that colleges have sound finances. They must push
back when administrators take on risky debt or allow an institution to become too tuition-dependent.
That clearly has not happened at many colleges. Even worse, some board members (Mr. Madoff was
treasurer of Yeshiva's board) continue to have conflicts of interest.

3. Relied on Cheap Credit
Colleges have assumed tens of billions of dollars in new debt over the past decade in pursuit of better
facilities and expectations of growth. Many of them saved millions in interest payments with the bond-



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market equivalent of adjustable-rate mortgages. But when the credit markets seized up last fall, those
low-interest bonds and loans, on which they had banked their futures, suddenly became a lot more
expensive to carry. Institutions with healthy reserves have managed their way through — though
certainly at a price.

Even under the best of circumstances, there are costs to refinancing variable-rate debt and unraveling
complicated "swap" agreements. Some institutions, like the Colorado School of Mines and Simmons
College, with fewer resources to fall back on, have seen their credit ratings downgraded. The price of
cheap credit may soon be measured in program cuts and job losses.

4. Failed to Play Well With Others
Millions of workers have lost their jobs in recent months. But tenured professors are hard to fire. And
some powerful faculty unions have resisted when colleges asked their members to teach more classes,
despite what seemed like reasonable requests.

The faculty union at Kean University, for example, balked last year when administrators tried to
require professors to teach on Fridays and some Saturdays. The public university, located in New
Jersey, was facing a $4.5-million cut in the state's contribution and was trying to get more use out of
classroom buildings.

Faculty members considered the proposal an assault on their autonomy and a retaliation for a
previous squabble with administrators. Since then Kean has postponed several construction projects
and raised in-state tuition by about 8 percent.

5. Overbuilt
For more than a decade, colleges have had a tremendous appetite for building. According to Sightlines,
a company that analyzes space utilization on more than 200 campuses, 14 percent of those colleges'
buildings have been built in the past 10 years. Among research institutions, the proportion is even
higher.

Many motivations have led to this building boom, but often a key driver is the quest to impress
prospects, whether faculty members or students (and their parents). Energy-intensive research
buildings. Swanky residence halls. Climbing walls. Olympic-size swimming pools. They are like the
expensive cars that real-estate agents drive — they project an image of success.

What kind of future have these colleges built for themselves? A burdened one. The bulk of the cost of
any building comes after it is built — in the energy needed to run it and the maintenance needed to
keep it functioning. Those happen to be costs that well-heeled donors are unlikely to support, whether
their names are on the buildings or not.

Deferred maintenance is already a problem in higher education, running into the hundreds of millions
of dollars at many institutions. In the building boom, many colleges have merely added to
infrastructure they already cannot support.

6. Bowed to Boosters
Many voices stoke lofty gridiron ambitions. Trustees and politicians often clamor for a good football
team, particularly at flagship public universities. Even governors have been known to meddle in
coaching decisions.

But big-foot boosters like Philip H. Knight, at the University of Oregon, and T. Boone Pickens, at
Oklahoma State University, often call the shots. Viewing themselves as majority stockholders in a
company, some high fliers browbeat administrators into making accommodations for king football.



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Scores of fancy facilities were built on donors' pledges. But with the donors' bank accounts taking a
dive, it's the universities that will pay.

7. Stumbled at the Statehouse
Even in good times, competition for state money can be tough, as some lawmakers charge that
colleges waste tax money on pretty buildings and underworked faculty members.

It can be much worse during economic downturns, when higher education must compete for scarce
dollars against elementary schools and health care for low-income families, among other needs.

More colleges are finally waking up to a well-known reality: Politics is the art of compromise. The
University of Arizona hopes to appease state lawmakers by consolidating more than a dozen colleges
and eliminating dozens of majors that produce few graduates. The university has also assembled a
team of economists and policy experts to present budget alternatives to lawmakers.

Not so in neighboring Nevada, where the university system's chancellor, James E. Rogers, has waged a
bitter public battle with Gov. James Gibbons over his proposed 36-percent cut to the system's budget.
While legislators may not go along with the governor's entire plan, Mr. Rogers's fiery rhetoric may
leave hard feelings after he steps down this year.

8. Led With Unchecked Ambition
Building booms and hiring sprees can be fine during flush times. But a recession requires a president
who can say no, not one who pads his résumé at the college's expense.

Some observers say an abundance of ambition helped bring down John D. Petersen, who last month
announced his resignation as president of the University of Tennessee. The system is facing a budget
deficit of up to $100-million, which it says could result in 700 layoffs. Apart from Mr. Petersen's
commitment to the university, some critics say he was too focused on research and expensive growth.

"We are really struggling to meet core competencies," says John Nolt, a professor of philosophy on the
flagship campus, in Knoxville, and chairman of the Faculty Senate.

9. Failed to Find a Niche
Small private colleges that have failed to differentiate themselves will face increasing obstacles as the
student population shrinks.

Tuition-driven private colleges that have not established a firm identity will lose prospective students
to those that have staked out a clear market position, as well as to lower-cost public universities,
community colleges, and for-profit institutions, which are nimble at marketing.

Pamela Fox, president of Mary Baldwin College, says the key to staking out turf is doing it within the
college's mission. For Mary Baldwin, that means adding a personal touch to both a traditional women's
campus and adult education centers. Colleges must clearly show that they add value beyond their
liberal-arts core, she says: "That's the gravy that goes with your meat and potatoes."

10. Ignored Customers' Needs
Dormitories and the campus quad are images of America's higher-education past that now apply to
only a minority of students. Today's college students are older, often have jobs, and are less likely to
be white. Many are not interested in a traditional residential experience.

What's more, as the nation's population growth has shifted to the South, the numbers of potential
students who can pay full freight are now more often located in hot spots like suburban Dallas and
Atlanta.


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Colleges that have paid close attention to those shifts are generally in decent shape. Leading that pack
are for-profit institutions, most of which have healthy bottom lines despite the recession.

The colleges that succeed in this evolving new world will be the ones that aren't afraid to try new
ideas, like setting up out-of-state branch campuses, spending more on strategic advertising, and
building partnerships with community colleges.

11. Built Duplicative Centers
Universities love nanotechnology laboratories. Biotech ones, too. And while some of those labs may
reap benefits for the institutions and for society as a whole, it's a safe bet that the country has many
more nanotech and biotech facilities than it can support.

So, too, with a host of other research ventures, many of which quickly prove redundant or
unproductive. With fewer federal grants available, these centers are often a drain on a university's
finances, drawing resources that could be used for student financial aid or faculty raises.

12. Overcommitted Their Budgets
Much of higher education lived high on the hog for the five years before the credit implosion of 2008.
Endowment returns averaged 17.2 percent across the industry in 2007, and state budgets were flush.

While few budget planners could have foreseen the scope of this financial crisis, those who set money
aside in recent years are much better off today.

Experts say the most serious mistake colleges made was to commit almost every dollar of their
projected income to capital and operating expenses. Institutions that made overly optimistic building
plans and other commitments are much likelier to be laying off employees or slashing budgets now.

13. Stymied Accountability Efforts
When the Bush administration's Commission on the Future of Higher Education aimed to bring more
accountability to colleges and universities, the only member of the panel who refused to sign the
document was David Ward, who represented the nation's biggest higher-education group.

It was a clear act of defensiveness.

College lobbyists eventually succeeded in killing the commission's proposal to develop a national
system to track the progress of each student in the country. They also resisted efforts to make the
accreditation process more open and to establish a consumer-friendly database that would allow
parents, students, and policy makers to compare institutions. Instead, the higher-education
associations decided to build their own online tools — except they couldn't agree on a model. So the
public colleges created one system, and the private institutions another.

Left unchecked, college costs have continued to rise, along with student debt. Some for-profit lenders
pushed loans that few students understood while some financial-aid officers stood silently by. New
York's attorney general later accused dozens of colleges and alumni associations of taking kickbacks,
and financial-aid officers of accepting consulting fees and stock options from lenders.




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Shreveport Times
Endowments feeling economy’s sting
By ICESS FERNANDEZ
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

With the economy in turmoil, local university and college endowments are taking a hit.

Endowments across the area have lost thousands of dollars, dropping as much as 17 percent this fiscal
year in one instance, as the stock market and economy continue to plummet.

"You can't control what the market does. Once you invest it, you can't control it," said Glenda Erwin,
vice chancellor for university development for LSU-Shreveport.

Endowments are how colleges and universities play the market while paying for supplemental items it
may need. A gift or a donation is given to a college. That money is called the principal and is invested.
Usually, the donor stipulates how the money can be used. For example, a donor can require the
money be used for scholarships, certain programs or for a specific position such as a chair or a
professorship. The interest off the investment, whether it's through stocks or other means, is used to
fund the initiatives.

The principal is never touched and stays intact. Depending on the school, officials can opt to only use a
percentage of the interest in a year to fund an initiative or it can be saved.

Colleges and universities have used the interest earned on endowments for things like making the
campus wireless or helping to pay a professor's salary.

LSU-Shreveport
At LSUS, money from endowments are supplementary, said Michael Ferrell, vice chancellor for
business affairs.

"Our endowments are to supplement the institution," he said. "It's a big responsibility to take other
people's money and be good stewards."

The university has taken a 17.3 percent loss on its endowment during this fiscal year. It's the worse it's
ever been, Erwin said. As of Jan. 31, there was about $10 million in the endowment fund.

"In the 11 years I've been here, I've never worked at a loss," she said.

LSUS invests its money in equities and stocks. They follow the Louisiana Board of Regents guidelines on
investing, which restricts how schools can invest their endowments.

On average, they strive for an 8 to 8½ percent return on investments and use only about 4 percent of
the interest. The rest of the money is saved.

But not even saving for a rainy day has helped, Erwin said. Some initiatives paid with endowment
money, such as professorships and endowed chairs, were being funded at only two percent until
December. After the midfiscal year cuts to higher education, the university stopped paying out. Now,
only endowments that have been around for a substantial amount of time are seeing any money,
however small that amount is, Erwin said.




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Some donors have stepped up and given money to cover a project for a semester. For example, some
donors have given money to fund student scholarships to keep the endowment going.

Centenary College
Centenary College's endowment is down about 21 percent as of Dec. 31, said Bill Ballard, the college's
vice president for finance and administration.

"That's in line with benchmarks," he said. "We are losing at the rate that's corresponding to what
everyone else is looking at."

Endowments for private colleges are different than those for public colleges. While public college and
universities have endowments, budgets for private colleges consist of other revenue sources such as
state funds. Private colleges are not funded by the state and rely more on endowment money.
Centenary's $100 million endowment is about 30 percent of the college's budget, Ballard said.

To adjust, the college has pulled back on discretionary funds, travel money has been cut and open
positions are not being filled. Students and faculty are looking for ways to make the campus greener
and therefore more efficient, and the college is cutting back on utility costs.

Putting together the 2009-10 budget will be difficult this year, Ballard said. The college has its
endowment money invested in U.S. and global stocks and bonds.

"We're not going to make a change. I think we have it right for the long term," he said. "We just need
the long term to kick in."

Southern University-Shreveport
The endowment is small at SUSLA, said Theron Jackson, special assistant to the president. With only
about a $400,000 endowment, the university is coming to the endowment game late, Jackson said.

The school has four professorships, which helps supplement the professor's salaries. So far, the
university's small endowment has lost about $5,000. Like LSUS, they have not been able to pay out
their endowment to professors, Jackson said.

The school invested its money in conservative 100 percent low yield investments, Jackson said.

"We haven't had time to make any money off of our endowments," he said. "So the hit was not as
big."




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Aid to private colleges goes on states’ chopping blocks
By MEGAN ECKSTEIN
Monday, March 9, 2009

Many private colleges are worried that, as their states' fiscal situations decline, they will be among the
first victims of budget cuts. In some states, they already are.

Most states allocate some money for private higher education. Forty-five states last year provided a
total of more than $2-billion for programs that give student aid to state residents at in-state private
institutions, according to the State Higher Education Executive Officers, which represents states' top
higher-education officials. Fifteen states gave a total of $295-million in direct aid to private
institutions, which have come to rely on the money to cushion their student-aid and operating
budgets. This year the funds have become even more important to many institutions as they face
shrinking endowments and worry about maintaining enrollment.

But as states are forced to make cuts to balance their budgets, legislators and governors can find it
more politically palatable to slash aid to independent colleges than funds for public colleges, whose
missions are tied more closely to meeting state needs.

In Ohio, for instance, Gov. Ted Strickland, a Democrat, proposed a budget for the 2010 fiscal year that
calls for freezing tuition at public four-year institutions for one year and keeping rates at the same
level at community colleges for two years. But his budget also recommended changes in the way state
student aid is distributed that would nearly halve the amount of money available for students at
private colleges.

In Wisconsin many private-college leaders feared that their students, too, would face cuts in state aid,
but the students' public-college counterparts came to their defense. The United Council of UW
Students, which includes representatives from the 17 campuses of the University of Wisconsin, joined
in endorsing a letter to the governor asking that the money the public institutions were slated to
receive for capital projects instead be funneled to tuition assistance for state residents who attend in-
state public, private, or technical institutions.

Administrators of the private and technical colleges agreed that because students and their families
were struggling to pay for college and to keep their homes, assisting them was more important than
building new facilities.

Varied Patterns of Spending
State aid to private-college students has increased since 2001, but funds that states give directly to
private institutions have shrunk, even though the number of states doling out such aid has increased.

Paul E. Lingenfelter, president of the State Higher Education Executive Officers, said college
administrators shouldn't worry too much about the stagnating level of state support for private higher
education. Such aid has been given out for as long as 40 years in some states and isn't likely to go away
anytime soon.

"In a tight budgetary year, you may not see [total spending] go up," he said. "It may erode a little, but
you certainly won't see it cut" altogether.




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States' spending patterns on private higher education vary because private colleges play different roles
in different states, Mr. Lingenfelter said. Where independent colleges have long played a strong role,
enrolling large numbers of in-state students — as in the Mid-Atlantic — states tend to provide more
consistent financial support for private institutions, he said.

Many people object to private colleges' receiving state money, arguing that public funds should not be
spent on institutions with religious affiliations or on places that charge high tuition, especially when
public universities face significant budget cuts. But private-college leaders say they often serve just as
diverse a student body, and in some cases a more diverse one, as their public counterparts do, and
that they help states supplement their educational options and accommodate growing demand for
college.

Surprised at the Cuts
In Ohio, Governor Strickland's budget proposal would cut about $37.3-million in aid to private colleges
by eliminating programs that include the Ohio Student Choice Grant, which gives $640 to each state
resident who attends an independent college in Ohio, and two other scholarships that benefit private-
college students.

"Independent colleges were surprised at the depth of the cuts to student aid," said C. Todd Jones,
president and general counsel of the Association of Independent Colleges and Universities of Ohio.
Total aid to students at private colleges was slashed by 46.7 percent in the governor's budget, he said.

Eric D. Fingerhut, chancellor of the Ohio Board of Regents, called the proposal to cut scholarships for
private-college students "regrettable." But those colleges "have understood for two years that we did
not support student choice as a priority," he said.

Instead the state has emphasized freezing tuition at public colleges, increasing need-based aid, and
providing merit scholarships to students who pursue degrees in science, technology, engineering,
mathematics, and other high-demand fields.

Private colleges would still get some state money under the governor's plan. It would remove private-
college students from eligibility for the state's need-based aid program but would set aside $40-million
for independent institutions to distribute to students according to a need-based formula of the
colleges' choosing.

Mr. Jones said his group was supportive of the idea but disappointed by the size of the set-aside. In
Ohio, he said, "there's generally a view that public and private higher education should be treated
equally." But this year "the governor has made very clear that funding for public colleges is a top
priority, and private colleges a lower priority."

In response, Mr. Fingerhut called it "completely incorrect and, frankly, disturbing" to say that the
governor disproportionately cut funds for private colleges. Most state agencies are facing deep
reductions as Ohio grapples with a $7.3-billion shortfall over the next two years, but higher
education — both public and private — has fared well, he said, noting that private colleges are being
asked only to give up funds for non-need-based aid.

A Small Victory
Private colleges in Wisconsin appear to have won a small victory in their fight to retain state aid as
lawmakers seek to close a $5.7-billion deficit in the budget for the next two years.




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Rolf Wegenke, president of the Wisconsin Association of Independent Colleges and Universities,
negotiated an agreement with the state's technical colleges and the head of the public colleges'
student association in which they jointly asked the governor to take money that would have gone to
construction projects at public institutions and use it instead to increase funds for tuition-assistance
programs that help all Wisconsin students.

"While we appreciate all of the proposals to fund bricks and mortar, we ask you to remember that
without students who have access to them, buildings and programs will help neither our colleges nor
our state," Mr. Wegenke wrote to Gov. James E. Doyle in early February. The letter was also signed by
the leaders of the United Council of UW Students and the Wisconsin Technical College District Boards
Association.

Until the budget was released, higher-education leaders in the state believed that Mr. Doyle, a
Democrat, was planning to cut aid to private-college students, many of whom were anxious over their
ability to continue to pay for college. But when the governor released his proposed budget, about a
week after receiving the letter from the college officials, higher education was the only sector slated to
receive a spending increase. The governor proposed a 30-percent increase in student aid at public
institutions and a 3-percent increase at private ones.

Private-college officials say they were just happy to see a proposal for their aid show up at all, but Mr.
Wegenke said he was still worried about long-term spending trends. State aid to public-college
students jumped 285 percent over the past 12 years, to $55-million this year, while aid for students at
independent colleges grew by only 62 percent over the same period, to $26-million. Mr. Wegenke
vowed to fight for more-equal levels of aid, especially since the 20 members of his association have
over the past decade greatly increased the number of students they serve from underrepresented
minority groups and low-income families.

Losing a Competitive Edge?
Louisiana's private colleges have received a steady flow of state aid for about 10 years, but this year it
could be cut altogether.

The Aid to Independents Program, providing grants directly to private colleges to help cover the cost
of educating in-state students, was financed at about $4.2-million last year, said Mary Ann Coleman,
president of the Louisiana Association of Independent Colleges and Universities. But this year, as the
state has told public-university officials to brace for cuts as large as 30 percent, discretionary spending
for private colleges is far from secure.

"We are expecting a cut," Ms. Coleman said, adding that the association is asking the state to make
any reduction proportional to that for public colleges rather than eliminate the program.

The direct aid, which equals about $440 per student this year, can be used for academic purposes
only, with some colleges spending it exclusively on student financial aid, she said. Without that money,
colleges would lose their ability to keep as many residents in the state, which she called a significant
challenge because of competition from institutions in neighboring Arkansas, Mississippi, and Texas.

A need-based financial-aid program that helps students at public as well as private colleges in
Louisiana is also in jeopardy, she said.




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An Effort To Get Money Back
Private colleges in Illinois are trying to undo cuts made by former Governor Rod Blagojevich, a
Democrat. Last year he vetoed all aid programs under the Health Services Education Grants Act, which
provided about $17-million to private institutions with programs in medicine, nursing, and other
health-related fields.

In Illinois, government agencies recommend budget items to the governor, who then writes a proposal
to present to the General Assembly. None of the agencies recommended reintroducing funds for
Health Services Education Grants in the budget for next year, but private colleges haven't given up
hope, said David W. Tretter, president of the Federation of Independent Illinois Colleges and
Universities.

The colleges support a bill in the legislature that would finance the grants for the rest of this academic
year, even though the second semester is half over. Mr. Tretter said that he knew it would be an uphill
battle, but that he has the sense that legislators will support the grants if they can find enough room in
the budget to finance them. If the bill passes, it would pave the way for the grants to be restored to
the 2010 budget as well.

"There's a recognition that they're pretty important," Mr. Tretter said, "given the state's health-care
needs."




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The Kansas City Star
Blog: Stem cells debated in Don’t-Show-Me state
By BARBARA SHELLY
Thursday, March 12, 2009

In his lab at the University of Kansas Medical Center, Kenneth Peterson uses embryonic stem cells to
study how human cells develop into blood cells.

The cells come from one of the lines that were approved for federal research money during the Bush
presidency.

Siding with those who say that human embryos shouldn’t be destroyed to extract stem cells for
medical research, President George W. Bush restricted federal funding to cell lines already in existence
when he took office.

His position defied logic. The embryos in question are products of fertility treatments. If not implanted
in a woman’s uterus, they are frozen, destroyed or allowed to perish.

Why is it acceptable to sacrifice the tiny organisms to help people conceive children, but not to seek
cures for diseases?

President Barack Obama recognized that contradiction this week when he lifted Bush’s restriction on
federal funding for embryonic stem cell research.

Obama’s action has gotten scientists at KU Medical Center thinking about expanding their research to
new lines of embryonic stem cells, said Peterson, vice chairman of the Department of Biochemistry
and Molecular Biology.

But scientists are wary of moving too fast. They understand that a conservative Legislature in Topeka
might be less receptive than the new administration in Washington. “We’re keeping a watchful eye,
but a hopeful eye,” Peterson said.

Though some Kansas lawmakers have proposed limits on stem cell research, the state’s approach has
been pragmatic. Kansas follows the federal government’s lead on what research is allowed.

Missouri is a different story. Opponents of embryonic stem cell research are entrenched in the state
and its legislature. Even voter approval of a constitutional amendment protecting science that is
allowed by federal law hasn’t quelled the resistance.

Scientists at Washington University’s School of Medicine in St. Louis are hoping to work with new stem
cell lines, said Steven Teitelbaum, a bone biologist there. But he worries that Obama’s order will
energize opponents.

“My fear is there will be a concerted effort to overturn Amendment 2,” Teitelbaum said, referring to
the 2006 amendment that protects stem cell research.

“If that happens, we will be in a worse position than if President Obama has not overturned Bush’s
restriction. I am convinced that biotechnology companies will shy away from the state.”

His concern is well founded. For reasons including the political climate, bioscience companies have
preferred Kansas and Illinois to Missouri.

After being thwarted in efforts to ban a form of embryonic stem cell research, opponents have shifted
tactics.


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A state senator and a citizens group have put forth similar language for a constitutional amendment
that would prohibit using state money for at least one type of embryonic stem cell research.

The language is vague enough that researchers fear a ban could prevent universities and institutes
from using federal grants to work with embryonic stem cells.

That scenario would be disastrous for higher education and bioscience development.

The good news is that science is finding ways around the controversy. Most important, researchers
have found a way to reproduce the elastic qualities of embryonic stem cells by injecting four genes
into an ordinary skin cell.

But it was the study of embryonic cells that led to the four-gene method.

In this field of medicine, which seeks to give damaged human cells the capacity to repair themselves,
there is only one road to the promised land. And it runs straight through the controversy involving
embryos.

Fortunately, Obama is willing to allow scientists to go down that road. It will be a tragedy if state
politicians throw up new barricades.

The Boston Globe
Harvard OK’s undergraduate stem cell biology major
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.—Harvard University has approved a new undergraduate major focusing on stem
cells and other related areas of biology, one day after President Barack Obama lifted federal
restrictions on stem cell research.

The major -- called Human Developmental and Regenerative Biology -- also will include classes on
human disease, experimental and human genetics and aging.

Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences approved the major Tuesday.

Bill Anderson, a lecturer in stem cell and regenerative biology, says the major will allow students "to
study biological processes through the lens of developing humans." He said stems cells would be a
component of that.

Harvard has been one of the leaders in stem cell research, raising private funds to support the work.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: Stem cells
Research ban lifted
By HENRY J. WATERS III
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

One of the most egregious acts of governance perpetrated by President George W. Bush was his ban
eight years ago against federal funding of research using embryonic stem cells. Scientists agree these
cells have great potential for treating a number of diseases, including diabetes, Parkinson’s and spinal
cord damage.

But Bush, translating his own personal religious bias into federal law, proclaimed only stem cell lines
already in existence could receive funding. Embryos left over and slated for destruction in fertility


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clinic banks were off limits. The ban made no sense and legitimately could be classed as immoral
because it denied possible lifesaving cures for humankind.

Now President Obama, keeping a campaign pledge, has reversed the policy. Hundreds of cells suitable
for research have been created since the Bush ban. Now federal funding can augment continued
research.

As much as the scientific progress made possible, removal of the ban ends a bias that has no place
characterizing American public policy.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Obama, cheered by scientists, lifts federal restriction on stem-cell research
By PAUL BASKEN
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

Washington – To the cheers of scientists packed inside the White House and watching intently
nationwide, President Obama signed orders on Monday reversing an eight-year-old federal restriction
on experimentation with human embryonic stem cells and putting in place a science policy "based on
facts, not ideology."

Mr. Obama, overturning one of the most far-reaching obstacles to scientific exploration imposed by
the Bush administration, said he recognized the ethnical concerns raised by research involving an
embryo, which is the cluster of cells that grows immediately after conception.

"But after much discussion, debate, and reflection, the proper course has become clear," the president
told an audience packed with stem-cell researchers and advocates, including 10 Nobel laureates. "The
majority of Americans—from across the political spectrum, and from all backgrounds and beliefs—
have come to a consensus that we should pursue this research."

"The potential it offers is great," he said, "and with proper guidelines and strict oversight, the perils
can be avoided."

The president then went a step further and signed a second presidential order for developing new
governmentwide guidelines designed to ensure that any future federal decision making or hiring is
done without politics or ideology taking precedence over "sound science."

Reduced Pressure in Labs
Researchers walking out of the White House said they expected the stem-cell order to have immediate
effects, starting with the ability to end costly duplications and divisions in their laboratories that were
designed to keep federally supported work separate from stem-cell work done with private funds.

"We can tear apart that bureaucracy," Irving L. Weissman, director of Stanford University's Stem Cell
Biology and Regenerative Medicine Institute, said after listing to Mr. Obama. One of the biggest
benefits, he said, will be the end to "second-guessing yourself every step of the way about what you
could do, what you couldn't do."

Others joined Dr. Weissman in celebration. Mr. Obama's order ends Bush administration rules that left
American researchers at a competitive disadvantage, said Robert M. Berdahl, president of the
Association of American Universities. "Today those shackles come off," Mr. Berdahl said in a written
statement, "and for that, we thank President Obama and his administration."

"Our scientific opportunity is much, much greater now," said Joshua M. Hare, director of the
Interdisciplinary Stem Cell Institute at the University of Miami, where he and other doctors now expect


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to use embryonic stem cells to investigate ways of helping patients recover from heart attacks, spinal-
cord injuries, and diabetes.

Stock-Market Gains
Private companies also expected benefits. The Geron Corporation, which won federal approval in
January to conduct the first human trial using a stem-cell therapy, saw its stock value rise nearly 17
percent on Monday. StemCells Inc. had a 43-percent gain.

Embryonic stem cells, because of their very early stage of development, have the potential to grow
into any of more than 200 types of tissue in the body. That raises the possibility of cures for a range of
ailments that include cancers, diabetes, and heart disease.

But former President George W. Bush took a cautious approach, siding with those who believe any
potential human life form should be preserved. Mr. Bush announced on August 9, 2001, that federal
money could not be involved with any projects using embryonic stem cells created after that date,
thus allowing work with embryos only "where the life-and-death decision has already been made."

The limited number of stem cells derived from those embryos, and their deteriorating quality, made
stem-cell research increasingly off-limits to researchers, most of whom rely on federal money for at
least some of their work.

Researchers have found some alternatives over the past eight years. Cells taken from a patient or
other donor can be engineered to resemble stem cells. Some states and private companies have
stepped in with funds for stem-cell research. But such efforts fall far short of what could be done with
greater support from the federal government and its National Institutes of Health, which distributes
about $30-billion a year in medical research.

An Agency at the Ready
In his announcement Monday, Mr. Obama avoided almost any mention of specific ethical guidelines,
saying he wanted NIH scientists to spend the next 120 days developing standards for federal support
of such studies.

NIH officials, in a subsequent briefing with reporters, said they could meet the request, even though
the timetable needs to include periods for drafting, public comment, revision, and crafting of final
regulations.

That speed is possible because "there's been a lot of groundwork that's been done before," said Story
C. Landis, director of the NIH's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. "So we expect
to take advantage of that."

The NIH may even begin accepting research applications before the guidelines are formally completed,
Ms. Landis said, as the agency begins spending more than $10-billion that it received from the
economic-stimulus measure signed last month by Mr. Obama.

Ms. Landis and other NIH officials did not give specific ideas, however, of what types of stem-cell
projects might be allowed or disallowed. Before Mr. Bush acted in 2001, the Clinton administration
had limits that include a ban on the use of embryos that hadn't been frozen, so that couples would not
be encouraged to create embryos just for scientific purposes.

Stand on Cloning
Mr. Obama repeatedly emphasized in his speech his belief that government decisions on science
should be "based on facts, not ideology." Yet he also said science must be "responsibly conducted,"
and specifically mentioned the possible use of cellular cloning techniques for human reproduction as


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an avenue of exploration that is "dangerous, profoundly wrong, and has no place in our society, or any
society."

A top presidential science adviser, Harold E. Varmus, president of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering
Cancer Center in New York, expressed uncertainty when asked after the White House ceremony
whether Mr. Obama's opposition to such cloning had more scientific basis than Mr. Bush's opposition
to embryonic-stem-cell research.

"All the scientists can do is provide advice to the administration, and the administration then has to
make a policy determination," Mr. Varmus, co-chairman of the President's Council of Advisors on
Science and Technology, said in response. "And that determination is going to be based on scientific
advice and any other considerations.

"That's the way it's always worked and the way it will work," he said. "I'm not sure what the conflict
is."

Mr. Varmus also dismissed suggestions that the president's order establishing "scientific integrity" in
governmental hiring and decision making might have its own political implications for the acceptability
of disparate points of view. The president's order, he said, means that hiring decisions should weigh
the candidate's "scientific contributions and scientific credibility."

"The intent," Mr. Varmus said, "is to prevent anything bad from happening."

Saint Louis Beacon
Stem-cell issue revives familiar controversy in Missouri
By JO MANNIES
Tuesday, March 10, 2009

The day after President Barack Obama lifted the ban on using federal money for embryonic stem-cell
research, Missouri Right to Life president Pam Fichter was working the halls of the Missouri Capitol on
behalf of a measure that backers say could prevent the trickle-down use of state money.

Obama's action, Fichter said, "will energize the pro-life commitment'' to curb the potential influence in
Missouri. "This is a decision that is going to open the federal taxpayer's purse to fund life-destroying
research."

The president's executive order, announced Monday, is lauded by such prominent Missouri research
institutions as Washington University in St. Louis and Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas
City.

"With our very well-respected institutions, (Obama's order) bodes well for Missouri's future in
research,'' said state Sen. Joan Bray, D-University City. "We could become one of the premier states in
the country when it comes to research innovations and discoveries."

Several supporters said it was a sign of Obama's commitment to keep politics out of science.

But Fichter and other opponents of embryonic stem-cell research say that, if anything, Obama's order
is adding more political fuel to their arguments that swift state counter-action action needs to be
taken. They contend that politics - or, rather, assuaging the president's political supporters in the
abortion-rights movement - was Obama's chief motivation.




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A key component in the critics' state arsenal is Senate Joint Resolution 17 . Sponsored by state Sen.
Jim Lembke, R-Lemay, the resolution would make it illegal "to expend, pay or grant any public funds
for abortion services, human cloning or prohibited human research."
If Lembke's resolution is approved by the Senate and House, it would go directly onto the November
2010 ballot as a proposed constitutional amendment. No approval of the governor is required.
The resolution is patterned after the initiative-petition ballot effort of the Missouri Roundtable for Life,
an anti-abortion group that opposes embryonic stem-cell research and a related procedure called
somatic cell nuclear transfer, or commonly known as SCNT.
Under SCNT, the nucleus of an unfertilized human egg is replaced with the nucleus of another cell. The
resulting stem cells are then harvested for research. Critics contend the process destroys an embryo;
proponents note that no sperm is involved.
The Roundtable has been embroiled in court with Secretary of State Robin Carnahan over her office's
ballot wording of the group's proposal to bar the use of public funds. Lembke's measure uses the
Roundtable's preferred wording and is seen by allies as an alternative way to get the same proposal on
the 2010 ballot.
Fichter noted that if the resolution is approved by both chambers, "it bypasses the secretary of state''
and would go on the ballot without any unwanted changes in the wording.
Abortion opponents are targeting the November 2010 ballot - the same ballot that could include
Carnahan as the Democratic candidate for the U.S. Senate.
In any case, Roundtable executive director Todd Jones said that Obama's executive order "heightens
our sense of urgency'' about pressing passage of SJR 17, because of the group's belief that there will
be a trickle-down effect.
"Once the federal dollars start flowing, we'll have people trying to tap into state tax dollars" for
embryonic stem-cell research, Jones said.
He and Lembke emphasized that their proposal would bar only the use of state money, not federal or
private dollars. But critics, notably the Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures, disagree.
The coalition cites the wording of Lembke's resolution, notably its use of "public money.''
"It's our fear that the resolution would redefine public funds to include federal funds,'' said Jim
Goodwin, the coalition's communications director. The group has circulated its concerns to tens of
thousands of like-minded Missourians.
Coalition executive director Allen Todd said in a statement that either SJR 17 or the Roundtable's
initiative-petition proposal "could have the same dire effect on Missourians - repealing our access to
lifesaving cures and therapies."
The coalition contends that the real target of abortion opponents is Amendment 2, the constitutional
amendment that protects all federally approved forms of stem-cell research - including embryonic
stem-cell research and SCNT.
Amendment 2 was narrowly approved by Missouri voters in November 2006. The coalition and its
allies, including members of the Stowers family, spent more than $30 million on the pro-amendment
campaign.
The amendment also specifically bans cloning, or the implantation of any embryo created by SCNT. But
the two sides disagree on the definition of cloning.



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Cloning, said the Roundtable's Jones, includes "embryonic stem cell research and SCNT. It's the same
thing."
Amendment 2 also became a flash point in the final weeks of the 2006 U.S. Senate contest. The
incumbent Republican, Jim Talent - who had announced his opposition to Amendment 2 months
earlier - ran a TV ad explaining his views.
Meanwhile, the Democratic Senate candidate, Claire McCaskill, brought in actor Michael J. Fox - who
suffers from Parkinson's disease and is an outspoken supporter of embryonic stem-cell research,
which some researchers say could eventually offer a cure.
More than two years later, opponents of embryonic stem-cell research and Amendment 2 say their
views haven't changed. Fichter cited the advancements in research using adult stem-cells as evidence
that embryonic stem-cell research is "not necessary and not productive.''
"They are persistent,'' Bray said, referring to the critics. "Thank goodness they've been foiled so far."
Lembke plans on pressing in a few weeks for Senate action on his resolution.
Obama's executive order, Lembke said, will highlight his chief argument. "The actions that are
happening on the national level won't affect us if we have 'security' in our constitution,'' the senator
said. "We want to ensure that there's no ambiguity in Missouri and the people's desire that there's no
public money involved in this research."
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Stem cell debate not likely to die
By KIM MCGUIRE
Tuesday, March 10, 2009
President Barack Obama's executive order Monday lifting restrictions on federally funded embryonic
stem cell research probably won't thwart future battles over the issue, which in the past has
catapulted Missouri into the national spotlight.
Nonetheless, scientists from around the country cheered the move, which reverses a 2001 directive by
President George W. Bush that banned federal funding for research into embryonic stem lines created
after Aug. 9, 2001.
"The message here is that science no longer has to be politicized," said Dr. Steven Teitelbaum, a
Washington University professor of immunology and pathology who studies bone disease.
But Obama's action is limited, resolving only one of several brewing ethical and political debates over
embryonic stem cell research.
Even in Missouri, where voters approved a state constitutional amendment in 2006 to protect most
forms of the research, the political debate has not subsided. Obama's announcement renewed calls
among anti-abortion groups to limit state and federal spending on embryonic stem cell research.
"This is now allowing the use of taxpayer money against the will of many pro-life taxpayers who are
opposed to this research," said Sam Lee, head of the group Campaign Life Missouri.
Obama's action could funnel federal money into local embryonic research. Until now, that funding was
limited under Bush's directive to research on older stem cell lines, considered inferior by many
scientists because of contamination.
Embryonic stem cells are master cells that can morph into any cell of the body. Scientists hope to
harness them so they can create replacement tissues to treat diseases — such as new insulin-



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producing cells for diabetics, cells that could help those with Parkinson's disease or maybe even
Alzheimer's, or new nerve connections to restore movement after spinal injury.
Opponents of embyronic stem cell research say scientists should instead pursue cures using only adult
stem cells, which are easily obtained from sources such as human skin without raising ethical
concerns.
U.S. Rep. William Lacy Clay, D-St. Louis, said that Obama's decision could be a boon to medical
research at Washington University and St. Louis University, both in his district. He added that
accelerated embryonic research could help close what he called the "health care disparities gap,"
which adversely affects African-Americans, Latinos and other minorities.
"Almost every family has someone who suffers from a debilitating illness like diabetes, cancer,
Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's, heart disease or other chronic ailments," he said in a statement.
Obama made the announcement Monday during a ceremony attended by lawmakers, scientists and
patients.
Among those invited to the ceremony were James and Virginia Stowers, a Missouri couple who
founded the Stowers Institute for Medical Research, in Kansas City. The institute conducts embryonic
stem cell research, but its spokeswoman said researchers there would not seek federal funds that
might result from Obama's directive.
William Neaves, chief executive officer of the Stowers Institute, applauded Obama for allowing
scientists to pursue research that most support.
"Most people do not consider a few undifferentiated cells in a lab dish to be the moral equivalent of a
person and see no reason why research on these cells should have been denied federal funding," he
said. "Allowing scientists who study human embryonic stem cells to compete for National Institute of
Health grants is a long overdue removal of unnecessary restrictions on research in regenerative
medicine."
The Stowerses, both cancer survivors, also pumped millions of dollars into the successful 2006 effort
to protect stem cell research.
That ballot campaign placed Missouri at the center of the nation's political debate over embryonic
stem cell research. In approving the measure, Missouri voters essentially guaranteed that all research
that is legal under federal law shall also be legal under Missouri law.
Advocates of the measure had hoped its passage would make Missouri a haven for embryonic stem
cell research.
But the amendment has not cooled a raging debate over whether tax money should support the
research. At this point, Missouri spends no money for research. Illinois, in contrast, passed legislation
that allows for public funding of embryonic stem cell research.
Currently, the Missouri Roundtable for Life is backing both legislation and a ballot initiative aimed at
tightening the flow of public funds toward abortion and human cloning. Critics say the measure could
limit state spending on embryonic stem cell research.
Lee, of Campaign Life Missouri, said he does not expect Obama's action to change Missouri's political
landscape. He said he anticipates legislative battles over state funding to continue into the 2010
election cycle.
Donn Rubin, chairman for the Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures, which supports embryonic stem
cell research, said Obama's action — while significant — doesn't end the fight in Missouri.



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"While the federal announcement is an important, positive step, patients, their families, and others
who care about the search for cures must remain alert to ongoing threats at the state level," Rubin
said in a written statement.
The Associated Press and Matthew Franck and Bill Lambrecht of the Post-Dispatch contributed to this
report.
Kansas City Business Journal
Obama’s stem cell action could help Kansas City research
Monday, March 9, 2009
The Kansas City region could benefit from President Obama’s move Monday to lift restrictions on
federal financing of human embryonic stem cell research.
Obama’s move “will certainly have an impact on changing the landscape for research in that area, no
question, both nationally and regionally,” Bill Duncan, CEO of the Kansas City Area Life Sciences
Institute Inc., said in an interview.
It’s good news, Duncan said, that additional money could flow to the research community from the
National Institutes of Health.
The move would not directly affect research at the Kansas City-based Stowers Institute for Medical
Research, which doesn’t rely on tax support.
However, consistent efforts to limit embryonic stem cell research in Missouri have prompted the
institute to hold off on local expansion plans. One of the 25 investigators at the Stowers Institute is
working with human embryonic stem cells.
A Stowers spokeswoman said recently that even with positive national developments on stem cell
research, the institute is not ready to move forward with expansion plans because of the economy.
St. Louis Business Journal
Stem cell reversal lauded as battle in Missouri continues
By KELSEY VOLKMANN
Monday, March 9, 2009
President Obama’s reversal of Bush’s limit on public funding for embryonic stem cell research could
lead to an infusion of money for Missouri universities, but state lawmakers and activists continue their
fight against such research.
“We have really been at a standstill the last eight years so this is a very positive sign,” said Dr. Steven
Teitelbaum, a pathology and immunology professor who studies bone diseases and osteoporosis at
Washington University School of Medicine.
Washington University and other Missouri schools are already seeing a research boost from the extra
$10 billion allocated to the National Institutes for Health through the federal stimulus package.
Scientists statewide are excited about the increased federal support for research into cures for
Parkinson’s, diabetes, spinal cord injuries and other ailments, said Donn Rubin, chairman of the
Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures, which advocates stem-cell research.
In Missouri, state funds are not used to support stem cell research but researchers at hospitals and
universities, including Washington University and the University of Missouri, can compete for federal
funds.




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But state Sen. Jim Lembke, a Republican who represents St. Louis County and St. Louis City, has
introduced a legislation that would ask voters in a 2010 ballot whether the state should ban the use of
federal dollars for embryonic stem cell research and prohibit the federal funds that universities could
tap into for such research.
A state ban would lead to faculty recruitment problems for Washington University and other schools,
and biotech companies would avoid Missouri “like the plague,” Teitelbaum said.
“It’s unfortunate that just as the Obama administration is expanding the search for cures, opponents
of stem cell research have renewed their attempts to keep Missourians from benefiting from those
potential therapies,” Rubin said.
Ed Martin, president of the Missouri Roundtable for Life, which backs a state constitutional
amendment to ban tax dollars for embryonic stem cell research, said he was disappointed that Obama
reversed Bush’s eight-year-old limitation on stem cells.
“Many Americans really should wonder whether we should put taxpayers dollars to this kind of
research during this kind of economic climate,” he said. “It brings home the point that we really need a
constitutional amendment against this.”
Depositions start soon for a lawsuit the Roundtable for Life filed last month against Missouri Secretary
of State for alleging politicizing a petition to put a state ban on the ballot.
The Kansas City Star
Change in stem-cell policy could breathe new life into KC’s research community
By JASON GERTZEN
Monday, March 9, 2009
President Barack Obama on Monday overturned federal stem-cell research restrictions and renewed
hope that researchers here and across the country will yet produce lifesaving medical advances.
At the same time, the action renewed the determination of opponents who, citing moral objections,
vow to block the technology.
In addition to signing an executive order to expand the cells eligible for federal funding, Obama urged
Congress to provide further financial support. Embryonic stem cells, he said, could enhance
understanding and possibly find cures for maladies ranging from spinal cord injuries to diabetes to
Parkinson’s disease.
“Ultimately, I cannot guarantee that we will find the treatments and cures we seek,” Obama said. “No
president can promise that. But I can promise that we will seek them — actively, responsibly, and with
the urgency required to make up for lost ground.”
Scientists in laboratories at the University of Kansas School of Medicine, the Stowers Institute for
Medical Research in Kansas City and Washington University in St. Louis have done some relatively
limited work with the master cells that begin as blank slates and then can transform into nearly any
tissue or cell type in the body.
Obama’s action reverses a 2001 policy imposed by President George W. Bush, and it raises prospects
of expanded funding for stem-cell research that could boost the work of area scientists and their peers
from Palo Alto, Calif., to Boston.
The significance ultimately could reach beyond stem cells.
As he announced the new stem-cell policy, Obama vowed a more sweeping push to restore “scientific
integrity to government decision making.” It was widely seen as a broadside against a Bush



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administration legacy on climate change, medical advances and other high-tech areas that some say
were being hindered more by politics than sound science.
“President Obama sent a signal that we are going to be objective about science,” said Steven
Teitelbaum of Washington University’s School of Medicine. “We are not going to politicize it. It is an
extremely important statement.”
While human embryonic stem cells have been heralded for their promise, many scientists have
constrained their work with them and others have avoided them altogether when faced with
controversy, byzantine regulations and limited federal money.
While scientists at the Stowers Institute are less dependent on federal funding than their peers in
university laboratories, the fresh policy is an encouraging sign, said Bill Neaves, the president and chief
executive of the institute.
“Most people do not consider a few undifferentiated cells in a lab dish to be the moral equivalent of a
person and see no reason why research on these cells should have been denied federal funding,”
Neaves said.
Citing the uncertain political climate, the Stowers Institute has delayed plans for expanding its local
facilities.
Jim Stowers, the mutual-fund magnate who founded American Century Investments, and his wife,
Virginia, have been prominent stem-cell research backers, creating the institute and providing financial
support for leading stem-cell scientists at Harvard University. They flew to Washington and were in the
room Monday as Obama touted the promise of the cutting-edge science.
The tiny cells have been at the heart of a divisive debate roiling the nation and states such as Missouri.
Obama’s action may advance the science, but it will not end the controversy, said Myra Christopher,
the president of the Center for Practical Bioethics in Kansas City.
“I expect there will be a lot of renewed fervor around this,” Christopher said.
Embryonic stem cells triggered conflict among Missouri legislators. In 2006, Missouri voters approved
a constitutional amendment to protect certain forms of stem-cell research, but the action failed to end
court battles, legislative action and other challenges.
Beginning as blank slates, the cells can transform into any one of some 200 different types of tissues or
other cells in the body. Supporters have heralded them as a new scientific frontier, raising prospects
they could be used in regenerating tissue to repair damaged organs or reveal vulnerabilities of
devastating diseases.
Opponents, however, object on moral grounds and say other forms of research offer more promise.
Some methods used to produce these cells result in the destruction of human embryos.
Bush crafted what he called a compromise balancing the potential benefits against the moral
concerns. His restrictions limited federal funding to research involving human embryonic stem cells
that already had been created.
Supporters were not satisfied and opponents were not mollified. Monday’s action heightened the
concerns of those who don’t believe embryos should be used in this way.
“It is going to fuel wide-scale destruction of human life with taxpayer money,” said Pam Fichter, the
president of Missouri Right to Life.




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So-called adult stem cells can be obtained through procedures that avoid destroying embryos. These
alternatives are ethically preferable and so far have produced more promising medical results, said
Kansas Sen. Mary Pilcher Cook, a Shawnee Republican.
Cook said the federal government should focus more on funding adult stem-cell research rather than
provide the expanded backing Obama seeks.
“I question their wisdom of using scarce resources this way,” she said. “You have to remember what
the objective is: finding treatments that can help or cure people.”
U.S. Sen. Sam Brownback, a Kansas Republican, said he would work to expand federal funding for
adult stem-cell research and oppose Obama’s decision.
“If an embryo is a life — and I believe strongly that it is life — then no government has the right to
sanction their destruction for research purposes,” Brownback said in a statement.
Scientists, including David Albertini of the University of Kansas School of Medicine, were heartened by
what may be the start of a new era.
“It heralds the Obama administration’s interest in advancing knowledge,” said Albertini, a professor of
molecular and integrative physiology.
Other methods of developing stem cells may emerge as the preferable way to proceed, not just
because of ethical concerns but because of scientific merit, said Teitelbaum of Washington University.
In the meantime, he said, the best method is not clear and such a promising field deserves pursuit on a
broad front.
“The point to be made here is we have to keep our eye on the apple,” he said. “My apple is ultimately
to relieve suffering of patients who have presently incurable diseases. The kid with diabetes. The
person in a wheelchair who is paralyzed.”
While Obama urged action at the federal level, people on both sides of the issue were signaling their
likely increase in involvement on the state level.
A few years ago, Kansas lawmakers tried to ban state funding for embryonic stem-cell research. The
bill never passed, but many conservative lawmakers continue to doubt the ethics and efficacy of the
research.
The Kansas City Star
Obama to end restrictions on taxpayer-financed embryonic stem-cell research
By BEN FELLER and LAURAN NEERGAARD
Friday, March 6, 2009
WASHINGTON | Reversing an eight-year-old policy, President Barack Obama plans Monday to lift
restrictions on taxpayer-funded research using embryonic stem cells.
The long-promised move would allow a rush of research aimed at one day better treating, if not
curing, ailments from diabetes to paralysis — research that crosses partisan lines, backed by such
notables as Nancy Reagan and the late Christopher Reeve. But it stirs intense controversy over
whether government crosses a moral line with such research.
Embryonic stem cells are master cells that can morph into any cell of the body. Scientists hope to
harness them so they can create replacement tissues to treat a variety of diseases — such as new
insulin-producing cells for diabetics, cells that could help those with Parkinson’s disease or
Alzheimer’s, or new nerve connections to restore movement after spinal injury.



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But the research is controversial because days-old embryos must be destroyed to obtain the cells.
They typically are culled from fertility clinic leftovers otherwise destined to be thrown away.
Critics on Friday denounced the move.
“Taxpayers should not have to foot the bill for experiments that require the destruction of human
life,” said Tony Perkins of the Family Research Council. “President Obama’s policy change is especially
troubling given the significant adult stem-cell advances that are being used to treat patients now
without harming or destroying human embryos.”
Indeed, there are different types of stem cells in addition to embryonic: so-called adult stem cells that
produce a specific type of tissue, and younger stem cells found floating in amniotic fluid or the
placenta. Scientists even have learned to reprogram certain cells to behave like stem cells.
But even researchers who work with varying types consider embryonic stem cells the most flexible and
thus most promising form — and say that science, not politics, should ultimately judge.
The embryonic stem-cell research issue has been a source of heated contention in the Kansas City
area.
Questions about the research generated repeated skirmishes among Missouri legislators. In 2006, the
state’s voters approved a constitutional amendment intended to protect certain forms of stem-cell
research, but opponents have continued to wage legal challenges.
Leaders of the Stowers Institute for Medical Research have delayed plans to build an expanded set of
laboratories, citing concerns about the environment for stem-cell research in Missouri.
“We remain steadfastly committed to the search for lifesaving cures through research with human
embryonic stem cells,” Bill Neaves, president and CEO of the Stowers Institute, said in a 2007
statement when announcing delay of the second campus expansion.
Stowers leaders were not available for comment late Friday.
A reversal of the 2001 policy could provide important momentum to this field of research, said Jim
Goodwin, communications director for the Missouri Coalition for Lifesaving Cures.
“We look forward to accelerating the search for cures,” Goodwin said. “An expanded use of federal
funds surely will mean the possibility for quicker cures.”
David Albertini, a scientist at the University of Kansas Medical Center, said he considered the federal
policy change to be long overdue.
“There certainly is optimism in the air,” Albertini said.
Sending a message about the country’s heightened willingness to fund stem-cell research is important,
said Albertini, a reproductive scientist and stem-cell researcher. Many leading U.S. researchers
interested in the field have moved overseas to pursue their work in recent years, he said.
“You are going to see a lot less of that happening,” Albertini said. “Maybe this will bring us back to a
competitive position relative to other countries in the world.”
Mary Kay Culp of Kansans for Life said she was disappointed by the expected reversal of the policy.
“This is just another assault on the taxpayers who have moral objections,” she said.
Scientists have made advances in recent years on alternatives to methods that destroy embryos to
produce stem cells, Culp said.



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The concern now, she said, is that available federal funds for embryonic stem-cell research will hinder
promising work in other areas.
“This is going to encourage the unethical research,” she said.
Under President George W. Bush, taxpayer money for that research was limited to a small number of
stem cell lines that were created before Aug. 9, 2001 — lines that in many cases had some drawbacks
that limited their potential usability.
Obama made it clear in his campaign that he would overturn Bush’s directive.
Columbia Daily Tribune
Obama to overturn Bush policy on stem cells
By PHILIP ELLIOTT
Monday, March 9, 2009
WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Barack Obama is ending former President George W. Bush's limits on
using federal dollars for embryonic stem cell research, with advisers calling the move a clear signal
that science - not political ideology - will guide the administration.
Obama was to sign an executive order on stem cells and memo on science Monday in an East Room
ceremony, a long-promised move that would fulfill a campaign promise. Advisers said it was part of a
broader declaration on science that would guide the administration's policies on matters ranging from
renewable energy to climate change.
"I would simply say this memorandum is not concerned solely - or even specifically - with stem cell
research," said Harold Varmus, chairman of the White House's Council of Advisers on Science and
Technology. He said it would address how the government uses science and who is advising officials
across federal agencies.
Bush limited taxpayer money for embryonic stem cell research to a small number of stem cell lines
that were created before Aug. 9, 2001. Many of those faced drawbacks. Hundreds more of such lines -
groups of cells that can continue to propagate in lab dishes - have been created since then. Scientists
say those newer lines are healthier and better suited to creating treatments for diseases, but they
were largely off-limits to researchers who took federal dollars.
"We've got eight years of science to make up for," said Dr. Curt Civin, whose research allowed
scientists to isolate stem cells and who now serves as the founding director of the University of
Maryland Center for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. "Now the silly restrictions are
lifted."
The proposed changes do not fund creation of new lines, nor specify which existing lines can be used.
They mean that scientists, who until now have had to rely on private donations to work with these
newer stem cell lines, can apply for government money for the research, just like they do for studies of
gene therapy or other treatment approaches.
At the same event, the president planned to announce safeguards through the National Institutes of
Health so science is protected from political interference.
"We view what happened with stem cell research in the last administration is one manifestation of
failure to think carefully about how federal support of science and the use of scientific advice occurs,"
Varmus said.
Embryonic stem cells are master cells that can morph into any cell of the body. Scientists hope to
harness them so they can create replacement tissues to treat a variety of diseases - such as new



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insulin-producing cells for diabetics, cells that could help those with Parkinson's disease or maybe even
Alzheimer's, or new nerve connections to restore movement after spinal injury.
Bush and his supporters said they were defending human life; days-old embryos - typically from
fertility-clinic leftovers otherwise destined to be thrown away - are destroyed for the stem cells.
The long-promised move will allow a rush of research aimed at one day better treating, if not curing,
ailments from diabetes to paralysis - research that has drawn broad support, including from notables
such as Nancy Reagan, widow of the late Republican President Ronald Reagan, and the late
Christopher Reeve.
The move also will highlight divisions within the Republican Party, now in the minority and lacking
votes in Congress to stop Obama.
Rep. Eric Cantor, the No. 2 Republican in the House, said the focus should be on the economy, not on a
long-simmering debate over stem cells.
"Frankly, federal funding of embryonic stem cell research can bring on embryo harvesting, perhaps
even human cloning that occurs," he said Sunday on CNN's "State of the Union." "We don't want that.
... And certainly that is something that we ought to be talking about, but let's take care of business
first. People are out of jobs."
The Chronicle of Higher Education
For universities, expected shift on stem-cell funds means new opportunities and new risks
By PAUL BASKEN
Monday, March 9, 2009
Washington – President Obama plans to sign an executive order today largely ending eight years of
limits on federal financing of human-embryonic-stem-cell research that have tangled university
laboratories in bureaucracy while slowing advances in one of the most promising fields of medical
research.
Mr. Obama is acting just three weeks after he signed an economic-stimulus measure that allocates
more than $10-billion for medical research (The Chronicle, February 25). His move will now free some
of that money for an avenue of work fraught with ethical and political dilemmas and yet loaded with
potential for fighting mankind’s toughest diseases.
The move has been anticipated since Mr. Obama was elected president last November. The moment’s
arrival seven weeks into his administration was confirmed Sunday when White House officials said Mr.
Obama would use today’s event to sign paperwork reversing Bush administration restrictions that
ruled out nearly all federal financing of research involving human embryonic stem cells. Leading
advocates of stem-cell research from across the country have been invited to attend.
“This is a great moment in the history of biomedical research in our country,” said Patrick White, vice
president for federal relations at the Association of American Universities. “An executive order from
President Obama is precisely what is needed to fix the failed policy that we've had for the last eight
years.”
A human embryo is the cluster of cells that grows in the first eight weeks after conception, before it is
known as a fetus. Embryonic stem cells, which are usually obtained by researchers from a discarded
embryo only a few days after fertilization, have great scientific value because they have the potential
to develop into any of more than 200 types of tissue in the body. Their use in scientific research is
opposed, however, by some who feel that any potential human life form should be preserved.




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Mr. Obama’s predecessor, George W. Bush, announced on August 9, 2001, that federal money could
not be involved with any projects using embryonic stem cells created after that date. That, Mr. Bush
said, would allow research involving embryos “where the life-and-death decision has already been
made.”
Complications for Labs
Universities have chafed under the restrictions. Some abandoned or avoided embryonic-stem-cell
research altogether. Others have established separate facilities so that their work on embryonic stem
cells is kept physically apart from their federally supported work. Many labs use adhesive stickers to
identify equipment purchased with federal money so that it isn’t used with ineligible stem cells.
The restrictions made a range of university research work “more costly and cumbersome,” said Ronald
G. Crystal, chairman of the department of genetic medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College.
And despite Mr. Obama’s oft-stated intent to separate science from politics, some restrictions will
probably remain. Stem-cell researchers acknowledged the need for some ethical guidelines on their
work, and White House officials said they would rely on the National Institutes of Health to draft the
exact guidelines.
Mr. Obama will ask the NIH to draft those rules within 120 days, said Harold E. Varmus, president of
the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York. Mr. Varmus, who is co-chairman of the
President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, spoke Sunday on a conference call with
reporters arranged by the White House.
Researchers hoping to ease public anxieties over stem-cell studies often cite the past controversy over
recombinant DNA technology, in which some genetic disorders can be corrected by adding genetic
material into a living cell. Fears of abuses of that technology when it emerged in the 1970s have been
calmed by scientists working to develop widely accepted ethical guidelines, said Michael D. West, chief
executive of BioTime, a medical products supplier that sells lines of human embryonic stem cells.
Anticipating New Rules
Still, new guidelines for embryonic-stem-cell research might not be as tidy as some of those
celebrating Mr. Obama’s announcement might like. Before Mr. Bush acted in 2001, the Clinton
administration had its own limits on the eligibility of stem-cell studies for federal funds. One such limit
required that the work involve only frozen embryos, in a bid to prevent couples and their doctors from
creating embryos just for scientific purposes.
But that idea—that freezing was a sign that the couple intended to use the embryo some day if the
couple’s initial attempts at pregnancy failed—was a fairly arbitrary measure, Mr. West said. It also
overlooked the fact that couples didn’t freeze embryos found to contain serious genetic defects, he
said. Such defective embryos are highly valuable to researchers searching for cures to those diseases,
he said.
The freezing process also degrades the quality of embryos, making them less valuable for scientific
study, said Anthony J. Mazzaschi, interim chief scientific officer at the Association of American Medical
Colleges.
Mr. Mazzaschi said the Obama administration can probably devise a better measure of an embryo-
donor's intent, but he admitted some concern about what those regulations will look like. The Obama
rules, however, are certain to be an improvement over the Bush administration’s seemingly arbitrary
choice of August 2001 as the eligibility cutoff date, he said.




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With the regulatory and political environment unsettled, it’s also unclear how many universities will be
convinced by Mr. Obama’s action to quickly jump into stem-cell research. The federal government
now lists only a dozen universities as using its money for embryonic-stem-cell research.
Mr. Mazzaschi said that number may now grow “substantially,” given the large number of institutions
using other sources of funds. Other observers are less sure. “You can't just step on the field and start
playing," given the complexity of the area, said Mr. White of the Association of American Universities.
“Faculty members and departments are going to have to make a hard decision about whether to
pursue this," he said.
Wider Research Options
Scientific and economic developments over the past eight years may also have made Mr. Obama’s
reversal less important to stem-cell research than Mr. Bush original imposition of the limits on federal
funds (The Chronicle, February 4). Those developments include advances in using other types of stem
cells. Researchers can take stem cells from umbilical cords and bone marrow, and they have also
figured out how to engineer skin cells to behave much like stem cells. Such cells are not as versatile as
those taken from embryos, but they attract far less ethical concern.
Private companies and state governments, especially California, have also filled some of the financial
void, leaving Washington less relevant to stem-cell research during a period of dwindling federal
science budgets (The Chronicle, May 8, 2008).
Overseas research has also become more prominent. A study published last year in the journal Cell
Stem Cell, using 2006 data, showed that American researchers published 46 percent of all peer-
reviewed articles in molecular biology and genetics but only 36 percent of those involving human
embryonic stem cells. The “significant underperformance” appears connected to the Bush
administration’s restrictions, wrote the study's author, Aaron D. Levine of the Georgia Institute of
Technology.
American universities, once freed of those restrictions, as they await billions of dollars from the
economic-stimulus measure, may instead face the danger of an overexpectant public, said Dr. Crystal
of Cornell. Stem-cell research could lead to cures for a wide range of ailments, including cancers,
diabetes, and heart disease. But, Dr. Crystal said, “it’s going to be a lot of work over many years.”
Researchers got “a major wake-up signal” last month, he said, when a medical journal reported the
case of an Israeli boy who, after being given experimental injections of fetal stem cells in a bid to save
him from a deadly brain disease, developed tumors in his brain and spinal cord directly attributed to
the stem cells.
Continuing Opposition
Universities may also face more direct political pressures. The Vatican's official newspaper called
embryonic-stem-cell research "deeply immoral" on Saturday, and U.S. Rep. Christpher H. Smith, a
Republican from New Jersey, responded to the expected policy change on stem cells and other issues
by labeling Mr. Obama the “abortion president.”
Supporters of the change, however, are probably more numerous. Sen. Orrin G. Hatch, a Republican
from Utah who backs Mr. Bush in opposing abortion rights, said he supports Mr. Obama on stem cells
out of a belief that embryonic-stem-cell research can help cure many devastating diseases.
Although Mr. Obama is taking the political spotlight today, lawmakers may be asked later this year to
vote on whether to pass a measure that would prevent a future president from reinstating the Bush
administration's limits. Congress also faces the question of whether to renew a measure, known as the
Dickey-Wicker Amendment, that prohibits using federal money for either the creation or destruction
of human embryos for research purposes.


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The Dickey-Wicker Amendment shouldn’t be a significant remaining obstacle to most stem-cell
research, said Irving L. Weissman, director of Stanford University’s Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative
Medicine Institute. But its removal would be symbolically important, as it was crafted by lawmakers
who didn’t even understand the difference between an embryo and a fetus, Dr. Weissman said.
Mr. Bush’s restrictions weren’t as onerous as many universities treated them, said Mr. Mazzaschi of
the Association of American Medical Colleges. The red stickers that scientists placed on lab equipment
purchased with federal money weren’t required by federal law. They instead reflected a fear, probably
justified, that a government driven by ideology might not know where to draw the line on
enforcement, Mr. Mazzaschi said.
William B. Hurlbut, a bioethicist and physician at the Stanford University School of Medicine who
served as a member of Mr. Bush’s presidential Council on Bioethics, said the Obama administration
and Congress need to find a middle ground that is acceptable to most Americans.
“I just hope there is an opportunity for a constructive dialogue” before Congress makes any
permanent policy changes, Dr. Hurlbut said. “There are some crucial dimensions of this that could
affect the character of our culture for a long time.”
Mr. Mazzaschi expressed support for Dr. Hurlbut’s repeated warnings that science and politics can
never be fully divorced from each other. "Science,” he said, “is never going to answer the question of
when does human life begin."




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St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Political Fix Blog: Weatherize this: $185M in energy efficiency cash headed Mo’s way
By BILL LAMBRECHT
Thursday, March 12, 2009

WASHINGTON — Stimulus critics parading about have some new fodder if they don’t mind dissing
green jobs: a gush of stimulus money from Washington for weatherization and state energy
programs totalling more than a half-billion dollars for Missouri and Illinois.

President Barack Obama made the announcement this morning along with an estimate that
across the country, 100,000 people would be put to work.

That could mean grants for up to $6,500 per home for a host of home efficiency projects from
insulating to upgrading heating and air conditioning. Families making as much as twice the federal
poverty level — or about $44,000 a-year for a family of four, can tap in.

In Missouri, the overall breakdown is $128 million for the Weatherization Assistance Program
and $57 million for the State Energy Program. In Illinois, the bounty from D.C. is $243 milion for
weatherization and $101 million for the general energy program.

In Missouri, the money will be available through Missouri’s Department of Natural Resources,
we’re told.

Rep. Russ Carnahan, D-St. Louis, was especially pleased given his role as co-founder of th
Congressional High Performance Buildings Caucus. He pressed for energy efficiency spending in
the stimulus bill last month, which he and all but a handful of Democrats voted for.

“The jobs created by this investment can not be outsourced,” Carnahan said, also noting the
energy savings benefits to people and the nation from plugging holes ain homes and ridding them
of wasteful heating and cooling gear.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Education Dept. releases data on enrollment, graduation rates, and student aid
By ELYSE ASHBURN
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Washington – President Obama sees a future in which the United States has a higher proportion
of college graduates than any other country in the world. He set an ambitious date of 2020 for
reaching that goal—and data released Tuesday provide a glimpse of just how far higher education
has to go.

In recent years, only 36 percent of students who started at a four-year college seeking to earn a
bachelor's degree had actually graduated from that institution within four years, according to a
new report from the National Center for Education Statistics, an arm of the U.S. Department of
Education. About 53 percent had graduated within five years, and 57 percent had done so within
six. Only 31 percent of students who started at two-year institutions had earned a degree within
three years.

The graduation-rate data are for the student cohorts that started at four-year colleges in 2001
and at two-year colleges in 2004. The report also highlights data on college financing, student aid,
and enrollment for the 2007 fiscal year.

Graduation rates varied widely by gender, race, and type of institution. Women at both two- and
four-year institutions were more likely than men to graduate on time. At four-year institutions,
six-year graduation rates ranged from a high of 66 percent for Asian and Pacific Islander students
to a low of 39 percent for American Indian ones. And students at four-year private nonprofit
colleges outperformed those at public and for-profit ones.

Over all, college enrollment in the United States has been growing. Higher-education institutions
enrolled 18.7 million graduate and undergraduate students in the fall of 2007—up from 18.2
million the year before. Of those, almost nine million were undergraduates enrolled at four-year
colleges, and more than six million were undergraduates at two-year colleges.

The proportion of students receiving financial aid dropped slightly, according to the data. About
73 percent of full-time, first-time degree-seeking undergraduates received some form of student
aid in the 2006-7 academic year. That's down slightly from 75 percent of such students in 2005-6.

The full report, "Enrollment in Postsecondary Institutions, Fall 2007; Graduation Rates, 2001 &
2004 Cohorts; and Financial Statistics, Fiscal Year 2007," is available online.




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The New York Times
In shifting era of admissions, colleges sweat
By KATE ZERNIKE
Saturday, March 7, 2009

As colleges weigh this year’s round of applications, high school seniors are not the only anxious
ones.

Just as nervously, colleges — facing a financial landscape they have never seen before — are
trying to figure out how many students to accept, and how many students will accept them.

Typically, they rely on statistical models to predict which students will take them up on their
offers to attend. But this year, with the economy turning parents and students into bargain
hunters, demographics changing and unexpected jolts in the price of gas and the number of
applications, they have little faith on those models.

“Trying to hit those numbers is like trying to hit a hot tub when you’re skydiving from 30,000
feet,” said Jennifer Delahunty, dean of admissions and financial aid at Kenyon College in Ohio.
“I’m going to go to church every day in April.”

In response, colleges are trying new methods to gauge which applicants are serious about
attending: Wake Forest, in North Carolina, is using Webcam interviews, while other colleges say
they are scrutinizing essays more closely. And they are making more vigorous appeals to try to
convince parents and students who will be offered admission in April that theirs is the campus to
choose. But mostly, they are guessing: Will pinched finances keep students closer to home? Will
those who applied in December be feeling too poor to accept in May — or show up in August?

Colleges have been in the catbird seat for the past decade or so. As the number of high school
students swelled, applications rose, allowing colleges to be more selective. And families
benefiting from a flush stock market seemed willing to pay whatever tuition colleges charged.

But all that has changed. For students, the uncertainty could be good news: colleges will admit
more students, offer more generous financial aid,and, in some cases, send acceptance letters a
few weeks earlier. Then again, it could prolong the agony: some institutions say they will rely
more on their waiting lists. But there is no question, admissions officers say, that this year is more
of a students’ market.

“It’s like the dot-com bubble burst for higher ed,” said Barbara Fritze, vice president of enrollment
at Gettysburg College in Pennsylvania. “We’ve been in this growth mode for a period of time.
Now there’s a real leveling going on.”

Colleges consider an amalgam of factors, comparing them to past trends, to predict whether a
student will attend, including, for example, what high school he went to; the strength of his
grades, scores and recommendations; how much financial aid he has been offered; and whether
he plays the cello or wants to study ethnobotany or economics. (If he is a she, the equation looks
different still.)




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They consider how many phone calls, Web hits, campus visits and applications they have
received. They look at how many students put down a deposit in May, then assume a bit of
“summer melt.”

If it sounds complicated, it also works. Kenyon, for example, has hit the magic hot tub each of the
last five years.

But with high gasoline prices last summer, many campuses reported fewer visits, throwing off one
of the better indicators of which applicants are serious.

Applications, too, have been unpredictable. Some public institutions have seen increases of 30
percent. But with almost every state cutting budgets, it is unclear how many applicants those
institutions will accept — California and Arizona, for example, are capping enrollment. And private
colleges are waiting to see how much public institutions raise tuition; most do not set rates until
state budgets are firm.

Meanwhile, applications are down at many private institutions. Colleges and high school guidance
counselors say more students are applying to so-called financial safety schools, where they are
confident of getting scholarships, even if it means attending a less selective institution.

Officials say parents are reluctant to commit to four years of an expensive private school, worried
that their companies might be restructuring. At Kenyon, one mother, after e-mailing to say that
the family could not afford the college’s early decision offer, e-mailed two hours later to say they
were reconsidering, then e-mailed again two hours after that to say that her son would attend,
after all.

“It’s a consumer confidence issue,” said Steven Syverson, vice president for enrollment at
Lawrence University in Wisconsin. “Families are feeling like they can’t afford it even if they’re in
the same financial position they were three months ago.”

The Internet has thrown off another marker: applicants used to have to call or write for a catalog,
giving the college an early signal of their interest. Now, many campuses say 25 percent to 30
percent are “stealth applicants” — the first the college hears of them is when they apply.

Some enrollment officials theorize that applications are down because cost-conscious applicants
have made their choices more carefully. Then there is the glass-is-half-empty view, more common
at private institutions where applications are up: students set their hearts on where to apply last
summer, before the big crash, but will be choosing less expensive schools this spring, as economic
indicators plummet.

Institutions had been trying to cut back on the number of students they accept early, believing
they would end up with a more economically diverse freshman class; those who are admitted
early forfeit the right to shop around for financial aid offers, so are frequently wealthier. But this
year, many said they had accepted more early decision applicants, trying to lock in as many
students as they could in December.




                                                                                                    140
Still, that may not be a guarantee. Colleges say more and more early decision applicants are
circling back to bargain for better financial aid packages, or asking to be released from their
agreements so they can consider more generous offers.

So as public institutions say they will accept fewer students, many private schools say they will
accept more. The 13 members of the Associated Colleges of the Midwest, which includes
Carleton, Macalester, Grinnell and Colorado Colleges, plan to accept 10 percent or 11 percent
more applicants, said the group’s president, Christopher Welna, to make up for about a 10
percent decline in applications. Hamilton and Gettysburg, among other campuses, also plan to
accept a slightly bigger proportion of applicants. And Marquette University, in Milwaukee, said it
would accept up to 600 more students to its class of 1,900, even though applications are up 17
percent.

Campuses, meanwhile, are trying to determine — and encourage — applicants’ intentions.
Kenyon will write to the parents of accepted students, to reassure them that financial aid will not
dry up over the coming years.

And at Gettysburg, Ms. Fritze plans to send out acceptance offers a bit earlier, hoping to generate
loyalty.

Barmak Nassirian, the associate executive director of the American Association of Collegiate
Registrars and Admissions Officers, says the first real indication of who is coming could be in May,
when students put down their deposits.

“But even that,” Mr. Nassirian said, “may be an overestimation.”




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The Christian Science Monitor
Colleges wean off fossil fuels
Alternative energy sources help power campuses across U.S.
By GREGORY M. LAMB
Friday, March 6, 2009

MIDDLEBURY, VT. – With the sun shining on a rare, warm winter day, Thomas Corbin stands in a snow-
covered field of willow shrubs. The stalks, some more than 10 feet high, jab like slender fingers into
the blue sky.

If all goes well, in two years, a modified corn harvester will chop through these fast-growing shrubs.
The crop will then be hauled a mile or so to feed the new biomass gasification plant at Middlebury
College, where Mr. Corbin is assistant treasurer. The college hopes that the willow will provide 12,000
tons of fuel each year, about half of the fuel the facility is expected to burn.

The Middlebury plant, which opened earlier this year, provides both heat and electricity to the
campus. It runs on wood chips that come from within a 75-mile radius of this campus of 2,400
students in northwestern Vermont. The plant, which cost about $12 million to build, will replace about
half of the 2 million gallons of heating oil the school burns annually and reduce carbon emissions by an
estimated 12,500 metric tons per year.

More and more, colleges and universities are not only teaching about environmental issues, they’re
“walking the walk” by changing they way they operate. In December 2006, 12 college and university
presidents joined together to form the American College and University Presidents’ Climate
Commitment. They pledged to set target dates for becoming carbon neutral – reducing the carbon
emissions from their heating, cooling, electrical, and transportation needs as much as possible and
then buying carbon offsets to complete the task. A little more than two years later, 614 colleges and
universities in all 50 states have made the commitment. They represent about one-third of the student
body at colleges and universities in the United States.

Interest on college campuses in taking steps to slow climate change have “exploded,” says Anthony
Cortese, president of Second Nature, a Boston-based nonprofit group that works with colleges on
environmental and sustainability issues.
“It’s exponential growth. It’s terrific.”

Middlebury is hardly alone among colleges in trying to wean itself off fossil fuels:

   In Bar Harbor, Maine, the College of the Atlantic recently fired up a wood-pellet boiler that
    generates heat for three student residences and the campus center, about one-fifth of the
    campus. The pellets are made of sawdust from a lumber mill in northern Maine. The college,
    which has signed the presidents’ commitment, has pledged to rely solely on energy from
    renewable sources by 2015.
   At the University of Minnesota, Morris, a new biomass gasification facility is being tested that will
    use corn stover and other local agricultural waste to replace as much as 80 percent of the
    campus’s heating and cooling needs now generated by fossil fuels, mainly natural gas.

“We can find enough biomass within 20 miles to easily supply our needs,” says Joel Tallaksen, the
biomass project coordinator at Minnesota-Morris. “In our area there’s just not enough wood” to burn
wood chips or pellets, he says. But there is a plentiful supply of corn stalks, wheat straw, and soybean
residue. The university will need about 4,000 to 5,000 acres of material per year, and the surrounding
county has about 150,000 acres of corn crop alone, he says.




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The Minnesota-Morris facility is completed but has yet to open, having encountered technical hurdles
that the general contractor must first fix, Mr. Tallaksen says.

   The University of New Hampshire in Durham plans to provide 80 percent of its heating and
    electrical needs by buying and burning methane gas given off by a landfill a few miles away,
    making it the first university in the United States to be fueled primarily by landfill methane gas.

“There are some really outstanding examples everywhere” around the country, says Dr. Cortese of
Second Nature.

At Middlebury, the wood-chip boiler represents a big step toward the school’s goal of becoming
entirely carbon neutral by 2016. It reduces the school’s carbon footprint by about 40 percent, making
it “a big, bright spot on the path to carbon neutrality,” says Jack Byrne, the campus director of
sustainability integration.

Ahead lies “the next million gallons” question, he says: How to eliminate the rest of the fossil fuels still
being burned each year for heating, cooking, and cooling. One option may be to replace the rest of the
oil-fired boilers with wood-chip or other biomass boilers. The school will buy carbon offsets – which
pay other organizations to reduce their carbon emissions to compensate for emissions – only as a last
resort.

Middlebury’s wood chips currently cost about 40 percent less than the equivalent amount of heating
oil. The expected break-even point for the cost of the plant is about 12 years, less than half its
expected working life of 25 years. The payback could come even sooner if energy prices spike as they
did last year, says Mike Moser, heating plant engineer at Middlebury College.

The wood-gasification process differs somewhat from the workings of a wood or wood-pellet stove.
The chips are delivered by conveyor belt to a giant box, where they are “roasted,” driving off
combustible gases. The gases are sent into another combustion chamber, where they are burned at
temperatures up to 2,000 degrees F.

The college’s administration and governing board were very receptive to the idea of building a
renewable-energy heating plant, says Tom McGinn, project manager at Middlebury, and liked the idea
of cutting the need for imported oil. By using local wood, he says, you don’t end up with oil from
Venezuela or the Middle East, but with fuel from some local “guy with a chain saw.”

“We’re supporting the local economy, and we’re definitely providing a financial benefit to the
institution here,” Mr. McGinn says. “Where’s the downside?”

The college, which opened the first undergraduate environmental studies department in the country
in 1965, is also experimenting with solar energy and has one wind turbine in operation. The college’s
new environment center, opened last year, became the second academic structure in the nation to
achieve LEED Platinum certification, the highest rating for a “green” building, and only the seventh
LEED Platinum building in the US.

David Hales, president of the College of the Atlantic, argues that, as stock markets plummet, getting
donors to sponsor campus environmental projects actually can be an easier sell. Projects that will pay
back their cost in energy savings in two to seven years have great appeal, he says, when compared
with donating stocks that may shrink in value.

“There are a lot of donors who say, ‘Oh, that makes a lot of sense. I can do that,’ ” he says. The
projects act like “an endowment,” Dr. Hales says, that keeps growing in value through the years.



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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Data-collection advocates weigh progress toward accountability
By ERIC KELDERMAN
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Washington – With the help of $250-million in federal money, accountability advocates are seeking to
make a quantum leap forward in analyzing what works in education (or doesn’t), from preschool
through college. At a forum here on Tuesday, they discussed progress so far in using data toward that
end.

The money comes from the new federal stimulus law and is accompanied by a strong message from
President Obama and Education Secretary Arne Duncan that collecting data on student performance is
a key part of the White House’s education agenda.

“We cannot drive real change if we don’t know the facts,” Mr. Duncan said at the forum, which was
sponsored by the Data Quality Campaign, a consortium of education groups trying to encourage states
to track student performance. “If we use the data … we have the chance to reshape education in
America over the next few years,” Mr. Duncan added.

Proponents of the approach cheered the secretary and the administration’s support for better
accountability systems, but several challenges remain, other speakers noted.

“Now that there’s a lot of money available, it is very tempting to think that we’ve made it and that the
challenges that remain are primarily technical,” said Kati Haycock, president of the Education Trust, an
advocacy group working to close the achievement gaps among some racial groups. But data-collection
systems are worthless unless states actually use the information to drive the policy questions and
answers, she said.

Forty-six states have data systems that incorporate at least six of 10 elements that the Data Quality
Campaign has recommended, such as giving each pupil a unique number to use throughout his or her
academic career and comparing an individual's test scores over time (The Chronicle, May 9, 2008).

But few states are collecting enough of the right kind of information to help students succeed in
college, said Michael Cohen, president of Achieve Inc., a nonprofit education-policy group that was
started by the nation's governors and corporate leaders.

Reginald L. Robinson, president of the Kansas Board of Regents, said universities in his state were
getting information from elementary and secondary schools, but needed to be better connected with
businesses to determine what knowledge and skills students needed to succeed after college.

Gov. Edward G. Rendell of Pennsylvania, a Democrat, said one of the issues in his state was that
private colleges have been reluctant to share data on how their students perform. Mr. Rendell
speculated that those institutions were reluctant to do so because it could show that students at
public colleges were just as successful as those at more-expensive private colleges.




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News Channel 8
Maryland lawmakers layout plan to help higher education students with costs
Monday, March 9, 2009

BOWIE, Md. - Working to make higher education more affordable, Maryland lawmakers met with
students at Bowie State University to tell them how they are using money from the economic
stimulus package to help curb college costs.

A sophomore at Bowie State, Leslie Hall's finances are his biggest challenge when it comes to
reaching his education goals. "Purchasing books and all the other materials you need, it can be
expensive, extremely expensive."

Maryland lawmakers are working to curb those costs, thanks to money from the economic
recovery plan. Talking with students at Bowie State, Governor Martin O'Malley announced they
will freeze in-state tuition for the fourth year in a row. Maryland is the only state to do it during
the economic downturn.

The stimulus will also allow the state to increase state aid to community colleges by five percent
over the next two years. "The more families that find it within their grasp that they can send their
children to college, the more opportunity that creates for everyone in our state," said O'Malley.

Help is coming from the federal level as well. Congressional leaders are using money from the
stimulus to increase the Pell grant, which helps low income students pay for tuition, by $500. It
will help almost 2,000 students at Bowie State alone. "We want to make sure that every young
person in the state of Maryland and in the United States can follow their dream which means
access to financial help," said Sen. Barbara Mikulski.

Hall says state and federal financial help will allow him to get through school with less debt and
focus more on what he wants to do when he has that diploma in hand. "I'm hopeful soon I will see
some of the benefits the governor and the senators have explained to us today."

The state also plans to use some of the money for capital projects, which in part will fund the
construction of a new fine and performing arts center at Bowie.




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Colorado Daily.com
CU to recruit students to come back and finish degrees
Boulder campus earns $25,000 grant for its efforts
By BRITTANY ANAS
Monday, March 9, 2009

BOULDER, Colo. — The University of Colorado will recruit students who dropped out of college to
come back and finish their degrees, setting up a concierge-like service to link them with academic
advisers and help them find financial aid.

The state awarded CU a $25,000 grant to help bring back students who are 75 percent done with their
degrees and earned at least a "C" average, but never made it all the way to graduation.

The Boulder campus has a pool of about 900 students who left CU between 2002 and 2006 -- and
didn't graduate from other schools -- that it will try to bring back. Staff members will try tracking down
the former students, perhaps even through Facebook, according to university officials.

The Department of Higher Education awarded four $25,000 grants to state colleges, including CU.

Similar degree-completion programs will be launched at Adams State College and Metropolitan State
College of Denver. The University of Northern Colorado will use its grant to recruit Hispanic students,
with the Greeley campus helping them earn degrees in science, technology and math fields.

David Skaggs, executive director of the Colorado Department of Higher Education, said the grant is
part of a larger effort to grow the state's percentage of college graduates.

Higher education officials want to increase the percentage of adults with a college degree in the state
to 55 percent by 2025, which is a campaign supported by Gov. Bill Ritter. Now, about 40 percent of
Colorado adults have completed college -- earning at least an associate's degree -- while 37 percent
have done so nationwide, according to a state report.

Anne Heinz, CU's dean of continuing education, said the university will try to get its former students
back in college, even if it's not on the Boulder campus. Advisers will work one-on-one with students,
and refer them to other colleges or universities if CU doesn't seem to be a good fit, Heinz said.

"We want to try and understand why they didn't finish, and provide support so that they can earn
their degrees," Heinz said.

Heinz said that having a college degree opens up more career options.

A study from the College Board in 2006 showed that people with bachelor's degrees earned 73
percent more over the course of a working life than their peers who earned only a high school
diploma.

The continuing education office awards $100,000 in scholarships every year to students who are
considered "non-traditional" because they are 22 years or older.

CU will begin locating former CU students this month, with hopes to re-enroll students next year.




                                                                                                      146
USA Today
College freshmen study booze more than books
By MARY BETH MARKLEIN
Wednesday, March 11, 2009

Nearly half of college freshmen who drink alcohol spend more time drinking each week than they
do studying, suggests a survey involving more than 30,000 first-year students on 76 campuses
who took an online alcohol education course last fall.

Students who said they had at least one drink in the past 14 days spent an average 10.2 hours a
week drinking, and averaged about 8.4 hours a week studying, according to findings being
presented today at a conference in Seattle for campus student affairs officials. Nearly 70% of
respondents (20,801 students) said they drank. Of those, 49.4% spent more time drinking than
studying.

Gwendolyn Jordan Dungy, executive direct or of NASPA — Student Affairs Administrators in
Higher Education, says the findings surprised her because most literature describes the millennial
generation as responsible, close to parents, focused on their careers and dedicated to service.

"Our hope is that this new finding will motivate (campus and community leaders) to join us as we
redouble our efforts to de-emphasize the role of alcohol in college life," she says.

Her group is developing a training program with the study's sponsor, Outside The Classroom, a
Boston-based company that offers alcohol-prevention programs to colleges nationwide. Findings
are based on responses to the company's online alcohol education program, and on calculations
to estimate the average length of a drinking episode.

In most cases, all incoming students are encouraged to take the online course. Students were not
selected randomly, but "given that we have a good cross section of colleges and given the large
number of students involved, I'm confident these numbers give a pretty accurate picture," says
lead researcher William DeJong, a professor at Boston University School of Public Health.

Precise numbers are not available, or easy to calculate. The National Survey of Student
Engagement asked a question about studying last spring, and found that its 18,000 respondents
spent an average of 13.2 hours "preparing for class."

But the findings presented today are consistent with estimates based on an annual spring survey
of first-year students conducted by the Higher Education Research Institute at UCLA, which
surveys students at the end of their first year of college.

What's more important is the big picture, says John Pryor, managing director of the institute.

"The main point is that students spend a lot of time drinking compared to other things you would
want them to be doing in college."




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