Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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					SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED
      DISEASES
     WHY DO I CARE ABOUT THIS?

STDS ARE A DANGER TO EVERYONE WHO HAS SEX, EVEN
   ONCE. UNBORN CHILDREN ARE AT A RISK, TOO!




           UNTREATED, STDS CAN HAVE SERIOUS SIDE
     IF LEFT
     EFFECTS, INCLUDING:
 –    STERILITY (BEING UNABLE TO   –   LOW BIRTH RATE
      HAVE A CHILD)                –   PREMATURE BIRTH
 –    BRAIN DAMAGE                 –   INCREASED RISK FOR SOME
 –    HEART DISEASE                    TYPES OF CANCER
 –    BIRTH DEFECTS                –   DEATH
       SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED
             DISEASES


A DISEASE THAT CAN BE TRANSMITTED BY SEXUAL
 CONTACT; SOME STDS CAN BE TRANSMITTED BY
                OTHER MEANS.
      HOW ARE STDS SPREAD?

• STDS ARE SPREAD THROUGH CONTACT
  WITH:
  – INFECTED BODY FLUIDS
    • BLOOD, VAGINAL SECRETIONS, OR SEMEN
  – INFECTED SKIN OR MUCOUS MEMBRANES
    • FOR EXAMPLE, SORES IN THE MOUTH
       HIGH RISK ACTIVITIES
• ACTIVITIES THAT EXPOSE YOU        TO INFECTED
 BODY FLUIDS OR SKIN INCLUDE:
  – VAGINAL, ANAL, OR ORAL SEX WITHOUT
   PROPER USE OF A LATEX CONDOM OR OTHER
   BARRIER METHODS.
    • ANAL SEX IS ESPECIALLY RISKY BECAUSE IT OFTEN
      CAUSES BLEEDING.

  – SHARING NEEDLES OR SYRINGES FOR DRUG USE,
    EAR PIERCING, TATTOOING, ETC.
      LOW/NO RISK ACTIVITIES
• YOU CANNOT GET AN STD FROM EVERYDAY,
  NONSEXUAL ACTIVITIES, SUCH AS:
  – GIVING BLOOD
  – SITTING NEXT TO AN INFECTED PERSON
  – SITTING ON TOILET SEATS
  – SHARING EATING UTENSILS
  – TOUCHING DOORKNOBS
  – USING SWIMMING POOLS
WARNING!
SOME PICTURES
 ARE HIGHLY
  GRAPHIC
           WHAT’S OUT THERE?
MOST COMMON               COMMON
• GONORRHEA               •   CRABS/PUBIC LICE (3 MILL)
  (750,000/YEAR)          •   SYPHILIS (36,000)
• HERPES (45 MILL -       •   VAGINITIS
  500,000/YEAR - 1/4)     •   GENITAL W ARTS (20 MILL)
• CHLAMYDIA (4-8
  MILL/YEAR)
• HIV/AIDS (1.1/1 MILL)
• HEPATITIS
                      GONORRHEA
                         “THE CLAP”
SYMPTOMS (2-7 DAYS)               CURE?
• FEMALE:
   –
   –
       BURNING DURING URINATION
       YELLOW-GREEN DISCHARGE
                                          YES
   –   ABDOMINAL PAIN
   –   FEVER
   –   PAIN DURING INTERCOURSE    • ANTIBIOTICS
• MALE: (MORE LIKELY)                – THEY MUST   BE TAKEN AS
   – BURNING DURING URINATION          PRESCRIBED AND FOR THE
                                       FULL LENGTH OF
   – YELLOW-WHITE DISCHARGE
                                       PRESCRIPTION
GONORRHEA
   MALES
GONORRHEA
  FEMALES
GONORRHEA
                          HERPES
                (HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS 1 & 2)

SYMPTOMS: (2 – 20 DAYS)         CURE?
• MALE & FEMALE
   – SORES (FLUID-FILLED
     BUBBLES) ON LIPS, PENIS,
                                         NO
     VAGINA, AND/OR ANUS.
   – ITCHING, BURNING AND
     REDNESS

                                • VALTREX
                                  – TREATS SYMPTOMS,   BUT
                                    DOES NOT CURE THE VIRUS.
HERPES
 MALE
HERPES
 FEMALE
HERPES
                        CHLAMYDIA
SYMPTOMS (3 WEEKS)                  CURE?
• FEMALE:
   – RARELY ARE THERE
     SYMPTOMS
                         ANY                YES
   – WHEN SYMPTOMS     DO ARISE
     THEY ARE SIMILAR TO THOSE
     OF   GONORRHEA
                                    • ANTIBIOTICS (7-10 DAYS)
• MALE: (MORE LIKELY)
                                       – THEY MUST   BE TAKEN AS
   – RARELY SYMPTOMS                     PRESCRIBED AND FOR THE
   – WHEN SYMPTOMS DO ARISE              FULL LENGTH OF
     THEY ARE SIMILAR TO THOSE           PRESCRIPTION
     OF   GONORRHEA,   INCLUDING:
      • ITCHING/BURNING AROUND
          THE PENIS
CHLAMYDIA
                    SYPHILIS
• STAGE 1 (3 WEEKS)        • STAGE 2 (1-2 W EEKS)
  – RED, FIRM, PAINLESS      – RASH ON THE PALMS
    SORES FORM ON                AND SOLES OF THE FEET
    VAGINA, PENIS,           – FLU-LIKE SYMPTOMS
    RECTUM, OR MOUTH




• STAGE 3 (LATENT)         • STAGE 4
  – NO SYMPTOMS              –   DIFFICULTY WALKING
  – THE DISEASE IS STILL     –   NUMBNESS
    PRESENT DOING            –   GRADUAL BLINDNESS
    DAMAGE
                             –   POSSIBLE DEATH
  SYPHILIS SYMPTOMS
STAGE 1         STAGE 2
  SYPHILIS SYMPTOMS
STAGE 3         STAGE 4
                    SYPHILIS
• CURE?
  – EARLY STAGES = YES
    • ANTIBIOTICS
  – LATE STAGE(S) = NO
    • MEDICATION SHOULD STILL BE TAKEN TO PREVENT
      FURTHER DAMAGE, BUT THE EFFECTS THAT HAVE
      TAKEN PLACE ARE IRREVERSIBLE.
                         H.P.V.
SYMPTOMS: (WEEKS-MONTHS)        CURE?
• MALE & FEMALE
   – WHITE/FLESH-COLORED
     GROWTHS ON THE PENIS,
                                        NO
     ANUS, SCROTUM, VULVA, OR
     CERVIX.
   – THESE GROWTHS   DO NOT
     HURT OR ITCH
                                • REMOVAL TECHNIQUES
                                  – LASER REMOVAL,   FREEZING,
                                    NATURAL COMBATANT BY THE
                                    BODY.
GENITAL WARTS
                 “TREE MAN”
BEFORE SURGERY        AFTER SURGERY
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY
        SYNDROME
       A FEW FACTS OF AIDS:

• FIRST REPORTED IN THE U.S. IN 1981
• CAUSED BY THE HIV VIRUS
  – HIV BECOMES AIDS WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL CAN
    NO LONGER FIGHT OFF INFECTIONS.
    • HIV “LOAD COUNT” REACHES A NUMBER BELOW 200.
    • UNINFECTED INDIVIDUALS HAVE CD4 COUNTS OF AT
      LEAST 800.
     HIV : TRANSMISSION
• HIV CAN BE TRANSMITTED FROM AN
 INFECTED PERSON TO ANOTHER PERSON
 THROUGH:
  – BLOOD
  – SEMEN (ALSO KNOWN AS "CUM," THE FLUID
   RELEASED FROM THE PENIS WHEN A MALE
   EJACULATES)
  – VAGINAL FLUIDS
  – BREAST MILK
                    A.I.D.S.
 NOTE: MOST PEOPLE HAVE NO SYMPTOMS FOR UP TO 15 YEARS

SYMPTOMS:
• EXTREME WEAKNESS OR       • MINOR INFECTIONS THAT
  FATIGUE                      CAUSE SKIN RASHES AND
• RAPID WEIGHT LOSS            MOUTH, GENITAL, AND ANAL
                               SORES
• FREQUENT FEVERS THAT
  LAST FOR SEVERAL WEEKS    • WHITE SPOTS IN THE
  WITH NO EXPLANATION          MOUTH OR THROAT

• HEAVY SWEATING AT NIGHT   • CHRONIC DIARRHEA
• SWOLLEN LYMPH GLANDS      • A COUGH THAT WON'T GO
                               AWAY
                            • TROUBLE REMEMBERING
                               THINGS
AIDS SYMPTOMS
     AIDS: TREATMENT
• CURE?
  – NO
    • THERE ARE MEDICATIONS TO IMPROVE LIFE




  IF YOU    CONTRACT HIV YOU
         EVENTUALLY WILL DIE!
A.I.D.S. PREVALENCE IN U.S.
     Age (Years)      Estimated # of Cumulative
                      AIDS Cases in Estimated # of
                           2007      AIDS Cases,
                                    Through 2007*
      Under 13             28           9,209
     Ages 13-14            80           1,169
     Ages 15-19            455          6,089
     Ages 20-24           1,927         38,175
     Ages 25-29           3,380        120,464
     Ages 30-34           4,187        201,906
     Ages 35-39           5,888        219,601
     Ages 40-44           6,813        177,250
     Ages 45-49           5,749        112,896
     Ages 50-54           3,636         63,408
     Ages 55-59           2,040         34,160
     Ages 60-64            980          18,249
   Ages 65 or older        800          15,853

				
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