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					It’s a New Day in Alabama:
        New Clusters
and a New Course of Study
             Career Cluster Institute
                 June 17, 2008
                  Presenters:
  Paggie McSpadden, Education Administrator, SDE
     Meg Smith, Education Administrator, SDE
        Conclusions from “Outside
               Education”
• “American high schools are obsolete. By obsolete, I
  mean that our high schools, even when they are working
  exactly as designed, cannot teach our kids what they
  need to know today. Training the workforce of tomorrow
  with high schools of today is like trying to teach kids
  about today’s computers on a 50-year old mainframe.
  It’s the wrong tool for the times…..” Bill Gates
Immigration is projected to account
for more than half of our population
  growth between now and 2015.
• 47% of 16- to 24-year-olds are enrolled in neither
  high school nor college. (U.S. Bureau of Labor
  Statistics 2001)
Average Age of Postsecondary
    Student in Alabama is


       29…..
  According to former Secretary of
Education Richard Riley, the top 10 in-
 demand jobs in 2010 didn’t exist in
               2004.
“THIS WILL BE OUR GUIDE AS WE GO ABOUT THE
GOAL OF IMPROVING EDUCATION IN ALABAMA.

THESE GOALS SHOULD SERVE AS A COMMON

PLATFORM FOR ALL OF US BECAUSE AFTER ALL,
IT’S ALL ABOUT THE STUDENTS.   ”
JOSEPH B. MORTON, STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF
EDUCATION
    Career and Technical Education
Career and Technical Education is a rigorous,
     progressive, and vital part of the total
education system that provides students with
life skills and prepares them as a workforce in
  which business and industry are confident.
Alabama is currently preparing
    students for jobs in a
competitive global society that
    does not yet exist . . .
using technologies that haven’t been
            invented . . .
in order to solve problems we
don’t even know are problems
              yet.


     Edit…..David Warlick – Connect Learning
                      blog
So …
             Alabama's Transition
          THEN                       NOW
  Vocational Education     Career and Technical
                                Education
For a Few Students       For All Students
For a Few “Jobs”         For All “Careers”
•6 “Program Areas”       •16 Career Clusters
•Programs                •51 Pathways
                         •Programs of Study
In lieu of Academics     Aligns/Supports Academics

High School Focused      High School and
                         Postsecondary Partnerships
                 Alabama CTE
• 240,213 Students
• 2,138 Programs
• 2,450 Teachers
• 133 Local administrators + Data collectors
• 133 Local and State Operated Education
  Agencies (LEA)
• $250 million/year
    – State = 93%
    – Federal = 7%
Alabama Career Pathways        National Career Clusters
Agriscience
                                  Architecture and Construction
                             Business, Management & Administration
                                    Marketing, Sales & Service
                             Architecture, Food & Natural Resources


Business/Marketing
                                   Marketing, Sales & Service
                                    Information Technology
                                    Hospitality and Tourism
                             Business, Management & Administration
                                            Finance


Family and Human Services
                                          Human Services
                                              Finance
                               Resources for Education and Training
                             Arts, A/V Technology, and Communication
                              Business, Management & Administration
                                       Hospitality and Tourism

Health Science
                                         Health Services
                                         Human Services

Technical
                                    Architecture and Construction
                             Arts, A/V Technology, and Communication
                                           Human Services
                             Arts, A/V Technology, and Communication
                                            Manufacturing
                                   Law, Public Safety, and Security
                            Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math
            Cluster
             Common
            Broad Based
            Knowledge
             and Skills




Pathway      Pathway      Pathway
 Specific     Specific     Specific
Knowledge    Knowledge    Knowledge
   and          and          and
  Skills       Skills       Skills
Careers in designing, planning, managing,
    building and maintaining the built
               environment
                     Cluster
                   Architecture
                      And
                   Construction




   Pathway           Pathway         Pathway

    Design/         Construction   Maintenance/
Pre-Construction                    Operations
                 Design/Pre-Construction
                      English            Algebra I          Earth or Life or    World History                **Introduction to the Built Environment
          9                                                        Physical
                                                                   Science

                      English            Geometry           Biology             U.S. History to 1900         **The Language of Architecture and
S         10                                                                                                        Construction
E                                                                                                                   **Information Technology
C                                                                                                                   Applications
O                     English            Algebra II         Physics             US History to the
                                                                                                             **Safety, Health and the Workplace
N         11                                                                           Present
                                                                                                                     Environment
D                                                                                                            Principles of Design and Pre-
A                                                                                                                    Construction
R
Y
    College Placement Assessments-Academic/Career Advisement Provided
                      English            Trigonometry or    Chemistry            Government /                Introduction to Architectural Technology
          12                                    Pre-                                   Economics             Design and Pre-Construction Internship
                                                Calculus

                     English            Algebra or         Physics              Psychology/ Interpersonal Skills
                     Composition        Trigonometry
       Year 13
                     English
                     Literature
                     Speech/ Oral       Business           Environmental        Sociology           Business Law
       Year14        Communication      Accounting or      Science
                                        Calculus

       Year 15                                             Continue courses in the area of specialization.


       Year 16
                                          Construction
                     English              Algebra I         Earth or           World History                Introduction to the Built Environment
                                                            Life or
          9
S                                                           Physical
                                                                                                            The Language of Architecture and
                                                            Science
E                                                                                                           Construction
C                    English              Geometry          Biology            U.S. History to 1900         Information Technology Applications
          10
O
                                                                                                            **Safety, Health and the Workplace
N                    English              Algebra II        Physics            US History to the            Environment
D         11                                                                   Present
A
R   College Placement Assessments-Academic/Career Advisement                                                Application in Construction.
Y                    English              Construction      Chemistry          Government /
          12                              Math or                              Economics
                                          Statistics

                     English              Algebra or        Physics            Psychology/ Interpersonal Skills
       Year 13       Composition          Statistics
                     English Literature
                     Speech/ Oral         Business          Environmenta       Sociology        Business Law
       Year14        Communication        Accounting or     l Science
                                          Pre Calculus

       Year 15                                            Continue courses in the area of specialization.

       Year 16
               Maintenance/Operations
                       English             Algebra I           Earth or          World History               **Introduction to the Built
                                                               Life or                                               Environment
           9                                                   Physical
                                                               Science

S                      English             Geometry            Biology           U.S. History to 1900        **The Language of Architecture and
E         10                                                                                                        Construction
C                                                                                                                   **Information Technology
O                                                                                                                   Applications
                       English             Algebra II          Physics           US History to the
N
D         11                                                                            Present              **Safety, Health and the Workplace
A                                                                                                                   Environment
R
                                                                                                             Continue courses pertinent to the
Y
                                                                                                                    pathway selected.
    College Placement Assessments-Academic/Career Advisement
                       English             Dependent           Chemistry          Government /
          12                               on chosen                                    Economics
                                           pathway

                      English              Dependent on        Physics           Psychology/ Interpersonal Skills
                             Compositi           chosen
        Year 13
                             on                  pathway
                      English Literature
                      Speech/ Oral         Dependent on        Environmenta      Sociology
                      Communication              chosen               l          Business Law
        Year14
                                                 pathway              Scien
                                                                      ce

        Year 15                                            Continue courses in the area of specialization.

        Year 16
 Cluster          •Workforce Essentials                                                      Senior Project
Electives
                  Entrepreneurship                                                          Work-Based Experience Seminar                 Personal Finance
 Supporting       Power, Structure, and
  Pathways
                  Technical Systems
   Cluster        Introduction to Drafting        Construction: Site Preparation and Foundations   Electrical Technology                Plumbing and Pipefitting I
 Knowledge                                         Construction: Framing                                                                  Plumbing and Pipefitting II
                  Design                                                                             Basic Wiring
  and Skill-                                                                                                                               Plumbing and Pipefitting III
                  Intermediate Drafting           Construction: Finishing and Interior Systems     Residential Wiring
   based
                                                   Cabinetmaking I                                                                        Electrical Technology
  Courses         Design                                                                             Industrial Wiring
                                                   Cabinetmaking II                                                                       Basic Wiring
                  Advanced Drafting Design                                                          Commercial Wiring
                                                   Cabinetmaking III                                                                      Residential Wiring
                  Introduction to                                                                   Motor Control                        Industrial Wiring
                                                   Carpentry I
                  Architectural Design             Carpentry II                                     Advanced Motor Control               Commercial Wiring
                  Intermediate Architectural      Carpentry for Industrial Specialties             National Electrical Code and         Motor Control
                  Design                           Carpentry for Commercial Specialties             Journeyman’s Preparation              Advanced Motor Control
                  Advanced Architecture           Carpentry for Residential Interiors              Direct Current                       National Electrical Code and
                  Design                           Carpentry for Residential Exteriors              Alternating Current                  Journeyman’s Preparation
                  Three-Dimensional Solid         Introduction to Masonry                          Electromechanical Controls           Direct Current
                                                   Block Wall Construction                                                                Alternating Current
                  Model Design I                                                                     Introduction to Welding
                                                   Residential Masonry I                                                                  Electromechanical Controls
                  Three-Dimensional Solid                                                           Applied Welding I with Plasma
                                                   Residential Masonry II                                                                 Basic Compression Refrigeration
                  Model Design II                                                                    Arc Cutting                           Introduction to Heating, Ventilation,
                                                   Composite Masonry Construction
                  Structural Drafting             Commercial Masonry                               Applied Welding II with              Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
                  Safety and Health               Masonry in High-Rise Construction                Carbon Arc Cutting                    Heating, Ventilation, Air-
                  Regulations                      Masonry Special Applications and Finishes        Applied Welding III with             Conditioning, and Refrigeration
                                                   Specialty Masonry Construction                   Groove Welds and Inspection           Maintenance
                                                   Safety and Health Regulations                    Applied Welding IV with              Introduction to Electricity for
                                                                                                     Advanced Groove Welds and             Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning
                                                                                                                                           and Refrigeration Systems
                                                                                                     Testing
                                                                                                                                           Heating, Ventilation, Air-
                                                                                                     Gas Metal Arc Welding
                                                                                                                                           Conditioning and Refrigeration
                                                                                                     Flux Core Arc Welding                Electrical Components and Controls
                                                                                                     Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I           Refrigerants
                                                                                                     Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II          Commercial Refrigeration
                                                                                                                                           Heating and Heat Pump Systems
                                                                                                                                           Safety and Health Regulations


                                                         Foundation Course: Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing

Pathway                  Design and                                                   Construction                                                      Operation
                       Preconstruction
            Middle School and Junior High School Exploration Optional Course: Career Cluster Technologies I, Career Cluster Technologies II, Career Cluster Explorations

                                                   Architecture and Construction Cluster Course Offerings
Will each school system
 support 16 clusters?
          – 1st - Labor market demand

          – 2nd - Alignment of existing
            resources to labor market
            demand

          – 3rd - Student interest
  Agriculture &      Architecture &    Arts, Audio/Video      Business &
Natural Resources     Construction        Technology,        Administration
                                       & Communications




  Education &           Finance          Government &        Health Science
    Training                                Public
                                         Administration




  Hospitality &     Human Services        Information            Law &
    Tourism                               Technology          Public Safety




 Manufacturing      Retail/Wholesale   Scientific Research   Transportation,
                    Sales & Service      & Engineering       Distribution, &
                                                                Logistics
Will each school system
support all pathways within a
     cluster?
               – 1st - Labor market demand

               – 2nd - Alignment of existing
                 resources to labor market
                 demand

               – 3rd - Student interest
Cluster    Workforce Essentials                                   Senior Career Pathway Project
Elective   Entrepreneurship                                       Cooperative Education Seminar
   s       Personal Finance




Support    Accounting                                             Legal Services                                              Visual Arts
  ing      Banking Services                                       Visual Arts
Pathwa     Insurance                                              Recreation, Travel, and Tourism
   ys      Marketing Communications and Promotion

Cluster    Commerce Communication                                 Commerce Communication                                      Business Technology Applications—Advanced
Knowle     Accounting                                             Management Principles                                       Multimedia Design
dge and    Law In Society                                         Business Finance                                            Information Technology Support and Services
 Skill-    Management Principles                                  Information Technology Support and Services                 Computer Management and Support
 Based                                                             Computer Management and Support
Course
   s




                                                     Foundation Courses: Business Technology Applications or Business Essentials
Pathwa             Corporate and General Management                               Administrative Services                                      Business Information Technology
  ys




                                          Middle and Junior High School Optional Courses: Career Cluster Explorations, Computer Essentials

Cluster Course Offerings

                                                                                                 Career clusters in Alabama include courses that identify academic and technical knowledge and
                                                                                                 skills needed for students to pursue a wide range of career opportunities. Courses provide rigor
                                                                                                 and relevance for students by linking school-based learning with career-related experiences.
                                                                                                 Career clusters provide the framework for what students need to know and be able to do for success
                                                                                                 in the twenty-first century.
               Courses of Study
• State Mandate

• Curriculum Development
  – Committee
  – Courses of Study
  – Plans of Instruction
                                       Accounting
                                                                                                     Ethics
Accounting is a one-credit course designed to help students understand the basic principles of
the accounting cycle. This course provides a comprehensive introduction to basic financial              9. Distinguish between ethical and unethical business decisions in the accounting profession.
accounting, including analyzing and recording business transactions, preparing and
interpreting financial statements, demonstrating generally accepted accounting principles, and
performing banking and payroll activities.
                                                                                                     Banking and Cash Control Functions
Future Business Leaders of America-Phi Beta Lambda (FBLA-PBL) and the Association for
Marketing Students (DECA) are cocurricular components of this course. Student
organizations enhance classroom instruction, develop leadership skills, and provide                     10. Apply banking and cash control functions to checks, deposits, reconciliation, petty cash, online and electronic
opportunities for professional growth and service.                                                          banking, and related journal entries.

Technology
                                                                                                     Payroll Functions
Students will:
                                                                                                        11. Apply payroll functions to employee and employer records.
 1.    Use technologies needed to perform job functions in the field of accounting.
         Examples: accounting software, computer numeric keypad, spreadsheets, income                        Examples: calculating gross pay and deductions, journalizing and posting tax and payroll entries
                     tax software


Career Opportunities
                                                                                                     Tax Preparation
 2.    Determine career and entrepreneurial opportunities, responsibilities, and educational            12. Demonstrate correct procedures for completing federal, state, and local income tax forms.
       and credentialing requirements related to accounting professions.


Accounting Procedures                                                                                General Accepted Accounting Principles
 3.    Differentiate among sole proprietorship, partnership, and corporation accounting                 13. Interpret generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).
       operations as they relate to service and merchandising businesses.                                     Examples: adequate disclosure, business entity
 4.    Apply steps of the accounting cycle for service and merchandising businesses using
       manual and electronic methods.
                                                                                                     Leadership
 5.    Analyze the accounting equation for the purpose of relating it to the accounting cycle.
         Examples: journalizing and posting transactions, reporting financial statements
                                                                                                        14. Demonstrate skills in communication, leadership, and teamwork.
 6.    Interpret data from a variety of financial statements, including verifying data for               Applying problem-solving and critical-thinking skills to resolve workplace conflict
       business reports and creating charts and graphs for accurate reporting.

 7.    Explain accounting functions of fixed assets and depreciation.

 8.    Utilize research results to analyze current accounting practices as they relate to service,
       manufacturing, and merchandising businesses.
                                                                       Course Title:
                                                 (The title of the course as stated in the course of study.)
Unit:    The title/topic that describes the content being taught in the unit.

                          A content standard is the statement that identifies what the student will know and be able to do at the completion of the
     Content
                          course.
 Standard(s) and
    Depth of
                          DOK identifies the Depth of Knowledge level of the content standard(s) as indicated by the number assigned to each level.
   Knowledge
                          (Level 1, 2, 3, or 4)
    Level(s):




   Learning               A learning objective is the expected behavior of the learner as he/she engages in learning the content knowledge and skills
Objective(s) and          included in the unit that leads to the mastery of the content standard(s).
   Depth of
  Knowledge               DOK identifies the Depth of Knowledge level of the learning objectives as indicated by the number assigned to each level.
   Level(s):              (Level 1, 2, 3, or 4)


                      An Essential Question is a question that narrows the focus of learning. Essential Questions are written in a way that challenges
Essential             higher order thinking and promotes in-depth investigation. Therefore, they are not questions that can be answered with a simple
Question(s):          “yes” or “no”. They are limited in number.

                                                            Suggested Instructional Activities                     Suggested Materials, Equipment, and
               Content Knowledge
                                                        Rigor & Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                             Technology Resources
                                                                                                               The necessary materials, equipment, and
The major topics/content to be taught in the unit.    The methods/instructional activities used to             technology resources used in the unit to teach
                                                      teach the course content in the unit.                    the content knowledge and skills required in
                                                                                                               the unit.
                                                      RRF identifies the Quadrant from the Rigor and
                                                      Relevance Framework for each learning activity
                                                      in the unit. (Quadrant A, B, C, or D)


Unit                  The strategies used to evaluate the students mastery of content, content standard(s), and learning objective(s) included in the
Assessment:          unit.
Unit/Course
CTSO Activity:      A CTSO activity/learning experience/project integrated into the unit or course.



Unit/Course
Culminating
Product:            The final assessment piece for the unit or course. It is both a demonstration of a student’s learning and extension of that learning.




Course/Program Credential(s):          Credential      Certificate     Postsecondary Degree        University Degree

                                       Other:


The credential or certificate awarded to the student at the end of the high school course/ program or the credential, certificate, or degree awarded at
the end of a postsecondary/higher education course/ program.

Note: To check the appropriate box, double right click on the box and then change “Not checked” to “Checked” and then click ok.
                                                             Course Title: Accounting

Unit:    Technology, Career Opportunities and Leadership

                        The student will:
    Content             1. Use technologies needed to perform job functions in the field of accounting.
Standard(s) and               Examples: accounting software, computer numeric keypad, spreadsheets, income tax software
   Depth of             2. Determine career and entrepreneurial opportunities, responsibilities, and educational and credentialing requirements
  Knowledge                 related to accounting professions.
   Level(s):            14. Demonstrate skills in communication, leadership, and teamwork.
                                 Applying problem-solving and critical-thinking skills to resolve workplace conflict



   Learning             The student will:
Objective(s) and        1. Research and identify the jobs that correspond with the field of accounting.
   Depth of             2. Access how personal interests and skills, values, and lifestyle goals affect one’s career choices.
  Knowledge             3. Describe an entrepreneur and entrepreneurial opportunities in the accounting field.
   Level(s):            4. Demonstrate skill in communication.


Essential            What information do students need in order to evaluate, analyze, and apply before making accounting career decisions?
Question(s):

                                                     Suggested Instructional Activities Rigor &             Suggested Materials, Equipment and
               Content Knowledge
                                                          Relevance Framework (Quadrant)                            Technology Resources
I.      Accounting Careers                         5+1                                                  Textbooks/Workbooks
        1. Certified Public Accountants            Group Investigation                                  Presenters
        2. Managerial Accountants                  Collaborative Learning                               Presentation & Word Processing Software
        3. Financial Accountants                   Fieldtrips/Virtual Fieldtrips                        Rubrics
        4. Accounting Clerks/Bookkeepers           Guest Speakers                                       S.W.O.T. Form
                                                   Research                                             Interactive Whiteboards
II.     Educational or Credentialing               Note taking                                          Videos
        Requirements                               Oral Presentation--2 minute talk                     Internet Sites:
                                                   Video                                                     census.gov
III.    Entrepreneurial Opportunities (opening     S.W.O.T. Analysis                                          DOL.gov
        or maintaining a business)                 KWHL                                                       salaries.com
                                                                                                              United Streaming
                                                                                                        Podcasting
Unit              Short Investigations, Research Projects, Learning Logs, Exhibitions, Oral Presentations, Participation in Discussion, Project and
Assessment:       Project Presentation, Quizzes, and Tests

Unit/Course       FBLA/DECA members will participate in Job Shadow Day experience.
CTSO Activity:    FBLA/DECA members will sponsor or participate in a Job Fair.



Unit/Course     PowerPoint presentation on accounting careers
Culminating
Product:
Course/Program Credential(s): ×Credential Certificate         Postsecondary Degree            University Degree
     Other:
Student Thinking   Student Thinking &
                        Working




 Teacher Working   Teacher/Student
                       Working
 Resources for you and your students:
• www.careerclusters.org The National Career
  Cluster Website
• www.AlabamaMentor.com Employment, career
  information, college information and links, interest
  inventory
• www.alcareertech.org Alabama Career and
  Technical website
• www.altechprep.org Alabama Tech Prep website
  (career information)
www.alsde.edu