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									                  UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN                                         1
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                 PREPARED FOR:




                                                                                                                                             CONSOLIDATED REPORT
                                                                  PREPARED BY:
                      IYER ROTHAUG COLLABORATIVE                                  MASEKO HLONGWA ASSOCIATES
                          SUITE 94, 89 DAVENPORT ROAD                                       185 BURGER STREET
                                    DURBAN, 4001                                          PIETERMARITZBURG, 3201
                                 TEL: (031) 202 9550                                         TEL: (033) 394 5723
                                 FAX: (031) 202 9551                                         FAX: (033) 394 5715
                            EMAIL: iyerrothaug@icon.co.za                                 EMAIL: maseko@iafrica.com
                                                                  ON BEHALF of:
                                                   THE INDEPENDENT DEVELOPMENT TRUST
                                                              GLENWOOD ofFICE PARK
                                                        P.O.BOX 73000, LYNWOOD RIDGE, 0043
                                                                TEL: (012) 361 7000
                                                                FAX: (012) 348 1089


                                                                  AUGUST 2002

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                       SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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           INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 FOREWORD

       The uMkhanyakude Integrated District Plan (IDP) maps the needs of the community and also sets up strategies that
       will be used in addressing the needs as highlighted by the communities through the process of consultation.

       UMkhanyakude being a new Municipality is proud that it was able to produce its IDP which will serve as a
       barometer and compass in the long and challenging journey of service delivery. It is hoped that this IDP will rate
       amongst the best, not only in the KwaZulu-Natal Province but National and Internationally.

       In developing this IDP, all stakeholders spent sleepless nights and toiled daily. In the process, there were
       opportunities to learn from each other. For example, other Municipalities studied our document, and we studied
       theirs, thus enabling us to share valuable experiences. Surely, this is intergovernmental relations in action.

       UMkhanyakude District Municipality proudly presents this road map of our long journey of championing
       development and breaking the chains of poverty in the District at large and to the country as a whole. We also know
       very well that winds and storms will come and create needs for us to change the sign post from time to time for better
       direction.

 •     We sincerely thank our Councilors, Municipal Manager, The Heads of Department and Officials, all the
       Stakeholders( Public and non- Public Sectors) Amakhosi, and the community at large.

       With this IDP we are able and we SHALL make it..

       CLLR LM MTHOMBENI
       DISTRICT MAYOR
       UMKHAMYAKUDE DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                         SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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 SECTION 1 : INTRODUCTION                                   SECTION 3: THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
 1.1 BACKGROUND…………………………………………………… Page 6                  3.1 PURPOSE of THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK …………… Page 30

 1.2 TERMS of REFERENCE…………………………………..…… Page 7             3.2 SETTING THE STRATEGIC AGENDA …………….………….. Page 30

 1.3 METHODOLOGY……………………………………….………… Page 7                 3.3 DEVELOPING THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK………..…… Page 31

 1.4 THE STRUCTURE of THIS REPORT………………………… Page 9          3.4 THE OVERARCHING VISION ………………………..…...…… Page 32

                                                            3.5 ORGANISING THE PRIORITY ISSUES ………...………..…… Page 33




                                                                                                                              TABLE 0F CONTENTS
                                                            3.6 FILTERING THE STRATEGIC FOCUS AREAS ……………… Page 34
 SECTION 2: CURRENT REALITY
                                                            3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS …………….………….. Page 35
 2.1 THE DISTRICT AT A GLANCE…………..………………..…… Page 11
                                                            3.8 THE STRATEGIC PROGRAMMES …………….……………… Page 40
 2.2 THE LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES…………………………………. Page 12

 2.3 SPATIAL ANALYSIS……………………………………………            Page 13

 2.4 THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT……………………………… Page 15            SECTION 4: THE IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK
 2.5 NATURAL RESOURCE BASE & AGRICULTURE…………. Page 17       4.1 PURPOSE of THE IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK…..          Page 89

 2.6 TOURISM WITHIN THE District……………………………       Page 18   4.2 THE SPATIAL FRAMEWORK………….…………………..…… Page 90

 2.7 THE PEOPLE of THE District……….………………..……     Page 19   4.3 THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK……...………………….. Page 95

 2.8 THE ECONOMY of THE District…………….………..……     Page 22   4.4 THE FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK……...……………….……….. Page 103

 2.9 THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT………….………..…… Page 25      4.5 AIDS/HIV FRAMEWORK……...…………………………..…….. Page 114

 2.6 PRIORITY ISSUES…………………………………………..…… Page 26            4.6 DISASTER MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK……………...……Page 115

                                                            5 CONCLUSION……………………………………………..………Page 116


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                      SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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                                                  ABREVIATIONS
   •     ABET – Adult basic Education and Training
   •     DMA – District Management Area                           •   NGO – Non-Government Organization
   •     CBO – Community Based Organization                       •   LED – Local Economic Development
   •     GSWLP – Greater St Lucia Wetland Park                    •   LUMS - Land Utilization Management System
   •     GGP – Gross Geographic Product                           •   NDA – National Development Agency
   •     DPLG – Department of Provincial and Local Government     •   LRAD – Land For Rural Agricultural Development
   •     DTLGA – Department of Traditional and Local Government   •   LG – Local Government
         Affairs                                                  •   SAPS – South African Police Services
   •     DOA – Department of Agriculture                          •   SDI – Spatial Development Initiative
   •     DAEA – Department of Agriculture and Environmental       •   SMME – Small Micro and Medium Enterprise
         Affairs                                                  •   RDP – Reconstruction and Development Programme
   •     DTI – Department of Trade and Industry                   •   UDM – UMkhanyakude District Municipality
   •     DBSA – Development Bank of Southern Africa               •   SANDF – South African National Defense Force
   •     DEDT – Department of Economic Development and Tourism    •   PIA – Programme Implementing Agent
   •     DEAT - Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism   •   TIK – Trade Investment KwaZulu-Natal
   •     FET – Further Education and Training                     •   TB – Tuberculosis
   •     DWAF – Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism   •   WSP – Water Service Plan
   •     GCIS – Government Communication Information Systems      •   CDF – Capital Development Fund
   •     DLA – Department of Land Affairs                         •   CMIP – Consolidated Municipal Infrastructure Programme
   •     DIS – Digital Information Systems                        •   IDC – Independent Development Corporation
   •     CBPWP – Community Based Public Works Programmes          •   LBSC – Local Business service Centre
   •     DM – District Municipality                               •   MSIGP – Municipal Systems Improvement Grant programme
   •     IDP – Integrated Development Plan                        •   PIA – Programme Implementing Agent
   •     ISRDP – Integrated Sustainable and Rural Development     •   UNAID – United Nations Aid
         Programme                                                •   WSD – Water Service provider
   •     IDT – Independent Development Trust                      •   VIP – Ventilated Improved Pit ( Latrine)
   •     MEC – Member of Executive Committee
   •     LA21 – Local Agenda 21


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                        SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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SECTION 1 : INTRODUCTION                                                                          THE IDP PROCESS
1.1 BACKGROUND                                                                                    PHASE           1:       Assessment of existing
                                                                                                                           development
The recent local government elections of 5 December 2000 held across the country marked           ANALYSIS                 Priority issues     or
the end of the transitional phase of local government and introduced new democratic and fully                              problems
fledged local government. Allied to this has been the restructuring of municipal boundaries
through the demarcation process. In line with fostering developmental local government, there
has been legislation supporting the transformation of local government, most notably chapter 5
of the Municipal Systems Act 42 of 2000 which stipulates that each municipality prepares and
adopts an Integrated Development Plan (IDP) for its area of jurisdiction. Integrated              PHASE      2:            The vision, Objectives,
                                                                                                                           Strategies,
development planning has to be done in alignment with the municipal boundaries as per the         STRATEGIES




                                                                                                                                                        1. 1 BACKGROUND
                                                                                                                           Identified projects
Local Government Municipal Demarcation Act 27 of 1998. The diagram on the right indicates in
broad terms the process and contents of an IDP.
The Municipal Systems Act 42/ 2000, stipulates that the minimum requirements of an
Integrated Development Plan(IDP) must include:                                                                             Performance indicators,
    • The municipal council‟s Vision for the long term development, with special emphasis on      PHASE           3:       Project outputs, targets,
                                                                                                  PROJECTS                 Project related activities
      the municipalities most critical development and internal transformation needs.                                      and time schedule, Cost
    • An assessment of the existing level of development in the municipality, including                                    and budget estimates
      identification of communities who do not have access to basic municipal services.
    • Priorities and objectives for the term of office of the council, including local economic
      development strategies.                                                                     PHASE       4:           Sectoral Programmes ,
                                                                                                                           5       year     capital
    • Development strategies which must be aligned with national, provincial and basic            INTEGRATION              investment programme,
      principles of planning requirements.                                                                                 Integrated       Spatial
    • A spatial planning framework which must include the provision of basic guidelines for a                              Development
                                                                                                                           Framework, Institutional
      land use management system for a municipality.                                                                       plan
    • A disaster management plan.
    • A financial plan which must include a budget projection for at least three years.           PHASE           5:
    • A waste management plan.                                                                    APPROVAL
    • A water services development plan.
    • Key performance indicators and performance targets determined in terms of section 41.
 `
UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                            SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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1.2 TERMS of REFERENCE                                                              1.3 METHODOLOGY
This report represents the completion of the IDP and the culmination of Phase       Working within the guidelines of the IDP, the project team have
4, the Integration Phase. The report has been prepared by Iyer Rothaug              established the integration report through a workshopping process with
Collaborative and Maseko Hlongwa & Associates under the auspices of the             District Municipality representatives.
Independent Development Trust (IDT) in extending support to the District
Municipality. The IDT is currently managing the implementation of the               Given that this report represents a culmination of work undertaken by
Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Strategy (ISRDS) where the                 the District previously, it draws from existing documents completed as
Umkhanyakude District has been selected as one of thirteen nodes within the         part of the earlier phases of the IDP process. In this regard, whilst not
                                                                                    referencing individual parts of the document, the project team




                                                                                                                                                                1. 2 TERMS of REFERENCE
country to pilot the implementation of the programme. The IDP therefore
represents an important starting point in this process.                             acknowledges the work undertaken by the consulting team PS2 which
                                                                                    has been used as a platform for this report..
The approach adopted by the team in consolidating the IDP has been :                The diagram on the next page illustrates the broad process that the
   • to build on the existing base and previous phases of the IDP as                team adopted in developing the integration report.
     undertaken by the District and their consultant teams;
   • to ensure that a strategic approach is adopted in the integration phase
     acknowledging that the IDP, at a District level in particular, needs to be a
     strategic instrument;
   • to focus on the consolidation of efforts in the integration phase as
     opposed to refining a phase by phase process;
   • to harmonise and integrate priority areas identified in the analysis phase;
   • to focus on creating a management tool and identifying those essential
     ingredients of the IDP required to facilitate development in its most
     tangible sense and which sets an appropriate base for the municipality to
     operate effectively;
   • to establish in the integration process a clear linkage between the
     analysis phase with the policy, strategy and programmes phases; and
   • to develop a clear implementation framework as basis for further
     development.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                             SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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INTEGRATION PROCESS / METHODOLOGY


        1.                                                               KEEP FOCUS             CAPITAL
                                                   DEFINE
                                                                             3- 5             OPERATIONAL
     REVIEW of                                     District
                                                                         STRATEGIES          INSTITUTIONAL
     ANALYSIS                                     APPROACH
                                                                        PER PROGRAM.           PROMOTION



         2.                                                 3.                                 PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                      1.4 METHODOLOGY
        LIST                                           STRATEGIC




                                                                                                                     IMPLEMENTATION
                                  VISION              PROGRAMME          STRATEGY              PROJECTS
     PRIORITY




                                                                                                                       PROGRAMME
      ISSUES                                           -Clustering
                                                                                               PROJECTS
                                                    -Seek Integration




                                                                                                                           4.
                                                                                               PROJECTS
     ISSUE                                                               STRATEGY              PROJECTS
   STATEMENT
                                                                                               PROJECTS
  OBJECTIVES/
     KPIs
                                                                                                SPATIAL FRAMEWORK
   RESOURCE                                                                                   CAPITAL INVEST. FRAME.
  FRAMEWORK
                                                                                                OPERATIONAL FRAME.
                                                                                               SECTOR PLANS BRIEFS


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                           SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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1.4 THE STRUCTURE of THIS REPORT                                                                                         PAGES 4 - 8
The focus of this report is integrating previous phases and creating a clear
framework to bridge the gap between analysis and implementation. It is structured
in a succinct manner presenting key information covering all aspects of the IDP. As
such the report presents a summary of the analysis, the strategy and
implementation phases. The report structure and contents are described below and
in the diagram on the right.




                                                                                                                                                 1.4 STRUCTURE of THE REPORT
                                                                                                                         PAGES 9 - 27
   • Section1 : Introduction, sets out the background and approach to the
     integration report.

   • Section 2: Current Reality, provides a synthesis of issues and establishes a
     broad profile for the District. Importantly this sub-section contains the priority
     issues identified as part of the IDP process through the relevant participation
     structures. These issues form the basis of the strategic framework.
                                                                                                                         PAGES 28 - 73
   • Section 3: Strategic Framework, sets out a clear framework linking priorities
     with strategies and in developing projects to give effect to the strategies
     adopted. Importantly, the strategic framework phase is based on a previously
     prepared strategy working document where considerable involvement of local
     stakeholders has taken place and where shared objectives have been
     established. These objectives have not been altered.

   • Section 4: Implementation Framework, is based on the previous phases and
                                                                                                                         PAGES 74 -
     establishes clear management frameworks to assist the municipality in
     achieving integrated development. These frameworks include a Spatial
     Framework, a Capital Investment Framework, an Operational Plan and an
     Institutional Framework. Whilst the guidelines suggests the need for a range of
     sector plans, the project team has established that the elements to be
     contained within this report, as listed above, are those which are considered as
     the basic ingredients required for effective management and delivery.
UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                           SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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                                  SECTION 2: THE CURRENT REALITY




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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2.1 THE District AT A GLANCE
Umkhanyakude District is situated in the north-
eastern part of KwaZulu Natal, extending from
the Mfolozi River up to the Mozambique border,
being bonded on the east by the Greater St Lucia
Wetland Park which encompasses the entire
coastline onto the Indian Ocean. Umkhanyakude
encompasses the hole of the former Uphongolo
Sub region and part of the Imfolozi Sub region.




                                                                                                               2.1 THE District AT A GLANCE
The District Municipality is a newly formed entity
in terms of the recent Demarcation process and
incorporates some of the poorest and most
underdeveloped regions of KwaZulu Natal. The
District has an estimated population of 504 000.
The District comprises of the following local
municipalities; KZ 271 uMhlabuyalingana; KZ 272
Jozini; KZ 273 Big Five False Bay; KZ274
Hlabisa; and KZ 275 Mtubatuba.
•KZDMA 27 (encompassing Mkuze, Hluhluwe,
Umfolozi Game Reserves, Greater St.Lucia
Wetland Park)
The District is largely rural with the only
substantial formalised town being Mtubatuba in
the south. However there are several towns
which are growing rapidly such as Manguzi,
Jozini, Mkuze and to a lesser extent, Mbazwana.
The District experiences severe backlogs in the
provision of infrastructure and services. The
District also requires investment in building the
institutional capacity within the District itself and
in the local municipal entities.

                                                                            MAP 1 : PROVINCIAL CONTEXT

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality         SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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                                                                                     MAP 2 : THE LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES
2.2 THE LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES

  AREA COVERED BY LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES
                      TOTAL AREA = 12 819 SQ KM


                                  Mtubatuba




                                                                                                                             2.2 THE LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES
                                     5%
                                                  Big Five False
         uMhlabuya-                                     Bay
           lingana                                      9%
             29%
                                                        Hlabisa
                                                          11%




                Jozini                                 KZDMA27
                 24%                                     22%




  Source: Demarcation Board 2000

 • The total area covered by the uMkhanyakude District
   Municipality is 12 819 square kilometres
 • The District Municipality includes five local municipalities and
   one District Management Area (DMA).
 • The DMA, together with uMhlanbuyalingana and the Jozini Local
   Municipalities, cover 75% of the total area of the District
   Municipality.
 • The DMA is made up of the Greater St Lucia Area, the
   Hhluhluwe-Umfolozi and the Mkuze Nature reserves




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                       SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
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2.3 SPATIAL ANALYSIS                                                        MAP 3 : LAND USE AND LAND POTENTIAL
The fact that almost two thirds of the District is bounded by
either ocean or international boundaries are special features to
this District that require particular strategies to promote
conservation and Trans-border access;

The N2 and part of the Lubombo mountains form a physical
divide within the District which needs to be bridged to improve
accessibility throughout the District

Major access paths run north/south – N2, R22 and MR439




                                                                                                                            2.3 SPATIAL ANALYSIS
(SDI road) and need to be reinforced through environmental
management and infrastructure to emerging settlements along
them.

Better east-west access paths need to be established, to
improve accessibility to those in the hinterland to tourism and
LED opportunities along the coast.

There is a dearth of tourist facilities in the northern portion of
the District;
Overall it appears that there is an imbalance of infrastructure
and facilities provision favouring the southern half of the
District.

The most extensive land use in DC 27 is
vacant/unspecified/grazing areas specifically in the Traditional
Authority areas. These areas could be considered as under-
utilised and require strategies to utilise them appropriately.

Other significant land uses include dispersed areas of
commercial agriculture, which given the areas of high and
medium agricultural potential there are significant
opportunities for expansion.

Other than the established settlements within the District there
are a number of emerging settlements and individual tourist
attractions
  UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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The uncontrolled sprawl of residential settlements will result              MAP 4: EXISTING LAND USE & DENSITY
in the costly and inefficient provision of services.

The encroachment of residential and commercial land uses
onto major road reserves is creating a potential traffic hazard
in some places and negatively impacts on the aesthetic
quality of the area as seen from the road.

There is a poor distribution of community facilities in certain
parts of the District.

The long and relatively undeveloped coastline provides many




                                                                                                                         2.3 SPATIAL ANALYSIS
economic opportunities which have not been explored to
date.

A significant part of the area is reserved as conservation
areas, both Private and State owned – these have
implications for adjoining resident populations in terms of
tourist opportunities and access.

The extremely low-density rural settlement clusters constitute
a problem for servicing them in a sustainable manner, in
terms of unit costs of materials and maintenance in relation
to potential cost retrieval.

There are a number of settlements, which have experienced
significant growth in populations and are under extreme
pressure in terms of the provision of potable water and
sanitation to their residents.

There is a proposed hierarchy of nodes set out in the draft
Regional Development Plan which attributes particular
functions and facilities to these centres. This framework
needs to be examined in light of the more detailed local
municipality spatial frameworks.

The effect on the emergence of new settlements along the
N2 and the new SDI route is result in a need and demand for
additional services and housing.
  UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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2.4 THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT                                                       MAP 5: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Within the District, there are publicly owned game and nature
reserves of total area 439479 ha, and the privately owned
game reserves and game farms of a total area of 62595ha.

The biological communities within them form the basis of the




                                                                                                                        2.4 THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
present ecotourism developments, as well as hunting, game
farming and fishing activities.

From a biodiversity and cultural heritage perspective the area
is unique and valuable, even at a world scale. The land
outside the protected areas needs also to be managed
effectively in a total landscape and environmental
management approach.
The natural resources of the area are used extensively for
food, crafts, construction and traditional healing purposes,
and need to be managed in a sustainable way.




 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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Significant environmental issues within the District are as follows :

Health                                                                        Aesthetic
  • Malaria – The roll back malaria campaign is gaining ground, but             • Extensive areas of commercial agriculture have a negative impact
     malaria is still endemic to the area, affecting local health and the         on visual qualities and ecotourism.
     tourism industry.                                                          • Poor appearances of towns from uncontrolled and poor
  • Cholera – Outbreaks occur, and the provision of potable water, good           development and litter create a depressing image.
                                                                                • There is the need to broaden, co – ordinate and extend




                                                                                                                                                         2.4 THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
     sanitation and hygiene is required.
                                                                                  environmental education in the area.
Pollution                                                                     Resource conservation issues.
   • Poor solid waste disposal is a problem for the towns and holiday           • The spread of intensive forms of commercial agriculture is a threat,
     resorts of the area.                                                         including small scale timber planting.
   • Proper sanitation is lacking for most homes within the District.           • Soil erosion and the loss of topsoil occur on steeper land in
   • High water tables that are easily contaminated occur, particularly           traditional authority areas.
     within the Umhlabuyalingana Local Municipality.                            • Settlement and unsustainable exploitation of the Dukuduku Forest
   • Commercial agricultural pollution from fertilizers and pesticides is         and Kosi Bay swamp forest occurs
     present, and will be a growing threat with the spread of commercial        • There is unsustainable use of some of the indigenous plant
     agriculture.                                                                 resources of the area.
                                                                                • Alien plant invasion, for example by Chromolaena odorata, is a
                                                                                  widespread problem.
Hazards                                                                         • There is typically overstocking and overgrazing in traditional local
  • Potential for flooding occurs in low lying areas along the major rivers       authority areas.
    of the District, such as the Umfolozi , Mkuze and Pongola Rivers.           • Environmental activities of the various role players could be better
  • Spillages of polluting liquids from accidents on the N2 highway and           co – coordinated.
    Lubombo SDI Road pose threats for the natural systems of the area,
    especially the GSLWP.
  • Oil spills at sea pose threats for the GSLWP.
  • Uncontrolled settlements along roads is a growing hazard, for
    pedestrians, livestock and motorists.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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2.5 NATURAL RESOURCE BASE & AGRICULTURE                                                               MAP 6: LAND POTENTIAL




                                                                                                                                   2.5 NATURAL RESOURCE BASE & AGRICULTURE
Land of different agricultural potential within the District occurs
as follows :
    • Highest potential land of 2600km2 is 20.28% of District, and is
      located in the Mtubatuba Local Municipality on the coastal plain to
      the south and west of the GSLWP, and as a coastal strip
      northwards to the Mozambique border.
    • Medium potential land is 6618km2 of 51.63km2 is 51.63%, with
      rainfall being a limiting factor in the more western drier parts if
      there is no irrigation.
    • Low potential land of 3100km2 or 24.18% is located in the western
      parts of the District, except for some patches of higher potential
      areas in the Hlabisa District.
Locally significant aspects of agricultural potential are as follows:
   • The extensive level, irrigable areas along the Pongola floodplain.
   • The Pongola dam as a major reservoir of good quality water for
     irrigation projects.
   • The tropical climate of the north eastern parts is a competitive
     advantage.
The main forms of commercial agriculture are sugar cane and timber,
with cotton, sisal and pineapples also grown. However, at total of about
275km2 commercial agriculture occupies only 2.5% of the total area.
Sugar cane is undergoing and expansion in the Mkuze District with the
construction of a pipeline for irrigation from the Pongola Dam.
Traditional agriculture occurs on 1310km2 or 10.22% of the District, and
there does appear to be potential for agricultural expansion an
improvement in these areas. The use of indigenous plant resources in
these areas is also a significant activity, for both subsistence and
commercial reasons, and the District is noteworthy for the use of certain
endemic plant species.
The constraints and issues related to agriculture are as follows :
   • Access of communities and / or individuals in traditional authority
     areas to viable parcels of arable land.
   • Management of communal grazing areas.
   • Conversion from subsistence to commercial agriculture in
     traditional authority areas.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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2.6 TOURISM WITHIN THE District
                                                                                                                 MAP 7: TOURISM
Tourism has been identified as one of the leading sector industry in the
District, which is recognised as a significant and unique ecotourism
destination with the potential to be developed into a world class asset
strengthened by the natural and cultural resources of the region. It has a
potential to create employment and bring investment to the region.

Tourism attractions of the region are identified as :




                                                                                                                                    2.6 TOURISM WITHIN THE District
   • The publicly owned game reserves
   • The Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park
   • Private game reserves and game farms
   • The Pongola Dam
   • The cultures of the local people
   • The attractive, unspoilt natural and ethnic landscapes of the area.
   • In the District the largest proportion of tourism accommodation
     consists of caravanning and camping sites ( 49% ), holiday flats
     (15%), and huts and chalets ( 17% ), mostly of the self catering
     variety. Bush camps and game lodges account for about 11% and
     hotels only 5%. The biggest concentrations of accommodation are in
     the St. Lucia and Sodwana Bay areas.
Recent growth trends in tourism facilities have been primarily :
  • Along the N2 tourism corridor.
  • In the more northern parts of the GSLWP, to the north of the estuary,
    an in the Kosi and Sodwana Bay areas.
The following tourism issues have been identified within the District :
  • Constraints on development due to poor infrastructure
  • Lack of a unified marketing strategy for the District.
  • There is a perception that it is a low income, cheap holiday
    destination.
  • There is Malaria which is under control.
  • Perceptions of a high crime rate.
  • High leakage of tourism revenue from the District.
  • Lack of involvement and benefit from tourism by local communities.


 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                             SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                       18
2.7 THE PEOPLE of THE District                                                                MAP 8: POPULATION DENSITY

 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN UMKHANYAKUDE
                   TOTAL POPULATION = 503 874 PERSONS


                          KZDMA27        Mtubatuba
                             2%             5%       Big Five False




                                                                                                                                 2.7 THE PEOPLE of THE District
              Hlabisa                                      Bay
                34%                                        5%

                                                         uMhlabuyalinga
                                                               na
                                                              24%




                                Jozini
                                 30%




 Source: Demarcation Board 2000


 • The total population of the uMkhanyakude District Municipality is
   estimated to be in the region of 503 874 persons.
 • 88% of the population of the District resides in the three local
   municipality areas, viz. Hlabisa (34%), Jozini (30%) and
   uMhlabuyalingana (24%).
 • Although Hlabisa only covers 11% of the total land area 34% of
   the population resides in this municipality, which suggests
   substantially higher population densities (e.g. urban and peri-
   urban areas).
 • Only 2% of the population resides in the DMA which covers 22%
   of the land area.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                           SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                    19
  EDUCATION LEVELS IN UMKHANYAKUDE                                       GENDER DISTRIBUTION IN UMKHANYAKUDE


                                                                          Dis trict Municipality        45.6%                     54.4%


      > 5 YEARS           14.3%
                                                                           uMhlabuyalingana             44.7%                     55.3%



                                                                                   Mtubatuba             49.5%                     50.5%
     UNSPECIFIED   2.5%




                                                                                                                                                   2.7 THE PEOPLE of THE District
                                                                                    KZDMA27              48.5%                    51.5%

       TERTIARY    0.5%
                                                                                         Jozini         46.3%                     53.7%



     SECONDARY             16.8%                                                      Hlabis a          44.8%                     55.2%



                                                                           Big Five Fals e Bay          46.9%                     53.1%
        PRIMARY                      30.4%
                                                                                                   0%   20%        40%     60%        80%   100%
                                                                                                                  % MALE/FEMALE
           NONE                        35.4%
                                                                                                                 % MALE   % FEMALE


               0.0%          10.0%           20.0%   30.0%    40.0%
                                                                         Source: Demarcation Board 2000
  Source: STATSSA 1996, DIB 2000
                                                                         • The gender profile indicates that some 54% of the population is
  • Excluding that portion of population in the 0 to 5 years age           female.
    category it is evident that more than 65% of the population has      • This together with the youthfulness of the population further
    no education or has only a primary level of education.                 increase dependency rates.
  • Only 0.5% of the population of uMkhanyakude has a tertiary           • Future planning should give considerations to the needs of
    education. This should be an important consideration in the            women in all aspects of development, but specifically the
    development of economic development strategies.                        provision of health and welfare services, economic development
  • The largest concentration of people with a tertiary education is       and job creation strategies.
    found in Mtubatuba.
  • Low education levels together with the youthful population profile
    further supports the need for a greater focus on education and
    related activities.



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                  SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                      20
AGE DISTRIBUTION IN UMKHANYAKUDE                                                               MAP 9: AGE DISTRIBUTION


District Municipality

  uMhlabuyalingana

         Mtubatuba

          KZDMA27




                                                                                                                              2.7 THE PEOPLE of THE District
               Jozini

             Hlabisa

 Big Five False Bay

                        0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100
                                                                %
                               PERCENTAGE PER AGE CATEGORY

          0-4 YEARS         5-19 YEARS   20-29 YEARS   30-49 YEARS
          50-64 YEARS       65+ YEARS    UNKNOWN




Source: Demarcation Board 2000
• The population of the District is exceptionally young with 57%
  falling in the 0 to 19 age category.
• The age profile in the Matubatuba Local Municipality is
  substantially different with only 43% in the 0 to 19 age category.
  This relates to higher levels of urbanisation.
• The youthful population suggests high dependency rates and
  also substantial pressure on the District to provide employment
  opportunities for school leavers.
• The young population implies the need for a planning focus on
  the needs of the youth, e.g. sport and recreation, education and
  other related facilities.
• The large number of people entering the high sexually active
  age group (20 to 29) calls for a focus on AIDS awareness and
  support.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                        SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                 21
  EMPLOYMENT LEVELS IN UMKHANYAKUDE                                                      DISTRIBUTION of EMPLOYMENT IN CATEGORIES


                 TOTAL WORKFORCE = 81 822 PERSONS


   District Municipality             46.3%                      53.7%
                                                                                                                     ELEMENTARY                                   31.5%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.8 THE ECONOMY of THE District
    uMhlabuyalingana               38.4%                      61.6%                                                 PROFESSIONAL                 13.7%




                                                                                         EMPLOYMENT CATEGORY
                                                                                                                     CRAFT/TRADE                 13.3%
            Mtubatuba                          77.7%                      22.3%

                                                                                                                  SERVICE RELATED             11.5%
             KZDMA27                   54.3%                      45.7%

                                                                                                                          SKILLED             10.7%

                  Jozini           40.4%                      59.6%
                                                                                                                PLANT/MACHINE OPS         7.9%


                Hlabisa            38.0%                      62.0%
                                                                                                                          CLERKS       4.6%
                                                                                                                                                                         BASED ON EMPLOYED WORK-
                                                                                                                                                                          FORCE OF 32 146 PERSONS
    Big Five False Bay                       71.0%                      29.0%                                          TECHNICAL       4.3%


                                                                                                               SENIOR MANAGEMENT 2.6%
                           0%       20%         40%     60%           80%         100%
                                PERCENTAGE EMPLOYMENT/UNEMPLOYMENT                                                              0.0%          5.0%       10.0%   15.0%       20.0%    25.0%     30.0%   35.0%

                                           EMPLOYED    UNEMPLOYED                                                                                        % IN EMPLOYMENT CATEGORY


  Source: Demarcation Board 2000                                                         Source: Demarcation Board 2000
                                                                                         • of the employed workforce 31.5% is employed in the elementary
  • Only 46.3% of uMkhanyakude is employed (i.e. unemployment
                                                                                           employment category (i.e. manual/ unskilled laborers).
    is 53.7% compared to a national average of between 25% and
                                                                                           Considering the low levels of employment the percentage of
    30%).
                                                                                           workers in this category would have been expected to be higher.
  • The high unemployment suggests a high dependency rate (i.e.
                                                                                         • A large percentage of the employed is located in the
    more than 12 persons are dependent on the income of 1
    employed person).                                                                      professional (13.7%), craft/trade (13.3%), service related
                                                                                           (11.5%) and skilled (10.7%) categories.
  • The levels of unemployment is highest in Hlabisa (62%), Jozini
                                                                                         • Economic strategies should promote more opportunities for
    (59.6%) and uMhlabuyalingana (61.6%) and lowest in
                                                                                           unskilled/manual laborers.
    Mtubatuba (22.3%).


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                                        SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   22
 ANNUAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME LEVELS                                                                                           HOUSEHOLDS EARNING BELOW R1 500 PER MONTH

                                        NA    0.7%

                              UNSPECIFIED                   5.1%                                                              uMhlabuyalingana                                 84.4%

                               OVER R360k     0.1%

                        R192 001 - R360 000   0.3%                                                                                   Mtubatuba                       57.5%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2.8 THE ECONOMY of THE District
                        R132 001 - R192 000   0.4%
      INCOME CATEGORY




                         R96 001 - R132 000      0.7%
                                                                                                                                      KZDMA27                                76.3%
                          R72 001 - R96 000      0.8%

                          R54 001 - R72 000       1.3%
                                                                                                                                          Jozini                               85.2%
                          R42 001 - R54 000       1.4%

                          R30 001 - R42 000          2.2%
                                                                                                                                         Hlabisa                              80.6%
                          R18 001 - R30 000                     5.7%

                          R12 001 - R18 000                        7.4%

                          R6 001 - R 12 000                                       14.3%                                       Big Five False Bay                              82.4%

                            R2 401 - R6 000                                                       21.4%

                                R1 - R2 400                                    12.6%                                      District Municipality                               81.4%
                                     NONE                                                                 25.7%

                                                                                                                                                   0%    10%   20%    30%     40%      50%   60%   70%   80%   90%
                                          0.0%           5.0%          10.0%    15.0%     20.0%      25.0%        30.0%

                                                   % HOUSEHOLDS IN INCOME CATEGORY                                                                      % OF HOUSEHOLDS EARNING > R1 500 PER MONTH




 Source: Demarcation Board 2000                                                                                           Source: Demarcation Board 2000

 •   A high percentage (25.7%) of households indicated that they                                                          •       81% of households in the District earns below R18 000
     have no formal income, which suggest a high dependency on                                                                    p.a.(R1500 p.m.), i.e. earns below the subsistence level which
     subsistence activities for survival.                                                                                         is less than the income required to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
 •   More than 50% of households in the District has an income of                                                         •       This further suggests that the largest percentage (81%) has
     below R500 per month.                                                                                                        access to government subsidies (specifically housing).
 •   A key contributor to the low income levels is the high rate of                                                       •       With the exception of Mtubatuba more than 80% of households
     unemployment and the low wages paid in specifically the                                                                      in the local municipalities earn less than R1500 per month.
     agricultural sector.


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                                                       SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        23
 SECTORAL CONTRIBUTION TO GGP                                           SECTORAL EMPLOYMENT

                TOTAL GGP FOR 2000 = R1 219 million


 COMMUNITY SERVICES                                           57.7%
                                                                                             SOCIAL SERVICES                                      27.6%




                                                                                                                                                                                      2.8 THE ECONOMY of THE District
        AGRICULTURE            9.9%                                                                 FARMING                               20.4%


              TRADE           8.9%                                                                     TRADE                      13.2%




                                                                        ECONOMIC SECTOR
                                                                                          PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS                   10.4%
            FINANCE           7.6%
                                                                                              MANUFACTURING                8.1%
         TRANSPORT            7.6%
                                                                                               CONSTRUCTION             6.5%
     MANUFACTURING        4.4%
                                                                                                  TRANSPORT           5.4%
      CONSTRUCTION     1.8%
                                                                                                   BUSINESS         4.1%

         ELECTRICITY   1.4%                                                                                                                       BASED ON EMPLOYED WORK-
                                                                                                       MINING       3.6%
                                                                                                                                                   FORCE OF 30 244 PERSONS
             MINING    0.7%                                                                          UTILITIES   0.7%


                   0.0%   10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0%                                          0.0%              5.0%       10.0%     15.0%    20.0%    25.0%   30.0%

                                      % CONTRIBUTION TO GGP                                                                       % EMPLOYED IN ECONOMIC SECTOR



 Source: WEFA 2001 (PIMMS IDEA)                                         Source: Demarcation Board 2000

 •   The total Gross Geographic Product for the uMkhanyakude was        •                  The dominance of the social services sector in terms of GGP is
     estimated to be R1 219 million in 2000.                                               also reflected in employment.
 •   The level of diversification in the economy is low, with           •                  Agriculture makes a 20% contribution to employment although it
     Community Service contributing 57.7% to the total GGP                                 only contributes 9.9% to the GGP of the District.
     (primarily relating to salaries paid in the government services,
     e.g. education, health)                                            •                  Trade (which includes the tourism sector) (13.2%), private
 •   The development of all sectors should receive attention with a                        households (10.4%) and manufacturing (8.1%) make further
     specific focus on agriculture and tourism as this is the sector                       substantial contributions to employment.
     where a competitive advantage exists.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                 SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                                         24
2.9 THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
The uMkhanyakude District Municipality (DC27) was established in terms of a Section          While the uMkhanyakude District Municipality has limited urban development
12 Notice which indicated that the District Municipality is a Category C Municipality with   within its area of jurisdiction, there are a number of game parks and private
a collective executive system as described in the KwaZulu Natal Determination of Types       game reserves within its service area.
of Municipality Act of 2000.
                                                                                             The main source of income available to District municipalities are establishment




                                                                                                                                                                                       2.9 THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
There are five local municipalities and a District management area (KZDMA27) that
make up the surface area of the District Municipality – the District Municipality has 27     and service levy charges; in terms of legislation all organisations that are
members within its council representing the District and local municipalities.               deemed levy paying are required to register. Currently the registered levy
                                                                                             payers form only a limited proportion of those required to register. However,
The area of jurisdiction of the uMkhanyakude District Municipality previously formed part    registration forms only part of the process of levy collection – levy payers are to
of the uThungulu District Council who opposed the notion of separating their service         be provided with statements timeously and an inspection service is required to
area into two District municipalities.                                                       provide periodic checks as to whether levy payments reflect accurately the
Initially, the operation of the District Municipality was undertaken by the Mayor and        turnover and personnel expenditure of the organisation concerned.
members of Council until a group of consultants was appointed with the brief to              In the absence of a levy income of substance, the District Municipality is reliant
establish the District Municipality as a viable entity. A committee structure has been       on grant and other external funding for its operational requirements.
developed for the District Municipality that proposes four committees in addition to the
Executive Committee, namely:                                                                 There has been no finalisation to the process of allocation of powers and
     • Tender and Audit                                                                      functions between District municipalities and local municipalities in KwaZulu
     • Community Upliftment, Human Resources and Administration                              Natal. In April 2001, the Municipal Demarcation Board made recommendations
     • Technical, Health, Amenities and Community Safety                                     to the MEC for Traditional and Local Government in KwaZulu Natal regarding
     • Tourism, Foreign Investment, Marketing, Town Planning and Agriculture                 authorisations for Section 84(1) District functions. The basis for these
                                                                                             recommendations related largely to the fact that the District Municipality had
The Municipal Manager of the District Municipality is responsible for four departments –     limited capacity to undertake the full range of legislated District functions and the
Financial Services, Corporate Services, Technical Services and Development Planning          Board recommended that certain local municipalities undertake some of these
– each headed by a Director.                                                                 functions within their service area on behalf of the District Municipality.
                                                                                             These recommendations were not authorised by the MEC and hence the status
With the possible exception of the Inyala / Mtubatuba Local Municipality (KZ275), the        quo as at 5 December 2000 still pertains. In this regard the Department of
local municipalities within the District Municipality have limited or no institutional       Traditional and Local Government advised that the recommendations as
capacity. Given the joint responsibility for service delivery between the District           submitted by the Board had been distributed to the municipalities for comment
Municipality and local municipality as envisaged by the Municipal Structures Act, the        whereafter a recommendation would be prepared for consideration by the MEC.
District Municipality will need to establish some institutional capacity at the local
municipal level to ensure its own efficient and effective operation. In this regard, due     The uMkhanyakude District Municipality has responsibility for the overall
consideration needs to be given to the establishment of service delivery areas.              development of its area of jurisdiction; part of this responsibility will be to provide
                                                                                             support to and build capacity within the local municipalities to facilitate their
                                                                                             ability to absorb and adequately perform all the Category B powers and
                                                                                             functions as outlined in the Constitution. Initially, however, the priority must be
                                                                                             to develop capacity within the District Municipality.



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                       SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                                           25
DISASTER                       LIMITED BENEFITS of                  LIMITED & POOR                 NEED FOR TRAINING                         POVERTY
MANAGEMENT,                    TOURISM FOR LOCAL                      ACCESS TO                    & SKILLS DEVEL./
SAFETY & SECURITY                    PEOPLE                            PHYSICAL                    CAPACITY/
                                                                   INFRASTRUCTURE                  EDUCATION
•Crime, domestic violence      •Communities have limited         •Water and Sanitation             •There is a need to address       •Poverty is regarded as a
and child abuse are            access to exploit tourism         backlog.                          illiteracy within the District.   primary issue within the
                               opportunities.                                                      This        has       various     context of the District.
by-products of the poor                                          •Poor Roads infrastructure.
economy and are having a       •Limited accessibility to                                           implications for a range of
                                                                 •Inadequate       Electricity
cyclical effect on the         tourism markets for craft




                                                                                                                                                                      2.10 PRIORITY ISSUES
                                                                 infrastructure.                   issues including combating        Poverty is defined as
District.                      •Restrictive     focus      on                                      poverty and unemployment.         including a range of social
                                                                 •Lack of designated Solid
•Aspects of crime include      tourism as the solution for                                         •There are limited skills and     and economic deficiencies
                                                                 waste sites.
an increase of livestock       the District‟s economic                                                                               which               includes
                                                                 •Lack      of    designated       few training opportunities in
theft.                         woes                                                                                                  unemployment,      illiteracy,
                                                                 Cemeteries                        terms       of      economic
                               •Historical exploitation of                                         development.                      lack of access to land and
                               communities         continues,                                                                        services, lack of decent
•There is a need for                                                                               •There is limited access to
                               particularly in the tourism                                                                           shelter etc.
creating a safe environment                                                                        information, particularly in
                               industry
that is planning for                                                                               deep rural areas.
managing and responding        •There is a lack of coherent                                                                          •This has been identified as
to disasters such as           “tourism vision” and the                                                                              a cross-cutting.
hazards (floods, fires, wild   formulation of a “tourism
animals).                      brand” for the whole District,
                               which attracts tourists, and
                               encourages        them       to
                               lengthen their stay in order
                               to experience the diverse
                               range of attractions within
                               the area.
                               •There        is       unclear
                               institutional role of the
                               District      Council        in
                               developing and marketing
                               tourism in the District
UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                  SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                        26
UN/EMPLOYMENT &                     BUILDING THE                 INSTITUTIONAL &                            HIV/AIDS                        SOCIAL
THE NEED TO BUILD                      VIABLE                   ECONOMIC SUPPORT                                                       INFRASTRUCTURE
A     SUSTAINABLE                   MUNICIPALITY                    SERVICES
ECONOMIC BASE

•Limited        employment      •The         collection    of   •A     lack     of      farmer     •HIV/AIDS is having a             •Limited social infrastructure
opportunities exist within      rates/levies is problematic     organization in traditional        negative effect on the            exists within the District as a
the District as a result of a   as most residents are           authority areas to provide         District in many ways.            result of past imbalances in
range of issues including a     unable to afford the            support from an institutional      •An orphan crisis is being        the provision of such
lack of a diversified           services and businesses         and management point of                                              facilities. Building healthy




                                                                                                                                                                       2.10 PRIORITY ISSUES
                                                                                                   experienced within the
economic base.                  are closing down in some        view.                                                                stable communities is
                                                                                                   District.
•Economic leakage is            regions.                        •A lack of processing and                                            dependent         on        the
suggested to be an              •There is a considerable        storage      facilities     to     •A wide range of cyclical         appropriate              social
important issue within the      dependence           on  the    encourage diversification          impacts is experienced            infrastructural support.
District.                       government sector for           and growth within the              within the District as a result
                                                                                                                                     •Health problems are also
                                funding and welfare             economy.                           of HIV / AIDS.                    experienced within the
                                •The role of the Traditional    •Poor crop selection and                                             District as a result of a lack
                                leadership needs to be          agricultural practices are                                           of social and physical
                                clarified.                      evident within the District as                                       infrastructure.
                                •Lack of integration of the     a result of a shortage of
                                various role players            suitable support services.
                                •Lack of resource that is       •Marketing strategies are
                                Human,         physical and     needed        to        ensure
                                finance.                        expansion and growth.
                                •Poor integration of the
                                efforts of the various role
                                players
                                •The       relationship and
                                implications of the Greater
                                St Lucia Wetland Park to
                                the rest of the area.


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                  SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                         27
   ENVIRONMENTAL                  POOR LAND USE MANAGEMENT                       LAND & HOUSING                          SPATIAL INTEGRATION &
    MANAGEMENT                                                                                                          ADDRESSING IMBALANCES



•Solid waste disposal is          •Inappropriate agricultural practices      •There      is     an       uneven     •The fact that almost two thirds of the
problematic                       impact on the environmental qualities of   distribution of productive             District is bounded by either ocean or
                                  the region                                 commercial land.                       international boundaries are special feature
•Water resources have
been contaminated and             •Poor Management of communal grazing       •There is a need to take full          to this District that requires particular
                                  areas and overgrazing in tribal areas      advantage of the large tracts          strategies to promote conservation and
polluted       from       poor




                                                                                                                                                                      2.10 PRIORITY ISSUES
                                  •Poor soil erosion controls.               of irrigable state lands on the        Trans-border access;
sanitation and agricultural
chemicals                         •The encroachment of residential and       Makhathini Flats/ Pongola              •Major access paths run north/south – N2,
                                  commercial land uses onto major road       Floodplain area by involving           R22 and MR439 (SDI road) and need to be
•There          is        poor    reserves is creating a potential traffic   local      people        in     its    reinforced         through        environmental
environmental management          hazard in some places.                     development.                           management and infrastructure to
of towns e.g. litter dumping,                                                                                       emerging settlements along them,
lack of town planning                                                        •Land reform and land tenure
                                                                             issues needs to be addressed.          •There is a need for better east-west
controls,          unattractive                                                                                     access leakages to improve accessibility
developments along roads,                                                    •The most of the land is not
                                                                             used to its full potential.            to those in the hinterland to enhance
absent     or      inadequate                                                                                       tourism and LED opportunities along the
landscaping.                                                                 •There is a need to develop            coast;
                                                                             strategies      to    utilize     it
•Over utilization of natural                                                 appropriately.                         •Overall, there appears to be an imbalance
resource.                                                                                                           of infrastructure and facilities provision
•Alien plant invasion.                                                                                              favouring the southern half of the District.
                                                                                                                    •There is a poor distribution of community
                                                                                                                    facilities in certain parts of the District;
                                                                                                                    •There is uncontrolled sprawl of the
                                                                                                                    residential settlements will result in the
                                                                                                                    costly and inefficient provision of services.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                               SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                        28
             SECTION 3: THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                         29
3.1 PURPOSE of THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK




                                                                                                                                                     SETTING THE STRATEGIC AGENDA
The Strategic Programme represents a key component of the IDP as it contains the
core policy and strategic direction for the District. A primary purpose of component of                           PRIORITY ISSUES




                                                                                                                                                                                    3.1 PURPOSE of THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
the process is to present a framework to bridge the gap between an understanding
of the District and achieving development on the ground. Consequently this section
outlines the vision, objectives and strategies set by the District to achieve it‟s
developmental aims.
                                                                                                                      VISION
3.2 SETTING THE STRATEGIC AGENDA
The approach adopted in this section is based on developing a strategic framework
which is firmly entrenched in:
   • responding to the understanding obtained from the analysis phase of work;




                                                                                                                                    IMPLEMENTATION
                                                                                                  CROSS CUTTING


                                                                                                                       PROGRAMMES



                                                                                                                                      COMPONENT
                                                                                                   DIMENSIONS
   • developing a strategic focus, essential for a District IDP, which identifies a clear




                                                                                                                        STRATEGIC
     and concise approach to meeting the challenges of the District in a strategic
     manner;
   • ensuring a multi-sectoral approach and an integrated response; and
   • developing a strategic programme based on a „shared vision‟ established as
     part of the participation process.
Based on the above, the approach that has been adopted is to develop a
methodology which:
   • identifies those priorities which represent cross cutting dimensions applicable
     across all programmes and activities;
                                                                                                              IMPLEMENTATION
                                                                                                                PROGRAMME
   • seeks to cluster key priorities into clear strategic programmes, and
   • ensures that certain issues which represent „non-negotiables‟ are taken through
     as part of the implementation framework.
                                                                                                   AN INTEGRATED RESPONSE
The diagram on the right and on the next page illustrates the methodological
response to setting the strategic agenda.

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  Bringing issues             Clustering of       Filtering the strategic focus areas into three          Developing the strategic
 through from the           priority issues to    pillars.                                                programme as a basis for the
  Analysis phase             give strategic                                                               implementation framework.




                                                                                                                                          3.3 DEVELOPING THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK
                                   focus

 PLANNING DESIGN PROCESS

     PRIORITY                CLUSTERING                                        CROSS CUTTING
      ISSUES


                             STRATEGIC              FILTERING of                  STRATEGIC               OBJECTIVE          PROJECTS
                            FOCUS AREAS                 S.F.A.                   PROGRAMME                STRATEGY


                                                                               IMPLEMENTATION
                                                                                 COMPONENT




      SPATIAL FRAMEWORK                                       OPERATIONAL PLAN                                CAPITAL INVESTMENT
                                                                                                                 FRAMEWORK


                                                                                                            IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS



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                                                                                                         3.4 THE OVERARCHING VISION
                      OVERALL VISION
     The District Municipality of uMkhanyakude through
 effective management and good governance will meet the
     basic needs and improve the quality of life of all the
     residents by promoting and protecting the regions
    international status for its unique natural assets and
                       cultural heritage.




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3.5 ORGANISING
                              PRIORITY ISSUES                                            STRATEGIC FOCUS                          PRIORITY
THE    PRIORITY
ISSUES                                                                                   AREAS
The table on the right
                              1. Poverty                                                 Poverty Alleviation                      1




                                                                                                                                               3.5 ORGANISING THE PRIORITY ISSUES
attempts to cluster the key   2. HIV/AIDS                                                Addressing the Impacts of HIV/AIDS       2
priority issues where
issues that share a           3. Limited Benefits of Tourism for Local People            Local Economic Development               1
common focus.
                              4. Un/Employment and the need to build a sustainable       Local Economic Development               1
These strategic focus         economic base
areas are then filtered       5. Limited and & poor access to physical Infrastructure    Physical Infrastructure                  3
through the vision and
approach into:                6. Social Infrastructure                                   Social Infrastructure                    4
                              7. Poor Access to land and appropriate housing             Land and Housing                         5
 • Cross       Cutting        8. The need for Training and Skills Development            Building Capacity & Skills Development   6
   Dimensions,
 • Strategic                  9. Institutional and Economic Support Services             Building Capacity & Skills Development   6
   Programmes, and
                              10. Disaster management, safety and security               Public Safety and Security               7
 • Components of the
   implementation             11. Environmental management                               Promoting Environment & Land Use         8
   framework                                                                             Management
 These are defined in         12. Poor land use management                               Promoting Environment & Land Use         8
                                                                                         Management
  more detail on the
  next page.                  13. Developing uMkhanyakude into an efficient Local        Institutional and Corporate              9
                              Government Structure.                                      Development
The table indicates the
grouping  of    priorities
                              14. Building a Financially Sustainable Municipality        Financial Plan                           9
through an numerical
notation.
                              15. Spatial Integration & Addressing Imbalances            Spatial Framework                        8

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3.6   FILTERING
                STRATEGIC FOCUS AREAS                                     CROSS -        STRATEGIC IMPLEMENT .
THE STRATEGIC
FOCUS AREAS                                                               CUTTING        PROGRAMME COMPONENT




                                                                                                                                     3.6 FILTERING THE STRATEGIC FOCUS AREAS
 The     table   below       Poverty Alleviation
organises the strategic
focus areas into three
                                                                            
                             Addressing the Impacts of HIV / AIDS
areas      for
development.
                further
                 These                                                      
include:                     Local Economic Development
• Cross            cutting                                                                     
  dimensions which are       Physical Infrastructure
  those issues ( need to
  be considered across
                                                                                               
                             Social Infrastructure
  all programmes )
• Strategic Programmes       Land and Housing
                                                                                               
  (this     issues    are
  developed further into
                                                                                               
                             Capacity Building and Skills Development
  strategies and projects
  which      then   must                                                                       
  consider the cross         Public Safety and Security
  cutting dimensions)                                                                          
• Implementation             Environment & Land Use Management
  Components (this are                                                                                                   
  issues which relate        Institutional and Corporate Development
  directly, and need to be
  taken through into the
                                                                                                                         
                             Financial Plan
  implementation
  programme)
                                                                                                                         
                             Spatial Integration & Addressing Imbalance
                                                                            
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3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS
This subsection provide an undertaking of the cross cutting dimensions as
identified through the filtering process of the priorities. Cross cutting
dimensions are those issues that have multiple impacts and need to be
considered in an integrated manner in framing strategies for the District.




                                                                                                                                      3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS
Based on the filtering of issues the following cross-cutting dimensions have
been identified:
   •    Alleviating Poverty
   •    Addressing The Impacts of Hiv/aids
   •    Towards Ensuring Spatial Integration

In addition to these dimensions, based on the vision and the approach
adopted by the municipality, an additional cross cutting dimension has
been identified, which is:
   •    Promoting Sustainability
Collectively these issues must form an underlying thrust and should be
catered for in the development of strategy. This section presents a brief
background on the issue and an approach to addressing the issue which is
intended to provide direction for the development of strategy for each cross
cutting dimension.




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Cross Cutting Dimension: Alleviating Poverty

Background to Issue                                The Approach to be adopted by the District to




                                                                                                                                3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS
                                                   Addressing the Issue
• There is limited access to basic services        • Provide services where services and facilities are lacking in an
  within the District as a whole                     attempt to address poverty.
• A high incidence of diseases (such as            • Integrate with other government departments to facilitate delivery of
  Cholera) is evidenced in the District.
                                                     services and facilities
• Illiteracy / Low levels of education is          • A multisectoral approach will be adopted by the District in gearing
  common within the District.
                                                     all programmes in a manner that alleviates the impacts of poverty.
• Poverty is also expressed in high
  unemployment                                     • Providing access to information to ensure that people can make
                                                     appropriate choices and are informed.
• Limited access to economic opportunities
  within the District increases poverty.           • Promote economic development initiatives so as to address
                                                     poverty more directly.
• Malnutrition is evidenced within the District.
                                                   • Implement programmes aimed at addressing “free basic services”
• Lack of access to information forms one of
  the underlying traits of poverty                 • Promote partnerships in the fight to alleviate poverty
• Limited assets of individuals is a measure
  of poverty.




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Cross Cutting Dimension: Addressing the Impacts of HIV/AIDS

Background to Issue                               The Approach to be adopted by the District to




                                                                                                                              3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS
                                                  Addressing the Issue
• Impacts on the revenue resource base            • Promoting an awareness of the impacts of HIV / AIDs within the
                                                    District with a focus on ensuring a user friendly approach to
• Impacts on human resource base
                                                    awareness
• Planning for population decline is              • Provide support systems for people living with Aids would be part of
  anticipated through possible negative             the District approach.
  growth                                          • Assist / develop programmes (such as volunteerism programmes)
• Planning for an increase in Aids orphans          that deal with those people who are “infected” and programmes for
  and child -headed households                      those who are “effected”
• Management of cemeteries is considered          • Provide outreach to people living in deep rural areas
  to be a problem                                 • Promote partnerships in dealing with the impacts
                                                  • Ensure a co-ordinated approach to addressing the impact.
• Pressure on government resources




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Cross Cutting Dimension: Towards Ensuring Spatial Integration

Background to Issue                                 The Approach to be adopted by the District to




                                                                                                                                3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS
                                                    Addressing the Issue
• The need to optimise cross boarder                • Consideration will be given to historical settlement patterns and
  relationships                                       preferences in the delivery of services and facilities
• Need to integrate people / communities that       • Potential for achieving “Biosphere” status in pursuing an
  are separated                                       appropriate management response.
                                                    • Improve the distribution of access to opportunities within the
• Need to deal with the implications for              District
  dispersed settlement patterns
• Inequitable historical distribution of services




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Cross Cutting Dimension: Promoting Sustainability

Background to Issue                                The Approach to be adopted by the District to




                                                                                                                               3.7 THE CROSS CUTTING DIMENSIONS
                                                   Addressing the Issue
• Inappropriate land use practice has              • Promote LA21 principles in terms of informing the District in its
  occurred within the District                       broader approach
• Poor participation in terms of structure in      • Create awareness around understanding of sustainability in that it
  promoting sustainability                           is broader than the “green” debate.
                                                   • Enhance undertaking of sustainability by incorporating indigenous
• Lack of capacity – in order for sustainability     knowledge and practices.
  to occur, participants in projects need
  appropriate capacity




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3.8 THE STRATEGIC PROGRAMMES
3.8.1 Background:                                                                   1. THE APPROACH of
The strategic programmes represent the core of the strategic framework and                 THE District IN
attempts to provide a clear outline of a way forward in addressing the                 ADDRESSING THE
development challenges confronting the District.
                                                                                                  ISSUE




                                                                                                                                              3.8 THE STRATEGIC PROGRAMMES
Based on the analysis of priority issues and the filtering of the strategic focus
areas, the following have been identified as strategic programmes:
   • Ensuring Public Safety
   • Building a Sustainable Economic Base                                           2. DEVELOPING THE
   • Facilitating the Provision of Physical Infrastructure
   • Building Capacity and Skills Development                                               STRATEGY
   • Facilitating the Provision of Social Infrastructure
   • Promoting Land Use Management
   • Facilitating Access to Productive Land and Appropriate Housing
     Opportunities

3.8.2 Structure of Strategic Programmes                                                     3. DEFINING
Each strategic programme is developed over 4 subsections where the first                 PERFORMANCE
deals with developing the strategy and provides an issue statement and an                  INDICATORS,
overview for each issue which together sets out the background, a statement               STRATEGIES &
on desired outcomes which represents the long term objectives for the
municipality in terms of addressing the issue. The first page also contains a                PROJECTS
identification of resources available, both financial and human that are
available to address the issue. Lastly, this page also contains a list of the           4. SUMMARISING
strategies developed to respond to the issue. The second page contains a
written description of the approach to be adopted by the municipality for the            THE PROJECTS
strategic programme. The third page presents a template which brings together
strategies and projects, and the last page provides a summary of the key
projects established to address this issue. The diagram on the right attempts to
illustrate how each programme is organised.

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3.8.3 Strategic Programme 1: Ensuring Public Safety
OVERVIEW of APPROACH
Ensuring public safety has a wide range of implications for various issues
including promoting social stability, economic investment etc. This is
underpinned by a range of needs including combating crime, facilitating
support in terms of emergencies and so on. The District approach to
achieving such is pursuing partnerships and playing a facilitatory role.




                                                                                                                                           ENSURING PUBLIC SAFETY
BASIC GOALS of THE APPROACH
  • To ensure a safe and secure environment for residents of the District
  • To be proactive in terms of managing disasters
  • Creating an environment conducive to promoting social stability and
    economic development.

APPROACH TO ACHIEVING THE GOALS
A key aspect, which defines the approach to the District, is being proactive
and strategic in responding to safety and security. Foremost of this is
planning, managing and co-ordinating efforts aimed at enhancing public
safety. To this end a range of projects are proposed which deal with
managing and planning for public safety.

Apart from merely responding in a reactive manner, the approach adopted by
the District includes being proactive through programmes which target
outreach, prevention and awareness.

Given that the District currently faces a diversity of problems that undermine
safety and security, it is necessary to create appropriate responses to the
existing situation. In terms of such, projects that deal directly with responding
to safety and security needs will be considered. These include establishing
appropriate facilities to service public safety needs.

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                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                  RESOURCES:
 • The problem of live stock theft is increasing.                         FINANCIAL                     HUMAN/INSTITUTION




                                                                                                                                    ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
 • Crime, domestic violence and child abuse
                                                                 • SAPS                             • SAPS
 • Hazards (floods, fires etc)                                   • Department of Justice            • District Municipality
 • Natural disasters                                             • DPLG (disaster management        • Department of Justice
 • Lack of infrastructure                                          directorate)                     • DPLG (disaster management
                                                                 • DTLGA                              directorate)
                                                                                                    • DTLGA




 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                         OBJECTIVES:
 • To facilitate the creation of a safe and secure environment   • To create an appropriate response mechanism to combating
                                                                   crime
                                                                 • To promote proactive crime prevention mechanisms
                                                                 • To ensure appropriate policy response, coordination and
                                                                   infrastructure support for managing disasters
                                                                 • To design and implement disaster management program



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 PERFORMANCE                                 STRATEGIES                                     PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                      PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
  INDICATORS
• Adoption of a Disaster                • Promote proactive crime 1. Implement crime prevention strategy
  Management Plan                         prevention mechanisms   2. Establish and co-ordinate community policing forums.
• Number of community
  members participating in
  community based policing
• Number of new criminal
  cases
• Number of
  households/properties
  affected by natural disasters


                                        • Ensuring appropriate          1. Investigation of early warning systems and associated
                                          policy response,                 policy framework
                                          coordination and              2. Preparation of a disaster management plan
                                          infrastructural support for   3. Building capacity and partnerships in pursuing disaster
                                          managing disasters               management
                                                                        4. Feasibility for the upgrading of Police Services and
                                                                           establishment of satellite Police Services




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                                                        Project                                                 Financial   Funding
No                     Project Details                  Type          Responsibility         Funding Amount       Years     Status          Funding Source
                                                        Capital
             Implementation of a Crime Prevention                     Department of Safety
3.8.4/1     Strategy                                                  and Security                 200,000.00   2002/2003   No.       Department of Safety and Security
            Investigation and Implementation of Early                 Department of Safety
3.8.4/2     Warning Systems in Case Disaster.           Capital       and Security                 120,000.00   2002/2003   No.       Department of Safety and Security
            Preparation of a Disaster Management        Capital       Department of Safety
3.8.4/3     Plan                                                      and Security                 350,000.00   2002/2003   No.       Department of Safety and Security
            Building Capacity and Partnerships in                     Department of Safety
3.8.4/4     Persuing Disaster Management                Operational   and Security                          -   2002/2005   No.       Department of Safety and Security
            Feasibility for the Upgrading of Police
            Stations and Establishment of Satellite                   Department of Safety
3.8.4/5     Police Stations                             Planning      and Security                 300,000.00   2002/2005   No.       Department of Safety and Security




                                                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
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 3.8.4 Strategic Programme 2: Building a Sustainable Economic Base
OVERVIEW of APPROACH                                                              APPROACH TO ACHIEVING THE GOALS
Building a sustainable economic base is of paramount importance in the            A key aspect underpinning the approach is the notion of diversification.




                                                                                                                                                             BUILDING A SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC BASE
context of Umkhanyakude given the present high levels of unemployment,            This is explored in Umkhanyakude in various forms including:
lack of diversity in the economy and general poverty experienced in the area.        • Diversification of existing sectors : where the approach seeks not
A viable economic base has a significant impact on the livelihoods of                     necessarily to widen the range of economic sectors at scale, but
residents of the District and has a bearing on the financial viability of the             rather to work within the existing sectors which underpin the
District as an institution. The basic approach adopted by the District is to              economy and to maximise the benefits derived from these.
work with the existing opportunities, including latent and untapped, to ensure            Several programmes and projects considered here include:
vibrancy within the existing sectors and to widen access and diversity within
these sectors. The economic base considered by the District is understood to
mean more than purely the existing revenue base, to fundamentally include                   • Beneficiation of existing produce and processes particularly
the natural, built, human and cultural platform from which economic activity                  within the agricultural sector.
can emerge.                                                                                 • Diversifying ownership and entry into these established
                                                                                              sectors such as tourism through promoting partnerships,
                                                                                              training and skills development etc.
BASIC GOALS of THE APPROACH
                                                                                            • Introducing new sub sectors not fully explored previously
The District adopts the following goals:                                                      such as aquaculture.
   • To create a vibrant economy which delivers opportunities for residents                 • Promoting the development of SMMEs; and
     of the District particularly in employment, economic ownership and
     upliftment.                                                                            • Pursuing infrastructure- driven growth as a means to build
                                                                                              sustainable economic future through the development of
   • To maximise on latent potential within the District                                      local capacity and skills.
   • To address past imbalances particularly evident in tribal areas
   • To build on the existing competitive and comparative advantages of the       These initiatives seek to broaden the benefits of the region‟s strength
     District                                                                     and is considered a cornerstone approach in terms of economic
   • To create sustainable opportunities within the District including ensuring   development.
     the financial viability of the District Municipality.




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A second pillar underpinning the approach to be adopted by the municipality
is being proactive in terms of planning for and championing economic
development. Key aspects considered here include:

   • Establishing appropriate marketing strategies which seek to promote
     economic development
   • Establishing suitable institutional arrangements, which promote
     economic development within the District itself and which seeks to build
     strategic partnerships with its neighbours, and actors within provincial




                                                                                                                                         ADDRESSING THE ISSUE
     and national sphere.
   • Planning for economic development through initiating and managing
     appropriate planning exercises, which would inform a range of economic
     strategies such as beneficiation.


Whilst on the one hand the District seeks to target the existing dominant
sectors and to broaden access and benefits from these, on the other hand,
the District envisages extending opportunities within underdeveloped areas.
Therefore the third pillar of the economic strategy which cuts across and
represents an underlying dimension is broadening the physical economic
base by extending support to economic development within underdeveloped
areas, most notably, tribal areas and those areas further removed from the
resource rich coastal corridor. As a cross cutting approach within the District
most strategies and projects should have at its basis the need to shift the
spatial distribution of economic activity and opportunity to the underdeveloped
areas.




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                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                       RESOURCES:
 • Limited employment opportunities                                           FINANCIAL                     HUMAN/INSTITUTION




                                                                                                                                        ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
 • Limited investment and diversity in the economy                •   DTI, DEAT, TIK                    •   District
 • Unequal ownership of production resources                      •   DBSA, NDA                         •   DTLG (province)
 • Limited marketing of the District                              •   Ntsika                            •   DEDT (province)
 • Limited access to economic information and opportunities for   •   Khula                             •   NGOs / CBOs
   SMMEs development - many poor survive through informal         •   DOA, Public Works                 •   Depart of Agriculture
   activity                                                       •   Depart of Social Development      •   IDC
 • Limited accessibility to markets                               •   District
                                                                  •   DPLG
 • Commercial agriculture is stagnating and agricultural
                                                                  •   IDC
   potential within traditional areas is underdeveloped.
                                                                  •   Land Bank
                                                                  •   Itala
                                                                  •   Donors


 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                          OBJECTIVES:
 • Alleviation of unemployment                                    •    To promote and manage Infrastructure driven growth
 • A diversified and growing economy with substantial             •    To widen access and diversify the economy
   investment                                                     •    Institutional coordination of initiatives
 • Economic empowerment of all the District people                •    Promote the development of the SMME sector
 • Umkhanyakude become a key tourist region and destination
 • Sustainable income generating projects
 • Sustainable use of natural resources and locally produced
   raw materials

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 PERFORMANCE                                 STRATEGIES                                      PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                      PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
  INDICATORS
• Number of new jobs created            • Promote and manage          1. Support the SDI initiative (refer to Roads program)
                                                                      2. Makhathini Irrigation Agricultural Development
• Number of new investments               Infrastructure led growth
  and businesses
                                        • Widening access and         1. Implementation of District wide LED projects.
• Number        of      SMMEs                                         2. Local Economic/Social Development Plan (IRSDP)
  supported by LBSC and                   diversifying the economy    3. Beneficiation Study
  other support Centres                   and developing              4. Business Plan for the establishment of a Sugar Mill
                                          frameworks for economic     5. Aquaculture Study
• Number of tourists visiting                                         6. Maputaland Cashew-nut
  the area
                                          development                 7. Honey Production Program
                                                                      8. Community-Based Tourism Programme
• Contribution to the Provincial                                      9. Formalization of Structures for Emerging Farmers
  economy                                                             10. Industrial Strategy
• Number       of     previously                                      11. Establish a Tourism Marketing Strategy and Institutional
                                                                          Framework
  disadvantaged commercial
  farmers and number of                 • Promote the development     1.   Umkhanyakude Economic Information Centre
  businesses owned by the                                             2.   Establishment of an LBSC
                                          of the SMME sector          3.   Siyabonga Tourists Centre
  previously      disadvantaged                                       4.   Ubombo Development Centre
  people
• Number of households
  experiencing shortages of
  food.                                                               1. Income generating projects
                                        • Promote income
                                          generating projects



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                                                         Project                                                   Financial   Funding
No                         Project Details               Type            Responsibility        Funding Amount        Years     Status           Funding Source
                                                                                                                                                DOA,DLA,DWAF and
3.8.8/1        Makhathini Agricultural Development       Capital         District                 312,656,250.00   2002/2007   Yes/No             Investers/NSK
               Implementation of District Wide LED                       Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/2        Projects                                  Institutional   District                   2,400,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                  KZN Tourism

3.8.8/2/1           Uprading of Khulani Nursery (Ward1) Capital          District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/2           Hangaza (poultry)                    Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District
                    Manzimbomvu (Peanut and bean
3.8.8/2/3           projects)                            Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/4           Zamokuhle (sewing club)              Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District
                    Thuthukani Jobe (Mseleni sewing
3.8.8/2/5           club)                                Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District




                                                                                                                                                                   PROJECTS
                    Zama Zama (vegetable and fruit
3.8.8/2/6           market)                              Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/7           Manyampisi (fencing)                 Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/8           Mpophomeni (poultry)                 Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/9           Bhekabantu (vegetable growing)       Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/10          Mazambane (garden and poultry)       Capital         District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District

3.8.8/2/11          KwaMakhanya (uprading of gardens) Capital            District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District
                    Msuthu (upgrading of peanuts
3.8.8/2/12          projets)                          Capital            District                     50,000.00 2002/2003      yes       District
               Preparation of a Local Economic/ Social                   Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/3        Development Plan (ISRDP)                  Capital         District                    150,000.00    2003/2004   Yes                     DPLG
                                                                         Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/4        Beneficiation Study                       Capital         District                   2,500,000.00   2003/2004   No                    DOA,DEDT
               Preparation of a Business Plan for the                    Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/5        Establishment of a Sugar Mill             Planning        District                    600,000.00    2003/2004   N0                    DOA,DEDT


               Provision of Support to Small Scale                       Department of
3.8.8/6        farmersin Traditional Authority Areas     Capital         Agriculture and DLA         500,000.00    2003/2005   N0                   DOA, and DLA

     UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
3.8.8/7
    PREPARED Initiation of an Aqua-culture Study Municipality
                               District
              BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District       150,000.00 2003/2004
                                                         Capital   N0 District/DEDT                       SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                    49
                                                       Project                                              Financial   Funding
No                      Project Details                Type            Responsibility   Funding Amount        Years     Status        Funding Source

                                                                       Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/8      Maputaland Cashew Nut                     Capital         District              1,000,000.00   2002/2004   Yes                  DPLG
                                                                       Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/9      Honey Production Program                  Capital         District               250,000.00    2003/2004   No                Donor/DEDT
             Establishment of a Community Based                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/10     Tourism Program                           Capital         District               500,000.00    2002/2007   No           Umkhanyakude District

             Identify and frormalise structures for
             emerging farmers Taditional Authority                     Umkhanyakude
3.8.8/11     Areas                                     Operational     District                         -   2002/2007   N0           Umkhanyakude District

3.8.8/12     Formulation of a Industrial Strategy      Capital         District               300,000.00    2003/2004   Yes          Umkhanyakude District
             Tourism Marketing Strategy and




                                                                                                                                                                 PROJECTS
3.8.8/13     Institutional Framework                   Institutional   District               324,000.00    2002/2003   Yes          Umkhanyakude District
             Umkhanyakude Economic Information
3.8.8/14     Centres                                   Capital         District               300,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                  District
             Establishment of a Local Business Support
3.8.8/15     Centre                                    Capital         District              1,000,000.00   2003/2004   No         DTI / Umkhanyakude District
             Siyabonga Tourist Centre - support        Capital         District                700,000.00   2003/2004   Yes              Operating Budget
3.8.8/16

3.8.8/17     Ubombo Development Centre                 Capital         DOA                    180,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                   DOA
             Income Generating Projects
3.8.8/18

3.8.8/18/1        Makhasa Market Stalls                Capital         District               617,500.00    2002/2003   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/2        Bhambanana Market Stalls             Capital         District               617,500.00    2001/2002   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/3        Emthonjeni Community Gardens         Capital         District               571,796.00    2002/2003   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/4        Ubombo Community Gardens             Capital         District               494,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/5        Inkanyiso Community Garden           Capital         District               496,586.00    2002/2003   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/6        Hlakaniphani Community Gardens       Capital         District               559,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/7        Thembalethu Community Gardens        Capital         District               494,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                 CBPWP

3.8.8/18/8        Sivulizandla                         Capital         DOA                     10,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                   DOA



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                 SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                  50
3.8.5 Strategic Programme 3: Facilitating the provision of physical infrastructure




                                                                                                                                                               FACILITATING THE PROVISION of PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
WATER & SANITATION                                                                Due to the different overall costs to be incurred in providing water
There are several service level standards that can be adopted in the UDM,         services to communities, depending on the level of service specified as
as shown in Table 1 below. These take into consideration the type of service      shown in Table 1 above, it is important for the UDM to identify the
that already exists, any constraining conditions placed on water service          specific types of level of service that it can provide to the greater
provision in an area and the ability of consumers to pay for service levels       number of people. The higher the level of service to be provided, the
provided to them.                                                                 greater will be the cost of providing water services.
                                                                                  The focus will be on achieving basic levels of supply to all. This will
                                         Service Level                            generally be carried out on the basis of the following priorities:
Table 1 – Service levels for municipal infrastructure investment framework
SERVICE                                                                              • Crisis Projects. These projects will include cholera intervention,
                   Basic RDP Standard      Intermediate              Full              projects to alleviate extreme water needs (poor quality water, long
                                                                                       transport distances, inadequate supply volume, tanker supplies,
                                                                                       etc) and projects to relieve pressure in growth points.
Water              Communal standpipes   Individual yard tap   House                 • Repair Dysfunctional Schemes. Many schemes within the UDM are
                   giving a maximum      or tank               connection
                   walking distance of
                                                                                       currently not delivering water to RDP standards and can, with
                   200m                                                                relatively small financial input, be repaired or upgraded to RDP
Sanitation         On site VIP           Simple       water    Full water borne        levels of supply. The same applies to existing sanitation schemes.
                                         borne                                       • Complete Existing Projects. Existing projects for which funds have
                                                                                       been committed or where design and/or construction has already
Maintenance        Low                   Medium                Medium/High
                                                                                       commenced should be completed.
of service level
                                                                                     • Attend to Current backlogs. Consumers who are currently not
                                                                                       served with any form of formal water or sanitation require the
                                                                                       construction of new infrastructure to serve them with water and
                                                                                       sanitation services. The crisis projects referred to above will
                                                                                       generally form part of this backlog, but, due to circumstances, their
                                                                                       priority would be elevated.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                           SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                    51
WATER & SANITATION (CONT.)                                                     SOLID WASTE

It is recommended that communities be provided with basic levels of service    The Polwane Declaration on Waste Management, issued in September
which conform to the minimum standards of RDP service delivery being:          2001 following a meeting of representatives of government at national,
                                                                               provincial and local level, civil society and the business community,




                                                                                                                                                            APPROACHES TO ADDRESSING THE ISSUE
Water Services:                                                                summarizes the DM‟s position in respect of their waste management
  • A minimum quantity of water of 25l/capita/day                              obligations.
  • A minimum flow rate of 10l/min at any tap
  • A maximum walking distance of 200m to the nearest water source (tap)       The goals of the declaration are summarised briefly as :
  • Water should meet the minimum quality standards as prescribed by SABS
    0284 in terms of chemical content, microbial content, taste, colour and       • the re-affirmation of a commitment to the Integrated Pollution and
    appearance.                                                                     Waste Management Policy, the National Waste Management
  • An assurance of water supply for 98% of the year.                               Strategy and the principles of waste minimization, re-use and
                                                                                    recycling for sustainable development,
Sanitation services:                                                              • emphasising the essential role of efficient management of waste in
   • A maximum walking distance of 50m from the homestead to the nearest            sustainable development and the protection of human health and
     ablution facility                                                              the environment.
   • Individual households to have access to a Ventilated Improved Pit (VIP)      • develop and implement a legislative and regulatory framework to
     latrine as the minimum standard in human sanitation requirements. In           promote waste avoidance, prevention reduction, re-use and
     specific locations where VIP structures are not permitted, the minimum         recycling, and
     standard set will be a septic tank ablution facility.                        • establish mandatory waste audit processes.
   • One ablution facility per household
                                                                               The majority of urban areas within District Municipality do not conform to
                                                                               the statutory requirements for the disposal of solid waste material.

                                                                               Despite the statutory requirements and because of the importance and
                                                                               impact onto other sectors such as health, tourism and the environment,
                                                                               there is an urgent need to address the problem on a District-wide basis.

                                                                               Whilst solid waste disposal sites do exist, accreditation of the sites by
                                                                               DWAF, being the regulating authority, is almost entirely lacking, with the
                                                                               exception of the Mkuze and Sodwana landfill sites.


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                        SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                52
SOLID WASTE (Cont.)
The comprehensive solid waste disposal accreditation system administered          A co-ordinated approach to the local efforts needs to be included in the
                                                                                  DM‟s District wide strategy. This effort will ensure a uniform approach
by DWAF requires specialist input, investigations and proposals in order to
                                                                                  to providing :
obtain approval. This approval generally follows an exhaustive process                • best waste management practices.




                                                                                                                                                              APPROACHES TO ADDRESSING THE ISSUE
which includes aspects such as :                                                      • identification and sourcing of funding.
   • geo technical assessment of the proposed site.                                   • inclusion of public, private and civil society.
                                                                                      • identification and creation of economic opportunities through
   • evaluation of demographic information and future trends of the area to             waste recycling projects.
     be serviced.                                                                     • consensus by all stakeholders.
   • waste type and quality.                                                      Strategic Objectives for the Waste Management Plan
   • secondary income generating opportunities through the recycling of           •In summary the recommended strategic objectives for the DM in
     waste products.                                                              respect of the Waste Management Plan are :
                                                                                  The determination of institutional arrangements for the DM in respect
   • transfer site evaluation.                                                    of a solid waste management policy and programme to satisfy the
   • development costs.                                                           requirements of the Integrated Pollution and Waste Management
                                                                                  Policy and the National Waste Management Strategy.
   • revenue streams.                                                                 • The initiation of a comprehensive investigative process to identify
   • sustainability of a proposed service.                                              suitable waste disposal sites throughout the region.
                                                                                      • The provision of a solid waste policy framework which includes all
It is evident, given the varying topographical and demographic                          statutory requirements of waste disposal as well as consideration
characteristics of the area, that a careful analysis of the spatial information         of the unique topographical attributes of the DM region and
linked to economic development nodes will determine the priority listing and            population demographics and requirements.
sequence for the implementation of the integrated waste management                    • The alignment of both local municipality and Natal Conservation
programme for the DM.                                                                   Services initiatives with the DM policy and implementation
                                                                                        programmes. This will identify a project priority process that is
                                                                                        acceptable to all stakeholders.
•Although there are various local municipalities initiatives are currently            • The identification of possible funding sources for the
underway , such as                                                                      implementation phase of the programme.
• a recent waste management contract initiated by Mtubatuba (KZ 275)                  • The inclusion of community based organizations in secondary
                                                                                        recycling opportunities to ensure that economic benefits are
which will eventually also include St Lucia Village.
                                                                                        channeled back to needy communities.
• the ongoing investigations for an appropriate land fill site in Hluhluwe.           • A comprehensive anti-litter public programme which extends
• previous comprehensive investigations and compilation of reports for the              through to domestic waste management.
Jozini land fill site

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                           SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                  53
ROADS

Background
The provision of access roads to communities, tourism areas, development nodes                                          Recommendations
                                                                                                                        It is recommended that the DM initiates the Transportation Plan as




                                                                                                                                                                                                    APPROACHES TO ADDRESSING THE ISSUE
and other areas of importance is the pre-cursor to any activity or programme
planned for these areas. Such access provides the key to unlocking the vast                                             soon as is practically possible in order to fully evaluate and detail the
potential that exists within the region.                                                                                Municipality‟s responsibility, institutional and financial requirements.

The DM is, in terms of the Transportation Act, required to develop a
Transportation Plan as well as a regulating authority for all aspects of transport.                                     Conclusion
During the period of developing and implementing the Transportation Plan, the                                           The current projects identified in the IDP document are aligned with
District will be required to align itself to the programmes and initiatives currently                                   the stated strategies and will provide the platform on which to extend
underway in the region. These activities are primarily directed by the Department                                       or commence various initiatives in various sectors.
of Transport and the South African National Road Agency, the bulk of the
programmes being undertaken by the former.                                                                              It is both fortunate and important that the Department of Transports
                                                                                                                        activities extend beyond the boundaries of the DM and into the
Programmes initiated by the Department of Transport include the formation of the                                        adjoining municipal areas. This will ensure that strategic planning and
Rural Road Transport Forums and the Zibambele Programme. In addition to                                                 decision making will take place in respect of the ongoing activities.
these programmes, periodic and routine maintenance, infrastructural
development and maintenance, new construction and the provision of community
access roads are undertaken.

Annual budgets with increments of between 10% and 20% per annum are
prepared for activities throughout the region, whilst special projects are introduced
to align with national and or provincial initiatives.




  Reference: Extracted directly from: Final Integrated Development Plan Prepared by Umkhanyakude District Muncipality
  and their consultants.


 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                                                SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                        54
                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                        RESOURCES:
 • There is a need to provide appropriate physical infrastructure              FINANCIAL                     HUMAN/INSTITUTION




                                                                                                                                         ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
   to address the backlog (bulk infrastructure included) that
   exists within the District.                                      •   CMIP                             •   ISRDP (NDST)
                                                                    •   DWAF funding(WSDP)               •   Donor Agencies
 • There is also a need to ensure the upgrading of existing
                                                                    •   Public Works funding (CBPWP)     •   District Municipality
   services.
                                                                    •   Equitable Share                  •   PIMSS
 • A lack of understanding of the existing infrastructure within    •   Department of Housing            •   IDT
   the District.                                                    •   DTI                              •   Other NGOs
 • Need to incorporate markets as part of physical                  •   TIK                              •   Eskom
   infrastructure.                                                  •   DEAT                             •   Telkom
                                                                    •   KHULA
                                                                    •   DBSA
                                                                    •   NDA
                                                                    •   Eskom
                                                                    •   Telkom

 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                            OBJECTIVES:
 • Equitable access to physical infrastructure                      • To plan, coordinate and manage the delivery of services within
 • An appropriate understanding of existing services                  the District
 • A vibrant and sustainable economic base and continued            • Removal of backlogs of infrastructure services
   economic development                                             • Upgrading and maintenance of services
                                                                    • To establish an appropriate approach to deal with burials and
                                                                      associated infrastructure



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                              55
   PERFORMANCE                                    STRATEGIES                                         PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                                 PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
    INDICATORS
                                         • Coordinate and manage the          1. Water and Sanitation Services Development Program
  • Number of households                                                      2. Completion of the existing Water and Sanitation Projects
    supplied with clean portable           delivery of water and sanitation
    water within 200m.                                                        1.   District Solid Waste Site Investigation
                                         • Facilitate the development and
  • Ability to finish project within       implementation of a waste          2.   Hluhluwe Solid Waste
                                                                              3.   Rehabilitation of St Lucia Land Fill Site
    budget and pre-determined              disposal program.                  4.   Jozini Community Waste Management Program
    timeframe
                                         • Facilitate the roll-out of the     1.Bulk Supply to Parries Rock        8. Hluhluwe Housing Project
  • Number of job opportunities                                                 and Lake Bhengazi                  9. Mkuze Housing Project
    created.                               electrification program.           2.Electrification of education       10. Mdletsheni Phase 1
                                                                                facilities                         11. Mdletsheni Phase 2
  • Number of electrified                                                     3.Pre-metre audit/ investigation     12. Ubombo
    households.                                                               4.Alternative Energy Source          13. Biva
                                                                                Study
  • Number of households                                                      5.Mpukunyoni Electrification Roll-   14. Gunjaneni
    provided with proper                                                        out
                                                                              6.Somkhele
    sanitation facilities.                                                    7.Nyalazi Phase 2
  • Level of waterborne                                                       1. Ingwavuma Rural Access Roads
    diseases                             • Facilitate development and
                                           upgrading of access roads.         2. Ubombo Rural Access Roads
  • Access to cemeteries and                                                  3. Hlabisa Rural Access Roads
                                                                              4. Road Upgrading and Rehabilitation
    crematoria
                                         • Facilitate development of a        1. Regional feasibility study to optimize air traffic
  • Number of households with                                                 2. Assessment of Mtubatuba SANDF Airbase
                                           regional landing strip.            3. Feasibility study for the upgrading of Manguzi, Manzengwenya,
    road access within 10                                                        etc.
    minute walk.                                                              4. Feasibility study for the upgrading Hluhluwe Airstrip
                                         • Develop a program for the          1. Policy for the establishment and management of cemeteries and
  • Access to a waste disposal                                                   crematoria.
    site                                   delivery of burial facilities.     2. Identification of potential sites for cemeteries


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                      SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                      56
                                                                                                 Financial   Funding
No                        Project Details         Budget    Responsibility   Funding Amount        Years     Status        Funding Source
             Water Services Development
3.8.3/1/     Programme

3.8.3/1/1        Enkanyezini                      Capital   District              6,736,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/2        Mbazwane                         Capital   District             19,226,000.01   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/3        Masulumane San                   Capital   District              1,565,000.49   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/4        Enkanyezini San                  Capital   District              1,662,000.07   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/5        Zamokuhle                        Capital   District              2,665,000.10   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                            PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/6        Shikishela                       Capital   District              2,487,000.07   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/7        Kwangwanase                      Capital   District              4,850,000.78   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/8        Somile                           Capital   District              3,847,000.91   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/9        Hluhluwe                         Capital   District             16,739,000.90   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/10       Shemula 2                        Capital   District             26,831,000.68   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/11       Mpelenyane                       Capital   District              1,095,000.38   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/12       Siyaphambili                     Capital   District              1,808,000.13   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/13       Ezinqeni/Mpini                   Capital   District               900,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/14       Bumbanani                        Capital   District              3,450,000.55   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/15       Isihlangwini                     Capital   District              1,977,000.12   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/16       Nondabuya 2                      Capital   District             11,499,000.10   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/17       Macabuzela Sanitation            Capital   District               744,000.89    2002/2003   Yes                DWAF



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                      SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                             57
                                                                                             Financial   Funding
No                    Project Details         Budget    Responsibility   Funding Amount        Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/18      Mbila/Macabuzela/Mbazwana     Capital   District              2,145,000.34   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/19      Shemula Sanitation            Capital   District              2,168,000.15   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/20      Somkhele                      Capital   District              6,588,000.13   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/21      Siwohlo                       Capital   District               953,000.41    2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/22      Mpembeni                      Capital   District              2,392,000.95   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/23      Macekeni                      Capital   District               787,000.63    2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/24      Sakhuthando                   Capital                                                                       DWAF




                                                                                                                                         PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/25      Sizabadletshe                 Capital                                                                       DWAF

3.8.3/1/26      Tshongwe                      Capital   District              2,052,000.69   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/27      Kwangwanase (Borehole)        Capital   District              1,640,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/28      Kwangwanase (water retic)     Capital   District              1,651,000.70   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/29      Nkolokhotho                   Capital   District              2,615,000.26   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/30      Mfekayi                       Capital   District                75,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/31      DC 27 LG Support              Capital   District              1,000,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/32      Nibela-Nqutshini              Capital   District              2,411,000.94   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/33      Mansiya                       Capital   District              2,315,000.91   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/34      Makhathini                    Capital   District              2,400,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/35      Umkhanyakude LG Support       Capital   District               500,000.00    202/2003    Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/36      DC27 Emergency Fund           Capital   District              2,250,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/37      Mpukunyoni                    Capital   District              1,000,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/38      Sanitation Projects           Capital   District              1,000,000.00   2002/2003   Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                  SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                          58
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                       Project Details      Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/39      CMIP Counterfunding           Capital   District              1,000,000.00    2002/2003   Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/40      Dukuduku South                Capital   District              6,007,680.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/41      Mpophomeni                    Capital   District              2,656,112.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/42      Jozini                        Capital   District              5,393,353.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/43      Manqakulana                   Capital   District              1,805,258.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/44      Mzinene                       Capital   District              4,078,366.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/45      Hlazana                       Capital   District              1,120,385.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/46      Zama_Zama                     Capital   District              3,099,744.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/47      Madonela                      Capital   District              3,748,248.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/48      Mboza                         Capital   District              1,343,664.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/49      Mabhudu                       Capital   District              1,570,049.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/50      Mbangweni                     Capital   District              2,847,195.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/51      Mafa                          Capital   District               433,500.00 2003/2004       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/52      Hlokohloko                    Capital   District                96,000.00 2003/2004       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/53      Phelandaba                    Capital   District              2,038,207.00 2003/2004      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/54      Ndlondlweni                   Capital   District              4,114,292.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/55      Nyathini                      Capital   District              1,137,600.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/56      Mahongoze                     Capital   District              1,785,692.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/57      Nsimane                       Capital   District               152,900.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/58      Sikwakwane                    Capital   District               709,500.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF
3.8.3/1/59      Bekhabantu                    Capital   District              1,517,152.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           59
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                    Project Details         Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/60      Phohlo                        Capital   District              1,893,052.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/61      Hlomula                       Capital   District              1,267,460.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/62      Mpukunyoni                    Capital   District              1,910,046.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/63      Shikishela                    Capital   District              3,519,612.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/64      Bhekindoda                    Capital   District              9,616,746.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/65      Mtubatuba                     Capital   District                47,541.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/66      Mahlungulu                    Capital   District              1,348,490.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/67      Nyathini                      Capital   District               744,000.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/68      Mvutsini                      Capital   District               780,000.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/69      Okhalweni                     Capital   District                55,500.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/70      Lundini                       Capital   District                71,200.00 2004/2005       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/71      Ndumu                         Capital   District              3,607,200.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/72      Madwaleni                     Capital   District              2,178,252.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/73      Magugu                        Capital   District              1,243,775.00 2004/2005      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/74      Ophondweni                    Capital   District              7,647,580.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/75      Phosheni                      Capital   District               555,505.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/76      Ntabayengwe                   Capital   District              1,393,500.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/77      Mpolimpoli                    Capital   District               652,500.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/78      Oshabeni                      Capital   District               397,500.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/79      Bomvini                       Capital   District               283,500.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/80      Dinabanye                     Capital   District               370,500.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/81      Kwashukela                    Capital   District              1,814,400.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           60
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                       Project Details      Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/82      Ekuhlehleni                   Capital   District               778,386.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/83      Mshonisalanga                 Capital   District               684,420.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/84      Manyiseni                     Capital   District               762,887.00 2005/2006       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/85      Mbadleni                      Capital   District              1,106,343.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/86      Impala                        Capital   District              3,361,578.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/87      Thelizolo                     Capital   District              1,494,000.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/88      Mahlabeni                     Capital   District              1,035,000.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/89      Nkundusi                      Capital   District              2,468,800.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/90      Qakwini                       Capital   District              3,106,675.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/91      Giba                          Capital   District              2,534,156.00 2005/2006      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/92      Mfekayi                       Capital   District              8,385,730.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/93      Machobeni                     Capital   District               498,005.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/94      Mvumtshana                    Capital   District              1,728,896.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/95      Ensolweni                     Capital   District              2,952,360.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/96      Kwaqubuka                     Capital   District              1,663,298.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/97      Nokomkhonto                   Capital   District              1,982,880.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/98      Nkungwini                     Capital   District               796,500.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/99      Mtondweni                     Capital   District              1,651,500.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/100     Nsolweni                      Capital   District               586,500.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/101     Dubulwayo                     Capital   District               919,581.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/102     Ngonyameni                    Capital   District              1,016,804.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/103     Ndumu Game Reserve            Capital   District                58,500.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           61
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                      Project Details       Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/104     Mboyi                         Capital   District               261,000.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/105     Mabona                        Capital   District               445,500.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/106     Khume                         Capital   District               382,500.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/107     Nhlabezinde                   Capital   District               123,000.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/108     Qomukuphila                   Capital   District               644,000.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/109     Mphakhathini 01               Capital   District               645,700.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/110     Stezi                         Capital   District               115,500.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/111     Mphakhathini 02               Capital   District               621,600.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/112     Bangizwe                      Capital   District              1,668,030.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/113     Nqutshini                     Capital   District               806,050.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/114     Nondabuya                     Capital   District              1,923,040.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/115     Hlabisa NU                    Capital   District              4,093,608.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/116     Mpembeni                      Capital   District               684,931.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/117     Ndabeni                       Capital   District              1,993,824.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/118     Nqobela                       Capital   District              2,805,376.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/119     Mpondwane                     Capital   District               537,000.00 2006/2007       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/120     Mvelabusha                    Capital   District              2,473,439.00 2006/2007      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/121     Enyangeni                     Capital   District              1,262,351.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/122     Nsukumbili                    Capital   District              1,518,539.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/123     Lower Mfolozi NU              Capital   District               150,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/124     Kwa Zibi                      Capital   District              1,923,000.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/125     Ezulwini                      Capital   District               348,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           62
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                    Project Details         Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/126     Thengani                      Capital   District              1,944,320.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/127     Mnyayiza                      Capital   District               245,700.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/128     Hlabisa NU                    Capital   District               177,080.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/129     Nyamazama                     Capital   District               898,450.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/130     Hluhluwe Farms                Capital   District               351,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/131     Mhlekazi                      Capital   District                      -   2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/132     Fakude                        Capital   District              2,842,494.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/133     Ebaswazini                    Capital   District              1,041,000.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/134     Ngozini                       Capital   District              2,046,400.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/135     Kwa George                    Capital   District                      -   2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/136     Tshaneni                      Capital   District              2,343,328.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/137     Ntulindawo                    Capital   District              1,223,950.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/138     Ngude                         Capital   District               931,500.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/138     Kwa-Makhaya                   Capital   District               627,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/140     Mhujini                       Capital   District               315,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/141     Mshudu                        Capital   District              2,350,812.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/142     Ubombo NU                     Capital   District               150,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/143     Masando                       Capital   District              2,586,000.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/144     Mpileni                       Capital   District               867,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/145     Thandiswe                     Capital   District               516,000.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/146     Mbazwana                      Capital   District              2,070,600.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/147     Makhonyeni                    Capital   District              1,726,158.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           63
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                      Project Details       Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/148     Manzibomvu                    Capital   District              1,528,800.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/149     Gedleza                       Capital   District              4,367,940.00 2007/2008      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/150     Qondile                       Capital   District               118,500.00 2007/2008       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/151     Biva                          Capital   District              1,969,008.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/152     Umbombo NU                    Capital   District                27,000.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/153     Mansiya                       Capital   District              6,093,113.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/154     Cezwana                       Capital   District              2,629,606.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/155     Ophansi                       Capital   District              2,522,594.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/156     Ezineshe                      Capital   District              4,335,705.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/157     Ezinyokeni                    Capital   District              1,123,500.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/158     Egula                         Capital   District               904,500.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/159     Mkhuze                        Capital   District                75,000.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/160     Manzengwenya                  Capital   District              3,817,398.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/161     Gobandlovu                    Capital   District              3,145,500.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/162     Nsimbane                      Capital   District              2,946,956.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/162     Lamula                        Capital   District               821,740.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/163     Jobe                          Capital   District                45,520.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/164     Kwa-Mosonto                   Capital   District              3,810,961.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/165     Vumbukhalo                    Capital   District                 3,888.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/166     Bangizwe                      Capital   District               520,500.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/167     Makhathini                    Capital   District               394,500.00 2008/2009       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/168     Mgangado                      Capital   District              2,283,000.00 2008/2009      Yes                DWAF




 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           64
                                              Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                      Project Details       Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/169     Sibonokuhle                   Capital   District              3,247,008.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/170     Mthidliwe                     Capital   District              1,906,500.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/171     Ntsongwe                      Capital   District                      -   2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/172     Malobeni                      Capital   District                      -   2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/173     Esobhoweni                    Capital   District              2,331,972.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/174     Manyampisi                    Capital   District               716,958.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/175     Thokazi                       Capital   District               678,080.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/176     Mozi                          Capital   District               136,500.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                          PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/177     Mtiwe                         Capital   District               450,000.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/178     Matshamhlophe                 Capital   District               427,854.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/179     Gwaliweni                     Capital   District              1,816,500.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/180     Dukumbane                     Capital   District              3,655,500.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/181     Mthwadlana                    Capital   District              3,294,000.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/182     Esobhoweni II                 Capital   District               561,000.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/183     Sinkonkonko                   Capital   District               598,500.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/184     Nomcondo                      Capital   District              2,916,516.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/185     Matshemhlophe                 Capital   District               526,500.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/186     Koqhoqhoqho                   Capital   District              2,367,807.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/187     Nyawoshana                    Capital   District              1,134,400.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/188     Matshamnyama                  Capital   District                      -   2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/189     Nhlwathi                      Capital   District              1,899,990.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/190     Ophaphasi                     Capital   District              1,421,860.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                           65
                                                  Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                        Project Details         Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount         Years     Status        Funding Source

3.8.3/1/191        Ezinyokeni                     Capital   District               193,500.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/192        Nondabula                      Capital   District              2,108,736.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/193        Hlabisa                        Capital   District               160,600.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/194        Bazaneni                       Capital   District              1,293,796.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/195        Amatshamnyama                  Capital   District              1,122,680.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/196        Sovana                         Capital   District               144,000.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/197        Mabundeni                      Capital   District               922,664.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF




                                                                                                                                              PROJECTS
3.8.3/1/198        KwaMadondo                     Capital   District               424,500.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/199        Sovana                         Capital   District              1,469,429.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/200        Mathunsi                       Capital   District              1,073,600.00 2009/2010      Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/1/201        KwaSeme                        Capital   District               702,000.00 2009/2010       Yes                DWAF

3.8.3/2/      Finalisation of Existing Projects

3.8.3/2/1          Kwangwanase Bulks              Capital   District              3,685,521.07    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/2          Coastal Plains Water           Capital   District              8,644,824.00    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/3          Mbazwana Water                 Capital   District              7,802,551.19    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/4          Ingwavuma Water Reservoir      Capital   District                741,338.71    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/5          Mpunkonyoni Water              Capital   District             11,734,126.04    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/6          Hluhluwe                       Capital   District                635,480.05    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/7          Mdletshe Water Supply          Capital   District                 10,000.16    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/8          Phumlani Phase 2               Capital   District                657,900.00    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/9          Phumlani Bulks                 Capital   District                244,472.98    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/10         Macekeni Water/ Sanitaion      Capital   District              1,273,615.00    2002/2003   Yes                CMIP



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                       SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                               66
                                                             Project                                         Financial      Funding
No                        Project Details                    Type       Responsibility   Funding Amount        Years        Status      Funding Source

3.8.3/2/11        Othobothini Water/ Sanitation              Capital    District              3,830,440.00   2002/2003      Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/12        Nibela Water Supply Phase                  Capital    District               258,000.00    2002/2003      Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/13        Mashabane Water                            Capital    District              4,933,346.00   2002/2003      Yes                CMIP

3.8.3/2/14        Mhlekazi Rural Sanitation                  Capital    District               212,000.00    2002/2003      Yes                CMIP


3.8.3/3      District Solid Waste Site Investigation         Planning   District               250,000.00       2002/2003 No               Donor / CMIP

3.8.3/4      Hluhluwe Solid Waste                            Capital    District                206,992.91      2002/2003 Yes                CMIP




                                                                                                                                                                  PROJECTS
             Rehabiliitation of St Lucia Landfill site and                                    2,000,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         GSLWPA / Donor / District
             new transfer station at Sl Lucia/ Khula
             Village
3.8.3/5                                                      Capital    District
3.8.3/6      Jozini Community Waste Management               Capital    District              3,000,000.00      2002/2004 Yes                 Flenders
             Bulk Supply to Perries Rock and Lake
3.8.3/7      Bhangazi                                        Capital    District              1,600,000.00      2002/2003 Yes                  Eskom

3.8.3/8      Electricity Service Development Plan            Capital    District               210,000.00       2002/2003 No                   Eskom
             Electrification of Education Facilities for
3.8.3/9      electrification                                 Capital    District               300,000.00       2002/2003 No            Eskom /District/DFID

3.8.3/10     Pre-metre Audit/ Investigation                  Capital    District               250,000.00       2002/2003 No            Eskom /District/DFID

3.8.3/11     Alternative Energy Source Study                 Capital    District                300,000.00      2002/2003   No          Eskom /District/DFID
3.8.3/12     Mpukunyoni Electrification Roll-out             Capital    District             35,000,000.00      2002/2005   No                Eskom
3.8.3.13     Somkhele                                        Capital    Eskom                   660,000.00      2002/2003   Yes               Eskom
3.8.3/14     Nyalazi Phase 5                                 Capital    Eskom                 1,650,000.00      2003/2004   Yes               Eskom
3.8.3/15     Hluhluwe Housing Project                        Capital    Eskom                 1,075,000.00      2002/2003   Yes               Eskom
3.8.3/16     Mkuze Housing Project                           Capital    Eskom                 1,139,500.00      2002/2003   Yes               Eskom
3.8.3/17     Mdletsheni Phase 1                              Capital    Eskom                 1,904,100.00      2002/2003   Yes               Eskom
3.8.3/18     Mdletsheni Phase 2                              Capital    Eskom                 3,300,000.00      2002/2003   Yes               Eskom

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                  SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                   67
                                                       Project                                         Financial   Funding
No                        Project Details              Type      Responsibility    Funding Amount        Years     Status       Funding Source
3.8.3/19      Ubombo                                   Capital   Eskom                    990,000.00      2004/2005 Yes                Eskom
3.8.3/20      Biva                                     Capital   Eskom                    660,000.00      2004/2005 Yes                Eskom
3.8.3/21      Gunjaneni                                Capital   Eskom                  1,980,000.00      2003/2004 Yes                Eskom
                                                                 Department of
3.8.3/22      Ingwavuma Rural Access Roads             Capital   Transport             17,530,000.00      2002/2005 Yes        Department of Transport
                                                                 Department of
3.8.3/23      Ubombo Rural Access Roads                Capital   Transport             24,570,000.00      2002/2005 Yes        Department of Transport
                                                                 Department of
3.8.3/24      Hlabisa Rural Access Roads               Capital   Transport             16,420,000.00      2002/2005 Yes        Department of Transport

              Road Upgrading and Rehabilitation
                                                                 National Road
3.8.3/24/1        Maintenance of N2 and R22            Capital   Agency                 2,600,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         National Road Agency




                                                                                                                                                         PROJECTS
                  National Routes Infrastructure                 National Road
3.8.3/24/2        Projects - N2 & R22 (MR439).         Capital   Agency                13,000,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         National Road Agency
                  Regravelling of Western Shores
3.8.3/24/3        Roud (35km)                          Capital   GSLWPA, KZ275          6,435,000.00      2002/2003 Yes               GSLWPA
                  Rehabilitation of MR237 Mtubatuba to           LSDI/GSLWPA
3.8.3/24/4        St Lucia (30km)                      Capital   KZ275                  3,984,000.00      2002/2003 Yes            LSDI/GSLWPA
                  Surfacing of MR380 to Charters                 LSDI/GSLWPA/
3.8.3/24/5        Creek (4km)                          Capital   KZ275                   525,000.00       2002/2003 Yes            LSDI/GSLWPA
                  Rehabilitation of MR466 From                   LSDI/GSLWPA/
3.8.3/24/6        Mbazwana to Sodwana Bay              Capital   KZ271                  4,638,000.00      2002/2003 Yes        LSDI/GSLWPA/ KZ271
                  Upgrade Road From MR466 to
3.8.3/24/7        Gobey's Point                        Capital   GSLWPA/ KZ271          1,925,000.00      2002/2003 Yes           GSLWPA/ KZ271
                  Upgrade Road (D1849) from MR439
3.8.3/24/8        to Island Rock (25km)           Capital        LSDI                  18,900,000.00      2002/2003 Yes                 LSDI
                  Upgrade Road D1843 from D1850 to               GSLWPA/KZ271/LS
3.8.3/24/9        Kwangwanase (33km)               Capital       DI                     6,050,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         GSLWPA/KZ271/LSDI
                  Upgrade Road Off D1843 to
3.8.3/24/10       Mbanga's Nek Across Siyadla (15km) Capital     GSLWPA/ KZ271          3,500,000.00      2002/2003 Yes           GSLWPA/ KZ271

                  Upgrade Road MR 439 to Kosi Lake               GSLWPA/KZ271/LS
3.8.3/24/11       Chalets (11km)                   Capital       DI                     5,300,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         GSLWPA/KZ271/LSDI



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                            SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                          68
                                                             Project                                           Financial   Funding
No                         Project Details                   Type       Responsibility     Funding Amount        Years     Status        Funding Source

                   Upgrade Road MR439 to Kosi Mouth                     GSLWPA/KZ271/LS
3.8.3/24/12        Entrance Gate (5km)              Capital             DI                      1,700,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         GSLWPA/KZ271/LSDI
                   Upgrading of the Road to Ulundi                      Department of
3.8.3/24/13        Through Hlabisa                           Capital    Transport /KZ275        8,000,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         Department of Transport
                     Upgrading of the Road to Swaziland                 National Road
3.8.3/24/14          through Mac's Pass                    Capital      Agency                  7,500,000.00      2002/2003 Yes         National Road Agency
              Regional feasibility study to optimise air   Capital      district                  300,000.00      2003/2004 No              District / Donor
              traffic and airport / landing site locations
3.8.3/25      throughout region




                                                                                                                                                                  PROJECTS
              Assessment of (Mtubatuba) SANDF                 Capital   district                 300,000.00       2003/2004 No              District / Donor
              airbase, airfield and facilities with a view to
              upgrade to accommodate civil, tourist,
3.8.3/26      business airtraffic
              Feasibiity Study for the Upgrading of          Capital    district                 300,000.00       2003/2004 No                  Donor
              Manguzi, Mbazwana, Manzengwenya,
              Sodwana Bay and Mkuze, St Lucia
3.8.3/27
              Feasibility Study for the Upgrading of         Capital    district                 300,000.00       2003/2004 No                  Donor
              airstrip and facilities in Hluhluwe
3.8.3/28
               Policy for the Establishment and              Capital
              Management of Cemeteries and
3.8.3/29      Crematoria                                                District                 250,000.00    2003/2004   No                   CMIP
              Identification of Potential Sites for          Capital
3.8.3/30      Cemeteries                                                District                 100,000.00    2003/2004   No                   CMIP




 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                    SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                   69
3.8.6 Strategic Programme 4: Building Capacity and Skills Development
OVERVIEW of APPROACH
The District recognises that a sound economic base and improved living              • Given that this is a wide ranging issue at a national and provincial level




                                                                                                                                                                    BUILDING CAPACITY & SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
conditions and opportunities of its residents is directly tied to the capacity of     several programmes currently exist. The District will therefore seek to
its residents. The District proposes that adequate support is given to                implement such programmes within the District and would champion
enhancing the skills and capacity base of the District through appropriate            projects, adapt and modify them as to align them with local conditions
support programmes.                                                                   and needs.

BASIC GOALS of THE APPROACH                                                         • At the level of the District it is essential that a strategic approach be
  • To ensure the social and economic upliftment of residents of the District.        adopted. An emphasis will be placed on co-ordinating and gearing
  • To facilitate the creation of a suitable human resource base to promote           resources to ensure that an appropriate response can be achieved.
    economic development and SMME growth.                                             Aspects that will be included in such an approach range from linking
                                                                                      existing facilities with programmes, ensuring the multiuse of facilities to
  • To respond to the development challenge in an integrated manner
                                                                                      developing information centres all of which are aimed at promoting
    acknowledging that human development is integral to development in
                                                                                      access to information, training and support.
    general
  • To ensure that a continued learning environment is created.

APPROACH TO ACHIEVING THE GOALS
The District approach to meeting its goals includes:

   • A fundamental approach is ensuring opportunities for continued
     learning. The District recognises the need to support the growing
     SMME sector and would establish appropriate opportunities to training.
     Several projects which target ABET and SMME training will be
     incorporated by the District.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                             SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                       70
                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                             RESOURCES:

 • There is a need to support the development of SMMES                               FINANCIAL                     HUMAN/INSTITUTION




                                                                                                                                              ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
 • There is a need to address illiteracy
                                                                         •   DOE                               •   IDT
 • There are limited skills and few training opportunities in terms      •   Depart of Labour                  •   DPLG
   of economic development.                                              •   NDA                               •   District /Locals
 • There is a limited access to information, particularly in deep        •   Donor agencies                    •   Depart Labour
   rural areas                                                           •   Ithala                            •   NGOs/CBOs
 • There exists a high rate of illiteracy and a low skills base          •   DTI                               •   TIK
   within the District. This presents problems in creating a base        •   DPLG
   for a wider range of activities .(28% no schooling, 24% up to
   grade 6 – 52% functionally illiterate)
 • There is a lack of Further Education & Training facilities
   within the District which results in people from the District
   acquiring such facilities outside the area



 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                                 OBJECTIVES:
 • Promotion of the development of SMMEs                                 • To create opportunities for skills training and support.
 • Increase levels of functional literacy                                • To create opportunities for Adult Basic Education.
 • Create a basis to promote economic development by having              • To promote local economic development
   a strong skills base within the District
 • To have established FET(further education & training) such
   as tertiary, technical colleges & life skills facilities within the
   District

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                        SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                   71
   PERFORMANCE                                    STRATEGIES                               PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                   PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
    INDICATORS
• Number of adults benefiting              • Facilitate the development   1. Development of an SMME Training Programme
  from literacy classes                      of training programmes to    2. Implement ABET packages
• Co-operation with NGOs and                 address SMME and literacy
  relevant government
  departments. IDT
• Access to skills training
  Centres.
• Level of functional illiteracy.          • Adapting existing            1. Adapt learnership programme
• Changes in the skills base of              programmes to meet the
  the District.                              local needs and objectives
• Number of new SMMEs                        in terms of training



                                           • Coordinate and gear          1. Establishment of an Information Centre
                                             appropriate resources /
                                             actors to meet existing
                                             needs and provide an
                                             integrated response




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                             SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                        72
                                                     Project                                        Financial      Funding
No                     Project Details               Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount        Years        Status     Funding Source
            Development of SMME Training
3.8.5/1     Programmes                               Capital   District              1,000,000.00      2003/3004 No.              DEDT, Ntsika
                                                               Department of
3.8.5/2     Implementation of Abet Packages          Capital   Education               500,000.00      2003/3004   No.       Department of Education
3.8.5/3     Adaptation of Learnership Programs       Capital   District                 60,000.00      2003/3004   No.        Department of Labour
3.8.5/4     Establishment of an Information Centre   Capital   District              2,500,000.00      2003/2005   No.        Department of Labour
3.8.5/5     Rural Education Project                  Capital   District             10,000,000.00      2003/2005   No.       Department of Edcuation




                                                                                                                                                       PROJECTS
UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                        73
3.8.7 Strategic Programme 5: Facilitating the Provision of Social Infrastructure




                                                                                                                                                         FACILITATING THE PROVISION of SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
OVERVIEW of APPROACH
Redressing past imbalances in the distribution of appropriate social               • The District will endeavour to be strategic in its response
infrastructure is of paramount importance. A wide range of facilities is             acknowledging the need for gearing a range of actors that
required in the context of Umkhanyakude including additional health,                 cover both „hard and soft‟ aspects in delivering an integrated
educational and social services. Whilst in the broader context, negative             response. As such the District will establish an appropriate co-
population growth is anticipated in the longer term through the impact of            coordinating structure which would serve as an important
AIDS, in the planning for facilities, it is essential that emphasis is placed on     management role in promoting, co-ordinating and integrating
social infrastructure in the context of Umkhanyakude in terms of addressing          development.
past imbalances in the provision of facilities.

                                                                                   • Whilst planning for social infrastructure and gearing the
BASIC GOALS of THE APPROACH
                                                                                     involvement of a range of service providers is essential, the
  • To ensure a co-ordinated approach which includes physical installations          District acknowledges the need to improve conditions of
    with the appropriate capacity and service.                                       existing facilities and in enhancing their performance. As such
  • To ensure a social services response, which considers social support             the District will ensure that existing backlogs are addressed and
    through a range of service providers outside the public sector.                  that appropriate maintenance and improvement of facilities is
  • To adopt an approach which maximises the functionality of existing               undertaken.
    services whilst including the provision of new facilities.
  • To be proactive in understanding actual needs.
                                                                                   • The District also places emphasis on understanding that social
                                                                                     infrastructure services are not solely the responsibility of the
APPROACH TO ACHIEVING THE GOALS                                                      public sector and would acknowledge the role of the NGO
                                                                                     sector and therefore would integrate appropriate home based,
The District approach to meeting its goals includes:                                 outreach and awareness programmes.

   • An appropriate understanding of requirements and planning for
     appropriate development is an important starting point. Consequently
     the District will establish projects, which create an appropriate planning
     and implementation framework for the District.



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                          SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                             74
                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                           RESOURCES:




                                                                                                                                              ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
 • Backlogs of heath facilities, educational facilities, sport and               FINANCIAL                     HUMAN/INSTITUTION
   recreational facilities
                                                                     •   Depart of Education               •   District Municipality
 • Lack of post offices, community centres, libraries, Home
                                                                     •   Depart of Health                  •   NDT
   Affairs satellite offices, integrated government information
                                                                     •   Depart of Public Works            •   IDT
   system
                                                                     •   Depart of Sport & Recreation      •   NGOs/CBOs
 • Schools Registry of Needs, 2000, identifies the following
                                                                     •   Depart of Works(Prov)             •   Depart of Education
   needs:
                                                                     •   District Municipality             •   Depart of Health
      – Basic infrastructure and associated maintenance
                                                                     •   Local Municipalities              •   Depart of Sport & Recreation
      – Resources particularly in rural schools
                                                                     •   CMIP                              •   Depart of Works(Prov)
      – Safety and security and
                                                                     •   Donor Agencies                    •   District Municipality
      – The need for information technology and telecommunications
                                                                                                           •   Local Municipalities
 • There is a need to ensure that all facilities are adequately
   upgraded and maintained

 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                             OBJECTIVES:
 • Improve access to a wide range of facilities.                     • Develop a database of the existing & required facilities
 • Improved service provided in all facilities                       • To plan, coordinate and manage the delivery of social services
                                                                       within the District
 • Appropriate support to vulnerable groups
                                                                     • Upgrading and Maintenance of Services
                                                                     • Promote and Coordinate Primary Health Programme
                                                                     • Facilitate the Provision of appropriate support to Vulnerable
                                                                       Groups




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                     SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                   75
  PERFORMANCE                                 STRATEGIES                                         PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                                  PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
   INDICATORS
• Number of new classrooms.               • Facilitate the delivery of   1. Manguzi Sports Centre
• Number of households with                 social and community         2. Identification of Strategic Areas for the Development of Cluster
                                                                            Post Boxes and Post offices.
  access to health facilities within        facilities                   3. Empini/Ezinqeni Community Hall
  a 5km radius.
                                                                         4. Assessment of need for libraries in strategic areas.
• Number of upgraded schools.
                                                                         5. Annual youth sports competition.
• Number of upgraded sports                                              6. MPCC‟s in Jozini, Hlabisa and Kangwanase
  fields.
                                          • Facilitate upgrading and     1.   School Upgrading Program
• Number of HIV/AIDS victims                                             2.   Nkovukeni Primary School
  receiving support.                        development of
                                                                         3.   Qalindlela Primary School
• Number of primary health care             education facilities
                                                                         4.   Mtiwe Primary School
  workers.                                                               5.   Identification of schools that require fencing
• Number of people contracting                                           6.   Feasibility study for the establishment of a high school in Mkuze
  diseases such as cholera.                                              1.   Clinic building and upgrading program
                                          • Facilitate delivery of
                                            health facilities and        2.   Primary Health Care Program
                                                                         3.   Promotion of Home Based care
                                            services
                                                                         4.   Clinic Rehabilitation Program
                                                                         5.   Establishment of an HIV/AIDS Program
                                                                         6.   Participatory Health and Sanitation Program
                                                                         7.   Tuberculosis Awareness Program
                                                                         8.   Rape and Reproductive Health Education Program




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                   SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                       76
                                                          Project                                                    Financial    Funding
No                       Project Details                  Type           Responsibility         Funding Amount         Years      Status         Funding Source

3.8.6/1      Manguzi Sports Centre                         Capital       District                    1,200,000.00    2002/2003    Yes
             Identification of Strategic Areas (Nodes) for
3.8.6/2      Post Offices and Boxes                        Operational   District                                    2002/2003    No.        District, GCIS, SA Post Office

3.8.6/3      Empini/Ezinqeni Community Hall               Capital        District                      684,737.00    2002/2003    Yes                   CBPWP
             Rural Education Project (Feasibility for the
             Establishment of an Further Education and
3.8.6/4      Skills Training Institution                  Capital        District                      500,000.00    2002/2004    No.       District/Department of Education
             Identification of needs for Libraries in
3.8.6/5      Strategic Areas (Nodes)                      Operational    District                                    2002/2004    No.       Department of Education, District




                                                                                                                                                                                PROJECTS
3.8.6/6      Annual Youth Sports Competiotion             Social         District                     265,000.00    2002/2006     Yes                    District

             MPCCs in Hlabisa, Jozini and,                                                                                                       Department of Labour,
3.8.6/7      Kwangwanase                                  Capital        District                       6 000 000    2003/2007    No.                DFID/District

3.8.6/8      Nkovukeni primary School                     Capital        District                      741,000.00    2002/2003    Yes                   CBPWP

3.8.6/9      Mphayeni Primary School                      Capital        District                      494,000.00    2002/2003    Yes                   CBPWP

3.8.6/10     Qalindlela Primary School                    Capital        District                      370,500.00    2002/2003    Yes                   CBPWP

3.8.6/11     Mtiwe Primary School                         Capital        District                      409,403.00    2002/2003    Yes                   CBPWP
             Identification of Schools that Require
3.8.6/12     Fencing                                      Capital        District                      500,000.00        2003/2005 No.           Umkhanyakude Distrct
             Feasibility Study for the Establishment of a                Department of
3.8.6/13     High School in Mkhuze                        Capital        Education                     150,000.00        2003/2005 No.         Department of Education

3.8.6/14     Clinic Building and Upgrading Program
3.8.6/14/1         Hlabisa                                Capital        Department of Health        1,200,000.00        2002/2003 Yes           Department of Health
3.8.6/14/2         Ndumo                                  Capital        Department of Health        1,200,000.00        2002/2003 Yes           Department of Health
3.8.6/14/3         Ezimpondweni                           Capital        Department of Health        1,200,000.00        2002/2003 Yes           Department of Health


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                                                 77
                                                         Project                                               Financial       Funding
No                       Project Details                 Type       Responsibility         Funding Amount        Years         Status          Funding Source
3.8.6/14/4        KwaNdaba                               Capital    Department of Health        1,200,000.00      2003/2004 Yes                Department of Health
3.8.6/14/5        Jozini                                 Capital    Department of Health        1,200,000.00      2003/2004 Yes                Department of Health

3.8.6/14/6        Mbazwana                               Capital    Department of Health        1,200,000.00       2003/2004   Yes             Department of Health
3.8.6/14/7        Manyiseni                              Capital    Department of Health        1,200,000.00       2003/2004   Yes             Department of Health
3.8.6/14/8        Mpophomeni                             Capital    Department of Health        1,200,000.00       2003/2004   Yes             Department of Health
3.8.6/16     Primary Health Care Program                 Capital    District                   82,800,000.00   2002/2006       Yes             Department of Health
                                                                    Department of Health                                                  Department of Health /European
3.8.6/17     Promotion of Home Based Care                Capital    /District                    400,000.00    2002/2006       Yes                    Union




                                                                                                                                                                           PROJECTS
3.8.6/18     Clinic Rehabilitation                       Capital    Department of Health       18,000,000.00   2002/2005       Yes             Department of Health
             Establishment of HIV/AIDS Support
3.8.6/19     Program                                     Capital    District                    1,000,000.00   2002/2004       Yes                   UNAID
                                                                    Department of Health                                                  Nelson Mandela Children's Fund
3.8.6/20     HIV/AIDS Orphans Response                   Capital    / District                  5,000,000.00   2002/2005       Yes             and European Union
             Participatory Health and sanitation Training
3.8.6/21     Program                                      Capital   District                     750,000.00    2002/2003       Possible               DFID


3.8.6/22     Turberculosis Awareness Program             Capital    District                     300,000.00    2003/2003       Possible               DFID
             Rape and Reproductive Health Education
3.8.6/23     Program                                Capital         District                     300,000.00    2003/2003       Possible               DFID




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                                            78
3.8.8 Strategic Programme 6: Promoting Environment & Land Use Management




                                                                                                                                                                      PROMOTING ENVIRONMENT & LAND USE MANAGEMENT
                                                                                      • To rectify the present lack of any operational procedures at the
THE NEED FOR AN INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT                                     District or most local council levels for the effective,
APPROACH                                                                                environmentally responsible management of municipal activities,
The Umkhanyakude District as a new, regional local government entity has                for example in regard to solid waste disposal, construction
the responsibility for integrated environmental management within the                   activities, sanitation and health, and other municipal functions and
District, in cooperation with national, provincial and local municipalities. The
                                                                                        services.
District Integrated Development Plan is uniquely placed to ensure that this
integration occurs between all these parties in an effective manner, and to           • To make the District Council aware of, and be able to effectively
also ensure that all activities within the District are undertaken in an                implement, relevant existing national, provincial environmental, and
environmentally responsible and sustainable manner.                                     for the Council to formulate and implement additional local
                                                                                        authority legislation for critical area and activities within the District,
Environmental management within the Umkhanyakude District is identified                 for example along tourism road corridors.
within the Analysis Report as an urgent priority, due to:                             • To address the lack of a comprehensive, integrated, environmental
                                                                                        education programme, which would benefit both the residents and
   • The valuable and unique environmental qualities of the District, which             the environment of the District.
     are of intrinsic value in their own right.                                       • To implement specific environmental projects which, address
   • The importance of the environmental qualities of the District for                  particular concerns within the District, such an alien plant
     eco- tourism, which is identified as a leading sector industry with great          eradication and wetland degradation.
     growth potential.
   • The need to protect and manage the natural resources of the District
                                                                                   THE IMPLEMENTATION of AN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
     because of their importance for agriculture and natural resource use.
                                                                                   PROGRAMME
   • The presence of many existing activities, trends and threats which, if not
     managed effectively, will lead to environmental degradation, which will            The overall strategy adopted is through the implementation of a
     have dire consequences for the people of the District, and the emerging             District Environmental Management Programme, which effectively
     tourism and agricultural industries within it.                                      integrates the environmental considerations pertaining to all the
   • To effectively manage the environment of the District in an integrated              planning, development and management activities occurring within
     way, and to address the environmental issues identified within the                  the District.
     Analysis Report, the following needs are identified to be satisfied:          The Aim
   • To appropriately manage the critical areas where inappropriate land use       The aim of the Integrated Environmental Management Programme is to
     practices and development would be environmentally harmful, and
                                                                                   ensure that environmental considerations are effectively integrated into
     would options would prevent land use.
                                                                                   all planning, design, construction and ongoing management activities
                                                                                   occurring in the District.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                                      79
The Environmental Management Programme within the IDP constitute the           Institutional Resources Structures:
vehicle through which an Integrated Environmental Management approach          This component provides the necessary resources and institutional
will be implemented in the District.                                           structures to effectively manage the environment of the District
The components and the roles that they play within the implementation of
the Environmental Management Programme are as follows:
                                                                               Environmental Education Programme
                                                                               The objective of this project within the IDP is to promote appropriate
Environmental Spatial Framework                                                environmental awareness, attitudes and behaviour, which benefit both the
                                                                               residents of the District and the environment of the District.




                                                                                                                                                             ADDRESSING THE ISSUE
This identifies the particular environmental qualities and issues pertaining
to various areas, and thereby informs the process of integrated
environmental management within them.
                                                                               Environmental Projects
This spatial framework is comprised of:
                                                                               Over and above the influence this Environmental Management System its
   • Environmental Management Zones                                            implementation through the Environmental Management Programme on
   • Environmental Concern Zones                                               activities in many sectors of the District (for example: infrastructure,
                                                                               spatial planning, agriculture, tourism, and certain socio – economic
   • Normal Concern Zones                                                      projects) there are specific environmental projects which tackle such
Environmental Operational System                                               issues as alien plant eradication and wetland rehabilitation in such a
                                                                               manner that they provide benefits for both the environment and involved
Within this component, systems are put in place, which ensure that             disadvantaged communities.
environmental considerations are effectively integrated into the process of
planning, development and management activities carried out by or on
behalf of the District.                                                        The Environmental Management System and its Integrated
Environmental Policies and Regulations                                         Implementation Programme will work in close cooperation with the
                                                                               implementation of the other related initiatives within the IDP for example;
These policies and regulations articulate and determine the nature and         it would be supportive of the Man and the Biosphere and the Biosphere
direction of environmental management within the District, and provide the     Reserve approach adopted within the Tourism Sector.
policy and regulatory framework (at International, National, Provincial and
Local Authority Levels) required to ensure effective environmental
management.



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                        SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                               80
                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                                RESOURCES:
 • Solid waste disposal – is problematic in terms of adequate sites                   FINANCIAL                    HUMAN/INSTITUTION




                                                                                                                                                  ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
 • Polluted/Contaminated ground and surface water
                                                                             • GSLWPA                           • GSLWPA
 • Poor environmental management of towns (litter dumping, lack of town
   planning controls, unattractive developments along roads, absent or       • Department of Environmental      • Department of Environmental
   inadequate landscaping)                                                     Affairs.                           Affairs.
 • Aesthetic impacts (visual from poor land uses, litter, poor development   • District                         • District
   along roads)
 • Sustainable use of resources - over-utilisation of some resources
 • Lack of integration of indigenous knowledge with the western and
   environment management practices
 • Conflict between commercial and subsistence agriculture and
   environmental qualities of the region
 • Management of communal grazing areas and overgrazing in tribal
   areas
 • illegal or inappropriate land uses emerging within or encroaching on
   conservation areas administered by Traditional Authorities
 • Lack of awareness about land use management / environmental
   management – LUMS in tribal areas
 • Need for corridors and linkages between areas – ecosystems linkages
 • Relationship between GSLWP is cross cutting

 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                                     OBJECTIVES:
 • Environmentally sustainable development.                                  • To develop appropriate planning systems for Environmental
 • Efficient land use                                                          Management
                                                                             • Provide the necessary Institutional Capacity within the District
 • Access to facilities for dealing with waste.                                for Environmental Management
                                                                             • Establish an appropriate environmental awareness approach


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                          SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                       81
  PERFORMANCE                                     STRATEGIES                               PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                    PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
   INDICATORS
• Environmental management                • To develop appropriate       1. Environmental Spatial Framework Plan
  plan                                      planning systems for         2. Integrated Environmental Management Plan
                                                                              – Implementation of Environmental Policies and
• Land use management system                Environmental                       Regulations
• Number of illegal land uses.              Management                        – Environmental Education
                                                                              – Working for Water, Working for Wetlands and Coast
• Number of environmentally                                                     Care, etc.
  insensitive land uses.                                                      – Environmental Corridor protection and Landscaping

• Number of communities
  benefiting from environmental           • Provide the necessary 1. Development of LUMS:
  awareness campaigns.                      Institutional Capacity     – Umkhanyakude District
                                                                       – Jozini Local Municipality
                                            within the District for    – Ubombo Local Municipality
                                            Environmental              – Big Five Local Municipality
                                            Management                 – Hluhluwe Local Municipality



                                          • Establish an appropriate     1. Formalization of existing nodes.
                                            environmental awareness      2. Preparation of a Development Plan for Mkuze
                                            approach




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                                                        Project                                        Financial   Funding
No                      Project Details                 Type      Responsibility   Funding Amount        Years     Status       Funding Source

3.8.9/1      Environmental Spatial Framework            Capital   District               100,000.00    2002/2005   No              District/Donor

3.8.9/2      Environmental Education Projects (
                            Rehabilitation              Capital   District               250,000.00    2002/2005   No              District/Donor
             Working for Water, Working for Wetlands,
3.8.9/3      Coastcare etc. )                           Capital   District                        -    2002/2005   No           District/DWAF/Donor
             Environmental Corridor Protection and
3.8.9/4      Landscaping                                Capital   District                        -    2002/2005   No            District/Donor/DOT

3.8.9/5      Development of LUMS
                 Development of LUMS for




                                                                                                                                                      PROJECTS
3.8.9/5/1        Umkhanyakude District                  Capital   District               200,000.00    2003/2004
3.8.9/5/2        Development of the LUMS in KZ271       Capital   District               200,000.00    2003/2004   Yes/No              DTLG
3.8.9/5/3        Development of the LUMS in KZ272       Capital   District               200,000.00    2003/2004   Yes/No              DTLG
3.8.9/5/4        Development of the LUMS in KZ273       Capital   District               200,000.00    2003/2004   Yes/No              DTLG
3.8.9/5/5        Development of the LUMS in KZ274       Capital   District               200,000.00    2003/2004   Yes/No              DTLG
3.8.9/5/6        Development of the LUMS in KZ275       Capital   district               200,000.00    2003/2004   Yes/No              DTLG

3.8.9/6      Formalisation of Existing Nodes            Capital   District               200,000.00    2003/2004                      District
             Preparation of Development Plan for
3.8.9/7      Umkuze Town                                Capital   District               200,000.00 2002/2003      Yes/No             District




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                                                                                                                                                       83
3.8.9 Strategic Programme 7: Facilitating Access To Productive Land & Appropriate Housing Opportunities
OVERVIEW of APPROACH
The District adopts a strategic approach to the delivery of housing and land      The second pillar is based on gearing delivery through establishing
reform opportunities given that such programmes are implemented outside of        frameworks for housing and land reform and driving the housing
its sphere of government. Since housing and access to land are District           process. This includes establishing appropriate policy and delivery




                                                                                                                                                               FACILITATING ACCESS TO PRODUCTIVE LAND
priorities, the District needs to ensure a role within the provision of such      programmes.




                                                                                                                                                                & APPROPRIATE HOUSING OPPORTUNITIES
services. The approach adopted by the District is principally based on
managing and co-ordinating housing initiatives to ensure that the goals as a
                                                                                  The third pillar is based on coordination of activities to ensure that
District are addressed.
                                                                                  delivery occurs through creating an appropriate institutional structure to
                                                                                  champion delivery. This would include co-ordinating new housing
BASIC GOALS of THE APPROACH                                                       delivery and upgrading housing projects as well as the implementation
  • To ensure that the housing and land reform programme is implemented           of the land reform programme.
    within the District.
  • To gear housing delivery and land reform implementation in a manner
    which reduces poverty.
  • To provide for security of tenure and the provision of appropriate shelter
    and increase access to productive land.
  • To integrate social infrastructure provision and the planning for
    economic development with housing and land reform opportunities so
    as to ensure that sustainable communities are created.

APPROACH TO ACHIEVING THE GOALS
The approach is based on three pillars. The first pillar adopts the premise of
creating a broader understanding within the District on policy, legislation and
opportunities available to the District in terms of housing and land reform.
Creating an appropriate knowledge base therefore represents a key starting
point. This also includes understanding the needs and the means to address
them.



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                                                                                                                                                                       84
                       ISSUE STATEMENT:                                                             RESOURCES:
 • Productive resources such as land are skewed in favour of                   FINANCIAL                      HUMAN/INSTITUTION




                                                                                                                                         ISSUE STATEMENT / OBJECTIVES / RESOURCES
   non-African communities.
                                                                   •   DLA                                •   District Municipality
 • There is a need to secure land tenure in State Land in
                                                                   •   Department of Housing              •   Local Municipalities
   particular,Makhathini Flats/ Pongola Floodplain area, and
                                                                   •   Department of Agriculture.         •   DLA
   involving local people in its successful development.
                                                                   •   Ingonyama Trust                    •   Department of Housing
 • Land reform (restitution needs) and land tenure issues within   •   Private Sector                     •   Department of Agric.
   the District as a whole.                                        •   Land Bank                          •   Ingonyama Trust
 • Other significant land uses include dispersed areas of                                                 •   Tribal Authorities
   commercial agriculture, which has a potential for expansion.                                           •   Land Claims Commission
 • Growth of informal settlements in Jozini and Kwangwanase
 • There is a need to investigate appropriate responses to rural
   housing needs.


 LONG TERM OBJECTIVES / DESIRED OUTCOMES                           OBJECTIVES:
 • Fair distribution of productive land / wider secure land        • To redistribute 6% of agricultural land to previously
   ownership                                                         disadvantaged individuals in five years.
 • LRAD programme is implemented                                   • To resolve all land claims within 2 years.
 • Equitable distribution of appropriate housing opportunities     • To facilitate creation of housing opportunities
   (rural & peri-urban)
 • Decent living environments – safe, secure, choice, quality,
   convenient


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                                                                                                                                              85
  PERFORMANCE                                     STRATEGIES                                  PROJECTS




                                                                                                                                        PERFORMANCE INDICATORS, STRATEGIES + PROJECTS
   INDICATORS
• Number of hectares                      • Facilitate expedient and      1. Validation and Verification of Land Claims
  redistributed to the previously           developmental resolution of   2. Land Restitution Program
  disadvantaged people.                     land claims.                         • St Lucia Western Shores
• Number of people benefiting                                                    • False Bay Nature Reserve
  from the security of tenure                                                    • Mkuze Game Reserve
  programmes.                                                                    • Lower Links of Mkuze reserves (KwaJobe)
• Number of land claims                                                          • Lower Link of Mkuze Reserve (Mqobokazi)
  resolved.                                                                      • Triangle and Poirtion of Coastal Forests
                                                                                 • Manzengwenya
• Number of housing
                                                                                 • Indumo Game Reserve.
  opportunities created.
                                                                                 • Tembe Elephant Park
• Number of newly settled African
  farmers                                 • Support housing delivery      1. Housing Delivery Program:
                                            program.                           • Mlingo Village (Phase 2)
• Number of investment sites in
                                                                               • Dukuduku Resettlement
  traditional authority areas.
                                                                               • Mbazwana
                                                                               • Mpukunyoni.
                                                                               • Jozini Housing
                                                                               • Manguzi Housing

                                          • Develop a coordinated         1. Housing Development Framework
                                            framework for land reform     2. Redistribution and Development Program
                                            and housing delivery          3. Identification and Packaging of Land Suitable for
                                                                             Commercial/Industrial/Tourism Development in Traditional
                                                                             Authority Areas.


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                                                          Project                                               Financial    Funding
No                      Project Details                   Type          Responsibility      Funding Amount        Years      Status       Funding Source
3.8.7/1/    Land Restitution Programme
            Validation and Verification of all gazetted
3.8.7/1/1   Land Claims
                                                                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/2        St Lucia Western Shores                  Capital       Claims Commission       29,425,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                                                                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/3        False Bay Nature Reserve                 Capital       Claims Commission        7,100,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                                                                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/4         Mkhuze Game Reserve                     Capital       Claims Commission       33,800,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                 Lower Links of Mkhuze Reserve                          Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/5        (Kwajobe)                                Capital       Claims Commission       10,116,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                 Lower Link of Mkhuze Reserve                           Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/6        (Mnqobokazi)                             Capital       Claims Commission        3,900,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                 Triangle and Portion of Coastal                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/7        Forest                                   Capital       Claims Commission       14,840,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                                                                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/8        Mazengwenya                              Capital       Claims Commission        7,973,472.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission




                                                                                                                                                                   PROJECTS
                                                                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/1/9        Indumo Game Reserve                      Capital       Claims Commission       14,840,000.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission
                                                                        Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/2          Tembe Elephant Park                      Capital       Claims Commission       23,503,750.00    2002/2003   Yes              Commission

3.8.7/2     Housing Delivery Program
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/2/1        Mlingo Village (Phase 2)                 Capital       Distict                  2,403,740.00 2003/2005      Yes                 CMIP
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/2/2        Dukuduku Resettlement                    Capital       Distict                 13,855,040.00 2003/2005      Yes                 CMIP
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/2/3        Mbazwana                                 Capital       Distict                  5,216,400.00 2003/2005      Yes                 CMIP
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/2/4        Mpukunyoni                               Capital       Distict                  8,996,818.00 2003/2005      Yes                 CMIP
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/2/5        Jozini Housing                           Capital       Distict                  5,884,400.00 2003/2005      Yes                 CMIP
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/2/6        Manguzi Housing                          Capital       Distict                 11,385,362.00 2003/2005      Yes                 CMIP
                                                                        Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/3     Housing Development Framework
            Provision of Support to the Land              Planning      Distict                   200,000.00 2003/2004       No                  District
            Redistribution and Development                              Umkhanyakude
3.8.7/4     Program(LRAD)                                 Operational   Distict                  1,000,000.00 2003/2007      No          Umkhanyakude District

            Validation and Verification of all gazetted                 Regional Land                                                     Regional Land Claims
3.8.7/5     Land Claims                                 Capital         Claims Commission         600,000.00 2002/2003       No               Commission
            Identification and Packaging of Land
            Suitable for Commercial/ Industrial/Tourism
            Development in In Traditional Authority                     Umkhanyakude                                                     Umkhanyakude District /
3.8.7/6     Areas                                       Capital         Distict                  3,500,000.00 2002/2004      No            Ingonyama Board



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                                                                                                                                                                    87
                                      SECTION 4: THE IMPLEMENTATION
                                                         FRAMEWORK




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                                                                                                          88
4.1  PURPOSE                  OF        THE         IMPLEMENTATION
FRAMEWORK




                                                                                                                                         4.1 PURPOSE of THE IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK
The Implementation Framework forms an essential component of the IDP as it
contains elements which contribute to delivery. The components of the
implementation framework are intended to direct investment within the District
and provide overarching frameworks for the implementation of projects. The
implementation framework contains the following components:
   • The Spatial Framework: provides a spatial tool to assist the District in
     implementing projects by identifying spatial locations where investment
     should be channeled as well as identifying areas that would require
     appropriate management and protection. The spatial framework is
     intended to give a spatial expression to broader strategy adopted by the
     District as presented earlier.
   • The Institutional Development Framework: which sets out a clear
     framework for institutional restructuring based on an understanding of the
     current situation and translates IDP policy and programmes into gearing
     an appropriate structure to deliver on IDP needs.
   • The Financial Framework which sets out a financial strategy and
     framework as well as a multi year budget for the municipality. The
     financial framework also contains the five year capital investment
     framework.
   • AIDS/HIV Framework: provides an overarching framework and position
     for the District in terms of dealing with the impacts of Aids.
   • Disaster Management Framework: provides an approach adopted by the
     District in terms of managing disasters.
The above provide an important platform for delivery within Umkhanyakude.




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 4.2 THE SPATIAL FRAMEWORK

 4.2.1 THE PURPOSE OF A DISTRICT SPATIAL FRAMEWORK

 The primary purpose of the spatial framework is to create a competent District spatial structure.

 The main goals of such a structure include:




                                                                                                                                        4.2 THE SPATIAL FRAMEWORK
    •    To redress past imbalances and promote equity,

    •    To promote an improved system of access which this includes both, physical access in terms of physical connection, but
         more fundamentally, the provision for improved access to social and economic opportunity.

    •    To integrate District space and link various settlements

    •    To provide a framework for managing development which includes identifying areas for investment, rehabilitation, protection.

    •    To maximise on inherent opportunities and potentials within the District in a way which promotes growth and investment.

    •    To create an overall system of opportunity which includes:
            • Improved distribution of services
            • Access to economic opportunity
            • Access to improved facilities




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                                                                                                                                           90
                                                        Limited accessibility both internal and external

                                                        Steep terrain within the western portions of the
                                                        study area




                                                                                                           4.2.2 SPATIAL ISSUES & CHALLENGES
                                                        Fragmentation of conservation areas




                                                        Scattered and dispersed settlement pattern
                                                        characterises much of the District

                                                        Limited access to coast and conservation areas



                                                        Limited distribution of economic and social
                                                        facilities concentrated in a few centres within
                                                        the District




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                                                                                                               91
                                                      National Road Linkage N2 – Regional and
                                                      National Connectivity

                                                      LSDI route – opens up opportunities, increases
                                                      thresholds and accessibility




                                                                                                           4.2.3 SPATIAL OPPORTUNITIES
                                                      Coastline – longest in Province, unique to the
                                                      District, Opportunities for Tourism Department

                                                      Nature Reserves (GSLWP) – Major National
                                                      and International destination and attraction

                                                      Potential Expansion of Nature / Game Parks and
                                                      in particular Transfrontier Park

                                                      Aesthetic Landscape – opportunities for tourism
                                                      and linkage with Swaziland and Mozambique

                                                      Existing Agriculture – opportunities           for
                                                      diversification and expansion

                                                      Existing Centres – Opportunity points for
                                                      investment and the development of improved
                                                      service centres




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                                                  Umkhanyakude as a District
                                                  The District comprises one of the longest coastlines in the
                                                  province, has a rich natural environment and has international
                                                  boarders both north and west.
                                                  Imbalance in Patterns of Investment
                                                  Development has concentrated along the coastal corridor where
                                                  significant tourism and agricultural investment has occurred. A key
                                                  issue is to create opportunities within the northern and western
                                                  portions of the District to create greater spatial balance.
                                                  Resource Poor Periphery
                                                  The majority of the District is underdeveloped and comprises of
                                                  scattered settlements.
                                                  Major Linkages and Thresholds




                                                                                                                          4.2.4 THE CONCEPT
                                                  Key access routes including the N2 and the LSDI routes provide
                                                  external linkage and directs thresholds through the area linking
                                                  external markets and opportunities.
                                                  Need to Create Internal Structure
                                                  Developing key internal movement systems which link various
                                                  opportunities, provide improved accessibility and facilitate greater
                                                  integration is required particularly for settlements within the west.
                                                  New access systems should introduce greater opportunities for
                                                  east/west connections.
                                                  System of Centres
                                                  At key points within the system, a series of nodes should be
                                                  encouraged to serve as centres for economic and social
                                                  opportunities. These centres would include tourism focal points
                                                  along the coast.
                                                  Maximising the Natural Resource Base
                                                  A District structure is enhanced through its natural resource base
                                                  which extends opportunities for tourism and agriculture to the
                                                  periphery.
                                                  Settlement Framed by Natural Resource Base
                                                   Particular paths for settlement consolidation is generated based
                                                  on access systems, nodes and importantly, access to the natural
                                                  resource base as the production zone. Sustainable environments
                                                  are created in the longer term with improved physical access and
                                                  access to social and economic opportunities.

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                                                      PRIMARY ACCESS SYSTEMS
                                                      Higher order access within the District is
                                                      provided by the N2 and the LSDI route serve
                                                      as regional and national connectors. These
                                                      routes require particular management
                                                      Reponses.




                                                                                                           4.2.5 THE SPATIAL FRAMEWORK
                                                      SECONDARY ACCESS SYSTEMS
                                                      District and Main roads provide internal higher
                                                      order access linking various settlements and
                                                      opportunities.
                                                      NATURE/ CONSERVATION / TOURISM
                                                      Represents primary ecological zones with
                                                      tourism potential.

                                                      RESIDENTIAL / SUBSISTENCE AGRIC.
                                                      Preferred settlement zones and growth paths
                                                      integrating agriculture.
                                                      PRIMARY AGRICULTURAL ZONES
                                                      Areas within the District suitable for large scale
                                                      agriculture.
                                                      District CENTRE
                                                      District level service centre located in Mkuze
                                                      containing District administration and higher
                                                      order facilities.
                                                      PRIMARY CENTRES
                                                      Primary centre serving as local municipal centre
                                                      and as centre for social and economic activities.
                                                      SECONDARY CENTRES
                                                      Secondary centre providing for social and
                                                      economic activities at key interceptory points.
                                                      TOURIST DESTINATION
                                                      Particular focal points for tourism activity.

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4.3 THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
                                                                                           Integrated development planning: which includes formulation of
4.3.1 Purpose                                                                               a framework for development planning for the whole District
                                                                                            Municipality taking into account the Integrated Development Plans
An analysis of the institutional capacity of Umkhanyakude indicates that the                of the local Municipalities.
process of unbundling the former uThungulu Regional Council has not
                                                                                           Supply of bulk infrastructure and municipal public works: This
substantially benefited the Umkhanyakude District Municipality. Since the
                                                                                            includes the supply of bulk water, electricity, sewerage disposal
establishment of the District Municipality on 5 December 2000, great reliance has




                                                                                                                                                                   4.3 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
                                                                                            system, municipal roads and solid waste facilities. All these should
been placed on consultants to resource the operation of the municipality with little        affect a significant proportion of the District Municipality.
internal capacity being developed. A further complicating factor in the District
Municipality, given the imperative contained in Section 84 of the Municipal                Delivery of services and the associated facilities: These
                                                                                            include Regulation of passenger transport services, development
Structures Act of 1998, as amended, is the limited capacity within the local                of municipal airports serving the area of the District, municipal
municipalities, the possible exception being the Inyala /Mtubatuba Local                    health services covering the whole District, planning and co-
Municipality (KZ275).                                                                       ordination of fire fighting services, and the establishment, conduct
This section presents a strategy for institutional development of Umkhanyakude              and control of cemeteries and crematoria serving the whole
District Municipality. It forms part of the implementation framework for the                District.
Integrated Development Plan, and covers the following:                                     Promotion of local tourism: This includes both planning and
    • An outline of legislated mandate and powers and functions.
    • A brief assessment of the existing capacity.                                          promotion.
    • Institutional restructuring which includes organogram, human resource                Receipt, allocation and disbursement of grants made to the
      development plan and performance management system                                    municipality. This includes the implementation of Community
                                                                                            Based Public Works Program, Integrated Sustainable Rural
    • Cooperative governance.                                                               Development, and Water and Sanitation Program of the
    • Systems (Public communication plan, By-laws, DIS, ….)                                 Department of Water Affairs and Forestry.
    • Service Delivery                                                                     Imposition and collection of taxes.
4.3.2 Powers and Functions
Umkhanyakude District Municipality derives its mandate, in part, from Section 156      The issue of powers and functions is addressed at a local level through
and 229 of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (Act No. 108 of 1996),     a change management system involving the distinct and all local
and in particular, from a number of legislation that introduces a new local            municipalities. Although this process has recently been initiated, it is
government system. Its powers and functions are still not clear pending the            imperative for Umkhanyakude District Municipality to create sufficient
finalization of a national process dealing with this matter. However, broad
parameters have been established, and are outlined in Section 84 of the                capacity to deliver on its legislated mandate, provide for an effective
Municipal Systems Act, (Act No. 117 of 1998) as amended, and could be                  implementation of the IDP and create a framework for efficient
summarized as follows:                                                                 governance.

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4.3.3 Organizational Structure                                                         4.3.4 Institutional Restructuring
                                                                                       Institutional restructuring in uMkhanyakude should take into account the
Council                                                                                need to create capacity to undertake District functions and to augment
The committee structure was developed for the Council that proposed four               the capacity of the local municipalities.
council sub-committees in addition to the Executive Committee, namely:
  * Tender and Audit




                                                                                                                                                                      4.3.3 ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
                                                                                       Implementation of the IDP
   * Community Upliftment, Human Resources and Administration                          Management of the implementation of the IDP is the responsibility of the
   • Technical, Health, Amenities and Community Safety                                 Municipal Manager. Different programmes and responsibilities will be
   • Tourism, Foreign Investment, Marketing, Markets, Town Planning and                assigned to different departments who will be required to report to the
     Agriculture                                                                       Municipal Manager. However, given the workload and the need for the
                                                                                       Municipal Manager to focus on building the institution, the
The Executive Committee of Council comprises of the Mayor, Deputy Mayor,               implementation of the IDP may be compromised. This will impact
Speaker (ex officio) and three other councilllors while each of the other              negatively on the delivery process. It is thus suggested that capacity,
committees have seven members.                                                         possible at the level of a Deputy Municipal Manager, be created and
Capacity of the District Municipality                                                  tasked with the responsibility for managing the implementation of the
                                                                                       IDP. The Department of Traditional and Local Government Affairs as
At the time of the compilation of this IDP, the institutional capacity within the
                                                                                       part of its capacity building programmes can finance this position for
Umkhanyakude District in particularly as regards to the Directorate of Corporate
                                                                                       Municipalities.
Services, an incumbent was identified for the post of Director (who was
toassume duty on 1 December 2001) the post was still vacant. In addition, the
handling of all committee matters was vested in a single senior administrative         In addition, the staff structure/organogram should be reviewed in the
officer while the balance of administrative responsibility (outside of registry) was   light of the IDP programs, and such review may focus on the following:
undertaken by a Senior Administration officer who, in addition, had responsibility
for all human resource matters.                                                           •    Implementation of the strategic programmess of the IDP.
Capacity of the Local Municipality                                                        •    Allocation of functions and responsibilities between the District
With the possible exception of the IMtubatuba Local Municipality (KZ275), the                  and Local Municipalities.
local municipalities within the uMkhanyakude District Municipality have limited           •    Role of the District Municipality in the delivery of services, which
institutional capacity. Given the likelihood that the District Municipality will be            are mainly provincial and national competencies such as health.
authorized to perform the powers and functions outlined in Section 84 of the              •    Availability of financial resources.
Municipal Structures Act of 1998, as amended, it will need to establish some
institutional capacity at the local municipal level to ensure that its own efficient
and effective operation.

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  PROPOSED ORGANOGRAM

                                                                                                  Municipal Manager




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4.3.4 INSTITUTIONAL RESTRUCTURING
                                                                            P.A. to the Mayor                      Driver to the Mayor




                                                                      office Cleaner/Tea Lady                          P.A. to Municipal
                                                                                                                           Manager




              Director Financial                                                                Director Development                                                      Director                                                 Director
                  Services                                                                      Planning and Tourism                                                     Corporate                                                 Technical
                                                                   GIS Operator                                                                                          Services                                                  Services
                                                                     Financial
  P.A.                                                              Controller                                Rural Services System
 Director                                                           Facilitator                                    Co-ordinator                                                                                      P.A. to
                                                                                                                                                        P.A. to                        Municipal                     Director
                                                                                                                                                        Director                        Driver
  Asst.                                  Asst. Director IT          Admin. Asst.
 Director                                                                                                          Tourism and
                                                                                                             environmental Manager
                                                                                                                                             Senr.                       Senr.                   Senr.                Asst.                  Asst.         Asst.
                                                                                                                                             Admin                       Admin                   Admin               Director               Director      Director
 Expenditur                Revenue              IT officer                                                                                   officer                     officer                 officer             Capital                 Ops &        Energy
 Accountant               Accountant                                                                         Senior Planner Statutory                                                                                Projects              Maintenanc     Projects
                                                                                                                     Planning                                                                                                                   e



Accounts Clerk          Accounts Clerk          Accounts Clerk                                                                              Technical              Financial         Technical               ISD                Technic          Tech.
   Payroll                Accounts              Capital Projects                                            Building Control                  Asst.                Controller        Asst.                 Manager              al Asst.         Asst.
                           Payable                                                                                                          DWAF &                 CBPWP             CBPWP                                      Water            Civils
                                                                                                                                           CMIP Projs

                                                                                                             Senior Planner Strategic
                                                                                                                     Planning                                                                                    Tech. Asst.               Tech. Asst.      Tech.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Electrical                 O&M            Asst.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Capit
                                                                                                                                           Junior Planner
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             al




    UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
    PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                                                                      SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         97
Shared Service Centre                                                                   4.3.5 Systems
As a means to augment the capacity of the local municipalities, a shared service        A number of systems need to be established in order to achieve efficiency
centre approach has been proposed. According to the Human Resource                      and effectiveness. These include a development information
Development Plan for uMkhanyakude (Ernst & Young, July 2002), the following             management system, which is a comprehensive database, performance
are some of the functions that will be located within the centre and shared by all      management systems required in terms of Chapter 6 of the Municipal
municipalities:                                                                         Systems Act, (Act No. 32 of 2000), financial management systems and
                                                                                        the municipal by-laws and standing orders.
   •    Development planning including Town and Regional Planning.
   •    Building control.
   •    InformationTechnology.                                                          Digital (Development) Information Systems
   •    Human Resources.                                                                Digital Information Systems (DIS) involves the development of a
                                                                                        comprehensive database linking projects, budgets and various other
   •    Technical services.




                                                                                                                                                                       4.3.5 SYSTEMS
                                                                                        pieces of information. Geographic Information Management System and
                                                                                        financial management system are major components of this project.
The Human Resources Plan further suggests that the issue of a shared service            Funding to a tune of R600 000 for DIS could be sourced from the
centre should be:                                                                       Department of Traditional and Local Government Affairs as part of its
   •    Addressed as part of the Change Management Process.                             program for capacity building within municipalities.
   •    Agreed upon by the District and the local municipalities, as it will directly
        influence the structure, size and composition of the organograms.               Performance Management Systems
   •    The current organogram should be taken into consideration in the                Section 38 of the Municipal Systems Act, (Act No. 32 of 2000) requires
        establishment of a shared service centre. These may have to be                  municipalities to establish and implement a Performance Management
        reviewed as soon as the service centre has been established.                    System commensurate with its resources, best suited to its
Planning Implementation Management Support Systems and Nodal                            circumstances and in line with its priorities, objectives and targets. The
Delivery Team                                                                           system should be used to measure the performance not only of the
In addition to the internal capacity, the District Municipaliy is assisted by the       municipal officials, but also the municipality as an institution, the l
Planning Implementation Management Support System (PIMSS) with the                      councilors and other structures or individuals assisting the Municipality in
management of the Integrated Development Planning process. The Nodal                    the execution of its powers and functions.
Delivery Team has also been established to facilitate and manage the
implementation of the Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Strategy
(IRSDS). Both these structures are temporary and capacity may have to be
created within the District Municipality to perform the functions of these
structures.

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                                                                                                                                                                        98
Performance Management Systems (cont.)

As depicted on Figure 2 below, thePerformance
Management System should take a short to
long-term view of the development of the
                                                         Long Term                                                      Municipality
Municipality, and should relate to the strategic           Impact
framework as outlined in the IDP. In the short
term, it should be used to measure the extent to
which the projects meet the need of the
community, are completed on time within                Medium Term
                                                                                                        Management &
budgets. Where there are clear targets, this            Indicators
                                                                                                         Councilors

provides a good measurement for the
performance of staff. Certainly, other issues such




                                                                                                                                                          4.3.5 SYSTEMS
                                                         Short Term
as ability to work in a team, attitude, and general       Outputs
                                                                                    Staff

behaviour will have to be taken into account in
measuring the performance of staff. In the
medium term, performance management should
measure the performance of the management
                                                                         Projects               Strategies      Objectives             Vision
and councilors in implementing strategies and
objectives. The latter are measurable within a
period of five years and coincide with the terms      Vision has a long-term view and can be measured in terms of impact such as poverty reduction
of office of the councilors and the management        (using poverty indices), quality of life, and performance of the economy and employment creation.
(Municipal Manager and the Heads of                   The following are some of the measurement tools that could be used to measure different aspects
Departments).                                         of the strategic framework:
                                                      Impact assessment: This assumes a long-term view and could be used to measure the
                                                      performance of the municipality with regard to the achievement of its development vision, e.g.
                                                      improved quality of life. Indicators should be developed to measure impact.
                                                      Output: This relates to objectives and could be measured qualitatively and quantitatively. A good
                                                      example in this regard would be a number of households having clean potable water within a
                                                      defined distance.
                                                      Key Performance Indicators, which can be used to measure performance on strategies and
                                                      projects.

 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                            SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                           99
Municipal By-laws and Standing Orders
The Department of Traditional and Local Government Affairs will produce                 Typical contracts, which are suitable for this option include, grass
standard document of Standing Orders and Municipal By-Laws, and this will be            cutting, road and street maintenance, material supply, technical
made available to municipalities to adopt and adapt to their unique                     expertise and general cleaning services.
circumstances.




                                                                                                                                                                  4.3.6 SERVICE DELIVERY SYSTEMS
 4.3.6 Service Delivery Systems                                                         The national government has released a White Paper on Municipal
 Umkhanyakude District Municipality is responsible for the coordination and             Services Partnerships as a means to create a framework for public-
 actual delivery of services within its area. The following are some of the models      private sector partnership in the delivery of services. While
 that can be used to achieve this effectively and efficiently.                          uMkhanyakude District Municipality has not entered into any of such
                                                                                        partnerships, this remains an option that could be explored. The
 Municipal Partnerships                                                                 mechanism for the provision of services is changing. The private sector
 Section 76(6) of the Municipal Structures Act, (Act 32 of 2000), provides for          is increasingly being called upon to participate, and in some instances
 municipalities to enter into service delivery agreements with different structures     be fully responsible for the financing, operation, delivery and
 including a public entity, another municipality or any organ of state. In line with    maintenance of infrastructure.
 this, it is suggested that uMkhanyakude District Municipality should investigate
 the establishment of such partnership arrangements especially for the delivery
 of bulk services such as water and special services such as fire and
 emergency services. Partnerships allow for the economies of scale, and the
 alignment of the development priorities of the affected municipalities.

 Public/Private Sector Partnerships
 International as well as national experience suggests that Private-Public
 Partnerships can be implemented with a degree of success, but are more
 suited to projects that are financially viable. While the feasibility of this option
 within uMkhanyakude District still needs to be investigated, sub-contracting has
 proved to be one of the most effective forms of private sector involvement in
 service delivery. Its advantages are as follows:
    •    Local job creation.
    •    Costs are known upfront.
    •    It is easier to enforce quality control
    •    No initial capital outlay is required.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                                  100
4.3.7 Local Government Principles
                                                                                      Public Participation
Co-operative Governance                                                               In terms of Chapter 4 of the Municipal Systems Act (Act No 32 of 2000),
                                                                                      municipalities should provide for public participation in the affairs of the
Umkhanyakude District Municipality has embraced the principle of co-operative         municipality. It requires municipalities to develop a culture and
governance, and gives effect to this principle by means of a number of strategic      encourage public involvement in local governance. Section 16 (1) (a)




                                                                                                                                                                     4.3.7 LOCAL GOVERNMENT PRINCIPLES
partnerships with different government departments, both nationally and               identifies the following as critical areas for public participation:
provincially. The District Municipality serves as an implementing agent for the          • Preparation, implementation and review of the IDP.
water and sanitation projects funded by the Department of Water Affairs and
                                                                                         • The establishment, implementation and review of its performance
Forestry, land reform projects funded by the Department of Land Affairs and the            management system.
Community Based Public Works Program of the national Department of Public
                                                                                         • Monitoring and review of its performance.
Works. In future, it will also play a critical role in the implementation of the
District Health System and tourism promotion within its area. The following are          • Preparation of the budget.
thus seen as critical aspects for co-operative governance:                               • Strategic decisions relating to the provision of municipal services.
                                                                                      The Act does not prescribe any mechanisms for public participation, but
   • Establishment of a Service Providers Forum, which serves as an                   stipulates that a municipality must establish appropriate mechanisms,
     information sharing and budget alignment mechanism for all service               processes and procedures to enable the local community to participate
     providers operating within the District. This forum gives effect to integrated   in the affairs of a municipality. Public participation should cater for all
                                                                                      social groups including the women, disabled and those who cannot read
     development planning and service delivery and provides for the co-               and write. The following are some of the participation mechanisms:
     ordination of the activities of various role-players in the District.               • Local Municipalities and their ward/development committees.
   • Agency agreements signed with various national government departments.
                                                                                         • Public notices by means of radio announcements and newspaper
     These agreements provide for the District Municipality to take responsibility         adverts.
     for the implementation of government programs such as the Community
                                                                                         • Community meetings.
     Based Public Works Program.
                                                                                         • Meetings of municipal council open to the public.
   • Participation in community policing forums
   • Participation in Rural Roads Transportation Forums.                                 • Public Forums such as the IDP Forum and Audit Committee.
   • Establishment of a Land and Housing Steering Committee.
   • Establishment of an economic development coordinating structure.                 4.3.8 The Role of Traditional Leaders
   • Establishment of an environmental working group.
                                                                                      The role of traditional leaders within municipalities, particularly District
                                                                                      municipalities, is still being considered by the national government. At
                                                                                      present, traditional leaders continue to perform their functions in terms
                                                                                      of customary law. The District has a good relation with the traditional
                                                                                      authorities within its area.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                                     101
4.3.8 Summary of Institutional Projects
 PROJECT DETAILS                                                  PROJ. TYPE    RESPONSIBILITY     BUDGET        FINAN. YEARS   STATUS        SOURCE

 Implementation of a Human Resource Development Plan                Capital         District      300,000.00      2002/2003       Yes          DBSA




                                                                                                                                                          4.3.8 SUMMARY of INSTITUTIOANL PROJECTS
 Municipal Improvement Program

 Preparation of Municipal Performance Management System             Capital         District      500,000.00      2002/2003       Yes          DTLGA
 Review of the District IDP Document                                Capital         District      250,000.00      2002/2003       Yes          DTLG

 PIMSS                                                            Operational       District      841,700.00      2002/2003       Yes          DPLG
                                                                  and capital
 Implementation of GAMAP                                            Capital         District      200,000.00      2002/2004       Yes          DPLG

 Admin & Service Delivery Systems (Customer Service                 Capital         District      120,000.00      2002/2004       Yes          DPLG
 improvement)
 Implementation of IDP Community Participation Strategy             Capital         District      488,300.00      2002/2004       Yes          DPLG
 (Stakeholder alignment)
 Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Program

 Nodal Delivery Team                                              Operational       District      741,217.00      2002/2003       Yes          DPLG

 Jozini Community Market                                            Capital         District     1,000,000.00     2002/2003       Yes          DPLG

 Formalizing Informal Sector (Mtubatuba) (Phase2)                   Capital         District     2,000,000.00     2002/2004       No           DPLG

 Civil Protection (Disaster Management)                             Capital         District      19,000.00       2002/2003       Yes          DPLG

 Construction of the District Municipal offices                     Capital         District     10,000,000.00    2002/2003     Partially   DTLG, DBSA

 Detailed Audit of Current and Potential Levy Payers                Capital         District      100,000.00      2002/2003     Possible       DFID

 Initiation of Rates Payment Awareness Campaign                   Operational       District           -          2002/2003       Yes          District

 Establishment of an Assets Audit and Operation and               Operational       District      150,000.00      2002/2003       Yes          DFID
 Maintenance Plan                                                 and capital
 Investigation and Establishment of Public Private Partnerships   Operational       District           -          2003/2004       Yes          District


 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
 PREPARED BY: UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality                                                 SUPPORTED BY: THE IDT, IYER ROTHAUG & MASEKO HLONGWA
                                                                                                                                                          102
4.4 THE FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK
                                                                                        Output:                                         Timeframe:
4.4.1 Limited Revenue Base
                                                                                        Double the revenue generated from levies        30 June 2004
While the uMkhanyakude District Municipality has limited urban development
within its area of jurisdiction, there are a number of game parks and private
                                                                                        Establish functional operational capacity
game reserves within its service area. The main source of income available to
                                                                                        withinDistrict Municipality                     30 June 2004
District Municipality are the levy charges; in terms of legislation all organizations
that are deemed levy paying are required to register. Currently the registered




                                                                                                                                                       4.4 FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK
                                                                                        Implement standard institutional policies and
levy payers form only a limited proportion of those required to register. However,
                                                                                        procedures                                      31 Dec. 2002
registration forms only timeously (monthly, quarterly, half yearly or annually as
the case may be) and an inspection service is required to provide periodic
                                                                                        Specialist capacity identified and data base
checks as to whether levy payments reflect accurately the turnover and
                                                                                        developed                                       30 June 2003
personnel expenditure of the organization concerned. The uMkhanyakude
District Municipality does not have the capacity to ensure compliance in this
                                                                                        Implementation of service delivery centres      1 July 2003
regard either.

4.4.2 Sector Guidelines and Strategies
The guidelines and strategies considered during the strategies phase were
designed, inter alia, to:

   • Expand the levy revenue base of the District Municipality;
   • Develop a financial structure for the institutional section of the District
     Municipality and staff it on a prioritised basis as funding became available;
   • Centralize information and specialist skills within the District Municipality
     with access being provided to the local municipalities within the District;
   • Ensure the implementation of standard institutional policies and procedures
     to direct the operation of the District Municipality; and
   • Provide decentralized access to municipal services by local communities
     through the establishment of service delivery centres in each of the local
     municipalities.
   • The strategies were all developed to address identified objectives and
     provide a step-by-step or sequential process with timeframes attached to
     the finalisation of each step.

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                       103
4.4.3 Financial Management Arrangements




                                                                                                                                                                4.4.3 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS
   •    All expenditure will be incurred in strict accordance with the operational     •   All levy payers are to be issued with statements in accordance
        budgetary provision                                                                with the payment arrangement with them
   •    Development of the operational budget on an annual basis will be               •   Completed returns from levy payers are to be reviewed and
        undertaken in consultation with affected communities/stakeholders                  payment reconciled with the return
   •    Approval of expenditure and effecting of payment in accordance with
        documented delegations of authority                                            •   A credit control policy is to be approved by Council in terms of
   •    The principle of separation of duties will be observed at all times – i.e. a       which strict debt collection procedures will be enforced including
        person involved in raising of levy statements cannot be responsible for            the engagement of legal proceedings to elicit payment
        the collection of the levy                                                     •   The top 20% of levy payers to be subject to an inspection on at
   •    Each financial official will be provided with a job description outlining          least a biannual basis
        his/her duties – acceptance of the responsibilities encapsulated in the
        job description to be by affixed signature                                     •   A monthly report to be submitted to Council reflecting actual
   •    On a monthly basis a cash flow projection will be completed for the                revenue and actual expenditure to date against budget,
        ensuing six monthly period to facilitate management of cash flow                   explanation of significant variances, and cash flow projection
   •    A preferred list of suppliers/service providers, based on the principle of     •   An internal audit function reporting directly to the Municipal
        supporting the local economy, will be prepared – purchase from any                 Manager will provide an independent review facility of the
        other supplier/service provider will have to be motivated prior to                 financial management function
        purchase
   •    Where required, tenders will be called for from the list of approved
        suppliers/service providers; unless specifically excluded, all other
        purchases require the prior securing of three quotations
   •    Terms of payment will be negotiated with creditors and advantage taken
        of cash discounts only when economically justified and possible in terms
        of cash flow
   •    Stocktaking of stores items is to be undertaken on a quarterly basis and
        any significant variances reported to Council
   •    On an annual basis the asset register, which is updated as assets are
        acquired/disposed of during the year, is to be reconciled with a physical
        stock take of assets


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                                                                                                                                                                104
4.4.4 Financial Guidelines and Procedures
   •    Debtor, creditor and bank reconciliation to be complied on a monthly             •   All participants in capital projects (consulting engineers,
        basis and reviewed by Director of Finance                                            contractors etc) are to be engaged in terms of signed municipal




                                                                                                                                                                  4.4.4 FINANCIAL GUIDELINES AND PROCEDURES
   •    Payment of levies can be affected electronically, by deposit into the                service provider contracts, duly approved by Council and
        District Municipality‟s bank account, by payment at a service delivery               following a transparent tender process
        centre or by cheque/postal order submitted in the mail                           •   Ownership of the capital project will vest in the District
   •    On a daily basis an interim statement is to be obtained from the bank to             Municipality upon completion and therefore provision must be
        establish direct deposits, dishonoured cheques etc and levy payer                    made in the operational budget for the operation and
        accounts updated accordingly                                                         maintenance of these assets
   •    The debt collection process is to be strictly adhered to and actions
        specified taken on due date
   •    Payment to be effected on original invoice, duly authorized, only and          4.4.6 Revenue Raising Strategies
        then only if accompanied by an approved order or requisition                     •   All organizations that in terms of the appropriate legislation are
   •    Prior to an a order or requisition being forwarded to a supplier, an                 required to register as levy payers are to form part of the
        authorization process is followed including the verification of availability         revenue base
        of funds on the operational budget                                               •   An inspection service to be instituted to monitor the registration
   •    No person authorizing the issuing of an order or requisition may also be             process but also assess the accuracy of returns submitted by
        a signatory to the cheque affecting payment to the supplier                          levy payers
   •    The financial system will be subject to a monthly closure at which point         •   The District Municipality that includes a debt collection process
        reconciliation‟s will be finalized and month end journals completed                  for errant levy payers must adopt a credit control policy; part of
                                                                                             the debt collection process is the levying of interest on
4.4.5 Capital and Operational Financial Strategies                                           outstanding levy payments
   •    Available monies are to be used in strict accordance with the approved
        budgets
   •    The District Municipality must ensure the timeous submission of
        requests for funding to the responsible organizations
   •    Funds allocated for a specific purpose are to be used for that purpose
        only
   •    Where capital projects are to be funded by donor organizations, the
        District Municipality must ensure that the funds have been secured prior
        to their inclusion in the capital budget



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                                                                                                                                                                  105
4.4.7 Asset Management Strategies                                                    4.4.8 Cost Effectiveness Strategies
   •    All assets whether fixed or moveable are to be recorded in a asset           Development of a functional organizational structure that is staffed with
        register which is electronically maintained                                  appropriate personnel who contribute to the efficacy of the District
                                                                                     Municipality
   •    The asset register is updated when assets are acquired (purchase or
                                                                                     The establishment of service delivery centres located within each of




                                                                                                                                                                 4.4.7 ASSET MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
        transfer once a capital project has been completed) or disposed of
                                                                                     the local municipalities that provide access to local communities to
   •    On an annual basis at least there must be a reconciliation between the       municipal functions and facilities provided by the District Municipality
        physical asset holding and that reflected in the asset register
                                                                                     The implementation of internal controls that ensure the management
   •    Where capital assets are transferred to the District Municipality,           of stock holding (control over shrinkage), management of cash flow to
        budgetary provision for the operation and maintenance of those assets        reduce usage of overdraft facilities with attendant penal interest rates
        must be included                                                             and ensure efficient investment of surplus monies.
   •    Cost Effectiveness Strategies
   •    Development of a functional organizational structure that is staffed with
        appropriate personnel who contribute to the efficacy of the District
        Municipality
   •    The establishment of service delivery centres located within each of the
        local municipalities that provide access to local communities to
        municipal functions and facilities provided by the District Municipality
   •    The implementation of internal controls that ensure the management of
        stock holding (control over shrinkage), management of cash flow to
        reduce usage of overdraft facilities with attendant penalty interest rates
        and ensure efficient investment of surplus monies.




UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                                                 106
4.4.9 2002/2003 Capital Budget
                     DETAILS                      PREVIOUS YR    CONTRIBUTED      COUNCIL                       TOTAL
                                                  CARRY - OVER     ASSETS       CONTRIBUTED       2002/03       2003/04       2004/05
CAPITAL RECEIPT
Transitional Grant                                                     876000                        876000




                                                                                                                                         4.4.9 2002 / 2003 CAPITAL BUDGET
CIMP                                                                 37925000                     37925000      23957000      27480000
DWAF                                                                 26954000                     26954000
Local Development Program                                              150000                        150000
CBPWP                                                                 6777971                       6777971      4885600       2043600
Sport Stadium - Manguzi                                               1200000                       1200000
ISRDP                                                                 1074083                       1074083
Municipal Systems Improvement Grant                                   2400000                       2400000      2500000       2900000
Municipal Buildings                                    3000000                      7,000,000     10000000
Contribution - Capital Development Fund                                             1,580,360       1580360
Contribution - Capital Outlay - Vehicle                                               400,000        400000
Contribution - Local Economic Development                                           2,034,612       2034612
Fund
Contribution - Capital Outlay - Computer                                              186,025        186025
Contribution - Capital Outlay - office                                                282,000        282000
Furniture & Equipment
Contribution - Events                                                                 300,000        300000
Contribution - Information Centre                                                     300,000        300000
TOTAL CAPITAL RECEIPT                                  3000000       77357054      12,082,997     92440051      31342600      32423600

UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                         107
Capital Expenditure (Departmental Expenditure)



                 DETAILS                          PREVIOUS YR CONTRIBUTED       Council                        TOTAL
                                                  CARRY - OVER  ASSETS         Contributed        2002/03       2003/04       2004/05
 Board and General




                                                                                                                                            4.4.9 2002 / 2003 CAPITAL BUDGET
 Computer                                                     0          0                    0       0                   0             0
 Furniture & Equipment                                        0          0                    0       0                   0             0
 Vehicles                                                     0          0                    0       0                   0             0
 Subtotal                                                     0          0                    0       0                   0             0
                                                                                                          0
 Municipal Manager                                                                                        0
 Municipal Buildings                                    3000000          0           7,000,000     10000000
 Computer                                                            20000                            20000
 Furniture & Equipment                                              100000                           100000
 Vehicles                                                                0             400,000       400000
 Subtotal                                               3000000     120000           7,400,000     10520000               0             0
                                                                                                          0
 Administration                                                                                           0
 Computer                                                            40000                            40000
 Furniture & Equipment                                               50000                    0       50000
 Vehicles                                                                0                                0
 Subtotal                                                     0      90000                    0       90000               0             0

 Development Planning & Tourism
 Computer                                                            40000                    0        40000
 Furniture & Equipment                                               51000                             51000
 Vehicles                                                                0                                 0
 ISRDP Projects                                                    1074083                           1074083
 Local Development Program                                          150000                            150000



UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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                                                                                                                                            108
 Capital Expenditure (Departmental Expenditure) Continued


                     DETAILS                       PREVIOUS YR CONTRIBUTED     Council                         TOTAL
                                                   CARRY - OVER  ASSETS       Contributed      2002/03        2003/04        2004/05
Contribution - Events                                                                  300,000   300000
Contribution - Information Centre                                                      300,000   300000




                                                                                                                                           4.4.9 2002 / 2003 CAPITAL BUDGET
Local Economic Development Projects
Contribution - CDF Local Economic Dev Projects
Subtotal                                                      0     1315083            600000   1915083                  0             0
                                                                                                      0
Financial Services ( MSIGP)                                                                           0
Computer                                                                  0           126,025    126025
Furniture & Equipment                                                     0           257,000    257000
Vehicles                                                                  0                           0
Municipal Systems Improvement Grant Projects                        2400000                     2400000           2500000      2900000
Subtotal                                                      0     2400000           383,025   2783025           2500000      2900000
                                                                                                      0
Technical Services                                                                                    0
Computer                                                             50000                        50000
Furniture & Equipment                                                45000                        45000
Vehicles                                                            300000                       300000
Subtotal                                                      0     395000                  0    395000                  0             0

Water Service Authority                                                                                0
Computer                                                                  0            60,000      60000
Furniture & Equipment                                                     0            25,000      25000
Capital Development Fund                                                  0           614,972     614972
Subtotal                                                      0           0           699,972     699972                 0             0

DEPARTMENTAL CAPITAL EXPENDITURE                        3000000     4320083           9082997 16403080            2500000      2900000



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CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (General Services - CBPWP)
                  DETAILS                  PREVIOUS YR CONTRIBUTED       Council        TOTAL            2003/04         2004/05
                                           CARRY - OVER  ASSETS         Contributed     2002/03
Nkovukeni Primary School                                      741,000                     741000
Mpayeni Primary School                                        494,000                 0   494000
Qalindlela Primary School                                     370,500                 0   370500
Mtiwe Primary School                                          409,403                 0   409403




                                                                                                                                       4.4.9 2002 / 2003 CAPITAL BUDGET
Empini/Ezinqeni Community Hall                                684,737                     684737
Emthonjaneni Community Gardens                                494,000                     494000
Ubombo Community Gardens                                      494,000                     494000
Makhasa Cummunity Stalls                                      494,000                     494000
Inkanyiso Community Gardens                                   496,586                     496586
Hlakaniphani Community Gardens                                559,000                     559000
Thembalethu Community Gardens                                 494,000                     494000
Project Planning Professional Fees 2002/04                    522,689                     522689
PIA Program Management                                        322,761                     322761
Contingency Fund                                              201,295                     201295
Subtotal                                              0     6,777,971                    6777971             4,885,600    2,043,600
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE (General Services - CMIP)
Kwangwanase Bulks                                         3800835.07                  0 3800835.07
Coastal Plains water                                         6825000                  0 6825000            5428128.14
Mbazwana water                                            6802551.19                  0 6802551.19           1000000
Ingwavuma water                                            741338.71                  0 741338.71
Mpunkunyoni water                                        10712914.84                  0 10712914.8            1000000
Phumlani Phase 2                                              657900                  0     657900
Phumlani Bulks                                             244472.98                  0 244472.98
Hluhluwe - refurbish bulk main                             732994.38                     732994.38
Hluhluwe solid waste                                       206992.91                  0 206992.91
Othobothini phase 1                                          3500000                  0 3500000               1300000              0
Othobothini phase 2                                                 0                            0            2400000              0
Mashabane                                                    2600000                       2600000            1500000              0
Nibela                                                        300000                        300000                  0              0

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DETAILS                                       PREVIOUS YR CONTRIBUTED      COUNCIL                        TOTAL
                                              CARRY - OVER    ASSETS     CONTRIBUTED       2002/03       2003/04         2004/05
Macekeni                                                   800000                        800000     500000             0
Mbazwana Housing                                           0                             0          2500000            1000000
Jozini Housing                                             0                             0          2500000            1000000
Dukuduku Housing                                           0                             0          3250000            2000000
Manguzi Housing                                            0                             0          2500000            1000000




                                                                                                                                   4.4.9 2002 / 2003 CAPITAL BUDGET
Umlingo Village ph 2                                       0                             0          1300000            0
Mpukunyoni Housing                                         0                             0          2000000            1000000
Contingency Fund                                           0                             0          -3221128.14        21480000
Sub total                                     0            37925000.08 0                 37925000.1 23957000           27480000

DWAF
Enkanyezini                                              1,030,000                       1030000
Mbazwana                                                 636,000                         636000
Mbazwane 2                                               2,965,000                       2965000
Masulumane Sanitation                                    648,000                         648000
Enkanyezini Sanitation                                   678,000                         678000
Zamokuhle                                                331,000                         331000
Shikishela                                               339,000                         339000
KwaNgwanase                                              513,000                         513000
Somile                                                   305,000                         305000
Hluhluwe                                                 730,000                         730000
Shemula 2                                                900,000                         900000
Nondabuya 2                                              1,200,000                       1200000
Mbila/Macabuzela/ Mbazwane                               129,000                         129000
Somkhele                                                 230,000                         230000
Thongwe / Malobeni                                       1,518,000                       1518000
Kwangwanase (boreholes)                                  1,330,000                       1330000
Kwangwanase ( water reticulation                         1,614,000                       1614000
Nkololkhotho                                             2,008,000                       2008000
DC 27 LG Support                                         500,000                         500000


 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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               DETAILS                    PREVIOUS YR CONTRIBUTED            Council         TOTAL            2003/04          2004/05
                                          CARRY - OVER  ASSETS              Contributed      2002/03
Dc 27 Emergency Fund                                      2,250,000                           2250000
Mpunkunyoni CBO WSP Support                                 600,000                            600000
Sanitation Projects                                       1,000,000                           1000000
CMIP Counter funding                                      1,000,000                           1000000




                                                                                                                                             4.4.9 2002 / 2003 CAPITAL BUDGET
Dukuduku Housing                                          4,500,000                           4500000
Contingency Fund                                                  0                                  0
Subtotal                                             0    26954000                         0 26954000                      0             0
Sport & Recreation Program
Sport Stadium - Manguzi                                         1200000                    0   1200000
Subtotal                                                 0      1200000                    0   1200000                     0             0
PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
(INTERNAL)
Local Economic Development Projects                               180000          2,034,612    2214612
Contribution - CDF Local Economic                                                               965388
Dev Projects                                                                        965,388
Subtotal                                                 0       180000           3,000,000 3180000                      0             0
General Services                                         0   73036971.08          3,000,000 76036971.1            28842600      29523600
Municipal Entities
Other (Specify)
TOTAL EXPENDITURE                                  3000000   77357054.08          12082997 92440051.1             31342600      32423600
SOURCE OF FINANCE
External Loans                                           0                        7,000,000   7000000
Internal Advances                                                                                    0
Contributions from revenue                                                                           0
Public contributions/ donations                                                                      0
Government Grants and Subsidies                    3000000   77357054.08                    80357054.1            31342600      32423600
Other Ad-Hoc Financing Sources                                                                       0
Other (Specify)                                                                   5,082,997 5082997
TOTAL FINANCING                                    3000000   77357054.08         12,082,997 92440051.1            31342600      32423600
NET SUPLUS/DIFICITY                                      0            (0)                 0        (0)                   0             0


 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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4.4.10 Five Year Capital Investment Program




                                                                                                                                   4.4.10 FIVE YEAR CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM
                     Umkhanyakude
              District Implemented Project              2002/2003       2003/2004          2004/2005             2005/2006

Department of Water Affairs Program                       26,954,000       89,362,000           89,362,000            89,362,000

Department of Public Works Program                         6,777,971         4,885,600           2,043,600

Consolidated Municipal Improvement Program                37,925,000       23,957,000           27,480,000            30,781,227

Municipal Systems Improvement Programmed                   2,400,000         2,500,000           2,900,000

Organizational Development (Municipal infrastructure)     10,846,080

Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Program           2,557,000

Sport and Recreation Program                               1,200,000

Local Economic Development Program                         3,180,000

Tourism Development Program                                  600,000

TOTAL                                                   92,440,051.00   120,704,600.00     121,785,600.00         120,143,227.00



 UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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4.5 AIDS / HIV FRAMEWORK
                                                                                        Projects                              HIV/AIDS related activity

Unofficial data indicates that HIV/AIDS is wreaking havoc in uMkhanyakude;              Clinic Rehabilitation                 Improving overall     access     to
infection rates are high, mortality is increasing and birth rates are dropping. This                                          healthcare
is resulting in a shrinking population. At the family and community level, an           HIV/AIDS Orphan Response              Providing comprehensive care to
increasing number of children are supporting themselves, and the elderly have                                                 orphans
become responsible for their grandchildren, requiring more support from public          Home Based Care Programme             Providing care to those stricken
services. Those requiring complicated care and treatment further overburden                                                   with the disease within their
sparse health facilities. As a result, at the municipal level, the delivery of health                                         community




                                                                                                                                                                    4.5 AIDS / HIV FRAMEWORK
services is imperative, along with education and awareness programmes.                  Annual Youth Sport Competition        Awareness campaign


Aside from the projects, which are responding to HIV directly such as Awareness         Community Crime Awareness and         Rape/Incest Awareness campaign
                                                                                        Prevention                            to be integrated
campaigns and that which responds to the needs of orphans, other LED projects
and training programmes will provide HIV information as an integral part of the         Crèche Development                    Awareness campaign/ care to
training. Similar to the latter, home based care programmes may provide                                                       orphans and children of ill parents
employment opportunities and similarly there may be opportunities through
tendered projects to provide services to HIV/AIDS sufferers. The table on the           Primary Health Care Package           Improving access to healthcare
                                                                                        development                           Implementation of HIV/AIDS
right provides a summary of the social development projects with special                                                      programmes
emphasis on how HIV/AIDS information and assistance can be integrated:                  Informal sector formalization         Entrepreneurial opportunities

                                                                                        Training and Support for school       Awareness campaign
                                                                                        leavers
                                                                                        School construction/ upgrade

                                                                                        Health sector work group              Opportunities to network on
                                                                                                                              funding sources, approaches etc.

                                                                                        Rural education project               Information

                                                                                        Public   Health           Awareness   Awareness campaign integrated
                                                                                        Campaign                              with malaria, TB and cholera
                                                                                                                              information


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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4.6 DISASTER MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK
                                                                                         Fires
The Aim
The purpose of the disaster management plan is to enhance the municipality‟s             Fires which are harmful to lives, property and natural resources are
capacity to prevent and to deal with disasters and to avoid developments, which          potential disasters, the severity and occurrence of which can reduced




                                                                                                                                                                         4.6 DISASTER MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK
are subject to high risk of disasters.                                                   through appropriate environmental management activities, such as the
                                                                                         prevention of alien plant enchroachment.
Overview of Disaster Management aspects within the District
                                                                                         The Approach Adopted
Over and above the normal concerns for human safety and damage to property,
there are special environmental concerns to do with disaster management within           The formulation of a Disaster Management Plan and the provision of
the District, due to the sensitive nature and qualities of many of its environments,     resources to implement it is identified as a task to be undertaken by the
and the ecotourism values that are associated with them – for example the                District council which will have the following activities.
Greater St. Lucia Wetlands Park. It is therefore especially vital in this regard that       1. Involvement of people who are aware of likely disasters, and
effective disaster management procedures are put in place to prevent or                          make sure that these are identified. This process has already
mitigate any impacts on these resources.                                                         been undertaken to some extent in the Analysis Phase of the
Besides disasters and accidents typical of any area in the country, the following                project.
are the type of disasters within the District for which the Disaster Management             2. Undertake a risk analysis exercise, which focuses on risks which
Plan in particular should be prepared:                                                           are very likely, and which justify the efforts of preparedness.
                                                                                            3. Obtain information from sources expert on the management and
Accidents and spills, especially from the N2 highway                                             prevention of disasters, such as the National Centre for Disaster
Vehicular accidents and / or associated spills from tankers containing hazardous                 Management.
and polluting chemicals are a threat. The N2 highway is the heavy traffic and               4. Preparation of disaster management strategies according the
“dirty route” for road traffic to the interior, and containment and prevention of                circumstances pertaining to the various areas of the District.
spills from this and other roads within the District is an essential component of a         5. The identification of the officer in charge of disaster
disaster management plan.                                                                        management, and the establishment appropriate institutional
                                                                                                 structures and resources to effectively reduce the risk of, and
Oil and spills at sea                                                                            mitigate the impacts of disasters when they occur.
The District is exposed to oil spills at sea that have the potential to pollute the         6. Apply the provisions of relevant legislation to monitoring and
beaches and estuaries of the District.                                                           reporting on disasters and their follow up activities, for example in
                                                                                                 term of Section 28 – Duty of care and remediation of
Floods                                                                                           environmental damage.
of low lying areas within the District, and the flooding of its major river, for which
the Umfolozi River is particularly prone.


UMKHANYAKUDE District Municipality - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN
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 •

 5. CONCLUSION

 This concludes the uMkhanyakude District Municipality Integrated Development Plan whose structure and content was presented as follows.

 Section One: Introduction
 The introduction tries to set out the background and approach to the integration report.

 Section Two: Current Reality
 This provides a synthesis of issues and establishes a broad profile for the District. Importantly this sub-section contains the priority issues
 identified as part of the IDP process through the relevant participation structures. These issues form the basis of the strategic framework.

 Section Three: Strategic Framework
 It provides a clear framework linking priorities with strategies and in developing projects to give effect to the strategies adopted. Importantly,
 the strategic framework phase is based on a previously prepared strategy working document where considerable involvement of local
 stakeholders has taken place and where shared objectives have been established.

 Section Four: Implementation Framework
  This section clearly establishes management frameworks to assist the municipality in achieving integrated development. These frameworks
 include a Spatial Framework, a Capital Investment Framework, an Operational Plan and an Institutional Framework. Whilst the guidelines
 suggests the need for a range of sector plans, the project team has established that the elements to be contained within this report, as listed
 above, are those which are considered as the basic ingredients required for effective management and delivery. the District. Importantly this
 sub-section contains the priority issues identified as part of the IDP process through the relevant participation structures. These issues form the
 basis of the strategic framework.

 Simply stated, this is product which resulted from a wide process of consultation between the relevant stakeholder, affected communities,
 traditional leadership, etc
 Consequently it will be able to address the needs of the affected communities.



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