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					Mandated Reporting



 A FamilyMeans Guide for
 Reporting Abuse and Neglect of
 Children and Vulnerable Adults
        Introduction
   Anyone may voluntarily report suspected child /
    vulnerable adult abuse or neglect to the local county
    protection services or law enforcement.

   However, if you work with children or families, you are
    legally required to report suspected abuse or neglect.
        Failing to report can result in a misdemeanor up to a felony
         depending on the harm suffered by the victim.
Responsibilty
   If you suspect a child or vulnerable adult is being abused or
    neglected, you cannot shift the responsibility of reporting to a
    supervisor, or to someone else in the office, school, clinic or licensed
    facility.

   As it is impossible to anticipate all of the potential scenarios and
    appropriate responses, it is essential to consult with a supervisor
    when an incident arises.

   If you are uncertain whether the incident constitutes reportable
    maltreatmnentyou may call the reporting agency for a hypothetical
    consult without giving your name or identifying information of anyone
    involved.

   You alone are required to make the report to the responsible
    agency.
    Definitions
   Vulnerable Adult
    Any person 18 years of age or older who:
       Possesses a physical or mental infirmity that impairs
        ability to care for or protect self
       Receives services from licensed home health
        provider
       Is a resident or inpatient of a hospital or other
        licensed healthcare facility
   Child
     Ages up to 18 years old
Who are mandated reporters?
   Health Care Professionals and Personnel
   Social Services Workers and Staff
   Education Professionals, Administrators and Staff
   Mental Health Professionals
   Child Care Providers and Center Staff
   Law Enforcement
   Guardians ad Litem
   Clergy
   Corrections Management and Staff
   Probation Officers
Mandated Reports by Statute
A person who knows or has reason to believe a child is
being neglected or physically or sexually abused, or
has been neglected or physically or sexually abused
within the preceding three years, shall immediately
report the information.

A person who has reason to believe that a vulnerable
adult is being or has been maltreated, or who has
knowledge that a vulnerable adult has sustained a
physical injury which is not reasonably explained shall
immediately report the information.
        What is required to be reported?

   Mandatory
       Maltreatment of Minors
       Maltreatment of Vulnerable Adults
       Prenatal Exposure to Controlled
        Substances

   Voluntary
       Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol Abuse
    (If reported in Washington County, Family Services may
    be able to contact the family to offer education and
    support)


    This includes abuse or neglect that has occurred in the preceding three years.
        Where do I report?
Immediate danger?
           Contact local 911 law enforcement immediately.

Otherwise contact the Child Protection Unit or the Common Entry
    Point (Adult Services) of your Local County Social Services
    Agency.

All staff will have these numbers for the appropriate county
     in their offices, with supervisors, and with intake staff.
     (See contact information sheet at end of presentation)

Additional Agencies that may receive reports are:
        MN Dept of Human Services (if child care center, group home, or
         shelter)
        MN Dept of Health, Office of Health Facility Complaints (if hospital,
         treatment center, nursing home or intermediate care)
        Minnesota Dept of Education (if staff in a school system are culpable)
        WI Bureau on Aging and Long-Term Care Resources (for vulnerable
         adults)
When do I report?

          Verbal reports must be made
           immediately (no longer than 24
           hours).

          Written reports must be
           submitted within 72 hours
           (weekends and holidays are
           excluded).
      When I report, what will be asked?
     Name, phone number and relationship to person
     Where the person is now and whether s/he is in immediate
      danger
     Description of when and where incident happened
     Description of injuries to the person
     Names and addresses of child, parents or caregivers
     Report of any additional witnesses
     Description of action that the facility or school had taken in
      response to the incident
     Whether you know of any immediate family or resources that
      would offer protection or support
     Your capacity and willingness to offer help to the family
     Good faith reporters or persons assisting in assessing the child or
        vulnerable adult are immune from civil or criminal liability.

Reporters may ask to have their name kept confidential and may request
follow-up on whether the incident was investigated and/or substantiated.
      Definitions - Neglect
   The failure by parents or caretakers to provide a child or vulnerable
    adult with necessary food, shelter, clothing or medical care.
   Neglect includes failure to provide for appropriate supervision or care
    arrangements.
   This also includes failure to ensure that a child is educated.

                               Examples of Neglect
Abandonment
Exposure to threatening or endangering conditions
Education neglect
Prenatal exposure to certain controlled substances
Physical injury resulting from hazardous conditions not corrected by the
guardian/caretaker
Failure to provide for a child’s/vulnerable adult’s special needs
Exposure to, or involvement in, criminal activities
     Definitions - Abuse
    Physical injury, mental injury or threatened injury inflicted by a
     person responsible for the person’s care, other than by accidental
     means
    Any physical or mental injury that cannot be reasonably explained
     by the person’s history of injuries
    Sexual abuse, defined as the subjection of the individual to sexual
     contact by a person responsible for the person’s care, a person
     with significant relationship with the person, or a person in position
     of authority
    Financial Exploitation which is the illegal use of a vulnerable
     adult’s resources for another person’s gain or profit


                        What if the sexual contact was consensual?
It may still be a reportable activity, since the line between consent and abuse/coercion can
                                       sometimes be cloudy.
  (For example, consensual sex between teens of the same age is not abuse. However, if
                   teens are more than three years apart in age; it is abuse.)
    Examples of Abuse
   Assault
   Use of drugs to cause injury
   Use of repeated or malicious oral, written or gestured language
   Disparaging, derogatory, humiliating, harassing or threatening
    behavior
   Use of any aversive or deprivation procedures, unreasonable
    confinement, involuntary seclusion including the forced separation
    from other persons
   Withholding legal representative of the vulnerable adult
   Forcing, compelling, coercing or enticing a vulnerable adult or child
    against their will to perform services for the advantage of another
   Manipulating the finances of a vulnerable adult (forging a social
    security check, taking money out of their account for personal
    gain)
        Detecting abuse
   Direct
       If a child tells his daycare worker that his Dad is
        “beating him up” the daycare worker is required to call
        Child Protection Services.


   Indirect
       Spot signs of abuse through
        observation
       Suspicious bruises or signs of
        neglect
       Unusual behaviors
        What happens when I report?
   Child protection services will attempt to address an issue of
    safety without removing a child or vulnerable adult from the
    home.
   They will assess and investigate the situation. Often the
    problems are due to lack of information or economic factors.
   The Child Protection worker may
       offer free classes/education
       offer programs or resources that the
        guardian/caretaker was not aware of
       recommend counseling
     Key Things to Remember
    Anyone may voluntarily report suspected abuse or
     neglect to the local county, or law enforcement.

    If you report in good faith, you are immune to any
     liability.

    If you are a mandated reporter, and you do not report,
     you are subject to a misdemeanor up to a felony.


Remember: You alone are required to make the report to the responsible agency.
     Reportable Criminal Behavior
     of Colleagues
Professionals have a duty to report criminal behavior by their colleagues.

Statutes and professional boards will discipline professionals who fail to
report colleagues of whom they have personal knowledge of misconduct.

If a professional hears a second or third-hand report of another
professional’s inappropriate sexual behavior or criminal misconduct, they
should undertake at least some minimal inquiry to determine the validity of
the report.

In situations where the individual admits that the information is true, it
must be reported.
        Quiz
   If you suspect a child or vulnerable adult is being abused or neglected, you [can/cannot] shift the
    responsibility of reporting to a supervisor, or to someone else in the office, school, clinic or licensed
    facility.

   Examples of reportable behavior are:
         Abuse
         Neglect
         Financial exploitation
         All of the above

   When I am suspicious of abuse or neglect, I must verbally report the incident to the appropriate
    authority within _______. (Timeframe)

   Alcohol abuse while pregnant must be reported to the appropriate authority. (True or False?)

   Administrative staff of mental health facilities are not mandated reporters. (True or False?)

   When I’m unsure whether an incident requires a mandated report, who can I consult?




   ___________________________________________                     ______________
   Signature                                                       Date

   ___________________________________________
   Print Name
Emergency Contact Information
                                               Call 911 If the Child or Adult is in Immediate danger
Keep your county numbers in your office

Eau Claire County
Child and Family Services                 Adult Services Intake Unit
Phone 715-839-2300                        Common Entry Point (CEP) Phone 715-839-2300
Evenings and weekends call Police         Evenings and weekends call Police
Department at 715-839-4972                Department at 715-839-4972

Hennepin County
Child protection Screening                Adult Services
MC L965                                   Common Entry Point (CEP) Phone 612-348-8526
Health Services Building
525 Portland Ave South
Minneapolis, MN 55415
24 Hour Phone 612-348-3552
Fax 612-348-9095

Olmsted County
Child and Family Services                 Adult and Family Services
Phone: 507-328-6400                       Phone: 507-328-6400
Fax 507-328-6633                          Fax: 507-328-6297
Day Crisis Phone: 507-328-6400            Common Entry Point 507-328-6400
After Hour Crisis Phone: 507-281-6248     After Hour Crisis Phone: 507-281-6248

St. Croix County
Dept. of Health and Human Services        Dept. of Health and Human Services
General Phone 715-246-6991                General Phone 715-246-699
Child Protection 715- 246-8285            Adult Protection (CEP) 715-381-4360

Washington County
General Phone: 651-430-6000               General Phone: 651-430-6000
Child Protection Phone 651-430-6457       Adult Protective Services Phone (CEP) 651-430-6484
Or send a secure email to                 Evenings and Weekends call
Childprotection@Co.Washington.MN.US       Emergency Social Services (CEP) 651-291-6795

                                                   National Child Abuse Hotline 1-800-422-4453

				
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