Three Gorges Dam - PowerPoint - PowerPoint by pengtt

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									     Three Gorges Dam Conflict

PBC Corporation
  (People for a Better China)




  Representatives:
   Fallyn Flaherty
 Tamara Mejia-Rabell
     Steven Eng
   Thomas Golden

                                Artist rendition of what the dam will look like when
                                complete.
          Question

Should China continue to build the
       Three Gorges Dam?




                    Yangtze River
          http://www.irn.org/programs/threeg/map.shtml




                                                         Clip art from Microsoft XP.
                        Agenda
   Background
   Pros
    – Fallyn Flaherty
    – Thomas Golden
   Cons
    – Steven Eng
    – Tamara Mejia-Rabell
   Decision                An engineer checking the turbines.
                            http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-
                            pacific/2977404.stm
   Questions and
    Answers
              Background
 The Yangtze River is the third longest river
  in the world – 3,937 miles
 Damming the river where the Qutang,
  Wuxia, Xiling Gorges meet (Three Gorges)
 Approved in 1989 for construction

 Project began in 1993

 When complete, water level will be 175 m
  deep and 600 km long
 Will be completed by approximately 2009
        Construction Site




http://www.irn.org/programs/threeg/map.shtml
               Construction of Dam


                            http://www.threegorgesprobe.org/tgp/index.cfm




http://www.threegorgesprobe.org/tgp/index.cfm             http://www.threegorgesprobe.org/tgp/index.cfm
Construction of Dam
                Pros
 Flood control
 Power generation

 Navigation

 Water Diversion

 Environmental Protection

 Economic Boost
                  Flood control
   The Yangtze has claimed more
    than 1 million lives in past
    100 years
   Prevent catastrophic flooding
   Lessen the frequency of big
    downstream floods from once
    every 10 years to once every
    100 years                        The sluice gates
                                     http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-

   Preserve:                        pacific/2977404.stm


    – Large amount of farmland
    – 15 million people's safety
    – Properties in the downstream
      area
   The risk that the dam will
    increase flooding is remote
             Power generation
   26 generators will produce
    18.2M Kilowatts of energy
   Create as much energy as
    18 nuclear power plants or
    the burning of 40 million
    tons of coal
   Electrical power from dam
    will provide up to one-ninth
    of China’s output.             Beginning of water storage
                                   http://test.china.org.cn/english/2003/Jun

   Power is to be sent through    /65919.htm


    transmission lines mostly to
    eastern and central China
    to solve energy shortages
    there
                   Navigation
   Will link three of China’s
    major rivers (the Yangtze,
    Haui, and Yellow)
   A 10,000 ton vessel can
    sail in interior for six
    months out of each year
   Would increase river
    shipping from 10 million      The Regal China cruise ship arriving
    to 50 million tons annually
   Transportation costs cut
    by 30 to 37 percent
   Shipping would become
    safer
              Water Diversion
   Droughts have
    effected irrigation
    and farmlands
   Three Gorges Dam
    will provide a
    balance in water
    distribution                      Resettled child in Ling Bao village

   Water in abundant     http://www.threegorgesprobe.org/probeint/ThreeGorges/3gphoto9.html



    areas will be
    redirected to areas
    of drought
    Environmental Protection
 Clean energy source
 Coal accounts for
  three quarters of
  country’s energy
 Reduce acid rain and
  global warming




                         Clip art from Microsoft XP.
              Economic Boost
   Power increase to
    support annual rise in
    GNP
   Increase in shipping
    and commerce
   Development of urban
    areas, factories and
    homes require
    electricity
   Three Gorges artifacts
    preserved to increase
    tourism
   Tourism of the Dam
                             Yangtze River: A pagoda overlooking the
                             river, near the Three Gorges dam.
                             Photo: Chris Stowers/Panos Pictures
                  Cons
 Cost

 Environmental  Impact
 Time Constraints

 Relocation of people

 Economic Strain

 Cultural Loss
                    Cost
 The dam will cost
  approximately $24
  Billion and strain
  China’s economy
 Subscription:
    – Electricity
    – Water




                           Clip art from Microsoft XP.
          Environmental Impact
   Area around the dam
    is very beautiful
   Different species of
    plants and animals
    will perish
   Worsen pollution by
    trapping sewage and
    industrial waste
   Little to no attempts
    to move toxic waste
    and other potential
    pollutants that will
    inundate the river
            Time Constraints
   Erosion and a non-ideal
    foundation, adds time
    onto completion
   The project could be
    subject to a foreign or
    military attack
                              A construction worker prepares
   Construction limits       the hills for the reservoir.

    importing and exporting
                              http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/asiapcf/9805/08
                              /china.doomed.river/index.html
            Relocation of people
   1.13M migrants will be
    forced out of their homes
   Violation of Human Rights
     – Discrimination
     – Unsatisfactory living
       conditions
     – Fewer job opportunities
     – No channels to express
       dissatisfaction
   Corruption and               People moving from their homes.
                                 http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/asiapcf/9805/08/c
    Embezzlement of funds        hina.doomed.river/index.html
                  Economic Strain
   Flooding of the most
    fertile agricultural lands
   The effect on both the
    migrating and the host
    community
    – Shortage of farmland
    – Unemployment
                                   Ling Bao village, a model resettlement village,
    – Decline in house hold        30km from the city of Yichang in Hubei province.
      income                       The damsite is about 60 km west of Yichang city.
                                   http://www.threegorgesprobe.org/probeint/ThreeGorges/3gphoto7.
    – Learning a new lifestyle     html

      (educational and technical
      skills)
                  Cultural Loss
   Culture as a product of
    the environment
     – Learning new
       technologies
   1,300 Archeological sites
    would be destroyed
   Destroy the legendary
    beauty of the scenery
   Reduce tourism revenue      http://www.maxwaugh.com/china03/yangtze/succubus.html
              Decision
 Itis in the best interest for China to
  continue to build the Three Gorges
  Dam due to all money and time
  invested in it.
Questions and Answers


       Thank you
                  References
   http://www.chinaonline.com/refer/ministry_profil
    es/threegorgesdam.asp
   http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1999/china.50/as
    ian.superpower/three.gorges/
   http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/hube
    i/yichang/dam.htm
   http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-
    pacific/2977404.stm
   http://test.china.org.cn/english/2003/Jun/65919.
    htm
   http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/asiapcf/east/
    06/13/china.threegorges/index.html
             References cont.
   http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/asiapcf/9805/08/ch
    ina.doomed.river/index.html
   http://www.travelchinaguide.com/picture/yangtz
    e/three_gorges_dam/

								
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