Three Gorges Dam - PowerPoint - PowerPoint by pengtt

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									     Three Gorges Dam Conflict

PBC Corporation
  (People for a Better China)

   Fallyn Flaherty
 Tamara Mejia-Rabell
     Steven Eng
   Thomas Golden

                                Artist rendition of what the dam will look like when

Should China continue to build the
       Three Gorges Dam?

                    Yangtze River

                                                         Clip art from Microsoft XP.
   Background
   Pros
    – Fallyn Flaherty
    – Thomas Golden
   Cons
    – Steven Eng
    – Tamara Mejia-Rabell
   Decision                An engineer checking the turbines.
   Questions and
 The Yangtze River is the third longest river
  in the world – 3,937 miles
 Damming the river where the Qutang,
  Wuxia, Xiling Gorges meet (Three Gorges)
 Approved in 1989 for construction

 Project began in 1993

 When complete, water level will be 175 m
  deep and 600 km long
 Will be completed by approximately 2009
        Construction Site
               Construction of Dam

Construction of Dam
 Flood control
 Power generation

 Navigation

 Water Diversion

 Environmental Protection

 Economic Boost
                  Flood control
   The Yangtze has claimed more
    than 1 million lives in past
    100 years
   Prevent catastrophic flooding
   Lessen the frequency of big
    downstream floods from once
    every 10 years to once every
    100 years                        The sluice gates

   Preserve:                        pacific/2977404.stm

    – Large amount of farmland
    – 15 million people's safety
    – Properties in the downstream
   The risk that the dam will
    increase flooding is remote
             Power generation
   26 generators will produce
    18.2M Kilowatts of energy
   Create as much energy as
    18 nuclear power plants or
    the burning of 40 million
    tons of coal
   Electrical power from dam
    will provide up to one-ninth
    of China’s output.             Beginning of water storage

   Power is to be sent through    /65919.htm

    transmission lines mostly to
    eastern and central China
    to solve energy shortages
   Will link three of China’s
    major rivers (the Yangtze,
    Haui, and Yellow)
   A 10,000 ton vessel can
    sail in interior for six
    months out of each year
   Would increase river
    shipping from 10 million      The Regal China cruise ship arriving
    to 50 million tons annually
   Transportation costs cut
    by 30 to 37 percent
   Shipping would become
              Water Diversion
   Droughts have
    effected irrigation
    and farmlands
   Three Gorges Dam
    will provide a
    balance in water
    distribution                      Resettled child in Ling Bao village

   Water in abundant

    areas will be
    redirected to areas
    of drought
    Environmental Protection
 Clean energy source
 Coal accounts for
  three quarters of
  country’s energy
 Reduce acid rain and
  global warming

                         Clip art from Microsoft XP.
              Economic Boost
   Power increase to
    support annual rise in
   Increase in shipping
    and commerce
   Development of urban
    areas, factories and
    homes require
   Three Gorges artifacts
    preserved to increase
   Tourism of the Dam
                             Yangtze River: A pagoda overlooking the
                             river, near the Three Gorges dam.
                             Photo: Chris Stowers/Panos Pictures
 Cost

 Environmental  Impact
 Time Constraints

 Relocation of people

 Economic Strain

 Cultural Loss
 The dam will cost
  approximately $24
  Billion and strain
  China’s economy
 Subscription:
    – Electricity
    – Water

                           Clip art from Microsoft XP.
          Environmental Impact
   Area around the dam
    is very beautiful
   Different species of
    plants and animals
    will perish
   Worsen pollution by
    trapping sewage and
    industrial waste
   Little to no attempts
    to move toxic waste
    and other potential
    pollutants that will
    inundate the river
            Time Constraints
   Erosion and a non-ideal
    foundation, adds time
    onto completion
   The project could be
    subject to a foreign or
    military attack
                              A construction worker prepares
   Construction limits       the hills for the reservoir.

    importing and exporting
            Relocation of people
   1.13M migrants will be
    forced out of their homes
   Violation of Human Rights
     – Discrimination
     – Unsatisfactory living
     – Fewer job opportunities
     – No channels to express
   Corruption and               People moving from their homes.
    Embezzlement of funds        hina.doomed.river/index.html
                  Economic Strain
   Flooding of the most
    fertile agricultural lands
   The effect on both the
    migrating and the host
    – Shortage of farmland
    – Unemployment
                                   Ling Bao village, a model resettlement village,
    – Decline in house hold        30km from the city of Yichang in Hubei province.
      income                       The damsite is about 60 km west of Yichang city.
    – Learning a new lifestyle     html

      (educational and technical
                  Cultural Loss
   Culture as a product of
    the environment
     – Learning new
   1,300 Archeological sites
    would be destroyed
   Destroy the legendary
    beauty of the scenery
   Reduce tourism revenue
 Itis in the best interest for China to
  continue to build the Three Gorges
  Dam due to all money and time
  invested in it.
Questions and Answers

       Thank you
             References cont.

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