INCEPTION REPORT First Draft Introduction This UNDP/GEF project “Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector ,PIMS No 3217” aims to address the overall concerns relating to fisheries management in Kyrgyzstan by demonstrating a new fishery management regime within the Lake Issyk- Kul as it relates to: The conservation of globally significant biodiversity (in this case endemic fish species!); Within the context of socioeconomic concerns, especially poverty and livelihoods. The project activity has been implemented in the Issyk-Kul oblast, and it is directly aimed towards solution of problems highlighted in the Presidential moratorium (See note below). It will be composed of a package of the national legislative acts and regulations elaborated and amended in order to stabilize endemic fish species in the lake through sustainable improved fishery production business. Note: The Degree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic No. 7 “ On measures to preserve and increase fishery stock in the Issyk-Kul , Son-Kul lakes and other water basins of the Kyrgyz Republic” was signed on January, 2008 in order to ensure optimal conditions to preserve and increase the fish stocks in indicated lakes. Project Inception Update The implementation of this Project started with some delay in the second half of 2008. The project assigned a number of national and international experts to complete under the supervision of the Project Manager, Azat Alamanov, the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime (BDFMR) for the Issyk-Kul Lake in the Kyrgyz Republic. Tentative Structure of the BDFMR was outlined after the first field visit of the International Fishery Policy Expert, Dr Heimo Mikkola, in October 2008. In November 2008 Messrs. Akylbek Ryspaev, National Expert, and András Woynárovich, International Expert, focused on finding useful and applicable solutions for the protection of endemic and the control of alien fish species in Lake Issyk-Kul and for the establishment of sustainable management of fish farms in the Issyk-Kul oblast. The actual writing of the Ryspaev & Woynárovich report was completed in December 2008. The project had also a team of lawyers to undertake overview on legislative bases of conservation of endemic ichtyofauna of the Issyk-Kul Lake. Second Working Paper of Azat Alamanov and Heimo Mikkola: “Structure of the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime within the Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan” was drafted in February 2009. This paper is a summary of all findings this far in order to facilitate stakeholder discussions and training sessions before the end of the assignment of the International Fishery Policy, NTE 24/04/2009. The authors did an extensive literature search of all species of fish species living in the Lake. According to our sources there are 28 different fish species in Lake Issyk-Kul, but only 11 of those are indigenous. Out of the introduced alien fish species Pike-perch and Bream have established well into the Lake, while Sevan Trout and Common Whitefish need human support to maintain their populations. Pike-perch endangers endemic species with its predation, and Bream grazes on the developing eggs of Issyk-Kul and Schmidt’s Dace. These two dace species, Issyk-Kul Marinka and Naked Osman are those four endemic species, which are seriously endangered. Last two species have seemingly already disappeared from the Lake. In order to achieve the objectives of the project, a priority list has been established and necessary proposals for solutions for the specific problems have been presented as follows: Legal modifications will be needed Kyrgyzstan is currently not a party to any international agreement that deals specifically with fisheries, but the country has signed a number of agreements that are concerned with biodiversity in the broader sense and also involve the aquatic environment. The Fishery Law exists, but would require number of amendments. Present law does not address all aquaculture matters typically considered in similar legislation in the other countries. Therefore the legislation needs to be updated to bring it into line with this Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime. Protection of selected endemic fish species in the Lake Issyk-Kul Fisheries experts are proposed to complete a systematic survey in order to map the possible whereabouts of the Naked Osman and Issyk-Kul Marinka. This should be a practical fact-finding survey as one of the most urgent specific tasks of national experts for the coming months of 2009 in order not to lose time in case mature fish could be found. TOR for this activity has been prepared by the International Fishery Policy Expert. Issyk-Kul Marinka brood fishes may still be found in some of the ponds and reservoirs near the Lake. The project is expected to organize fishing in these waters, where people have reported its presence. According to Rispaev & Woynárovich (2008) leaseholders of the ponds/reservoirs most probably have suitable nets to capture the fish alive. If not, two seine nets are proposed to be purchased by the project. These seine nets, 20 and 30 m one, with suitable depth, could be joined temporarily when fishing of a larger water body is needed. It is also necessary to have means to transport live fish (brood fish of Issyk-Kul Marinka). Purchase of a quantity of strong transparent plastic bags of 15 to 20 l and one oxygen cylinder with a pressure reducer meter would be important. About 5,000 Naked Osman were transferred in 1960 from Issyk-Kul to Son-Kul Lake and according to Pivnev (1990) fish established well in that Lake. Therefore, if no Naked Osman is anymore available in Issyk-Kul, it is important to get Naked Osman from Son-Kul Lake and propagate them for the Issyk-Kul Lake. Because the captured Naked Osman brooders and their eggs are sensitive to transport stress, field hatcheries will be needed. Details have been given in the technical report of Ryspaev&Woynárovich (2008). Control of selected alien fish species in the Lake Issyk-Kul Selective fishing of Pike-perch, Bream and Stone Moroko should be organized on their spawning grounds during their propagation season. However, that action should be completed only after taking into consideration all relevant facts and aspects. Bream and Stone Moroko are important preys of Pike- perch, so the disproportional reduction of the population of any of them could cause further damages to the endemic species (cf. Ryspaev & Woynárovich 2008). The interruption of the production cycle of Pike-perch, Bream and Stone Moroko through artificial nests would be a much more productive option of reducing the populations of them. In order to learn the technique, setting and collecting artificial nests two study tours have been proposed for the concerned officers and project staff. These study tours have been described in the details by Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008). Sustainable management of fishponds in the Issyk-Kul Oblast In order to reduce the fishing pressure on Issyk-Kul fish farming activities should be restarted in the ponds and reservoirs around the Lake. According to Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008) these water bodies have a total area of about 785 ha and they estimated that the total production potential of these water bodies is between 190 and 600 tonnes/year. This means that the fish farming could produce 40 – 125% of the average of the annual catches registered on the Lake between 1965 and 2003. The owners and leaseholders have been advised to complete some additional investments at their fishponds and small water reservoirs in order to ensure environment friendly fish farming discussed more in detail in Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008). Sustainable integrated fish culture extension services in the Issyk-Kul Oblast It is also proposed to support the establishment of private extension services through GEF Small Grant Facilities and the quotations for different items necessary for the establishment of the fish hatchery are listed in Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008) Lack of Fishery Statistics Reliable statistics are vital for any fishery management decisions. At least the last 10 years fishing statistics do not reflect the true state of the sector, and there are some doubts about the previous statistics as well. By sure we have no real knowledge from the occurrence of many alien species (to be controlled, like Rainbow Trout, Pike-perch, Grass and Silver Carp, Oriental Bream and Stone Moroko) or endemic species (to be protected, like Issyk-Kul Dace, Schmidt’s Dace, Issyk-Kul Marinka, Naked Osman etc.). As it is out of the scope of this project, maybe FAO could be requested by the Government to undertake a TCP project to improve the fishery data collection. In 21 November 2008 an internal workshop was conducted with the participation of Adriana Dinu, UNDP Regional Team Leader & UNDP/GEF Regional Technical Advisor, Biodiversity, Europe and CIS, Bratislava Regional Centre. During the workshop information was delivered about requirements for GEF/ UNDP projects in preparation of Inception Report and other requirements in the project management. Report on Changes in the Project Environment since the Project was submitted A new element, which was not known when the UNDP/GEF project was formulated, is the exponential growth in Rainbow Trout culture over the last few years in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan including the Lake Issyk-Kul. Although the Restbase trout farm had been raising Rainbow Trout just outside the capital Bishkek since 2000, capacity remained low (around 20 tonnes p.a.). Attracted by the high prices on offer in the domestic market – Rainbow Trout was retailing at 550 soms (around US$12) per kg in Bishkek fish shops in early 2007 – ECOS International commenced environmentally questionable operations at Issyk- Kul Lake in 2006. Importing eggs from Denmark and contracting the Ton hatchery to hatch and thence raise the fry until they reach a weight of around 7 grams after six months, the company then releases the fingerlings into four floating cages located in the shallows on the Southern shore of the Lake. The profitability of the operation is evident from ongoing investments at the site. Since 2006 five more licenses have been given to new Rainbow Trout cage farms in the Lake, but they should not put more than two cages each and the licenses are only for two years to start with. These new developments will inevitably result high environmental risk to the Lake as the cage farmers have no real concern for the environment, i.e. for the possibility of serious water pollution. Existing Cage farms are bound to cause pollution (in the form of chemicals and medicaments used for the treatment and prevention of the diseases and pathogenic bacteria and parasites) and eutrophication of the basin in which they are located as the excess feed sinks to the lake bottom through the net cages. Extra nitrogen and phosphorus will add the primary production of algae and lower oxygen levels. Sinking unused feed and also fecal secretions (faeces and urine) of fish at the bottom will cause the formation of H₂S gases which will eventually harm the cage farmer himself and later also the other users/fauna of the Lake. While there are number of people thinking only in commercial terms and claiming that there is undeniably a latent potential for the expansion of cage production in Issyk-Kul, as demonstrated so avidly by the experience of ECOS International, it is imperative that environmental safeguards are in place. Elsewhere in the world rapid aquaculture growth has been accompanied by rising concerns over the environmental and social impacts of such development (Dierberg and Kiattisimkul, 1996; Kautsky et al., 1997; Corea et al., 1998; FAO/NACA/UNEP/WB/WWF, 2006). The elaboration of obligatory environmental impact assessments (EIA) and SWOTS, complemented by training in environmental protection and standards , with the aquaculture entrepreneurs concerned should be pursued so as to avoid the occurrence of such problems in Kyrgyzstan. It is recommended that this project should try to convince the present owners of the cages with the economic calculations, that moving their cages into other artificial water reservoirs could ensure similar profits. However, as it may be difficult to convince all those entrepreneurs, who have already massively invested in the cages, to collect their farms from the lake and move them to another water body, a reasonable environmental compensation/biodiversity fee should be levied for all those remaining in the Lake. Basis for the fee have to be according to production levels, but collection of the production data has to improve first. It is well known fact that all cage culture producers tend to grossly underestimate their production figures. Tentative biodiversity fee could be 2% of sales value (now some 550 soms per kilo) of Rainbow Trout produced. Present production of estimated 300 metric tonnes would bring 3 million soms per year for protection of the endemics. Another serious fact is that through inevitable escapes of their fish from cages at times they are continuously reinforcing the Rainbow Trout population as one of the most harmful alien predatory fish in the Lake. Luckily the Lake-based cage culture is still in its infancy, and should be controlled better due to the real risk of polluting the lake as well as absolutely non-evitable escapes of an alien predatory fish into the Lake. Pond-based culture is a safer alternative and could rebound as access and user rights are clarified and water bodies leased. It is also important that the UNDP/GEF Project should organize and pay for the monitoring of the cage culture, especially the impact into water quality and if possible the quantity of fish escapes. To control and oversee this activity a special commission is to be formed containing the representatives from the State Agency of Environment, Fisheries Department, NGO and Owner Representative of the Cage Farming Entities. An important institutional development has taken place inside the government structure, when the Fisheries Department has been completely reorganized after the Project Document was approved. Although a Department of Fisheries was first time created in late-1997 funding was limited and, in 2000, the Department was subsumed within the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Processing Industry (MAWRPI). Although a reconstituted Department of Fisheries was set-up within MAWRPI the following year, it lasted less than a year – a Fisheries Inspectorate taking its place. As the name suggests however, the emphasis was on scrutinising catches and fishing activity - rather than managing the sector (although it was charged with issuing commercial fishing licenses in Issyk -Kul, Son-Kul and the main reservoirs until 2004). The managerial vacuum was belatedly addressed in 2006, when the government approved the creation of a new specialist Department of Fisheries (DOF). Still located within MAWRPI, the 12 person department is mandated to record the national fish catch and conduct state policy in the fisheries sphere (including the organization and regulation of both capture fisheries and aquaculture). The same year DOF established a Fisheries Board, bringing together members of government, the National Academy of Science and other research institutes, local authorities and other sectoral stakeholders to advise on policy developments in the sector. In March 2007 it convened a ‘Republican meeting’ which (finally) formally authorised the long-term leasing out of reservoirs and other fishing areas – twenty leases having been granted to date. Shortly thereafter it produced a Programme for the Development of Fisheries in the Kyrgyz Republic 2006-2010. Luckily the UNDP/GEF Project staff and consultants have had fluent working relations with the new Fisheries Department staff, so the close cooperation is expected to take place in all major issues in the future despite of some minor differences in the major interest areas. Since Soviet times the state has restocked the lakes, reservoirs and ponds of the nation with eggs, fry and fingerlings. Indeed, the current Programme for the Development of Fisheries in the Kyrgyz Republic 2006-2010, endorsed by the Department of Fisheries, proposes a restocking strategy expected to reach a volume of 13.5 million fry by 2010 (DOF, 2007). Yet nowhere is there a detailed financial analysis of the costs of such an activity – nor a breakdown of the beneficiaries. This somewhat begs the question as to the purpose of restocking water bodies like Issyk-Kul – if the costs are to be borne by the state, yet the fish (and financial benefits) are captured by poachers and/or recreational/subsistence and/or commercial fishers? And there is not a word about the share of endemics in these restocking – therefore it is assumed that the DOF is only talking about Sevan Trout and Whitefish restocking. Due to poor fishery management capacity at central and local levels, and the minimal level of organization of fisherfolk and aquaculturists, the management of the fishery resources can be considered as weak and does not reach its objectives, specified by government documents. Open access and common property regimes are the standard practice at the moment, making it impossible for the sector to become sustainable and limiting the investments in the sector. As a consequence illegal fishing, use of illegal equipment and gears, is common. Traditional fishing households are getting poorer and poorer as a result of imports and wide use of cheap gears from China that are containing mesh sizes that are not allowing fish species to reach their reproductive age. The limited coordination between the fishery sector and other sectors, such as the irrigation sector, further causes that irrigation and hydropower systems established that do not take into consideration the fish and the fisheries sector. An example is the establishment of a hydropower plant/dam on the Jergalan River which caused massive mortality among downstream-migrant young fish and mature fish. Updates on Key Issues/Recommendations Before this Project in this country (nor in any other country in this scale) there has never been any programme or strategies for controlling or eradicating alien species introduced over the past few decades, and there is generally little awareness of the interactions between aliens and endemics and the problem this is causing within the Lake. Although the people of the Kyrgyz Republic are very proud of the Lake, they are generally unaware of the existence of their native fish species found nowhere else on the world and the threats to which these species are today exposed in the Lake. Such lack of awareness extends into government technical and administrative (and especially policy-making) bodies whose advice and decisions can create or increase potential or real threats to the existence of these same fish species within the lake ecosystem. The activities of this project are of critical importance in fostering cross-sectoral and multi-stakeholder support for regaining control over illegal fisheries and illegal introductions of alien fish species. There are number of policy issues, on which the Project Inception Update section focuses and concludes as its recommendations. These are the most important legal modifications needed, and the protection of selected endemic fish species, control of the alien species, the sustainable management of fishponds and creation of the sustainable integrated fish culture extension services in the Issyk-Kul Oblast. Alternatively the cage farms should be removed from the Lake and/or a reasonable environmental compensation/biodiversity fee should be levied and a proper monitoring of the cage farming activity installed by the project. Further details on all these technical policy recommendations are under further consideration of both the national experts and International Fishery Policy Expert before the final validation of this consultancy on 24th April 2009. Project Management The Project will have national performance and implemented in close cooperation with SAEP&F/ The project structure shows the manner of management and supervision for the Project. Project Board EXECUTIVE SENIOR SUPPLIER SENIOR BENEFICIARIES Chief of SAEFI UNDP Resident Representative / Local communities and (Chairman of PSC) Deputy Resident Representative state body representatives Project Assurance National Project Director or person designated by him PROJECT MANAGER UNDP Environment Program Officer Project support OUTCOME 1 OUTCOME 2 Experts Team Experts Team Steering Committee of the Project (SCP) SCP is the principle administrative body for the Project. It provides Project with the management, coordination and political support. SCP shall be established by governmental bodies of the KR, Project and UNDP Program after the signing of Project proposal. First session of the SCP shall be held immediately after project personnel hired and signing of project proposal. The SCP meets not less than 2 times a year. SCP shall coordinate the Project through regular meetings and hear to the reports of the Project Manager (PM), consider and agree the AWP. SCP identifies the police of the Project, conducts monitoring of the project and its implementation efficiency. The clear differentiation of functions for SCP and PM (in accordance with the ToR) will support in time achievement of the project outputs, as detail described in approved AWP. The SCP is headed by Director of SAEP&F. So, the Director of the Fishery department of MAWR&PI and representative of the UNDP are the Co-directors, the SCP also consists of other officials from SAEP&F, Issyk-Kul Oblast administration, bio-spheric territory of Issyk-Kul, local governments and other stakeholders. The country office of UNDP will be represented in SCP by the International Advisor of UNDP Kyrgyzstan on environment protection. Activity of the SCP will be implemented based on the approved regulation . Supervision of implementation quality of program. The supervision of implementation quality of the project is done by Director of SAEP&F who is the National Director of the Project (NDP). PM shall agree the AWP and reports with the NDP. Project Manager (PM) PM is the part of management structure and responsible for daily management and administration of resources (including personnel and budget) of the project according to ToR . He has all authorities and is responsible for implementation of the WP and submits quarterly reports to the NDP. Group of Experts The Project will be implemented by hired groups of experts, specialists in the Project component activities. The operational support will be provided by administrative-finance assistant of the Project (see ToR in Attachment 5). Besides, the head office of the UNDP will also provide administrative-finance support. As required, the Project will hire the short term International Experts. ToR prepared on UNDP rules and procedures will describe the details of their terms of references, responsibilities and expected outputs. The parties can not change the structure of the Project unilaterally, set up or reorganize the working group of experts, as well as hire or fire the working group experts of the project. Control, monitoring and evaluation AWP of the project will be prepared by the PM, agreed with all stakeholders including SCP, and signed by NDP. Activity within the annual cycle The PM quarterly conducts the evaluation of the Project implementation on key positions according to the established criteria. The tables of issues arising in the Project implementation process shall be developed and included in the Atlas system by PM and systematically updated. Based on the analysis of the possible risks, PM makes the appropriate table of risks which is also updated according to the external conditions (see Attachment 1). The quarterly reports on Project implementation agreed with NDP and members of the SCP The PM also introduces the project monitoring schedule into the Atlas system, according to which the monitoring is held and indicated the implementation. Annually Annually, the PM shall prepare the annual report at the end of the fourth quarter or at the very beginning of the 1 quarter of the next year on established format taking into account the quarterly report. The report shall be prepared in comparison with the previous year and in accordance with the approved plan. The analysis of the defined problems and ways of their solution shall be conducted. The risk analysis and ways of their exclusion shall be conducted. The prepared report shall be considered in SCP and submitted for the approval of NDP. The approved report is submitted to the UNDP country office. The regular meetings of the SCP shall be arranged by its Chairman upon agreeing with NDP for monitoring of the project progress and implementation of the project activities. The main goal of the monitoring shall be the provision of systematic and careful evaluation of the project progress. Monitoring of the project shall be conducted through regular meetings SCP and tripartite review in accordance with the UNDP procedures. The final report for the evaluation of project outputs and lessons learnt will be prepared upon the completion of the project. Monitoring of the project implementation progress shall be carried out through the evaluation of progress of project outputs. The lessons learnt will be documented by the project and disseminated among the stakeholders through Internet network. Periodic monitoring will be carried out by UNDP office in the KR through the provision of quarterly reports of the PM. Moreover, the specific joint review meetings will be held with the participation of stakeholders as require Terms of References for Key Positions Terms of Reference for National Project Director National Project Director (NPD) is a responsible person in State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry (SAEPF) on “Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector” UNDP/GEF projects. NPD shall bear full responsibility for implementation of project activities in compliance with the scheduled time frame and for the achievement of the expected result stated in the Project Document. The main function shall be providing for intersectional and interagency coordination and involvement of all stakeholders in the process of the project implementation. NPD must be appointed by a Decree of the director of State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry. Main responsibilities: 1. Performance as a coordinating link and a responsible person of the project in the Executive Agency of the Project to monitor progress and implementation of activities; 2. Providing assistance in coordination of the project activities with the involvement of other governmental agencies; 3. Providing of implementation of obligations of the Government on co-financing and other contributions in the project implementation; 4. Participation in selection and hire of a project manager and national experts; 5. Delegation of certain authorities to the project manager for operational project management; 6. Control over work of the project manager through verification of audits and reports, participation in the meetings of the Project Steering Committee in compliance with the Section of the Project Document on monitoring and evaluation; 7. Monitoring of the project expenditures through signing of an audit of annual expenditures signed by the project manager or UNDP Program Associate. In addition to these standard main responsibilities NPC will: 8. Control and coordinate implementation of project activities in compliance with the Project Document; 9. Jointly with the UNDP Country Office provide for the fact that Memorandums of Understanding were prepared and discussed with the project partners; 10. Actively participate with personnel in the development of good, effective work plans on all project components, in compliance with which the maximum effectiveness of the project will be provided for. Coordinate implementation of these plans; 11. Provide for regular liasing with the UNDP Country Office, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and partners of the project; 12. Carry out in a timely manner review and coordination of financial reports, submitted by Project Manager, including the coordinated Annual Work Plan (AWP); 13. Regularly report to the Project Management Committee (PMC); 14. Identify and resolve project implementation problems as necessary; 15. Regularly report to UNDP in compliance with rules and procedures of execution. Terms of Reference Project Steering Committee The Project Steering Committee (PSC) is a main administrative body for the project. It implements the project and provides leadership, coordination and political support of the project. PSC shall meet not less than twice a year. PSC shall include of representatives from each of below listed parties : 1. State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry under the Government of the KR (Chairman of Project Steering Committee and Agency on coordination of the project). 2. Fishery department under the Ministry of agriculture, water recourses and processing Industry (Co- Chairman) 3. The United Nations Development Programme (Donor). 4. Issyk-Kul oblast administration. 5. “Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserves” 6. Academy of Sciences. 7. NGO 8. Private fishery factories. Representatives of other ministries and agencies, donors, etc., can participate in PSC sessions at the recommendation of any member and preliminary approval of acting members of PSC. They can participate also as observers at meetings at the initiative of PSC Chairman. The National Project Manager (NPM) is accountable directly by PMC. The responsibilities of the PSC as a whole and the individual members are to: Provide overall guidance and oversight on project implementation activities; Approve all significant project initiatives and strategic issues; Facilitate project work within each PMC member’s respective institution; Annually review and assess the progress of the Project and its components; Annually review and approve the work plan and updated budgets of the Project and its activities; Act as the primary lobbying and coordinating body to ensure policy, legislative, and financial support on behalf of the Government of the KR; as a liaison between the Project and other national and international programs, organizations and donors; Support the cross-sectoral approach of the project through creating mechanisms for interaction with NGOs and other stakeholders; Assist the project on external resources mobilization Continue to seek additional funding to support the outputs and activities of the Project beyond the lifespan of GEF funding. Terms of Reference I. Information about Position Position Project Manager (PM) Project Name Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector Duration 4 years II. Introduction The barriers for conservation of 5 endemic fish species are described in the Project Document. Consequently the project goal is to demonstrate integration of specific biodiversity conservation and sustainable use objectives within an aquatic production landscape associated with an area of high biodiversity and endemism. Therefore a team of national and international experts will be invited in order to provide technical assistance and advisory services to implement pilot project, create public awareness, improve institutional and regulatory framework, and develop alternative sources of supply to fill commercial demand and demonstrate important lessons and practices that will be transferable both nationally and globally to similar production-related ecosystems. Project Manager will coordinate the work of these groups. III. FUNCTIONS Supervise overall implementation of the project for its total duration to ensure project performance in accordance with the approved project document; Is responsible for the day-to-day management and administration of all project activities, staff, consultants, disbursements, etc and for ensuring that M&E requirements are met in a timely fashion; Manage the administrative assistant and the logistics clerk/driver. PM will be answerable to the UN Country Office but will be expected to work in close collaboration and cooperation with the Project Director on behalf of Executing Agency. PM will coordinate his work with UNDP CO Environment Programme Officer. Organize the project inception workshop; Organize the project tri-partite meetings; Assist in the preparation of feasibility studies for problems solution and its presentation for stakeholders; Analyze results attained by the project, and take into account the successful projects and experience of previous projects; improve key stakeholders’ awareness about project activities; Facilitate the activities of the Fisheries Advisory Group; Ensure coordination of the project activities with other relevant activities and initiatives of the Government; Contract and closely work with the team composed of a national and international specialists with expertise in financial mechanisms for fisheries; Support breeding and growth studies at fish plants and associated ponds; Provide assistance to the pond culture sector by supporting ten pilot ponds around the lake; Support a technical contract to identify additional alternative livelihood opportunities. Hire of specialized expertise to design the most cost-effective strategy for the control of the alien fish species Provide expert advisory services in the field of fishery legislation to draft Fisheries Management Regime for further dissemination to other 900 lakes, rivers and water reservoirs of Kyrgyzstan. Regularly provide information on project progress on the portal www.caresd.net for the benefit of all stakeholders. IV. RESULTS Expected results: Successful project implementation is in accordance to objectives, scheduler and planning budget. The performance of the project manager will be assessed in successful achieving of the overall project outcomes, mainly: Strengthened systemic and institutional capacity for biodiversity friendly fisheries management regime Sustainable fisheries demonstrated which contribute to the conservation of endemic fish species and to improve livelihoods Further main PM work results: Annual project reports, work plans and project papers; Documentation on awareness and information campaign; Proposals for amendments or changes to existing regulation in fishery management; Formally endorsed and Government adopted Fisheries Management Regime document. A number of capacity building work-shops and trainings are hold. Available Guidelines and Manuals according to results of project activities. Smooth and timely project implementation according workplans and deadlines. V. Remuneration Remuneration is effected on monthly basis according to contract terms, after approval of monthly report by UNDP International Programme Officer on Environment. VI. Required qualifications and competency Education: Higher education in business administration and environmental management, biology or relevant field. the availability of Scientific Degree (Master degree, PhD and etc.) is an advantage Experience: work experience in the Project management not less then 3-5 years; experience in fishery management or environment management are an advantage Languages: Excellent knowledge of Russian. English and Kyrgyz is an advantage Skills: Strong interpersonal and communication skills Be able to take decisions Strong computer skills (Microsoft Office, Internet, Excel ) Be able to live in Issyk-Kul region and make regularly business trips. I. Information about Position Position Administrative and Finance Assistant Project Name Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector Duration 4 years II. Introduction Project Administrative and Finance Assistant performs a variety of information collecting, monitoring, technical and administrative and finance services in support of project activities and all national experts under the supervision of National Project Manager (PM). He/she must write and speak very good Russian and English, translate and interpret easily. III. FUNCTIONS Assist the project officers in maintaining close contacts with the Government, Executing Agencies, donors and other counterparts through direct contacts, collection and summarizing of information, proposals, incoming and outgoing documents, drafting letters, organizing meetings under supervision of PM. Provide operational support to project activities implementation as well as to project management; Collect data and other information on project development and subject-matter activities (e.g. maintain, log, file and update records in prescribed format for subsequent use); Contribute to the preparation of status and progress reports by collecting information, preparing tables and drafting selected sections of it. Prepare background material to be used in discussions and briefing sessions; Arrange for the recording and processing of government requests for assistance; Assist in identification and formulation of development co-operation projects and in preparation of draft project documents; Assist in monitoring project/project activities by reviewing a variety of records, including correspondence, reports, activities, project inputs, budgets and financial expenditures in accordance with UNDP requirements. Prepare and file correspondence and materials relevant to the above; Assist in translation and organization of preparation of Terms of Reference for national and international experts; Assist in the organization and logistical preparation for workshops, seminars, visiting missions, field trips and etc; Assist on financial and administrative maters; Prepare unofficial translations and may act as interpreter if necessary. Perform other relevant duties. IV. RESULTS Accurate and efficient support for all project activities, reflected in approved Work plan. V. Remuneration Remuneration is effected on monthly basis according to contract terms, after approval of monthly report by PM VI. Required qualifications and competency Education: Higher education in business administration, management, economic or relevant fields; Presence of certificates on passing additional trainings on administrative-financial issues is desired Experience: 2-4 years of relevant work experience of which at least one year with international organization; Experience in managing finances for international projects. Languages: Excellent knowledge of Russian and English languages (writing and speaking) Knowledge of Kyrgyz language is an advantage Skills: Strong and fluent computer skills (MS Office); Skills work with documents, conduct correspondence and prepare reports; Good analytical, statistical, communication and organizational skills; Ability work in multinational team; Be able to live in Issyk-Kul region and regularly make business trips to Bishkek and Issyk-Kul oblast Working Plan UN Program for Development Year: 01 April - 31 December, 2008 Revision Project No : 00058610 Program Name: PIMS № 3217 Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector Output UNDAF A2: The poor and vulnerable groups have increased and more equitable access to quality basic social services and benefits, in a strengthened pro-poor policy environment. Output СП A.2.9: Sustainable development principles integrated into poverty reduction policies and programmes. EXPECTED OUTPUTS Quarters PLANNED BUDGET PLANNED ACTIVITIES RESPONSIBLE (with current situation, relevant indicators List of outputs and relevant actions PARTNERS and annual goals) 2 3 4 Fund Budget description Amount Project Outputs: Preserve biodiversity of Activity 1. Strengthening the system and institutional capacity for the of fishery management regime (FMR), favorable for conservation of biodiversity Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance 1.1. The fishery management regime friendly of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake developed Detailed draft of ToR for the development of FMR and selection of X GEF Miscellaneous $210,00 group of experts (using output 1.2) Baseline: The key reasons of the predictable loss of precinctive species Development of implementation of FMR in coordination with drafting X X GEF Local consultants $23 400.00 and related to it threat of disappearance the Concept of sustainable development of ecologic and economic are: (i) the massive increase of system of Issyk-Kul Oblast, taking into account the interests of fishery. uncontrolled capture during the last years; (ii) actual stoppage of renewal of Workshop on discussion of FMR among partners Х GEF Miscellaneous $2 100,00 the lake by tiny fish (young fish) of 4 commercial precinctive species; (iii) Subtotal: $25 710,00 introduction of the strange (alien, introduced) predatory species which are 1.2. Strengthening capacity for implementation of the regime for fishery management (RFM), favorable for conservation of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake out of control or measures on reduction Development of ToR and selection of experts on development of Х GEF Miscellaneous $210,00 of their number. The Government of KR training modules is attempting to provide the long term EXPECTED OUTPUTS Quarters PLANNED BUDGET PLANNED ACTIVITIES RESPONSIBLE (with current situation, relevant indicators List of outputs and relevant actions PARTNERS and annual goals) 2 3 4 Fund Budget description Amount prospect for promoting the sustainable Development of training modules X GEF Trainings $2 500,00 development of national resources , particularly development of fishery. Training workshops for the responsible agency on monitoring, control X GEF Trainings $2 500,00 and inspection Indicators: Training workshops on fishy resource and monitoring of magnitude of X GEF Trainings $2 500,00 Activity 1: population - FMRFB developed and prepared for Subtotal: $7 710,00 submission to the Government; 1.3. Improve awareness and support the favorable regime of fishery management - The training modules developed; Development of ToR for partnership with NGO. Selection of NGO- X GEF Miscellaneous $210,00 - audio and video materials prepared and partners broadcasted ; Preparation of awareness material to improve the awareness X GEF Contracted services $5 670,00 - Printed outputs are published; Miscellaneous $1 315,00 - Recommendations of NGO are developed and approved by Steering Working meeting of partners to review the recommendations X GEF Miscellaneous $1 050,00 Committee(SC) to be submitted to the Approval of recommendations of PSC Government; Local consultants $924,00 - Report on conducted trainings; Dissemination and improvement of awareness. Development of X X GEF Contracted services $7 560,00 awareness materials - Regular reports of experts. NGO partners develop the formal steering principles and contracts X GEF Trainings $2 520,00 with representatives of mass media (TV, radio and newspapers ) Activity 2: Development of media presentations and publications Х Х GEF Audio, video and $29 369,00 printed outputs - Recommendations on pond (piscine) management and artificial fish farming Subtotal: $48 618,00 approved by Steering Committee; Activity 2: Sustainable fish farms contributing into the preservation of precinctive species of fish and improvement of livelihood - Program on control of magnitude population of precinctive species of fish 2.1. Implementation of programs on pond farming and fish-farming for provision of alternative sources of revenue in accordance with the market needs and approved by SC and initiated; replenishment of lake stock with endemics. EXPECTED OUTPUTS Quarters PLANNED BUDGET PLANNED ACTIVITIES RESPONSIBLE (with current situation, relevant indicators List of outputs and relevant actions PARTNERS and annual goals) 2 3 4 Fund Budget description Amount - Program of alternative livelihood Development of ToR and selection of consultant on pond farming and X GEF Miscellaneous $210,00 approved by SC ; artificial fish-farming - Regular reports of experts. Review visit and development of recommendations on pond farming X X GEF International $12 600,00 and artificial fish-farming consultants Activity 3: Subtotal: $12 810,00 - Project office repaired and equipped; 2.2 The strategy on active control and reduction/abatement of introduced species for Issyk-Kul lake - Project personnel hired; Development of ToR and selection of consultant on control and X GEF Miscellaneous $0,00 - Vehicle procured; regulation of number of introduced species of fish - Initial seminar conducted; Review visit and development of recommendations on control and X X GEF International $10 825,00 regulation of number of introduced species of fish consultants s - Minutes of the decisions (meetings) of the National Technical Consulting Group; Subtotal: $10 825,00 - Regular reports of Project experts. Activity 3: Project management 3.1. Organization of Project Implementation Unit Goals:Strengthen the policy and legal Organize the project office X GEF Equipment $7 400,00 basis for integration of requirements on preservation of precinctive species into Trips $3 050,00 the RFM Organization and meeting of the SC of the Project Х GEF Travel, DSA $1 840,00 Selection and hire of project personnel X X X GEF Miscellaneous $315,00 Related CP outcome: Sustainable development principles integrated into 3.2. Monitoring and evaluation poverty reduction policies and Programmes Project reporting X X Miscellaneous Project personnel : EXPECTED OUTPUTS Quarters PLANNED BUDGET PLANNED ACTIVITIES RESPONSIBLE (with current situation, relevant indicators List of outputs and relevant actions PARTNERS and annual goals) 2 3 4 Fund Budget description Amount Project Manager Х Х Х GEF Service Contract $7 900,00 Administrative-financial assistant Х Х Х GEF Service Contract $5 100,00 Driver Х Х Х GEF Service Contract $1 100,00 Administrative expenses: Administrative expenses Х Х Х GEF Rent $1 260,00 Travel expenses Х Х Х GEF Miscellaneous $4 360,00 Office support Х Х Х GEF Trips $2 050,00 Procurement of vehicle for Project office Х GEF Equipment $11 600,00 Subtotal: $45 975.00 GRAND TOTAL: $ 151 648.00 WORKING PLAN UN Program for Development Year: 01 January - 31 December, 2009 Project No : 00058610 Program Name: PIMS № 3217 Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector Output UNDAF A2: Poor and vulnerable groups of population have increased and more equal access to main quality social services and benefits in the area of strengthening policy in protection of poor Output СП A.2.9: Principles of the sustainable development are integrated into the policy and programs on poverty reduction EXPECTED OUTPUTS PLANNED ACTIVITIES TIMEFRAME PLANNED BUDGET And baseline, associated List activity results and associated actions RESPONSIBLE Funding Budget indicatorsand annual targets Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 PARTY Amount Source Description Project Outputs: Preserve Outcome 1. Strengthening the system and institutional capacity for the of fishery management regime (FMR), favorable for conservation of biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes biodiversity having universal importance 1.1. A biodiversity friendly fishery management regime developed X X X SAEPF GEF Local & for Lake Issyk Kul Fishery International 25 000 Baseline: The key reasons of the - Drafting exercise for FMR Department Consultants predictable loss of precinctive - Finalisation of FMR for presentation to Cabinet Training and 2 500 species and related to it threat of - Adoption and endorsement of FMR by Cabinet Education disappearance are: (i) the - Selection and appointment of Lake Issyk-Kul FAG Services 1 000 massive increase of uncontrolled - Inception and execution of MCS agency responsibilities Travel capture during the last years; (ii) - Specific report to FAG on effects of alternative livelihoods, Misc. 2 000 actual stoppage of renewal of the pond culture and re-stocking on populations of endemic fish Equipment 60 000 lake by tiny fish (young fish) of 4 species UNDP Local 2 500 commercial precinctive species; - Overall reporting on FMR through the FAG Consultants (iii) introduction of the strange 1.2. The capacity to deliver and implement the biodiversity – X X SAEPF GEF Equipment 30 000 (alien, introduced) predatory friendly fishery management regime in lake Issyk Kul is Fishery UNDP 5 000 species which are out of control strengthened Department or measures on reduction of their Contractual - Stakeholder workshops with fishers and communities to share number. The Government of KR services MCS and other monitoring requirements is attempting to provide the long - Provision of equipment and training in its use for relevant term prospect for promoting the Institutes sustainable development of 1.3. Financial mechanism for the implementation of the X X SAEPF UNDP Misc. 2 500 national resources , particularly biodiversity friendly fishery management regime is identified Fishery development of fishery. - Report submitted to relevant government bodies for Department Indicators: endorsement of funding mechanisms Activity 1: - Stakeholder meeting to discuss funding mechanisms -. FMR developed and prepared SAEPF UNDP Audio, video 15 000 for submission to the 1.4. Awareness and support of biodiversity-friendly fishery Fishery and print Government management Department production Financial mechanism for the - Assessment of media presentation and publication exercise costs implementation of the Sub-total Outcome 1 145 500 biodiversity friendly fishery Outcome 2: Sustainable fish farms contributing into the preservation of endemic species of fish and improvement of livelihood EXPECTED OUTPUTS PLANNED ACTIVITIES TIMEFRAME PLANNED BUDGET And baseline, associated List activity results and associated actions RESPONSIBLE Funding Budget indicatorsand annual targets Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 PARTY Amount Source Description management regime is identified 2.1 Pond culture and captive breeding programmes to provide X X X Fishery UNDP Training and 2 500 - audio and video materials alternative supplies to meet market demands and propagation for Department Education prepared and broadcasted ; re-stocking of lake with endemics are implemented Local 30 000 Reports on held trainings - Stakeholder workshop for discussion and review of guidelines Consultants Regular reports of the experts - Steering Committee adoption of guidelines - Initial start-up process for pond culture and captive breeding X X X Fishery UNDP Equipment 7 000 Activity 2: 2.2 Strategy to active control and reduction/eradication of Department Recommendations on pond introduced alien species for Issyk Kul is developed Local management and artificial fish - Stakeholder workshop for discussion and review of guidelines Consultants 40 000 farming approved by Steering - Initiation of Alien Species Management Programme Committee; - Program on control of 2.3 Alternative Livelihood program which supports the transition X X X SAEPF UNDP Local 25 000 magnitude population of of individuals and businesses away from activities that threaten Consultants precinctive species of fish endemics toward activities in support of sustainable fisheries Training and approved by SC and initiated; management Education - Program of alternative - Adoption of ToR and selection process for Alternative Services livelihood approved by SC ; Livelihoods Consultant Travel Identification and - Review and cost-analysis of alternative livelihoods (capturing Misc. implementation of study tours 2.1 and 2.2) Equipment Procurement and disbursement - Presentation of Draft Alternative Livelihoods Programme to of support equipment for pond Stakeholders culture and hatchery programme - Adoption of ALP by Steering Committee start-up - Inception Meeting and Programme implementation Procurement and deployment of - Study tours and workshops on pond culture and re- mobile hatchery stations for introduction of endemics endemic fish species 2.4 Direct assistance to support conservation of the endemic fish X X X X SAEPF GEF Training and species of Issyk Kul Fishery Education - Adoption of ToR and selection process for Technical Expert Department Services Goals:Strengthen the policy and - Development and Implementation of stakeholder training and Travel 70 000 legal basis for integration of capacity building workshops Misc. requirements on preservation of - Identification and implementation of study tours Equipment 50 000 precinctive species into the RFM - Procurement and disbursement of support equipment for pond culture and breeding programme start-up Related CP outcome: The - Procurement and deployment of mobile hatchery stations principles of sustainable Sub-total Outcome 2 224 500 development integrated into the TOTAL Outcomes 1-2 370 000 policy and program of poverty UNDP founds reduction GEF founds PLANNED ACTIVITIES TIMEFRAME RESPONSIBLE PLANNED BUDGET List activity results and associated actions PARTY Funding Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Budget Description Amount Source Project management Project personnel Х Х Х Х UNDP UNDP Local Consultants 25 000 Travel 8 500 Communications Х Х Х Х UNDP UNDP Office support Х Х Х Х UNDP GEF Rent 1 200 Other Х Х Х Х UNDP GEF Misc. 1 000 Sub-total: 35 700 TOTAL 405 700 Quality criteria for evaluation of the project outputs OUTPUT 1: Preserve biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance Activity Result 1 Strengthening the system and institutional capacity for the regime of Start Date: 01.04.2008 fishery management (RFM), favorable for conservation of (Atlas Activity ID) biodiversity End Date: 31.12.2008 Purpose One of the key elements of the Project is fishery management Regime friendly of biodiversity (FMRFB), which will consist of package of national legislation, rules and regulations developed and strengthened in the key of stabilization of precinctive species of fish in the lake within the framework of sustainable, durable and improved commercial management of fishery. Stabilization will be achieved through limiting the current fishing, quality control of introduced species, as well as renewal of population of endemic species. Description 1.1. The regime of fishery management is developed favorable for conservation of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake 1.2. Strengthening capacity for implementation of the regime for fishery management (FMR), favorable for conservation of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake 1.4. Improve awareness and support the favorable regime of fishery management Quality Criteria Quality Method Date of Assessment how/with what indicators the quality of the Means of verification. what method will be When will the assessment of quality be activity result will be measured? used to determine if quality criteria has been performed? met? RFM developed and prepared for submission to Protocols of submission the RFM to the November-December the Government Government The training modules developed; Training modules September-October - audio and video materials prepared and Copies of audio and video materials During a year broadcasted ; Contract on media broadcast - Printed outputs are published; Printed outputs During a year Recommendations of NGO developed and Copies of recommendations November-December approved SCP to be submitted to the Minutes of the SCP meetings Government Reports on held trainings Reports During a year Training materials Regular reports of the experts Reports Monthly OUTPUT 1: Preserve biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance Activity Result 2 Sustainable fish farms contributing into the preservation of Start Date: 01.04.2008 precinctive species of fish and improvement of livelihood (Atlas Activity ID) End Date: 31.12.2008 Purpose There are about 40 ponds and small lakes around Issyk-Kul lake, some of them are natural some artificial, with the total area about 50 ha. In soviet times these ponds and small lakes were registered to kolkhozes and were high productive. Now they are private and poorly maintained and managed. Description 2.1. Implementation of programs on pond farming and fish-farming for provision of alternative sources of revenue in accordance with the market needs and replenishment of lake stock with endemics. 2.2 The strategy on active control and reduction/abatement of introduced species for Issyk-Kul lake 2.3 Programs on alternative livelihoods supporting movement of individuals and business from actions threatening endemics towards the actions on support the sustainable fishery management 2.5. System of information and knowledge management Quality Criteria Quality Method Date of Assessment how/with what indicators the quality of the Means of verification. what method will be When will the assessment of activity result will be measured? used to determine if quality criteria has been quality be performed? met? Recommendations on pond (piscine) Experts reports November-December management and artificial fish farming Protocols of agreeing with the SCP approved by Steering Committee; - Program on control of magnitude population Experts reports November-December of precinctive species of fish approved by SC Protocols of agreeing with the SCP and initiated; - Program of alternative livelihood approved by Experts reports November-December SC ; Protocols of agreeing with the SCP Regular reports of experts Reports Monthly OUTPUT 1: Preserve biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance Activity Result 3 Project Management Start Date: 01.04.2008 (Atlas Activity ID) End Date: 31.12.2008 Purpose Supervision of the overall project implementation during the whole period of the project aimed on provision the implementation of the project in accordance with the approved project document. Description 3.1. Organization of Project Implementation Unit 3.2. Monitoring and evaluation Quality Criteria Quality Method Date of Assessment how/with what indicators the quality of the Means of verification. what method will be When will the assessment of activity result will be measured? used to determine if quality criteria has been quality be performed? met? Project personnel hired; Contracts with the personnel April=June - Vehicle procured; Vehicle is procured and registered into June-July operation - Initial seminar conducted; Protocol and materials of initial seminar April - Not less than 2 meetings of the SC conducted; Minutes of the SCP meetings During a year - Minutes of the decisions (meetings) of the Minutes of the meetings During a year National Technical Consulting Group; - Regular reports of Project experts. Reports Monthly Revised Logical Framework SECTION II: STRATEGIC RESULTS FRAMEWORK PROJECT OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS STRATEGY Goal The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes Indicator Baseline Target Sources of Risks and Assumptions verification Objective of the Productivity / population Low numbers of 4 At Issyk Kul: Monitoring records No other factors impacting project : size of endemic fish endemics -unable and data analyses sustainability of endemics (i.e. water species(Leuciscus Naked Osman 40 of fish populations quality, disease, etc). Monitoring is to quantify To strengthen schmidti, Leuciscus bergi, tons2 per year per and species accurate. the policy and Schizothorax lake, distributions. regulatory pseudoaksaiensis issykkuli, Enough females and males of the framework to Gymnodiptychus Chebak 150 tons2 Samplings of the targeted3 species are found and integrate per year per lake, existing and newly propagated in 2009 and subsequent dybowskii)1 showing requirements Issyk-Kul Marinka reintroduced years. Restocking efforts of the lake continuing trend of for endemic fish significant increase by end 40 tons2 per year stocks of endemic are widely supported by both conservation per lake. fish species. authorities and public4. of project. into the fishery PROJECT OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS STRATEGY Goal The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes Indicator Baseline Target Sources of Risks and Assumptions verification management Ratio of endemic to non- Over 60 percent 60/40 endemic to Catch statistics. Alien species (Sander lucioperca, regime endemic species: non-endemic non-endemic Reports from Onchorhynchus mykiss, Abramis significantly reduced species in the lake population size Biological Station brama orientalis, Pseudoraspora number of alien species by ration by project parva)1 are removable or end of project, particularly end, controllable. Alien species may now those in direct be an important component of an competition or predating 90/10 ration 5 altered ecosystem. years after project on endemics. completion Newly established set 0 ha 56,000 ha Lake Issyk Kul The decision for setting area aside aside area (fishing management plan might face opposition from moratorium) fishermen, especially involved in poaching. The strategy of wider stakeholder consultations will be applied to mitigate the risk. Reduced fishing effort 1,500 persons 500 persons give Fisheries Fishers willing to stop fishing. May directly attributable to fishing in lake. up poaching on the Management be difficult to evaluate. changes in livelihoods lake. Accordingly statistics. Reports No established Employment or/and income within fishers the number of to Steering employment and poachers is generating activities are readily Committee. income generating reduced to 1000 available. activity. (reduced by 1/3). Survey of increased employment and People give up poaching when other income generation. source of income is available. PROJECT OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS STRATEGY Goal The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes Indicator Baseline Target Sources of Risks and Assumptions verification Effectiveness of policies Absence of BDFMR adopted by A formally Political will to adopt BDFMR in a and mechanisms for fisheries the Government endorsed and form that does not compromise its biodiversity friendly fishing management plans and providing for government- effectiveness sustainable adopted BDFMR management document. targeting endemics Other agencies willing to relinquish Outcome 1 responsibility (and associated budgeting) Strengthened systemic and Effectiveness of a Institutional FAC established Minutes of FAC Appropriate members selected. institutional management bodies (esp. fragmentation and implementing meetings. Project Assumes need for separate capacity for FAC = Fisheries Advisory effective policy represented on Committee. Role might be filled by biodiversity Committee) to deliver the FAC Steering Committee. friendly biodiversity friendly fisheries regime in the long-term management perspective. regime Percent of fisheries under 90% fishing illegal. 90% of fishing Database of Government prepared to act to control and monitoring Catches legally licensed. licenses. Records of eradicate corruption in ranks. uncontrolled and Illegal fishing prosecutions. Transparent enforcement unmonitored routinely Reports from procedures adopted and applied. prosecuted. Fisheries Officers. Support from legislative arm and Independent Courts assessment. PROJECT OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS STRATEGY Goal The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes Indicator Baseline Target Sources of Risks and Assumptions verification Percent endemic lake fish Endemics targeted Reduced % of Catch statistics Possible to target non-endemics species harvested as preferred endemics in published by without endemic by-catch. Can catches catches. Reduced Management Body. change market demand or provide overall fisheries Fisheries database alternate supply of popular endemic catch from lake. established and food fish (through pond culture) accessible. Survey of markets. Outcome 2 The degree of the Limited restocking Re-stocking rates: Project records. Possible to successful breed and effectiveness of the Marinka Reports from release all spp. of endemics. Sustainable breeding and restocking Schizothorax Biological Stations. Knowledge of number of individuals fisheries programs in sustain the pseudoaksaiensis Records of required. demonstrated viable endemic fish issykkuli – 500,000 breeding plants which Enough females and males of the population per year contribute to targeted species (especially Naked the Naked Osman Osman) are found and propagated in conservation of Gymnodiptychus 2009 and for this the hatchery endemic fish dybowskii – facilities; both fix and mobile are species and to 240,000 per year ready. PROJECT OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS STRATEGY Goal The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes Indicator Baseline Target Sources of Risks and Assumptions verification improve Average license period for Non-existing At least 10 years BDFMR document Local fishermen may oppose livelihoods fishing rights for a establishment of long tenure. There particular plot, assigned to is a need for a transparent bidding one user/fishermen process behind the distribution of long-term fishing rights, and the process should incorporate assessment of the fishing experience and qualifications. These are the risk mitigation measures the project will incorporate Volumes of commercial Little to no pond At least on 50% of Project records. Suitable ponds available. Pond fish supply produced from culture the total area of Site visits by cultured fish are acceptable to artificial ponds (higher suitable ponds fish Evaluators. Pond market. Cost-effective alternative to volumes will contribute to The number and is produced on an owners’ and wild- caught fish. reduction in required total of suitable environment operators’ records. fish ponds friendly way. 250 Fish seed supply is solved in order to fishing effort). kg/ha with Reports of private stock the existing and new fish extensive or 750 extension services. ponds. kg/ha with semi Sustainable integrated fish culture intensive extension services in Issyk-Kul oblast techniques. is set and supported by the authorities5. PROJECT OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS STRATEGY Goal The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes Indicator Baseline Target Sources of Risks and Assumptions verification The trend of changes in No control or Active control. Field monitoring. Accurate information available on the levels of introduced attempts to reduce Alien species Reports from existing numbers and life- alien fish species showing alien species number and sizes Biological Station. cycle/habitats. Control is feasible5. significant results. reduced Catch records. The trend of employment Heavy Increase in other Fishing licenses. Other livelihoods are available and of local people in concentration on forms of Independent attractive alternative. Fishers willing livelihood fishing (a fishing for employment. survey. Local to work in other trades. dropping trend will signify livelihood. Limited Decrease in fishing record of a relaxation of the catch opportunities for effort. businesses and Employment or/and income generating activities are readily loads) other employment. employment. available. People give up poaching when other source of income is available. 1 All scientific names in this report have been updated from the Catalog of Fishes/California Academy of Sciences (2008) and Fishbase (2009). 2 It is obvious that these values are originally expressed in hundred kilos as is the style in the Kyrgyzstan and not in metric tonnes as in the Project Document. 3 Still more than two years ago when the Project Document was prepared there were more chances to find enough sexually matured fish to propagate and start restoring of the Lake. In early 2009 the number of specimens of the targeted endemic species, especially the Naked Osman specimens, reduced so much that finding of them will be a major achievement as such and by sure the mentioned targets are far too optimistic during the short lifespan of the project. 4 The set target is the final goal of restoration the very original size of populations of the three endemic species, because such results could be expected only before the introduction of exotic/alien species had started. For this reason and because of the number of years, which are needed for these species to reach their sexual maturation, the set target should be considered as 10 year target, while the 5 year target the same catches should be reached which were the average of the period of 1970s and 1980s. 5After the design of the Project the authorities have allowed in the Lake large scale cage culture farming of the alien Rainbow Trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss). This is clearly a new risk for the success of the project as some of the Rainbow Trout are continuously escaping to the Lake from the cages adding the predatory pressure towards the endemic species. In addition, these cage farms are causing significant pollution at least in the close range of the farms. It would be desirable to close all cage farms in the Lake, but that might be impossible at least unless equally good alternative site is identified. Many farms have already invested considerable amount of money into this activity and at least three farms are getting good financial returns from the production. No measures have been implemented to limit or avoid the pollution of the Lake. Therefore the project is aiming to propose an environmental compensation / biodiversity fee; the cage farmers would pay against every produced kilo of Rainbow Trout to support the endemic species protection and reintroduction efforts. Risk Management RISKS TABLE Project Title: Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery Award ID: 00048448 Date: 20.05.08 sector Impact & Date Submitted, Last # Description Type Countermeasures / Mngt response Owner Status Identified updated by Update Probability 1 Not enough political will for Political L Appropriate national and local governments responsible adoption of regime of Fishery for introduction of RFM, will be actively involved into the Management (RFM) into effective implementation of the project through participation in scheme Steering Committee and awareness campaign. 2 Complexity of control of regulation Ecological M Reliable scientific justification is used in developing of abundance of introduced species measures addressed to elimination and control of introduce species within the framework of the project. Careful ecological monitoring will allow timely reaction to take correction measures on species control. There will be careful selection of highly qualified (local and international) experts for the project. 3 Impossibility of focus on non Ecological Promotion of selective breeding of endemic and non- endemic species without endemic endemic species in fishery accessory fishing 4 Level of cooperation with different Organizational Project specially keeps close relations with appropriate public institutions (mass media, institutions, mass media, and carries out awareness schools, communities, etc. т.п.) is Impact & Date Submitted, Last # Description Type Countermeasures / Mngt response Owner Status Identified updated by Update Probability not enough campaign. 5 Non relevant legislative and Political Involvement of highly qualified experts to develop and institutional basis for successful promote the necessary drafts of laws and rules. Conduct of development of fishery functional analysis and improvement of structure of state management bodies responsible for fishery Delay of solution of project activities Regulatory As soon as the new Government or structure is approved, it is due to change of Government and necessary to start negotiations on implementation of planned structure of the Cabinet. activities Change of Cabinet Political Negotiations with the Government on continuation of the project Instability in the country Security Stop the project until the situation is stabilized References Alamanov, A. & Mikkola, H. 2009. Structure of the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime within the Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan. 54 p. UNDP/GEF Project: Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector. Corea,A., Johnstone,R., Jayasinghe,J., Ekaratne,S., Jayawardene,K. 1998. ‘Self-Pollution: A Major Threat to the Prawn Farming industry in Sri Lanka’, Ambio, 27(8):662-8. Dierberg,F.E., Kiattisimkul,W. 1996. ‘Issues, Impacts and Implications of Shrimp Aquaculture in Thailand’, Environmental Management, 20(5):649-66. DOF. 2007. Programme of the Fish Industry Development in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2006-2010, Mimeo, Bishkek. FAO/NACA/UNEP/WB/WWF. 2006. International Principles for Responsible Shrimp Farming. Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA): Bangkok. Fish Base 2009 http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php Fish Catalog 2008 http://reserach.calacademy.org/reserach/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp Kautsky,N., Berg,H., Folke,C., Larsson,J., Troell,M. 1997. ‘Ecological Footprint for Assessment of Resource Use and Development Limitations in Shrimp and Tilapia Aquaculture’, Aquaculture Research, 28(10):753-66. Mikkola, H. 2008. Tentative Structure of the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime within the Lake Issyk- Kul, Kyrgyzstan. UNDP/GEF- Project: Strengthening Policy and Regulatory Framework for Mainstreaming Biodiversity into Fishery Sector. Bishkek, November 2008, p, 39. Pivnev, I.A. 1990. Fishes of Kirghisia. Fr., Ilim, 120 p. Ryspaev, A. & Woynárovich, A. 2008. Practical Recommendations on Protection of Endemic and Control of Alien Fish Species in the Lake Issyk-Kul and Sustainable Management of Fish Farms in Issyk-Kul Oblast. UNDP/GEF- Project. Bishkek, December 2008, 29 p. UNDP, 2008. Project Document PIMS No 3217 “Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector”.
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