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INCEPTION REPORT First Draft

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					INCEPTION REPORT

First Draft
Introduction

This UNDP/GEF project “Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity
into fishery sector ,PIMS No 3217” aims to address the overall concerns relating to fisheries
management in Kyrgyzstan by demonstrating a new fishery management regime within the Lake Issyk-
Kul as it relates to:

The conservation of globally significant biodiversity (in this case endemic fish species!);

Within the context of socioeconomic concerns, especially poverty and livelihoods.

The project activity has been implemented in the Issyk-Kul oblast, and it is directly aimed towards
solution of problems highlighted in the Presidential moratorium (See note below). It will be composed of
a package of the national legislative acts and regulations elaborated and amended in order to stabilize
endemic fish species in the lake through sustainable improved fishery production business.

Note: The Degree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic No. 7 “ On measures to preserve and increase
fishery stock in the Issyk-Kul , Son-Kul lakes and other water basins of the Kyrgyz Republic” was signed
on January, 2008 in order to ensure optimal conditions to preserve and increase the fish stocks in
indicated lakes.

Project Inception Update

The implementation of this Project started with some delay in the second half of 2008. The project
assigned a number of national and international experts to complete under the supervision of the
Project Manager, Azat Alamanov, the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime (BDFMR) for
the Issyk-Kul Lake in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Tentative Structure of the BDFMR was outlined after the first field visit of the International Fishery
Policy Expert, Dr Heimo Mikkola, in October 2008. In November 2008 Messrs. Akylbek Ryspaev, National
Expert, and András Woynárovich, International Expert, focused on finding useful and applicable
solutions for the protection of endemic and the control of alien fish species in Lake Issyk-Kul and for the
establishment of sustainable management of fish farms in the Issyk-Kul oblast. The actual writing of the
Ryspaev & Woynárovich report was completed in December 2008.

The project had also a team of lawyers to undertake overview on legislative bases of conservation of
endemic ichtyofauna of the Issyk-Kul Lake.

Second Working Paper of Azat Alamanov and Heimo Mikkola: “Structure of the Biodiversity Friendly
Fisheries Management Regime within the Lake Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan” was drafted in February 2009. This
paper is a summary of all findings this far in order to facilitate stakeholder discussions and training
sessions before the end of the assignment of the International Fishery Policy, NTE 24/04/2009.

The authors did an extensive literature search of all species of fish species living in the Lake. According
to our sources there are 28 different fish species in Lake Issyk-Kul, but only 11 of those are indigenous.
Out of the introduced alien fish species Pike-perch and Bream have established well into the Lake, while
Sevan Trout and Common Whitefish need human support to maintain their populations. Pike-perch
endangers endemic species with its predation, and Bream grazes on the developing eggs of Issyk-Kul and
Schmidt’s Dace. These two dace species, Issyk-Kul Marinka and Naked Osman are those four endemic
species, which are seriously endangered. Last two species have seemingly already disappeared from the
Lake.

In order to achieve the objectives of the project, a priority list has been established and necessary
proposals for solutions for the specific problems have been presented as follows:

Legal modifications will be needed

Kyrgyzstan is currently not a party to any international agreement that deals specifically with fisheries,
but the country has signed a number of agreements that are concerned with biodiversity in the broader
sense and also involve the aquatic environment. The Fishery Law exists, but would require number of
amendments. Present law does not address all aquaculture matters typically considered in similar
legislation in the other countries. Therefore the legislation needs to be updated to bring it into line with
this Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime.

Protection of selected endemic fish species in the Lake Issyk-Kul

Fisheries experts are proposed to complete a systematic survey in order to map the possible
whereabouts of the Naked Osman and Issyk-Kul Marinka. This should be a practical fact-finding survey
as one of the most urgent specific tasks of national experts for the coming months of 2009 in order not
to lose time in case mature fish could be found. TOR for this activity has been prepared by the
International Fishery Policy Expert.

Issyk-Kul Marinka brood fishes may still be found in some of the ponds and reservoirs near the Lake. The
project is expected to organize fishing in these waters, where people have reported its presence.
According to Rispaev & Woynárovich (2008) leaseholders of the ponds/reservoirs most probably have
suitable nets to capture the fish alive. If not, two seine nets are proposed to be purchased by the
project. These seine nets, 20 and 30 m one, with suitable depth, could be joined temporarily when
fishing of a larger water body is needed.

It is also necessary to have means to transport live fish (brood fish of Issyk-Kul Marinka). Purchase of a
quantity of strong transparent plastic bags of 15 to 20 l and one oxygen cylinder with a pressure reducer
meter would be important.

About 5,000 Naked Osman were transferred in 1960 from Issyk-Kul to Son-Kul Lake and according to
Pivnev (1990) fish established well in that Lake. Therefore, if no Naked Osman is anymore available in
Issyk-Kul, it is important to get Naked Osman from Son-Kul Lake and propagate them for the Issyk-Kul
Lake.

Because the captured Naked Osman brooders and their eggs are sensitive to transport stress, field
hatcheries will be needed. Details have been given in the technical report of Ryspaev&Woynárovich
(2008).

Control of selected alien fish species in the Lake Issyk-Kul

Selective fishing of Pike-perch, Bream and Stone Moroko should be organized on their spawning
grounds during their propagation season. However, that action should be completed only after taking
into consideration all relevant facts and aspects. Bream and Stone Moroko are important preys of Pike-
perch, so the disproportional reduction of the population of any of them could cause further damages to
the endemic species (cf. Ryspaev & Woynárovich 2008).

The interruption of the production cycle of Pike-perch, Bream and Stone Moroko through artificial nests
would be a much more productive option of reducing the populations of them. In order to learn the
technique, setting and collecting artificial nests two study tours have been proposed for the concerned
officers and project staff. These study tours have been described in the details by Ryspaev &
Woynárovich (2008).

Sustainable management of fishponds in the Issyk-Kul Oblast

In order to reduce the fishing pressure on Issyk-Kul fish farming activities should be restarted in the
ponds and reservoirs around the Lake.

According to Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008) these water bodies have a total area of about 785 ha and
they estimated that the total production potential of these water bodies is between 190 and 600
tonnes/year.

This means that the fish farming could produce 40 – 125% of the average of the annual catches
registered on the Lake between 1965 and 2003.

The owners and leaseholders have been advised to complete some additional investments at their
fishponds and small water reservoirs in order to ensure environment friendly fish farming discussed
more in detail in Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008).

Sustainable integrated fish culture extension services in the Issyk-Kul Oblast

It is also proposed to support the establishment of private extension services through GEF Small Grant
Facilities and the quotations for different items necessary for the establishment of the fish hatchery are
listed in Ryspaev & Woynárovich (2008)

Lack of Fishery Statistics
Reliable statistics are vital for any fishery management decisions. At least the last 10 years fishing
statistics do not reflect the true state of the sector, and there are some doubts about the previous
statistics as well. By sure we have no real knowledge from the occurrence of many alien species (to be
controlled, like Rainbow Trout, Pike-perch, Grass and Silver Carp, Oriental Bream and Stone Moroko) or
endemic species (to be protected, like Issyk-Kul Dace, Schmidt’s Dace, Issyk-Kul Marinka, Naked Osman
etc.). As it is out of the scope of this project, maybe FAO could be requested by the Government to
undertake a TCP project to improve the fishery data collection.

In 21 November 2008 an internal workshop was conducted with the participation of Adriana Dinu, UNDP
Regional Team Leader & UNDP/GEF Regional Technical Advisor, Biodiversity, Europe and CIS, Bratislava
Regional Centre. During the workshop information was delivered about requirements for GEF/ UNDP
projects in preparation of Inception Report and other requirements in the project management.

Report on Changes in the Project Environment since the Project was submitted

A new element, which was not known when the UNDP/GEF project was formulated, is the exponential
growth in Rainbow Trout culture over the last few years in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan including the Lake
Issyk-Kul. Although the Restbase trout farm had been raising Rainbow Trout just outside the capital
Bishkek since 2000, capacity remained low (around 20 tonnes p.a.). Attracted by the high prices on offer
in the domestic market – Rainbow Trout was retailing at 550 soms (around US$12) per kg in Bishkek fish
shops in early 2007 – ECOS International commenced environmentally questionable operations at Issyk-
Kul Lake in 2006. Importing eggs from Denmark and contracting the Ton hatchery to hatch and thence
raise the fry until they reach a weight of around 7 grams after six months, the company then releases
the fingerlings into four floating cages located in the shallows on the Southern shore of the Lake. The
profitability of the operation is evident from ongoing investments at the site. Since 2006 five more
licenses have been given to new Rainbow Trout cage farms in the Lake, but they should not put more
than two cages each and the licenses are only for two years to start with. These new developments will
inevitably result high environmental risk to the Lake as the cage farmers have no real concern for the
environment, i.e. for the possibility of serious water pollution.

Existing Cage farms are bound to cause pollution (in the form of chemicals and medicaments used for
the treatment and prevention of the diseases and pathogenic bacteria and parasites) and
eutrophication of the basin in which they are located as the excess feed sinks to the lake bottom
through the net cages. Extra nitrogen and phosphorus will add the primary production of algae and
lower oxygen levels. Sinking unused feed and also fecal secretions (faeces and urine) of fish at the
bottom will cause the formation of H₂S gases which will eventually harm the cage farmer himself and
later also the other users/fauna of the Lake.

While there are number of people thinking only in commercial terms and claiming that there is
undeniably a latent potential for the expansion of cage production in Issyk-Kul, as demonstrated so
avidly by the experience of ECOS International, it is imperative that environmental safeguards are in
place. Elsewhere in the world rapid aquaculture growth has been accompanied by rising concerns over
the environmental and social impacts of such development (Dierberg and Kiattisimkul, 1996; Kautsky et
al., 1997; Corea et al., 1998; FAO/NACA/UNEP/WB/WWF, 2006). The elaboration of obligatory
environmental impact assessments (EIA) and SWOTS, complemented by training in environmental
protection and standards , with the aquaculture entrepreneurs concerned should be pursued so as to
avoid the occurrence of such problems in Kyrgyzstan.



It is recommended that this project should try to convince the present owners of the cages with the
economic calculations, that moving their cages into other artificial water reservoirs could ensure similar
profits. However, as it may be difficult to convince all those entrepreneurs, who have already massively
invested in the cages, to collect their farms from the lake and move them to another water body, a
reasonable environmental compensation/biodiversity fee should be levied for all those remaining in the
Lake. Basis for the fee have to be according to production levels, but collection of the production data
has to improve first. It is well known fact that all cage culture producers tend to grossly underestimate
their production figures.

Tentative biodiversity fee could be 2% of sales value (now some 550 soms per kilo) of Rainbow Trout
produced. Present production of estimated 300 metric tonnes would bring 3 million soms per year for
protection of the endemics.

 Another serious fact is that through inevitable escapes of their fish from cages at times they are
continuously reinforcing the Rainbow Trout population as one of the most harmful alien predatory fish
in the Lake.

Luckily the Lake-based cage culture is still in its infancy, and should be controlled better due to the real
risk of polluting the lake as well as absolutely non-evitable escapes of an alien predatory fish into the
Lake. Pond-based culture is a safer alternative and could rebound as access and user rights are clarified
and water bodies leased.

It is also important that the UNDP/GEF Project should organize and pay for the monitoring of the cage
culture, especially the impact into water quality and if possible the quantity of fish escapes. To control
and oversee this activity a special commission is to be formed containing the representatives from the
State Agency of Environment, Fisheries Department, NGO and Owner Representative of the Cage
Farming Entities.

An important institutional development has taken place inside the government structure, when the
Fisheries Department has been completely reorganized after the Project Document was approved.
Although a Department of Fisheries was first time created in late-1997 funding was limited and, in 2000,
the Department was subsumed within the Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Processing
Industry (MAWRPI). Although a reconstituted Department of Fisheries was set-up within MAWRPI the
following year, it lasted less than a year – a Fisheries Inspectorate taking its place. As the name suggests
however, the emphasis was on scrutinising catches and fishing activity - rather than managing the sector
(although it was charged with issuing commercial fishing licenses in Issyk -Kul, Son-Kul and the main
reservoirs until 2004). The managerial vacuum was belatedly addressed in 2006, when the government
approved the creation of a new specialist Department of Fisheries (DOF). Still located within MAWRPI,
the 12 person department is mandated to record the national fish catch and conduct state policy in the
fisheries sphere (including the organization and regulation of both capture fisheries and aquaculture).

 The same year DOF established a Fisheries Board, bringing together members of government, the
National Academy of Science and other research institutes, local authorities and other sectoral
stakeholders to advise on policy developments in the sector. In March 2007 it convened a ‘Republican
meeting’ which (finally) formally authorised the long-term leasing out of reservoirs and other fishing
areas – twenty leases having been granted to date. Shortly thereafter it produced a Programme for the
Development of Fisheries in the Kyrgyz Republic 2006-2010.

 Luckily the UNDP/GEF Project staff and consultants have had fluent working relations with the new
Fisheries Department staff, so the close cooperation is expected to take place in all major issues in the
future despite of some minor differences in the major interest areas.

Since Soviet times the state has restocked the lakes, reservoirs and ponds of the nation with eggs, fry
and fingerlings. Indeed, the current Programme for the Development of Fisheries in the Kyrgyz Republic
2006-2010, endorsed by the Department of Fisheries, proposes a restocking strategy expected to reach
a volume of 13.5 million fry by 2010 (DOF, 2007). Yet nowhere is there a detailed financial analysis of the
costs of such an activity – nor a breakdown of the beneficiaries. This somewhat begs the question as to
the purpose of restocking water bodies like Issyk-Kul – if the costs are to be borne by the state, yet the
fish (and financial benefits) are captured by poachers and/or recreational/subsistence and/or
commercial fishers? And there is not a word about the share of endemics in these restocking – therefore
it is assumed that the DOF is only talking about Sevan Trout and Whitefish restocking.

Due to poor fishery management capacity at central and local levels, and the minimal level of
organization of fisherfolk and aquaculturists, the management of the fishery resources can be
considered as weak and does not reach its objectives, specified by government documents. Open access
and common property regimes are the standard practice at the moment, making it impossible for the
sector to become sustainable and limiting the investments in the sector. As a consequence illegal
fishing, use of illegal equipment and gears, is common. Traditional fishing households are getting poorer
and poorer as a result of imports and wide use of cheap gears from China that are containing mesh sizes
that are not allowing fish species to reach their reproductive age.

The limited coordination between the fishery sector and other sectors, such as the irrigation sector,
further causes that irrigation and hydropower systems established that do not take into consideration
the fish and the fisheries sector. An example is the establishment of a hydropower plant/dam on the
Jergalan River which caused massive mortality among downstream-migrant young fish and mature fish.



Updates on Key Issues/Recommendations
Before this Project in this country (nor in any other country in this scale) there has never been any
programme or strategies for controlling or eradicating alien species introduced over the past few
decades, and there is generally little awareness of the interactions between aliens and endemics and the
problem this is causing within the Lake. Although the people of the Kyrgyz Republic are very proud of
the Lake, they are generally unaware of the existence of their native fish species found nowhere else on
the world and the threats to which these species are today exposed in the Lake. Such lack of awareness
extends into government technical and administrative (and especially policy-making) bodies whose
advice and decisions can create or increase potential or real threats to the existence of these same fish
species within the lake ecosystem. The activities of this project are of critical importance in fostering
cross-sectoral and multi-stakeholder support for regaining control over illegal fisheries and illegal
introductions of alien fish species.

There are number of policy issues, on which the Project Inception Update section focuses and concludes
as its recommendations. These are the most important legal modifications needed, and the protection
of selected endemic fish species, control of the alien species, the sustainable management of fishponds
and creation of the sustainable integrated fish culture extension services in the Issyk-Kul Oblast.
Alternatively the cage farms should be removed from the Lake and/or a reasonable environmental
compensation/biodiversity fee should be levied and a proper monitoring of the cage farming activity
installed by the project. Further details on all these technical policy recommendations are under further
consideration of both the national experts and International Fishery Policy Expert before the final
validation of this consultancy on 24th April 2009.
Project Management

The Project will have national performance and implemented in close cooperation with SAEP&F/ The
project structure shows the manner of management and supervision for the Project.



                                                                          Project Board




             EXECUTIVE                                                    SENIOR SUPPLIER                            SENIOR BENEFICIARIES


            Chief of SAEFI                                          UNDP Resident Representative /                   Local communities and


          (Chairman of PSC)                                         Deputy Resident Representative                  state body representatives
                                      Project Assurance


                              National Project Director or person


                                      designated by him

                                                                      PROJECT MANAGER
                              UNDP Environment Program Officer




                                     Project support




                                           OUTCOME 1                                                 OUTCOME 2

                                           Experts Team                                              Experts Team




Steering Committee of the Project (SCP)

SCP is the principle administrative body for the Project. It provides Project with the management,
coordination and political support. SCP shall be established by governmental bodies of the KR, Project and
UNDP Program after the signing of Project proposal. First session of the SCP shall be held immediately after
project personnel hired and signing of project proposal. The SCP meets not less than 2 times a year.

SCP shall coordinate the Project through regular meetings and hear to the reports of the Project Manager
(PM), consider and agree the AWP. SCP identifies the police of the Project, conducts monitoring of the
project and its implementation efficiency.

The clear differentiation of functions for SCP and PM (in accordance with the ToR) will support in time
achievement of the project outputs, as detail described in approved AWP.

The SCP is headed by Director of SAEP&F. So, the Director of the Fishery department of MAWR&PI and
representative of the UNDP are the Co-directors, the SCP also consists of other officials from SAEP&F,
Issyk-Kul Oblast administration, bio-spheric territory of Issyk-Kul, local governments and other
stakeholders.
The country office of UNDP will be represented in SCP by the International Advisor of UNDP Kyrgyzstan on
environment protection. Activity of the SCP will be implemented based on the approved regulation .
Supervision of implementation quality of program.

The supervision of implementation quality of the project is done by Director of SAEP&F who is the
National Director of the Project (NDP). PM shall agree the AWP and reports with the NDP.

Project Manager (PM)

PM is the part of management structure and responsible for daily management and administration of
resources (including personnel and budget) of the project according to ToR .
He has all authorities and is responsible for implementation of the WP and submits quarterly reports to
the NDP.

Group of Experts

The Project will be implemented by hired groups of experts, specialists in the Project component activities.
The operational support will be provided by administrative-finance assistant of the Project (see ToR in
Attachment 5). Besides, the head office of the UNDP will also provide administrative-finance support.
As required, the Project will hire the short term International Experts. ToR prepared on UNDP rules and
procedures will describe the details of their terms of references, responsibilities and expected outputs.
The parties can not change the structure of the Project unilaterally, set up or reorganize the working group
of experts, as well as hire or fire the working group experts of the project.



Control, monitoring and evaluation

AWP of the project will be prepared by the PM, agreed with all stakeholders including SCP, and signed by
NDP.

Activity within the annual cycle

The PM quarterly conducts the evaluation of the Project implementation on key positions according to the
established criteria.
The tables of issues arising in the Project implementation process shall be developed and included in the
Atlas system by PM and systematically updated.
Based on the analysis of the possible risks, PM makes the appropriate table of risks which is also updated
according to the external conditions (see Attachment 1).
The quarterly reports on Project implementation agreed with NDP and members of the SCP
The PM also introduces the project monitoring schedule into the Atlas system, according to which the
monitoring is held and indicated the implementation.

Annually
Annually, the PM shall prepare the annual report at the end of the fourth quarter or at the very beginning
of the 1 quarter of the next year on established format taking into account the quarterly report.
The report shall be prepared in comparison with the previous year and in accordance with the approved
plan. The analysis of the defined problems and ways of their solution shall be conducted. The risk analysis
and ways of their exclusion shall be conducted.
The prepared report shall be considered in SCP and submitted for the approval of NDP. The approved
report is submitted to the UNDP country office.
The regular meetings of the SCP shall be arranged by its Chairman upon agreeing with NDP for monitoring
of the project progress and implementation of the project activities.
The main goal of the monitoring shall be the provision of systematic and careful evaluation of the project
progress. Monitoring of the project shall be conducted through regular meetings SCP and tripartite review
in accordance with the UNDP procedures. The final report for the evaluation of project outputs and
lessons learnt will be prepared upon the completion of the project.
Monitoring of the project implementation progress shall be carried out through the evaluation of progress
of project outputs.
 The lessons learnt will be documented by the project and disseminated among the stakeholders through
Internet network.
Periodic monitoring will be carried out by UNDP office in the KR through the provision of quarterly reports
of the PM. Moreover, the specific joint review meetings will be held with the participation of stakeholders
as require
Terms of References for Key Positions



                                       Terms of Reference for
                                      National Project Director


National Project Director (NPD) is a responsible person in State Agency for Environment Protection and
Forestry (SAEPF) on “Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into
fishery sector” UNDP/GEF projects. NPD shall bear full responsibility for implementation of project
activities in compliance with the scheduled time frame and for the achievement of the expected result
stated in the Project Document. The main function shall be providing for intersectional and interagency
coordination and involvement of all stakeholders in the process of the project implementation. NPD must
be appointed by a Decree of the director of State Agency for Environment Protection and Forestry.

Main responsibilities:


1. Performance as a coordinating link and a responsible person of the project in the Executive Agency of
   the Project to monitor progress and implementation of activities;
2. Providing assistance in coordination of the project activities with the involvement of other
   governmental agencies;
3. Providing of implementation of obligations of the Government on co-financing and other contributions
   in the project implementation;
4. Participation in selection and hire of a project manager and national experts;
5. Delegation of certain authorities to the project manager for operational project management;
6. Control over work of the project manager through verification of audits and reports, participation in
   the meetings of the Project Steering Committee in compliance with the Section of the Project
   Document on monitoring and evaluation;
7. Monitoring of the project expenditures through signing of an audit of annual expenditures signed by
   the project manager or UNDP Program Associate.

In addition to these standard main responsibilities NPC will:

8. Control and coordinate implementation of project activities in compliance with the Project Document;
9. Jointly with the UNDP Country Office provide for the fact that Memorandums of Understanding were
    prepared and discussed with the project partners;
10. Actively participate with personnel in the development of good, effective work plans on all project
    components, in compliance with which the maximum effectiveness of the project will be provided for.
    Coordinate implementation of these plans;
11. Provide for regular liasing with the UNDP Country Office, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and
    partners of the project;
12. Carry out in a timely manner review and coordination of financial reports, submitted by Project
    Manager, including the coordinated Annual Work Plan (AWP);
13. Regularly report to the Project Management Committee (PMC);
14. Identify and resolve project implementation problems as necessary;
15. Regularly report to UNDP in compliance with rules and procedures of execution.
                                           Terms of Reference
                                       Project Steering Committee
The Project Steering Committee (PSC) is a main administrative body for the project. It implements the
project and provides leadership, coordination and political support of the project. PSC shall meet not less
than twice a year.



PSC shall include of representatives from each of below listed parties :


1. State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry under the Government of the KR (Chairman of
   Project Steering Committee and Agency on coordination of the project).
2. Fishery department under the Ministry of agriculture, water recourses and processing Industry (Co-
   Chairman)
3. The United Nations Development Programme (Donor).
4. Issyk-Kul oblast administration.
5. “Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserves”
6. Academy of Sciences.
7. NGO
8. Private fishery factories.


Representatives of other ministries and agencies, donors, etc., can participate in PSC sessions at the
recommendation of any member and preliminary approval of acting members of PSC. They can participate
also as observers at meetings at the initiative of PSC Chairman.

The National Project Manager (NPM) is accountable directly by PMC.

The responsibilities of the PSC as a whole and the individual members are to:

       Provide overall guidance and oversight on project implementation activities;
       Approve all significant project initiatives and strategic issues;
       Facilitate project work within each PMC member’s respective institution;
       Annually review and assess the progress of the Project and its components;
       Annually review and approve the work plan and updated budgets of the Project and its activities;
       Act as the primary lobbying and coordinating body to ensure policy, legislative, and financial
        support on behalf of the Government of the KR; as a liaison between the Project and other
        national and international programs, organizations and donors;
       Support the cross-sectoral approach of the project through creating mechanisms for interaction
        with NGOs and other stakeholders;
       Assist the project on external resources mobilization
       Continue to seek additional funding to support the outputs and activities of the Project beyond the
        lifespan of GEF funding.
Terms of Reference

I. Information about Position
Position             Project Manager (PM)
Project Name         Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming
                     biodiversity into fishery sector
Duration             4 years

II. Introduction
The barriers for conservation of 5 endemic fish species are described in the Project Document.
Consequently the project goal is to demonstrate integration of specific biodiversity conservation and
sustainable use objectives within an aquatic production landscape associated with an area of high
biodiversity and endemism.

Therefore a team of national and international experts will be invited in order to provide technical
assistance and advisory services to implement pilot project, create public awareness, improve institutional
and regulatory framework, and develop alternative sources of supply to fill commercial demand and
demonstrate important lessons and practices that will be transferable both nationally and globally to
similar production-related ecosystems. Project Manager will coordinate the work of these groups.
III. FUNCTIONS
Supervise overall implementation of the project for its total duration to ensure project performance in
accordance with the approved project document;
Is responsible for the day-to-day management and administration of all project activities, staff, consultants,
disbursements, etc and for ensuring that M&E requirements are met in a timely fashion;
Manage the administrative assistant and the logistics clerk/driver.
PM will be answerable to the UN Country Office but will be expected to work in close collaboration and
cooperation with the Project Director on behalf of Executing Agency.
PM will coordinate his work with UNDP CO Environment Programme Officer.
Organize the project inception workshop; Organize the project tri-partite meetings;
Assist in the preparation of feasibility studies for problems solution and its presentation for stakeholders;
Analyze results attained by the project, and take into account the successful projects and experience of
previous projects; improve key stakeholders’ awareness about project activities;
Facilitate the activities of the Fisheries Advisory Group;
Ensure coordination of the project activities with other relevant activities and initiatives of the
Government;
Contract and closely work with the team composed of a national and international specialists with
expertise in financial mechanisms for fisheries;
Support breeding and growth studies at fish plants and associated ponds;
Provide assistance to the pond culture sector by supporting ten pilot ponds around the lake;
Support a technical contract to identify additional alternative livelihood opportunities.
Hire of specialized expertise to design the most cost-effective strategy for the control of the alien fish
species
Provide expert advisory services in the field of fishery legislation to draft Fisheries Management Regime for
further dissemination to other 900 lakes, rivers and water reservoirs of Kyrgyzstan.
Regularly provide information on project progress on the portal www.caresd.net for the benefit of all
stakeholders.

IV. RESULTS

Expected results:
Successful project implementation is in accordance to objectives, scheduler and planning budget.
The performance of the project manager will be assessed in successful achieving of the overall project
outcomes, mainly:
Strengthened systemic and institutional capacity for biodiversity friendly fisheries management regime
Sustainable fisheries demonstrated which contribute to the conservation of endemic fish species and to
improve livelihoods
Further main PM work results:
Annual project reports, work plans and project papers;
Documentation on awareness and information campaign;
Proposals for amendments or changes to existing regulation in fishery management;
Formally endorsed and Government adopted Fisheries Management Regime document.
A number of capacity building work-shops and trainings are hold.
Available Guidelines and Manuals according to results of project activities.
Smooth and timely project implementation according workplans and deadlines.

V. Remuneration
Remuneration is effected on monthly basis according to contract terms, after approval of monthly report
by UNDP International Programme Officer on Environment.
VI. Required qualifications and competency
Education:          Higher education in business administration and environmental management, biology
                    or relevant field.
                    the availability of Scientific Degree (Master degree, PhD and etc.) is an advantage
Experience:         work experience in the Project management not less then 3-5 years;
                    experience in fishery management or environment management are an advantage
Languages:          Excellent knowledge of Russian.
                    English and Kyrgyz is an advantage
Skills:             Strong interpersonal and communication skills
                    Be able to take decisions
                    Strong computer skills (Microsoft Office, Internet, Excel )
                    Be able to live in Issyk-Kul region and make regularly business trips.
I. Information about Position

Position             Administrative and Finance Assistant

Project Name         Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming
                     biodiversity into fishery sector

Duration             4 years



II. Introduction

Project Administrative and Finance Assistant performs a variety of information collecting, monitoring,
technical and administrative and finance services in support of project activities and all national experts
under the supervision of National Project Manager (PM). He/she must write and speak very good Russian
and English, translate and interpret easily.

III. FUNCTIONS

   Assist the project officers in maintaining close contacts with the Government, Executing Agencies,
    donors and other counterparts through direct contacts, collection and summarizing of information,
    proposals, incoming and outgoing documents, drafting letters, organizing meetings under supervision
    of PM.
   Provide operational support to project activities implementation as well as to project management;
   Collect data and other information on project development and subject-matter activities (e.g.
    maintain, log, file and update records in prescribed format for subsequent use);
   Contribute to the preparation of status and progress reports by collecting information, preparing tables
    and drafting selected sections of it. Prepare background material to be used in discussions and briefing
    sessions;
   Arrange for the recording and processing of government requests for assistance;
   Assist in identification and formulation of development co-operation projects and in preparation of
    draft project documents;
   Assist in monitoring project/project activities by reviewing a variety of records, including
    correspondence, reports, activities, project inputs, budgets and financial expenditures in accordance
    with UNDP requirements. Prepare and file correspondence and materials relevant to the above;
   Assist in translation and organization of preparation of Terms of Reference for national and
    international experts;
   Assist in the organization and logistical preparation for workshops, seminars, visiting missions, field
    trips and etc;
   Assist on financial and administrative maters;
   Prepare unofficial translations and may act as interpreter if necessary.
   Perform other relevant duties.
IV. RESULTS

Accurate and efficient support for all project activities, reflected in approved Work plan.

V. Remuneration

Remuneration is effected on monthly basis according to contract terms, after approval of monthly report
by PM

VI. Required qualifications and competency

Education:         Higher education in business administration, management, economic or relevant
                    fields;
                   Presence of certificates on passing additional trainings on administrative-financial
                    issues is desired
Experience:        2-4 years of relevant work experience of which at least one year with international
                    organization;
                   Experience in managing finances for international projects.

Languages:           Excellent knowledge of Russian and English languages (writing and speaking)
                     Knowledge of Kyrgyz language is an advantage
Skills:              Strong and fluent computer skills (MS Office);
                     Skills work with documents, conduct correspondence and prepare reports;
                     Good analytical, statistical, communication and organizational skills;
                     Ability work in multinational team;
                     Be able to live in Issyk-Kul region and regularly make business trips to Bishkek and
                      Issyk-Kul oblast
Working Plan
            UN Program for Development

            Year:                                01 April - 31 December, 2008 Revision

            Project No :                         00058610

            Program Name:                        PIMS № 3217 Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector

            Output UNDAF A2:                     The poor and vulnerable groups have increased and more equitable access to quality basic social services and benefits, in a strengthened
                                                 pro-poor policy environment.

Output СП A.2.9:                        Sustainable development principles integrated into poverty reduction policies and programmes.



             EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                                                                                    Quarters                                    PLANNED BUDGET
                                                                             PLANNED ACTIVITIES                                                 RESPONSIBLE
  (with current situation, relevant indicators
                                                                     List of outputs and relevant actions                                        PARTNERS
              and annual goals)                                                                                              2      3       4                 Fund       Budget description         Amount

 Project Outputs: Preserve biodiversity of       Activity 1. Strengthening the system and institutional capacity for the of fishery management regime (FMR), favorable for conservation of biodiversity
 Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance
                                                 1.1. The fishery management regime friendly of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake developed
                                                 Detailed draft of ToR for the development of FMR and selection of           X                                GEF     Miscellaneous                   $210,00
                                                 group of experts (using output 1.2)
 Baseline: The key reasons of the
 predictable loss of precinctive species         Development of implementation of FMR in coordination with drafting                 X   X                     GEF     Local consultants            $23 400.00
 and related to it threat of disappearance       the Concept of sustainable development of ecologic and economic
 are: (i) the massive increase of                system of Issyk-Kul Oblast, taking into account the interests of fishery.
 uncontrolled capture during the last
 years; (ii) actual stoppage of renewal of       Workshop on discussion of FMR among partners                                           Х                     GEF     Miscellaneous                  $2 100,00
 the lake by tiny fish (young fish) of 4
 commercial precinctive species; (iii)                                                                                                                                                Subtotal:    $25 710,00
 introduction of the strange (alien,
 introduced) predatory species which are         1.2. Strengthening capacity for implementation of the regime for fishery management (RFM), favorable for conservation of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake
 out of control or measures on reduction
                                                 Development of ToR and selection of experts on development of                      Х                         GEF     Miscellaneous                   $210,00
 of their number. The Government of KR
                                                 training modules
 is attempting to provide the long term
            EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                                                                                Quarters                                         PLANNED BUDGET
                                                                           PLANNED ACTIVITIES                                              RESPONSIBLE
 (with current situation, relevant indicators
                                                                   List of outputs and relevant actions                                     PARTNERS
             and annual goals)                                                                                          2      3       4                     Fund        Budget description       Amount

prospect for promoting the sustainable          Development of training modules                                                X                            GEF       Trainings                    $2 500,00
development of national resources ,
particularly development of fishery.            Training workshops for the responsible agency on monitoring, control               X                        GEF       Trainings                    $2 500,00
                                                and inspection
Indicators:
                                                Training workshops on fishy resource and monitoring of magnitude of                X                        GEF       Trainings                    $2 500,00
Activity 1:                                     population

- FMRFB developed and prepared for                                                                                                                                                    Subtotal:    $7 710,00
submission to the Government;
                                                1.3. Improve awareness and support the favorable regime of fishery management
- The training modules developed;
                                                Development of ToR for partnership with NGO. Selection of NGO-          X                                   GEF       Miscellaneous                 $210,00
- audio and video materials prepared and        partners
broadcasted ;
                                                Preparation of awareness material to improve the awareness                     X                            GEF       Contracted services          $5 670,00
- Printed outputs are published;
                                                                                                                                                                      Miscellaneous                $1 315,00
- Recommendations of NGO are
developed and approved by Steering              Working meeting of partners to review the recommendations                          X                        GEF       Miscellaneous                $1 050,00
Committee(SC) to be submitted to the            Approval of recommendations of PSC
Government;                                                                                                                                                           Local consultants             $924,00

- Report on conducted trainings;                Dissemination and improvement of awareness. Development of                     X   X                        GEF       Contracted services          $7 560,00
                                                awareness materials
- Regular reports of experts.
                                                NGO partners develop the formal steering principles and contracts              X                            GEF       Trainings                    $2 520,00
                                                with representatives of mass media (TV, radio and newspapers )

Activity 2:                                     Development of media presentations and publications                            Х   Х                        GEF       Audio, video and            $29 369,00
                                                                                                                                                                      printed outputs
- Recommendations on pond (piscine)
management and artificial fish farming                                                                                                                                                Subtotal:   $48 618,00
approved by Steering Committee;
                                                Activity 2: Sustainable fish farms contributing into the preservation of precinctive species of fish and improvement of livelihood
- Program on control of magnitude
population of precinctive species of fish       2.1. Implementation of programs on pond farming and fish-farming for provision of alternative sources of revenue in accordance with the market needs and
approved by SC and initiated;                   replenishment of lake stock with endemics.
            EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                                                                               Quarters                                    PLANNED BUDGET
                                                                              PLANNED ACTIVITIES                                          RESPONSIBLE
 (with current situation, relevant indicators
                                                                      List of outputs and relevant actions                                 PARTNERS
             and annual goals)                                                                                         2      3       4                 Fund      Budget description       Amount

- Program of alternative livelihood             Development of ToR and selection of consultant on pond farming and     X                                GEF    Miscellaneous                   $210,00
approved by SC ;                                artificial fish-farming

- Regular reports of experts.                   Review visit and development of recommendations on pond farming               X   X                     GEF    International                $12 600,00
                                                and artificial fish-farming                                                                                    consultants
Activity 3:
                                                                                                                                                                               Subtotal:   $12 810,00
- Project office repaired and equipped;
                                                2.2 The strategy on active control and reduction/abatement of introduced species for Issyk-Kul lake
- Project personnel hired;
                                                Development of ToR and selection of consultant on control and          X                                GEF    Miscellaneous                   $0,00
- Vehicle procured;
                                                regulation of number of introduced species of fish

- Initial seminar conducted;
                                                Review visit and development of recommendations on control and                X   X                     GEF    International               $10 825,00
                                                regulation of number of introduced species of fish                                                             consultants s
- Minutes of the decisions (meetings) of
the National Technical Consulting Group;
                                                                                                                                                                               Subtotal:   $10 825,00
- Regular reports of Project experts.
                                                Activity 3: Project management

                                                3.1. Organization of Project Implementation Unit
Goals:Strengthen the policy and legal
                                                Organize the project office                                            X                                GEF    Equipment                    $7 400,00
basis for integration of requirements on
preservation of precinctive species into
                                                                                                                                                               Trips                        $3 050,00
the RFM
                                                Organization and meeting of the SC of the Project                      Х                                GEF    Travel, DSA                  $1 840,00

                                                Selection and hire of project personnel                                X      X   X                     GEF    Miscellaneous                 $315,00
Related CP outcome: Sustainable
development principles integrated into          3.2. Monitoring and evaluation
poverty reduction policies and
Programmes                                      Project reporting                                                      X          X                            Miscellaneous




                                                Project personnel :
           EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                                                                   Quarters                                    PLANNED BUDGET
                                                                           PLANNED ACTIVITIES                                RESPONSIBLE
(with current situation, relevant indicators
                                                                   List of outputs and relevant actions                       PARTNERS
            and annual goals)                                                                             2      3       4                 Fund      Budget description          Amount

                                               Project Manager                                            Х      Х   Х                     GEF    Service Contract                $7 900,00

                                               Administrative-financial assistant                         Х      Х   Х                     GEF    Service Contract                $5 100,00

                                               Driver                                                     Х      Х   Х                     GEF    Service Contract                $1 100,00

                                               Administrative expenses:

                                                 Administrative expenses                                  Х      Х   Х                     GEF    Rent                            $1 260,00

                                                 Travel expenses                                          Х      Х   Х                     GEF    Miscellaneous                   $4 360,00

                                                 Office support                                           Х      Х   Х                     GEF    Trips                           $2 050,00

                                                 Procurement of vehicle for Project office                Х                                GEF    Equipment                      $11 600,00

                                                                                                                                                                  Subtotal:      $45 975.00

                                                                                                                                                  GRAND TOTAL:                $ 151 648.00
WORKING PLAN
     UN Program for Development
     Year:                      01 January - 31 December, 2009
     Project No :               00058610
     Program Name:              PIMS № 3217 Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery sector
     Output UNDAF A2:           Poor and vulnerable groups of population have increased and more equal access to main quality social services and benefits in the area of
                                strengthening policy in protection of poor
     Output СП A.2.9:           Principles of the sustainable development are integrated into the policy and programs on poverty reduction

            EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                        PLANNED ACTIVITIES                            TIMEFRAME                                   PLANNED BUDGET
          And baseline, associated                      List activity results and associated actions                                RESPONSIBLE
                                                                                                                                                    Funding        Budget
        indicatorsand annual targets                                                                         Q1    Q2   Q3    Q4       PARTY                                     Amount
                                                                                                                                                     Source      Description
    Project Outputs: Preserve             Outcome 1. Strengthening the system and institutional capacity for the of fishery management regime (FMR), favorable for conservation of
    biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes          biodiversity
    having universal importance           1.1. A biodiversity friendly fishery management regime developed      X     X    X        SAEPF            GEF         Local &
                                          for Lake Issyk Kul                                                                        Fishery                      International      25 000
    Baseline: The key reasons of the      - Drafting exercise for FMR                                                               Department                   Consultants
    predictable loss of precinctive       - Finalisation of FMR for presentation to Cabinet                                                                      Training and        2 500
    species and related to it threat of   - Adoption and endorsement of FMR by Cabinet                                                                           Education
    disappearance are: (i) the            - Selection and appointment of Lake Issyk-Kul FAG                                                                      Services            1 000
    massive increase of uncontrolled      - Inception and execution of MCS agency responsibilities                                                               Travel
    capture during the last years; (ii)   - Specific report to FAG on effects of alternative livelihoods,                                                        Misc.               2 000
    actual stoppage of renewal of the          pond culture and re-stocking on populations of endemic fish                                                       Equipment          60 000
    lake by tiny fish (young fish) of 4        species                                                                                               UNDP        Local               2 500
    commercial precinctive species;       - Overall reporting on FMR through the FAG                                                                             Consultants
    (iii) introduction of the strange     1.2. The capacity to deliver and implement the biodiversity –         X     X             SAEPF            GEF         Equipment          30 000
    (alien, introduced) predatory         friendly fishery management regime in lake Issyk Kul is                                   Fishery          UNDP                            5 000
    species which are out of control      strengthened                                                                              Department
    or measures on reduction of their                                                                                                                            Contractual
                                          - Stakeholder workshops with fishers and communities to share
    number. The Government of KR                                                                                                                                 services
                                               MCS and other monitoring requirements
    is attempting to provide the long     - Provision of equipment and training in its use for relevant
    term prospect for promoting the            Institutes
    sustainable development of            1.3. Financial mechanism for the implementation of the                           X    X   SAEPF            UNDP        Misc.               2 500
    national resources , particularly     biodiversity friendly fishery management regime is identified                             Fishery
    development of fishery.               - Report submitted to relevant government bodies for                                      Department
    Indicators:                                endorsement of funding mechanisms
    Activity 1:                           - Stakeholder meeting to discuss funding mechanisms
    -. FMR developed and prepared                                                                                                   SAEPF            UNDP        Audio, video       15 000
    for submission to the                 1.4. Awareness and support of biodiversity-friendly fishery
                                                                                                                                    Fishery                      and print
    Government                            management
                                                                                                                                    Department                   production
    Financial mechanism for the           - Assessment of media presentation and publication exercise
                                                                                                                                                                 costs
    implementation of the                 Sub-total Outcome 1                                                                                                                      145 500
    biodiversity friendly fishery         Outcome 2: Sustainable fish farms contributing into the preservation of endemic species of fish and improvement of livelihood
        EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                        PLANNED ACTIVITIES                               TIMEFRAME                                   PLANNED BUDGET
      And baseline, associated                      List activity results and associated actions                                   RESPONSIBLE
                                                                                                                                                   Funding          Budget
    indicatorsand annual targets                                                                            Q1    Q2   Q3    Q4       PARTY                                     Amount
                                                                                                                                                    Source        Description
management regime is identified      2.1 Pond culture and captive breeding programmes to provide            X     X    X          Fishery          UNDP         Training and      2 500
- audio and video materials          alternative supplies to meet market demands and propagation for                              Department                    Education
prepared and broadcasted ;           re-stocking of lake with endemics are implemented                                                                          Local            30 000
Reports on held trainings            - Stakeholder workshop for discussion and review of guidelines                                                             Consultants
Regular reports of the experts       - Steering Committee adoption of guidelines
                                     - Initial start-up process for pond culture and captive breeding
                                                                                                            X     X    X          Fishery          UNDP         Equipment         7 000
Activity 2:                          2.2 Strategy to active control and reduction/eradication of                                  Department
Recommendations on pond              introduced alien species for Issyk Kul is developed                                                                        Local
management and artificial fish       - Stakeholder workshop for discussion and review of guidelines                                                             Consultants      40 000
farming approved by Steering         - Initiation of Alien Species Management Programme
Committee;
- Program on control of              2.3 Alternative Livelihood program which supports the transition             X    X     X    SAEPF            UNDP         Local            25 000
magnitude population of              of individuals and businesses away from activities that threaten                                                           Consultants
precinctive species of fish          endemics toward activities in support of sustainable fisheries                                                             Training and
approved by SC and initiated;        management                                                                                                                 Education
- Program of alternative             - Adoption of ToR and selection process for Alternative                                                                    Services
livelihood approved by SC ;               Livelihoods Consultant                                                                                                Travel
Identification and                   - Review and cost-analysis of alternative livelihoods (capturing                                                           Misc.
implementation of study tours             2.1 and 2.2)                                                                                                          Equipment
Procurement and disbursement         - Presentation of Draft Alternative Livelihoods Programme to
of support equipment for pond             Stakeholders
culture and hatchery programme       - Adoption of ALP by Steering Committee
start-up                             - Inception Meeting and Programme implementation
Procurement and deployment of        - Study tours and workshops on pond culture and re-
mobile hatchery stations for              introduction of endemics
endemic fish species                 2.4 Direct assistance to support conservation of the endemic fish      X     X    X     X    SAEPF            GEF          Training and
                                     species of Issyk Kul                                                                         Fishery                       Education
                                     - Adoption of ToR and selection process for Technical Expert                                 Department                    Services
Goals:Strengthen the policy and      - Development and Implementation of stakeholder training and                                                               Travel           70 000
legal basis for integration of            capacity building workshops                                                                                           Misc.
requirements on preservation of      - Identification and implementation of study tours                                                                         Equipment        50 000
precinctive species into the RFM     - Procurement and disbursement of support equipment for
                                          pond culture and breeding programme start-up
Related CP outcome: The              - Procurement and deployment of mobile hatchery stations
principles of sustainable            Sub-total Outcome 2                                                                                                                        224 500
development integrated into the      TOTAL Outcomes 1-2                                                                                                                         370 000
policy and program of poverty        UNDP founds
reduction                            GEF founds

                          PLANNED ACTIVITIES                                    TIMEFRAME          RESPONSIBLE                                 PLANNED BUDGET
                 List activity results and associated actions                          PARTY    Funding
                                                                Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4                          Budget Description   Amount
                                                                                                 Source
Project management
Project personnel                                               Х    Х    Х    Х    UNDP       UNDP       Local Consultants               25 000
                                                                                                          Travel                           8 500
Communications                                                  Х    Х    Х    Х    UNDP       UNDP
Office support                                                  Х    Х    Х    Х    UNDP       GEF        Rent                             1 200
Other                                                           Х    Х    Х    Х    UNDP       GEF        Misc.                            1 000
Sub-total:                                                                                                                                35 700
                                                                TOTAL                                                                    405 700
Quality criteria for evaluation of the project outputs



OUTPUT 1: Preserve biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance

Activity Result 1           Strengthening the system and institutional capacity for the regime of    Start Date: 01.04.2008
                            fishery management (RFM), favorable for conservation of
(Atlas Activity ID)         biodiversity                                                             End Date: 31.12.2008

Purpose                     One of the key elements of the Project is fishery management Regime friendly of biodiversity (FMRFB), which
                            will consist of package of national legislation, rules and regulations developed and strengthened in the key of
                            stabilization of precinctive species of fish in the lake within the framework of sustainable, durable and
                            improved commercial management of fishery. Stabilization will be achieved through limiting the current fishing,
                            quality control of introduced species, as well as renewal of population of endemic species.

Description                 1.1. The regime of fishery management is developed favorable for conservation of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake

                            1.2. Strengthening capacity for implementation of the regime for fishery management (FMR), favorable for
                            conservation of biodiversity of Issyk-Kul lake

                            1.4. Improve awareness and support the favorable regime of fishery management

Quality Criteria                                    Quality Method                                   Date of Assessment

how/with what indicators the quality of the         Means of verification. what method will be       When will the assessment of quality be
activity result will be measured?                   used to determine if quality criteria has been   performed?
                                                    met?

RFM developed and prepared for submission to        Protocols of submission the RFM to the           November-December
the Government                                      Government

The training modules developed;                     Training modules                                 September-October

- audio and video materials prepared and            Copies of audio and video materials              During a year
broadcasted ;                                       Contract on media broadcast
- Printed outputs are published;                    Printed outputs                                  During a year
Recommendations of NGO developed and                Copies of recommendations                        November-December
approved SCP to be submitted to the                 Minutes of the SCP meetings
Government
Reports on held trainings                           Reports                                          During a year
                                                    Training materials
Regular reports of the experts                      Reports                                          Monthly
OUTPUT 1: Preserve biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance

Activity Result 2            Sustainable fish farms contributing into the preservation of                Start Date: 01.04.2008
                             precinctive species of fish and improvement of livelihood
(Atlas Activity ID)                                                                                      End Date: 31.12.2008

Purpose                      There are about 40 ponds and small lakes around Issyk-Kul lake, some of them are natural some
                             artificial, with the total area about 50 ha. In soviet times these ponds and small lakes were registered to
                             kolkhozes and were high productive. Now they are private and poorly maintained and managed.

Description                  2.1. Implementation of programs on pond farming and fish-farming for provision of alternative sources
                             of revenue in accordance with the market needs and replenishment of lake stock with endemics.

                             2.2 The strategy on active control and reduction/abatement of introduced species for Issyk-Kul lake

                             2.3 Programs on alternative livelihoods supporting movement of individuals and business from actions
                             threatening endemics towards the actions on support the sustainable fishery management

                             2.5. System of information and knowledge management

Quality Criteria                                      Quality Method                                     Date of Assessment

how/with what indicators the quality of the           Means of verification. what method will be         When will the assessment of
activity result will be measured?                     used to determine if quality criteria has been     quality be performed?
                                                      met?

Recommendations on pond (piscine)                     Experts reports                                    November-December
management and artificial fish farming                Protocols of agreeing with the SCP
approved by Steering Committee;
- Program on control of magnitude population          Experts reports                                    November-December
of precinctive species of fish approved by SC         Protocols of agreeing with the SCP
and initiated;
- Program of alternative livelihood approved by       Experts reports                                    November-December
SC ;                                                  Protocols of agreeing with the SCP
Regular reports of experts                            Reports                                            Monthly
OUTPUT 1: Preserve biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes having universal importance

Activity Result 3          Project Management                                                       Start Date: 01.04.2008

(Atlas Activity ID)                                                                                 End Date: 31.12.2008

Purpose                    Supervision of the overall project implementation during the whole period of the project aimed on
                           provision the implementation of the project in accordance with the approved project document.

Description                3.1. Organization of Project Implementation Unit

                           3.2. Monitoring and evaluation

Quality Criteria                                   Quality Method                                   Date of Assessment

how/with what indicators the quality of the        Means of verification. what method will be       When will the assessment of
activity result will be measured?                  used to determine if quality criteria has been   quality be performed?
                                                   met?

Project personnel hired;                           Contracts with the personnel                     April=June
- Vehicle procured;                                Vehicle is procured and registered into          June-July
                                                   operation
- Initial seminar conducted;                       Protocol and materials of initial seminar        April
- Not less than 2 meetings of the SC conducted;    Minutes of the SCP meetings                      During a year
- Minutes of the decisions (meetings) of the       Minutes of the meetings                          During a year
National Technical Consulting Group;
- Regular reports of Project experts.              Reports                                          Monthly
       Revised Logical Framework

       SECTION II: STRATEGIC RESULTS FRAMEWORK


PROJECT          OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS
STRATEGY

Goal             The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes

                 Indicator                      Baseline               Target                 Sources           of Risks and Assumptions
                                                                                              verification

Objective of the Productivity / population Low numbers of 4            At Issyk Kul:      Monitoring records       No     other      factors   impacting
project :        size of endemic fish endemics -unable                                    and data analyses        sustainability of endemics (i.e. water
                 species(Leuciscus                                     Naked Osman 40 of fish populations          quality, disease, etc). Monitoring is
                                             to quantify
To strengthen schmidti, Leuciscus bergi,                               tons2 per year per and          species     accurate.
the policy and Schizothorax                                            lake,              distributions.
regulatory       pseudoaksaiensis issykkuli,                                                                       Enough females and males of the
framework to Gymnodiptychus                                            Chebak 150 tons2 Samplings of the           targeted3 species are found and
integrate                                                              per year per lake, existing and newly       propagated in 2009 and subsequent
                 dybowskii)1         showing
requirements                                                           Issyk-Kul Marinka reintroduced              years. Restocking efforts of the lake
                 continuing      trend    of
for endemic fish significant increase by end                           40 tons2 per year stocks of endemic         are widely supported by both
conservation                                                           per lake.          fish species.            authorities and public4.
                 of project.
into the fishery
PROJECT      OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS
STRATEGY

Goal         The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes

             Indicator                      Baseline               Target                 Sources           of Risks and Assumptions
                                                                                          verification

management   Ratio of endemic to non- Over 60 percent              60/40 endemic to Catch       statistics.      Alien species (Sander lucioperca,
regime       endemic            species: non-endemic               non-endemic       Reports         from        Onchorhynchus mykiss, Abramis
             significantly      reduced species in the lake        population   size Biological Station          brama orientalis, Pseudoraspora
             number of alien species by                            ration by project                             parva)1     are     removable     or
             end of project, particularly                          end,                                          controllable. Alien species may now
             those         in      direct                                                                        be an important component of an
             competition or predating                              90/10 ration 5                                altered ecosystem.
                                                                   years after project
             on endemics.
                                                                   completion

             Newly established set 0 ha                            56,000 ha              Lake Issyk Kul The decision for setting area aside
             aside    area   (fishing                                                     management plan might     face    opposition  from
             moratorium)                                                                                  fishermen, especially involved in
                                                                                                          poaching. The strategy of wider
                                                                                                          stakeholder consultations will be
                                                                                                          applied to mitigate the risk.

             Reduced fishing effort 1,500          persons         500 persons give       Fisheries              Fishers willing to stop fishing. May
             directly attributable to fishing in lake.             up poaching on the     Management             be difficult to evaluate.
             changes in livelihoods                                lake. Accordingly      statistics. Reports
                                      No        established                                                      Employment      or/and    income
             within fishers                                        the number of          to          Steering
                                      employment and               poachers          is                          generating activities are readily
                                                                                          Committee.
                                      income generating            reduced to 1000                               available.
                                      activity.                    (reduced by 1/3).      Survey of increased
                                                                                          employment and People give up poaching when other
                                                                                          income generation. source of income is available.
PROJECT              OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS
STRATEGY

Goal                 The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes

                     Indicator                      Baseline               Target                 Sources           of Risks and Assumptions
                                                                                                  verification

                     Effectiveness of policies Absence            of BDFMR adopted by             A         formally Political will to adopt BDFMR in a
                     and     mechanisms        for fisheries         the    Government            endorsed      and form that does not compromise its
                     biodiversity friendly fishing management plans and providing for             government-        effectiveness
                                                                     sustainable                  adopted    BDFMR
                                                                     management                   document.
                                                                     targeting endemics                                  Other agencies willing to relinquish
Outcome 1                                                                                                                responsibility  (and     associated
                                                                                                                         budgeting)
Strengthened
systemic      and    Effectiveness   of       a Institutional              FAC      established Minutes of FAC           Appropriate members selected.
institutional        management bodies (esp. fragmentation                 and implementing meetings. Project            Assumes     need    for  separate
capacity       for   FAC = Fisheries Advisory                              effective policy     represented on           Committee. Role might be filled by
biodiversity         Committee) to deliver the                                                  FAC                      Steering Committee.
friendly             biodiversity      friendly
fisheries            regime in the long-term
management           perspective.
regime
                     Percent of fisheries under 90% fishing illegal.       90% of fishing         Database          of   Government prepared to act to
                     control and monitoring     Catches                    legally   licensed.    licenses. Records of   eradicate corruption in ranks.
                                                uncontrolled and           Illegal      fishing   prosecutions.          Transparent           enforcement
                                                unmonitored                routinely              Reports        from    procedures adopted and applied.
                                                                           prosecuted.            Fisheries Officers.    Support from legislative arm and
                                                                                                  Independent            Courts
                                                                                                  assessment.
PROJECT            OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS
STRATEGY

Goal               The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes

                   Indicator                      Baseline               Target                 Sources           of Risks and Assumptions
                                                                                                verification

                   Percent endemic lake fish Endemics targeted Reduced % of                     Catch      statistics   Possible to target non-endemics
                   species harvested         as      preferred endemics          in             published         by    without endemic by-catch.        Can
                                             catches           catches. Reduced                 Management Body.        change market demand or provide
                                                               overall    fisheries             Fisheries database      alternate supply of popular endemic
                                                               catch from lake.                 established      and    food fish (through pond culture)
                                                                                                accessible. Survey
                                                                                                of markets.

Outcome 2          The degree of the Limited restocking                  Re-stocking rates:     Project    records.     Possible to successful breed and
                   effectiveness  of   the                               Marinka                Reports        from     release all spp. of endemics.
Sustainable
                   breeding and restocking                               Schizothorax           Biological Stations.    Knowledge of number of individuals
fisheries          programs in sustain the                               pseudoaksaiensis       Records           of    required.
demonstrated       viable    endemic   fish                              issykkuli – 500,000    breeding plants
which                                                                                                                   Enough females and males of the
                   population                                            per year
contribute    to                                                                                                        targeted species (especially Naked
the                                                                      Naked       Osman                              Osman) are found and propagated in
conservation of                                                          Gymnodiptychus                                 2009 and for this the hatchery
endemic     fish                                                         dybowskii        –                             facilities; both fix and mobile are
species and to                                                           240,000 per year                               ready.
PROJECT       OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS
STRATEGY

Goal          The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes

              Indicator                      Baseline               Target                 Sources           of Risks and Assumptions
                                                                                           verification

improve       Average license period for Non-existing               At least 10 years      BDFMR document         Local fishermen may oppose
livelihoods   fishing rights for a                                                                                establishment of long tenure. There
              particular plot, assigned to                                                                        is a need for a transparent bidding
              one user/fishermen                                                                                  process behind the distribution of
                                                                                                                  long-term fishing rights, and the
                                                                                                                  process      should      incorporate
                                                                                                                  assessment of the fishing experience
                                                                                                                  and qualifications. These are the risk
                                                                                                                  mitigation measures the project will
                                                                                                                  incorporate

              Volumes of commercial          Little to no pond At least on 50% of          Project     records.   Suitable ponds available. Pond
              fish supply produced from      culture           the total area of           Site    visits   by    cultured fish are acceptable to
              artificial ponds (higher                         suitable ponds fish         Evaluators. Pond       market. Cost-effective alternative to
              volumes will contribute to     The number and is produced on an              owners’         and    wild- caught fish.
              reduction in required          total of suitable environment                 operators’ records.
                                             fish ponds        friendly way. 250                               Fish seed supply is solved in order to
              fishing effort).
                                                               kg/ha         with          Reports of private stock the existing and new fish
                                                               extensive or 750            extension services. ponds.
                                                               kg/ha with semi                                    Sustainable integrated fish culture
                                                               intensive                                          extension services in Issyk-Kul oblast
                                                               techniques.                                        is set and supported by the
                                                                                                                  authorities5.
PROJECT              OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE INDICATORS
STRATEGY

Goal                 The goal of the project is to conserve the globally significant biodiversity of Kyrgyz lakes

                     Indicator                      Baseline               Target                 Sources           of Risks and Assumptions
                                                                                                  verification

                     The trend of changes in No        control or          Active   control.      Field monitoring. Accurate information available on
                     the levels of introduced attempts to reduce           Alien    species       Reports        from existing    numbers        and     life-
                     alien fish species showing alien species              number and sizes       Biological Station. cycle/habitats. Control is feasible5.
                     significant results.                                  reduced                Catch records.

                     The trend of employment        Heavy                  Increase in other      Fishing    licenses.   Other livelihoods are available and
                     of     local  people     in    concentration on       forms            of    Independent            attractive alternative. Fishers willing
                     livelihood   fishing     (a    fishing         for    employment.            survey.        Local   to work in other trades.
                     dropping trend will signify    livelihood. Limited    Decrease in fishing    record            of
                     a relaxation of the catch      opportunities for      effort.                businesses      and    Employment      or/and    income
                                                                                                                         generating activities are readily
                     loads)                         other employment.                             employment.
                                                                                                                         available.

                                                                                                                         People give up poaching when other
                                                                                                                         source of income is available.



       1 All scientific names in this report have been updated from the Catalog of Fishes/California Academy of Sciences (2008) and Fishbase (2009).

       2 It is obvious that these values are originally expressed in hundred kilos as is the style in the Kyrgyzstan and not in metric tonnes as in the
       Project Document.

       3 Still more than two years ago when the Project Document was prepared there were more chances to find enough sexually matured fish to
       propagate and start restoring of the Lake. In early 2009 the number of specimens of the targeted endemic species, especially the Naked Osman
       specimens, reduced so much that finding of them will be a major achievement as such and by sure the mentioned targets are far too optimistic
       during the short lifespan of the project.

       4 The set target is the final goal of restoration the very original size of populations of the three endemic species, because such results could be
       expected only before the introduction of exotic/alien species had started. For this reason and because of the number of years, which are needed
for these species to reach their sexual maturation, the set target should be considered as 10 year target, while the 5 year target the same
catches should be reached which were the average of the period of 1970s and 1980s.

 5After the design of the Project the authorities have allowed in the Lake large scale cage culture farming of the alien Rainbow Trout
(Onchorhynchus mykiss). This is clearly a new risk for the success of the project as some of the Rainbow Trout are continuously escaping to the
Lake from the cages adding the predatory pressure towards the endemic species. In addition, these cage farms are causing significant pollution
at least in the close range of the farms. It would be desirable to close all cage farms in the Lake, but that might be impossible at least unless
equally good alternative site is identified. Many farms have already invested considerable amount of money into this activity and at least three
farms are getting good financial returns from the production. No measures have been implemented to limit or avoid the pollution of the Lake.
Therefore the project is aiming to propose an environmental compensation / biodiversity fee; the cage farmers would pay against every
produced kilo of Rainbow Trout to support the endemic species protection and reintroduction efforts.
    Risk Management



                                                                                         RISKS TABLE



                Project Title:    Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming biodiversity into fishery                Award ID: 00048448          Date: 20.05.08
                                  sector



                                                                              Impact &
                                              Date                                                                                                                 Submitted,    Last
#                  Description                                  Type                                     Countermeasures / Mngt response                   Owner                         Status
                                            Identified                                                                                                             updated by   Update
                                                                          Probability

1    Not enough political will for                       Political        L              Appropriate national and local governments responsible
     adoption of regime of Fishery                                                       for introduction of RFM, will be actively involved into the
     Management (RFM) into effective                                                     implementation of the project through participation in
     scheme                                                                              Steering Committee and awareness campaign.

2    Complexity of control of regulation                 Ecological       M              Reliable scientific justification is used in developing
     of abundance of introduced species                                                  measures addressed to elimination and control of
                                                                                         introduce species within the framework of the project.
                                                                                         Careful ecological monitoring will allow timely reaction to
                                                                                         take correction measures on species control.

                                                                                         There will be careful selection of highly qualified (local and
                                                                                         international) experts for the project.

3    Impossibility of focus on non                       Ecological                      Promotion of selective breeding of endemic and non-
     endemic species without endemic                                                     endemic species in fishery
     accessory fishing

4    Level of cooperation with different                 Organizational                  Project specially keeps close relations with appropriate
     public institutions (mass media,                                                    institutions, mass media, and carries out awareness
     schools, communities, etc. т.п.) is
                                                                         Impact &
                                                Date                                                                                                             Submitted,    Last
#                 Description                                     Type                                   Countermeasures / Mngt response                 Owner                         Status
                                              Identified                                                                                                         updated by   Update
                                                                         Probability

    not enough                                                                         campaign.

5   Non relevant legislative and                           Political                   Involvement of highly qualified experts to develop and
    institutional basis for successful                                                 promote the necessary drafts of laws and rules. Conduct of
    development of fishery                                                             functional analysis and improvement of structure of state
                                                                                       management bodies responsible for fishery

    Delay of solution of project activities                Regulatory                  As soon as the new Government or structure is approved, it is
    due to change of Government and                                                    necessary to start negotiations on implementation of planned
    structure of the Cabinet.                                                          activities


    Change of Cabinet                                      Political                   Negotiations with the Government on continuation of the project


    Instability in the country                             Security                    Stop the project until the situation is stabilized
References

Alamanov, A. & Mikkola, H. 2009. Structure of the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime within the Lake
Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan. 54 p. UNDP/GEF Project: Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming
biodiversity into fishery sector.

Corea,A., Johnstone,R., Jayasinghe,J., Ekaratne,S., Jayawardene,K. 1998. ‘Self-Pollution: A Major Threat to the Prawn
Farming industry in Sri Lanka’, Ambio, 27(8):662-8.

Dierberg,F.E., Kiattisimkul,W. 1996. ‘Issues, Impacts and Implications of Shrimp Aquaculture in Thailand’, Environmental
Management, 20(5):649-66.

DOF. 2007. Programme of the Fish Industry Development in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2006-2010, Mimeo, Bishkek.

FAO/NACA/UNEP/WB/WWF. 2006. International Principles for Responsible Shrimp Farming. Network of Aquaculture
Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA): Bangkok.

Fish Base 2009 http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php

Fish Catalog 2008 http://reserach.calacademy.org/reserach/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp

Kautsky,N., Berg,H., Folke,C., Larsson,J., Troell,M. 1997. ‘Ecological Footprint for Assessment of Resource Use and
Development Limitations in Shrimp and Tilapia Aquaculture’, Aquaculture Research, 28(10):753-66.

Mikkola, H. 2008. Tentative Structure of the Biodiversity Friendly Fisheries Management Regime within the Lake Issyk-
Kul, Kyrgyzstan. UNDP/GEF- Project: Strengthening Policy and Regulatory Framework for Mainstreaming Biodiversity
into Fishery Sector. Bishkek, November 2008, p, 39.

Pivnev, I.A. 1990. Fishes of Kirghisia. Fr., Ilim, 120 p.

Ryspaev, A. & Woynárovich, A. 2008. Practical Recommendations on Protection of Endemic and Control of Alien Fish
Species in the Lake Issyk-Kul and Sustainable Management of Fish Farms in Issyk-Kul Oblast. UNDP/GEF- Project. Bishkek,
December 2008, 29 p.

UNDP, 2008. Project Document PIMS No 3217 “Strengthening policy and regulatory framework for mainstreaming
biodiversity into fishery sector”.

				
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