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The Roman Missal

VIEWS: 23 PAGES: 224

									  Revised
Roman Missal
 Workshops
    Diocese of
Altoona-Johnstown
                    1
Why are we here today?




                         2
   Think about
 the Last Supper

  What thoughts
form in your mind?


                     3
  Some Thoughts Might Be . . .

• Jesus sharing the Seder meal with his
  disciples
• The institution of the Eucharist
• Bread and wine turned into Jesus‘ Body
  and Blood
• Jesus saying, ―Do this in memory of
  me.‖
                                       4
How do we know about these
         events?




                             5
How do we know about these
         events?

 We know about them through
    scripture and tradition



                              6
      How Did We Learn About the
          Eucharistic Meal?



• In the Acts of the Apostles we read of the
  followers of Jesus gathering together to
  break bread.
                            Acts 2:46, 20:7, 20:11, 27:35




                                                        7
      How Did We Learn About the
          Eucharistic Meal?


• In his gospel account of the journey to
  Emmaus, Luke‘s gospel tells how the
  disciples came to recognize Jesus in the
  breaking of the bread.
                                   Luke 24:13 - 35




                                                 8
How Did We Learn About the Past?

• In his writings to the Corinthians, St. Paul
  recounts words that were handed on to
  him: ―the Lord Jesus, on the night he was
  handed over, took bread . . . and said,
  ―This is my body . . . Do this in memory
  of me.‖
                                1 Corinthians 11:23–25


                                                     9
         What is a Missal?
• As time went on, the Church Fathers
  gathered the words used to faithfully
  celebrate the Eucharistic Meal (Mass)
  and collect them into books that became
  early missals. Many versions existed, but
  none were universal to the Roman (Latin)
  Rite until the 16th century.


                                          10
        How Did We Get Here?

• In 1570, Pope Pius V issued the first
  Roman Missal – a complete collection of
  all the texts (prayers, rubrics, readings,
  antiphons) that were used in the
  celebration of the Eucharistic Meal. This
  book was only revised eight times over
  the next 400 years.

                                               11
       How Did We Get Here?
• The last change to the Roman Missal of
  1570 was implemented by Pope John
  XXIII in 1962. The two most noted
  changes were:
   –Inclusion of St. Joseph in the
    Eucharistic Prayer
   –Removal of the ―faithless‖ reference to
    Jews in the Good Friday prayers
                                          12
        How Did We Get Here?

• A major revamping of the Roman Missal
  was orchestrated by the Second Vatican
  Council. The Council called for a
  rejuvenation of the Church‘s liturgical life
  – including a reform and renewal of the
  Mass.


                                             13
          How Did We Get Here?
•   1969 – New 1st Ed. Latin missal issued
•   1970 – English translation approved
•   1974 – Missal placed in use in the US
•   1975 – 2nd Ed. Latin missal issued
•   1985 – 2nd Ed. missal placed in use in US
•   2000 – 3rd Ed. Latin missal issued
•   2002 – GIRM of the 3rd Ed. used in US
•   2010 – English translation of 3rd Ed.
    approved
                                                14
       How Did We Get Here?
• Work began on translating the third
  edition of the new Roman Missal from
  Latin into English in 2001 by a group
  known as ICEL (International Committee
  on English in the Liturgy).




                                       15
Why Did Approval Take So Long?




                 15 Associate Members
    11 Members


                                        16
Why Did Approval Take So Long?

   Let‟s Review Translating First




                                    17
 Why Did Approval Take So Long?

      Let‟s Review Translating First
• There are two basic methods of
  translating that are generally accepted.
  They are:




                                             18
 Why Did Approval Take So Long?

      Let‟s Review Translating First
• There are two basic methods of
  translating that are generally accepted.
  They are:
            Formal Equivalence
    Formal equivalence holds true to the
             form of the words.
                                             19
 Why Did Approval Take So Long?
      Let‟s Review Translating First
• There are two basic methods of
  translating that are generally accepted.
  They are:
           Dynamic Equivalence
       Dynamic equivalence uses the
   form of the words , but also allows for
  interpretation of the force of the meaning.
                                            20
Let‟s Examine This Passage from the
        Acts of the Apostles
On the first day of the week when we
gathered to break bread, Paul spoke to
them because he was going to leave on the
next day, and kept on speaking until
midnight.
                                    Acts 20:7


                                            21
Let‟s Examine This Passage from the
        Acts of the Apostles
On Sunday when we gathered to break
bread, Paul spoke to them because he was
going to leave on the next day, and kept on
speaking until midnight.
                                      Acts 20:7




                                              22
Let‟s Examine This Passage from the
        Acts of the Apostles

On the Lord’s Day when we gathered to
Break bread, Paul spoke to them because
he was going to leave on the next day, and
kept on speaking until midnight.
                                     Acts 20:7




                                             23
Let‟s Examine This Passage from the
        Acts of the Apostles
On Saturday evening when we gathered to
break bread, Paul spoke to them because
he was going to leave on the next day, and
kept on speaking until midnight.
                                     Acts 20:7




                                             24
          What Is Changing?

• During the 30 years between 1970 and
  the release of the Third Edition of the
  Roman Missal, many Church leaders,
  theologians, and scholars studied the
  English translation. In general they
  concluded that the English translation
  varied too greatly from the Latin edition
  and the translations into other languages.
                                               25
          What Is Changing?

• The first edition (1969) and the second
  edition (1975) of the Roman Missal were
  translated into English using Dynamic
  Equivalence.

• The third edition of the Roman Missal
  needed to be translated with close
  adherence to Formal Equivalence.
                                            26
              What Were
     the Guidelines for Translation?
Two Church documents gave guidance to the
 latest translation. The first is:
• “Liturgiam Authenticam” (March 2001)
   Set Latin as the model from which all
    translations are to be made.
   Directed that conformity to formal
    equivalence be used for the translations.

                                           27
             What Were
    the Guidelines for Translation?
The second is:
• “Ratio Translationis” (English Version: 2007)
  The texts of the revised translations of
    the Roman Missal need to be marked by
    a heightened style of English speech and
    a grammatical structure that closely
    follows the Latin text.
  Care must be taken in translating
    person, number, and gender.
                                             28
Let‘s see how this new translation will
affect the five parts of the Mass.
  –   Introductory Rites
  –   Liturgy of the Word
  –   Liturgy of the Eucharist
  –   Communion Rite
  –   Concluding Rites, and then
  –   How will music be impacted?
                                          29
   Revised Mass Texts
The WORDS we say at Mass are
undergoing a revised translation.
 The FLOW of the Mass is not
          changing.



                                    30
    Introductory Rites
  They formally introduce the
    Mass, get us ready to listen
 intently to the Liturgy of God‘s
 Word, and then prepare us as we
gather at the table of the Lord for
   the Liturgy of the Eucharist.


                                      31
Introductory Rites
  Entrance Chant

  Sign of the Cross

      Greeting

                      32
 Introductory Rites
    Penitential Rite

      The Gloria

Opening Prayer (Collect)

                           33
    Entrance Chant
             Sunday
  Usually everyone sings a hymn

           Weekdays
A hymn is sung; or a one-sentence
     antiphon is prayed (new)

                                    34
      Entrance Chant

              Translation
Faithful to the Latin, constant in style,
        consistent in vocabulary.




                                            35
       Sign of the Cross
     No change in words or gestures

      All make the gesture together

Priest says the words, people respond with
                   „Amen‟

                                         36
      Greeting (Form A)
Options include 3 different formulas, the
         best known is Form A
       “ The Lord be with you”
          The new response is
        “And with your spirit
 Same response is used throughout the
                   Mass
                                            37
             Greeting

  This is a closer translation to Latin
        ”Et Cum Spiritu Tuo”

This revision matches response in other
             major languages.


                                          38
            Greeting

English ―Goodbye‖ comes from ―God be
              with you.‖

   Other possible greetings include:



                                       39
     Greeting (Form B)
     Present              New
The grace of our    The grace of our
Lord Jesus Christ   Lord Jesus Christ,
and the love of     and the love of
God and the         God, and the
fellowship of the   communion of the
Holy Spirit be      Holy Spirit be
with you all.       with you all.
                                     40
     Greeting (Form C)
    Present               New
The grace and       Grace to you and
peace of God our    peace from God
Father and the      our Father and the
Lord Jesus Christ   Lord Jesus Christ.
be with you


                                     41
       Penitential Rite

There are presently three options for the
 introduction, they will be replaced by a
               single option




                                        42
          Introduction
    Present                  New
My brothers and       Brethren(Brothers
sisters, to prepare   and sisters), let us
ourselves             acknowledge our
to celebrate the      sins, and so
                      prepare ourselves
sacred mysteries,     to celebrate the
let us call to mind   sacred mysteries
our sins.


                                             43
      Penitential Rite
        There are 3 options

      Option A-The Confiteor

Concludes with “Lord have mercy” or
           “Kyrie eleison”


                                      44
    Confiteor (Option A)
     Present                   New
I confess to            I confess to
almighty God,           almighty God
and to you, my          and to you, my
brothers and sisters,   brothers and
that I have sinned      sisters, that I have
through my own
fault
                        greatly sinned


                                               45
             Confiteor
     Present                   New
in my thoughts and in   in my thoughts
my words,
in what I have done,    and in my words,
and in what I have      in what I have
failed to do;           done
                        and in what I have
                        failed to do,

                                         46
           Confiteor
   Present                 New
                     through my fault,
                     through my fault,
                     through my most
                     grievous fault;
        and I ask    therefore I ask
blessed Mary, ever   blessed Mary
virgin,              ever-Virgin,

                                     47
            Confiteor
      Present               New
all the angels and   all the Angels and
saints,              Saints,
and you, my          and you, my
brothers and         brothers and
sisters,             sisters,
to pray for me to    to pray for me to
the Lord our God.    the Lord our God.
                                          48
    Penitential Rite

Option B is completely rewritten




                                   49
            Option B
     Present              New
Priest: Lord, we   Priest: Have
have sinned        mercy on us, O
against you:       Lord.
Lord, have
mercy.             People: For we
People: Lord,      have sinned
have mercy.        against you.

                                    50
            Option B
     Present                New
Priest: Lord, show   Priest: Show us, O
us your mercy        Lord, your
and love.            mercy.
People: And grant    People: And grant
us your salvation    us your salvation


                                      51
            Option C

   Option C is completely rewritten
      One example is included
    Option to use the Greek text:
“Kyrie eleison, Christe eleison, Kyrie
                eleison”
                                         52
              Option C
     Present                 New
You were sent to      You were sent to
heal the contrite:    heal the contrite of
Lord have mercy       heart: Lord, have
                      mercy.
You came to call      You came to call
sinners:              sinners:
Christ, have mercy.   Christ, have mercy.


                                             53
             Option C
    Present                 New

You plead for us       You are seated at
at the right hand of   the right hand of
the Father:            the Father to
Lord, have mercy.      intercede for us:
                       Lord, have mercy.

                                           54
        Penitential Rite
   All of these choices may be replaced
      with the ―Rite of Blessing and
           Sprinkling of Water.‖

This rite is especially encouraged during
               the Easter season.


                                            55
           The Gloria
The Gloria should be sung; though it may
               be recited.

The people may alternate with the choir,
or the choir may sing it alone. It may be
 intoned by the priest, the cantor, or the
                 choir.

                                         56
             The Gloria
The first portion is completely rewritten. It
       is humbler and more modest. It
  acknowledges the Majesty of God and
   presents a human being talking to the
              God who made us.




                                            57
            The Gloria
  It captures the awesome mystery of the
   dialogue between the ―Created‖ and the
                   ―Creator‖.
In the opening line we hear an echo of the
   angels announcing Peace at the birth of
         Jesus (the Christmas Story).


                                         58
            The Gloria

    All descriptions of God restored.

Demonstrates great experiences of meeting
              God in prayer.




                                        59
             The Gloria
   The new translations makes plural
 “You take away the sins of the world”
 This shows that Jesus takes away, not just
       generic sin from the world, but
   individual, personal sins are forgiven.
The last, long sentence remains the same

                                              60
          The Gloria
     Present              New
Glory to God in    Glory to God in
the highest,       the highest,
and peace to his   and on earth
people on earth.   peace to people of
                   good will.


                                    61
           The Gloria
    Present                 New
Lord God, heavenly    We praise you,
King,                 we bless you, we
almighty God and      adore you, we
Father,               glorify you, we
we worship you,
                      give you thanks
we give you thanks,


                                         62
           The Gloria
    Present                New
we praise you for    for your great
your glory.          glory, Lord God,
Lord Jesus Christ,   heavenly King, O
only Son of the      God, almighty
Father,              Father.


                                        63
         The Gloria
    Present            New
Lord God, Lamb   Lord Jesus Christ,
of God,          Only Begotten
                 Son,
                 Lord God, Lamb
                 of God,
                 Son of the Father,

                                  64
          The Gloria
     Present              New
you take away the   you take away the
sin of the world:   sins of the world,
have mercy on us;   have mercy on us;
                    you take away the
                    sins of the world,
                    receive our prayer;


                                      65
           The Gloria
     Present                 New
you are seated at     you are seated at
the right hand of     the right hand of
the Father: receive   the Father, have
our prayer.           mercy on us.
For you alone are     For you alone are
the Holy One,         the Holy One,

                                          66
                The Gloria
        Present                  New
    you alone are the     you alone are the
    Lord, you alone are   Lord, you alone
    the Most High,
    Jesus Christ, with    are the Most High,
    the Holy Spirit,      Jesus Christ, with
    in the glory of God   the Holy Spirit,
    the Father. Amen      in the glory of God
.                         the Father. Amen
                                            67
Opening Prayer (Collect)
 All (Collects) Opening Prayers being
        completely retranslated.

Sentences are longer and more complex
  and will sound different than current
                 prayers.


                                          68
 Opening Prayer (Collect)
    Currently opening prayers conclude

  “We ask this through our Lord Jesus
                 Christ”

This is being revised to make the role of the
     Persons of the Trinity more precise.


                                            69
The Roman Missal
  The Liturgy of
    the Word
                   70
The Liturgy of the Word
        Readings
         Homily
         Creed
  Prayer of the Faithful
                           71
    Readings
  Old Testament
Responsorial Psalm
  New Testament
     Gospel
                     72
             Readings
In the readings, the table of God's word is
prepared for the faithful, and the riches of
the Bible are opened to them. Hence, it is
preferable to maintain the arrangement of
the biblical readings, by which light is
shed on the unity of both Testaments and
of salvation history.

                                           73
             Readings
Moreover, it is unlawful to substitute
other, non-biblical texts for the readings
and responsorial Psalm.
In the celebration of the Mass with a
congregation, the readings are always
proclaimed from the ambo.


                                             74
            Readings
The function of proclaiming the readings
is ministerial, not presidential. The
readings, therefore, should be proclaimed
by two lectors on Sundays and major
feast days, and the Gospel by a deacon or,
in his absence, a priest other than the
celebrant.

                                         75
        First Reading
On Sundays and major feast days the first
readings usually taken from the Old
Testament, though during the Easter
season the Acts of the Apostles is used.
On week days, the First reading is taken
from both the Old Testament and the non-
Gospel portions of the New Testament. A
marked silence follows the reading.
                                        76
    Responsorial Psalm
After the first reading comes the
responsorial Psalm, which is an integral
part of the Liturgy of the Word and holds
great liturgical and pastoral importance,
because it fosters meditation on the word
of God.


                                            77
    Responsorial Psalm
The responsorial Psalm should
correspond to each reading and should, as
a rule, be taken from the Lectionary. In
the United States, it is permissible to
replace the listed Psalm with a seasonal
one. It is preferable that the responsorial
Psalm be sung.

                                          78
       Second Reading
On Sundays and major feast days the
second readings is taken from the non-
Gospel portion of the New Testament.
A marked silence should follow the
reading.


                                         79
Missale Romanum (1962)
The pre-Vatican Missale Romanum
(1962) contained only two readings and
was based on an annual cycle and a
minimum of alternative readings for
special occasions.



                                         80
    Lectionary for Mass
The readings used are contained in the
Lectionary for Mass. The current
Lectionary is a fruit of the Vatican II. It is
based on a three year cycle for Sunday
celebrations and a two year cycle for
week days.


                                             81
      “Old” vs “New”
Missale Romanum        Lectionary

Used 1 % of Old      Uses 14 % of Old
Testament, 8 of 46   Testament. 43 of
books cited.         46 books cited.




                                        82
       “Old” vs “New”
Missale Romanum          Lectionary
 Used 11 % of non-    Uses 55 % of non-
 Gospel portion of    Gospel portion of
 the New              the New
 Testament.           Testament.
 14 of the 23 books   All 23 books cited.
 cited.

                                        83
       “Old” vs “New”
Missale Romanum         Lectionary
 Used 22 % of the    Uses 90 % of the
 Gospels.            Gospels
 Matthew 35%        Matthew      86%
 Mark        3%     Mark         96%
 Luke      16%      Luke         88%
 John      30%      John         92%
                                        84
               Gospel
The proclamation of the Gospel is the
high point of the Liturgy of the Word.
The Liturgy itself teaches that great
reverence is to be shown to it by setting it
off from the other readings with special
marks of honor. This includes a Gospel
Acclamation (Alleliua) as the Gospel
book is in procession to the ambo.
                                           85
               Gospel
The minister appointed to proclaim it
prepares himself by a blessing or prayer;
the Faithful, standing as they listen to it
being proclaimed, and their acclamations
acknowledge and confess Christ present
among them.


                                              86
     Gospel Responses
     Present               New
Deacon (or Priest):   Deacon (or Priest):
The Lord be with      The Lord be with
you.                  you.
People: And also      People: And with
with you.             your spirit.


                                         87
     Gospel Responses
    Present                  New
Deacon (or Priest):   Deacon (or Priest):
A reading from the    A reading from the
holy Gospel           holy Gospel
according to N.       according to N.
People: Glory to      People: Glory to
you, Lord.            you, O Lord.
                                         88
               Homily
The Homily should ordinarily be given
by the priest celebrant himself. He may
entrust it to a concelebrating priest or the
deacon, but never to a lay person.
There is to be a Homily on Sundays and
holy days of obligation at all Masses that
are celebrated with the participation of a
congregation; it may not be omitted
without a serious reason. It is highly
recommended on other days.
                                               89
              Homily
It should be an exposition of some aspect
of the readings from Sacred Scripture or
of another text from the Ordinary or from
the Proper of the Mass of the day and
should take into account both the mystery
being celebrated and the particular needs
of the listeners.
After the Homily a brief period of silence
is observed.
                                         90
     Profession of Faith
The purpose of the Profession of Faith, or
Creed, is that the whole gathered people
may respond to the word of God
proclaimed in the readings and explained
in the homily. They may also call to mind
and confess the great mysteries of the
faith by reciting the rule of faith before
these mysteries are celebrated in the
Eucharist.

                                         91
     Profession of Faith
The Creed is to be sung or prayed by the
priest together with the people on
Sundays and Solemnities. It may be
prayed also at particular celebrations of a
more solemn character.
If it is sung, it is begun by the priest or, if
this is appropriate, by a cantor or by the
choir. It is sung, however, either by all
together or by the people alternating with
the choir.
                                              92
        Nicene Creed
     Present                New
We believe in one   I believe in one
God, the Father,    God, the Father
the Almighty,
maker of heaven     almighty, maker of
and earth, of all   heaven and earth,
that is seen and    of all things
unseen.             visible and
                    invisible.
                                     93
         Nicene Creed
      Present                 New
We believe in one     I believe in one
Lord, Jesus Christ,   Lord Jesus Christ,
the only Son of       the Only Begotten
God, eternally        Son of God, born
begotten of the
Father,               of the Father
                      before all ages.

                                       94
        Nicene Creed
     Present               New
God from God,       God from God,
Light from Light,   Light from Light,
true God from       true God from true
true God,           God, begotten, not
begotten, not       made,
made,

                                     95
        Nicene Creed
     Present              New
One in being with   consubstantial
the Father.         with the Father;
Through him all     through Him all
things were made.   things were made.



                                        96
         Nicene Creed
       Present              New
For us men and for    For us men and for
our salvation he      our salvation he
came down from        came down from
heaven: *by the
power of the Holy     heaven, *and by
Spirit he was born    the Holy Spirit
of the Virgin Mary,   was incarnate of
and became man.*      the Virgin Mary,
                      and became man.* 97
        Nicene Creed
      Present            New
For our sake he   For our sake he
was crucified     was crucified
under Pontius
Pilate; he        under Pontius
suffered, died,   Pilate, he suffered
and was buried.   death and was
.
                  buried,

                                    98
         Nicene Creed
     Present               New
On the third day     and rose again on
he rose again in     the third day in
fulfillment of the   accordance with
Scriptures;          the Scriptures.
.

                                     99
         Nicene Creed
     Present                 New
he ascended into      He ascended into
heaven and is         heaven and is
seated at the right
                      seated at the right
hand of the Father.
                      hand of the Father.
.



                                        100
         Nicene Creed
      Present                New
He will come          He will come
again in glory        again in glory
to judge the living   to judge the living
and the dead, and     and the dead and
his kingdom will      his kingdom will
have no end.          have no end.

                                        101
         Nicene Creed
       Present              New
We believe in the
Holy Spirit, the     I believe in the
Lord, the giver of   Holy Spirit, the
life, who proceeds   Lord, the giver of
from the Father      life, who proceeds
and the Son.
                     from the Father
                     and the Son,

                                      102
         Nicene Creed
       Present              New
With the Father     who with the
and the Son he is   Father and the Son
worshiped and
glorified.          is adored and
He has spoken       glorified, who has
through the         spoken through the
Prophets.           prophets.

                                    103
          Nicene Creed
       Present
                             New
We believe in one    I believe in one,
holy catholic and    holy, catholic and
apostolic Church.
                     apostolic Church.
We acknowledge
one baptism for      I confess one
the forgiveness of   baptism for the
sins.                forgiveness of sins

                                       104
         Nicene Creed
      Present                New
We look for the       and I look
resurrection of the   forward to the
dead, and the life    resurrection of the
of the world to       dead and the life
come. Amen.           of the world to
                      come. Amen.

                                        105
       Apostles‟ Creed
      Present                New
I believe in God,    I believe in God,
the Father           the Father
almighty, creator    almighty, Creator
of heaven and
earth.               of heaven and
I believe in Jesus   earth, and in Jesus
Christ, his only     Christ, his only
Son, our Lord.       Son, our Lord,
                                       106
       Apostles‟ Creed
      Present                 New
He was conceived      who was
by the power of the   conceived by the
Holy Spirit and
born of the Virgin    Holy Spirit, born
Mary.                 of the Virgin Mary,



                                       107
       Apostles‟ Creed
     Present              New
He suffered        suffered under
under Pontius      Pontius Pilate,
Pilate, was        was crucified, died
crucified, died,   and was buried;
and was buried.


                                     108
       Apostles‟ Creed
     Present              New
He descended to     he descended into
the dead. On the    hell; on the third
third day he rose   day he rose again
again.              from the dead; he
He ascended into
heaven,             ascended into
                    heaven,

                                     109
       Apostles‟ Creed
      Present                  New
and is seated at the   and is seated at the
right hand of the       right hand of God
Father.
                            the Father
He will come             almighty; from
again to judge the
living and the         there he will come
dead.                  to judge the living
                           and the dead.
                                         110
      Apostles‟ Creed
     Present              New
I believe in the    I believe in the
Holy Spirit,        Holy Spirit,
the holy catholic   the holy catholic
Church,             Church,
the communion of    the communion of
saints,             saints,

                                    111
        Apostles‟ Creed
       Present               New
the forgiveness of    the forgiveness of
sins, the             sins, the
resurrection of the   resurrection of the
body, and the life
everlasting.          body, and life
                      everlasting.
Amen.
                      Amen.

                                        112
  Prayer of the Faithful
In the Prayer of the Faithful, the people
respond in a certain way to the word of
God which they have welcomed in faith
and offer prayers to God for the salvation
of all. It is fitting that such a prayer be
included, as a rule, in Masses celebrated
with a congregation.



                                          113
  Prayer of the Faithful
It is for the celebrant to direct this prayer
from the chair. He begins it with a brief
introduction, by which he invites the
faithful to pray, and likewise he
concludes it with a prayer.
The intentions announced should be
sober, succinct, and they should express
the prayer of the entire community.


                                            114
  Prayer of the Faithful
The intentions are announced from the
ambo or from another suitable place, by
the deacon or one of the lay faithful.
As a rule, the series of intentions is to be
1. For the needs of the Church
2. For public authorities and the salvation
   of the whole world
                                               115
  Prayer of the Faithful
3. For those burdened by any kind of
   difficulty
4. For the local community
5. Other needs and intentions



                                       116
Liturgy of the Eucharist



                           117
   Liturgy of the Eucharist
• Preparation of the Gifts
 ‾ Inaudible and audible preparatory prayers said
   by the priest at the altar (the Collects)
• Prayer Over the Offerings
• Eucharistic Prayer
  ‾ Eucharistic Prayers: Origins and fitting times for
    use
  ‾ Eight elements common to all Eucharistic Prayer

                                                    118
 Elements of the
Eucharistic Prayer
     Thanksgiving
      Acclamation
         Epiclesis
  Institution Narrative
         Offering
       Anamnesis
      Intercessions
     Final Doxology       119
The Church has arranged the
entire celebration of the Liturgy of
the Eucharist in parts
corresponding to precisely these
words and actions of Christ:



                                       120
“Take and eat, this is my body;
 drink from it all of you , for this is
my blood of the covenant, which will
be shed on behalf of many for the
forgiveness of sins.”

                     Matthew 26: 26-28

                                          121
The Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of
the Eucharist, are so closely interconnected
that they form but one single act of
worship.

General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM, 4)



                                                    122
The Liturgy of the Eucharist begins
with the preparation of the altar -
―the center of the whole liturgy of
the Eucharist‖




                                      123
The gifts are brought forward in
procession by some of the faithful
accompanied by the Offertory chant
that continues at least until the gifts are
placed on the altar.



                                              124
Preparation of the Gifts

Once received by the priest or deacon
at an appropriate place, the priest
places the bread and wine on the altar
to the accompaniment of the
prescribed formulas.



                                         125
    Preparation of the Gifts
Current Text             New Text
Blessed are you, Lord,   Blessed are you, Lord God
God of all creation.     of all creation, for through
Through your goodness    your goodness we have
we have this bread to    received the bread we
offer, which earth has   offer you: fruit of the
given and human          earth and work of human
hands have made. It      hands, it will become for
will become for us the   us the bread of life.
bread of life.
                                                   126
If no offertory song is sung, the priest
has the option of saying the prayer
aloud; then the faithful (remaining
seated) may respond:
     "Blessed be God forever"


                                           127
The deacon or priest then pours
wine and a little water into the
chalice, saying inaudibly:




                                   128
„By the mystery of this water and
wine may we come to share in the
divinity of Christ, who humbled
himself to share in our humanity.‟



                                     129
Prayer at the Preparation of
          the Gifts
Blessed are you, Lord,    Blessed are you, Lord
God of all creation.      God of all creation,
Through your              for through your
goodness we have this     goodness we have
wine to offer, fruit of   received the wine we
the vine and work of      offer you: fruit of the
human hands. It will      vine and work of
become for us our         human hands it will
spiritual drink.          become our spiritual
                          drink.
                                                130
If no offertory song is sung, the priest has
the option of saying the prayer aloud; then
the faithful (remaining seated) may
respond:
        “Blessed be God forever”


                                          131
After placing the chalice upon the
altar, the priest bows profoundly and
says quietly:




                                        132
Prayer at the Preparation of
          the Gifts
Lord God, we ask you     With humble spirit
to receive us and be     and contrite heart
pleased with the         may we be accepted
sacrifice we offer you   by you, O Lord, and
with humble and          may our sacrifice in
contrite hearts.         your sight this day be
                         pleasing to you, Lord
                         God.
                                              133
Prayer at the Preparation of
          the Gifts

Lord, wash away        Wash me, O Lord,
my iniquity; cleanse   from my iniquity
me from my sin.        and cleanse me from
                       my sin.



                                         134
        „Pray, brethren‟
Pray, brethren,      Pray, brethren
that our sacrifice   (brothers and
may be acceptable    sisters), that my
to God, the          sacrifice and yours
almighty Father.     may be acceptable to
                     God, the almighty
                     Father.

                                       135
The people, who have remained seated
during this preparatory rite, stand, and
respond:

„May the Lord accept the sacrifice
at your hands for the praise and
glory of his name, for our good and
the good of all his holy church.‟.

                                           136
 Prayer Over the Offerings
The priest recites the Prayer Over the
Offerings which has 2 options for the
conclusion.

Uniting themselves to this entreaty, the
faithful remain standing and respond:
                   „Amen‟

                                           137
The Prayer over the Offerings concludes
the preparatory rites and prepare for the
Eucharistic Prayer.




                                            138
       Opening Dialogue

The Eucharistic Prayer begins with a
solemn exchange of lines between the
priest and the gathered faithful (standing)
in the lifting up of hearts to the Lord in
thanksgiving and praise.


                                              139
As the priest begins the Eucharistic
     Prayer, he sings or says:
  V. The Lord be with you.
  R. And with your spirit.
  V. Lift up your hearts.
  R. We lift them up to the Lord.
  V. Let us give thanks to the Lord
       our God.
  R. It is right and just.
                                       140
    Eucharistic Prayer
• The center and summit of the entire
  celebration

• Prayer of thanksgiving as well as
  sanctification and demands that all
  prayerfully listen to it with reverence
  and in silence.

                                            141
       Eucharistic Prayer
We pray to God the Father, through the Son,
that the Holy Spirit will come and change the
bread and wine into His Body and Blood so
that we may enter into Holy Communion with
God and one another - that we truly "may be
filled with the Holy Spirit and become One
Body, One Spirit in Christ."


                                                142
All Eucharistic Prayers cited in the
Third Edition of Roman Missal have
         new translations:

    • Eucharistic Prayers I – IV
    • Eucharistic Prayers for two
      Masses of Reconciliation
    • One Eucharistic Prayer for
      Masses for Various Needs
      and Occasions
                                       143
While the priest has the freedom of
choosing which Eucharistic Prayer to
use during the celebration of the
Mass, there are solid liturgical
guidelines, aspects of liturgical
practice and theology that make some
prayers more fitting to the occasion
than others:

                                       144
     Eucharistic Prayer I
Especially fitting for use:
  • On Sundays
  • When a special phrase denoting
    the nature of the celebration may
    be inserted into it
  • Christmas-Holy Thursday- the
    Octave at Easter

                                        145
    Eucharistic Prayer II

• Origins traced to third/fourth century
• Shortest Eucharistic Prayer
• Designed especially for weekday Mass




                                           146
   Eucharistic Prayer III

• Newly composed and especially fitting
  for use on Sundays and feast days




                                          147
   Eucharistic Prayer IV

• Based on a 4th century prayer
• More complete summary of salvation
  history
• Designed for use during Ordinary Time



                                     148
       Special Occasions
Some Eucharistic Prayers were designed
for special occasions such as:

Two Masses of Reconciliation written for
the Jubilee Year of 1975 and are used
during Lent

                                           149
  Eucharistic Prayer for
 Masses for Various Needs
     and Occasions
• The Third Edition of the Roman Missal includes a
  section with prayers for different intentions (civil
  authority, those living unjustly, religious
  vocations, etc.)
• With four variations, each have its own preface
  and changeable part within the body of the prayer
• Appropriate for weekday Mass
                                                     150
   Eucharistic Prayers for
   Masses With Children
Eucharistic Prayers for Masses With
Children have been omitted from the Third
Edition of the Roman Missal . To date, no
revisions have been printed.
The current three options may still be used
for Masses With Children.

                                          151
 Elements of the
Eucharistic Prayer
      Thanksgiving
      Acclamation
         Epiclesis
  Institution Narrative
         Offering
       Anamnesis
      Intercessions
     Final Doxology
                          152
           Thanksgiving
The priest, in the name of the entire holy
people, glorifies God the Father giving
thanks for the whole work of salvation or
for some special aspect of it that
corresponds to the day, festivity, or season.



                                            153
          Acclamation

The whole congregation joins their prayer
of universal praise to God with the armies
of angels, in singing or saying the Holy,
Holy, Holy:




                                         154
       Holy, Holy, Holy
„Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts,
heaven and earth are full of your glory,
Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he
who comes in the name of the Lord,
Hosanna in the highest.‟
‗


                                           155
In the United States, people
should kneel immediately after
the Holy, Holy, Holy until after
the Great Amen of the
Eucharistic Prayer, except
when prevented on occasion
due to health or other good
reason.

                                   156
              Epiclesis
By means of particular invocations, the
priest asks the Holy Spirit to come down
upon the gifts transforming them into
Christ‘s Body and Blood, and that the
sacrificial Victim to be received in
Communion be for the salvation of those
who will partake of it.

All invocations have been re-translated
                                           157
     Institution Narrative
By means of the sacred words and actions
of Christ, the pure Sacrifice is then carried
out which Christ himself instituted at the
Last Supper, when he offered his Body and
Blood under the species of bread and wine,
gave them to his Apostles to eat and drink,
and left them the command to perpetuate
this same mystery.

                                            158
        Eucharistic Prayer III:
         Institution Narrative
On the night he was       For on the night he was
betrayed, he took bread   betrayed he himself took
and gave you thanks and   bread, and giving you
praise. He broke the      thanks he said the
bread, gave it to his     blessing, broke the
disciples, and said:      bread and gave it to his
                          disciples, saying:




                                                     159
    Words of Consecration
Take this, all of you and   Take this all of you and eat
eat it:                     of it:
This is my body which       For this is my body which
will be given up for you.   will be given up for you.




                                                      160
         Eucharistic Prayer III:
          Institution Narrative
When supper was ended,      In a similar way, when
he took the cup, again he   supper was ended, he took
                            the chalice, and
gave you thanks
                            giving you thanks
and praise, gave the
                            he said the blessing,
cup to his disciples, and   and gave the chalice to
said:                       his disciples, saying:



                                                    161
    Words of Consecration
Take this, all of you, and   Take this, all of you,
drink from it: this is       and drink from
the cup of my blood, the     it: for this is
                             the chalice of my
blood of the new             Blood, the Blood of the
and everlasting              new and
covenant. It will be         eternal covenant;
shed for you and for all     which will be poured
so that sins may be          out for you and for
forgiven. Do this in         many for the
                             forgiveness of sins. Do
memory of me.                this in memory of me.

                                                       162
      The Mystery of Faith
• Immediately after the Consecration and display of the
  consecrated elements to the people , the priest
  announces "the mystery of faith‖

• ―Let us proclaim‖ has been omitted from the Third
  Edition of the Roman Missal

• The whole congregation responds to the sacrifice of
  the on the altar by proclaiming one of the following
  three newly translated acclamations:

                                                         163
A- „We proclaim your death, O Lord,
and profess your Resurrection until
you come again.‟




                                      164
B- „When we eat this Bread and
drink this Cup, we proclaim your
death, O Lord, until you come
again.‟



                                   165
C- „Save us, Savior of the world, for
by your Cross and Resurrection,
you have set us free.‟




                                        166
          Anamnesis

The Church proclaims the Death and
Resurrection of Christ until He comes
again.




                                        167
            Offering
The Church—and in particular the
Church here and now gathered—
offers in the Holy Spirit not only the
spotless Victim but also themselves to
the Father.



                                         168
           Intercessions
Expression is given to the fact that the
Eucharist is celebrated in communion with
the entire Church, of heaven as well as of
earth, and that the offering is made for her
and for all her members, living and dead,
who have been called to participate in the
redemption and the salvation purchased by
Christ‘s Body and Blood.

                                           169
The priest lifting up the paten with the
host and the deacon (if present) the
chalice, sings the Final Doxology:




                                           170
             Final Doxology
Through him, with       Through him, and
him, in him, in the     with him, and in him,
unity of the Holy        O God, almighty
Spirit, all glory and   Father, in the unity of
honor is yours,         the Holy Spirit, all
almighty Father,        glory and honor is
for ever and ever.      yours, for ever and
                        ever.


                                                  171
      The Great Amen

The perfect glorification of God is
expressed, confirmed, and concluded by
the people‘s acclamation:
                „Amen‟



                                         172
The Communion Rite




                     173
           Introduction
The Communion Rite begins with the
Lord‘s Prayer and continues through the
Prayer after Communion or Collect.
•The Communion Rite is that part of the
Mass at which we partake of the Body and
Blood of Christ.
•It is at this time that we come forth to
receive our spiritual nourishment for our
souls and for our very lives.
                                            174
The RITUAL surrounding the sharing of
Holy Communion will not be changing.
•You will however, find some of the
wording to be different.




                                        175
       The Lord‟s Prayer
The Priest prays a brief invitation and then
invites everyone to pray the Lord‘s prayer
together.
• The Lord‘s Prayer itself, is not changing.
  The same words will be prayed which we
  have prayed all through our Christian
  lives. This is the ONLY text of the Mass
  that retains the old English pronoun
  (Thy) in thy will be done.
                                           176
• The reason for the Lord‘s Prayer
  remaining the same is that it has
  achieved a level of holiness that cannot
  be replaced.
• The Acclamation which concludes the
  Lord‘s Prayer will also remain the same.
• We will still pray: “For the Kingdom/the
  power and the glory are yours, now and
  forever.”

                                         177
 Changes to the Priest‟s parts
       Present                New
Let us pray with      At the Savior‟s
confidence to the     command and
Father in the words   formed by divine
our Savior gave us:   teaching, we dare
                      to say:


                                          178
 Changes to the Priest‟s parts
     Embolism               Embolism
Deliver us Lord         Deliver us Lord, we
from every evil and     pray from every
grant us peace in our   evil, graciously
day. In mercy keep      grant peace in our
us free from sin and    days, that by the
protect us              help of your mercy,
                        we may be always
                        free from sin and
                        safe
                                          179
 Changes to the Priest‟s parts
     Embolism                    Embolism
from all anxiety as    from all distress as
we wait in joyful      we await the
hope for the coming    blessed hope and the
of our Savior, Jesus   coming of our
Christ.                Savior Jesus Christ.
                       In this is echoed the words of St. Paul to
                       Titus 2:13, which affirms that Christ has
                       come and that we await the blessed hope
                       of His return.



                                                               180
        Prayer for Peace

• The priest prays to Jesus for peace and
  unity in the church.
• There are some changes in the text
  prayed by the priest.



                                            181
        Prayer for Peace
        Present                  New
Lord Jesus Christ,      Lord Jesus Christ,
you said to your        who said to your
apostles: I leave you   Apostles, Peace I
peace, my peace I       leave you, my peace
give you. Look not
                        I give you, look not
on our sins, but on
the faith               on our sins, but on
                        the faith
                                           182
        Prayer for Peace
       Present                  New
Of your Church and      Of your Church and
grant us the peace      graciously grant her
and unity of your       peace and unity in
kingdom, where          accordance with
you live for ever and
                        your will. Who live
ever
                        and reign for ever
                        and ever
                                           183
        Prayer for Peace


• The Priest or Deacon will invite the
  Congregation to share peace as usual




                                         184
          Sign of Peace

        Present               New
Priest: The peace of Priest: The peace of
the Lord be with you the Lord be with you
always.              always.

People: And also     People: And with
with you.            your spirit.

                                        185
 Lamb of God (Agnus Dei)

• The words to the Lamb of God will not
  change.
• The Priest elevates the consecrated hosts
  and prays:



                                              186
            Lamb of God
        Present                    New
Priest: This is the      Priest: Behold the
Lamb of God who          Lamb of God. Behold
takes away the sins of   him who takes away
the world. Happy are     the sins of the world.
those who are called     Blessed are those
to his supper.           called to the supper of
                         the Lamb.
                                              187
          Lamb of God
       Present               New
People: Lord, I am   People: Lord, I am
not worthy to        not worthy that you
receive you, but     should enter under
only say the word    my roof, but only
and I shall be       say the word and my
healed.              soul shall be healed.

                                        188
           Lamb of God
• The use of the phrase: ―Behold the
  Lamb of God,” is closer to the Latin and
  is a more direct allusion to Jn. 1: 29,
  where John the Baptist points out Jesus to
  his followers.
• The word Happy is changed to Blessed.


                                           189
           Lamb of God
• This change makes clearer the allusion to
  Rev. 19:9.
• Here the angel in the vision has John
  write down the words that proclaimed
  Blessed all those called to the wedding
  banquet of the Lamb.


                                          190
           Lamb of God
• The reply makes two changes: ―To
  receive you” becomes “that you should
  enter under my roof.”
• This makes a direct connection to Matt.
  8:8 and Luke 7:6 where a Gentile
  Centurion has asked Jesus to heal his
  servant. Jesus intends to go to his house
  but the Centurion believes himself
  unworthy to have Jesus come there.
                                          191
           Lamb of God
• The word, roof, is not to be thought of as
  the roof of one‘s mouth, but rather as
  connected to the Centurion‟s humility.

• The prayer highlight our unworthiness to
  have him enter the place where we live.


                                           192
           Lamb of God
• Another change to this text is “I” shall be
  healed becomes “My Soul.”
• Soul is restored to wherever it appear in
  Latin.
• “My Soul” implies spiritual healing that
  alone can cure ―my soul.‖


                                            193
       Holy Communion
• When we receive Holy Communion,
  there will be no change to the words.
• We will still make a profound bow.
• We will still hear,
           “The Body of Christ”
          “The Blood of Christ”

                                          194
       Holy Communion

• We will still respond “Amen” to each.
• We should still sing during the
  Communion Procession.
• The Communion Song should be sung
  until the last person has received.


                                          195
 Prayer after Communion
• Before the Collect, there should be a time
  of silence.
• A reflective song can be sung during this
  time.
• The Communion Rite concludes with the
  Prayer after Communion (Collect).


                                           196
 Prayer after Communion
• We will hear the same invitation: “Let us
  Pray.”
• The translation of the prayer will be new
  and will conclude in the same way,
  prompting the assembly to respond
  “Amen.”


                                          197
      The Concluding Rite
• Brief announcements may be made from the
  Presider‘s chair after the Collect and before the
  Dismissal.
• If the priest is using a Prayer over the people
  or a Solemn Blessing he or the Deacon will
  invite you to bow your heads as you hear the
  words. You will still respond with either one
  or three “Amen/s.”

                                                 198
     The Concluding Rite
        Present               New
Priest: ―The Lord be Priest: ―The Lord be
with you,‖           with you,‖

Assembly: ―And       Assembly: “And
also with you.‖      with your spirit.”


                                          199
     The Concluding Rite
• The Dismissal Rite remains as is with
  new options particular to the Priest or
  Deacon.
• When Mass concludes, we do not just
  leave the church, we enter the world with
  a mission.


                                          200
          The Dismissal
• “God forth, the Mass is ended.”
• “Go and announce the Gospel of the
  Lord.”
• “Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by
  your life.”
• “Go in peace.”
• We respond “Thanks be to God”
                                         201
MUSIC FOR THE
   MASSES
Let us be ready by Advent 2011
       Points taken from
      ―Sing to the Lord!”

                                 202
    Discernment of music
• In discerning the quality of liturgical
  music seek guidance from the Church‘s
  treasury of sacred music.
• New settings of the ordinary will be
  required.



                                            203
      The Principle of
    Progressive Solemnity
• Progressive solemnity means that
  ―between the solemn, fuller form of
  liturgical celebration, in which
  everything that demands singing is in
  fact sung, and the simplest form, in
  which singing is not used, there can be
  various degrees according to the greater
  or lesser place allotted to singing.‖
                                         204
      The Principle of
    Progressive Solemnity
• Progressive solemnity includes not only
  the nature and style of the music, but how
  many and which parts of the rite are to be
  sung.
• Greater feasts such as Easter Sunday or
  Pentecost might suggest a chanted
  Gospel, but a recited Gospel might be
  more appropriate for Ordinary Time.
                                           205
      The Principle of
    Progressive Solemnity
• Musical selections and the use of
  additional instruments reflect the
  liturgical season, feast, or solemnity that
  is being celebrated.
• Solemnities and feasts invite more
  solemnity.


                                                206
     The Principle of
   Progressive Solemnity
• Certain musical selections are more
  capable of expressing this solemnity,
  adding an extraordinary richness to these
  special celebrations.
• The most solemn musical expressions
  retain their primary responsibility of
  engaging human hearts in the mystery of
  Christ that is being celebrated on a
  particular occasion by the Church.
                                          207
      The Principle of
    Progressive Solemnity
• At other times, the liturgical season calls
  for a certain musical restraint.
• In Advent, musical instruments should be
  used with moderation and should not
  anticipate the full joy of the Nativity of
  the Lord.
• In Lent, musical instruments should be
  used only to support the singing of the
  gathered assembly.

                                            208
     The Parts to Be Sung
• Singing by the gathered assembly and
  ministers is important at all celebrations.
  Not every part that can be sung should
  necessarily be sung at every celebration;
• ―Preference should be given to those
  [parts] that are of greater importance.‖


                                                209
    The Parts to Be Sung
• Dialogues and Acclamations
  –Dialogues such as
    • The Lord be with you……
                 And with your spirit.
  –The Gospel Acclamation, as well as the
   Eucharistic acclamations including the
   Sanctus, the Memorial Acclamation,
   and the Great Amen.
                                        210
    The Parts to Be Sung
• Antiphons and Psalms
  –The psalms are poems of praise that are
   meant, whenever possible, to be sung.




                                         211
    The Parts to Be Sung
• Refrains and Repeated Responses
  –The Liturgy also has texts of a litanic
   character that may be sung as
   appropriate.
  –These include the Kyrie and Agnus Dei
   of the Mass, the response to the Prayer
   of the Faithful at Mass, and the Litany
   of the Saints in various rites.

                                         212
     The Parts to Be Sung
• Hymns
   –Appropriate to the season
   –Reflecting the teaching of the readings
    of the day
• The role of music is to serve the needs of
  the Liturgy and not to dominate, seek to
  entertain, or draw attention to itself or the
  musicians.
                                              213
    The Parts to Be Sung
• There are instances when the praise and
  adoration of God leads to music taking on
  a far greater dimension. At other times,
  simplicity is the most appropriate
  response.
• The primary role of music in the Liturgy
  is to help the members of the gathered
  assembly to join themselves with the
  action of Christ and to give voice to the
  gift of faith.

                                         214
    Musical Quality
  The Three Judgments
       The Liturgical Judgment
   Is this composition capable of meeting
the structural and textual requirements set
forth for this particular rite?



                                         215
   Musical Quality
 The Three Judgments
       The Pastoral Judgment
–Does a musical composition promote
 the sanctification of the members of the
 liturgical assembly by drawing them
 closer to the holy mysteries being
 celebrated?

                                       216
    Musical Quality
  The Three Judgments
–Does it strengthen their formation in
 faith by opening their hearts to the
 mystery being celebrated on this
 occasion or in this season?
–Is it capable of expressing the faith that
 God has planted in their hearts and
 summoned them to celebrate?

                                          217
   Musical Quality
 The Three Judgments
        The Musical Judgment
–Is this composition technically,
 aesthetically, and expressively worthy?
–Does this music stand the test of time?
–In recent times, the Church has
 consistently recognized and freely
 welcomed the use of various styles of
 music as an aid to liturgical worship.
                                       218
    Settings of the Mass Parts
•   Check out the following Websites
•   http://www.npm.org/Chants/index.html
•   http://www.revisedromanmissal.org/
•   http://www.usccb.org/romanmissal/
•   Seek free assembly additions from major
    publishers


                                          219
    First choose the music
• New Mass settings
• Revised Mass settings
• Choosing a Gloria
  –A setting that has no refrain or is
   ―through composed‖
  –Use the verse-refrain settings for more
   solemn occasions

                                             220
    First choose the music
• Choose the best Mass settings for the
  occasion
  –What sounds best with the
    cantor/organ/keyboard/guitar
  –What has the ability to add
    instrumentation to ―dress it up‖?
  –Change Mass Settings with liturgical
    seasons
                                          221
 Getting on the right track
      for Advent 2011
  – You must be ready by November 27,
     2011! That means …..
  – ONLY 8 months until Advent!
• Determine your timeframe for
   rehearsing the musicians!
• Begin rehearsing choirs during
   Summer/Fall 2011
  – Consider a Summer Choir program
                                        222
 Getting on the right track
      for Advent 2011
• Practice with Priests & Deacons
  – Rehearse new chants
  – Rehearse new metrical settings of the
    ordinary
  – Make rehearsal recordings available
    for them


                                        223
Getting on the right track
     for Advent 2011

  Provide many bulletin inserts and
  letters to the community of faith at
  your parish
  Go and make a joyful noise unto the
  Lord.

                                         224

								
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