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Revised Roman Missal Workshops Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown 1 Why are we here today? 2 Think about the Last Supper What thoughts form in your mind? 3 Some Thoughts Might Be . . . • Jesus sharing the Seder meal with his disciples • The institution of the Eucharist • Bread and wine turned into Jesus‘ Body and Blood • Jesus saying, ―Do this in memory of me.‖ 4 How do we know about these events? 5 How do we know about these events? We know about them through scripture and tradition 6 How Did We Learn About the Eucharistic Meal? • In the Acts of the Apostles we read of the followers of Jesus gathering together to break bread. Acts 2:46, 20:7, 20:11, 27:35 7 How Did We Learn About the Eucharistic Meal? • In his gospel account of the journey to Emmaus, Luke‘s gospel tells how the disciples came to recognize Jesus in the breaking of the bread. Luke 24:13 - 35 8 How Did We Learn About the Past? • In his writings to the Corinthians, St. Paul recounts words that were handed on to him: ―the Lord Jesus, on the night he was handed over, took bread . . . and said, ―This is my body . . . Do this in memory of me.‖ 1 Corinthians 11:23–25 9 What is a Missal? • As time went on, the Church Fathers gathered the words used to faithfully celebrate the Eucharistic Meal (Mass) and collect them into books that became early missals. Many versions existed, but none were universal to the Roman (Latin) Rite until the 16th century. 10 How Did We Get Here? • In 1570, Pope Pius V issued the first Roman Missal – a complete collection of all the texts (prayers, rubrics, readings, antiphons) that were used in the celebration of the Eucharistic Meal. This book was only revised eight times over the next 400 years. 11 How Did We Get Here? • The last change to the Roman Missal of 1570 was implemented by Pope John XXIII in 1962. The two most noted changes were: –Inclusion of St. Joseph in the Eucharistic Prayer –Removal of the ―faithless‖ reference to Jews in the Good Friday prayers 12 How Did We Get Here? • A major revamping of the Roman Missal was orchestrated by the Second Vatican Council. The Council called for a rejuvenation of the Church‘s liturgical life – including a reform and renewal of the Mass. 13 How Did We Get Here? • 1969 – New 1st Ed. Latin missal issued • 1970 – English translation approved • 1974 – Missal placed in use in the US • 1975 – 2nd Ed. Latin missal issued • 1985 – 2nd Ed. missal placed in use in US • 2000 – 3rd Ed. Latin missal issued • 2002 – GIRM of the 3rd Ed. used in US • 2010 – English translation of 3rd Ed. approved 14 How Did We Get Here? • Work began on translating the third edition of the new Roman Missal from Latin into English in 2001 by a group known as ICEL (International Committee on English in the Liturgy). 15 Why Did Approval Take So Long? 15 Associate Members 11 Members 16 Why Did Approval Take So Long? Let‟s Review Translating First 17 Why Did Approval Take So Long? Let‟s Review Translating First • There are two basic methods of translating that are generally accepted. They are: 18 Why Did Approval Take So Long? Let‟s Review Translating First • There are two basic methods of translating that are generally accepted. They are: Formal Equivalence Formal equivalence holds true to the form of the words. 19 Why Did Approval Take So Long? Let‟s Review Translating First • There are two basic methods of translating that are generally accepted. They are: Dynamic Equivalence Dynamic equivalence uses the form of the words , but also allows for interpretation of the force of the meaning. 20 Let‟s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles On the first day of the week when we gathered to break bread, Paul spoke to them because he was going to leave on the next day, and kept on speaking until midnight. Acts 20:7 21 Let‟s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles On Sunday when we gathered to break bread, Paul spoke to them because he was going to leave on the next day, and kept on speaking until midnight. Acts 20:7 22 Let‟s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles On the Lord’s Day when we gathered to Break bread, Paul spoke to them because he was going to leave on the next day, and kept on speaking until midnight. Acts 20:7 23 Let‟s Examine This Passage from the Acts of the Apostles On Saturday evening when we gathered to break bread, Paul spoke to them because he was going to leave on the next day, and kept on speaking until midnight. Acts 20:7 24 What Is Changing? • During the 30 years between 1970 and the release of the Third Edition of the Roman Missal, many Church leaders, theologians, and scholars studied the English translation. In general they concluded that the English translation varied too greatly from the Latin edition and the translations into other languages. 25 What Is Changing? • The first edition (1969) and the second edition (1975) of the Roman Missal were translated into English using Dynamic Equivalence. • The third edition of the Roman Missal needed to be translated with close adherence to Formal Equivalence. 26 What Were the Guidelines for Translation? Two Church documents gave guidance to the latest translation. The first is: • “Liturgiam Authenticam” (March 2001) Set Latin as the model from which all translations are to be made. Directed that conformity to formal equivalence be used for the translations. 27 What Were the Guidelines for Translation? The second is: • “Ratio Translationis” (English Version: 2007) The texts of the revised translations of the Roman Missal need to be marked by a heightened style of English speech and a grammatical structure that closely follows the Latin text. Care must be taken in translating person, number, and gender. 28 Let‘s see how this new translation will affect the five parts of the Mass. – Introductory Rites – Liturgy of the Word – Liturgy of the Eucharist – Communion Rite – Concluding Rites, and then – How will music be impacted? 29 Revised Mass Texts The WORDS we say at Mass are undergoing a revised translation. The FLOW of the Mass is not changing. 30 Introductory Rites They formally introduce the Mass, get us ready to listen intently to the Liturgy of God‘s Word, and then prepare us as we gather at the table of the Lord for the Liturgy of the Eucharist. 31 Introductory Rites Entrance Chant Sign of the Cross Greeting 32 Introductory Rites Penitential Rite The Gloria Opening Prayer (Collect) 33 Entrance Chant Sunday Usually everyone sings a hymn Weekdays A hymn is sung; or a one-sentence antiphon is prayed (new) 34 Entrance Chant Translation Faithful to the Latin, constant in style, consistent in vocabulary. 35 Sign of the Cross No change in words or gestures All make the gesture together Priest says the words, people respond with „Amen‟ 36 Greeting (Form A) Options include 3 different formulas, the best known is Form A “ The Lord be with you” The new response is “And with your spirit Same response is used throughout the Mass 37 Greeting This is a closer translation to Latin ”Et Cum Spiritu Tuo” This revision matches response in other major languages. 38 Greeting English ―Goodbye‖ comes from ―God be with you.‖ Other possible greetings include: 39 Greeting (Form B) Present New The grace of our The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of and the love of God and the God, and the fellowship of the communion of the Holy Spirit be Holy Spirit be with you all. with you all. 40 Greeting (Form C) Present New The grace and Grace to you and peace of God our peace from God Father and the our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ Lord Jesus Christ. be with you 41 Penitential Rite There are presently three options for the introduction, they will be replaced by a single option 42 Introduction Present New My brothers and Brethren(Brothers sisters, to prepare and sisters), let us ourselves acknowledge our to celebrate the sins, and so prepare ourselves sacred mysteries, to celebrate the let us call to mind sacred mysteries our sins. 43 Penitential Rite There are 3 options Option A-The Confiteor Concludes with “Lord have mercy” or “Kyrie eleison” 44 Confiteor (Option A) Present New I confess to I confess to almighty God, almighty God and to you, my and to you, my brothers and sisters, brothers and that I have sinned sisters, that I have through my own fault greatly sinned 45 Confiteor Present New in my thoughts and in in my thoughts my words, in what I have done, and in my words, and in what I have in what I have failed to do; done and in what I have failed to do, 46 Confiteor Present New through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault; and I ask therefore I ask blessed Mary, ever blessed Mary virgin, ever-Virgin, 47 Confiteor Present New all the angels and all the Angels and saints, Saints, and you, my and you, my brothers and brothers and sisters, sisters, to pray for me to to pray for me to the Lord our God. the Lord our God. 48 Penitential Rite Option B is completely rewritten 49 Option B Present New Priest: Lord, we Priest: Have have sinned mercy on us, O against you: Lord. Lord, have mercy. People: For we People: Lord, have sinned have mercy. against you. 50 Option B Present New Priest: Lord, show Priest: Show us, O us your mercy Lord, your and love. mercy. People: And grant People: And grant us your salvation us your salvation 51 Option C Option C is completely rewritten One example is included Option to use the Greek text: “Kyrie eleison, Christe eleison, Kyrie eleison” 52 Option C Present New You were sent to You were sent to heal the contrite: heal the contrite of Lord have mercy heart: Lord, have mercy. You came to call You came to call sinners: sinners: Christ, have mercy. Christ, have mercy. 53 Option C Present New You plead for us You are seated at at the right hand of the right hand of the Father: the Father to Lord, have mercy. intercede for us: Lord, have mercy. 54 Penitential Rite All of these choices may be replaced with the ―Rite of Blessing and Sprinkling of Water.‖ This rite is especially encouraged during the Easter season. 55 The Gloria The Gloria should be sung; though it may be recited. The people may alternate with the choir, or the choir may sing it alone. It may be intoned by the priest, the cantor, or the choir. 56 The Gloria The first portion is completely rewritten. It is humbler and more modest. It acknowledges the Majesty of God and presents a human being talking to the God who made us. 57 The Gloria It captures the awesome mystery of the dialogue between the ―Created‖ and the ―Creator‖. In the opening line we hear an echo of the angels announcing Peace at the birth of Jesus (the Christmas Story). 58 The Gloria All descriptions of God restored. Demonstrates great experiences of meeting God in prayer. 59 The Gloria The new translations makes plural “You take away the sins of the world” This shows that Jesus takes away, not just generic sin from the world, but individual, personal sins are forgiven. The last, long sentence remains the same 60 The Gloria Present New Glory to God in Glory to God in the highest, the highest, and peace to his and on earth people on earth. peace to people of good will. 61 The Gloria Present New Lord God, heavenly We praise you, King, we bless you, we almighty God and adore you, we Father, glorify you, we we worship you, give you thanks we give you thanks, 62 The Gloria Present New we praise you for for your great your glory. glory, Lord God, Lord Jesus Christ, heavenly King, O only Son of the God, almighty Father, Father. 63 The Gloria Present New Lord God, Lamb Lord Jesus Christ, of God, Only Begotten Son, Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, 64 The Gloria Present New you take away the you take away the sin of the world: sins of the world, have mercy on us; have mercy on us; you take away the sins of the world, receive our prayer; 65 The Gloria Present New you are seated at you are seated at the right hand of the right hand of the Father: receive the Father, have our prayer. mercy on us. For you alone are For you alone are the Holy One, the Holy One, 66 The Gloria Present New you alone are the you alone are the Lord, you alone are Lord, you alone the Most High, Jesus Christ, with are the Most High, the Holy Spirit, Jesus Christ, with in the glory of God the Holy Spirit, the Father. Amen in the glory of God . the Father. Amen 67 Opening Prayer (Collect) All (Collects) Opening Prayers being completely retranslated. Sentences are longer and more complex and will sound different than current prayers. 68 Opening Prayer (Collect) Currently opening prayers conclude “We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ” This is being revised to make the role of the Persons of the Trinity more precise. 69 The Roman Missal The Liturgy of the Word 70 The Liturgy of the Word Readings Homily Creed Prayer of the Faithful 71 Readings Old Testament Responsorial Psalm New Testament Gospel 72 Readings In the readings, the table of God's word is prepared for the faithful, and the riches of the Bible are opened to them. Hence, it is preferable to maintain the arrangement of the biblical readings, by which light is shed on the unity of both Testaments and of salvation history. 73 Readings Moreover, it is unlawful to substitute other, non-biblical texts for the readings and responsorial Psalm. In the celebration of the Mass with a congregation, the readings are always proclaimed from the ambo. 74 Readings The function of proclaiming the readings is ministerial, not presidential. The readings, therefore, should be proclaimed by two lectors on Sundays and major feast days, and the Gospel by a deacon or, in his absence, a priest other than the celebrant. 75 First Reading On Sundays and major feast days the first readings usually taken from the Old Testament, though during the Easter season the Acts of the Apostles is used. On week days, the First reading is taken from both the Old Testament and the non- Gospel portions of the New Testament. A marked silence follows the reading. 76 Responsorial Psalm After the first reading comes the responsorial Psalm, which is an integral part of the Liturgy of the Word and holds great liturgical and pastoral importance, because it fosters meditation on the word of God. 77 Responsorial Psalm The responsorial Psalm should correspond to each reading and should, as a rule, be taken from the Lectionary. In the United States, it is permissible to replace the listed Psalm with a seasonal one. It is preferable that the responsorial Psalm be sung. 78 Second Reading On Sundays and major feast days the second readings is taken from the non- Gospel portion of the New Testament. A marked silence should follow the reading. 79 Missale Romanum (1962) The pre-Vatican Missale Romanum (1962) contained only two readings and was based on an annual cycle and a minimum of alternative readings for special occasions. 80 Lectionary for Mass The readings used are contained in the Lectionary for Mass. The current Lectionary is a fruit of the Vatican II. It is based on a three year cycle for Sunday celebrations and a two year cycle for week days. 81 “Old” vs “New” Missale Romanum Lectionary Used 1 % of Old Uses 14 % of Old Testament, 8 of 46 Testament. 43 of books cited. 46 books cited. 82 “Old” vs “New” Missale Romanum Lectionary Used 11 % of non- Uses 55 % of non- Gospel portion of Gospel portion of the New the New Testament. Testament. 14 of the 23 books All 23 books cited. cited. 83 “Old” vs “New” Missale Romanum Lectionary Used 22 % of the Uses 90 % of the Gospels. Gospels Matthew 35% Matthew 86% Mark 3% Mark 96% Luke 16% Luke 88% John 30% John 92% 84 Gospel The proclamation of the Gospel is the high point of the Liturgy of the Word. The Liturgy itself teaches that great reverence is to be shown to it by setting it off from the other readings with special marks of honor. This includes a Gospel Acclamation (Alleliua) as the Gospel book is in procession to the ambo. 85 Gospel The minister appointed to proclaim it prepares himself by a blessing or prayer; the Faithful, standing as they listen to it being proclaimed, and their acclamations acknowledge and confess Christ present among them. 86 Gospel Responses Present New Deacon (or Priest): Deacon (or Priest): The Lord be with The Lord be with you. you. People: And also People: And with with you. your spirit. 87 Gospel Responses Present New Deacon (or Priest): Deacon (or Priest): A reading from the A reading from the holy Gospel holy Gospel according to N. according to N. People: Glory to People: Glory to you, Lord. you, O Lord. 88 Homily The Homily should ordinarily be given by the priest celebrant himself. He may entrust it to a concelebrating priest or the deacon, but never to a lay person. There is to be a Homily on Sundays and holy days of obligation at all Masses that are celebrated with the participation of a congregation; it may not be omitted without a serious reason. It is highly recommended on other days. 89 Homily It should be an exposition of some aspect of the readings from Sacred Scripture or of another text from the Ordinary or from the Proper of the Mass of the day and should take into account both the mystery being celebrated and the particular needs of the listeners. After the Homily a brief period of silence is observed. 90 Profession of Faith The purpose of the Profession of Faith, or Creed, is that the whole gathered people may respond to the word of God proclaimed in the readings and explained in the homily. They may also call to mind and confess the great mysteries of the faith by reciting the rule of faith before these mysteries are celebrated in the Eucharist. 91 Profession of Faith The Creed is to be sung or prayed by the priest together with the people on Sundays and Solemnities. It may be prayed also at particular celebrations of a more solemn character. If it is sung, it is begun by the priest or, if this is appropriate, by a cantor or by the choir. It is sung, however, either by all together or by the people alternating with the choir. 92 Nicene Creed Present New We believe in one I believe in one God, the Father, God, the Father the Almighty, maker of heaven almighty, maker of and earth, of all heaven and earth, that is seen and of all things unseen. visible and invisible. 93 Nicene Creed Present New We believe in one I believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, Lord Jesus Christ, the only Son of the Only Begotten God, eternally Son of God, born begotten of the Father, of the Father before all ages. 94 Nicene Creed Present New God from God, God from God, Light from Light, Light from Light, true God from true God from true true God, God, begotten, not begotten, not made, made, 95 Nicene Creed Present New One in being with consubstantial the Father. with the Father; Through him all through Him all things were made. things were made. 96 Nicene Creed Present New For us men and for For us men and for our salvation he our salvation he came down from came down from heaven: *by the power of the Holy heaven, *and by Spirit he was born the Holy Spirit of the Virgin Mary, was incarnate of and became man.* the Virgin Mary, and became man.* 97 Nicene Creed Present New For our sake he For our sake he was crucified was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he under Pontius suffered, died, Pilate, he suffered and was buried. death and was . buried, 98 Nicene Creed Present New On the third day and rose again on he rose again in the third day in fulfillment of the accordance with Scriptures; the Scriptures. . 99 Nicene Creed Present New he ascended into He ascended into heaven and is heaven and is seated at the right seated at the right hand of the Father. hand of the Father. . 100 Nicene Creed Present New He will come He will come again in glory again in glory to judge the living to judge the living and the dead, and and the dead and his kingdom will his kingdom will have no end. have no end. 101 Nicene Creed Present New We believe in the Holy Spirit, the I believe in the Lord, the giver of Holy Spirit, the life, who proceeds Lord, the giver of from the Father life, who proceeds and the Son. from the Father and the Son, 102 Nicene Creed Present New With the Father who with the and the Son he is Father and the Son worshiped and glorified. is adored and He has spoken glorified, who has through the spoken through the Prophets. prophets. 103 Nicene Creed Present New We believe in one I believe in one, holy catholic and holy, catholic and apostolic Church. apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for I confess one the forgiveness of baptism for the sins. forgiveness of sins 104 Nicene Creed Present New We look for the and I look resurrection of the forward to the dead, and the life resurrection of the of the world to dead and the life come. Amen. of the world to come. Amen. 105 Apostles‟ Creed Present New I believe in God, I believe in God, the Father the Father almighty, creator almighty, Creator of heaven and earth. of heaven and I believe in Jesus earth, and in Jesus Christ, his only Christ, his only Son, our Lord. Son, our Lord, 106 Apostles‟ Creed Present New He was conceived who was by the power of the conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Holy Spirit, born Mary. of the Virgin Mary, 107 Apostles‟ Creed Present New He suffered suffered under under Pontius Pontius Pilate, Pilate, was was crucified, died crucified, died, and was buried; and was buried. 108 Apostles‟ Creed Present New He descended to he descended into the dead. On the hell; on the third third day he rose day he rose again again. from the dead; he He ascended into heaven, ascended into heaven, 109 Apostles‟ Creed Present New and is seated at the and is seated at the right hand of the right hand of God Father. the Father He will come almighty; from again to judge the living and the there he will come dead. to judge the living and the dead. 110 Apostles‟ Creed Present New I believe in the I believe in the Holy Spirit, Holy Spirit, the holy catholic the holy catholic Church, Church, the communion of the communion of saints, saints, 111 Apostles‟ Creed Present New the forgiveness of the forgiveness of sins, the sins, the resurrection of the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. body, and life everlasting. Amen. Amen. 112 Prayer of the Faithful In the Prayer of the Faithful, the people respond in a certain way to the word of God which they have welcomed in faith and offer prayers to God for the salvation of all. It is fitting that such a prayer be included, as a rule, in Masses celebrated with a congregation. 113 Prayer of the Faithful It is for the celebrant to direct this prayer from the chair. He begins it with a brief introduction, by which he invites the faithful to pray, and likewise he concludes it with a prayer. The intentions announced should be sober, succinct, and they should express the prayer of the entire community. 114 Prayer of the Faithful The intentions are announced from the ambo or from another suitable place, by the deacon or one of the lay faithful. As a rule, the series of intentions is to be 1. For the needs of the Church 2. For public authorities and the salvation of the whole world 115 Prayer of the Faithful 3. For those burdened by any kind of difficulty 4. For the local community 5. Other needs and intentions 116 Liturgy of the Eucharist 117 Liturgy of the Eucharist • Preparation of the Gifts ‾ Inaudible and audible preparatory prayers said by the priest at the altar (the Collects) • Prayer Over the Offerings • Eucharistic Prayer ‾ Eucharistic Prayers: Origins and fitting times for use ‾ Eight elements common to all Eucharistic Prayer 118 Elements of the Eucharistic Prayer Thanksgiving Acclamation Epiclesis Institution Narrative Offering Anamnesis Intercessions Final Doxology 119 The Church has arranged the entire celebration of the Liturgy of the Eucharist in parts corresponding to precisely these words and actions of Christ: 120 “Take and eat, this is my body; drink from it all of you , for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.” Matthew 26: 26-28 121 The Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist, are so closely interconnected that they form but one single act of worship. General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM, 4) 122 The Liturgy of the Eucharist begins with the preparation of the altar - ―the center of the whole liturgy of the Eucharist‖ 123 The gifts are brought forward in procession by some of the faithful accompanied by the Offertory chant that continues at least until the gifts are placed on the altar. 124 Preparation of the Gifts Once received by the priest or deacon at an appropriate place, the priest places the bread and wine on the altar to the accompaniment of the prescribed formulas. 125 Preparation of the Gifts Current Text New Text Blessed are you, Lord, Blessed are you, Lord God God of all creation. of all creation, for through Through your goodness your goodness we have we have this bread to received the bread we offer, which earth has offer you: fruit of the given and human earth and work of human hands have made. It hands, it will become for will become for us the us the bread of life. bread of life. 126 If no offertory song is sung, the priest has the option of saying the prayer aloud; then the faithful (remaining seated) may respond: "Blessed be God forever" 127 The deacon or priest then pours wine and a little water into the chalice, saying inaudibly: 128 „By the mystery of this water and wine may we come to share in the divinity of Christ, who humbled himself to share in our humanity.‟ 129 Prayer at the Preparation of the Gifts Blessed are you, Lord, Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation. God of all creation, Through your for through your goodness we have this goodness we have wine to offer, fruit of received the wine we the vine and work of offer you: fruit of the human hands. It will vine and work of become for us our human hands it will spiritual drink. become our spiritual drink. 130 If no offertory song is sung, the priest has the option of saying the prayer aloud; then the faithful (remaining seated) may respond: “Blessed be God forever” 131 After placing the chalice upon the altar, the priest bows profoundly and says quietly: 132 Prayer at the Preparation of the Gifts Lord God, we ask you With humble spirit to receive us and be and contrite heart pleased with the may we be accepted sacrifice we offer you by you, O Lord, and with humble and may our sacrifice in contrite hearts. your sight this day be pleasing to you, Lord God. 133 Prayer at the Preparation of the Gifts Lord, wash away Wash me, O Lord, my iniquity; cleanse from my iniquity me from my sin. and cleanse me from my sin. 134 „Pray, brethren‟ Pray, brethren, Pray, brethren that our sacrifice (brothers and may be acceptable sisters), that my to God, the sacrifice and yours almighty Father. may be acceptable to God, the almighty Father. 135 The people, who have remained seated during this preparatory rite, stand, and respond: „May the Lord accept the sacrifice at your hands for the praise and glory of his name, for our good and the good of all his holy church.‟. 136 Prayer Over the Offerings The priest recites the Prayer Over the Offerings which has 2 options for the conclusion. Uniting themselves to this entreaty, the faithful remain standing and respond: „Amen‟ 137 The Prayer over the Offerings concludes the preparatory rites and prepare for the Eucharistic Prayer. 138 Opening Dialogue The Eucharistic Prayer begins with a solemn exchange of lines between the priest and the gathered faithful (standing) in the lifting up of hearts to the Lord in thanksgiving and praise. 139 As the priest begins the Eucharistic Prayer, he sings or says: V. The Lord be with you. R. And with your spirit. V. Lift up your hearts. R. We lift them up to the Lord. V. Let us give thanks to the Lord our God. R. It is right and just. 140 Eucharistic Prayer • The center and summit of the entire celebration • Prayer of thanksgiving as well as sanctification and demands that all prayerfully listen to it with reverence and in silence. 141 Eucharistic Prayer We pray to God the Father, through the Son, that the Holy Spirit will come and change the bread and wine into His Body and Blood so that we may enter into Holy Communion with God and one another - that we truly "may be filled with the Holy Spirit and become One Body, One Spirit in Christ." 142 All Eucharistic Prayers cited in the Third Edition of Roman Missal have new translations: • Eucharistic Prayers I – IV • Eucharistic Prayers for two Masses of Reconciliation • One Eucharistic Prayer for Masses for Various Needs and Occasions 143 While the priest has the freedom of choosing which Eucharistic Prayer to use during the celebration of the Mass, there are solid liturgical guidelines, aspects of liturgical practice and theology that make some prayers more fitting to the occasion than others: 144 Eucharistic Prayer I Especially fitting for use: • On Sundays • When a special phrase denoting the nature of the celebration may be inserted into it • Christmas-Holy Thursday- the Octave at Easter 145 Eucharistic Prayer II • Origins traced to third/fourth century • Shortest Eucharistic Prayer • Designed especially for weekday Mass 146 Eucharistic Prayer III • Newly composed and especially fitting for use on Sundays and feast days 147 Eucharistic Prayer IV • Based on a 4th century prayer • More complete summary of salvation history • Designed for use during Ordinary Time 148 Special Occasions Some Eucharistic Prayers were designed for special occasions such as: Two Masses of Reconciliation written for the Jubilee Year of 1975 and are used during Lent 149 Eucharistic Prayer for Masses for Various Needs and Occasions • The Third Edition of the Roman Missal includes a section with prayers for different intentions (civil authority, those living unjustly, religious vocations, etc.) • With four variations, each have its own preface and changeable part within the body of the prayer • Appropriate for weekday Mass 150 Eucharistic Prayers for Masses With Children Eucharistic Prayers for Masses With Children have been omitted from the Third Edition of the Roman Missal . To date, no revisions have been printed. The current three options may still be used for Masses With Children. 151 Elements of the Eucharistic Prayer Thanksgiving Acclamation Epiclesis Institution Narrative Offering Anamnesis Intercessions Final Doxology 152 Thanksgiving The priest, in the name of the entire holy people, glorifies God the Father giving thanks for the whole work of salvation or for some special aspect of it that corresponds to the day, festivity, or season. 153 Acclamation The whole congregation joins their prayer of universal praise to God with the armies of angels, in singing or saying the Holy, Holy, Holy: 154 Holy, Holy, Holy „Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts, heaven and earth are full of your glory, Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, Hosanna in the highest.‟ ‗ 155 In the United States, people should kneel immediately after the Holy, Holy, Holy until after the Great Amen of the Eucharistic Prayer, except when prevented on occasion due to health or other good reason. 156 Epiclesis By means of particular invocations, the priest asks the Holy Spirit to come down upon the gifts transforming them into Christ‘s Body and Blood, and that the sacrificial Victim to be received in Communion be for the salvation of those who will partake of it. All invocations have been re-translated 157 Institution Narrative By means of the sacred words and actions of Christ, the pure Sacrifice is then carried out which Christ himself instituted at the Last Supper, when he offered his Body and Blood under the species of bread and wine, gave them to his Apostles to eat and drink, and left them the command to perpetuate this same mystery. 158 Eucharistic Prayer III: Institution Narrative On the night he was For on the night he was betrayed, he took bread betrayed he himself took and gave you thanks and bread, and giving you praise. He broke the thanks he said the bread, gave it to his blessing, broke the disciples, and said: bread and gave it to his disciples, saying: 159 Words of Consecration Take this, all of you and Take this all of you and eat eat it: of it: This is my body which For this is my body which will be given up for you. will be given up for you. 160 Eucharistic Prayer III: Institution Narrative When supper was ended, In a similar way, when he took the cup, again he supper was ended, he took the chalice, and gave you thanks giving you thanks and praise, gave the he said the blessing, cup to his disciples, and and gave the chalice to said: his disciples, saying: 161 Words of Consecration Take this, all of you, and Take this, all of you, drink from it: this is and drink from the cup of my blood, the it: for this is the chalice of my blood of the new Blood, the Blood of the and everlasting new and covenant. It will be eternal covenant; shed for you and for all which will be poured so that sins may be out for you and for forgiven. Do this in many for the forgiveness of sins. Do memory of me. this in memory of me. 162 The Mystery of Faith • Immediately after the Consecration and display of the consecrated elements to the people , the priest announces "the mystery of faith‖ • ―Let us proclaim‖ has been omitted from the Third Edition of the Roman Missal • The whole congregation responds to the sacrifice of the on the altar by proclaiming one of the following three newly translated acclamations: 163 A- „We proclaim your death, O Lord, and profess your Resurrection until you come again.‟ 164 B- „When we eat this Bread and drink this Cup, we proclaim your death, O Lord, until you come again.‟ 165 C- „Save us, Savior of the world, for by your Cross and Resurrection, you have set us free.‟ 166 Anamnesis The Church proclaims the Death and Resurrection of Christ until He comes again. 167 Offering The Church—and in particular the Church here and now gathered— offers in the Holy Spirit not only the spotless Victim but also themselves to the Father. 168 Intercessions Expression is given to the fact that the Eucharist is celebrated in communion with the entire Church, of heaven as well as of earth, and that the offering is made for her and for all her members, living and dead, who have been called to participate in the redemption and the salvation purchased by Christ‘s Body and Blood. 169 The priest lifting up the paten with the host and the deacon (if present) the chalice, sings the Final Doxology: 170 Final Doxology Through him, with Through him, and him, in him, in the with him, and in him, unity of the Holy O God, almighty Spirit, all glory and Father, in the unity of honor is yours, the Holy Spirit, all almighty Father, glory and honor is for ever and ever. yours, for ever and ever. 171 The Great Amen The perfect glorification of God is expressed, confirmed, and concluded by the people‘s acclamation: „Amen‟ 172 The Communion Rite 173 Introduction The Communion Rite begins with the Lord‘s Prayer and continues through the Prayer after Communion or Collect. •The Communion Rite is that part of the Mass at which we partake of the Body and Blood of Christ. •It is at this time that we come forth to receive our spiritual nourishment for our souls and for our very lives. 174 The RITUAL surrounding the sharing of Holy Communion will not be changing. •You will however, find some of the wording to be different. 175 The Lord‟s Prayer The Priest prays a brief invitation and then invites everyone to pray the Lord‘s prayer together. • The Lord‘s Prayer itself, is not changing. The same words will be prayed which we have prayed all through our Christian lives. This is the ONLY text of the Mass that retains the old English pronoun (Thy) in thy will be done. 176 • The reason for the Lord‘s Prayer remaining the same is that it has achieved a level of holiness that cannot be replaced. • The Acclamation which concludes the Lord‘s Prayer will also remain the same. • We will still pray: “For the Kingdom/the power and the glory are yours, now and forever.” 177 Changes to the Priest‟s parts Present New Let us pray with At the Savior‟s confidence to the command and Father in the words formed by divine our Savior gave us: teaching, we dare to say: 178 Changes to the Priest‟s parts Embolism Embolism Deliver us Lord Deliver us Lord, we from every evil and pray from every grant us peace in our evil, graciously day. In mercy keep grant peace in our us free from sin and days, that by the protect us help of your mercy, we may be always free from sin and safe 179 Changes to the Priest‟s parts Embolism Embolism from all anxiety as from all distress as we wait in joyful we await the hope for the coming blessed hope and the of our Savior, Jesus coming of our Christ. Savior Jesus Christ. In this is echoed the words of St. Paul to Titus 2:13, which affirms that Christ has come and that we await the blessed hope of His return. 180 Prayer for Peace • The priest prays to Jesus for peace and unity in the church. • There are some changes in the text prayed by the priest. 181 Prayer for Peace Present New Lord Jesus Christ, Lord Jesus Christ, you said to your who said to your apostles: I leave you Apostles, Peace I peace, my peace I leave you, my peace give you. Look not I give you, look not on our sins, but on the faith on our sins, but on the faith 182 Prayer for Peace Present New Of your Church and Of your Church and grant us the peace graciously grant her and unity of your peace and unity in kingdom, where accordance with you live for ever and your will. Who live ever and reign for ever and ever 183 Prayer for Peace • The Priest or Deacon will invite the Congregation to share peace as usual 184 Sign of Peace Present New Priest: The peace of Priest: The peace of the Lord be with you the Lord be with you always. always. People: And also People: And with with you. your spirit. 185 Lamb of God (Agnus Dei) • The words to the Lamb of God will not change. • The Priest elevates the consecrated hosts and prays: 186 Lamb of God Present New Priest: This is the Priest: Behold the Lamb of God who Lamb of God. Behold takes away the sins of him who takes away the world. Happy are the sins of the world. those who are called Blessed are those to his supper. called to the supper of the Lamb. 187 Lamb of God Present New People: Lord, I am People: Lord, I am not worthy to not worthy that you receive you, but should enter under only say the word my roof, but only and I shall be say the word and my healed. soul shall be healed. 188 Lamb of God • The use of the phrase: ―Behold the Lamb of God,” is closer to the Latin and is a more direct allusion to Jn. 1: 29, where John the Baptist points out Jesus to his followers. • The word Happy is changed to Blessed. 189 Lamb of God • This change makes clearer the allusion to Rev. 19:9. • Here the angel in the vision has John write down the words that proclaimed Blessed all those called to the wedding banquet of the Lamb. 190 Lamb of God • The reply makes two changes: ―To receive you” becomes “that you should enter under my roof.” • This makes a direct connection to Matt. 8:8 and Luke 7:6 where a Gentile Centurion has asked Jesus to heal his servant. Jesus intends to go to his house but the Centurion believes himself unworthy to have Jesus come there. 191 Lamb of God • The word, roof, is not to be thought of as the roof of one‘s mouth, but rather as connected to the Centurion‟s humility. • The prayer highlight our unworthiness to have him enter the place where we live. 192 Lamb of God • Another change to this text is “I” shall be healed becomes “My Soul.” • Soul is restored to wherever it appear in Latin. • “My Soul” implies spiritual healing that alone can cure ―my soul.‖ 193 Holy Communion • When we receive Holy Communion, there will be no change to the words. • We will still make a profound bow. • We will still hear, “The Body of Christ” “The Blood of Christ” 194 Holy Communion • We will still respond “Amen” to each. • We should still sing during the Communion Procession. • The Communion Song should be sung until the last person has received. 195 Prayer after Communion • Before the Collect, there should be a time of silence. • A reflective song can be sung during this time. • The Communion Rite concludes with the Prayer after Communion (Collect). 196 Prayer after Communion • We will hear the same invitation: “Let us Pray.” • The translation of the prayer will be new and will conclude in the same way, prompting the assembly to respond “Amen.” 197 The Concluding Rite • Brief announcements may be made from the Presider‘s chair after the Collect and before the Dismissal. • If the priest is using a Prayer over the people or a Solemn Blessing he or the Deacon will invite you to bow your heads as you hear the words. You will still respond with either one or three “Amen/s.” 198 The Concluding Rite Present New Priest: ―The Lord be Priest: ―The Lord be with you,‖ with you,‖ Assembly: ―And Assembly: “And also with you.‖ with your spirit.” 199 The Concluding Rite • The Dismissal Rite remains as is with new options particular to the Priest or Deacon. • When Mass concludes, we do not just leave the church, we enter the world with a mission. 200 The Dismissal • “God forth, the Mass is ended.” • “Go and announce the Gospel of the Lord.” • “Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by your life.” • “Go in peace.” • We respond “Thanks be to God” 201 MUSIC FOR THE MASSES Let us be ready by Advent 2011 Points taken from ―Sing to the Lord!” 202 Discernment of music • In discerning the quality of liturgical music seek guidance from the Church‘s treasury of sacred music. • New settings of the ordinary will be required. 203 The Principle of Progressive Solemnity • Progressive solemnity means that ―between the solemn, fuller form of liturgical celebration, in which everything that demands singing is in fact sung, and the simplest form, in which singing is not used, there can be various degrees according to the greater or lesser place allotted to singing.‖ 204 The Principle of Progressive Solemnity • Progressive solemnity includes not only the nature and style of the music, but how many and which parts of the rite are to be sung. • Greater feasts such as Easter Sunday or Pentecost might suggest a chanted Gospel, but a recited Gospel might be more appropriate for Ordinary Time. 205 The Principle of Progressive Solemnity • Musical selections and the use of additional instruments reflect the liturgical season, feast, or solemnity that is being celebrated. • Solemnities and feasts invite more solemnity. 206 The Principle of Progressive Solemnity • Certain musical selections are more capable of expressing this solemnity, adding an extraordinary richness to these special celebrations. • The most solemn musical expressions retain their primary responsibility of engaging human hearts in the mystery of Christ that is being celebrated on a particular occasion by the Church. 207 The Principle of Progressive Solemnity • At other times, the liturgical season calls for a certain musical restraint. • In Advent, musical instruments should be used with moderation and should not anticipate the full joy of the Nativity of the Lord. • In Lent, musical instruments should be used only to support the singing of the gathered assembly. 208 The Parts to Be Sung • Singing by the gathered assembly and ministers is important at all celebrations. Not every part that can be sung should necessarily be sung at every celebration; • ―Preference should be given to those [parts] that are of greater importance.‖ 209 The Parts to Be Sung • Dialogues and Acclamations –Dialogues such as • The Lord be with you…… And with your spirit. –The Gospel Acclamation, as well as the Eucharistic acclamations including the Sanctus, the Memorial Acclamation, and the Great Amen. 210 The Parts to Be Sung • Antiphons and Psalms –The psalms are poems of praise that are meant, whenever possible, to be sung. 211 The Parts to Be Sung • Refrains and Repeated Responses –The Liturgy also has texts of a litanic character that may be sung as appropriate. –These include the Kyrie and Agnus Dei of the Mass, the response to the Prayer of the Faithful at Mass, and the Litany of the Saints in various rites. 212 The Parts to Be Sung • Hymns –Appropriate to the season –Reflecting the teaching of the readings of the day • The role of music is to serve the needs of the Liturgy and not to dominate, seek to entertain, or draw attention to itself or the musicians. 213 The Parts to Be Sung • There are instances when the praise and adoration of God leads to music taking on a far greater dimension. At other times, simplicity is the most appropriate response. • The primary role of music in the Liturgy is to help the members of the gathered assembly to join themselves with the action of Christ and to give voice to the gift of faith. 214 Musical Quality The Three Judgments The Liturgical Judgment Is this composition capable of meeting the structural and textual requirements set forth for this particular rite? 215 Musical Quality The Three Judgments The Pastoral Judgment –Does a musical composition promote the sanctification of the members of the liturgical assembly by drawing them closer to the holy mysteries being celebrated? 216 Musical Quality The Three Judgments –Does it strengthen their formation in faith by opening their hearts to the mystery being celebrated on this occasion or in this season? –Is it capable of expressing the faith that God has planted in their hearts and summoned them to celebrate? 217 Musical Quality The Three Judgments The Musical Judgment –Is this composition technically, aesthetically, and expressively worthy? –Does this music stand the test of time? –In recent times, the Church has consistently recognized and freely welcomed the use of various styles of music as an aid to liturgical worship. 218 Settings of the Mass Parts • Check out the following Websites • http://www.npm.org/Chants/index.html • http://www.revisedromanmissal.org/ • http://www.usccb.org/romanmissal/ • Seek free assembly additions from major publishers 219 First choose the music • New Mass settings • Revised Mass settings • Choosing a Gloria –A setting that has no refrain or is ―through composed‖ –Use the verse-refrain settings for more solemn occasions 220 First choose the music • Choose the best Mass settings for the occasion –What sounds best with the cantor/organ/keyboard/guitar –What has the ability to add instrumentation to ―dress it up‖? –Change Mass Settings with liturgical seasons 221 Getting on the right track for Advent 2011 – You must be ready by November 27, 2011! That means ….. – ONLY 8 months until Advent! • Determine your timeframe for rehearsing the musicians! • Begin rehearsing choirs during Summer/Fall 2011 – Consider a Summer Choir program 222 Getting on the right track for Advent 2011 • Practice with Priests & Deacons – Rehearse new chants – Rehearse new metrical settings of the ordinary – Make rehearsal recordings available for them 223 Getting on the right track for Advent 2011 Provide many bulletin inserts and letters to the community of faith at your parish Go and make a joyful noise unto the Lord. 224
"The Roman Missal"