GHANA LEGAL SYSTEMS _ CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY

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					             GHANA LEGAL SYSTEMS & CONSTITUTIONAL HISTORY

                         COURSE OUTLINE AND TIME TABLE



1.   THE LEGAL PROFESSION – History and Role

2.   CONSTITUTIONAL EVOLUTION IN GHANA

              a. Pre-Independence (1800-1956), Constitutions of 1901, 1925, 1946, 1950 and
              1954

              b. Post-Independence (1957, 1960, 1969, and 1979)

              c.   Fourth Republican Constitution

                                           i. The making of the Constitution

                                           ii. Local Government reforms

                                          iii. The Referendum

                                          iv. Outline of the Constitution

Reading List: Bennion, Constitutional Law of Ghana (chapters 1 and 2), Akufo-Addo
Constitutional Proposals (pp 6-19); Aboagye-Mensah Constitutional Proposals (pp 5-16), SKB
Asante Constitutional Proposals (pp 9-18), Union Government Report, NCD Report, JNK
Taylor, The Concept and Problems of Public Accountability under Ghana Law (1989-90) 17
RGL 70; Kwakye v. AG [1981] GLR 644

3.   LOCAL GOVERNMENT

4.   TRADITIONAL CONSTITUTIONALISM – Chieftaincy Law

Reading List: Act 370, LI 798; 1992 Constitution (Ch 22); Brobbey, The Law of Chieftaincy in
Ghana (Chs. 1-4); Busia, The Position of the Chief in the Modern Political System of Ashanti
(Chs 1, 2 & 6); Kumado, The Supreme Court and the Yendi Skin Dispute [1986-1990] 17 UGLJ
1; Ofori-Boateng, Chieftaincy Matters and Proceedings [1974] 6 RGL 93; Daniels, Jurisdiction
of the High Court in Chieftaincy Matters [1972] 4 RGL 81; Bimpong-Buta, Jurisdiction in
Chieftaincy Matters [1981-82] 13 & 14 RGL 209; Ollennu, Destoolment Procedure and the
Powers of the Court of Appeal [1978] 10 RGL 175; Akufo-Addo Proposals (paras. 635-647),
Aboagye-Mensah Proposals, SKB Asante Report (Ch 12); Eku alias Conduah II v. Acquaah 2
G&G 323; Frimpong v. Republic 2 G&G 480; Oppon v. Ackinie 2 G&G 4; Ex parte Adansi
Traditional Council 2 G&G 385; Ex parte Togbe Kwasi Buami VII [1974] GLR 427; Ex parte
Adu-Gyamfi [1972] 1 GLR 317; Anin v. Ababio [1973] 1 GLR 509; Ex parte Sakyiraa II [1977]
2 GLR 115; Nyamekye v. Tawiah [1979] GLR 265; Ex parte Prah II [1981] GLR 759;
Boampong v. Aboagye [1981] GLR 927; Tobah v. Kwekumah [1981] GLR 648; Osei v. Siribuor
II [1984-86] 1 GLR 588; Ex parte Kusi-Apea [1984-86] 2 GLR 90

5. CLASSIFICATION OF BRANCHES OF LAW: contract, torts, crime, property,
constitutional, etc.

6.   INTRODUCTION OF BRITISH JURISDICTION INTO THE GOLD COAST

7. SOURCES OF LAW (common law, equity, customary law) – the role of statutes (primary
and subsidiary), case law

8. TYPE, JURISDICTION AND POWERS OF QUASI-JUDICIAL BODIES
(Commissions/Committees of Inquiry)

Reading List: Act 230, LI 571; Akainyah v. The Republic [1968] 2 G&G 339, 349; Republic v.
Asafu-Adjaye [1968] 2 G&G 351, 355; Awoonor-Williams v. Gbedemah [1970] 2 G&G 442;
Fawkes v. Accra Brewery Limited [1981] GLR 489; Republic v. Otu & Kwapong 2 G&G 416;
Darkwa v. Republic [1981] GLR 241; Quayson v. AG [1981] GLR 296

9.   JUDICIAL REVIEW IN GHANA

Reading List: Bennion, The Constitutional Law of Ghana (pp 140-142, 168-9, 224-226);
Gyandoh, Principles of Interpretation of the Republican Constitution of Ghana [1966] 2 UGLJ
37; Gyandoh, The Role of the Judiciary under the Constitutional Proposals of Ghana [1968] 5
UGLJ 133; Gunther [1971] 8 UGLJ 2 at pp 21-56; Johnson, Power to declare an Enactment a
Nullity [1974] 6 RGL 41; Kumado, Judicial Review of Legislation in Ghana since Independence
[1980] 8 UGLJ 67; Dankwa & Flinterman, Judicial Review in Ghana [1977] 14 UGLJ 1;
Kumado, The Subversion Decree and Judicial Review [1975] 7 RGL 164; Akufo-Addo
Proposals; Aboagye-Mensah Proposals, 1957 Constitution (s. 31(5)); 1960 Constitution (arts. 40-
45, 55); 1969 Constitution (Preamble, arts 1(2), 2, 106, 107-114); 1979 Constitution (Preamble,
arts. 1, 2, 118 etc.); 1992 Constitution (Preamble, arts. 1, 2, 130, and ss. 34, 35 and 37 of the
Transitional Provisions) Marbury v. Madison 1 Cranch 137, 2 L.Ed. 60 (1803); Blackburn v. AG
[1971] 2 All ER 1380; Lardan v. AG (Nos. 1 & 2) 2 G&G 96. 98; Ware v. Ofori-Atta 2 G&G
132; Re Akoto 2 G&G 160; Republic v. Maikankan [1971] 2 GLR 473; Ex parte Adu-Gyamfi II
[1972] 1 GLR 317; Ex parte Salifa 2G&G 374, 378; Ex parte Bannerman 2G&G 293; Ex parte
Ofosu-Armaah [1973] 2 GLR 227, [1976] 2 GLR 5; Shalabi v. AG [1972] 1 GLR 259; Tufuor v.
AG [1980] GLR 637; Kwakye v. AG [1981] GLR 9; Ex parte Shackleford [1981] GLR 554; Ex
parte Forson [1980] GLR 529
10. JUDICIAL REMEDIES & OUSTER CLAUSES

Reading List: Dankwa & Flinterman, Judicial Review in Ghana [1977] 14 UGLJ 1; Wade,
Administrative Law; Dicey & Tsikata, A Look at Administrative Law in Ghana [1972] 9 UGLJ
135, 149-156; De Smith, Judicial Review of Administrative Action; Turkson, The Relevance of
Classification of Functions in Certiorari Proceedings [1978-81] 15 UGLJ 175; Kom, Certiorari
and Non-Jurisdictional Error [1980] 12 RGL 148; Kumado, The Subversion Decree and Judicial
Review [1975] 7 RGL 164; Bimpong-Buta, Legal Effect of Ouster Clauses 13 & 14 RGL 113;
Ahenkora v. Ofe (1957) 3 WALR 145 [1961] 1 GLR 17; Ex parte Dizengoff [1974] 1 GLR 337;
Ex parte Aniagyei II [1976] 1 GLR 394; Ex parte Oduro [1979] GLR 354; Ex parte Quaye-
Mensah [1979] GLR 429; CIT v. Maatschapij de Fijnhouthandel [1974] 1 GLR 283; Ex parte
Oppong Kwame [1971] 1 GLR 321, [1972] 1 GLR 60; Ex parte Kusada [1963] 2 G&G 214; Ex
parte Tiwaa [1976] 2 GLR 231; Mould v. de Vine [1962] 1 GLR 533; Botwe v. Mensah [1959]
GLR 457; Ghann v. Tamakloe (1957) 2 WALR 353; Ex parte Baffo [1973] GLR 378; Kwakye v.
AG [1981] GLR 9; Ex parte Shackleford [1981] GLR 554; Ex parte Forson [1980] GLR 529

11. HISTORY OF THE COURT SYSTEM

12. NATURE & SCOPE OF CONSTITUTIONAL LAW IN GHANA

              a.   Definitions, content, problems

              b. Coup d’états and continuity of Constitutions

              c.   Relationship between municipal and international laws

              d. Supremacy of the Constitution (Article 1, 1992 Constitution)

Reading List: Wheare, Modern Constitutions, (pp 1-82 & Ch 4); Wade & Bradley,
Constitutional Law (Chs 1, 2 & 4); de Smith, Constitutional & Administrative Law (Chs 1 & 4);
Sallah v. AG [1970] 2 G&G 493; Ofori, Kelsen, The Grundnorm and the 1979 Constitution – A
Rejoinder 16 UGLJ 169, see also Ahwoi 15 UGLJ 139; Tsikata & Tsikata, Sallah v. AG, Kelsen
and Other in the Court of Appeal [1970] 7 UGLJ 142; Re Akoto [1961] 2 G&G 160; Shalabi v.
AG [1972] 1 GLR 259 at 267-268; Madzimbamuto v. Lardner-Burke [1969] 1 AC 172, [1968] 3
All ER 561; Blackburn v. AG [1971] 1 WLR 1037

13. CONSTITUTIONALISM IN GHANA

Reading List: Nwabueze, Constitutionalism in Emergent States, Ch 1; Kumado, NRCD 360 –
An exercise in revolutionary Constitutionalism? (1975) 12 UGLJ 124; Shalabi v. AG [1972] 1
GLR 259; Gbedemah v. Awoonor-Williams [1969] 2 G&G 442; Ex parte Bannerman [1967] 2
G&G 293; The Salifa Cases [1968] 2 G&G 374 and 378; Re Akoto [1961] 2 G&G 160, Ex parte
Braimah [1967] GLR 192
14. RULE OF LAW IN GHANA

Reading List: Wade & Bradley, Constitutional and Administrative Law (Ch 6); Dicey,
Introduction to the study of the Law of the Constitution, see Introduction by Wade; Friedman,
Law in a Changing Society (pp 378-382, Ch 15); Captan v. AG 2 G&G 462; Associated
Provincial Picture Houses v. Wednesbury Corporation [1948] 1 KB 223, especially per Lord
Greene; Council of Civil Service Unions v. Minister for the Civil Service [1984] 2 All ER 935

15. PROCEEDINGS INVOLVING THE REPUBLIC

Reading List: Act 555, Act 114, Articles 88, 135 and 293 of the 1992 Constitution; Tsiboe v.
KCC [1959] GLR 253 2 G&G 110; Buoboh v. Minister of Interior [1973] 2 GLR 304; Konadu v.
AG [1971] 1 GLR 127, 130; Ohene v. Principal Secretary [1971] 1 GLR 102; Asiedu-Addor v.
Comptroller of Customs & Excise [1981] GLR 505; Kuah v. AG [1981] GLR 481; Benneh v.
Republic [1971] 2 GLR 354; Levandowsky v. AG (No. 2) [1971] 1 GLR 49; Ex parte Ga
Traditional Council [1971] 1 GLR 71; Mould v. de Vine 2 G&G 201; PPP v. AG [1971] 1 GLR
138; Quarshie-Idun v. Akufo-Addo 2 G&G 363, 368; Ex parte Appiah [1981] GLR 736;
National Co-operative Kente & Adinkra Weavers Association v. Registrar of Co-operatives
[1981] GLR 821; Kwakye v. AG [1981] GLR 9

16. CITIZENSHIP

Reading List: Akufo-Addo Proposals (Ch 7); Constitution (Ch 3); Olympio v. Commissioner
for Interior 2 G&G 432; Bruce v. AG 2 G&G 105; Captan v. AG 2 G&G 462; Shalabi v. AG
[1972] 1 GLR 259; Bilson v. Rawlings [1993-94] 2 GLR 413

       17. LEGAL AID – History, Problems and Prospects

       18. ALTERNATIVE PROCEDURES FOR SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES: arbitration
       (customary law and statutory), reconciliation, negotiations, mediation, etc.

       19. SEPARATION OF POWERS – The Ghana Experience

       Reading List: Ex parte Bannerman [1967] 2 G&G 293; Re Akoto 2 G&G 160; Eku
       Alias Condua III v. Acquaah [1968] GLR 412, Gbedemah v. Awoonor-Williams [1969] 2
       G&G 442; People's Popular Party v. Attorney-General [1971] 1 GLR 138, Republic v.
       Inspector-General of Police & Another; Ex Parte Ibrahim Alias Telley [1977] 1 GLR 7,
       Tuffuor v. AG [1980] GLR 637 at 643-651; Fattal v. Minister for Internal Affairs [1981]
       GLR 104, New Patriotic Party v. Attorney-General [1993-94] 2 GLR 35, Ghana Bar
       Association v. Attorney-General & Another [1995-96] 1 GLR 598, Mensah v. Attorney-
       General [1997-98] 1 GLR 227, New Patriotic Party v. Attorney-General [1997-98] 1
       GLR 37
20. NATURAL JUSTICE: the Ghana Experience

         a. Bias/Interest: Budu v. Caesar [1961] GLR 176; Quist v. Kwantreng 2 G&G 190;
         Kwame v. Quaynor 2 G&G 134, [1959] GLR 269; In re Amponsah 2 G&G 144;
         Asare & Djaba v. Republic 2 G&G 144; Ex parte Barimah II 2 G&G 389; AG v.
         Sallah 2 G&G 487; Akufo-Addo v. Quarshie-Idun 2 G&G 368; Adzaku v. Galenku
         [1974] 1 GLR 198

         b. Audi Alteram Partem: Ex parte Bannerman 2 G&G 293; Inkumsah v. Jiagge 2
         G&G 313; Aidoo v. COP 2 G&G 258, 259, 261; Ex parte Hedo [1971] 2 GLR 459;
         Agyemang v. Republic No 2 [1974] 2 GLR 298; Ex parte Blewe [1973] 2 GLR 283;
         Darkwa v. Republic [1981] GLR 241; Ex parte Appiah [1981] GLR 736; Ex parte
         Oppong Kwame [1971] 1 GLR 321; Ex parte Ababio II [1973] 1 GLR 208; Ex parte
         Tiwaa [1976] 2 GLR 231; Ex parte Bosomakora II [1982-83] GLR



21. ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT: Executive, Legislature and Judiciary

22. INDEPENDENT INSTITUTIONS UNDER THE CONSTITUTION

23. HUMAN RIGHTS IN GHANA

General Reading List: Tamakloe v. Mitchell 2 G&G 9; AG v. Otu & Kwapong 2 G&G 416;
see Note by K. Tetteh (1969) 1 RGL 214

         a. Coup d’états and Human Rights: Okorie v. The Republic [1974] 2 GLR 272;
         Republic v. Akosah [1975] 2 GLR 496, Okoe v. The Republic [1976] 1 GLR 83

         b. Detentions Without Trial: Bimpong-Buta, Detention in the Interest of National
         Security [1979] 11 RGL 105; Daniels, Individual Liberty and Police Powers [1977]
         RGL 23

         c. Freedom of Speech: Ako Adjei & Johnson v. The King 2 G&G 73; Atoo-
         Mensah v. The State 2 G&G 296; Ayeh v. The State 2 G&G 275; Boohene v. Abeyie
         2 G&G 423; The Republic v. Liberty Press 2 G&G 318; Republic v. Mensah-Gyimah
         (1969) CC 150 and [1971] 2 GLR 147; Obscenities – Act 29, ss 280-284, Nkrumah v.
         Manu [1971] 1 GLR 176, Wankyiwa v. Wereduwaa [1963] 1 GLR 332

         d. Subversion: Kumado, The Subversion Decree and Judicial Review [1975] RGL
         164; Ex parte Ofosu-Armaah [1973] 2 GLR 227 and [1976] 2 GLR 5

         e. Habeas Corpus: Act 244; PNDCL 91; Ex parte Naawu III [1976] 2 GLR 25; Ex
         parte Ibrahim alias Tettey [1977] 1 GLR 7; Ex parte Quaye Mensah [1979] GLR 429

				
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