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					SAP- ERP

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What is ERP?

    An Enterprise Resource Planning system is a packaged
    business software system that allows a company to:
      Automate and integrate the majority of its
       business processes
      Share common data and practices across the
       entire enterprise
      Produce and access information in a real-time
       environment



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What is
 SAP

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       What is S A P

             SAP
           Stands for
Systems Applications and Products




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About SAP
 S ystems,
 A pplications,
 P roducts...

                  Founded in
                  Walldorf, Germany
                  in 1972


                                www.sapendusers.com
       World Leader in enterprise business software
                        solutions



•4th largest independent software supplier in the world
•Largest ERP vendor

•More than 2,500,000 users in over 50 countries

•Over 21,000 R/3 installations worldwide

•An average of 25% of revenue invested in R&D

•High customer and employee satisfaction



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  Why SAP is Unique
 Highly integrated
 Comprehensive functionality
 Complex data structures
 Availability of data
 Single point of entry
 On-line data capture and real-time update
 Requires strong application knowledge
 Causes personnel and organizational structure
  changes
 Causes business process changes

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SAP Business Partners
                  Business
                 Development
                   Partners
                                 Logo and
                               Implementation
                                  Partners




      Platform                   Technology
      Partners                    Partners




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Support & Services
               SAP Employees    Logo/Implementation Partners
                 over 18,330           over 10,000 consultants
                  worldwide           trained in SAP worldwide
  Competence                                                     Training
    Centers                                                  over 400 different
                                                            SAP training courses




  OSS
  Online                                                           Hotline
  Service                                                        ( 24 hours a day
  System                                                         7 days a week )




     Remote                                                         CCMS
                                                              Computing Center
     Support                                                 Management System
                                  User Groups
                  Early Watch
                                                                           www.sapendusers.com
         Industries Served By SAP
01   Raw Materials, Mining Agriculture      15   Consumer Packaged Goods - Food
02   Oil and Gas                            16   Consumer Packaged Goods -
03   Chemical                                    Non-Food
04   Pharmaceutical                         17   Clothing and Textiles
05   Building Materials, Clay, Glass        18   Retail and Wholesale
06   Building and Heavy Construction        19   Communication Services, Media
07   Primary Metal, Metal Products, Steel   20   Storage, Distribution, Shipping
08   Industrial and Commercial              21   Utilities
     Machinery                              22   Financial Services, Banks and
09   Automotive                                  Insurance
10   Ship, Aerospace & Train                23   Government, Public Admin.
     Construction                                and Services
11   Transportation Services, Tourism       24   Museums and Associations
12   Electronic/Optic Equip., Common        25   Healthcare and Hospitals
     Devices                                26   Educational Institutions, Unis,
13   Wood and Paper                              Research
14   Furniture                              27   Consulting, Software
                                            28   Services

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SAP - The Product
 Original product was SAP R/2 on the mainframe
  introduced in 1972
 SAP R/3 introduced for smaller platforms in 1992
 Developed using a fourth generation proprietary
  language developed by SAP called ABAP/4
 Major SAP versions:
   2.2h
   3.0d, 3.0e, 3.0f , 3.1g, 3.1h, 3,1i
   4.0b, 4.5b, 4.6b, 4.6c, 4.7
   5.0, 6.0


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SAP - Enterprise System




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      SAP - Client/Server Environment

• Client

– Software/hardware combination that can make a request for services from a

  central repository of resources

• Server

– Software/hardware combination that can provide services to a group of clients in

  a controlled environment




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      SAP - Three-Tier SAP Structure

• GUI – Graphical User Interface or Web Interface

• Application server (one or many)

• Database server (one single location)




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 SAP Components
 SAP R/3 is comprised of modules categorized in three core
  functional areas:
    • Financial
    • Human Resources
    • Logistics
 Special software packages on top of R/3, targeted to specialized
  vertical industries:
     Industry Solutions (IS)
 Special set of modules positioned between the technical and
  functional areas of the system:
     Cross Application (CA) Modules
     Workflow (WF)




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Financial Accounting
                 General Ledger
                 Accounts Receivable

   FI         

              
                  Accounts Payable
                  Tax and Financial Reports
                 Special Purpose Ledger
                 Legal Consolidations


   Financial Applications. . . . . . . .

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Controlling
                Cost Center Accounting
                Profit Center Accounting

  CO         

             
                 Product Cost Controlling
                 Profitability Analysis
                Activity Cost Management
                Internal Orders



   Financial Applications. . . . . . . .

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Fixed Asset Management

                  Depreciation
                  Property Values

 AM               Insurance Policies
                  Capital Investment
                   Grants




  Financial Applications. . . . . . . .

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Project System
                 Project Tracking
                 Work Breakdown Structure

  PS          

              
                  Budget Management
                  Cost and Revenue Planning
                 Networks and Resources




   Financial Applications. . . . . . . .

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Sales and Distribution

                Computer Aided Sales
                Quotations

 SD          

             
                 Sales Order Management
                 Pricing
                Delivery
                Invoicing


    Logistics Applications . . . . . . . .

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Materials Management

                Procurement
                Inventory Management

MM              Vendor Evaluation
                Invoice Verification
                Warehouse Management



   Logistics Applications . . . . . . . .

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Production Planning
                 Sales & Operations Planning
                 Demand Management

  PP          

              
                  Material Requirements Planning
                  Production Activity Control
                 Capacity Planning




     Logistics Applications . . . . . . . .

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Quality Management
                 Quality Certificates
                 Inspection Processing

 QM           

              
                  Planning Tools
                  Quality Control
                 Quality Notifications




    Logistics Applications . . . . . . . .

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Plant Maintenance
                  Plant Maintenance
                  Equipment and Technical
                   Objects

   PM          


               
                   Preventive Maintenance
                   Service Management
                  Maintenance Order
                   Management


     Logistics Applications . . . . . . . .

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Human Resources
               Personnel Administration
               Payroll, Benefits

 HR         

            
                Time Management
                Planning and Development
               Organization Management




   Human Resources. . . . . . . .

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Industry Solutions
                   Banks
                   Hospitals
                   Oil Companies

    IS
                   Publishing Sector
                   Telecommunications
                   Retail
                   Utilities
                   Others


     Industry Solutions. . . . . . . .

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Audit Cycles
 Revenue
 Expenditure
 Inventory Management
 Fixed Assets
 Treasury
 Payroll/Personnel
 Business Processes
 Or: audits specified by your organization
 e.g. Cross functional, Operational

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Management Challenges
 SAP Modules
    Three Main Functional Categories
    Multitude of Modules
    Multitude of Sub-Modules
 SAP Business Processes
    1000+ Processes
 Many Audit cycles
 Auditors will determine how all these components interrelate in
  order to audit effectively
 Management should have continuous monitoring processes in
  place

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Business/SAP/Audit Process
Views
 Business            Application Level -
 Processes           Client Environment
                     Model Level - SAP
                     Process Model

                                  Implementation
SAP Modules                       Level - SAP
                                  Software Model




   Audit       Organizations’
   Cycles      Audit - Business
               Cycles

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Relationship of Audit to SAP
  SAP Module Functional Categories, Modules and
   Components
  Business Cycles Audits and SAP Modules



                 Audit               SAP Processes
                                                (Revenue)
    Account
    Balances


   (A/R)          SAP                        SAP
               Components
                                 (Financial Modules
                                 Accounting)
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 Linking Audit Cycles to SAP
 Modules

Audit Business Cycles              SAP Module Functional Category

       Treasury
                                             Financial Applications
     Fixed Assets
     Expenditure
       Revenue
                                             Logistics Applications
      Inventory
     Management
     Payroll and
      Personnel                               Human Resources
                        Basis Component
                        Cross Applications
                        Industry Solutions
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BOTTOMLINE: When auditing SAP,
 one should not be concerned so
much with which modules or sub-
 modules they are dealing with.
What matters is what functionality
 is supported by the system and
what system functionality we need
            to audit.
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   Special thanks

      Nirmal (originally designed).




   Collection, modification & circulated by

www.sapendusers.com


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Thank You




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