Internet - 194.68.145.1

Document Sample
Internet - 194.68.145.1 Powered By Docstoc
					                          ........................................................................................................... 2

                                  ................................................................................................... 3
ABOUT THE WEB...................................................................................................... 5

                     ................................................................................................................. 7
ABOUT ONLINE SAFETY ........................................................................................ 9
VIRUSES .................................................................................................................... 11

                                      ............................................................................................. 13

                                         .......................................................................................... 14

                                ................................................................................................... 16

                                                                       ............................................................ 18

                                                   ................................................................................ 20

                                   ................................................................................................ 22

                                                                ................................................................... 25

                                                       ............................................................................ 28

                                  ................................................................................................. 30

                                                   ................................................................................ 32




Created by PPikrides                                           1/38                                                            1
                                                                                                                       20/6/2011
Come and discover how the Internet works. Find out where you can get great
software. Learn the secrets of search engines. Have your questions answered and
problems solved




       Internet 101 was created for those who want to know
       just the basics. This guide will provide you with enough
       knowledge to have fun on the Internet, yet will not bore
       you with too many details.

       Think of this as a set of instructions...for people who
       don't like to read instructions!




Created by PPikrides                    2/38                                      2
                                                                          20/6/2011
         Sometime in the mid 1960's, during the Cold War, it
            became apparent that there was a need for a
         bombproof communications system. A concept was
          devised to link computers together throughout the
        country. With such a system in place large sections of
       the country could be nuked and messages could still get
                              through.

        In the beginning, only government "think tanks" and a
        few universities were linked. Basically the Internet was
       an emergency military communications system operated
          by the Department of Defense's Advanced Research
           Project Agency (ARPA). The whole operation was
                        referred to as ARPANET.




         In time, ARPANET computers were installed at every
       university in the United States that had defense related
           funding. Gradually, the Internet had gone from a
       military pipeline to a communications tool for scientists.
       As more scholars came online, the administration of the
        system transferred from ARPA to the National Science
                               Foundation.

         Years later, businesses began using the Internet and
          the administrative responsibilities were once again
                              transferred.

       At this time no one party "operates" the Internet, there
        are several entities that "oversee" the system and the
                     protocols that are involved.

        The speed of the Internet has changed the way people
          receive information. It combines the immediacy of


Created by PPikrides              3/38                                 3
                                                               20/6/2011
             broadcast with the in-depth coverage of
        newspapers...making it a perfect source for news and
                      weather information.

       Internet usage is at an all time high. Almost 100 million
             U.S. adults are now going online every month,
           according to New York-based Mediamark Research.
       That's half of American adults and a 27 percent increase
        over 1999 in the number who surf the Web. There also
       appears to be a continuing gender shift in the number of
       American adults going online. In early 2000, Mediamark
          reported the milestone that women for the first time
         ever accounted for half of the online adult population.
       Now 51 percent of U.S. surfers - some 50.6 million - are
                                women.




Created by PPikrides             4/38                                4
                                                             20/6/2011
About The Web
       Think of the web as the illustrated version of the
       Internet. It began in the late 1980's when physicist Dr.
       Berners-Lee wrote a small computer program for his
       own personal use. This program allowed pages, within
       his computer, to be linked together using keywords. It
       soon became possible to link documents in different
       computers, as long as they were connected to the
       Internet. The document formatting language used to
       link documents is called HTML (Hypertext Markup
       Language.)

       The Web remained primarily text based until 1992. Two
       events occurred that year that would forever change the
       way the Web looked. Marc Andreesen developed a new
       computer program called the NCSA Mosaic (National
       Center for Supercomputing Applications at the
       University of Illinois) and gave it away! The NCSA
       Mosaic was the first Web browser. The browser made it
       easier to access the different Web sites that had started
       to appear. Soon Web sites contained more than just
       text, they also had sound and video files.




           These pages, written in the hyper-text markup
        language, have "links" that allow the user to quickly
        move from one document to another...even when the
            documents are stored in different computers.




Created by PPikrides             5/38                                 5
                                                              20/6/2011
       Web browsers "read" the html text and convert it into a
             page like the one you are now looking at.

         Each web site has an address, or Uniform Resource
        Locator (URL). The URL contains a set of instructions
                   that are read by the browser.




       The beginning of the URL contains the protocol. This is
       usually "http" (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) or "ftp" (File
       Transfer Protocol). The second section of the URL
       reveals the domain. Directories follow the domain.
       Lastly is the name of the document. (If no document is
       named the browser will automatically open any
       document in the directory named "default" or "index."




Created by PPikrides              6/38                                  6
                                                                20/6/2011
   If you are accessing the Internet with America OnLine,
       Compuserve, MSN or Prodigy, your service has bundled
       everything that you need into the software you are
       currently using.

       They say that if the Internet were a bicycle, using
       America OnLine, or a similar "online service", is like
       having a bike with the training wheels on.

       It's not such a bad thing if you are a beginner. In fact
       we recommend it! AOL, WebTV, MSN, Prodigy and
       Compuserve are easy to use (relatively).

       Once you get some Internet experience you may decide
       to "go it on your own" and hook up with an Internet
       Service Provider (ISP). You may find that the service is
       just as good or better and the monthly fee is just as
       much or less.

       Click here for suggestions on finding your own ISP.

       If you take the training wheels off and use an ISP you
       may need to stock up on some tools. Before you cancel
       your membership with your online service ask the ISP
       which software they provide and which software you will
       need to obtain yourself. This way you will be able to
       download whatever you need while you're still
       connected to an online service.

       For the basic, no hassle, Internet experience all you
       really need is a Web browser. Web browsers "read" the
       html text and convert it into a page like the one you are
       now looking at.

       Currently there are many Web browsers available. The
       Microsoft Internet Explorer and the Netscape Navigator
       are the most popular. Critics frequently disagree over
       which browser is superior. Most people prefer whichever
       browser they used first.

       There are a couple of new-comers to the scene, Opera
       and NeoPlanet. Opera is renowned for being the world's
       fastest browser. Opera is much smaller than other
       major browsers. In its standard configuration, it almost
       fits on a floppy disk yet it is all you need to surf the


Created by PPikrides              7/38                                    7
                                                                  20/6/2011
       web. The NeoPlanet browser is very stylish looking.
       With over 500 stylish skins the NeoPlanet can look, feel,
       and sound the way you want it to.

       These browsers can be obtained over the Internet. Feel
       free to download whichever one you are currently not
       using and take it for a test drive. There is no charge for
       them. Click on the icon to download the browser of
       your choice.




       Not enough choices? Click here to visit an archive
       featuring over 80 different browsers, both old and new.

       Web browsers are fully customizable. You have the
       option of changing the size of the text and style of font
       that is displayed.

       You also have the option of changing the "home" or
       "startup" page that appears when the browser is
       started. We suggest that you set your "home" to
       whichever portal you usually visit.

       Here's a list of our suggested sites that will make
       excellent "startup" pages.

       Even though these web browsers have everything
       necessary for you to explore and enjoy the Internet,
       you may wish to add some "specialized" software to
       make your Internet experience even more rewarding.

           Our Goodies page lists all the Internet extras you
       will ever need.

       Even though browsers have the capability for email and
       newsgroups you may wish to install separate software
       for these applications.

       Chatting is possible without subscribing to an online
       service, however you may need separate software.
       Check out Internet 101's Software page for a list of Web
       sites to visit for your software needs.




Created by PPikrides              8/38                                  8
                                                                20/6/2011
  About Online safety
  The Internet is full of wonderful places and can create many
     positive experiences. Vast amounts of information is
          available at the click of a mouse. "Cyberspace",
       however, is part of "real life" and there is good reason
        to be cautious here. The same dangers that exist in
     "real life" exist on the Internet. We all learn what part of
       town is the "bad part of town" and avoid it if we want
              to. The same holds true with the Internet.

       Just as we encounter good and bad people on the
        street, we will encounter good and bad people
        online. Adults usually exercise common sense,
            children need guidance and protection.

            There are two schools of thought regarding the
       guidance and protection of our young people. One camp
       believes that the Internet should be regulated much the
        same way television is. The second camp views this as
       censorship and feels that there is a technology available
          to protect children without limiting the Internet for
                               everyone.

         The Internet is an exciting medium because it allows,
        and encourages, the exchange of ideas. Some of these
          ideas may be of an adult nature and . Rather than
           eliminate these areas of the Internet they can be
             "blocked" from your computer using software.

         Here's where you can go to read about and download
                    the software that is available:

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          CYBERsitter
          Blocks - content and graphic file downloads. It also
          filters offensive terms and phrases.
          Cyber Patrol
          This has a customizable dictionary for each
          member of the family. It can also limit the amount
          of time spent online.
          Net Nanny
          This has a customizable filter list. It will check
          incoming and outgoing text against a dictionary of
          words that the parents create.
          SurfWatch


Created by PPikrides              9/38                                   9
                                                                 20/6/2011
          Blocks Web sites, newsgroups, FTP, Gopher sites,
          IRC channels, based upon information that the
          parent provides.

        We recommend that you establish a set of rules
        with your child that governs their conduct while
                         they are online:

             I will not give out my address, telephone number,
               school name or location, credit card information,
               or my parents work name, address or telephone
                    number without my parents permission.
             I will not respond to a message that is mean or
                  makes me feel uncomfortable. I will tell my
             parents (or, in their absence, another adult who is
                present) right way if I get a message like that.
            I will never agree to meet an online acquaintance
                 in person without first discussing it with my
             parents. If my parents agree to the meeting, I will
             bring my mother or father with me and make sure
                              it is in a public place.
             I will help my parents set up rules for when and
              how long I can be online and will not break those
                         rules without their permission.

       For more information about keeping children safe
          on the Internet, check out these Web sites:

               ProtectKids.com by Donna Rice Hughes (an
          internationally known Internet safety expert and
       advocate). This site is the most comprehensive guide to
                   Internet safety found anywhere.

       The New York Public Library provides a parent's guide to
                      Internet Safety issues.

        The Platform for Internet Content Selection is a rating
          system for Web sites. SafeSurf explains the use of
        voluntary site identification codes to rate the Web site
                                 content.




Created by PPikrides             10/38                                10
                                                               20/6/2011
Viruses
           A computer virus is a program that invades your
         computer system, hides there, and makes copies of
        (replicates) itself. Viruses spread when you launch an
        infected application or start up your computer from a
                  disk that has infected system files.




         Viruses behave in different ways. Some viruses stay
          active in memory until you turn off your computer.
         Other viruses stay active only as long as the infected
         applications is running. Turning off your computer or
       exiting the application removes the virus from memory,
        but does not remove the virus from the infected file or
                                  disk.

        Some viruses are programmed specifically to damage
         the data on your computer by corrupting programs,
            deleting files, or erasing your entire hard disk.

        All computer viruses are manmade. A simple virus that
            can make a copy of itself over and over again is
        relatively easy to produce. Even such a simple virus is
           dangerous because it will quickly use all available
                memory and bring the system to a halt.

        Trojan horses are not viruses; however, they are often
        thought of as viruses. A trojan horse is a program that
           appears to serve some useful purpose or provide
       entertainment, which encourages you to run it. But, like
        the Trojan horse of old, it also serves a covert purpose
        which may be to damage files or perhaps plant a virus
                          on your computer.

       Many computer viruses turn out to be hoaxes or myths.
        Hoaxes are false alerts about viruses that don't exist.
        For a list of hoaxes check out Hoax Warnings On The
       Run. Another good site to visit is Computer Virus Myths.


Created by PPikrides             11/38                               11
                                                              20/6/2011
           We highly recommend that you have Virus
        Protection installed in your computer before you
                consider downloading anything.

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          Dr. Solomon's Virus Solutions
          This site will assist you fight the virus war with
          software, an encyclopedia, primers, alerts and
          research.
          McAfee's Virus Info Library
          More than 57,000 virus threats exist today. The McAfee
          AVERT Virus Information Library has detailed information
          on where viruses come from, how they infect your system,
          and how to remove them.
          Symantec AntiVirus Research Center (SARC)
          Information designed to prevent the spread of
          computer viruses and hoaxes.
          Virus Encyclopedia
          This site lets you search for viruses by name or
          search through the virus universe alphabetically.




Created by PPikrides                12/38                                   12
                                                                     20/6/2011
        A Web browser is a software application that is used to
         view Web pages. Most browsers can also be used to
          send and receive email, connect to Web based free
                email services and read newsgroups.

          Web pages include text, graphics, sound and video.




           These pages, written in the hyper-text markup
        language, have "links" that allow the user to quickly
        move from one document to another...even when the
            documents are stored in different computers.

       Web browsers "read" the html text and convert it into a
             page like the one you are now looking at.

         Currently there are many Web browsers available. The
        Microsoft Internet Explorer and the Netscape Navigator
             are the most popular. (Netscape was the first
        commercially available web browser. Click here to read
           the press release from October 13, 1994.) Critics
       frequently disagree over which browser is superior. Most
            people prefer whichever browser they used first.

        There are a couple of new-comers to the scene, Opera
       and NeoPlanet. Opera is renowned for being the world's
          fastest browser. Opera is much smaller than other
       major browsers. In its standard configuration, it almost
         fits on a floppy disk yet it is all you need to surf the



Created by PPikrides             13/38                                13
                                                               20/6/2011
        web. The NeoPlanet browser is very stylish looking.
       With over 500 stylish skins the NeoPlanet can look, feel,
                  and sound the way you want it to.

        These browsers can be obtained over the Internet. Feel
         free to download whichever one you are currently not
       using and take it for a test drive. There is no charge for
       them. Click on the icon to download the browser of
                             your choice.




          Not enough choices? Click here to visit an archive
       featuring over 80 different browsers, both old and new.

          Web browsers are fully customizable. You have the
        option of changing the size of the text and style of font
                           that is displayed.

          You also have the option of changing the "home" or
           "startup" page that appears when the browser is
           started. We suggest that you set your "home" to
                   whichever portal you usually visit.

           Here's a list of our suggested sites that will make
                        excellent "startup" pages.




       A portal is a gateway to the World Wide Web. Any page
          with a link to another Web site can technically be
       considered a portal. However, a good portal will provide
       you with links to all the information that is important to
                          you on a daily basis.

        For example, the portal should provide links to recent
         news stories, current weather reports and forecasts,
            stock quotes, sport scores, and any other timely
           information. There are several Web sites that can
        provide you with this information. Most of them can be
         customized to provide you with the information you
                                  need.




Created by PPikrides              14/38                                 14
                                                                 20/6/2011
         Several of these portals are an extension of a search
         engine. In order for these to be useful, however, the
          portal needs to be more than just a search engine.

       Most Web browsers have a preset startup page. Usually
            it is set to the homepage of the Web browser
        (Netscape's home page or Microsoft's home page) or
          the home page of your Internet Service provider.

        We suggest that you change the default setting of your
                startup page to one of these portals:

          Our Favorite Portals
          Excite
          You customize the page to include news, weather,
          sports, stock quotes, and movie listings. This site
          also features free-email , chat and a customized
          news-search tool.
          My Yahoo!
          You can customize the page to include news,
          weather, sports, stock quotes, and movie listings.
          This site also features free-email and chat.
          My Netscape
          You can customize the page to include news,
          sports, weather, and stock quotes. This site also
          features free-email.
          Lycos Personal Guide
          You can customize the page to include news, stock
          quotes, sport scores, lottery results, "Top 5% Web
          Site Reviews," weather information and
          horoscopes.
          My News
          From America Online. You can customize the page
          to include news, sports, weather, and stock
          quotes.

         Registration is required to use these Web sites since
       they are customized to each users particular needs. You
         will be asked to submit a "screen name" (username)
           and a password. There is no charge to use these
         portals...they receive their revenue from advertising.




Created by PPikrides             15/38                                 15
                                                                20/6/2011
       Even with the multimedia excitement of the Web,
       Electronic Mail (email) is the most frequently used
       application of the Internet. Many people who have
       access to the Internet at school, home, and work, use
       the Internet for no other purpose than to send and
       receive email.

       According to International Data Corporation (IDC), on
       an average day in the year 2000, 5.1 billion emails are
       sent in the US and 8.2 billion worldwide. By 2005, 11.5
       billion emails will be sent each day on average in the US
       and 26.1 billion worldwide. (This includes emails sent by
       individuals for business and personal purposes, but not
       mass emails sent to large lists.)

       It's all very easy. You create the message, log onto the
       Internet, and send it. The message first goes to your
       Internet Service Provider's mail server, which in turn
       sends it to the recipient's mail server. On the way your
       message may go through several servers, each reading
       the domain name in order to route it to the appropriate
       server.

       The message then remains in the recipient's mail server
       until he requests it by "checking his mail."

       Each email address you send is made up of certain
       components that help route it to the proper recipient:




       The benefits of email are obvious...mostly it's quick.
       Also, many people feel that the rules for regular mail
       don't apply to email*, making it less formal, which in
       turn makes email easier to compose and send.




Created by PPikrides             16/38                                 16
                                                                20/6/2011
       It's not just friends and coworkers that are receiving
       email. Wherever you look, the Web is providing email
       addresses. This has made communication between
       strangers easier than ever. When you visit a Web site,
       click on the Web masters email address to let them
       know what you think. You can read an interesting article
       online and immediately send the author an email.

       There are several search engines that will assist you in
       finding email addresses.

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          Bigfoot
          Free lifetime e-mail service and email/postal
          address search engine.
          555-1212.com Email Search
          Brought to you by 555-1212.com and powered by
          Infospace.com.
          ClassMates Online
          Find old friends using this e-mail directory of high
          school alumni. There are registrants from over
          30,000 high schools in North America.
          InfoSpace
          Comprehensive directory service for phone, fax,
          email yellow and white pages and more. Includes
          listing of local businesses and services nearest
          your town.
          Internet Address Finder
          A quick way to locate an email address for that
          elusive friend or colleague.
          Switchboard.com
          Search Engine will locate email addresses and
          phone numbers for individuals and business.
          Yahoo! People Search
          Find peoples email addresses and telephone
          numbers.

       Email is one of the services offered by your Internet
       Service Provider. There are also several "web based"
       email services available also. These allow you to check
       your email from any Internet connected computer in the
       world.




Created by PPikrides              17/38                                 17
                                                                 20/6/2011
        The Internet may be the best place to obtain software.
       After all, what store allows you to "take the product out
       for a spin" before you buy it? Where else can you obtain
            "free updates" for the software that you already
         purchased? How many computer stores are open 24
                      hours day, 365 day a year?




        Freeware is software that you can download and use
       without ever paying a dime. This software is sometimes
       developed by kind hearted souls who create software for
       the simple joy of creating it. Other times it's created by
       large companies who want you to test the software and
         find any bugs before they sell it to the general public
                           (beta versions).

        Shareware is basically "try it before you buy it." You
         can download it and try it out. If you decide that you
            want to keep it you should pay the developer the
       "shareware fee." This fee is usually minimal. Sometimes
         all the developer asks in return for the software is an
        email from you proclaiming how much you've enjoyed
                                 using it.

           Most commercial software goes through a series of
       improvements, or Updates. Version 4.0 is released and
          shortly afterwards updated to 4.1, then 4.2, and so
        forth. Most of these updates are free to download from
             the developers home page. It's a good idea to
          periodically check and see if your software has been
                                updated.

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          Download.com
          CNET's Download.com offers access to the most
          popular picks in the shareware world.
          JUMBO!
          Access to over 250,000 Windows, Mac, Unix, and


Created by PPikrides             18/38                               18
                                                              20/6/2011
          DOS shareware applications at FTP sites
          worldwide.
          Shareware Junkies
          Loads of practical and not-so-practical shareware
          and freeware for Windows, Mac, DOS, and OS/2.
          Shareware.com
          CNET's guide to shareware on the Net.
          TUCOWS
          Email, multimedia, HTML, and networking tools
          along with connectivity apps, anti-virus, games,
          and accessories.
          ZDNet Software Library
          Games, utilities, development tools, and graphics,
          business, home, and education software.

           We highly recommend that you have Virus
        Protection installed in your computer before you
                consider downloading anything.




Created by PPikrides             19/38                                19
                                                               20/6/2011
       Contrary to the name, there is actually very little "news"
           in the newsgroups. Newsgroups are basically an
        electronic bulletin board. Items are posted and can
       be responded to via email. Depending upon your online-
        service or Internet Service Provider (ISP), you should
         have access to about 12,000 newsgroups (currently
        there are nearly 26,000). With this many newsgroups
        there is probably at least one out there for everyone.

       USENET, the international newsgroup network, is much
        like the Internet itself...no single agency is in charge.
       The system connects computers from around the world.
       The system administrators decide which newsgroups to
       supply. Very few systems supply all of the newsgroups.

             There are a couple of methods for finding the
         newsgroups that will be of interest to you. If you are
        using the Netscape Navigator (in the news window) go
          to options and select Show All Newsgroups. The
       newsreader will then display all the newsgroups that are
       available from your service provider. Be aware, this may
       take a few minutes to complete. A list of all newsgroups
        will then appear on the left side of the screen. Simply
        click on the title of the newsgroups to obtain all of the
          messages. (The options menu will give you several
              choices for the sorting of these messages.)

       Another method for finding newsgroups is searching by
       subject. There are a few Web sites that can assist you
           with the search. We recommend the following:

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          Google Groups
          Allows you to search newsgroups for messages
          matching your keywords. You can then reply or
          post your own message.
          Usenet Info Center Launch Pad
          Information on Usenet and its newsgroups.
          Includes functions for browsing and searching for
          specific newsgroups.
          Search for Groups
          Searches newsgroup by title, description, or
          moderator name. Search FAQs by subject, author
          or summary.


Created by PPikrides             20/38                                20
                                                               20/6/2011
       Both the Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer have
         a very competent newsreaders integrated into their
                             browsers.

         Newsgroups are arranged in subgroups which makes
          them easier to list. A newsgroup name starts with a
         subgroup header followed by one or more descriptive
                        words, separated by "."

        Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) are an important
       part of USENET culture. These list and answer the kinds
         of questions that beginner's ask, and provide a good
       introduction to each group. They are often an excellent
          source of information on the subject matter of the
                                group.

           It is highly recommended that you read the
              groups FAQ before posting a message.




Created by PPikrides            21/38                              21
                                                            20/6/2011
          For reasons known only to those who frequent "chat
       rooms", chatting is one of the most popular activities on
        the Internet. It is indeed one of the big selling features
          of the online services. In fact at one time the online
         services were the only place most people could go for
                              Real Time Chat.

        "Chatting" is done using "user names" or "nicknames."
          No real names are used. Be advised that with any
       anonymous encounter the risk of being deceived is high.
       Our advise is: Be yourself, have fun, and in the words of
                 X-Files' Chris Carter..."trust no one."

        Chatrooms may seem a little intimidating at first. It is
        suggested that one listens (or "reads" as the case may
         be) before speaking (or "typing). If it seems like the
           participants are speaking a foreign language it's
          because they are! WebArrow Chat provides a great
           explanation of all the commonly used acronyms.

         If your are currently subscribing to an online service
         such as America Online you can go directly to a chat
           room and begin chatting. If you are accessing the
       Internet through an ISP you may need to obtain special
                                software.

       The most popular software is AOL's Instant Messenger.
       You do not need to be a AOL subscriber to use the
       software and it's free! Instant messaging allows you to
        quickly exchange messages with your online friends.
          Unlike email, instant messages appear as soon as
                             they're sent.




       Several other "messengers" are also available.
       Windows Messenger is easy to use, delivers great voice
       and video quality, and enables cool, new innovation with
       lots of other products and services you use every day.

       Yahoo's Instant Messenger also allows you to
       communicate by sending video images.




Created by PPikrides              22/38                                22
                                                                20/6/2011
       Lycos has something new called the Lycos Community
       Desktop. It allows you to do the following:

               See who's online across Lycos Communities
             Chat and Instant Message with your Buddies and
                    other Lycos Communities members
            Send pictures, MP3 audio, and other files instantly
                            to online members

Microsoft's Netmeeting is another software product that allow
          for . The software is free and there are several
           directories available that will point you to other
      Netmeeting users. Visit our page for more information.

       Another fun product is ICQ. As the name implies, ICQ
       or 'I Seek You' is simply a clever way of getting in touch
       with people. This small program takes the complicated
       work of finding friends, colleagues and people with
       similar interests across the globe, people who could be
       communicating by email, chat, SMS, phone or pager,
       and makes it as straight forward as calling across a
       room and starting a friendly conversation.

       Now you have the software for chatting but don't know
       where to go? Check out the Internet 101 recommended
       Web sites.

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          Chat Seek
          Browse by category to find a chat area related to a
          specific topic.
          #1 Free Chat Rooms Boulevard
          Check out this collection of free chat rooms based
          on topics found throughout the information
          superhighway.
          MSN Chat
          MSN provides dozens of chat categories on topics
          ranging from parenting and romance to sports and
          computing.
          Talk City
          A place where people meet to share friendships
          and find support as they face life’s ups and downs.
          WebArrow Chat Directory
          Contains links and description of various chat web
          sites found throughout cyberspace.
          Yahoo! Chat


Created by PPikrides             23/38                                 23
                                                                20/6/2011
          talk to friends or celebrity guests, plus try voice
          chat or webcams.




Created by PPikrides              24/38                                24
                                                                20/6/2011
           Do you feel comfortable buying products over the
                   Internet? Should you? Probably.




          If you feel comfortable tossing your credit card to a
            waiter in a restaurant (he could copy down your
         number)...or giving out your credit card number over
         the phone (people with a scanner can intercept your
            analog calls), you should be comfortable making
                       purchases over the Internet.




           Every year, more and more people are using the
        Internet to shop. That's because every year more and
          more people are discovering that shopping on the
                    Internet is fast, easy and safe.

       Unlike most stores, the Internet is open 24 hours a day,
             365 days of the year. You can shop at your
               convenience, from your home or office.

        Purchases made over the Internet are usually cheaper,
          even when you factor in the cost of shipping. (The
            online stores have a much lower overhead and
         businesses want to create incentives for new Internet
                             consumers.)

       Shipping is easy...next day delivery is usually available.
          Immediate delivery is available for software...just
        download your purchase directly into your computer.

        Most online businesses have the same "return policies"
                          as regular stores.

             We have made several purchases over the
         Internet...hassle-free each time. We have bought
       movies, music, books, and software. We have even sent


Created by PPikrides             25/38                                25
                                                               20/6/2011
        flowers. The list of what you can buy over the Internet
                               is endless.

        Typically the experience goes something like this:

            You go to the Web site where you plan on making
             the purchase. You browse, just as if you were in a
                store, then you find what you are looking for.
             You click on a "link" indicating that you wish to
                             purchase the product.
            You are then transferred to a "secure server." All
             the information that is transmitted, from this point
                         on, is encrypted (scrambled).
                   You will be asked for your name and
              address...and the address you wish the purchase
               to be shipped (this could be a gift for someone
                                      else!)
             You will be asked for your credit card number.
               You will be given several different shipping
                                    options.
             You will be given an opportunity to cancel your
                           order...or proceed with it.

       It's just that easy! The company will notify you by email
          when the product was shipped and when you should
                           expect to receive it.

             We suggest that you take the following
           precautions before you by anything over the
                            Internet:

              Shop with companies you are already familiar
               
                                   with.
           Make sure the companies Web site includes a real
                    street address and phone number.
           Credit card information should only be transmitted
                            on "secure servers."

          Our Favorite Web Sites
          Amazon.com
          Buy just about anything under the sun. Books,
          music, computers...
          Ebay
          Internet auction site. Lots of fun and plenty of
          items to bid on.
          Best Buy
          Great products, great service, great prices and


Created by PPikrides             26/38                               26
                                                              20/6/2011
          great selection.
          Circuit City
          Purchase on-line and pick up at a local Circuit City
          near you.
          Office Depot
          The world’s largest seller of office products and an
          industry leader in every distribution channel,
          including stores, direct mail, contract delivery, the
          Internet and business-to-business electronic
          commerce.
          Walmart.com
          Features a great selection and high-quality
          merchandise.




Created by PPikrides              27/38                                  27
                                                                  20/6/2011
       File Sharing is one of the fasted growing and most
       talked about applications of the Internet. File sharing
       can occur when two computers are connected together
       via the internet or a network. Files may come in the
       form of documents, images, music and videos.

       Until recently, the biggest challenge for those who
       wanted to share files was finding others who also
       wanted to share files.

       Along came Napster. In 1999, Shawn Fanning, a
       Northeastern University undergraduate, wrote this small
       MP3-sharing application. This software allowed users to
       connect to a central server. The server stored
       information about the shared files on the computers
       that were connected to it which allowed Napster to
       facilitate searching for files by name. (Typically each
       computer will control which files will be "shared" with
       others and which shares will remain unreachable.)

       Napster became the target of the Record Industry
       Association of America as they became aware that
       copyrighted material was being shared online. Napster
       is in the process of converting to a fee-based program.

       The demise of Napster has created a multitude of other
       programs which allow for files sharing...without the
       need for a central server. These applications connect
       users to the Gnutella Network.

       Gnutella was originally developed in 2000 by Justin
       Frankel. The software is available for anyone to copy
       and other developers have gone on to create many
       Gnutella-compatible programs.

       Here's a list of what is currently available:

          Gnutella-Compatible Programs
          BearShare
          BearShare lets you search for, download, and
          share files with everyone on the global Gnutella
          peer-to-peer information network. This program
          works with MP3, MPEG, AVI, ASF, MOV, JPEG, GIF,
          and all other file types.


Created by PPikrides              28/38                               28
                                                               20/6/2011
          Click here for special tips.
          eDonkey
          Grokster is a peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing
          program that allows its users to share all types of
          digital files through its proprietary network.
          Grokster's features include family and virus
          controls to help filter out unwanted content;
          detailed search capabilities; resumeable
          downloads; file previews using Windows Media
          Player; and a built-in audio playlist.
          Click here for special tips.
          Grokster
          eDonkey allows you to transfer any type of file
          with anyone on the eDonkey network. It
          automatically resumes interrupted transfers from
          alternate sources. It even introduces ways to
          share a collection of files together so you can be
          sure to get all the songs in an album or all parts of
          a movie.
          Click here for special tips.
          LimeWire
          LimeWire is a software tool that enables peer-to-
          peer file sharing on the Gnutella Network. Similar
          to the popular Napster service, it enables the
          sharing, searching, and downloading of MP3 music
          files.
          Click here for special tips.

       Visit ZeroPaid for news and information about these and
       other file sharing applications.




Created by PPikrides               29/38                                 29
                                                                  20/6/2011
                                      There is so much more
                                     to the Internet than just
                                      sending email, reading
       web                             pages and chatting.
        Some of the software we have listed below will allow
        you to view streaming video and listen to streaming
                              audio.

        Shockwave will allow you to download and play arcade
         games. Incredimail will let you jazz up your email.
            Catch Up locates updates for your software.

        Best of all, these "goodies" are all free! Feel free to let
        us know about your favorite Internet Goodies and we'll
                             post them here.

                              RealPlayer
        This allows you to enjoy streaming audio and video on
       networks and the Internet. Features include destination
       buttons for one-click access to news and entertainment;
             near CD-quality audio (28.8-kbps and faster
          connections only); and full-screen video capability
       (high-bandwidth connections only). RealPlayer 8.0 now
            includes over 2,500 radio stations, the Take 5
          entertainment programming showcase, and more.

                                Spinner
         Spinner Plus is a free Net music player that gives you
       access to more than 350,000 songs that are categorized
        into more than 140 channels of music. You can choose
         from channels such as Awesome 80s, Swing, Techno,
         Country, Hip-Hop, Latin Pop, and Oldies, and enjoy a
           continuous stream of music right to your desktop.

                               Rhapsody
         Rhapsody is an entirely new interactive digital music
        service from Listen.com. Rhapsody is the only service
       that integrates high fidelity, professionally programmed
        Internet radio, rich contextual music information, and
          music-on-demand subscription services in a single,
                           unified application.

                       Shockwave Player
          With Macromedia Shockwave Player, you can enjoy


Created by PPikrides               30/38                                30
                                                                 20/6/2011
        multimedia games, learning applications, and product
         demonstrations on the Web, using exciting new 3D
                            technology.

                              IncrediMail
         IncrediMail lets you take full control over what your
            emails look like. Select from hundreds of email
        backgrounds that fit any mood or occasion. The people
        you send IncrediMail emails to don't need to download
             anything in order to see these backgrounds!

                           CNET Catch Up
        From software upgrades and driver updates to security
           patches and adware detection, CNET CatchUp is
         designed to help you quickly and easily find what you
       need to keep your PC healthy and up-to-date. Download
       and install the CatchUp software, and with the click of a
          button, CatchUp will generate your custom results.




Created by PPikrides             31/38                               31
                                                              20/6/2011
        At one time you had to be a rocket scientist to use the
         Internet but now almost anyone with a computer, or
            Internet appliance, has access to it. The difficulty
        associated with connecting may have changed but the
       difficulty of understanding the language hasn't. Here are
        some of the basic terms that you will encounter when
                         discussing the Internet.

       A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P
            |Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

              Access Number
          The telephone number dialed by the modem that
          lets a computer communicate with an online
          service or Internet Service Provider.
          AIFF
          One Format of Mac Sound Files.
          Anonymous FTP
          A service available at some Internet sites that
          gives any user access to data files and applications
          using FTP. With anonymous FTP, users don't need
          a special password to retrieve files. They are
          available to the public.
          Anti-Virus Program
          Software that monitors a computer for viruses and
          eliminates them before damage occurs.
          ARPANet
          Advanced Research Projects Agency Network.
          Considered the forefather of the Internet. A
          worldwide network created in the 1960's that was
          maintained by the U.S. Department of Defense to
          facilitate communications between research
          facilities and universities.
          ASCII
          American Standard Code for Information
          Interchange. This code maps letters and other
          symbols, like periods and commas, to numbers
          that your computer can understand.
              Bandwidth
          A measurement of how much information can be
          transmitted at a given time over the Internet.
          BBS
          Bulletin Board System. A dial-in service that


Created by PPikrides             32/38                                  32
                                                                 20/6/2011
          usually provides information, software, and
          technical support on a focused topic.
          Bit
          Binary Digit. The smallest unit of data a computer
          can handle. Each "bit" has a value of 1 or 0 that
          the computer interprets as "on" or "off"
          respectively.
          Bookmarking
          A way of storing pointers to favorite Web sites in
          your browser.
          Boolean
          A common system of logic that operators such as
          AND, OR, NOR, and NOT. Commonly used by
          search engines.
          BPS
          Bits Per Second. Measurement of the speed at
          which data can be transmitted over a telephone or
          network line.
          Browser
          An application that displays a Web page. Also
          known as a Web browser.
          Byte
          Equal to either 7 or 8 bits, depending on whether
          it requires an extra bit, called a parity bit, for error
          correction. A byte stores a single character of
          information such as the letter A.
              Chat
          Live communication over the Internet Relay Chat
          service or an online service. As one person enters
          text it appears on the other person's screen in
          "real time", or almost instantly.
          Client/Server
          A relationship between programs running on
          separate machine in a computer network. The
          server is the provider of services, while the client
          is the consumer of the services.
              Data Encryption
          A process that transforms information into random
          streams of bits to create a secret code for data
          security.
          Domain Name
          Denotes the name of a specific Internet area
          controlled by a company, school, or organization.
              Email



Created by PPikrides               33/38                                    33
                                                                     20/6/2011
          Electronic Mail. Text messages sent through a
          network to specified individual or group. Email
          messages can also carry attached files.
               FAQ
          Frequently Asked Questions. A FAQ is generally a
          list of questions and answers about a specific
          subject. Most news groups have FAQ's, which
          should be read before you post any message to
          them.
          FTP
          File Transfer Protocol. The Internet protocol that
          allow the viewing, downloading, and uploading of
          files on remote computers.
          Firewall
          Software or hardware that limits certain kinds of
          access to a computer from a network or other
          outside source.
          Flame
          An argumentative Newsgroups posting or email
          message in response to another posting or
          message.
              GIF
          Graphic Interchange Format. A bit-mapped color
          graphics file format that is the preferred one to
          use if you want to put a graphic (as opposed to a
          photo) on a Web page.
          Gig
          Approximately one billion bytes, or one thousand
          megabytes.abyte
          Gopher
          A browsing and searching protocol that lets you
          find and retrieve text and files.
              Helper App
          Add-on applications that support sound, image,
          and other formats that your browser can't support
          by itself.
          HTML
          Hypertext Markup Language. The standard for
          adding tags to a text file, so that the file is able to
          be interpreted by a Web browser.
          HTTP
          Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The Internet protocol
          that the Web uses to send information to the
          client, so the client browser can view Web pages.



Created by PPikrides               34/38                                   34
                                                                    20/6/2011
              Icon
          A small abstract graphic representation of an
          object or idea.
          Image Map
          A graphic image that's used on a Web site as a
          navigational tool. It's made up of two elements:
          The graphic that you see on the page through your
          browser, and a text file that contains the link
          information.
          Interlaced GIF
          A GIF that is written so that when it is
          downloaded, it looks like it is out of focus and then
          gradually comes into focus.
          IP Address
          The number that identifies your machine as unique
          on the Internet. Without it, you can not use any
          Internet protocols.
          IRC
          Internet Relay Chat. The Internet's version of a CB
          radio, IRC lets you join a channel and converse in
          real-time with other people who are on the same
          channel, through text-based typing.
          ISDN
          Integrated Services Digital Network. Digital
          telephony scheme that allows two simultaneous
          connections over the same wire; can include audio
          and data.
          ISP
          Internet Service Provider. A company that
          provides direct access to the Internet.
              Java
          An object-oriented, cross-platform programming
          language, similar to C++, that is designed for
          building applications for the Internet.
          JPEG
          Joint Photographic Expert Group. A file format
          using a compression technique to reduce the size
          of a graphics file by as much as 96 percent. JPEG
          is the preferred file format to use if you want to
          put a photograph on a Web page.
              LAN
          Local-Area Network. A group of computers, usually
          in one building, that are physically connected in a
          way that lets them communicate and interact with
          each other.


Created by PPikrides              35/38                                  35
                                                                  20/6/2011
          Link
          A word or phrase emphasized in a hypertext
          document that acts as a pointer to related
          information. Links in a Web browser are usually
          underlined and are a different color than the rest
          of the text.
          Lurking
          Reading online messages or chat room
          conversations without taking part in the
          discussion. Users are encouraged to lurk in the
          Newsgroups or chat rooms until they have some
          idea what the discussion is about an the style is
          like.
              Mailing List
          Discussion groups over the Internet that link a
          group of people together with common interests. If
          you belong to a mailing list, you receive every
          message posted to that list via email.
          Mail Server
          A computer that holds email messages for clients
          on a network.
          MIDI
          Musical Instrument Digital Interface. A standard
          that lets electronic musical devices communicate
          with each other. Music stored in MIDI format
          contains instructions for playing the music, rather
          than the digitized audio signal itself.
          MIME
          Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions. MIME types
          are extensions to files that tell your computer what
          kind of program to use to view the file.
          Modem
          A devise that translates computer signals to
          analog signals suitable for send across phone
          lines.
              'Netiquette
          Slang for the unwritten rules of Internet courtesy.
          Newsgroups
          An area on the Internet reserved for discussion of
          a certain topic. Messages are posted in the
          Newsgroups and replies are encouraged.
          News Server
          A remote computer that controls access to a
          Newsgroups in a group of interconnected
          computers.


Created by PPikrides             36/38                                  36
                                                                 20/6/2011
              Packets
          A block of data that can be transmitted from one
          computer to another on a network like the
          Internet. A packet contains data to be transmitted,
          data to guide the packet, and data that corrects
          errors along the way.
          PDF
          Portable Document Format. A standard used by
          Adobe Acrobat to display any sort of document on
          any computer. The Adobe Acrobat Reader can be
          downloaded as freeware.
          PICT
          The default graphics format on Macintoshes.
          Portal
          A fancy name for the "start-up" page of a Web
          browser. This is the entry point of the Web.
          PPP
          Point-to-Point Protocol. A communications protocol
          that lets users connect their computers directly to
          the Internet through phone lines.
               RealAudio
          A helper app that allows you to download sound
          files over Web pages in real-time. The player can
          be downloaded as freeware.
          Router
          A specialized machine that runs various protocols
          to direct network packets from one segment to
          another.
              Search Engine
          A utility that locates resources via searches for
          keywords and phrases. Click here for a large list of
          search engines.
          Shareware
          Software distributed via the honor system. You
          download shareware from the Internet, try it out,
          and if you keep it, are expected to pay a
          shareware fee.
          Shell Account
          When you log into this kind of account, the
          computer you log into is connected to the Internet,
          but your computer isn't.
          Slip/PPP Account
          When you log into this kind of account, your
          computer is actually connected to the Internet,
          and so is fully capable of all the TCP/IP services


Created by PPikrides             37/38                                  37
                                                                 20/6/2011
          available.
          Spam
          Unsolicited email messages or Newsgroups
          postings, usually advertising a product.
               T1
          A type of data connection able to transmit a digital
          signal at 1.544 megabits per second.
          TCP/IP
          Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. The
          protocol suite that make Telnet, FTP, email, and
          other services possible among computers that
          aren't on the same local area network.
          Telnet
          The Protocol for remote terminal connection
          service. It lets someone at one site interact with a
          remote computer as if that user's terminal were
          directly connected to the remote site.
          Transparent GIF
          A GIF that has one of its colors set to be
          transparent. When displayed against a background
          tile or color, the image will appear to float above
          it.
              Unix
          An operating system invented in 1969 at AT&T Bell
          Laboratories that was made available to
          researchers and students in 1973. It was used to
          develop the Internet's communication protocols.
          URL
          Uniform Resource Locator. Describes the location
          and access method of a resource on the Internet.
          This is also known as the "Web site address."
          Usenet Newsgroups
          Subject-specific discussion forums stored on
          remote computers.
              VRLM
          Virtual Reality Modeling Language. An emerging
          standard that will let you model and move around
          in 3-D environments on the Internet.
              World Wide Web
          A collection of electronic documents loosely knit by
          a concept called "hypertext." Documents connect
          to each other by clickable "hyperlinks." You need
          to run a browser program to access the Web.




Created by PPikrides             38/38                                  38
                                                                 20/6/2011

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:18
posted:6/20/2011
language:English
pages:38