Confirmation Sacrament of Strengthening Confirmation • Comes from the Latin word meaning to confirm, affirm, or strengthen; It is the third Sacrament of Initiation. What it means to receive the Sacrament • It is a special outpouring of the Holy Spirit. • Brings an increase in Baptismal Grace and deepens it. • Roots us further in our relationship with God our Loving Father. • Unites us more firmly with Christ • Increase in the Gifts of the Holy spirit • Unites more firmly to the Church • Gives us a special strength to defend and spread the faith by word and action. • It calls us to be witnesses of Christ Sacrament and History • part of Baptism.(2nd to 4th century) • It was given to catechumenate-adults • Entrance at the Easter Vigil. • 5th Century marked a rise in Church population because of the Peace of Constantine 313 AD in the 4th century. • The Bishop could not minister over every initiation; he allowed Pastors to Baptize and then the baptized had to wait for Confirmation by the Bishop. About Confirmation • Confirmation is strengthening in Baptismal grace. • Pre Vatican II -it made you a solider in Christ. • We now question the correct time to confirm children; how long after after Baptism, since Confirmation is spiritual conclusion to Baptism. Spirit in the Bible • In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit was presented as the spirit of God. • Yet, the Spirit of God is different. Without this spirit things would become would worse in the world, but with God’s Spirit life would get better. • In the New Testament the Spirit of God was at work during Jesus’ ministry. • Jesus was Meshiach or anointed in the Spirit of God like King David and the prophets. Spirit in the Bible – Jesus was filled with God’s Spirit giving him the power to do good. • The Followers came to understand that God’s spirit or the Spirit of Jesus was a personal Divine reality. • Jesus promised his follower’s that he would send his Spirit to guide them, as at Pentecost and Easte. • They went on to baptize and pass on the Spirit through the laying of Hands—which is confimation. Preparation for Confirmation • It is our personal ―Yes‖ to the ―Yes‖ that our godparents and parents during our Baptism. • In the west if the sacrament is not performed by RCIA, it is given at a time that the baptized is able to affirm their vows of Baptism as well as understand and accept being a Christian. Alternate Ways to Celebrate • It varies in sequential order: originally Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist. • Later, it became Baptism, Eucharist and then Confirmation. • Today, still being debated. Some parishes have started to prepare the children for Confirmation before their First Communion. • In the Eastern rite they practice Baptism and Confirmation together, Chrismation, anointing with oil. • Infants are baptized, confirmed in oil then given Eucharist through a few drops of consecrated wine. The Effects of Confirmation • an increase of sanctifying grace which makes the recipient a "perfect Christian‖ • a special sacramental grace consisting in the seven gifts of the Holy Spirit and strength and courage to confess boldly the name of Christ • A more defined and important relationship with the sponsor, the recipient, and the recipient’s parents. Gifts of Spirit • Capabilities or dispositions (sometimes called virtues) that help us follow the promptings of the Holy Spirit and grow in our relationship with God. • Wisdom • Understanding • knowledge • Counsel • Fortitude • Piety • Wonder and Awe The Fruits of the Holy Spirit • Charity – God’s love in us • Joy – confident happiness that comes with love • Peace – inner harmony that comes from living in right relationship with others • Patience- ability to cope with difficult circumstances Spirit’s C’td • Kindness- sympathy and affection toward others • Goodness- conviction to do what is right and avoid evil • Generosity- the ability to give freely • Gentleness- ability to act tenderly Fruits of the Spirit C’td • Faithfulness- loyalty to God, relationships, and beliefs • Modesty- respectful dress, speech and conduct towards others • Self-Control- self-discipline and responsible use of freedom • Chastity- living ones sexuality appropriately according to one’s vocation Actions of the Sacrament • It confirms what our parents stated for us at birth/baptism • Signify us coming into adulthood in the faith • And bestow upon us the Seven gifts and the twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit Celebration • The rite begins in a Mass setting following the homily- – Reaffirmation of baptismal vows – bishop extends his hands out over the candidates – bishop anoints the candidates individually on the forehead with chrism – The mass then continues as a reminder that everyone is united as a community Sign of Sacrament CHRISM IS MADE FROM OLIVE OIL AND BALSAM. BOTH OILS ARE BLESSED BY THE BISHOP Sponsors and Names • Sponsor- maybe a godparent or anyone who lives out their faith and has been Confirmed – Give spiritual support during preparation and after the celebration. They are to be a model. – Many take on the name of a Saint to model their life after, as a role model FORMS OF CONFIRMATON • ―Be sealed, with the gifts of the Holy Spirit. In the Name of the Father and of the Son and the Holy Spirit.‖ • ―For our biblical ancestors, olive oil held many powers: It was nourishing in food, a staple of the Mediterranean diet; it fueled the lamps that lit up family homes. In God’s family, the oil of the sacraments do all these things supernaturally. They give strength, light, nourishment, and healing. Effects of Confirmation • It unites us more firmly to Christ • Full outpouring of the gifts if the Holy spirit • Indelible Spiritual mark/character • Confirmation completes the process, first baptism, by which the Lord claims the individual person for his kingdom and sends each one forth as witness of his kingdom Confirmation and Christian Service • see and appreciate the virtue of ―giving‖ • help other people see God’s way even if they are not believers • You grow relationships What the Catechism Says • outpouring of the Holy Spirit • increase of baptismal grace and deepens it • Roots(unites) us further in our relationship with God/ the Church • Increases the gifts of the Holy Spirit • The strengthens the spread and defense of faith by word and Code of Canon Law • Can. 879 The sacrament of confirmation strengthens the baptized and obliges them more firmly to be witnesses of Christ by word and deed and to spread and defend the faith. It imprints a character, enriches by the gift of the Holy Spirit the baptized continuing on the path of Christian initiation, and binds them more perfectly to the Church. Code Of Canon Law C’td • Can. 880 §1. The sacrament of confirmation is conferred by the anointing of chrism on the forehead, which is done by the imposition of the hand and through the words prescribed in the approved liturgical books. Symbols of Confirmation • The primary symbol is the community • Oil (used in ancient bathing customs) • Words, actions, touch, anointing and Eucharist. – As well as the laying on of hands by the Bishop 5:1 Types of Power Power for— power for the good of someone in need Power over— power to direct and command others Manipulative or exploitative power— using others without consideration of the needs of the other Power with: empowerment—working with others to achieve some worthy goal, combining my power with the power of another so that we build power for good 5:2 The Spirit in the New Testament Matthew 12:45 Acts 8:7 1 Peter 3:19 Mark 3:30; 5:2, 8 Galatians 4:3 Revelation 16:13 Luke 4:36 Colossians 2:20 5:2 The Spirit in the New Testament Acts 1:2, 5, 8, 16 Acts 15:8, 28 1 Thessalonians: 5:19, 23 Acts 2:4, 33, 38 Acts 16:6 2 Thessalonians 2:13 Acts 4:8, 25, 31 Acts 19:2, 6 2 Timothy 1:7 Acts 5:3, 32 Acts 20:23, 28 2 Timothy 4:22 Acts 6:5 Romans 5:5 Hebrews 2:4 Acts 7:51, 55 Romans 9:1 Hebrews 4:12 Acts 8:15, 17, 19 Romans 14:17 Hebrews 6:4 Acts 9:17, 31 Romans 15:13, 16 Hebrews 10:29 Acts 10:38, 44, 45, 47 1 Corinthians 6:19 1 Peter 3:4 Acts 11:15, 16, 24 1 Corinthians 12:3 2 Peter 1:21 Acts 13:2, 4, 9, 52 2 Corinthians 13:13 1 John 3:24 Acts 15:8, 28 Ephesians 1:13 1 John 4:1 Acts 16:6 Ephesians 4:30 5:4 CHAPTER 5 Vocabulary Review spirit (page 90) an ancient word with many meanings, including breath, life, vitality, inner qualities, personality, invisible reality Holy Spirit, God’s spirit, Spirit of God, Spirit of the Lord, Holy Ghost (page 92) different ways that Scripture and Christian tradition name the invisible spiritual reality that is God; the third Person of the Holy Trinity; the personal love of the Father and the Son for each other spirit of Jesus, spirit of Christ, spirit of the Lord, Holy Spirit, Holy Ghost (page 94) different ways that Scripture and Christian tradition name the invisible spiritual reality that motivated and empowered Jesus, and that motivates and empowers those who commit themselves to following him 5:4 CHAPTER 5 Vocabulary Review empowered (page 95) strengthened, energized, given the ability to do something Confirmation (page 100) from the Latin word meaning to confirm, affirm, or strengthen, the name of the third Sacrament of Initiation; performed ordinarily by a bishop who anoints the forehead of the candidate while saying, “Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit.” gifts of the Spirit (page 102) capabilities or dispositions (sometimes called strengths or virtues) that help us follow the promptings of the Holy Spirit and grow in our relationship with God and others 5:4 CHAPTER 5 Vocabulary Review theological virtues (page 103) faith, hope, and love; spiritual gifts that enable us to act as children of God and followers of Jesus charism (page 106) a spiritual gift; today the term usually refers to special abilities in ministry laying on of hands (page 113) an ancient ritual gesture of approval, blessing, and acceptance, in which one or both hands are placed on the head of the one receiving the gesture 5:4 CHAPTER 5 Vocabulary Review anoint (page 114) from the Latin word for oil or salve, originally a pouring of perfumed oil on the head or a smearing of scented salve over the upper body chrism (page 114) the aromatic oil used in Confirmation, from the Greek word related to ointment and anointing Effective Sign of Grace • Recall then that you have received the spiritual seal, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of right judgment and courage, the spirit of knowledge and reverence, the spirit of holy fear of god’s presence.