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					                                           MOLECULES
    Letter             Word                                     Question
I                Inhibition            End product – slows the rate of reaction.

A                Amino acid            The basic monomer of proteins.

W                Water                 What is formed in a condensation reaction?

G                Glycosidic            The bond in a disaccharide.

B                Basic                 The amino group is this.

K                Kinetic               Movement energy.

Z                Zero                  The number N atoms in a molecule of glucose.

B                Benedicts             The reagent used to test for reducing sugars.

G                Glucose               A hexose sugar.

L                Lactose               A disaccharide found in milk.

S                Starch                Storage compound in plants.

R                R-group               The simplest form of this is H in the amino acid glycine.

J                Joules                The unit of energy.

S                Steroid               A lipid derived molecule
                                       What E is formed when there is a positive result for a fat
E                Emulsion
                                       test?
                                       Rate of reaction levels off when all the active sites are
V                V-max
                                       occupied
P                Phosphate             One of the ‘upright’ molecules of DNA.

D                Deoxyrilose           Sugar in DNA.

T                Thymine               Base that pairs with Uracil

M                Molecule              A lipid is a large one of these.




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                                           HOMEOSTASIS

    Letter               Word                                    Question
                                           Which I is a hormone for causing conversion of
I                Insulin
                                           glucose into glycogen?
                                           Which A is a hormone which reduces the volume of
A                ADH
                                           urine produced?
                                           Which W is a vital component of blood regulated by
W                Water
                                           the kidneys?
                                           Which G is a carbohydrate storage compound in
G                Glycogen
                                           mammals?
B                Blood                     Which B transports hormones to target cells?
                                           Which K are homeostatic organs for controlling water
K                Kidneys
                                           levels?
                 Negative                  Which N is the regulation mechanism for hormonal
N
                 feedback                  control systems.
                                           Which B is the capsule in the kidney where
B                Bowmans
                                           ultrafiltration occurs?
                                           Which G is a hormone for increasing blood sugar
G                Glucagon
                                           levels?
L                Liver                     Which L is an organ responsible for detoxification?

S                Sweat                     Which S is a fluid which cools you down?
                                           What R is the process by which molecules such as
R                Reabsorption
                                           glucose are removed from kidney tubules?
J
                                           Which S can be administered to a diabetic that is
S                Sugar
                                           hypoglycaemic.
                                           What E involves the removal of waste products of
E                Excretion
                                           metabolism?
V                Vasoconstriction Which V occurs in blood vessels when we are cold?

P                Progesterone              Which P is a hormone which maintains pregnancy?

D                Diabetes                  Which D is a disorder with high blood glucose levels?

T                Temperature               Which T must be kept at 37◦ C?

M                Menstrual                 What M is the sexual cycle in humans




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                                            GENETICS

    Letter             Word                                     Question
                                       Process of passing information from one generation to
I                Inheritance
                                       the next.
A                Alleles               An alternative form of a gene.

C                Chi Squared           A statistical test to analyse frequency data.

G                Gametes               Sex cells.

H                Heterozygote Two different alleles in a genotype.
                                       Picture of the chromosomes that make up of an
K                Karyotype
                                       individual.
Z                Zygote                Result of the fusion of gametes.

H                Homozygous            Two of the same alleles in a genotype.

G                Genotype              The genetic make up of a characteristic.

L                Locus                 The position of an allele on a chromosome.
                                       For example Red Green colour blindness or
S                Sex Linkage
                                       haemophilia.
R                Recessive             Needs to be homozygous to be expressed.

C                Chromosome 23 pairs in humans

S                Selection             Causes allele frequencies to change in populations.
                                       The theory that states species can change into different
E                Evolution
                                       species
V                Variation             The idea that all individuals of a species are different

P                Phenotype             The physical appearance of a particular characteristic.

D                Dominant              If only one allele is present this characteristic will show.
                                       The genetic cross used to determine the genotype of an
T                Test cross
                                       organism of unknown genotype
                                       The simplest genetic cross to study – involving just one
M                Mono-hybrid
                                       characteristic.




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                                           GENETICS

    Letter            Word                                   Question

I                Inherit

A                Allele               Variation of a gene.

W                Wrinkled             Characteristic of Mendel’s peas.

G                Genotype

B                Brown                Dominant eye colour.

K                Karyotype

Z                Zygote               First cell with a diploid number of chromosomes.

B                Blood group          Example of a co-dominant characteristic.

G                Gene                 Length of DNA.

L                Linkage

S                Somatic

R                Recessive

J

S                Sex-linkage

E                Epistasis

V                Variation

P                Phenotype

D                Dihybrid

T                Tall                 Dominant to dwarf in Mendel’s peas.

M                Monohybrid




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                                           CYCLES

    Letter              Word                        Question
                 Independent
I
                 Assortment
A                Amino Acids

W                Weinberg

G                Genes

B

K
                 Nitrifying
N                Nitrates Nz
                 fixing
B

G                Gametes
                 Lightning
L
                 Lamarck
S                Speciatian
                 Rhizobium
R
                 Respiration
J
                 Saphrophytes
S
                 Segregation
                 Evolution
E
                 Eutraphication
V                Variation
                 Protein
P
                 Photosynthesis
                 Denitirfying
D
                 Decomposers
T                Transpiration
                 Mutualism
M
                 Neiosis




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    Letter            Word                                       Question

I                Inclusion
                                       In electron microscopy this is something that is seen but
A                Artefact
                                       not really there.
W                Water                 Makes up 80% of cell.

G                Golgi                 Packages chemicals before export.

B

K                Krebs Cycle           Occurs in mitochandria.

Z                Zygote                Fertilised egg.

B
                                       Only stage in respiration that does not take place in
G                Glycolysis
                                       mitochandria.
L                Lysosomes             Membrane band sacs of enzymes.

S                SER                   Involved in secretion and production of lipids.

R                Ribosomes             Site of protein synthesis.

J
                 Secretary   Vessicle which merges with plasma membrane to
S
                 vesicle     secrete.
                 Endoplasmic
E                            Transport of substances.
                 reticulum
V                Vesicle
                 Plasma
P                                      Controls what enters and leaves the cell.
                 membrane
D                DNA                   Genetic material.

T                Thylokoid             Internal membrane of chloroplast.

M                Mitochondria Aerobic respiration occurs here.




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                                      REPRODUCTION

    Letter             Word                                    Question

I                Implantation

A                Asexual               Type of reproduction caused by mitosis.

W                Wind                  One method of pollination or seed dispersal.

G                Gamete                Sex cell.

B                Birth                 40 weeks after conception.

K

Z                Zygote                Fertilised egg cell.

B                Bivalent

G                ***
                 Luteinising
L
                 LH
S                Sperm                 Male gamete.

R                Reproduction

J

S

E                Egg                   Female gamete.

V                Variation             Differences in characteristics.

P                Pollen                Male gamete

D                Diversity

T                Testosterone

M                Meiosis               Reduction division.




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L                Lock & Key
I                Induced fit


    Letter           Word                                         Question
E                Enzyme                    Protein molecule that have catalytis properties
                                           The region of an enzymes tertiary structure that the
A                Active site
                                           substrate fits into
                 Complementary
C                               The matching between substrate and active site
                 shape
T                Temperature    A factor that affects the rate of enzyme reactions
B                Bonds          Disulphide are type of these
P                pH
A                Allosteric
                 Activation
A
                 energy
P                Product
                 Competition &
C
                 inhibition
S                Substrate
                 Rate of
R
                 reaction
                 Heavy metal
H
                 ions
                 Non-
N
                 competitive
                 Enzyme –
E                substrate
                 complex
V                V-max
                                Name the type of molecule from which all enzymes are
P                Protein
                                made.
D                Denature
                 Tertiary
T
                 structure
K                Kinetic energy




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    Letter             Word                                      Question

I                Implantation

A

W
                 Graafian
G                                      Name of mature follicle which embeds in ovary wall.
                 follicle
B

K

Z                Zygote                Diploid cell produced after fertilization.

B                Blastocyst            Hollow ball of cells which implants into the endometrium.

G                Gamete                Cells produced as result of meiosis.
                 Luteinising
L                                      Hormone which causes ovulation.
                 Hormone
                                       What type of hormones are oestrogen, progesterone &
S                Steroid
                                       testosterone?
R

J
                 Selective
S                                      Used to create new strains of a species.
                 breeding
E                Ejaculation           Release of sperm.

V                Variation             meiosis gives rise to this.

P                Progesterone Hormone which maintains pregnancy.

D                Diploid               Word used to describe 2 sets of chromosomes in a cell.

T                Testosterone          Produced by leydig cells in testes.

M                Menstruation          Breakdown of huckeuel eudometrium is known as.




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                          BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES

    Letter            Word                                      Question
                 Iodine
I                                      What I is used to test for starch?
                 solution
A                Amino acid            What A is the building block of a protein?
                                       What W is the substance removed in a condensation
W                Water
                                       reaction?
G                Glycosidic            What G is the type of band joining 2 monosaccharides?

B                Biuret                What B is the test for protein?

K

Z

B                Benedict’s            What B is the solution used to test for sugars?

G                Glucose               What G is the monomes in starch?

L                Lipids                What L protects organs and insulates?
                                       What S is the form in which carbohydrates are stored in
S                Starch
                                       plants?
R                Ribose                What R is the name of the sugar in RNA?

J
                                       Which S is the level on protein structure in a β pleated
S                Secondary
                                       sheet?
                                       What E is formed when there is a positive result for a fat
E                Emulsion
                                       test?
                                       What colour indicates the presence of protein in a food
V                Violet
                                       test?
P                Protein               What P are enzymes made of?
                                       What D is the general term for carbohydrates such as
D                Disaccharide
                                       maltose, sucrose and lactose?
                                       What T is formed when fatty acids combine with a
T                Triglyceride
                                       glycerol molecule?
M                Monomer               What M is the simple units which make up a polymer?




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                                       TRANSPORT AC

    Letter            Word                                      Question

I                Ingest                What do white blood cells do to bacteria?
                 Active
A                                      Which process requires ATP?
                 transport
                 Water
W                                      What does PSI mean?
                 potential
G                Gradient              Necessary for diffusion from high conc to low conc.

B

K

Z                Zygote                Formed by fusion of 2 gamete nuclei.

B
                 Golgi
G                                      Packages mucus.
                 apparatus
L                Lipids                These form a bi layer.
                 Selectively           This process allows solute molecules through but not
S
                 permeable             solvent.
R                Respiration           Necessary for active transport.

J                Join                  Surface membranes do this with endocytosis.

S                Solute                The addition of this reduces Ψ (makes it more negative)

E                Exocytosis            The process by which large particles pass out of cell.

V                Vesicles              Formed by endocytosis.
                 Plasma
P                                      Which membrane in a cell has cell recognition sites?
                 membrane
D                Diffusion             A process that is passive.

T                Temperature What process increases collusion between particles?

M                Movement




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    Letter             Word                                  Question

I                Inherit

A                Allele               Form of a gene.

W                Wrinkled             Recessive form of pea shape.

G                Genotype             Genetic make up of an organism.

B                Brown                Dominant eye colour.

K                ***

Z                Zygote

B                Blood group

G                Gene

L                Linkage

S                Somatic

R                Recessive

J

S                Sex-linkage

E                Epistasis

V                ***

P                Phenotype

D                ***

T                Tall

M                ***




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                               HEALTH AND DISEASE

    Letter              Word                                      Question

I                Immunoglobulin What I is a protein involved in the immune response?
                                           Glycoproteins on cell surface membrane recognised
A                Antigen
                                           by antibodies.
                                           What W is the mode of transmission for vibrio
W                Water
                                           chloerae?
G                Gene                      What G is the cause for cystic fibrosis?

B                Baccilus                  Name for some rod shaped bacterium.

K

H                HIV                       What H develops into AIDS?

B

G

L

S                Small pox                 What S was eradicated in 1979?

R

J
                                           What S causes erectile dysfunction and damages the
S                Smoking
                                           foetus?
E                Emphysema                 What E is a type of lung disease?

V                Virus                     Disease causing organism.

P                Pathogen                  Name for an organism that causes disease.

D

T

M




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