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					Geographic    Specific Features       Generalization/Topic          Cultural Impact/Adaptation
Components
Topography    *Mountain range         The people of Japan have a  *Because of the large population concentrated in a small area, large
              running through         very crowded environment in cities become very crowded so they have invented capsule hotels
              each of the main        which to live.              which allow large amounts of people and visitors to stay in a
              islands                                             relatively small space. Fertile lowlands like the Kanto Plain on
                                                                  Honshu are densely populated. Kanto Plains have a population
              *4/5 (80%) of                                       density of 20,000 people per square mile.
              Japan is
              mountainous                                           *Intensive land use such as wet-rice farming, terracing, drained
                                                                    marshes, swamps and deltas. These agricultural techniques take up
              *Situated on a                                        the minimum space possible, with some being used in the
              volcanic zone(200                                     mountains.
              volcanoes, 60
              active) a.k.a. “Ring                                  *The limited area led to the construction of the Kansai International
              of fire”                                              Airport, which was built on a man made island, to take up no space
                                                                    already pre-existing areas.




Geographic   Specific Features       Generalization/Topic          Cultural Impact/Adaptation
Components
Location      *The Sea of Japan     Historically, the seas have    *Because of its isolation Japan become extremely homogeneous and
              is north-west of      served as a natural            ethnocentric, therefore, they refuse to grant citizenship to
              Japan, and            geographic barrier between     immigrants; an example being the Koreans, who have been living in
              separates Japan       the Japanese archipelago and   the area for many generations, another example is in 1639 Japan
              from South Korea,     Asia                           limited their trade with China and other Asian countries.
              North Korea,
              China, and Russia                                    *During the Edo period the Japanese banned foreigners coming into
                                                                   the country and any Japanese who left could never return.
              *The Korea Strait
              separates Japan                                      *The government outlawed the building of ocean-going vessels so
              from South Korea                                     there could be no more imports and exports, and therefore, favored
                                                                   domestic trading within the different islands because of the
              *La Perouse Strait                                   difficulty in trading with other countries.
              separates Japan
              from Russia                                          *In 1281 because of its geographic isolation Japan has been
                                                                   protected from Mongol invasion. The typhoon was referred to as a
              *The Pacific Ocean                                   “divine wind” aka a kamikaze.
              separates Japan
              from Australia as
              well as the rest of
              western

              *The Inland Sea is
              in between
              Shikoku, Honshu,
              and Kyushu




 Geographic    Specific Features     Generalization/Topic           Cultural Impact/Adaptation
 Components
Topography   -80% of land is        Japan’s topography makes it   -Japan imports about 55% of its food on a calorie basis(ex. find your
             mountainous            difficult for Japan to make   own) , cost of beef is 400% more than US price per pound
             making it difficult    enough food to self-sustain
             to farm                its population                -Accounts for nearly 15% of global fishing catch(2nd to China) in
                                                                  order to make up for its small farming capabilities, Japanese people
             -60% of flat areas                                   eat on average 10 times more fish than Americans
             lived on with avg.
             pop. Density is                                      -The use of terrace farming on the sides of mountains allows Japan
             20,000 ppl/sq.mile                                   to expand its arable land area

             -total population of
             127,433,494 ppl

             -Island surrounded
             by Pacific ocean,
             East China Sea, and
             Sea of Japan




Geographic   Specific Features      Generalization/Topic          Cultural Impact/Adaptation
Components
Location           -   Mt. Fuji is    The Japanese nation is           -   The houses in Japan are constructed of materials that are
Natural Resource       100 km         located in the “ring of fire.”       light. Examples include paper, straw, and wood allowing the
                       from Tokyo     Despite all the seismic              houses a great deal of flexibility during seismic activity. Ex.
                   -   Japan is in    activity, Japan has                  Yokohama landmark tower, built on same architectural ideas
                       southern       successfully adapted.                as Pagoda(very flexible)
                       portion of                                      -   Shinto belief was created because Japan had such a great
                       “Ring of                                            respect for nature and its awesome power stemming from
                       Fire” which                                         earthquakes and typhoons.
                       has more                                        -   Ashes from volcanic activity enrich soil making it better to
                       tectonic                                            farm. Highly arable farmland allows for a higher output of
                       plates                                              produce than majority of farmed land in world. 8% of
                       causing high                                        population works in agriculture.
                       seismic
                       activity
                   -   Total of 106
                       volcanoes in
                       Japan
Geographic   Specific Features   Generalization/Topic   Cultural Impact/Adaptation
Components
Climate   Temperate Zone         Japan’s climate can explain   *Japan’s growing season is 200 to 260 days due to the extensive
          with four              why the Japanese must         rainfall year-round, including a rainy season in early summer, so
          distinguishable        prepare for warm summers      they are able to grow crops much longer during the year
          seasons                and cool winters.
                                                               *Houses are built to withstand the power of typhoons, which occur
          North is cool, south                                 mainly during the warm summers and continue into the autumn
          is subtropical                                       months, and earthquakes

          Rainy and humid                                      *Since the winters are cool, Japanese people have little need for
          with climate similar                                 central heating because the temperatures do not get extremely cold
          to that of the east
          coast of the North                                   *In the winter, lined clothing is worn, and cotton clothing is worn
          America                                              during the summer months due to the weather

          Northern Japan:
          warm summers,
          long cold winters,
          heavy snow

          Central Japan: long
          humid summers,
          short winters

          Southwestern
          Japan: long hot
          summers, mild
          winters

          Affected greatly by
          oceans

          39-78 inches of
          precipitation per
          year
By: A. Stasko, C. Zurlo, B. Claxton, C. Paxton       Period: 5DE

Geographic           Specific Features       Generalization/Topic           Cultural Impact/Adaptation
Components

*Topography          * 80% of Japan’s        *Several factors make it       *They have adopted terrace farming which allows them to utilize
                     lands are               difficult for Japan to raise   more of their land.
                     mountainous, so         enough food for her
                     there is only so        population.
                     much room to grow                                      *They have also drained marshes, swamps, and deltas to provide
                     crops.                                                 more cultivation room.


                     *Only 12% of land                                      *Since they do not have much land space, they have turned to the
                     is suitable for                                        seas for a supply of nourishment. The Japanese eat 10 times more
                     cultivation (about 14                                  fish land Americans do.
                     millions acres).

                                                                            *They import goods from around the world to make up for their lack
                                                                            of food.


                                                                            *Growing is virtually impossible without chemical control, plastic
                                                                            coverings, disease resistant cultivars, etc because of diseases, pests,
                                                                            insects, weeds, etc so they utilize those things.
Geographic   Specific Features      Generalization/Topic           Cultural Impact/Adaptation
Components

*Location    *Oyashio/ Kurile       *The three main ocean          *The Oyashio current provides colder temperatures for the
*Climate     Current- a current     currents that flow by Japan    Hokkaido region, promoting a great boom in tourism for people
             that gives Hokkaido    have had a tremendous effect   wanting to escape the heat of the summer on the other islands.
             and upper Honshu a     on Japanese life.
             colder climate all
             year round because                                    *The Kuroshio current provides warm waters for southern Japan
             of the cold sub                                       which sustains coral reefs. This ecological impact helps the fishing
             arctic waters.                                        industry of Japan. The Japanese use it to their advantage. Fish is
                                                                   their main source of food and the Kuroshio current helps provide it.

             *Kuroshio Current-
             a warm tropical                                       *The Tsushima current brings rich and desired fish into the Japanese
             current that travels                                  region from the East China Sea. Some types of fish are the Japanese
             northeast along the                                   amberjack and the Japanese horse mackerel.
             east coast of Japan
             and gives the
             southern part of
             Japan a temperate
             climate.


             *Tsushima Current-
             a warm ocean
             current flowing
             northward along the
             west coast of Japan.

				
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