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Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components Topography *Mountain range The people of Japan have a *Because of the large population concentrated in a small area, large running through very crowded environment in cities become very crowded so they have invented capsule hotels each of the main which to live. which allow large amounts of people and visitors to stay in a islands relatively small space. Fertile lowlands like the Kanto Plain on Honshu are densely populated. Kanto Plains have a population *4/5 (80%) of density of 20,000 people per square mile. Japan is mountainous *Intensive land use such as wet-rice farming, terracing, drained marshes, swamps and deltas. These agricultural techniques take up *Situated on a the minimum space possible, with some being used in the volcanic zone(200 mountains. volcanoes, 60 active) a.k.a. “Ring *The limited area led to the construction of the Kansai International of fire” Airport, which was built on a man made island, to take up no space already pre-existing areas. Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components Location *The Sea of Japan Historically, the seas have *Because of its isolation Japan become extremely homogeneous and is north-west of served as a natural ethnocentric, therefore, they refuse to grant citizenship to Japan, and geographic barrier between immigrants; an example being the Koreans, who have been living in separates Japan the Japanese archipelago and the area for many generations, another example is in 1639 Japan from South Korea, Asia limited their trade with China and other Asian countries. North Korea, China, and Russia *During the Edo period the Japanese banned foreigners coming into the country and any Japanese who left could never return. *The Korea Strait separates Japan *The government outlawed the building of ocean-going vessels so from South Korea there could be no more imports and exports, and therefore, favored domestic trading within the different islands because of the *La Perouse Strait difficulty in trading with other countries. separates Japan from Russia *In 1281 because of its geographic isolation Japan has been protected from Mongol invasion. The typhoon was referred to as a *The Pacific Ocean “divine wind” aka a kamikaze. separates Japan from Australia as well as the rest of western *The Inland Sea is in between Shikoku, Honshu, and Kyushu Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components Topography -80% of land is Japan’s topography makes it -Japan imports about 55% of its food on a calorie basis(ex. find your mountainous difficult for Japan to make own) , cost of beef is 400% more than US price per pound making it difficult enough food to self-sustain to farm its population -Accounts for nearly 15% of global fishing catch(2nd to China) in order to make up for its small farming capabilities, Japanese people -60% of flat areas eat on average 10 times more fish than Americans lived on with avg. pop. Density is -The use of terrace farming on the sides of mountains allows Japan 20,000 ppl/sq.mile to expand its arable land area -total population of 127,433,494 ppl -Island surrounded by Pacific ocean, East China Sea, and Sea of Japan Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components Location - Mt. Fuji is The Japanese nation is - The houses in Japan are constructed of materials that are Natural Resource 100 km located in the “ring of fire.” light. Examples include paper, straw, and wood allowing the from Tokyo Despite all the seismic houses a great deal of flexibility during seismic activity. Ex. - Japan is in activity, Japan has Yokohama landmark tower, built on same architectural ideas southern successfully adapted. as Pagoda(very flexible) portion of - Shinto belief was created because Japan had such a great “Ring of respect for nature and its awesome power stemming from Fire” which earthquakes and typhoons. has more - Ashes from volcanic activity enrich soil making it better to tectonic farm. Highly arable farmland allows for a higher output of plates produce than majority of farmed land in world. 8% of causing high population works in agriculture. seismic activity - Total of 106 volcanoes in Japan Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components Climate Temperate Zone Japan’s climate can explain *Japan’s growing season is 200 to 260 days due to the extensive with four why the Japanese must rainfall year-round, including a rainy season in early summer, so distinguishable prepare for warm summers they are able to grow crops much longer during the year seasons and cool winters. *Houses are built to withstand the power of typhoons, which occur North is cool, south mainly during the warm summers and continue into the autumn is subtropical months, and earthquakes Rainy and humid *Since the winters are cool, Japanese people have little need for with climate similar central heating because the temperatures do not get extremely cold to that of the east coast of the North *In the winter, lined clothing is worn, and cotton clothing is worn America during the summer months due to the weather Northern Japan: warm summers, long cold winters, heavy snow Central Japan: long humid summers, short winters Southwestern Japan: long hot summers, mild winters Affected greatly by oceans 39-78 inches of precipitation per year By: A. Stasko, C. Zurlo, B. Claxton, C. Paxton Period: 5DE Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components *Topography * 80% of Japan’s *Several factors make it *They have adopted terrace farming which allows them to utilize lands are difficult for Japan to raise more of their land. mountainous, so enough food for her there is only so population. much room to grow *They have also drained marshes, swamps, and deltas to provide crops. more cultivation room. *Only 12% of land *Since they do not have much land space, they have turned to the is suitable for seas for a supply of nourishment. The Japanese eat 10 times more cultivation (about 14 fish land Americans do. millions acres). *They import goods from around the world to make up for their lack of food. *Growing is virtually impossible without chemical control, plastic coverings, disease resistant cultivars, etc because of diseases, pests, insects, weeds, etc so they utilize those things. Geographic Specific Features Generalization/Topic Cultural Impact/Adaptation Components *Location *Oyashio/ Kurile *The three main ocean *The Oyashio current provides colder temperatures for the *Climate Current- a current currents that flow by Japan Hokkaido region, promoting a great boom in tourism for people that gives Hokkaido have had a tremendous effect wanting to escape the heat of the summer on the other islands. and upper Honshu a on Japanese life. colder climate all year round because *The Kuroshio current provides warm waters for southern Japan of the cold sub which sustains coral reefs. This ecological impact helps the fishing arctic waters. industry of Japan. The Japanese use it to their advantage. Fish is their main source of food and the Kuroshio current helps provide it. *Kuroshio Current- a warm tropical *The Tsushima current brings rich and desired fish into the Japanese current that travels region from the East China Sea. Some types of fish are the Japanese northeast along the amberjack and the Japanese horse mackerel. east coast of Japan and gives the southern part of Japan a temperate climate. *Tsushima Current- a warm ocean current flowing northward along the west coast of Japan.
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