THE CHINESE by fjzhangxiaoquan


									THE CHINESE
By Hannah Lodge
   POPULATION- In 2007 there was approximately 1,325,639,982
    Chinese residents,
   RELIGIONS- They range from Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Muslim 1%-
    2%, Christian 3%-4%
   CLIMATE- china has a very diverse climate, it is very tropical in the
    South and subarctic in the North
   CAPITAL- Beijing
   LANGUAGE- In 2006 60% of the population spoke Mandarin, 29%
    speaking Cantonese and 4% English. Many speak Chinese at home
    manly when they have both parents born Chinese, the 4% that could
    speak English around 65% considered themselves to be able to speak
    it well.
Map of China
Chinese people visiting Australia
    there were over 343 000 people planning to stay for less than one
    year from china. In 2008 310 000 were Chinese born Australians.
    For example over half of the Chinese population (53%) call Sydney
 Chinese culture and traditions.
 Chinese food is roughly separated in the Northern and Southern types of
  cooking. For example Northern foods are oily without being ‘cloying’ and
  pastas are very big. Color, aroma and flavor are big parts of their cooking
  yet are not the only aspects they go by.
 Meals must be eaten while sitting down, there is an order of who is to be
  seated first starting with men then the oldest women to the youngest, the
  main courses are to be eaten in order of table, each of these tables
  normally able to seat ten to twelve people. The meals usually start with
  four appetizers, six to eight main meals then one savory type meal then
  finish it off with a desert.
 Education in China is very ‘socialist-orientated. Their classrooms can fit up
  to fifty students in at one time. Learning is done in groups more then
  individual, this is done to establish team work and cooperation. Many
  students are only excepted by scholarship otherwise parents work really
  hard to get their child into the best school, this is done because they
  believe that if you don’t go to the best school/ most expensive then you
  are not getting the best education you should be.
    Chinese cultures and traditions.
    Many houses in China are very
    traditional, they are rectangle
    shaped, many containing a wooden
    structure with pillars and beams
    and earthen walls covering three
    sides of the home, there are
    usually a number of rooms that
    are brought together by the

   The main source of
    transportation is the bicycle, it is
    the main cause of accidents in
    china. They are said to provide
    that basic Chinese person with a
    mean of transport to get around
    china to and from work.
            Chinese festivals
Chinese people are known very highly for their festivals, as they are
  always seen celebrating something different each month, some of these
  celebrations include:
   The lantern festival is on the 15th day of the first month of the Chinese
    year. It is the mark of the end of the New Year’s holidays, lanterns are
    placed everywhere.
   Chinese new year is seen as one of the most important festivals to the
    Chinese people, new clothes are worn as a sign of a new beginning,
    houses are cleaned until spotless, flowers are used as decorations. It is
    a time of ‘settling all debts and spreading good intentions to family and
   Mid autumn festivals, the moons orbit the lowest angle to the horizon,
    which makes the moon look brighter and bigger. This festival is similar
    to the American thanks giving holiday, celebrated by spending the night
    out side under the moon, eating moon cakes.
What the Chinese expect
   The Chinese believe everyone should be very calm and they strive for
    harmony, they use facial expressions, tone of voice and posture to tell what
    a person is feeling or thinking. Frowning to them is a form of discomfort, it
    is also considered disrespectful to stare a person in the eye so don’t not
    maintain eye contact with them for too long.
   When greeting you must always greet the oldest as a form of respect
   Shaking hands is a sign of meeting this is usually done to foreigners or
    people they don’t not know.
   When addressing a Chinese person use their full name until they tell you
    that you can use just their first name or what ever they are comfortable
    you using.
   Don’t feel as if they don’t like you if they don’t invite you to their home,
    many like to entertain outside of their house, yet if they invite you into
    their home feel this as a great honor.
    What Chinese expect
   Business cards are exchanged at the start of a greeting, you should try and
    have one side of your business card written in Chinese so that they can
    read if it they cannot read English. Make sure you hold it with both hands
    during an exchange, if you don’t look at it before you put it away they will
    find this very rude so to be polite make sure you read it before you put it
    down. Also never write on any of their business cards unless they have
    instructed you to.

   There are a large number of places that Chinese people can go and
    purchase or eat the food that they would be able to get if they were at
    home. Many will like to eat their food with chop sticks, this to them is
    seen as a big essential, instead of a napkin they like having a hot towel
    provided at the end of the meal to wipe their face.

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