Notes about monk by ilearnmusic


									Notes about monk
Monk‟s predecessors / influences  Stride School o o   Duke Ellington James P. Johnson

4/3/2006 9:17:00 PM

Gospel Background Bop Style o Art Tatum

Monk‟s contemporaries  Charlie Christian o  Developed solo sound of electric guitar, played with Monk at Minton‟s playhouse until 1942 – died, helped develop experimental bebop Charlie Parker o Founding figure of bebop – innovative approach to melody, rhythm, and harmony – an icon for the Beat generation, busboy for restaurant that Art Tatum played at – jammed at Minton‟s – „wanted a music that they couldn‟t play‟  Dizzy Gillespie o  Jammed at Minton‟s – taught many of the young players on 52nd street, later led a combo with Milt Jackson, involved in the Afro-cuban movement Coleman Hawkins o Classically trained, played with Mamie Smith, then Fletcher Henderson‟s orchestra in NYC. Toured Europe – returned in 1939 to USA. Led a combo at Kelly‟s Stables on 52nd street with Monk, Pettiford, Miles, and Max Roach.   Cootie Williams Don Byas o         Great tenor saxophone player – jammed with Dizzy Gillespie in 1940s – later toured Europe with Don Redman. Miles Davis John Coltrane Miles Davis Sonny Rollins John Coltrane George Russell Cecil Taylor Muhal Richard Abrams

Influence on styles of jazz after death

             

Chick Corea Anthony Davis Angular and dissonant piano technique Works were stripped of excess Music contains a compelling logic and consistency Selected just the right notes at the right time Respect for musical logic Decoration grows out of musical development, rather than irrelevant instrumental conventions Like Webern and Berg, rejected traditional notions of melody and harmony – developed new system The embodiment of solitude and self-analysis Fascinated with rhythm – constantly offset the listener – similar to Bartok Developed modern jazz motives in a modern, yet developmental manner – as Beethoven may have been interpreted in his time (JB) Unusual, highly syncopated and percussive way of playing piano (W) Trane on Monk – "... exactly the opposite of Miles (Davis). He talks about music all the time and wants so much for you to understand that if, by chance, you ask him something, he'll spend hours if necessary to explain it to you." – (W)

Monk‟s style

Monk‟s music  Misterioso o o  o o o o Monk‟s Life     Born in 1917 in Rocky Mount, NC (W) Began piano at age 6 – some formal training, mostly self-taught 1930 – moved to Manhattan – Monk attended Stuyvesant HS House Pianist in 1941 at Minton‟s Playhouse – participated in famous after-hours „cutting competitions‟ Transformed the blues into a sequence of sixths No accent is given to the eighth notes Two levels of music simultaneously Pointillistic style overlaid with swing trio As piece progresses – two musical ideas become unified for a time and then again separate Absolute music – compositions without a tune


         

1944 – recorded with the Coleman Hawkins Quartet 1947 – First recordings as a leader – cut LP Genius of Modern Music, Vol. 1, got married – had a son in 1949, daughter in 1953 1951 – Police found narcotics in car that were presumed to be Bud Powell‟s. Monk didn‟t testify against his friend and his cabaret card was seized. Monk plays Duke Ellington brought Monk to a wider audience 1954 – traveled to Europe – recording and performing in Paris – became good friends with Baroness Pannonica de Koenigswater “Nica” 1957 – With cabaret card restored, Monk performed at Carnegie Hall with John Coltrane on tenor saxophone 1958 – beaten by the police with a blackjack – found with Nica – narcotics were found in car 1964 – cover of Time magazine 1970s – disappeared from the jazz scene 1982 - died

4/3/2006 9:17:00 PM

4/3/2006 9:17:00 PM

To top