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					                                                                                            _____________________________
                                          Seventh
                    EUROPEAN URBAN & REGIONAL STUDIES                                             EUROPEAN
     ________________________________________  _________________________________________          URBAN &
                                                                                                  REGIONAL
                                        Conference
                                                                                                   STUDIES
                              18th – 21st September 2008                                    _____________________________




                       Diverse Europes:
   Urban and Regional Openings, Connections and Exclusions
                   Armada Hotel, Istanbul



   Constructing Regional Advantage:
Case study of knowledge bases in Czech
                Regions

                  Karel Skokan, Jiri Blazek, Petr Rumpel,
                         Pavla Zizalova, Petr Chladek
                               VSB-Technical University of Ostrava
                                  Charles University in Prague
                                     University of Ostrava




                                     ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                                 1
           Content of policies for
      Constructing Regional Advantage
                  /B. Asheim et al./

•  Knowledge creation and innovation are strongly
   shaped by specific knowledge base(s)
• Proactive and trans-sectoral, platform oriented
   policies (transcending traditional industry
   specific policies):
1. Related variety (spillover effects)
2. Differentiated knowledge bases (synthetic,
   analytical and symbolic)
3. Distributed knowledge networks


                 ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   2
Creating Regional Advantage: Towards State-of.the-
      Art Regional System Policies in Europe

 European research project which examines the main
       drivers of the competitiveness of regions

Partners
• Sweden
• Finland
• Norway
• Netherlands
• Germany
• Austria
• Czech Republic
• Turkey

                   ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   3
    CRA - Creating Regional Advantage:
Towards State-of the-Art Regional System Policies
                    in Europe

 Czech Republic Participation in Case Studies
• ICT Services in Moravia Silesia Region of
  the Czech Republic
• Biotechnology in Prague Region
• Mechanical Engineering in South Moravia
  Region



                ICT Services in Moravia Silesia     4
CRA Research in the Czech Republic
            Regions

                                                    Moravia Silesia




      Prague




    South Moravia ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                     5
         Moravia Silesia Region

• Former Old Industrial Region
New developing industries
• Engineering
• Automotive
• Information and Communication
  Technologies
• Hydrogen
• Environmental Technologies
               ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   6
           ICT in Moravia Silesia

ICT industry                                2003       2004          2005        2006
Employees in ICT in
MSK                                    10 869 10 691 13 497 15 004
Firms in ICT in MSK                     3 867 2 938 2 467 2 249

  16.000


  14.000

  12.000


  10.000

   8.000

   6.000


   4.000

   2.000

      0
               2003               2004               2005                 2006

            počet zaměstnanců v ICT v MSK     počet podniků v ICT v MSK

                         ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                7
                ICT Sector

• ICT Manufacturing (NACE 30..,…)
• ICT Wholesale (NACE 51..,…)
• ICT Services (NACE 72..,…)




               ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   8
    ICT Services in Moravia Silesia

• New developing industry in MS
• Main focus NACE 72 ICT Services
• ICT Cluster established in 2006
• 45 firms in ICT cluster
• However more than 200 firms located in the
  region
• Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
  Computer Science with over 3000 students
  and 500 graduates annually
                ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   9
  CRA - Regional Advantage Drivers

Research results based on CRA theory and
   research in firms about
1. General Firm Information and their
   Knowledge Providers
2. Knowledge Exchange – Market and
   Technology Knowledge
3. Innovation Performance
4. Policy Initiatives

              ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   10
     1. Basic Characteristics of Firms


Number of observations                                     19
Sum of all employess (2008)                              1927
Sume of all employees (2005)                              573
Average number of employees (2008)                        101
Max. number of employees in the firm (2008)              1250
Min. number of employees in the frim (2008)                 1




                       ICT Services in Moravia Silesia          11
                Main sectors of the firms
Industry                           Frequency
Valid   31200-Manufacture of
        electricity distribution           1
        and control apparatus
        51840-Wholesale of
        computers, computer
        peripheral equipment               1
        and software
        52487-Retail in office
        equipment, computers               1
        and standard software
        72100-Hardware
        consultancy                        2
        72220-Other
        software delivery
                                          10
        and software
        consultancy
        72600-Other computer
        related activities                 1
        74201-engineering
        services (incl. design)            1
        74300-Technical testing
        and analysis                       1
        80429-Other education              1
        Total                             19


                                    ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   12
                                                        Employment Growth
                                                      Number of employees in the firms (Question 4)


                      1300                                                                                                                1250
                      1200
                      1100                                                                                                                           MNC
                      1000
Number of employees




                      900
                      800
                      700
                      600
                      500
                      400
                      300
                      200                                                                             110
                                                                                       67   77   90
                      100         23   26   29   24      42   38   48    45      18                                  15
                              4                                                                             7                   1   13
                          0
                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S


                              S
                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M


                             M
                           01


                           02


                           03


                           04


                           05


                           06


                           07


                           08


                           09


                           10


                           11


                           12


                           13


                           14


                           15


                           16


                           17


                           18


                           19
                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0


                         Z0
                      C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C


                       C
                                                                                                            Number of employees in the firm (2008)
                                                                              Firm`s code
                                                                                                            Number of employess in the firm 3 years ago
                                                                                                                Number of       Number of        Employment
                                                                                                                employees       employess in     Growth
                                                                                                                in the firm     the firm 3 years 2005-2008
                                                                                                  ID            (2008)          ago
                                                                                                  CZ001MS                   4                  0              4
                                                                                                  CZ002MS                  23                 17              6
                                                                                                  CZ003MS                  26                 35             -9
                                                                                                  CZ004MS                  29                  6             23
                                                                                                  CZ005MS                  24                 19              5
                                                                                                  CZ006MS                  42                 29             13
                                                                                                  CZ007MS                  38                  3             35
                                                                                                  CZ008MS                  48                 36             12
                                                                                                  CZ009MS                  45                 36              9
                                                                                                  CZ010MS                  18                  3             15
                                                                                                  CZ011MS                  67                 37             30
                                                                                                  CZ012MS                  77                 75              2
                                                                                                  CZ013MS                  90                 50             40
                                                                                                  CZ014MS                 110                130            -20
                                                                                                  CZ015MS                   7                  7              0
                                                                                                  CZ016MS                  15                  3             12
                                                                                                  CZ017MS                   1                  1              0
                                                                        ICT Services in Moravia Silesia
                                                                                                  CZ018MS                  13                 16             -3   13
                                                                                                  CZ019MS               1250                  70           1180
        Main activities for achieving
             competitiveness
•   Tailor made product – services
•   Product development
•   Marketing
•   Standardized products – services
•   Design
•   Other activities



                  ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   14
  Main activities for achieving
       competitiveness
                Main activities of the firms (Question 5)
         100%
         90%
         80%

         70%
         60%
Values




         50%

         40%
         30%
         20%
         10%
          0%
                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S

                  S
                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M

                 M
               01

               02

               03

               04

               05

               06

               07

               08

               09

               10

               11

               12

               13

               14

               15

               16

               17

               18

               19
             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0

             Z0
          C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C

           C
                                             Tailor made products        Standardised products
                                             Prod / proc. develompment   Design
                           Firm`s code       Marketing                   Other activities




                 ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                                 15
Main activities for achieving competitiveness

Production of tailor made services




                         ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   16
                  Educational level of employees

                                             Higher than Bachelor’s degree
                                                                Educational level of employees (Question 6)


    100
    90
    80
    70
    60
%




    50
    40
    30
    20

    10
        0
          S


                   S


                            S


                                     S


                                              S


                                                       S


                                                                S


                                                                         S


                                                                                  S


                                                                                           S


                                                                                                    S


                                                                                                             S


                                                                                                                      S


                                                                                                                               S


                                                                                                                                        S


                                                                                                                                                 S


                                                                                                                                                          S


                                                                                                                                                                   S


                                                                                                                                                                            S
         M


                  M


                           M


                                    M


                                             M


                                                      M


                                                               M


                                                                        M


                                                                                 M


                                                                                          M


                                                                                                   M


                                                                                                            M


                                                                                                                     M


                                                                                                                              M


                                                                                                                                       M


                                                                                                                                                M


                                                                                                                                                         M


                                                                                                                                                                  M


                                                                                                                                                                           M
       01


                02


                         03


                                  04


                                           05


                                                    06


                                                             07


                                                                      08


                                                                               09


                                                                                        10


                                                                                                 11


                                                                                                          12


                                                                                                                   13


                                                                                                                            14


                                                                                                                                     15


                                                                                                                                              16


                                                                                                                                                       17


                                                                                                                                                                18


                                                                                                                                                                         19
     Z0


              Z0


                       Z0


                                Z0


                                         Z0


                                                  Z0


                                                           Z0


                                                                    Z0


                                                                             Z0


                                                                                      Z0


                                                                                               Z0


                                                                                                        Z0


                                                                                                                 Z0


                                                                                                                          Z0


                                                                                                                                   Z0


                                                                                                                                            Z0


                                                                                                                                                     Z0


                                                                                                                                                              Z0


                                                                                                                                                                       Z0
    C


              C


                       C


                                C


                                         C


                                                  C


                                                           C


                                                                    C


                                                                             C


                                                                                      C


                                                                                               C


                                                                                                        C


                                                                                                                 C


                                                                                                                          C


                                                                                                                                   C


                                                                                                                                            C


                                                                                                                                                     C


                                                                                                                                                              C


                                                                                                                                                                       C
                                                                                                                                                              Higher than or equal to Bachelor
                                                                                      Firm`s code
                                                                                                                                                              Lower than Bachelor




                                                                        ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                                                                          17
Educational Background of Employees

                     Engineering background
                     Educational background of the employees (Question 7)



               100
                90
                80
                70
  % of share




                60
                50
                40
                30
                20
                10
                 0
                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                  Z0 S

                       S
                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M

                      M
                    01

                    02

                    03

                    04

                    05

                    06

                    07

                    08

                    09

                    10

                    11

                    12

                    13

                    14

                    15

                    16

                    17

                    18

                    19
                  Z0
               C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C

                C
                                                                            Science background
                                      Firm`s code                           Engineering background
                                                                            Artistic background
                                                                            Other background

                              ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                        18
Importance of knowledge sources

   INSIDE                                     OUTSIDE




            ICT Services in Moravia Silesia             19
Recruitment of higly skilled employees

        Technical universities and the same sector




                 ICT Services in Moravia Silesia     20
     2. Knowledge Exchange


      A. Market Knowledge

concerning new developments, market
   trends, market development, etc.




           ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   21
                           Market Knowledge
        Type of contact organisations

                   Frequency Percent
Valid Supplier            23    19,8
      Customer            47    40,5
      Competitor           6     5,2
      Other               40    34,5
      Total              116   100,0




 Customer – most
 important




                          ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   22
                          Frequency   Percent
Valid   Austin, USA               1         ,9
        Bilbao, Spain             1         ,9                         Market Knowledge
        Brno                      1         ,9
        CA, USA
        Cesky Krumlov
                                  1
                                  1
                                            ,9
                                            ,9
                                                              Location of contact
        Cesky Tesin
        Dubnica, SK
        Essen
                                  1
                                  1
                                  1
                                            ,9
                                            ,9
                                            ,9
                                                                organisations
        Finland                   1         ,9
        Frydek-Mistek             1         ,9
        Hamburg, GE               1         ,9                         Mainly in the region
        Janiky, SK                1         ,9
        Kolin                     1         ,9
        Liberec                   1         ,9
        Lutin                     1         ,9
        Mlada Boleslav            1         ,9
        NY, USA                   1         ,9
        Opava                     9        7,8
        Orlova                    1         ,9
        Ostrava                  44       37,9
        Otice u Opavy             1         ,9
        Pardubic                  1         ,9
        Peague                    1         ,9
        Pelhrimo                  1         ,9
        Pilsen                    1         ,9
        Pisek                     1         ,9
        Prague                   30       25,9
        Praha                     1         ,9
        Rakovnik                  1         ,9
        Rohatec                   1         ,9
        Saarbrucken, GE           1         ,9
        Slany                     1         ,9
        Slusovice                 1         ,9
        Trinec                    1         ,9
        USA                       1         ,9
        Vizovice                  1         ,9
        Total                   116      100,0   ICT Services in Moravia Silesia              23
27100-Manufacture of
                                Frequency   Percent
                                                                               Market Knowledge
basic iron and steel and of f           4        3,4

29110-Manufacture of
engines and turbines,
except
                                        2        1,7
                                                                        Sector of contact
34100-Manufacture of
motor vehicles
34300-Manufacture of parts
                                        2        1,7                     organizations
and accessories for mot                 2        1,7

50100-Sale of motor
vehicles                                2        1,7
51430-Wholesale of
electrical household                    2        1,7
appliances
51840-Wholesale of
computers, computer                    14       12,1
peripheral
64200-Telecommunications
                                        4        3,4
72200-Software
consultancy and supply                  3        2,6
72220-Other software
delivery and consultancy                4        3,4
72220-Other software
delivery and software                  16       13,8
consult
74140-Business and
management consultancy                  2        1,7
activiti
74201-Architectural and
engineering services (incl              2        1,7
75110-General (overall)
public service activities               2        1,7
80302-Higher education                  6        5,2
80302_Higher education                  1         ,9
80400-Other education                   2        1,7
80420-Adult and other
education n.e.c.                        2        1,7
80429-Other education of                2        1,7
91330-Activities of other
membership organizations                2        1,7

91332-Activities of interest
unions, associations,                   3        2,6

Total                                 116      100,0



                                                       ICT Services in Moravia Silesia            24
      Knowledge Exchange


 B. Technological Knowledge

  required as input in production,
new product/process development,
 and technological improvements




          ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   25
                                 Technological Knowledge
                Type of contact organisation



                     Frequency    Percent
Valid
        Supplier            51        60,7
        Customer             5         6,0
        Competitor           6         7,1
        Other               22        26,2
        Total               84      100,0




                                     ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   26
                             Frequency   Percent
Valid   Austin, Texas, USA           1        1,2
                                                                        Technological Knowledge
        Brno                         3        3,6
        Cork, Ireland
        Helsinki, Finla
                                     1
                                     1
                                              1,2
                                              1,2
                                                                     Location of contact
        Ismaning,GE
        Janiky, SK
                                     1
                                     1
                                              1,2
                                              1,2
                                                                       organisations
        Liberec                      1        1,2
        Middle Europe                1        1,2
        NY, USA                      1        1,2
        Opava                        1        1,2
        Ostrava                     22       26,2
        Palo Alto Calif              1        1,2
        Pisek                        1        1,2
        Prague                      44       52,4
        Slusovice                    2        2,4
        Vizovice                     1        1,2
        Zdiby                        1        1,2
        Total                       84      100,0




                                                    ICT Services in Moravia Silesia               27
                      Frequency   Percent
31200-Manufacture
of electricity
                              4        4,8
distribution and
control apparatus                                       Technological Knowledge
32100 Manufacture
of electronic
components
51840-Wholesale of
                              4        4,8
                                                       Sector of contact
computers,
computer peripheral
equipment and
software
                             11       13,1
                                                        organisations
51860-Wholesale of
other electronic              2        2,4
parts and equipment
58.2 Publishing
software/ NACE
                              2        2,4
62.0 Information
technologies
72200-Software
consultancy and               4        4,8
supply
72220-Other
software delivery             5        6,0
and consultancy
72220-Other
software delivery
                             18       21,4
and software
consultancy
80302-Higher
                              2        2,4
education
80302 Higher
                              3        3,6
education
80400 Other
                              2        2,4
education
80420-Adult and
other education               2        2,4
n.e.c.
91332-Activities of
interest unions,              3        3,6
associations, clubs
Total                        84      100,0




                                             ICT Services in Moravia Silesia      28
Market and Technological Knowledge


Result                      Market              Technological
                          Knowledge               Knowledge
No. of organizations          116                     84
Type of organization       Customer                Supplier
Location                 In the region        Outside the region
Sector                                     Similar
Information sources                  Fairs and journals




                   ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                 29
                              TOP 10 OF THE MOST FREQUENT CONTACT ORGANIZATIONS
                                                                                                                                                   Total frequency

                                        The most frequent contact organizations (TOP 10)                                                           Frequency in market knowledge exchange

            10                                                                                                                                     Frequency in technological knowledge
                                                                                                                                                   exchange
            9

            8

            7

            6
Frequency




            5

            4

            3

            2

            1

            0
                 Microsof Ceska




                                  VSB-Technical



                                                  IT Cluster




                                                               Hewlett - packard,




                                                                                     ABM Morava,




                                                                                                   eD´ system




                                                                                                                Oracle Czech,




                                                                                                                                SAP CR, s.r.o.



                                                                                                                                                 Services, s.r. o.




                                                                                                                                                                     Ostrava, a.s.
                                                                                                   Czech, a.s




                                                                                                                                                                     ArcelorMittal
                                                                                                                                                  Solutions and
                                    University




                                                                                                                                                   Siemens IT
                    republika




                                    Ostrava




                                                                                        s.r.o.




                                                                                                                   s.r.o.
                                                                     s.r.o.




                                                                                    Contact organization




                                                                              ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                                                        30
                             3. Innovation Performance
                        Which type of product attributes to firm performance?

                                                  New products

                                         Atributes of turnover (Question 19)



                100
                90
                80
                70
% of turnover




                60
                50
                40
                30
                20
                10
                    0
                        S

                        S


                        S


                        S

                        S


                        S


                        S

                        S


                        S


                        S

                        S


                        S

                        S


                        S


                        S

                        S


                        S


                        S

                        S
                       M

                       M


                       M


                       M

                       M


                       M


                       M

                       M


                       M


                       M

                       M


                       M

                       M


                       M


                       M

                       M


                       M


                       M

                       M
                     01

                     02


                     03


                     04

                     05


                     06


                     07

                     08


                     09


                     10

                     11


                     12

                     13


                     14


                     15

                     16


                     17


                     18

                     19
                                                                               Unaltered product
                   Z0

                   Z0


                   Z0


                   Z0

                   Z0


                   Z0


                   Z0

                   Z0


                   Z0


                   Z0

                   Z0


                   Z0

                   Z0


                   Z0


                   Z0

                   Z0


                   Z0


                   Z0

                   Z0
                C

                 C


                 C


                 C

                 C


                 C


                 C

                 C


                 C


                 C

                 C


                 C

                 C


                 C


                 C

                 C


                 C


                 C

                 C
                                                                               Improved product
                                                  Firm`s code
                                                                               New product


                                         ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                     31
Introduction of new product



                                         Frequency   Percent
                         Valid 1=NO              5        26,3
                               2=YES            14        73,7
                               Total            19       100,0




       ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                           32
                              Employees in R&D

                         Statistics


                                                       Time of
                     Are there         Number of       workers
                    employees in      employees in   dedicated to
                       R&D               R&D          R&D in %
N         Valid               19                19             19
          Missing              0                 0             0
Mean                        1,74              8,89         36,84
Mode                           2                 0             0
Minimum                        1                 0             0
Maximum                        2                35            80




          Mostly YES



                                           ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   33
    4. Policy initiatives in Moravia Silesia

            Initiatives for Innovation
•   EU structural funds programmes (national)
•   MIT Programmes for entrepreneurs (national)
•   Programmes for employment policy (national)
•   Regional ICT cluster initiative (regional)
•   MS Regional programmes



                 ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   34
                          EU structural funds programmes

                          Majority only heard of



                               EU Sructural Funds


                                                                    Cumulative
                           Frequency   Percent      Valid Percent    Percent
Valid   Do not heard of            3       15,8              15,8          15,8
        Heard of                 10        52,6             52,6           68,4
        Used of                   6        31,6             31,6          100,0
        Total                    19       100,0            100,0




                                                                ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   35
MIT Programmes for entrepreneurs
  (Ministry for Industry and Trade)

 Majority only heard of



                                                              MIT Programmes for Entrepreneurs


                                                                                                         Cumulative
                                                                Frequency   Percent     Valid Percent     Percent
                                    Valid   Do not heard of             6       31,6             31,6           31,6
                                            Heard of                   10        52,6             52,6          84,2
                                            Used of                     3        15,8             15,8         100,0
                                            Total                      19       100,0            100,0




                   ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                                                     36
        Programmes for employment policy
                   (national)

           Majority did not heard of



                          Programmes for employment policy


                                                                     Cumulative
                            Frequency   Percent     Valid Percent     Percent
Valid   Do not heard of             9       47,4             47,4           47,4
        Heard of                    6        31,6             31,6          78,9
        Used of                     4        21,1             21,1         100,0
        Total                      19       100,0            100,0




                                                                 ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   37
             Regional ICT Cluster

Majority used – are members



                                                                Regional Cluster Initiatives


                                                                                                        Cumulative
                                                               Frequency    Percent     Valid Percent    Percent
                                     Valid   Do not heard of           4        21,1             21,1          21,1
                                             Heard of                  7         36,8           36,8           57,9
                                             Used of                   8         42,1           42,1          100,0
                                             Total                    19        100,0          100,0




                    ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                                                   38
                             MS Regional Programmes

           Majority did not heard of



                            MS Regional Programme


                                                                 Cumulative
                          Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid   Do not heard of          11       57,9            57,9          57,9
        Heard of                 7        36,8           36,8           94,7
        Used of                  1         5,3             5,3         100,0
        Total                   19       100,0          100,0




                                                             ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   39
        Why the firms do not received support
                  of any initiatives?
            No selected reason or
        Lack of time for preparation


                                    Frequency   Percent
Valid   No selected reason                 10       52,6
        Lack of information about
        support programmes                  1        5,3
        Complicated structure of
        support system                      2       10,5
        Lack of time                        4       21,1
        Supporting instruments do
        not fit for the company             2       10,5
        Total                              19      100,0




                                                    ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   40
What support for firms?

       What support would the firms need? (Question 27)



        22%                               23%




 11%                                                  Financial support

                                                      Education and Training of
                                                      employees
                                                22%   Information about markets

                                                      Information abou new technologies
        11%
                                                      Consultancy
                         11%
                                                      Help to find partners



              ICT Services in Moravia Silesia                                             41
                  Conclusions

Preliminary resarch results:
• ICT Services have growth potential in Moravia Silesia
• Promising partners for IT firms
   – IT cluster
   – Technical University of Ostrava
• Educational level high – above Bc. Degree
• Recruitment of employees mostly from regional
  university or the same regional industry
• Own R&D in majority of firms

                   ICT Services in Moravia Silesia    42
                 Conclusions

• The level of networking still not very high
• Cooperation networks still not firmly
  established in the region
• Market knowledge from customers in the
  region
• Technological knowledge from suppliers
  outside the region /MNC/
• National policy initiatives not used much
• Own way to development
                 ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   43
 Thank you for attention



          Karel Skokan
VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava
      Faculty of Economics
         Czech Republic
      karel.skokan@vsb.cz




        ICT Services in Moravia Silesia   44