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Area officer report VMA Mizoram

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Area officer report VMA Mizoram Powered By Docstoc
					   Proforma for Area Officers Visit to States - Watershed Programmes
Name of the State : Mizoram                   Name of the Area Officer : Shri V.M. Arora

    I                    Physical Progress:                    Project : IWDP/ Hariyali
    1      Total No. of projects sanctioned (Nos)                        52
    2      Total Area covered in Ha.                                 433803 Ha
    3      No. of Projects completed (Nos)                               NIL
    4      Area treated in Ha.                                        18.3637
    5      No. of projects foreclosed (Nos)                               5
    6      No. of ongoing projects (Nos)                                 47
    7      No. of delayed projects (Nos)                                 47
    II     Financial Progress:
    1      Total cost of the projects sanctioned                   Rs. 260.2818 Cr
    2      Central share Rs. In crore                               Rs. 236.62 Cr
    3      State share Rs. In Crore                                  Rs. 23.66 Cr
    4      Total funds released (upto 31.3.08)                      Rs. 95.69732
    5      Central share Rs. In Crore                              Rs. 87.8452 Cr
    6      State share Rs. In Crore                                Rs. 7.85212 Cr
    7      Funds released during 2008-09                            Rs. 28.706829
    8      Central share Rs. In crore                               Rs. 26.508579
    9      State share Rs. In Crore                                Rs. 2.19825 Cr
   10      Total expenditure Rs. In Crore (as on 31.2.2009)        Rs. 94.3949 Cr
           Total unspent balance Rs. In Crore (as
   11
           on31.2.2009)                                             Rs. 1.3024 Cr
           Pending UC in Nos for the funds released upto
   12
           31.3.2007 (as on 31.1.2010)                                  3 nos.
           Funds involved in pending UC's Rs. In Crore
   13
           (as on 31.01.2010.)                                    Rs. 3.2788353 Cr




                                              1
14    Status of on line data entry MPR/QPRs              Not operational
III   Out Come
1     Total Area Treated in Ha.                            183637 Ha
2.    Area treated with Soil & water conservation
      measures in ha.                                       12314 Ha

3.    Water harvesting structures in Nos/Area
      covered in Ha.                                        411/7073

4.    Afforestation (No. of plants/Ha.                  101701/37301 Ha
5.    Horticulture (No. of plants/Ha.)                     928.7 lakhs/
                                                            107118 Ha
6.    Pastures in Ha.                                       19831 Ha
7.    No. of persons trained/expenditure incurred Rs.
      In Crore                                          41313/Rs. 2.606 Cr

8.    No. of SHGs formed                                       822
9.    No. of SHGs provided revolving fund/Amount in
      Rs. in crore                                       822/Rs. 8.22 Cr

10.   Any other treatment measures taken up and
      area treated in Ha.                                      NIL




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Status of Role out Plan:

1.     Is SLNA constituted by the State Government? If not by what time SLNA will be
       constituted?
Ans:   SLNA is already constituted by the State of Mizoram.
2.     If SLNA constituted, has membership of SLNA been notified?
Ans:   SLNA membership is notified
3.     Whether independent bank account opened by SLNA?
Ans:   SLNA has opened two nos. of saving account at Civil Secretariat New Capital Complex-
       Khatla Aizawl jointly operated by the Chairman SLNA (MZWDA) and CEO, SLNA
       (MZWDA).
4.     Had budget estimate for SLNA/SLDC been sent to CLNA?
Ans:   Yet, to be sent.

5.     Whether TORs with Resource organizations developed by SLNA or not?
Ans:   Developed.
6.     Has setting up of DWDU’s in the districts by SLNA/State govt. been done? If yes, collect
       the list of District eligible for DWDU.
Ans:   All the eight District of Mizoram.
       (1)      Aizawl
       (2)      Lunglei
       (3)      Kolasib
       (4)      Mamit
       (5)      Serchhip
       (6)      Champhai
       (7)      Saiha
       (8)      Lawngtlai
7.     Has SLNA prepares the perspective & strategic plan for the State?
Ans:   Yes.

8.     List of Resource Organization available in the State for taking up M&E activities:
Ans:   SLNA, DWDU, PIA State Institute of Rural Development Kolasib, Mizoram.
9.     List of institutions/organizations available for taking up capacity building activities in
       the State.
Ans:   Mizoram Remote Sensing 7 Application Centre (MIRSAC), State Institute of Rural
       Development (SIRD), Kolasib Mizoram and its Extension Training Centres (ETCs) at T
       hingsulthliah and Pukpui.
10.    Arrangement made by the State for taking up I.E.C. activities.
Ans:   (1) TV Scroll display
       (2) Advertisement
       (3) Awareness campaign
       (4) Short drama with stories




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Proforma for Area Officers Field Visit to District - Watershed Programmes
 Name of the State : Mizoram               Name of the Area Officer : Shri V.M. Arora


    I                      Physical Progress:                      IWDP/ Hariyali
   1       Total No. of projects sanctioned (Nos)                         7
   2       Total Area covered in Ha.                                    56315
   3       No. of Projects completed (Nos)                               NIL

   4       Area treated in Ha.                                       38882.53 Ha
   5       No. of projects foreclosed (Nos)                              NIL
   6       No. of ongoing projects (Nos)                                  7
   7       No. of delayed projects (Nos)                                  7
   II      Financial Progress:
   1       Total cost of the projects sanctioned                     Rs.33.789 Cr
   2       Central share Rs. In crore                               Rs. 30.7173 Cr
   3       State share Rs. In Crore                                 Rs. 3.0717 Cr
   4       Total funds released (upto 31.3.08)                      Rs. 15.8775 Cr
   5       Central share Rs. In Crore                               Rs. 14.5503 Cr
   6       State share Rs. In Crore                                 Rs. 1.3272 Cr
   7       Funds released during 2008-09                            Rs. 8.38448 Cr
   8       Central share Rs. In crore                               Rs. 7.90208 Cr
   9       State share Rs. In Crore                                 Rs. 0.4824 Cr
   10
           Total expenditure Rs. In Crore (as on 31.2.2010)         Rs. 25.4368 Cr

   11      Total unspent balance Rs. In Crore (as on
           31.2.2010)                                               Rs. 0.4286 Cr

   12      Pending UC in Nos for the funds released upto
           31.3.2007 (as on 25.02.2010)                                  NIL

   13      Funds involved in pending UC's Rs. In Crore (as on
           25.02.2010)                                                   NIL




                                              4
     14      Status of on line data entry MPR/QPRs                  Not operational
     III     Out Come
     1       Total Area Treated in Ha.                                38882.53 Ha
     2.      Area treated with Soil & water conservation
             measures in ha.                                           8570.46 Ha

     3.      Water harvesting structures in No.s/Area covered
             in Ha.                                                     8853 Nos

     4.      Afforestation (No. of plants/Ha.                     25.73 lakhs/10984 Ha
     5.      Horticulture (No. of plants/Ha.)                     107.4lakhs/16031 Ha
     6.      Pastures in Ha.                                            3297.07
     7.      No. of persons trained/expenditure incurred Rs. In
             Crore                                                11867/Rs. 0.4549 Cr

     8.      No. of SHGs formed                                           103
     9.      No. of SHGs provided revolving fund/Amount in Rs.
             in crore                                                103/Rs. 1.03 Cr

    10.      Any other treatment measures taken up and area
             treated in Ha.                                                NIL



A detailed tour report about sites visited along with observations/suggestions and some
photographs (location/scheme) of assets created under the project is enclosed.




                                                5
TOUR NOTE OF SHRI V.M ARORA, DIRECTOR AND AREA OFFICER
(MIZORAM), DEPARTMENT OF LAND RESOURCES, MINISTRY OF
RURAL DEVELOPMENT, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA TO MAMIT
DISTRICT, MIZORAM



      I visited Mizoram from 23.02.2010 to 26.02.2010 to attend the meeting of
the State Level Nodal Agency for Integrated Watershed Management Programme
(IWMP) convened on 24.02.2010. I also took this opportunity to visit some of the
ongoing IWDP projects in the state. Of the eight districts of Mizoram, I chose
Mamit district for my field visit since the projects in this district had claimed at
least three installments and also because the project locations were such that one
could visit the maximum number of sites in one day. The visit was conducted on
25.02.2010, and I was accompanied by the following officers from Aizawl :

      1.     Shri V. Lalremthanga, Director, Rural Development Department
      2.     Shri Rotluanga, Project Director, DRDA, Aizawl District
      3.     Smt. Ramdinliani, Joint Director, Rural Development Department
      4.     Smt. Hmangaihzuali, Junior Project Officer (Horticulture), Rural
             Development Dept.


      A brief report of the field visit is given below:


             No. of districts visited              :      1 (One)

             No. of IWDP Projects visited          :      2 (Two)
             Names of IWDP Projects visited :             1.   Mamit IWDP Project III
                                                          2.   Mamit IWDP Project VII



      The Hills in Mizoram have very good vegetation. But, the practice of
jhum cultivation is destroying the green cover in Mizo Hills.                Under the
jhum cultivation, the villagers cut the existing trees in a patch of about 2-3
ha. and, thereafter, burn the ground cover and bushes to take up
agriculture on this piece of land for a brief period of 4-5 years, till the soil
loses its fertility. After this period, the villagers move out to another piece


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of land and cut the vegetation on that land, and the cycle goes on. During
my visit, number of such areas were seen where the vegetation was cut
and the ground cover was being burnt.




                Site of jhum cultivation – vegetation being burnt



Mamit IWDP Project III

      The Project Implementing Agency for this Project is the District Soil
Conservation Officer, Mamit district. The present incumbent is Shri
Hualthanga Chhakchhuak. Due to the hilly and difficult terrain of the
district and the state as a whole, the project sites are not located in a
compact cluster. Most of the sites had to be approached on foot from the
main road. Six works under this project, spread across 4 (four) villages
were visited.




                                       7
1.   Construction of community water reservoir at Ailawng village


     The location of the water reservoir is on the outskirts of Ailawng
village, at a place called Daithlang Ram, above the main road. The tank,
constructed with reinforced cement concrete at a cost of Rs. 3.00 lakhs,
has a storage capacity of 1.6 lakh litres. The water collected in the
reservoir is sourced from a perennial stream called Kawnchar Lui (‘Lui’
means ‘stream’ or ‘river’ in Mizo language) located at a distance of about
600 metres.




              Community water reservoir at Ailawng village




     A User Group for the above reservoir has been formed, and the
contribution that has accumulated in the Watershed Development Fund is
Rs. 154278.60 as on the 18.02.2010. The Fund has been deposited in a
Joint Savings Account with State Bank of India, Mamit Branch.




                                    8
      Although the initial beneficiaries were 10 (ten) in number, whose
names are listed below, there are at present about 20 farmers who are
utilizing this water for irrigating their fields.




 1.Shri Denghmingthanga
 2. Shri Lalruatkima
 3. Shri Lalruatsanga
 4. Shri Rochanmawia
 5. Shri Zothansanga
 6. Smt. Biaknguri
 7. Shri Robiaka
 8. Shri Zarzoliana
 9. Shri S. Rosanglura
 10.Shri Thawkzova



             Distribution of water for irrigation to User Group Members


2. Individual water tank at Ailawng village


      This tank is also located at Daithlang ram, some distance away from
the community water reservoir above and closer to Ailawng village. The
main beneficiary is Shri R. Dengthuama, a horticulture farmer. I visited his
farm, located about half a kilometer below the main road. The beneficiary,
a widower, was present on his farm and I had a brief interaction with him,
during which he told me that that he had planted 1000 grape and 1000
pineapple saplings in 2007 on his farm which covers an area of about 2
hectares. He also informed that he had so far earned an income of about
Rs. 40,000 from his grape harvest and about Rs. 20,000/- from pineapples.



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He estimated his profits to be approximately half of his sales. He received
Rs. 5,100/ha from the project and has contributed 5% to the Watershed
Development Fund.       He also informed me that he did not engage any
labour on his farm and that he did all the manual labor himself or with the
help of his two sons.




                   Individual water tank at Ailawng village



3.    Chow Chow (Iskut in Mizo language) Plantation at Ailawng
      village


      This plantation is about 2 hectares in size and located at Aisih Ram, a
short detour from the main road to Ailawng village. The beneficiary is Shri
P.C Lalbiakkima, a horticulture farmer of Ailawng village. The beneficiary
informed me that in 2006, he had planted 500 saplings of avocado (butter
fruit), a nutritional and high value fruit. He informed me that each sapling
costs Rs. 30/- and that depending upon the soil and climatic conditions,
each tree can bear upto 1000 fruits a year for about 30 - 40 years. The
fruits are normally sold at Rs. 15 - 20 per piece. The gestation period of
avocado is about 8 years. He has also planted chow chow or chayot (known
in Mizo language as ‘Iskut’ and also commonly referred to as ‘Squash’), a
quick yielding vegetable to earn him income during the gestation period of
the avocado. He told me that with the PVC pipes he received through the



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project, he has tapped water from a nearby source an irrigating his farm so
as to obtain an early yield of the chow chow, since it will fetch him more
profits. The vegetable is normally sold at Rs. 25 - 30 per kg during the off
season and Rs. 2 - 3/- during the peak season. He also does not employ
labourers, and is assisted by his wife, as they have no children. He
received Rs. 5,100/ha from the project and has contributed 5% to the
Watershed Development Fund.




                           Discussion with farmers

4.    Passion fruit cultivation at Ailawng village

      This plantation is also located at Aisih Ram, within the vicinity of and
a short walk from the chow chow plantation mentioned above. The
beneficiary is Shri R. Lalchungnunga of Ailawng village. He has planted 800
passion fruit seedlings on his 2 hectare farm, which had started fruiting. I
was told that the plant starts flowering in December and starts bearing
fruits in February - March. The fruits normally ripen by June - July. He told
me that he can sell the fruits in the open market at Aizawl at about Rs. 10


                                     11
per kg, whereas when the fruits are sold on the farm itself, he gets about
Rs. 5 - 6 per kg. He also has a banana plantation, from which he earns an
annual income of about Rs. 20,000/-.

     Halted for tea at Ailawng village in the house of the Village Council
Treasurer, Shri Lalduhsanga, who is also a member of the Watershed
Committee. I was informed during this brief halt that the beneficiaries are
nominated at a public meeting of the villagers and the beneficiaries are
then shortlisted by the Village Council, depending on their economic status
and diligence. Thereafter, we had lunch at the Tourist Lodge at the
neighbouring Reiek village.

5.   Community water tank at West Lungdar village

     Our next stop was the community water tank on the outskirts of
West Lungdar village at a place called Zophei Ram, along the main road.
The capacity of the water tank is 1,81,220 litres, constructed in 2007 at a
cost of Rs. 3.50 lakhs. The users are charged Rs. 100 per truck, which is
normally 4000 litres. The income from water tank is about Rs. 400/- per
day which is deposited into the Watershed Development Fund. The source
of the water is a perennial stream, located 200 metres away.




                                    12
6.    Individual water tank and orange plantation at Chungtlang
      village

      This site is located at Daithlang Ram, Chungtlang village. The main
beneficiary is Shri C. Lalsanglura of Chungtlang village. He owns an
orchard where he had planted 600 orange seedlings in 2004. He was
assisted with Rs. 10,200 for his 2 hectare garden which he used for
constructing a water tank and for jungle clearance. He reaped his first
harvest in 2007 and his initial income was Rs. 20,000. His annual income
has grown each year, and this year he has earned Rs. 35,000/- from his
harvest. He said he was lucky to have been selected as a beneficiary of
this IWDP project.

Drinking Water Scarcity
      It was informed during the visit that Aizawl receives drinking water
from a stream which is 32 kms away. The water is first lifted and collected
in a storage tank. And then after treatment, it is being fed through the
pipes to Aizawl.
      In the project areas of Mamit III and VII, the drinking water problem
was witnessed.     The water is collected in water harvesting tanks from
where people take it in containers of all possible sizes. Innovation in the
form of a hand-trolley was also seen for carrying the containers filled with
drinking water. The people of the village were happy that with the help of
the project, the drudgery of going to far flung areas to fetch drinking water
has now been reduced.




                                     13
Mamit IWDP Project VII


      The Project Implementing Agency for this Project is the Block
Development Officer, Reiek R.D Block, Mamit district. The present
incumbent is Shri Mark Lalthanliana. Here again, most project sites are not
located in a compact cluster. Most of the sites are accessible only on foot
from the main road. Two works under this project were visited.

1. Visit to Tuahzawl Lui Watershed I & II

(a)   Within this watershed area, I visited the site for an asparagus
plantation, which is a pilot project where cluster approach is proposed to
be implemented. 10 (ten) beneficiaries have been selected. The works that
have been undertaken so far are jungle clearance, purchase of seedlings,
construction of distribution tank, training of 10 beneficiaries and provision
of red line PVC pipes. The BDO, Reiek also informed me that 10 sintex
water tanks have also been ordered for the beneficiaries.


(b)   I also had the opportunity to interact with the Self Help/User Groups
at Tuahzawl village, where I met Shri Sangkima, Shri Flagthanga, Shri
Thansiama and Shri Dika, who together with others, had formed a Self
Help Group in 2009 and had taken up mulberry farming. Under IWDP, they
had received assistance for purchase of mulberry seedlings and cocoon
rearing house. The silk cocoons are being sold to Sericulture Dept at a rate
of Rs. 100/kg. The people of Tuahzawl village were very happy with the
watershed activities being taken up in their village area.


      I also inspected the Beneficiary Cards, which showed the details of
assistance received and the trainings undergone by the beneficiaries.




                                   *****


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