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AQUATIC PLANTS OF DISTRICT GHAZIABAD AND ADJACENT AREAS

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					 Plant Archives Vol. 10 No. 2, 2010 pp. 927-932                                              ISSN 0972-5210



AQUATIC PLANTS OF DISTRICT GHAZIABAD AND ADJACENT
AREAS

                                              Rashtra Vardhana
                  Department of Botony, Govt. Degree College, Sambhal, Moradabad (U.P.), India.

                                                         Abstract
  The present paper inumerate 262 Aquatic angiospermic plants those are growing in district Ghaziabad and adjacent areas. In
  this survey total district area was studied and collected the information of the aquatic angiospermic plants that are grown,
  planted, cultivated and naturalized in the area. The plants were identified with the help of different published flora and
  herbarium lodged in different places of India.
  Key words : Aquatic angiospermic plants, Ghaziabad, herbarium.




                     Introduction                                 review of a literature reveals that the work on an
                                                                  Angiospermic flora covering district Ghaziabad was under
     Ghaziabad district fall in the indo-Gangetic plain of
                                                                  taken by various workers in the past viz. Hooker (1872-
north west India, being a heavily industrialized district in
                                                                  1879), Duthei (1903-1929), Upadhyaya & Singh (1969),
Uttar Pradesh, near National Capital Delhi. There are
                                                                  Babu (1977), Raizada (1979), Gupta (1980) and Vardhana
four rivers in the district viz. Ganga River, Yamuna River,
                                                                  (1998-2007). But the survey was on all type of
Black River, Hindon River and level plain with gradual
                                                                  Angispermic plants. Now it has been taken in mind that
slope from North to South. There are also some hillocks
                                                                  how many Aquatic plants are growing in Ghaziabad district
near Garmukteshwar, Abdullapur, Poonth and Loni,
                                                                  and adjacent areas.
attaining an elevation of 679. 156 feet above sea level
and the approximate bearings are 7707' E To 780 14' E.                          Materials and Methods
Latitude and 28027' N To 28055' N. Longitude. The district
                                                                      In this present study the total aquatic plants of
covers an area of 1988 Sq. Km. It is bounded by district
                                                                  different places e.g. River banks, Canals, Ponds, Pools,
Moradabad in the East, district Meerut in the North,
                                                                  Puddles Lakes and Water channels have been studied
district Bulandshahr and Gautam Budh Nagar in the south
                                                                  and 262. species of aquatic plants has been surveyed.
and by National Capital and Union territory Delhi in the
west.                                                                 All the collected plants species were identified with
                                                                  the help of different published floras and Herbarium e.g.
    The repeated and progressive Botanical survey in
                                                                  IARI Delhi, BSI Dehradun, FRI Dehradun, BSI
understanding of the flora of a region gives an uptodate
                                                                  Allahabad, CNH Calcutta etc.
information about plants growing in that area. The critical

                                                       Observation
    During the collection following plants species were collected from different places:
    Aquatic Plants :
    Ranunculaceae                                                     Brassicacease
    Ranunculus muricatus Linn.                                        Iberidella andersonii HK. f. & Thorns.
    R. Sceleratus Linn.                                               Coronopus didymus (Linn.) Sm.
    R. cantoniensis D. Don.                                           Trochilus cochlearioides (Roth.) Schulz.
928                                           Rashtra Vardhana

      R. acquatilis Linn. var trichophyllus                Arabidiopsis thaliana (Linn.) Heynh.
      Hook.f & Thorns.                                     Nastertium officinale R.Br.
                                                           N. palustre DC
      Nymphaeaceae                                         Cardamine hirsuta Linn. var. Sylvatica
      Nymphaea alba Linn.                                  Lepidium ruderale Linn.
      N. nouchali Burm.f.                                  Arabis glabra Bernh.
      N. stellata willd.
      Nuphar luteum Sibth & Smith.                         Cleomaceae
                                                           Cleome brachycarpa Vahl. ex.DC.
      Nelumbonaceae                                        C. viscosa Linn.
      Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.                             Gynandropsis gynandra (Linn). Biq.
                                                           Caryophyllaceae
                                                           Holosteum umbellatum Linn.
                                                           Stellaria media (Linn.) Vill.
      Portulacaceae                                        Cerastium cerastioides (Linn.) Britt.
      Portulaca oleracea Linn.                             Arenaria serpyllifolia Linn.
                                                           Polycarpaea corymbosa (Linn.) Lamk.
                                                           Polycarpon prostratum Aschers & Schwenf.
                                                           Spergula fallax (Lowe) Krause.
      Tamaricaceae
      Tamarix troupii Hole.                                Mimosaceae
      T. dioica Roxb.                                      Neptunea oleracea Lour.
                                                           Rosaceae
      Elatinaceae                                          Potentilla supina Linn.
      Bergia ammanioides Roxb.                             P. anseriana L.
                                                           Vahliaceae
      Malvaceae                                            Vahlia digyna (Retz.) O.Ktze.
      Malva parviflora Linn.
                                                           Lythraceae
      Tiliaceae                                            Rotala indica (Willd) Koehne.
      Corchorus trilocularis Linn.                         Ammannia baccifera Linn.
      C. aestuans Linn.                                    A. salicifolia Monti
      C. tridens Linn.                                     A. multiflora Roxb.
      C. capsularis Linn.                                  A. senegalensis Lamk.
      Oxalidaceae
      Oxalis corniculata Linn.                             Onagraceae
                                                           Jussiaea repens Linn.
      Papilionaceae                                        J. suffruticosa Linn.
      Psoralia corylifolia Linn.                           Ludwigia perennis Linn.
      Aeschynomene indica Linn.                            Oenothera drummondii Hock.
      Trifolium alexandrinum Linn.                         O. rosea Soland.
                           Aquatic Plants of District Ghaziabad and Adjacent Areas                         929

T. resupinatum Linn.                                         O. laciniata Hill.
T. tomentosum Linn.
Medicago lupulina Linn.                                      Trapaceae
M. polymorpha Linn. var. polymorpha                          T. natans Linn. var. bispinosa (Roxb.)
Atylosia scarabaeoides (Linn.) Benin.                        Makino.
Vicia hirsuta (Linn.) S.F. Gray.
V. sativa Linn. var. angustifolia Linn.                      Campanulaceae
Lathyrus aphaca Linn.                                        Campanulaceae benthamii Wall.


Haloragaceae                                                 Sphinocleaceae
Myriophyllum intermedium D.C.                                Sphinoclea zeylanica Gaertn.
Molluginaceae                                                Primulaceae
Glinus lotoides Linn.                                        Primula umbellata (Lour.) Bentvelzen.
G. oppositifolius (Linn.) DC.
                                                             Gentianaceae
Apiaceae                                                     Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) Comb.
Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urban.                             C.pullchellum (SW.) Druce.
Hydrocotyle sibthorbioides Lamk.                             Hoppea dichotoma Hayne ex Willd.
H. peltata Salisb.                                           Menyanthaceae
Oenanthe javanca (Bl.) DC.                                   Nymphoides cristatum (Roxb.) Kuntze.
Psammogeton biternatum Edgew.                                N. indicum (Linn.) Kuntze.


Rubiaceae                                                    Verbenaceae
Dentalla repens (Linn.) J.R.& G. Forst                       Phyla nodiflora (Linn.) Greene.
Oldenlandia brachiata Hook.f.                                Bouchea marrubifolia Schau.


Asteraceae                                                   Lamiaceae
Myriactis walichii Less.                                     Teucrium quadrifarium Buch-Ham.
Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng.                               Leonurus cardiaca Linn.
Ethulia megacephala Sch.-Bip.                                Mentha spicata Linn.
Ageratum conyzoides Linn.                                    Lycopus europaeus Linn.
A. houstonianun Mill.                                        Pogostemon benghalense (Burm.f.)
Sonchus brachyotus DC.                                       Kuntze.
S. oleraceus Linn.                                           Salvia plebeia R.Br.
S. asper (Linn.) Hill.                                       Anisochilus carnosus Wall.
Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pomp.
Soliva anthemifolia (Juss.) R.Br.Ex.Less.                    Plantaginaceae
Centipeda minima (Linn.) A. Br. &                            Plantago major Linn.
Aschers
Cotula hemispherica Wall.                                    Amaranthaceae
C. anthemoides Linn                                          Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.
930                                                 Rashtra Vardhana

      Verbesena encelioides (Cav.) Benth &                       A.sessilis (Linn.) DC.
      Hook f.                                                    A. paronychioides St. Hill.
      Conyza japonica (Thunb) Less.
      C. aegyptiaca Dryand.                                      Chenopodiaceae
      Gnaphalium lutioalbum Linn.                                Chenopodium ambrosioidis Linn.
      G. lutioalbum Linn subsp. affine
      (D.Don) Koster.                                            Polygonaceae
      G. pulvinatum Delile.                                      Polygonum plebeium R.Br.
      Enydra fluctuans Lour.                                     P. plebeium R.Br. Var. micranthema Bl.
      Eclipta prostrata (Linn.) Linn.                            P. lapathifolium Linn. var. lanatum (Roxb.)
      Caesulia axillaris Roxb.                                   Steward.
      Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.                                 P. glabrum Willd.
                                                                 P. hydropiper Linn.
      Hydrophyllaceae                                            P. barbatum Linn.. subsp. gracile Danser.
      Hydrolea zeylanica (Linn.) Vahl.                           P. barbatum Linn. subsp. barbatum Danser.
                                                                 Rumex dentatus Linn.
      Convolvulaceae                                             R. crispus Linn.
      Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.
      I. fistulosa Mart Ex Choisy.                               Typhaceae
      I. biloba Forsk.                                           Typha angustata Bory & Chaub.
      Merremea quinquefolia (Linn.) Hall.f.                      T. elephantina Roxb.
      M. gangetica (Linn.) Cufod.
      Scrophulariaceae                                           Sparganiaceae
      Verbascum chinense (Linn.) Santapau.                       Sparganium ramosum Huds.
      V. thapsus Linn.
      Bacopa procumbens (Mill.) Greenm.                          Araceae
      B. monnieri (Linn.) Penn.                                  Pistia stratiotes Linn.
      Limnophila indica (Linn.) Druce.
      L. rugosa (Roth.) Men.                                     Lemnaceae
      Veronica anagallis-aquatica Linn.                          Lemna gibba Linn.
      V. agrestis Linn.                                          L. purpusilla Torre.
      V. didyma Tenore.                                          L. trisulca Linn.
                                                                 Spirodela polyrrhiza (Linn.) Schleid
      Lentibulariaceae                                           Wolffia arrhiza Wimm.
      Utricularia inflexa Forsk.var. stellaris                   W. microscopica (Griff.ex.Voigt.) Kurz.
      (Linn.f.)P. Taylor.
      U. gibba Linn.subsp. exoleta (R.Br.) Taylor                Alismataceae
      U. aurea Lour.                                             Limnophyton obtusifolium Miq.
      Acanthaceae                                                Sagittaria quayanensis H.B.& K.
      Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl.                                 S. sagittifolia Linn.
      Asteracantha longifolia (Linn.) Vahl.                      Echinodorus cordifolius Grisebach.
                             Aquatic Plants of District Ghaziabad and Adjacent Areas                       931

Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders.
Rungia pectinata (Linn.) Nees.                                 Limnocharitaceae
R. repens (Linn.) Nees.                                        Limnochairs flava (Linn.) Buch.
Piperaceae
Peperomia pellucida (Linn.) H.B.& K.                           Aponogetonaceae
                                                               Aponogeton natans (Linn.) Engl. & Krause.
Euphorbiaceae
Securinega virosa (Roxb.ex.Willd.)                             Cyperaceae
Baillon.                                                       Carex fedia Ness
Ceratophyllaceae                                               Cyperus globosus All.
Ceratophyllum demersum Linn.                                   C. sanguinolentus Vahl.
                                                               C. pumilus Linn.
Hydrocharitaceae                                               C. alopecuroides Rottb.
Hydrilla verticillata (Linn.f.) Royle.                         C. pygmaeus Rottb.
Elodia canadensis Michx.                                       C. laevigatus Linn.
E. canadensis var gigantea Hort.                               C. kyllingia Endl.
E. densa Planch.                                               C. brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.
Ottelia alismoides Pers.                                       C. compactus Ritz.
Vallisneria spiralis Linn.                                     C. paniceus (Rottb) Boeck.
                                                               C. tenuispica Steud.
Musaceae                                                       C. squarrosus Linn.
Musa paradisiaca Linn.                                         C. compressus Linn.
M. chinensis Sweet.                                            C. alulatus Kern.
                                                               C. iria Linn.
Cannaceae                                                      C. corymbosus Rottb.
Canna indica Linn.                                             C. articulatus Linn.
                                                               C. nutans Vahl.
Pontederiaceae                                                 C. pangorii Rottb.
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms.                            C. exaltatus Ritz.
Monochoria hastata (Linn.) Solms.                              C. digitatus Roxb.
M. vaginalis (Burm.f.) Presl.                                  C. procerus Rottb.
Potamogatonaceae                                               C. pilosus Vahl.
Potamogetone crispus Linn.                                     Eleocharis palustris R.Br.
P. natans Roxb.                                                E. dulcis (Brum.f.) Henschel.
P. nodosus Poir.                                               E. atropurpurea (Retz.) Kunth.
P. pectinatus Linn.                                            E. capitata R.Br.
Zannichelliaceae                                               Fimbristylis pierotii Mig.
Zannichellia palustris Linn.                                   F. tenera Roem & Schult.
Najadaceae                                                     F. miliacea (Linn.) Vahl.
Najas graminea Del.                                            F. complanata (Retz) Link.
N. major Allioni                                               F. ferruginea (Linn.) Vahl.
932                                              Rashtra Vardhana

      N. minor All.                                            Scirpus tuberosus Desf.
                                                               S. littoralis Schrad.
      Butomaceae                                               S. affinis Roth.
      Butomus umbellatus Linn.                                 S. juncoides Roth.
                                                               S. articulatus Linn.
                                                               S. squarrosus Linn.
      Eriocaulaceae
                                                               S. supinus Linn.
      Eriocaulon cinereum R.Br.
                                                               S. roylei (Nees) Parker.

      Poaceae                                                                     References
      Apluda mutica Linn. subsp. mutica.                   Babu, C. R. (1969). Investigation on the Herbaceous flora of
                                                               Dehradun with special references to ravines and riverbeds.
      A. mutica Linn. subsp. aristata (Linn.) Comb. nov.       Calcutta Univ. Ph.D. Thesis, 799.
      Eragrostis gangetica (Roxb.) Steud.                  Babu, C. R. (1977). Herbaceous flora of Dehradun, New Delhi,
                                                               328.
      E. diarrhena (Schult) Steud.
                                                           Bor, N. L. (1941). Comman grasses of the United Provinces.
      Elusine indica (Linn.) Gaertn.                           Ind. For. Rec. (Botany) 2 (1).
      E. compressa (Forsk) Aschers & Schwfth.              Bor, N. L. (1960). The Grasses. of Bruma, Ceylon. India &
      Phragmitis karka (Retz.) Trin ex Steud.                  Pakistan (Excluding Bambuseae). London.
                                                           Clarke, C. B. (1883). Family Convolvulaceae in Hook. f. Flora of
      Arundo donax Linn.
                                                               British India London, 4 : 183.
      Hygroryza aristata (Retz) Nees ex Wt. & Arn.         Duthie, J. F. (1903-1929). Flora of the Upper Gangetic Plain and
      Polypogon fugax Nees ex Steud.                           of the adjacent Siwalik and sub Himalayan Tracts, Vols, 1-
                                                               3 Calcutta.
      Oropetium thomaeum (Linn.f.) Trin.
                                                           Hainess, H. H. (1922). The Botany of Bihar and Orissa, London,
      Erianthus procerus (Roxb.) Raizada.                      2 : 585.
      Imperata cylindrica (Linn.) Beauv.                   Hooker, J. D. (1872-1879). The Flora of British India Vols. 1-7
      Hemarthria compressa (Linn.f) R. Br.                     London.
                                                           Kanjilal, U. N. (1928). Forest Flora of the chakrata, Dehradun
      Vetiveria zizanioides (Linn.) Nash.                      and Saharanpur Forest Divisions. U.P. Ed. 3 : (Revised by
      Setaria glauca (Linn.) Beauv.                            B. L. Gupta), 342.
      Eriochloa procera (Retz) Hubb.                       Maheshwari, J. K. (1963). The Flora of Delhi CSIR-New Delhi.
                                                           Maheshwari, J. K. (1965). Illustrations to the flora of Delhi,
      Paspalum dilatatum Poir.
                                                               CSIR-New Delhi.
      P. scrobiculatum Linn.                               Raizada, M. B. (1935). Contribution to Dutie's Flora of the Upper
      P. paspalodes (Michx.) Scribn.                           Gangetic Plain from the neighbourhood of Dehradun. J.
                                                               Ind. Bot. Soc., 14 : 155-158.
      Paspalidium flavidum (Retz.) A. Camus.
                                                           Raizada, M. B. (1950). New or noteworthy plants from the Upper
      P. punctatum (Burm.) A. Camus.                           Gangetic Plain Ind. For Rec. (N.S.) Botany, 4 : 24-46.
      Echinochloa colonum (Linn.) Link.                    Singh, D. (1985). Indian Med. Gaz., 20 : 8.
      E. crusgalli (Linn.) Beauv.                          Subramanyam, K. (1962). The Aquatic Angiosperms, Botanical
                                                               Monograph No.3, Coun. Sci. Ind. Res., New Delhi. India.
      Panicum palludosum Roxb.
                                                           Vardhana, R. (2003). Floristic studies of District Ghaziabad with
      P. antidotale Ritz.                                      special reference to stressed habitats. C.C.S. Univ. Meerut.,
      Digitaria stricta Roth. ex Roem & Schult                 Ph. D. Thesis 864.
      var. stricta                                         Vardhana, R. (2006). Floristic Plants of the world, Vols, 1-3 New
                                                               Delhi.
      D. biformis Willd.                                   Vardhana, R. (2007). Flora of Ghaziabad District, New Delhi,
                                                               639.
                                                           Vardhana, R, (2008). Medicinal Plants of the world vols. 1-5.
                                                               Daryaganj, New Delhi.

				
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