The Inuit

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					The Inuit
                 Inuit Map
• This is the map of
  where the Inuit were
  located.
• The blue represents
  the area where they
  were located.
                   Culture
• The Inuit people were
  hunters and
  fishermen.
• They hunted whales,
  walruses, seals, and
  caribou.
• The Inuit also had
  seaweed as part of
  their diet.
                  Clothing
• The Inuit made
  clothes from animal
  skins.
• One of the items was
  the parka.
• The hood of the
  women’s parka was
  made bigger so it
  could protect the baby
  when pressed against
  the mothers back.
                Footwear
• Their mukluks were
  made from caribou or
  seal skin.
• The designs on them
  varied for men and
  women.
                      Housing
• The Inuit lived in a
  temporary shelter called
  an igloo. It was made
  from snow and ice and
  the cracks were filled with
  soft snow for insulation.
• When the temperatures
  were below freezing they
  lived in tents made of
  animal skins and bones.
           Travel Over land
• The Inuit used dog
  sleds to travel over
  the land.
• The sleds would be
  made of animal skins,
  bones, and some had
  wood.
• The dogs would be
  spread of in a fan
  pattern and the breed
  of dog is the Husky.
            Travel over water
• The Inuit used a
  single person boat
  made from sealskin
  called a gajait (kayak)
  to hunt.
• They used larger
  open ones to
  transport people, and
  dogs from place to
  place.
            Religious Practices
• The Inuit practiced a form
  of shamanism. The Inuit
  believed all things had a
  form of spirit.
• An Inuit shaman of a
  community was a healer
  and psychotherapist.
• The shamans role was to
  interpret and exhort the
  unseen.
• Shamans were not
  trained, but born with the
  ability.
        Historical background
• The Inuit are the descendants of the people
  known to anthropologists as the Thule.
• The Inuit appeared from Alaska and moved east
  along the artic, and by 1300 the Inuit had settled
  west Greenland.
• Their population had been bombarded by
  disease brought over by the Europeans, and the
  last of them fell in a flu epidemic caught from a
  passing whaler in 1902.
• This area has then been resettled by the Inuit.
                  Family life
• In the harsh climate of the Inuit it was necessary
  for the whole family to work together.
• The home was the position for the women, her
  jobs consisted of cooking, sewing, taking care of
  the children, and story telling. The women was
  also responsible for looking after the stone lamp
  which was the only source of light and heat for
  the long dark winter nights.
• It was the mans responsibility to provide food
  and animal hides to make clothes from.
• The children were often carried on the mothers
  back in her parka.
                 Language
• Some people believe that the Inuit language is
  not one, but more than one language put
  together. As a result of this some Inuit use
  different words for one thing. An Inuit might
  know their neighbors language, and the n
  maybe their neighbors but some where along
  the line they won’t be able to determine what
  some of the Inuit are saying.
• The main Inuit language in Canada is Inukitut.
            How they Adapted
• The Inuit adapted to the
  cold climate by building
  dome shaped igloos out
  of snow for the winter,
  and in the summer cone
  shaped tents made from
  caribou skin.
• They turned into
  hunter/gatherers
  depending on what type
  of food was available in
  the land.
             Bibliography
• Wikipedia. Inuit, Sept 25 2006
  http://en.wkipedia.org/wiki/Inuits
• Courtney and Stephanie. Inuit, Sept 30
  2006
  http://smcdsb.on.ca/ffx/first%20peoples/In
  uit/Inuit.htm
• J Wayne. Inuit, Sept 30 2006
http://users.senet.com.au/%7edsmith/inuit.ht
  m

				
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