Management Strategy of Ptcl by wgr71481

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									                            PREPAREDNESS IN PAKISTAN
                              POST 2005 EARTHQUAKE

                            LT GEN (R) FAROOQ AHMAD KHAN,
                                    CHAIRMAN, NDMA




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                   11
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad   22
                  PAKISTAN’S HAZARDS
                    VULNERABILITIES




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad              3
              DROUGHT         OIL SPILLS




                FLOODS      FOREST FIRES




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           TSUNAMIS           TRANSPORTATION
                                 ACCIDENTS




   CHEMICAL ACCIDENTS       INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                      55
                            LAND SLIDES




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                 66
                            EARTHQUAKE




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                77
                     1935         1905
                                         1803
                                                1833 1934 1897   1950

         1945              1819
                        2001
                                                     1737




                                                     1881 1941




          EARTHQUAKES OF GREATER THAN M=7.5
               OCCURRED IN THE REGION
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                           88
                 EARTHQUAKE IN PAKISTAN – 1892
                        6.8 MAGNITUDE

                                  Chaman: Balochistan




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                               99
                      EARTHQUAKE KANGRA 1905
                           7.8 MAGNITUDE

                                     Himachal Pradesh   19,727

                            Town Hall Lahore




                   Before                    After

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                    10
                                                              10
                  EARTHQUAKE IN QUETTA – 1935
                        7.7 MAGNITUDE

                               Railway Station   35,000 deaths




       Lytton Road 35,000 deaths




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                  11
                                                            11
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad   12
                             12
            SEISMIC ZONES OF PAKISTAN
                            EARTHQUAKE/ SEISMIC




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                         13
                                                   13
                            TSUNAMIS




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad              14
                                        14
                             TSUNAMI - 1945
                              (MAKRAN COAST)
                                                       PASNI
                                                      21 Nov
                                                  21: 56 UTC


                            Pasni   Karachi           8.3
                                              Wave Height 40 ft
                                              Casualties 4000




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                                                                   15
                     EARTHQUAKE 2005




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad              16
                                        16
         TOTAL POPULATION : 3.5 M
                                                                              Gilgit




                                  Kalam                          7.6

     FAULT LINE 100
       KM LONG                             Pattan



                        Mingora

                                      Batgram             Kaghan

•HUMAN LOSS                                     -     Balakot   73,338
                                                    GHB
                                                           Mzd
                   Mardan                  Mansehra

•INJUREDPeshawar                            Abbotabad       -             1,28,309
                                                                   Bagh
                                                            Arja


•FAMILIES AFFECTED-                       Isd
                                                Rwp
                                                                          500,000
                                                                       Rwkt




              AREA AFFECTED-30,000 SQ KM
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                                              17
                                                                                        17
        DAMAGES DUE TO EARTHQUAKE

  CATEGORY                  DESTROYED/             TOTAL
                            DAMAGED
  HOUSES                    6,00,152               7,87,583
  EDUCATIONAL               7,669                  1,1456
  INSTITUTES                18,095 STUDENTS DEAD
  HEALTH                    574                    782
  INSTITUTES
  ROADS                     4,429 KMs              1,1963 KMs
                            (37.02 %)

  MOST OF THE UTILITIES LIKE TELECOM, WATER SUPPLY &
   ELECTRICITY WERE OUT OF ORDER
  200 MILLION TONS DEBRIS TO BE MANAGED

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                     18
                                                               18
                 PRE - EARTHQUAKE - 05
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
     THE RELIEF COMMISSIONERATE SYSTEM IN TERMS OF THE
      CALAMITY ACT OF 1958 MEANT FOR PROVIDING RELIEF
      ASSISTANCE UNDER THE OLD ARRANGEMENT
     UNDER THE 1973 RULES OF BUSINESS, THE SUBJECT OF
      DISASTER RELIEF WAS ASSIGNED TO THE ERC OF THE CABINET
      DIVISION
     CRISIS MANAGEMENT CELL OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERIOR WAS
      CHARGED WITH THE RESPONSIBILITY OF COORDINATION OF
      EMERGENCIES
     THE CIVIL DEFENCE ORGANISATION WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR
      MAINTAINING NORMAL LIFE ACTIVITIES/ ITS RESTORATION
      WITHOUT DELAY, IF DISTURBED DUE TO ENEMY ACTION OR
      NATURAL CALAMITIES

        The focus of the above institutional arrangements
      remained primarily on post disaster response
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                19
                                                          19
                     EARTHQUAKE – 2005
              AND FORMATION OF FEDERAL RELIEF
                      COMMISSION (FRC)
    MANDATE. “THE “FEDERAL RELIEF COMMISSION” SHALL
    CO-ORDINATE AND MONITOR THE RELIEF EFFORTS. HE

    SHALL REPORT DIRECTLY TO THE PRIME MINISTER. ALL

    AGENCIES            CONCERNED    WITH    THE   RELIEF   AND

    REHABILITATION EFFORTS, INCLUDING CABINET, HEALTH,

    INTERIOR,          FOREIGN   AFFAIRS,   COMMUNICATION   AND

    INFORMATION DIVISIONS SHALL FUNCTION THROUGH HIM

    AND FORM A PART OF THE TEAM. ARMED FORCES SHALL

    ALSO BE A PART OF THE TEAM”


NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                    20
                                                              20
              DISASTER MANAGEMENT SPECTRUM
• PSYCHO, PHYSICAL TRAUMA
                                                        • MULTI-LATERAL
• SOCIO- ECONOMIC FALL OUTS
                                                         DIMENSIONS
• DISPLACED PEOPLE                      RECONST
                                                        • ALL SPHERE OF LIFE
• IMPLICATIONS OF
                                                        • INSTITUTIONS
 DEVASTATION AND
                                                        • INFRASTRUCTURE
 DESTRUCTION
                                                        • SOCIETY, FACILITIES
• EVACUATIONS
• DAMAGE CONTROL
• HEALTH, FOOD, SHELTER

  CONSEQUENCE
                                       RESPONSE                      REC & REHAB
  MGMT, RESCUE &                       MECHANISM
  REL                                                          •RELIEF LOGISTICS
                                                               •RESTORATIONS
                                                               •SOCIAL/CIVIC ORDER
                                                               •REVIVAL OF SYSTEMS
                                                               •BUILDING CAPACITIES


                                     PREP & MITIGATION
                              • INSTITUTION AND LEGAL ARRANGEMENTS
                              • HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT
                              • TRAINING, EDUCATION AND AWARENESS
                              • MULTIHAZARD EARLY WARNING SYSTEM
                              • EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEM
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad     • CAPACTIY DEVELOPMENT                                  21
                                                                                       21
             COORDINATION MECHANISM
            FEDERAL RELIEF COMMISSIONER
                              STRATEGIC
     MILITARY                                     CIVILIAN
    COMPONENT
                               LEADERS           COMPONENT
                                GROUP
         ARMY           PAF    UN/US/NATO              MINISTRIES

FMNS LOG       AVN    MED     INTL ORGs/NGOs          GOVT DEPTS
                                 WB/ IDB/
    ISPR ENGRS                                         PROVINCES
                                 ADB /IMF

 PUBLIC/VOLUNTEERS             FOREIGN SP        PIA, RAILWAYS, NLC,
                                               WAPDA, UTILITY STORES,
      EXPATRIATES                               PTCL, SCO, ERC, NCMC

   PHILANTHROPIST

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                           22
                                                                     22
                                          DOMESTIC
     FOREIGN                IOs/NGOs
                                           SOURCES
                                                        National
    COUNTRIES
                                                       Response -
                      BY AIR/RD/TRAIN
                                                        Concept
                 Base                   Base
                             Base




                            FWD BASES


                        BY AIR/HEL/ROAD

                     DISTRIBUTION POINTS                   HELs, ANIMAL
                                                            TRANSPORT
           NODES NODES NODES NODES NODES NODES NODES        MAN PACK ,
                                                          LIGHT VEHICLES
        •FORWARD TO REAR ------ HIGHER TO LOWER
         •HUTMENTS, HAMLETS, HOUSES LEVEL OP
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                             23
                                                                       23
                    RESCUE, RELIEF & RECOVERY
                            CLUSTER APPROACH

         HEALTH -- WHO
                                                    HEALTH
         SHELTER -- IOM
                                                     FOOD
       LOGISTICS -- WFP
  EARLY RECOVERY -- UNDP                           LOGISTICS
  CAMP MANAGEMENT - UNHCR
                                                  EDUCATION
  WATER, SANITATION- UNICEF

  SAFETY, SECURITY -UNDSS                         PROTECTION
       FOOD/NUTRITION
           WFP, UNICEF                        SHELTERS
                                           CAMP MANAGEMENT
  PROTECTION, EDUCATION
              UNICEF

       INFO, TELECOMM                          INFRASTRUCTURE
           WFP, UNICEF
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                       24
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                  25
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005


   MOVE BEYOND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIORS AND EGOS

   CREATE INTER AGENCIES & MULTI-ORGANIZATIONAL

     LIAISON MECHANISM

   DE-CONFLICTING CONSTITUTIONAL AND INSTITUTIONAL

     DOMAINS AND SPHERES

   HARMONIZE POLICIES AND RULES OF OFFICIAL BUSINESS

   ONE ROOF/ONE WINDOW OPERATION AT STRAT /

     OPERATIONAL LEVELS

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                             26
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005


                    NEED FOR A PERMANENT

         LEAN                      FOCUSED
       STRUCTURE                   APPROACH




          FLEXIBLE                CAPACITIES
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                      27
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005

DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION

      CREATE STRONG LINK BETWEEN MEDIA,

        AFFECTEES AND THE WORLD COMMUNITY

      THEIR JOB BE FACILITATED BY SHARING

        DATA AND INGRAINING THEM INTO THE

        RELIEF ORGANIZATION




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                    28
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005

QUICK & SMOOTH RESPONSE
      HAVE SOPs

      ESTABLISH COORDINATION CENTERS

      SHARE INFORMATION

      USE COMMON DATABASE

      TRAIN SEARCH AND RESCUE TEAMS

  (REDUCING TIME OF EXECUTION CAN REDUCE THE COST OF
  MANAGING A CATASTROPHE)




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                         29
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005

 CAPACITY BUILDING IN S&R.
    CAPACITY           BUILDING       THROUGH
    EXPERTISE, EQUIPMENT & TRAINING
    FOR SEARCH, RESCUE AND DEBRIS
    REMOVAL TASKS

 PROMPT                DECISION      MAKING.
    SMOOTH          FIELD   OPERATIONS   NEED
    CONTINUOUS               ANALYSIS      OF
    IMPEDIMENTS AND PROMPT DECISION
    MAKING             TO    ADJUST      MICRO
    STRATEGIES
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                        30
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005

DEPENDENCY SYNDROME
      UPLIFT        COMMUNITIES    FROM
       CYCLE OF DEPENDENCY INTO
       SELF-RELIANCE
      REGENERATION         OF     SOCIAL
       AND CULTURAL COHESION




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                   31
             LESSONS LEARNT FROM EQ 2005

WIDE RANGING DISASTER MANAGEMENT

  STRATEGY
      LIKELY SCENARIOS

      DELINEATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES

      CAPACITY BUILDING GUIDELINES

COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT. TO MAKE RELIEF
  PROCESS SELF-SUSTAINING LOCAL COMMUNITIES,

  NOTABLES, POLITICAL LEADERS AND LOCAL GOVT

  REPRESENTATIVES BE DOVETAILED

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                      32
          POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
       INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad           33
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

NATIONAL             DISASTER MANAGEMENT ORDINANCE
  2006/7
        PROMULGATED IN DEC 2006

        CALLS FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF DM ENTITIES AT
         FEDERAL, PROVINCIAL AND DISTRICT LEVELS

        NDMC HEADED BY THE PM (POLICY MAKING BODY) AND
         NDMA AS EXECUTIVE ARM

        NDMA RESPONSIBLE TO MANAGE COMPLETE SPECTRUM
         OF DM AT NATIONAL LEVEL

        FOR DM, ALL AGENCIES - FOREIGN OR DOMESTIC - SHALL
         WORK THROUGH NDMA
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                 34
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
                      DIFFERENT TIERS OF THE SYSTEM

              National Disaster Management Commission (NDMC)


             National Disaster                       Provincial/ Regional
        Management Authority (NDMA)       Disaster Management Commission (PDMCs)




        Federal Ministries,
  Departments, Technical Agencies                    Provincial/ Regional
                                          Disaster Management Authorities (PDMAs)

     Media, Banks, Insurance &
           Private sector


                                                     District/ Municipal
                                          Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs)
          Donors, UN, NGOs, Media

                                                       Tehsil Structures


NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                                     35
                                                                               35
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
 NDMC

    MEMBERS:       PRIME MINISTER, OPPOSITION LEADER, PROVINCIAL
     CHIEF MINISTERS AND CIVIL SOCIETY REPRESENTATIVES
    FUNCTIONS

      LAYS     DOWN POLICIES AT NATIONAL LEVEL
      APPROVES        NATIONAL DM FRAMEWORK AND PLAN
      ENSURE       INTEGRATED NATIONAL RESPONSE
 NDMA (EXECUTIVE ARM OF NDMC)

    SECRETARIAT            TO NDMC
    MANAGES       COMPLETE SPECTRUM OF DRM AT NATIONAL LEVEL
    MAP    ALL HAZARDS IN THE COUNTRY
    ORGANIZE       TRAINING AND AWARENESS RAISING ACTIVITIES
    ACT    AS GOP’s FOCAL POINT FOR DEALING WITH NATIONAL AND
     INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                           36
                                                                     36
                  POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
               INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
                                                NDMA
                                         ORGANOGRAM


                                          Chairman


                                                           SO


                                                                                             Recovery &
   Dir Ops/            Aviation     Dir HR &    Dir Finance &            Ops     Co-opted   Rehabilitation/
  Coord Prep            Wing      Procurement     Accounts               Wing    Members      Re-const
                                                                                                Wing



           SUMMARY                                    Military                    Ops
                                                       Wing                      Centre
   •Officers             - 26
   •Supporting Staff     - 85
    Total                - 111          Avn     Med      Log     Engrs     Ops


NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                                                              37
                                                                                                        37
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
PDMC
   MEMBERS. CHIEF MINISTER, LEADER OF OPPOSITION & A
      NOMINEE OF THE LEADER OF OPPOSITION

     FUNCTIONS. SAME FUNCTIONS AT PROVINCIAL LEVEL AS
      OF NDMC AT NATIONAL LEVEL

PDMA

   SECRETARIAT OF PDMC

   DEALS WITH WHOLE SPECTRUM OF DRM AT PROVINCIAL
      LEVEL

   PERFORMS SAME FUNCTIONS AT PROVINCIAL LEVEL AS OF
      NDMA AT NATIONAL LEVEL
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                38
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

DDMA

     ACTS AS FIRST RESPONDER

     DEALS WITH WHOLE SPECTRUM OF DRM AT DISTRICT
      LEVEL

     IMPLEMENT NATIONAL / PROVINCIAL POLICIES AND
      STRATEGIES AT DISTRICT LEVEL

     MOBILIZES RESOURCES AT DISTRICT LEVEL

     GIVE DIRECTIONS/GUIDELINES TO DISTRICT DEPARTMENTS
      / ORGANIZATIONS FOR PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF
      DISASTERS

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                39
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
NATIONAL  DISASTER                       RISK      MANAGEMENT
 FRAMEWORK
     NINE PRIORITY AREAS IDENTIFIED
         ESTABLISH AND         STRENGTHEN       (INSTITUTIONS   AND
          CAPACITIES)
         NATIONAL RISK ASSESSMENT
         TRAINING
         AWARENESS
         MULTI HAZARD EWS
         MAINSTREAMING DRR INTO DEVELOPMENT
         COMMUNITY BASED DRR INITIATIVES
         EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEMS
         CAPACITY          DEVELOPMENT    FOR     POST   DISASTER
          RECOVERY

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                         40
                POST EQ 2005 LEGAL AND
             INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
NDMF
     TO BE UTILIZED TO DEAL WITH WHOLE SPECTRUM OF
      DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES
     PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS ARE ALSO REQUIRED TO
      ESTABLISH SIMILAR FUNDS UNDER THE RESPECTIVE
      PDMAS

NIDM
     CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE FOR DISASTER MANAGEMENT
     WILL CATER FOR DOMESTIC / REGIONAL TRAINING AND
      RESEARCH NEEDS
     DRM       COURSES     STARTED   UNDER   THE   NIDM   WHILE
      INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE INSTITUTE
      WILL BE INITIATED SHORTLY
NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                     41
                     KEY DRM INITIATIVES

 NATIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING FOR

     DRM PROJECT

       HRD FOR DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT

       DRM PLANNING

       DRR MAINSTREAMING

       COMMUNITY           BASED   DISASTER   RISK   MANAGEMENT

         ACTIVITIES

       RESPONSE PROJECT – PEER & USAR


NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                     42
                     KEY DRM INITIATIVES

  NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR 2009-10
        FULL OPERATIONALIZATION OF PDMAS AND DDMAS
         IN 50 HIGH RISK DISTRICTS
        COMPLETION         OF   NATIONAL   RISK   ASSESSMENT
         EXERCISE
        RISK  SENSITIVE         DEVELOPMENT       POLICY   AND
         PLANNING
        COMMUNITY BASED MITIGATION PROGRAMMES IN 50
         DISTRICTS
        HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN DRM
        RAISING PUBLIC AWARENESS
        EMERGENCY RESPONSE CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT


NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                     43
                     KEY DRM INITIATIVES


   Contingency Plans

       Winter Contingency Plan

       Cyclone Contingency Plan (for Karachi City)

       Monsoon Contingency Plan 2007-2008

       Marine Oil/Chemical Spill Contingency Plan

       Industrial & Chemical Accidents Contingency Plan (advanced
       stage of finalization)

       Technical Contingency Plan




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                           44
                     KEY DRM INITIATIVES

COMPOSITE RISK ASSESSMENT PROJECT
      MAPPING OF HAZARD RISKS IN PAKISTAN

      DEVELOP GUIDELINES & STANDARDS FOR RESPONSE

      EQUIP         NATIONAL      AND   PROVINCIAL    EMERGENCY
        OPERATION CENTRES WITH ESSENTIAL IT EQUIPMENT

      PREPARE              NATIONAL   DISASTER    RESPONSE   PLAN,
        DEVELOP             DEPARTMENTAL    SOPS    FOR   DISASTER
        RESPONSE

      DEVELOP AN INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
        FOR DISASTER RESPONSE

NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                                             45
                            CHALLENGES

    POLITICAL ATTENTION
    RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS AND COMPETING
      DEMANDS
    LACK OF AWARENESS AND PROFESSIONAL
      EXPERTISE IN THE FIELD OF DRM
    WAVERING COMMITMENTS FROM THE DONOR
      AGENCIES




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad                  46
                            THANK YOU




NDMA, PM Sectt, Islamabad               47

								
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