Page 1 Full credit is given to the following agencies for publishing and making available the financial and other numbers as listed throughout this document. Public Domain Records, Canada Indian Affairs Archives, Statistics Canada, Department of Justice, DIAND, IAND, Department of Finance, Office of the Auditor General, Department of Mines and Resources, Parliamentary Reports, Fraser Institute, and The Six Nations Reserve website and other websites. THE NUMBERS Index Specific Cost Considerations for Treaty No 1 to Treaty No 11 Page 2 The 1890s Captured Costs to Consider Page 6 From 1900 to Current, Other Costs to Consider Page 8 Changes in Federal Department Spending Page 11 Did you know? Does it matter? You decide… Page 13 Federal Programs Directed to Aboriginal People 2002-03 Page 15 Indian Facts Page 16 Taxes paid in 1961 and 2002 Comparison Page 17 The land claim intrusion Page 18 Indian Affairs Department History Page 19 Caledonia Costs Page 21 This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 2 Specific Cost Considerations for Treaty No 1 through to Treaty No 11 Preamble: The following are specific cost issues that apply in the treaties No 1 through to No 11. This information is verifiable at the DIAN website (under treaties) as listed in the textual content of these treaties. No effort has been made to ensure the completeness of these numbers and a conservative approach has been taken to the gathering of the information. Treaties no 1 and 2 – Chippewa and Cree Indians of Manitoba, August, 1871 165 acres to each family of 5 $3 for each man woman and child (max. $15 per family) 1 school per reserve (if wanted) Treaty no 3 – Saulteaux Tribe of Ojibbeway tribe, April, 1871 population then estimated at about 2500 4 additional suits for Chiefs 1 house for ??? $6,000 in silver for payments to the bands $12 per family of 5, gift Treaty no 4 – Cree and Saulteaux Tribe at Qu’appelle and Fort Ellice, July, 1874 $25 for each Chief, annual salary $15 for each headman/officer, annual salary $12 to every house of five, gift, one time $750 annually for ammunition 7 school (meaning that 6 other schools had been constructed) th Treaty no 5 – Cree and Saulteaux at Beren’s River, September, 1875 160 acres per family of 5 1 church, one time 1 school, one time $25 for each Chief, annual salary $15 for each headman/officer, annual salary (max. 5) 1 full suit for each Chief and officer every 3 years, ongoing $5 for every man, woman, and child (no limit), gift $500 annually for ammunition 2 hoes, 1 spade per family 1 plough for every 10 families 5 harrows for every 20 families 1 scythe for every family, 1 axe, 1 cross-cut saw, 1 hand-saw, 1 pit-saw, necessary files 1 grindstone per band 1 auger per band for each Chief (for the use of his band) 1 chest of ordinary carpenter's tools for each band, enough seeds of wheat, barley, potatoes and oats to plant the land actually broken up for cultivation for each band 1 yoke of oxen, 1 bull and 4 cows Treaty no 6 – all tribes at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt and Battle River, August, 1876 $12 for every man woman and child, gift Schools (no limit, the band can ask for as many as they wish) $5 annual payment to each man woman and child $1,500 annually for ammunition $25 for each Chief, annual salary This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 3 $15 for each headman/officer, annual salary (max. 4) 1 new suit for Chief and each officer annually 1 horse, harness and wagon for each Chief, one time gift for each indian at Fort Pitt and Carleton, $1,000 per year for 3 years, government money set aside for further expending on the indians sufficient relief in case of natural calamities (over and above the $1,000) 1 medicine chest per band 4 hoes for every family actually cultivating 2 spades per family 1 plough for every three families 1 harrow for every three families 2 scythes per family, 1 whetstone, 2 hay forks, 2 reaping hooks, 2 axes, 1 cross-cut saw, 1 hand-saw, 1 pit-saw, the necessary files 1 grindstone and 1 auger for each Band 1 chest of ordinary carpenter's tools for use by the Band for each Band, enough seeds of wheat, barley, potatoes and oats to plant the land actually broken up for each Band: 4 oxen, 1 bull, 6 cows, 1 boar, 2 sows, and 1 hand-mill Treaty no 7 – all tribes at Blackfoot Crossing, September, 1877 $25 for each Chief, annual salary $15 for each headman/officer, annual salary (max. 24) $12 gift for every man woman and child $5 annual payment to every family head $2,000 annually for ammunition New suits for Chief and Offices every 3 years 1 Winchester Rifle for every Chief and 1 for every Officer Teacher’s salaries (amount unspecified) for every family of 5 persons and under, 2 cows for every family of more than 5 persons, and less than 10 persons, 3 cows for every family of over 10 persons, 4 cows Chief, Minor Chief, and every Stony Chief, for the use of their Bands: 1 bull 1 family gets: 2 hoes, 1 spade, 1 scythe, and 2 hay forks every 3 families gets 1 plough and 1 harrow each Band: seeds for enough potatoes, barley, oats, and wheat (if such seeds be suited for the locality of their Reserves) to plant the land actually broken up. Treaty no 8 – all tribes covered in agreements, 1899 $26,974.00 paid out as annuities and gratuities in 1899 $25 for each chief, annual salary $15 for each headman/officer, annual salary $5 annual payment to every family head teachers wages 160 acres for each indian each family shall receive 2 hoes, 1 spade, 1 scythe and 2 hay forks for every 3 families 1 plough and 1 harrow the Chief receives (for the use of his Band) 2 horses or a yoke of oxen enough seeds to plant potatoes, barley, oats and wheat to every family: 1 cow, and every Chief 1 bull, and 1 mowing-machine and 1 reaper for the use of his Band for such families as prefer to raise stock instead of cultivating the soil, every family of 5 persons, 2 cows, and every Chief 2 bulls and 2 mowing-machines This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 4 as much ammunition and twine for making nets annually as will amount in value to one dollar per head of the families so engaged in hunting & fishing. Treaty no 9 – James Bay Treaty, 1905-06, adhesions in 1929-30 List of reserves covered include: o Fort Hope, NWT o Onasburg, Ont o Marten Falls, NWT o English River, Ont o Port Albany, NWT o Moose Factory, Ont o Abitibi, Ont o Mattachewan, Ont o Mattagami, Ont o Flying Post, Ont o Ojibeways-Chapleau, Ont o New Brunswick House, Ont o Long Lake, Ont. $8.00 gift to each indian residing in those reserves $4.00 every year thereafter Pay teachers wages Provide educational equipment as needed Treaty no 9 – Agreement between Dominion of Canada and Province of Ontario Transfer of gift liability ($8.00) and annuity ($4.00) to the Province Treaty no 10 – Order in council setting up commission for treaty no 10, 1906 $12,000.00 set aside for dealing with treaties Recording of actual annuity payments: $2,448.00 for Sask and Manitoba $4,828.00 Indian paid gratuity statement Treaty no 11 $488.00 wages for Chiefs and Headmen $22,980.00 annuity paid to the indians This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 5 ORDER IN COUNCIL Chippewa Indians, Of Christian Island, Georgina Island and Rama – 1923 Condition: $25.00 per indian of the Chippewa tribe and $250,000.00 to the Chippewas upon successful negotiation of similar treaties with the Mississauga tribe Mississauga Indians, Of Rice Lake, Mud Lake, Scugog Lake and Alderville - 1923 The condition stipulated in the Chippewa agreement was satisfied. $25.00 per indian of the Chippewa tribe and $250,000.00 to the administered for the said tribe (Chippewa) THE ROBINSON TREATY Made in the Year 1850 WITH THE OJIBEWA INDIANS OF LAKE SUPERIOR 2,000 pounds 500 pounds perpetual annuity to the Chief THE ROBINSON TREATY Made in the Year 1850 WITH THE OJIBEWA INDIANS OF LAKE HURON 2,000 pounds 600 pounds perpetual annuity to the Chief So far, nothing to get excited about right? Read on….. Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 6 The 1890s Captured Costs to Consider Preamble: As with the collection of numbers listed throughout the treaties, the following numbers include only those that are clearly visible while scanning the pages. I’ve focused on the costs that appear to be meaningful in the historical data. Any cost amount requiring a calculation (to determine values) is not included in this writing. ALL of this information can be verified in the reports as scanned and archived under “The Indian Affairs Annual Report 1864-1990”. All of these reports were signed off by a then official and presented to the then Government of Canada. My remark: We’ll pay the indians forever until eternity? If I have anything to say about it, the money grabbing game is over. Read on… 1864 $17,310.00 paid out for annuities and grants as archived $43,734.57 for interest (6 month period) as shown in the archive $63,006.36 for expenses from Indian Department for the same period as archived $1,562,530.19 is the ending balance in the Indian Trust Fund as archived 1890 $1,117,769.85 for grants, annuities and other forms of financial assistance as archived $176,160.00 for salaries as listed. The Bands and others contributed part of this amount (estimate: 25% not government funded, this goes on for all the salaries I’ve listed up to the year 1900) as archived 1891 121,585 is the population count for a census of 1891. Of those people, 17,776 are from Ontario and 3,425 are from the Six Nations on the Grand River as archived $3,515,233.67 is the number calculated by the Receiver General as the year end value of the Indian Trust Fund. This includes: $4,897.39 write off $60,119.80 from additional legislative appropriating that amount $167,531.36 interest added to the supplement Indian Fund, re investments by the Dominion of Canada $228,546.66 is the calculated amount for wages (still in 1891) as listed 1892 $917,227.00 for grants, annuities and other financial assistance as listed $249,918.24 for wages and salaries at “Headquarters” and other places as listed 1893 $95,678.50 for teachers’ salaries in 1893, 7,699 is the number of full and part time students in the recapitulation listed $233,751.28 Wages for headquarters as listed $1,003,838.02 grants, annuities and other financial support as listed $160,316.33 for interest added to the Indian Trust Fund that year as shown 1894 $1,003,061.50 for grants, annuities and financial assistance as listed $223,617.28 is the calculated amount paid out for wages as listed $228,702.50 is the calculated amount paid out for teaching wages as listed 41297.19 acres were sold for a total of $76,418.57 as shown This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 7 1895 $987,661.02 for grants, annuities and financial assistance as listed $208,429.28 calculated for wages as listed $3,594,206.20 is the remaining balance in the Indian Trust Fund as shown $160,635.04 of interest added to the trust fund, re “investments” $31,806.00 additional grant by Parliament to “supplement” the fund. 1896 $902,308.00 for grants, annuities and financial assistance as listed $196,848.78 calculated for base wages as listed (does not include teaching salaries) $ 3,650,529.38 is the remaining balance in the Indian Trust Fund $47,075.23 of interest added to the Six Nations Trust Fund 1897 $100 to $115 per student for boarding schools $1,018,738.77 for grants, annuities and financial assistance as listed $177,315.46 calculated for base wage appropriation as listed $214,208.50 calculated for teaching salaries as listed $12,520.52 is the amount collected for land sales as listed $3,692,516.01 is the remaining balance in the Indian Trust Fund 1898 $44,255.06 for civil government wages in Ottawa as listed $100,130,493.00 for Indian Affairs Department Expenditures as listed $119,805.00 cash for annuity payout as listed $182,718.25 assistance to “destitute indians” as listed $276,618.49 for schools (on the reserves) and agencies, as listed $146,032.67 for other general expenses, as listed $160,747.67 accrued interest added to the Indian Trust Fund Account as listed $3,725,746.75 is the remaining balance in the Indian Trust Fund as listed 1899 $53,073.67 for civil government wages and contingencies as listed $147,565.00 for annuities as listed $190,773.59 assistance to “destitute indians” as listed $269,428.28 for schools (on the reserves) and agencies as listed $169,947.99 for other general expenses as listed $171,393.42 accrued interest added to the Indian Trust Fund Account as listed $130,794.01 collected during 1899 (land sales and others) as listed $3,785,616.35 is the remaining balance in the Indian Trust Fund as listed Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 8 From 1900 to Current, Other Costs to Consider Preamble: Annually, the Auditor General and other responsible individuals have submitted reports to government and other authorized agencies indicating their expenditures towards the Indian Affairs department and associated services. For the most part, the dollar value in the reports may represent money specifically set aside for Indian Affairs or it may include direct and indirect expenditures that may represent civil government wages, annuities and other costs (as listed in the attached spreadsheets.) These amounts are detailed in the spreadsheet “master list” and can be confirmed as accurate at the “Indian Affairs 1864-1990” website http://www.collectionscanada.ca/indianaffairs/020010- 101.01-e.php. Note that costs for maintaining trust funds, land funds, and any other fund specific to the indians, capital investments and related expenditures, loans, housing programs, earned interest and other costs related to the Indian Affairs are not included (during those years that the government was doing “line reporting”.) When “project reporting” was instituted, these costs may be included in the total, depending on who was writing the report, from what I can tell. This may have produced inflated numbers, I can’t guarantee one way or another. But the numbers are indicative of steadily growing costs…. This writing is as I see it, no embellishment, no assumptions. From 1970 to 1974, Jean Chretien was the minister overseeing the Indian Affairs department. From my perspective, the reports don’t reflect the financial information I’m looking for. Perhaps someone else can extract the numbers as I can’t make sense of any of it. The following Indian Affairs numbers are supported in the attached spreadsheet and referenced. YEAR CAPTURED COSTS 1900 $1,093,429.01 1901 $1,075,849.22 1902 $1,115,271.94 1903 $1,141,090.08 1904 $1,148,712.24 1905 $1,248,305.00 1906 $1,274,596.67 1907 $1,001,154.91 1908 $1,358,254.63 1909 $1,404,290.85 1910 $1,358,254.63 1910 $1,404,290.85 1911 $1,573,805.18 1912 $1,880,513.58 1913 $1,948,537.29 1914 $2,311,691.55 1915 $2,535,209.34 1916 $2,329,460.16 1917 $2,08,8073.44 1918 $2,097,621.58 1919 $2,443,158.71 1920 $2,673,382.19 1921 $2,773,086.93 1922 $3,217,108.02 1923 $3,306,232.96 This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 9 1924 $3,830,690.42 1925 $3,885,193.02 1926 $3,733,599.67 1927 $3,339,063.41 1928 $4,401,461.45 1929 $4,789,503.07 1930 $5,332,503.55 1931 $6,068,827.51 1932 $5,081,357.13 1933 $4,499,144.77 1934 $4,232,790.06 1935 $4,380,273.69 1936 $5,161,509.45 1937 $5,500,000.00 est no $$$ posted. 1938 $5,304,885.47 1939 $5,500,000.00 est no $$$ posted 1940 $5,677,327.00 1941 $5,186,650.00 1942 $5,705,302.00 1943 $5,705,302.00 est no $$$ posted 1944 $5,178,788.00 1945 $6,164,240.00 1946 $8,170,434.00 1947 $5,949,953.00 1948 $4,354,033.00 1949 $10,379,427.00 1950 $12,367,691.00 1951 $14,564,856.00 1952 $14,055,767.00 1953 $15,184,013.00 1954 $16,510,729.00 1955 $18,024,143.00 1956 $21,484,538.00 1957 $23,733,899.00 1958 $27,564,104.00 1959 $36,390,612.00 1960 $41,116,192.25 1961 $46,427,383.85 1962 $50,251,466.80 1963 $560018702.84 1964 $55,597,007.18 1965 $64,763,745.28 1966 $81,644,775.01 1967 $81,644,775.01 1968 $122,550,522.00 1969 $122,550,572.00 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 $389,400,000.00 1976 1977 This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 10 1978 1979 1980 1981 $1,141,710,000.00 1982 $1,504,800,000.00 1983 $1,680,605,008.00 1984 $2,051,480,946.00 1985 $2,251,060,310.00 1986 $2,375,935,799.00 1987 $2,645,523,508.00 1988 $2,771,817,137.00 1989 $3,086,216,590.00 1990 $3,372,838,136.00 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 $7,132,000,000.00 planned spending 2002 $7,134,000,000.00 planned spending 2003 $5,442,000,000.00 planned spending 2004 $5,575,000,000.00 planned spending 2005 $5,355,000,000.00 planned spending 2006 $9,135,000,000.00 budget 2007 2008 2009 2010 ***Planned spending is “net” re data for 2003 to 2006 is available at http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/est- pre/20032004/INAC-AINC/INAC-AINCr3401_e.asp#pl ***The 2006 budget number can be confirmed at http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/est-pre/20052006/inac- ainc/inac-aincr5601_e.asp or http://www.fin.gc.ca/taxdollar/text/html/pamphlet_e.html A report I read somewhere indicates that the expenditures of the Indian Affairs programs could be as high as $7.5 billion by the year 2010! I’ve not been successful at finding the numbers for the years left blank. It has to be noted that all costs associated with Caledonia are extra to the itemized budget amount. That amount will likely topple the billion dollar mark before the year is over. Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 11 Changes in Federal Department Spending What does all this mean? Your interpretation is as good as mine. One can’t help but notice that the Indian Affairs is the ONLY department that did not have cutbacks, in fact, their expenditures went up by 20% while all of the other departments had cut backs, some went down by over 50%! Who knew? http://www.fin.gc.ca/budget95/binb/BINB6E.html And the money sucking game continues…that was in 1998. This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 12 However, like it or not, this is reality, this is undisputable history. Ignoring the fact that the Indian Affairs bureaucracy had accepted the concept that money grows on trees, I find the above revelation very disturbing as it raises numerous red flags. Where has the money disappeared to, where are the audited details? How many people are benefiting from these investments? Where are the names and tasks of all these people at the head office? Where’s their job description and how do they fit on the salary scale? Why has the government not demanded full accountability for the funds? Why are so many people on the reserve living at or below the poverty line? The law that if you “happen” to receive more than $100,000.00 in grants and rewards from the bands, that you have to return the amount over the limit, how did that come about? Why is there no process in place that tracks the money? Has anyone ever returned any funds? Have the indians been given an accountability so they know who’s “getting it” and who’s not? Based on the defined “equal opportunities” in the government, I also have to question if discrimination is occurring (against non natives). I also would like clarification on the First Nations Land Management Act, where does the Grand River Band of Indians fit into this confusing scheme of things between this latest act and The Indian Act? How many indians managers/directors/ADMs, DMs are employed by the Federal and Provincial governments… individually. This may sound racist but in view of their contemptuous attitude towards non natives, and in view of the fact that there appears to be absolutely no appreciation for the funding going their way, the red flag just reminded me that overhead and the FTE count has gone totally off the chart as I see it. Then there are visible discrepancies. The following is an example. According to a published government report “Indian and Northern Affairs Canada and Canadian Polar Commission Performance Report for the period ending March 31, 2003”, section 3, under the heading “How much will it cost” the report shows under Indian and Inuit Programming - $4,359,786,117 ($4.3 Billion dollars) and under Claims - $642,283,573 ($642 Million dollars) for a total of five billion dollars! Indian and Inuit Claims Total Programming Planned Spending $4,427,308,000 $549,382,000 $4,976,690,000 Total Authorities $4,402,630,892 $643,061,295 $5,045,692,187 2002-03 Actuals $4,359,786,117 $642,283,573 $5,002,069,690 Look at the explanation for these variances: Indian and Inuit Programming: The variance of approximately $25 million between planned spending and total authorities primarily reflects resource transfers to other priority areas within the department, offset by incremental funding provided to address urgent health and safety concerns. The variance of approximately $43 million between total authorities and actual spending is primarily attributable to the carry forward to future years of operating resources ($9 million) and resources to fund the payment of guaranteed loans issued out of the Indian Economic Development Account ($32 million). Claims: The variance of approximately $94 million between planned spending and total authorities is primarily attributable to increases for the settlement of a specific claim with the Kahkewistahaw First Nation ($30 million), debt write-off ($29 million) and out-of-court settlements ($52 million), offset by reduced requirements for the implementation of comprehensive land claims settlements ($13 million). http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/dpr/02-03/INAC-AINC/INAC-AINC03D01_e.asp scroll down the age to section III Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 13 Did you know? Does it matter? You decide… At one time, just over 100 years ago, the per diem amount the government gave to the various denominations that operated the hospitals was $2.50 per day per patient. As I understand it these days (as of last year) it costs the healthcare system (your tax money) $1,500.00 for every patient that comes through emergency (I read that somewhere). When the Department of Mines and Resources took over the Indian Affairs in 1937, the then Deputy Minister of Mines and Natural Resources, T. A. Crerar, discusses in his annual report: o new administration buildings (p.5) o new schools (p.5) o improved hospitals (at Qu’Appelle) (p.54) o new roads on the reserves, o new bridges on the reserves, o drainage system and water supply o irrigation, o extended breakways, o 115 indian agents (p.189) o 262 day schools Personal comment: As none of the above are free, I have to question why the cost of these are not included as capital investments or as expenditures in the reports as available on the website (at least none that I could find). In the early 60s, the Housing Program was initiated $23,301,191.21 for total expenditures for the next five years (it was canned in 1966) Funding sources for that amount is as follows: 57.77% from welfare appropriation (your tax money) 23.65% from band funds (your tax money) 00.42% from VLA grants (your tax money) 18.15% from personal contributions… (let’s call a spade by it’s name and stop tossing this bull at the public!) As listed in the 1966 annual report (page 131) from Northern Affairs, the department picked up two thousand eight hundred ninety three (2893) jobs upon taking over Indian Affairs. Jean Chretien became the Minister in charge of Indian Affairs in the early 70’s. Under Chretien’s guidance, that number of full time equivalents (FTE) blossomed to three thousand three hundred and fifty four (3354) according to an annual report submitted (by Jean Chretien) pertaining to that year and this number does not include the extra one thousand eight hundred and eight (1808) other employees devoted to “Northern Affairs”. From that point onwards, the financial reports are difficult to decipher. Spending however is spelled out in detail (three million for this, five hundred thousand for that)… and in my opinion, it would take the patience of an historian to pull it all apart and put it back together in the manner as presented by Chretien’s predecessor. By just scanning the reports, several things became obvious: spending appeared to be out of control for this department, and much of the spending is frivolous. As an example, indians living off the reserve generally have regular jobs, make house payments, and pay for all the common services, as you and I do. This however did not stop Chretien from giving 217 indian families (who lived off the reserve) the money to purchase new homes (still off the reserve). This money was in the form of interest free loans that were forgiven after ten years. This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 14 Note: having been exposed to some of the government forms, I can only conclude that those people applying for the housing subsidies were smart enough to know where to find the forms, how to complete them properly, and how to support them with any required documentation. Is the system being milked? But that’s just an observation. By 1975 the IAND seems to have over five thousand employees (5534 to be exact) and had to deal with 40 collective agreements. That’s how muddled it had become. A report (from 1986) from the Auditor General of Canada, states that the Department of Indian Affairs “provides financial assistance to native groups for researching and negotiating land claims. It has provided about $35 million in the past 13 years in the form of contributions for research into Indian and Inuit rights, treaties and claims. Another $99 million has been provided to native claimants in the form of recoverable loans.” Those loan amounts shown in the spreadsheets, that’s where the money went. Not only are you paying for your legal fees to defend any action brought against you, in an effort to defend the land you pay taxes on, the land you purchased and have a patent registration to, but you are also paying for their expenses to take it away from you, including their legal fees. This is a “can’t lose” situation for the indians. According to a published Parliamentary Report prepared in part by Megan Furi from the Political and Social Affairs Division “…the expenditures for B-C31 (amendments to The Indian Act) amounted to 338 Million Dollars. In 1992-1993, the expense budget (resulting from B- C31) was 206 Million Dollars.” The office of the Auditor General released a news item addressing housing on the reserves. http://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/domino/reports.nsf/html/20030406ce.html The report indicates a shortage of about 8500 homes on the reserves and that approx. 44% of the existing houses need renovation. That same report estimates that funding totaling over 3.8 billion dollars has been provided by the various Indian Affairs and CMHC agencies in the past 10 years (as of the writing of the report). In 1996, Indian Affairs proposed that 140 million dollars be thrown at the problem (item 6.8 of the report.) The Assembly of First Nations came back stating that they needed 750 million dollars (annually) and that an additional 2.5 billion dollars was required to solve their “housing shortage”. Housing related debt is guaranteed by the Minister of Indians and Northern Affairs. The report continues to indicate that such debt has gone from 802 million dollars in 1992 to 1.25 billion dollars by 2002, an increase of over 50%! The April 2002 report (Indian Affairs) states that “band built” houses are not of quality, are not constructed to local codes. Houses built by CMHC themselves are built to code, and are “a lot better” according to the report. The department also contributes about 75 million dollars annually towards shelter through it’s “social assistance program”. Article 6.19 of the same report indicates that Indian Affairs gives First Nations about 66 million dollars to cover infrastructure costs (this is where the cost of Caledonia damages should be recovered – it’s not enough but it’ll get the message across). Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 15 Federal Programs Directed to Aboriginal People 2002-03 ($M) % of INAC % of Total INAC Elementary/Secondary Education $ 1,045.00 20% 13% Schools, Infrastructure and Housing $ 971.00 18% 12% Claims $ 642.00 12% 8% Social Assistance $ 621.00 12% 8% Social Support Services $ 526.00 10% 7% Indian Government Support $ 387.00 7% 5% Post-Secondary Education $ 288.00 5% 4% Northern Affairs** $ 185.00 4% 2% Self-Government $ 133.00 3% 2% Lands and Trust Services $ 133.00 3% 2% Economic Development $ 122.00 2% 2% Administration/Regional Operations $ 260.00 5% 3% Sub-Total (INAC) $ 5,313.00 100% 67% Other Government Departments/Agencies Health Canada $ 1,545.00 20% Human Resources Development Canada $ 347.00 4% Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation $ 276.00 3% Fisheries and Oceans $ 102.00 1% Solicitor General $ 71.00 1% Canadian Heritage $ 66.00 1% Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada $ 53.00 1% Industry $ 35.00 -- Correctional Service $ 35.00 -- Natural Resources $ 14.00 -- Justice $ 13.00 -- Privy Council Office $ 10.00 -- National Defense $ 8.00 -- Sub-Total (Other Government Departments/Agencies) $ 2,574.00 33% Total $ 7,887.00 100% Figures may not add due to rounding. * Expenditures in Figure 1 are budgetary only. The programs may have changed as of 2006, I did not check into it. Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 16 Indian Facts The following numbers have been extracted from official Government of Canada websites including Indian Affairs as we know it today and Indian Affairs as it was then. They claim (the DIAND) that in 2006, there were an estimated 445,436 status indians living “on reserve” (1.4% of the Canadian population) and 285,139 status indians lived “off reserve” (0.9% of the population). 7:1 is the ratio of violent crimes committed on the reserves as compared to those committed off the reserves, as published by Statistics Canada in a special report, dated June 6, 2006. A list of numbers (verifiable from various sources) shows that in 2006: Canada’s population was estimated (by Statistics Canada) at 31,669,200 Ontario’s population was calculated at 12,259,600 or 38.7% Manitoba’s population was calculated at 1,162,776 or 3.7% DIAND reports are very specific with the following claims: 17.7% of registered indians live in Ontario, and 16.1% live in Manitoba 614 First Nations Communities are listed by the DIAND 61% of the First Nations Communities have a population less than 500 52 cultural groups are represented in these communities, and 50 Indian languages spoken within these communities 57.9% First Nations population growth predicted by the year 2021 12.0% growth predicted for the other Canadians Based on the “population growth predictions”: based on this prediction, the status indians “on reserve” will be 703,340 (1.98%) by 2021 the status indian population living “off reserve” will be 450,234 (1.3%) by 2021 the Canadian and First Nations population ratio in 2003 is 43:1 at this prediction, this ratio will have been reduced to 31:1 by 2021 according to Statistics Canada, in the past 50 years the overall Canadian population has grown by 61% whereas the “aboriginals” grew by 29% (2001 data) the Fraser institute published a report saying that the aboriginal population grew by over 22% since 1996 http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/ps/lts/p14_index_e.html reports $1.7 million paid out annually in treaty annuity payments. Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 17 Taxes paid in 1961 and 2002 Comparison According to Statistics Canada, Public Institutions Division, cats 68-211, 68-204, 68-207 and 68- 208, as calculated by their authors, the following numbers can be verified in The Canadian Tax System 7, table 1.1 1961 2002 $ millions Percent $ millions Percent Personal income tax 2,099 22.7 140,534 37.0 General sales taxes 1,351 14.6 60,884 16.0 Health and social insc. Taxes 663 7.2 41,221 10.9 Property and related taxes 1,435 15.5 43,291 11.4 Corporate income taxes 1,109 13.0 34,387 9.1 Liquor/tobacco/amusement taxes 837 9.1 18,505 4.9 Motive fuel taxes 525 5.7 12,411 3.3 Miscellaneous taxes 55 0.6 3,879 1.0 Natural resources taxes 266 2.9 12,304 3.2 Priviledges/licences/permits 190 2.1 2,919 0.8 Custom duties 438 4.7 3,203 0.8 Other consumption taxes 173 1.9 1,842 0.5 Non-resident taxes 0 0.0 4,360 1.1 Total 9,231 379,740 Personal viewpoint: In view of the fact that more and more people are taking advantage of delaying payment of taxes through special programs such as RRSP and others, the expectation is that revenue from personal income tax would have come down… not so! And who is the biggest contributor to this money grab? We are! Since the native population is skyrocketing, they (indians) should be aware that in the near future, they will need an extensive infrastructure. Who will pay for this? They better get used to the fact that unless they participate and contribute, they will get zero funding. Similar to Clear Lake (north of Winnipeg), they will be pleading for assistance. It won’t happen. If they think, even briefly, that “whites” will step up to the plate to help a hostile group that’s been peeing on them, I have two words: think again! Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 18 The land claim intrusion In 1974, the natives had supposedly filed all their land claims. In total, the number was forty nine (49). According to an official report from IAND, that number has changed slightly: as of March 31, 2006, across all of Canada, there are 622 land claims under review, 120 land claims under negotiations, and 107 other land claims. http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/ps/clm/nms_e.pdf When will this end? It appears that every time a crushed skull is found or a scattering of bones, they say it’s a holy indian burial ground. Since when did they smash the skulls of the dead and leave the bodies to rot without a proper burial procedure? According to a report authored by Paulette Trembley, dated 10/14/2003, there’s an estimate of 600 claims “in the backlog”. The report continues that there are 25 pending claims at Six Nations And the settlement of each claim has a cap of seven million dollars. The Treasury Board website (for 2005 – 2006) shows the following breakdown of expenses as they relate DIRECTLY, SPECIFICALLY and EXCLUSIVELY to Indians: $6,087 million dollars (that’s over six billion dollars) of your tax dollar directed at programs exclusive to aboriginal people (this amount does not include the following) $1,812 million dollars (that's almost two billion) for Health Canada $370 million dollars for Human Resources and Skills Development $299 million dollars for Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (to repair existing homes) $8 million dollars for “indian specific claims” commission $121 million dollars for Indian Residential Schools Resolution Canada The following amounts are also listed as having programs directed at aboriginal people: $112 million dollars for Fisheries and Oceans Canada $92 million dollars for Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness $78 million dollars for Canadian Heritage $53 million dollars for Industry Canada $35 million dollars for Public Health Agency $28 million dollars for Correctional Services of Canada $16 million dollars for Natural Resources Canada $13 million dollars for Justice Canada $8 million dollars for National Defense $4 million dollars for Privy Council Office $9,136 million bucks (that’s nine billion) is the grand total you’ll get if you dare add it up! Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 19 Indian Affairs Department History & Inconsistencies These remarks are not grievance or complaint issues, they’re just glaring discrepancies that few are aware of. Is everything honky dory? No, it’s not. The bulk of the following address government reporting: I just want to point out that government reporting is very specific and despite that factor, the information reported is often confusing, leaving the viewer to make an interpretation that may or may not be correct. For government purposes, the band’s financial position must be audited according to standards. One thing is certain though: the government has clear accounting records of the funds being distributed to the bands. From there on, it’s a mystery. However there are peculiarities in government: when a departmental budgeted amount has not been spent, the balance cannot be carried over to the next year. In fact when a departmental budget has not been spent in its entirety, the following year’s budget is usually reduced. The department is not allowed to take the money and stash it in some account for use in the future. I found it very disturbing that the financial reports of the bands indicate they are doing just that: the bands are taking the budget surplus money and spending it at their convenience in another time period. Another double set of standards! The official website (The Six Nations) states that in Dec 2003, their (registered?) population was 21,875 and that “exactly half” reside on the reserve, just over 10,900. Very interesting that the Six Nations of the Grand River reserve overall administration includes the following departments: (1)senior administration, (2)economic development, (3)environment office, (4)finance, (5)fire department, (6)health services, (7)housing, (8)human resources, (9)Iroquois lodge, (10)lands and resources, (11)lands/membership, (12)parks and recreation, (13)public works, (14)social services, (15)technical services and (16)welfare. A huge bureaucracy! Wages make up a good portion of the expenses for some departments. It’s very surprising that the “salaries and wages” portion of their budget spending (the Six Nations) is not shown!!! Where’s the money going and who’s getting it? In Ontario, there are about 139 First Nations reserves (according to the website). Each one must incorporate a very similar expensive hierarchy within their “administrative layout” to qualify for funding. The budgets for these reserves vary and some are considerably smaller; for example The Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nations had a budget of just over 6 million dollars the previous year. Giving credit where it’s due, not every reserve can be pointed out as being wasteful. I’m sure many “mind their dollars”. I looked at the Six Nations “job postings” and even though the indians pay zero taxes, the salary scale is comparable to the wages of regular tax payers! In essence, this means that (for those jobs posted) they are being paid a minimum of 17% more than you or I. Their household income is not depleted with GST, realty taxes, tuition fees, etc. From a financial standpoint, I could only wish that I had similar opportunities. I’m not complaining, just pointing at the discrepancy. Further, in the competitive job market, the indians are given preferential treatment over non indians; this means that even though I may communicate more effectively, have a better education, be more qualified for that job and I may be seeking less money, if an “aboriginal” applies for the same job (in the federal and provincial sectors) there’s a very good chance that they will be selected. I will not get the position. It’s called “equal opportunity” or something like that. From my standpoint, this is equality redefined, or is it another double standard? Again, I have to ask how many people realize the meaning of “equal opportunity”. This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 20 After examining countless archived financial documents related to the Indian Affairs budgets and expenditures (for a period of over 100 years) my observation is that there’s no consistency in which numbers to report and the method of presentation. Also some numbers appear more reliable than others. All along, the Auditor General has been available to sign off on the reports. I have to question why in some years, this has not happened. This is a fair question and unless evidence can be produced indicating otherwise, I can only conclude that there was a disagreement of sorts. Periodically, I’ve found situations where a number is spelled out, making it difficult for the casual reader to see. This is not illegal but it’s indicative of an effort to “slip it by” so to speak. I’ve also taken the liberty of adding the itemized numbers; they don’t always add up. This has frustrated the effort of collecting numbers and rather than reporting something that is highly questionable, I’ve decided to leave those years out. At some point in the early 1970s, reporting went from “line item reporting” to “project reporting”. This confuses the issues and it now became impossible to do comparative reports. Charts were now “the way to go” and the information could no longer be pinned down to the dollar. Many details were lost in this process (of chart reporting). Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity. Page 21 Costs to Caledonia …this is immeasurable, it continues to grow on a daily basis. So far, the debt remains unsettled, promises for more money unfulfilled. All of the costs associated with Caledonia have as yet to be added to the above listing. Then there are individuals that have incurred costs. That has to be tabulated also. At this point in time, unofficial calculations indicate well over one hundred million dollars and the bill is endless… THE INFORMATION AS PRESENTED HAS NOT BEEN MODIFIED OR MANIPULATED. Return to the top This document prepared by Mike Parent. The links are for your convenience should you wish to read up on the issue at hand. No effort has been made to audit or confirm their validity.