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AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Volumen Numero Año MES SECCION ARTICULO COMENTARIO TEMA Legionnaires´ The contents of this report are an Calidad de Aire Interior disease: a status assimilation of data report correspondence , and articles from the Center for Disease 23 1 1981 Enero FEATURES Control (CDC) , the Cooling Tower Institute (CTI) ,the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers and EPA Optimum A new formula is used to obtain Refrigeración Interstage the optimum inter-stage pressure Pressure for 2- for a R-12 refrigeration system 23 1 1981 Enero FEATURES stage with a flash intercooler Refrigeration Systems Historical reprint This article first appeared in the Refrigeración - 'Theory and series January , 1948 issue of Use of A Capillary Tube for Refrigerating Engineering . space Liquid Refrigerant control limitations do not permit reprinting 23 1 1981 Enero FEATURES it in its entirety , and a condensation to the extent required would lose its effectiveness Field checks on Measurements made on two Conrtol de Humos Building buildings reveal that leaky wall Pressurization construction of smoke shaft can 23 2 1981 Febrero FEATURES for Smoke seriously affect the performance of Control in High- a smoke control system . rise Building U.S./U.S.S.R. Reporting on the exchange trip to Ahorro Energético Technological the U.S.S.R. , the author points Exchange out unique characteristics of the 23 3 1981 Marzo FEATURES soviet approach to building construccion and insulation problems 04/03/2002 1 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Air tightness : Over-all air leakage Aire acondicionado Supermarkets characteristics have been and shopping measured in several supermarkets malls and an enclosed shopping mall , 23 3 1981 Marzo FEATURES all constructed between 1954 and 1979 .Measured in three categories :tight, average and loose First Annual Data procesing equipment waste First Place : Institutional / ASHRAE Energy heat recovered for heating use is Comercial New Construction Awards the innovative feature wich earned this project 1st place in the 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES institutional/comercial category for new construction.Ellerbe Associates Inc.of Bloomington,MN were the project engineers. First Annual The security requirements for Second Place : Institutional ASHRAE Energy correctional facility,and the fact / Commercial New Awards that the inmates live there Construction 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES 24hours a day,pose significant challenges to a design team commissioned to provide an energy-efficient structure. First Annual Retrofit of the old Honeywell First Place : Institutional / ASHRAE Energy building in Minneapolis for the new Comercial Existing 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES Awards owners , Zielinski & Wolff , Structures C.P.A.was conducted by climate Engineering Corporation . First Annual Recognized for energy Second Place : Institutional ASHRAE Energy conservation achieved with boiler / Commercial Existing Awards economizer,among other Structures features,the Peachtree Plaza Hotel in Atlanta won second place 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES in the Awards program for Gatley & Associates Inc.,Energy consultants,and Newcomb&Boyd,Consulting Engineers. 04/03/2002 2 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 First Annual Energy management measures at First Place : Industrial ASHRAE Energy the Printpak Inc.facilities include a Buildings Awards move to high pressure sodium 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES lighting in a new warehouse addition and an emphasis on insulation . First Annual Retrofit of the cigarette storage Second Place : Industrial ASHRAE Energy facility , Richmond Cold Storage Buildings Awards Company , Inc.,in Chester,VA 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES ,won second place distinction for Engineered Systems Inc. in the industrial building category . First Annual The Romulus Engineering Third Place Industrial ASHRAE Energy Complex won Third Place for Buildings Awards energy-efficient design in the 23 4 1981 Abril FEATURES industrial buildings category for Albert Kahn Associates , Inc., Architects & Engineers . Sun/Tronic As a prototype , this solar house Aire Acondicionado House : New was built to the specifications of a 23 5 1981 Mayo FEATURES England solar "think tank" team wich set out to residence create the best possible solar design for a New England locale . Revised noise This paper reviews current Aire Acondicionado criteria for desing methods of rating the noise and rating HVAC produced by HVAC systems and 23 5 1981 Mayo FEATURES systems explains why these rating fail to be correlated with subjetive opinion in many cases. Energy This papers reviews the Energy Management management experience with analytical Systems program for methodology and implementation 23 5 1981 Mayo FEATURES retrofiting HVAC for HVAC systems installed in a systems number of facilities of Eastman Kodak Company . Projet Icebox-An Annual storage of energy is Energy Management 23 5 1981 Mayo FEATURES annual energy becoming a valuable building Systems storage system energy conservation procedure . 04/03/2002 3 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Putting R&D to The building industry is made up Ahorro Energético work in the of many fragmented pieces design and .Design profesionals , construction manufacturers , financial 23 6 1981 Junio FEATURES process institutions , builders ,developers , and code organizations are some of the groups playing a part in the building process. Electrical energy The primary control of electrical Energy Management management demand rate can be Systems accomplished by one of several 23 7 1981 Julio FEATURES calculation methods and shed methods.The characteristics of these methods is discussed. Duty cycle and demand control Beyond setback: Adaptive control , efficiency , Ahorro Energético energy efficient energy conservation and control 23 7 1981 Julio FEATURES through adaptive control Energy This article dwells on one of the Control Aire Acondicionado management more costly additions to the central control & construction budget , central monitoring control and monitoring systems .It 23 7 1981 Julio FEATURES systems reviews the need , the capabilities and the benefits of CCM systems in an effort to clarify where they should be considered . Analysis of Five computer-based simulations Ahorro Energético computer- of the Norris Cotton federal office simulated building (NCFOB) in Manchester , thermal NH , were performed using a 23 7 1981 Julio FEATURES performance :the state-of-the-art propietary hour-by- Norris Cotton hourbuilding simulation program . federal office building 04/03/2002 4 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Dead band New control strategies can save Ahorro Energético thermostats-pro energy in both new and existing and con structures .However , how they 23 7 1981 Julio FEATURES are used and where they are used must be evaluated accurately before installation . Retrofit of This paper reviews retrofit studies Aire Acondicionado building systems and design for building systems , for resource including means to reduce basic conservation :Six loads , optimize systems 23 7 1981 Julio FEATURES state-of-the -art performance when operating on examples reduced loads, on the minimize operation of the optimized systems when operating on reduced loads. Solar powered Often overlooked because they Ahorro Energético hospitals :cost seem complex ,solar solutions to effective solution hospital design may be the to rising costs answer to lower costs and more 23 8 1981 Agosto FEATURES efficient building design .With over half of a hospital´s energy consumption going to HVAC demands ,significant savings are possible. Life-Cycle This paper describes model III , a Procedimientos de desición costing building life-cycle costing replacement replacement analysis model to determinate the 23 8 1981 Agosto FEATURES analysis model point in time at wich it is most cost effective to improve or replace an existing building . Tri-load solar Large scale active solar energy Aire Acondicionado system systems are in general , 23 9 1981 Septiembre FEATURES uncommon to commercial and industrial buildings in northern climates . 04/03/2002 5 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Basic of compter This paper presents a very basic Control Aire Acondicionado / control device overview of the method of effecting interfacing two position and proportional 23 9 1981 Septiembre FEATURES control of various devices (value operators and dampers operators) . Operating and Energy existing plant can be Ahorro Energético controlling improved to save energy , the chillers to save author writes , if systematic audit 23 9 1981 Septiembre FEATURES energy is followed by careful review and application of successful energy conservation ideas . How ventilation Until recently,natural ventilation Calidad de aire Interior influences was adequate for the indoor air energy enviroment of buildings.Today,with consumption and added insulation and tighter 23 9 1981 Septiembre FEATURES indoor air quality building envelope standards due to the energy situation,indoor air quality depends on mechanical means more than before . Energy In june 1979 issue of the AHRAE Ahorro Energético conservation journal , we published the first part cost analysis of the this series ,"A" commercial 23 9 1981 Septiembre FEATURES model -A follow- building owner-ship energy up conservation cost analysis model . SOCIETY Research note The role of none-thermal factors in Investigación y desarrollo 23 9 1981 Septiembre COMUNICATIONS thermal confort . Standards Systems simulations have been Procedimientos de desición criteria for HVAC considered an essential part of systems and the building energy calculations 23 10 1981 Octubre FEATURES equipment used for regulations such as the performance building energy performance simulation standards . procedures 04/03/2002 6 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Regulatory policy Cogeneración and technology choice : 23 10 1981 Octubre FEATURES cogeneration , a case study SOCIETY Research note Nutritional Value of Frozen Pizza Investigación y desarrollo 23 10 1981 Octubre COMUNICATIONS Experimental Three nominally identical test Ahorro Energético performance homes have been operated in comparison of Madison , Wisconsin -two with air 23 11 1981 Noviembre FEATURES two air-type solar -type solar heating systems and heating systems one with a conventional heating system . Energy The present worth and annual Ahorro Energético conservation equivalent methods of life cycle evaluation:rate of costing can give a different 23 11 1981 Noviembre FEATURES return vs the ranking of independent energy present worth savings measures than that method of life obtained from the rate of return cycle costing method . Research note Effect of temperature fluctuations Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY on energy consuption and quality 23 11 1981 Noviembre COMUNICATIONS changes of palletized foods in frozen storage . Industry news Solar prototype heating , cooling Aire Acondicionado 23 12 1981 Diciembre DEPARTMENTS systems designed for big Eddy substantion . Preventing floor Closed circuit liquid pipe grid Refrigeración heavage in systems can solve the problems 23 12 1981 Diciembre FEATURES refrigerated of floor heavage in refrigerated Warehouses facilities . Strategy/criteria Using waste heat may not prove Refrigeración for transition of as economical as heating and central system cooling with conventional methods from heat . The decision to convert requires 23 12 1981 Diciembre FEATURES recovery to quantitative criteria and careful conventional analysis to justify a change. heating and refrigerating 04/03/2002 7 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Research note 18-month storage study of Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 23 12 1981 Diciembre prepared frozen foods containing COMUNICATIONS protein concentrates - RP -192C Peak shaving in Results of an investigation into the Ahorro Energético buildings through viability of the use of an use of a diesel emergency diesel-engine engine-driven generator set for peak shaving in 24 1 1982 Enero FEATURES emergency office buildings show that an power generating emergency diesel-engine system generator set can be used and offers recognizable economic potential . Computer In a study involving both extensive Ahorro Energético predictions and residence field tests and a variety field test of computer simulation results verification of coincide with actual residence 24 1 1982 Enero FEATURES cooling energy results and establish their savings with credibilityas a means of predicting thermostat setup energy savings . A new Psychrometric chart showing the Aire Acondicionado psychrometric summer and winter confort 24 1 1982 Enero FEATURES chart for thermal envelopes comfort Research note Design friction factors for PVC Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 1 1982 Enero 28 ducts-RP245 COMMUNICATIONS Energy savings Over the past decade , heat Ahorro Energético through improved pumps have proven to be an control of heat effective means of reducing pump setback heating costs over conventional 24 2 1982 Febrero FEATURES electric systems . Anywhere a number of questions have been raised concerning what savings might be realized trough thermostat night setback 04/03/2002 8 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Estimating The solar heat gain trough any Aire Acondicionado monthly average given fenestration system can be values of calculated as the product of the 24 2 1982 Febrero FEATURES fenestration solar Shading Coefficient (SC) of the heat gains particular system under consideration and the appropiate Solar Heat Gain Factor Application of the Heat Recovery Refrigeración refrigeration cycle for distilling 24 2 1982 Febrero FEATURES liquids compared with conventional evaporators Research note Friction factors for rectangular Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 2 1982 Febrero 29 ducts lined with fiberglass . COMMUNICATIONS An approach to Calculating the amount of roof Ahorro Energético establishing the insulation necessary to minimize most economical the expenses of a roofing amount of roof systemover its life is a primary 24 3 1982 Marzo FEATURES insulation concern today .The task includes costs of energy .Here´s an applicable analytical solution to arriving at the right answer . A simplified Increased emphasis on energy Aire Acondicionado degree-day conservation has dictatedthe need method for for accurate calculation 24 3 1982 Marzo FEATURES commercial and procedures . Here´s one formula industrial that can be applied for industrial buildings and commercial buildings computation purposes . 04/03/2002 9 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Thermal Field Testing of building Ahorro Energético measurements of enevelopes is being recognized as building envelope a methodology for verifying the components in thermal performance of those 24 3 1982 Marzo FEATURES the field envelopes .Although there are some difficulties inherent in the process when compared with laboratory testing, the process provides.. 1982 ASHRAE Institutional / comercial new Aire Acondicionado 24 4 1982 Abril FEATURES Energy Awards construction ( second place ) . 1982 ASHRAE Institutional / comercial existing Aire Acondicionado 24 4 1982 Abril FEATURES Energy Awards structures ( third place ) . 1982 ASHRAE Alternative or renewable energy Aire Acondicionado 24 4 1982 Abril FEATURES Energy Awards utilization ( first place ) . 24 5 1982 Mayo Sin datos Sin datos SIN DATOS Sin datos Energy-efficient Predesign and early problem Aire Acondicionado design is the key definition - simple solutions- 24 6 1982 Junio FEATURES to sound energy provide the guidance necessary to conservation obtain maximum energy conservation objectives . Energy reduction Small commercial buildings Ahorro Energético opportunities in ,because of greater infiltration small from traffic loads and poor 24 6 1982 Junio FEATURES commercial construction ,are more energy buildings intensive than large office buildings .Recomendations for cost effective solutions. Energy Methods used to determine and Aire Acondicionado performance locate specific data measurement monitoring for points & specification of data 24 6 1982 Junio FEATURES passive solar acquisition equipment directly residences affect the emphasis of a monitoring effort for passive solar residences. Research note Simplified energy calculation Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 6 1982 Junio 30 procedure . COMMUNICATIONS 04/03/2002 10 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Research note Waterside fouling resistance Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 6 1982 Junio 31 inside condenser tubes . COMMUNICATIONS Better control A properly maintained EMCS , Control Aire Acondicionado trough can lead to enhanced energy 24 7 1982 Julio FEATURES computers savings .Digital computers have made a major impact on the total HVAC in dustry Operator Constant updating and Control Aire Acondicionado interface enhancement of information is techniques keep necessary to keep pace with 24 7 1982 Julio FEATURES pace with BAS building automation system sophistication advances . It´s an ongoing responsibility . Update : Here´s a detailed report on Aire Acondicionado ASHRAE TC 4.7 advances made up to this point in simplified energy the development of the modified 24 7 1982 Julio FEATURES analysis bin method for estimating building procedure energy usage . Research note Wind-related heat transfer Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 7 1982 Julio 32 coefficients for leeward-facing COMMUNICATIONS solar collectors . Research note Effect of hydrodynamic extension Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 7 1982 Julio 33 surfaces on solar collector heat COMMUNICATIONS transfer coefficients . Lithium bromide How to program a handheld Refrigeración absorption programmable calculator for a 24 8 1982 Agosto FEATURES refrigeration- single-stage lithium bromide Acalculator absorption refrigeration unit is program detailed . How to eliminate Water vapor condensation has Refrigeración condensate and been a major problem for plants 24 8 1982 Agosto FEATURES save energy in for some time . How to solve the meat and poultry situation and what to do is plants discussed . 04/03/2002 11 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Evaporative Recent developments in air Aire Acondicionado cooling for washer design , coupled with comfort rapidly escalating electrical costs 24 8 1982 Agosto FEATURES , have brought about renewed interest in evaporative cooling for comfort. Research note Degree day method for simplified Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 24 8 1982 Agosto 34 energy analysis . COMMUNICATIONS Availability and During the last ten years , the Aire Acondicionado validity of rising cost of energy has helped maintenance to emphasize the fact that cost data for engineering decisions should 24 9 1982 Septiembre FEATURES heating , consider the operating as well as ventilating and air- the initial cost for HVAC systems conditioning . equipment Ice-maker heat Development and operation of an Aire Acondicionado pump ice-maker heat pump at the performance Reedsburg Center , Reedsburg , Wisconsin has provided valuable 24 9 1982 Septiembre FEATURES information on system operations . It has proven to be an exceptionally energy-efficient building cooling/heating/hot water system . Dynamic Dynamic performance of a Control Aire Acondicionado performance of a discharge Air-control System with discharge Air- a proportional or proportional plus 24 9 1982 Septiembre FEATURES Temperature integral controller is modeled and System with AP- analized . I controller Design analysis How can computers provide Aire Acondicionado with convenience in the analysis of air- 24 9 1982 Septiembre FEATURES microcomputers conditioning problems while psychrometrics retaining graphic insights via psychrometrics ? 04/03/2002 12 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Reduced Operating cost savings by Aire Acondicionado operating cost in reducing the static pressure in air 24 9 1982 Septiembre FEATURES air moving moving systems are discussed . systems Energy The human element is an Calidad de aire interior engineering for essential factor in any energy occupied places program . This article presents 24 10 1982 Octubre FEATURES ways to intermix technical and psychological approaches to energy improvements . Theory meets Experiments performed at the Aire Acondicionado practice in a full- Construction Engineering scale heating , Research Laboratory ( CERL ) on ventilating and air- a full-scale HVAC system 24 11 1982 Noviembre FEATURES conditioning produce results having an laboratory inmediate , practical bearing on the design of new HVAC systems and on retrofit of existing systems . Analysis : Off- The opportunity for achieving Ahorro Energético peak cooling energy savings is quite extensive methods to through the design of cooling 24 12 1982 Diciembre FEATURES reduce energy systems with more economic off- consumption peak cooling performance . How to do it and why is explored and explained . Computer Here´s a report on the Cogeneración program models cogeneration system in operation cogeneration at Great Western Savings in 25 1 1983 Enero FEATURES system , and Northridge , California . results in energy cost reduction 04/03/2002 13 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 External Attacking the problem of Aire acondicionado influences on inadequate cooling tower Cooling Tower performance has been an ongoing Performance activityin the HVAC&R sector. 25 1 1983 Enero FEATURES Preplaning seems to be the key to solving the situation .A description of some of the most tipical problem situations and how to solve them . Thermal window A thermal window louver system , Ahorro energético louver system in operation in two office building , reduces heating function as an interactive 25 2 1983 Febrero FEATURES and cooling boundary between internal and loads external energy flows. Economical Foresight and awareness of the Aire acondicionado noise control in options are the keys to noise steam regulators considerations in steam regulators . After an installation is 25 2 1983 Febrero FEATURES operating well in other respects , shuyying down to correct a noise problem can be expensive and a nuisance . Thermal optical Thirty-five commercially available Ahorro energético comparisons of window treatments were tested for 25 2 1983 Febrero FEATURES accepted interior their ability to provide both thermal window insulation and to facilite interior treatments lighting . Research & Food Refrigeration and Needed SOCIETY 25 2 1983 Febrero technology Research COMMUNICATIONS Investigación y desarrollo Research note Gas and Electric Type Infrared SOCIETY 25 2 1983 Febrero COMMUNICATIONS heating Systems Save Energy Investigación y desarrollo SPECIAL ISSUE Industrial -New First place : Southern PRESENTATION : Facilities California Edison Company 25 3 1983 Marzo 1983 ASHRAE San Joaquin Customer ENERGY AWARDS service Facility 04/03/2002 14 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 SPECIAL ISSUE Industrial -New Second place : Briggs & PRESENTATION : Facilities Stratton manufacturing and 25 3 1983 Marzo 1983 ASHRAE distribution center ENERGY AWARDS SPECIAL ISSUE Industrial -New Second Place : Belden PRESENTATION : Facilities or Corporation Distribution 25 3 1983 Marzo 1983 ASHRAE Processes Center ENERGY AWARDS SPECIAL ISSUE Alternative or First Place : Graham-White PRESENTATION : Renewable Manufacturing Company 25 3 1983 Marzo 1983 ASHRAE Energy ENERGY AWARDS Utilization SPECIAL ISSUE Alternative or Second Place : Alabama PRESENTATION : Renewable Headquarters for South 25 3 1983 Marzo 1983 ASHRAE Energy Central Bell ENERGY AWARDS Utilization SPECIAL ISSUE Alternative or Third Place : United States PRESENTATION : Renewable Post Office 25 3 1983 Marzo 1983 ASHRAE Energy ENERGY AWARDS Utilization Overview : ASHRAE Technical Committe 5.6 Control de humos ASHRAE smoke and the U.S. veterans control manual administration have just completed a jointly-sponsored 25 4 1983 Abril FEATURES project to develop a design manual for smoke control systems aimed at mechanical engineers involved in designing such systems . A new approach Reopenable fire dampers have the Control de humos foe smoke potential of providing protection for control in openings in fire partitions without buildings obstructing the control of air 25 4 1983 Abril FEATURES movement and , consequently , providing life safety protection through smoke control. 04/03/2002 15 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Smoke contol The VAV pressurization concept Control de humos with feedback with differential pressure feedback provides an improved 25 4 1983 Abril FEATURES pressurization prcess in stairwells , shafts and vestibules during a fire situation Smoke control Current investigations is directed Control de humos ...Easier to say at the integration of smoke control than to with fire detection and alarm 25 4 1983 Abril FEATURES accomplish...Is systems . The key to its use is systems the matter of how well it really integration the works keys? Gaseous air Traditionaly , ventilation has been Calidad de aire interior cleaning can the means of achieving good help maintain indoor air quality . This has 25 5 1983 Mayo FEATURES tolerable indoor usually meant high energy costs air quality limits or the sacrifice of thermal comfort in summer or winter . Energy The potential for substantially Calidad de aire interior conservation reducing energy costs in hospital techniques for operating room air-conditioning hospital systems by implementing a 25 5 1983 Mayo FEATURES operating rooms variety of different approaches , and , at the same time , improving air asepsis , is explored Research note Design of smoke control systems Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 25 5 1983 Mayo 37 for buildings COMMUNICATIONS Energy Before requesting proposals for an Energy Management management and EMCS , building management Systems control system and/or engineers should identify selection energy conservation alternatives , 25 6 1983 Junio FEATURES process ;critical evaluate the economic advantages components develop a preliminary design and identify the optimization functions and harware components. 04/03/2002 16 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 EMCS for To be a useful building Energy Management building management tool , the EMCS Systems management must control the HVAC systems 25 6 1983 Junio FEATURES and monitor both the building enviromental qualityand the building energy performance . Make energy Total facility automation should be Energy Management management the regarded as a process rather a Systems first step toward project systematic,logical, total facility thorough planning can create a 25 6 1983 Junio FEATURES automation blueprint whereby the energy management system can lead to integration of severals operations and needs security & maintenance . Estimation of A method is provided which only Aire acondicionado degree-days and needs the monthly -average ambient ambient temperature to obtain 25 6 1983 Junio FEATURES temperature bin estimates of daily bin data and data from the monthly heating or cooling monthly -average degree-days for any base temperatures temperature . Research note Pipe sizing of steam condensate Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 25 6 1983 Junio 38 lines COMMUNICATIONS Smoke Here´s a look at the many life Control de humos management safety problems inherent in open 25 7 1983 Julio FEATURES system balcony atriums -particularly considerations those existing in hotels for hotel atriums Energy The economy in energy utilization Ahorro energético performance in , inherent in the design , is atriums-an present and offered to building affirmation owners . Some areas that need 25 7 1983 Julio FEATURES close scrutiny are the network of building systems , lighting , general economics and the dollars and sense aspects of atriums . 04/03/2002 17 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Atriums : the Generally , atriums are Aire acondicionado HVAC factor considered to use enormous amounts of heating and cooling energy ; however , with proper 25 7 1983 Julio FEATURES integration of building systems and utilization of natural and building resources , an energy- efficient atrium can be designed . Thermal The performance of two identical Calefaccion c/energía solar performance solar domestic hot water (SDHW) comparisons for heaters subjected to various load 25 8 1983 Agosto FEATURES a solar hot water profiles is compared . Results & system analises are presented. Solar optical A variety of commercially available Aire acondicionado properties of window treatments that can be 25 8 1983 Agosto FEATURES accepted interior purchased through retail outlets window were tested for solar optical treatments properties Research note Augmentation Of In-Tube Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 25 8 1983 Agosto 39 Condensation COMMUNICATIONS Research note The Effect Of Radiant Cooling Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 25 8 1983 Agosto 40 Panels On Temperature COMMUNICATIONS Stratification In Industrial Plants The cost of frost In selecting equipment for carcass Refrigeración chillers the accent must be on which method-refrigeration with a 25 9 1983 Septiembre FEATURES sprayed glycol (frost-free) coil-will give the owner the best possible product at the lowest possible cost . Heat recovery Four case histories are illustrative Refrigeración techniques in of applied heat recovery chemical techniques intended to help 25 9 1983 Septiembre FEATURES processing refrigeration engineers recognize refrigeration the potential for heat recovery applications within the chemical processing industry . 04/03/2002 18 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Beating the The concept of VAV was adopted Aire acondicionado blahs for VAV by designers to eliminate the large values of parasitic energy used for temperature control . It 25 9 1983 Septiembre FEATURES did accomplish this , but cries of "stale air" and lack of air motion have now arisen with many new VAV systems . Fume hood Laboratory fume hoods provide Aire acondicionado diversity for safety to researches in 25 9 1983 Septiembre FEATURES reduced energy conducting their work . consumption special project Based on its review of standard Ahorro energético 41: development 90A an ASHRAEtechnical of evaluation committee has recommendation developed a set of s to upgrade recommendations which have 25 10 1983 Octubre FEATURES ASHRAE been forwarded to the standard 90 standard 90A- project committee for their 1980 "Energy consideration in revising the Conservation in standard . new building design" Evaluation of Grab sampling of tracer gas /air Calidad de aire interior evacuated glass mixture in conjunction with the tubes for tracer gas decay technique is a 25 10 1983 Octubre FEATURES sampling of SF6/ convenient method for conducting air mixture for air a survey of air infiltration rates in exchange homes. Methods are investigated measurement and explained. ASHRAE Investigación y desarrollo 25 10 1983 Octubre FEATURES research 1983-84 Energy Mainframe computer simulation Energy Management EMPHASIS simulation in the programs for energy analysis can 25 11 1983 Noviembre ENERGY building design provide important information MANAGEMENT process throughout the building design process 04/03/2002 19 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The application The combination of an energy Energy Management flexibility of the management control system with EMPHASIS EMCS-DDC DDC(Direct Digital Control ) 25 11 1983 Noviembre ENERGY combination provides great flexibility in MANAGEMENT applications in terms of both the types of building and functional aspects of the system . ASHRAE cooling The design sensible cooling loads Aire acondicionado load calculations book based on methodology methods presented in the 1981 handbook ADDITIONAL of fundamentals can be 25 11 1983 Noviembre FEATURES significantly less than those calculated from the hour-averaging technique outlined in the 1967 and 1972 editions . Chiller Chiller optimization can be Energy Management optimization by accomplished through chiller energy water reset , condenser water ADDITIONAL management reset , sequencing and soft 25 11 1983 Noviembre FEATURES control systems loading . How each is implemented through conventionaland EMCS control schemes is discussed . Fire in the Members to take part in simulated Investigación THE MIDNIGHT subway Atlanta subway fire emergency in 25 12 1983 Diciembre RIDE OF ASHRAE demostration of HVAC system . Passive cooling A design method , based on Ahorro energético strategies monthly average temperatures , 25 12 1983 Diciembre EMPHASIS SOLAR has been developed to approximate the need for shading and other strategies . Passive solar A simplified steady-state model Ahorro energético floors calculates how floor coverings 25 12 1983 Diciembre EMPHASIS SOLAR affect storage of solar energy in an ideal heat sink-with surprise results 04/03/2002 20 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Solar systems Experience with a large variety of Ahorro energético maintenance systems in the HUD program has shown regular inspections and 25 12 1983 Diciembre EMPHASIS SOLAR maintenance can eliminate many of the systems problems and damage The tight building Technical and human factor Calidad de aire interior ADDITIONAL syndrome - parameters must be considered 25 12 1983 Diciembre FEATURES Diagnosis & cure when one is trying to relieve the "tight building syndrome" The effects on A study of sensor types and Ahorro energético building energy functions shows sensor errors can ADDITIONAL 25 12 1983 Diciembre consumption - increase annual energy FEATURES Sensors error requirements by as much as 30 to 50 percent Residential Study of pilot program indicates Ahorro energético ADDITIONAL 26 1 1984 Enero Energy opportunities many to save on FEATURES Conservation space heating Heat balance A system of using heat balance Aire acondicionado studies for for air conditioning service is optimizing helpful in determining the best 26 2 1984 Febrero FEATURES passive cooling settings and throttling range for with ventilation economizer cycles to maximize air the use of passive cooling with minimum reheat . New concept in French techniques are superior to Calidad de aire interior french hospital U.S. design standards in 26 2 1984 Febrero FEATURES operating room maintaining lower airborne HVAC systems bacterial levels . Self-serving A check list of 89 goals was Ahorro energético - 1984 ENERGY savings in Japan produced by the research institute 'Alternative / Renewable 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS to gain a more than 70 percent Energy Use FEATURES reduction in its new administrative offices . Diversity Multiple use facility in Lybertiville , Ahorro energético 1984 ENERGY achieves savings Illinois , gets seven air handling 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS in new industrial systems to tailor loads to the FEATURES Facility varying and diverse needs . 04/03/2002 21 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 New Commercial The goal of low initial cost yet Ahorro energético 1984 ENERGY - 'Recycling high energy conservation for the 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS inside heat gains office building is met with an FEATURES innovative approach in using the heat gains . New Industrial - Computer models for simulation of Ahorro energético 1984 ENERGY Taking savings to 10 systems aided in designing an 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS the bank energy and cost-saving system for FEATURES the Baltimore "currency factory" . Exixting Montreal textile plant energy Ahorro energético 1984 ENERGY Industrial - efficiency program reduces 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS Weaving a consumption to protect against FEATURES recovery system fuel oil shortage and price escalation . New Variable air volume , building Calefacción por energía 1984 ENERGY Commmercial - design meet energy savings solar 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS 'A solar assist in requirements . FEATURES Australia Existing Retrofitting a Virginia high school Control aire acondicionado 1984 ENERGY Institutional - Re- for energy eficiency required re- 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS thinking in high thinking and a combination of FEATURES school conventional , innovative , and some new concepts . Chilled-water free Eli Lilly facility in Indiana is the Ahorro energético - 1984 ENERGY cooling first in the area to get "free Renewable Energy 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS cooling" wich was achieved with FEATURES revision of 2000-ton hermetic chiller at the complex . Existing Cooling water at Los Angeles Ahorro energético 1984 ENERGY Industrial - ceramics plant flows 26 3 1984 Marzo AWARDS 'Cycles automatically to meet the load . FEATURES compressors to save Are fire Jack B. Buckley Chairman Control de humos 26 4 1984 Abril COMMENTARY sprinklers ASHRAE TC5.6 Control of Fire & enough? Smoke FIRE & SMOKE Smoke control Control de Humos 26 4 1984 Abril CONTROL for elevators 04/03/2002 22 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The MARTA Air handling , control , water and Control de Humos System - 'Fire and communication systems in FIRE & SMOKE 26 4 1984 Abril life safety in theAtlanta provide for an effective , CONTROL subway efficient interface with personnel in emergencies . The real enemy Authorities think of fire as heat Control de humos - is smoke and flame and often fall to 'Everyone Worries About FIRE & SMOKE 26 4 1984 Abril recognize the subtle , but The Flame , But... CONTROL extremely important fact , that smoke is the critical factor . When Retrofitting The particular hazards and Control de Humos - 'Build in the vulnerabilities of building should FIRE & SMOKE degree of fire be analyzed and then , potentially 26 4 1984 Abril CONTROL protection with the aid of consultant , needed determine what is realistic . Calculates Microcomputer uses formulas Cooling Coils developed by polynomial curve 26 5 1984 Mayo FEATURES And Schedules fitting . Air Handlers - PSYCHEN Aire acondicionado Shell and tube By following essential steps of a Refrigeración - Calefacción - heat exchangers formal rating and using certain 'A Rapid Field Rating 26 5 1984 Mayo FEATURES approximate formulas , designers can make rapid field selections . Save two ways - Returned chilled water can be Ahorro energético 'Use chilled used to preheat outside air and 26 5 1984 Mayo FEATURES water preheat produce supply chilled water coils economically , where there is a year-round need . The smart Chicago´s Associates Center is Control aire acondicionado building totally computerized to handle 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES functions such as HVAC control , energy management , fire security and elevators . The ten 1st Commandment : The Ahorro energético commandments organization has to be totally 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy commited . conservation programs 04/03/2002 23 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The ten 2nd Commandment : Watch out Ahorro energético commandments for the political barriers . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The ten 3rd Commandment : The chain of Ahorro energético commandments command must be clearly defined 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy . conservation programs The ten 4th Commandment : Plan to Ahorro energético commandments achieve the program´s success . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The ten 5th Commandment : Allow ample Ahorro energético commandments time for personnel education . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The ten 6th Commandment : Keep data Ahorro energético commandments and detailed records . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The ten 7thCommandment : Investigate Ahorro energético commandments before making purchases . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The ten 8th Commandment : Devise a Ahorro energético commandments program that for growth . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The ten 9th Commandment : Open the Ahorro energético commandments internal communications lines . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs 04/03/2002 24 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The ten 10th Commandment : Don´t stop Ahorro energético commandments now . 26 6 1984 Junio FEATURES for energy conservation programs The Pulse In 1976 , the American Gas Calefacción Combustion Association Laboratories queried Furnace - 'How it the industry about possible 26 7 1984 Julio FEATURES is changing an commercialization of pulse industry combustion , beginning a new era . The metered Metered energy use for all-electric Calefacción performance of a home provides detailed 26 7 1984 Julio FEATURES solar-tempered information and permits simple home calculation of the contribution by solar strategies . The multifunction Evaluations of actual fire-fighting Control de humos damper in smoke experiencies conclusively show 26 8 1984 Agosto FEATURES control systems that with little re-engineering , . HVAC systems can provide low cost control and safety . Prediction of Prediction of sound transmission Investigación y desarrollo 26 8 1984 Agosto Research Note 43 sound through duct walls ; breakout and transmission pickup DDC (direct Variable air volume application Control aire acondicionado 26 9 1984 Septiembre FEATURES digital control) demostrates key advantege . Retrofitting-type A great many are in use today Ahorro energético systems and most of them can be 26 9 1984 Septiembre FEATURES retrofitted in fairly simple ways to conserve energy while holding down retrofit costs . Air diffusion and Predicting sound source Aire acondicionado 26 10 1984 Octubre FEATURES acoustics transmission paths associated with air distribution . Shallow ponds Thermal-analysis computer Ahorro energético for dissipation of simulation determines ponds to 26 10 1984 Octubre FEATURES building heat be technically feasible for typical office buildings and the new TRW world headquarters . 04/03/2002 25 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Research note Simplified calculation of Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 26 10 1984 Octubre 45 daylighting and window-related COMMUNICATIONS energy . 26 11 1984 Noviembre FEATURES Mass & Glass How much ? How little ? Calefacción Cooling tower Three new computer algorithms Aire acondicionado - performance have been developed to perform 'Computer Simulation 26 11 1984 Noviembre FEATURES rating calculations for evaporatively cooled heat exchanges . Research note Clothing insulation . Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 26 11 1984 Noviembre 46 COMMUNICATIONS The clear sky There is improved accuracy with Aire acondicionado solar model the ASHRAE model with the use 26 12 1984 Diciembre FEATURES of an elevation correction to optical air mass instead of clearness numbers . STANDARD 109 - A test standard for the dominant Calefacción por energía 'A solar collector collector in use today . solar 26 12 1984 Diciembre FEATURES standard Chicago´s unique State of Illionis facility in the Ahorrro energético state center windy City is unique in its 27 1 1985 Enero FEATURES architecture and the mechanical systems approach used to meet the energy cost parameters Sensor errors Computer program helps spot Contro de aire substantial energy waste caused acondicionado - 'Sensor 27 1 1985 Enero FEATURES by errors of various automatic Errors in VAV Systems control sensors in a variable air volume system A constant air Alternative airflow control Control de aire system to VAV techniques and variable spped acondicionado - A Retrofit 27 1 1985 Enero FEATURES drive help convert single-zone Accomplishment constant volume to single-zone variable air volume system Piping systems What are the advantages and Calefacción - 'District 27 2 1985 Febrero DISTRICT HEATING are the key disadvantages of the various Heating systems in use 04/03/2002 26 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Trenton´s Integrated Community energy Calefacción - 'District downtown system is diesel-powered Heating system cogenerated facility with thermal 27 2 1985 Febrero DISTRICT HEATING distribution by three independently controlled hot water loops THE 1985 ASHRAE New Hawaii´s Waipio Spa Health & Aaire acondicionado ENERGY AWARDS Commmercial - Fitness Center combines recovery 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS A healthy system , heat exchanger and ice approach to bath chiller for efficiency energy THE 1985 ASHRAE New industrial - Stroh´s Lehigh Valley Brewery Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS 'Brewing energy reduces peak refrigeration 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS savings , too demands with incoming potable water precooling the pasteurizer water THE 1985 ASHRAE Existing California´s Pisano French Bakery Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Industrial - uses boiler and baking oven waste 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS 'Putting icing on heat to preheatboiler feedwater , the cake make low-pressure steam THE 1985 ASHRAE New Industrial - Edmonton´s Bennett & Emmott Calefacción ENERGY AWARDS Taking on a heavy electrical equipment plant 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS heavyweight uses direct radiant heating and stratified waste heat storage THE 1985 ASHRAE Existing Virginia´s Hazelton Laboratories Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Industrial - 'A America undergoes 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS biological comprehensive upgrading and evolution maintenance program to increase energy efficiency THE 1985 ASHRAE Existing Sioux Falls EROS Data Center Calefacción ENERGY AWARDS Industrial - merges computer room 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS 'Getting the conditioning with HVAC to heat correct data the building with computer- produced heat THE 1985 ASHRAE Existing Stanford´s School of Business Control de aire ENERGY AWARDS Institutional - gains efficiency and savings with acondicionado 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS 'The business retrofit of controls , low-leak curriculum dampers and scheduling program 04/03/2002 27 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 THE 1985 ASHRAE Existing The Timken Company´s canton Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Industrial - plant utilizes a condensing heat 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS 'Bearing down on exchangear to recover boiler stack the boiler heat to preheat makeup water THE 1985 ASHRAE New Industrial - South Carolina´s National Cash Energy Management ENERGY AWARDS 'Ringing up the Register plant employs an energy System 27 3 1985 Marzo PROJECTS savings management control system , thermal storage and a spray pond FIRE LIFE SAFETY High rise safety Fire safety systems in today´s Control de humos FEATURES systems high-rise office buildings are 27 4 1985 Abril responsible for more than just the integration of the EMCS with the fire alarm system FIRE LIFE SAFETY Integration : not A complete life safety system Control de humos y EMCS FEATURES a matter of depends on integration of energy 27 4 1985 Abril debate management control systems with the building fire alarm system through new technology FIRE LIFE SAFETY Dampers in Save money by selecting and Control de humos FEATURES smoke control aoolying the proper fire safety 27 4 1985 Abril systems related damper for fire contaiment and smoke control systems in a variety of building THERMAL An ice making Alabama Power builds Thermal Storage STORAGE showcase refrigeration / storage system with 27 5 1985 Mayo FEATURES 1.23 million pound capacity to shift load to off-peak hours for new headquarters THERMAL The control Ice and chilled water storage Thermal Storage STORAGE concepts require close control of electric 27 5 1985 Mayo FEATURES demand at the chiller to minimize the energy cost for each billing period THERMAL Strategies to Installers can choose among Thermal Storage STORAGE optimize ice three ice storage approaches to 27 5 1985 Mayo FEATURES storage obtain desired electrical demand reduction and hold down installation costs 04/03/2002 28 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 ENERGY System Evaluation of energy-saving Energy Management Control CONSERVATION dynamics and effectiveness of computer System 27 6 1985 Junio energy use technology when linked with commercial building energy management control systems FEATURES Spot cooling A condensed step-by-step version Aire acondicionado systems - A for the designer of spot cooling 27 6 1985 Junio design procedure system FEATURES Hidronic energy An exploration of variable flow Ahorro energético economics rates to accommodate thermal 27 6 1985 Junio loads as opposed to the historically-preferred variable temperature ranges COGENERATION The quest for Gas Research Institute seeks Cogeneración FEATURES smaller units smaller , more efficient systems 27 7 1985 Julio to open up broad commercial market for important energy savings COGENERATION A design California Institute of technology Cogeneración FEATURES concept for uses cogeneration system to 27 7 1985 Julio Caltech reduce the cooling requirement placed on their central heating and cooling plant COGENERATION Cogeneration fills State university shares in energy Cogeneración FEATURES San Jose needs savings , while getting engineering 27 7 1985 Julio an construction of the innovative system whithout cost to school or state Research Note 48 Draft hood The effect of draft hood design on Investigación y desarrollo Julio design 36 the seasonal efficiency of gas appliances HEAT PUMP Airport reduces Orlando International recovers Ahorro energético 27 8 1985 Agosto FEATURES energy costs waste heat , eliminates need for fossil fuels REFRIGERATION Microprocessor Selection and and installation of Refrigeración FEATURES control of a microprocessor-based control 27 9 1985 Septiembre system systems in two large industrial refrigeration systems in Canadian fish processing 04/03/2002 29 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 REFRIGERATION The interface Some control methods and Refrigeración FEATURES between terminology to help the 27 9 1985 Septiembre engineers refrigeration engineer interface with the electronics engineer on projects involving computers World Bank World Bank buildings hold a Thermal storage Assets include unique array of cultural diversity in 27 10 1985 Octubre Energy Management energy cost- a home designed to please saving thermal everyone storage system FEATURES Computer Six contractors run building Ahorro energético Modeling - 'The energy analysis computer 27 11 1985 November DOE-2 validation programs on commercial buildings in experimental round-robin simulations Research Note 49 Moisture Moisture migration in an insulated Investigación y desarrollo Novenber migration 33 residential wall structure FEATURES The Pacific Bell Ice-making thermal storage is Thermal storage complex among many economic elements incorporated in the air-conditioning /heating system of the two millions square foot complex 27 12 1985 Diciembre The BLAST A study at the University of Ahorro energético verification - Alberta analyzes program 28 1 1986 Enero OTHER FEATURES Computer predictions and site Modeling measurements of annual energy consumption of two houses Analyzing piping A simple method of calculating Aire acondicionado systems - flow rates in parallel systems 28 1 1986 Enero OTHER FEATURES Computer Modeling A volatile Ontario´s Town of Orangeville Cogeneración solution upgrades and expands its water COGENERATION 28 2 1986 Febrero pollution control facility using FEATURES cogeneration to optimize utilization of methane 04/03/2002 30 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The U.S. Borax The world´s leading producer of Cogeneración COGENERATION project borates and boron chemicals is 28 2 1986 Febrero FEATURES now operating one of the newest and largets facilities in California Research Note Energy conservation Investigación y desarrollo SOCIETY 52(RP 193) - 'Hot-considerations for industrial 28 2 1986 Febrero COMMUNICATIONS gas defrosting refrigeration plants Existing South Dakota facility uses water Ahorro energético THE 1986 ASHRAE Industrial Facility source heat pumps to recover 28 3 1986 Marzo ENERGY AWARDS - 'Hiking the heat heat from water which was being PROJECTS inventory sent to an open cooling tower Existing Indiana pharmaceutical and Ahorro energético THE 1986 ASHRAE Industrial Facility cosmetic research facility 28 3 1986 Marzo ENERGY AWARDS - 'Operating in a employs modified vacuum system PROJECTS vacuum and recirculates 90 percent of water Existing Rhode Island television station Aire acondicionado THE 1986 ASHRAE Commercial install new chiller , variable air 28 3 1986 Marzo ENERGY AWARDS Building - 'Prime volume , and separate cooling for PROJECTS time air handling 24-hour area to gain savings Existing Denver comercial complex retrofit Ahorro energético THE 1986 ASHRAE Commercial program produces an 86 percent 28 3 1986 Marzo ENERGY AWARDS Building - reduction in steam usage through PROJECT 'Reducing the improved procedures and systems head of steam 'Existing Dallas-Ft. worth aiport install Control de aire THE 1986 ASHRAE Industrial Facility direct digital control chiller to acondicionado 28 3 1986 Marzo ENERGY AWARDS - Grounding high reduce cost by 65 percent per PROJECT energy costs square foot served at the field Calculating A handheld calculator program Control de humos 28 4 1986 Abril FIRE LIFE SAFETY smoke control determines nine major driving forces A look at Stack effect , pressure loss and Control de humos pressurization air flow direction should be taken 28 4 1986 Abril FIRE LIFE SAFETY into consideration when designing a stairwell smoke control system 04/03/2002 31 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Supersystem Basic design balances life safety Control de humos 28 4 1986 Abril FIRE LIFE SAFETY controls and property protection factors Superdome The state of the Cooling storage systems are well Thermal Storage THERMAL market publicized , but it still takes the 28 5 1986 Mayo STORAGE utility to have a major impact on FEATURES the acceptance of off-peak hour refrigeration A showcase on Arizona utility uses a service Thermal Storage THERMAL cost savings center as a demostration of self- 28 5 1986 Mayo STORAGE contained thermal storage to build FEATURES and harvest ice during off-peak electric rate hours Present worth Suboptimal allocation of Procedimientos de desición analysis resources or " preselection error " 28 5 1986 Mayo OTHER FEATURES can occur unless all project combinations are examined when funding is limited Variable flow There is no question that variable Ahorro energético ENERGY pumping ? speed systems save energy , 28 6 1986 Junio CONSERVATION however , total cost of cost of FEATURES equipment and life cycle should be analized for applications A Status Report' - What research is now being done Calidad de aire interior Indoor air quality on the effect of indoor pollutants 28 6 1986 Junio OTHER FEATURES on the population and what investigations are planned for the future ? Innovative bank The Bank of America is balzing Thermal Storage stores ice for new trails in energy installations 28 6 1986 Junio Energy Management savings at where others may follow. Livermore Facility Far East High- Air-conditioning system with Aire acondicionado Rise - 'A floor- modular services units helps based approach provide a Hong Kong bank 28 7 1986 Julio FEATURES building that can respond to rapidly changing technology and requirements 04/03/2002 32 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Some Despite fears to the contrary , Calidad de aire interior residentials residential buildings can be made INDOOR AIR 28 7 1986 Julio answers energy efficient without sacrificing QUALITY the quality of the indoor air Strategies : There are methods and guidelines Calidad de aire interior today and now which should be applied by INDOOR AIR 28 7 1986 Julio tomorrow the engineer , and several areas QUALITY that indicate promise with further research HVAC for high- Sophisticated systems which Calidad de aire interior tech products maintain temperature , humidity ADDITIONAL 28 8 1986 Agosto and ultra clean air are needed for FEATURE the manufacture of today´s semiconducts Using sea water Government water restrictions Aire acondicionado for cooling compel Hong Kong to go to the 28 9 1986 Septiembre OTHER FEATURES sea for a solution to the problem of condenser cooling in air- conditioning plants DDC software How to avoid the pitfalls of the Control de aire COMPUTER and hardware new technology by taking a acondicionado 28 9 1986 Septiembre APPLICATIONS systematic and detailed look at FEATURES the design of interfaces and software algorithms Economizer A new system , which provides a Control de aire COMPUTER control systems good compromise between acondicionado 28 9 1986 Septiembre APPLICATIONS performance and maintainability , FEATURES is a strong contender over other high limit control Fire dampers in Broad interpretations of use and Control de aire 28 9 1986 Septiembre OTHER FEATURES air duct system - operation show need for acondicionado Forum Report standarization Flue loss This method , involving the Calefacción - Flujo de calculation collection of condensate , helps combustibles 28 10 1986 Octubre FEATURES account for the non-saturated nature of the flue products in high- efficiency gas appliances 04/03/2002 33 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 A heat pipe This technique will increase winter Calefacción economy cycle building ventilation rates without 28 10 1986 Octubre FEATURES thermal penalty , greatly reducing freezeup and stratification problems Parallel flow Newly developed , high-efficiency Refrigeración chiller-heater absorption chillers can now REFRIGERATION 28 11 1986 Noviembre compete with electric centrifugal FEATURES chillers to reduce the owner´s energy costs A new future for Recent investigations provide Refrigeración absorption opportunities for use in heat REFRIGERATION 28 11 1986 Noviembre actuated heat pumps and the FEATURES development of new higher- efficiency cycles Ventilation Five major revisions for acceptable Calidad de aire interior standard draft indoor air quality are made and 15 INDOOR AIR out for review - cfm minimum per person is 28 11 1986 Noviembre QUALITY 'Draft ASHRAE recomended Standard 62- 1981R VAV:an outside Designing and controlling an Control de aire 28 12 1986 Diciembre FEATURES air economizer outside air economizer cycle acondicionado cycle Prediction of A new chart identifies the Aire acondicionado draft percentage of subjects 29 1 1987 Enero FEATURES dissatisfied due to draft as a function of the mean air velocity and the air temperature FREE COOLING The hydraulics and "hiden Ahorro energético by cooling tower problems" of water-side 29 1 1987 Enero FEATURES water applications should be factored into the design from the start of the project Spot cooling The package satisfies the needs Aire acondicionado system design - imposed by the ambient 'Using an conditions of the industrial 29 1 1987 Enero FEATURES interactive enviroment and the parameters for microcomputer the working station package 04/03/2002 34 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Fluidized bed Technology developments permits Cogeneración combustion - 'An a wide variety of waste materials 29 2 1987 Febrero COGENERATION added option for previously considered impractical cogeneration to be used as economical fuels systems Movable A look at the critical issues of Aire acondicionado insulation mean radiant temperature with systems - A new regard to human comfort 29 2 1987 Febrero FEATURES look at requirements in residential applications situations criteria In a Hong Kong Tennis and badminton Aire acondicionado indoor sports tournaments pose air velocity 29 2 1987 Febrero FEATURES stadium - - 'A challenges space air diffusion system Thermal Products were tested with water Investigación y desarrollo properties of low- content and temperature varied 29 2 1987 Febrero FEATURES and intermediate- moisture foods Hospital Standards are reviewed to Investigación y desarrollo 29 2 1987 Febrero FEATURES ventilation and evaluate the special needs of exhaust hospitals THE 1987 ASHRAE Existing Toronto municipal building gains Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Institutional hidronic free cooling , automation 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS Building - 'City in retrofit move Hall conservation THE 1987 ASHRAE New Institutional Emory clinic expansion and new Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Building - eye center gain savings via many 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS 'Energy conservation ideas prescription THE 1987 ASHRAE 'New Industrial Pennsylvania nursery taps warm Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Facility - water supply from hiperbolic 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS Greenhouse cooling towers sprouts savings THE 1987 ASHRAE New Industrial Computer analysis provides Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Facility - 'Tape guidelines to many energy-saving 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS measured ideas at plant savings 04/03/2002 35 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 THE 1987 ASHRAE Existing Four modifications for nursing Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Institutional home save 24 percent on energy 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS Building - 'Taking for a short payback care of costs THE 1987 ASHRAE Alternative/Rene Potable water supply is used as a Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS wable Energy heart source for a courthouse in 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS Uses - 'A city washington taps savings THE 1987 ASHRAE New Institutional Glycol heat recovery loop is Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Building - among the energy savers at the 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS 'Hospital heat Parkwood Hospital recovery THE 1987 ASHRAE 'New Industrial Container plant captures exhaust Ahorro energético ENERGY AWARDS Process - air , corrugating line and 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS Packaging compressor heat energy savings THE 1987 ASHRAE 'Existing Energy management , variable Energy management ENERGY AWARDS Institutional speed drives reduce hospital systems 29 3 1987 Marzo PROJECTS Building - Energy costs in operating rooms cost surgery Recent trends in ASHRAE and NFPA seek Control de humos 29 4 1987 Abril FIRE LIFE SAFETY smoke control answers to controlling a major fire villain Arizona utility Data acquisition system will Thermal Storage THERMAL 29 5 1987 Mayo adds eutectic monitor installation as customer STORAGE storage unit demonstration ENERGY SAVINGS NYU medical Development of a hybrid system Ahorro energético 29 6 1987 Junio & COGENERATION center links six spurred by high demand charges chillers ENERGY SAVINGS University Retrofit and new constuction gain Ahorro energético 29 6 1987 Junio & COGENERATION hospital blends reliability , economy and flexibility new and old ENERGY SAVINGS Control dampers Proper sizing and selection Ahorro energético 29 6 1987 Junio ensures comfort at lowest possible energy cost INDOOR AIR IAQ control by Air filtration is the key to cost- Calidad de aire interior 29 7 1987 Julio QUALITY air cleaning effective contaminant control 04/03/2002 36 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 IAQ control by Exhaust ventilation can help Calidad de aire interior INDOOR AIR 29 7 1987 Julio space air achieve smoke control enviroment QUALITY distribution Chilled water A hypotetical campus system is 29 7 1987 Julio FEATURES storage goes to extended college Thermal Storage Variable Air Six experienced engineers Control de aire VARIABLE AIR Volume - 'A express their opinions on the acondicionado 29 8 1987 Agosto VOLUME forum state of the art and future of variable air volume Variable flow Can constant speed pumps be Control de aire 29 8 1987 Agosto FEATURES chilled water used ? - 'A System Analysis acondicionado systems Insulation A simplified technique for Ahorro energético 29 8 1987 Agosto FEATURES economy estimating economic thickness of insulation Texas starts new Large-scale system provides Aire acondicionado 29 8 1987 Agosto FEATURES test facility broad capabilities Designing a new Phase change ice storage with a Thermal Storage system lower temperature duct system 29 9 1987 Septiembre FEATURES used to save energy costs in building Return fans: are A simple procedure can be used Aire acondicionado 29 9 1987 Septiembre FEATURES they necessary ? to determine if a return fan is required Calculation of A method of setting energy Aire acondicionado 29 10 1987 Octubre FEATURES energy targets targets and assessing performance is presented Control valve and A "common sense" explanation of Aire acondicionado damper sizing the importance of properly sized 29 10 1987 Octubre FEATURES components in HVAC system operation Heat transport A water evaporative cooling Aire acondicionado model for roof application was studied as an 29 10 1987 Octubre FEATURES mist spray effective means of removing heat systems from a flat roof building 04/03/2002 37 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 ASHRAE Research contributions from Investigación y desarrollo research - individuals , chapters , companies ASHRAE 'Strong individual and other organizations totaled $ 29 10 1987 Octubre RESEARCH and company 836,660 in 1986-87 REPORT support backs projects and grants -in-aid CFC´s : Is the International accord on limiting Refrigeración - 'CFC´s : Is 29 11 1987 Noviembre CFC REPORT ski falling ? refrigerant output signals the start the sky falling ? of a major challenge The CFC The character of Refrigeración - 'CFC´s : Is footprint chlorofluorocarbons , the different the sky falling ? 29 11 1987 Noviembre CFC REPORT molecular structures and the ozone depletion theory The EPA U.S. agency see the risks of Refrigeración - 'CFC´s : Is assessment ozone depletion as overwhelming the sky falling ? 29 11 1987 Noviembre CFC REPORT in health , agriculture and acuatic life The ARI position Manufacturers back global Refrigeración - 'CFC´s : Is approach , want time to make the sky falling ? 29 11 1987 Noviembre CFC REPORT changes , and seek unregulated CFC-22 The ASHRAE Society charge course to play an Refrigeración - 'CFC´s : Is position important role in seeking the sky falling ? 29 11 1987 Noviembre CFC REPORT responsible and reasonable solutions ASHRAE New methods for rating air Refrigeración Standard 90.1P - conditioning and refrigeranting 'Partial load equipment for use in commercial 29 11 1987 Noviembre FEATURES HVAC equipment buildings are described requirements Numerical Current status and future research Aire acondicionado prediction for needs in development of room 29 12 1987 Diciembre FEATURES indoor air convection modeling movement Quest for A molecular approach Refrigeración - 'CFC´s : Is alternatives demostrates tradeoffs and the ski falling ? 29 12 1987 Diciembre FEATURES limitations are inevitable in seeking refrigerants 04/03/2002 38 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Approximating The engineering accuracy is Aire acondicionado wet bulb , dew sufficient to simplify point determinations for many humidity 30 1 1988 Enero FEATURES temperatures - 'A control applications . New Technique Various flow How would the system be affected Refrigeración rates in by changing the design flow rate ? 30 1 1988 Enero FEATURES condenser water cycle - 'Cost Tradeoffs Research note Analysis of energy use and Investigación y desarrollo 63 : Variable control characteristics of a large 30 1 1988 Enero FEATURES speed chiller variable speed drive chiller system system . ASHRAE What is ARI The manufacturers´ association Refrigeración JOURNAL´S provides a strong voice and 30 1 1988 Enero OFFICIAL services that include certification PRODUCT & SHOW and statics . GUIDE Packaged The growth of cogeneration can Cogeneración cogeneration - 'A make significant contributions to 30 2 1988 Febrero FEATURES Maturing future energy efficiency . Technology Kraft linerboard $ 90 million plant is capable of Cogeneración mill usesburning coal , biomass or fuel oil 30 2 1988 Febrero FEATURES versatile system to produce up to 750,000 pounds of steam hourly . Religious An update and expansion of an Aire acondicionado building energy analysis of the energy use in 30 2 1988 Febrero FEATURES use - 'An Update religious buildings in the Philadelphia area . Laboratory Fume An analysis of this special Ventilación Hood - 'The exhaust system in the post 30 2 1988 Febrero FEATURES Performance "Knutson-Caplan test" era . Test Laboratory fume Hood location and air supply to Ventilación 30 3 1988 Marzo FEATURES hood operation the space come first , then the hood operation system . 04/03/2002 39 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 1988 ASHRAE Eleven entries were selected for Aire acondicionado energy awards honors from four categories , 30 3 1988 Marzo FEATURES encompassing new and retrofit projects . Public policy U.S. legislators , special interest Calidad de aire interior 30 3 1988 Marzo FEATURES asbestos groups focus on asbestos in the decisions nation´s school . Documentation A proper transfer of information is Control de aire DIRECT DIGITAL 30 3 1988 Marzo of Direct Digital required to design and install a acondicionado CONTROL Control temperature control system . Interactive A call to re´place sequence of Control de aire DIRECT DIGITAL Matrices operations as the standard acondicionado 30 3 1988 Marzo CONTROL Modeling practice for specification of Standard algorithms . A consultant´s A clear statement of the control Control de aire DIRECT DIGITAL 30 3 1988 Marzo requirement sequences is the key to a good acondicionado CONTROL DDC system . Functional Documenting method shows Control de aire DIRECT DIGITAL flowcharting complete function , how interfaces acondicionado 30 3 1988 Marzo CONTROL to the operator & other programs are achieved . An owner´s Providing documentation in a Control de aire DIRECT DIGITAL 30 3 1988 Marzo requirement format the owner/user acondicionado CONTROL understands is essential . An owner´s With present systems , the Control de aire DIRECT DIGITAL 30 3 1988 Marzo perspective software and firmware are critical acondicionado CONTROL factors . DIRECT DIGITAL Direct digital A product roundup of the lastest Control de aire 30 3 1988 Marzo CONTROL control technology in DDC systems . acondicionado Computer center Significant savings can be Aire acondicionado 30 4 1988 Abril FEATURES design realized without adverse effect on operating computer equipment . Qualitative Partitioning the HVAC design Aire acondicionado 30 4 1988 Abril FEATURES engineering problem assists in achieving energy efficiency . A review of A look at the capabilities , Control de humos 30 4 1988 Abril FIRE LIFE SAFETY smoke control limitations and assumptions of models existing smoke control models . What is the A look into the association and its Control de humos 30 4 1988 Abril FIRE LIFE SAFETY NFPA ? activities . 04/03/2002 40 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The ice storage An ice storage system proves a Thermal storage THERMAL option cost-effective method of alleviating 30 5 1988 Mayo STORAGE a hospital´s cooling tower noise problem . Thermal storage A look at the workings of a partial Thermal storage THERMAL 30 5 1988 Mayo with EMS control storage system installed in a STORAGE northern U.S. technology center . Residential A technical evaluation committee Ahorro energético energy develops recommendations for the 30 5 1988 Mayo FEATURES creation of a residential based energy standard . Performance Examination of a 3.3 million gross Ahorro energético evaluation of sq ft building provides data on 30 6 1988 Junio FEATURES energy-saving ongoing conservation projects . measures A system Low efficiency and high Ahorro energético - upgrade maintenance cost prompt the 'ASHRAE Energy Award 30 6 1988 Junio FEATURES addition of new central plant Winner equipment . Recapturing lost Retrofit strategy provides zoning Ahorro energético - energy of unoccupied areas , reduces fan 'ASHRAE Energy Award 30 6 1988 Junio FEATURES energy and minimizes reheat . Winner Providing four- An engine assembly plant uses Ahorro energético - season low-grade waste heat from engine 'ASHRAE Energy Award 30 6 1988 Junio FEATURES environmental testing to provide energy savings . Winner comfort Designing a new The system provides adequate Ahorro energético - 30 6 1988 Junio FEATURES refrigeration refrigeration for the existing ice 'ASHRAE Energy Award system cream plant and added facilities . Winner Coils A product roundup of the many Aire acondicionado 30 6 1988 Junio FEATURES coils now avaible inthe HVAC&R marketplace . Cool storage Systems can benefit the owner by Thermal storage system design reducing owning/operating costs 30 7 1988 Julio FEATURES without sacrificing comfort . 04/03/2002 41 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Applying two- The system proved to be the most Aire acondicionado stage evaporative cost-effective , while providing the cooling - 'Large highest level of comfort . 30 7 1988 Julio FEATURES Building Systems INDOOR AIR Pollutants Health risks of indoor pollutants Calidad de aire interior 30 7 1988 Julio QUALITY Deign concepts Office building air conditioning to Calidad de aire interior INDOOR AIR 30 7 1988 Julio meet Proposed ASHRAE QUALITY Standard 62-1981R . INDOOR AIR Filtration / Air cleaners and indoor air quality Calidad de aire interior 30 7 1988 Julio QUALITY controls . INDOOR AIR Simulation / Simulating indoor pollutant levels . Calidad de aire interior 30 7 1988 Julio QUALITY modeling INDOOR AIR Case studies IAQ evaluations of three office Calidad de aire interior 30 7 1988 Julio QUALITY buildings . Microbial life in A report on microorganism groups Aire acondicionado 30 8 1988 Agosto FEATURES cooling water and the methods to minimize their systems adverse effects . Corrosion control Better choices of materials and Aire acondicionado in cooling tower corrosion prevention measures 30 8 1988 Agosto FEATURES systems could save billions of industry dollars per year . Selecting Appropiate chemicals and feed Aire acondicionado chemical equipment can prolong cooling 30 8 1988 Agosto FEATURES treatment tower life and reduce operating equipment costs . Office ventilation - A look at the issues that must be Ventilación 30 9 1988 Septiembre FEATURES 'An Update addressed when defining " ventilation effectiveness " . The HVAC costs Changes in annual energy Ventilación of fresh air operating costs resulting from 30 9 1988 Septiembre FEATURES ventilation - 'An increased minimum outside air Analysis ventilation . Thermal comfort Research project assesses Aire acondicionado in office buildings thermal environments ; focuses on 30 10 1988 Octubre FEATURES workstation conditions & user perceptions . 04/03/2002 42 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The olfand New units established to quantify Calidad de aire interior 30 10 1988 Octubre FEATURES decipol how air quality is perceived by human beings . The true cost of A look at leakage conditions and Refrigeración 30 11 1988 Noviembre REFRIGERATION refrigerant leaks the factors that could help to minimize refrigerant loss . How will CFC An evaluation of long-term impact Refrigeración 30 11 1988 Noviembre REFRIGERATION bans affect and development of alternative energy use ? technologies . Hidden olfs in Investigators examine hidden Calidad de aire interior 30 11 1988 Noviembre FEATURES sick buildings pollution sources in 15 Copenhagen office buildings . Service life of A report on field performance , Procedimientos de desición energy factors leading to measure 30 12 1988 Diciembre FEATURES conservation replacement and when it is likely measures to occur . Pipe size Determining optimum flow rates , Procedimientos de desición 30 12 1988 Diciembre FEATURES selection based on economic criteria , for standaed steel pipe sizes . Standardizing ASHRAE spc 135P is working to Control de aire EMCS address the communication acondicionado 31 1 1989 Enero FEATURES communication requirements of all devices used protocols in controlling HVAC&R systems . Cogeneration , Many options exist in the design Cogeneración chillers and cool of a power generating , heating 31 2 1989 Febrero COGENERATION storage - and cooling system . 'Practical Combinations Cogeneration in This combination with the use of Cogeneración combination with thermal storage may be preferable 31 2 1989 Febrero COGENERATION electric heat to cogeneration alone . pumps Sizing a storage A transient state analysis Calefacción type water investigates performance under 31 2 1989 Febrero FEATURES heating system various load conditions with respect to time 1989 ENERGY 1989 ASHRAE An enviromental system for low Aire acondicionado 31 3 1989 Marzo AWARDS energy awards humidity 1989 ENERGY 1989 ASHRAE Heat pipes for dehumidification Aire acondicionado 31 3 1989 Marzo AWARDS energy awards 04/03/2002 43 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 1989 ENERGY 1989 ASHRAE Utilizing a geothermal surface Ahorro energético - 31 3 1989 Marzo AWARDS energy awards spring 'Alternative and Renewable 1989 ENERGY 1989 ASHRAE New heating concept for dairy Ahorro energético - 31 3 1989 Marzo AWARDS energy awards industry 'Alternative and Renewable Updating the Recommendations for selecting Control de aire V.A.V. outside and sizing dampers based on a acondicionado 31 4 1989 Abril FEATURES air economizer current data . controls Full scale smoke Experiments with zone smoke Control de humos control tests at control with a without stairwell 31 4 1989 Abril SMOKE CONTROL the Plaza Hotel pressurization . building Thermal storage Views on the technology of off- Thermal storage THERMAL 31 5 1989 Mayo forum peak period production from five STORAGE engineers experienced in the field Thermal storage More than 850KW is saved during Thermal storage THERMAL 31 5 1989 Mayo retrofit peak electrical demand at Fort STORAGE Worth´s Worthington Hotel . Diagnosing Intelligent systems for diagnosing Procedimientos de desición building operational problems in HVAC 31 6 1989 Junio FEATURES operational systems . problems Diagnosing low Does your chilled water system Refrigeración 31 6 1989 Junio FEATURES temperature have this disease? differential Protocols to A concept for protocols as guides Control de aire guide building for monitoring building energy acondicionado 31 6 1989 Junio FEATURES energy activities . monitoring projects Window- U- Revisions for the 1989 ASHRAE Aire acondicionado 31 6 1989 Junio FEATURES Values Handbook-fundamentals . Value The enticement of increased Procedimientos de desición engineering rental revanue for the builders´ 31 7 1989 Julio FEATURES consideration and lower construction costs . 04/03/2002 44 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 New industrial Energy conserving design a Ahorro energético building : A view videocassette operations center 31 7 1989 Julio FEATURES to savings decreased construction and operating costs . Cooling twer Premature rusting can be Aire acondicionado 31 8 1989 Agosto FEATURES corrosion alleviated , giving cooling towers longer lives . The myth of VAV terminals must be properly Control de aire pressure- sized in order to provide control acondicionado 31 8 1989 Agosto FEATURES independent over multiple zones . VAV terminals A knowledge- How a computer program can help Procedimientos de desición based system for solve building environmental 31 9 1989 Septiembre FEATURES comfort discomfort problems diagnostics A test system to The effects of air-conditioning Aire acondicionado measure air systems on the workstation 31 10 1989 Octubre FEATURES distribution and enviroment can be examined by comfort in an using this test system . open plan office The new comfort The equation incorporates all Calidad de aire interior equation for pollution sources in a space to 31 10 1989 Octubre FEATURES indoor air quality derive a ventilation level that appeals to human perceptions . Ventilation for This article summarizes the major Calidad de aire interior 31 10 1989 Octubre STANDARD 62-1989 acceptable changes enacted in the new indoor air quality ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 Analysis of flow A computer modeling program Control de aire in small , multi- predicts the effects of varying acondicionado 31 10 1989 Octubre FEATURES zone HVAC damper positions on airflow systems through ducting . Performance of Oil influences heat transferand Refrigeración micro-fin tubes pressure drop and its effects can 31 11 1989 Noviembre FEATURES with refrigerant- vary in smooth and augmented 22 and oil tubes mixtures Computerizing Software programs for calculating Aire acondicionado refrigeration load refrigeration loads can improve 31 11 1989 Noviembre FEATURES calculations accuracy and save time for systems designers . 04/03/2002 45 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Part-load A new computer program can help Calefacción performance in selecting energy efficient hot 31 12 1989 Diciembre FEATURES analysis of hot water heating coils and control water heating valves . coils Technical tour of A chilled water thermal storage Thermal storage the Georgia system and a unique solar 31 12 1989 Diciembre FEATURES Power corporate system help reduce the building´s headquarters energy usage . building 32 1 1990 Enero SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS An overview of This article summarizes some of Procedimientos de desición 32 2 1990 Febrero FEATURES standard 90.1 the changes enacted in the new ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1989 . Using the T- The T-Method offers significant Aire acondicionado - Method for duct advantages over other methods for NETSAL 32 3 1990 Marzo FEATURES system design designing optimal HVAC air duct systems . Air handling Fan selection - 'Understanding Aire acondicionado equipment components and their operation 32 3 1990 Marzo FEATURES design and its simplifies the equipment selection impact on and application process . performance Thermal storage Five articless different aspects of Thermal storage 32 4 1990 Abril FEATURES forum current thermal storage technology . On-site chiller By using computers and accurate Refrigeración testing instrumentation , on-site testing 32 4 1990 Abril FEATURES can reduce operating and maintenance costs . Pipe sizing and HFC-134a is currently the best Refrigeración pressure drop alternative for R-12 but certain 32 4 1990 Abril FEATURES calculations for problems must still be resolved . HFC-134a Performance Protection of duct openings in two- Testing Of hour fire resistant walls and 32 5 1990 Mayo FEATURES Ductwork For partitions Fire Protection Control de humos 04/03/2002 46 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Performance Dampers provide protection of Testing Of duct openings in two-hour fire 32 5 1990 Mayo FEATURES Ductwork For resistant walls and partitions Fire Protection Control de humos Standard 90.1´s The ENVSTD software program Aire acondicionado 32 5 1990 Mayo FEATURES ENVSTD : Using can be used to comply with the it for compliance building envelope requirements . System effect- The effect of the duct system on Aire acondicionado A design the fan must be carefully 32 5 1990 Mayo FEATURES fundamental considered to avoid poor performance . Cooling tower Water treatments programs for Aire acondicionado water treatment cooling towers should be carefully 32 6 1990 Junio FEATURES in the 1990s re-evaluated due to the recent ban on chromates . Cooling tower This article provides information Aire acondicionado management on the use of ozone for 32 6 1990 Junio FEATURES using ozone maintaining the water in cooling instead oftowers . multichemicals . A self-tuning This article describes new Control de aire software programs that optimize the P and acondicionado 32 6 1990 Junio FEATURES package for I settings for simple air duct direct digital heating systems . controllers Gas/electric cold- Gas energized desiccants Aire acondicionado 32 6 1990 Junio FEATURES air systems produce cold-air systems without refrigerated thermal storage Moving into Retrofitting with digital controls Control de aire digital control has become more practical acondicionado 32 7 1990 Julio FEATURES through because of improvements in the retrofitting latest DDC systems . Is the ventilation engineer responsible for 32 8 1990 Agosto FEATURES Sick building syndrome injuries Calidad de aire interior sick building syndrome injuries 04/03/2002 47 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Low-rise One high-efficiency boiler can now Calefacción residential handle a home´s comfort heating 32 9 1990 Septiembre FEATURES hydronic heating and domestic hot water needs . systems A domestic hot Identifying the factors that Calefacción water use influence domestic hot water use 32 9 1990 Septiembre FEATURES database can help develop more efficient systems . The pros and Several authors present differing Aire acondicionado cons of viewpoints on balancing variable 32 10 1990 Octubre FEATURES balancing a flow water systems . variable flow water system 32 11 1990 Noviembre SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS The impact of AI As it develops , artificial Procedimientos de desición technology within intelligence technology will have 32 12 1990 Diciembre FEATURES the HVAC an increasing impact on building industry operations . Forum : Successful as an industrial Refrigeración Ammonia as an refrigerant for many years , 32 12 1990 Diciembre FEATURES alternative ammonia is now being considered refrigerant for other applications . Ammonia as a Industrial refrigeration applications Refrigeración refrigerant in light have demostrated that ammonia 32 12 1990 Diciembre FEATURES of the CFC is a necessary and practical phase-out refrigerant . Ammonia : The Ammmonia´s advantages are Refrigeración new / old proven , so young engineers 32 12 1990 Diciembre FEATURES refrigerant should discover new ways to minimize its disadvantages . Ammonia as a Today´s challenge is to educate Refrigeración refrigerant of engineers in all aspects of the 32 12 1990 Diciembre FEATURES choice HVAC industry including all refrigerants and systems . State and local Recovery and recycling programs Washington Report roundup of have the most support among 33 1 1991 Enero DEPARTMENTS enacted CFC state and local legislators . laws and ordinances . 04/03/2002 48 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 In-situ Various field tests can determine Aire acondicionado measurament of the integrity of the window and the 33 1 1991 Enero FEATURES window quality of its installation. performance A knowledge- Two benefits of this expert system Procedimientos de desición based system for for homeowners are reduced 33 1 1991 Enero FEATURES residential HVAC electric costs and increased applications energy savings . Factors affecting Cooling products in bulk before Refrigeración the costs of packing offers both time and cost 33 1 1991 Enero FEATURES forced-air cooling advantages . of fruits and vegetables Planning Load duration curves can Cogeneración cogeneration accomplish preliminary design 33 2 1991 Febrero FEATURES systems and evaluation analysis of cogeneration systems . Emerging The changes that will be imposed Refrigeración HVAC&R issues on the HVAC&R industry provide 33 2 1991 Febrero FEATURES : energy , opportunities to introduce new environment and technology . economics . Refrigerants of The author presents nine common Refrigeración the future : facts fallacies regarding CFCs and 33 2 1991 Febrero FEATURES and fallacies discusses the realities of alternative refrigerants . Alternatives to The following articles describe Refrigeración CFCs : testing important considerations 33 2 1991 Febrero FEATURES and materials regarding current research on compability various substitutes for CFCs . studies School board Retrofits , recommissioning and Ahorro energético FEATURES The updates HVAC operator training employed to 33 3 1991 Marzo Ashrae Technology systems and promote cost and energy savings Awards procedures in 120 buildings 04/03/2002 49 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Animal care Evaporative pre-cooling and Thermal storage - Aire FEATURES The facility reduces thermal storage combine to acondicionado 33 3 1991 Marzo Ashrae Technology operating and provide high rate of conditioned Awards maintenance outside air costs Manufacturing Eight buildings were Ahorro energético - FEATURES The facility integrates interconnected with seven chillers Refrigeración 33 3 1991 Marzo Ashrae Technology variable flow , so one chiller system can cool Awards system and the entire complex chiller plants Printing Facility Air handling units are converted to Control de aire FEATURES The improves VAV system and dust collector acondicionado 33 3 1991 Marzo Ashrae Technology humidity & exhaust air recirculation Awards temperature control The death of the New sphisticated fenestration Aire acondicionado shading systems require new methods to 33 3 1991 Marzo FEATURES coefficient ? determine their thermal performances The BACnet This article describes BACnet as Control de aire communication it exists now and also the tasks acondicionado protocol for remaining to finalize it . 33 4 1991 Abril FEATURES building automation systems Refrigerant Off-site reclamation of used Refrigeración reclamation refrigerants also meets the Clean 33 4 1991 Abril FEATURES protects HVAC Air Act mandates for non-venting equipment of CFCs . investment Retrofitting Working with manufacturers , Refrigeración existing chillers existing R-11 and R-12 chillers 33 4 1991 Abril FEATURES with alternative have been successfully retrofitted refrigerants with R-123 and R-134a . Air quality , These four parameters were Aire acondicionado ventilation , measured on 45 flights and 33 4 1991 Abril FEATURES temperature and compared with existing comfort humidity in regulations . aircraft 04/03/2002 50 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Point / Journal readers continue the Control de aire SPECIAL 33 4 1991 Abril counterpoint debate on how to balance variable acondicionado SECTIONS flow water systems . Making ice A low-temperature air distribution , Thermal storage thermal storage thermal storage system is 33 5 1991 Mayo FEATURES first-cost compared to hydronic heat pump competitive system in an office . Integrating Low first-cost and short payback Thermal storage thermal storage periods are two potencial benefits 33 5 1991 Mayo FEATURES and life safety of these integrated systems . systems Visualizing the A new infrared imaging technique Aire acondicionado air flow from cold will enable contractors to see how 33 5 1991 Mayo FEATURES air ceiling jets cold air flows from a thermal storage system . Demand-side ASHRAE members can be Energy management management influential in promoting DSM systems 33 5 1991 Mayo FEATURES programs programs to reduce commercial energy costs . Planning for the The replacement market offers Procedimientos de desición commercial better opportunuties for HVAC 33 5 1991 Mayo FEATURES replacement equipment manufacturers than market in the new construction market . 1990s Cooling towers Potential energy savings must be Ahorro energético used for free balanced with higher initial costs 33 6 1991 Junio FEATURES cooling when designing a free cooling system . Cooling tower Optimized design provides Ahorro energético optimization for reduced annual energy costs and 33 6 1991 Junio FEATURES centrifugal reduced construction costs . chillers Controlling Factors affecting the transmission Aire acondicionado Legionella in of Legionella from aerosol-emiting 33 6 1991 Junio FEATURES cooling towers equipment to people are described . Why not propane Updated lineselection charts for Refrigeración ? propane are provided and the 33 6 1991 Junio FEATURES errors common to all such charts are discussed . 04/03/2002 51 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Stair Test results of critical air flows Control de humos pressurizationneeded to prevent smoke 33 7 1991 Julio FEATURES systems backflow at open stair doors are for smoke control described . Some myths , facts and rules for The other risk in Control de humos 33 7 1991 Julio FEATURES smoke proper design of smoke control control design systems are presented . Modeling The model can make realistic Refrigeración supermarket energy and demand predictions 33 7 1991 Julio FEATURES refrigeration for conventional and multiplex energy use andsupermarket refrigeration systems demand . The symptoms , causes and Troubleshooting Refrigeración industrial remedies of common industrial 33 7 1991 Julio FEATURES refrigerating refrigeration problems are equipment described . A significant increase in operating Optimum chiller Refrigeración loading efficiency is possible when a 33 7 1991 Julio FEATURES chiller´s optimum loading point is correctly determined . Motors An overview of motors , drives and Control de aire 33 7 1991 Julio SPECIAL SECTION controls currently available in the acondicionado HVAC&R marketplace . Flash tanks for Low in initial cost , flash tanks are Calefacción steam and boiler easy to apply and aid in 33 8 1991 Agosto FEATURES systems condensate drainage of steam equipment . Direct drive heat Helium refrigerant direct drive heat Refrigeración - Calefacción pumps pump ( DDHP ) provides heating , 33 8 1991 Agosto FEATURES cooling and domestic hot water without the use of CFCs. Measuring solar The current methods for Aire acondicionado heat reduction for determining the effectiveness of 33 8 1991 Agosto FEATURES draperies and fabric window coverings are fabric shades relatively unsophisticated . Specifying the A safe HVAC system depends on Aire acondicionado correct biological design engineers Knowing the 33 8 1991 Agosto FEATURES safety cabinet differences between various biological safety cabinets . 04/03/2002 52 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Carbon dioxide The maximum CO2 Level set by Calidad de aire interior levels in Standard 62-1989 was exceeded 33 8 1991 Agosto FEATURES commercial on 87 of the 92 fligths studied . airliner cabins Improving energy Energy conservation retrofits can Ahorro energético conservation be significantly improved by 33 10 1991 Octubre FEATURES retrofits with installing data acquisition measured systems to measure savings . savings Temperature , humidity and air Aire acondicionado Renovating the quality historic Reynolda are important 33 10 1991 Octubre FEATURES House Museum considerations in a facility containing artwork . Improving This article discusses different Refrigeración efficiency in optimization methods and 33 10 1991 Octubre FEATURES existing chillers quantifies the potential energy with optimization savings from them . technology Road tunnel Experience gained in ventilating Ventilación ventilation design road tunnels in England may be 33 10 1991 Octubre FEATURES and application applied to similar projects in the United States . Direct digital An overview of direct digital control Control de aire 33 10 1991 Octubre SPECIAL SECTION controls systems for the HVAC&R acondicionado marketplace Generous Research contributions from Investigación y desarrollo individual and individuals , chapters , companies ASHRAE company and other organizations totals 33 10 1991 Octubre RESEARCH 1991- contributions $1,181,141 in 1990-91 . 92 fund projects and grants-in-aid Effect of building A recent study shows the Aire acondicionado type on wall performance of high mass walls is 33 11 1991 Noviembre FEATURES thermal mass affected by building type , climate performance and internal mass . Using ENVSTD The ENVSTD software program Aire acondicionado to compare can help designers choose the 33 11 1991 Noviembre FEATURES glazing options best glazings for new and retrofitted buildings . 04/03/2002 53 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Daylighting The interactions between lighting , Aire acondicionado controls : Orphan cooling and heating can affect the 33 11 1991 Noviembre FEATURES of HVAC design choice of daylighting controls or fenestration . Energy efficient Controlling foundation-related Calidad de aire interior - residential problems can enhance the quality Ahorro energético 33 11 1991 Noviembre FEATURES building and health of indoor building foundations spaces . Indoor air quality Commissioning and operations Calidad de aire interior - from play major roles in the actual Ahorro energético 33 11 1991 Noviembre FEATURES commissioning performance of HVAC systems . through building operations Pumps An overview of pumps and Aire acondicionado - Control 33 11 1991 Noviembre SPECIAL SECTION equipment available in the de aire acondicionado HVAC&R marketplace . Off-peak air Advances in ice storage conditioning : A technology can reduce the energy 33 12 1991 Diciembre FEATURES major energy used for cooling buildings by saver about 50% in the 1990s . Centrifugal A well-balanced chiller/ice storage Thermal storage chillers and system will use less energy than 33 12 1991 Diciembre FEATURES glycol ice a conventional system . thermal storage units Object-oriented Object-oriented programming can Control de aire programming of reduce reduce controller costs , acondicionado 33 12 1991 Diciembre FEATURES HVAC control increase reliability and provide devices . greater flexibility . Heat transfer The electrohydrodynamic Ahorro energético enhancement in technique can enhance heat 33 12 1991 Diciembre FEATURES heat exchangers transfer in certain single-phase or phase-change heat exchangers . 34 1 1992 Enero SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS Optimizing water- Designing and operating WLHP Ahorro energético loop heat pump systems require careful attention 34 2 1992 Febrero FEATURES design and to realize their energy and cost performance effectiveness potential . 04/03/2002 54 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 A ground- This article describes the design Ahorro energético coupled storage and performance of the Idaho heat pump Energy Conservation Technology 34 2 1992 Febrero FEATURES system with House . waste heat recovery Retrofitting Owners of chillers using CFC Refrigración centrifugal refrigerants face desicions 43 2 1992 Febrero FEATURES chillers for resulting from regulations on use alternate and future availability of those refrigerants refrigerants ASHRAE at Ole Fanger - Honor and awards - Investigación y desarrollo 34 3 1992 Marzo DEPARTMENTS Anaheim - 'Presenting HVAC&R technical 'Industry News issues HVAC system This unique HVAC system Calidad de aire interior combines provides a high quality indoor 1992 Technology 34 3 1992 Marzo constant air enviroment with cost efficient Awards motion and operations . thermal storage Rooftop HVAC Improved indoor conditions and Ahorro energético - 1992 Technology system offers reduced operatings costs resulted Commercial Buildings 34 3 1992 Marzo Awards optimum energy from this distinctive renovation . efficiency School HVAC Chiller / aquifer water combination Ahorro energético - 1992 Technology renovation supplies school heating and 'Institutional Buildings 34 3 1992 Marzo Awards provides energy cooling needs . savings Air handling System modifications and control Ahorro energético - 'Health 1992 Technology system retrofit upgrades increase efficiency of Care Facilities 34 3 1992 Marzo Awards reduces energy surgical suites consumption Filtration system New rooftop air handling units and Calidad de aire interior - 1992 Technology solves airbone oil two-stage air filtration system Industrial Facilities Or 34 3 1992 Marzo Awards mist problem provide good indoor air quality . Processes Geothermal This unique closed-loop system Ahorro energético - 1992 Technology system meets proved to be reliable and effective 'Alternative And / Or 34 3 1992 Marzo Awards space heating in reducing the medical center´s Renewable Energy Use requirements operating costs . 04/03/2002 55 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Absorption Recoverable waste heat from Cogeneración chillers improve power generation can be 34 3 1992 Marzo FEATURES cogeneration converted to chilled water to energy efficiency increase prime mover efficiency Solid-gas These sorption system offer Refrigeración chemisorption : several advantages including rapid 34 3 1992 Marzo FEATURES Efficent heat and mass transfers and high HVAC&R without refrigerant holding capacity . CFCs Heat exchangers An overview of heat exchangers Aire acondicionado 34 3 1992 Marzo SPECIAL SECTION currently avaible in the HVAC&R merketplace . U.S. phases out A new unilateral policy calls for Refrigeración 34 4 1992 Abril DEPARTMENTS CFCs early almost total termination of CFC production by year-end 1995 Global warming Both energy efficiency and Refrigeración implications of fluorocarbon emission effects 34 4 1992 Abril FEATURES replacing CFCs must be considered when selecting alternative refrigerants Flammability of Flammability properties of pure Refrigeración alternative refrigerants and mixtures were 34 4 1992 Abril FEATURES refrigerants measured using the ASTM E-681 test method . Energy Standard 62-1989 impacts heavily Calidad de aire interior conservation and on heating / cooling capacity and 34 4 1992 Abril FEATURES acceptable energy use in both new and indoor air quality retrofitted schools . in the classroom Modernizing and Advanced technology can improve Aire acondicionado retrofitting ice ice quality while reducing design , 34 4 1992 Abril FEATURES skating rinks energy and operating costs . Coils An overview of coils currently Aire acondicionado 34 4 1992 Abril SPECIAL SECTION avaible inthe HVAC&R marketplace 04/03/2002 56 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Combined chilled Actual operation at a truck Thermal storage water thermal assembly plant has proven the energy storage overall effectiveness of the 34 5 1992 Mayo FEATURES and fire integrated systems design . protection storage systems Central solar Results from the first U.S. project Calefacción por energía heating plants indicate CSHPSS technology can solar 34 5 1992 Mayo FEATURES with seasonal meet winter space heating and storage annual hot water loads . Low temperature Cold air distribution can reduce Aire acondicionado - Calidad air , thermal installation and operating costs de aire interior 34 5 1992 Mayo FEATURES comfort and while allowing more comfort and indoor air quality increased energy savings . Distributed air A two-wheel desiccant air Aire acondicionado conditioning in conditioner with zone distribution 34 5 1992 Mayo FEATURES supermarkets supplies cooling as needed while removing the moisture load . Providing a The facility´s mechanical systems Aire acondicionado healthly succesfully meet the diverse 34 5 1992 Mayo FEATURES environment at needs of human visitors and the Marine animal residents . Mammal Pavilion Fans An overview of fans currently Aire acondicionado 34 5 1992 Mayo SPECIAL SECTION avaible in the HVAC&R marketplace . EPA testing 11 chemicals . identifies Industry News - 'Agency continues Refrigeración 34 6 1992 Junio DEPARTMENTS new alternative refrigerants Keep your Consider keeping the cooling Refrigeración cooling tower ? tower when replacing absorption 34 6 1992 Junio FEATURES chillers with electric centrifugal chillers . Environmental The authors discuss design Aire acondicionado considerations criteria and resultant costs for 34 6 1992 Junio FEATURES for cooling today´s environmentally towers acceptable cooling towers . 04/03/2002 57 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Cooling our Evaporative coolers , used alone Aire acondicionado tomorrows or with other technologies , can 34 6 1992 Junio FEATURES economically provide efficient , cost effective cooling . An analysis of an A concept is presented for using Aire acondicionado evaporative water evaporative water cooling with 34 6 1992 Junio FEATURES chiller conventional air distribution equipment and controls . Dry climate This unique design concept offers Aire acondicionado - Calidad evaporative energy savings , improved indoor de aire interior 34 6 1992 Junio FEATURES cooling with air quality and low first-cost per refrigeration cfm . backup Humidifiers / An overview of humidifiers and Aire acondicionado - Calidad 34 6 1992 Junio SPECIAL SECTION Dehumidifiers dehumidifiers currently avaible in de aire interior the HVAC&R marketplace. Nist test heat Industry News 34 7 1992 Julio DEPARTMENTS pump refrigerant mixtures Investigación y desarrollo CFC/HCFC HVAC&R indutry leaders recently Refrigeración Roundtable V - met for an update on the latest 34 7 1992 Julio DEPARTMENTS 'Washington developments affecting the Report CFC/HCFC issue Retrofitting the This rehabilitation project is one of Calefacción heating system the largest geothermal for NASA´s applications of heat pump 34 7 1992 Julio FEATURES Space Shuttle technology in the United States . engine test facility Renovating the Plant location presented both Aire acondicionado Pentagon´s engineering and aesthetic design 34 7 1992 Julio FEATURES heating and challenges . refrigeration plant 04/03/2002 58 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Estimating the ASHRAE-sponsored researchers Control de aire indoor air quality have developed a computerized acondicionado and energy simulation program to assist 34 7 1992 Julio FEATURES performance of engineers in designing VAV VAV systems - systems . 'ASHRAE Research Performance of There is a wide range in the Calidad de aire interior air cleaners in a capabilities of various air cleaners 34 7 1992 Julio FEATURES residential forced to remove indoor air particles . air system Motors An overview of motors currently Aire acondicionado 34 7 1992 Julio SPECIAL SECTION available in the HVAC&R marketplace . CFC/HCFC HVAC&R indutry leaders recently Refrigeración Roundtable V - met for an update on the latest 34 8 1992 Agosto DEPARTMENTS 'Washington developments affecting the Report CFC/HCFC issue Working with The author addresses four Ventilación ANSI/ASHRAE questions that have arisen 34 8 1992 Agosto FEATURES Standard 62- regarding ASHRAE´s new 1989 ventilation standard . Reaching Engineers , tenants and building Calidad de aire interior agreements on owners / managers can cause or 34 8 1992 Agosto FEATURES indoor air quality prevent indoor air quality problems . Air-conditioning The introduction of fragrances , Aire acondicionado systems of the musical programs and airflow 34 8 1992 Agosto FEATURES KI Building . fluctuations make this building unique . HVAC system Three unique mechanical system Ahorro energético for Sakuya designs save energy and money 34 8 1992 Agosto FEATURES Konohanakan while providing a better growing environment for plants . Cool ceiling New system components and Control de aire system : A advances in DDC equipment now acondicionado 34 8 1992 Agosto FEATURES European air- enable cool ceiling technology to conditioning be utilized in more applications . alternative 04/03/2002 59 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Chillers An overview of chillers currently Refrigeración 34 8 1992 Agosto SPECIAL SECTION avaible in the HVAC&R marketplace . 34 8 1992 Agosto DEPARTMENTS Software Avaible software Aire acondicionado Geothermal The operation of GDH systems Calefacción district heating : displaces conventional fuels and 34 9 1992 Septiembre FEATURES A century of eliminates production of service greenhouse gases . Ground-coupled Properly designed GCHP Aire acondicionado - Ahorro heat pumps for systems provide simplicity , low energético 34 9 1992 Septiembre FEATURES commercial demand , low maintenance , high buildings efficiency and high comfort . Control systems Acceptable indoor air quality can Control de aire to comply with be achieved by properly selecting acondicionado 34 9 1992 Septiembre FEATURES ASHRAE / sizing air dampers and by using Standard 62- air flow sensors . 1989 Direct digital Programming HVAC controls Control de aire control using graphical symbols provides acondicionado documentation a simple , safe method to 34 9 1992 Septiembre FEATURES employing implement custom control graphical schemes . programming Integrating Integrated systems can offer Control de aire building better environmental control , acondicionado 34 9 1992 Septiembre FEATURES automation and increased energy efficiency and control reduced maintenance costs . Evaporative The knowledge gained from this Aire acondicionado 34 9 1992 Septiembre FEATURES cooling for a project can be applied to other laboratory facility institutional projects . Software An overview of software currently Aire acondicionado 34 9 1992 Septiembre SPECIAL SECTION directory avaible in the HVAC&R marketplace . Commissioning : Commissioning can improve Ahorro energético - 'Calidad An operation and system reliability and indoor air de aire interior 34 10 1992 Octubre FEATURES maintenance quality while reducing operation perspective and maintenance costs . 04/03/2002 60 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Commissioning The commissioning process will Calidad de aire interior to avoid indoor help avoid IAQ problems and 34 10 1992 Octubre FEATURES air quality improve occupant comfort in new problems and renovated buildings . Using infrared Infrared thermography provides Aire acondicionado thermography to detailed information on the spatial 34 10 1992 Octubre FEATURES study building heat transfer effects of building heat transfer envelope materials . Ventilation air The pros and cons of air flow Control de aire flow measurements using pitot tubes , acondicionado measurement for thermistors and model-based 34 10 1992 Octubre FEATURES ASHRAE systems are discussed . Standard 62- 1989 Integrating acces Knowledge gained from a Toronto Aire acondicionado floor plenums for prototype project may encourage 34 10 1992 Octubre FEATURES HVAC air engineers to use this new distribution . technology in other office buildings . 34 11 1992 Noviembre SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS The CFC The author addresses the Refrigeración controversy : numerous misconceptions that 34 12 1992 Diciembre FEATURES Issues and will remain about CFCs and the answers ozone layer . Thermoacustic Thermoacustics offers COPs Refrigeración refrigeration competitive with conventional 34 12 1992 Diciembre FEATURES refrigerators by using resonant high amplitude sound to pump heat . Alternative Test results support the use of R- Refrigeración refrigerants and 22 in medium- and high- 34 12 1992 Diciembre FEATURES energy savings in temperature supermarket supermarkets applications . Primary cooling Two cooling systems using Refrigeración systems : a different heat rejection methods 35 1 1993 Enero FEATURES comparative were compared to determine their analysis proper application 04/03/2002 61 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Outdoor air : A method is described for Aire acondicionado - How much is maintaining acceptable IAQ in a Ventilación 35 1 1993 Enero FEATURES enough ? VAV system under variable load conditions . The 1920s : The Movie theaters provided the first Aire acondicionado ASHRAE Journal´s first realization of broad public exposure to the 35 1 1993 Enero official product and public air conforts and economic potential of show guide conditioning air conditioning . R-245ca : a Based on preliminary tests , R- Refrigeración potential far-term 245ca has so far proven to be a 35 2 1993 Febrero FEATURES alternative for good candidate refrigerant to R-11 eventually replace R-11 or R-123 Near-azeotropic Three near-azeotropic refrigerants Refrigeración refrigerants as offer an excellent balance of 35 2 1993 Febrero FEATURES alternatives for properties including energy R-502 efficiency and refrigeration capacity . Retrofitting large The development of synthetic Refrigeración refrigeration polyolester lubricants has made it 35 2 1993 Febrero FEATURES systems with possible to successfully retrofit R- R-134a 12 systems with R-134a . Changes in air Old office buildings can be Ahorro energético leakage levels of successfully retrofitted to improve 35 2 1993 Febrero FEATURES six Canadian their air tightness and reduce their office buildings energy consumption . Another look at Hydronic systems with variable Control de aire traditional valve speed pumping and DDC controls acondicionado 35 2 1993 Febrero FEATURES sizing practice can successfully use control valves with reduced pressure drop . Advanced New non-CFC insulations offer Ahorro energético - insulations for numerous advanteges including Refrigeración 35 2 1993 Febrero FEATURES refrigerated superior insulation value and shipping increased energy savings . containers Indoor air quality Proper indoor air quality is an Calidad de aire interior and the important design criteria for all FEATURES - '1993 35 3 1993 Marzo ASHRAE projects considered for the new Technology Awards Technology ASHRAE Technology Awards . awards 04/03/2002 62 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Bank operations This HVAC systems combines Thermal storage center benefits constant air motion , thermal FEATURES - '1993 35 3 1993 Marzo from constant air storage and a DDC system for Technology Awards ventilation comfortable , energy efficient system operations . Thermal storage This EMS-controlled HVAC Energy Management HVAC system systems meets the ventilation and System FEATURES - '1993 35 3 1993 Marzo retrofit provides cooling needs of an 18.000 - seat Technology Awards economical air indoor ice hockey arena . conditioning System retrofit Low temperature/pressure unitary Calefacción provides heating equipment significantly FEATURES - '1993 decentralized improves building enviromental 35 3 1993 Marzo Technology Awards heating for conditions . mental health facility Hospital´s new The energy center features a Cogeneración energy center cogeneration system , boiler FEATURES - '1993 35 3 1993 Marzo cuts costs and system , central domestic hot Technology Awards conserves water system and steam energy distribution system . Air movement , Office partitions do not Aire acondicionado - comfort and necessarily present a significant Ventilación 35 3 1993 Marzo FEATURES ventilation in barrier to effective circulation or partitioned ventilation efficiency . workstations Low temperature A heat pipe precooler can greatly Aire acondicionado air with IAQ forreduce ventilation cooling loads for 35 3 1993 Marzo FEATURES low temperature tropical climates supply air systems in tropical climates . Electric demand Test results show that artificial Control de aire prediction using neural networks can accurately acondicionado 35 3 1993 Marzo FEATURES artificial neural predict a building´s steady state network and peak electric demands . technology Separate HVAC Different VAV systems cost- 1993 Technology Awards systems effectively meet the ventilation and FEATURES - '1993 35 4 1993 Abril maximize energy thermal comfort needs of both Technology Awards efficiency laboratory and office workers . 04/03/2002 63 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Retrofit The natural gas/ammonia 1993 Technology Awards cogeneration cogeneration and subcooling FEATURES - '1993 system systems reduce CO2 emissions 35 4 1993 Abril Technology Awards increases and provide cost and energy refrigeration savings . capacity Chilled water This retrofit project also reduced 1993 Technology Awards FEATURES - '1993 storage system annual cooling electricity usage 35 4 1993 Abril Technology Awards reduces energy and eliminated annual heating gas costs usage . Understanding Modern smoke management 1993 Technology Awards smoke systems are designed to help FEATURES - '1993 35 4 1993 Abril management and occupants escape from a building Technology Awards control and not for smoke removal . Silicon infrared Low cost silicon microstructure Control de aire sensors for sensors offer numerous acondicionado 35 4 1993 Abril FEATURES thermal comfort advantages in measuring radiant and control temperature for thermal comfort control . Integrating VAV Distributed control provides Control de aire zone energy conservation while acondicionado 35 4 1993 Abril FEATURES requirements maintaining occupant comfort in with supply fan commercial buildings . 35 5 1993 Mayo SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS Fire dampers : Debate still continues on what the Control de humos Obsolete or still proper systems are for fire 35 6 1993 Junio FEATURES a good bet ? protection and smoke control in commercial buildings . Fire and smoke The evolution in damper design Control de humos dampers in will be driven by increased 35 6 1993 Junio FEATURES active HVAC development and use of smoke systems control technology . Drift eliminators The evaluation of cooling tower Aire acondicionado and cooling components must be done in the 35 6 1993 Junio FEATURES tower context of the total cooling tower performance system . 04/03/2002 64 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Controlling A new ASHRAE special Investigación y desarrollo HVAC system publication can help designers 'FEATURES - 35 6 1993 Junio noise and minimize the number and severity 'ASHRAE Research vibration of HVAC system noise and vibration problems . Avoiding low Construction trends in modern Aire acondicionado - Ahorro frequency noise buildings require engineers to view energético 35 6 1993 Junio FEATURES in packaged the entire HVAC system as a HVAC equipment noise source . Testing of New highly sensitive continuous Aire acondicionado chemically permit testing of air filters at parts- 35 7 1993 Julio FEATURES treated per-billion contaminant adsorbent air concentration . purifiers Particle Filtration systems that are Aire acondicionado management for incorrectly selected , installed and 35 7 1993 Julio FEATURES HVAC systems maintened can cause excessive particulates in occupied spaces . Thermal comfort The kitchen air supply method Ventilación and ventilation used influences thermal comfort , 35 7 1993 Julio FEATURES effectiveness in ventilation effectiveness and commercial worker productivity . kitchens Ventilation , CO2 concentrations cannot be Ventilación carbon dioxide used to determine ventilation rates 35 7 1993 Julio FEATURES and ASHRAE in office buildings except under Standard 62- limited circumstances . 1989 Designing and The special design requirements Control de aire commissioning of variable flow hydronic systems acondicionado 35 7 1993 Julio FEATURES variable flow are described along with their hydronic correct commissioning procedure systems . Chilled water System modeling helps select the Aire acondicionado system best combination of chillers and 35 7 1993 Julio FEATURES optimization CDWTs to meet different loads under various outdoor conditions . 04/03/2002 65 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Standards for ASHRAE and ISO thermal Aire acondicionado design and comfort standards should be used 35 8 1993 Agosto FEATURES evaluation of in the design and operation of indoor thermal building HVAC systems . environment Air movement The new ASHRAE Standard 55 Aire acondicionado and thermal provides information on appropiate 35 8 1993 Agosto FEATURES comfort indoor air velocities for occupant comfort . Revised Revised ASHRAE Standard 15 Refrigeración standards for and Standard 34 are reviewed with 35 8 1993 Agosto FEATURES mechanical particular emphasis on new refrigeration application requirements . Compability of Material currently used for Refrigeración refrigerants and hermetic motors are as 35 8 1993 Agosto FEATURES lubricants with compatible with alternative motor materials refrigerants and lubricants as with R-22 and mineral oil . Compability of Outgassing of some higher Refrigeración elastomers with pressure refrigerants may be 35 8 1993 Agosto FEATURES refrigerant/lubrica serious problem with some nt mixtures elastomers . HVAC design Cold climates present numerous Aire acondicionado considerations enviromental challenges that must 35 9 1993 Septiembre FEATURES for cold climates be recognized and addressed in every HVAC system design . Using passive Passively refrigerated piles and Refrigeración refrigeration to gravel pads were selected as the 35 9 1993 Septiembre FEATURES stabilize foundation system for the new foundations in hospital in Kotzebue , Alaska cold climates . Measuring The accuracies of short-term Calefacción seasonal diagnostic field test methods for 35 9 1993 Septiembre FEATURES efficiency of boilers are compared with direct space heating efficiency measurements . boilers . 04/03/2002 66 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 How to measure Higher efficiencies in existing Calefacción low-pressure boilers can be achieved by 35 9 1993 Septiembre FEATURES steam boiler employing appropiate strategies efficiency to reduce off-cycle losses . Helping users A proposed method of clarifying Aire acondicionado with a universal air filter performance would 35 9 1993 Septiembre FEATURES air filter eliminate testing confusion and classification ambiguous product labeling . system New HVAC A direct-fired , two-stage Aire acondicionado - Ahorro system blends absorption system offers energy energético 35 10 1993 Octubre FEATURES past and present efficiency and simultaneously in historic Ohio produces chilled and heated water Statehouse . Renovation of the This unique HVAC system Thermal storage Watergate 600 includes thermal storage , cold air 35 10 1993 Octubre FEATURES Building distribution and parallel fan powered boxes to meet Standard 62-89 recommendations . Purge needs in Effective purging is necessary for Refrigeración absorption satisfactory chiller operation and 35 10 1993 Octubre FEATURES chillers to fully receive the energy savings from double-effect cycles . ASHRAE This two-part research project Investigación y desarrollo Research - 'Tube- analyzed chiller water samples side fouling in and measured the fouling thermal 35 10 1993 Octubre FEATURES water chiller- resistance of evaporator tubes . flooded evaporators Ventilating the A unique ventilation system Ventialción English Channel design ensures a supply of fresh 35 10 1993 Octubre FEATURES Tunnel air to95 miles ( 150 Km ) of tunnels . The benefits of Interior shades and venetian Aire acondicionado - Ahorro using windows blinds can control the solar energético 35 11 1993 Noviembre FEATURES shades radiant heat gain in buildings , reducing cooling and heating costs . 04/03/2002 67 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Calculating A method is presented for Aire acondicionado - Ahorro lighting and determining the effects of energy energético 35 11 1993 Noviembre FEATURES HVAC efficient lighting designs on HVAC interactions energy and installation costs . Selecting Lifecycle cost analysis is an Aire acondicionado - Ahorro mechanical objective method for identifying energético 35 11 1993 Noviembre FEATURES systems for and quantifying the factors that laboratory influence laboratory costs . buildings Status and use This database facilitates acces to Refrigeración of Refrigerant information on alternative 35 11 1993 Noviembre FEATURES Database refrigerants and associated lubricants . Building Application of DDC systems in Control de aire commissioning the commissioning process acondicionado 35 12 1993 Diciembre FEATURES with DDC should be considered in every systems building that has DDC controls . Why HVAC Pressure differential Aire acondicionado - Control commissioning measurements and air flow y ahorro energético 35 12 1993 Diciembre FEATURES procedures do visualization can determine if not work in damaging moisture-laden air is humid climates leaking into a building . Achieving a quiet Controlling supply duct breakout Aire acondicionado rooftop noise and isolating roof curb 35 12 1993 Diciembre FEATURES installation vibrations are two requirements for quiet rooftop installation . Flammability and Recent studies confirm the low Refrigeración reactivity of reactivity of HFCs and that HFC 35 12 1993 Diciembre FEATURES select HFCs and blends can provide acceptable mixtures flammability characteristics . Clinton The plan focuses on HFCs and Refrigeración administration´s upgrading codes and standards . climate change 36 1 1994 Enero DEPARTMENTS plan - 'Washington Report 04/03/2002 68 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 A control An ice-based thermal storage Thermal storage strategy for system with an upstream series 36 1 1994 Enero FEATURES chilled water chiller can consume less energy production than a conventional chiller system . Intelligent Unique air flow windows and dual Control de aire building saves air-conditioning systems provide acondicionado 36 1 1994 Enero FEATURES energy occupant comfort and energy conservation . Redesigning Several HFC mixtures may be Refrigeración equipment for R- viable replacements for R-22 and 36 1 1994 Enero FEATURES 22 and R-502 R-502 in certain air-conditioning alternatives and refrigeration applications . BACnet : A Substantive changes have been Control de aire technical update made to proposed BACnet acondicionado 36 1 1994 Enero FEATURES standard , which will undergo a second public review in 1994 . Predictioning air A CFD program was developed to Control de aire flow and thermal predict the air flow and thermal acondicionado 36 2 1994 Febrero FEATURES comfort in offices comfort in naturally and mechanically ventilated office buildings . The causes and The cumulative impact of Aire acondicionado unwanted results aerodinamic system effect in a fan- of aerodinamic duct system can substantially 36 2 1994 Febrero FEATURES system effect reduce system performance while causing excess noise . Global The global enviroment was a key Refrigeración enviroment topic at seminar held during the policies enter ASHRAE winter meeting . 36 3 1994 Marzo DEPARTMENTS critical phase in the near-future - 'Washington Report Energy efficient The Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Energy Management FEATURES - '1994 HVAC system Center , which incliudes a Systems 36 3 1994 Marzo ASHRAE features thermal separate remote energy plant. Technology Awards storage and heat recovery 04/03/2002 69 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Gas fired heaters Existing heaters were removed Calefacción and ventilation and an existing constant volume FEATURES - '1994 system improve make-up air unit was converted to 36 3 1994 Marzo ASHRAE indoor air quality natural gas Technology Awards and thermal comfort Blends gain ARI Committee examines Refrigeración acceptance as recycling solutions 36 4 1994 Abril DEPARTMENTS alternative refrigerants - 'Industry News A steam primer : Industrial steam components Calefacción high pressure must be carrefully selected to 36 4 1994 Abril FEATURES steam systems provide the required heat transfer efficiently and cost effetively . A specifier´s BACnet™ will allow equipment Control de aire guide to from different manufacturers to be acondicionado 36 4 1994 Abril FEATURES BACnet™ integrated into a coherent building automation system . Providing A simple procedure descrives how Ventilación constant to maintain a constant minimum 36 5 1994 Mayo FEATURES ventilation in rate of outside air intake for all air variable air flow rates in a VAV system . volume systems Quality Most investigators recognize that Calidad de aire interior assurance multidisciplinary approach is 36 6 1994 Junio FEATURES strategies for neede to identify and diagnose investigating IAQ indoor enviromental problems . problems Predicting hourly The results of the 1993 great Procedimientos de desición building energy energy predictor shootout identify 36 6 1994 Junio FEATURES usage the most accurate method for making hourly energy use predictions . Refrigerant The alternative refrigerants are as Refrigeración safety safe or safer than those they 36 7 1994 Julio FEATURES replace , but more care is needed with all refrigerants . 04/03/2002 70 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Measuring A-C systems designed using ADP Aire acondicionado - computer equipment nameplate data will Software 36 8 1994 Agosto FEATURES equipment loads result in extra first-costs and in office buildings operating costs for the life of the buildings . Determining Aire acondicionado 36 8 1994 Agosto FEATURES window solar heat gain New Hot-Water Calefacción use data fro 36 9 1994 Septiembre FEATURES commercial buildings Real-world Calefacción seasonal 36 9 1994 Septiembre FEATURES efficiency of gas- fired steam boilers Commissioning building Energy Energy Management 36 9 1994 Septiembre FEATURES Energy Management Systems Management Systems Systems Operating Direct-fired absorption chillers Refrigeración comparison of may be competitive in running 36 10 1994 Octubre FEATURES absorption and costs to centrifugal chillers for centrifugal various types of building . chillers A dataThe autor describes some Control de aire communications fundamental concepts of data acondicionado 36 11 1994 Noviembre FEATURES introduction tocommunications that are the key BACnet™ to understanding the BACnet™ protocol . Beneath the By supporting four networking Control de aire surface : technologies , the BACnet™ acondicionado 36 11 1994 Noviembre FEATURES BACnet™ data protocol can meet a variety of link and physical building automation system needs layer options . 04/03/2002 71 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The canadian Developed by the canadian Control de aire response to open government , the CAB protocol acondicionado 36 11 1994 Noviembre FEATURES systems for facilitates communications building between propietary building automation automation systems . 36 12 1994 Diciembre SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS Ventilation The author identifies six common Calidad de aire interior System O&M : A operations and maintenance 37 1 1995 Enero FEATURES first step for (O&M) problems in ventilation improving IAQ. systems and discusses their solutions Vibration -Based A predictive maintenance program Aire acondicionado Predictive can help ensure the reliability of 37 1 1995 Enero FEATURES Maintenance for HVAC equipment neccesary to HVAC Systems keep a building operational . in Buildings Why Evaporative The design and operation of Calidad de aire interior Coolers have not evaporative coolers help prevent 37 1 1995 Enero FEATURES Caused the growth and transmission of Legionnaries ´ Legionnaires´ disease. Disease. Low Temperature Low temperature supply air and Calidad de aire interior Air with High IAQ air-to-air heat exchangers can 37 1 1995 Enero FEATURES for Dry Climates furnish 100% outdoor air with reduced peak energy demands. Filtration and Filtration systems can be a Calidad de aire interior Indoor Air Quality practical and effective means to 37 2 1995 Febrero FEATURES a Practical control indoor contaminants when Approach properly designed and applied. Achieving your Because of the gaseous Calidad de aire interior Indoor Air Quality contaminants found in Goals : Which outdoor/indoor air , air filtration 37 2 1995 Febrero FEATURES Filtration System systems should contain both Works Best. Gaseous Air Contaminants and PIA media. 04/03/2002 72 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Carbon Gas-phase air filtration equipment Calidad de aire interior Adsorption for using granular activated carbon is Indoor Air one tool design engineers can 37 2 1995 Febrero FEATURES Cleaning consider to control VOCs in commercial buildings. Reducing Energy Run-around systems reduce Calidad de Aire Interior Costs Using Run- costs by efficient energy recovery 37 2 1995 Febrero FEATURES Around Systems from ventilation air and still provide required ventilation rates . Historical Energy calculation methods have Aire acondicionado The Centennial Development of evolved from crude whole building 37 2 1995 Febrero Series Building Energy approximations to sophisticated Calculations dynamic analysis of each room. Office Tower Reduces Operating Aire acondicionado - TECHNOLOGY 37 3 1995 Marzo Costs with Two-Stage Evaporative TECHNOLOGY AWARDS AWARDS One Utah Center Cooloing System Genentech Research Laboratory Features Aire acondicionado - TECHNOLOGY 37 3 1995 Marzo Founder´s Energy Efficient Central Supply TECHNOLOGY AWARDS AWARDS Research Center and Exhaust Air System Hospital Plant Features Two- Aire acondicionado - TECHNOLOGY 37 3 1995 Marzo Engine Cogeneration System for TECHNOLOGY AWARDS AWARDS Improved Energy Efficiency Fan Cycling Strategies and Heat Aire acondicionado - TECHNOLOGY Salvador Dali Marzo Pipe Heat Exchangers provide TECHNOLOGY AWARDS AWARDS Museun energy efficient dehumidification Retrofit of college Building HVAC Aire acondicionado - Loeb Building , TECHNOLOGY system reduces energy TECHNOLOGY AWARDS Marzo Carleton AWARDS consuption and improves indoor University air quality Laboratory integrates VAV fume Aire acondicionado - Burke Laboratory TECHNOLOGY hood controls with central building TECHNOLOGY AWARDS Marzo , Dartmouth AWARDS automation system. College Stratified storage economically Aire acondicionado - TECHNOLOGY Marzo Cornell University increases capacity and efficiency TECHNOLOGY AWARDS AWARDS of campus chilled water system 04/03/2002 73 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Cost-optimal Selection of the cooling tower Procedimientos de desición design for range and approach is analyzed 37 4 1995 Abril FEATURES cooling towers and some practical guidelines for sizing cooling towers are presented . Thermal Heat and mass transfer Aire acondicionado performance of processes in cooling towers are 37 4 1995 Abril FEATURES cooling towers reviewed , followed by an analysis of cooling tower performance . Outdoor air flow The authors describe a control Control aire acondicionado control for VAV strategy that integrates the 37 4 1995 Abril FEATURES systems numerous requirements for providing outdoor air . Duct design The author describes the basic Aire acondicionado fundamentals tools of duct design and some 37 4 1995 Abril FEATURES methods that have been used successfully over the years . Predictioning and The author describes a model for Thermal Storage evaluating the predicting the net rated ice performance of making capacity of thermal 37 5 1995 Mayo FEATURES ice harvesting energy storage systems . thermal energy storage systems The control of ice The tradeoffs between chiller and Thermal Storage storage systems tank capacity for different load 37 5 1995 Mayo FEATURES profiles and two storage strategies are evaluated . Air pressure A computer program was Aire acondicionado control of latent developed that models the 37 5 1995 Mayo FEATURES leakage interaction of water vapor transmission and air pressure in building walls Hospital sepsis The authors discuss new hospital Ventilación control and tb ventilation design strategies as 37 5 1995 Mayo FEATURES transmission well as the recently released CDC tuberculosis guidelines . 04/03/2002 74 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Performance This article describes an Ahorro energético evaluation of optimization technique to reduce 37 6 1995 Junio FEATURES conventional chiller energy usage by evaluating chiller systems energy savings strategies . Simulating a 4- Performance simulations were Aire acondicionado effect absorption conducted over a range of 37 6 1995 Junio FEATURES chiller operating conditions for a 4-effect lithium bromide/water chiller . Outdoor air : Extension of the methods of Ventilación 37 6 1995 Junio FEATURES calculation and ASHRAE Std 62 1989 and delivery application guidelines . Fans An overview of fans currently Aire acondicionado 37 6 1995 Junio SPECIAL SECTION avaible in the HVAC&R marketplace . Calculating The author examines several Aire acondicionado window solar methods to accurately determine 37 7 1995 Julio FEATURES heat gain the amounts of solar gain provided by windows . Predicting Developing a computer-based Aire acondicionado window model to predict window 37 7 1995 Julio FEATURES condensation condensation potential : a five- potential step process . ASHRAE´s new This guide is a comprehensive Aire acondicionado application guide reference manual for building for absorption owners , engineers , developers , 37 7 1995 Julio FEATURES cooling / and marketing personnel for the refrigeration application of indirect fired using recovered absorption machines. heat The quest for ASHRAE´s ventilation standard Ventilación negligible health expresses a clear concern for 37 7 1995 Julio FEATURES risk from indoor health as well as for comfort . air 04/03/2002 75 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The This building featured the first Aire acondicionado Commonwealth major commercial installation of a Building : central ground-coupled heat pump 37 7 1995 Julio FEATURES groundbreaking in the United States . history with a groundwater heat pump . Sharing the The text of the inaugural address 37 8 1995 Agosto FEATURES vision delivered at the ASHRAE annual meeting in San Diego , California Development of Smoke control has been a Control de humos smoke concern of man since fire was 37 8 1995 Agosto FEATURES management discovered and brought inside for systems warmth and cooking Computer-aided This recently developed computer Control de humos design for smoke model can aid in evaluating the 37 8 1995 Agosto FEATURES management adequacy of a smoke management system in an atrium or covered mall . Visualization of The use of liquid crystal sheets Aire acondicionado diffuser outlet can produce two-dimensional 37 8 1995 Agosto FEATURES flow using liquid color images of the air cristal sheets temperature field . Development of a This knowledge-based system Procedimientos de desición knowledge-based allows the selection of HVAC 37 8 1995 Agosto FEATURES system for systems for small office buildings HVAC type intwo climatic regions : cold and selection hot / humid . What´s hot in Kitchen ventilation is the capture Ventilación kitchen and removal of airbone 37 9 1995 Septiembre FEATURES ventilation contaminants generated during the cooking process . Steam traps These devices deserve special Calefacción filled niche place in history ; advances made 37 9 1995 Septiembre FEATURES steam practical source of energy . Solar-thermal How to identify cost-effective Calefacción por energía 37 9 1995 Septiembre FEATURES technology applications . solar 04/03/2002 76 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 How to Sampling and analyzing the Refrigeración determine water refrigerant liquid phase , if done 37 9 1995 Septiembre FEATURES concentration in properly , will give the correct system water concentration in the system refrigerants refrigerant . Thermal comfort Ice thermal storage , and heat Thermal storage 37 10 1995 Octubre FEATURES and climate recovery in Japan´s Crystal Tower control . Parallel operation Should all pumps have speed Ahorro energético of variable speed control devices ? 37 10 1995 Octubre FEATURES pumps in chilled water systems Back To Basics Simplified sizing of pressurized Aire acondicionado 37 10 1995 Octubre FEATURES expansion tanks Industry news : Control de aire BACnet getting acondicionado 37 11 1995 Noviembre DEPARTMENTS first real-world test Industry news : Calefacción Military lab 37 11 1995 Noviembre DEPARTMENTS evaluating fuel cell power technology HVAC design New roles for sports arenas Aire acondicionado solutions for adding demands , expectations . 37 11 1995 Noviembre FEATURES multi-purpose arenas Decision steps Control de aire for implementing acondicionado 37 11 1995 Noviembre FEATURES a BACnet interface project Maximizing Desiccant-assisted system Ventilación ventilation provides opportunities to reduce 37 11 1995 Noviembre FEATURES potential for heat operating costs . recovery 04/03/2002 77 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Minimizing Understanding and controlling Refrigeración corrosion of environmental , design and copper tubing installation factors in the grocery 37 11 1995 Noviembre FEATURES used in store environment . refrigeration systems 37 12 1995 Diciembre SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS SIN DATOS Dual Fan , Dual Better performance at a Lower Aire acondicionado 38 1 1996 Enero FEATURES Duct Systems Cost Identifying and The isomers HFC-236ea and HFC- Refrigeración Evaluating 236fa are potentional non-ozone Alternatives to depleting replacements for CFC- 38 1 1996 Enero FEATURES CFC-114 for 114 Navy Shipboard Chillers History of Sealed One hundred years ago , Refrigeración Refrigeration refrigeration engineers began to 38 1 1996 Enero FEATURES Systems search for a permanent solution to the problem of leaky refrigeration systems . Health Care The $2.5 million HVAC system at Aire acondicionado Complex is the new Lancaster General Health 38 2 1996 Febrero INDUSTRY NEWS State-of-art Campus isn´t the largest and it doesn´t incorporate a dramatic new technology . BACnet : The About ASHRAE and the BACnet Control de aire Standard and the CD BSR/ASHRAE 135 , BACnet acondicionado 38 2 1996 Febrero SPECIAL REPORT CD-ROM Standard Background Literature . The NIST Interoperability Consortium Vendor´s Forum Chemical Low levels of airbone mplecular Calidad de aire interior Filtration of contaminants determine perceived Indoor Air : An freshess of breathing air and have 38 2 1996 Febrero FEATURES Application to be controlled to achieve good Primer indoor air quality (IAQ) . 04/03/2002 78 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Determining Since the publication in 1989 , Calidad de aire interior Ventilation ASHRAE Standard 62-1989 has Rates : become perhaps the most 38 2 1996 Febrero FEATURES Revisions to recognized guideline to achieve Standard 62- acceptable indoor air quality . 1989 Basic Motor Starters Necessary but Control de aire Starters for Misunderstood in HVAC Industry acondicionado 38 2 1996 Febrero FEATURES HVAC Design Professionals 3 GPM/Ton Articles and ASHRAE transaction Aire acondicionado Condenser papers published in the last Water Flow several years have unanimously Rate : Does It concluded that the standard rule- 38 2 1996 Febrero FEATURES Waste Energy ? of -thumb for condenser water flow rate through an electric centrifugal chiller of 3 gpm/ton is too high . HVAC Reliability Enterprise Rent-a-Car is the Aire acondicionado and Acoustics U.S.´s leading car rental firm and Among the company´s efforts to promote Objectives at its status and gain greater 38 3 1996 Marzo INDUSTRY NEWS Enterprise visibility is reflected in the new company headquarters in the Clayton , Mo., a suburb of St. Louis . Carrier Display Carrier Corporation will bring to Aire acondicionado Chlorine-Free market in April a new line of Line of Chillers centrifugal chillers that the 38 3 1996 Marzo INDUSTRY NEWS company said will allow the use of the chlorine-free HFC-134a refrigerant without increased operating costs . No New The seventh meeting of the parties Refrigeración Amendments to the Montreal Protocol on WASHINGTON 38 3 1996 Marzo Adopted to "Substances that Deplete the REPORT Montreal Ozone Layer", met in Vienna , Protocol Austria , in late 1995 . 04/03/2002 79 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Dual Fan , Dual- 1st Place , Category 1 Aire acondicionado - Duct System ( commercial buildings ) TECHNOLOGY AWARDS 38 3 1996 Marzo FEATURES Meets Air Quality , Energy- Efficiency Needs Plant Uses 1st Place , Category 4 ( Industrial Aire acondicionado - Closed-Capture Facilities or Processes ) TECHNOLOGY AWARDS Technology to 38 3 1996 Marzo FEATURES Improve Air Quality , Reduce Energy Evaluating All code-mandated smoke Control de humos Smoke Control systems share a primary goal-to 38 3 1996 Marzo FEATURES and Smoke facilitate safe egress . Management Systems Thermal The persistent interest in Aire acondicionado Performance and residential energy efficiency and Wall Ratings alternatives to dimensional wood- frame wall constructions have 38 3 1996 Marzo FEATURES increased the popularity of steel frame, low-density concretes, structural insulated core panels, engineered wood wall framing, etc Global Global atmospheric issues remain Refrigeración Refrigerant sources of hearted interest among Issues the governments of the world and their respective industries , WASHINGTON 38 4 1996 Abril according to recognized experts REPORT who provided briefings at the Issues Update session at the ASHRAE Winter Meeting in Atlanta . Optimizing TES Optimizing overall chiller Aire acondicionado Chiller performance is a matter of 38 4 1996 Abril FEATURES Management maximizing the chillers capacity under all load conditions . 04/03/2002 80 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The Sistine Environmental control systems for Aire acondicionado Chapel : HVAC museums, art galleries and other Design for special buildings typically must Special-Use control more than just air 38 4 1996 Abril FEATURES Buildings temperature and humidity,and must often provide much tighter control than is expected from conventional air conditioning systems Thermal Storage When the State of Florida Aire acondicionado System received the initial HVAC system Achieves design for the 232,000 ft2 Fort Operating and Myers Regional Service Center in 38 4 1996 Abril FEATURES First-Cost Southwest Florida , they thought Savings they had the highest efficiency , lowest operating cost HVAC system available . Humidifiers / A preview of humidifiers / Aire acondicionado PRODUCT 38 4 1996 Abril Dehumidifers dehumidifiers currently available in ROUNDUP the HVAC&R marketplace New Bearing Has New hydrostatic bearing Aire acondicionado HVAC technology being developed at Implications Marshall Space Flight Center 38 5 1996 Mayo INDUSTRY NEWS could have significant implications for the commercial air-conditions industry . A Showcase for World´s Largest System on Roof Aire acondicionado 38 5 1996 Mayo OLYMPIC UPDATE Photovoltaics of Aquatic Venue Ozone Users of ozone in cooling water Aire acondicionado Application for treatment can generally be Cooling Tower grouped into two categories : Water those that perceive ozone as a 38 5 1996 Mayo FEATURES "total" cooling water treatment program , and those that use ozone as an alternative to halogenated biocides . 04/03/2002 81 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Evaporative Beaudin Ganze Consulting Aire acondicionado Cooling System Engineers undertook the for Remote challenge of designing an Medical Center environmentally safe heating , 38 5 1996 Mayo FEATURES ventilating and air-conditioning system for the remodel and expansion of Provenant Medical Surginal Center at Summit in Frisco , Colo . Controlled The Denver Art Museum Aire acondicionado 38 5 1996 Mayo FEATURES Climate for Preserving Art Water Loop In order to realize the full potential Aire acondicionado Design for for high efficiency with ground- Ground-Coupled coupled heat pump systems , 38 5 1996 Mayo FEATURES Heat Pumps designers must specify high efficient heat pumps and design ground heat exchangers with sufficient thermal capacity Standard 52.2P The new method of evaluating Calidad de aire interior Expected To filters in proposed ASHRAE Offer Better Standard 52.2P - is expected to 38 6 1996 Junio INDUSTRY NEWS Method of provide a better way to assess Selecting Air performance and compare Filters products from the various manufacturers . EPA Praises An official of the U.S. Refrigeración Industry For Environmental Protection Agency Response on says that the CFC production ban CFCs has prompted a new generation of 38 6 1996 Junio INDUSTRY NEWS energy-efficient equipment that will save billions of kilowatt hours of electricity while also creating a healthier environment . 04/03/2002 82 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Stadium The 85,000-seat Olympic Stadium Aire acondicionado Designed for the world will see next month at 38 6 1996 Junio OLYMPIC UPDATE ' Second Use ' the 1996 Olympic is but a temporary part of Atlanta´s landscape . Promoting Solar In general , Norway can afford to , Aire acondicionado Energy : The and therefore ought to , care INTERNATIONAL High Latitude enough about the environment to 38 6 1996 Junio FORUM Paradox do more than its share in terms of promoting solar energy . Indoor Air The premise of this article is Calidad de aire interior Quality : A simply that Indoor Air Quality 38 6 1996 Junio FEATURES Design problems were not created by god Parameter -- they were created by engineers What We Know , The prevalence of sick building Calidad de aire interior and Don´t Know syndrome (SBS) symptoms is 38 6 1996 Junio FEATURES About Sick high in office environments and Building not as high in homes . Syndrome Control of VAV The use of direct expansion Aire acondicionado Systems With cooling coils in VAV air handlers DX Cooling : A offers many advantages over air Digital to Analog handlers with water coils . DX 38 6 1996 Junio FEATURES Conversion coils can be more efficient , they eliminate the freeze problem , and generally cost less to own and maintain . Building Data Accurate , appropriate information Aire acondicionado Visualization for is essential to understanding the Diagnostics dynamics of energy use , control 38 6 1996 Junio FEATURES strategies , and occupant comfort in buildings . 04/03/2002 83 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Enviromental In mid-1993 , Parkdale Mills , Inc., Aire acondicionado Conditioning For entered into a contract with Textile Yarn- Pneumafil Corporation to design Spinning Mill and construc a total 38 6 1996 Junio FEATURES envarionmental conditioning system for their Plant #5 Open- End Spinning Room modernization program . Modified Air The "Ampato Maiden" was Aire acondicionado Conditioner preserved some 500 years by the 38 7 1996 Julio INDUSTRY NEWS Preserves snow and ice near the top of a Ampato Maiden Peruvian volcano . Boiler Accidents A report released recently by the Calefacción With Injuries Up National Board of Boiler and 69% in ´95 Pressure Vessel Inspectors 38 7 1996 Julio INDUSTRY NEWS shows that accidents with injuries involving boilers and pressure vessels increased 69% in 1995 , from 45 to 76 . 'IDEAS ' for High- "I´ll believe it when i see it", is a Aire acondicionado INTERNATIONAL Rise Residences common attitude when it comes 38 7 1996 Julio FORUM to new technology . Radiant Heating This article presents the results of Calefacción for Thermal a study comparing fast-acting Comfort electric radiant panel heating with 38 7 1996 Julio FEATURES conventional electric air heat pump and baseboard heating . 04/03/2002 84 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Experiences with Although ground-source heat Aire acondicionado Commrcial pump systems are an effective Ground-Source means of reducing building energy Heat Pumps consumption and electric load peaks, mechanical design teams 38 7 1996 Julio FEATURES at large need more information about them before they will be confident enough to consider GSHP system During the last few years , Aire acondicionado ASHRAE journal and other trade publications have presented lucid Basic Tips for 38 7 1996 Julio FEATURES descriptions of the basic physics Duct Design of airflow in duct-work , pressure drop and methods of sizing and optimization . Series Fan- Until the concerns about indoor air Calidad de aire interior Powered Boxes : quality (IAQ) reached a peak in Their Impact on the last five years , interior zones Indoor and of office building were traditionally 38 7 1996 Julio FEATURES Comfort served with cooling-only "shut-off" variable air volume (VAV) boxes . A thermal The Shell Point Village Retirement Aire acondicionado Storage System Comunity is an unique community For 3 Apartment that provides a range of facilities 38 7 1996 Julio FEATURES Buildings and services to meet the needs of people , age 55 and older . Services to The text of the Inaugural Address Members Is Our Delivered At ASHRAE´s Annual 38 8 1996 Agosto FEATURES Strategy for Meeting in San Antonio Success 04/03/2002 85 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Recycling of Air- This is an overview on the Refrigeración Conditioning and disposal of construction materials 38 8 1996 Agosto FEATURES Refrigeration from decommissioned air- Equipment in the conditioning and refrigeration U.S. equipment . Oil Return Oil return in refrigeration and air- Refrigeración Characteristics conditioning systems is a Of Refrigerants continuous concern of 38 8 1996 Agosto FEATURES Oils In Split Heat manufacturers and operators , Pump System since it affects performance and reliability of a system . Refrigerant Leak Current regulations for commercial Refrigeración Detection in mechanical rooms present new Mechanical challenges and opportunities for 38 8 1996 Agosto FEATURES Rooms engineers , refrigeration contractors , and building owners . Solving the Seven Bridges ice Arena with Refrigeración Energy Dilemma three ice skating rinks is among 38 8 1996 Agosto FEATURES At Seven Bridges the largest ice skating facilities in Ice Arena the U.S. Health Care Ventilation is used throughout the Calidad de aire interior Ventilation health care setting to maintain Standard : Air good indoor air quality , control 38 9 1996 Septiembre FEATURES Changes Per contaminant concentration , and Hour or to control nosocomial infection . CFM/Patient ? Modernizing Newly renovated Alexander Aire acondicionado Sports Facilities Memorial Coliseum at 38 9 1996 Septiembre FEATURES McDonald´s Center was the boxing venue at 1996 Olympics A Thermal As part of a recent ASHRAE Aire acondicionado Comfort research project ( RP-781 ) , a 38 9 1996 Septiembre FEATURES Prediction Tool thermal comfort prediction tool has been developed . 04/03/2002 86 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Waterloo Region The Waterloo Region Green Home Aire acondicionado Green Home is one of ten houses built as part 38 9 1996 Septiembre FEATURES of the Advanced Houses Program of CANMET , Natural Resources Canada . Grain Chilling An Field trials show a refrigeration Refrigeración Alternative To technology used in Europe to Chemicals preserve moisture in newly harvested grain has strong 38 10 1996 Octubre INDUSTRY NEWS potentional as an alternative to methyl bromide , a pest control fumigant being phased out as part of the Montreal Protocol . Construction / Much of the current construction Calidad de aire interior Renovation activity in the U.S. is renovation of Influence On existing building . So IAQ issues 38 10 1996 Octubre FEATURES Indoor Air Quality related to renovation are becoming more important . Simulation of a The possible use of energy as the Refrigeración Double-Effect main heat input for cooling LiBr/H2O systems has lead to several 38 10 1996 Octubre FEATURES Absorption studies of available cooling Cooling System technologies that use solar energy . Advances in Hybrid Cycle/Integrated District Aire acondicionado 38 10 1996 Octubre FEATURES Geothermal HVAC Systems Energy Use Pressure -- A computer program has been Refrigeración Enthalpy developed for automatically 38 10 1996 Octubre FEATURES Diagrams For producing log(p)-h diagrams for Alternative alternative refrigerants . Refrigerants 04/03/2002 87 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Opportunity for The Lethbridge Regional Hospital Calefacción Cogeneration is a 264-bed acute care center that offered an excellent 38 10 1996 Octubre FEATURES opportunity to use a cogeneration system to provide a substantial portion of the hospital´s electrical and steam requirements . The basics of Proper Ventilation design for the Ventilación Industrial industrial client requires the Ventilation correct application of ventilation 38 11 1996 Noviembre FEATURES Design principles , and overcoming the misconception of ´air changes´ Integranting BACnet is a data communication Control de aire Building protocol for building automation acondicionado Automation and and control networks developed Control Products by the American Society of 38 11 1996 Noviembre FEATURES Using the Heating , Refrigerating , and air- BACnet Protocol conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Testing the BACnet is a standard Control de aire Conformance communication protocol for acondicionado and Building Automation and Control Interoperability of networks developed by the 38 11 1996 Noviembre FEATURES BACnet systems American Society of Heating , Refrigerating , and air-conditioning Engineers , Inc. (ASHRAE) Effectiveness of A field study was conducted to Calidad de aire interior Auxiliary Air evaluate the effectiveness of Cleaners In several auxiliary air cleaning Reducing ETS devices in reducing components 38 11 1996 Noviembre FEATURES Components in of environmental tobacco smoke Offices (ETS) within a designated smoking lounge and ambient areas in an office suite . 04/03/2002 88 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Retrofit for a The Florissant Valley Campus of Aire acondicionado College Campus the St. Louis (Mo.) Community 38 11 1996 Noviembre FEATURES College was constructed during the late 1960s and early 1970s . Tour Includes ASHRAE members attending the Aire acondicionado Multiple Use 1997 Winter Meeting will have an Chiller and Ice opportunity to tour one of the 38 12 1996 Diciembre INDUSTRY NEWS Storage Plant largest and most unique chilled water and ice storage facilities in the Eastern U.S. DOE Awards Reliance Electric has been Aire acondicionado Grant For HTS awarded $10.2 million from the Motors U.S. Department of Energy to 38 12 1996 Diciembre INDUSTRY NEWS continue development of commercially viable high- temperature superconducting (HTS) motors . Contacts , Not People do not come to ISH to sell Sales , Now products . This somewhat Main Objetive surprising statement was made For ISH by Gerhard Gladitsch , director of 38 12 1996 Diciembre INDUSTRY NEWS Exhibitors the Technology and Service Fairs Division of Messe Frankfurt , at the start of a recent press conference for the German HVAC show Industry Helping The United States is taking a Refrigeración U.S. Comply leadership role to the proplem of With Laws illegally imported chloro - WASHINGTON 38 12 1996 Diciembre Governing CFCs fluorocarbons (CFCs) into REPORT developing nations , according to the alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy . Super-Efficient Bentall Building in Vancouver was Aire acondicionado Building : How built under the C-2000 Program 38 12 1996 Diciembre FEATURES Low Can You using the whole Building or Go ? Integrated Design Aproach (IDA) 04/03/2002 89 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 An Introduction Unitary engine-driver heat pumps Calefacción and Status represent a relatively new line of 38 12 1996 Diciembre FEATURES Update On high-efficiency heating and cooling Unitary Engine- products Heat Pumps Heat-Recovery This project features a heat Calefacción Incinerator For a recovery boiler that uses 38 12 1996 Diciembre FEATURES Community incinerator exhaust gas to Hospital produce "free steam" for a not-for- profit hospital in Boca Raton , Fla Chilled Water The University of Alabama at Calefacción Distribution Birmingham (UAB) is an urban System For an campus located in downtown Urban University Birmingham . The central chilled 38 12 1996 Diciembre FEATURES Campus water system at UAB was constructed in 1972 and 1975 having a nameplate capacity of 14,000 tons. Legionnaires´ Legionellosis is the general term Disease : which describes the two forms of Seeking Effective disease caused by Legionella . Prevention. They are classical Legionnaires´ 39 1 1997 Enero FEATURES disease , the pneumonia experienced by the American Legion conventioneers in Philadelphia . How It Could Proposed revisions to the current Affect Segments ASHRAE Standard 62-89- 39 1 1997 Enero FEATURES Of The Air- Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Conditioning Air Quality would have a major Industry impact on the HVAC industry . EPA Program By the 1950s individual room Impacts Office temperature control was favored 39 1 1997 Enero FEATURES Zoning by many engineers in the exterior spaces of office buildings . CFD CFD stands for computational Applications In fluid dynamics ( and heat transfer 39 1 1997 Enero FEATURES The HVAC&R ). Industry 04/03/2002 90 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The Memorial When the 1999 edition of the Tunnel Fire ASHRAE Applications Handbook Ventilation Test is published , the chapter on 39 2 1997 Febrero FEATURES Program Enclosed Vehicular Facilities will contain significant new material on tunnel ventilation . Challenges in The numerous advantages of electrical power adjustable speed drives ( ASDs ) measurements of have caused a rapid growth of 39 2 1997 Febrero FEATURES adjustable speed their applications in HVAC drives and equipment . motors HVAC System HVAC System Trend Analsis is Trend Analsis essential to ensuring proper 39 2 1997 Febrero FEATURES performance of an air handling system . An Overview Of The U:S: General Services Thermal Administration is the Federal Envelopes In Goverment´s landlord . GSA Federal Builings manages federal real estate for 39 2 1997 Febrero FEATURES over 100 civilian agencies and commisions , marking its portfolio of general office space among the largest in the United State . Physiological The entire field of smoke Effects of toxicology is only about 25 years Smoke: old ( Clarke 1983 ) , so there is 39 3 1997 Marzo FEATURES Managing not a great deal of difference Escape between a historical review and the present state of the art . Upgrading the Cincinnati Milacron , Inc ., one of Steam and the world's largest machine tool Cooling Systems manufacturers , decided to At a Machine upgrade the steam and cooling 39 3 1997 Marzo FEATURES Tool systems that serve Milacron's Manufacturing multibuilding 1.5 million square Complex foot ( 139 350 m2 ) headquarters complex in Cincinnati , Ohio . 04/03/2002 91 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Modernizing City The San Bernardino ( Calif. ) City Hall Hall is a six- story building with a penthouse and basement 39 3 1997 Marzo FEATURES containing more than 100,000 ft2 ( 9290 m2 ) of conditioned space . International Standing Standard Project Development of Committee 62 ( SSPC 62 ) has Standards For been working since 1990 on a 39 4 1997 Abril FEATURES Ventilation of revision of ANSI / ASHRAE Buildings Standard 62-1989 , "Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality". Alternative Water Supplemental ionic water Traetment For purification was developed to 39 4 1997 Abril FEATURES Cooling Towers overcome the disadvantages associated with a total chemical disinfection system . Energy-Efficient Florida´s hot and humid climate Office Building poses unique challenges to Design For architects and engineers seeking 39 4 1997 Abril FEATURES Florida´s Hot and energy-efficient office building Humid Climate design . The Airbone Sanitizing microorganisms ( Effects Bioaerosols ) are responsible for of Desiccant-Based numerous disease outbrakes . Cooling The relationship between 39 4 1997 Abril FEATURES bioaerosols and air bone disease transmission in the medical community has been well established . Innovative Aunique ventilation system was Ventilation designed and built to reduce System For formaldehyde fumes in the large 39 4 1997 Abril FEATURES Animal Anatomy animal anatomy lab at the Vet Laboratory Medical Center at Cornell University . 04/03/2002 92 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Maintaining Gas An often overlooked key to Cooling satisfactory operation and Equipment longevity of any mechanical 39 5 1997 Mayo FEATURES device is proper operation and maintenance in accordance with the manufacturer´s written instructions . Thermal Storage Thermal energy storage ( TES ) Using Form- has applications whenever there is 39 5 1997 Mayo FEATURES Stable Phase- a temporal difference between Change energy supply and demand. Materials Reliable , Medical Sciences Research Efficent Systems Building III ( MSRB III ) is a 10- For Biomedical story , 207,000 ft2 ( 19 230 m2 ) 39 5 1997 Mayo FEATURES Research biomedical research facily on the Facility campus of the University of Michigan . TM BACnet : ASHRAE journal Editor Issues and B.Coker,Recently in Answers Philadelphia,interviewed members of Standing Standards Project Committee135,the committee 39 5 1997 Mayo FEATURES responsible for the maintenance and revision of the BACnet protocol,to bring readers up-to- date on the uses and refinements Dormitory Baldwin Hall is a three-story , Renovation 46,000 ft2 ( 4 273 m2 ) dormitory Project Reduces on the campus of Allegheny 39 6 1997 Junio FEATURES Energy Use By College in meadville , Pa. The 69% building was originally built in the 1950s . 04/03/2002 93 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Foaming The air- conditioning and Characteristics refrigeration industry is moving to Of HFC HFC refrigerants due to graduated 39 6 1997 Junio FEATURES Refrigerants phaseout of CFC and HCFC refrigerants and concers for the environment . Use of Balance There has been widespread Valves In Chilled disagreement on the use of 39 6 1997 Junio FEATURES Water Systems balance valves on cooling coils in chilled water systems . Selecting Control Ahydronic system design is and Balancing contemplated with 100 load Valves in a terminals for providing cooling to a 39 6 1997 Junio FEATURES Variable Flow building . System Standard 90.1R : The committee revising ANSI / Issues and ASHRAE / IENSNA Standard Answers 90.1-1989 , Energy Efficient Design New Buildings Except Low- 39 6 1997 Junio FEATURES Rise Residential Buildings , received 19,008 comments during the first public review that ended June , 1996 . Visualizing Full- The patterns of airflow are central Scale Ventilation to almost everything associated Airflows with HVAC .However , since these patters are normally invisible , it is 39 7 1997 Julio FEATURES difficult to know how the airflow is behaving and the possibility of error is significant . HVAC for Energy The building is one of the 25 Showcase buildings in the U.S. to be designated as Energy Star 39 7 1997 Julio FEATURES Showcase buildings by the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency . 04/03/2002 94 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Technology For a Text of the Inaugural Delivered At 39 8 1997 Agosto FEATURES Better ASHRAE´s Annual Meeting in Environment Boston Active NoisePeople who are firts introduced to Control : AActive Noise Control - creating Tutorial for HVAC sound in order to cancel another 39 8 1997 Agosto FEATURES Designers undesired sound - greet the demonstration with either unabashed wonder or complete skepticism . Computational Two decades have passed since Fluid Dynamics : the first paper was published in A Two-Edges the ASHRAE Transactions 39 8 1997 Agosto FEATURES Sword suggesting the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for quantitative prediction of room air motion . ´Measuring´ Energy savings are often used to Energy Savings help finance a facility´s 39 8 1997 Agosto FEATURES For modernization program . Modernization Projects Total Systems Dudley Products includes office , Design Approach laboratory and manufacturing space . The solution to the diversity in loads was 13 heating 39 8 1997 Agosto FEATURES and cooling air-to air heat pump zones . Six zones were created for the offices and seven zones for the manufacturing plant . Stratospheric The chlorofluorocarbon Ozone Depletion: compounds were first synthesized Identifying the about 70 years ago , and entered 39 9 1997 Septiembre FEATURES Problem and The commercial use soon afterward as Solution a refrigerant gas and then as an aerosol propellant . The Ozone Industry and Government Learned 39 9 1997 Septiembre FEATURES Challenge to Work Together To Protect Environment . 04/03/2002 95 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 The An Exercise in International Montreal 39 9 1997 Septiembre FEATURES Protocol Environmental Diplomacy Transit shed building houses the An Efficient Cold Store Facility cold store facility . Products 39 9 1997 Septiembre FEATURES stored in freezers are loaded directly on ships for interstate transport and international export . Comfort and The supplied-air environmentally Control in the responsive workstation system Workplace uses conditioned air from HVAC systems , and mixes it with 39 9 1997 Septiembre FEATURES ambient air .Units allow for control of radiant heat , temperature , airflow , background noise masking , and task lighting . The V in Greater emphasis is placed upon 39 10 1997 Octubre FEATURES Classroom satisfying occupants of classroom HVAC environments . Regression Energy system models are Analysis For essential for estimating to plant 39 10 1997 Octubre FEATURES Savings equipment . Verification Gas-Fired Concerns about indoor air quality Desiccant have led to increasing outside air System for Retail requirements that have prompted 39 10 1997 Octubre FEATURES Super Center HVAC system designers to rethink how to handle outside air . Unhoused ( Plug/ The Plug/ Plenum fan has been Plenum ) Fans : used for many years in very well - 39 10 1997 Octubre FEATURES Is Their defined applications . Performance Predictable ? Heat Pump Super Wash House is a 4500 ft2 System for (418 m2 ) coin laundry located in a 39 10 1997 Octubre FEATURES Laundry shopping center in Knoxville , Tenn . 04/03/2002 96 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Intelligent The Munich Airport uses a state- Building System of-the art intelligent building 39 11 1997 Noviembre FEATURES for Airport management system to control systems such as HVAC , runway lights , baggage handling , etc . Dehumidification Ninety-five years since Willis and Cooling Carrier began the modern era of Loads From air conditioning by dehumidifying 39 11 1997 Noviembre FEATURES Ventilation Air a printing plant , our industry is becoming more concerned with the importance of controlling humidity in building . Real-Time Everyday decisions of IAQ Monitoring For practitioners critically depend on 39 11 1997 Noviembre FEATURES Low-Level measurement data . Polution Total System George and Sara House wanted Approach Saves their new lakeside residence in 39 11 1997 Noviembre FEATURES Energy Greensboro , N.C. to have high ceilings and large glass windows . Developing a The Residential Integrated Better Shell for Systems Application Project is Lab House the initial effort of a home building 39 11 1997 Noviembre FEATURES research and development consortium consisting of building products manufacturers and an A/E firm . Colder Meeting 1993 Fda Code Increases 39 12 1997 Diciembre FEATURES Temperatures in Energy Use And Refrigeration Display Cases Load Space cooling Undersizing space cooling Demands From systems for office buildings can 39 12 1997 Diciembre FEATURES Office Plug result in uncomfortable and angry Loads tenants on peak cooling days . 04/03/2002 97 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 Dual , Dissimilar In August of 1995 , a building Boiler Flame management agency operating Safety Controls multiple boiler plants in New 39 12 1997 Diciembre FEATURES Jersey was granted a partial exemption to the statute governing licensed boiler operators . Operating and Climb up on the roof of a Maintaining commercial building , and you´ll 39 12 1997 Diciembre FEATURES Rooftop Air probably find a packaged air Conditioners conditioner . Passive Solar- The Santa Fe Municipal Court Heated Building is the first passive solar- 39 12 1997 Diciembre FEATURES Courthouse heated Courthouse in the United State . 04/03/2002 98 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 99 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 100 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 101 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 102 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 103 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 104 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 105 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 106 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 107 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 108 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 109 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 110 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 111 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 112 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 113 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 114 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 115 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 116 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 117 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 118 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 119 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 120 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 121 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 122 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 123 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 124 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 125 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 126 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 127 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 128 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 129 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 130 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 131 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 132 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 133 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 134 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 135 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 136 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 137 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 138 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 139 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 140 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 141 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 142 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 143 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 144 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 145 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 146 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 147 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 148 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 149 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 150 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 151 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 152 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 153 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 154 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 155 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 15 AÑOS DE ASHRAE JOURNAL 1981 -1995 04/03/2002 156 AAF- SUBCOMISION DE BIBLIOTECA - 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