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					                                                         Emissions Update
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC
Matthew Cotton




                                                              Matthew Cotton
                                               Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                               History of Compost Emissions

                                                 • First SCAQMD Source testing in 2001
                                                 • Rule 1133 initially focused on
                                                   biosolids emissions
                                                 • Similarly Rule 4566 (SJVAPCD)
                                                   focused on biosolids and manure
Matthew Cotton




                                                 • Now looking at green materials
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                                    Other approaches:

                                               • Yolo-Solano AQMD and Sacramento
                                                 Metropolitan AQMD using a
                                                 “grandfather” approach:
                                               • SWFP limit * Emission factor = VOC
                                                 “cap”
                                               • O.K. for existing facilities, unknown
Matthew Cotton




                                                 for new facilities.
Matthew Cotton   Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC
                                                                          End Uses in the Southern Region
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC



                                               3,000,000




                                               2,500,000




                                               2,000,000




                                               1,500,000




                                               1,000,000




                                                500,000
Matthew Cotton




                                                      0
                                                           Agricultural   Landscape   Nursery   CalTrans   ADC   Biomass Fuel   Municipal   Beneficial   Other
                                                                                                                                            Reuse at
                                                                                                                                            Landfills

                                                       Source: CalRecycle 2010
                                                                           End Uses in the Central Valley
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                               2,500,000




                                               2,000,000




                                               1,500,000




                                               1,000,000




                                                500,000
Matthew Cotton




                                                      0
                                                           Agricultural   Landscape   Nursery   Caltrans   ADC   Biomass Fuel   Municipal   Beneficial   Other
                                                                                                                                            Reuse at
                                                                                                                                            Landfills

                                               Source: CalRecycle 2010
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                               Appropriate focus of 1133.3

                                               • Regulate the process or the source?
                                               • More green material in SCAQMD
                                                 going to land ap. or ADC.
                                               • ADC may be on the ground for up to
                                                 3 weeks prior to spreading.
Matthew Cotton
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC

                                                Current Status of Rule 4566
                                               • Committed group of composters
                                                 sharing data.
                                               • SJVAPCD committed to creating a rule
                                                 which balances need for reductions
                                                 with reality of composting industry.
                                               • SJVAPCD has made a number of
                                                 significant changes in response to
Matthew Cotton




                                                 industry comments.
                                               • Existing Rule 2201 bigger concern
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                                           Mitigations
                                               • Hired SDSU to study potential
                                                 mitigation alternatives.
                                               • Focusing on two:
                                                 – Irrigation (24% VOC Reduction)
                                                 – Compost Cap (53% VOC Reduction)
                                               • Medium vs. Large Facilities
Matthew Cotton




                                               • Next Meeting December 9 (Fresno)
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                                     The Primary Concern

                                               • Cost of compliance will affect already
                                                 marginal economics of composting,
                                                 sending organics needed for the soil to
                                                 other, cheaper, less sustainable
                                                 options.
                                               • We need more facilities, not less,
Matthew Cotton




                                                 especially in Southern California.
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                                       Need to Organize

                                               • Kudos to ACP for bringing us together.
                                               • Need to work with SCAQMD to do our
                                                 best to provide good information.
                                               • Everyone wants a workable outcome.
Matthew Cotton
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC


                                                 US Composting Council

                                               • Annual Conference Jan. 24 – 27th
                                               • San Jose/Santa Clara
                                               • Hundreds of Technical Sessions
                                               • Dozens of Training Workshops
                                               • Special sessions on Emissions and on
Matthew Cotton




                                                 AB 856 (CDFA)
 Integrated Waste Management Consulting, LLC
                                                Compost Operations Training
                                                 March 7-11th at UC Riverside
                                                 – 40-hr, 5-day course includes lectures,
                                                   hands-on activities, and field trips.
                                                 – Focus on the knowledge and skills to run
                                                   a successful facility.
                                                 – Taught by leading compost professionals
                                                 – Good for composters (any feedstock),
                                                   equipment vendors, enforcement
Matthew Cotton




                                                   officials, consultants, etc

                                               www.compostingcouncil.org/education/trai
                                                             ning.php

				
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