Review Study Guide Chemistry of Life Know all chemistry of life vocabulary terms Chemistry (Chapter 2) 1. Know what elements make up living organisms. 2. Know the atomic structure and how to read the periodic table of elements. 3. Distinguish between covalent and ionic bonds. 4. How does polarity relate to molecules? 5. Be able to read a chemical reaction (reactants/products). Water (Chapter 3) 6. Understand the properties of water. 7. Know the difference between solution, solvent, and solute. 8. How are the properties of water related to its molecular formula? 9. Analyze how the properties of water impact biotic factors. 10. Analyze the pH scale with respect to H+ and OH- ions. Carbon (Chapter 4) 11. Why is carbon such a versatile element? 12. Why are living beings considered organic? 13. What is a hydrocarbon? 14. Recognize common functional groups of organic molecules. Macromolecules (Chapter 5) 15. Know the macromolecules of life. 16. Give examples of common macromolecules. 17. Recognize common macromolecules. 18. Relate the structure of macromolecules to the function of macromolecules. 19. Know the monomers that make up each of the macromolecules. 20. Understand how polymers are assembled and disassembled. 21. How are monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides related? 22. How could macromolecule similarities relate to evolutionary relationships? Enzymes (Chapter 8) 23. How does a chemical reaction use energy? 24. How does a catalyst work? 25. How do enzymes and substrates work together? 26. How does the active site and induced fit relate? 27. Analyze statistical data with respect to enzyme activity. 28. Differentiate between competitive and noncompetitive inhibitors 29. How might a conformational change affect an enzyme? 30. Understand how cofactors work with enzymes.