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					                                                                   Annex 6


                                                                  DRAFT




                 RCA ANNUAL REPORT 2004




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                                      RCA ANNUAL REPORT –2004


                                                Executive Summary
This annual report constitutes 4 parts as listed below:

 Part I provides an overview of RCA activities, including a summary of project achievements
  and financial aspects of the RCA programme

 Part II constitutes technical detail of RCA projects and describes its significant activities (such
  as expert missions, meetings and workshops) implemented under each of the active RCA
  projects with its corresponding budget and implementation statistics)

 Part III reports on the activities of RCARO

 Part IV indicates the involvement of Member States in the RCA programme in terms of in-
  kind contributions in relation to hosting of events and fellows. This part also includes success
  stories of RCA projects implemented in the RCA Member States, including TCDC activities
  the Member States engaged in under each RCA project.

The report highlights activities, achievements, and challenges of the RCA programme for the past
year.

The RCA Secretariat has devoted much time and effort in initiatives to improve the RCA project
development and delivery of its programme. These initiatives included revising the RCA
Guidelines and Operating Rules, conducting a review on the achievements of the RCA Regional
Office, evaluations of RCA projects and the application of the interactive website “Livelink” as a
collaborative tool in the conduct of virtual/electronic meetings. These initiatives are expected to
contribute towards increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the delivery of RCA Programme
to Member States. The project appraisal process was also revised and whilst appraising the RCA
Programme for 2005-2006, RCA project proposals that meet the central criteria and have regional
cooperation as an essential element were considered for implementation under the Technical
Cooperation Programme of the IAEA. Out of the 84 project proposals submitted by RCA Member
States in all sectors, 21 projects were approved by the National RCA Representatives at the 33rd
General Conference Meeting held in September 2004 on the recommendation of the Lead Country
Coordinators‟ Meeting. These included 10 new projects and 11 extension and continuation with a
core budget of $2 307 650 and $2 373 020 approved for 2005 and 2006 respectively. The footnote
a/ budget approved for the corresponding years is $978 000 and $472 290 respectively.

As part of its effort to refine policies for improving programme development, the National RCA
Representatives reviewed and revised the RCA Guidelines and Operating Rules at the 33rd RCA
General Conference Meeting held in Vienna, Austria in September 2004, based on the outcomes
of the Strategic Session of the 26th Regional Meeting of the National RCA Representatives held in
Islamabad, Pakistan, in April 2004. Revisions included new procedures for development,
implementation and monitoring of RCA cooperative projects, and the definition of roles and
responsibilities of all the RCA stakeholders, Meetings of the National RCA Representatives and




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the formats of the reports. These Guidelines and Operating Rules would be reviewed periodically
incorporating the decisions made at the Meeting of National RCA Representatives.

In response to a request from the RCA General Conference held in September 2004, to look into
and report on the performance of the RCA Regional Office before the RCARO enters into full
operation in March 2005, after the completion of its interim period, a review of the RCA Regional
Office was carried out by the RCA Secretariat and the report had been submitted to RCA Member
States for their consideration.

During the week of the 33rd RCA General Conference, Malaysia, the Lead Country Coordinator
for the RCA ENO Project, conducted demonstrations for the Member States on the use of the
collaborative tool Livelink which will be extensively used for exchange of information and
conduct of virtual meetings..

During 2004, achievements of RCA projects were made mainly in the environmental, agricultural
and industrial sectors. Projects under those sectors had been successfully implemented and had
achieved its objectives in building up the local capacity, promoting TCDC and enhancing
capability of counterpart institutions in handling problems relating to air pollution, geothermal,
marine coastal environment, animal nutrition and productivity, mutation breeding and radiation
processing.

The financial status of the RCA programme as of 31 December 2004 as compared to December
2003 are as shown below:

                                              31 December 2004 31 December 2003 Percentage
                                              ($)              ($)              difference
New resources for the RCA
programme
    Technical       Cooperation              2 512 709               2 721 072      ↓ 7.7 %
       fund
    Extrabudgetary                             336 639.64             483 394.60    ↓ 30.4 %
       contributions
    In-kind contributions
Adjusted budget                               4 339 946.76            4 375 087.22   ↓ 0.8 %
Disbursement for the RCA                      2 756 271.09            2 374 034.79   ↑ 16.1%
programme
Net new obligations during the                2 511 446.80            2 529 873.76   ↓ 0.7 %
year
Implementation rate                           57.9%                   57.8%          ↑ 0.1%

In implementing RCA projects during the year 2004, 35 international experts and 21 lecturers were
fielded; 161 persons participated at meetings and workshops; 234 persons attended the training
courses and 26 Fellowships and 15 Scientific Visits were awarded.




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                                  PART I - PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

Overview of RCA Activities                                             Holding of a strategic session during the
                                                                        Meeting of the National Representatives
1.1 During the year 2004, the National                                 Adoption of a new RCA Logo
    Representatives, on the recommendation                             Revision of the present format for
    of the Thematic Lead Country                                        success stories
    Coordinators, approved the RCA
    Programme for 2005/2006 comprising of                             1.3 In accordance with the decision by the
    21 projects of which 10 are new and 11                                MSs at the 33rd RCA GC Meeting held in
    extensions and continuations of ongoing                               September 2004, the RCA Secretariat
    projects. The 21 projects were                                        was requested to prepare a report on the
    subsequently presented to the Agency                                  performance of the RCA Regional Office
    Board of Governors for approval during                                for the consideration of the Member
    its November Board session. A total of                                States before the RCARO enters into full
    29 RCA projects in Agricultural, Health,                              operation in March 2005. The report was
    Industrial, Environmental Energy and                                  circulated to Member States for
    Radiation Protection sectors were                                     comments in November 2004.
    implemented in 2004 with 11 projects
    closed in 2004 and 1 project to be closed                         1.4.RCA participated and chaired in the
    in early 2005                                                         AFRA/ARCAL/ARASIA/RCA
                                                                          quadripartite meeting held on the 23rd of
1.2 Two policy level meetings of the RCA                                  September 2004. The meeting reviewed
    were held in 2004, namely, the 26th                                   the progress made during the previous
    Meeting       of      National      RCA                               year in promotion of TCDC among
    Representatives held in Islamabad,                                    regional agreements through exchange of
    Pakistan, from 12 to 15 April 2004 and                                expertise between the regions, flow of
    the 33rd RCA General Conference                                       nuclear services and goods between the
    Meeting held in Vienna on 22 September                                regions and progress achieved in
    2004.                                                                 joint/common activities. The participants
    These Meetings were aimed at resolving                                also expressed their views on the
    RCA management and programme                                          expectations of the Regional Agreements
    related issues and the following were                                 form the Quadripartite Meeting. Two
    discussed and/or decided at the Meetings:                             presentations of success stories were
                                                                          made by AFRA, ARCAL and RCA.
 Adoption of the reports of the previous                                 China presented achievements in
  meetings                                                                Agricultural Sector and RCARO on the
 Adoption of the Annual Report for 2003                                  RCA endeavor in promoting visibility
 Approval of the RCA budget and                                          and viability.
  programme       for     the     2005/2006
  recommended by the Lead Country                                     1.5.A Lead Country Coordinators‟ Meeting
  Coordinators                                                            was held in July 2004 to agree on the 21
 Adoption of the RCA Guidelines and                                      selected projects and to propose them for
  Operating Rules containing procedures                                   implementation under the 2005/2006
  pertaining to RCARO                                                     programme as well to prepare the
 Approval of the procedure for selection                                 respective project workplans. A briefing
  of RCARO Director, including the annual                                 of Mission Representatives based in
  evaluation of the Director by the RCARO                                 Vienna was also held in August to
  Advisory Committee                                                      appraise the progress in the RCA


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    programme and to prepare for the                                  development of projects for 2005/2006, as
    General Conference.                                               well as in the monitoring of activities in
                                                                      2004. Republic of Korea coordinated the
1.6 FNCA                                                              preparation of proposals on energy and
                                                                      research reactor utilization; China on
       Representatives of RCA and FNCA                               agriculture related projects; Japan on projects
    have attended each other‟s meetings on                            related to health; Australia on radiation
    invitation during the past few years with                         protection; India on industry and New
    the view of establishing collaboration                            Zealand on environment.
    between the two programmes. This had
    resulted in collaboration in Radiotherapy                         1.8 Regional Resource Units (RRUs)
    fields. The desirability of synergy
    between RCA and FNCA is being                                     13 out of the 17 RCA Member States have
    pursued. The RCA Member States have                               established 34 Regional Resource Units in
    agreed that a formal mechanism should                             the following areas. Isotope Hydrology (3),
    be established to further improve the                             Monitoring of Marine Pollution (6),
    collaboration between FNCA and RCA.                               Monitoring of Air-pollution (9), Radiation
                                                                      Processing (3), Electronic Networking and
       Dr. Hideo Nakasugi, the FNCA                                  Outreach (4), Tissue Banking (2), Gamma
    representative attended the 26th National                         Irradiation   Services   (1),   Geothermal
    RCA Representatives Meeting held in                               Explorations (1), Dam Safety (1), Neonatal
    Islamabad,     Pakistan.    The     FNCA                          Screening for Hypothyroidism(1), N-15
    representatives highlighted the Vision and                        Analysis (1), Production of RIA Reagents
    the Goals of the FNCA and presented a                             (1), and NCS and Tracer Technology (1).
    summary of the progress achieved in                               The RRUs provided laboratory services,
    eleven projects on Research Reactor                               experts and training facilities for the
    Applications, Agriculture, Human Health,                          implementation of the RCA projects in their
    Industry, Waste Management, Nuclear                               respective areas. A data-base on RRUs is
    Safety, Human Resources Development                               being prepared under the Project on
    and Public Information.                                           Electronic Networking and Outreach and was
                                                                      completed in 2004. The Member States have
        The RCA Coordinator represented the                          been requested to designate a person to be
    RCA at the 5th FNCA Coordinators                                  responsible for maintaining up to date data
    Meeting held in Tokyo, Japan from 1 to 5                          on its RRUs.
    March 2004. The RCA Coordinator
    presented an overview of the RCA                                  2. Project Achievements.
    programme,           highlighting      its
    organizational structure and operation,                           A summary of the significant achievements
    statistical information on the programme,                         of the RCA projects implemented in 2004 is
    a summary of achievements of some of                              given below.1
    the RCA projects, future directions for
    the RCA and means of strengthening                                2.1 Environmental Sector:
    collaboration between RCA and FNCA.
                                                                      RAS/7/013 „Improved Information about
                                                                      Urban Air Quality Management‟
1.7 Lead Countries                                                    The work initiated under the UNDP
                                                                      supported project “Isotopic and Related
Thematic Sector Lead Country Coordinators
continued to play an important part in the                            1
                                                                          Part II provides more details in project activities.


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Techniques to Assess Air-Pollution”                                       10 out of 15 countries have entered
(RAS/8/082) was continued under this                                       the data validation phase. More than
project. The previous projects on monitoring                               50% of the participating countries
air-pollution had established an initial                                   have      entered      the    source
network of analytical laboratories where                                   apportionment,      chemical   mass
harmonized sampling and measurements                                       balance (CMB) and back trajectory
methodologies were applied along with                                      modeling phases.
standard statistical methods for data analysis
and interpretation. Multiyear and multi                               RAS/7/011- „Enhancing the Marine Coastal
elemental composition data for fine and                               Environment (Phase II)‟
coarse particles and the results of source
apportionment are becoming available for the                          The work initiated under the project,
end-user institutions in the participating                            “Management         of     Marine       Coastal
countries. Following is a brief summary of                            Environmental Pollution” (RAS/8/083) was
the progress achieved.                                                continued under this project. The objectives
     Fine and coarse particle databases in                           of the project are to update and maintain the
        the Asia countries have been created.                         Asia Pacific Marine Radioactivity database
        Source identification and source                              (ASPAMARD), discern organic sources of
        apportionment have been improved.                             pollution and to support Member States to
     Better understanding in sources of air                          incorporate receptor binding assay (RBA) in
        pollution which are specific to each                          their national monitoring programme for
        individual country.                                           harmful algal bloom(HAB).
     Links to national programmes on air                                    A final project meeting was held in
        quality management are strengthened.                              Sydney, Australia, from 29 November to
     Utilization of data generated by the                                3 December 2004, for components 1 & 2,
        project by the national environmental                             namely, i) Extension and application of
        agencies increased.                                               the marine database (ASPAMARD 2)
     Awareness of the usefulness of                                      and ii) Fate and behavior of pollutants.
        nuclear analytical techniques for air                                The database produced had identified
        pollution assessment continued to                                 large-scale oceanographic circulation
        improve.                                                          processes and established better-defined
     End-user participation in the project                               benchmarks          on         radionuclide
        increased and continued support in                                concentrations      in      the      marine
        external     funding    and    in-kind                            environment. These benchmarks are
        contributions.                                                    particularly important as more countries
     he project demonstrated that the                                   in Asia are building new nuclear power
        banning of 2-stroke engines in                                    plants and for radiological aquatic
        Bangladesh in 2002 had a significant                              emergency response.
        impact on the local air particulate                                  National     capabilities    for     the
        matter pollution by reducing the PM                               application of nuclear and isotope
        2.5 level by approximately 40%                                    techniques for coastal zone management
     The project RRUs provided useful                                    had been enhanced in RCA Member
        support to Member States in applying                              States, as evidenced by the considerable
        nuclear analytical techniques for                                 number of contaminant fate and
        characterization      of      airborne                            behavioral studies undertaken by Member
        particulate matter (APM). The                                     States.
        number of active RRUs is 9.                                   




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       Final assessment meeting for                                      Isotope investigations on a total of 33
    component 3 scheduled for December                                     new geothermal prospects were
    2004 together with component 1 & 2 was                                 carried out by participating countries
    delayed for 1 year. The meeting for                                    and the isotopes used include
    component 3 would be held in Sydney in                                 Oxygen-18, Deuterium in water and
    October 2005, to give the counterparts                                 Sulphur-34, Carbon-13 in water and
    the opportunity to achieve the objectives                              gas samples.
    following the one year interruption in the                            Hydrological information generated
    supply of radiolabelled saxitoxin required                             under the project, includes origin of
    to perform the receptor binding assays                                 geothermal fluids and reservoir
    (RBA) for paralytic shellfish poisoning                                temperatures, which is essential for
    (PSP) in shellfish.                                                    planning of further development of
                                                                           the geothermal resources.
RAS/8/092         „Investigation     of     Water
Resources and Environment in Geothermal                               RAS/8/093 „Use of Isotopes in Dam Safety
Areas in Asia and the Pacific Region‟                                 and Dam Sustainability‟
This project was aimed at promoting                                   This project was aimed at promoting the use
technology        transfer     and      sustaining                    of environmentally safe isotope techniques in
collaborative efforts on the use of isotope and                       the operation and management of dams and
geochemical techniques in investigating the                           reservoirs, and drawing up a strategy for
impact of geothermal development on the                               adaptation and transfer of technology to the
environment and water resources. Following                            end-users. Following is a brief summary of
is a brief summary of the progress achieved:                          the progress achieved.
      Through regional training events and                                Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and
         expert missions undertaken, RCA                                      Vietnam have successfully formed
         Member State‟s capability in                                         national team during the course of the
         conducting field investigations using                                project.
         isotopic techniques for geothermal                                Gap between scientists and dam
         resources         exploration         and                            owners had been bridged as a result
         management has been enhanced. The                                    of increasing awareness of the isotope
         project has also strengthened the                                    techniques among scientists and dam
         capability of participating Member                                   owners/engineers.
         States in carrying out inter-laboratory                           Collaboration among the Member
         comparison exercises and stable                                      States had enabled some countries
         isotope measurements for chemical                                    with limited facilities to implement
         and quality analysis of water.                                       the use of isotope techniques to some
      Participating RCA countries have                                       dam      safety related     problems.
         acquired the capability to apply                                     Information exchange among RCA
         isotope      techniques,     such      as                            Member States to obtain advice on
         environmental isotopes of water and                                  dam safety related problems had also
         artificial     radiotracers      Tritium,                            been fostered.
         Sulphur-35, in the management of
         their producing geothermal reservoirs.                       2.2 Industry
         Benefits have been extended to seven
         geothermal fields with a total                               RAS/8/096      “Modification of Natural
         installed electric power generation                          Polymers through Radiation Processing”
         capacity of 1 320MWe.                                        The objectives of this project are to
                                                                      demonstrate the production of useful



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products from indigenous natural polymers                                 improving quality of services and
and to increase the use of indigenous natural                             enhancing safety and efficiency of
polymers through the use of radiation                                     industry, particularly in the application of
processing. The following is a brief summary                              major radiotracer and sealed source
of the progress achieved.                                                 techniques. Examples are as listed below:
 Hydrogel wound or burn dressings, face                                     Inter-well Tracer Test Technology
    masks, superabsorbents and drug delivery                              (IWTT) was further developed and
    systems have been extensively studied by                              promoted to oil companies in China,
    majority of RCA Member States. India,                                 Vietnam and Pakistan for routine service.
    Japan and Republic of Korea have                                      IWTT was applied to more than 200
    commercialized their products while                                   well-groups in China and annual turn
    Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and                                  over of the technology was $ 2 million.
    Vietnam are into pilot scale production.                                 Column scan technology was
 Results of the many research that have                                  upgraded and applied to petrochemical
    been carried out to investigate the plant                             industries as routine service in majority
    growth promotion and plant protection                                 of the member countries. Automatic
    effect      of     radiation     processed                            scanning systems were developed and
    polysaccharides in a variety of crops                                 used to service the industry in India,
    under different environmental conditions                              Indonesia, Pakistan, Republic of Korea
    have been encouraging. China, India and                               and Thailand.
    Philippines are in the stage of field                                    In mid 2004, a survey was carried out
    testing their oligosaccharide products                                in Thailand to evaluate the benefits from
    while in Vietnam, the products have been                              using radioisotope techniques (sealed
    manufactured in pilot scale and                                       sources and radiotracers) during the past
    commercialized.                                                       five years (2000-2004). Based on the
 Studies on the antifungal activity of both                              survey, a total of 188 services were
    un-irradiated and irradiated chitosan have                            conducted in Thailand during the 5-year
    been carried out in Vietnam and Sri                                   period and it was estimated that the
    Lanka. The results indicated that                                     industry gained $20 million in the past 5
    degraded chitosan fragments were more                                 years as a result of reduction in
    effective as anti-fungal agents than the                              accumulated daily productivity loss.
    native chitosan. Aqueous solutions of                                    Awareness of tracer groups on
    irradiated chitosan have also been used to                            QA/QC and accreditation of radioisotope
    extend the shelf-life of eggs at ambient                              technology in RCA Member States is
    temperature.                                                          increasing. ISO9001: 2000 QM System
                                                                          certification had helped MINT, Malaysia
RAS/8/091 „Process Diagnostics and                                        to improve the quality of radioisotope
Optimization in Petrochemical Industry‟                                   services to petroleum and chemical
      The objective of this project is to                                industries. The process of accreditation of
   upgrade the regional capacity for on-line                              radioisotope application laboratories
   troubleshooting and process control in                                 based on ISO 17025 in on-going.
   petroleum/chemical industries using                                    National Standard on Requirement on
   radioisotope techniques. The project has                               Oilfied Inter-well Tracer Test was drafted
   been evolving from promotion and                                       in China.
   training to real transfer of technology                                   Industrial     process      tomography
   creating     regional    resource    and                               technology was introduced to RCA
   demonstration centers and expertise,                                   Member States. India, Malaysia, Republic
   implementing advanced techniques,                                      of Korea and Thailand are developing the



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    technology to apply to industry and many                          RAS/5/035 „Improving Animal Productivity
    other countries have also shown keen                              and Reproductive Efficiency‟
    interest in developing the technology.                            The project focused on two areas, namely i)
                                                                      breeding and reproductive management, and
                                                                      ii) feeding and control of internal parasites.
2.3 Energy                                                            In 2003-2004, the objective of the project
                                                                      were further extended to include, increasing
RAS/0/038 “Role of Nuclear Power and                                  the number of pilot farms with integrated
Other Energy Options in Competitive                                   management practices, evaluating and
Electricity Markets”.                                                 incorporating lesser known plants as
 In response to the request from RCA                                  livestock feeds, developing medicated blocks
Member States for assistance in building                              for parasitic control, extending the provision
national capabilities for dealing with                                of diagnostic service to dairy farmers based
emerging issues related to on-going                                   on progesterone radioimmunoassay (RIA)
restructuring of electricity and energy sector,                       combined         with      clinical     methods,
and for ensuring that sustainable pattern of                          consolidating the regional capability for RIA
production, distribution, and the use of                              reagent production, and extending the use of
energy in competitive electricity markets is in                       two computer databases, on artificial
compliance          with         environmental                        insemination         (AIDA         Asia-Artificial
requirements, cost-effective and consistent                           Insemination Database Application) and
with national objectives for sustainable                              Semen Processing Records Management
development, the Agency launched the                                  (SPeRM) for data management by National
project RAS/0/038. The following is a brief                           Artificial Insemination (AI) services. The
summary of the progress achieved in 2004.                             following is a brief summary of the progress
 Nine RCA Member States (CPR, INS,                                   achieved:
    MAL, MON, PAK, PHI, ROK, SRL and                                          Participating Member States have
    VIE) participated in the project and                                   consolidated their ability to sustain the
    conducted specific country studies.                                    use of RIA, through local production of
    Reports of the national studies conducted                              standards and quality control in national
    on the evaluation of nuclear power and                                 laboratories and production of Iodine-125
    other energy options in achieving                                      labeled progesterone tracer in a regional
    sustainable energy development were                                    laboratory, and use isotopic based feed
    submitted to respective authorities for                                evaluation approaches. These laboratories
    adoption     and     implementation      in                            are effectively linked to national
    designing       energy        development                              livestock breeding services and are
    programmes in an optimal and                                           providing      diagnostic      support     to
    sustainable manner.                                                    veterinarians, artificial insemination (AI)
 RCA Member States gained expertise on                                    technicians and farmers.
    management of energy planning                                             In the area of feeding and control of
 Over the two years of project                                            internal parasites, the participating RCA
    implementation, about forty professionals                              Member States worked intensively to
    were trained through two major RTCs                                    strategically use medicated blocks for
    and three review seminars and workshop                                 controlling internal parasites and
    were provided.                                                         simultaneously supplement low quality
                                                                           feed. Medicated blocks and herbal
2.4 Agriculture                                                            remedies offered cost effective means of
                                                                           worm control in all most all Member
                                                                           States. The cost-benefit ratios for



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  medicated block use ranged from 1:1.3 to                              for sampling soil or sedimentations for
  1:7.8 across the Member States. Out of                                cesium-137         measurements,       iii)
  the 47 new feeds evaluated by                                         converting cesium-137 data to soil loss or
  participants of the project, 39 new feeds                             deposition using some models, iv) the
  have been introduced to farmers in 5                                  requirements of different models and of
  Member States and the average cost                                    the impacts of these requirements on the
  benefit ratio was 1:3.7.                                              produced        estimates       of    soil
     The project         had substantially                             erosion/sedimentation rates, v) the
  contributed towards improving livestock                               complementarities            of       soil
  productivity      and     increasing     the                          erosion/sedimentation data derived from
  production of animal food, especially                                 cesium-137 data and estimates obtained
  milk and meat, hence leading to enhanced                              from erosion models, and vi) the potential
  income levels of farmers. Moreover, a                                 of the technique and have the capacity to
  close coordination between this project,                              use it independently.
  national projects and coordinated                                        Participating Member States have
  research programmes was established,                                  also selected reference sites, have
  several         laboratories       received                           sampled these sites and have produced
  complementary assistance for upgrading                                valuable data on the magnitude of
  their facilities and for consolidating their                          cesium-137 fallout in their respective
  experimentation capabilities in the field.                            study area.
                                                                           A         web         site      under
RAS5039 ”Restoration of Soil Fertility and                              http/www.rca.org.cn/whats.asp has been
Sustenance of Agricultural Productivity”                                established for the project RAS/5/039,
   The overall objective of this project is to                          Part II. It gives an overview of the
   develop improved soil, water, nutrient                               project, its country projects with its
   and crop management practices while                                  specific objectives and achievements.
   counteracting         predominant       soil
   degradation processes in order to increase                         RAS/5/040 „Enhancement of Genetic
   and sustain crop productivity. Two                                 Diversity in Food, Pulses and Oil Crops and
   complementary approaches are utilized to                           Establishment of Mutant Germplasm
   achieve this main objective. Part I deals                          Network‟.
   with the restoration of soil fertility, in                         The objectives of this project are to use
   rice-based     cropping      systems    and                        radiation-induced       mutation     breeding
   implementation commenced during the                                technology combined with biotechnology to
   2001-2002 TC cycle.                                                develop improved germplasm of food crops,
   The specific objective of Part II is to                            oil crops and pulses, and to establish a
   measure soil erosion/sedimentation and                             Mutant Germplasm Network of promising
   associated pesticide contamination. The                            genotypes of selected crops. This project has
   following is a brief summary of the                                been extended to the 2005-2006 TC cycle.
   progress achieved under Part II:                                    Genetic material of promising varieties of
      Participating Member States have                                   six crops (wheat, sorghum, mungbean,
   collaborative partners interested and                                  soybean, ground nut and sesame) have
   involved in the cesium-137 technique for                               been exchanged among the participating
   soil erosion/sedimentation studies.                                    Member States to study their suitability
      Participating Member States have                                   for adaptation in the recipient countries.
   acquired good understanding of i) the                                  The varieties received from other
   characteristics required by a good                                     Member States have been planted and
   reference site, ii) the different procedures                           their characteristics have been compared



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    with the most promising local varieties.                          eventual eradication of FMD in the East Asia
    Good       adaptability     and      better                       and Pacific region. The following is a brief
    characteristics of some of the varieties                          summary of the progress achieved.
    received from the other participating                              The sera for the preparation of typing kits
    Member States were reported.                                         were made in 2004.
   Subject to further studies, promising                              A training course on FMD diagnosis was
    varieties with better characteristics than                           held successfully for 19 participants from
    the local varieties will be released to                              10 countries. Kits from the Thailand
    farmers in the future.                                               laboratory to allow typing of FMD were
   In parallel with the multi-location trials,                          distributed at the course. A kit to measure
    the participating RCA Member States                                  antibodies against non structural proteins
    also engaged in using radiation induced                              (NSP) of FMD virus was developed and
    mutation breeding to improve the genetic                             reagents are being transferred to
    diversity of wheat, sorghum, mungbean,                               Pakchong laboratory in Thailand to
    groundnut, soybean and sesame.                                       develop kits for distribution to
   Promising mutant lines of wheat and                                  participating laboratories. This kit will
    sorghum were developed in Indonesia                                  enable the differentiation of infected and
    and China. India, Indonesia, Pakistan,                               vaccinated       livestock,    which      is
    Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam also                               fundamental to FMD control in the
    developed promising mungbean varieties.                              region. Participants have sent sera from
   Substantial progress was made in                                     animals of their countries to a bank set up
    enhancement of genetic diversity in many                             at Seibersdorf laboratory, Vienna, to act
    participating countries. Examples are,                               as standards for FMD serology.
    fifteen mutants of groundnut with early
    maturity and high yields have been
    identified in the Philippines and seven                           3. FINANCIAL ASPECTS
    mutant lines of groundnut with superior
    seed yield were identified in India.                              3.1 Extrabudgetary Contributions
    Mutation breeding of sesame was
    achieved in the Philippines and Republic                             During the year, the RCA programme
    of Korea. Progress was also made in                                  continued     to      receive    donor
    obtaining promising mutant lines of                                  extrabudgetary contributions. Australia,
    soybean in China, India and Indonesia.                               China, Japan and Malaysia contributed
    Training on the use of induced mutation                              additional     extrabudgetary    funds
    breeding     was     provided    to    the                           amounting to $336 639.64. Annex 1
    participating Member States, resulting in                            shows the status of new extrabudgetary
    the improvement of crop breeding                                     funds received from 1994 to the end of
    programmes in these countries.                                       December 2004.

RAS/5/041 “Production of Foot and Mouth                               3.2 RCA Programme in 2004
Disease Antigen and Antibody ELISA
Reagent Kits                                                           There were 29 active projects in the RCA
The objective of this project is to produce                             programme during the year 2004 with 17
and     make     available    enzyme-linked                             new projects for the 2003/2004 biennium
immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits for                                    and 10 extensions* and 1 continuation**
diagnosis of foot and mouth disease (FMD)                               from the previous cycle. There were 12
at a lower cost than what is commercially                               rollover*** projects, out of which 11
available so as to assist in the control and                            were closed in 2004 and 1 project to be



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                                                                  8
  closed in early 2005.. The projects were                               number of events hosted by Member
  related      to      agriculture,    health,                           States.
  environment,        industry,      radiation                           There were 35 expert missions fielded to
  protection, energy, research reactor                                   12 countries in the region during 2004.
  utilization,       radioactive        waste                            Annex 7 shows the origin of experts and
  management and TCDC.                                                   the duty stations, and the duration of the
 The budget approved for 2004 was                                       missions was 644 man-days.
  $4.120 million out of which $2.513
  million was hardcore funding as shown in
  Annex 2. 11 projects listed in Annex 3                              3.3 RCA Programmes for 2005/2006
  were closed in 2004.
  The adjusted budget at the beginning of                             From the 84 project proposals submitted by
  2004 was $4.148 million, comprising of                              RCA Member States in all sectors, 21
  $2.513 million approved for 2004 and                                projects were approved by the National RCA
  $1.635 million carried over from 2003,                              Representatives at the 33rd General
  compared to an adjusted budget of $4.679                            Conference Meeting held in September 2004.
  million for 2003 comprising of an                                   These included 10 new projects and 11
  approval of $2.721 million and carried                              extension and continuation with a core
  over funds of $1.958 million. The                                   budget of $2 307 650 and $2 373 020
  implementation and implementation rate                              approved for 2005 and 2006 respectively.
  at the end of 2004 was $2.511 million                               The footnote a/ budget approved for the
  and 57.9% respectively, compared with                               corresponding year was $978 000 and $472
  $2.529 million and 57.8% respectively                               290 respectively.
  for 2003. The implementation rate for the                           The approved RCA programme for the 2005-
  East Asia and Pacific Section in 2004                               2006 TC cycle is attached as Annex 8.
  was 57.2%.
  *Extensions: Projects initially planned for                         3.4 RCA Programme in 2005.
    implementation during one programming cycle and
    subsequently extended to the next programming cycle.
    ** Continuations: Projects that were planned to be                The RCA Programme for 2005 consists of 21
    implemented over a period beyond the implementation               active projects, comprising 3 projects in
    cycle of two years.                                               Agriculture, 3 in Environment, 1 in Energy, 3
     *** Rollover projects: Projects in which the planned
    activities have not been completed during the period              in Industry, 6 in Human Health, 3in
    they were planned for                                             Radiation Protection, 1 on Research Reactor
 36 RCA events comprising of 13                                      Utilization, and 1 on Management of TCDC.
  training       courses,     and      23                             21      Training      courses     and     33
  meetings/workshops were held in 2004,                               Workshops/Meetings are planned for 2005.
  compared to 21 Training Courses and 22                              The schedule of planned events is given in
  Meetings/ Workshops in 2003. The list of                            Annex 9.
  RCA events held in 2004 is given in
  Annex 4. A total of 395 persons                                     3.5.   In-kind Contributions
  participated in the RCA events held in
  2004, of which 234 participated in the                              A summary of the in-kind contributions
  RCA training courses. Annex 5 shows the                             received, based on the information provided
  regional training courses implemented                               by the Member States is given in Annex 10.
  during the year and the number of
  participants from the respective RCA                                4. Personnel Changes in Member States
  countries. MSs in the region hosted most                            and Secretariat
  of the courses. Annex 6 shows the



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                                                                  9
4.1 National RCA Representatives                                       Annex 2   Budget approvals for current
                                                                                 technical      cooperation cycle
Dr. Asif Salahuddin succeeded Mr. Munim
Awais, as the National Representative of                               Annex 3   Projects to be closed
Pakistan. Mr. Awais‟s services to the RCA
                                                                       Annex 4   RCA Events in 2004
are greatly appreciated.
                                                                       Annex 5   Participation by country in each
.
                                                                                 event
The current list of National Representatives
is given in Annex 11.                                                  Annex 6   Number of events hosted
                                                                       Annex 7   Experts missions
4.2 Agency Staff
                                                                       Annex 8   Project proposals for next cycle
Mr. M.R. Kim, a cost free expert from the
                                                                       Annex 9   Events planned for following
Republic of Korea joined the RCA Office in
June 2004.                                                                       year (2005)
                                                                       Annex 10 In-kind contributions
Annexes
                                                                       Annex 11 List of National RCA
Annex 1       New funds for RCA by country
                                                                                 Representatives




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                                                                  10
              PART II – Technical Details of RCA Projects for 2004

     1.   Technical       Co-operation       Among                        provide emergency response manuals
     Developing Countries - (RAS/0/025)                                   and identify appropriate experts in the
      Project Status: Completed on 2004-04-30                            region for effective emergency response
      Objectives: To promote technical co-                               systems.
        operation among developing countries                             Project Duration: 1999-2004
        (TCDC) in the nuclear field within the                           Total Project Budget: $176,735 (AUL)
        RCA Member States and with other                                 Disbursement: $176,735 (as of 16 Feb.
        regions/ regional agreements.                                     2005)
      Project Duration: 1997-2004                                       Technical Officer: Ms. G. Sadagopan
      Total      Project     Budget:      $496,927                      Expected Project Impact: Distance learning
        (TCF:490,328, INS:6,599)
                                                                          material on radiation practices will be
      Disbursement: $482,760 (as of 16 Feb.                              made available to end users and regulators
        2005)                                                             in industry and environment in Member
      Technical Officer: Mr. M.P. Dias                                   States; regionally adapted manuals and
      Expected Project Impact: This project will                         guidelines       following       acceptable
        help to establish a high profile of the RCA                       international standards will be distributed
        in the region as a regional resource                              to Member States for training emergency
        community.      The     development      and                      response personnel; Member States will
        implementation of TCDC initiatives in                             have specialists from emergency response
        solving clearly identified problems will                          agencies trained in radiological emergency
        maximize the use of regional resources                            procedures. The materials developed will
        while strengthening regional bonds.                               also be available for use in other regions.
      Activities in 2004: None                                           The introduction of these learning
                                                                          materials and manuals in the electronic
                                                                          network will help strengthen institutional
     2. Radiation Protection and Networking -                             networking through access by nuclear
     (RAS/0/029)                                                          establishments and end users in the
      Project Status: Completed on 2004-05-20                            technology sectors.
         Objectives: To strengthen a sustainable                        Activities in 2004: None
          institutional    network      comprising
          national nuclear research institutes in
          the region and end users in the                             3 Management of Technical Co-operation
          environmental and industrial sectors,                       among Developing Countries - (RAS/0/035)
          with the use of modern information                           Project Status: Active
          technology and the support of regional                         Objectives: To manage technical co-
          resource units (RRUs) for relevant                              operation among developing countries
          technologies; to conduct trials, revise                         (TCDC) in the nuclear field within
          and distribute distant learning materials                       RCA Member States and with other
          on radiation safety practices to end                            regions/regional agreements; to increase
          users in RCA Member States; to                                  the capability of electronic networking


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                                                                  2
    among the Member States to include                                    A.Bashir (PAK04054)/Italy/17 May-17
    databases, internet-based distance-                                   September 2004/Magneto optic and
    learning materials developed previously                               Kerrr effect measurements
    and to be developed under the RCA                                     O.Tserendavaa (MON04005)/IAEA/7-
                                                                          18 July 2004/InformatioSyncronization
    programme; to provide support to the
                                                                          of user ID for Livelink, TC PRIDE and
    management of RCA; and to identify                                    RCA Member‟s Only Homepage
    and     promote      partnership   and                                M.F.Haris      (MAL05002)/IAEA/5-18
    collaboration with other regional                                     December        2004/      Information
    organizations and agreements.                                         Technology and Data Processing
   Project Duration: 2003-2006
   Total      Project   Budget:      $905,634                        o   Experts/Consultants (15)
    (TCF:866,210, JPN:9,576, MAL:23,694,                                  15 experts/consultants were financially
    CPR:3,954, PHI:2,200)                                                 supported by this project for their
   Disbursement: $422,739 (as of 16 Feb.                                 participation in the 2004 RCA
    2005)                                                                 activities including the 26th RCA
   Technical Officer: Mr. M.P. Dias                                      National Representatives Meeting held
   Expected Project Impact: This project will                            in Pakistan.
    enhance the technical co-operation among
    developing countries in the region. More
    outreach to people who need training in                       4. Role of Nuclear Power and Other Energy
    various nuclear technologies will be                          Options in Competitive Electricity Markets
    achieved through e-learning activities.                       - (RAS/0/038)
    Further regional co-operation will be                          Project Status: Active
    achieved.                                                        Objectives: The primary goal of the
   Activities in 2004                                                project is to: i) enhance the capabilities
    o Meetings/Training Courses (2)                                   of RCA Member States to elaborate
        Title: RCA Lead Country Coordinators                          sustainable energy strategies, ii)
        Meeting                                                       conduct national studies to assess the
        Purpose: To review progress of the on-
                                                                      role of nuclear power and other energy
        going RCA projects and to discuss the
        2005-2006 RCA programme
                                                                      options in competitive electricity
        Dates: 26-30 July 2004                                        markets,        and      iii)     provide
        Venue: Vienna, Austria                                        recommendations on policies and
        Participants: 15 participants including                       measures that ensure competitive
        the RCA Lead Country Coordinators                             electricity markets function in a manner
                                                                      that is consistent with national
         Title: Project Coordination Meeting on                       objectives for sustainable development.
         Electronic Networking Outreach                              Project Duration: 2003-2004
         Purpose: To review progress of the on-                      Total Project Budget: $219,745 (TCF)
         going project and to plan 2005-2006                         Disbursement: $219,745 (as of 16 Feb.
         project                                                      2005)
         Dates: 23-27 August 2004                                    Technical Officer: Mr. K.Y. Nam
         Venue: Daejeon, Korea                                       Expected Project Impact: The social and
         Participants: 15 participants including                      economic impact would not immediately
         Project Coordinators                                         be felt as a result of project
                                                                      implementation. However, the results of
    o    Fellowships/Scientific Visits (4)
                                                                      the project could lead to a national decision
         M.Asfa (PAK04053)/Italy/29 February                          on electric system structure. Making
         -31 August 2004/Practical use of                             specific,         technically          sound
         syncrotron radiation beamlines for
                                                                      recommendations to the government is a
         atomic and molecular physics                                 required component of the country work



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                                                            2
    plan. New knowledge and tools acquired                           Objectives: To bring about qualitative
    through the project will be used to enhance                       and quantitative improvements in
    the possibility for Member States to i)                           various aspects of research reactor
    enhance      capabilities    to     elaborate                     operation and utilization; specifically,
    sustainable energy strategies; ii) assess the
                                                                      and to improve information exchange
    role of nuclear power and other energies in
    a competitive market; and iii) provide                            between research reactor personnel of
    recommendations on policy measures.                               Member States in selected priority areas
   Activities in 2004                                                such as supply of radioisotopes (RI),
    o Meetings/Training Courses (3)                                   safety assessment, instrumentation and
        Title: Regional Workshop on the “Role                         control (I&C) of existing and new
        of Nuclear Power and Other Energy                             research reactors, and measurement of
        Options in Competitive Electricity                            reactor parameters.
        Markets”                                                     Project Duration: 2003-2004
        Purpose: To review the national results                      Total Project Budget: $226,432 (TCF)
        of the energy and electricity system                         Disbursement: $188,807 (as of 16 Feb.
        analysis by incorporating economic,                           2005)
        social and environmental aspects using                       Technical Officer: Mr S.K. Paranjpe
        MESSAGE model                                                Expected Project Impact: The project is
        Dates: 9-13 February 2004                                     mainly aimed at capacity building in
        Venue: Hanoi, Vietnam                                         interested RCA Member States to help
        Participants: 11 participants including                       improve research reactor operation and
        2 International Experts                                       utilization. It is also expected to increase
                                                                      the capabilities of the participating
         Title: Regional Training Course on the                       countries to safely and reliably continue
         “Role of Nuclear Power and Other                             and improve scientific research and
         Energy Options in Competitive                                technology development at research
         Electricity Markets”                                         reactors. It is also expected that social and
         Purpose: To provide advanced features of                     economic impact will be derived from
         the IAEA‟s energy model, MESSAGE, and
                                                                      enhanced RI production, which would
         its application to country specific scenarios
                                                                      make available RI that will be used for
         Dates: 7-18 June 2004
         Venue: Daejeon, Korea                                        diverse applications in the region such as
         Participants: 27 participants including                      for medical, agricultural, industrial, and
                                                                      environmental uses.
         5 lecturers
                                                                     Activities in 2004
         Title: Final technical meeting for                           o         Meetings/Training Courses (3)
         review of analytical results of country                           Title: Regional Training Course on
         studies on the project                                            “Experimental      Research     Reactor
         Purpose: To review the final results of                           Physics”
         the national studies and to assess the                            Purpose: The aim of the training
         progress and achievements of the                                  course is to present the subjects in a
         project                                                           cogent and systematic manner and at a
         Dates: 16-19 November 2004                                        level such that the relatively young
         Venue: Mumbai, India                                              persons will develop a better
         Participants: 9 participants including 1                          appreciation of different techniques
         International Expert                                              employed in the measurement of
                                                                           various physics parameters and
                                                                           relevant        thermal        hydraulic
5. Improvement of Research Reactor                                         considerations; and to contribute
Operation and Utilization, Phase II –                                      effectively in the safe operation and
(RAS/4/022)                                                                utilization of research reactors
 Project Status: Active


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                                                            3
         including start-up of new reactors in                        local feed resources; to improve the
         their respective countries                                   performance of artificial insemination
         Dates: 15-26 March 2004                                      (AI) services; and to promote better
         Venue: Mumbai, India                                         reproductive management by farmers.
         Participants: 25 participants including                     Project Duration: 1999-2004
         1 lecturer
                                                                     Total Project Budget: $1,064,862 (TCF)
                                                                     Disbursement: $1,021,339 (as of 16 Feb.
         Title: Technical Meeting on “Research
                                                                      2005)
         Reactor Instrumentation and Control”
         Purpose: To discuss and share the                           Technical Officer: Mr B.M.A.O. Perera,,
         experiences of the I&C systems in the                        Mr H.P.S. Makkar
         existing research reactors and the new                      Expected Project Impact: The project will
         design and implementation techniques                         result in sustainable supplementary feeding
         of I&C systems for new research                              based on non-conventional feed resources
         reactors                                                     that do not compete with human food;
         Dates: 3-7 May 2004                                          improved milk and meat production;
         Venue: Daejeon, Korea                                        improved       AI    service    and     non-
         Participants: 17 participants including                      pregnancy/infertility     diagnosis;     and
         2 International Experts                                      sustained regional production and supply
                                                                      of reagents for RIA. Overall, it will lead to
         Title: Technical Meeting on “Design                          enhanced income levels of farmers and
         and Simulation of Neutron Beam                               greater availability of protein to the
         Instruments”                                                 population.
         Purpose: To provide experts guidance                        Activities in 2004
         in the design of new instrument for                          o Meetings/Training Courses (2)
         neutron     beam     research     using                          Title: Final Project Review Meeting
         simulation technique                                             Purpose: To review the results
         Dates: 4-8 October 2004                                          obtained during the full period of the
         Venue: Daejeon, Korea                                            project, including field and laboratory
         Participants: 18 participants including                          work, cost-benefit analyses and in-
         2 International Experts                                          country training and education
                                                                          activities
    o    Fellowships/Scientific Visits (2)                                Dates: 11-15 October 2004
         T.M.Sembiring      (INS04011)/Korea/4                            Venue: Bangkok, Thailand
         October-3 December 2004/Neutronic                                Participants: 30 participants including
         Calculations for Research Reactor                                3 International Experts
         S.Trang Cao (VIE04013)/Korea/30
         September-30 December 2004/Fuel                                  Title: Regional Training Course for
         Management for Research Reactor                                  Trainers     on     Cattle      Fertility
                                                                          Management for Optimum Economic
                                                                          returns
6. Improving Animal Productivity and                                      Purpose: To provide trainers with
Reproductive Efficiency -(RAS/5/035)                                      training of management of breeding
 Project Status: Active                                                  bulls, semen technology and delivery
                                                                          of AI services
   Objectives: To improve the productivity
                                                                          Dates: 19-23 April 2004
    and reproductive efficiency of livestock                              Venue: Ludhiana, India
    in the East Asia and the Pacific region.                              Participants: 18 participants including
    The specific objectives are to                                        2 lecturers
    consolidate and disseminate the use of
    strategic supplementary feeding using                             o   Experts/Consultants (1)
    urea molasses multinutrient block
    (UMMB) and other non-conventional


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         Milo Wiltbank (USA)/Bangladesh/23                            availability to crops and improve soil
         February-6 March 2004/Monoclonal                             fertility, and develop agronomic
         Antibody for Progesterone RIA                                practices to minimize soil degradation
                                                                      processes such as nutrient depletion
                                                                      (soil erosion), acidification, etc.,
7. Mutational Enhancement for Genetic
                                                                      relevant to each participating country;
Diversity in Rice – (RAS/5/037)
       Project Status: Completed on 2004-04-                         and those of Part II are to measure soil
   30                                                                 erosion and sedimentation rates and
       Objectives: To sustain rice-breeding                          monitor        associated      pesticide
    programmes         through        genetic                         contamination.
    enhancement, leading to increased                                Project Duration: 2001-2004
    productivity and resistance to biotic and                        Total    Project     Budget:   $746,470
                                                                      (TCF:568,390, CPR:176,080, PHI:2,000)
    abiotic stresses.
                                                                     Disbursement: $507,304 (as of 16 Feb.
        Project Duration: 1999-2004
                                                                      2005)
   Total Project Budget: $333,710 (TCF)
                                                                     Technical Officer: Mr. P Moutonnet, Mr.
   Disbursement: $327,710 (as of 16 Feb.
                                                                      C. Bernard
    2005)
                                                                     Expected      Project    Impact:      The
        Technical Officer: Mr Q. Shu
                                                                      development of improved soil, crop,
        Expected Project Impact: Wide scale
    evaluation of promising mutant lines                              water, and fertilizer management
    should result in the release of new mutant                        practices and measures to control soil
    varieties, and the development of desired                         erosion and protect soil/water from
    genetic sources to correct deficient                              pesticide contamination will contribute
    characteristics limiting modern rice                              to sustainable intensification of the
    breeding programmes. In the long term, the                        agricultural production of the region
    project will increase farmers' incomes in                         while conserving the natural resources
    both marginal and highly productive areas                         base. Dissemination through the
    of rice cultivation.                                              national extension services and
   Activities in 2004: None                                          adoption of the recommended farming
                                                                      technologies will help to restore the soil
8. Restoration of Soil Fertility and                                  fertility and sustenance of agricultural
Sustenance of Agricultural Productivity-                              productivity,      providing      income
(RAS/5/039)                                                           generation       opportunities,      thus
 Project Status: Active                                              contributing to the national economy
   Objectives: The overall objective is to                           and socio-economic development of the
    develop improved soil, water, nutrient,                           countries in the region.
    and crop management practices while                              Activities in 2004
    counteracting       predominant      soil                         o Meetings/Training Courses (2)
    degradation processes (like nutrient                                  Title: Meeting on “Exchanging of
                                                                          Experiences      using      the    Cs-137
    depletion, soil acidification, and soil
                                                                          Technique for Measuring Soil Erosion/
    erosion) in order to increase and sustain                             Sedimentation         and       Associated
    crop      productivity.   The    specific                             Pesticide Contamination
    objectives are for Part I to improve                                  Purpose: To strenghten the capacities
    fertilizer management practices to                                    of the staff actively involved in the
    increase the efficiency of chemical and                               implementation of these activities of the
    bio-fertilizers to optimize the cost-                                 project by exchanging experiences in
    effectiveness of fertilizer inputs,                                   the application of the Cs-137 technique
    identify crop residue management                                      in the countries of the region
    practices to enhance the nutrient                                     Dates: 5-9 July 2004


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         Venue: Kajang, Malaysia                                      Germplasm Network (MGN) of
         Participants: 9 participants including 2                     promising genotypes of selected crops.
         International Experts                                        The mutations will be induced using ion
                                                                      beams, electron beams, and lasers, in
         Title: Final Project Review Meeting
                                                                      addition to gamma radiation and
         Purpose: To evaluate the main
                                                                      neutrons, in combination with chemical
         achievements of the project
         Dates: 6-10 September 2004                                   methods and in vitro biotechnology.
         Venue: Bangkok, Thailand                                     Biochemical        and         molecular
         Participants: 14 participants including                      technologies will be used for improving
         2 International Experts                                      mutation efficiency.
                                                                     Project Duration: 2001-2006
    o    Fellowships/Scientific Visits (4)                           Total      Project     Budget:     $515,230
         A.Citraresmini (INS03001)/Philippines                        (TCF:465,230, CPR:50,000)
         /1 September-31 December 2004/To                            Disbursement: $251,235 (as of 16 Feb.
         conduct pot and field experiments for                        2005)
         evaluation of use efficiency of nitrogen                    Technical Officer: Mr. Q. Shu
         fertilizers applied to rice-based                           Expected Project Impact: Desired genetic
         cropping systems.                                            sources will be obtained to correct
         N.Suhartini (INS03017)/U.K./1 April-                         deficient characteristics, and new advanced
         31 July 2004/Application of the Cs-                          mutant lines will be released, which in the
         137 technique in soil erosion/sediment                       long term will increase farmers' income
         studies                                                      and help the food security of the East Asia
         R.Balog        (PHI03001)/Australia/15                       and Pacific region.
         February-14       April       2004/Field                    Activities in 2004
         application of the Cs-137 technique in                       o Meetings/Training Courses (3)
         soil erosion/sedimentation studies                               Title: Project Progress Review Meeting
         Jamil T. Ahmed (PAK04001)/China,                                 on “Mutant Mutli-location Trials and
         Australia/22 February-6 March 2004/to                            Mutation Enhancement of Genetic
         get      acquainted      with      recent                        Diversity”
         developments on the use of fallout                               Purpose: To review and evaluate
         radionuclides in soil arosion and                                achievements made during 2003-2004
         sedimentation         and         related                        and to provide the participants the
         environmental studies                                            opportunity to exchange up-to-date
                                                                          information      on     new     breeding
    o    Experts/Consultants (1)                                          objectives,     as     well    as    the
         Robert J. Loughran (AUL)/Vietnam,                                methodologies and techniques for the
         China/3-14 May 2004/Backstopping                                 isolation,     characterization,     and
         Application of Cs-137 Technique                                  utilization of newly obtained induced
                                                                          mutants
                                                                          Dates: 29 October-3 November 2004
9. Enhancement of Genetic Diversity in                                    Venue: Suwon, Korea
Food, Pulses, and Oil Crops and                                           Participants: 18 participants including
Establishment of Mutant Germplasm                                         2 International Experts
Network - (RAS5/040)
 Project Status: Active                                                  Title:     FAO/IAEA/RCA        Strategic
   Objectives: The specific objectives are                               Meeting on “Nuclear Techniques for
    (i) to use radiation-induced mutation                                 Rice Improvement in Asia”
    breeding technology combined with                                     Purpose: To provide a platform for rice
    biotechnology to develop improved                                     scientists working on rice improvement
    germplasm of food crops, oil crops, and                               by using mutation techniques to gain
    pulses; and (ii) to establish a Mutant                                up-to-date information on advanced



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                                                            6
         technologies, new horizons and                               security requirements of the growing
         frontiers in rice research                                   population. This will also contribute to the
         Dates: 4-7 November 2004                                     subsistence of traditional production
         Venue: Tokyo and Tsukuba, Japan                              systems by safeguarding draught and
         Participants: 12 participants including                      traction power.
         1 International Expert                                      Activities in 2004
                                                                      o Meetings/Training Courses (1)
         Title: Regional Training Course on                               Title: Regional Training Course on
         “Induced Mutations for Crop Quality                              "Serological Techniques for FMD
         Improvement”                                                     Diagnosis and Control"
         Purpose: To provide young scientists                            Purpose: To provide the participants
         involved in the Project with advanced                           with the information on theoretical and
         knowledge and skill related to                                  practical aspects of the major serological
         evaluation, selection and improvement                           assays for the detection of FMD virus
         of crop quality traits                                          and antibodies against this virus.
         Dates: 30 August-8 September 2004                                Dates: 11-22 October 2004
         Venue: Beijing, China                                            Venue: Pakchong, Thailand
         Participants: 16 participants including                          Participants: 20 participants including
         4 lecturers                                                      3 lecturers


10. Production of Foot and Mouth Disease                          11. Application of Food Irradiation for Food
Antigen and Antibody ELISA Reagent Kit -                          Security, Safety, and Trade - (RAS/5/042)
(RAS/5/041)                                                        Project Status: Active
 Project Status: Active                                             Objectives: The overall objective is to
   Objectives: The overall objective is the                          improve food security, food safety, and
    control and eventual eradication of foot                          inter-country trade of food products by
    and mouth disease (FMD) in the East                               irradiating the products. The specific
    Asia and the Pacific region. The                                  objectives are to facilitate the expansion
    specific objectives are to produce                                of the use of food irradiation in the
    enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay                                 RCA countries and to improve
    (ELISA) kits for antigen and antibody                             international trade in irradiated food
    detection at a lower cost than currently                          within the region through continued
    commercially      available     for  the                          public awareness and acceptance of
    diagnosis     of    FMD;       and   the                          radiation processing of food and for
    development of the capability for                                 sanitary and phytosanitary treatment;
    diagnosing FMD using ELISA and                                    conducting inter-country market trials
    molecular techniques by the FMD                                   of irradiated food commodities; and
    national laboratories in the region.                              training of personnel in specific fields,
   Project Duration: 2001-2004                                       such as plant operation, microbial
   Total Project Budget: $191,210 (TCF)                              safety, and phytosanitary requirements.
   Disbursement: $136,255 (as of 16 Feb.                            Project Duration: 2001-2004
    2005)                                                            Total Project Budget: $258,620 (TCF:
   Technical Officer: Mr. J.R. Crowther                              257,120, INS:1,500)
   Expected Project Impact: The progressive                         Disbursement: $211,209 (as of 16 Feb.
    control of FMD will enhance livestock                             2005)
    development through facilitating the use of                      Technical Officer: Ms. W.T. Rubio
    improved genetic material, favouring                              Cabello
    intensification of production systems, thus                      Expected Project Impact: Successful trade
    contributing to the increased production of                       tests of selected irradiated food items
    animal protein to meet food and nutritional                       among RCA countries will enhance


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                                                            7
    commercial export of such commodities to                          complications and more diseases treated
    other countries. This experience will                             effectively with brachytherapy in all
    encourage farmers, food processing                                participating countries.
    companies, and food trade companies to                           Activities in 2004: None
    use food irradiation technology, thus
    reducing post-harvest losses and promoting
    food safety and security.                                     13. Nuclear Medicine Applications -
   Activities in 2004                                            (RAS/6/028)
    o Meetings/Training Courses (1)                                Project Status: Completed on 2004-05-20
        Title:    FAO/IAEA/RCA         Regional                      Objectives: To develop a thematic
        Training     Course     on     “Quality                       programme on nuclear medicine
        Assurance System of Irradiation                               applications, specifically addressed to
        Facilities”
                                                                      enhancing the capability for myocardial
        Purpose: To provide up to date
        information on quality assurance and
                                                                      perfusion         scintigraphy       for
        control systems of irradiation facilities                     cardiovascular diseases; scintimammo-
        which are treating foods and food                             graphy, tumour marker assay, and
        products                                                      gamma       probe      application   for
        Dates: 23-27 August 2004                                      therapeutic        monitoring       and
        Venue: Beijing, China                                         management of breast cancer; treatment
        Participants: 21 participants including                       of differentiated thyroid cancer with I-
        4 lecturers                                                   131, and the management of diabetic
                                                                      nephropathy and liver cancer.
    o    Experts/Consultants (1)                                     Project Duration: 1997-2004
         Gary J. Luckman (AUL)/Thailand,
                                                                     Total Project Budget: $1,940,312 (TCF:
         Philippines/7-18 June 2004/Market                            1,889,153, JPN: 51,159)
         Trials
                                                                     Disbursement: $1,881,754 (as of 16 Feb.
                                                                      2005)
                                                                     Technical Officer: Mr A.K. Padhy, Mr
12. Quality Assurance in Radiation
                                                                      K.K. Solanki
Theraphy - (RAS/6/027)
                                                                     Expected Project Impact: Reduction in
 Project Status: Completed on 2004-08-27
                                                                      morbidity/ mortality in cardiovascular
   Objectives: To promote quality                                    diseases; and improvements in the
    assurance practices in brachytherapy                              management of patients with breast cancer,
    accompanied by the introduction of new                            thyroid cancer, liver cancer, and diabetes.
    techniques, and quality control devices                          Activities in 2004: None
    and equipment.
   Project Duration: 1997-2004
   Total Project Budget: $774,114 (TCF)                          14. Distance-assisted Training for Nuclear
   Disbursement: $738,428 (as of 16 Feb.                         Medicine Technicians - (RAS/6/029)
    2005)                                                          Project Status: Active
   Technical Officer: Mr B. Vikram, Mr K.R.                         Objectives: To improve the quality of
    Shortt                                                            nuclear medicine services in Regional
   Expected Project Impact: The provision of                         Co-operative       Agreement      (RCA)
    equipment will result in the treatment of                         countries by raising the standard of
    75,000 patients during the equipment‟s                            basic training for technologists.
    lifetime in the less developed countries,
                                                                     Project Duration: 1997-2006
    which for cervical cancer could result in
                                                                     Total    Project     Budget: $706,688
    saving 37,000 lives of women in
                                                                      (TCF:248,065, JPN:7,000, AUL:381,622,
    reproductive years. The upgrading of QA
                                                                      ROK:70,000)
    and introduction of new techniques will
                                                                     Disbursement: $491,352 (as of 16 Feb.
    result in fewer treatment related
                                                                      2005)


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                                                            8
   Technical Officer: Mr. M. Dondi, Mr. N.                           use of a common syllabus for training will
    Watanabe                                                          also lead towards harmonization of training
   Expected Project Impact: The quality of                           of radiation oncologists among the three
    healthcare in the region will be enhanced                         regions.
    by the upgraded and standardized                                 Activities in 2004
    educational qualifications and resultant                          o Experts/Consultants (1)
    higher motivation of nuclear medicine                                 Tomas       Kron    (GFR)/Malaysia/29
    technicians. Several countries will be able                           November-2 December 2004 / To
    to conduct their own training programme                               provide assessments of student‟s
    using the experience and resources already                            physics knowledge and deliver lectures
    developed.                                                            in education validation workshop
   Activities in 2004
    o Experts/Consultants (4)
        Salah-Eddine      Bouyoucef     (ALG)/                    16. LDR and HDR Brachytherapy in
        Austria/15        March-14         June                   Treating Cervical Cancer - (RAS/6/035)
        2004/Correction and Revision of DAT                             Project Status: Completed on 2004-04-
        Modules-1                                                    30
        Bhagwant R. Mittal (IND)/Austria/15                              Objectives: To contribute to the
        March-14 June 2004/Correction and                             improvement of knowledge and skills
        Revision of DAT Modules-1                                     in the treatment of cancer of the cervix.
        F.L.Mut Bastos (URU)/Austria/15                               The specific objectives are to promote
        March-14 June 2004/Correction and
                                                                      quality assurance practices in the use of
        Revision of DAT Modules-1
        Gauri S. Pant (IND)/Austria/15 March-
                                                                      low dose rate (LDR) and high dose rate
        14 June 2004/Correction and Revision                          (HDR) brachytherapy machines for the
        of DAT Modules-1                                              treatment of cancer of the cervix,
                                                                      through training medical physicists in
                                                                      proper treatment planning and the
15. Distance Education                in    Radiation                 development/       harmonization       of
Oncology - (RAS/6/033)                                                treatment protocols.
 Project Status: Active                                                 Project Duration: 2001-2004
   Objectives: To prepare and pilot test                            Total Project Budget: $241,489 (TCF:
    distance learning materials in radiation                          142,964, JPN: 98,524)
    oncology.                                                        Disbursement: $241,489 (as of 16 Feb.
   Project Duration: 1999-2006                                       2005)
   Total     Project     Budget:      $715,200                          Technical Officer: Mr B. Vikram, Mr
    (TCF:706,200, JPN:9,000)                                          K.R. Shortt
   Disbursement: $334,193 (as of 16 Feb.                                Expected Project Impact: Improved
    2005)                                                             management of patients with cervical
   Technical Officer: Mr. J.H. Hendry                                cancer, increased number of patients
   Expected Project Impact: The availability                         receiving radiotherapy treatment, and
    of the distance-learning materials in                             improved survival rate of patients; thus
    radiation oncology will fill a long-                              contributing to the national healthcare
    recognized      education    gap     among                        services.
    radiotherapists     and      radiographers,                      Activities in 2004: None
    enhancing       improvements      in     the
    management of cancer patients of the
    region. The potential for enrolling more                      17. Management of Liver Cancer Using
    students with Internet access will increase,                  Transarterial Radioconjugate Therapy -
    thereby reducing the cost of training.                        (RAS/6/036)
    Updating of teaching materials will be easy                    Project Status: Active
    as they are electronically available. The



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                                                            9
   Objectives: To reduce morbidity due to                            awareness among medical professionals,
    cancer and improve health through                                 policy makers, and the general public on
    therapeutic nuclear medicine. To                                  the importance and effectiveness of
    improve the treatment of hepatocellular                           radiation oncology will be achieved.
                                                                     Activities in 2004
    carcinoma (HCC) by use of transarterial
                                                                      o Meetings/Training Courses (1)
    rhenium-188 lipiodol.                                                 Title: Regional Training Course on
   Project Duration: 2003-2004                                           “Clinical Quality Assurance of
   Total      Project    Budget:     $221,420                            Brachytherapy      for     Predominant
    (TCF:218,420, JPN:3,000)                                              Cancers in Asia”
   Disbursement: $117,694 (as of 16 Feb.                                 Purpose: To provide basic knowledge
    2005)                                                                 on clinical protocol of brachytherapy
   Technical Officer: Ms. P.L. Bernal                                    for predominant cancers including
    Trujillo, Mr. N. Watanabe                                             uterine cervical cancers, head & neck
   Expected Project Impact: The results of                               cancer, lung cancer, esophageal cancer
    this project will have great impact on the                            and prostate cancer.
    healthcare     sector  of     the   region.                           Dates: 12-16 July 2004
    Radionuclide therapy of inoperable liver                              Venue: Maeba&Chiba, Japan
    cancer using rhenium-188 lipiodol can lead                            Participants: 24 participants including
    to reduction in morbidity as well as                                  1 lecturer
    improved management of liver cancer
    patients.
   Activities in 2004                                            19. Strengthening Medical Physics through
    o Experts/Consultants (1)                                     Education and Training (RAS/6/038)
        Naoyuki Watanabe (JPN)/India/14-18                         Project Status: Active
        December 2004/Consulting on Nuclear                          Objectives: To improve medical
        Medicine Imaging                                              physics capability and capacity in the
                                                                      region through the establishment of
18. Quality Assurance for Treatment of
                                                                      regional approaches on education and
Cervix Cancer by Radiotherapy -                                       training of medical physicists; and to
(RAS/6/037)                                                           improve and upgrade safe operating
 Project Status: Active                                              practices and technical standards in the
   Objectives: To promote quality                                    region through the establishment of a
    assurance in the use of radiotherapy for                          common quality assurance/quality
    the treatment of cancer of the cervix                             control (QA/QC) programme.
    through training of medical staff in                             Project Duration: 2003-2006
    proper treatment techniques and the                              Total     Project     Budget:      $486,164
    development/        harmonization     of                          (TCF:452,672, JPN:33,492)
    treatment protocols, and to increase                             Disbursement: $44,133 (as of 16 Feb.
                                                                      2005)
    awareness          among         medical
                                                                     Technical Officer: Mr. K.R. Shortt
    professionals, policy makers, and the
                                                                     Expected Project Impact: An improvement
    general public on the importance and                              in the quality of education and training for
    effectiveness of radiation oncology.                              medical physicists will not only improve
   Project Duration: 2003-2004                                       the quality of service available but it will
   Total Project Budget: $212,000 (JPN)                              also enhance their professional status. This
   Disbursement: $107,336 (as of 16 Feb.                             is important if healthcare providers are to
    2005)                                                             attract and maintain a competent
    Technical Officer: Mr. B. Vikram                                 workforce. The project will provide
   Expected Project Impact: Healthcare and                           teaching resources that can be used for
    management of patients with cancer of                             development of further education and
    cervix will be improved. A greater                                training programmes. The medical


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                                                            10
    physicists trained within the project will                    21. Enhancing the Sustainability of the
    have the potential to provide improved in-                    Marine Coastal Environment (RAS/7/011)
    house capabilities to enhance services and                     Project Status: Active
    provide valuable resources for future                            Objectives: In general, this project will
    development.                                                      enhance the quality of life in the coastal
   Activities in 2004                                                zone through the application of nuclear
    o Experts/Consultants (1)                                         techniques in addressing problems
        John F. Drew (AUL)/ Austria/25-27
                                                                      associated with ameliorating effects of
        October 2004/Review progress to date
        and advise on next steps                                      historical pollution and minimizing
                                                                      impact of effluent released in coastal
                                                                      zone. The specific objectives are to
20. Use of Radiosynovectomy in the                                    update and maintain the Asia Pacific
Management of Patients Suffering from                                 Marine       Radioactivity       Database
Painful Joint Disorders - (RAS/6/039)                                 (ASPAMARD); discern organic sources
 Project Status: Active                                              of pollution using stable isotope
   Objectives: To improve the treatment of                           measurement and classifying pollutant
    painful joint disorders, such as                                  loadings; and support Member States to
    haemophilic arthritis and rheumatoid                              incorporate receptor binding assay
    arthritis, using radiocolloids for                                (RBA) with suitable quality assurance/
    radiosynovectomy.                                                 quality control (QA/QC) systems in
   Project Duration: 2003-2004                                       their national monitoring programme.
   Total       Project     Budget:      $181,572                    Project Duration: 2003-2004
    (TCF:178,572, JPN:3,000)                                         Total Project Budget: $252,480 (TCF)
   Disbursement: $95,454 (as of 16 Feb.                             Disbursement: $199,224 (as of 16 Feb.
    2005)                                                             2005)
   Technical Officer: Ms. P.L. Bernal                               Technical Officer: Ms. F. Boisson
    Trujillo, Mr. N. Watanabe, Mr. M. Dondi                          Expected Project Impact: In the short term,
   Expected Project Impact: The quality of                           the availability of a reference database on
    life of patients suffering from chronic joint                     marine radioactivity can be a guide in the
    pain due to rheumatoid arthritis or                               development of eco-touristic coastal zone
    haemophilia will be enhanced. Human                               areas. Successful results in understanding
    resource capabilities in the RCA Member                           the behaviour and fate of organic pollutants
    States will be improved with the expansion                        as well as naturally occurring radioactive
    of services and radiopharmaceuticals.                             materials (NORM) in selected sites would
   Activities in 2004                                                lead to (a) better awareness of their impact,
    o Meetings/Training Courses (1)                                   (b) triggering actions by concerned
         Title: Regional Training Course on                           authorities to mitigate any negative impact
         “Interventional Methods in Nuclear                           of current practices that lead to such
         Medicine                                                     pollution, and (c) wider applications of the
         Purpose: To train nuclear physicians in                      technique in other areas. The use of RBA
         interventional nuclear medicine in the                       will improve the HAB warning system and
         fields      of     nuclear     oncology,                     monitoring of HABs, thereby minimizing,
         gastroenterology,          endocrinology,                    if not avoiding, the onset of deadly
         cardiology, nephrourology and therapy.                       episodes that could lead to human illness.
         Dates: 6-10 December 2004                                   Activities in 2004
         Venue: Mumbai, India                                         o Meetings/Training Courses (2)
         Participants: 17 participants including                          Title: Final Project Meeting on
         3 lecturers                                                      “Enhancing the Sustainability of the
                                                                          Marine        Coastal    Environment”;
                                                                          Component 1 and 2



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                                                            11
         Purpose: To receive final country reports                       April 2004/Laboratory Techniques for
         for each component and to assess national                       using receptor binding assays based on
         progress made under each activity                               tritiated saxitoxin analysis and
         Dates: 29 November– 3 December                                  corresponding literature
         2004                                                            Ngoc        Vu     Nhu       (VIE03034)/
         Venue: Sydney, Australia                                        Philippines/28 March-3 April 2004/
         Participants: 12 participants including                         Laboratory Techniques for using
         2 International                                                 receptor binding assays based on
                                                                         tritiated saxitoxin analysis (preparation
         Title: Regional Training Course on                              and purification)
         “Application of Nuclear and Isotopic                            Thuoc       Chu     Van      (VIE03035)/
         Techniques to Identify the Source and                           Philippines/25-31 January 2004/Field
         Distribution of Contaminants in                                 Techniques for sampling of sediment
         Heavily Polluted Coastal Regions”                               cores and preserving cysts
         Purpose: To demonstrate the current
         state of selected nuclear techniques
         which are designed to identify the                       22. Diagnosing Osteoporosis Using Nuclear
         source and migration of contaminants                     Techniques - (RAS/7/012)
         and carbon flows in heavily polluted                      Project Status: Completed on 2004-12-30
         coastal zones                                               Objectives: To increase early detection
         Dates: 12-21 January 2004
                                                                      and treatment for osteoporosis. In
         Venue: Manila, Philippines
         Participants: 19 participants including
                                                                      particular, to enhance early diagnosis of
         4 lecturers                                                  osteoporosis and introduce preventive
                                                                      nutritional approaches to mitigate loss
    o    Experts/Consultants (2)                                      of bone mineral density (BMD).
         Emerenciana B. Duran (PHI)/                                 Project Duration: 2003-2004
         Australia/29 November-3 December                            Total Project Budget: $29,106 (TCF)
         2004/Revision and extension of the                          Disbursement: $29,106 (as of 16 Feb.
         Asia & Pacific Marine Radioactivity                          2005)
         Database (ASPAMARD)                                         Technical Officer: Ms. N. Mokhtar
         Tod A. Leighfield (USA)/ China/6-10                         Expected Project Impact: Enhanced
         December 2004/Establishment of                               understanding of the onset of osteoporosis
         National capability for Receptor                             will help the counterparts to design
         Binding Assay for PSP toxins                                 preventive approaches based on nutritional
                                                                      interventions. Reduced health care costs
    o    Fellowships/Scientific Visits (6)                            due to decreased incidence of osteoporosis
         Khalid          Khan         (PAK03134)/                     will save the health sectors funding.
         Philippines/3         May-2          June                   Activities in 2004
         2004/Radiometric dating of sediment                          o Experts/Consultants (1)
         cores through 210Pb measurements                                 Trinidad P. Trinidad (PHI)/U.K./4-6
         Azhar Mashiatullah (PAK03135)/                                   October 2004/Mineral Bioavailability
         Malaysia/22         March-21         April                       Assessment using Radioisotopes as
         2004/Laboratory Techniques for using                             Nuclear Techniques
         receptor binding assays based on
         tritiated saxitoxin analysis
         Wisyachudin       Faisal      (INS04005)/                23. Improved Information about Urban Air
         Philippines/6-17                September                Quality Management - (RAS/7/013)
         2004/Handling and processing of                           Project Status: Active
         sediment cores for dinoflagellate cyst                      Objectives: To obtain a sufficiently
         analysis
                                                                      large set of high-quality regional data
         Riffat M. Qureshi (PAK03136)/
         Malaysia,Philippines/28          March-10
                                                                      characterizing airborne particulate
                                                                      matter (APM) in the fine and coarse


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                                                            12
    breathable modes such that (i) a                                  context and in support of air quality
    regional database can be developed that                           management strategies.
    contains selected data characterizing the                         Dates: 25-29 October 2004
    aerosols in the region; (ii) advanced                             Venue: Quezon, Philippines
                                                                      Participants: 20 participants including
    receptor models can be employed to
                                                                      3 International Experts
    provide more detailed and accurate
    descriptions of the types and locations                           Title: Project Committee Meeting and
    of pollution sources; and (iii) the                               Conference of Project Participants and
    effectiveness of actions taken by                                 End Users
    participating countries to reduce the                             Purpose: To review and assess the
    concentrations and impact of particulate                          progress and achievements of the
    pollution can be assessed.                                        project and to review/update the work
   Project Duration: 2003-2006                                       plan for 2005 and 2006
   Total Project Budget: $774,946 (TCF)                              Dates: 15-19 November 2004
   Disbursement: $346,461 (as of 16 Feb.                             Venue: Wellampitiya, Sri Lanka
    2005)                                                             Participants: 20 participants including
   Technical Officer: Mr. C. Yonezawa, Mr.                           3 International Experts
    A. Markowicz
                                                                  o   Experts/Consultants (5)
   Expected Project Impact: The project
                                                                      Wanna Chueinta (THA)/Philippines/26
    will allow Member States to continue to                           April-7 May 2004/Use of PMF Method
    carry out trend analysis on the                                   for Evaluation of Air Pollution Data
    accumulated multi-element data. The                               Peter Bode (NET)/Pakistan/27-28
    expanded database to be developed will                            March 2004/Lecture at the National
    be used to examine a number of                                    Executive Management Seminar on
    additional aspects of the air pollution                           Environmental Impacts and WTO
    problem in the region, including likely                           Challenges
    sources of transboundary transport and                            Bangfa Ni (CPR)/Korea/31 May-11
    better estimates of the influence of                              June 2004/Training on the use of K0-
    distant transboundary sources of the                              NAA Method
                                                                      Andreas     M.     Markwitz      (GFR)/
    airborne particles at the receptor site.
                                                                      Austria/15    August-30      September
    Moreover, the results of the project will                         2004/Preparation of SOP manual for
    be used for an initial accountability                             sampling air particulate matter by
    assessment of the effectiveness of air                            using GENT sampler
    quality management programmes that                                Andreas     M.     Markwitz      (GFR)/
    are being initiated in a number of the                            Mongolia/ 30 August-3 September
    Member States.                                                    2004/Assist in installation of GENT
   Activities in 2004                                                sampler and provide training on
    o Meetings/Training Courses (2)                                   sampling and analysis of air particulate
        Title: Progress Review Meeting on                             matter
        “Data Interpretation, Fingerprinting
        and Source Apportionment of Air                           o   Fellowships/Scientific Visits (5)
        Pollution”                                                    Yeasmin                           Nahar
        Purpose: To provide the participants                          (BGD02014)/Australia/ 15 February-8
        with in-depth knowledge and practical                         April 2004/To analyze low atomic
        skills in interpretation of the analytical                    number elements such as AL, NA, and
        results, including source apportionment                       H in airborne particulate matter
        as well as information on the                                 Achmad Hidayat (INS02011)/China/14
        approaches        to     applying      the                    May-29 June 2004/OJT on neutron
        measurement methods in a policy                               activation analysis       of    airborne
                                                                      particulate samples


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         Muhayatum Santoso (INS03016)/                               Disbursement: $836,863 (as of 16 Feb.
         China/ 15 May-14 June 2004/ OJT on                           2005)
         Methodology and applications of Kop-                        Technical Officer: Mr C. Yonezawa, Ms
         NAA technique.                                               F. Boisson, Mr A. Markowicz, Mr Z.
         Ganjuur Sarantuya (MON03009)/                                Pang, Mr M. Kemppainen, Mr. A.G.
         Australia/2 August-28 October 2004/                          Chmielewski, Mr J.H. Jin
         OJT on air pollution monitoring in                          Expected Project Impact: RCA Member
         urban/industrial        areas;      and                      States will further develop their capability
         organization and management of an air                        to manage the sustainable exploration of
         pollution monitoring laboratory                              marine and fresh water resources and to
         Supamatthree                 Bunprapob                       protect air quality. Introduction of efficient
         (THA04003)/ Singapore/8-28 February                          production processes will reduce potential
         2004/ Methodology of PIXE and                                environmental       degradation     due     to
         analysis of air filter samples collected                     industrial activity and contribute to overall
         in Thailand (200-300 samples)                                socio-economic development.
                                                                     Activities in 2004: None

                24. Better Management of
                Environment and Industrial                        25. Isotopic and Related Techniques to
                Growth-Joint UNDP/RCA -                           Assess Air Pollution - Joint UNDP/RCA -
                (RAS/8/076)                                       (RAS/8/082)
   Project Status: Completed on 2004-08-27                        Project Status: Completed on 2004-08-27
   Objectives: (1)To promote routine use                            Objectives: To assess and compare air
    of radiation and isotopic techniques to                           pollution levels in strategically chosen
    meet regional needs in environmental                              areas in the East Asia and the Pacific
    management and enhance industrial                                 region through the use of nuclear and
    performance and competitiveness, with                             complementary analytical techniques;
    particular emphasis on cleaner and                                to identify and quantify critical air
    more      energy-efficient     production                         pollution sources; and to accumulate
    processes and on reducing marine and                              accurate air pollution data for future
    air pollution. (2)To produce, test, and                           work on transboundary movement of
    disseminate distance learning material                            airborne particulate matter (APM).
    suitable for end users on radiation                              Project Duration: 1999-2004
    safety practices and to identify and train                       Total Project Budget: $576,125 (TCF)
    a core of specialists from emergency                             Disbursement: $570,009 (as of 16 Feb.
    response agencies throughout the region                           2005)
    in radiological emergency procedures                             Technical Officer: Mr A. Markowicz, Mr
    and mitigation. (3)To develop a                                   C. Yonezawa
    sustainable     institutional     network                        Expected Project Impact: The sources of
    comprising the national nuclear                                   pollution at the chosen sites will be
    research institutes in the region and the                         identified and apportioned. A database on
    end users of the technology in the                                pollution levels in the participating
                                                                      Member States will be created; a large
    environmental and industrial sectors,
                                                                      number of will be staff trained for
    including the use of modem                                        analytical work and data interpretation; and
    information technology and the support                            sustainable end-user partnerships will be
    of RRUs.                                                          established.    Decision     makers      will
   Project Duration: 1997-2004                                       formulate policies on addressing the haze
   Total    Project    Budget: $1,046,692                            problem based on results of these project
    (TCF:840,043, AUL:63,922, MAL:45,780,                             activities.
    CPR:29,849, PHI:21,937, JPN:30,956,                              Activities in 2004: None
    NZE:4,886, INS:9,318)


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                                                            14
                                                                     Disbursement: $229,418 (as of 16 Feb.
                                                                      2005)
26. Isotope Use in Managing and Protecting                           Technical Officer: Mr. I. Einav
Drinking Water - (RAS/8/084)                                         Expected Project Impact: As a result of the
 Project Status: Active                                              project, additional Level III personnel who
   Objectives: To promote the routine use                            can provide support to the national
    of isotopic techniques in addressing the                          certification schemes in their respective
    problem of supply of fresh drinking                               countries will be trained and certified.
    water in Regional Co-operative                                    Countries in the region will be able to
    Agreement (RCA) Member States; and                                fabricate test pieces for their training and
                                                                      certification needs. NDT technology will
    to develop and verify groundwater flow
                                                                      be extended to the testing of concrete
    and pollutant transport models for                                structures such as buildings and bridges.
    selected aquifer systems in these                                 The project will help ensure the
    countries.                                                        sustainability of NDT applications, and
   Project Duration: 1999-2004                                       harmonize the accreditation of NDT
   Total      Project    Budget:      $644,884                       laboratories.
    (TCF:640,484, THA:1,400, PHI:3,000)                              Activities in 2004: None
   Disbursement: $583,169 (as of 16 Feb.
    2005)
   Technical Officer: Mr. M.P. Dias                              28. Upgrading Natural Polymers and
   Expected Project Impact: The project will                     Environment       Conservation     Through
    provide numerical markers of aquifer                          Radiation Processing - (RAS/8/090)
    systems which will be used by planners                         Project Status: Completed on 2004-04-30
    and decision makers to improve the                               Objectives: To demonstrate the
    management and protection of water                                production of useful products from
    resources in their respective areas. The                          indigenous natural polymers; to
    participating countries will have developed
                                                                      produce value-added products; and to
    capabilities to undertake investigations of
    hydrological systems in their respective
                                                                      increase the use of indigenous natural
    regions using the techniques acquired from                        polymers through the use of radiation
    this project, thus contributing to solving                        processing.
    the problem of fresh drinking water supply.                      Project Duration: 2001-2004
   Activities in 2004: None                                         Total Project Budget: $75,359 (JPN)
                                                                     Disbursement: $75,359 (as of 16 Feb.
                                                                      2005)
27. Non-Destructive Testing and Evaluation                           Technical Officer: Mr. A.G. Chmielewski
- (RAS/8/085)                                                        Expected Project Impact: By controlling
 Project Status: Active                                              irradiation time and conditions, plant
   Objectives: To increase the number of                             promoters will be produced from
    Level III non-destructive testing (NDT)-                          chitin/chitosan, karrageenan, and alginate,
    certified personnel; to consolidate the                           fruit preservative from chitin/chitosan,
                                                                      viscose rayon from cellulose pulp, and and
    training and certification system of
                                                                      hydrogel from polysaccharides and some
    NDT personnel through fabricating                                 support materials. In addition to producing
    NDT test pieces, and holding model                                these products, the environmental problems
    examinations and proficiency tests; and                           arising from conventional technologies will
    to extend NDT technology to the testing                           be reduced.
    of concrete structures such as buildings                         Activities in 2004: None
    and bridges.
   Project Duration: 1999-2004
   Total    Project     Budget:              $231,161            29. Process Diagnostics and Optimization in
    (TCF:27,500, JPN:203,661)                                     Petrochemical Industry - (RAS/8/091)


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                                                            15
   Project Status: Active                                                Title: Regional Training Course on
   Objectives: The overall objective is to                               “Industrial       Process        Gamma
    upgrade the regional capability for                                   Tomography”
    online troubleshooting and process                                    Purpose: To provide the participants
                                                                          with the information on theoretical and
    control       in      petroleum/chemical
                                                                          practical industrial processes of gamma
    industries using isotope techniques,                                  tomography technology.
    such as non-destructive testing (NDT),                                Dates: 11-15 October 2004
    radiotracers, and sealed sources. The                                 Venue: Daejeon, Korea
    specific objectives are to achieve a                                  Participants: 18 participants including
    capability for NDT, thin layer activation                             2 lecturers
    (TLA),      corrosion      detection   in
    petrochemical plants, tomography of                                   Title: Final Progress Review Meeting
    columns, and advanced scanning; and                                   Purpose: To review and evaluate
    to achieve a capability for measuring                                 achievements of the projects and
    residence time distribution (RTD) with                                lessons       learned    from      their
                                                                          implementations
    the right tracers for troubleshooting and
                                                                          Dates: 6-10 December 2004
    process control.                                                      Venue: Mumbai, India
   Project Duration: 2001-2004                                           Participants: 19 participants including
   Total Project Budget: $710,120 (TCF)                                  1 International Expert
   Disbursement: $678,863 (as of 16 Feb.
    2005)                                                             o   Fellowships/Scientific Visits (1)
   Technical Officer: Mr. J.H Jin , Mr. I.                               Peihua Zhao (CPR04019)/Australia
    Einav                                                                 /16-26      August       2004/PGNAA
   Expected        Project     Impact:       The                         techniques for on-line bulk analysis in
    establishment of regional standards for                               industry
    qualification     and     certification    of
    radiotracer specialists will improve their
    competence and quality of work. The                           30. Investigating Environment and Water
    project activities will promote self-                         Resources    in Geothermal     Areas  -
    reliance, income generation, and will                         (RAS/8/092)
    enable the RCA Member States to                                Project Status: Active
    maximize their contribution to the national                      Objectives:     To    strengthen   the
    industry sector using available expertise                         mechanism which has been established
    and infrastructure.
                                                                      under RAS/8/075 for promoting
   Activities in 2004
    o Meetings/Training Courses (3)
                                                                      technology transfer and to sustain
         Title: Meeting for Senior Managers on                        collaborative efforts on the use of
         “Benefits and Safety in Radioisotope                         isotope and geochemical techniques in
         Techniques for Problem Solving in                            investigating the impact of geothermal
         Petroleum/Chemical Industry”                                 development on the environment and
         Purpose: To create awareness on                              water resources.
         beneficial    role   of     radioisotope                    Project Duration: 2001-2004
         techniques for problem solving in                           Total Project Budget: $296,730 (TCF)
         industry                                                    Disbursement: $261,688 (as of 16 Feb.
         Dates: 13-17 September 2004                                  2005)
         Venue: Kajang, Malaysia                                     Technical Officer: Mr. Z Pang
         Participants: 20 participants including                     Expected Project Impact: The project will
         1 International Expert                                       contribute to sustain the regional
                                                                      collaboration for which a network has
                                                                      already been established; to pursue
                                                                      common areas of activities that could


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                                                            16
    jointly be undertaken thereby strengthening                       dams and reservoirs; and to draw up a
    the impact of the results, particularly as                        strategy for adaptation and transfer of
    this relates to TCDC; and new geothermal                          technology to the end-users.
    fields will be tapped for national use,                          Project Duration: 2001-2004
    providing continued supply geothermal                            Total Project Budget: $335,154 (TCF)
    resources for its many uses.
                                                                     Disbursement: $294,204 (as of 16 Feb.
   Activities in 2004                                                2005)
    o Meetings/Training Courses (1)
                                                                     Technical Officer: Mr. B.G. Wallin
         Title: Final Review and Assessment
                                                                     Expected Project Impact: The project will
         Meeting
                                                                      lead to routine use of nuclear techniques to
         Purpose: To report and review results
                                                                      supplement other conventional technology
         obtained in the whole period of the
                                                                      in dam management to maintain efficiency
         project implementation at the national
                                                                      of dam and reservoir operations along with
         and regional levels
                                                                      savings in cost of maintenance.
         Dates: 25-29 October 2004
                                                                     Activities in 2004
         Venue: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
                                                                      o Fellowships/Scientific Visits (1)
         Participants: 18 participants including
                                                                          Zahid Latif (PAK03130)/South Africa/
         1 International Expert
                                                                          25 January-7 February 2004/To gain
                                                                          experience with lake and atmospheric
    o    Experts/Consultants (1)
                                                                          studies
         Mohammad A. Tasneem (PAK)/
         Philippines/14-23 June 2004/Mass
         spectrometer       operation and
         maintenance                                              32. Optimization of Materials in Industry
                                                                  Using Online Bulk Analysis Techniques -
    o    Fellowships/Scientific Visits (2)                        (RAS/8/094)
         Fredolin Javino (MAL04011)/Austria,                       Project Status: Active
         IAEA/29 August-9 October 2004/In-                           Objectives: To train key personnel and
         depth training course in isotope                             demonstrate the use of advanced
         hydrology to be held by the Agency in                        nucleonic control system (NCS) gauges
         conjunction with the Joanneum                                for in situ, online, and off-belt bulk
         Research       Forschungsgesellschaft                        analysis of minerals at the regional and
         GmbH (JRF), Institute of Water                               national level; to inform and
         Resources Management, Hydrogeology
                                                                      demonstrate to appropriate decision-
         and Geophysics, Graz.
         Joeffrey A. Caranto (PHI04006)/                              makers      and     executives     (both
         Austria, IAEA/29 August-9 October                            government and non-government) the
         2004/In-depth training course in                             practical, technical, and economic
         isotope hydrology to be held by the                          benefits    of    implementing      NCS
         Agency in conjunction with the                               technology; and through regional
         Joanneum                       Research                      demonstration centers, to provide
         Forschungsgesellschaft GmbH (JRF),                           specialized training for key researchers
         Institute   of    Water       Resources                      and projected end-users in the use of the
         Management,      Hydrogeology       and                      technology.
         Geophysics, Graz.                                           Project Duration: 2003-2004
                                                                     Total Project Budget: $327,600 (TCF)
                                                                     Disbursement: $303,080 (as of 16 Feb.
31. Use of Isotopes in Dam Safety and Dam
                                                                      2005)
Sustainability - (RAS/8/093)
                                                                     Technical Officer: Mr. J.H. Jin
 Project Status: Active
                                                                     Expected Project Impact: The introduction
   Objectives: To promote the use of                                 of the technology has been shown to have
    environmentally safe isotope techniques                           immediate economic benefits and that
    in the operation and management of


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                                                            17
    online quality control can be increased                               Pankant Permsuk (THA04002)/
    through      use     of    bulk    analysis                           Australia/19 September-18 October
    instrumentation. This improved quality                                2004/To be fully qualified and
    control could reduce risk and possibility of                          confident user of the PGNAA
    public health problems from poor quality
                                                                          system
    control in processing.
                                                                          Nguyen Thanh Tuy (VIE04011)/
   Activities in 2004
    o Meetings/Training Courses (2)                                       Australia/30 May-26 June 2004/To
         Title: Meeting for Senior Managers on                            be fully qualified and confident user
         “Optimization of Industrial Processes                            of the PGNAA system
         using PGNAA”                                                     Than Tuan Khuong (VIE04012)/
         Purpose: To demonstrate and                                      Australia/30 May-26 June 2004/To
         inform participants of the practical                             be fully qualified and confident user
         and economic benefits of the use of                              of the PGNAA system
         off-belt and on-line bulk analysis                               Canh Xon Nguyen (VIE04014)/
         PGNAA gauges                                                     Australia/30 May-26 June 2004/To
         Dates: 1-3 November 2004                                         be fully qualified and confident user
         Venue: Beijing, China                                            of the PGNAA system
         Participants: 15 participants including                          Peixin      Zhang        (CPR04020)/
         2 International Experts                                          Australia/16-26                August
                                                                          2004/PGNAA techniques for on-
         Title: Regional Training Course on                               line bulk analysis in industry
         “Optimization of Industrial Processes
         through Improved Off-belt and On-line
         Bulk Analysis of Materials by using
                                                                  33. Improving Regional Capacity for
         PGNAA”                                                   Assessment, Planning, and Response to
        Purpose: To introduce and train                           Aquatic   Environmental  Emergencies -
        participants in the applications of                       (RAS/8/095)
        PGNAA technique for off-line analysis
                                                                   Project Status: Active
        of bulk raw material for better
        controlling industrial processes in                          Objectives: To improve the regional
        cement, coal and mineral industries as                        capacity for the management of aquatic
        well as to provide training in the use of                     environmental risks and to develop
        PGNAA borehole logging system.                                capacity in the RCA countries to assess,
         Dates: 25-29 October 2004                                    plan, and respond to pollution in coastal
         Venue: Beijing, China                                        aquatic environments.
         Participants: 22 participants including                     Project Duration: 2003-2006
         5 lecturers                                                 Total Project Budget: $192,820 (AUL)
                                                                     Disbursement: $27,711 (as of 16 Feb.
    o    Experts/Consultants (1)                                      2005)
         Jacek Charbucinski (AUL)/ Thailand                          Technical Officer: Mr. Z. Pang
         /12-16 January 2004/Optimization of
                                                                     Expected Project Impact: The project will
         coal recovery by using PGNAA
                                                                      enhance the regional and national ability to
         borehole logging system
                                                                      assess, plan, and respond to aquatic
                                                                      environmental emergencies and therefore
    o    Fellowships/Scientific Visits (6)
                                                                      reduce the risks to the economic well-being
         Jaruwat Supharos (THA04001)/                                 and health of communities in the region.
         Australia/19 September-18 October                            The trans-boundary nature of the problems
         2004/To be fully qualified and                               being addressed underlines the need for a
         confident user of the PGNAA                                  regional response.
         system                                                      Activities in 2004
                                                                      o Experts/Consultants (2)


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                                                            18
         William Glamore (AUL)/Indonesia/22-                      35. Isotope Techniques for Groundwater
         26 November 2004/Consultation with                       Contamination Studies in Urbanized and
         local environmental and nuclear                          Industrial Areas - (RAS/8/097)
         agencies and other stakeholders                             Project Status: Active
         CathE.                      Hughes                          Objectives: To assess, manage, and
         (AUL)/Indonesia/22-26 November                               prevent    further    degradation   of
         2004/Consultation      with   local                          groundwater quality in selected
         environmental and nuclear agencies                           urbanized and industrial areas, and to
         and other stakeholders                                       promote the use of isotope hydrology
                                                                      techniques in addition to conventional
                                                                      techniques (hydrogeological, chemical,
34. Modification of Natural Polymers                                  and biological) for study of pollutant
through    Radiation   Processing  -                                  behaviour and contaminant transport in
(RAS/8/096)                                                           groundwater systems
   Project Status: Active
                                                                     Project Duration: 2003-2006
   Objectives: To demonstrate the                                   Total Project Budget: $562,337 (TCF)
    production of useful products from                               Disbursement: $116,489 (as of 16 Feb.
    indigenous natural polymers; and to                               2005)
    increase the use of indigenous natural                           Technical Officer: Mr. K.M. Kulkarni
    polymers through the use of radiation                            Expected Project Impact: Understanding of
    processing.                                                       the pollution sources and vulnerability of
   Project Duration: 2003-2004                                       the aquifer in the selected sites will enable
   Total      Project     Budget:     $158,000                       decision makers to develop and manage
    (TCF:10,000, JPN:148,000)                                         water pollution control policies and
   Disbursement: $72,787 (as of 16 Feb.                              strategies.
    2005)                                                            Activities in 2004
   Technical Officer: Mr. A.G. Chmielewski                           o Meetings/Training Courses (1)
   Expected Project Impact: Successful                                    Title: Meeting for Senior Managers
    commercial-ization of products using                                   from End-users Department on
    radiation processed natural polymers will                              “Application of Isotope Techniques to
    improve use of the natural polymers while                              Groundwater Contamination”
    contributing to development efforts in                                 Purpose: To discuss the emerging
    selected applications in agriculture, health,                          issues of geogenic contamination of
    and environmental sector                                               groundwater systems of the Member
   Activities in 2004                                                     States and to provide the participants
    o Meetings/Training Courses (1)                                        with knowledge of advantages and
        Title: Meeting on “Modification of                                 utility of isotope techniques in tackling
        Natural Polymers through Radiation                                 the      groundwater      contamination
        Processing”                                                        problems.
    Purpose: To disseminate information and                                Dates: 7-9 April 2004
        knowledge on radiation processing of                               Venue: Mumbai, India
        natural polymers, and to demonstrate                               Participants: 20 participants including
        the application of irradiated products                             2 International Experts
        for     agriculture,  healthcare     and
        environment protection
        Dates: 13-17 December 2004                                36.   Harmonization      of          Radiation
        Venue: Manila, Philippines                                Protection - (RAS/9/018)
        Participants: 13 participants including                      Project Status: Completed on 2004-10-29
        2 International Experts                                      Objectives: The overall objective is to
                                                                      harmonize and further enhance the



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                                                            19
    radiation protection infrastructure in                            environmental radiation monitoring
    support of industrial activities and                              database.
    health services in the Regional Co-                              Project Duration: 1999-2004
    operative Agreement (RCA) Member                                 Total Project Budget: $104,000 (JPN:4,000,
    States complementing the activities                               ROK:100,000)
    under the two new Model Projects                                 Disbursement: $80,284 (as of 16 Feb.
    (RAS/9/026 and RAS/9/027). The                                    2005)
    specific objectives are to improve the                           Technical Officer: Mr. T. Cabianca, Mr.
    regulatory control and safe handling of                           K.I. Burns
    radiation sources through legislation                            Expected Project Impact: Enhanced
                                                                      capability of participating Member States
    and regulations consistent with the
                                                                      to measure environmental radioactivity.
    requirements of the Basic Safety                                  The database can be used by Member
    Standards (BSS); to provide an                                    States for planning activities involving
    opportunity for personnel working in                              radioactivity, and the electronic network
    industrial practices involving ionizing                           will improve co-ordination and co-
    radiation     to     acquire   adequate                           operation within the region.
    knowledge and experience to work with                            Activities in 2004
    and handle radiation sources and                                  o Experts/Consultants (1)
    facilities   safely;    to   harmonize                                R. Bojanowski (POL)/Austria/26 July-
    techniques for measurement of personal                                21         September       2004/Safety
    and ambient dose equivalents for                                      environment remediation
    effective implementation of radiation
    protection; and to strengthen the
    radiation protection and quality                              38.   Harmonization      of    Radiation
    assurance in medical exposures.                               Protection, Phase IV - (RAS/9/029)
                                                                     Project Status: Active
   Project Duration: 1997-2004
   Total Project Budget: $1,812,164 (TCF:                           Objectives: The overall objective is to
    1,415,532, JPN:249,738, AUL:146,894)                              achieve a strengthened radiation
   Disbursement: $1,368,101 (as of 16 Feb.                           protection environment in RCA
    2005)                                                             Member States. This is being realized
   Technical Officer: Mr B. Djermouni, Mr.                           through a balance of measures
    K. Mrabit                                                         addressing      a     wide     range     of
   Expected Project Impact: The project will                         enhancements from improvements in
    contribute to the enhanced radiation                              legislation and regulatory control
    protection infrastructure in RCA Member                           regimes,       consistent      with     the
    States with improved regulatory regime of                         requirements of the International Basic
    practices, thus reducing the number of                            Safety Standards (BSS); to upgrade the
    incidents involving radiological exposures
                                                                      knowledge and experience of medical
    and increasing public confidence in nuclear
    applications.                                                     and industrial personnel working with
   Activities in 2004: None                                          ionizing radiation as well as to further
                                                                      improve the control and safe use of
                                                                      radiation         sources,        including
37. Environmental Radiation Monitoring                                emergencies from accidents or from
and Regional Database - (RAS/9/024)                                   terrorist threats. There is also a need for
   Project Status: Active                                            phase IV to address additional factors
   Objectives:       To        strengthen                            introduced through the progressive
    environmental radiation monitoring                                introduction of new equipment and new
    capability and to establish a regional                            technology.
                                                                     Project Duration: 2003-2005


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                                                            20
   Total      Project     Budget:     $639,884                           to recognize a radiation injury, to treat
    (TCF:513,884, JPN:126,000)                                            overexposed or contaminated persons,
   Disbursement: $244,171 (as of 16 Feb.                                 and to prepare for the proper
    2005)                                                                 management of radiation accidents at
   Technical Officer: Mr. P.A. O'Donnell                                 hospital levels.
    Torroba                                                               Dates: 1-5 March 2004
   Expected Project Impact: The project will                             Venue: Chiba, Japan
    contribute to the establishment of an                                 Participants: 15 participants including
    improved radiological safety environment                              1 Lecturer
    in the region through the establishment of
    enhanced regulatory systems and practices                             Title: Regional Training Course on
    as well as an enhanced response and                                   “Radiation Protection in Industrial
    preparedness       capability    for     any                          Radiography”
    radiological       emergencies.       These                           Purpose: To to increase awareness of
    improvements and upgrades in capability                               radiation protection issues associated
    and capacity will contribute to enhancing                             with industry radiography. The
    public confidence about the application                               following subjects will be covered:
    and use of nuclear techniques.                                        Regulatory requirements; protection
   Activities in 2004                                                    against external radiation hazards;
    o Meetings/Training Courses (4)                                       occupational protection; safety and
        Title: Final Project Review Meeting on                            security of sources; emergency
        External Dosimetry Intercomparison                                response planning.
        Purpose: To review and assess the                                 Dates: 16-20 August 2004
        technical performance of the labs                                 Venue: Dhaka, Bangladesh
        participating in the intercomparison                              Participants: 30 participants including
        Dates: 15-19 March 2004                                           2 lecturers
        Venue: Tokai, Japan
        Participants: 12 participants including                       o   Experts/Consultants (3)
        1 International Expert                                            Solobodan Jovanovic (CAN)/Austria/6-
                                                                          10 December 2004/To prepare a
         Title: Mid-term Review Meeting of                                training package on Authorization and
         National Focal Persons on Radiation                              Inspection of Cyclotrons Facilities
         Protection                                                       Jose       A.      Licea    Rivera
         Purpose: To Review of 2003 RCA and                               (CAN)/Austria/6-10       December
         Model Projects‟ activities, their                                2004/To prepare a training package
         implementation, impact and follow-up                             on Authorization and Inspection of
         and any other developments relevant to                           Cyclotrons Facilities
         the radiation protection projects                                Michel Sonck (BEL)/Austria/6-10
         Dates: 7 – 11 June 2004                                          December 2004/To prepare a
         Venue: Beijing, China
                                                                          training package on Authorization
         Participants: 22 participants including
         3 International Experts
                                                                          and Inspection of Cyclotrons
                                                                          Facilities
         Title: Regional Training Workshop on
         Medical Management for Radiation
         Accident                                                 39. Assessment of Radiological Risks -
         Purpose: To train the physicians who                     (RAS/9/031)
         may be called upon radiation                                Project Status: Active
         emergency to provide emergency                              Objectives: To develop the capacity in
         medical service to a radiation accident                      Member States to assess the
         victim or for medical personnel who                          consequences of accidental radiological
         are responsible for the training to                          releases in order to take counter
         transfer the knowledge as well as skills


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    measures to minimize the radiation                                to mitigate the consequence of such
    doses to the population                                           accidents.
   Project Duration: 2004-2006                                      Activities in 2004
   Total Project Budget: $46,709 (AUL)                               o Experts/Consultants (2)
   Disbursement: $4,044 (as of 16 Feb. 2005)                             Brian Holland (AUL)/Austria, Korea
                                                                          /13-22 December 2004/Pre-project
   Technical Officer: Mr. Tiberio Cabianca
                                                                          mission in relation to Component 2.2:
   Expected Project Impact: The project will
                                                                          Field Trials of Emergency Response
    enable the Member States to assess the
                                                                          Capacity
    consequences of different radiological
    accident scenarios in order to develop
    counter measures to reduce the radiation                             Stephen   Solomon    (AUL)/Austria,
    doses to the population in the event of a                            Korea /13-22 December 2004/Pre-
    radiological accident.                                               project mission in relation to
                                                                         Component 2.2: Field Trials of
   Activities in 2004
                                                                         Emergency Response Capacity
    o Fellowships/Scientific Visits (2)
         Rini H. Owtami (INS05016)/
         Australia/12-16 December 2004/ To
         improve skills in the use of models
         to simulate the dispersion of
         radionuclides in the environment
         (atmospheric,     terrestrial  and
         aquatic) as well as to simulate the
         transfer of radionuclides in the
         foodchain
         Yarianto S.B. Susilo (INS05017)/
         Australia/12-16 December 2004/ To
         improve skills in the use of models
         to simulate the dispersion of
         radionuclides in the environment
         (atmospheric,     terrestrial  and
         aquatic) as well as to simulate the
         transfer of radionuclides in the
         foodchain


40. Radiological Emergency Response -
(RAS/9/032)
   Project Status: Active
   Objectives: To enhance the capacity in
    Member States to respond to
    radiological emergencies
   Project Duration: 2004-2006
   Total Project Budget: $17,647 (AUL)
   Disbursement: N/A (as of 16 Feb. 2005)
   Technical Officer: Mr. Rafael Martincic
   Expected Project Impact: The project will
    enable the Member States to reduce the
    health effects due to radiological accidents
    and to minimize the diversion of resources



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                       Part III - RCARO Annual Report for 2004


1. Introduction

The RCA Regional Office (RCARO), officially established in March 2002 in Daejeon, Korea,
was requested to operate for an interim period of three years. Member States envisaged that
during this interim operational period, necessary legal provisions functioning in the host country
of the RCARO would be made. The third year of RCARO‟s interim operation began from the
26th NRM in Islamabad, Pakistan until the 27th NRM to be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

During the interim operation of the RCARO, it was recognized that necessary legal provisions
for functioning in Korea were made. The Ministerial Decree of the Ministry of Science and
Technology (MOST), the Republic of Korea, on the „Establishment and Operation of the
RCARO in Korea‟ were issued. The Decree confirmed Korean Government‟s pledge to support
the operation of RCARO in Korea. In addition, the Agreement between MOST and KAERI was
established. The Agreement stated that KAERI is responsible for providing all administrative
supports to RCARO such as office space, procurement, facility use, etc.

With the Ministerial Decree and the Agreement between MOST and KAERI, basic legal
requirement necessary for RCARO functioning in Korea was met. This has been reported to the
27th NRM in April 2004 by the Director, RCARO. However, in legal terms RCARO is simply a
unit of KAERI, though it operates independently in many respects apart from KAERI. It is
understood by the host government and RCARO itself that there is a need of providing better
legal status to RCARO for its better functioning.
   The RCARO will enter into full operation with the appointment of the Director who will be
selected through open application from the Member States.


2. Activities undertaken by RCARO in 2004

Mandate given to the RCARO by the Member States are increasing awareness of RCA and
promoting development partnership. In addition, the RCARO is requested to undertake other
directives that the Member States consider important.

1) Awareness Increasing Activities

(1) Enhanced RCA information flow activities



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(Operation of RCARO Website) The RCARO began to operate RCARO homepage
(www.rcaro.org) from June 2002. One of the significant functions of the RCARO homepage is to
provide day-to-day RCA related information to the recipients. The recipients of the RCARO
emailing information service are not only RCA stakeholders but also major regional/international
development organizations and the general public as well. As of the end of 2004, the number of
RCARO emailing service membership is approximately 2,000.

(Operation of Date Center) In 2004, the RCARO added „Data Center‟ menu to the homepage.
Data on major progammes of the UN systems organizations, regional and international financial
organizations, regional co-operative organizations (Asia and the Pacific), national financial
organizations, and other co-operative development organizations including non-governmental
organizations were thoroughly compiled and posted.

RCA related acronyms have all been compiled and included in the „Date Center‟. Part I-A is the
most frequently used RCA related acronyms, Part I-B is general RCA related glossaries, Part I-C
is IAEA fields of activity codes used for TC projects, and Part I-D is IAEA programme and
projects codes. Part II is acronyms of regional and international development organizations, and
Part III is RCA project related technical terminologies. With the data, RCA stakeholders can
easily refer the acronyms.

The RCARO „Data Center‟ also embraces a list of national holidays of the RCA Member States
for 2005. The information will be useful for deciding meeting dates and venues of the RCA
regional activities in the Member States.

(RCA Success Stories) In 2004, RCARO compiled RCA success stories of major thematic
sectors and posted them to the RCARO homepage. The stories were also included in the newly
published RCARO brochure. The stories emphasized „How Nuclear Technology Can Contribute
to Solving Regional Problems‟ and what were the RCA Achievements to this effect.

(Website Linkage with Regional and International Development Organizations) In 2004,
RCARO website linked with websites of major UN systems organizations, regional and
international financial institutions, regional and international development organizations,
national donors for international development and so on. At present, about 40 websites of
regional/international organizations have been linked to RCARO website. At the same time,
many international development organizations such as IMO, have linked RCARO website to
their websites.

The websites of regional/international development and financial institutions that have been
linked at RCARO homepage are;

ACU, ADB, APCTT, APEC, APO, APDC, ASEAN, AUSAID, CCOP, DFID, ECO, FNCA,
GEF, IAEA, IAEA/TC, ICA, ICW, IFAD, IMO, INSTRAW, ITU, IUCN, IWMI, JICA, KOICA,
MRC, OECD/NEA, PECC, PIFS, SAARC, SACEP, UN, UNAIDS, UNCTAD, UNDP, UNEP,
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UNESCAP, UNESCO, UN-HABITAT, UNIFCCC, UNCDF, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNITAR,
UNOPS, UNRISD, UNU, USAID, WB, WFP, WHO, WMO, WTU

RCARO homepage also made banner links with the following websites for quick access.

IAEA, IAEA/TC, NEI, WNA, WHO/REMPAN, REAC/TS, WIN-Global, INIS, FNCA, UIC

(Support Computers to Member States) In an effort to assist efficient information flow activities
of Member States, RCARO supplied modern computers and laser printers to Member States. In
2004, RCARO supplied Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, the Philippines and Myanmar each with two sets
of high-tech computers with LCD monitors and laser printers. One computer is exclusively used
for national RCA support staff and the other is earmarked for ENO activities.

(Presentations on RCA) In 2004, the RCARO has made presentations, lectures and briefings, and
organizing seminars and brain-storming meetings for about 30 times. The topic mainly covers
general information on IAEA - RCA and RCARO activities.

RCARO made presentations at various RCA events, regional and international nuclear
conferences and meetings. Target audiences were RCA stakeholders including RCA project
participants of Member States, government nuclear-related policy makers, nuclear-related
industry, academic circles, women‟s group, participants in international conferences and
meetings, diplomatic mission representatives of RCA Member States, regional and international
development organizations, medical professionals, and the media.

(Publication) The RCARO has published 2,000 copies of brochure. They were distributed to
RCA stakeholders (at Regional Events), Regional/International development organizations,
Government ministries of the Member States, National nuclear research institutions, Non-
governmental organizations, etc.

2) Partnership Promoting Activities

(1) Co-operation with National Donors for International Development

Since RCARO is physically located in Korea, RCARO first knocked on the door of KOICA, a
Korean government‟s international cooperation agency. KOICA has supported RCA – KOICA
Nuclear Medicine Internship Training Programme in Oct. 2003 and Oct. 2004. It is expected that
KOICA will continue to support the Nuclear Medicine Training Programme.

KOICA plans to support RCARO initiated „Advanced NDT Training Course‟ in 2005. For the
successful implementation of the course, RCARO will confer with RCA LCC for Industry and
IAEA TO.


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KISTEP (Korea Institute of Science & Technology Evaluation and Planning) funded RCARO‟s
programme to transfer mothballing Co-60 equipment to RCA Member States (Viet Nam in
2004). KISTEP also funded RCARO‟s project on „Survey on Radiation Applications in RCA
Member States‟. Under this project, 2 temporary staff from Member States (Sri Lanka and
Indonesia) was invited to RCARO. Also, 2 external consultants (Prof Takashi Nakano of Japan
and Dr C R Aleta of the Philippines in Oct. 2004) was invited. The report produced from the
survey will be used to introduce RCA potentials when negotiating with other development
organizations.

(2) Co-operation with Regional Development Organizations

Discussions with APCTT (Asia and Pacific Center for Technology Transfer-based in India) in
February 2004 showed that there could be various areas of mutual interest and the possibility of
establishing joint projects.

Initial contact with APO (Asia Productivity Organization) in March 2004 also showed possibility
of mutual cooperation.

RCA‟s possible participation in UNDP Yellow Sea Environment Impact Survey Project (a multi-
lateral project by Yellow Sea basin countries) was unavailable since the project planning was
already fixed. RCARO visited UNDP – Korea in October 2002 together with IAEA TO for the
clean drinking water project (Mr Bill Wallin, NAPC).

(3) Cooperation with International Development Organizations

Discussions with UNESCAP (Bangkok based) in August 2003 and several more contacts later
indicated possible cooperation in the environment area. UNESCAP (including the Executive
Secretary) suggested cooperation in hazardous waste management in Asian countries. UNESCAP
agreed to have a forum to identify ways and means for cooperation. RCARO is making effort to
secure necessary fund for the cooperative project when formulated.

Meeting with UNU (UN University) in May 2004 on possible cooperation on nuclear manpower
education and training was meaningful for increasing awareness of RCA. UNU said they will
positively consider possible cooperation. UNU was very interested in RCA activities as the IAEA
DDG-TC is a board member.

3) Nuclear Knowledge Preservation and Enhancement Programme

RCARO, with the support by NRs, has implemented a nuclear knowledge preservation and
enhancement programme since its inception in March 2002, in compliance with the IAEA‟s
effort for preserving nuclear knowledge for future needs. Funding organizations are nuclear
research and development institutes and academic institutions in Korea.

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(1) RCA Post-doctoral Fellowship Programme

Applicants from Member States who wish to advance their career through a post-doctoral course
are attached to Korea‟s major long-term nuclear R&D projects.

In 2002, a total of 13 post-doctoral fellows were attached to KAERI, KINS and KIRAMS. In
2003, the number accepted was 8, however only 3 were attached. The drastic decrease in
numbers was mainly caused by SARS in the region. In 2004, the number was 7.

List of Participation in RCA Post-doctoral Fellowship Programme in 2004


                     Medical         Res. Reactor Regulatory       Reactor
                                                                             Total
                     Application     Fuel         Safety           Safety


            INS        2              1                                       3
            PAK                                       1                       1
            VIE        2                              1                       3

            Total      4              1               2                       7


(2) RCA – KAIST Master’s Degree Course

KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) offered a Master‟s Degree Course
in Nuclear and Quantum Engineering as an RCARO initiated programme. It was first opened in
the Spring Semester of 2003. It is basically a one-year programme, however, it can be
extendable. The tuition fee, approximately USD 5,000 is waived. RCARO provides the students
travel and living expenses. Every student is supervised by designated KAIST faculty members
for their thesis and research activities.

For 2003 Spring Semester, 1 student (Bangladesh) was accepted. After the completion of his one
year course, he extended for one more year for further experiment and study. For 2003 Fall
Semester, the number of students accepted was 2; one from Bangladesh and another from
Pakistan. The Pakistani student earned the Master‟s Degree in August 2004 and extended for a
two more years for PhD Degree. For 2004 Spring Semester, the number was 3; one from
Indonesia, one from Bangladesh and another from Pakistan. For 2004 Fall Semester, the number
was 4; two from Myanmar and another two from

(3) RCA – KOICA Nuclear Medicine Internship Training Course


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KOICA began to financially support the nuclear medicine internship programme initiated by
RCARO and organized by KIRAMS (Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences). The
number of participants to the course is limited to less than 20 because of the tutorial need for the
training. The course is mainly focused on a practical understanding about PET and the use of
radioisotopes produced by a medical cyclotron.

The 2004 course was held in October-November 2004 for 3 weeks with 14 participants from
RCA Member States. There was 1 additional participant from other region (Latin America). Prof.
Takashi Nakano, Lead Country Coordinator for RCA Human Health Thematic Sector, was
invited to make a special presentation on RCA projects with a particular emphasis on nuclear
medicine and radiation oncology.

4) Other Activities

(4) Workshop for National RCA Support Staff

With a belief that the success of RCA programme also greatly depends on the dedicated support
of the National RCA Support Staff (RCA Working Level Staff), RCARO felt the need to train
and brain-storm these people. Hence, RCARO initiated a „Workshop for National RCA Support
Staff‟ in June 2004 for a week in Daejeon, Korea. Invited lectures were given to the national
RCA support staff. The lecturers were Mr John Easey, Dr A K Anand, Dr Corazon Bernido and
Dr Prinath Dias.

Some of the recommendations arising from the 2004 June Workshop is:
   - To designate a deputy National RCA Representative
   - To organize RCA Ministerial Meetings
   - To operate RCA websites with clear missions and responsibilities, and
   - To develop real RCA success stories both human and technical




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