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					Parenting


    Unit 1
    The Parenthood
    Decision


    Mary Smith/Manila High School
Objective 1.1

   Define terms related to the parenthood
    decision
Terms/Definitions
ADOPTIVE PARENT

   A PERSON WHO BECOMES A PARENT
    THROUGH A LEGAL PROCESS
BIOLOGICAL PARENT

   TWO PEOPLE WHO CONCEIVE A CHILD;
    ALSO CALLED BIRTH PARENTS
BLENDED FAMILY

   EITHER OR BOTH SPOUSES HAVE BEEN
    MARRIED BEFORE AND HAVE ONE OR
    MORE CHILDREN FROM A PREVIOUS
    RELATIONSHIP
EXTENDED FAMILY

   SEVERAL GENERATIONS OF A FAMILY
    THAT LIVE TOGETHER
FAMILY PLANNING

   A DELIBERATE ACT OF DECIDING HOW
    MANY CHILDREN AND THE SPACING OF
    YEARS BETWEEN EACH CHILD
FOSTER PARENT

   A PERSON WHO PROVIDES A
    TEMPORARY HOME FOR A CHILD
GENETIC COUNSELING

   MEDICAL ADVICE THAT TELLS A COUPLE
    THE OPTIONS AND RISKS OF HAVING
    GENETIC PROBLEMS IN THEIR
    CHILDREN
HEREDITY

   THE SUM OF ALL THE QUALITIES A
    PERSON INHERITS FROM HIS OR HER
    PARENTS AT BIRTH
INFERTILITY

   THE INABILITY TO CONCEIVE A CHILD
NUCLEAR FAMILY

   MADE UP OF A MARRIED COUPLE AND
    THEIR BIOLOGICAL OR ADOPTED
    CHILDREN
PARENTING

   THE PROCESS OF CARING FOR
    CHILDREN AND HELPING THEM GROW
    AND LEARN
SIBLING

   A BROTHER OR SISTER
Objective 1.2

   CLASSIFY TYPES OF PARENTS
Parenting Options:

   Biological parents
   Adoptive parents
   Foster parents
   Surrogate parents
Objective 1.3

   State factors to consider in making a
    parenthood decision
True or False?

   All parenting skills are instinctive
   Parenting is always fun
   Children are always cute and sweet
Am I parent material? Factors to
consider:

   Desire to express marital love
   Desire to be parents
   Expectations about parenthood
   Expectations about children
   Pressure from family & friends
   Desire to influence a partner
(factors to consider)

   Your goals
   Your marital relationship
   Your finances
   Your career
   Your readiness for parenthood
   Your age & health
Wanted: Parent

   Full-time position available for mature individual.
    Job required dedication, flexibility, and nurturance.
    Must be willing to work seven 24-hour shifts per
    week. No experience needed, but child
    development knowledge is a definite plus.
    Responsibilities include: changing diapers, fixing
    meals, cleaning up messes, and answering
    questions, as well as teaching, loving, and guiding a
    child from infancy to adulthood. A minimum 18-year
    commitment is required.
Do you have…

   Dedication
    –   Deep level of commitment
   Flexibility
    –   Ready and able to adapt to new situations
   Nurturance
    –   Loving care and attention
Objective 1.4

   List types of family structures with
    components of each
Family

   A person or group of persons who live
    together and support each other
Types of families:

   Nuclear
    –   Mom, Dad, their kids
   Extended
    –   Parents, children, other relatives
   Single-Parent
    –   One parent and his/her children
   Blended
    –   Step-parents and stepchildren
   Couple without Children
    –   A (married) couple who have no children
Objective 1.4.2

   Examine the impact of an additional child
    within each family structure
More kids?

   Nuclear
   Extended
   Single-parent
   Blended
   Couple without children
Objective 1.5

   List costs related to having and raising a
    child
What it costs to raise a child…

   2004—the total cost to raise a child from birth
    to age 17 averages $$269,520!!!
   http://www.babycenter.com/cost-of-raising-
    child-calculator
   http://www.babycenter.com/babyCostCalcula
    tor.htm
   http://www.wisegeek.com/how-much-does-it-
    cost-to-raise-a-child-in-the-united-states.htm
Costs….

   Housing
    –   Bigger house, taxes, utilities, furniture, equipment
   Food
    –   More groceries, formula, baby food
Also…

   Clothing
    –   Baby clothes (they grow fast), diapers, shoes
   Child Care and Education
    –   Babysitters, school expenses, college
   Health Care
    –   Pregnancy, delivery, immunizations, doctor visits, health
        problems, accidents, injuries, normal sickness, prescriptions
   Other
    –   Toys, books, computers, entertainment, lessons, etc
Objective 1.6

   Name reasons for family planning
Advantages of family planning:

   Helps ensure parenthood by choice rather
    than by chance
   Allows a couple to set and reach goals
   To determine number and spacing of
    children
   To allow for a couple’s physical, emotional,
    and financial readiness
Objective 1.7

   List factors that influence family planning
    decisions
Factors that influence family planning:

   Age
   Security in the marriage
   Goals
   Personal readiness
   Health
   Emotions
   Finances
   Spacing of children
Options for Infertile Couples

   In vitro fertilization
   Artificial insemination
   Surrogacy
   Fertility Drugs
   Adoption/Foster Parenting
In Vitro Fertilization

   the process of stimulating the ovaries into
    producing multiple mature eggs, retrieving
    them from the ovaries, combining the eggs
    with sperm in the laboratory and once
    fertilization occurs, transferring the early
    embryos back into to the woman's uterus.
Artificial Insemination

   a semen specimen is obtained and placed
    into a catheter, which is positioned into the
    woman's uterus, where the semen is
    released. This places the sperm closer to the
    egg, allowing for easier fertilization.
Traditional Surrogacy

   the egg of the surrogate mother is fertilized
    by the sperm of the husband / father.
Host Surrogacy

   the sperm and eggs are provided by the
    intended parents or by sperm or egg donors.
    The surrogate is implanted with the fertilized
    embryo through in-vitro fertilization.
   $38,000 to $54,000
Fertility Drugs

   Drugs taken by the mother to increase egg
    production
   Danger of multiple births
Objective 1.8

   Describe the purpose of genetic counseling
   Genetic counseling is the process by which
    patients or relatives, at risk of an inherited disorder,
    are advised of the consequences and nature of the
    disorder, the probability of developing or transmitting
    it, and the options open to them in management and
    family planning in order to prevent or avoid it. This
    complex process can be seen from diagnostic (the
    actual estimation of risk) and supportive aspects
Reasons for genetic counseling

   Family history of genetic disorders
   Previous birth of a child with a genetic
    disorder
   Personal choice based on age or some other
    risk factor

				
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