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					                             AP Biology Syllabus

Course Overview
My AP Biology classes meets five days a week for 36 weeks. The class periods for each
class run 90 minutes. Each student is required to take the AP exam at the end of the year
with the SC State Department of Education paying for the test.

Teaching Strategies
Class instruction is provided with a variety of teaching techniques, including lectures,
discussion, small group work, video and audio supplementals, computer and internet
explorations, hands-on labs, student generated projects, and guest speakers.

      The eight major themes from the AP Biology Course Description (science as
       process; evolution; energy transfer; continuity and change; structure and function;
       regulation; interdependence; and science, technology and nature) are emphasized
       throughout all units of studies.

      Evidence of evolution is incorporated in all topics, such as in the study of the
       circulatory system the evolutionary development of the heart is discussed, or the
       evolution of sexual reproduction, etc.

      Keeping up with the new discoveries and advancements in science is also an
       important aspect of this class. Students are expected to read articles of relevant
       biological importance from journals, newspapers, and magazines and write a
       summarizing critique of the article which is then shared with the class.

      Since science is becoming more political with controversies over stem cell
       research, cloning, genetic modified organisms, gene therapy, global warming,
       ozone depletion, etc, I have felt it necessary to incorporate bioethics into many of
       our topics. They need to learn the benefits and disadvantages of many of these
       topics so that they may be a better informed citizen. Students are required to do a
       powerpoint presentation on a bioethical issue showing both sides of the argument
       and then presenting the case to the class.

      Students are required to complete the required 12 labs of the course submitting a
       formalized lab report. Also many other mini-labs or exercises are conducted
       throughout the year. Experimental design is stressed along with data presentation
       and analysis.
Texts and Supplementary Materials
The textbook we use is the 8th edition (2007) of Biology by Campbell and Reece which is
supplied to us by the SC State Department of Education. We also utilize the accompanied
Study Guide to the book. The AP Lab Manual is also used by the students as a guide to
the required labs.


Course Topic Plan

Topic of Instruction              Focal Points               Resources and Assessment           Time

I. Introduction To Biology    What determines life?          Textbook - Campbell’s              3 days
                                                                          pages 1-23
 A. Characteristics of Life   science as process;            Transparencies:
                              evolution; energy transfer;       1. Scienctific Method
  B. Re-occuring Themes       continuity and change;            2. Graphing techniques
                              structure and function;
  C.Scientific Problem        regulation;interdependence;    Chapter 1 review handout
    Solving                   and science, technology and
                              nature                         Teacher made powerpoint

                              Scientific Method and          Quiz - Intro Quiz
                              Experimental Design—           Lab - A data collection lab such
                              variables, control, graphing   that the student designs the
                              techniques, formalized lab     procedure and type of data.
                              reports                        Graphing techniques taught.




II. Chemistry Review          Atomic energy levels and       Textbook - Campbell’s
                                                                         pages 26 - 39          3 days
                              orbitals.
A. Structure and                                             Periodic Table Handout
   Behavior of Atoms          Types of bonds:                Atom and Molecule Model
                                1. Ionic                     Related overhead trans-
B. Chemical Bonds               2. Covalent                  parencies
                                3. Hydrogen                  Chapter 2 review handout
C. Chemical Reactions           4. Van der Waals forces      Practicing balancing chemical
                                                             equation handout
                              Types of Chemical Reactions    Hmwk - Balancing formulas and
                                                             equations
                              Balancing equations and        Quiz - Chemistry
                              formulas                       Stoichiometry Lab
Topic of Instruction              Focal Points              Resources and Assessment             Time

III. Water                  How characteristics of water    Textbook - Campbell’s Ch. 3
                            relate to its hydrogen bonds.                                        3 days
                                                            Water transparency
 A. Structure                                               Water Lab
                            Specific heat, cohesion,        Chapter 3 Review handout
 B. Characteristics         adhesion, and dissolving        Practice Handout on pH
                            power                           Power point presentation
 C. Solutions, pH and
    buffers                 How do buffers work?



IV.Organic Chemistry        Why so many organic             Textbook - Campbell’s Ch 4
                            compounds? Nature of            Carbon transparency                  4 days
 A. characteristics of      carbon.                         Molecule Building Kits
    carbon                                                  Practice handouts on
                            Alkanes, alkenes, alkynes       naming and drawing
 B. Hydrocarbon                                             structural formulas
    structures              Types of isomers                Videotape - Carbon Compounds
                                                            Lab - Model Building
 C. Isomers                 Carboxyls, carbonyls,           Quiz - Naming Hydrocarbons
                            organic acids, amines,          Hmwk - Structural For mulas
 D. Functional Groups       thiols, and phosphos




V. Biological               Structure and functions of      Textbook - Campbell’s CH 5
                            the four basic types of         multimedia presentation              4 days
  Macromolecules
                            biological macromolecules       Molecule Building Kit
  A. Carbohydrates                                          Polymer handout
                            Energy molecules                Chapter 5 Review handout
  B. Lipids                                                 video on biological polymers
                            Building blocks of life         multimedia presentation
  C. Proteins                                               Handout - possible AP essay
                            DNA and RNA                     question
  D. Nucleic Acids                                          Quiz on Biological Macromolecule




VI. Biological Energetics   Nature of energy                Textbook - Campbell’s CH 6
                                                             related overheads:                  5 days
 A. Laws of                 Energy transformations            1. ATP reaction
    Thermodynamics                                            2. Enzymatic action
                            Energy conversions in             3. Feedback inhibition
 B. Free energy, entropy,   living things.                  practice sheet on determining free
    and enthalpy                                            energy
                            ATP structure and uses          Chapter 6 review handout
 C. ATP molecule                                            Handout - possible essay questions
                            Enzyme structure and how        on AP exam
 D. Activation energy       they work.                      Hmwk - Energy questions
                                                            Lab - Enzymes (required)
 E. Enzymes                 Positive and Negative           Hmwk - Essay questions
                            feedback mechanisms             Test – Unit 1 Test
  F.    Controls over
       metabolism
Topic of Instruction             Focal Points             Resources and Assessment            Time

VII. Cellular Structure    Comparing prokaryotic and      Text - Campbell’s CH 7
                           eukaryotic cells                                                   4 days
 A. Cellular limitations                                  Handout-Cell Structure
                           Organelle structure and        Multimedia presentation
 B. Cell Organelles        function                       Transparency - Cell
                                                          Review Handout -
 C.CellularCommunication   The endomembrane system        Campbell’s Cell Review
                                                          Handout - possible essay
                           The endosymbiotic                       questions for AP
                           hypothesis                     Microscopes and slides
                                                          Video - Cells
                                                          Cell Models
                                                          Microscope Lab
                                                          Homework - Campbell
                                                             Cell Review
                                                          Test - Cell Structure



VIII.Cell Membrane         Models of the cell             Text - Campbell’s CH 8              5 days
                           membrane                       Transparencies
  A. Structure                                                     1. structure
                           Structure of the membrane               2. transport
  B. Functions                                            Review Handout - Campbell’s
                           What materials find it easy    Guide
  C. Passive Transport     to pass thru and what          Multimedia presentation
                           materials find it difficult    Lab –Diffusion/Osmosis (required)
  D.Methods of Active                                     Homework - MembraneWorksheet
    Transport              Passive and Active             Test - Cell Membrane
                           transports

                           Factors affecting osmosis

IX. Respiration                                           Textbook - Campbell’s CH 9          6 days
                           Principles behind
                           chemioosmosis                  Transparencies:
 A. Phosphorylation                                                1. mitochondira
                           Materials being oxidized                2. glycolysis
 B. Redox Reactions                                                3. fermentation
                           and reduced in respiration
                                                          Handouts:
 C. Mitochondria                                          1. Mitochondria structure
                           Process of glycolyis and the
                           evolution into cellular        2. Overall respiration process
 D. Glycolysis                                            3. Campbell’s Guide review
                           respiration.
                                                          Video - Respiration
 E. Kreb’s Cycle                                          Multimedia presentation
                           The electron carriers (NAD)
                                                          Lab Respiration(required)
 F.   Electron Transport                                  Hmwks - fermentation
      Chain                Where the ATP come from.
                                                                   - diseases of resp
                           Alcohol and lactic acid        Quiz - process of respiratio
 G. Fermentation                                          Test - Respiration
                           fermetnation
Topic of Instruction             Focal Points              Resources and Assessment            Time

X. Photosynthesis           Comparsion of                  Textbook - Campbell’s CH 10         5 days
                            photosynthesis with            Transparencies
 A. Chloroplast structure   respiration                     1. action spectrum
                                                            2. chloroplast
 B. Photosystems            Where things take place in      3. electron flow
                            the chloroplast.                4. Calvin cycle
 C. Electron Flow                                           5. C4 plants
                            Cyclic and non-cyclic          Handouts:
 D.Calvin Cycle             electron flow                   1. chloroplast structure
                                                            2. photosynthesis overview
 E. Photorespiration        Redox within Calvin cycle       3. Campbell’s review sheet
                                                           Lab - Photosynthesis (required)
 F. C4 Plants               How plants evolved the         Hmwks - C4 plants
                            solution to avoid                       - process of photo
 G. CAM Plants              photorespiration.              Test - Photosynthesis
                                                           Essays- possible for AP




XI. Cell Reproduction                                      Textbook - Campbell’s
                            Comparng mitosis with          Transparencies                      5 days
                            meiosis.                        1. prophase thru cytokinesis
 A. Binary Fission
                                                           Handouts
                            What occurs in interphase?      1. Cell cycle
 B. Cell Cycle
                                                            2. Campbell’s Review Guide
                            The phases of mitosis and       3. practice test
 C. Cytokinesis             meiosis, follow the             4. possible essays
                            chromosomes.                   Video - Mitosis
 D.Control of Cell
  Division                                                 Homework - Mitosis
                            What controls the division           review questions
                            of cells and what happens if   Quiz - Cell Cycle
 E. Cancer                  things go wrong.               Lab - Mitosis (required)
                                                           Test - Cell Reproduction




                                                                                               3 days
XII.Circulation             Following the evolution of     Textbook - Campbell’s CH 42
                            circulation from sponges to    Transparencies:
A. Evolution of the         mammals.
   Circulatory System                                       1. ComparativeCirculator Systems
                                                            2. Heart
                            Function and structure of       3. Exchange of materials in
B. Blood Vessels            the types of blood vessels.        blood
C. Heart                                                   Handouts:
                            Evolution of the heart from     1. Campbell’s Guide Review
                            fish thru mammals.             multimedia presentation
D. Blood
                                                           Homework - Circulation
                            Describe the work down in           Questions sheet
E. Capillary Exchange       capillary beds.                Project - Other methods of
F. Circulatory Disorders                                   organism circulation
                            Circulation health             Lab - Vascular Fitness (required)
                                                           Quiz - Circulation Pathwa
                                                           Test - Circulation
Topic of Instruction               Focal Points              Resources and Assessment         Time

XIII. Gas Exchange            Nature of respiratory          Textbook - Campbell’s CH42       3 days
                              surfaces.                      Transparencies
 A.Evolution of                                              1. Comparative breathng system
  Respiratory Systems         Skin, gills, trachea, lungs    Handouts :
                                                             1. Casmpbell’s Guide Review
 B. Process of breathing      Partial pressures and gas      2. practice questions
                              exchange                       multimedia presentation
 C. Loading -Unloading                                       Homework - Gas exchange
                              Nerve, hormone, and            Test - Gas exchange
 D. Breathing Controls        chemical controls of
                              breathing rates.

XIV.Immune System                                            Textbook - Campbell’s CH 43
                              Chemicals that aide in the                                      5 days
                              specific and non-specific      Transparencies:
A.Nonspecific mechanisms                                         1. types of phagocytes
                              responses.
                                                                 2. antibody structure
 1. Skin                                                         3. complement action
                              Types and functions of
                              leukocytes                         4. immune response
 2. phagocytes                                                   5. monoclonal antibodies
                              Structure and effector         Handouts:
 3. inflammatory response                                        1. review of non-specific
                              methods of antibodies.
                                                                 mechanisms
 4. interferon                                                   2. teacher made review of
                              Similarities and differences
                              between B and T cells              chapter
 5. complements                                                  3. Campbell’s Review
                              Primary and secondary                 Guide
B. Specific mechanisms                                           4. Summary of disorders
                              immune responses.
                                                             Videos:
 1. antibodies                                                   1. Intro to Bio - Immune
                              How humoral and cell-
                              mediated responses aid each        SYstem
 2. B-lymphocytes                                                2. Body Defense
                              other?
 3. T-lymphocytes                                            Multimedia Presentation
                              MHC I and MHC II
                                                             Homework - Campbell’s
C. Cell to Cell Recognition                                     Review Guide
                              Autoimmune diseases and
                              immune deficiency diseases     Homework - internet
D. Disorders of Immune                                          search on antibodies
   System                                                    Quiz - Nonspecific defense
                                                             Test - Immunity

XV. Thermoregulation          The physics of how heat can    Textbook – Campbell CH 44        2 days
                              be transferred from one        Transparencies
A. Methods of Heat            place to another.                 1. Heat transfer
   transfer                   Ectotherms vs Endotherms          2. Skin
                              Vasoconstriction and           Handouts
B.Mechanisms of               vasodilation                       1. review questions
  thermoregulation            Torpor, migration, fat         Temperature Lab
                                                             Review Questions
C. Adaptations of thermo-                                    Thermoregulation Quiz
   regulation
Topic of Instruction             Focal Points             Resources and Assessment         Time

XVI. Osmoregulation         Regulators vs conformers      Textbook - Campbell’s CH 44      3 days
                                                          Transparencies:
A.Animal osmoregulation     Importance of water balance     1. protonephridia
 in differentenvironments                                   2. metanephridia
                            Types of nitrogenous wastes     3. kidney
B. Excretory Systems of     in animals                      4. nephron
   invertebates                                             5. Excretory system
                            The evolution of the kidney   Handouts:
C. Vertebrate Kidney        thru flame cells,               1. nephron - structure
                            protonephridia,                 2. review questions
D. Physiology of nephron    metanephridia, and              3. AP essay questions
                            nephrons.                       4. Campbell’s Chapter
E. Hormonal Control of                                         Quiz
   Osmoregulation           Structure and functions of    Model of excretory system
                            the different kidney parts.   Power point presentation
F. Types of Nitrogenous                                   Review Questions
   Wastes                   How ADH, RAS, and other       Osmoregulation Quiz
                            hormones regulate water
                            balance.

XVII. Endocrine System      Comparison of hormones        Textbook - Campbell’s CH 45      3 days
                            and nerves in regulating      Transparencies
A. Hormones - action and    body activities.                 1. Secondary
   production                                                     messengers
                            Signal-transduction              2. Chart of hormones
B. Types of Hormones        pathways                      Handouts
   found in Humans and                                        1. Hormone Checklist
  their actions.            Type of hormone, function          2. Campbell’s Guide
                            and what gland excretes it.        3. Review questions
                                                          Review Questions
                                                          Hormone Test
                                                          Vocabulary Hmwk




                                                          Textbook - Campbell’s CH 46-47   5 days
XVIII.AnimalReproduction    How egg and sperm unite?      Transparencies
      And Embryology                                         1. Fertilization
A. Asexual Reproduction     Early embryonic                  2. Male and Female
                            development                      3. Gamete Formations
B. Fertilization                                             4. Female Cycles
                            Cleavage, gastrulation, and   Handouts
C. Systemsof Reproduction   organogenesis.                   1. Types of Reproduction
                                                             2. Gamete Formation
D. Human Reproduction       Controls of organisms            3. Campbell’s Guide
                            formation.                       4. Review questions
E. Gamete Formation                                       Video - Reproduction
                            Spermatogenesis and           Vocabulary Quiz
F. Female Reproductive      oogenesis.                    Review Questions
   Cycles                                                 Reproduction Test
G. Stages of Development    Female horomone cycles
Topic of Instruction              Focal Points              Resources and Assessment      Time

XIX.. Nervous System         Sensory input, integration     Textbook - Campbell’s CH 48   4 days
                             and motor output               Transparencies
A. Neurons - types and                                        1. neuron function
   function                  Nerve structure                  2. Synapse Crossings
                                                              3. Action Potentials
B. Production of Action      Nerve impulse formation          4. peripheral and
   Potential                                                      central nervous
                             Ions, gates and impulse flow         system
C. Synapse Actions                                            5. Animal Systems
                             Synaptic controls                6. Brain Structure
D. Neurotransmitters                                          7. Comparison of
                             Central and peripheral                Animal Brains
E. Parts of Nervous          nervous system components      Handouts
  System                                                      1. Creation of action
                             Brain structure and                   potentials
F. Kinds of Nervous          compartmentalization of           2. Types of neuro-
   Systems                   function.                             transmitters
                                                               3. Nervous system
G. Brain Structure and       Evolution of the brain            4. Brain
   Function                                                    5. Review Questions
                                                               6. Possible AP essays
                                                            Multimedia Presentation
                                                            Video - Brain
                                                            Video - Nervous System
                                                            Nerve Essay Quiz
                                                            Review worksheet
                                                            Brain Quiz
                                                            Nervous System Test



                                                            Textbook - Campbell’s CH 49   4 days
XX. Senses and               Transduction of energy into    Transparencies
    Movement                 nerve signals.                   1. eye
                                                              2. ear
A. Types of Sensory          Deformation receptors,           3. skeleton
   Receptors                 wave receptors and               4. muscle action
                             chemical receptors.            Handouts
B.Vision - eye structure                                      1. Receptors of senses
  and function               Parts and functions of the       2. vision
                             sensory organs.                  3. hearing
C. Hearing - ear structure                                    4. bones
   and function              How is light translated into     5. review questions
                             vision.                          6. Campbell’s Guide
D. Taste and Smell           Photoreceptors and optical       7. Senses Lab
                             pigments.                      Multimedia presentation
E. Touch                                                    Video - Senses
                             Evolution of the eye           Video - vision and hearing
F. Skeletal System                                          Models of eye and ear
                             Interactions between actin     Senses Quiz
G.Muscles - types and        and myosin and the             Senses Lab
  how they work.             chemicals that control the     Bone Quiz
                             interaction.                   Review Questions
                                                            Senses and Movement Test
Topic of Instruction               Focal Points              Resources and Assessment       Time

XXI. Environment and         Differentiate between           Text—Campbell’s CH 50 & 52     5 days
    Populations              abiotic environmental           Transparencies
                             factors and biotic factors.       1. Environmental factor
A. Abiotic and biotic                                          2. Biome map
    Factors                                                    3. Dispersion types
                             Factors that control the          4. Population graphs
B. Climate distribution      distribution of life on the
C. Regulators vs                                               5. Survivorship curves
                             earth.                          Handouts
    conformers
D.Principle of Allocation                                      1. Biome characteristics
                             Describe conditions of the        2. Review questions
E. Biomes                    major terrestrial and aquatic
F. Measuring population                                        3. Review Questions
                             biomes.                           4. Habitat Lab
   density
G. Types of dispersions                                        5. Population models
                             Density and dispersion of a     Videos
H. Demography                population,
I. Population mathematical                                     1. Spaceship Earth
   Models                                                      2. Earth Biomes
                             Logistic and exponential          3. Species/Environment
J. Density dependent and     Equation for population
   independent factors                                       Review Questions
                             growth.                         Biome Report
K. Population cycles
                                                             Envirnoment Test
                             Density dependent and           Habitat Lab (required)
                             density independent factors     Practice Questions
                             affecting population growth.    Population Test
                             Human population growth




XXII. Community Ecology      Individualistic and             Text - Campbell’s CH 53 & 54
       and Ecosystems        interactive hypothesis of                                      5 days
                                                             Transparencies
A. Community                 what is a community.              1. Symbiosis
    interactions                                               2. Succession
B. Predation                 Interactions among                3. Island Biogeography
C. Mimicry                   members of a community.         Handouts
 D. Interspecific                                              1. Interspecies
   competition               Factors affecting the                competition
E. Niches                    biodiversity of a                 2. Review Questions
F. Symbiosis                 community.                        3. AP essay practice
G. Succession                                                Video
H. Species Diversity         Primary and secondary             1. Ecological susccessio
I. Island Biogeography       succession.                       2. Symbiosis
                                                             Review Question homew
                             Productivity of ecosystems      Practice essays
                                                             Community Test
                             Cycling of elements
Topic of Instruction             Focal Points            Resources and Assessment         Time

XXIII. Genetics          Mendels experiment and his      Text—Campbell’s CH 14            9 days
 A. Mendelian Genetics   conclusions.                     Transparencies
 B. Sex-linked traits                                      1. mono-and dihybrid
 C. Mapping genes        Law of independent                   Crosses
 D. Genetic Research     assortment and the law of         2. Punnett Squares
     Techniques          segregation.                    Video
 E.. Non-Mendelian                                          1. Life of Mendel
    Genetics             Use of the Punnett Square       Handouts -
                                                            1. practice problems
                         Incomplete dominance,              2. more problems
                         codominance, epistasis,         Genetic Problem Sets for
                         lethal alleles, linked genes.   homework
                                                         Genetic Quiz 1 and 2
                         Problem solving                 Fly Lab (required)
                                                         Genetics Test
                         Crossing-over and mapping
                         genes


                                                                                           10
                                                         Campbells—Chapters 15 – 20       days
XXIV—Molecular Biology                                   AP Bio Lab Manual
                         Know the people and their
                         experiments that led to the     Transpaarencies:
 A. Historic Labs                                         1.Griffith, Hershey-Chase
    Molecular Bio        discovery of DNA as the
                         genetic molecule.                   and Meselson-Stahl
                                                          2. DNA replication Set
  B. DNA Struture                                         3. Transcription Set
                         Process of how DNA
                         semiconservatively               4. Translation Set
  C. DNA replication                                      5. Types of Mutations
                         replicates.
                                                          6. Conjugation
  D. Transcription                                        7. Operons
                         Process of transcription and
                         translation, chemicals          Handouts:
  E. Translation                                          1. Guides to Chapters
                         needed and possible
                         alteration of the message.       2. Molecular Bio Set
  F. Mutations                                           Videos:
                         Types of point mutations.        1. Discovering the Mole-
G. Bacterial and Viral                                        cule of Life
   Genetics                                               2. Series—Replication,
                         Viral structure and how it
                         works to infect.                     Transcription, Trans
 H. Gene Control                                               Lation
                         Bacterial genome and how        Web Search—Dolan DNA
H. DNA technology and                                    Learning Center
  Genomics               bacterial can alter their
                         genome.                         2 Quizzes
                                                         2 Tests (chap 16-17 and 18-20)
                         Cloning, DNA                    Lab—Molecular Biology Lab #6
                         electrophoresis, PCR,           (required)
                         genetically modified            Homework—Chapter worksheets
                         organisms
                                                         WebQuest on Bioethics
Topic of Instruction              Focal Points              Resources and Assessment             Time

XXV—Evolution               Life of Darwin and the 3        Campbell— CH 22 – 25                  10
                            premises that his natural                                            days
 A. Darwin and natural      selection is based upon.        Lab—Population Genetics and
    selection                                               Evolution Lab (req)
                            History leading to evolution    Transparencies
 B. Microevolution                                               1. Types of selection
                            Causes of microevolution             2. Hardy-Weinberg
 C. Hardy-Weinberg                                               3. allopatric and sympatric
                            How microevolution can be            4. geologic time scales
 D. Speciation              detected (H - W )               Videos:
                                                                 1. Life on Earth series
 E. macroevolution          Allopatric and sympatric             2. Dinosaur Hunters
                            speciation                      Hardy-Weinberg Quiz
                                                            Microevolution Test
                            Fossil records and time         Macroevolution Test
                            scales.                         Hmwk -
                                                            1. Hardy-Weinberg Problem sets
                                                            2. Chapter Guides
                                                            WebQuest—Evolution of a
                                                            particular species of their choice


XXVI – Plants & Fungi       What things had to change       Campbells’s – CH 29 –31
                            for plants to leave the water   Transparencies:                      4 days
    A. Land Plant           and live on land?
       Evolution                                                1. plant evolutionary tree
                            Gametophyte and                     2. plant adaptations
    B. Bryophytes           sporophyte generations
    C. Pteridophytes                                            3. Types of Fungi
                            Life cycles of                  Videos:
    D. Gymnosperms          gymnopsperms and
    E. Angiosperms                                              1. Life on Earth (series)
                            angiosperms                         2. Fungus Among Us
    F. Diversity of Fungi   Classification
    G. Evolution of Fungi                                   Lab – fungal spore lab
                                                            Test on Plant and Fungi

XXVII – Plant Anatomy
       and Physiology                                       Campbell’s – CH 35 – 39
                            Parts and types of roots,       Lab – Plant Transpiration            8 days
                            stems, leaves                         (required)
    A. Root, stem and       Mechanisms of plant growth
       leaves                                               Transparencies:
                            How water and food move             1. plant structure series
    B. Plant Growth         through the plant?
    C. Plant transport                                          2. xylem and phloem
                            What materials do plants            3. flower structure
    D. Plant nutrition      need to grow?
    E. Plant reproduction                                       4. seed and fruit structures
                            Flowers, fertilization, seed        5. process of germination
    F. Plant responses      formation, germination              6. monocots and dicots
                            Photoperiodism and              Videos:
                            tropisms of plants                  1. tropisms
                            Plant hormones                      2. plant reproduction
                                                            2 guide sheets
                                                            Structure Quiz
                                                            Plant Test
Topic of Instruction             Focal Points         Resources and Assessment           Time

XXVIII. Animal Diversity   Coelomates, acoelomates,   Campbell’s CH 32-34                 10
                           and pseudocoelomates       Transparencies:                    days
A. Invertebrate Phylums                                   1. Evolutionary Tree of Life
                           Symmetry                       2. Invertebrates (series)
B. Vertebrate Phylums                                     3. Vertebrates (series)
                           Systems evolution          Videos
C. Animal Evolution                                       1. Life on Earth (series)
                           Evolutionary changes for       2. Dawn of Man
D. Evolution of Homo       life on land
   sapiens                                            Lab – Key identifications
                           Anatomical and societal
                           evolution of man           Invertbrate Quiz
                                                      Vertebrate Quiz
                                                      Animal Diversity Test
Lab Requirements

Our AP classes do the 12 required labs plus various other lab activities. Students are
required to submit a formal lab report for each lab consisting of hypothesis, developed
procedure (variables and controls clearly identified), data collection and presentation
(graphing skills emphasized), statistical analysis of data, limitations of experiment, and
conclusion. Labs are done in groups of three or four with everyone submitting their own
lab report, no group report. Class data are often utilized to compare small sample data to
large sample data. Often pre-lab questions are utilized as an introduction to the lab. Post-
lab questions are given to students after submitting their lab to monitor their
understanding of the concepts and lab techniques.

Student Evaluation

Most of the students grades come from tests, lab reports, quizzes, projects, and practice
AP questions. I grade on total points and not a weighted system. However, approximately
50% of the points come from tests, 15% from lab reports, 15% from quizzes, 10% from
homeworks/projects, and 10% from practice AP questions. The grading scale is mandated
by the State of South Carolina to be:
                              100 – 93 A
                                92 – 86 B
                                85 – 77 C
                                76 - 70 D
                                69 -     F


Tutorials
During the school year I offer tutorials twice a week in the mornings for those students
who were absent or feel they did not completely grasp the concepts during class.
Beginning about a month before the AP Exam I offer review tutorials with specific topics
announced to those interested in reviewing. These are also offered in the mornings before
school starts.

				
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