Decree of Georgian Government N84 October 18, 2004 Tbilisi On Approval of "National Objectives of General Education" For the purpose of carrying out a unified state policy in the field of education and science, upon the recommendation of the Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia, according to the Constitution of Georgia, article 78, paragraph 1 and the Law of Georgia "Concerning the Structure, Proxy and Activity Rule of the Government of Georgia", article 5, sub-clause "o", the following shall be accomplished: 1. The attached "National Objectives of General Education" shall be approved. 2. The Ministry of Education and Science of Georgia shall elaborate the legislative and sub- legislative acts in the field of general education in accordance with the "National Objectives of General Education". Prime Minister Zurab Zhvania Approved Resolution N84 of the Government of Georgia October 18, 2004 National Objectives of General Education The general education system of Georgia aims at creating favorable conditions for developing a person that is free in nature and has a sense of national and common to all mankind values. Besides, the education system shall provide an adolescent with the physical and mental skills, develop his/her basic knowledge, establish sound mode of living, develop civil awareness of the student based on the liberal and democratic values, help a student in realizing his/her rights and responsibilities before family, public and state. On the basis of experience gained within the general education system of Georgia, the adolescent shall: a) be conscious of his/her personal responsibilities towards the interests, traditions and values of the country: The school education shall provide an adolescent with the skills to properly define state, cultural, economic and political interests of his/her country and give the opportunities for a sound decision-making and an active action; b) be able to maintain and protect natural environment: An adolescent shall be aware of the natural environment s/he lives in, what kind of harm may be caused to the environment by activities of a person, how to maintain and protect natural environment. c) be able to effectively use the technological and other intellectual achievements; information collection, processing and analysis: At the present time, where a great amount of information with different content is available for people, effective usage of it assumes vital importance. An adolescent shall be able not only to collect information, but also to assess it according to its content, purpose and quality; to define the forms of information usage for the set objectives; to effectively use the technological achievements for the purpose of improving conditions necessary for everyday life, work, intellectual or spiritual life. d) be able to live independently and make independent decisions The school education shall provide an adolescent with the skills necessary for making independent decisions in personal, family and public life. e) be creative, create values at his own and not live at the expense of the existing. The school education shall provide an adolescent with the skills that will give him/her the opportunity to use existing experience and achievements for developing new material, intellectual or spiritual values. f) be ready for lifelong development of personal abilities and interests and be able to realize them to its full extent as within the country as abroad. The school education shall provide an adolescent with the ability for continuous education, independent acquisition of new knowledge and skills in order to be able to adequately define his/her own capabilities and spiritual inclinations enabling him/her to define his/her place in the society; An adolescent shall be ready to decide on his/her further education perspectives and labor activities. g) be able to communicate with individuals and groups: The school education shall provide the future member of the society, including those whose native language is not the state language, with general communication (writing, reading, speaking, listening), organizational and group working skills. h) be law obedient and tolerant citizen: In the dynamic, ethnically and culturally diverse world, for the purpose of functioning of the society, special importance shall be attached to the skills as mutual respect, understanding and cognition. The school shall provide an adolescent with the ability to protect human rights and respect for the person that will be used in preserving his/her own and others' identity. An adolescent shall be able to realize the theoretical knowledge of fundamental rights and to live on the basis of these principles. Main instruments for Attaining National Objectives of General Education In order to ensure the development of the skills stated above, the state of Georgia takes the responsibility to develop and introduce: 1. General Education Policy and Legislation The general education policy and legislation shall define the rights and responsibilities of the parties operating in the field of school education as well as main ways and means of reaching the set objectives. 2. General Education System The general education system shall be created by the independent legal entities with different legal and organizational form and financing sources that pursue educational activities according to the management principles and national curriculum defined by the legislation of Georgia and school charter. The school system shall have constantly developing physical and human resources. 3. General Education System Regulation and Quality Assurance Mechanisms Basic components of the school system management are: licensing, accreditation and certification; school administrative, financial and human resource management development; identification of main forms of school system management and ensuring their implementation; assessment of the quality of national curriculum introduction and operation; creation and management of national assessment and examination system. 4. National Curriculum National Curriculum shall be developed on the basis of national objectives of general education. The National Curriculum shall define: mandatory student load; general techniques for knowledge acquisition; volume of necessary information and relevant skills to be developed after completion of each stage; subjects and priorities for each school education stage. Without active public participation and effective operation of resources available, the above- stated means won't be sufficient to ensure perfect development of the skills listed above. Therefore, development of these skills shall be realized by full participation of school community: students, teachers, parents, administrators and other stakeholders in different environment - examinations or elections, classroom or home, clubs, sport halls, school yard or workshops. Active participation of students, parents, teachers, administrative staff or surrounding community stipulates the degree and success of attaining objectives. The state envisages creating such school system that will guarantee equal opportunities for students to develop the above skills. The state won't allow discrimination of students by social, racial, ethnical, religious or political belongings, physical abilities or other properties.
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