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ESD OVERVIEW Powered By Docstoc
					           ESD Strategic Plan

          Daniel Hastings
Director, Engineering Systems Division

              April 2005

• Engineering in 2020
• SoE broad objectives
• ESD history
• ESD current state
• ESD Core Competencies
• ESD Mission
• ESD Vision 2010 and 2105
• ESD Strategic Thrusts
                  NAE Greatest Engineering
               Achievements of the 20th Century

1.    Electrification               11. Highways
2.    Automobile                    12. Spacecraft
3.    Airplane                      13. Internet
4.    Water Supply & Distribution   14. Imaging
5.    Electronics                   15. Household Appliances
6.    Radio and Television          16. Health Technologies
7.    Agricultural Mechanization    17. Petroleum &
8.    Computers                         Petrochemical
9.    Telephone                         Technologies
10.   Air Conditioning &            18. Laser and Fiber Optics
      Refrigeration                 19. Nuclear Technologies
                                    20. High-performance
     Observations (by Dean Magnanti)

• Engineering has changed the very fabric of
• Innovation occurs through a pipeline
  – Research
  – Inventors/entrepreneurs
  – Companies/government
• Multiple disciplines have contributed to most

• Most achievements are, or create,
  complex technical systems
      Many Opportunities & Challenges
            (by Dean Magnanti)

• Opportunity
   – Many new technologies and engineering achievements will
     involve (or create) complex engineering systems
   – Networking (world, technologies) increases importance of
• Many challenges
   – Redesign transportation systems that have increasingly
     reached capacity and created enormous delays
   – Reconcile inevitable growth in world-wide energy demand
     with potential environmental costs
   – Create product development systems that address the full
     spectrum of conceiving, designing, and developing new
   – …

                    Engineering is Very Different
•   The NAE Vision Report 2004. 2020 Vision Report and other reports call for
    change with a vigorous statements about engineering work today (1)
       –    Globalization of industry and engineering practice
       –    Employment shift from large to smaller, entrepreneurial firms
       –    Growing share employment in non-traditional, less-technical engineering work
            (management/ finance/ policy)
       –    Knowledge-based “service” economy
       –    Diminishing half-life of engineering knowledge in many fields
       –    Traditional make/ build is being joined by interdisciplinary work of engineering and
            IT, biology
•   Mobility of work, information, and capital (leading to different career paths
    than in the past?)
•   New technologies and content areas
       –    Life science, ultra small, …
•   Loss of best and brightest to areas like law and finance
•   New federal government regulations and oversight (e.g., ITAR).
•   Environmental responsibility, ethics, societal effects, and economic effects
(1) NAE Visions Report 2004

                     Content Evolution:
                       MIT Engineering

•Civil Engineering                         •Civil and Environment
•Mechanical Engineering
                                           •Mechanical Engineering
                                           •Material Science and Engineering
•Electrical Engineering
                                           •Electrical Engineering and
•Chemical Engineering                      Computer Science
•General Engineering                       •Chemical Engineering
•Sanitary Engineering                      •Ocean Engineering
•Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering •Nuclear Engineering
•Economics and Engineering                 •Aeronautical and Astronautical
•Business and Engineering Administration
                                           •Biological Engineering
•Aeronautical Engineering
                                           •Engineering Systems

         Changing Environment and Competitive
• Rapid changes in
   – Engineering practice
      • Globalization, entrepreneurship, US service economy, new
        technologies, broader career options, …
   – Engineering content
      • Bio, Nano, Info, Macro (bio everywhere)
   – Blurring of traditional boundaries
   – Call for educational reform
• Increasing competition from “above and below”
   – Harvard, Princeton, Stanford financial investments
   – Other engineering schools creating facilities and hiring as
     many as 100 new faculty
   – Flat government and industry funding

   The premise (from NAE 2020)

• Past: Engineering and engineering education
  were reactive, responding to change.
• Today: Rapid change signals that it is time
  to reverse the paradigm.
• Premise: If we anticipate the future and are
  proactive about changing the engineering
  and engineering education, we can shape a
  significant, dynamic role for our profession.

             New Challenges
             (from NAE 2020)
• Fresh water shortages
• Aging infrastructure
• Energy demands
• Global warming
• New diseases
• Security
• Globalization

               Concluding question
                 (from NAE 2020)

   • How do we help the engineering
     profession create a meaningful place
     for itself in the broader,
     multidisciplinary approach required
     to solve society‟s problems?
                 NAE Engineer of 2020 Report:
    The engineer of 2020 will create solutions at the micro
& macro scales in preparation for dramatic changes in the world!
      ESD will create solutions at the macro scales

           MIT SoE Vision
• The School will be widely recognized as
  the foremost engineering school in the
• The School will shape the future of
  technology education, research, and
• The School will remain focused on its
  core strengths, while seeking new

     MIT SoE Broad Objectives
• As the most outstanding school of engineering in
  the world, set the direction and create new models
  for engineering education and research
• Create new engineering knowledge and
• Educate the next generation of leaders of
  – Engineering educators
  – Engineering researchers
  – Engineering practitioners
• Impact engineering practice and research

          Engineering Systems Development at MIT

Phase 1      1975-1985 Startup
             Dean Alfred Kiel - Modern Engineering, Socio-Economic Systems
             CTS, CPA, TPP

Phase 2      1985-1990 US Competitiveness in Manufacturing
             Made in America/Machine That Changed The World
             LFM - Sloan/SOE/Industry Partnership

Phase 3      1990-1995 Increased Activity
             New Programs – SDM, MLOG, CIPD
             Large Scale Systems Committee
             Technology and Management Program (TMP)

         ESD Professional Masters Degree
               Educational Programs

•   Focus on Practice Rather Than Research
•   Experienced Students
•   Leadership and Team Building
•   Cohort Based
•   Industrial (Governmental) Internships
•   Lifelong Experience

                    ESD Chronology

1976 – 1995     Interdisciplinary Education Programs &
                Research Centers
1996            Eagar Committee Recommends ESD Formation
1997            New Position Created – Associate Dean for
                Engineering Systems
December 1998   ESD Established
March 1999      First ESD Faculty Appointed

         Definition of Engineering Systems

   • Engineering Systems are
       – Technologically enabled Networks & Meta-systems which transform,
         transport, exchange and regulate Mass, Energy and Information
       – Large-scale
           • large number of interconnections and components
       – Socio-technical aspects
           • social, political and economic aspects that influence them
       – Nested complexity
           • within technical system and social/political system
       – Dynamic
           • involving multiple time scales,uncertainty & lifecycle issues
       – Likely to have emergent properties

   •   Examples are
           • Automobile Production Systems, Aerospace enterprise systems, Air and Ground
             Transportation Systems, Global Communication Systems, the World Wide Web,
             the National electric power grid

These systems exist & have “messy complexity”
        Engineering Systems
(@ the interface of Engineering, Management & Social

    Management                    Sciences



ESD is a cross cutting educational unit

                  ESD Goals & Objectives
•   ESD will be an intellectual home for faculty from engineering, management,
    and the social sciences committed to integrative, interdisciplinary Engineering
    Systems programs.
•   ESD will develop concepts, frameworks, and methodologies that codify
    knowledge and define Engineering Systems as a field of study.
•   ESD will educate engineering students to be tomorrow‟s leaders via innovative
    academic and research programs.
•   ESD will introduce Engineering Systems into the mainstream of engineering
    education by working with the MIT engineering departments, the Institute as a
    whole, and other engineering schools worldwide & developing new curricula.
•   ESD will initiate research on Engineering Systems of national and international
    importance, working in partnerships with government and industry.

ENGINEERING SYSTEMS is a field of study taking
  an integrative holistic view of large-scale,
 complex, technologically-enabled systems           MIT Engineering Systems Division
 with significant enterprise level interactions               New Education Model
               and socio-technical interfaces.
 TPP - Technology                                                                  CTL- Center for
 & Policy Program                                                                  Transportation
                                                                                      & Logistics
 LGO - Leaders
 for Manufacturing
                                                                                     CTPID - Center
 SDM - Systems Design                                                      for Technology, Policy,
 & Management                                                             & Industrial Development
 Logistics & Supply Chains                                                          IPC - Industrial
                                                                               Performance Center
 ESD SM Program
                                                                                    CIPD - Center
 ESD Doctoral Program                                                                for Innovation
                                                                           in Product Development

                                             Economics,                         Systems Theory
                                                                       System Architecture
                                              Operations Research
                                                                         & Eng /Product
                                               /Systems Analysis

                             ESD                              ENGINEERING
      SDM                          LGO                          SYSTEMS
                                                   Engineering        Technology & Policy
                                                Theory                            Economy
                          Areas of Research

•   In ESD Centers
     – Industry (Aerospace, Auto, Communications, Materials)
     – Supply Chain/Logistics
     – Public Transport/Mobility
     – Product Development/System Design/Architecture
     – Manufacturing
•   In Related Centers
     – Energy and Environment
     – Operations Research
•   Startups
     – Security
     – Infrastructure
•   In Consideration
     – Health Care

                    Evolution of ESD Research

• Big M Manufacturing
• Product Development, System Design
• Enterprise Perspective
• Extended Enterprise (Value Chains)
• Enterprise Eco System
  Broadening of Research
   Logistics         Supply Chain
   National           Global
   Physical          Information (Knowledge)
   Products            Services

                   ESD VC feedback
• ESD has successfully reached the first plateau (this is the
  end of the beginning)
    – ESD created with legacy educational programs and
       research centers
    – ESD has successfully stabilized the programs and
       provided faculty support for the centers
    – ESD now has a set of flagship professional masters
    – However, ESD was created to be transformative
    – However, ESD & MIT should think about how to grow to
       the next plateau
    – ESD has the opportunity to set educational agenda

            Unique core competencies
            (current and desired; which give sustainable
                       competitive advantage)
• Industry/academia & Industry/Government/academia
  partnerships to address large scale engineering systems as
  well as engineering enterprises
• Innovating across Engineering/Management/Social Science
  boundaries to analyze complex engineering systems and
  engineering enterprises
• Model Development for large scale complex systems
  including coupled technical/organizational/policy analysis in a
  strong quantitative and qualitative framework (needs to be

               New ESD Mission Statement
 • ESD is establishing Engineering Systems as a field of
   study in order to transform macro scale engineering
   systems in society. It will do so by educating engineering
   leaders in, and developing principles and methods for,
   engineering systems that cut across the boundaries of
   engineering, management and social science.

                   ESD Cooperation Principles
      (recognizing that systems belongs to many)
Act as a node in a network of systems activities at MIT with porous boundaries
                   NAE Engineer of 2020 Report:
      The engineer of 2020 will create solutions at the micro
  & macro scales in preparation for dramatic changes in the world!
       ESD will create societally acceptable solutions
                       at the macro scales
       ESD: Vision 2015 (from 2005)
•   Deep development of intellectual foundations
      –   New problems and areas formulated
      –   Several proof of concepts
      –   Transform the funding agencies to support these ideas
•   Engineering Education in the US redefined
      –   Transformative impact on education through development of innovative
      –   Engineering education redefined to include systems thinking
•   Global Engineering Systems Community created
      –   Many major universities have created cross cutting units
      –   MIT is a magnet for the best faculty in this area
      –   PhDs from MIT in this area are highly sought after
      –   Environment for faculty growth and leadership
•   Major impact on society, education and thought
      –   Industry and Government customers recognize this
      –   Graduates of the ESD programs are leading society‟s most challenging and complex
          „system of systems‟ endeavors
              •   MIT ESD education has given them knowledge, skills, and abilities to make system level
                  decisions that have had significant positive impact to society on a global basis

          ESD Strategic Thrusts:
              Action Oriented
• Consistent with mission
• Build on core competencies
• Use strengths, buttress weaknesses
• Seize opportunities, fight off threats

         ESD Strategic Thrusts

• Foundations
• Applications
• Education

 Strategies for Advancing Engineering
           Systems as a Field

 Policy and
                   Core Theory

 Innovative        Systematic
Modeling and     Observation and
  Analysis       Documentation

                      ESD Strategic Thrusts:
•    Develop Fundamental Principles and Foundations Of Engineering
     Systems Which Establish Engineering Systems as a New Field Of
     –     Engineering Systems Principles Will Differ From Engineering Science
              •    Enterprise Level Perspective
              •    Holistic Vs. Reductionist Approach
              •    Macro Scale Vs. Micro Scale Design
              •    Qualitative As Well As Quantitative Approaches, Context Part of
                   Engineering System Analysis
1.   Form a Research Center on Engineering Systems Foundations
2.   Recruit several faculty to build up foundations in engineering enterprises & lifecycle
3.   Assume Leadership In Cooperative University Efforts Through            Engineering Systems
     University Council -
     •     For example, organize periodic Conference on Foundations of Engineering Systems
     •     Take leadership in professional societies such as INCOSE, INFORMS to advance engineering system
4.   Develop a Book Series or interdisciplinary journals & courses in five years on
     Fundamentals of Engineering Systems Utilizing Research Findings

                  ESD Strategic Thrusts:
•   Application Foci which interact with foundations in a “ping pong”
    fashion and engage society around critical contemporary issues
     –   Major Focus (5 years): Distributed critical infrastructures, broadly
         defined (strong emphasis on critical contemporary problems such as
         energy, homeland security, transportation, mega-cities,…)
            •   Use cross cutting analyses to bring out
                energy,security,safety,sustainability concerns
            •   Develop a system of systems focus
            •   Collect and develop comprehensive data sets
     –   Secondary foci (10 years): Health care systems
            •   Develop a Leaders for Health Care program based on lean principles,
                systems thinking
            •   Help define 21st century Engineering Sloan Interaction
     •   Secondary foci (10 years) :Emerging Technologies
            •   Develop a broad activity with the ability to provide technically deep
                focused policy analysis around emerging technologies
            •   Help define a 21st century Engineering Humanities relationship

       ESD Strategic Thrusts: Education
•   SM and PhD:
      –    Develop and build a new core for the ESD PhD. For example, six new ESD unique
           courses as the core of the ESD Phd (and SM) built around the intellectual
           framework of enterprises
                •   Examples
                     –   Risk and enterprise systems design
                     –   System Architecture & policy interaction & design
                     –   Theoretical approaches to sustainability in enterprises
                     –   OR & system analytic approaches to complex systems
                •   Export all courses to the Engineering Systems Council member institutions as well as OCW
      –    Capture common leadership elements of LGO, SDM, MLOG & TPP and evolve into
           ESD leadership curriculum
      –    Over time, evolve flagship programs (LGO, SDM, MLOG & TPP) around set of core
           courses and to address new issues for ES
                •   E.g LGO China as means for addressing globalization

•   UG:
      --   Work toward integrating systems thinking in the General Institute Requirements
           (GIRs) through the Engineering Council for Undergraduate Education (ECUE)
      –    Develop materials that illustrate complex systems thinking focused on
           contemporary critical issues (CCIs)
                •   E.g Energy, transportation, telecommunications
      –    Offer subjects and modules at MIT and export to other schools through OCW

          ESD Intersections & Positioning
•   ESD in SoE
      –   Will seek partners for the CCIT with CEE, AA, EECS, ME
      –   Will seek partnership with ME, ChemE, NE in energy (as well as LFEE)
      –   Will develop the partnership with MSE, ME in sustainability
•   ESD and Sloan
      –   Will continue the partnership in SDM and LGO
      –   Will seek to grow the MLOG interaction
      –   Will seek to grow a partnership around economics issues in the CCIT
      –   Will seek to grow a partnership around health care (technology, systems,
          management perspectives)
•   ESD and SHASS
      –   Will continue the partnership in the NSF IGERT (STS and Poli Sci)
      –   Will seek to expand the relationship through TPP
      –   Will seek to expand the partnership around the public policy issues in CCIT and
•   ESD and ORC
      –   Will seek partnerships by involving OR faculty in big ESD projects
•   ESD and LFEE
      –   Will seek partnerships in large scale energy related projects at the systems level
          ranging from architecture to policy

•   ESD and DUSP
      –   Seek partnerships around engineering systems issues of megacities

          Mapping of Strategic Thrusts to
                    Vision 2010
          Thrust Foundations   Applications   Education
Establish ES
field of study         X              X             X
Create external
intellectual           X              X             X
presence @MIT          X
impact on gov,                        X             X

NAE 2020:Attributes of the engineer
              of 2020
• Strong analytical skills
• Practical ingenuity, creativity
• Good communication skills
• Business, management skills; leadership
• High ethical standards, professionalism
• Dynamic/agile/resilient/flexible
• Lifelong learner
• Able to put problems in their socio-technical
  and operational context
         ESD Strategy for 2010

• ESD students in 2010 will be
  engineering leaders in 2020
• ESD Core SM and flagship professional
  degrees capture the critical elements
  of the 2020 needs
• ESD PhDs will be change agents in
  engineering schools worldwide