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Livestock and Poultry Sectors in Pakistan

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Livestock and Poultry Sectors in Pakistan Powered By Docstoc
					Livestock and Poultry Sectors
         in Pakistan

               Dr. M. Afzal
                 Chairman
  Pakistan Agricultural Research Council
                Islamabad
    Livestock in national economy
•   Livestock in Pak GDP        11.4 %
•   Share in agri. GDP          53.2 %
•   Livestock in export          8.5 %
•   Dependent families          > 8.5 m
•   Provides raw material for industry
•   Social security for rural poor
•   Security against crop failure in
    barani areas
           Livestock Population
                                           (Million Heads)
Province          Cattle Buffalo   Sheep Goat Camel

Pakistan (2006)    29.6    27.3    26.5    53.8    0.9
Pakistan (2010)    34.3    30.8    27.8    59.9    1.0

                  Per cent distribution

Khyber Phakhtunkhaw 20      7       13      18     7
Punjab              49     65       24      37    22
Sindh               23     27       15      23    30
Balochistan          8      1       48      22    41



                                Economic Survey (2009-10)
                                  Livestock Census (2006)
                          Livestock Population Trend
                  60000


                  50000
Numbers (X 000)




                  40000
                                                                                  Cattle
                                                                                  Buffaloes
                  30000
                                                                                  Sheep
                                                                                  Goats
                  20000


                  10000


                     0
                          1955   1960   1972      1976       1986   1996   2006
                                               Census Year
Number of households reporting livestock (2006)
                                               Million Households
Herd     Cattle     Buffalo    Flock     Sheep         Goat
Size                           Size

  1-6      5.204      5.001     1-30        1.390         6.576
           (84.1)     (83.4)                (88.9)        (96.7)
 7-15      0.826      0.843     31-75       0.119         0.173
           (13.3)     (14.1)                (7.6)         (2.5)
 16-50     0.140      0.140    76-350       0.050         0.049
           (2.3)      (2.3)                 (3.2)         (0.7)
 > 50      0.018      0.012     > 350       0.005         0.004
           (0.3)      (0.2)                 (0.3)         (0.1)
 Total     6.188      5.996     Total       1.564         6.802
           (100)      (100)                 (100)         (100)
                                 Values in parentheses indicate %age
         Herd Size Profile in Pakistan (2006)
                                                    Million animals

Herd     Cattle     Buffalo    Flock     Sheep           Goat
Size                           Size

  1-6       14.9       14.4     1-30         9.9             36.2
           (50.3)     (52.7)                (37.4)          (67.3)
 7-15        7.7       7.8      31-75        5.5             7.8
           (26.1)     (28.6)                (20.8)          (14.5)
 16-50       3.3        3.2    76-350        6.9             6.5
           (11.1)     (11.7)                (26.0)          (12.1)
 > 50        3.7       1.9      > 350        4.2              3.3
           (12.5)     (7.0)                 (15.8)           (6.1)
 Total      29.6       27.3     Total        26.5             53.8
           (100)      (100)                 (100)            (100)
                                 Values in parentheses indicate %age
 Livestock Production Systems
• Cattle and Buffaloes
     - Rural Subsistence Small Holdings
     - Rural Market Oriented Small Holdings
     - Rural Commercial Farming
     - Peri-urban/Urban Commercial Dairying
     - Desert Cattle Farming
     - Corporate Dairy Farming
• Sheep and Goats
     - Nomadic
     - Transhumant
     - Sedentary / Household
• Poultry
     - Rural (range) Poultry
     - Intensive Poultry
       Traditional Rural Poultry
• Almost every rural household and some urban
  households raise poultry
• Poultry Population            73.65 million
• Contribution to egg production 41.6%
• Contribution to meat production 24.3%
• Breeds: 3 local, 2 imported
• Hatching: Brooding hens
• Feeding: Scavengers
• Important Diseases: Newcastle disease, Fowl
  cholera, Fowl pox

                                     Census 2006
   Intensive (Commercial) Poultry
• History
  –   1963-65Beginning of commercial poultry
  –   1970s Broiler and layer farms
  –   1980s Breeders farms, chick quality improvement
  –   1990s Grand parents, better management
  –   2000s Environmentally controlled housing,
             Processing and value chain
• Status
  –   Share in poultry meat   75.7 %
  –   Share in eggs           58.4 %
  –   Grand parents           5 companies
  –   Breeders                6.8 million
  –   Layers                  25 million
  –   Broilers                434 million
  –   Farms                   25,897
  –   Hatcheries              305
  –   Feed Mills              154
               Dairy Sub-sector
• Total milk production (09-10) 36.299 m tons
• Milk market
  – Producers (self or direct selling)     68.0 %
  – Informal market (Gawala operated)      28.5 %
  – Formal dairy industry                   3.5 %
• Dairy industry
  – 25 out of 49 dairy plants are operational
  – Main players are Nestle, Engro, Haleeb, Shakargang,
    Millac
  – Main products are UHT and Pasteurized milk, Milk
    powder, Yougurt, Cream, Cheese, etc.
  – 3.0 million litres per day being procurement
  – Rs 63 million daily going to rural economy
                  Meat Sub-sector
• Total meat production (09-10)     2.965 million tons
   – Beef Production                1.655 million tons
   – Mutton Production              0.603 million tons
   – Poultry Meat                   0.707 million tons
• Meat market
   – Butchers operated shops, many slaughter at shops
   – Main players at slaughter house are “Arties”
   – Mainly fresh meat selling
   – A few chilled meat selling modern butcheries started
• Meat industry
   – 80 % slaughtering done outside out side slaughterhouses
   – Local governments own and operate slaughter houses,
     generally rated as unhygienic
   – 11 private sector slaughter houses registered by Animal
     Quarantine Department and importing countries
   – Total export is < 0.6 percent of the production
   – 46 casing factories processing guts for export
   – Bone meal / gelatin also being exported
    Roles in Livestock Development
• Federal
   – National policies, planning & economic coordination
   – Import/export of animals and animal products and
     animal quarantine
   – Research and international coordination
   – Catalyst for livestock development
• Provincial
   – Livestock Development
   – Veterinary Vaccine Production
   – Disease surveillance and reporting
   – Livestock research
   – Livestock production and health education
   – Milk and meat quality
• District
   – Veterinary Health service (Preventive & Curative)
   – Breeding services (Artificial insemination)
   – Animal slaughtering
   – Livestock Markets
      Veterinary Institutions in Pakistan
Region Vet     Res/Vac   Hospital Dispens Vet.      Labs
       faculty Inst.              aries   Centres
Punjab    6       1        530     1213    1713      28
Sindh     1       2        119      60      608      7
NWFP      2       1        98      363      218      7
Baloch.   1       1        116     783       -       15
AJK       1       -        59       66      129      6
NA        -       -        12      165       -       7
FATA      -       -        25      212      207      1
ICT       -       1         4       7        -       1
Total     11      6        963     2869    2875      72
      Production Institutions in Pakistan
Region Teach Research Tech     SP + AI   Farm    Ext
       faculty Institute Trg   centres   (L+P)   Centre
                         Ins
Punjab     6      4       2     6+835    22+9      -
Sindh      1      1       2     2+76     5+14      -
KPK        1      1       1    3+331*     5+3      -
Baloch.    1      1       1     1+64     14+18     -
AJK        1      1       -       38      1+4     184
NA         -      -       -               1+4      -
FATA       -      -       -     1+118     +1       -
ICT        -      -       -      +11       -       1
Total     10      8       6    13+1473 48+53      185
Livestock Development Constraints
• Inadequate feed resources (short by 30%)
• Widespread breeding of genetically inferior
  livestock
• Epidemics of infectious diseases
• Poor marketing infrastructure
• Inadequate institutional infrastructure
• Outdated regulatory framework
• Limited credit availability to the livestock farmers
  (1/10 of agricultural credit)
• Low investment by government
 Livestock Development Policy
Vision
 Promoting livestock to provide safe and quality
 products at competitive prices, covering entire
 value chain with focus on market and poverty
 reduction
Policy
 Private sector led development with public sector
 providing enabling environment
Strategy
  – Private sector led
  – Increase in productivity
  – Moving from subsistence farming to market-
    oriented and commercial farming
  – Covering entire value chain
    Poultry Development Policy
• Vision
  Supply of wholesome poultry meat, eggs and
  value added products to the domestic and
  international markets at competitive prices
• Policy
  Facilitate and support private sector-led
  development for sustainable poultry products
• Strategy
   – Hi-tech intensive poultry production
   – Processing and value addition
   – Improving bio-security
   – Disease control and genetic improvement in
     rural poultry

				
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