# Design by mudoc123

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 15

• pg 1
```									      Design
Elements and Principles
Elements
1. Line: the distance between two points
• Types of Lines:
Descriptive,Implied,Expressive
• How to Describe lines:
straight, curved, broken, etc……..
• Lines may be 2D or 3D (your work may
use line in both ways)
• Descriptive:
– Outlines: Lines with little variation that
describe the outer edges of shapes.
– Contour Lines: Lines that define outer edges
and surfaces within a form such as shapes,
wrinkles, and folds
– Individual Lines: single lines that create a
shape by their thickness and placement
closely spaced lines
• Implied:
– Lines that are indicated indirectly where two
shapes meet, where a form ends and space
around it begins, or by positioning several
objects or figures in a row (example: a dotted
line)
– Edge: Where one shape ends and another
begins
– Closure: The tendency to complete partial
forms or shapes by seeing lines that do not
exist
– Lines of sight: Implied lines suggested by the
direction in which figures in a picture are
looking
• Expressive:
– Lines that are produced to express an idea,
mood, or quality (exp. Graceful, nervous,
delicate, aggressive)
– Lines are static or they show movement
• Straight=static
• Curved=movement
• Diagonal=movement
– Lines have personalities
• Vertical=formal, noble
• Horizontal=calm
(sculpture book pg 35, pottery pg 37,112, crafts pg 5)
Elements
2. Value: Lightness or darkness of an object
– Each color has a range of light and dark
– 3D forms are seen by highlights (light value)
(sculpture book pg 83, pottery pg 101, crafts pg 46)
Elements
3. Space: area around, within, and occupied
by a 3D object
– The artist must consider the positive space,
the negative space, and how they interact
(sculpture book pg 89 &13, pottery pg 162 &133, crafts pg 1 & 8)
Elements
4. Shape: 2D enclosed area (square, circle)
– Shapes can be used in 2D work as well as
decoration on the surface of 3D work
– Shape can also refer to the outline, or
silhouette, of a sculpture
5. Form: 3D enclosed area (cube, sphere)
• Both Shape and Form can be geometric or
organic
(sculpture book pg 11, pottery pg 63, crafts pg 93)
Elements
6. Texture: the way a surface feels or
designs to look like the surface feels a
certain way
– In 3D work actual texture can affect other
elements such as value because it can create
– It can be smooth, rough, soft, or hard (It can
also be designed to look one way then feel
another).
(sculpture book pg 126, pottery pg 30, crafts pg 77 & 133)
Elements
7. Color: produced when light strikes an object and
is reflected back to the eye
– As an artist you must think about the color of your
material, how it will change over time, and how it will
– The colors you choose can make or break a piece of
art
– It is important to understand how colors mix and
relate (this is known as color theory)
(sculpture book pg 123, pottery pg 136 &138, crafts pg 50-51)
Principles
1. Proportion: relationship of a part of
something to the whole
2. Scale: the size of an artwork (normally
determined by function or setting)
(sculpture book pg 37, pottery pg 113, crafts pg 51)
Principles
3. Balance: arrangement of elements to
create a sense of equal weight or interest
– Types of Balance:
•   Symmetrical: feeling of calm and formal
•   Approximate symmetry
•   Asymmetrical (affected by size, contour, color,
value, texture, position): most common kind, has a
feeling of dynamics and movement
(sculpture book pg 67&115, pottery pg 94, crafts pg 8)
Principles
4. Unity: all parts of a design work together
in harmony to create “oneness”
5. Variety: Putting different elements up
next to each other to create interest
(contrast)
(sculpture book pg 82, pottery pg 74, crafts pg 50-51)
6. Pattern: A particular area in a design
made to be when shapes, colors, and
other elements are repeated at regular
intervals or repeated randomly.
Principles
7. Movement: Using element to create the
illusion of action or gesture/ or creating a
piece that actually is in action
8. Rhythm: An ordered movement made by
the repetition of visual elements
(sculpture book pg 154, pottery pg 165, crafts pg 63 & 72)
Principles
9. Emphasis: significant or important (stand
out), the center of interest in a work of art
– Emphasis can be create through size,
placement, contrast, and lines of movement,
just to name a few
(sculpture book pg 159&175, pottery pg 55 &116, crafts pg 134)

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