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Science as a Media Event

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One need not make any extensive surveys of different media to provide
evidence for this failure. It is enough to see how sports has managed to
gain more coverage in various media over the last few decades vis-a-vis
science. One may argue that this is so because there are always some
sports events occurring all over the world which naturally draw the
attention of media. But contention here is that scientific activity,
scientific community and laboratories all over the world can also be
turned into what are called 'media events' if enough pains are taken by
science communicators to achieve this status for science. First and
foremost it will require the maximum cooperation of scientists.
For instance, anniversaries of scientists, institutes, organisations and
societies, including the World Health Day, etc., can be celebrated;
discussions and debates with the concerned scientists organised; and
doors of concerned laboratories and organisations thrown open to masses
and media.
Be that as it may, intention through this paper is to highlight the
essentials and limitations of science popularisation so that there
appears a fundamental change in the way of looking at this subject.
Hopefully, it will lead to more effective strategies to popularise
science among the masses.
Science writing is an art
Science popularisation is mostly done by science- trained persons and
professional scientists. It is therefore looked upon more as a scientific
activity rather than anything else. But science writing is more of an art
rather than a science. It is scientific only in the sense one should have
scientific knowledge but all the writing abilities are required to make a
good presentation of science. It is due to the present lack of emphasis
on the art aspect of science popularisation that this field of activity
has suffered to date. Those few scientists or science-trained persons who
have consciously or unconsciously known the art of science writing and
have practised it, have only been successful in popularising science.
Science is a human activity
The second reason why popular science does not tick with the masses is
because it is not projected as a human activity but an activity of
scientists who simply believe in the search for truth - and nothing but
truth! The human side of science is totally neglected in all popular
science presentations. The follies and prejudices of scientists, the
emotional life of scientists, the irrational circumstances in which
scientific work is often undertaken and discoveries and inventions made,
etc., are quite often deliberately not highlighted fearing that it would
give bad name to science and scientific research. In short, the human
face of science or scientific research is often neglected in popular
science presentations. There is therefore a strong need to give science a
human face. It would not only mean adding human stories to popular
science presentations but also talking about realities in scientific
research.
Tip of the iceberg presentation
The third reason why popular science presentations often go wide off the
mark and make the audience yawn and go for something else is the
inability of science communicators to distinguish between technical
report writing and popular science writing, thanks to their scientific
training or background. They try to cram into a popular science
presentation as much as they know or find out about a subject.
Actually, popular science presentation should be like the tip of the
iceberg. It should however make one not only familiar with the tip of the
iceberg but also aware of the unseen larger part of the iceberg floating
under the water. In other words, it should reveal little about science
but enough to make one realise the existence of that science with its
entire ramification. It should excite one's curiosity enough so that one
would like to probe further into that science. It should not necessarily
tell everything about a science but at the same time it should not miss
science.
Some important observations
The author's experience with popularising science over the years has
forced him to arrive at some postulates. They are merely based on
experience and intuition. Any research has not been conducted to back
them up with facts and figures. In fact, much research is required to
prove or disprove them. If in case they are proved, they can easily be
called the 'Laws of Science Popularisation' because despite the best of
our efforts we have not been able to popularise science the way we want
among the masses. There must be some hidden laws governing our efforts to
popularise science. These postulates are stated as follows:
Postulates of science popularisation
1st : Only those elements of science receive attention in a society,
which suit its goals or which inspire awe.
2nd : A science communicator tends to impose his or her limited ideas of
science, scientists and scientific research upon the audience.
3rd : The amount of space allotted to science in different media of a
country is the index of the quality of life of its average citizen.
4th : The quality of science communication or presentation in a country
is directly proportional to the quality of science produced in it.
5th : To popularise science is to humanise science.
One can deduce certain things from these postulates. The first postulate
indicates that people at large read science because it serves their
purpose or because the subject is topical, sensational or controversial
or simply excites their curiosity. A handful only read science for the
sake of knowledge per se. Much research is required to identify those
subjects so that science could be more effectively popularised. For
instance, health science and environment interest people at large,
astronomy and space fascinate them, Nobel Laureates, UFOs, etc., are held
in awe by them.
The Second postulate is dangerous for science itself. Consciously or
unconsciously, the layman imbibes the limited or narrow image of science,
scientists and culture of science from the communicator, whether he be
Jacob Bronowski or Peter Medawar. Notions such as scientists are mad
individuals or scientific research is yet another profession are
creations of science communicators. That makes science communicator a
very responsible person.
The third and fourth postulates are intuitive relationships between two
unrelated things or activities. Further research is needed to prove or
disprove these two laws by taking data from different countries. However,
one must add here that in India we raise a hullabaloo to increase science
coverage in our media at the first available opportunity but it often
comes to nothing. Also, while writing a popular science article on a
subject one often needs the assistance of a scientist doing research in
that very subject. But in India the scientist of the concerned subject is
often not available for consultation and as a result our writings lack
the necessary quality, verve and colour.
The fifth, the last but not the least important postulate, though
obvious, reminds us that we must give science a human face so that masses
are not afraid of it. It is the basic aim of science popularisation.
Christmas tree of science popularisation
The aim of drawing the 'Christmas tree of science popularisation' is to
illustrate the importance of various media that take science to the
masses, though every medium has its own significance and a vital role to
play in communication. But unless a person climbs up the tree, as his or
her interest in science is aroused or increased - in other words, unless
one begins to read newspapers, magazines and then books - he or she would
not have become fully science literate.
Necessarily, the percentage of people reading books would be very small
as the top of a Christmas tree indicates. But it is a must to know this
tree because the role of any medium should not be underestimated and
every medium should be given equal importance simultaneously. For
instance, if a student's interest in science is aroused by science fair
or 'Jatha' held in the town, it has to be sustained and maintained by
wallpapers, newspapers and even books; otherwise, one's interest would
flag and eventually die. Other supplementing media should be made
available to the student in form of public libraries, for instance. So,
the Christmas tree of science popularisation needs to be watered and
tended carefully to produce a science literate society.
Conclusion
According to the postulates forwarded here there are (as yet unknown)
limits to the extent science can be popularised among the masses. It is
not possible to have a fully science literate society. Moreover, science
communicators need to take into account aforementioned aspects about
science popularisation for more effective communication of science to the
masses.

ProVFX Visual Effects and Editing School has been written by Pranay
Rupani who is a Freelance Writer        <!--INFOLINKS_OFF-->

				
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