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Lesson-5-Basic-beliefs

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  • pg 1
									                      Lesson number: 5

                         Title:
                        Hinduism
                      Basic Beliefs

             Learning Objectives:
 To understand that Hinduism affects a follower’s entire
life
To be able to explain the key terms of Hinduism
 To compare and contrast the beliefs of Hinduism and
Christianity



                        Skills:
           Reflective learning/Creative thinkers
       By the end of this lesson:
All will be able to understand that Hinduism affects
a follower’s entire life
(Level 3-4)

Most will be able to explain the key terms of
Hinduism
(Level 5-6)

Some will be able to compare and contrast the
beliefs of Hinduism and Christianity
(Level 7-8)
                                        Starter
“What is the meaning of life?”                                                   5 mins



                                    Activity 1
Explain and give examples of basic Hindu beliefs                                 25 mins


                                        Activity 2
Listen to the “Circle of Life” and discuss how the song links to Hindu beliefs
                                                                                 10 mins



                                  Activity 3
Compare and contrast Hindu and Christian beliefs                                 15 mins


                                       Plenary
Key word matching game                                                            5 mins
     Discuss with a partner :-

“What is the meaning of life”

         Why are we here?
What is the purpose of our life today?
                   Atman

• ‘Atman’ means ‘the God within the creature’
  or ‘the real self’. The concept of atman is
  comparable to the Christian idea of a soul,
  except that Hindus believe that each individual
  atman is an extension of the one ultimate
  atman of Brahman. They also believe that
  everything – whether it is an animal, tree or
  stone – possesses an atman. There is a tiny
  spark of Brahman in everything.
          Dharma
Your dharma is your religious duty.
 What you are supposed to do
 depends on who you are and the
 stage of life that you are at.
               Ashramas


• This is the belief that everybody’s life should be
  split into four different stages (ashramas).
  During these ashramas you are supposed to do
  certain things.
• 1 Student – Celibacy and learning
• 2 Householder – Duties to your family
• 3 Retired life – Gradual withdrawal from life.
• 4 Renounced life – Dedicated to God.
                                   Karma

• Hindus believe that the law of karma governs the world. Karma is the
  belief that people receive only what they give, or in other words that people
  ‘reap what they sow’. For example, if a person thinks or acts negatively,
  similar negative thoughts or acts will return to that person, whether it is in
  this life or the next. Hindus believe that if a person collects enough good
  karma, sometimes over many lifetimes, they will eventually achieve
  moksha.
• The law of karma teaches that, when a person dies, the form of their next
  life will depend on their actions in the previous one. This means that, if a
  Hindu practised positive actions in their previous life, they could expect to
  be reborn into a positive environment, for example, into a good home with
  good parents. However, if they gathered negative karma in their last
  incarnation, they can expect to be born into a negative environment.

         What goes around comes around
                              „Yoga‟ means „union with
                              God‟. The aim of yoga is to
                       Yoga   bring the atman closer to
                              God and ultimately achieve
                              moksha. As Hindus believe
                              each human being must find
                              their own way to Brahman
                              through the use of individual
                              abilities, there are as many
                              different yogic paths as there
                              are people. Generally, these
                              are a combination of three
                              basic types of yoga – bhakti,
                              karma or jnana.
Bhakti refers to complete
devotion to God, by
having your mind
constantly upon God in
order to achieve
moksha.
Karma yoga is achieving moksha through
action. This means selfless action, for
example, giving freely to others and
helping everyone who is in need.




                            Jnana refers to the path to
                            moksha through spiritual
                            knowledge and understanding.
                            This understanding is usually
                            found through the guidance of a
                            guru, who is a spiritual teacher.
                                           Samsara


• Hindus believe that each person is caught in a state of samsara.
  Samsara is the belief that the world around us is an illusion
  called maya, and that, when we die, our divine essence (the
  atman) will be reborn into this illusion again and again in an
  endless cycle of rebirth.


          REINCARNATION
                             Moksha


• Moksha is the supreme goal of all Hindus. Moksha is the
  process of a person’s atman merging with Brahman, the
  ultimate reality. Hindus believe that the identity of an
  individual atman is lost after moksha, as the person’s essence
  merges with all of reality.


• Stopping REINCARNATION
  and being at one with
  BRAHMAN
          3 min challenge
• Draw a diagram to represent the cycle of
  rebirth.
           Find the Meanings

• Using the following pages in “The Hindu
  Experience” text book (15 and 20 - 25, find the
  meaning of the following key words:-
ATMAN, DHARMA, ASHRAMAS, KARMA, YOGA,
  SAMSARA, MOKSHA

• Then explain how these beliefs affect every part
  of a Hindu’s life. What does a Hindu need to do,
  or how do they need to act in order to follow that
  key belief in their life? Give examples and
  explanations.
Learning Check
       By the end of this lesson:
All will be able to understand that Hinduism affects
a follower’s entire life
(Level 3-4)

Most will be able to explain the key terms of
Hinduism
(Level 5-6)

Some will be able to compare and contrast the
beliefs of Hinduism and Christianity
(Level 7-8)
                     • From the day we arrive on the planet
                           And blinking, step into the sun
                    There's more to be seen than can ever be seen
                         More to do than can ever be done
http://www.youtu               Some say eat or be eaten
be.com/watch?v                 Some say live and let live
=vX07j9SDFcc         But all are agreed as they join the stampede
                     You should never take more than you give
                                   In the circle of life
                               It's the wheel of fortune
                                  It's the leap of faith
                                 It's the band of hope
                                Till we find our place
                               On the path unwinding
                            In the circle, the circle of life
                           Some of us fall by the wayside
                          And some of us soar to the stars
                       And some of us sail through our troubles
                        And some have to live with the scars
                          There's far too much to take in here
                         More to find than can ever be found
                   But the sun rolling high through the sapphire sky
                     Keeps great and small on the endless round
• What do you think the song is trying to
  explain?

• Which bits of the song fit into Hindu
  beliefs? Justify your reasoning

• Which bits of the song do you think best fits
  with your life so far?
          EXTRA HARD !!!!
• Some will be able to compare and
  contrast the beliefs of Hinduism and
  Christianity (Level 7-8)

So.... What have the 2 religions got in
 common? What do they differ in?
Using the 7 Hindu key beliefs that we have
 studied today how similar are they to
 Christian beliefs?
ATMAN, DHARMA, ASHRAMAS, KARMA,
 YOGA, SAMSARA, MOKSHA
             Plenary
       Match the definitions
1)ATMAN      a) What goes around comes around
2)DHARMA     b) Doing acts to be with Brahman
3)ASHRAMAS   c) Different stages of life
4)KARMA      d) Release from reincarnation,
             being with Brahman
5)YOGA       e) Constant cycle of reincarnation
6)SAMSARA    f) Your duty to Brahman
7)MOKSHA     g) Tiny spark of Brahman in
             everything
• Ask 3 people from
  different generations


“What is the meaning
       of life”

Ask them to explain what
 they mean

								
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