Kannada Poets by suchenfz

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									Kannada Poets
         A brief account ……
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             Introduction
• Karnataka is the land that gave birth to
  seven Jnanapeeth award winners, the
  highest honour bestowed for Indian
  literature.

• From the period of Adikavi Pampa, who
  proclaimed his wish to be reborn as a little
  bee in the land of Kannada, Kannada poetry
  has come a long way to Kuvempu and
  Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre.

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              Pre-history

• Kannada poetry has been traced back to
  around 5th century A.D, though none of
  those early works have been found.

• The earliest extant poetry in tripadi meter are
  the Kappe Arabhatta records of 700 C.E.




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• The first well known Kannada poet was
  Adikavi Pampa who wrote in an archaic
  style of kannada called Halegannada
  (literally "Old Kannada").

• His Vikramarjuna Vijaya is hailed as a
  classic even to this day.

• With this and his other important work
  Adipurana he set a trend of poetic
  excellence for the Kannada poets of
  the future.                              6
• Kannada poetry called vachanas, were
  pithy comments on that period's social,
  religious and economic conditions.

• More importantly, they hold a mirror to
  the seed of a social revolution, which
  caused a radical re-examination of the
  ideas of caste, creed and religion.



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                  Bhakti
• Kannada poets have the unique distinction
  of sowing the seeds of one of the richest
  forms of classical music: South Indian
  Carnatic music. The Dasas or saints, around
  15th century, sang the glory of God through
  poems. These poems called Padas were
  usually of 10 to 20 lines. They expressed the
  desire of the Bhakta or devotee to be one
  with God.


                                                  8
                 Kanakadasa


• The Haridasas spread the message of
  peace, love and bhakti in their Dasa
  Sahitya, which are also popularly
  known Devaranamas
                                         9
               Navodaya
• Navodaya literally means a new birth.

• This indeed was the reincarnation of
  Kannada poetry which was dormant for quite
  a few centuries in the face of British
  occupation of India.

• This period saw greats like Srikanthaiah,
  Kuvempu, Bendre, Shivaram Karanth
  writing poetry.
                                               10
• It was B. M. Srikanthaiah who started this
  movement of sorts with his translation of a
  few critically acclaimed English poems of the
  Romantic period.
Many educated Kannadigas,
especially those were in the
teaching profession, realised that
they need to express themselves in
their mother tongue and started
writing poetry in Kannada.
                                     B .M SRIKANTHAIAH
                                                    11
• Kuvempu is a case in point who was
  convinced by his professor (of British origin)
  that he should write in his mother tongue.
  Kuvempu went on to become a Rashtrakavi
  (national poet).

• His love of nature, realisation of the
  greatness of man's spirit and the vision to
  see the blend of nature and God made him
  more than Kannada's Wordsworth.

                                                   12
• Another interesting case is that of
  Shivaram Karanth who was a man of
  great intellect, rock-solid convictions
  and a profound social sense.




                                            13
             Navya (New)
Indian Independence in 1947 brought with it
the promises of freedom and a new genre
  sprouted in Kannada poetry.

The torch-bearer of this tradition was
  Gopalakrishna Adiga .

The Navya poets wrote for and liked
  disillusioned intellectuals.

                                                      14
                                      Gopalakrishna Adiga
           Other genres
• Kannada poetry in the last 50 years
  has been closely related to social
  aspects.
• The cruel caste system gave rise to
  the Bandaya and Dalita genres of
  poetry.
• The atrocities against women and the
  general ill-treatment meted out to them
  in Indian society gave rise to the Stri
  (Woman) genre of poetry.
                                            15
              Awards
• Kannada poetry has won seven
  Jnanapeeth awards, the highest for
  any other Indian language.
• Sahitya Academy Awards are also
  given to Kannada for their eminent
  contributions to Kannada poetry.




                                       16
Jnanapeeth awardees




                      17
 Kuppali Venkatappagowda
         Puttappa
        (Kuvempu)



• Year = 1967

• Work = Sri Ramayana Darshanam

                                  18
 Dattatreya Ramachandra
          Bendre




• Year = 1973

• Work = Nakutanti (Naku Thanthi)

                                    19
      K.Shivaram Karanth




• Year =1977

• Work = Mookajjiya Kanasugalu


                                 20
 Maasti Venkatesh Ayengar




• Year = 1983

• Work = Chikkaveera Rajendra

                                21
        V. K. Gokak
 (Vinayaka Krishna Gokak)




• Year = 1990

• Work = Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi

                                  22
      U.R. Ananthamurthy
            Kannada




• Year = 1994

• work = his contribution to Kannada
  literature.
                                       23
           Girish Karnad




• Year = 1998

• Work = "for his contributions to
  modern Indian drama”
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     List of other important
         Kannada poets
•   Asaga
•   Gopalakrishna Adiga
•   Kappe Arabhatta
•   Amoghavarsha
•   Basava
•   Chandrashekhara Kambara



                               25
•   Chamarasa
•   Chikkupadhyaya
•   Gangadhar V. Chittal
•   Kanaka Dasa
•   Purandara Dasa
•   Dinakara Desai
•   Subbanna Ekkundi

                           26
•   Gangadevi
•   M. Govinda Pai
•   Janna
•   Gourish Kaikini
•   Jayant Kaikini
•   Kayyara Kinyanna Rai
•   Kumara Vyasa
•   Akka Mahadevi
                           27
•   A. N. Murthy Rao
•   Nagavarma I
•   Nagavarma II
•   Adikavi Pampa
•   Sri Ponna
•   Allama Prabhu
•   Rajasekhara

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•   Ranna
•   Rudrabhatta
•   Sarvajna
•   Shishunala Sharif
•   B. M. Srikantaiah
•   T. N. Srikantaiah
•   Tirumalamba

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• Vyasatirtha
• K. S.Narasimhaswamy

•K. S. Nissar Ahmed

•Shivakotiacharya

•G. S. Shivarudrappa

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         Poet Sarvajna
• A famous Kannada poet ,his statue has
  been unveiled in Ayanavaram
  park,Chennai in August 2009.




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