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					Unification of Germany
Prussian Leadership
          • The Congress of
            Vienna had created the
            German Confederation
            which consisted of 38
            independent states.
          • Prussia would lead the
            unification movement.
Otto Von Bismarck
    1815-1898
         • The Iron Chancellor
         • Bismarck was
           determined to unify
           Germany under the
           leadership of Prussia.
         • To unify Germany
           Bismarck would
           follow a policy of
           “blood and iron”.
The Prussian Army
         • Bismarck forced the
           Reichstag to approve
           his army budget.
         • Bismarck created and
           used a powerful army
           to remove all obstacles
           to unification
Count Helmuth Von Moltke
            • Was named chief of
              the Prussian General
              Staff in 1858.
            • Von Moltke
              engineered the
              military successes
              Bismarck would need
              to unify Germany.
German Unity
      • This is a French
        political cartoonist
        view of the ruthless
        means employed by
        Bismarck to obtain
        German unity.
Austro - Prussian War
         1866
           • The Seven Weeks War
           • Austrian domination
             of the German States
             ended.
           • The northern German
             States combined into a
             confederation.
The Franco Prussian War
       1870-1871
            • Bismarck provoked
              France into declaring
              war against Prussia.
            • EMS dispatch
            • The four remaining
              German States fueled
              by nationalism join the
              Prussia in it’s war
              against France.
Bismarck Dictates Peace Terms
               • Franco - Prussian War
                 resulted in a
                 humiliating defeat for
                 France.
               • France was forced to :
               • Pay an indemnity of 5
                 billion gold Francs.
               • Support a German
                 army of occupation.
Alsace and Lorraine
          • France would also
            surrender the
            territories of Alsace
            and Lorraine.
          • The humiliating defeat
            and surrender terms
            would lead to the
            French people wanting
            revenge against
            Germany.
The Unification Of Germany
           1871
             • On January 18, 1871
               at the Palace of
               Versailles King
               William I of Prussia
               was crowned Emperor
               of a united Germany.
             • Bismarcks plans to
               unify Germany were
               now complete.
Germany Under Bismarck
           • Bismarck pursued
             policies of :
           • nationalism
           • industrialization
           • social reform
           • the isolation of France
             through forming
             alliances with Britian
             and Russia.
Social Policies
        • Bismarck knew that
          the loyalty of
          industrial workers was
          the key to keeping
          Germany strong.
        • Bismarck provided
          workers with: health
          insurance,accident
          benefits, money at
          retirement.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
   1859-1941
         • Was unwilling to
           share power and
           forced Bismarck to
           resign.
         • Wilhelm’s policies
           allowed France to
           form alliances with
           England and France .
         • Set the stage for WWI

				
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