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					World History Chapter 6: The Age of Exploration Study Guide                               Mr. Ron McCants, Teacher

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1. The Dutch tried to dominate the clove trade by
           a. destroying the crops produced by the English and Portuguese.
           b. persuading clove growers to grow only flowers and not cloves.
           c. limiting cultivation of the crop to one island and forcing others to stop the growing and
              trade of the spice.
           d. undercutting their competitors by raising the price of Dutch clove.
____    2. To Portuguese explorers, the southern coast of West Africa became known as the
           a. Cape of Good Hope.                            c. Gold Coast.
           b. land of salt.                                 d. Burning Land.

____    3. Which Native American peoples occupied land bordered by the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean?
           a. Eastern Woodland                         c. Subarctic
           b. Northwest Coast                          d. Great Plains

____    4. What explorer reached the Americas in 1492?
           a. Pedro Cabral                                c. Magellan
           b. Sir Francis Drake                           d. Christopher Columbus
____    5. Where did the English establish a permanent settlement in America in the 1500s?
           a. New Amsterdam                               c. Jamestown
           b. New Netherlands                             d. Morristown

____    6. Which continent was explored by the greatest number of European countries?
           a. North America                              c. South America
           b. Africa                                     d. Asia

____    7. What occurred in 1550?
           a. Batholomeu Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope.
           b. Pedro Cabral lands in South America.
           c. Spanish gain control of Northern Mexico.
           d. Treaty of Tordesillas divides the Americas.
____    8.
           “If we had not found this strait, the captain-general had decided to go as far as
           seventy-five degrees toward the Antarctic Pole. Now in such a latitude, in the
           summertime, there is no night, or very little. And likewise in winter there is no day, or
           very little. And that all may believe that this is so, when we were in the said strait, the
           night lasted only three hours in the month of October.”

                                                                                            Antonio Pigafetta

            How long did the October night last at the strait described in the passage?
            a. three hours                                    c. four hours
            b. two hours                                      d. one hour
            “The greatest number of Dutch settlers in Batavia, such as were commonly seen at
            their doors, appeared pale and weak, and as if laboring with death . . . . Of the fatal
            effects of the climate upon both sexes, however, a strong proof was given by a lady
            there, who mentioned, that out of eleven persons of her family who had come to
            Batavia only ten months before, her father, her brother-in-law, and six sisters had
            already died. The general reputation of the unhealthiness of Batavia for Europeans,
            deter most of those, who can reside at home with any comfort, from coming to it,
            notwithstanding the temptations of fortunes to be quickly amassed in it.”

                   Lives and Times: A World History Reader, James P. Holoka and Jiu-Hwa L. Upsher, eds., 1995

____    9. Which country established Batavia as a fort?
           a. England                                       c. Spain
           b. the Netherlands                               d. France

            “On this trip, Cartier continued up the northern coast of the Gaspé Peninsula and
            entered a large bay on the feast day of Saint Lawrence. In honor of the saint, Cartier
            named the bay Saint Lawrence Bay. He also found the mouth of a great river he
            named after the saint. Cartier continued his exploration up the river to the foot of the
            mountain, which he named Mount Réal (Mount Royal). It became the site of the city
            of Montreal.”

____ 10. Cartier explored the region within present-day ____.
         a. Cuba                                         c. New Mexico
         b. Canada                                       d. Virginia

Complete each statement.

       11. The chief motives for European expansion into the new world were God, glory, and ____________________.
       12. The first European to reach India by sailing around Africa was ____________________.
       13. The explorer who conquered the Incan Empire was ____________________.
       14. Slaves were brought to the Americas in order to grow ____________________.
       15. The state of ____________________ on the Gold Coast was a collection of small principalities knit together
           by kinship ties and a king.
       16. Two areas of Africa which had a permanent European presence between 1500 and 1800 were Mozambique
           and ____________________.
       17. ____________________ wrote a letter to the King of Portugal protesting the impact of the slave trade on his
       18. The Portuguese were pushed out of the spice trade in Southeast Asia by the ____________________.
       19. By 1800 the Khmer monarchy had been driven from the Mekong Delta by the ____________________.
       20. Burma, ____________________, and Vietnam had strong monarchies that resisted foreign intrusion.

             Match each item with the correct statement below.
             a. Afonso                                      f.   Java
             b. spice                                       g.   Gold Coast
             c. John Cabot                                  h.   Sumatra
             d. Benin                                       i.   Treaty of Tordesillas
             e. encomienda                                  j.   Middle Passage
____   21.   southern coast of West Africa
____   22.   established a line of demarcation between Spanish and Portuguese territories
____   23.   Venetian seaman who explored the coastline of New England
____   24.   the right of Spanish settlers to use Native Americans as laborers
____   25.   the journey of slaves from Africa to America
____   26.   king of Congo
____   27.   African society that was ruined because of the slave trade
____   28.   English influence on the spice market was reduced to a single port located here
____   29.   Dutch established a fort here in 1619
____   30.   extremely profitable trade item from Southeast Asia
World History Chapter 6: The Age of Exploration Study Guide       Mr. Ron McCants,
Answer Section
     1. ANS: C             PTS:   1      DIF:   C         REF:   Page 195
     2. ANS: C             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 191
     3. ANS: A             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 194
     4. ANS: D             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Page 193
     5. ANS: C             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Pages 193-195
     6. ANS: A             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Pages 192-195
     7. ANS: C             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Pages 194-195
     8. ANS: A             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Pages 189-192
     9. ANS: B             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Pages 194-195
    10. ANS: B             PTS:   1      DIF:   C         REF:   Pages 189-195
    11. ANS: gold
    12. ANS: Vasco da Gama
    13. ANS: Francisco Pizarro
    14. ANS: sugarcane
    15. ANS: Ashanti
    16. ANS: South Africa
    17. ANS: King Afonso
    18. ANS: Dutch
    19. ANS: Vietnamese
    20. ANS: Thailand
    21. ANS: G             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Page 191
    22. ANS: I             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Page 193
    23. ANS: C             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 193
    24. ANS: E             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Page 194
    25. ANS: J             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 198
    26. ANS: A             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 199
    27. ANS: D             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 199
    28. ANS: H             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 203
    29. ANS: F             PTS:   1      DIF:   A         REF:   Page 203
    30. ANS: B             PTS:   1      DIF:   E         REF:   Pages 194-195

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