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					Why were the goals of the Congress
     of Vienna significant?
• Do Now: Read the Congress of Vienna
  Answer Questions 1-4
  See next slide for Vocabulary

  HW #2= Read pgs. 574-580
  Answer Questions: 1, 3, 4 on pg. 576
                       1, 3, 4 on pg. 580
shambles-ruin, chaos
alliance-a formal agreement or treaty between two or
more nations to cooperate for specific purposes.
reactionary-a person who wants to return to the good
old days
legitimacy-according to law; lawful, and established
compensation-something given or received as an
equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering,
lack, etc.
 As we go through the Power Point
please fill in your graphic organizer
• As you interact with the presentation:
  – You are looking for the following:
     Actions Taken
     Legacy= Short Term & Long Term
GOALS #1: After the fall of Napoleon, the Congress of
Vienna established a balance of power in Europe.

  Members: Great Britain, France, Russia and Austria
  in 1815.
GOALS #2: The Congress of
Vienna wanted to go back to
the status quo ante of 1789. It
put the old “legitimate” ruling
families back in charge of
France, Spain, Naples and
• The conservative Prince Metternich of
  Austria wanted to stop the spread of
  Revolution and Nationalism in Europe.

• Remember:

• “When France sneezes, Europe catches a
Actions Taken: The          What do you think
Congress of Vienna          Metternich thought
put the “legitimate”        of Louis XVIII?
Bourbon King, Louis
XVIII, in charge of
(Given the recent
history of the French
Revolution, he tried to
please the French
people by quickly
issuing a constitution
with separation of
powers and an
elected Parliament.)
A wave of Nationalist Revolutions spread over Europe…

  What did the

  What do you
  think the
  Congress of
  Vienna did
  about it?
In 1830, the French nation
revolted, demanding a
“Citizen King” named
Louis Philippe.

By 1848, as the radicals
grew stronger, the people
overthrew even him and
declared the Second
French Republic.

All adult men, rich or poor,
were granted suffrage –
the right to vote.
France was sneezing

What do you think
Metternich thought
about this?

What do you think
happened next?
The French people        The people
used their universal     elected him
male suffrage to elect   with over
Napoleon’s nephew        90% of the
president of the         vote!
Second French

Just like his uncle,
Napoleon III greatly
expanded his power,
turning the Republic
into the Second French
Prince Metternich
had to flee the
Austrian Empire
in disguise, as
the Hungarians,
Czechs and
Venetians all
cried out for
and universal
SHORT TERM: But in almost every case, the
countries of the Congress of Vienna worked
together to maintain the balance of power and defeat
the Revolutions of 1848.
LONG TERM #1: But the nationalism and revolutionary
   ideas of France were impossible to contain…
twenty years later,
German and Italian
nationalism would
completely upset the
balance of power
established at the
Congress of Vienna.
   Students Debriefing Activity
• Students will answer the True/False
  Questions on the Congress of Vienna
• If it is False you MUST CORRECT IT!

             Final Summary
             Answer the Aim
 Aim: How was Otto Van Bismarck
      able to unify Germany?
• Please copy the following vocabulary words into
  your notebooks
• Zollverein- German Customs Union, was a coalition of German
  states formed to manage customs and economic policies within their

• Otto Van Bismarck- Prime Minister of Germany
• Unification- to make or become a single unit
• Nationalist- a person devoted to nationalism.
 Cartoon: See, Notice, and Think
• What do you SEE in the cartoon? (LIST)

• What do you NOTICE about the cartoon?

• What you THINK about the cartoon?
  Events in German Unification
1. Common History and traditions among the
   German People
2. Zollverein
3. Growth of Prussia under Bismarck
4. Danish War 1864
5. Austro-Prussian War 1866
6. North German Confederation 1867
7. Franco Prussian War 1870-1871
8. German Empire 1871-1918
   As we go through the slides
• Write down 3 new things you learned about
  German unification
The biggest German country was Prussia.
The Congress of Vienna left the German parts of Europe
divided into many tiny countries, surrounded by France,
the Austrian Empire and the Russian Empire.
The Prussian King
was Wilhem I , an                        Bismarck
ultraconservative        Wilhelm I
who believed in the
Divine Right of

King Wilhelm I’s
prime minister was a
good friend of his, a
conservative noble
named Otto Von
                        What do you think Prince
                        Metternich would have thought
                        about Wilhelm I and Bismarck?
Prussia was famous
for its powerful

Voltaire once said:

“Prussia is not a
country with an army,
but an army with a

Bismarck wanted to
use this army to unite
the German people
under Prussian
What do you think
Prince Metternich of
Austria thought about all
of this nationalism?

What about Russia,
France, or Great
In 1866, Bismarck
defeated Austria in the
Austro-Prussian War.
This united the countries
of northern Germany
under Prussian rule.

In 1871, Bismarck crushed
France in the Franco-
Prussian War, marching
all the way to Paris.

He gained some French
territory, and united the
countries of southern
    From Louis XIV’s old Palace of Versailles,
King Wilhelm I was crowned Emperor of Germany.
Otto Von Bismarck had created a new German Empire.
Otto Von Bismarck united the Germans,
           Student Activity
• Think Pair Share
• In pairs, complete reading and questions on
  German Unification

Final Summary-Answer the Aim

• QUIZ THURSDAY on: Nationalism, Latin
  American Revolutions, Congress of Vienna,
  Unification of Germany and Italy
AIM: How did individual leaders
  help create a unified Italian
• Do Now: What do you feel is more
  powerful; the brain (the mind), the soul (the
  spirit) or the sword (physical strength)?

(SAT WORD of the day:
  convergence=coming together)
      Imagine just for a second…
• That we were the:“ Individual States of America”
     *Each state had its own currency
     *Each state had its own leader or
     *Each state had its own army.
     *English was the most common language and
     Americans made up a majority of the
     population in each state.

What issues and challenges would occur under such a scenario? What
  changes would occur in American life?
• Unification- to make or become a single unit

• Nationalist- a person devoted to nationalism.

• Nationalism- pride or love for one’s nation.

• Papal States- area around Rome which was
  controlled by the Pope
The Congress of
Vienna had left the
Italian peninsula
divided into many

Austria ruled in the
north, Hapsburg
Monarchs ruled in the
center, and Bourbon
Kings ruled in Naples
and Sicily.

The Pope even had
his own country in the
area around Rome.
 As we read for the main idea…
• Use your graphic organizer to identify
  whether the statements made about
  are either TRUE or FALSE.

• If it is FALSE, please correct the statement
  to make it true.
                       Giuseppe Garibaldi of
                       Sardinia was working to
Garibaldi   Bismarck   unite the Italians.
Garibaldi was born in
Nice, an Italian-speaking
city conquered by
Napoleon and later
returned to Sardinia after
the Congress of Vienna.

In the 1830s he met
Giuseppi Mazzini, who
led an Italian nationalist
group called Young Italy.
Garibaldi’s men
became known as the
Red Shirts, because
they wore shirts from
the slaughterhouses of
Buenos Aires,
He participated in the 1848 revolutions against the French
Garibaldi now realized he
would need the support
of the Sardinian
monarchy, teaming up
with King Victor
Emmanuel II and Prime
Minister Camillo Cavour
to fight the Austrians who
controlled northern Italy.
With the
Sardinian army,
Garibaldi swept
through the Italian
peninsula all the
way to south to
Naples and Sicily.

This unification
was called the
Risorgimiento -
 Was an Italian Nationalist. (True / False)
 Leader of a group called Elderly Italy. (True/False)
 Was Prime Minister under Queen Victoria
 Emmannuel II. (True/False)
 Teamed up with Garibaldi to fight the Austrians
 who controlled northern Italy. (T/F)
 Was from Sardinia. (True/False)
 Main goal was to separate Italians. (T/F)
 His men became known as the Rainbow Shirts.
 DIRECTIONS: Read the following
  account of the unification of Italy
   and using the map on the back
  answer the questions that follow.
      Use complete sentences.
• Groups will answer #1-10 on their handout.
• Everyone will take notes and answer the
  questions but hand ONE collective answer
  sheet for your group.
           Pivotal Questions
• What are some advantages to unification?

• Why was Nationalism growing in Europe at
  this time?

• Why would nationalists like Cavour,
  Garibaldi and Mazzini want the Italian city-
  states to be ONE?
Which played the most important
role in the unification of Italy; the
   brain, the sword or the soul?
           Final Summary
• Answer the Aim on your index card:

How did individual leaders help create a
 unified Italian nation?

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