Document Sample
					                                               CLIPS REPORT
  Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri and higher education,
  compiled by UM System Strategic Communications as a service for UM System officials. The report may include articles dealing
  with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher education trends and other significant topics affecting the University.

  The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports, or representation of campuses, University
  Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from Columbia newspapers, are written by students. The report is not
  an effort to measure the University‘s public information efforts.

                                                         November 14, 2008

UM president stumps for ‗Grow Me State‘ initiative, 1
UM warns of possible data breach, 2
MU raises $1B, 4
MU enrollment on pace to set another record, 11
MU to dedicate Regional Biocontainment Laboratory, 13
MU research competition highlights health sciences, 14
MU alert notification passes test, 15
Faulty switch severs power at MU campus, 16
Digital textbooks debut for some courses at MU, 17
MU students go barefoot for charity, 19
New collection at MU shows process behind Warhol‘s work, 20
MU center to help veterans on campus, 21
MU women‘s soccer team wins Big 12 tournament, 23
UMKC studies arteries of obese children, 24
UMKC students robbed, 26
Missouri S&T alum to chat from space station, 27
UMSL radio station moving to Grand Center, 31
Op-ed: Our college students are well worth the investment, 33
Departing state treasurer to teach class at Missouri State, 34
SEMO progress highlighted at chamber event, 35
Editorial: Uplifting news on medical research in Missouri, 36
Washington University cuts off bottled water sales, 37
Stephens College president to lead Stetson University, 38
More high school grads go to work force, 39
Judge dismisses stem cell lawsuit, 40
SIUE extends needs-based and merit-based scholarship programs, 42
Iowa professors collect big bucks for online classes, 43
High cost of education urges students toward community colleges, 46
Ohio‘s public colleges lure businesses with the promise of a skilled work force, 47
Harvard looks to tighten its belt, 52
Analysis: How Colorado became the first state to reject a ban on affirmative action, 54
Potential college students taking both entrance exams more often, 56
Commentary: Endowments are both vital and misunderstood, 58
As the economic crisis hits home, colleges seek help from Congress, 60
Colleges are urged to be more open about where their money goes, 63
Students forced to borrow more to finance college educations, 64
Financial-rescue plan, in shift, could aid student-loan providers, 68
Colleges struggle to preserve financial aid, 71
Gates Foundation puts new focus on college completion, 75
Most colleges chase prestige on a treadmill, researchers find, 77
University group backs major push to train science and math teachers, 79
New survey on the student experience at college, 81
Students, key to Obama‘s win, may not be first on his agenda, 83
Colleges said to have big blind spots in presidential searches, 85
Growth rate slows in enrollment of foreign graduate students in the U.S., 87
American Council on Education to reward veterans-friendly campuses with grants, 89
Public or private, Florida colleges‘ rough times are getting tougher, 90
College life in wireless age, 92
Studies focus on factors that influence freshmen‘s success, 94
St. Louis Commerce Magazine
UM Chancellor on the stump for ‘Grow Me State’ initiative
October 2008

The University of Missouri system is a great investment in the state of the State, says Chancellor Gary
Forsee, who is ―putting a strong shoulder‖ into an initiative to heighten awareness of the economic impact
of higher education in general, and that of the UM system in particular.

The Grow Me State initiative‘s steering committee has concluded that ―we must develop a capital formation
strategy and aggressively pursue its objectives. In addition, there are particular seed-stage funding gaps that
we can and should immediately address.‖ (visit

―Some compelling analysis last year showed that Missouri completes very well to win federal research
dollars – but poorly in commercializing the results,‖ explains the RCGA‘s Jay De Long, vice president, New
Ventures & Capital Formation. ―As a result, a statewide group suggested that Missouri pursue a ‗systems‘
approach. That includes putting some ‗skin in the game‘ to develop more technology employment from its
research successes.‖

For his part, Forsee is responsible for overseeing the regional economic development efforts at the four
UM campuses – Kansas City, Columbia, Rolla and St. Louis. Forsee points out that it‘s been no mean feat
to transform a Missouri mindset from farming and manufacturing into that of business, biotech and IT.

In the ST. Louis region, Forsee acknowledges that great strides are being made in biotech at UMSL‘s Center
for Emerging Technologies in midtown and at the 100-acre business, technology and research park on
campus, where Express Scripts located its new national headquarters. While the state is a player in the
biotech arena, Forsee asserts that the region should be more attractive to IT companies, as well. One reason
for this is UMSL‘s new ITe facility, a convergence center for the life-sciences company that needs both
bench and high performance computing.

When we spoke with him, Forsee was in the car headed to a meeting with UMSL Chancellor Thomas
George and others helping drive university involvement in economic development. This has been a focal
point in Missouri for a long time, Forsee points out, what with enterprises such as Missouri Research Park
just to the west of the Missouri River off I-64/U.S. 40. The park was the first of its kind in the state and is
one of the oldest in the country, Forsee says.

But it‘s a good bet that Forsee, who came to the chancellorship after a 30-plus year stint at Sprint/Nextel,
most recently as the company‘s CEO, is more business- and growth-minded than the average university
topper. What‘s good can be much better, and he intends to make that happen during his tenure.

For instance, there‘s no reason IT shouldn‘t be a major driver of the region‘s economic engine: ―St. Louis
should be a hub,‖ he says. The region should be a hotbed for IT growth and development, able to move
many more early-stage enterprises into the commercial arena – and much more quickly.

―It takes real energy to get them from that stage,‖ Forsee said. ―We can provide the culture and the
stimulus. Part of what I‘m trumpeting is that we can provide those precious early-stage resources.‖

The RCGA is singing from the same songbook.

―Moving university medical technology from ‗bench to bedside,‘ or employing any innovation for that
matter, takes a lot of players and focus,‖ De Long says. ―The UM System ‗gets it‘ that just funding research
isn‘t in Missouri‘s best interest, and through the Grow Me State initiative, they have collaborated with all
the economic development organizations to create jobs.‖

Columbia Daily Tribune
UM warns of possible data breach
FBI investigates Express Scripts threat.
Friday, November 7, 2008

University of Missouri administrators are alerting employees that some of their personal data might
have been compromised as part of a threat made to the company that manages the system‘s
prescription drug plan.

An anonymous letter sent to Express Scripts early last month attempted to extort money from the
company by threatening to expose millions of patients‘ records online. To give the threat teeth, the
letter contained the names, birth dates, Social Security numbers and, in some cases, prescription
information of 75 patients.

St. Louis-based Express Scripts notified those 75 individuals immediately, as well as the FBI, which is

So far, the company hasn‘t received any reports of identity theft associated with the threat, and
Express Scripts does not know whether additional information was illegally accessed.

Company spokesman Steve Littlejohn said the company has pinpointed where the information of
those 75 accounts were stored, and officials have since enhanced security. He declined to say how
many accounts were in the exposed area of the database.

Because none of the 75 victims was a UM employee and because the university wasn‘t notified about
the breach until yesterday, a spokeswoman said she‘s optimistic the files of university employees
weren‘t accessed.

"We think that‘s the case at this point," said Jennifer Hollingshead, assistant director of strategic
communications. "We‘re hopeful, but the bottom line is we just don‘t know."

Express Scripts manages prescription benefits for 50 million customers nationwide. Roughly 41,000
University of Missouri System retirees, employees and dependents draw benefits managed by Express
Scripts and would be included in the company‘s online databases, Hollingshead said.

Yesterday evening, UM System President Gary Forsee sent employees and retirees an e-mail warning
them of the incident.

"We are closely monitoring the situation," Forsee wrote, adding that UM would notify employees with
additional information.

Hollingshead said Forsee sent the e-mail to be proactive, but she stressed that the situation spans well
beyond the university‘s four campuses.

"The important piece to keep in mind is that Express has 50 million customers nationwide, so this
issue extends far beyond the University of Missouri," she said. "While the University of Missouri is
glad to be as proactive as we can, really other companies this morning are dealing with the same
situation we are in and the uncertainty of it."

Littlejohn said the company appreciates Forsee‘s notice to employees and is taking the initial threat

"Rather than looking for reasons to exclude a group, we‘re taking a broad approach," he said.
"Ultimately we‘ll see what the hard facts are, but we want to be cautious."

Individuals can make sure their personal information hasn‘t been used by contacting credit agencies,
Littlejohn said. Any suspicious activity should be reported to local law enforcement agencies.

In the meantime, Littlejohn said, both the FBI and the company are continuing to investigate the
threat. "We‘re working 24-7 on it," he said. "We‘re doing everything we absolutely can to get to the
bottom of it."

St. Louis Business Journal
Express Scripts suffers second security breach threat
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Express Scripts said Tuesday a ―small number of its clients‖ have received letters in the past few days
threatening to expose members' personal information.

The announcement comes five days after Express Scripts said someone tried to extort money from
the company last month by threatening to expose millions of patients' records.

These latest threats are believed to be connected to the extortion letter, which included the personal
information of 75 Express Scripts members obtained through a security breach.

Express Scripts, which reported both threats to the FBI, said it established a $1 million reward for the
person who can provide information resulting in the arrest and conviction of those responsible for the

Anyone with information about the extortion threats can call the FBI at 800-CALL-FBI.

Express Scripts also said it hired Kroll, a New York-based risk-consulting firm and global data security
leader to offer free expert assistance to its members if they have become victims of identity theft
because of this incident.

"We hope that establishing a reward will bring forward useful information,‖ said George Paz, Express
Scripts‘ chief executive and chairman. "Express Scripts recognizes that this situation is concerning to
our clients and members. We want to assure them that they will have our constant support until their
issues are resolved."

Maryland Heights, Mo.-based Express Scripts Inc. (Nasdaq: ESRX) is one of the largest pharmacy
benefit managers in the country providing services to more than 50 million members.

Columbia Missourian
Editorial: $1 billion MU raised won’t go toward assistant professors, classrooms
Thursday, November 13, 2008

Last week's billion-dollar triumph for our university almost got lost in the furor over the election. So before
we turn our attention to the fiscal frustration that lurks just a couple of pages ahead in the calendar, let's
pause to celebrate.

To paraphrase Chancellor Emeritus Richard Wallace, who ever could have imagined that our middle-of-the-
pack university out here in the middle of nowhere could raise that much money? Never mind that the
University of Illinois has done nearly $3 billion. This is Missouri, where we're cheap and proud of it.

Somehow Chancellors Wallace and Deaton, their hard-working dollar chasers and an astonishing number of
generous supporters pulled it off. A billion dollars, it turns out, buys quite a bit. There are 1,500
scholarships, 86 newly endowed faculty positions, $448 million worth of new or improved programs and
facilities and $223 million in research funds.

(Disclosure: I'm a beneficiary. I'm being allowed to camp out this year in the spiffy new Reynolds
Journalism Institute.) Hooray!

OK, now that we've celebrated, it's back to the dark side. What that billion doesn't buy are assistant
professors and the teaching assistants to handle the flood of new students that have pushed enrollment near
the 30,000 goal once enunciated by former UM system president Elson Floyd. That flood seems likely to
crest next fall.

Donors hardly ever want to underwrite the basics. Understandably, they want their names on something
new and, preferably, highly visible. The basics — from steam pipes to classrooms and what goes on in them
— are supposed to be provided by the state. This is, after all, the flagship campus of Missouri's top-tier

Supposed to be, I said. In fact, as we know, Missouri stands near the bottom in its support of higher
education. Less than half of MU's budget now comes from the state. Tuition revenue provides a bigger
share than does the legislature. There's no reason to expect that to change in the next session of the General

The ills of the automobile industry are already being felt in Columbia and across the state as the Big Three
Losers and their suppliers cut back and close down. Tax revenues are already declining. The state
government budget surplus predicted for the current fiscal year is already shrinking. Nobody thinks we've
hit bottom.

You probably saw the news story a few days ago in which the Republican leaders of the legislature
welcomed our new Democratic governor by telling him they're not going to restore Medicaid coverage to
the victims of the Blunt budget axe. There's no money, they said.

And that was Governor-elect Nixon's top priority. University funding wasn't at the top of his or anybody
else's list. When the little band of liberals we elected to represent Columbia in the House of Representatives
announced this week their big goal for the session, it was campaign reform and early voting. As much as
anything, I thought, that's a recognition of budgetary and political reality.

I hope our celebratory mood sees us through the holiday season. Come January, the facts we'll have to face
won't be much fun.

George Kennedy is a former managing editor at the Missourian and professor emeritus at the Missouri School of Journalism.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Updates on billion-dollar campaigns at 33 universities
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
The 33 American universities that are seeking to raise at least $1-billion collected a total of $545.3-million in
gifts and pledges during the last month for which they had data available.
The campaign with the largest gain in the last month is Columbia University, with $72-million.
New York University announced the end of its campaign, raising a total of $3.076-billion. The campaign
exceeded its goal by more than $500-million.
Despite the economic crisis, five institutions opened the public phases of their capital campaigns last
month, all having coincidentally started the quiet phases of their campaigns around the same time. Boston
College announced it wants to raise $1.5-billion. Five years ago the institution finished a campaign in which
it raised $440-million.
The University of Utah also announced a campaign, which is almost halfway to its goal of $1.2-billion. And
Carnegie Mellon University has raised more than half of its $1-billion goal since beginning the quiet phase
of its campaign, in 2003. Both universities finished capital campaigns in 2000, raising well above their goals.
The University of Texas at Austin joined in, making public a campaign that began its quiet phase in 2006. In
2004 the institution finished a capital campaign that raised $1.626-billion, far surpassing its original goal of
$1-billion. To date the university has raised close to $700-million toward the current goal.
Last week another Texas institution made its capital campaign public. Rice University announced it would
work toward raising $1-billion in the next four years. Rice also finished a capital campaign in 2004, raising
(In the following list, the totals for Dartmouth College have been corrected for the updates published in the
August and September editions of this report.)
The 33 universities—each with its most recent total, last month‘s increase*, the original goal, and the
planned completion date—are as follows:
 Boston College, $521.7-million as of September 30; the goal is $1.5-billion by 2015.
 Brandeis University, $800-million as of September 30 (increase of $6-million in the last month); the
    goal is $1.22-billion by 2013.
 Brown University, $1.255-billion as of September 30 (increase of $6.1-million in the last month); the
    goal is $1.4-billion by 2010.
 Carnegie Mellon University, $550-million as of September 30; the goal is $1-billion by 2013.
 Columbia University, $2.951-billion as of September 30 (increase of $72-million in the last month);
    the goal is $4-billion by 2011.
 Cornell University, $2.288-billion as of September 30 (increase of $15-million in the last month); the
    goal is $4-billion by 2011.
 Dartmouth College, $1.135-billion as of September 30 (increase of $16-million in the last month); the
    goal is $1.3-billion by 2009.
 Emory University, $849-million as of September 30 (increase of $11-million in the last month); the
    goal is $1.6-billion by 2012.
 Indiana University at Bloomington, $837-million as of September 30 (increase of $4.7-million in the
    last month); the goal is $1-billion by 2010.
 The Johns Hopkins University, $3.392-billion as of September 30 (increase of $16.4-million in the
    last month); the goal is $3.2-billion by 2008.
 Princeton University, $868.7-million as of September 30 (increase of $11-million in the last month);
    the goal is $1.75-billion by 2012.

   Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, $1.395-billion as of September 30 (increase of $13.3-million in the
    last month); the goal is $1.4-billion by 2009.
   Rice University, $488.8-million as of September 30; the goal is $1-billion by 2012.
   Stanford University, $3.824-billion as of August 31, the most recent data available; the goal is $4.3-
    billion by 2011.
   The State University of New York, $2.12-billion as of July 31, the most recent data available; the goal
    is $3-billion by 2012.
   Syracuse University, $580.8-million as of September 30 (increase of $6.8-million in the last month);
    the goal is $1-billion by 2012.
   Tufts University, $915.6-million as of September 30 (increase of $4-million in the last month); the
    goal is $1.2-billion by 2011.
   The University of California at Berkeley, $1.3-billion as of September 30 (increase of $20-million in
    the last month); the goal is $3-billion by 2013.
   The University of Florida, $758.6-million as of September 30 (increase of $20.4-million in the last
    month); the goal is $1.5-billion by 2012.
   The University of Illinois, $1.478-billion as of September 30 (increase of $21-million in the last
    month); the goal is $2.25-billion by 2011.
   The University of Maryland at College Park, $544.2-million as of September 30 (increase of $4.9-
    million in the last month); the goal is $1-billion by 2011.
   The University of Michigan, $2.94-billion as of May 31 (the campaign will not report new numbers
    until mid-November); the goal was $2.5-billion by 2008.
   The University of Missouri at Columbia, $986-million as of September 30 (increase of $13-million in
    the last month); the goal is $1-billion by 2008.
   The University of Notre Dame, $1.372-billion as of September 30 (increase of $26.8-million in the
    last month); the goal is $1.5-billion by 2011.
   The University of Pennsylvania, $2.15-billion as of September 30 (increase of $16-million in the last
    month); the goal is $3.5-billion by 2012.
   The University of Pittsburgh, $1.287-billion as of September 30 (increase of $5-million in the last
    month); the goal is $2-billion by 2014.
   The University of Tennessee, $767.5-million as of September 30 (increase of $13.6-million in the last
    month); the goal is $1-billion by 2011.
   The University of Texas at Austin, $657-million as of September 30; the goal is $3-billion by 2014.
   The University of Utah, $552-million as of September 30; the goal is $1.2-billion by 2013.
   The University of Virginia, $1.783-billion as of September 30 (increase of $13.3-million in the last
    month); the goal is $3-billion by 2011.
   Vanderbilt University, $1.605-billion as of September 30 (increase of $61-million in the last month);
    the goal is $1.75-billion by 2010.
   Virginia Tech, $700.1-million as of September 30 (increase of $6-million in the last month); the goal is
    $1-billion by 2010.
   Yale University, $2.38-billion as of September 30 (increase of $30-million in the last month); the goal
    is $3.5-billion by 2011.
Over the past 12 months, universities that are seeking to raise at least $1-billion collected a total of $9.228-
billion in gifts and pledges.
A list of 78 continuing and completed billion-dollar campaigns is available here.
A list of all capital campaigns that The Chronicle has tracked is available here.
* Monthly comparisons are based on totals previously reported in The Chronicle. We do not adjust figures to
account for pledges that are not fulfilled as scheduled.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU reaches $1 billion fundraising goal early
Friday, November 7, 2008
The University of Missouri surpassed its $1 billion fundraising goal almost two months ahead of schedule,
Chancellor Brady Deaton and campus officials announced this morning.
The For All We Call Mizzou fundraising campaign was launched in 2000 with an initial goal of raising $600
million to fund scholarships, endowed faculty positions and improvements to campus facilities. The idea to
raise $1 billion was conceived during the campaign‘s earliest planning stages, "but believe you me, I was
very, very nervous," Richard Wallace, who was chancellor at the time the campaign was launched, said
during this morning‘s ceremony. "Eight years ago, I doubt anyone here today would have taken a $1 billion
goal seriously."
When it surpassed the publicized $600 million goal in 2005, Deaton announced the university would reach
for $1 billion by the end of this year. MU is one of only 20 public universities in the country to reach a $1
billion goal, and the only public institution in Missouri to do so.
Wallace, now chancellor emeritus, said working on the campaign "has truly been the highlight of my career
at MU."
"I am honored to have played a role in facilitating this campaign," he said. "It was a wonderful opportunity
for" his wife "Patricia and me to meet so many alumni and friends of the university. I‘ve met some of the
warmest, most generous people while embarking on this campaign."
Beth Hammock, MU director for development communication, said donations in the past few months
actually increased despite the troubled economy in part because of several large donations in the works for
years were finalized to help push MU over the billion-dollar mark. The campaign raised more than $28
million between September and October, Deaton said.
"We‘ve found that people still give to universities even though the economy is less than ideal," Hammock
said. "We‘re still able to have the support of alumni and friends. They realize our work fuels the economy.
Big donors view their gift as an investment in an area they‘re interested in."
Large donations from the past month included a $4.6 million gift from Robert and Sue Weiser to support
research, faculty and students in the College of Arts and Sciences‘ department of geological sciences and to
establish a scholarship fund for graduates of Hermann High School. Harry and Ann Cornell donated $2
million to expand the Cornell Leadership Program in the Trulaske College of Business.
"The university was built on the frontier to expand education and the public good, and these donors are still
saying ‗No matter what, we will give,‘ " Deaton said.
Each of MU‘s 13 colleges and schools, as well as six interest areas including the Department of
Intercollegiate Athletics, MU Libraries and Department of Student Affairs, had individual campaign goals as
part of For All We Call Mizzou.
The Trulaske College of Business reached its $70 million goal last October and has continued to fundraise
since then, Development Director Mike Haggas said.
He said building relationships with donors has helped the university acquire so many gifts, even during the
recent economic downturn.
"You have to understand that with some of these gifts, there are significant, precious relationships between
donors and MU," he said. "As things happen with the economy, we have to trust that we‘ve built that
relationship strong enough that we can have conversations and say, ‗How are things really going?‘

"People who make the decision to donate have been in the game for a while. We have to view the economy
as an issue, but we can‘t fold up our tents and hide in the office," he added.
Deaton said the For All We Call Mizzou campaign will continue raising money through the end of the year,
and campus developers will begin discussions about a future campaign.
Hammock said though a new formal campaign might not be launched for a while, relationships forged with
donors during For All We Call Mizzou will help the university for many years to come.
"Big-time fundraising at Mizzou is here to stay," Hammock said.
Columbia Missourian
MU surpasses $1 billion fundraising goal
Friday, November 7, 2008
COLUMBIA — Apparently everyone got the memo: Show up Friday morning at Jesse Hall in your best
black and gold. And don‘t forget your big dollar-sign button bearing the words ―Billion Club.‖
MU officially joined that club Friday with Chancellor Brady Deaton‘s announcement that donations and
gifts to the university have surpassed $1 billion in the university‘s "For All We Call Mizzou" campaign, set
to end in December.
The milestone makes MU one of about 20 public institutions in the country to have successfully completed
such a campaign.
―It just feels fantastic,‖ Deaton said after the announcement, which came amid long applause and a shower
of black and gold confetti and balloons. A burst of a song named for the campaign briefly played over the
loudspeakers in the rotunda of Jesse Hall.
―Even during these times, as we have seen this spiraling downward on Wall Street, donations have so far
continued to come in, and in the last six weeks, several donors have stepped forward with major gifts,‖
Deaton said.
Those gifts resulted in a $28 million increase in the campaign total during September and October alone,
Deaton said.
In an interview after the celebratory news conference, Deaton said though the economic downturn hadn‘t
yet slowed campaign contributions, it remained a concern.
The money raised could allow MU to become a key player in strengthening Missouri‘s economy, UM
System President Gary Forsee said.
―Our vision has certainly included discovering more ways for the University of Missouri to do business
around the world and in our state to strengthen our state‘s economy to try to do what we can to provide an
impetus to move away from this recessionary period,‖ Forsee said in his remarks to the gathering.
About $210 million has gone toward creating an additional 1,500 merit- and need-based scholarships for
students, an accomplishment committee co-chair Larry McMullen lauded.
―Students need scholarships now more than ever, particularly with these economic times,‖ McMullen said.
―Because of all that 'For All We Call Mizzou' has accomplished, the university is going to ride out these
stormy economic times.‖
Campaign co-chair William Thompson Jr. said the campaign, which raised $79 million to create 86 new
endowed faculty positions, will help MU attract faculty and staff during a time when MU has struggled to
keep faculty salaries competitive with salaries at peer institutions.

―Endowing permanent financial resources to attract and retain the world‘s most highly regarded academic
talent is crucial to our success, and this campaign has greatly increased Mizzou‘s competitive position,‖
Thompson Jr. said.
Deaton said events such as the School of Journalism‘s centennial celebration in September aided the
campaign indirectly.
―(Those kinds of events) instill a sense of pride and accomplishment, and the public and alumni respond to
that,‖ he said.
The campaign was launched in January 2000 with a fundraising goal of $600 million, which seemed lofty to
campaign organizers at the time.
―Believe you me, yours truly was very, very nervous that we would not be able to reach that $600 million
goal,‖ Richard Wallace, MU‘s then-chancellor, confessed to the audience. ―I doubt there‘s anyone here that
would have taken seriously the proposition of (raising) $1 billion in eight years.‖
But in less than five years, donations and gifts had surpassed that target, and a new goal was set:Raise $1
billion by the end of this year.
David Housh, vice chancellor of development and alumni relations, said MU has received 138 gifts of more
than $1 million each in the past eight years of the campaign.
The celebration will have a part two, Deaton said — an event on April 25 at Mizzou Arena, though no
details were available Friday.
St. Louis Business Journal
Mizzou 1st public Mo. university to raise $1B
Friday, November 7, 2008
University of Missouri met its campaign goal of $1 billion, making it the first and only public university in
the state to raise as much.
MU is among 20 public universities in the nation to succeed in raising $1 billion.
Since the campaign began in 2000, alumni, friends, corporations and foundations have given $1,000,300,000
to the university to fund scholarships, faculty, programs and facilities.
The silent phase of the campaign was launched in 2000 with a goal of $600 million. When the campaign was
formally announced to the public in 2003, MU had secured more than $300 million in gifts and pledges.
In less than five years, donations surpassed the $600 million goal. The campaign helped generate increased
interest in giving to Mizzou and it was decided to continue with a new goal of $1 billion.
Recent gifts received that helped MU reach this goal include a $4.6 million gift from Robert and Sue Weiser
to the Department of Geological Sciences in the MU College of Arts and Science. From the donation,
75 percent will support research, faculty, undergraduate and graduate students in the department; 25
percent will fund scholarships for Hermann High School graduates that attend MU.
A $2 million gift from Harry and Ann Cornell will provide resources to expand the Cornell Leadership
Program in the Trulaske College of Business. The Trulaske College of Business raised $78 million as part
of the campaign.
Ira and Gail Hubbell, pledged $1.5 million of their estate to the university.
Gifts to the campaign in the past eight years have funded:
  1,500 more scholarships
  86 new endowed faculty positions

     Enhanced programs and facilities
     More private research funding
Donor groups' contributions
Corporations: $136 million
Alumni: $371 million
Friends (non-alumni): $173 million
Foundations: $64 million
Grants: $233 million
Organizations: $14 million
Faculty/staff/retirees: $8 million
Total: $1 billion
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The Grade Blog: Mizzou meets $1 billion fundraising goal
Friday, November 7, 2008
The University of Missouri at Columbia has officially joined the billionaire‘s club.
It‘s an elite group of a couple dozen public universities around the country that have successfully
completely billion-dollar fundraising campaigns. University officials were to announce this morning that it
has met its goal. A couple of gifts in recent weeks put the university over the top — including a $4.6 million
gift from Robert and Sue Weiser to the geology department as well as a $2 million gift from Harry and Ann
Cornell to the business school.
That makes MU the first public university in the state to raise $1 billion. The University of Illinois raised
$1.5 billion several years ago — and has already raised another $1.4 billion towards a $2.25-billion campaign
that it hopes to conclude in 2011.
MU‘s campaign began with a $600 million goal in 2000. But the school increased the goal to $1 billion
several years into the campaign. In all, the campaign has raised money for:
 1,500 more scholarships
 86 new endowed faculty positions
 $448 million for enhanced programs and facilities
 $223 million in private research funding
The largest gift to the campaign was $32 million from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation for the new
building in the journalism school that has the same name.
Check back here or in tomorrow‘s newspaper for more details.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU enrollment on pace to set another record
Friday, November 7, 2008

The University of Missouri seems to be on track to experience yet another record-breaking fall
enrollment rate, according to a report sent to faculty and administrators this week.

Ann Korschgen, vice provost for enrollment management, said it‘s too early to know for sure whether
the university will break enrollment records set this year, but the report shows a 48.8 percent increase
in freshman applications so far this year compared to last year. To date, 8,318 potential students have
applied for admission to MU.

The report was the first of 10 monthly enrollment reports sent to campus administrators and faculty by
Korschgen and Director of Admissions Barbara Rupp.

Korschgen said one reason for the increase in early applications is that applicants might be "front
loading," sending their applications earlier than they might have in the past.

"Some students may have heard that we ceased accepting applications in June last year and thus may
be concerned that we will do the same this year," she said.

However, the data released in the report show substantial increases in out-of-state applications.
Overall, nonresident applications have increased 74.8 percent since last year. There also has been an
89.9 percent increase in applications from Illinois and a 63.2 percent increase in applications from
potential students in Texas.

Korschgen said she doubts students in these areas would be front loading because MU‘s closed
enrollment last summer wasn‘t well publicized outside the state. She said MU added additional
recruiters in Chicago and Dallas within the past few years.

"Since they began working there, we have had significant increases in students from those cities," she

In an interview with the Tribune, Rupp said increased recognition of some of MU‘s colleges and
schools, including the Trulaske College of Business and the School of Journalism, as well as
improvements to campus facilities also could be drawing more students. "The College of Business has
seen tremendous growth the past few years," she said.

Korschgen said MU also is experiencing greater application rates than any of the other Big 12

According to the report, MU officials learned at a meeting with other Big 12 admissions officers that
MU is the only public school where application numbers are up. That implies that MU‘s increase is not
a general phenomenon, Korschgen and Rupp wrote.

"We know there were not many universities anywhere in the country that had the size increase in their
freshman applications and their subsequent enrollment as we did at Mizzou this fall," Korschgen told
the Tribune.

This fall semester, 5,812 freshmen enrolled at MU, a 15.6 percent increase over the previous year.

Korshgen said the university will have a better opportunity to study the application data to identify
trends after MU‘s scholarship preference deadline on Dec. 1.

"We should have a much clearer picture of whether students simply applied earlier than usual or
whether we may be facing a greater number of applicants for fall 2009 than last year," she and Rupp
wrote in their report.

Rupp said she doesn‘t want people to worry that they might not secure a place in next year‘s freshman

"It‘s only November," she said. "We could see a decrease the next month and be at the same place we
were last year come January."

Columbia Daily Tribune
Disease laboratory prepares for germs
Thursday, November 13, 2008

Scientists at the University of Missouri won‘t have to wait much longer to study infectious diseases such as
anthrax, rabbit fever, West Nile virus and Q fever.

Campus officials will dedicate MU‘s Regional Biocontainment Laboratory on Saturday, though the official
opening won‘t be for another couple of months, said George Stewart, chairman of MU‘s Department of
Veterinary Pathology. The dedication ceremony starts at 10 a.m. and is open to the public. Tours of the facility
will be given after the dedication.

In 2003, MU was one of nine universities receiving a grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious
Diseases, a sector of the National Institutes of Health, to build a Level 3 laboratory to study and assist national,
state and local public health efforts in response to bioterrorist threats and infectious-disease emergencies,
according to an MU news release.

MU received $13.4 million for the lab, MU spokesman Christian Basi said, and contributed about $4.6 million to
complete construction, said Deborah Anderson, associate director of the Regional Biocontainment Lab.

Laboratories designated Level 3 - a reference to its security status - house "significant" airborne infectious
pathogens for which there are vaccines or treatments, Stewart said.

In 2006, MU was considered by the Department of Homeland Security for a Level 4 National Bio and Agro-
Defense Facility, which would have housed lethal infectious diseases that have no cure such as Ebola and avian
flu. Some Columbia community members complained that the proposed site was too close to residential areas,
and MU is no longer being considered for that lab.

Stewart said Columbia residents should not fear for their safety when the Regional Biocontainment Laboratory
opens. There are several security barriers in place, he said, and the space was put through a "commissioning"
process where all safety systems were purposefully failed to ensure back-up systems work properly, Stewart said.

"These facilities have an outstanding track record of safety," Stewart said. "They are built to keep anyone outside
of the building safe from activities inside. There have been no documented cases of anyone from the
communities surrounding these facilities coming down with a disease in the 30-plus years they‘ve existed."

The National Institutes of Health funded Regional Biocontainment Laboratories at 13 universities, including
MU, Duke University and Colorado State University, as part of its bio-defense research agenda. The lab will
provide MU scientists with a space to "enhance knowledge about certain biological agents and develop methods
to protect the human and animal populations," according to an MU news release.

Stewart said researchers from the School of Veterinary Medicine and the School of Medicine will work together
at the new facility.

The facility "is going to allow us to continue research into emerging infectious diseases and look at pathogens we
weren‘t able to study before," he said. "It‘s a wonderful opportunity. This isn‘t a facility you can find

Stewart said that pathogens would not be moved into the building until the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention approves the lab‘s security system. He said the university is allowing the public to tour the facility -
off East Campus Drive near the Animal Sciences Research Center - before disease specimens are stored and
studied there.

"There‘s some curiosity on campus and in the community" about the lab, Stewart said. "This is an opportunity
for us to explain all of its features and what we‘ll be doing."

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU research competition highlights health sciences
Friday, November 7, 2008

A record-breaking number of University of Missouri students presented research relating to health
sciences yesterday as part of an annual contest aimed at promoting student work.

Eighty-two posters were on display at the MU School of Medicine and Sinclair School of Nursing
during Health Sciences Research Day representing studies on topics such as diabetes, obesity,
cardiovascular disease and muscular dystrophy.

The contest, held since the 1980s, allows medical, nursing and health professions students to be
acknowledged for their research in ways that otherwise wouldn‘t occur, School of Medicine
spokeswoman Natalie Fieleke said.

Jamal Ibdah, senior associate dean for research at the School of Medicine, said he was pleased with the
turnout this year and said the addition of a second classification system of research to include
postdoctoral fellows, medical fellows and residents, and graduate students increased participation.

"It‘s transformed into a showcase of what‘s going on in these schools," he said.

In all, 12 students were presented with awards for their work during a ceremony after the competition.
Sophomore biological sciences major Jacob Dey placed first in clinical research for a presentation
about breast cancer. He said he began working on the study this past summer with Susan McKarns
and was surprised to win as an undergraduate student against medical and nursing students.

"It‘s a great honor as an undergrad to have this program available to inspire undergraduates to get
involved in research," he said.

Also during the awards ceremony, two professors were presented with the Dorsett L. Spurgeon
Distinguished Medical Research Award. Paul Fadel and Deyu Fang each received $5,000 and were
given a chance to present research they‘ve been working on during keynote addresses at the ceremony.
Fadel presented his study about sympathetic neural activity, and Fang discussed research about a gene
that is essential to the development of autoimmune diseases, according to a news release from the
School of Medicine.

"Drs. Fang and Fadel‘s work are prime examples of the phenomenal effort and achievement it takes to
improve the health of millions around the world," Ibdah said in the release. "They are a tremendous
asset to our university, and we are extremely proud of their stellar accomplishments."

Columbia Daily Tribune
Alert notification at MU passes test
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

University of Missouri officials announced yesterday they completed a successful test of the campus
alert notification system.

Emergency personnel sent about 17,000 text messages within 15 minutes to MU students, faculty and
staff who had registered to participate in the notification system, according to an MU news release.
Officials also sent about 47,000 e-mail messages to students, faculty and staff during that time.

The message sent to students, faculty and staff read: "This is a test of the MU Alert Notification
System on November 10, 2008. This is only a test."

"We were very pleased with the results, as we were able to send several thousand messages within a
few minutes," Chad Pfister, project specialist at MU, said in a prepared statement. "We plan on
conducting these tests on a regular basis every year. This will give us one more tool that we can use
should the university experience an emergency that requires us to communicate with large numbers of

Officials at the university are encouraging individuals to register to the service. For information on
signing up, visit

Columbia Daily Tribune
Faulty switch severs power at MU campus
Thursday, November 13, 2008

A power outage last night at 10:40 p.m. darkened some buildings on the University of Missouri
campus for about two hours. The affected structures included buildings in Research Park, the
southwest campus, Laws and Lathrop residence halls, Mizzou Arena and Faurot Field.

Phil Shocklee, director of campus facilities, said the outage resulted from failure of a high-voltage
switch on the north side of the football field. The switch will be replaced, he said, characterizing the
outage as a one-time incident.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Digital textbooks debut for some courses at MU
Saturday, November 8, 2008

Searching for information in a new college textbook has a new twist for University of Missouri students
who have the option of using a digital version of the same text.

Instead of flipping through pages for information, they can search onscreen for a keyword with the click of
a mouse. Instead of waiting until the next class, the digital text can allow for late-night instant-message
conversations with professors or teaching assistants.

They also can have electronic access to study guides developed by fellow students using the same digital
textbook as well as its Internet-based supplemental materials and discussion boards.

All of these possibilities and more can be available to students who choose digital textbooks, which until a
few years ago seemed like an idea with no practical application.

These days, with the rising costs of printed books and advances in technology, digital texts are poised to be
the next big thing in course materials for students, MU Bookstore spokeswoman Michelle Froese said.

The MU Bookstore started promoting and selling an array of digital texts for the fall semester, she said. The
digital books, called Jumpbooks, are created by the Nebraska Book Co., and titles for a wide cross-section
of courses are available, Froese said.

Sue Riedman, vice president of corporate communications for the Nebraska Book Co., said the publisher
partnered in April with CourseSmart - a clearinghouse for digital college texts - to offer more than 4,000
titles to bookstores.

Students getting a digital textbook purchase a registration code at the bookstore and download the digital
books from the Jumpbooks Web site, she said.

Of the 400 digital texts the bookstore sold at the beginning of the fall semester, about 80 titles were
returned unused, said Paul Musket, associate director of academic resources for University Bookstores.

The newest form of textbook is a minuscule portion of what Froese said were more than 150,000 new and
used books sold by MU Bookstore this fall.

Speaking last month during the inaugural meeting of MU‘s Course Materials Advisory Committee, Musket
said the bookstore asked students whether they would be interested in purchasing digital versions of texts in
the spring. About 22 percent of students surveyed said they would be interested in available digital versions
of books, and 8 percent of incoming freshmen said they would be interested.

But Musket said most of the returned digital books were from incoming freshmen. "I think they didn‘t
know what they were signing up for," he said.

Froese said many incoming students used printed texts in high school and hadn‘t experienced the high cost
of college books. Older students who have seen how much books can cost are interested in various ways of
saving money on course materials, she said.

For example, a new copy of "Biology: Science for Life with Physiology," a textbook used in some
introductory biology classes this semester, costs $117.40, and the used copy runs $88.05 at the bookstore.
By comparison, a digital version available through CourseSmart costs only $58.70.

Digital textbooks seem to be on the cusp of popularity, but problems exist that can make shoppers hesitant.
Reidman said many "still prefer to purchase a hard copy of the textbook so that they have it in their hand,
can flip through the pages and take it anywhere to study."

Reidman also said that at bookstores where book-buyback programs exist, such as MU, students sometimes
can save more by purchasing a used version of a textbook rather than the digital version because the digital
text cannot be resold when a course is over.

Although digital textbooks won‘t be bestsellers in the very near future, Froese said, student interest in them
will likely increase as technology advances and students and professors become more familiar with benefits
of digital texts, such as easy searching and access to supplemental discussion boards.

"When I was in school, I brought a digital typewriter," she said. "Now 98 percent of students come into
college with a computer."

Southeast Missourian
Digital textbooks debut for some courses at MU
Sunday, November 9, 2008

COLUMBIA, Mo. — In some University of Missouri classes, the big, expensive college textbook is no
longer necessary. Students instead can buy and download a digital version of the textbook, which allows
them to do such things as run a search for a keyword or have instant-message conversations with
professors or teaching assistants. The digital books also give students electronic access to study guides
developed by students using the same digital textbook as well as its Internet-based supplemental materials
and discussion boards. With the rising costs of printed books and advances in technology, digital texts are
likely to be the next big thing in course materials for students, MU Bookstore spokeswoman Michelle
Froese said.

— From staff and wire reports

Columbia Missourian
MU students go barefoot for charity
Friday, November 7, 2008

COLUMBIA — With a wind chill in the 30s on Friday, it was a sacrifice for 65 students to go to class
at MU barefoot.

It was a show of support for the mission behind TOMS shoes: To raise awareness about children
around the world who don't have shoes. The California-based company brought their shoes and
message to MU‘s campus Friday afternoon.

―I woke up to a text that said, ‗My feet are numb!‘‖ said Aleigh McKay, the MU campus representative
for TOMS shoes. Members of the Bare Feet Team also wore shirts around campus that said ―Bare
Feet for Their Feet‖ that described the details of the event.

 The "Style Your Sole" shoe decorating event, held in Memorial Union, let students use feathers, glitter
and paint to adorn their new and old TOMS shoes. For every pair of new shoes purchased, a pair is
donated to a child somewhere who needs them.

―It‘s an artistic expression and a way to help out others – the point is to decorate them, to make them
your own while helping people that need it,‖ said Katelyn Morman, an MU student who prepared to
decorate her new TOMS shoes.

―I heard about TOMS in 2006 when it first began. I was in high school, and I just fell in love. Helping
others is something I‘m so passionate about,‖ McKay said. She said she thinks so many people are
motivated to support the company‘s mission because the reward is tangible.

―It‘s equal: One for one,‖ said Emily Vick, an MU student who said she decided to come to the event
when she noticed people walking around campus barefoot Friday. She said the shoes are a little
expensive, ―but I am so impressed by how many people are here buying shoes for those in need.‖

TOMS donates the shoes to children in Argentina, South Africa and the U.S.

―We placed fliers about the event in every MU residence hall mailbox,‖ said Megan Pieper, who
worked to organize the event. She also said she worked with other organizations and utilized
Facebook for promotion of the event.

TOMS has donated over 85,000 pairs of shoes since the company was formed, and the most recent
"shoe drops" have been brought to U.S. children in Mississippi, Florida and Kentucky. Their current
goal is to distribute 300,000 pairs of shoes within the next year.

Columbia Missourian
New collection at MU shows process behind Warhol’s work
Sunday, November 9, 2008
COLUMBIA — MU's Museum of Art and Archaeology was recently chosen by The Andy Warhol
Foundation for the Visual Arts to be the recipient of more than 150 "working" photographs from its
The foundation's "interest isn‘t just to get Warhol seen but to try and explore more of his legacy," museum
director Alex Barker said.
Barker wanted to make sure people understood exactly what the museum had received. "These are working
photographs that would be used to generate other prints," he said. "They're a combination of silver gelatin
prints — about 50 or so silver gelatin prints — and a larger number of Polaroids.‖
The MU museum was one of several museums to receive sets of working photographs; the foundation was
looking for museums such as MU's that do research.
Warhol loved to work from Polaroids. In fact, Polaroid kept a specific camera in production just for the
iconic artist.
"The Polaroids are of celebrities ... they look like preparation for some of his larger works," Barker said.
"The silver gelatins are mostly environmental shots of unnamed people and geography."
The celebrities include rock musicians Debbie Harry of Blondie and Ric Ocasek of The Cars.
"These works are largely for a process exhibit where we want to be able to talk about how he created his
works," Barker said.
Warhol "worked from photographs and then did printing of the photographs in color to bring out certain
things, and he had a very distinct method for doing this," Barker said. "He started with smaller-scale
photographs and photographic studies and then increased their size and chose new colors for different sets
of prints."
Warhol's biography at says that after graduating from the Carnegie Institute of
Technology with a degree in pictorial design, he was a successful commercial artist. He was an illustrator for
Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and The New Yorker and also did advertising work and window displays for retail
Warhol's success was built on this past.
"He understood how to use new and emerging media in order to communicate who he was, and make
himself an icon," Barker said. "He knew how to commercialize his art. He came out of a commercial and
advertising background, and he understood how you could make yourself well known.
 "Warhol‘s activities were less focused on advertising his art and more focused on advertising the artist, so
that the works became important but by virtue of being a Warhol."
This is an important collection and something the museum is proud to have, he said.
The small size of the Polaroids limits display possibilities. "It's a huge challenge for us because there aren't
pieces that lend themselves to exhibition," Barker said.
Plans for the collection aren't concrete, but a large joint show with other museums is not out of the
question. The museum has a self-portrait of Warhol that is an example of what these working photographs
were used to produce, but it is not currently on display.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU center to help veterans on campus
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

University of Missouri officials used Veterans Day to announce a special gift for military veterans
attending or working at MU: a new resource center they can call their own. The MU Veterans Support
Center will open in December at the School of Engineering‘s Lafferre Hall.

A "Task Force for a Veteran-Friendly Campus" created by Chancellor Brady Deaton in August 2007
recommended creating the service center, where members and veterans of the armed forces can go for
support in accessing campus resources such as registration, financial aid and admissions, according to
an MU news release.

"On this Veterans Day, we pause to honor our citizens in uniform at home and abroad," Deaton said
in a prepared statement. "We are excited to announce a new initiative to enable their successful
transition back to our campus. This center is for faculty and staff, as well as our student veterans who
choose to come here to pursue higher education degrees at the undergraduate, graduate and
professional level."

Veterans Services Director Carol Fleisher said the office will provide resources to veterans who are
"easing" back into civilian life after military service. The center will work with the MU Student Health
Center and Counseling Center to provide medical resources to veterans as well, MU said in the news

"We will work with all the appropriate offices and work with the veterans themselves in an effort to
lessen any stress and anxiety of transitioning from military life to academia," Fleisher said.

U.S. Rep. Ike Skelton, D-Mo., praised MU for the move, saying the university is establishing "a campus
that is supportive and friendly to veterans."

"We must ensure the service members returning from Iraq and Afghanistan and the heroes from our
previous conflicts receive the benefits and care they have earned and deserve," Skelton is quoted as
saying in the news release.

Fleisher said about 300 students receive U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs benefits and about 800
MU employees are veterans. The center will provide resources for the current veterans at MU and will
also work to recruit more veterans to campus.

"When" a "veteran checks into the university, the center will act as a facilitator, resource center and
take a hands-on approach to ease the integration process," Fleisher said. "Our services will be ongoing
for as long as our veterans are part of MU‘s community."

Columbia Missourian
New support center aims to help MU veterans in transition
Monday, November 10, 2008

COLUMBIA — A new one-stop Veterans Center at MU will help to improve returning veterans'
transition into student life.

The center is a product of Chancellor Brady Deaton‘s "Task Force for a Veteran-Friendly Campus,"
which has been researching other campus' veterans programs for almost a year. Committee tri-chair
Roger Worthington said the task force recommended the one-stop center because of the increasing
number of veterans expected to return to MU in the near future.

"The center is going to be the centerpiece of a campus-wide initiative to be veteran-friendly,"
Worthington said. "It will take on the responsibility of implementing the additional recommendations."

The task force also recommended increasing the outreach to student and employee veterans,
improving the transition to and from active duty and incorporating veteran status into MU's record

Daniel Sewell, president of the Mizzou Student Veterans Association, said the main difficulty veterans
face is the shock of coming back to a college setting.

"You can compare it to going to a foreign country without any idea of what to expect," Sewell said. "A
lot of us don‘t understand what takes place at a university and how a college works."

The center will take care of the whole veteran, said Carol Fleisher, interim director of the center. It will
be a resource and referral center, helping student veterans to choose classes and then find careers after

"We will take care of their ongoing needs. It is their office," Fleisher said. "Mizzou has always been
good to its veterans, but this is going to free up more people to do even more for them."

The center, which is located in W1018 Lafferre Hall, should be open by the first week of December.
Until that time, Fleisher will be working out of her office at 230 Jesse Hall.

Columbia Missourian
MU women’s soccer team wins Big 12 tournament
Sunday, November 9, 2008

The Missouri women‘s soccer team left San Antonio, Texas, as Big 12 Conference Champions.

They were only missing the trophy. That prize was on its way to Columbia in a minivan driven by
parents of two players on the team.

 ―We didn‘t want to take chances with it breaking or anything like that,‖ Missouri soccer coach Bryan
Blitz said by phone Sunday night. ―It‘s seat-belted in the backseat of a car and being driven home. We
think it‘s in good hands.‖

The Tigers defeated Colorado 1-0 Sunday. The victory gave them an automatic bid for the NCAA
Division I Championship.

Midfielder Mo Redmond scored the game‘s only goal in the sixth minute.

―It was kind of a blur,‖ she said. ―The ball popped out in the box and I thought, ‗I should shoot this
ball, it‘s close to the goal.‘ Not until after the game did I realize that I scored the game-winning goal.‖

This victory continues a record-setting season for Missouri (15-5-1). The Tigers set a team-record for
regular season wins with 13 and conference victories with seven. They also won the Big 12 tournament
for the first time in team history.

Missouri‘s victory Sunday gave the school its third Big 12 championship in school history. The other
two came from the 1997 softball team, which won the regular season championship and tournament

―We‘re going to celebrate until tomorrow (Monday) at 7 p.m.,‖ Blitz said.

That‘s when the team will gather for a watch party for the NCAA Division I selection show at D.
Rowe‘s, a restaurant in Columbia. This will be MU‘s second consecutive trip to the NCAA

Last season, the Tigers advanced to the second round where they fell to the eventual-champion USC
Trojans in a double-overtime loss. Blitz expects this season to produce different results.

―I think this team has the potential to go much further,‖ he said. ―We‘ve worked hard since last fall, so
we were able to set our goals high. That game helped our program as a whole.‖

Blitz also credits the maturity the team gained by having six seniors this year after having none last

The Kansas City Star
Obese kids’ arteries look like middle-aged adults’
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

NEW ORLEANS | Obese children as young as 10 had the arteries of 45-year-olds, say doctors who used
ultrasound tests to take a peek inside.

―It‘s possible that they will have heart disease in their 20s and 30s,‖ said Geetha Raghuveer of the
University of Missouri-Kansas City, who led the study presented at a New Orleans meeting of the
American Heart Association.

―There‘s a saying that ‗you‘re as old as your arteries,‘ meaning that the state of your arteries is more
important than your actual age in the evolution of heart disease and stroke,‖ she said. ―We found that the
state of the arteries of these children is more typical of a 45-year-old than of someone their own age.‖

Experts did not find the result surprising but did view it as ―alarming.‖

Three studies relating to childhood obesity and heart health — which also showed other heart abnormalities
that greatly raise their risk of heart disease — were reported Tuesday at an American Heart Association

About a third of American children are overweight and one-fifth are obese. Many parents think that ―baby
fat‖ will melt away as kids get older. But research increasingly shows that fat kids become fat adults, with
higher risks for many health problems.

―Obesity is not benign in children and adolescents,‖ said Robert Eckel, a former heart association president
and cardiologist at the University of Colorado-Denver. It is why the American Academy of Pediatrics
recently recommended cholesterol-lowering drugs for some kids, he noted.

Raghuveer wanted to see if early signs of damage could be documented.

She and colleagues used painless ultrasound tests to measure the thickness of the wall of a major neck artery
in 70 children, ages 10 to 16. Almost all had abnormal cholesterol and many were obese.

No one knows how thick a 10-year-old‘s artery should be, since they‘re not regularly checked for signs of
heart disease, so researchers used tables for 45-year-olds, who often do get such exams.

The kids‘ ―vascular age‖ was about 30 years older than their actual age, she found.

A separate study tied childhood obesity to abnormal enlargement of the left atrium, one of the chambers of
the heart. Enlargement is a known risk factor for heart disease, stroke and heart rhythm problems.

A study by Walter Abhayaratna of Australian National University in Canberra, Australia, also used
ultrasound tests and found impairment in the heart‘s ability to relax between beats in children who were
overweight or obese.

Michael Schloss, a New York University heart disease prevention specialist, said the evidence shows obesity
is more than a cosmetic issue for children.

―If you‘ve seen what‘s on the menu for most school lunches, these findings are no surprise,‖ he said.

―The time has come to seriously deal with the issue of childhood obesity and physical inactivity on a
governmental and parental level.‖

Columbia Missourian
Study: Extensive artery damage exists in obese children
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
The arteries of many obese children and teenagers are as thick and stiff as those of 45-year-olds, a sign that
such children could have severe cardiovascular disease at a much younger age than their parents unless their
condition is reversed, researchers said Tuesday.
"It's possible that they will have heart disease in their 20s and 30s,'' said Geetha Raghuveer of the
University of Missouri at Kansas City, who led the study presented at a New Orleans meeting of the
American Heart Association.
"There's a saying that `you're as old as your arteries,' meaning that the state of your arteries is more
important than your actual age in the evolution of heart disease and stroke,'' she said. "We found that the
state of the arteries of these children is more typical of a 45-year-old than of someone their own age.''
Experts did not find the result surprising but did view it as "alarming.''
"We're facing an epidemic of childhood obesity,'' said Michael Schloss, co-director of the lipid treatment
program at the New York University School of Medicine, who was not involved in the study. "We are
raising a generation of children that are going to have a significant increase in vascular disease as they get
A May study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 16.3 percent of U.S. children
and teenagers are obese and a separate 15.6 percent are overweight.
Raghuveer runs a preventive cardiology clinic for children who have high cholesterol levels, obesity and a
family history of cardiac deaths. She and her colleagues used ultrasound imaging to measure the thickness
of the inner walls of the carotid arteries in 70 children considered at risk.
The children all had abnormalities in one or more types of cholesterol, and 40 of them had a body mass
index, or BMI — a calculation of weight and height routinely used as a measure of obesity — in the 95th
Because the researchers did not have access to healthy children for comparison, they compared the
measured values to readily available data for 45-year-olds, using an arbitrary cutoff value of the 25th
percentile, Raghuveer said. They found that three-quarters of the children had artery thickness above this
The artery thickening was most advanced in patients who were the most obese and had the highest levels of
a type of cholesterol known as triglycerides, so that combination "should be a red flag to the doctor that a
child is at high risk of heart disease,'' she said. Their long-term prospects "are not good" unless they can
reverse the condition.
The findings suggest the potential for "a major public health problem" down the road, said Albert Bove of
the Temple University School of Medicine, president-elect of the American College of Cardiology, who was
not involved in the study. "If we begin to see people disabled in their 30s and 40s because of heart disease,
we could lose a significant fraction of the work force. They will also require a large amount of health care,
so costs will go up significantly."
But there is some hope.
"If we can identify the condition early and start modifying triglycerides, we can probably prevent
progression and perhaps even promote regression,'' said John Kennedy, director of prevention cardiology at
Marina del Rey Hospital, in the Los Angeles area.

The Kansas City Star
College students robbed at fast food restaurant
Thursday, November 13, 2008

Three University of Missouri-Kansas City students were robbed early this morning while they waited
for a fast food restaurant to open.

The robbery occurred before 4 a.m. while the students were waiting inside a car in the parking lot of
the Burger King near Troost Avenue and Emanuel Cleaver II Boulevard. Two men armed with guns
approached and demanded their money, according to police.

One of the robbers struck a student in the face. The student had minor injuries, but refused treatment,
according to police.

The robbers fled with credit cards and some money, police said.

A complete description of the robbers was not available this morning.

Anyone with information about the robbery is asked to call the TIPS Hotline at 816-474-TIPS (8477).

Springfield News-Leader
Missouri S&T alum to chat from space station
Magnus among shuttle crew lifting off today
Friday, November 14, 2008

How do you go to the bathroom in space? What's it like to sleep in zero gravity? What's liftoff like?

These are just a few of the questions NASA astronaut Sandra Magnus will answer as she chats online from
outer space with students across the country.

She'll communicate through a networking site called Spacebook during her four-month stay on the
International Space Station.

Designed by Missouri University of Science and Technology -- where Magnus graduated in 1986 -- the site
aims to get more young people interested in science, math and engineering.

It launched earlier this week, using questions from a number of middle school students who attended an
Aerospace Camp at the university during the summer.

Magnus has already been writing, answering questions and giving advice to astronaut hopefuls.

She also tells students why she pursued a career in space exploration.

"I have always been interested in finding out why and how things work, and something about being on the
edge of technology and pushing the boundaries of what we can do as humans seemed exciting to me,"
Magnus writes. "Also, I always dreamed of seeing our planet from space!"

Magnus is one of seven astronauts who will travel on the space shuttle Endeavour, scheduled to launch
tonight from Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla. Her primary mission aboard the space station
will be to install equipment needed to support additional crew members.

Although the blog is intended to encourage middle-schoolers to pursue math and science careers, Magnus'
success is inspiring students of all ages -- especially those at her alma mater.

"Many of my students aspire to be astronauts," said Hank Pernicka, associate professor of aerospace
engineering at Missouri S&T.

"Achieving that goal is tremendously difficult, and seeing that S&T alums have succeeded in doing so gives
them hope that they too might someday become an astronaut."

It's especially encouraging for girls to see a woman in the field of aerospace engineering ascend to the
highest level of the profession.

"It's great to talk to a female engineer, especially someone who's going into space because I want to be an
astronaut," said Michelle Rader, 22, a Missouri S&T student from Marshfield who's met Magnus on several
occasions while doing research projects with NASA. "Seeing her do it means that I can do it too."

Rader, who has conducted experiments in zero gravity aboard NASA's "Weightless Wonder" aircraft, said
although Magnus' success inspires other Missouri S&T students, she's happy to see Spacebook geared
toward younger students.

"We need the younger generation to get excited about engineering," she said. "It's falling away and we need
it, and it's what our technology depends upon."

Rader said she believes the blog will help spark young students' interest in math and science.

Missouri S&T has sent e-mails to schools across the state asking teachers to have their students join in the
blog discussion with Magnus.

"Anything that we can do to pique the interest of kids in this age bracket (middle school) is what we want to
do," said Susan Turner, director of distance and continuing education at Missouri S&T. "Space exploration
is a fantasy that everyone gets excited about."

Don Sparlin, professor emeritus of physics at Missouri S&T who taught Magnus during her undergraduate
years at the university, said young kids need all the encouragement they can get to excel in what some
students consider unpopular subjects.

"Do you get to be homecoming queen if you make A's in physics and math?" he said. "Hopefully that's
beginning to change."

Sparlin spoke of Magnus' hard work and dedication to her school work, noting she was a brilliant student as
well as a noted athlete on the women's soccer team.

"She was pretty lively -- in great physical and mental condition."

After graduating from Missouri S&T in 1986 with a bachelor's degree in physics, Magnus went on to get her
master's degree in electrical engineering from the university in 1990. She earned a doctorate from Georgia
Institute of Technology in 1996.

What made her a standout was her optimism, Sparlin said.

"The attitude -- mainly what (she) had was the 'I will succeed' attitude," he said. "Whatever I have to do, I'll
do it and then some."

Sparlin said although he had no idea Magnus was headed for astronaut camp, he knew she would be
successful in her endeavors.

"Sandy's just on top of everything," he said. "I'm very proud of her."

Southeast Missourian
Mo. students to chat with astronaut in space
The Associated Press
Wednesday, November 12, 2008

ROLLA, Mo. — The Missouri University of Science and Technology has designed a new networking site to
help middle school students in the state communicate with a NASA astronaut in space.

Through Spacebook, students from across the state are chatting with Sandra Magnus, a graduate of the
university in Rolla.

Magnus is one of seven astronauts who will travel on the space shuttle Endeavour to the international space
station. She is expected to help to remodel the station's interior and will share her experiences and answer
questions on Spacebook.

Magnus is scheduled to return to Earth in March 2009.

Missouri S&T Chancellor John F. Carney III said the site is a way to get more young people excited about
math, science and engineering.

The site was launched Monday, with questions from some of the 120 Missouri middle school students who
this summer participated in a two-day Aerospace Camp at Missouri S&T.

Some questions included: "What is it like to sleep in zero gravity?" and "How do you go to the bathroom in

Magnus has already been writing answers on the blog.

"I have always been interested in finding out why and how things work, and something about being on the
edge of technology and pushing the boundaries of what we can do as humans seemed exciting to me," she
wrote. "Also, I always dreamed of seeing our planet from space!"

The university has sent emails to schools across the state asking teachers to have their students join in the

"Anything that we can do to pique the interest of kids in this age bracket (middle school) is what we want to
do," said Susan Turner, director of distance and continuing education at Missouri S&T. "Space exploration
is a fantasy that everyone gets excited about."

The Kansas City Star
Missouri students get a little closer to space
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

It‘s called the World Wide Web, but for some Missouri students and an astronaut headed to the
international space station this week, it will be a bridge into outer space.

NASA astronaut Sandra Magnus, a graduate of Missouri University of Science and Technology in Rolla, will
be launched into the cosmos on Friday for a four-month stay at the space station.

Magnus, a native of Belleville, Ill., will travel aboard the space shuttle Endeavour on what will be her second
trip to the station. Magnus started working on projects related to the international space station in 1998, and
in 2000 operated the space station‘s robotic arm during three spacewalks.

But this time while she is up there helping to remodel the station‘s interior, Magnus will share her
experience, via online communications, with schoolchildren down here on Earth.

In a takeoff from the popular social networking Web sites MySpace and Facebook, Magnus will chat with
students through a new addition to the blogosphere, called Spacebook.

The site was designed at Missouri S&T and Magnus was asked to talk with students as a way ―to get more
young people excited about math, science and engineering,‖ said Missouri S&T Chancellor John F. Carney

The site was launched Monday with questions from some of the 120 Missouri middle school students who
this summer participated in a two-day Aerospace Camp at Missouri S&T.

―What is it like to sleep in zero gravity?‖ ―How do you go to the bathroom in space?‖

And, of course, ―What made you interested in the space program?‖

Magnus answers on the blog: ―I have always been interested in finding out why and how things work, and
something about being on the edge of technology and pushing the boundaries of what we can do as
humans seemed exciting to me. Also, I always dreamed of seeing our planet from space!‖

That same wonder is what Missouri S&T educators hope will attract young students to the new blog site.
The university sent e-mails to schools across the state asking teachers to have their students join in the

―Anything that we can do to pique the interest of kids in this age bracket (middle school) is what we want
to do,‖ said Susan Turner, director of distance and continuing education at Missouri S&T.

―Space exploration is a fantasy that everyone gets excited about.‖

Magnus is scheduled to return to Earth in March 2009.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Letter: University of Missouri grad will go to space mid-month
Monday, November 10, 2008

Editor, the Tribune: This month, NASA astronaut Sandra Magnus is going to the international space
station to spend three or four months. The NASA mission, designated STS-126, is scheduled for launch
mid-month. Sandra, who has previously spent nearly 11 days in space, is a graduate of the University of
Missouri. This information is well known to Columbians because of all the print and television coverage
Magnus has received.

Magnus, formerly Sandra Jean Hall, obtained a bachelor‘s degree in physics in 1986 and a master‘s degree in
electrical engineering in 1990. Faculty from those two departments at MU might experience extreme
difficulty when attempting to remember her as a student because she didn‘t matriculate at the Columbia

Magnus is the most recent of three astronauts from the same campus; all have flown in space. Two of the
three are female. One of the three retired from NASA and became a very popular instructor of mathematics
at the campus where he was once a student.

Which campus?

One of its graduates is president of the University of Missouri System; another is the 2008 president of the
curators of the University of Missouri.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
UMSL won’t just be moving KWMU to city’s Grand Center
Thursday, November 13, 2008
The University of Missouri-St. Louis made it official Wednesday with the announcement that it will move
its radio station, KWMU (90.7 FM), to Grand Center in midtown St. Louis.
But it won't be just the radio station relocating to the arts and entertainment district. At the prodding of
UMSL students and faculty, the university also will dedicate about a third of the new, three-level, 27,000-
square-foot building to UMSL classrooms and arts and performance spaces. This will be UMSL's only
presence in the city in terms of building space.
"This move will help us improve the quality of KWMU," said Chancellor Thomas George in a statement.
"But, perhaps most important, this investment will enhance our academic programs and provide our
students with more opportunities in this exciting urban environment."
Some students and faculty members were initially concerned that the move would make the already weak
relationship between the radio station and the university even weaker. But George has assured them that
the university is working hard to strengthen the connection and that the relocation will not hamper that
The $12 million building will be built next to KETC (Channel 9) on Olive Street. Grand Center is donating
the land. UMSL has raised $4.5 million in gifts for the building and plans to allocate another $2.5 million in
institutional funds to the project.
UMSL initially planned to build a new headquarters for KWMU on the north end of its campus in north St.
Louis County. But then Grand Center officials approached UMSL about the alternative location.
The University Assembly, the governing body that represents UMSL faculty and staff members, studied the
issue and overwhelmingly recommended Tuesday that UMSL move forward with plans to move to Grand
In its report, a committee appointed by the assembly to study the issue cited many possible benefits of the
move, including building collaborations with other arts organizations in the district, improving cooperation
between KWMU and KETC, and expanding UMSL's relationship with major donors.
But students questioned whether KWMU's move from campus would make it easier for the station to
become less interested in students or the campus.
In a response to the committee's report, George wrote: "In recent years, there has appeared to be little
connection between the UMSL campus and KWMU. This is not a function of location, since the station is
located on the campus now. It is more a result of the philosophy of the leadership of the station, which the
campus either intentionally or unintentionally allowed to continue for years."
George noted that there has been movement to bring the two closer together in recent months and that this
issue would be a major consideration in choosing a new general manager for the station. (UMSL fired the
previous manager, Patty Wente, in June.) He also said that the new building in Grand Center would be
identified as UMSL first and KWMU second.
St. Louis Business Journal
Radio station KWMU moving to Grand Center
Wednesday, November 12, 2008
On the heels of a record fund-raising drive, public radio station and NPR affiliate KWMU has confirmed
today it will move to the Grand Center arts and entertainment district in Midtown.

A new facility for KWMU will be built near KETC Channel 9's base at 3655 Olive St. Grand Center Inc.
is donating property at 3651 Olive Street for the new station.
Chancellor George said on-air KWMU this afternoon that in addition to housing the radio station, the new
facility will offer UMSL academic programs such as communications, arts, music and education.
A three-story, 27,000 square foot structure will be built on Olive Street near Grand Boulevard and cost $12
million. UMSL has already raised nearly $4.5 million in gifts to pay for the facility and will contribute $2.5
million in institutional funds.
The FM radio station is currently based on the campus of the University of Missouri-St. Louis in North
St. Louis County. Individual Friends of KWMU, corporate sponsors, grants and UMSL fund 90.7 KWMU.
―We are very excited about the new possibilities for collaboration that this alliance will foster and also hope
the University and the station can play an exciting role in the continued revitalization of this vibrant area,‖
Martin Leifeld, UMSL‘s vice chancellor for university advancement, said in a statement.
UMSL Chancellor Thomas George said in July that the school was in negotiations with Grand Center
representatives about a move to the arts and entertainment district in Midtown. Grand Center is home to
Powell Symphony Hall, the Sheldon and the Fox Theatre.
In its fall membership drive that concluded in late October, KWMU raised $382,885 from a record 2,879
pledges. New membership was up 65 percent over last year‘s drive, marking the highest increase in the
station‘s 36-year history, according to the station. KWMU reaches more than 2.4 million people in the St.
Louis area.
Mike Dunn took on the role of interim general manager after Patty Wente was fired earlier this year.
Wente served as general manager since 1989.

The Kansas City Star
As I see it: Our college students are well worth the investment
Monday, November 10, 2008

During hard times, families are tempted to ask whether the cost of higher education for their children is
worth the benefit. And the state is tempted to ask if it can afford the investment. The answer to both
questions is an emphatic yes.

The U.S. Department of Labor Web site has a graphic depicting differences in earnings and the likelihood
of being unemployed associated with different levels of education ( ). The
results are dramatic.

For example, students completing an associate‘s degree will earn 23 percent more than those who enter the
job market directly from high school. Students who complete bachelor‘s degrees will see their earnings
jump 63 percent, almost three times more than associate-degree graduates. Additionally, baccalaureate
graduates are half as likely to be unemployed as high school graduates.

At Northwest Missouri State University, 60 percent of students borrow money to finish college. Their
average debt is $17,000, nearly $3,000 less than the additional annual earnings that come with a bachelor‘s
degree. Moreover, a typical graduate‘s total debt for college is less than the graduate will pay for his or her
first new car, which in a few years will be worth little. The college degree continues to pay for the rest of the
individual‘s working life.

Clearly, parents and high school students should see the cost of higher education as a wise investment, not
an expense.

In Missouri, per capita appropriations to fund higher education rank 47th nationally. Nebraska ranks 10th,
Kansas 16th and Iowa 17th.

The Missouri Department of Revenue Web site tax calculator (at permits comparing taxes paid by individuals with
different levels of education. It shows that Missouri annually gains $1,056 in taxes for every four-year
graduate. (Calculations were based on a single taxpayer with no deductions, deferments or adjustments.)

Compare the state‘s additional tax revenue to its annual investment per student and it is clear that the state
gets all of its direct investment back in just over 10 years. Again, for the next 30 years of that worker‘s
career, it is pure gravy to the state!

It is also noteworthy that college graduates are more likely to start businesses of their own that generate tax
revenue and employ workers who pay taxes themselves. College graduates also serve in disproportionate
numbers on school boards, city councils and the like. None of the ―social capital‖ benefits is reflected in the
salary data.

Given the benefits, why is Missouri so short-sighted when it comes to funding higher education? The
payoff to the citizens and the state is dramatic. Surely we ought to fund our universities at a level at least
comparable to our neighboring states.

Dean L. Hubbard is president of Northwest Missouri State University. He lives in Maryville, Mo.

Columbia Missourian
Departing state treasurer to teach class at Missouri State
The Associated Press
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

SPRINGFIELD — Departing Missouri State Treasurer Sarah Steelman will teach a political science
class at Missouri State University next year.

Steelman will be the school's first "executive in residence," a newly created position that will be rotated
among professionals who agree to teach a course, said George Connor, chairman of Missouri State's
political science department.

"We're looking forward to the opportunity of providing some real-world practical insight into politics
and public policy from a practitioner,'' he said.

Steelman, 50, of Rolla, was elected state treasurer in 2004 after serving in the Missouri Senate since
1998. She ran this year for governor but lost in the Republican primary to U.S. Rep. Kenny Hulshof,
R-Mo., who lost the general election to Democrat Jay Nixon.

Steelman's course will be called "Leadership, Change and Public Policy,'' and will be offered on
Tuesday nights.

It's not the first time Steelman has been in the classroom. She has also been an adjunct professor of
economics at Lincoln University in Jefferson City.

Steelman told the Springfield News-Leader her class at Missouri State will focus on shaping public
policy through leadership.

Connor said that will mean focusing on people who have set and changed public policy and how they
used leadership skills.

Southeast Missourian
SEMO progress highlighted at chamber’s monthly coffee
Sunday, November 8, 2008

With freshman enrollment steadily increasing and a new residence hall on the horizon, president Dr.
Ken Dobbins believes the sky is the limit for Southeast Missouri State University.

And Dobbins believes much of that success is due in part to Southeast's relationship with the

"In my 28 years of involvement in higher education, I've never been at a university with such an
outstanding relationship with a town and community," Dobbins told business leaders at the monthly
First Friday Coffee at the Show Me Center in Cape Girardeau. "What you do for Southeast Missouri
State University makes us successful."

The university's freshman enrollment was 1,362 in 1998. Today that number is 1,828.

Dobbins said that has a direct effect on a boost in overall enrollment, which has increased from 8,494
in 1998 to 10,814 in 2008. He expects that number to level off at 11,400 by 2014.

"People are realizing that we're a university of first choice," Dobbins said. "We have high academic
programs and moderate costs.

"While we have those who are wanting to stay here in Cape Girardeau for college, we also have about
50 percent of our student body from the St. Louis area," he said. "To me, that says that students from
St. Louis are looking for a residential campus environment that's not far from home."

The increase in enrollment also has led to the construction of a $23.2 million residence hall, with a fall
2009 target date of completion. Once complete, it would be the 10th residence hall on campus. About
2,750 students live in the residence halls.

Dobbins said he hopes to one day build a residence hall and hotel at the River Campus.

"We're exploring it but have made no designs," he said.

Later in his presentation, Dobbins reminded business leaders of the university's efforts to enhance
student innovation through the Center for Entrepreneurial Studies. In June, the center launched the
Missouri Rural Entrepreneurial Through Action Learning program aimed at promoting entrepreneurial
education among the state's grade-school students and teachers by studying innovative and
enterprising business concepts. And from Nov. 17 through 21, Southeast will join millions of students
from more than 75 countries for Global Entrepreneurship Week, which will feature panels,
presentations and competitions aimed at representing the diversity of real-world entrepreneurs.

Before Dobbins' presentation, SemoMarketplace director Carol Robert played the role of Alaska Gov.
Sarah Palin in a speech promoting the Southeast Missourian's online service for local businesses.

The Kansas City Star
Editorial: Uplifting news on medical research in Missouri
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

A major medical breakthrough out of St. Louis is an uplifting development for Missouri, a state that
too often makes news for its attempts to limit scientific research.

Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis report that they decoded all the genes of a leukemia
patient and identified mutations that may have caused or aided the disease. The first-ever genetic map
of DNA taken from cancer cells moves medicine a step closer to ―personalized genomics.‖

Richard K. Wilson, director of Washington University‘s Genome Sequencing Center, described a
scenario in which scientists may be able to quickly analyze a patient‘s DNA sequencing and
recommend drug therapy to combat the particular mutations.

Prominent researchers are heralding the breakthrough. A cancer specialist at Memorial Sloan-Kettering
Cancer Center in New York described it in The New York Times as a ―tour de force.‖

Bill Neaves, chief executive officer of the Stowers Institute for Medical Research in Kansas City, said
the discovery ―highlights the pioneering role of Washington University … in the search for smarter
ways of treating a cancer patient‘s particular disease.‖

The Stowers Institute also is engaging in gene-based research with the goal of developing therapies
tailored to individual patients, Neaves said.

―It is gratifying to see the first comprehensive sequencing of a cancer patient‘s genome occur here in
Missouri,‖ he said.

Yes it is. After the destructive attempts to ban a form of embryonic stem-cell research in the state, it is
profoundly satisfying to see Missouri emerge as the site of a breakthrough.

The good news out of St. Louis is all the more reason for the Missouri legislature and Gov.-elect Jay
Nixon to strengthen the state‘s support for higher education and scientific research.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Washington University cuts off bottled water sales
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
Two friends, both freshmen at Washington University, grabbed a late lunch Monday at the student union.
Jeff Abboud drank water from a Dasani bottle. Alex Pinkerton sipped his for free from a cafeteria cup.
By his frugality, Pinkerton was closer to the cutting edge of environmentally minded campus policy. This
fall, Washington U. is phasing out almost all of its sales of bottled water.
It costs society a lot more in energy and expense to bottle water than to have students head for the nearest
hallway drinking fountain, said Matt Malten, the university's assistant vice chancellor for sustainability.
"We see this as a waste issue and an energy issue," Malten said.
Pinkerton, of St. Paul, Minn., said he favors tap water to save money, not for moral reasons. "Why spend
on water when it's free and easy to find?" he asked.
Abboud, of Bronxville, N.Y., said he buys bottled water on occasion, including Monday, but is ready to join
in the progressive march to the tap.
"I buy into the whole sustainability movement, but I am totally guilty of convenience," Abboud said. "We
have to change our habits."
A university spokeswoman said Coca-Cola Co., the university's beverage dispenser and maker of Dasani,
will stop selling bottled water in almost all campus locations by the end of the fall semester. Because of
contract obligations, a few spots will sell it until next summer.
PepsiCo, maker of Aquafina bottled water, and Coca-Cola, have confirmed that they bottle their water
brands from local water-utility supplies.
Malten, the campus sustainability chief, said the bottled-water prohibition arose from the university's effort
to find energy-conserving methods for all activities, including transportation, building maintenance and
food services. He has held the sustaintability job since the campus created it in July 2007.
It's also foolish, Malten said, to rely on bottled water "when the U.S. Mayor's Conference rated our tap
water as the best in the country."
The conference said that about St. Louis city water in 2007. Washington University, which straddles the
city-county line, gets water from both the city and the Missouri-American Water Co., which serves St. Louis
A check of other area campuses showed that St. Louis University, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville
and Harris-Stowe State University have no immediate plans to ban sales of bottled water. Lindenwood
University in St. Charles is negotiating with its vendor to phase out bottles, a spokesman said.
At the Washington University student union, Sida Yan drank a bottle of Aquafina she bought from a Sam's
Club. The junior from Chesterfield said she'll probably continue carrying her bottled water to school.
"I've been drinking it this way for years," she said. "It just sounds more purified in a bottle."

Columbia Daily Tribune
Stephens president is leaving
Libby chosen to lead Stetson after responding to search firm.
Thursday, November 13, 2008

Wendy Libby today was introduced as the new president of Stetson University in Florida. Libby, the
president of Stephens College, will become Stetson‘s first female president.

Libby has been president of Stephens College for more than five years. She is credited with reducing a
multimillion-dollar deficit at Stephens and increasing undergraduate student enrollment by 72 percent.

Amy Gipson, vice president for marketing and public relations at Stephens, said the Stetson board of
trustees approved Libby‘s election last week, and most of the faculty and staff at Stephens will learn about it
today. Gipson said the college will quickly convene a presidential search committee and hopes to announce
its next president by spring.

Libby departs for her new post in June.

"It‘s hard news to hear. She‘s done remarkable things in her time at Stephens," Gipson said. "She has
reconnected the college to the Columbia community. For so many reasons, we are indebted to Wendy."

In a prepared statement, Libby said she was approached about the job by a search firm.

"I did not search for this new opportunity, but I knew that when faced with it, I would be leaving Stephens
in fine shape," she said. "With a strong identity and direction, stable finances, energized spirit, a
reconnected community - ready for anything."

Stephens is a 175-year-old women‘s college with a residential enrollment of 754 students. Libby is credited
with several achievements in preparing it for the 21st century:
 On arrival in fall 2003, Libby helped launch the school‘s "renaissance plan" to broaden curriculum,
    grow enrollment and gifts from alumnae, reduce deficits and restore deteriorated facilities.
 In June 2006, she helped launch "Smart, Strong, Savvy ... Stephens," a comprehensive fundraising
    campaign that has raised $24 million.
 During her tenure, the college raised the profile of its athletic programs by moving to the National
    Association of Intercollegiate Athletics, and this fall the school entered the American Midwest
 Libby worked to improve campus facilities, including the renovation of Lela Raney Wood Hall and the
    Kimball Ballroom. She also helped oversee the historic renovation of 80-year-old Wood and Columbia
    residence halls by a third-party developer in 2007 and 2008, respectively.

"Wendy is leaving us strong and ready for the future," Stephens alumna George Ann Harding, chairwoman
of the board of trustees, said in a prepared statement. "We are now in a position to find and attract a very
good president. And we will have Wendy‘s wise counsel and leadership as we move toward the coming

Before accepting the job at Stephens, Libby was vice president for business affairs and CFO at Furman

Columbia Daily Tribune
More grads go to work force
Dropout rate slightly higher, data show.
Sunday, November 9, 2008
Newly-released state data show that nearly three times as many Columbia graduates this year found jobs
straight out of high school than students who graduated in 2007.
Of the 1,230 students who graduated from Columbia high schools this year, 21.7 percent entered the work
force. That‘s a jump from just 6.6 percent the previous year, according to data released by the Missouri
Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.
"That‘s alarming," Columbia Board of Education President Michelle Gadbois said when hearing the
numbers for the first time. "Those are not high-paying jobs. Those are kids falling through the cracks."
But the numbers are likely a more accurate reflection of what students are doing after high school than data
from previous years, Assistant Superintendent Lynn Barnett said. That‘s because Columbia Public Schools
is using a new method of following up with kids after they‘ve left high school.
In the past, the district would ask students about their post-graduate plans but did not follow up, she said.
"Now we‘re literally using a system to see exactly what they‘re doing," Barnett said. "It‘s a much more
systematic way than just saying so. ... Basically, we‘re going to need to use this year as a baseline year. It will
be interesting to see what happens now. It might look like a blip, but I don‘t think it‘s something alarming.
It‘s probably alarmingly more right."
The percentage of students entering four-year colleges or universities remained fairly stable in 2008 at 55.5
percent compared to 56.4 percent in 2007.
But the number of students enrolling in two-year or community colleges fell to 19.5 percent this year from
24.3 percent last year.
Barnett said the weak economy might be playing a role in post-graduation decisions. "They might be going
into the work force to earn more money to go to college the next year," she said. The economy "would
have an impact, how much I don‘t know, but that‘s certainly a piece of it."
The recently released DESE data also contains some good news for the district: Columbia‘s dropout rate
dropped slightly to 3.5 percent this year from 3.6 percent in 2007.
The district has enjoyed a downward dropout trend since 2006, when the rate fell almost an entire
percentage point.
Last year, the dropout rate among black students tumbled to 7.1 percent from 8.3 percent in 2006. The rate
is slightly back up this year to 7.7 percent.
The dropout rate is based on the number of ninth- through 12th-graders who drop out during a single
school year.
The district‘s graduation rate, which tracks cohorts of students as they advance from ninth to 12th grades,
decreased slightly from 89.7 percent in 2007 to 89.4 percent last year. That represents the equivalent of
roughly 100 students who started ninth grade five years ago but dropped out somewhere along the way
before finishing their high school careers.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Judge dismisses stem cell lawsuit
The Associate Press
Thursday, November 13, 2008

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. — A state trial judge dismissed a lawsuit Wednesday filed by critics of
embryonic stem cell research who wanted to block $21 million in state funds from going to life sciences

Cole County Circuit Judge Richard Callahan ruled that no genuine legal dispute existed yet and that the
lawsuit amounted to a request for an advisory opinion.

Missouri Roundtable for Life, which filed the lawsuit earlier this year, vowed to appeal and threatened to
sue anyone who receives the research grants. The group is concerned that those grants could go to support
embryonic stem cell research.

"We will not let tax dollars go unrestricted to these groups that are privately controlled and may be used to
make profits off abortions and research the Legislature banned," said Fred Sauer, the group's founder.

Sauer was represented by Ed Martin, Gov. Matt Blunt's former chief of staff. Martin had said that a 2006
amendment to the Missouri Constitution clarifying the legal status of stem cell research makes unclear the
validity of current limits on what kinds of research can receive the life sciences grants.

Martin said it also was possible that under the 2006 amendment, the Life Sciences Research Board will now
always need to receive at least $21 million.

Sauer was asking Callahan to make a determination on those questions.

The $21 million at issue was budgeted by lawmakers to flow from the Life Sciences Research Trust Fund to
the Life Sciences Research Board, which then distributes the money as research grants.

The law establishing the fund bars spending money for abortion services and human cloning — limits that
stem research critics contend might have been trumped by the 2006 constitutional amendment.

That voter approved amendment guarantees that stem cell research legal under federal law also can be
conducted in Missouri.

Sauer's attorneys had argued that the state law establishing the life sciences trust fund and the restrictions
on how that fund can be used are linked. Therefore, if the 2006 amendment trumped the restrictions it also
nullified the fund.

But Callahan called the claim "dubious" because the clause requiring the trust fund to be eliminated if the
restrictions are removed applies only if the research limits are declared invalid or unconstitutional.

Judge dismisses suit over life sciences research money
Wednesday, November 12, 2008

A judge in Jefferson City has dismissed a lawsuit filed by a group known as the Missouri Roundtable for
Life which is attempting to prevent taxpayer dollars from being spent on certain forms of stem cell

In essence, Cole County Circuit Judge Richard Callahan has issued what attorney Steve Clark, one of the
lawyers representing the plaintiffs, calls a procedural ruling. "The judge avoided getting to the merits of

these issues," says Clark. "Avoided ruling on the true issues in the case, by saying that there is no
controversy between the taxpayers that filed the suit - the Missouri Roundtable for Life and Fred Sauer -
and the Life Sciences Research Trust Board and the State Treasurer."

At issue is a $21-million payment to the Board, which distributes the money as it sees fit. Part of what the
plaintiffs argue is money could be spent on forms of research protected under Amendment 2 - the so-called
stem cell research amendment of 2006. Much of that research is believed by opponents to be tantamount to
human cloning.

An appeal is being launched. Clark says another option for the plaintiffs is to launch legal action against any
party that receives any of this taxpayer money.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
SIUE extends needs-based and merit-based scholarship programs
Monday, November 10, 2008

Here's a bit of good news for students and parents tearing out their hair trying to figure out how they
will pay for college: Southern Illinois University Edwardsville is rolling out two scholarship programs
to help the neediest and highest-performing students.

For the neediest students, the new "E Guarantee" scholarship program will be for Illinois students
whose family income is at or below the federal poverty level (and whose estimated family contribution
on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid is zero). SIUE will cover the total cost of tuition for
those students, after federal and state scholarships are taken into account. To qualify, students must
score at least 19 on the ACT.

Scott Belobrajdic, SIUE's assistant vice chancellor of enrollment management, said about 30 students
in last year's freshman class would have qualified for this award. But he added that many other
students may have qualified but did not enroll at SIUE because they felt they could not pay for college.

SIUE also is introducing the highly competitive Cougar Pride scholarship, an award of $2,000 each to
130 new freshmen and 30 new transfer students. To be eligible, students must have a 27 or better on
the ACT and transfer students must have at least a 3.0 GPA.

"Our analysis shows that students of this ability have been receiving competitive merit awards at other
institutions," he said. "But up until now, we've had literally nothing to give to these students other than
the Meridian scholarships."

The Meridian Scholars program, which has been around for awhile, is a highly competitive full-ride
scholarship, including tuition and room and board, that goes to 20 students at SIUE.

In addition, SIUE is hammering out the details of a new plan to offer some out-of-state students in-
state tuition rates — or at least close to it. The Carbondale campus has decided to do the same for
students from the neighboring states of Missouri, Kentucky and Indiana. But Belobrajdic said SIUE
has not yet decided the parameters of the plan and whether it would be limited to students from
certain nearby states or to high-performing students or to students entering certain programs.

Currently, out-of-state students pay 2.5 times the in-state tuition rate. Under the new plan, certain out-
of-state students would pay 1.2 times that rate.

But unlike SIUC, SIUE's primary interest in lowering out-of-state tuition rates is not to increase
enrollment. Enrollment at SIUE has been booming and has almost reached capacity.

Still, Belobrajdic said, "No matter how strong the interest is, we want to reach out to talented

Des Moines Register
Professors collect big bucks for online classes
Sunday, November 9, 2008

The University of Iowa has capped the number of online students and courses that faculty members can
teach after discovering a handful of professors received hefty bonuses for teaching up to three times more
classes than their regular loads.

Demand for online instruction is growing, leaving universities across the country to wrestle with the issue
of how to staff the courses and how to pay for the professors who teach them.

The change in how U of I professors are paid for online courses was put in effect this fall after the Des
Moines Register started to review faculty at Iowa's three public universities who received bonus pay for
taking on additional, or "overload," duties.

The Register's analysis shows:
 Iowa's public universities spent a combined $2.72 million on overload pay in 2007-08, with the money
    coming from a combination of tuition, registration fees and grants.

   Fourteen U of I professors were paid overload bonuses in excess of 30 percent of their base salaries for
    the year that ended June 30.

    The bonuses, which ranged from $17,000 to $120,000, were paid to professors who taught additional
    classes beyond the four per school year required by the university.

    In the most extreme example, a popular U of I health science professor was paid $121,000 in overload
    pay on top of his $74,000 salary for teaching 14 courses last year - 10 courses more than the required

   The U of I's overload bonuses were by far the largest paid to individual professors at Iowa's three
    public universities. The biggest individual bonus at Iowa State University was $23,053, and at the
    University of Northern Iowa it was $18,427.

   The U of I's new cap for per-class online enrollment is unusual among Iowa's public universities and
    across the country.

    Setting the same enrollment limit for all online courses was criticized by online educators, who say new
    methods in Web-based teaching allow for the increasing number of students who want to learn that

ISU, UNI spend nearly $1 million on overloads

Overload pay, which covers extra duties ranging from picking up a course for a colleague who has an illness
to playing piano at graduation, allows universities to provide more services without hiring more faculty,
officials said.

"It is far more cost-effective to use existing faculty than to hire new professors," U of I Provost Wallace
Loh said. "In this approach, we're only paying for teaching."

All three of Iowa's public universities put limits on the number of overload courses a professor can teach
because they want faculty to have time for research and service, such as serving on university committees.
Quality of education can also slide when faculty take on too many students, provosts said.

ISU paid nearly $400,000 in overload pay in the fiscal year that ended June 30, with the highest overload
bonus of $23,053 going to John Wong, who taught two overload marketing courses as part of the Des
Moines master's in business program.

Wong's overload pay was 22 percent of his base salary of $103,740.

Iowa State usually treats online courses the same as on-campus courses in that faculty who teach them over
their regular load are paid a bonus of one-ninth of their base salary.

Northern Iowa paid more than $560,000 in overload pay last year. The highest individual bonus of $18,427
went to Mary McDade, who taught three overload extension classes. McDade's overload pay was 35.6
percent of her base salary of $51,701.

UNI pays about $4,000 for any three-credit course over a professor's regular load, whether it's online or on-

Online explosion led U of I to pay $1.7 million

Skyrocketing enrollment in online courses is part of the reason for the U of I's $1.76 million in overload pay
for 2007-08, officials said.

The U of I implemented a new payment model for overload online courses last year that gave professors
$280 for each online student. The university didn't set limits on the number of overload online courses a
professor could teach or the number of students who could enroll in an online course, which led to some
"overzealous" professors teaching too many classes, Loh said.

Health science professor Michael Teague taught 14 courses last year, with eight of the 10 extra classes being
taught online. Teague's load more than doubled his 2007-08 paycheck, from $74,000 to $195,224.

"That caught my eye," Loh said of Teague's overload pay, which was 163 percent of his base salary.

"I asked him, 'How is it possible you're teaching 10 additional classes?' " Loh said. "He said, 'I work days
and nights and weekends.' The question is: Is that fair to himself and students?"

Loh saw the numbers when the Register requested overload pay statistics for 2007-08.

He decided in September to limit the number of extra online courses a professor can teach to one per
semester and capped the number of students in each online course at 36. He settled on 36 to limit overload
pay for one online course to about $10,000, Loh said.

The changes go into effect next spring. Loh said he will consider changing the payment model to 10 percent
of base salary in the future.

Teague said he took on the extra classes in "Health for Living" and "Contemporary Nutrition," among
others, because it's too difficult to find qualified adjunct instructors in those areas.

"Do I think it got out of hand? Yeah, I do," Teague said.

However, the demand for health science classes isn't going to diminish, he said. Health sciences absorbs
students who don't get into pharmacy or medical school. In addition, the U of I College of Nursing last year
cut by half the number of undergraduate nursing students admitted to the program, which has left many
undergraduates seeking a new major, Teague said.

"It's a revenue center for the university," Teague said of health sciences courses. "They have to find a way
to teach these courses."

Jay Holstein, a U of I professor of popular religious studies courses, was paid nearly $67,000 in overload
pay last year, which was 72 percent of his $93,000 base salary.

Holstein uses his overload courses as laboratories for figuring out how to best present material he also
teaches in large lectures on campus, he said.

He taught six overload courses in 2007-08, which is on top of his regular teaching load of four courses per
semester. Holstein has a special assignment to teach twice as many regular load courses as other U of I
professors because he does not focus on research.

"All the work I do is devoted to making my classes better," Holstein said.

Instead of having a few professors teach the bulk of overload courses, the U of I now plans to spread them
among more faculty, Loh said. The challenge will be finding professors who are eager to take on more
duties or coming up with extra money to pay a new professor's salary and benefits, he said.

"It is far more cost-effective to use existing faculty than to hire a new professor," Loh said.

Some find fault with U of I's new policy, too

Some U of I professors and online experts across the country were critical of the U of I's online enrollment
caps and payment policy.

Janet Poley, president of the American Distance Learning Consortium, said capping per-course enrollment
at 36 does not allow for different teaching methods, including using teaching assistants to help with large
online classes, as is done with traditional classes taught in large lecture halls.

"The number of students you can have in a given class is a matter of design," Poley said.

Per-student payment is unusual among the 2,500 colleges and universities surveyed as part of the fifth-
annual report "Online Nation: Five Years of Growth in Online Learning," conducted by the Alfred P. Sloan
Foundation, which makes grants for research and education related to science, technology and economic

"The per-student model is one I don't think many institutions have used," said Jeff Seaman, survey director
for the Sloan Consortium. "An introductory psych lecture could have 350 people, yet a senior level course
might have 12. In some ways, the advanced classes are more difficult to teach."

The University of Wisconsin at Madison does not have across-the-board enrollment caps, and faculty who
teach online courses do so as part of their regular course load, said Marv Van Kekerix, interim vice provost
for lifelong learning.

Wisconsin also has a state statute prohibiting full-time state employees from earning more than $12,000 per
year in overload pay from a single institution.

The University of Illinois does not have an across-the-board enrollment cap for online courses and does
not limit the amount of overload pay faculty can earn, spokeswoman Robin Kaler said.

Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
High cost of education urges students toward community colleges
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
As college tuition continues to rise, many students say they're beginning their higher education at
community colleges.
There, they can complete general education requirements at a fraction of the cost, and then transfer the
credits to four-year institutions.
Student enrollment this fall beat expectations by more than 30 percent at Community College of Allegheny
County, a school official said. The number of new students at Butler County Community College is up
more than 30 percent, and more students than ever -- 3,877 -- are attending BC3 this fall, according to a
"Our median age is 21. When I came 10 years ago, it was 27," BC3 spokeswoman Susan Changnon said.
"Students are coming here to transfer."
At community colleges nationwide, enrollment increased by 10 percent from 2000 to 2006, according to the
National Center for Education Statistics. During that period, the average cost of tuition at a four-year
college jumped $4,000.
Evan Fritz, 19, of South Side said he was accepted elsewhere but chose to attend CCAC's North Side
campus to save money. He said many of his professors teach at University of Pittsburgh or Carnegie Mellon
"I feel like I'm getting the same quality of education," said Fritz, who plans to transfer to Pitt next fall.
Fifty percent of families are limiting their child's college choices to less expensive options, according to
recent survey conducted by, an online college admissions counseling program, and Next
Step Magazine, a college and career planning magazine.
About 27 percent of survey respondents cited the cost of tuition as the greatest influence in college
Most local community colleges aim to increase student populations each year by 1 percent to 3 percent,
officials said.
"I think part of the reason why we increased over our target (of 2 percent) was because of affordability,"
said Alex Johnson, president of CCAC, where enrollment is up 3.05 percent from last fall. "In this
economy, people are looking for a more affordable solution to the higher education experience."
Fall enrollment at BC3 and Westmoreland County Community College is up 3.3 and 3.2 percent,
respectively, school officials said.
About 300 students transferred this year to Pitt from CCAC -- 73 more than last fall, said Betsy Porter,
Pitt's director of admissions and financial aid. That's a 34 percent increase.
About 30 percent of students who transfer to Duquesne University come from community colleges, said
Paul-James Cukanna, director of admissions.
State lawmakers passed a bill last year designed to make it easier for students to transfer credits from in-
state community colleges to the 14 schools in the State System of Higher Education, said Kenn Marshall,
spokesman for the state-owned schools. Previously, the state universities had agreements only with
community colleges in their region.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Ohio’s public colleges lure businesses with the promise of a skilled work force
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Columbus, Ohio – When NetJets, a private aviation company, announced it would keep and expand its
operational headquarters here, Richard T. Santulli, chairman and chief executive, didn't give credit to tax breaks
or any of the other incentives states and cities typically use to woo or retain corporations.

Instead, he said the critical factor was the state's higher-education system.

Leaders of Ohio's public colleges persuaded the company that they had the breadth and depth of expertise to
meet NetJets's needs, including aircraft-maintenance training at Columbus State Community College, logistics
specialists at Wright State University, and a top-ranked culinary program at the University of Cincinnati — an
appealing resource for a company that serves gourmet meals at 30,000 feet. And one of the world's foremost
experts on seat comfort is on the faculty at Ohio State University.

So in March, after months of considering suitors like Raleigh, N.C., and Fort Worth, Tex., the private-jet service
announced that it would create 800 new jobs and invest in a $200-million expansion at the international airport

"NetJets' future rests with the talent we are able to cultivate and the research we are able to complete," Mr.
Santulli said in a written statement.

Ohio's success in keeping NetJets is part of an aggressive, coordinated, and highly ambitious campaign to
transform the state's higher-education system into a driver of economic growth.

As audacious as it is in scope, many here agree that its success so far can be largely credited to two men: Eric D.
Fingerhut, chancellor of the Ohio Board of Regents, who devised the plan, and Gov. Ted Strickland, who
appointed him to the post almost two years ago and has been a strong supporter of higher education to the state

At a time when college leaders across the country are talking about their contributions to state and local
economies, Mr. Fingerhut's vision is notably bold and comprehensive. He says that the state's higher-education
system needs to be transformed to squarely focus on economic revitalization.

"Can we really claim success as institutions if the state is still in decline?" Mr. Fingerhut asks.

His 10-year strategic plan, unveiled two weeks after the NetJets announcement, calls for each of Ohio's 13
universities to capitalize on their strengths in a way that supports economic development; establishes a "skills
bank" to better link course offerings with labor demands; and ties state aid for colleges to progress on 20
"measures of success," such as graduation rates.

Thus far, the plan has been generally well received on campuses, in the Capitol, and in company boardrooms.

But even Mr. Fingerhut's staunchest supporters acknowledge the real test is yet to come, particularly as Ohio, like
most states, faces a bleak budgetary future.

"It can be a lot harder to sustain a reform agenda than to start it in the first place," says Dennis Jones, president
of the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, a nonprofit consulting group that advises
states and public-college systems.

A Beleaguered Economy
The presidential campaign has brought Ohio's economic woes into the national spotlight. The state shed 236,000
manufacturing jobs between 2000 and 2007, according to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics. Chrysler and
General Motors, among others, have said they will soon shutter facilities here.

Many of those displaced will need training to gain new skills. Just 33 percent of adults ages 25 to 64 have an
associate's degree or higher, compared with 37 percent nationally. While the state outpaces the national average
in granting bachelor's degrees, more than a quarter of college graduates leave the state within six months.

Mr. Strickland, a Democrat elected in 2006, campaigned on a pledge to right the beleaguered economy. The son
of a steelworker and the eighth of nine children, he was the first in his family to go to college.

"I don't need to be convinced," he says, "of the unbreakable link between educational and economic growth and

Ohio isn't alone in its efforts. Arizona, California, North Carolina, and North Dakota, to varying degrees, have
tried to make higher education more responsive to their state's economic needs.

"At a time when globalization is changing the world and when we're challenged by a recession, or maybe even a
depression, universities need to bring their big brains to the table," says Leslie Boney, associate vice president for
economic-development research, policy, and planning at the University of North Carolina system.

What sets Ohio apart, though, is the way in which the governor and his higher-education chief plan to involve
every institution in the process, not just the more obvious ones, such as community colleges and their work-force
development programs, or research institutions and their potential to fuel new industries.

The Power of Persuasion
Shortly after taking office, Mr. Strickland, a former member of the U.S. Congress and a onetime assistant
professor of psychology at Shawnee State University, in Portsmouth, Ohio, invited the presidents of the state's
13 universities and 23 community and technical colleges to a get-to-know-you meeting.

Rather than just stopping in for a quick handshake, Mr. Strickland, whose boyish demeanor and engaging
eagerness belie his 67 years, surprised the college leaders by sitting through the entire six-hour meeting, recalls
Luis M. Proenza, president of the University of Akron.

For the presidents, whose relationship with elected leaders in Columbus had ranged from indifference to outright
hostility, the meeting marked a significant shift in tone. The governor was paying attention to them.

He then floated an intriguing proposal. In exchange for freezing tuition rates, among the most expensive in the
nation, the governor promised to increase state spending for public colleges, which had been flat for a decade.

Mr. Strickland and the Republican-controlled General Assembly eventually agreed to increase funds for higher
education by 3.2 percent over the previous year in the first year of the biennial budget and 8.8 percent in the

Equally important, the governor has largely shielded higher education from budget cuts, even as state finances
worsened this year. And he helped push through an economic-stimulus measure that set aside $250-million over
five years for students to do internships and co-ops with Ohio companies.

These actions proved crucial, academics here say, in helping to establish Mr. Strickland as a man of his word and
a genuine advocate for higher education.

Lawmakers also gave Mr. Strickland the authority, which had previously rested with the Board of Regents, to
select the chancellor. His choice for the cabinet-level position: Mr. Fingerhut, a former congressman and state
legislator who had briefly challenged him in the Democratic primary for governor. (The regents preempted Mr.
Strickland by approving Mr. Fingerhut before final legislation passed.)

Mr. Fingerhut, whose evident energy for the job is augmented by Starbucks lattes, has proved an adept salesman.
He spent much of his first year on the job traveling the state, logging 34,815 miles on his state car.

Since the higher-education master plan was made public, in April, he has driven thousands more miles to
campuses across Ohio, campaigning, like the candidate he once was, for his proposal. Every event, no matter
how ceremonial, is one more opportunity to lobby for the plan.

"It is fun to compete on the football field," he tells a crowd at a ribbon-cutting ceremony for a new campus
building at the joint campus of Central Ohio Technical College and Ohio State University at Newark. "But we
can't afford to compete where it really matters — to innovate and to strengthen talent."

Cooperation hasn't always come easily to Ohio's public colleges. Not only have Ohio's colleges had a hostile
relationship with the state legislature, they have also been fractious with each other. Rather than seeing
themselves as part of a system, the campuses have tended to operate as fiefdoms, each with its own board of
trustees, lobbying legislators for their separate, and sometimes duplicative, programs.

Yet for this plan to succeed, the campuses will need to work together to meet systemwide goals for increasing
graduation rates, enrolling more nontraditional and minority students, finding budgetary efficiencies, and
attracting industry-sponsored research.

Mr. Strickland and Mr. Fingerhut seem to have instinctively understood that a key part of their job has been to
get the colleges to see themselves as crucial to the health of the overall higher-education system and to the state.

The institutions also are being asked to articulate by next June distinctive missions and to identify "centers of
excellence" on their campuses that reflect their core strengths and can contribute to the local and state
economies. In many cases, Mr. Fingerhut acknowledges, the centers will be merely a formal recognition of first-
rate work already being carried out on some campuses.

The University of Akron, whose main campus is located in the former tire capital of the world, is likely to
designate as a center its continuing work with polymers, which are used in rubber and a variety of other products,
Mr. Proenza, its president, says.

Wright State University, whose Dayton campus sits on land carved from Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, may
highlight aerospace medicine.

Indeed, Wright State could offer a glimpse of the Ohio university of the future. The 40-year-old institution has a
history of community engagement, says David R. Hopkins, president.

"We know talent and innovation drive the economy — and that's what we do," he says.

In its first year, the Wright State Research Institute did $1.6-million in research sponsored by firms and
government agencies and signed 26 contracts. And the university's Homeland Emergency Learning and
Preparedness Center is working with the Air Force Research Laboratory and others to build Calamityville, a
disaster-training site and tactical laboratory for first responders, medical personnel, and the military. Visitors
could bring in $200-million or more over five years.

Wright State is also looking for ways to modify its existing curriculum to offer certificates, short-term courses, or
specialized degrees to people already in the work force. For example, it has adapted parts of its course work in
logistics and supply-chain management to serve the needs of the Air Force.

Dealing with Anxieties

Although they recognize the need to prove higher education's worth to the taxpayer, some faculty members
across the state have expressed concern that the liberal arts could end up taking a back seat to programs that
more directly promote economic development.

At Ohio University, faculty members worried that the strategic plan, as written, would not value "knowledge for
knowledge's sake," says Sergio López-Permouth, chairman of the faculty senate.

"Universities should not be expected to bear the responsibility to create jobs," he says. "That is not the job of
academics but of politicians."

Mr. Fingerhut spoke to those concerns, as well as to anxieties that programs not designated as centers could be
cut back or eliminated, at a marathon faculty meeting earlier this year.

Mr. López says the chancellor's assurances left many professors feeling "that this is a good idea, that it's not an
evil conspiracy."

Mr. Fingerhut, who previously worked as director of economic-development education and entrepreneurship at
Baldwin-Wallace College, a private liberal-arts institution outside Cleveland, says he believes the liberal arts and
humanities can spur economic growth as well. In fact, the first center formally submitted to the chancellor by
Bowling Green State University focuses on its strong programs in theater, dance, music, film, and digital arts.

Milton D. Hakel, a professor of psychology who leads the university committee vetting the proposed centers,
says a recent study that quantified the economic impact of arts-related jobs in Northeast Ohio helped convince
panelists that it "fit hand in glove" with the strategic plan.

Measuring Impact
In addition to the debate over what fields contribute to economic development, faculty members and
administrators are also wrestling with how to measure their effect.

It turns out system officials are trying to figure this out as well.

NetJets, for one, has volunteered its expertise in data analysis and operations research to help craft more-specific
and appropriate metrics for the master plan.

System officials also are collaborating with the Business Alliance for Higher Education and the Economy, a
group of executives, to draft an employer-satisfaction and business-needs survey. A third measure, the newly
created Ohio Skills Bank, draws on federal and regional economic data to determine labor-force supply and
demand and guide community-college officials in modifying or creating certificate or degree programs.

The challenge of measuring community and economic impact is a national one, says Dan Berglund, president and
chief executive of SSTI, a national nonprofit group that tracks scienceand technology-based growth.

Also, policy makers and business leaders often do not clearly say what they expect from colleges. "There are
some pockets of conversation" across the country, he says, but academe and industry often "need a translator."

As is true in many states, colleges here aren't generally seen as open or responsive to business needs.

While there are many examples of good working relationships — Ohio State, for example, ranks second among
all universities nationally in the amount of private-sector research it conducts — business leaders say the system
over all needs to try harder.

In many cases, employers wanted to work with colleges but "didn't know which door to knock on," says Richard
D. Rosen, vice president of education and philanthropy at Battelle, a Columbus-based research and development

They also were often frustrated by university bureaucracy and slow response, says Thomas Waltermire, chief
executive of Team Northeast Ohio, a private-sector economic-development group. Some remain skeptical about
whether colleges have changed, he says.

Other business leaders say they are heartened by how hard Ohio's colleges worked to keep NetJets. At one point
during the negotiations, Mr. Fingerhut assembled every engineering-school dean in the state, including those
from private colleges, to talk to company officials about their research and programs.

Daniel H. Rosenthal, executive vice president of the office of the chairman at NetJets, says he tells other
businessmen about the experience.

"The meeting sounds so trivial," he says, "but it conveyed such an important message to us."

An Attitudinal Earthquake
Despite their initial success with the legislature, academia, and the business community, Mr. Strickland and Mr.
Fingerhut still have a lot of work ahead. And some observers worry that without these two powerful
personalities, the plan could founder.

Mr. Jones, the education consultant, says such reforms can be hard to sustain after a change in leadership. In
Kentucky, he notes, momentum to increase college-going rates faltered somewhat after the effort's architect,
Gov. Paul E. Patton, left office.

Another, more immediate challenge, is a proposed change in the way higher education in the state is financed.
The plan calls for state aid to be tied to institutions' success in meeting the strategic goals, a departure from the
current enrollment-based formula.

How the new formula is crafted could be key to retaining the support of both lawmakers and college leaders.
"We want to fund higher education based on quality," says State Rep. Jay Hottinger, a Republican who is
chairman of the House finance and appropriations committee.

Then there is the state's fiscal outlook. Mr. Strickland says he wants to "keep faith" with public colleges in the
state, but given the economic crisis facing Ohio, and the rest of the nation, he has stopped short of committing
to a tuition freeze or to budget increases.

Ohio's success in reforming its higher-education system, though, may ultimately come down to political and
public will. Does the state really want to make such a radical change to the way it views higher education?

Roderick G.W. Chu, Mr. Fingerhut's predecessor, who also focused attention on work-force development, says
he's not sure. But others think opinions have changed.

E. Gordon Gee, who returned to lead Ohio State last year, spent the summer touring each one of the state's 88
counties and says he was struck by the change in mind-set.

"They used to think they could muscle their way through the old economy," says Mr. Gee, who also was
president from 1990 to 1997. "Now, they know they have to invest in the future economy. Attitudinally, there's
been an earthquake in this state."

Harvard looks to tighten its belt
Wage, budget freeze could be among options
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
Even the world's richest university is feeling the pinch from the economic downturn.
Harvard's president, Drew Faust, said yesterday that the university is looking for ways to reduce spending
across the campus, raising the specter of cuts to programs and compensation, as Harvard's endowment
plummets. It is also assessing all aspects of its sweeping plan to expand across the Charles River in Allston,
she said.
"We must recognize that Harvard is not invulnerable to the seismic financial shocks in the larger world,"
Faust wrote in an e-mail to faculty, staff, and students.
She did not specify what cuts were on the table and declined to be interviewed.
"The letter is the letter," said John Longbrake, university spokesman, who would not elaborate on the
implications of Faust's e-mail. "Look, this is a serious situation, and they're planning and looking at things
across the board."
A Harvard official familiar with its financial picture said the university is considering imposing a wage freeze
for administrators and faculty, as well as a budget freeze on all programs. The Faculty of Arts and Sciences,
Harvard's largest faculty, is confronting a loss of roughly $4.5 billion in the market value of its endowment,
which would translate to a net loss of $225 million from its budget, the official said on condition of
anonymity because the plans are not final.
Harvard's move follows a range of belt-tightening at colleges and universities across the country.
Last month, Boston University instituted a hiring freeze and a moratorium on all construction projects that
are not already underway. Yesterday, Dartmouth College said it was trimming its budget after its
endowment lost $220 million during the turmoil. The New Hampshire school's endowment had finished
the fiscal year at $3.66 billion. Brown and Cornell also imposed hiring freezes recently.
Harvard's endowment before the economic crisis was $36.9 billion. The money funded more than a third of
the university's annual $3.5 billion operating budget.
Harvard officials would not say how much the endowment has lost in recent months, but Faust referenced
a Moody's projection of a 30 percent decline in the value of college and university endowments this fiscal
year. For Harvard, that would mean an $11 billion loss - that is, about $550 million in lost income.
Also under review are Harvard's expansion plans in Allston, Faust said. Construction projects that remain
the highest priority include a $1 billion science complex in Allston and a law school addition in Cambridge,
and renovations to the Fogg Museum.
Faust's letter laid out other financial challenges that Harvard faces, despite its great wealth.
The university cannot expect continued generous contributions from donors and foundations, she said. The
pool of federal grant money for research is also at risk of drying up.
And any increase in tuition, which accounts for 20 percent of the university's revenue, should be kept
modest during the tough economy, Faust said. It costs $47,215, including room and board, to attend
Harvard, a 3.5 percent increase from last year.
Amid the financial storm, Faust affirmed Harvard's commitment to recent initiatives to expand financial aid
for low- and middle-income families. Students from families making below $60,000 will still get a free ride,

she said. And families making up to $180,000 per year can expect to pay no more than 10 percent of their
Some faculty members said Faust's letter, though sobering, did not come as a surprise.
"This strikes me as a drumbeat getting us ready to think in terms of a slowdown in growth, or even cuts and
freezes," said Andrew Gordon, a history professor on Harvard's faculty council.
Michael Smith, dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, was unavailable for comment. But he warned
faculty and staff yesterday that everyone would be affected in the belt-tightening. The Faculty of Arts and
Sciences draws more than half its operating expenses from the endowment.
"Given the prominence of endowment income in our finances, we must consider budgeting scenarios that
significantly reduce our annual operating expenses," Smith wrote in an e-mail after Faust's letter.
Wilfried Schmid, a math professor who also serves on the faculty council, said Faust's reaction to the bleak
economy is sensible.
"Nobody has any idea whether this is going to be a replay of the Great Depression," Schmid said in an
interview. "Harvard is resilient enough to weather quite a storm, but exactly what this means, we'll have to
see. Harvard is still the top university, and we'll do whatever's necessary to stay there."
Springfield News-Leader
University weighing cuts
Slowdown may reduce Harvard’s endowment, grants.
Tuesday, November 11, 2008
Boston -- Harvard University is considering spending cuts because the economic slowdown may reduce
federal grants and the school's substantial endowment, President Drew Faust said Monday.
Harvard's endowment posted an 8.6 percent return and grew to $36.9 billion in the fiscal year that ended
June 30. The school, however, lost 12.7 percent on its U.S. stock portfolio and 12.1 percent on its foreign
equity portfolio during that time. Faust's spokesman on Monday declined to say much the endowment has
lost during the current economic turmoil.
Still, Faust warned in an e-mail to faculty, staff and students that "we must recognize that Harvard is not
invulnerable to the seismic financial shocks in the larger world. Our own economic landscape has been
significantly altered."
"We need to be prepared to absorb unprecedented endowment losses and plan for a period of greater
financial restraint," she said.
Harvard's is the nation's largest university endowment and provides about a third of the annual operating
budget. Faust said the school is looking at ways to cut spending and will review compensation costs, which
account for nearly half of the budget.
Harvard also is reviewing its ambitious expansion program, including plans announced early last year to
expand across the Charles River from its Cambridge campus into Allson, she said.
"We will need to plan and act in ways that reflect that reality, to assure that we continue to advance our
priorities for teaching, research and service," she said.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Analysis: How Colorado became the first state to reject a ban on affirmative action
Monday, November 10, 2008

Ward Connerly's campaign against affirmative action took a hit last week, as Colorado voters narrowly
rejected a ballot measure banning preferences based on race, gender, ethnicity, and national origin. The
one-percentage-point defeat, the first time a state had rejected such a measure, can largely be credited
to Barack Obama, political scientists and other experts say.

Voters in Washington, Michigan, and now Nebraska have all passed similar bans with about 58 percent
of the vote, while California voters approved theirs with 54 percent of the vote.

Mr. Connerly, a longtime activist against affirmative action, expressed his disappointment at the defeat,
but he has already begun efforts to get a similar measure on the ballot in Missouri for 2010. And he is
eyeing Arizona and another attempt in Colorado, among other states. But in an interview, the 69-year-
old former member of the California Board of Regents said he planned to spend more time
campaigning on other issues, such as prison reform, which could divert attention from the anti-
affirmative-action movement.

Opponents of Mr. Connerly's crusade hailed the Colorado vote. ―This makes it clear that the people
who want to enact these ballot measures are going to have to work harder,‖ said Michael A. Olivas, a
law professor at the University of Houston who contributed to the campaign against the measure.
―They are going to have to pick their targets more carefully.‖ (Mr. Olivas is a recent contributor, on
another topic, to The Chronicle Review.)

Colorado and Nebraska appeared to be ideal targets when Mr. Connerly‘s American Civil Rights
Institute decided to put the measure on the states' ballots. Both have populations that are more than 70
percent white, and anti-immigrant sentiment was strong in each.

But Colorado also has a growing minority population and an electorate that is becoming less
conservative. The anti-immigrant sentiment, which had been fueled by a former congressman and
Republican presidential candidate, Tom Tancredo, did not become an issue in any state races this year.
Colorado also played host to the Democratic National Convention and was one of the red states that
Mr. Obama turned blue in the presidential election, winning 53 percent of its popular vote.

Political scientists say the ban's supporters may have underestimated the spillover effect that the
presidential contest would have on the ballot measure. They say it is clear that the measure, which
trailed by as much as 10 percentage points in polls leading up to the election, was swept out by Mr.
Obama‘s coattails on Election Day.

―This election brought out people who in most typical elections wouldn‘t be voting,‖ said Kenneth
Bickers, a political-science professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder. If the measure were on
the ballot in a midterm election, which typically draws fewer voters, he said, it "certainly could go a
different way.‖

One other factor in the measure's defeat seems to have been a more aggressive campaign against the
proposal than the one seen in Nebraska. Advertisements linked the measure to the Ku Klux Klan, and
Mr. Connerly himself drew ad hominem attacks that portrayed him as a ―carpetbagger‖ attempting to
amend the state's Constitution from the outside.

But with 13 other measures on the state ballot, a heated Senate race, and Colorado‘s status as a
battleground state in the presidential election, many observers say the attacks were probably lost in a
cluttered political field. Even Mr. Connerly credited what he called the "Obama tsunami."

―He spent a ton of money working with progressives to turn out the vote for him in the state,‖ said
Mr. Connerly. ―If the vote was held tomorrow with no Obama money and no Obama on the ballot,
we‘d win, 60 to 40" percent.

Future anti-affirmative-action campaigns may suffer from an even bigger deficit in resources should
Mr. Connerly scale back his role. While the opposition to preferences is much broader than Mr.
Connerly alone, his financial support and his name have been crucial to the campaigns in each state.

―My sense is that in Nebraska it wouldn‘t have passed without his money and influence,‖ said John R.
Hibbing, a professor of political science at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln.

In Colorado, however, both opponents and supporters of the measure said that they expected similar
measures to appear on other state ballots, particularly in conservative Western states. Some suspect
they'll even see it again in Colorado.

―This was the wrong state at possibly the wrong time,‖ said Michael Kanner, an instructor of political
science at Boulder. ―But they‘ve already put the significant investment in, so I wouldn‘t be surprised to
see a similar measure here in 2009.‖

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The Grade Blog: Update: Colorado voters reject affirmative action ban
Friday, November 7, 2008

I blogged earlier this week about the anti-affirmative action initiative on the ballots in Nebraska and
Colorado. At that time, the vote was too close to call in Colorado. Well, now the final tally is in and it
turns out that voters there rejected the initiative. That makes Colorado the first state to vote down the
initiative which would have banned racial and gender preferences in state hiring and higher education.

Nebraska voters approved the intiative on Tuesday. And in previous years, similar initiatives backed by
California businessman Ward Connerly, have passed in California, Washington and Michigan.

As I wrote earlier, a group hoped to put a similar proposition before Missouri voters this year. But the
initiative failed to get enough signatures to make it onto the November ballot.

Columbia Missourian
Potential college students taking both entrance exams more often
Wednesday, November 12, 2008

WASHINGTON — For many high school students, picking a college entrance test has become a
multiple-choice question.

The SAT has long dominated the bustling college-prep market. But the rival ACT is making inroads,
buoyed by a shift in conventional wisdom, which now holds that the tests are of about equal value and
that a student would be wise to take both. Colleges are driving the trend because admission officers are
spreading the word that it doesn't matter which test students take.

The ascent of the ACT is a boon to students seeking to impress colleges. The SAT tests how students
think. The ACT measures what they have learned. Each is a better fit for some students than others.

"You'll do well on at least one of the tests," said Jordan Kirschenbaum, a junior at Churchill High
School in Potomac, Md. He plans to take both.

A decade ago, the SAT reigned supreme on the East Coast. But in the past five years or so, colleges
have stated "with unanimity" that they don't care which test students take, said Paul Kanarek, vice
president of the test-preparatory company Princeton Review.

Although they operate as nonprofit groups, the New York-based College Board, which owns the SAT,
and Iowa-based ACT Inc. have an interest in building market share and maintaining prestige among
students and colleges in every state.

"We're growing everywhere, but it's especially dramatic down the East Coast," said Jon Erickson, vice
president for educational services at ACT.

"We don't see this as a horse race," said Alana Klein, a College Board spokeswoman. "What's
important to us is that students are prepared for and succeed in college."

The College Board recently unveiled an eighth-grade assessment and changed a rule to allow students
to report only their best scores from multiple tests. Both moves could be viewed as responses to the
ACT, which publishes an eighth-grade test and allows students to choose the scores they send to

College entrance tests remain vital to the admission process, even in an era when dozens of colleges
have waived them as a requirement.

The SAT, introduced in 1926, has evolved from its origins as a quasi-intelligence test for Ivy League
applicants. Today, the test spans 3 hours and 45 minutes and three sections in reading, writing and
math, including an essay. The ACT was introduced in 1959 as an alternative, focusing on curriculum,
with sections in English, math, reading and science and an optional essay. It is most prevalent in the
middle of the country. The core test, not including the essay, takes 2 hours and 55 minutes.

Each SAT section yields a score from 200 to 800; ACT section scores top out at 36. A typical applicant
to a competitive college might boast section scores in the upper 20s for the ACT and above 600 for
the SAT.

To an extent, the recent popularity of the ACT reflects backlash against changes to the SAT. The
College Board expanded the exam from two sections to three in 2005. The result was a longer test that
some students did not care to take twice.

"They're voting with their feet," said Montgomery County (Md.) School Superintendent Jerry Weast.

Fewer students are retaking the SAT, College Board officials confirmed, adding that the number of
repeat customers stabilized last year after declining in 2006.

College Board officials say the ACT's gain is not necessarily the SAT's loss. The number of students
taking the SAT nationwide is up 30 percent since 1998. For the ACT, the totals are up 43 percent.

Still, the College Board seems to be fighting back. Last summer, the New York publisher announced
that students would soon be permitted to pick their best scores from multiple SAT tests to show
colleges. At present, colleges receive all of a student's scores. The change, effective with the Class of
2010, seems tailored to encourage repeat business.

Last month, the College Board also announced a new test to prepare eighth-grade students for the
rigors of high school. Promoters said the ReadiStep exam helps create a "college-going culture." Some
industry insiders say the test is more about test-taking culture: steering ever-younger students onto the
SAT track, a role filled by the Preliminary SAT.

"It's a business move, and it's an intelligent move," Kanarek said.

Klein, of the College Board, said the new test "is completely unrelated to the college admissions
process." ReadiStep will be rolled out next fall.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Commentary: Endowments are both vital and misunderstood
Taxpayers must realize how much the funds help students afford college
Thursday, November 13, 2008

The topic of higher-education financing — particularly as it relates to the price of college and access for low-
income and middle-income students — has been front-and-center with policy makers and opinion leaders and
will undoubtedly remain so with the Obama administration and Congress. Recent discussion has focused on the
role of university endowments: Do they help with access? Should colleges be required to apply more of their
endowment revenues to ensure they remain affordable to lowand middle-income students?

Such questions were at the forefront in September as the ranking member of the U.S. Senate Finance Committee,
Charles E. Grassley, Republican of Iowa, and Rep. Peter Welch, Democrat of Vermont, convened a round table
to discuss endowments — what they are, how they work, and their relationship to college costs. I was pleased, as
the president of the American Council on Education, to be invited to participate on the panel on college cost. It
gave me the chance to discuss with Senator Grassley, Representative Welch, and other attendees some of the key
issues surrounding tuition, the primary cost drivers at our institutions, and how colleges use their endowments.

While our round-table discussion proved to be extremely constructive, it is clear that a number of
misconceptions remain about endowments and their place in the broad scheme of higher-education financing.
Colleges themselves may be partly to blame, as the topic is complex and institutions have not taken a lead in
discussing it in concrete ways to assist policy makers and the news media.

Doesn't every college have a large endowment? Aren't endowments simply savings accounts that can be tapped
for current priorities? Aren't colleges being overly cautious about how they spend their endowments? Shouldn't
institutions be forced to pay more out of their endowments to help students and families pay for college? The
Senate Finance Committee, in its important oversight role over tax-exempt organizations, has been digging for
answers to those questions and will continue to do so even though higher-education institutions have seen
significant losses in their investment portfolios over the past few months. Last February — well before the
current economic crisis — Senator Grassley and the chairman of the Senate Finance Committee, Max Baucus,
Democrat of Montana, sent letters to 136 institutions with endowments of more than $500-million asking about
the structure, use, and management of their endowments and about financial-aid policies and practices.

The Senate inquiry has been very constructive, as it has provided institutions with the chance to confront the
issues head-on. All the presidents I have spoken with who have been involved in the process have welcomed the
opportunity. Nearly every institution that received a letter responded fully to the committee — many even posted
their responses on their Web sites.

While staff members of the Senate Finance Committee continue to review the reams of material that the
institutions have provided, we have obtained more than 100 responses and conducted our own analysis. We have
discovered much variation in the way institutions answered the questions that the committee posed, so responses
often do not lend themselves to rigorous statistical analysis. However, some common themes have emerged.

What did we learn? We found confirmation of many of the important ways that colleges are using their
endowments. For example:
 The responses make it clear that institutions are using their endowments to enhance and support student
    financial aid, teaching and scholarship, research, public service, and other purposes — all in ways that
    advance their broad tax-exempt missions.
 Student aid and teaching, through faculty support (including salaries), were the most frequently reported uses
    of endowment spending. More than 80 percent of the responses we reviewed indicated those two priorities.
 Three out of four institutions reported having at least 60 percent of their endowment restricted for specific
    purposes. Donors have often imposed or established such restrictions through a formal agreement with the
    college as a condition of the gift.
 Of the 100 responses reviewed, 54 institutions reported having a targeted payout rate of 5 percent or more,
    calculated per year or on a three-year rolling average. The remaining 46 institutions had a targeted payout
    rate between 4 percent and 6 percent. However, in certain years, due to market volatility, some institutions
    reported spending below 4 percent or above 5 percent.

What about endowment management policies and performance? The institutions whose responses we analyzed
 Favorable market conditions have resulted in annual endowment-investment returns that range from 3.8
    percent to 26 percent over the last 10 years. The results demonstrate that those institutions have done an
    exceptional job of managing their endowments. However, even in a strong economy, some reported annual
    endowment declines. (It should be noted that the responses do not include results since the sharp downturn
    in the economy since August.)
 Of the reporting colleges, 61 percent reviewed their endowment spending and/or investment policies
    annually, while the remainder reviewed them every three years or less. Boards of trustees or their finance
    committees frequently reviewed the performance of the endowment funds.
 No institution reported a link between endowment investment performance and presidential compensation.
    However, many endowment investment managers are paid based on performance. Substantial compensation
    for some reflects market competition for skilled investment managers.

The Senate Finance Committee also asked about tuition and student-aid policies. According to our analysis:
 The process for setting tuition varied by type of institution. Public institutions reported the involvement of
    the public and students — with state government often in direct legal control over the setting of tuition
    price or other financial decisions. Private institutions generally reported the involvement of senior
    administrators and trustees in setting tuition.
 Overall, institutions reported focusing their distribution of financial aid based on need and the goal of
    promoting access, with more affluent institutions using a need-blind admissions process. Every institution in
    our analysis included a portfolio of programs aimed at assisting needy students, with varying definitions and
    eligibility criteria.
 The diverse institutions included in our analysis share no common definition of "low-income students." For
    example, some institutions use benchmarks such as students' eligibility for Pell Grants or for programs of
    free or reduced-price high-school lunches; others use predetermined income levels. Because of the range of
    tuitions, some institutions use income levels as high as $75,000 to $100,000 to define low-income, despite
    the fact that they are significantly higher than the median household income.

In the past, both Senator Grassley and Representative Welch have expressed interest in mandating a 5-percent
payout for college and university endowments. However, in his closing comments at the round table in
September, Senator Grassley seemed to indicate that he would hold off on legislation as long as institutions
continued to demonstrate sound practices with openness and undertook efforts to enhance student access. There
is now widespread recognition that a one-size-fits-all legislative mandate on endowments is in the best interests
of no one — a positive development made all the more urgent as we see institutions coping with the difficult

While the Senate Finance Committee inquiry — and the detailed responses of our institutions — can help
correct some of the misconceptions regarding endowments, it is unlikely to satisfy the many critics of college
spending policies. But it is a vital step toward openness in an important area of higher-education financing that
we should applaud. Our institutions have a compelling story to tell about how their endowments help students
afford college, underwrite pioneering research, provide student services, and support many other programs that
benefit their surrounding communities.

I hope that once the Senate Finance Committee completes its analysis, it will use the opportunity to remind
taxpayers of the underlying rationale for the tax-exempt treatment of colleges and their endowments — that
fulfillment of their teaching, research, and public-service missions epitomizes the kind of institutions for which
tax-exempt status was created. But I also hope more college presidents will seize the opportunity presented by
Senator Grassley and tell their campus stories more widely. To the extent that endowments are misunderstood, it
is our job to explain their purpose and constructive uses to policy makers and the public.

Molly Corbett Broad is the president of the American Council on Education.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
As the economic crisis hits home, colleges seek help from Congress
Thursday, November 13, 2008

Washington – Congress is crafting a second economic-stimulus bill, and the nation‘s colleges, hit by the
deepening fiscal crisis, want a share of the money.

Over the last few weeks, colleges and their lobbyists have bombarded members of Congress with letters
and phone calls seeking money for research, student aid, and infrastructure. Their appeals emphasize the
role colleges play in the nation‘s fiscal health, not only as educators but also as employers and innovators.

Democratic leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives hope to bring a second stimulus measure to the
floor next week, when lawmakers are expected to return to Washington for a lame-duck session.

But a deal with President Bush remains elusive, and without one, the bill may have to wait until January,
when Barack Obama takes office as president. Congress could also opt for a piecemeal approach, passing
the portions that Mr. Bush agrees to now, and the remainder next year.

Competing for Aid
Either way, Congress is expected to focus its new spending on food stamps, unemployment benefits, and
infrastructure projects. Colleges will have to compete for the remaining aid with hundreds of other
supplicants, including the airline industry, homebuilders, and budget-strapped states.

Thirty-nine states are predicting budget shortfalls for the next fiscal year that total more than $100-billion,
according to the Committee for Education Funding, a nonprofit coalition of colleges and other education

But the competition hasn‘t stopped colleges from seeking a share. Faced with declining endowment
income, reduced state support, and more financially needy students, institutions are desperate to avoid
drastic cuts in salaries and student aid.

Some college lobbyists see hope in the fact that Rep. George Miller, the California Democrat who is
chairman of the House education committee, is playing a key role in negotiations.

―I think it bodes well,‖ said Jennifer T. Poulakidas, vice president for Congressional and governmental
affairs at the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges. Representative Miller "is a
true believer in the importance of investments in science and research to drive the economy,‖ she said.

The state-university association has asked its member institutions to contact their representatives in
Congress to request money for student aid and the National Institutes of Health.

Other groups, including the Association of American Universities and the American Association of Medical
Colleges, have sent letters seeking more money for research. Letters from both groups highlight the ways
colleges contribute to the nation‘s economy, through work-force training, job creation, and business

―As large employers and as primary drivers of our innovation economy, our nation‘s research universities
and their students, faculty, and staff can be valuable components of an economic recovery, in both the
short and long terms,‖ said the letter from the Association of American Universities.

The medical-college association‘s letter goes a step further, citing statistics to quantify its members‘
economic impact. Medical colleges, it notes, pumped $451-billion into the economy in 2007, generating
three million full-time jobs and more than $20-billion in state tax revenue.

A Long Wish List
The group also offers the longest wish list of the college associations, requesting $1.9-billion for the
National Institutes of Health, a reversal of cuts in Medicare payments to teaching hospitals, and an
expansion of federal Medicaid funds, among other items.

While an increase in federal Medicaid spending would not directly benefit colleges without teaching
hospitals, it could have a trickle-down effect, easing the budget demands that have forced state lawmakers
to cut spending on public colleges. Medicaid costs represent a large and increasing share of state budgets.

―If the states are taken care of, then it relieves the pressure‖ on colleges, said Harvey Hollins III, vice
president for government and community affairs at Wayne State University, in Michigan. He said his
institution was bracing for an expected midyear rescission of up to 4 percent of its state appropriation.

Meanwhile, some groups—including the Association of American Universities and the National
Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, are asking Congress to set aside a portion of the
bill‘s infrastructure money for campus construction. Several colleges have put off planned projects because
of the tightening of credit markets and the rising cost of capital.

Pleas for More Student Aid
Other groups, including the American Association of State Colleges and Universities and the Student Aid
Alliance, a coalition of associations, say Pell Grants must be the top priority.

With more families facing unemployment and foreclosure on their homes, participation in the grant
program has spiked, creating a shortfall that is expected to exceed $5-billion by the end of the 2009 fiscal
year. The Student Aid Alliance wants Congress to wipe out that shortfall and provide enough money for a
$500 increase in the maximum award, which is now $4,731.

Lawmakers are also said to be weighing an increase in federal-loan limits and an extension of the grace
period for student borrowers, perhaps to nine months. Congress cut the grace period from nine months to
six months in the 1980s, to reduce costs. Now, with the economy creating a gloomy job outlook for college
graduates, lawmakers may extend it again.

A Hard Sell
This would be the third time in recent months that Congress has acted to shore up the economy.
Lawmakers approved a $700-billion bailout bill for the banking sector last month and a $168-billion
stimulus bill in February that included federal income-tax-rebate checks. But the economy has continued to
worsen, and lawmakers have been inundated with pleas for help from every corner of the economy.

With so many urgent needs confronting Congress, colleges know they aren‘t likely to be a top priority.

―There are so many people going to the trough who have legitimate needs that it‘s going to be hard,‖ said
Cynthia A. Littlefield, director of federal relations at the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Colleges may yet feel bite from recession, Moody’s analysts warn
Friday, November 14, 2008

New York – American colleges have so far avoided some of the worst effects of the nation‘s economic
downturn. That could change quickly, financial experts told a conference that was held here on Thursday by
Moody's Investors Service and The Chronicle.

Higher education is one of the nation‘s few industries that continues to add jobs, demonstrating its ability
to weather the continuing recession, said Mark M. Zandi, chief economist and co-founder of Moody's

                                                                                                              61, a provider of economic research and consulting services. He spoke at a session of the
conference, which focused on higher-education finance in the current economic climate.

Colleges have been enjoying ―a golden age‖ of rising enrollments and tuition, said Mr. Zandi, who served as
an economic adviser to John McCain‘s presidential campaign. The recession, however, will probably last for
at least two more years, signaling ―dark days for higher education,‖ he said.

Moody's, which rates the creditworthiness of companies, has issued a series of reports this year warning of
the effects on colleges of the slowing economy, declining investment returns, and uncertainties over student
access to loans (The Chronicle, July 3, July 18, and October 17).

―Higher education, compared with many other sectors of the municipal market, is normally more insulated
from near-term budget shortfalls caused by recessions,‖ Moody‘s reported last month. ―However, the
potential impacts of the combined credit freeze and recession on some colleges and universities will be
significant if current trends persist.‖ Those effects could include less availability of private student loans, a
shrinking pool of people who can afford to go to college, and more difficulty in borrowing funds for the
colleges' operations and growth.

Investors could also begin to demand more information from colleges about the financial risks in their
operations, said Roger D. Goodman, team leader for higher education at Moody's. ―There‘s likely to be a
lot more pressure to be responsive to investor phone calls,‖ he said.

Once President-elect Barack Obama takes office in January, however, the federal government might turn
more sympathetic toward higher education than it has been in recent years, said John C. Nelson, managing
director for higher education ratings at Moody's.

―I don‘t think that he‘s going to lead an administration that‘s hostile to universities,‖ Mr. Nelson said of Mr.
Obama. ―If anything, the opposite.‖

One of the latest examples of government attention to the needs of higher education happened Wednesday,
when the departing Treasury secretary, Henry M. Paulson Jr., said he was revising his plans for spending the
$700-billion financial-rescue program approved last month by Congress to help providers of consumer
credit, including student loans. Mr. Paulson had previously said the fund would be used primarily to buy
mortgage-backed securities.

Mr. Paulson did not detail how he would help student lenders, and representatives of the lenders expressed
uncertainty as to how such a plan would help students and colleges.

―He was not at all clear on how he would do that,‖ Mr. Zandi said at the conference. ―And I think that‘s
because it‘s not clear in his mind how he‘s going to do that.‖

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Colleges are urged to be more open about where their money goes
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Chicago – To be persuasive on college costs, universities must be more open about their budgets, a panel of
college leaders said here today at the annual meeting of the National Association of State Universities and
Land-Grant Colleges.

But budget transparency will be a challenge, they said, as universities have long sought to keep some of their
costs away from the prying eyes of lawmakers and competitors in higher education.

John V. Lombardi, president of the Louisiana State University system, says universities keep secret the
cross-subsidization in their budgets, like the common practice of using undergraduate tuition revenue to
help finance expensive research facilities.

"That's why we don't have clean books," Mr. Lombardi said, adding that most universities have "obscure,
confused, and mucked-up budgets."

The two other speakers on the panel agreed that public colleges could gain traction with state legislatures
and the general public by being more specific about where their money goes. But finding a consistent
message on college costs will be difficult, they said, given the complexity of university operations and the
vast differences between various institutions.

"We do sell a very differentiated product. And we don't sell it very well," said Elizabeth Hoffman, who is
Iowa State University's provost and a former president of the University of Colorado.

For example, Ms. Hoffman said, for-profit institutions have been much more effective in winning the favor
of federal lawmakers, despite the relatively high debt accrued by their students. "Because they have money,"
she said of for-profit colleges, "they have the ear of Congress."

Public universities should fight back by stressing their many noneducational virtues, Ms. Hoffman said, like
their injection of money into state economies, student-life offerings, and entertainment on campuses.

M. Peter McPherson, the public-university association's president, said colleges can do more to link cost
and quality in their public outreach. And he said honesty about budget details could help college leaders
find their niches in a highly competitive industry.

"We've got to be candid with ourselves," he said.

That honesty will be painful at times, said Mr. Lombardi, in part because of competition. Universities do
not like to share their secrets with lawmakers or other institutions, he said. "We are like every other dog-eat-
dog industry."

But the panelists said college leaders will be forced to change how they do business because of the
profound pressure that a sinking global economy is exerting on university finances. As the industry further
stratifies, they said, the winners will be those that pick their battles and serve emerging needs.

"I think we're going to see ourselves splintering," said Mr. Lombardi. "It's going to be ugly."

Los Angeles Times
Students forced to borrow more to finance college educations
As private lenders tighten standards, the U.S. increases lending limits on unsubsidized Stafford loans to
ensure that funds for education will be available.
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Higher college costs and steep losses in college savings plans are forcing students and their parents to borrow
more money -- if they can -- to earn bachelor's degrees.

Federal officials, fearing that the continuing credit crunch may stymie college financing efforts, tried Saturday to
reassure families that funds would be available.

The Education Department extended legislation from last May that increases lending limits on unsubsidized
Stafford loans from $23,000 to $31,000 per undergraduate and allows the department to purchase loans
temporarily to boost lender confidence.

"We recognize that the current economic situation has created real financial challenges for students and their
families, who are increasingly concerned about how they can secure loans to help cover college costs," Secretary
of Education Margaret Spellings said.

"I want to reassure students and their families that federal student aid -- both grants and loans -- remains
available to eligible students," she said.

A report by the Project on Student Debt, a Berkeley advocacy group that tracks student loans, found that last
year's seniors graduated with an average debt load that was 6% higher than the previous year's grads accumulated.

The average debt of students graduating with loans in 2007 jumped to $20,098 -- up from $18,976 for those
graduating in the previous year, according to the report released late last month. In California, the average
climbed 2% to $17,215.

This year's graduates may owe even more as they and their parents borrow additional amounts to supplement
falling values in their savings plans.

Meanwhile, starting salaries for last year's graduates haven't kept pace, growing only 3% over the previous year.

"Families may have fewer resources available to them," said Matthew Reed, a policy analyst who wrote the
Project on Student Debt report. "If families who six or 12 months ago might have looked to a home equity line
or savings or investments for college, those sources might be tightening up a bit. If that's the case, that might
lead to turning to a federal student or parent loan program."

But whether the pace of borrowing will continue is unclear as the turbulent economy and frozen credit markets
strip parents of jobs and make loan standards stricter.

Private lenders "are now charging higher interest rates, demanding higher credit scores and insisting on
cosigners," said Ronald W. Johnson, UCLA's director of financial aid. "With tighter restrictions, students will
find that their lender options have dwindled."

Until recently, students could obtain private loans with good credit, he said. But now, those who don't have
cosigners may not be able to get those loans.

Last year's surge in student debt coincides with rising education costs, which continued to rise this year. The
nonprofit College Board, which operates assessment tests, said tuition and fees rose 6.4% at public universities in
the 2007-08 school year compared with the previous school year. Room and board were up 5.2%.

Robert Shireman, executive director of the Project on Student Debt, noted that the seniors in the study

graduated before the financial downturn, but the economy's tailspin this year "makes high student loan payments
even harder to bear."

Students unable to get private loans may turn to government-backed Stafford loans, which generally have lower
interest rates than private loans but usually are for smaller amounts.

Unsubsidized Stafford loans don't require students to demonstrate financial need, but the fixed interest rate of
6.8% accrues from the date of the loan.

The rate for subsidized Stafford loans dropped in July from 6.8% to 6% and is scheduled to drop the next three
years until it reaches 3.4%. Unlike with unsubsidized loans, the government pays the interest while the student is
in school.

Despite a tightening credit market, "the bottom line is that federal loans are still available in spite of what people
might think in the credit crisis," Reed said. "Everyone can still get a federal student loan."
Students may seek more loans as savings dwindle
Monday, November 10, 2008

College students may have to borrow more to finance their higher education as market turmoil erodes savings, a
public policy group that tracks student aid said.

For the class of 2007, the average debt for a graduating undergraduate student was $20,098, a 6 percent increase
over 2006, according to the Project on Student Debt. Declining home values and rising unemployment have led
one-third of parents to slow college savings, an August survey by TD Ameritrade Holding Corp. said.

―Their other sources of money have dried up,'' said Robert Shireman, executive director of the Berkeley,
California-based Project on Student Debt. ``At worse they have lost their job and a lot of others will see their
savings account diminished.''

The Standard and Poor's 500 index has fallen 38 percent year to date. According to financial data firm
Morningstar, Inc., all 79 of the so-called 529 college savings plans in its database have fallen in value this year,
with 60 dropping more than 10 percent.

In the 2007-2008 academic year, more than $143 billion in financial aid was distributed through federal loans,
grants, federal work-study, federal tax credits and deductions, according to the College Board, a New York-
based nonprofit association of colleges. An additional $19 billion was borrowed from state and private sources.

Real Challenges

―We have been staying close to the developments in federal student aid and in student lending,'' Sara Martinez
Tucker, Under Secretary for the U.S. Department of Education, said in a news conference today.

On Nov. 8, the Department of Education announced an extension of legislation passed by Congress in May that
maintains increased lending limits and loan-buying capacity through the 2009-2010 school year.

―Having a purchase program would give confidence to lenders that there would be a home for these loans,''
Martinez Tucker said.

The University of Maryland set up a committee to handle financial aid appeals as parents find their ability to pay
has changed, said Sarah Bauder, director for the office of student financial aid.

―Now parents are coming and saying, `How did we know the economy was going to come spiraling down?'''
Bauder said. Monthly payment plan delinquencies are on the rise for the first time in recent memory, she said.

Aid Applications Rise
Applications for financial aid at the University of Delaware rose by 800 for the 2008-2009 academic year, said
Johnie Burton, director of scholarships and financial aid. The majority of aid packages involve federal loans and
some students took advantage of the higher loan limits, he said.

At Temple University in Philadelphia, spokesman Ray Betzner said any increase in loan applications likely will
come in the spring as most students have already secured the financing they need for the 2008-2009 academic

For those needing to borrow to finance an education, U.S.-backed loans remain the best option, said Mark
Kantrowitz, publisher of, a college funding information Web site based in Cranberry Township,

Fixed Rate
―Federal loans are fixed rate and, except for the best credit customers, are much less expensive than private
student loans,'' he said.

Federal student loans are mostly disbursed through banks and are U.S. government-backed. Stafford loans are
the most common type and generally don't require students to demonstrate financial need.

Unsubsidized Stafford loans currently have a fixed interest rate of 6.8 percent with repayment beginning after
graduation and undergraduates can borrow a total of $31,000. The loans require borrowers to be in good
standing on any other student loans they might have. Subsidized loans are available for those with fewer financial
resources and carry a 6 percent interest rate.

Federal Perkins loans are subsidized and are only for students with exceptional financial need. The school acts as
the lender, providing loans at a set 5 percent interest rate with a 10-year repayment period. Undergraduates can
borrow up to $20,000 and as much as $40,000 for undergraduate and graduate school combined.

PLUS Loans
Parents and graduate students also can take ``PLUS'' loans to cover the balance of tuition if necessary. PLUS
loans currently have a fixed interest rate of 8.5 percent and require good credit. If a parent is denied a PLUS loan,
the student is then eligible for up to $57,500 in Stafford loans.

If a student's financial aid package is insufficient, negotiate for more or consult with a financial aid adviser, said
Reecy Aresty, author of ``How to Pay for College Without Going Broke.''

―You don't have to take it at face value,'' he said. For private schools, any student, no matter their parent's
income, should qualify for some kind of subsidized aid, he added.

―If people understood the financial aid process everything would go a lot smoother,'' Aresty said. ``It's just like
knowing the tax code -- a really good CPA will get somebody absolutely the best deal legally.''

No Problem
Students shouldn't have a problem obtaining federal loans, said Tom Joyce, spokesman for Reston, Virginia-
based Sallie Mae, the largest student lender in the U.S.

In May 2008, Congress enacted legislation that increased the amount of federal student loans to $31,000 from
$23,000 per undergraduate, expanded parental eligibility for PLUS loans and gave the Department of Education
the temporary authority to purchase loans.

The program will continue for the 2009-2010 academic year, Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings said in a
joint Nov. 8 statement with the U.S. Treasury.

The Department of Education's plan to buy fully disbursed federal student loans was also extended to include all
unconsolidated federal loans awarded between Oct. 1, 2003, and July 1, 2009. Under the expanded provisions, up
to $135 billion in loans are now eligible for purchase.

Increased Loan Limits
―The federal government has increased federal loan limits and that I think will help and has helped,'' Joyce said.
``It's working perfectly.''

Total costs including tuition, fees, room, board and expenses averaged $14,333 for a public college and $34,132
for a private school for 2008-2009, according to the College Board.

Private loans, many with variable interest rates, are still an option and are difficult to find amid the credit crunch,
Kantrowitz said. Bank of America Corp. ended its private student loan program in April and Wachovia Corp.,
soon to be acquired by Wells Fargo & Co., ended its program in August.

―It's going to be harder to qualify for them without a creditworthy cosigner,'' Kantrowitz said. ―Prove your credit
but be prepared for the possibility that the lenders might not be there.''

Sallie Mae Loans
The annual percentage rate on a $10,000 Sallie Mae signature private loan including fees ranges from 7 percent to
16 percent, depending on credit worthiness. The rate is based on the 1-month London Inter-Bank Offered Rate,
or Libor, plus a margin of 4 percent to 14 percent and is adjusted quarterly. The one-month Libor rate was 1.62
percent on Nov. 7.

―You can't really predict what's going to happen with interest rates or indexes,'' Shireman said. ―`A fixed rate just
provides better protection.''

The best way to reduce the college debt burden is to continue saving as much as possible even in a tough
economic environment, said Jason Olim, chief executive officer of, an online college savings
registry, based in New York.

―There's never a time when savings isn't a good idea,'' he said, adding that he considers the 529 plans, which
provide tax-free savings for higher education, the best way to save. ―They all offer a range of investment options
from the more speculative to the ultra-secure.''

To limit losses, the conventional wisdom of moving from high-risk to low-risk allocations as college enrollment
approaches is still valid, Olim said. Many state 529 programs, such as New York's and Connecticut's,
automatically shift balances into safer investments as the child ages.

―You might as well stay in and continue to invest,'' Kantrowitz said. ―The best way is every month put in a
certain amount and right now you're buying bargains.''

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Financial-rescue plan, in shift, could aid student-loan providers
Thursday, November 13, 2008
Washington – U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry M. Paulson Jr., after saying for weeks that the federal government‘s
$700-billion financial-rescue program would be aimed primarily at buying mortgage-backed securities from
lenders, said its focus would be expanded to include other types of troubled credit markets, including those that
provide student loans.
Insufficient access to credit ―is raising the cost and reducing the availability of car loans, student loans, and credit
cards,‖ Mr. Paulson said. ―This is creating a heavy burden on the American people and reducing the number of
jobs in our economy.‖
Mr. Paulson did not detail his plans for helping student-loan providers, and a Treasury Department
spokeswoman did not return calls seeking comment.
The secretary‘s remarks in regard to student loans, however, appear directed at expanding the availability of
private loans, industry representatives said. Students typically pursue private loans, which are usually more costly
than federally guaranteed loans, after they have exhausted their borrowing limits under the federal program.
The industry representatives' conclusion is based on the fact that the federal government already has taken a
series of steps in recent days and months to bolster the ability of loan companies to offer the federal loans, said
John E. Dean, a lawyer representing the Consumer Bankers Association, which represents many of the nation's
largest student-loan companies.
―It would be illogical,‖ Mr. Dean said, ―to have a supplementary intervention in a market where there‘s already
been, at least in my mind, a well-thought-out federal intervention.‖
Congress and the Bush administration took steps to help loan companies issue federally subsidized loans last
spring, even though some college officials and financial experts argued that students faced no real risk of losing
their ability to find such loans. But many college officials have expressed concern about the rising cost and
decreased availability of private loans.
Less Access to Private Loans
The National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, in a survey in September involving 504 of its
member colleges, found the decline in private loan availability was hurting many institutions. Twenty-nine
percent of the responding colleges said they were providing additional institutional aid to students who were
denied private loans.
Congress already tried to help such students this year when it increased loan limits under the federally subsidized
program by $2,000 per student per year, hoping that fewer of them would need private loans (The Chronicle, May
5). The previous limits in the federal program ranged from $3,500 a year for freshmen to $5,500 for juniors and
Some lawmakers have been reported in recent days to be considering an additional increase in the borrowing
limit. Others, however, led by New York‘s U.S. senators, Hillary Rodham Clinton and Charles E. Schumer, both
Democrats, have urged Mr. Paulson to use the $700-billion bailout program that was enacted last month to assist
providers of private student loans.
Congress approved the $700-billion bailout after President Bush said the economy depended on the ability of the
federal government to purchase assets—mostly home mortgages—that were now worth less than the amounts
owed on them. The legislation allowed the administration to purchase other assets, though Mr. Paulson said
repeatedly that he would concentrate on the mortgage industry.
Mr. Paulson has now shifted his attention to other troubled assets, including student loans, without any sign of a
proposal that would ensure the benefits actually reached the students and colleges, Mr. Dean said.
―The question is,‖ he said, ―what does an intervention look like that will actually result in students either getting
loans or getting loans at reasonable prices?‖
―I haven‘t seen a proposal that is a surefire way to make sure that nonfederal student loans are available,‖ Mr.
Dean said.

Yet, Mr. Dean acknowledged, there are also experts who warn against further increases in students' borrowing
limits under the federally subsidized loan program. Evidence of that danger includes an admission by the
University of Phoenix that it sets its tuition with the loan limits in mind. The for-profit university announced one
tuition cut at its two-year Axia College division after data showed students were dropping out after reaching their
maximum borrowing limits under the federal program.
The Chronicle of Higher Education
Education Department expands help available to student-loan companies
Monday, November 10, 2008
Washington – The Bush administration has agreed to extend backward by five years a financial-bailout authority
that lets student-loan companies sell their portfolios to the federal government.
The administration, as part of the expansion, also has agreed to extend the eligibility for government purchase to
loans that have already been sold to an outside investor.
The extensions of the nearly six-month-old financial rescue plan reflect the Education Department‘s growing
concern about the future availability of federally subsidized student aid, even as overall conditions in world
financial markets show some recent signs of improvement.
"I want to reassure students and their families that federal student aid—both grants and loans—remains available
to eligible students," the secretary of education, Margaret Spellings, said on Saturday in a written statement.
The bailout plan was designed to give lenders more cash to lend to students (The Chronicle, May 5). The extension
would make federally subsidized student loans as old as those from the 2003-4 academic year eligible for sale to
the government. The administration, when it established the program in May, made loans eligible for sale to the
government only if issued to students for the current academic year, even though Congress had authorized
eligibility back to 2003.
Congress and the administration already agreed in September to extend the program forward for another year, to
The policy makers crafted the bailout plan last spring after loan companies warned that a collapse of credit in the
broader economy, due largely to a rash of mortgage failures, might leave them unable to issue federally backed
student loans this fall.
The government response helped industry leaders like Sallie Mae and Citibank continue to offer federally
subsidized loans. But many smaller and nonprofit lenders, without existing funds or any other ability to kick-start
their lending, complained that the limitation of eligibility to loans issued in the 2008-9 academic year left them
still unable to operate.
"You need to have access to funds in order to play in this game," Peter Warren, executive vice president of the
Education Finance Council, an association of nonprofit lenders that includes state agencies, said in July. "It's
essentially a Catch-22."
Council members are among the more than 100 loan companies that announced they would stop participating in
the system of federally subsidized student loans.
Such state agencies and other nonprofit lenders were given more favorable treatment by Congress last year when
lawmakers cut the subsidies paid to lenders in the federal student-loan program. Lawmakers said at the time that
they wanted to acknowledge that the nonprofit lenders often give away more money to students than for-profit
lenders do, that most spend less on executive salaries, and that most avoided the conflicts of interest with college
aid administrators that led Congress this year to pass tighter industry ethics rules.
The Education Department announced its latest extension of the loan authority on Saturday. A department
spokeswoman, Samara Yudof, said the change could make "tens of billions of dollars" in additional loans eligible
for purchase by the government. Mr. Warren, who becomes president of the Education Finance Council later
this month, did not respond to a request for comment over the weekend.

The extension of the purchase authority back to the 2003-4 academic year will apply only to loans that have not
been consolidated. Students often consolidate loans after graduation, giving them a single monthly repayment
plan at a set rate.
More Lender Benefits
The extension of the purchase authority to loans as old as the 2003-4 academic year will help nonprofit lenders,
said Tim Ranzetta, president of Student Lending Analytics, which advises colleges on student-loan options.
Yet the biggest beneficiary of the extension appears to be Sallie Mae, the nation‘s largest student loan company,
which holds more than $16-billion in loans disbursed since 2003, Mr. Ranzetta said. The size of that advantage to
Sallie Mae and other lenders will depend on the pricing structure that the department announces, he said.
The extension of the governmental purchase authority to loans already sold to an outside investor reflects an
apparently irrational fear among investors who still shy away from trading in federally subsidized loans, even
though such loans already carry a government guarantee of repayment, said Kevin Bruns, executive director of
America's Student Loan Providers, an industry lobby group.
―Right now, investors are ignoring the guarantee,‖ Mr. Bruns said.
Investors probably will never actually exercise the option to sell the government the student-loan portfolios they
bought from student-loan companies, said Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of FinAid, a Web site sponsored by
Citigroup Inc. that provides student-aid advice.
By making the offer, however, the federal government has found a no-cost method of bolstering student-loan
companies without using any of the $700-billion fund that Congress set aside for the administration to buy up
other kinds of bad debt weighing down the overall U.S. economy, Mr. Kantrowitz said.
No Problems Reported
The government‘s commitment to purchase current-year loan-company debt already helped ensure a fall
semester in which no college student nationwide was reported unable to find a willing provider of a federally
subsidized loan. Conditions in the overall credit markets meanwhile have shown some signs of improvement,
with two weeks of declines in the rate that banks use when lending to one another.
Colleges still uncertain about the ability or willingness of loan companies to participate in the bank-based system
of federally subsidized loans can instead offer their students access to money lent directly by the Education
The direct-lending system, which has traditionally been simpler and less costly for the government to operate, has
seen a 50-percent gain in volume this fall semester as colleges abandon private loan companies. The direct-
lending program is now nearly half the size of the bank-based system, only a year after being about a fifth as
The chairmen of the education committees in Congress, Rep. George Miller of California and Sen. Edward M.
Kennedy of Massachusetts, have both been leaders among traditional Democratic party supporters of direct
Both, however, said they encouraged the administration‘s extension of the loan-purchase authority. "I'm glad that
the department is continuing to use the authority granted by Congress to provide students and families with
access to the federal student loans,‖ Mr. Miller said in a written statement. Committee members seeking details
expect to receive ―a full briefing‖ from the department today, Mr. Miller said.
President-elect Barack Obama promised during his campaign that he would work to eliminate the bank-based
system altogether, saying it ―provides wasteful subsidies to banks.‖
Converting all new federal student loans to the direct-lending program would save taxpayers more than $618 for
a $10,000 federally subsidized student loan, Mr. Obama said. The federal government distributes about $60-
billion in subsidized student loans each year.

The New York Times
Colleges struggle to preserve financial aid
Monday, November 10, 2008
FOR years, as the stock market roared, educational endowments swelled, helping private secondary schools and
colleges provide more financial aid, expand and attract better faculty. But with the financial markets in crisis,
those days are over.
 Today educational institutions are cutting spending, delaying projects and holding off on hiring. While many
schools and colleges say their commitment to helping families pay the costs of education will not waver, some
experts maintain that as investments shrink and donations fall, some institutions will be forced to cut back on
financial aid.
Morton Schapiro, president of Williams College in Massachusetts, which has long had a commitment to
accepting students without considering their financial situation, said he doubted that all colleges with such full
need-blind policies would be able to hold to them.
―The major dial you turn for most financial crises is that you admit more students who can pay, as a way of
increasing revenues,‖ Mr. Schapiro said. ―With the tremendous decline in wealth, I think fewer people will hold
on to needs blind.‖
Molly Corbett Broad, president of the American Council of Education, a group of 1,800 public and private
colleges, said the problems would be worse where endowments are smaller and enrollments larger, like at some
public universities. ―The farther down the food chain you go in terms of endowment per student,‖ she said, ―the
harder it will be to sustain need-blind admissions.‖
One of the few college presidents speaking publicly about making some adjustment is Douglas Bennett of
Earlham College in Indiana. About 18 percent of its students are from families with less than $60,000 in income
and receive financial aid.
―If you are truly need-blind, you can go broke,‖ Mr. Bennett said bluntly during a telephone interview. ―It is like
writing a blank check to the world.‖
The relative share of financial aid that is picked up by the government is declining as well, he added. As the
burden is shifted to families and institutions, Earlham is trying to figure out what to do. The college is particularly
concerned about students that it accepts and enrolls but whose financial needs it may not be able to meet.
Mr. Bennett said Earlham, which had a $350 million endowment at the end of June, was considering limiting its
need-blind admissions policy to three-quarters of the class. The college would then know how much it had
committed in financial aid and would be able to take that into account in admitting the remaining 25 percent.
Endowment management at most colleges involves a ―smoothing strategy‖ that tries to blend spending over
good years and bad in the hope of avoiding abrupt layoffs or other cuts if the endowment falls precipitously.
Though endowments generally pay out about 5 percent of their assets annually, they often calculate the amount
on an average of the previous three years, or other formulas. So in a rising market, colleges appear to be giving
away less than 5 percent of the current endowment value; in a falling market, they appear to be giving away more.
A prolonged bear market would be likely to depress returns or even create more losses. Contributions from
alumni might also decline, putting even more pressure on endowments just as the colleges need more financing
from them.
For the moment, colleges with heftier endowments say they can weather the storms. In late October, Anthony
Marx, president of Amherst College, posted a letter on the college Web site that said the endowment had fallen
25 percent since June 30, the end of fiscal 2008, when it stood at $1.7 billion. Still, Mr. Marx wrote, the
commitment to financial aid would not be scaled back, although Amherst would postpone a renovation project
and would review plans for new hires more stringently.
But the new financial realities mean that ―every school is looking at what they can cut and what they can
reallocate,‖ said Steven Rattner, a managing principal of the Quadrangle Group and acting chairman of Brown
University‘s investment committee.

―Nobody thinks the market will turn around and go back to do what it did before,‖ he said. ―That means
everyone is having to plan for a more difficult and turbulent financial environment to bring our expenses in line
with resources.‖
Everywhere, the goal is to keep entry to colleges accessible. ―Just as schools have less money, the families need
more,‖ Mr. Rattner said. ―While they are all looking to trim fat, the needs-blind issue is seen as muscle.‖
As part of a $1.4 billion fund-raising campaign, Brown is seeking $400 million for financial aid. Ronald Vanden
Dorpel, senior vice president for advancement, said the university tells potential donors that such gifts let Brown
admit the best and most diverse students — ―whomever we want without looking at their ability to pay.‖
During freshman weekend at Williams last month, Mr. Schapiro told families that if their financial circumstances
had changed, the college wanted to know and would try to accommodate their needs.
The college has 2,000 students, and ―I got about 12 calls from families that told us they might need more help,‖
said Mr. Schapiro, who is also president of the 568 Presidents‘ Group, 30 colleges that have agreed to admit all
American students on a needs-blind basis.
Mr. Schapiro has already alerted the Williams community about other cutbacks. In a letter several weeks ago, he
said the endowment budget had been predicated on an annual increase over the long term of 8 percent; last year,
Williams‘s endowment was down one-tenth of 1 percent. He also warned that Williams would have to think
about the impact of the roiling economy on giving.
Williams has decided to delay the completion of a sports field and a library. That will save money, Mr. Schapiro
said, and avoid the need to borrow. In the current credit crunch, he noted, ―the preferential interest rates once
afforded to schools are temporarily gone.‖
―We have invested in things such as housing and psychological services,‖ he said. ―And we are going to have to
allow attrition to give up some staff. The days of adding lots more staff for these purposes are over.‖
In California, Stanford University is looking at 5 percent cuts across the board, slashing $45 million from its $800
million basic operating budget, according to Lisa Lapin, a campus spokeswoman. She said that Stanford was
planning on modest and selective salary increases next year but that its commitment to financial aid was firm,
even as requests for it rise.
Roughly half of Stanford‘s $120 million in financial aid, which helps 77 percent of the undergraduate body, came
from the endowment in fiscal 2007, Ms. Lapin said, and maintaining access to Stanford for top students,
regardless of costs, remains a top priority.
The New York Times
Tough times strain colleges rich and poor
Friday, November 7, 2008
Arizona State University, anticipating at least $25 million in budget cuts this fiscal year — on top of the $30
million already cut — is ending its contracts with as many as 200 adjunct instructors.
Boston University, Cornell and Brown have announced selective hiring freezes.
And Tufts University, which for the last two years has, proudly, been one of the few colleges in the nation that
could afford to be need-blind — that is, to admit the best-qualified applicants and meet their full financial need
— may not be able to maintain that generosity for next year‘s incoming class. This fall, Tufts suspended new
capital projects and budgeted more for financial aid. But with the market downturn, and the likelihood that more
applicants will need bigger aid packages, need-blind admissions may go by the wayside.
―The target of being need-blind is our highest priority,‖ said Lawrence S. Bacow, president of Tufts. ―But with
what‘s happening in the larger economy, we expect that the incoming class is going to be needier. That‘s the real
Tough economic times have come to public and private universities alike, and rich or poor, they are figuring out
how to respond. Many are announcing hiring freezes, postponing construction projects or putting off planned
capital campaigns.

With endowment values and charitable gifts likely to decline, the process of setting next year‘s tuition low enough
to keep students coming, but high enough to support operations, is trickier than ever.
Dozens of college presidents, especially at wealthy institutions, have sent letters and e-mail to students and their
families describing their financial situation and belt-tightening plans.
At Williams College, for example, President Morton Owen Schapiro wrote that with last year‘s negative return on
the endowment and the worsening situation since June, some renovation and facilities spending would be
reduced and nonessential openings left unfilled.
Many students, increasingly conscious of costs, are flocking to their state universities; at Binghamton University,
part of the New York State university system, applications were up 50 percent this fall. But with this year‘s state
budget problems, tuition increases at public universities may be especially steep. Some public universities have
already announced midyear tuition increases.
With endowment values shrinking, variable-rate debt costs rising and states cutting their financing, colleges face
challenges on multiple fronts, said Molly Corbett Broad, president of the American Council on Education.
―There‘s no evidence of a complete meltdown,‖ Ms. Broad said, ―but the problems are serious enough that
higher education is going to need help from the government.‖
And as in other sectors, she said, some financially shaky institutions will most likely be seeking mergers.
Nationwide, retrenchment announcements are coming fast and furious, as state after state reduces education
The University of Florida, which eliminated 430 faculty and staff positions this year, was told recently to cut next
year‘s budget by 10 percent, probably requiring more layoffs. Financing for the University of Massachusetts
system was cut $24.6 million for the current fiscal year.
On Thursday, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger of California proposed a midyear budget cut of $65.5 million for the
University of California system — on top of the $48 million reduction already in the budget.
―Budget cuts mean that campuses won‘t be able to fill faculty vacancies, that the student-faculty ratio rises, that
students have lecturers instead of tenured professors,‖ said Mark G. Yudof, president of the California system.
―Higher education is very labor intensive. We may be getting to the point where there will have to be some basic
change in the model.‖
Private colleges, too, are tightening their belts — turning down thermostats, scrapping plans for new gardens or
quads, reducing faculty raises.
But many are also increasing their pool of financial aid.
Vassar College will give out $1 million more in financial aid this year than originally budgeted, even though the
endowment, which provides a third of its operating budget, dropped to $765 million at the end of September,
down $80 million from late June. President Catharine Bond Hill of Vassar said the college would reduce its
operating costs, but remain need-blind.
Many institutions with small endowments, however, will probably become more need-sensitive than usual this
year, quietly offering places to fewer students who need large aid packages.
At Dickinson College in Pennsylvania, Robert J. Massa, the vice president for enrollment and student life, said
that about 200 applicants last year might have been accepted if they had not needed so much financial help, but
that that number might rise to 250 this year.
Dickinson‘s endowment was $280 million in mid-October, Mr. Massa said, down from $350 million in June. And
while more than three quarters of the college‘s operating budget comes from student fees, some endowment
revenue will have to be replaced.
―Here‘s the rub,‖ Mr. Massa said. ―I really don‘t think that colleges can afford to increase their tuition price at
higher than inflation this year. I don‘t think the public will stand for it. What we‘ve done in higher education is let
our dreams and aspirations dictate our cost structure.‖

Most colleges will have a better sense next month of how many students are struggling, when second-semester
tuition bills come due.
Paola Aguilar, a sophomore at Shenandoah University in Winchester, Va., is worrying about whether she can
afford to return next year.
―My mom became a Realtor last year to try to earn more money, but that didn‘t help,‖ Ms. Aguilar said. ―I‘ve
talked to the people here, and they‘ve helped me out a little more for next semester, but as of right now, if I don‘t
get more help, I‘ll have to leave next year and go somewhere cheaper, near home.‖
Tracy Fitzsimmons, Shenandoah‘s president, said she began hearing about students‘ financial anxieties in mid-
―They‘d tell me they were thinking they might have to move off campus next semester and stay three to a
bedroom, or give up the meal plan and just eat one meal a day,‖ Ms. Fitzsimmons said.
Shenandoah has started an emergency grant fund for students, increased its loan program and prepared to stretch
out spring tuition payments for hard-pressed families.
Economic uncertainty touches every facet of higher education.
―We are planning to begin a capital campaign of $150-185 million,‖ said Karen R. Lawrence, president of Sarah
Lawrence College. ―We will still do that. We‘re not compromising our ambitions, but the timing will be a little bit
At the wealthiest institutions, endowment revenue usually covers about a third of operating costs, and most
colleges and universities spend a percentage of their endowment, based on its average value over the previous
three years, helping to smooth out economic ups and downs.
In recent years, with tuition rising faster than inflation, college affordability has become a significant issue. And
with the sharp growth of endowments in recent years — Harvard‘s hit $36.9 billion this summer — some
politicians, notably Senator Charles E. Grassley, Republican of Iowa, have pushed for a requirement that colleges
spend 5 percent of their endowments. Many of the wealthiest institutions responded by expanding financial aid
last year, with dozens of them replacing loans with grants.
This fall, more universities are taking steps to increase affordability. Benedictine University, a Roman Catholic
institution in Illinois, is freezing tuition; Vanderbilt University will replace loans with grants; Boston University
has expanded scholarships for students who graduated from Boston public schools; and the University of Toledo
announced free tuition for needy, high-performing graduates of Ohio‘s six largest public school systems.
Presidents of many expensive private colleges are wondering how much more tuition pressure families can bear.
―I wouldn‘t deny that a tuition freeze has occurred to me, but we can‘t afford heroic gestures,‖ said Sandy Ungar,
president of Goucher College in Baltimore.
Given the current climate, some say, colleges need to re-examine all of their economic assumptions.
―Several years ago, we started thinking about sustainability in environmental terms,‖ said Dick Celeste, the
president of Colorado College. ―Now we need to be thinking about sustainability in economic terms.‖

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Gates Foundation puts new focus on college completion
Wednesday, November 12, 2008
Seattle – The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation plans to spend several hundred million dollars over the next
five years to double the number of low-income young people who complete a college degree or a certificate
program by age 26, foundation officials told an exclusive group of education leaders who gathered here on
Tuesday to provide feedback on the ambitious plan.
If successful, the new postsecondary program would result in an additional 250,000 people per year with
some type of higher-education credential. And it broadens the foundation's already-generous spending on
education, which previously has focused on secondary schools and college scholarships. Over all, the
foundation plans to spend $3-billion on education during the next five years.
The foundation announced its new campaign at a conference attended by about 100 people, including
current and former governors, prominent business executives and school superintendents, and Education
Secretary Margaret Spellings.
The new effort will initially focus on community colleges because of their relatively low tuitions and open
admissions policies. Foundation officials said they would consider expanding innovative approaches to
improve college-completion rates, such as using technology to allow a student to move quickly through
remedial work, and forgiving a portion of debt each year for students who stay in college and are making
progress toward a degree.
In a speech on Tuesday, Melinda Gates, a co-chair of the foundation, pointed to data from the federal
Bureau of Labor Statistics showing that more than half of all new jobs in the United States will require
more than a high-school diploma. Only about 20 percent of low-income black and Hispanic students earn
any sort of postsecondary credential.
―Completing high school ready for college is a key transition point in the path out of poverty,‖ Ms. Gates
said. ―A second transition is earning a postsecondary credential with value in the workplace. If young
people fail to make the first transition, it‘s unlikely they will make the second. If they fail to make the
second, it‘s likely they will be poor.‖
Hilary Pennington, the Gates official who is leading the effort, said the foundation would announce a small
initial round of grants next month, and that within a year, it would select eight to 10 states in which it will
focus its work for the next three to five years. Grants will probably go to networks of institutions and
organizations, rather than to individual colleges, she said.
Regret at Being Left Out
The foundation took some risk by presenting its general ideas to a high-profile audience before announcing
even a single grant. Ms. Gates asked for ―candid feedback‖ during sessions moderated by the journalist Juan
Williams, and the foundation received plenty.
Some conference attendees wondered why the foundation—which has by its own admission achieved
mixed results in its eight years of trying to improve high-school education—wasn‘t spending more on
elementary and middle-school education, rather than college completion.
―We made a choice,‖ said Bill Gates, a co-chair of the foundation and a co-founder of Microsoft. He said
the foundation was motivated in part by new approaches that are helping students make it through
certificate programs and community colleges.
University officials who attended, including Charles B. Reed, chancellor of the California State University
system, urged the foundation to broaden its initial focus to include four-year institutions. And
representatives of for-profit institutions grumbled that the foundation‘s age cutoff—26—would exclude the
many proprietary institutions that focus on adult learners.

The foundation has hired Thomas J. Kane, a professor of economics and education at Harvard University,
to oversee an initial research effort. Vicki L. Phillips, the foundation‘s director of education, said it would
spend $500-million over the next five years on data and research related to college preparation and
The Gates Foundation, which gives away $3.5-billion a year, far more than any other American foundation,
is already an important force in education. It has spent $4-billion over the past seven years on efforts to
improve high schools and on scholarships for low-income minority students (The Chronicle, August 8, 2006).
'Big and Bold' Endeavor
But the new postsecondary effort was touted by foundation officials as the modern equivalent of the GI
Bill, which helped millions of returning soldiers attend college.
―We must be as big and bold as we were at the end of World War II,‖ Ms. Pennington said. ―And we must
do everything we can to make certain that postsecondary education is not just about access but success.‖
Gates Foundation officials said they would work in partnership with other foundations, especially the
Lumina Foundation for Education, which focuses on expanding access to postsecondary education, and
they would look to expand successful programs that have already been created by colleges or industry.
They will also support efforts to use technology more effectively. In a speech on Tuesday afternoon, Ms.
Pennington cited Rio Salado College, in Arizona, which has a rich online course catalog that is
complemented by online tutoring and support services, and a graduation rate that, at 60 percent, is double
the national average.
The conference focused on both college readiness and college completion, and the majority of the
discussion focused on how to improve high schools so that students could succeed in college. Attendees
included Joel I. Klein and Michelle Rhee, the school chancellors in New York and the District of Columbia,
respectively, and politicians who have worked to improve education, like former North Carolina Gov.
James B. Hunt Jr. Pennsylvania Gov. Edward G. Rendell participated by teleconference.
The foundation‘s first efforts in education focused on creating smaller high schools, but Bill Gates said the
foundation would now put more emphasis on improving teaching through new standards, curricula, and
instructional tools.
―It‘s clear that you can‘t dramatically increase college readiness by changing only the size and structure of a
school,‖ he said. ―The schools that made dramatic gains in achievement did the changes in design and also
emphasized changes inside the classroom.‖
Through the postsecondary effort, the foundation is bringing its resources to bear on a problem that states
and colleges have been grappling with for more than a decade, with little to show for it. Twenty years ago,
the United States ranked first in the world in the percentage of adults between the ages of 25 and 34 who
held a postsecondary credential. It has now fallen to 10th place, according to the Organisation for
Economic Cooperation and Development.
The country‘s financial crisis may aid the Gates Foundation as it tries to persuade states, school districts,
and colleges to embrace structural changes and experimental approaches. The federal government and
many states won‘t have the money to lead a reform effort, noted Arthur Levine, president of the Woodrow
Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, and a former president of Teachers College at Columbia
―That means the Gates Foundation could become the most powerful force in American education in the
years to come,‖ he said.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Most colleges chase prestige on a treadmill, researchers find
Monday, November 10, 2008

Jacksonville, Fla. – The pursuit of institutional prestige has done little to improve the reputations of most
colleges and, in fact, may be causing many of them to become less distinguishable from their competitors,
according to research presented here on Saturday at the annual conference of the Association for the Study
of Higher Education.

"Is the price of prestige worth pursuing?," asked Robert M. Hendrickson, a professor of education at
Pennsylvania State University at University Park and moderator of a panel discussion of much of the
research. Arguing that the quest for prestige "has time and again failed, and weakened institutions," he said
colleges should focus on carrying out their basic missions and improving their academic offerings, and "let
the chips fall where they may."

In one study presented here, Kyle V. Sweitzer, a data-resource analyst at Michigan State University's office
of planning and budgets, and J. Fredericks Volkwein, a senior scientist at Penn State's Center for the Study
of Higher Education, examined changes over nine annual issues in how colleges' undergraduate programs
were rated by peer institutions in surveys administered by U.S. News & World Report. They found that only
about two out of five institutions saw significant changes in their scores from 1999 to 2007, and the single
biggest driver of such fluctuations was changes in colleges' admissions selectivity.

Moreover, the researchers found, master's-level universities and comprehensive colleges accounted for
more than nine out of 10 of the 418 institutions with noteworthy changes in their peer-assessment scores.
The nation's research universities and liberal-arts colleges "have been remarkably stable over time in their
academic reputations," with just 14 of the former and 25 of the latter experiencing substantial changes in
this area, according to a paper summarizing the researchers' findings. The study was limited to 1,095
colleges that remained in the same institutional category in U.S. News over the period covered.

All the efforts by colleges to improve their reputations did not appear to have bolstered how colleges over
all were viewed by peers, the study concluded. The average score that colleges received in the U.S. News
peer-assessment surveys remained unchanged over nine years, suggesting that college officials responding to
the surveys viewed the ratings as a zero-sum game and—intentionally or subconsciously—tended to give
only a certain number of colleges certain high or low scores each year.

"If one school goes up, another goes down, is really what it boils down to," Mr. Sweitzer said in presenting
his and Mr. Volkwein's findings.

The best predictor of whether a college's reputation would rise was whether it increased the share of its
entering freshmen who had been in the top quarter of their high-school class. An improvement in a
college's graduation rate—an outcome closely related to selectivity—was the second best predictor of
whether its reputation-based score would rise. Changes in the number of publications produced by each
faculty member was correlated with changes in the reputation of comprehensive colleges in statistical but
not practical terms because each faculty member would have to produce 10 additional publications a year
for a college's rating to rise significantly, Mr. Sweitzer said.

More Prestige, More Sameness
In a second study presented by the panel, two doctoral students at the University of Minnesota-Twin
Cities—Thomas Sanford and Giljae Lee—looked at the variables that explained changes in colleges' U.S.
News rankings over a two-year period, from 2006 to 2008. Comparing changes in the scores the magazine
gave colleges with changes in the colleges' rankings, the researchers found that the lower ranked a college
was, the more its ranking fluctuated in response to score changes. In other words, a low-ranked college

could rise substantially based on only a slight increase in its point score, while a high-ranked college could
have its score increase but see little or no rise in its ranking.

In a third study, J. Douglas Toma, an associate professor of higher education at the University of Georgia,
closely examined efforts to gain prestige by four public colleges with very different missions: Georgia State
University (a research institution), Georgia Southern University (a comprehensive institution), Georgia
College & State University (a liberal-arts college), and Georgia Perimeter College (a community college).

Mr. Toma found that, despite differences in their missions, all four colleges shared "a common aspiration:
reaching the next level in status hierarchy in American higher education." They also shared a "rather generic
set of strategies" for attaining that goal, including attracting more accomplished students, improving
campus amenities like housing and fitness facilities to aid in recruiting, and using intercollegiate athletics to
better position themselves.

"Better facilities are bringing better students who are demanding better facilities," Mr. Toma said in
presenting his findings. "The academic programs at these places are really changing only marginally."

Although all four colleges put substantial effort into "representing themselves as different," their strategies
to gain prestige "are making them more similar to competitors or aspirational institutions," his paper says.

In the paper, Mr. Toma makes clear that he believes the pursuit of prestige poses risks. Georgia State,
Georgia Southern, and Georgia College, he said, all could alienate traditional constituencies, like teaching-
focused faculty members, part-time students, and "parents whose children can no longer get into an
institution their tax dollars have supported." The colleges' need for private funds to finance their quest for
prestige exposes them to pressure by lenders and donors, and efforts to raise admissions standards might
lower access.

Mr. Toma's four-college analysis is part of a broader study of 41 colleges serving the Atlanta market. He
said that he considered the four colleges representative of their types among all of the institutions he
examined, and that the basic conclusions reached in his broader study, to be published in a book, "are
identical" to those in his four-college survey.

Competing With Honors Colleges
In a fourth paper, presented separately at the conference, Elena V. Galinova, a senior undergraduate-studies
adviser at Penn State's main campus, conducted case studies of how honors programs are run by three types
of public institutions: a large research university, a master's university, and a community college. (She
assigned the three fictitious names for reasons of confidentiality, and they cooperated extensively with her.)

Ms. Galinova focused on the question of whether honors programs produce social stratification at their
host institutions. She concluded that they did not because they were open to large populations. Even the
very selective programs at the research university had policies of reaching out to nonhonors students.

In fact, in terms of prestige, Ms. Galinova concluded that such programs "help decrease the degree of
overall stratification between colleges and universities." The large research university she examined "may be
dozens of places below Princeton or Penn on the U.S. News & World Report rankings list, but its honors
college comes very close, is in fact almost equal, to them," she said.

Even inclusive honors programs, like the one at the master's university she examined, "might indirectly play
a role in raising the perceived quality of their universities by helping them improve important institutional
characteristics such as retention and graduation rates."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
University group backs major push to train science and math teachers
Monday, November 10, 2008

Chicago – About 80 public universities have pledged to train substantially more high-quality mathematics
and science teachers under a project that has the official backing of the National Association of State
Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, a panel announced on Sunday.

The effort, dubbed the Science and Mathematics Teacher Imperative, was kicked off at the association's
annual meeting, which is being held here until Tuesday.

While hardly the first national push of its kind, the initiative, known as SMTI, or "Smitty," appears to have
more teeth than previous efforts. With the support of a major higher-education membership association,
SMTI seeks to hold participating institutions accountable for meeting specific goals and forging
partnerships with the federal government, state leaders, and corporations.

"This is not a report," said Charles R. Coble, a co-director of the initiative and a national expert on teacher-
education programs. In an interview with The Chronicle, he called the program "a very overt attempt to drive
a movement."

The plan is partially in response to "Rising Above the Gathering Storm," a widely-publicized 2005 report by
the National Academies that called for recruiting 10,000 new science and math teachers (The Chronicle,
October 13, 2005). But studies on what some see as a crisis in science and math education go back further,
to two reports released almost a decade ago by the American Council on Education, among others.

Tangible solutions to the problem of producing more high-quality teachers in those fields remain elusive,
officials here said.

"I'm not sure what we have to show for these reports," said Howard J. Gobstein, the program's other co-
director and vice president for research and science policy for the association. He said real progress "would
require a multiyear effort with data."

The crisis is real, however, university leaders said here. Richard H. Herman, chancellor of the University of
Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, told the gathering that in two states, only one new physics teacher earned
credentials last year.

"It is an urgent need," Mr. Herman said.

The SMTI project intends to tackle the problem with an analytical "tool" and goals set by participating

It has received seed money from the Carnegie Corporation of New York (The Chronicle, November 6, 2007),
as well subsequent grants from the National Science Foundation. Specifics on the plan, as well as a list of
the 79 institutions that have signed on so far, are available on a Web site produced by the state-university
association. Member universities are committing to:

   Work with state education partners to assess the need for new teachers in their states.
   Set a specific goal for increasing the number of teachers trained on their campuses.
   Supply periodic summary data and status reports to the state-university association.
   Designate faculty and staff members who will work on the initiative.

An overarching goal, Mr. Gobstein said, is to encourage collaboration among universities. He hopes sharing
intelligence on training teachers will "galvanize their leadership and maybe juice them up, competitively."

The effort is also intended to build good will with lawmakers and business leaders. Participating universities
are hoping that demonstrable success in providing more public schoolteachers will lead to grant money
from federal and state governments, as well corporate support.

Little solid information exists now on helping teachers succeed, said Mr. Gobstein. Key to the program will
be the creation of an accessible clearinghouse of such information, with data-driven details. Officials expect
that component to be up and running by next summer.

Some goals have already been set. The University System of Maryland has pledged to triple its output of
science and math teachers, while Mr. Herman said his institution would double its amount.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Does it matter where you go to college?
A new survey finds that the student experience varies less among institutions than it does for
individuals on the same campus
Monday, November 10, 2008

Viewbooks, rankings, and accountability measures cast colleges as distinctive and readily comparable. But
the average student experience doesn't differ that markedly among institutions, says this year's National
Survey of Student Engagement. Rather, the survey found, more than 90 percent of the variation in
educational quality occurs among individual students on the same campus.

"The current climate really drives us to focus solely on interinstitutional comparisons," says Alexander C.
McCormick, director of the survey. "That's what we're trying to complicate a little bit."

The annual report, known as "Nessie," releases only national averages of institutions' scores on "effective
educational practice," but participating colleges and universities get individual results. Several hundred have
opted to publicize them, a move the survey's National Advisory Board has encouraged.

This year's report uses data from real institutions, renamed Constitution University and Homestate College,
to underscore its point about internal variation. At Constitution, for example, 70 percent of students in a
special "educational opportunity" program for underrepresented and economically disadvantaged students
said the campus provided substantial support for their social needs. Just 38 percent of all students said the

At Homestate, 75 percent of engineering students said they had frequent serious conversations with
students from a different ethnic group. Among business students, only 58 percent did.

The report also identifies certain groups that lag behind the general undergraduate population in various
measures of "engagement," or the extent to which they are immersed in academics and campus activities.
Among first-generation students, for example, half did not participate in any campus organizations.
Transfer students, by four of five measures, were less engaged than their peers (see related article on page

"Even institutions that perform pretty well on assessments like Nessie may still find that there are pockets
of disengagement within their institution that deserve attention," says Mr. McCormick, an associate
professor of education at Indiana University at Bloomington, which administers the survey. Individual
results, he says, can help colleges identify which students need more attention to succeed.

Online and Engaged
For the first time, Nessie looked at the experiences and outcomes of online students. The findings challenge
assumptions about the advantages of traditional, face-to-face instruction. Compared with classroom-based
students, those who took at least 75 percent of their classes online reported more "active and collaborative

Online students, the report says, were older and more often the first in their families to pursue higher
education. They were also more likely to participate often in course activities that challenged them
intellectually, and in discussions that enhanced their understanding of different cultures, according to the

"Online courses seem to stimulate more intellectual exchange and educational gains," the report says. That
may have to do with instructors' special efforts to engage students, it suggests, as well as the courses' appeal
to motivated, self-directed learners.

Ahead on many counts, online students were as likely as their campus-based peers to spend at least 10
hours a week preparing for class, to participate in discussions that enhanced their understanding of social
responsibility, and to believe that their campus environment was very supportive of their academic success.

This year's report focuses on writing as well, finding that the more pages students wrote in a given year, the
more likely they were to interact with faculty members and engage in "deep learning."

On average, the report says, freshmen wrote 92 pages and seniors 146 pages of academic papers a year. Not
surprisingly, those averages varied by field, with senior social-science majors writing the most, 172 pages,
and physical-science majors the least, 114 pages.

The report also identifies five writing practices that it says promote "deep learning": prewriting, particularly
if instructors give feedback on drafts; clear expectations; higher-order writing, including summary, analysis,
and argument; collaborative writing exercises; and using data and multimedia content in assignments. Less
than a third of freshmen and only a fifth of seniors regularly sought help from writing centers, the survey

Over all, students do not quite follow the Boy Scouts' motto, the report suggests. About one in four
freshmen and one in five seniors said they frequently came to class without completing readings or

Growing Participation
Now nine years old, Nessie is a fixture in student affairs. More than 1,300 colleges have used it at least once.
Last spring 380,000 freshmen and seniors at 722 four-year colleges in the United States completed the
survey, a significant increase over last year, when 300,000 freshmen and seniors at 587 institutions did.

Mr. McCormick attributes the growth in part to Nessie's inclusion in the Voluntary System of
Accountability administered by the American Association of State Colleges and Universities and the
National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.

Still, he hopes colleges do not participate in the survey out of compliance or routine. "It's always been
important to us to help institutions make constructive use of their Nessie data," he said.

The report evaluates institutions' performance in five categories: level of academic challenge, active and
collaborative learning, student-faculty interaction, enriching educational experiences, and supportive
campus environment.

The survey is administered by the Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research, sponsored in part
by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and paid for by participating colleges. This
year's report, "Promoting Engagement for All Students: The Imperative to Look Within," is available free
online ( and for $20 in print from the National Survey of Student Engagement.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Students, key to Obama’s win, may not be first on his agenda
Monday, November 10, 2008

Washington – College students are taking a lot of the credit for helping to elect Barack Obama as
president. They're being warned by their political advocates, however, not to expect immediate action
on their agenda.

Leaders of several student-advocacy groups, outlining their expectations for the Obama administration
and Democrat-dominated Congress, said on Friday that they don't expect quick action on any higher-
education issues, including President-elect Barack Obama's oft-repeated campaign pledge to enact a
$4,000 tuition tax credit.

"Do I think it's doable? Absolutely," said Erica L. Williams, policy and advocacy manager at Campus
Progress Action, a Washington-based advocacy group. "I think the question is the timing of it. How
soon can that happen, given the priorities of the administration?"

The student-advocacy leaders helped coordinate a record turnout of some 24 million voters under the
age of 30 for Tuesday's elections, with their support running 2-to-1 in favor of Mr. Obama (The
Chronicle, November 6). Yet the leaders are now calling for patience, saying they recognize the new
president will take office at a time of tough economic conditions with many competing priorities. The
advocates spoke in a conference call on Friday just hours after the Labor Department announced that
the unemployment rate had shot up to 6.5 percent, with 240,000 jobs lost in October alone, as clear a
sign as any that the country is now in recession.

"We are hoping to definitely see it within the first few months, but that may or may not be a realistic
expectation," Ms. Williams said of the tax break. "The good news, however, about young voters is that
they are well aware of the time frame in which we're working."

Stimulating the Campus Economy
The first post-election action by Congress to help higher education might turn out to be funds for
public colleges, as part of efforts to help states cope with tighter budgets, said Robert M. Brandon,
coordinator of the Campaign for College Affordability, a coalition of advocacy groups.

Such funds for states, possibly in the form of money to help rebuild elementary and secondary schools,
could be included in an economic-stimulus package that Congress passes either before Mr. Obama
takes office or shortly afterward, Mr. Brandon said.

The Obama administration and Congress "are going to be looking at ways to stimulate the economy,
so they're going to be spending money" after January 20, he said. "That's clear." The main question is
whether the advocates can convince lawmakers and the administration that devoting more funds to
higher education fits into "the priorities of putting money into the economy," he said.

The House of Representatives, as part of an economic-stimulus plan it approved earlier this year,
proposed spending money to repair public elementary and secondary schools. That bill did not pass
the Senate. A new attempt could expand the idea to finance repairs at public colleges, said Jennifer T.
Poulakidas, vice president for Congressional and governmental affairs at the National Association of
State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.

But others weren't sure such repairs should be the new administration's highest priority for higher
education. For needy students struggling to afford college, federal money for campus-infrastructure

projects might not be as beneficial as increasing grant aid, said Edward M. Elmendorf, senior vice
president for government relations at the American Association of State Colleges and Universities.

But, Ms. Poulakidas said, federal spending on infrastructure could be attractive as a jobs-producing
initiative that has the added benefit of improving public education.

Continuing Resolve
Either way, students recognize that their days of political organizing did not end with Mr. Obama's
victory, said Heather Smith, executive director of Rock the Vote, which promotes voter participation
among young Americans.

Rock the Vote moved its headquarters to Washington from Los Angeles primarily to play a greater role
in the debates on Capitol Hill and inside the White House, Ms. Smith said on the conference call.

One of Mr. Obama's campaign promises was to establish the American Opportunity Tax Credit, which
would provide $4,000 a year to college students who complete 100 hours of public service during the
academic year.

The amount would be an improvement for students over existing programs, including the Hope credit,
which is worth up to $1,650 for the first two years of college, and the Lifetime Learning credit, which
is worth up to $2,000 a year. Both would be replaced by the American Opportunity Tax Credit.

"We are going to hold people accountable—our lawmakers who ran on these platforms and on these
positions," said Shilpa Reddy, a lobbyist with the National Education Association and its "Got
Tuition?" campaign, which organized the conference call.

"This is an ongoing process. This was the first step," Ms. Reddy said of the election of Mr. Obama and
a larger Democratic majority in Congress. "They'll get our support, but we'll also make sure that their
feet are going to be held to the fire."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Colleges said to have big blind spots in presidential searches
Monday, November 10, 2008

Jacksonville, Fla. – Colleges lag behind corporations when it comes to having the information they
need to pick their top leaders, a group of prominent presidential-search consultants told education
researchers here on Friday.

The search consultants, who were convened for a panel discussion by the Association for the Study of
Higher Education, told the group‘s members that their work was complicated by a lack of empirical
research comparable to what exists in the business world.

Theodore J. Marchese, a senior consultant with Academic Search Inc., told the group that corporate
search committees can tap into a substantial body of literature on such questions as how to best recruit
and screen applicants for top positions. Higher education, by contrast, largely operates as "a
community of practice" in leadership searches, with governing boards and executive-search
committees relying on advice dispensed to them during retreats or lunch gatherings and through
informal interactions with others in the field.

The panel cited several areas as needing more research.

Jean A. Dowdall, who advises colleges as a senior vice president of the search firm Witt/Kieffer, said
little is known about how well applicants from "nontraditional" backgrounds stack up against those
from inside academe. Also largely unstudied is the likely effectiveness of candidates from positions in
academe that previously were not generally considered steppingstones to the presidency, like fund
raisers, chief student-affairs officers, and chief financial officers.

Mr. Marchese said he had seen research on whether top executives in the corporate world can
effectively move from one field to another, and "the answer tends to be no" because so many key skills
are learned from experience. In his view, he said, nontraditional college presidents "are good at what
they are good at, but they leave other things alone."

Narcisa A. Polonio, vice president for research, education, and board-leadership services at the
Association of Community College Trustees, said more research needed to be done on the types of
compensation packages that enable college presidents to be effective. She cited recent incidents of
college presidents who were arrested for drunken driving and said research was needed on whether
various benefits, like sabbaticals and leaves of absence, would help college leaders better deal with the
long-term pressures of their jobs.

'Recycling' Minority Presidents
Panel members also said much more research was wanted on why members of minority groups have
not made nearly as much progress as have women in moving into college presidencies. "What we are
doing is recycling a lot of minority presidents," Ms. Polonio said. "We are not bringing in new ones."

Ms. Dowdall said she often hears the argument that diversifying the membership of college boards
would increase the chances of minority candidates' being hired for top leadership positions, but she
has not seen research showing that to be true. She also said she would like to see research on the
questions of whether minority leaders are disproportionately likely to be recruited to take over troubled
colleges or to have troubled presidencies, perhaps as a result of tackling bigger challenges than others

Ms. Polonio said she wanted to see more research on what happens when presidents fail in their jobs,
and how faculty votes of no confidence affect college presidents and public perceptions of such
institutions. Panel members also called for more research on the proper role of college trustees and
how board turnover affects the leadership of colleges. "There is a real lack of understanding of what
the job is," Ms. Polonio said, "and what makes some people successful versus others."

Sharon A. McDade, an associate professor of higher-education administration at George Washington
University and director of the American Council on Education Fellows Program, said a sense of
urgency pervades such research because about half of college presidents are nearing retirement age.

Mr. Marchese said many colleges hire presidents who are already near retirement age while spurning
younger applicants. "Again and again and again, I see 60-year-olds appointed," he said. "It is almost as
if you have to be that old to have everything they are looking for."

He also said that the pools of applicants for college presidencies "are notably smaller than they used to
be." With search firms being used more commonly and about eight of 10 applicants in their searches
being their own recruits, he speculated that some potential candidates for presidencies are backing off
based on the assumption that they need to be recruited to have a good chance of getting the job.

The panelists said technology had greatly changed the search process by making it easier for those
involved, as well as the news media and various constituencies on campuses, to dig up references to
past controversies or scandals, or other information that would embarrass or otherwise disqualify

"What is in Google never goes away," Mr. Marchese said, "and the fact of it being there forever is what
scares committees."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Growth rate slows in enrollment of foreign graduate students in the U.S.
Monday, November 10, 2008

The growth in the number of international students enrolling at American graduate schools slackened
this fall, according to the results of a survey by the Council of Graduate Schools. First-time
enrollments from India and South Korea, two of the three most prolific sources of students, actually

Total international graduate enrollment increased just 3 percent this fall, after rising 7 percent in 2007,
said the report, "Findings From the 2008 CGS International Graduate Admissions Survey, Phase III:
Final Offers of Admission and Enrollment."

In what may be a harbinger, the growth rate in first-time enrollments slowed for the second
consecutive year, increasing by just 3 percent. First-time enrollments climbed 4 percent last year, after
soaring 12 percent in 2006.

Figures on first-time enrollment are a leading indicator of future trends in total enrollment, said
Nathan E. Bell, director of research and policy analysis at the council and author of the report. "If the
trend continues next year, we would see an even smaller rate increase in total enrollment," he said.

Chinese Enrollments Still on Upswing
The number of Chinese students enrolling for the first time at American graduate schools continued to
grow robustly, by 14 percent, after shooting up 19 percent in the previous year. Total enrollments of
Chinese students jumped by 10 percent.

Total enrollment of Indian students also grew, by 3 percent. However, first-time enrollments from
India dipped, by 2 percent. Both total enrollments and first-time enrollments from South Korea
declined, by 2 percent and 4 percent, respectively. Together the three countries account for nearly half
of all foreign graduate students in the United States.

Mr. Bell said he could offer "only hypotheses, not hard data," about why the numbers from India and
South Korea were down. For one thing, the two countries have worked to increase their graduate
enrollments at home. For another, he said, the United States faces greater competition for top foreign
students from other countries, like Australia and Britain.

The survey, which was conducted in late September and October, does not reflect the effect of the
global financial crisis. That issue, however, was the "elephant in the room," Mr. Bell said, noting that
the U.S. economy's downturn could result in a decline in state and federal support for scholarships and
teaching assistantships.

He did say that visa restrictions probably had played little role in the slowing growth. The group has
conducted the survey every year since 2004, after stringent visa restrictions following the terrorist
attacks of September 11, 2001, caused a sharp decline in the number of foreign graduate students.
Indeed, 43 percent of institutions reported that they still had fewer international graduate students than
they did in 2003.

Emphasis on International Outreach
The Council of Graduate Schools also asked graduate schools about mechanisms in place to monitor
early indicators of trends in foreign-student enrollment and about efforts to recruit such students. Of
the respondents, 44 percent said they had such indicators in place.

And 81 percent said they had made international outreach efforts in the past two years. Among the
most common were working with foreign institutions or consortia to identify prospective students, and
devoting more money to promote and market their graduate programs.

Virginia Tech, where 28 percent of the 6,815 graduate students are from overseas, has emphasized
recruiting students through partnerships with universities and research institutions abroad, such as the
Mexico's National Council of Science and Technology, the equivalent of the National Science

Doing so allows Virginia Tech to better evaluate potential students, and it encourages faculty and
student exchanges, said Karen P. DePauw, vice president and dean for graduate education. "We simply
know more about who the students are," she said.

The council's survey, which drew responses from 181 colleges, also hinted at differences on the basis
of institutions' size. For example, first-time enrollments grew 5 percent at the 25 largest graduate
institutions, compared with 3 percent at all others.

Variation in enrollment trends by field of study was also apparent, with growth in first-time
enrollments in business, engineering, and the life sciences slowing. First-time enrollments increased the
most in the physical sciences, 5 percent, up from 2 percent in 2007. The number of first-time enrollees
dropped in education, humanities and arts, and the social sciences.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
American Council on Education to reward veterans-friendly campuses with grants
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

The American Council on Education will provide $2-million in grants to veterans-friendly institutions
and create a Web site to inform veterans about their education benefits, the group announced on

The grants of $100,000 each, which will be financed by the Wal-Mart Foundation, will reward colleges
that have created programs to help veterans enroll and succeed in higher education. Grant recipients
will be required to use a portion of the money to help other institutions develop similar programs.

―Giving institutions the ability to accelerate their programs to support veterans, and to expand
promising practices to other campuses, will tell our former servicemen and -women that we are
committed to their success,‖ said Molly Corbett Broad, president of the council.

The council‘s announcement comes on the eve of Veterans Day and nine months before a significant
increase in GI benefits takes effect. The increase will provide veterans of the wars in Iraq and
Afghanistan with enough aid to attend the most expensive public four-year institution in their state,
along with a stipend for housing and books.

Since the increase was approved by Congress, in June, many institutions have taken steps to make their
campuses more welcoming to veterans. Last summer, the council held a conference to discuss how
colleges can best serve veterans (The Chronicle, June 9). On Monday, it released a report, "Serving Those
Who Serve: Higher Education and America's Veterans," which describes some of the most promising
approaches in effect. The report describes barriers to veterans‘ enrollment, like a need to work to
support their families and a lack of awareness about available benefits. It suggests 10 ways colleges can
reach out to veterans, including starting student veterans' groups and designating places for veterans to

The Web site the council is creating, which will go live in the spring, will be financed with an $800,000
grant from the Lumina Foundation for Education. That grant will also be used to publish the results of
a 4,300-campus survey of veterans‘ support services and programs, and to analyze and publish
demographic data on soldiers and veterans.

Jamie P. Merisotis, president and chief executive of Lumina, said veterans and their families are
―critical‖ to the foundation‘s goal of increasing the number of Americans holding degrees to 60
percent by 2025.

The council, along with the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, will hold meetings with college
representatives in Chicago, Los Angeles, and Washington in January to discuss carrying out the
provisions of the new GI Bill.

Orlando Sentinel
Public or private, Florida colleges’ tough times getting tougher
Friday, November 14, 2008

The past year has been rough for many Florida colleges and universities as the sagging economy put the squeeze
on budgets -- and it looks as if the worst is yet to come.

At public universities, more state-mandated cuts are likely before the end of the year. And at private colleges,
officials worry students will transfer to less expensive public schools because family finances are being hit by job
losses and less access to home-equity and private student loans.

All schools expect financial-aid requests to skyrocket.

While it's too soon to tell exactly how deeply the economic downturn will affect higher education in the long run,
some immediate worries include:

*Whether the financial crisis will have a lasting effect on usually well-shielded college endowments. Many schools
rely on income from invested donations to pay for scholarships and new buildings, but the value of a lot of these
investments has suffered because of the economic crisis.

*What year-over-year budget cuts will do to the quality and availability of public higher education and to the
development of new high-profile projects such as the University of Central Florida's medical school.

* Whether students will be forced to postpone going to college because their families can't keep up with the
rising costs of tuition, room and board, books and supplies such as computers, transportation and health

Hopes for a speedy economic recovery fade with every gloomy state-revenue report and stock-market plunge.

"These are scary times for people, and universities are under tremendous pressure on multiple fronts," said Ed
Moore, executive director of the Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida, which represents private
nonprofit schools.

"The unknown factor is what happens in January if all the students don't come back," Moore said. "What
happens to applications next fall?"

Public colleges cope
Some Florida public universities and community colleges responded to state-mandated budget cuts during the
past year by imposing hiring freezes and slashing spending on travel and supplies.

The University of Florida was first out of the gate in May to announce budget cuts because of lower state
funding. The school said it would lay off 138 faculty and staff members and slash undergraduate enrollment by
4,000 students. UCF later announced it would leave dozens of jobs unfilled to avoid layoffs. When Florida State
University announced cuts last summer, it listed reduced campus maintenance along with enrollment reductions.

Future cuts could lead to more layoffs and some program eliminations, university officials say. Class sizes will
increase as instructor jobs go unfilled, and workloads will increase for remaining employees, school officials

The new medical schools at UCF and Florida International University will be shielded from cuts as much as
possible because they promised a specific level of spending for faculty and programs to win preliminary
accreditation, university officials said. If the schools had not won preliminary accreditation, they would not have
been allowed to recruit students. Both schools are scheduled to open in fall 2009.

At UCF, money from the university's auxiliary services, which include parking, was used to restore the $4 million
legislators cut from the medical school's budget request, Provost Terry Hickey said. Getting full funding for the

medical school will be "the No. 1 priority" going into the next legislative session, he added.

Until the next bombshell falls, schools are building up cash reserves to cope with future cuts. Some, such as UF,
are stepping up fundraising to sustain scholarships for students from the most financially vulnerable families.

Private colleges worry
Endowments -- investment pools made up of assets donated to colleges and universities -- are an important
source of income that schools use for financial aid and operations. Typically, private schools draw on
endowment income more than public schools.

The full effect of the economic downturn on endowments is still being sorted out.

But the short-term outlook is worrisome. Moody's Investors Service projects a 30 percent decrease in university
endowment values on average during the current fiscal year.

Adding to worries: the possibility that individuals and foundations will cut back on giving money to universities
because of the sputtering economy.

Rollins College, the highly ranked liberal-arts school in Winter Park, is being fiscally conservative and is building
up a number of contingency funds, President Lewis Duncan said.

The school has avoided layoffs, is giving faculty raises and is still hiring -- judiciously, he added.

"We're not making people do more with less," Duncan said.

But the economic crisis raises worries specific to private, nonprofit colleges such as Rollins that typically charge
higher tuition than public schools.

Among them: losing new students to less-expensive schools and coping with a higher demand for financial aid.

Rollins' enrollment did not decline in the fall, Duncan said, a hopeful sign. And although the school's
endowment is down 17 percent from a year ago to about $334 million, Rollins plans to spend the same amount
of endowment money next year as it did this year, officials said.

"That's the challenge for Rollins -- to be able to continue to help families with college-age students," said
Duncan, echoing academic officials across the country who say they don't want to cut financial aid during the
economic downturn.

The president of Harvard University this week said the school would consider spending cuts this year and next
because of expected endowment losses. The school's endowment was valued at about $35 billion as of June 30.
Other elite schools with multibillion endowments also are considering spending cuts, such as delaying

Endowments typically have diversified investments to shield them from big swings in the economy, experts say.
But diversification is not as effective a shield during the current downturn because so many different types of
investments have fallen in value.

The funds had a good year in 2007, when the one-year average rate of return was 17.2 percent, according to the
annual survey of college and university endowments conducted by the National Association of College and
University Business Officers with TIAA-CREF Asset Management.

But the extent of the economic carnage will become much clearer in January. That's when schools start to learn
how many students are applying for financial aid -- and whether their fall enrollments will go up or down.

The Miami Herald
College life in wireless age
Tuesday, November 11, 2008

Before Gabriella Mendez even thinks about catching the bus for her 7:25 a.m. class, the University of
Florida student goes online. Nothing special about that -- except Mendez is checking on the exact
location of her ride to campus.

This summer, Gainesville installed GPS devices on 50 city buses that take students to and from the
university. So the Miami native logs on, sees where the little red dot of a bus is on its route, and either
makes a run for it or settles back into breakfast.

''I get to stay in my apartment until the last second,'' said Mendez, whose ride to class takes 20 minutes.

Today's wired student, bud in ear, studies on an ever-evolving campus, one where administrators
continually roll out services for the Internet-immersed.

Undoubtedly over the years, distance learning, podcasts and high-tech classrooms have transformed
academics and the way students learn. But the innovations also have had a wider reach, affecting
aspects of everyday campus life -- from allowing freshman to pick their own roommates through a
Web-based social network to changing the way they do laundry.

The University of Maryland and at least three other institutions this year made headlines by giving all
or some incoming students free iPod devices in an effort to, ostensibly, facilitate communication. The
devices were loaded with applications that make it easier to do things like access homework or find the
closest cafeteria.

South Florida has seen its share of changes, too. University of Miami students -- who for the past four
years have been able to download millions of songs for free thanks to a UM-contracted service -- this
semester can access campus-wide wireless printing. The student newspaper also started sending text
message alerts with breaking news. (One message in September: ``Barack Obama to visit campus
Friday morning.'')

''E-mail is great, but people are starting to drift away from e-mail. They are getting more in touch with
their cell phones,'' said Matthew Bunch, The Miami Hurricane's editor-in-chief. ``As a news outlet we
have to find the best way to maximize that.''

On some campuses, even the laundry is a ritual transformed.

At Nova Southeastern University in Davie, Kendall Ramsijewan can check online to see if a washer or
dryer is available in his dorm, and log on later to see exactly when his clothes will be ready to fold. The
national service Laundry View can even update students with text messages on their wash's status.
That means no taking multiple trips down three floors in the molasses-slow elevator or wasting time in
the laundry room waiting for the dryer's buzzer.

''That's pretty cool, that you have an exact time so you can do stuff,'' like study or go out for a bite to
eat, said Ramsijewan, a junior. The service, which debuted at Nova last year, gets about 50 hits a day
from some of the 1,500 students who live on campus.

Innovations aren't all about convenience. Consider the emergency text systems recently rolled out on
most South Florida college campuses, where messages are automatically sent to cell phones in a crisis.
The service means that a Florida International University commuter student knows immediately if
campus is closing because of a threatening hurricane or if the area is under a tornado warning.

''Everyone relies on their phones to find out what is going on,'' Charles Cyrille, who is FIU's
emergency management coordinator, said. ``We thought it was the best mechanism to get in contact
with this generation.''

Participation is voluntary. Cyrille says 45 percent of FIU's faculty, staff and students have signed up for
the service that debuted this summer -- a number he's working to improve.

At UM, which tested its service in September, close to 95 percent of the community has signed up.
UM not only sends text messages, but also e-mails and recorded messages to cell and home phones --
attempting contact until each participating student, faculty or staff member is reached in some manner.

During the recent test, UM Grad student Christina Decario was pleased to get her test text three
minutes after the university sent it. Results released by the university showed that 98 percent of those
registered received the message within 15 minutes.

''I think it's great. If something happens on campus, I want to know,'' Decario said.

As texting continues to be one of the primary ways students communicate with each other, it's sure to
seep into other aspects of campus life.

Barry University Associate Professor David Kopp often does recruiting for the school, and doles out
his cell phone number.

'It's not rare that I would get a text message, saying `Remind me again what the tuition is?' Or 'What
GRE is required?' '' said Kopp, who teaches in the School of Education.

Kopp also gives his number out to his own students, who use it to text quick questions after class or
even let him know they'll be late to class because of a wreck on I-95.

Kopp says that his wife isn't happy about his 24/7 accessibility, and not all his colleagues share his
enthusiasm for sharing cell phone numbers.

But, Kopp said, ``It works for me.''

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Studies focus on factors that influence freshmen’s success
Thursday, November 13, 2008

Three new studies of college freshmen suggest that even the most promising can run into academic
difficulties as a long-term consequence of experiences like attending a violent or run-down high school
or being raised by parents who never went to college.

And two of the studies call into question a large body of research on the educational benefits of racial
and ethnic diversity on campuses, concluding that most first-year students do not reap any gains from
diversity that can be measured objectively.

Taken together, the studies not only challenge many of the assumptions colleges make in admitting
and educating freshmen but could also influence discussions of how to improve the nation‘s high
schools to promote college preparation.

Most previous studies of college freshmen have based their analyses on individual student
characteristics like grades and standardized test scores, without looking at broader questions related to
the sorts of learning environments students experienced in high school, says John N. Gardner, who
tracks such research as the executive director of the Policy Center on the First Year of College, a
nonprofit consulting group based in Brevard, N.C.

If more education policy makers were aware of how high-school experiences influence long-term
student success, Mr. Gardner says, ―we might be more inclined as a society to consider even more
dramatic ways of restructuring financing‖ of public schools.

Lingering Effects of Violence
In one of the new studies, discussed last week at the Association for the Study of Higher Education‘s
annual conference, Mark E. Engberg, an assistant professor of higher education at Loyola University
Chicago, and Gregory C. Wolniak, a research scientist at the National Opinion Research Center at the
University of Chicago, looked at how high-school experiences influence the academic success of
students at several highly selective colleges.

Using data on about 2,500 students taken from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen, which
is overseen by Princeton University‘s Office of Population Research, the two researchers found that
students who enter college with comparable academic records and family backgrounds can have
different levels of success in their freshman year, depending on their high-school environment. Those
who attended high schools with relatively high levels of violence, for example, tended on average to
have lower grades than other freshmen. Having attended a well-maintained and well-equipped high
school also appears, in itself, to offer many freshmen advantages over their peers, the study found.

In another study, the results of which were published online last week in the University of Arkansas‘s
Education Working Paper Archive, Serge Herzog, director of institutional analysis at the University of
Nevada at Reno, similarly took data on high-school quality into account in analyzing the records of
2,800 students at a midsize, moderately selective public university.

Mr. Herzog, who does not name the university he examined in the paper discussing his results, found
that, even after controlling for differences in background and academic preparation, low-income
freshmen tended to post lower grades if their high schools had high levels of violence or disorder, or
had enrollments that were heavily black or Hispanic, or had a high percentage of students with limited
proficiency in English.

In a finding that runs counter to some other recent research on part-time college faculty members, Mr.
Herzog found little evidence of a link between the number of courses students took from adjunct
instructors and the likelihood of their dropping out.

Little Benefit From Diversity Found
And, in a finding that contradicts much of the available research on racial and ethnic diversity in higher
education, Mr. Herzog found that about the only educational benefit associated with exposure to
black, Hispanic, and American Indian students was that it appeared to increase the likelihood that
other students from those racial and ethnic groups would stay in college to complete their degrees.

Using objective measures of learning, Mr. Herzog did not find any evidence that being exposed to
diversity in their classrooms or taking classes intended to promote appreciation of diversity fostered
students‘ cognitive growth.

In a similar study of the same university whose results were published a year ago, Mr. Herzog
examined data on 6,000 graduates and found no correlation between individual students‘ exposure to
diversity and their cumulative academic achievement based on objective measures like grade-point
averages, GRE test scores, or graduate-school enrollment.

In another study of college freshmen discussed at this year‘s Association for the Study of Higher
Education conference, two doctoral students in higher education at the University of Iowa, Ryan D.
Padgett and Megan P. Johnson, examined data on about 3,100 students from 19 colleges. The data was
collected as part of the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education, a continuing study of what
students who entered colleges in the fall of 2006 have learned since.

The Iowa researchers found that the educational benefits of taking part in various programs promoting
diversity were ―minimal and inconsistent.‖

Focusing on freshmen who were the first in their families to attend college, Mr. Padgett and Ms.
Johnson concluded that such students do not necessarily benefit from educational practices shown to
help students whose parents did attend college. For example, while other students appear to benefit
from interactions with faculty members, those first-generation students who experienced the most
interaction with faculty members generally had the worst educational outcomes, suggesting they ―have
not been conditioned to the positive benefits of interacting with instructors,‖ the researchers' paper
summarizing their conclusions said.


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