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ENGINEERING

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					                                                     ENGINEERING
                                               What can I do with this degree?
                AREAS                                         EMPLOYERS                               DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES
ANY DISCIPLINE
  Production                                    Industry                                           Obtain related experience through co-op or intern-
  Sales and Marketing                           Business                                              ships for business/industry-related career.
  Management                                    Federal, state and local government                MBA degree provides best opportunities in techni-
  Consulting                                    Colleges and universities                             cal management.
  Research and Development                                                                         Obtain Ph.D. for optimal teaching and research
  Teaching                                                                                           careers.
  Law                                                                                              Develop strong verbal and written communication
                                                                                                      skills.
                                                                                                   Learn federal, state, and local government job
                                                                                                      application procedures.
AEROSPACE                                                                                            Discipline uses cutting edge technology to
 Propulsion                                     Aircraft, guided missile and space vehicle           deal with challenges of aeronautics, space,
 Fluid Mechanics                                   industries                                        mass transportation, environmental
 Thermodynamics                                 Communications equipment manufacturers               pollution and medical science.
 Structures                                     Commercial airlines                                Keep abreast of status of federal funding for defense
 Celestial Mechanics                            Federal government departments:                      and space programs.
 Acoustics                                         Defense                                         Seek co-op opportunities.
 Guidance and Control                              National Aeronautics and Space Administration   Develop effective verbal and written communication
                                                   (NASA)                                            skills.
                                                Business and engineering firms                     Acquire team work skills.


AGRICULTURAL

  Natural Resources - Soil and Water Conser-    Technological agricultural industries                 A broad, basic engineering discipline with
      vation                                    Land grant universities:                              close relationship to the environment,
  International Consulting                         Experimental farm stations                         food production and agricultural produc-
  Environmental Control                            Research laboratories                              tivity.
  Agricultural Structures                       Consulting firms
  Power and Machinery                           Equipment design, testing and manufacturing        Participate in internships; consider co-op
  Electronic Systems                               firms                                              opportunities.
  Food Engineering                              Equipment and food industries including process-   Master computer skills.
  Engineering Technology                           ing, packaging and storing                      Learn a foreign language for work in Foreign
                                                Quality control for food, feed, fiber, etc.           Service.
                                                Biotechnology research firms                       Develop strong math and problem solving skills.
                                                Foreign Service
(Engineering, Page 2)


                 AREAS                                  EMPLOYERS                               DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

BIOMEDICAL
  Bioengineering                       Manufacturers of medical and surgical devices            Discipline combines engineering and human
      Design                           Hospitals and healthcare facilities                      anatomy to develop and maintain medical
      Development                      Federal government:                                      and healthcare systems and equipment.
      Manufacturing                       Regulatory agencies
  Medical Engineering                     Veteran's Administration                            Develop team work skills.
      Instrumentation                     National Institutes of Health                       Good background for medical school.
      Materials                           National Aeronautics and Space Administration       Many positions will require graduate or profes-
      Diagnostic/Therapeutic Devices      (NASA)                                                sional degrees.
      Artificial Organs                Industry
      Medical Equipment                Research facilities of educational and medical
  Chemical Engineering                    institutions
  Rehabilitation Engineering
  Bio-environmental Engineering




CHEMICAL
                                                                                                 Combines science of chemistry with disci-
  Administration                       Independent research institutes                           pline of engineering to solve problems and
  Design and Construction              Consulting organizations                                  develop efficiency.
     Project Engineering               Chemical industry including:
     Control Systems                      Agricultural chemicals                              Develop exceptional interpersonal skills.
     Field Engineering                    Plastics                                            Acquire technical work experience during college
  Operations/Production                   Industrial chemicals                                  years.
  Environmental and Waste Management      Petroleum
     Development                          Pharmaceutical
     Design                               Cosmetic
                                          Food processing
                                          Atomic energy development
                                          Environmental
                                       Federal government including:
                                          Department of Energy
                                          Environmental Protection Agency
                                       Manufacturing plants including automotive, air
                                          plane, paper, microelectronics, textiles, metals,
                                          rubber, food and beverage
(Engineering, Page 3)


                  AREAS                                   EMPLOYERS                        DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

CIVIL
  Structural                              Construction industry                           Broad discipline of "doers" providing service
  Urban and Community Planning            Engineering or architectural firms              to the community through development and im-
  Construction                            Utility companies                               provement. Works extensively with
  Environmental                           Oil companies                                   other professionals involved with the com-
  Water Resources                         Telecommunications businesses                   munity. Provides opportunity to work out-
  Transportation and Pipeline             Manufacturing companies                         doors.
  Geotechnical                            Consulting firms
  Photogrammetry, Surveying and Mapping   Railroads                                     Learn to work well within a team.
  Materials                                                                             Develop strong communication and interpersonal
                                                                                           skills.
                                                                                        Develop physical stamina for outdoor work.
                                                                                        Get experience in organizing and directing workers
                                                                                           and materials.
                                                                                        Ability to visualize objects in three dimensions
                                                                                           helpful.
                                                                                        Demand has remained steady due to broad nature
                                                                                           of discipline.
                                                                                        States may require licensing/registration.


ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC
  Power Electronics                       Manufacturing firms and industry including:      A field in touch with a wide and growing
  Power Systems                             Aeronautical/Aerospace                         range of applications such as the "informa-
  Communications                            Automotive                                     tion highway," exploration of outer space,
  Electronics                               Business machines                              and a revolution in medical diagnosis and
  Control Systems                           Professional and scientific equipment          treatment.
  Digital Signal Processing                 Consumer products
  Microelectronics                          Chemical and petrochemical                  Develop effective verbal and written communi-
  Image Processing & Robotics               Computers                                     cation skills.
  Computer Engineering                      Construction                                Get experience in working as part of a team.
  Plasma Engineering                        Defense                                     Acquire capacity for details.
  Computer Vision                           Electric utilities                          Develop interpersonal skills.
                                            Electronics                                 Get involved in research.
                                            Environmental
                                            Food and beverage
                                            Glass, ceramics and metals
                                            Machine tools
(Engineering, Page 4)


                AREAS                           EMPLOYERS                           DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

                               Electrical/Electronic, Continued
                                  Mining and metallurgy
                                  Nuclear
                                  Oceanography
                                  Pulp and paper
                                  Textiles
                                  Transportation
                                  Water and wastewater
                               Public utilities
                               Federal government including:
                                  Armed forces
                                  National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                                  (NASA)
                                  National Institutes of Health
                                  Bureau of Standards
                                  Department of Defense
                                  Various commissions
                               Consulting firms
                               Free-lance consulting




INDUSTRIAL
  Operations Research          Manufacturing industries                              Discipline links management and operations
  Applied Behavioral Science   Accounting firms                                      by improving productivity through a "big
     Systems                   Retail distribution organizations                     picture" approach; serves human needs
  Manufacturing Management     Banks and finance organizations                       and works with people.
                               Hospitals and healthcare organizations
                               Educational and public service agencies            Take courses in psychology, sociology and
                               Transportation industries                             anthropology.
                               Construction industries                            Earn MBA or Ph.D. for advancement in
                               Public utilities                                      management/ administration.
                               Electrical and electronics machinery industries
                               Consulting firms
(Engineering, Page 5)


                 AREAS                                   EMPLOYERS                                   DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
  Metallurgy                               Materials producing companies                             Studies properties of various types of
  Ceramics                                 Manufacturing companies including automobiles,            materials and how they are made and be-
  Plastics/Polymers                           appliances, electronics, aerospace equipment,          have under different conditions.
  Composites                                  machinery, medicine
                                                                                                   Earn graduate degree(s) for many positions due to
  Research                                 Service companies including airlines, railroads and
                                                                                                      laboratory environment.
  Extractive                                  utilities
                                                                                                   Some areas benefited by additional study in busi-
  Process                                  Consulting firms
                                                                                                      ness administration, medicine, management
  Applications                             Government agencies:
                                                                                                      and/or law.
  Management                                  Department of Defense
                                                                                                   Develop good communication skills.
  Sales                                       National Aeronautics Space Administration
  Service                                     (NASA)
  Consulting                               Research institutes
                                           Publishers



MECHANICAL
  Mechanical Power Generation              Transportation                                             Takes broad outlook on solving complex
     Internal Combustion Engines               Automotive industry, aerospace industry, military      problems. Involves design, development
     Jet Engines                               laboratories                                           and production. Keeps pace with technol-
     Steam Power Plants                    Utilities                                                  ogy. Acts as an interface between society
     Rockets                                   Steam driven electric power stations                   and technology.
     Energy Utilization and Conservation   Equipment Design
  Thermal/Fluids                               Plant operation and maintenance and nuclear         Obtain related experience.
     Thermodynamics                            power stations                                      Take additional courses in area(s) of interest.
     Environmental Control                 Electronics industry                                    Develop interpersonal skills.
     Refrigeration                         Petro-Chemical
     Instrumentation and Control               Drilling & production, plant operations
  Machine Sciences                         Manufacturing
     Mechanical Design                         Consumer products, chemical products, farm
     Manufacturing and Production              equipment, industrial equipment, paper and
     Robotics                                  wood products, textile equipment
     Operation and Maintenance             Consulting engineering firms
(Engineering, Page 6)


                    AREAS                           EMPLOYERS                                 DESCRIPTIONS/STRATEGIES

ENVIRONMENTAL
   Design                           Private industry and businesses involved with air         Discipline plays vital role in reducing toxicity
   Planning                             pollution control, industrial hygiene, radiation      and pollution of water, ground and air for a
   Operations                           protection, hazardous waste management, toxic         better quality of life for all living things.
   Administration                       materials control, water supply, storm water and
   Regulations                          wastewater management, solid waste disposal,
                                                                                           Master's degree considered a good investment.
                                        public health and land management
                                                                                           Foreign language ability beneficial for international
                                    Private engineering consulting firms
                                                                                              work.
                                    Construction firms
                                    Research firms
                                    Testing laboratories
                                    International organizations, particularly Eastern
                                        Europe




NUCLEAR
  Environment and Pollution         Electric and gas utility companies                       Discipline studies basic components of
  Health                            Guided missile and space vehicle companies               neutrons, protons, electrons and all matter;
  Space Exploration                 Engineering consulting firms                             deals with inanimate substances.
  Consumer and Industrial Power     Business services including medical industry
  Food Supply                       Manufacturers of nuclear power equipment
  Transportation                    Research facilities
  Water Supply                      Military services
                                    Defense manufacturers




ENGINEERING SCIENCE AND MECHANICS
   Engineering Mechanics            Industry                                                  Interdisciplinary program with broad training
   Biomedical Engineering           Manufacturing                                             in engineering science, mathematics and
   Computational Mechanics          Research organizations                                    physical or biological science.
   Engineering Materials
(Engineering, Page 7)




GENERAL INFORMATION


•   Bachelor's degree provides wide range of career opportunities in industry, business and government.
•   Graduate degrees offer more opportunities for career advancement in business.
•   Bachelor's degree is good background for pursuing technical graduate degrees as well as professional degrees in Business Administration, Medicine and Law.
•   Related work experience obtained through co-op, internships, part-time or summer jobs, or regular employment is extremely beneficial.
•   Develop computer expertise within field.
•   Engineers need to think in scientific and mathematical terms, have ability to study data, sort out important facts and solve problems, and be logical thinkers.
         Creativity is useful.
•   Helpful traits include intellectual curiosity, technical aptitude, perseverance, ability to communicate and work with others with a commitment to teamwork, and a
         basic understanding of the economic and environmental context in which engineering is practiced.
•   Develop excellent verbal and written communications skills including presentation and technical report writing.
•   All states and the District of Columbia require registration of engineers whose work may affect the life, health or safety of the public.
•   Professional or technical societies confer certification in some areas.
•   Join related professional organizations.
•   Most fields offer overseas opportunities with businesses or government agencies.
•   Because of rapid changes in most engineering fields, continued education and keeping abreast of issues is very important.
•   Most states require an EIT (Engineer-In-Training) test before taking a state examination to become a Professional Engineer (PE).
•   Check the Internet for information about individual disciplines.




                                 Prepared by the Career Planning staff at Career Services of The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (1998, Revised 1999)
                                                           UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA /ADEA Employer