September 2006 Vol. 16 Issue 9 THE SCION Published by Texas Cooperative Extension, Bexar County for the Bexar County Master Gardener Volunteers & Its Partners David Rodriguez, Bexar County Extension Horticulturist and MG Coordinator EUPHORBIA MILII: CROWN OF THORNS MANY GARDENERS HOLD PASSIONATE BELIEFS ABOUT THE VIRTUESor small shrub most PESTS AND OTHER NUI The Crown of Thorns, also foot tall single stalks OF ORGANIC GTROLLING of the time this only occurs commonly called Christ Crown, the size of a soccer ball. Some on weak or sick plants: then I use One (Corona) Espinas, proponents ofaeach side plant for hanging 2 Beck and Jerry Parsons. and Rosa are the opinions of is a make perfect of the issue—Malcolm tablespoons of liquid soap in a member of the Euphorbiaceae basket because they cascade down. qt of water. Plant in well drained (Spurge family). Its scientific Flowers range in color from deep soil. If roots stay too wet they name is Euphorbia millii (old red to white to multicolor and in size will drop all leaves and die. name E. splendens) from tiny, less than size of a BB, to Caution: This plant is in the Eu- ½ inch. On some of the older type phorbia family and is a mild poi- you may find red spots on the son. It bleeds a white sap that leaves. Leaves are found mostly on when comes in contact with some the tips of the plant where flowers people reacts like poison ivy. appear either single or in pairs. In When in contact with eyes, wash China where it is called “PoySean” with running water and see a doc- “Poy” means 8 and “Sean” means tor. Never plant near a fish pond, saint. Eight flowers in a bundle as the exudates from broken means good luck. roots will kill fish. For more information about this HISTORY: King Juba 11 (50 BC to plant, contact Claude Townsend 19 AD) of Numidia (now Algeria) at C&E Cactus (210) 655-8959 or was the first person to collect email@example.com succulent-type Euphorbia and Reference: T. Ombrello-UUC Biol- named the plant after his Greek ogy Dept. physician Euphorbus. Milii. Was names for Baron Mil- In The Scion ius once governor of the island Crown of Thorns .................. 1 of Bourbon, who was responsible President’s Letter................. 2 for introducing the plant into cul- Water Restrictions ............... 3 tivation in France about 1821. MG of the Month.................. 3 The common name refers to For many years I have had these Product Review.................... 4 legend that a crown of thorns plants in my collection and find it is Cactus Society .................... 4 was placed on Christ head at the quite easy to propagate from seeds, Legendary Gardener ............ 5 crucifixion. It could have been grafting or cuttings. Rooted cuttings Treegator ........................... 5 used as it was introduced to that are quick and easy. Take the cut- Proposed By-law changes ..... 6 area from Madagascar some tings from the top portion of the Youth Garden Symposium..... 7 years before the time of Christ. plant, remove most of the leaves Help the Needy.................... 7 Temperature range: Well add root tone and let dry for a cou- September Garden Chores .... 8 above frost. ple days in low light then place in a Lifetime MG Award............... 9 Light: Bright light to full sun 50% mixture of potting mix and Volunteer Opportunities.. 10-11 Water often in summer 2 or 3 sand, keep damp in the shade and in Announcements..................11 times a week in the sun, winter a couple weeks and you have flow- General Meeting .................12 inside less often ers. As for insects Scale, mealy Plant of the Month ......... Insert The Euphorbia milii is a woody bugs, and sometime aphids. But Webworm ..................... Insert Succulent with thorns, ranging in height from a few inches to 6-7 BOARD OF DIRECTORS President Sandy Justice 210-200-8861 firstname.lastname@example.org Vice President I don’t know about you but the hot weather sure makes gardening hard. Just keep- Lou Kellogg ing the plants alive is a challenge. However there is still plenty to be enjoyed in our 210-647-4985 Gardens. Recently went outside early one morning to do some weeding and water email@example.com some plants – well, very few weed were pulled that day. As the morning warmed the Treasurer profusion zinnias were soon covered with what looked like Monarchs but I suspect Barbara Hall they were Viceroy butterflies, there were also Cloudless Sulphur and Cabbage butter- 830-606-1636 flies on the penta, shrimp plants and duranta, Swallowtails on the honeysuckle and firstname.lastname@example.org bird of paradise. The butterflies were in numbers far greater than I have ever experi- Secretary enced – it was better than being in a butterfly exhibit. Best of all it was in my own Lyn Plunkett backyard and it made for one of those gardening experiences that makes all the hard 210-492-6794 (before 9PM) work worth while. Tried to get pictures, boy do I appreciate the nature photographers email@example.com who get those great pictures – butterflies just won’t pose for pictures especially the Assistant Secretary Swallowtails. Margarita Thompson 210-366-6397 This leads me to another subject. Do you have some good digital pictures of any of firstname.lastname@example.org our projects that you would be willing to share to be used for making PowerPoint presentations of our various projects? If you do please let either Lou Kellogg or me Planning Director Mary Ann Johnson know, we have several MGs who are willing to make the PowerPoint presentations 210-497-5446 once we have the needed pictures. email@example.com We are now reaching more members than ever by e-mail if you have not been receiv- Membership Coordinator ing Master Gardener e-mails please make sure we have your e-mail address. Also Mary Fernandez 210-655-3130 watch for e-mails from Rebecca Cook our new Volunteer Coordinator. If you are look- firstname.lastname@example.org ing for ways to get those volunteer hours give Rebecca a call and I bet she can help you find something you would enjoy doing. Have you turned in those volunteer hours Publications Coordinator for the first 6 months of 2006? We have several MG with “0” who have been seen Jack Stutts doing lots of volunteering. 210-492-3773 email@example.com Let’s get those Birdies for Charity pledges in the as Valero Open is fast approaching. Publicity Coordinator We really need to have the pledges by Sept. 14th to allow time to get the pledges Jan Craven turned in. 210-698-1548 firstname.lastname@example.org On a sad note Jim Feighny and his wife will be moving to Maryland where his wife has Volunteer Coordinator accepted an appointment to the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Jim will be Rebecca Cook missed greatly. Jim we hope you will return to San Antonio and the Bexar County 210-372-0236 Master Gardeners in the future. Jim has been named a Lifetime Member of the Bexar email@example.com County Master Gardeners. Development Director Vacant On a positive note the board voted in favor of starting to raise money to fund a college Members at Large scholarship. It was voted that we have a plant sale at our General Meetings and pos- Shanna Ciano sible raffles to start raising money to establish a Bexar County Master Gardeners 830-816-2140 Scholarship. A committee will be established to prepare guidelines etc. for the schol- Shanna@wildblue.net arship working closely with the Board of Directors and David. Give me a call if you are interested. Clarke Ehrlich 210-490-7491 firstname.lastname@example.org TX Cooperative Extension Sandy Justice, BCMG Coord: David Rodriguez President email@example.com Hort. Ofc. Asst.: Angel Torres firstname.lastname@example.org The information contained in this newsletter is for educational purposes only. References to products and trade names are for identification only and do not imply endorsement or criticism BCMG Youth Director: Doris Trot- of similar products by Bexar County Master Gardeners or Texas Cooperative Extension. ter email@example.com Phone: 467-6575 (BCMG) Fax: 366-0535 2 These products do not create Master Gardener Water Restrictions- the water stress of synthetic A Good Thing chemical fertilizers, nor do they Of the Month By Bob Webster- deplete soil organic material like chemical products do. They also Master Gar- Shades of Green Nursery build microbial soil life rather dener for the Listening to some people talk, than destroy it, which leads to month of Au- you would think that the healthier plants and more effi- gust is Ann drought restrictions on yard wa- cient water use. Marie Pease, tering were going to make it im- Next time someone you hear from Class 33 (January 2001). possible to garden. Actually, someone complain about water Many of you will know Ann Marie though, they really are a good restrictions, just smile and be as a regular Rodeo shuttle thing because they are forcing glad they are being forced to driver, having been a rodeo vol- people to adopt practices they change their bad habits. Hope- unteer since 2001. Others of should have be using all along. fully, when water becomes more you will recognize her name Weekly (or less) watering of plentiful again they will continue from the WebWorm page that turfgrass areas creates health- to follow good watering habits. she created in March 2001 and ier, tougher grass. It must be has been researching and sub- done thoroughly, 1-1/2 inches mitting ever since. (She has each watering, and this allows reviewed 417 web sites in 57 the grass to form a strong deep From David Rod- columns. Most of you don’t root system. The lighter, three riguez know that she also has gener- times a week watering that Hello, ated the monthly CEU insert for many people practice creates Bexar County Master Gardeners: the past sixteen months. shallow, grub susceptible roots Ann Marie and her husband and encourages weeds like dol- It’s Hot!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! both retired from the US Air lar weed and dichondra. A I hope everyone has had an en- Force. As with so many, they yearly top dressing of compost joyable summer. Look for these fell in love with San Antonio ear- (always a good practice) further events and volunteer opportuni- lier in their careers and returned reduces water needs while ties in the near future. Home for their final tour of duty. Ann strengthening turf. and Garden Show, September Marie’s last assignment was as a Established shrubs and trees 8-10. Mentors needed for class Medical Group Commander at need even less watering, and #44, Fall Master Gardeners Kelly when it closed. Both Ann the price of water is making Course, please contact us. Marie and her husband enjoy homeowners realize that if they November 16, tour of Peterson gardening and are in the proc- mulch these plants with 2-4" of Brothers bedding plant and ess of converting to a low main- living mulch. they can cut their poinsettia production. October tenance yard that looks good. A watering by 50% or more. At and November’s poinsettia pre- large amount of shade limits the same time they once again booking sale. More information their options, so they are ex- strenghten roots and suppress on these events will be posted in perimenting with different weeds. the SCION. Also, Master Gar- plants. Even with bedding plants, dener question and answer Ann Marie inherited her love gardeners are learning that with “Hotline”, please call Angel if for gardening from her grandfa- better bed preparation, using you want to help out. These are ther in Pennsylvania. She says amendments such as compost a few things to look forward in she has never forgotten the and lava sand, watering is once this year. If you can help out, peace he found in gardening again substantially reduced. please contact Angel or myself. and was her inspiration for be- And, if these plants need addi- As always, thank you for every coming a Master Gardener. tional hand watering, it makes ones dedications and loyalties to In her spare time, Ann Marie for a good opportunity to ob- Texas Cooperative Extension has started a graduate certifi- serve the garden more closely, and the Master Gardener pro- cate program in Homeland Se- catching any problems earlier, grams. curity. Her big challenge there and hopefully enjoying the gar- Thanks, is to keep up with the younger den more. students. Good luck, Ann Marie, Finally, water restrictions are and keep up the good work. causing more people to turn to David Rodriguez non-burning organic fertilizers. 3 Product Review A LITTLE KNOWN CLUB Do you see things on the shelf at the store and wonder if it San Antonio Cactus & Xerophyte Society really works? The San Antonio Cactus & Xe- some very rare plants. If you Being a “Gadget” person, I’m rophyte Society is a little known are looking for a very rare plant always drawn to new things. group of family’s that collect and called Aztekium ritteri, of which Disappointment has come my grow desert flora from all over there are only two in the family way more times than I can the world and use these plants from central Mexico, one of our count. Not only with the prod- in their xeriscape gardens, small dealers just may be growing ucts performance but lack of greenhouses, window boxes or them from seed. One good readable “detailed” instructions just one or two plants on the thing about the show is that it is or limitations on the outside of patio. free and we welcome children. the package. This is not in- The club offers a large variety At these shows we have an auc- tended as a product endorse- of programs, including nine edu- tion of rare plants open to the ment. This is only my personal cational programs a year on public. opinion based on my experience subjects such as photography of with the product. plants, propagation, and grow- Recently I have been pleas- ing of desert flora. At our meet- antly surprised by two products. ings, members become involved 1. Cepia 1 touch Multi-Purpose in programs like showing and Motorized Sprayer I pur- telling of their experiences with chased at Home Depot. Its desert flora. use is limited to water based For several years the club has chemicals. Limitations: No been working with the Botanical Orange or Citrus Based Gardens, constructing and Chemicals, maintaining a Desert Garden, Solvents/Degreasers, Seal- which is an educational center Exotic Plants for sale ers, Bleach greater than for desert flora that will grow in 10%, paint products. We meet at the SA Garden cen- San Antonio. ter the third Wednesday of the Just screw it on your One of our members is in- gallon container and squeeze month at 7:00 pm. except June, volved with the Cactus house at when we have a picnic at some the button. Presto, it sprays the Botanical Gardens. Each until you left your finger off park, and December, when we year our club has several field have a Christmas party. At the the trigger! No pumping or trips to Ranch’s, Garden centers constant squeezing and it meetings we have plants for and nursery’s in search of new sale, an auction and raffle, food worked very well. As with and unusual plants. We have any sprayer, you need to and drink and the program. several Cactus and Xerophyte NEXT MEETING: AUGUST 16. 2006 rinse it when done. It runs dealers in the club some of on 4 AA batteries. We use Travel to the Edge and Be- whom have over 25 years ex- yond of Copper Canyon, Mex- rechargeable batteries so we perience in growing, collecting don’t have any ongoing ex- ico by Barbara Schulze is a and selling Desert flora to col- photo safari and exploration of pense. lectors and for use in xeriscape 2. The next product which my the bottom of Copper Canyon gardens. Mexico. See many wonderful friend and I (who are both Another club function is The Mosquito magnets) nerv- slide photos of cactus, trees and San Antonio Cactus and Xero- succulents and incredible views ously tested Sandalwood phyte show and sale, held each Mosquito Sticks I purchased of Copper canyon (Mexico's ver- April at the SA Garden Center sion of our Grand canyon.) at the Schultze House. This on N. New Braunfels. The show product looks like a large We welcome guests, and if you has been a San Antonio Fiesta like what you see you may be- stick of incense. We lit it event for about 25 years, at- and stuck it in a plant by the come a member. For more in- tracting several thousand people formation contact Claude H pool. We are pleased to an- each year. We have from 150 nounce we both survived Townsend at C&E CACTUS & to 250 Judged cactus and succu- THINGS Nursery, 210-655-8959 without one bite. These lents on display, with 10 to 12 sticks last 3-4 hours and or firstname.lastname@example.org invited dealers to buy plants UALL COME NOW have a pleasant scent. from. The plant dealers are Claude H. Townsend MG class1 Shanna Ciano, Class 36 from all over the USA, with 4 Treegator Spotlight on: Visitors to the Botanical gar- Master Gadener dens may have noticed big green plastic bags around the base of Extraordinaire some of the newly planted trees. These bags are 20-gallon Treega- CLAUDE TOWNSEND—OUR DESERT FLORA EXPERT tors. Claude Townsend is one I first used Treegators in 1995. of several active MGs from The bags are 10 mil polyethylene Class 1, which he says drip irrigation units. Each bag “was a long time ago”. holds 20 gallons of water that His love for gardening, drips out through two small holes though, came down in 6-10 hours. This supplies a through his genes—his week’s water requirement for grandfather and his father newly planted trees 1” – 4” in were bothnurserymen in diameter. Two bags can be the Blue Ridge mountains zipped together to feed trees 5” of North Carolina. Since – 12” in diameter. There is also there are no known de- a smaller round brown Treegator serts in North Carolina, it Jr. that holds 14 gallons and seems unusual that he drips out in about 6 hours. Both would have developed his units have an added advantage expertise in desert land- of serving as a mulch ring to re- scape, but Claude says he duce evaporation and prevent has always been inter- Eula and Claude growth of competitive plant. Use ested in cactus. of these units decrease labor and After two careers, twenty years in the Army and fifteen in Civil water use, and increase tree sur- Service, Claude and his wife, Eula, decided to open a nursery. A vival. From a commercial point friend, Warren Short (another Class 1 member now deceased) told of view the Treegator will pay for Claude about the new MG class, which he thought would help with itself in a couple months. his nursery plans. Today, Claude’s nursery is flourishing. He and These bags were invented in Eula operate out of their home and ship around the country. the late 1988 for use in softening When asked about his success, Claude said it is a matter of joining rock hard gumbo soil on a tree organizations, meeting people, and then networking. Claude is a farm and sod farm. Scott Cissel charter member of the San Antonio Cactus and Xerophyte Society, with the help of his father began joining thirty years ago. He also belongs to the national society and selling Treegators in 1991. The writes articles and brochures. He attends and sells at many shows. original units were black plastic Does he have a favorite plant? Two, actually: the Desert Rose but were replaced by green plas- and the white Crown of Thorns (see page 1 for information on tic in 1995. Crown of Thorns). Asked about special gardening memories, Claude Treegators are available on- laughs and confesses that he made many mistakes early on. Not line from treegator.com, and realizing how much desert landscape would thrive in our climate, he through catalogs like Foresters put in his desert landscape at home and in a year or so, had to haul Supply, Landscape USA, and away two and a half truck loads from his overcrowded yard. Gemplers. They are locally As for other interests, Claude is available from Adams Supply into plant photography, both for (210-822-3141), Fertile Garden pleasure and commercially. His li- Supply (210-688-9435), and 762 brary includes over 3,000 pictures. Isom Rd (210-340-6303). Prices He also enjoys trips to Florida to run from $19.90-24.95 for the see his two sons and diving with large ones and $18.25 – 24.94 them for lobsters. “The lobsters are for the smaller units. There may delicious, but I don’t dive much be discounts available. lower than thirty-five feet any Carl Lahser Class 3 Claude's Front Yard more.” Thanks, Claude, for all your many Turn in Birdies pledges contributions to the Master Gardeners. before September 19. 5 Proposed changes to the By-Laws The Board of Directors passed removed from the Membership ARTICLE XII--AMENDMENTS the following proposed amend- list.” EXISTING LANGUAGE: “…If the ments to the BCMG By-laws at Board of Directors approves the PROPOSED LANGUAGE: Members proposed amendment or change the August Board meeting. who have not met the require- by a simple majority, then the These amendments will be ments for “active” membership proposed amendment or change voted on by the general mem- shall be designated inactive and shall be published…..” bership meeting at the Septem- “placed on an inactive roster. ber 21 general meeting. A sim- PROPOSED LANGUAGE: “…If the Inactive and former members ple majority of those present Board of Directors approves the may request reinstatement to and voting is required for the proposed amendment or change active membership by signing proposed amendments to be by a simple majority of the total the reinstatement agreement adopted. members of the Board of Direc- and completing the stated re- quirements.” tors, then the proposed ARTICLE III—MEMBERSHIP: amendment or change shall be EXISTING LANGUAGE: “A member PURPOSE OF CHANGE: Change re- published…..” shall perform a minimum of fifty flects that inactive members (50) hours of volunteer service may request to be reinstated. PURPOSE OF CHANGE: As presently per year and obtain a minimum The change facilitates record worded there is ambiguity on of twelve (12) hours of continu- keeping for inactive members. whether the simple majority of ing education every two (2) Board members approval is of ARTICLE VI—DUTIES OF OF- those present and voting or of years to maintain good stand- FICERS: the entire Board. The change ing.” EXISTING LANGUAGE: None. (New) specifies that a proposed PROPOSED LANGUAGE: A member amendment must be agreed PROPOSED LANGUAGE: Add “The “shall perform a minimum num- upon by a simple majority of the Secretary is responsible for ber of volunteer hours and con- entire Board (presently 7 of 12 maintaining a permanent record tinuing education units as de- votes) as opposed to as few as of past minutes, which will be termined by the Board of Direc- four votes if a minimum of 7 archived in Master Gardener of- tors and approved by the Exten- members present and voting fices.” sion advisor. In no case shall discusses a proposed amend- the minimum hours be less than PURPOSE OF CHANGE: The addition ment. prescribed by the state organi- will ensure integrity of the offi- zation. The Board of Directors cial minutes of the BCMG Inc. will review requirements bi- Without the change, responsibil- annually. Requirements will be ity is not assigned to anyone. Did you know? published annually in The Scion, You can see The Scion in color ARTICLE VI—DUTIES OF OF- January issue.” on the TCE website. Photos and FICERS: pictures that are published are PURPOSE OF CHANGE: The State EXISTING LANGUAGE: The Publica- in color, so if you want to get a organization sets the minimum tions Coordinator is the pub- good look at the plants that are requirements for members to lisher of the San Antonio Gar- featured, look at http://bexar- remain in good standing. This dener and is responsible for ed- tx.tamu.edu/HomeHort/MasterG change will modify By-laws to iting, printing, distribution, and ardener/BCMGIndex.htm and reflect the current state re- circulation of the publication. click on The Scion newsletter. quirement of six CEU credits per PROPOSED LANGUAGE: The Publica- We are hoping at some point in year and it will provide flexibility tions Coordinator is the pub- the future to have the newslet- to modify requirements without lisher of Bexar County Master ter archived on line and indexed necessity to amend the By-laws Gardener official publications so that you can find previously each time a change becomes and is responsible for editing, published articles. Let us know apparent. printing, distribution, and circu- what you think of that idea! ARTICLE III—MEMBERSHIP: lation of the publication. EXISTING LANGUAGE: “Members PURPOSE OF CHANGE: The San An- who have not met the require- Report August Volunteer tonio Gardener is no longer pub- ments for “active” membership lished. The revised wording cor- hours now, please! shall be designated inactive and rects the By-laws. 6 Youth Garden Symposium 2006 The American Horticultural • “environment-based educa- outside is also a healthy practice Society’s National Youth Garden tion can dramatically im- for adults! Symposium was hosted by the prove standardized test Missouri Botanical Garden in St. • scores, help develop prob- Louis on July 27-29. Being an lem solving, and many “international center for re- other skills search, education and horticul- • today’s children are plugged tural display,” this garden was a in to technology but out of wonderful place to visit and at- touch with the natural world tend a conference. The garden • being “nature-deficient” can is one of the oldest gardens in be directly linked to rises in the United States and is consid- obesity, Attention Deficit ered by some to be one of the Disorder (ADD) and depres- Mr. Louv praised the 270 con- top three botanical gardens in sion ference attendees for our efforts the world. • additional disturbing effects to teach children about nature, include “weaker physical the environment and gardening. strengths and immune sys- He called our efforts “sacred tems, emotional stress and a work.” Classroom gardens and lack of caring about nature youth programs have been an that could alter the way that important part of our volunteer future generations relate to efforts and outreach since the and ultimately care for na- beginning of The Bexar County ture, wildlife and the envi- Master Gardeners. Thank you ronment.” to each Master Gardener who helps with our youth programs or supports the program in a Located on 79 acres in the mid- variety of indirect ways. Be- dle of St. Louis, it features cause Master Gardeners are at 4,000 trees, the Climatron the forefront of community edu- (world’s first geodesic dome cation, perhaps all of us should greenhouse), a 14-acre Japa- resolve to focus more on this nese Garden, and a large home very important aspect of garden area and display. A ma- enlightening the families in our jor exhibition of Dale Chihuly’s sphere of influence! glass sculptures was featured in The March 20, 2006 issue of Doris Trotter the Climatron and other loca- Time magazine addressed this tions. In April, the brand new topic with the cover story, “Are 2-acre Children’s Garden Kids Too Wired for their Own HELP THE NEEDY opened with a Missouri history Good?” A 2005 survey by the Our needy person is Sandy, theme. The garden’s website, Kaiser Family Foundation found who needs the following help: www.mobot.org, has a wealth of that kids, ages 8-18, already information that I had already CHAIRPERSON & COMMITTEE MEM- averaging 6.5 hours of elec- visited and used. BERS to plan MG Christmas Party tronic media time per day, were It was emphasized over and Dec. 7th and assist with “Adopt packing 8.5 hours worth of elec- over again at the Conference a family.” tronic media into that 6.5 hours that we are raising a generation thanks to media multitasking! MGS TO SERVE ON A RECOGNITION of children with “nature-deficit The National Wildlife Federa- COMMITTEE to choose MG to re- disorder” which is a description tion promotes a program to ceive awards at our November of the human costs of alienation counteract “nature deficit disor- Meeting from nature. Richard Louv, au- der” entitled the “Green Hour.” thor of Last Child in the Woods, MGS TO SERVE ON ANAWARDS COM- This program encourages par- was a key-note speaker. His MITTEE: help identify MG pro- ents to make sure that their book and presentation revealed: grams to submit for State children are spending at least an • “direct exposure to nature is Awards, also Master Gardeners hour every day in outside play essential for healthy child- who will help write awards. and learning. Spending time hood development.” See page 11 for more needs. 7 SEPTEMBER GARDENING CHORES Birds and Wildlife • Lightly prune roses during the needs to learn to live in soil you • Continue to provide fresh wa- first week of September. They plant it in. Add some root ter for the birds. It is still hot will begin their heavy fall bloom- stimulator and water it in well. outside. Keep bird baths full of ing season soon. Be sure to fer- Add 2-3 inches of native mulch water. tilize roses one last time for in a circle about 5-6 feet across. • Watch for ruby-throated, ru- continual blooming. Use Don’t place the mulch up fous, and black throat hum- Orthene for insects and Fungi- against the trunk of the tree— mingbirds as they make their nex for diseases is a tried and leave about 3-6 inches. Water way south. Place hummingbird true combination. the new tree once per week for feeders near a window so you • Divide perennials like daylily the first season. Place the hose can observe them. Favorite and iris now. Give half to the at the base of the tree and let it hummingbird bushes include neighbors and replant the other barely run for a couple of hours firebush, lantana, petunias, pen- half. so that it approximately fills the tas, hibiscus, and cape honey- • Add generous amounts of hole you dug. suckle. compost to all beds. • After they’re established, • Attract butterflies to your gar- • If you order bulbs for spring, shrubs normally don’t need any dens by planting mist flower, now is the time to order them. more water than they get from lantana, butterfly weed, Mexican Put them in a paper bag in the rain. bush sage, and purple aster. frig for 6-8 weeks before plant- • If you prune your oak trees, be Attract hummingbirds by plant- ing. sure to paint as soon as you cut. ing cardinal lobelia, trumpet • Picking flowers frequently en- Turf Grass vine, lantana, Turk’s cap, and courages more flowers. • Cut way back on the lawn irri- Mexican bush sage. • Plant bluebonnet seeds about gation this month to avoid Color ½ inch deep now to allow them brown patch. If you already • Know flowers’ mature heights to germinate in the fall. Water have brown patch in the lawn, and widths and plant for maxi- thoroughly. you can do one of two things— mum visibility. • Firebush and fall asters should leave it alone as it will normally • Add compost to your flower- be blooming this month. heal itself next spring; or treat it beds for a little extra kick that Fruits and Nuts with a good fungicide. Be sure tired flowers need. • Keep your pecans watered if to follow label directions. Brown • Flowering annuals can be you want full nuts. One inch per patch is usually a sign of stand- transplanted now: alyssum, ca- week over the area covered by ing water. Fill in the spot over lendula, dianthus (pinks), flow- the crown is sufficient. the winter. ering cabbage and kale, mari- • Cut back the dying canes on • This is a good month to plant mums, pansies, petunias, phlox, your blackberry bushes. You Bermuda or buffalo seed or sod Shasta daisies, snapdragons, can maintain them at about 3 your lawn to get it established and stock. If temperatures re- feet in height. before winter sets in. Keep the main unseasonably hot, garden- Ornamentals seeds MOIST for about 10 days ers would be well advised to Caladiums need plenty of water or so—until the seeds sprout. wait until October to transplant this month. It wouldn’t hurt to Then back off on the watering. most of these cool-season flow- fertilize them with about ½ • Lawns have been expensive to ering plants. Keep the soil pound of 21-0-0 per 100 maintain during the prolonged moist to ensure proper germina- square feet of bed. heat and drought. Those with tion and growth. Protect seed- Shade Trees and Shrubs lawns still alive will have to be- lings from pillbugs with baits • Plant trees and shrubs this ware of the brown patch fungus and insecticide (Sevin or Diazi- month. Check out the require- which occurs during cool, moist non granules) dust barriers for ments for trees and do your fall conditions. Although several two weeks after germination oc- planning before planting any. fungicides are recommended, curs Find out the mature height and the best results have been ob- • Continue to feed patio plants width. Don’t plant any tree tained using Turficide, which and hanging baskets with a wa- closer than 25 feet to any struc- contains Terrachlor, as soon as ter-soluble fertilizer such as 20- ture. Dig the hole the same damage is detected. 20-20 or Hasta-gro. depth as the container the tree Vegetables • Rejuvenate heat stressed ge- came in and 2-3 times as wide. • Protect young seedlings from raniums and begonias by lightly Don’t add anything to the soil hot sun. pruning, fertilizing and watering. when you replace it—the tree (SEE NEXT PAGE) 8 GARDENING CHORES, (continued) • Tender seedlings and trans- plants MUST be protected from Bexar County Lifetime the hot sun as well as spider mites, stink bugs, grasshoppers Master Gardener Award and deer. A protective cover which provides a bit of sun pro- Jim Feighny (Class 33) has regular driver of the Rode eve- tection is called Grow-Web (also been granted a Bexar County ning shifts. He also became a sold as Plant Guard, Plant Lifetime Master Gardener Cer- Master Naturalist in 2004 work- Shield, ReeMay). Old sheer- tificate as he is about to take ing with Jayne Neal at Crown- curtains do a great job. Mulch- leave of San Antonio to accom- ridge Park in mapping and ing with oak leaves does a great pany his wife as she takes up counting endangered species. job, too. 3-4 inches of leaves new duties in Bethesda Mary- Jim and Janet are expecting to help keep the soil cool, stops land. Jim has filled numerous return to San Antonio after her weeds from germinating, and positions in Master Gardeners term in Maryland is over and are helps hold in the moisture. Use since completing his classes in renting their home (Any Master of the netting will be required to May 2001. He was Vice Presi- Gardeners looking to care for a provide early cold and frost pro- dent in 2002, working on the Xeriscaped yard for the next few tection (protects plants from budget, took over Landscape years?) We understand they are temperatures in the low 30's) so Chairman of the Schultze House taking their dogs and cats with that cold-sensitive plants such Gardens and was responsible for them and should be settling into as tomatoes, peppers and egg- the expansion and transition their new digs as we read this. plants can ripen the fruit before from Cottage Gardens to more Jim will probably be making the first hard freeze (below 32 Xeriscape and Natural use of several flights back to this area degrees F. for several hours) natives, adding beds, pathways to visit with his son and new occurs. and compost bins nearly dou- grandson born just this month. • Fertilize young tomatoes and bling the size and scope of the Until we see them, we wish peppers when they have fruit original gardens designed them the best of luck and Con- about the size of your thumb. largely by Edna Ward Toland. gratulations on the Lifetime Use about 1 cup of slow-release Jim has been instrumental in Master Gardener Certificate fertilizer for every 10 feet of organizing class graduations at which will allow him to remain row. If you didn’t get your to- Schultze House Gardens, Satur- on our rolls until he returns to matoes in last month, there is day work details (for Class 35), hopefully a more relaxed mem- still time although your produc- improving irrigation systems us- bership role. tion will be severely limited. Be ing soakers, and recruiting Sir Oliver Smith, Class 20 sure to use one of the “hot many new Master Gardeners name” tomato varieties because still active at the site. they mature quicker. His managerial style was re- • Vegetable crops benefit from a laxed and he encouraged side dressing of fertilizer to en- lengthy lunches from Amaya BIRDIES FOR CHARITY hance their growth and produc- Deli where he often regaled the tion potential. Use one cup of work crew with “Military Ex- It’s not to late to send in your Ammonium Sulfate (21-0-0) per ploits”, tales of his solo flights to pledge(s) for Birdies for Char- 100 square feet of planting sur- various parts of the US, visiting face. his mom in Denver or taking his ity., but the deadline of Sep- It’s time to plant squash, bush grandson to air shows in Wis- tember 19 is fast approaching. beans, cucumbers, radishes, consin. Remember that all donations carrots, beets, sweet corn, and Like many Master Gardeners are returned directly to the potatoes.Compiled by Tom Harris, (retired from the military USAF) BCMG for our educational pro- Class 13 he undertook transforming his grams. All donations are tax Bel Meade home’s landscape Special thanks to Kathy Mar- deductible, and since the BCMG from St. Augustine to Xeriscape, tinez and Jan Craven for gath- planting numerous trees and does not have dues, this is a winning Yard of the Month in good way to contribute and ering Club News each month 2000. take the tax advantage. and preparing it for publica- Jim also was active with Ro- tion. deo Construction and was a Shuttle often in the cold, rainy 9 Volunteer Opportunities If no phone number or email appears after contact person, see page 2, left column * At the end of each opportunity description the classification number is listed to assist in filling out Volunteer Hour Form. Example: (200) September 12:45pm, 12:30 – 4:30pm need 4 volunteers per Children’s Organic Vegetable Garden – Fall shift. Set up 7:30am need 2 or 3 MGs to help with Season 8:30 – 10: 30 am, Nancy Heneghan 736- set up. Bexar County Master Gardeners have been 6476 / Wassel Beal 710-0400 every Saturday thru invited to participate in a fundraiser at Mitchell end of October at the SA Botanical Garden. About Lake. Our organization will have an MG booth and 14 children are assigned to each section of the sign up visitors for the SIP program. There will be garden under the supervision of 2 –3 adults per 3 youth activities. Last shift tear down display. section. Volunteers may work directly with the (100) (200) children or supervise. The Bexar County Master Gardeners, Men’s Garden Club of San Antonio, Bo- November 4 tanical Society members and other interested Fall Garden Festival @ San Antonio Botanical adults oversee the program. (100) Garden, Doris Trotter, set up Friday, November 3, rain date Sunday, November 5. This Master Gar- Madison School Plant maintenance Nancy dener project/fund raiser celebrates the Children’s Heneghan 736-6476 MGs needed to water and Garden fall harvest. The following positions are propagate plants for plant sales and school garden. available: Some of the plants given to teachers at the train- • Exhibitors – Chairman: Oralia Gerarde 661- ing workshops are from the Madison school green- 5763, would like co – chair house. Madison School is located at 2900 W. • Silent Auction – Chairman: Kathy Rice, Woodlawn at the convergence of Bandera Rd, St. 496-2791, would like help with getting do- Cloud and Woodlawn Ave. (100) nations. • Children’s Garden Show: Chairman: Joyce September thru December, Doris Trotter: MGs Felter, 828-4372 use gardening expertise to assist, as needed, • Bulb, Bud & Bloom Mart – Chairman needed • Master Gardener Booth – Chairman needed with Classroom Gardens. (100) • Entertainment & Food – Chairman needed • Hospitality – Chairman needed September 7 – 10 For more information contact chairman listed or Home and Garden Show Master Gardener/SIP Doris Trotter (100) (200) Booth at Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center. Sandy Justice. Thursday, 7, set up, time TBA. 4 volun- teers required per shift: Friday 2 shifts: 1:30 – Rodeo 5:00pm, 5 - 8:00pm; Saturday 3 shifts: 9:30am - Construction Committee: Clarke Ehrlich will assist 12:30pm, 12:30 - 4:30pm, 4:30 - 8:00pm; Sun- in the organization of this committee. He is unable day 2 shifts: 10:00am - 2:00pm, 2:00 - 6:00pm. to be on site every day during construction. If you Last shift Sunday assist with tear down. Admis- can help as construction chairman or share posi- sion is free to volunteers by picking up pass at the tion with another MG, call Doris. Will Call Counter. When shift is over please return The Outdoor Classroom Gardens for children in- pass to Will Call counter for next group of volun- clude: teers. Parking is on your own. (200) • Cactus and Succulents: Jim and Martha Fleming and Richard Blocker • Insect Garden: Molly Keck October 2 • Plants Marching On: Chairs needed. This Deadline for Classroom Garden Newsletter Doris garden will feature ways that plants repro- Trotter, Members are encouraged to contrib- duce seeds, spores, propagation, pollina- ute to this award winning publication. (100) tors, invasives, etc. • Texas Plants: Chairs needed. This garden October 14 will include Ladybird Johnson and her work Mitchell Lake 8:30am - 4:30pm. with wildflowers. Ferdinand Lindheimer the Rebecca Cook/Doris Trotter, Shifts 8:30am – Father of Texas Botany; Tyler Rose Garden; 10 Texas Superstars and perhaps endangered plants. ANNOUNCEMENTS • ABC Garden: Chairs needed. Texas water plants, fish, rivers, lakes, aquifer, etc. MG Class 44 STARTING • Landscaping of BCMG area: Chairs needed WELCOME CLASS 44! Class 44 starts classes on • MG/SIP area: Chairs needed August 30. All of us MGs look forward to meeting Participants in children’s gardens may want to do you and getting acquainted. A good place to start research on topic and decide how to present dis- is to attend our general meetings. At press time, a play so it will appeal to children and adults. Con- few MG mentors are still needed. If interested, tact Doris call Lou Kellogg to find out the details. On Going Volunteer FALL 2006 MASTER NATURALIST Opportunities CLASS CONVENES SHORT DEADLINE HERE: Become a member of the Alamo Area Chapter of HOMEOWNER’S HOTLINE (200) the Texas Master Naturalist Program. Master Natu- Linda Schafer 467-6575 ralists are citizen volunteers who donate their time TERRARIUM/ECOSYSTEM (100) Lani Ord 493-6375 and talents in the area of our natural world to im- prove the community in which we live. We provide PLANT CLINIC ON WATERSAVER LANE SA Botanical extensive training from some of the leading ex- (200) Pat Brown 653-4999 perts in the state. Learn about our native plants SCHULTZE HOUSE GIFT SHOP (200) and animals, the hydrology, geology and much Barbara Lozier 789-1434 more. Then have many opportunities to share your Schultze House Cottage Garden (200) knowledge including spending time with great “Smitty” 698-9767, Pat Harris 226-6150 people who have similar interests. Training is held at San Antonio Botanical Gardens and will be- CATHEDRAL PARK (200) gin September 14, 2006, continuing each Thursday Mike Steele 826-8625 or SteeleSaSteele@aol.com From 12:00 PM to 4:30 PM through November SPEAKER’S BUREAU (200) Anna Cervantes (Page 2) 18, 2006 including two Saturdays. Go to the Web site at www.alamomasternaturalist.org for an ap- CHILDREN’S SPEAKER BUREAU (100) plication or for more information. See website for Doris Trotter 467-6575 address or E-mail to Holly email@example.com or MADISON SCHOOL CLASSROOM GARDEN (100) Nancy Anton Hajek firstname.lastname@example.org. Please apply Heneghan 736-6476 now. The closing date for application will be in CHILDREN’S GARDEN @ BOTANICAL GARDEN (100) Sept 07, 2006. Tuition and books are $125.00. Nancy Heneghan 736-6476 Please apply now as we strive to have time to no- tify those accepted to the class well in advance of JAPANESE SUNKEN GARDENS (300) the class date. This program which has gone na- Pete Mendiola 653-7284 tional and international started in San Antonio. SIP PRESENTATIONS (300) Warner Fassnidge 826-7899 MORE HELP NEEDED: MANY HANDS MAKE LIGHT WORK (400) Holly Julian 764-1767 SEASONAL IRRIGATION PROGRAM CHAIR NEEDED: You will be responsible for securing approvals HEMISFAIR HORTICULTURE GROUP (300) for Events and Workshops, scheduling Master Maria Salvatierra 830-460-8213 Gardeners for workshops, reporting event in- TELEPHONE TREE (400) formation and maintaining a supply of materials. Margarita Thompson 653-5310 or Thompmarg@aol.com CHAIRPERSONS FOR FALL GARDEN FAIR If you have a question or need help, call the of- CHAIRPERSON FOR SCHOLARSHIP PLANT SALES AT GEN- fice at 467-6575 and ask the receptionist for assis- ERAL MEETINGS (see Presidents Letter for more in- tance. Your cooperation is appreciated. formation) Contact Sandy Justice to volun- Step right up to the plate! teer for any of the above jobs! Volunteer for one of these jobs 11 SEPTEMBER GENERAL MEETING HEAR DAVID ON THE RADIO! David Rodriguez is now hosting a live "Gardening Talk Show" every Saturday on WOAI (1200 on the AM dial) September 21 from 8-11 AM. 6:00-6:30 Social David’s format is: (Bring something savory or sweet if you want to • answer gardening questions that are called in graze while you chat) • discuss questions of general interest that were 6:30-7:00 received by the Master Gardeners’ hot line during the previous week General Business Meeting • feature a plant of the week with in-depth dis- Vote on proposed amendments to the BCMG By-laws. cussion (Please see Page 6 of this issue for the changes.) • discuss seasonal topics and have some special 7:00 guests from time to time, some of whom will Tom Harris, MG Class 13 probably be Master Gardeners Square Foot Gardening • announce gardening events around town, espe- cially Master Gardener events (earn 1 CEU for attending) • encourage people to call the Master Garden- The BCMG has many friendly, funny, wise, and interest- ers” hotline during the week for answers to ing members. A really good way to meet some of them gardening questions and promote services is to attend our General Meetings. We are still on Day- offered by Extension light time in September, so those who prefer to drive in daylight, there should still be time to get home by dark. TUNE IN THIS SATURDAY! See you there. Extension programs serve people of all ages regardless of socioeconomic level, race, color, sex, religion, disability, or national origin. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners Courts of Texas Cooperating.