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Slide 1 - Our Lady of Soledad

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					     THE SEVEN
    SACRAMENTS
Sacraments of Initiation
  1. Baptism
  2. Confirmation
  3. Eucharist
Sacraments of Healing
  4. Reconciliation
  5. Anointing of the Sick
Sacraments of Commitment
  6. Matrimony
  7. Holy Orders (Priesthood)
Sacraments of Initiation
          BAPTISM
        CONFIRMATION
         EUCHARIST

Why do we call these sacraments of
            initiation?
            ANSWER:
        The Church considers
these 3 sacraments to be essential
       for all Catholic Christians
    who wish to be completely
  initiated into the Catholic faith.
                   BAPTISM
After dark one evening, a Jewish religious leader named
     Nicodemus, a Pharisee, came to speak with Jesus.
  "Teacher," he said, "we all know that God has sent you
 to teach us. Your miraculous signs are proof enough that
   God is with you." Jesus replied, "I assure you, unless
   you are born again, you can never see the Kingdom of
     God.― "What do you mean?" exclaimed Nicodemus.
   "How can an old man go back into his mother's womb
  and be born again?" Jesus replied, "The truth is, no one
     can enter the Kingdom of God without being born of
 water and the Spirit. Humans can reproduce only human
   life, but the Holy Spirit gives new life from heaven. So
 don't be surprised at my statement that you must be born
                     again. – John 3:1-7 --
             DISCUSS:
What does Jesus mean when he says that
 we must be born again?

Why is Nicodemus confused by this
 expression?
     What Baptism is NOT
1. IT IS NOT MAGIC.
2. IT IS NOT SUPERSTITION.
3. IT IS NOT SIMPLY A BEAUTIFUL OR
   NICE FAMILY TRADITION OR
   CUSTOM
4. IT IS NOT SIMPLY TO PLEASE YOUR
   PARENTS OR IN-LAWS.
5. IT IS NOT A GUARANTEE OF
   AUTOMATICALLY GOING TO HEAVEN
        What Baptism IS
1. THE FIRST STEP IN OUR SPIRITUAL
   LIFE IN THE CHURCH
2. A SACRAMENT OF MEMBERSHIP IN
   THE FAMILY OF GOD, WHICH IS THE
   CHURCH
BAPTISM:

1. Connects us to God in an intimate and
   personal way – it connects us into a
   relationship with God
2. Connects us into the Family of God – we
   become part of the Body of Christ, which
   is the Church
          Baptism Involves
          COMMITMENT

1. When an adult asks to be baptized, he or
   she COMMITS to entering into a living,
   personal relationship with God.
2. When parents baptize a child, they
   COMMIT to share and teach the Catholic
   faith to their child through their words
   and example
             DISCUSS
1. What happens when an unbaptized baby
   or child dies?

2. What happens when an unbaptized adult
   dies?
                      ANSWER
1.   First and foremost, we always trust in God’s love,
     compassion and mercy.
2.   We remember that Jesus loved children.
3.   The Church NEVER officially taught that unbaptized
     children go to a place of bliss and happiness (Limbo)
     when they die, but not to heaven
4.   Jesus wishes to save everyone – including non-
     Christians of other religions who are not baptized but
     who otherwise have lived good lives and attempted to
     follow God according to the light that was given to
     them
5.   Two forms of baptism that often are not well-know are:
       -- BAPTISM OF DESIRE
       -- BAPTISM OF BLOOD (Martyrdom)
IN YOUR OPINION, SHOULD THE
 CHURCH BAPTIZE INFANTS, OR
JUST ADULTS OR OLDER TEENS
       AND CHILDREN?

           WHY?

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS AND
NEGATIVES OF EACH OPTION?
            WHY THE CHURCH
          BAPTIZES INFANTS:
1. In the New Testament, the apostles baptized
  entire “families” (which probably included
  children and infants)
2. From at least the first century, the Church has
  always baptized infants as part of its tradition
3. Baptizing infants clearly shows that salvation is
  a complete gift from God, not something we earn
  based on our good deeds – nobody can save
  himself or herself, especially not a small baby or
  child!
                  PRECAUTIONS
1.   Baptizing babies was the exception, not the rule, in the
     earliest days of the church.
2.   The early church always insisted on the importance of
     commitment as a prerequisite for baptism:
       -- The Catechumenate – a pre-baptism process of spiritual preparation
            for adults that lasts from 1 to 3 years

       -- In the first centuries of the church, it was illegal to be a Christian,
             and often, it was dangerous. Many parents did not want to put
             their children at risk. They preferred allowing their children to
             choose baptism once they grew older.

       -- Many adults in the first centuries of the church never received
           baptism until they were on their deathbed. They believed that
           once they were baptized, they were not allowed to ever sin again,
           or they would go to hell
 THE CATHOLIC CHURCH ALSO
      BAPTIZES ADULTS
1.   Any unbaptized person who is at least 7 years old is
     invited to participate in a journey of discovery and
     discernment. Today, this journey usually lasts about
     one year and is called the catechumate. The
     unbaptized are called “catechumens.”
2.   This process also is called the Rite of Christian
     Initiation of Adults, or R.C.I.A.
3.   The catechumens are baptized and receive
     confirmation and eucharist at the Easter Vigil evening
     Mass, which usually starts at about 8 p.m.
       SYMBOLISM IN BAPTISM
WATER SYMBOLIZES:
 -- NEW LIFE. We need water to survive/ Jesus
    offers us New Life, symbolized by the waters
    of baptism.
 -- CLEANSING. We use water to bathe. The
     water of baptism symbolizes God’s healing
      and forgiveness of original sin.
 -- DEATH. We can drown in water. In baptism,
    we die to our old selves so that God can transform us
    and give us new opportunities for transformation.
  OTHER SYMBOLS IN BAPTISM
1. Holy Oil:
     -- We are sealed and initiated in the Christian family and made
         to share in the ministry of Jesus as PRIESTS, PROPHETS
         and KINGS (SERVANTS)

     2. WHITE GARMENT
            -- We are clothed in new life through Jesus Christ.

     3. CANDLE
         --As baptized Catholics, we are called to reflect the light of
           Christ to others in the world.
         -- We light the Easter Paschal Candle to symbolize the light
            of the Risen Jesus in our midst and in our lives
1. COMPLETE SUBMERSION UNDER
   WATER IS THE PREFERRED WAY TO
   CELEBRATE BAPTISM.
   -- It is allowed to simply pour water on the forehead
        in order to baptize.


2. A PRIEST OR DEACON NORMALLY
   ADMINISTERS THE SACRAMENT OF
   BAPTISM
    -- In an emergency, any baptized Catholic
       can baptize – even without water, if water
       is unavailable
   The key words in the
 Sacrament of Baptism are:

“I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of
        the Son, and of the Holy Spirit …”



―Go and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing
  them in the name of the Father and the Son and
        the Holy Spirit.‖ – Matthew 28:19 --
 BAPTISM IN OTHER CHURCHES
1.   Most Churches use the exact same formula to baptize – “I baptize
     you in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.” For
     this reason, the Catholic church recognizes as valid the baptism of
     most other Churches and never allows that a valid baptism be
     repeated.

2. The Catholic Church does not accept the baptisms of certain non-
     Catholic sects that do not believe in the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy
     Spirit). These include:
        -- Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Apostolic Church
           (which only baptized in the name of Jesus only, because they
           do not believe in the Trinity or in the Father and the Holy
           Spirit)

3. Some Christian Churches that do not accept infant baptism reject
     Catholic infant baptism and re-baptize – for example, Southern
     Baptists ….
             CONFIRMATION
              Sacrament of the Holy Spirit

•    Christians receive the power of the Holy Spirit in other
     sacraments like baptism and holy communion, not just
     in the sacrament of confirmation.

•    But in Confirmation, we receive the strength of the
     Holy Spirit to help us to live out our Christian life.

    On the day of Pentecost, seven weeks after Jesus' resurrection, the
    believers were meeting together in one place. Suddenly, there was
     a sound from heaven like the roaring of a mighty windstorm in the
    skies above them, and it filled the house where they were meeting.
       Then, what looked like flames or tongues of fire appeared and
     settled on each of them. And everyone present was filled with the
      Holy Spirit and began speaking in other languages, as the Holy
                  Spirit gave them this ability. – Acts 2:1-4
           CONFIRMATION
     1. God CONFIRMS His love for us!
             - We receive the GIFTS of the Holy Spirit:
               Wisdom, intelligence, prudence, strength,
               understanding, fear of the Lord.

2.   We CONFIRM our love for God!
      - We produce the FRUITS of the Holy Spirit in
         our lives:
        Love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness,
       faithfulness, gentleness, self-control
               The Bishop usually administers
               the Sacrament of Confirmation
       The bishop may delegate the right to confirm to a priest, if he
                                wishes

1.   Laying on of Hands upon the head of the candidate who is
     being confirmed

2.   Anointing with perfumed oil (Sacred Chrism)
       -- This symbolizes the strength of the Holy Spirit
       -- It also symbolizes the sweet fragrance of following
          Christ
       -- Anointing with perfumed holy oil goes all the way back to the
         time of the Old Testament, when priests anointed the new
          king with perfumed oil

3.   The symbolic “slap” – “receive the strength of the Spirit”
         Other Customs
1. Service in a Ministry

2. Choosing a new spiritual name, usually
   of a saint that you admire

3. Choosing a spiritual mentor as
   confirmation godparent (padrino)
  History of Confirmation

1. During some time periods, Confirmation was
     celebrated at the same time as infant baptism.
2. In the United States, Confirmation is usually
     celebrated when a young person reaches the
     age of reason, usually as an adolescent or
     teenager.
3. In the diocese of San Bernardino, a person must
     be 16 years old in order to receive
     Confirmation
                 Eucharist
1. Catholics believe that the bread and wine
   become the real Body and Blood of Christ
   during the celebration of the Mass
      -- Catholics believe the Holy Spirit transforms the
         bread and wine into Christ’s body and blood. The
         official word for this transformation is
         “transubstantiation.”
      -- Some other non-Catholic Christian churches
          believe communion is only symbolic -- that the
          bread and wine do not really become the body of
          blood of Christ, but only are symbols.
    History of the Eucharist:
     The Last Supper of Jesus
Jesus took a loaf of bread; and when he had thanked God
   for it, he broke it in pieces and gave it to the disciples,
      saying, "This is my body, given for you. Do this in
  remembrance of me." After supper he took another cup
   of wine and said, "This wine is the token of God's new
   covenant to save you—an agreement sealed with the
         blood I will pour out for you. – Luke 22:19-20

So Jesus said again, "I assure you, unless you eat the flesh
   of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you cannot have
    eternal life within you. But those who eat my flesh and
   drink my blood have eternal life, and I will raise them at
   the last day. For my flesh is the true food, and my blood
                 is the true drink. – John 6:53-55
  WHEN WE PARTAKE OF THE
        EUCHARIST:

1. We become connected to other
   Christians – we become the Body of
   Christ

2. We are strengthened spiritually with this
   spiritual food, which is Jesus himself
   entering into us
1. Catholics should partake of the eucharist
   frequently – at least every Sunday if
   possible, or whenever they attend Mass

2. When we do not partake of the eucharist,
   we lose an opportunity to receive
   spiritual nourishment from Christ and to
   become connected to the Body of Christ

3. Not to partake of the eucharist is like
   insulting Jesus by saying that the food he
   offers to us is not good enough
  “But Father, I can’t go to communion
        because I have not gone to
                confession…”

1. Confession is only required before going to
   communion if you have committed a mortal sin
   – murdering someone, abortion, etc.…

2. For ordinary (venial) sins, a person can go to
    communion without needing to go to
    confession first. But the church recommends
    we go to confession at least twice a year.
WHAT IF I AM NOT MARRIED
    IN THE CHURCH?
The Church asks that you NOT go to communion
yet… BUT…

   It is very easy to bless your marriage in the
   church so that you and your husband can
   return to the communion table. Just ask to
   meet with a priest to discuss how to have your
   marriage blessed (convalidated) by the church!

… Then… You can again receive communion!
BREAK

				
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