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					12. TROUBLESHOOTING


12. TROUBLESHOOTING
・ Please check the following points before calling for repairs or service.
・ If the following suggestions do not solve the problem, turn off the machine power supply and contact your nearest Brother
  service center.


                                                           DANGER
          Wait at least 5 minutes after turning off the power switch and disconnecting the power cord from the wall outlet
          before opening the face plate of the control box. Touching areas where high voltages are present can result in
          severe injury.


                                                          CAUTION
          Turn off the power switch and disconnect the power cord before carrying out troubleshooting.
          The machine may operate if the treadle is depressed by mistake, which could result in injury.


12-1. Sewing
               Problem                                            Possible cause                                    Page
     1   Upper thread is not tight.     Is the upper thread tension too weak, or is the lower thread tension
                                         too strong?
                                               Adjust the upper thread tension or lower thread tension.           Instruction
                                                                                                                    manual
                               0573M

     2   Lower thread is not tight.     Is the lower thread tension too weak, or is the upper thread tension
                                         too strong?
                                               Adjust the lower thread tension or upper thread tension.           Instruction
                                                                                                                    manual
                               0574M

     3   Loops appear in seam.          Is the thread path not smooth enough?
                                               Use a file with a fine grain or sandpaper to polish smooth the
                                               thread path.
                                        Is the bobbin not turning smoothly?
                                               Pull out the lower thread to check that there is no slackness in
                                               the thread tension, or replace the bobbin or bobbin case.
                               0977M

     4   Skipped stitches      occur    Is the needle tip bent? Is the needle tip blunt?
         while sewing                          If the needle tip is bent or broken, replace the needle.
                                        Is the needle properly installed?
                                               If it is incorrect, install the needle correctly.                  Instruction
                                        Is the machine properly threaded?                                          manual
                                               If it is incorrect, thread the thread correctly.                   Instruction
                                        Is the presser foot pressure too weak?                                     manual
                                               Adjust the presser foot pressure.                                  Instruction
                                        Is the needle too thin?                                                    manual
                                               Replace the needle with a needle that is one rank thicker.
                                        Is the presser foot too high?
                                               Adjust the height of the presser foot.                                 24
                                        Is the thread take-up spring too weak?
                                               Adjust the tension of the thread take-up spring.                       23
                               0470M




53                                                           S-7200A
                                                                                                 12. TROUBLESHOOTING



         Problem                                              Possible cause                                     Page
5   Skipped stitches at sewing     Is the thread take-up spring tension too strong?
    start                                 Reduce the tension of the thread take-up spring.                         23
    Thread    unravelling    at    Is the thread take-up spring operating range too large?
    sewing start                          Lower the position of the thread take-up spring.                         23
                                   Are the trailing lengths of the upper threads too short after thread
                                    trimming?
                                          Adjust the pretension.                                               Instruction
                                   Are the threads not being trimmed cleanly?                                   manual
                                          Sharpen the fixed knives, or replace the fixed and movable
                                          knives if necessary.                                                     34
                                   Is the needle too wide?
                                          Try using a needle with a count that is one lower than the
                                          current needle.
                                   Is the length of thread trailing out from the bobbin case after thread
                                    trimming too short.
                                          If the bobbin is spinning loosely, replace the anti-spin spring in
                                          the bobbin case.                                                     Instruction
                                   Is the sewing speed too fast at the sewing start?                            manual
                                          Use the slow start feature.                                          Instruction
                                                                                                                 manual
                         0749M

6   Uneven seam                    Is the presser foot pressure too weak?
                                          Adjust the presser foot pressure.                                    Instruction
                                   Is the feed dog too low?                                                     manual
                                          Adjust the feed dog height.                                              25
                                   Is the bobbin scratched?
                                          If the bobbin is damaged, smooth it with an oiled grindstone or
                                          replace it.
                         0473M

7   Large degree of puckering      Is the upper thread tension too strong?
    (excess tension)                      Make the upper thread tension as weak as possible.                   Instruction
                                   Is the lower thread tension too strong?                                      manual
                                          Make the lower thread tension as weak as possible.                   Instruction
                                   Are the thread take-up spring tensions too strong?                           manual
                                          Make the thread take-up spring tension as weak as possible.              23
                                   Is the thread take-up spring operating range too large?
                                          Lower the position of the thread take-up spring to as low a
                                          position as possible.                                                    23
                                   Is the presser foot pressure too strong?
                                          Adjust the presser foot pressure.                                    Instruction
                                   Is the sewing speed too fast?                                                manual
                                          Use the sewing speed control keys to gradually reduce the            Instruction
                                          sewing speed.                                                          manual
                         0978M

8   Material slippage              Is the presser foot pressure too strong?
                                          Adjust the presser foot pressure.                                    Instruction
                                                                                                                 manual




                         0750M




                                                        S-7200A                                                          54
12. TROUBLESHOOTING



              Problem                                                Possible cause                                   Page
     9   Lower thread is tangled at     Is the bobbin spinning direction correct when the lower thread is
         the sewing start.               being pulled?
         Spinning of bobbin during             Set the bobbin so that it turns in the opposite direction to the     Instruction
         thread trimming                       rotary hook.                                                           manual
                                        Is there too much thread
                                         wound onto the bobbin?
                                               The      bobbin    winding
                            Lower              amount should not be                                                 Instruction
                            thread             more that 80 %.                                                        manual
                                        Is the anti-spin spring attached?                                2124M
                                               Attach the anti-spin spring.                                         Instruction
                                        Is the bobbin turning smoothly?                                              manual
                                               If the bobbin is not turning smoothly, replace the bobbin.
                                        Is a bobbin other that the light-alloy bobbins specified by Brother
                                         being used?
                                               Use only bobbins which are specified by Brother.                     Instruction
                                                                                                                      manual
                              0751M

 10      Upper and lower threads        Is the needle bent or is the needle tip broken?
         are breaking.                         Replace the needle if it is bent or broken.
                                        Is the needle properly installed?
                                               If it is incorrect, install the needle correctly.                    Instruction
                                        Is the machine properly threaded?                                            manual
                                               If it is incorrect, thread the thread correctly.                     Instruction
                                        Is the rotary hook sufficiently lubricated? (-40[], 43[] specifications)     manual
                                               If the oil gauge is down to the lower reference line in the oil      Instruction
                                               gauge window, add more oil.                                            manual
                                        Is the upper or lower thread tension too weak or too strong?
                                               Adjust the upper thread or lower thread tension.                     Instruction
                                                                                                                      manual
                                        Is the upper thread may be loose because the thread take-up spring
                                         operating range is too small?
                                               Adjust the position of the thread take-up spring.                        23
                                        Is the rotary hook, feed dog or other part damaged?
                                               If they are damaged, smooth them with an oiled grindstone or
                                               replace the damaged parts.
                                        Is the thread path damaged?
                                               If the thread path is damaged, smooth it with sandpaper or
                                               replace the damaged part.
                              0471M

 11      Incorrect thread trimming      Is the fixed knife or movable knife damaged or worn?
         (Upper and lower threads              Replace the fixed knife or the movable knife.                            34
         are    both    not    being
         trimmed)

 12      Incorrect thread trimming      Is the needle properly installed?
         (Upper thread or lower                If it is incorrect, install the needle correctly.                    Instruction
         thread     is  not    being    Is the fixed knife or movable knife blunt?                                   manual
         trimmed)                              Replace the fixed knife or the movable knife.                            34




55                                                            S-7200A
                                                                                                  12. TROUBLESHOOTING



           Problem                                                 Possible cause                                 Page
13   Broken needles                  Is the material being pushed or pulled with excessive force during
                                      sewing?
                                     Is the needle properly installed?
                                            If it is incorrect, install the needle correctly.                   Instruction
                                     Is the needle bent, is the needle tip broken, or is the needle hole         manual
                                      blocked?
                                            Replace the needle.
                                               Caution
                                         It is extremely dangerous to leave any pieces of broken needle
                                          sticking in the material. If the needle breaks, search for all
                                          pieces until the whole of the needle is found again.
                                         Furthermore, we recommend we recommend that through
                                          steps be taken to account for such needles to comply with
                                          product liability regulations.
                           0469M

14   Oil gauge (1) is not visible    Is the oil tank empty?
     in oil gauge window.             (-40[], 43[] specifications)
                                            Fill the oil tank with oil.                                         Instruction
                                                                                                                  manual




                           2195M

15   Machine does not operate        Is the power supply connector
     when power is turned on          disconnected from the control
     and treadle is pressed.          box?
                                            Insert    the connector
                                            securely.                                                               45


                                                                                                      2196M

16   Machine does not operate        Is the sewing speed setting or backtack speed setting incorrect?
     at high speed.                         Use the sewing speed control keys to set the high speed.            Instruction
                                                                                                                  manual
17   Machine     stops    during     Is the fixed stitch key turned on?
     sewing.                                Press the fixed stitch key so that the indicator turns off.         Instruction
                                     Is the power supply voltage too low?                                        manual
                                            Check the power supply.                                                 45
                                            (If the power cord is too long or too many appliances are being
                                            run from a single outlet, this may cause voltage drops which will
                                            in turn cause the reset function to activate and stop the
                                            machine, even if the power supply itself is normal.)

18   Nothing appears on the          Is the power supply connector
     operation panel display.         disconnected from the control
                                      box?
                                            Insert    the connector
                                            securely.                                                               45

                                                                                                       2196M
                                     Is   the    operation   panel
                                      connector inside the control
                                      box disconnected?
                                           Insert    the  connector
                                           securely.                                                                43



                                                                                                       2197M




                                                            S-7200A                                                       56
12. TROUBLESHOOTING



            Problem                                            Possible cause                                  Page
 19    “GREASEUP” flashes on         This display is to notify you that it is time to apply grease.
       the operation panel when           Apply grease.                                                         37
       the power is turned on.




12-2. Error code displays
                           If an error code appears on the operation panel display
                           1. Make a note of the error code and then turn off the power.
                           2. After the operation panel display has turned off, eliminate the cause of the error and then
                              turn the power back on.
                                                                                                                 2198M


     Error code                                        Possible cause                                          Page
                    Is the power supply voltage abnormally high?
Err         1              Check the voltage.                                                                   41




                                                       Voltage rating label



                    Problem with control box.
                          Replace the control box.
                                                                                                       2199M

                    Is connector CN7 or CN8 inside the control
Err         2        box disconnected?
                          Insert the connector securely.                                                        43




                                                                                                       2200M

                    Is connector CN4 inside the control box
Err         3        disconnected?
                          Insert the connector securely.                                                        43




                                                                                                       2201M




57                                                       S-7200A
                                                                                            12. TROUBLESHOOTING



 Error code                                       Possible cause                                         Page
               Is the motor connector disconnected from the
Err     4       control box?
                      Insert the connector securely.
                                                                                                          40




                                                                                                 2202M
               Has the machine locked up?
                     Turn off the power and then turn the machine pulley by hand and check that it
                     turns easily.

               Is connector CN13 inside the control box
Err     5       disconnected?
                     Insert the connector securely.                                                       43




               Is the machine head tilted back?
                      Return the machine head to its normal position.
                      Check the operation of the safety switch.                                           22
                                                                                                 2203M

               Is the power supply voltage too low?
Err     6             Check the power supply voltage.                                                     45
               Was the power turned on while the treadle was still depressed?
                      Return the treadle to the neutral position, and then turn on the power switch.

              This is displayed when there is a problem in communication with the operation panel
Err     7     CPU.
               Is connector CN5 inside the control box
                 disconnected?
                       Insert the connector securely.                                                     43




               Problem with operation panel or control box.
                     Replace the operation panel or control box.                                          40
                                                                                                 2197M

               This appears on the display when the sewing machine has been operating
Err     8       continuously for 3 minutes or more.
                     Turn the power switch off and then back on again, and then operate the
                     sewing machine normally.

               This is displayed when the motor is abnormally overheated and temperature
Err     9       protection has been activated.
                     After the temperature cools down, turn the power switch back on and continue
                     normal operation.
               Problem with motor.
                     Replace the motor.

               This is displayed when abnormal current is flowing in a solenoid (thread trimming,
Err     10      thread wiping, quick reverse or presser foot lifter).
                     Check the resistances of each solenoid.                                              46
               Problem with control circuit board.
                     Replace the control box.                                                             40




                                                   S-7200A                                                      58
12. TROUBLESHOOTING



     Error code                                      Possible cause                                      Page
                   Is the solenoid fuse F2 (5 A) blown?
Err        12             Replace the fuse.                                                               44




                   Problem with control circuit board.
                         Replace the control box.                                                         40
                                                                                                 2343M

                   Is connector CN2 inside the control box
Err        13       disconnected?
                         Insert the connector securely.                                                   43




                   Is there a broken wire in the treadle connector cord?
                          Replace the treadle unit.
                                                                                                 2344M

                   Problem with head detector unit
Err        14            Check that connector CN18 inside the
                         control box is securely connected.
                         Replace the head detector unit.
                                                                                                          43




                                                                                                 2345M

                   Problem with motor.
Err        15            Replace the motor.
                   Problem with motor driver.
                         Replace the control box.                                                         40

                   This is displayed when the sewing machine motor locks during thread trimming.
Err        16             Remove any thread that is tangled.
                          Check that there are no problems with the thread trimming mechanism.

                   This is displayed when data could not be written correctly into the memory element
Err        18       of the control circuit board.
                          Replace the control box.                                                        40

                   This is displayed when the control box is abnormally warm.
Err        19       (3-phase specifications only)
                          Check that there is no problem with the cooling fan.
                          If there is a problem, replace the cooling fan.

                   Has the setting for standard depression strokes been set correctly?
Err        20            Repeat the setting for standard depression strokes.                              49
                   Treadle unit malfunction.
                         Replace the treadle unit.




59                                                    S-7200A
                                                                                              12. TROUBLESHOOTING



    Error code                                            Possible cause                                   Page
                       Is connector CN16 inside the control box
 Err       21           disconnected?
                             Insert the connector securely.                                                 43




                                                                                                  2347M




The error codes (orange) and error details (green) are displayed alternately.
    Error code                                            Possible cause                                   Page
 Err      100          This appears on the display when the sewing machine has continued to be used for
                        a certain period after the “GREASEUP” notification appears without the grease
 (GrEASEUP)
                        being applied (without the reset procedure being carried out).
                             Apply grease and then carry out the reset procedure.                           37

 Err      101          Is DIP switch No.4 inside the control box set
                        to ON?
 (diP SW 4)
                             Set DIP switch No.4 to OFF.                                                    44




                                                                                                  2205M

If an error code that is not listed above appears, contact the place of purchase.




                                                            S-7200A                                               60

				
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