Paralegal and Legal Assistant Program + Academic Information

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					Clark College Paralegal Program

       Paralegal and Legal Assistant
       Program + Academic Information
  2             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant   Program + Academic Information                3




                                                                Teresa Clark
                                                                Yolanda Conde
                                                                Valerie Ferguson
                This production has been                        Alisa Mason
                                                                Peggy Moxley-Prothero

                written and designed by                         Rhonda Lewis
                                                                Sally Moore
                                                                Katy Reed
                paralegal students.                             Lacey Boyce
                                                                Ken Burris
                                                                Marina Burks
                                                                Amanda A. Shiplet
                                                                Jill Jurvakainen
                                                                Brittany Schwerdt
                                                                Rikyah Sonia
                                                                Yelena Tkachuk
                                                                Yolanda Morales
                                                                Rebekah Andrews
                                                                Amber Laddusaw
                                                                Stacey Fentress
                                                                Laurie Wright
                                                                Kathryn Cave
                                                                Degundrea Harris
                                                                Rhonda Kent
                                                                Patrick Forrest

                                                                Layne Russell
                                                                Director, Paralegal Program

A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                        Updated March 2008
  4             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                                                                 Program + Academic Information                                                                           5




                Table of Contents

                So You Want to be a Paralegal.................................................6                               Employment and Salary Realities .........................................26
                Why is the paralegal field attractive? .................................................... 7                 1. Experience and How to Get it!.......................................................26
                                                                                                                              2. Areas of Practice.................................................................................28
                Advising Specifically for Paralegal Students ............................9
                                                                                                                              3. Salary Ranges ......................................................................................29
                Success in School....................................................................................... 9
                                                                                                                              4. Benefits for Paralegals .......................................................................30
                Clark Association of Paralegal Students (CAPS) ............................10
                                                                                                                              5. Working outside the Box – Alternative Careers ..........................31
                Education (after High School) - Program and Degrees .................10
                                                                                                                              6. Job Outlook .........................................................................................32
                1. Academic Coursework - Paralegal Degree ....................................10
                                                                                                                              7. Becoming a Specialist ........................................................................33
                2. Academic Coursework - Paralegal Certificate ..............................11
                                                                                                                              8. Job Flexibility ......................................................................................38
                3. Brief Summary in Preparation of Class Load ...............................11
                4. Online Services ...................................................................................11      Paralegals and the Unauthorized Practice of Law ..................39
                    Online Advising...............................................................................12          1. Why is this rule important to a Paralegal? ....................................39
                    Degree Works...................................................................................12         2. What constitutes the unauthorized practice of law?...................40
                5. Graduation ...........................................................................................13   3. How may Paralegals Protect Themselves from UPL? .................40
                6. Continuing Education through Associations,
                                                                                                                              Paralegal and Legal Assistant Certifications .........................40
                   Clark College, and More ..................................................................13
                                                                                                                              1. What is certification? .........................................................................40
                    Professional Associations ...............................................................14
                                                                                                                              2. How to get certified? .........................................................................41
                    Higher Education ............................................................................15
                                                                                                                              3. Use of Certification Marks ...............................................................41
                    In-House Seminars ..........................................................................15
                    Mentoring .........................................................................................15     Frequent FAQ’s and Testimonials .........................................42
                    Seminar Companies........................................................................16               What if I am having trouble in a class? ...............................................42
                    On-line Education...........................................................................16            What if I don’t have time for school? .................................................42
                7. Continuing Education through Law School ...............................16                                  Is it hard to find a job after graduation? .............................................42
                                                                                                                              What does a paralegal’s workday consist of ? .....................................43
                Your Internship ....................................................................18
                                                                                                                              What should I expect from the classes at Clark?..............................43
                1. What is an Internship? ......................................................................18
                2. Process of Obtaining an Internship ................................................21                      Testimonials .........................................................................44
                3. Advice for Your Internship ...............................................................22               Contacts...............................................................................46
                4. Resources for Obtaining an Internship..........................................24
                                                                                                                              Notes ...................................................................................47


A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                                                                                          Updated March 2008
  6             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                               Program + Academic Information                                                                           7




                So You Want to be a Paralegal…1
                                             Legal assistants, also known as                w Locate and interview witnesses.
                                             paralegals, are a distinguishable group        w Conduct investigations and statistical and documentary research.
                                             of professional persons who assist
                                                                                            w Conduct legal research (identify appropriate laws, judicial
                                             attorneys in the delivery of legal services.
                                                                                              decisions, legal articles, and other materials that are relevant to
                                             Through formal education, training
                                                                                              assigned cases).
                                             and experience, legal assistants have
                                                                                            w Draft legal documents, correspondence and pleadings. Paralegals
                                             knowledge and expertise regarding
                                                                                              may prepare written reports that attorneys use to determine how
                                             both the legal system and substantive
                                                                                              cases should be handled.
                and procedural laws which qualify them to do work of a legal nature
                under the supervision of an attorney.                                       w Summarize depositions, interrogatories and testimony.
                                                                                            w Attend executions of wills, real estate closings, depositions, court
                A legal assistant/paralegal cannot give legal advice, represent
                                                                                              or administrative hearings and trials with the attorney.
                a client in court, set a fee, or accept a case, functions generally
                considered the practice of law.                                             w Paralegals also organize and track files of case documents.
                                                                                            w And more… .
                Working under the supervision of an attorney, the legal assistant’s
                work product becomes part of the attorney work product. In                  Professionally, a paralegal’s time for substantive legal work (as
                communications with clients and the public, the legal assistant’s non-      opposed to clerical or administrative work) is billed to clients much
                lawyer status must be clear. Your role in the big picture is to “Help the   the same way as an attorney’s time, but generally at a lower hourly
                attorney and the firm turn out the best work product for the client.”       rate, making the paralegal’s employment cost-effective for clients.

                A legal assistant may perform any function delegated and closely            Why is the paralegal field attractive?
                supervised by an attorney, including but not limited to the following:
                                                                                            First, while good paying and secure jobs are becoming more difficult
                w Conduct client interviews and maintain general contact with               to attain, the demand for paralegals is anticipated to grow according
                  the client, so long as the client is aware of the status and function     to the Bureau of Employment Statistics.2
                  of the legal assistant, and the legal assistant works under the
                  supervision of the attorney.
                                                                                             2 “Employment of paralegals and legal assistants is projected to grow 22 percent between 2006 and 2016, much
                1 References: http://www.nala.org/whatis.htm                                faster than the average for all occupations.” http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos114.htm#outlook


A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                                                        Updated March 2008
  8             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                           Program + Academic Information                                     9




                                                                                        Advising Specifically for Paralegal
                                                                                        Students
                Second, as a paralegal, work will vary from day to day. You’ll be       Success in School
                involved in various projects at any given time. Within the course
                                                                                        Clark College exists to serve students of various academic
                of a week you might, for instance, attend a court hearing, conduct
                                                                                        achievement levels, life stages, and vocational aspirations. Towards
                trial discovery, locate, contact and interview witnesses, prepare
                                                                                        this end, Clark’s Offices of Admissions, Financial Aid, and Support
                legal documents and conduct research to support cases.
                                                                                        Services are available to anyone with a desire to complete a college
                Third, as a paralegal, you will have a variety of opportunities         degree program.
                in today’s job market. Paralegals can find jobs not only in law
                                                                                        w Within the Admissions Office, you will learn about admission
                firms but also in government, educational institutions, nonprofit
                                                                                          requirements and the “reading, writing, and math” placement
                organizations, detective and insurance agencies, title companies,
                                                                                          tests. Once tested, you can select classes which are appropriate to
                and corporate legal departments, just to name a few. Various
                                                                                          your skill levels.
                entities have begun hiring paralegals as they cost less than an
                attorney but can perform some of the same tasks. Your paralegal         w After meeting admission advisors, you will invariably be directed
                education will also prepare you to work in other sectors such             to the Financial Aid Office. At Financial Aid, you will become
                as politics, social services, human resources and administrative          acquainted with the FAFSA (Federal Aid form), grants, student
                positions within corporations.                                            loans, work study, and scholarships, which are all financial
                                                                                          resources available to students to help pay for college.
                Last, if you decide to go to law school, paralegals generally do very
                                                                                        w After completing all entrance requirements and once classes
                well in law school due to the vast skills and knowledge gained
                                                                                          have begun, some students find themselves overwhelmed. The
                while working in the legal field. Additionally, you may have
                                                                                          Support and Services Office helps students to establish a comfort
                already narrowed down your specialty field of study, thus you
                                                                                          level while completing their school work. For instance, Tutoring
                won’t have to waste precious time trying to find your niche. Also,
                                                                                          Centers are available to help students in many subject areas and are
                you may have acquired a handy list of contacts within the legal
                                                                                          invaluable in guiding students toward the successful completion
                community.
                                                                                          of their homework. Many programs, including the paralegal
                                                                                          program, have senior students staffed in the tutoring centers to
                                                                                          help students come to a better understanding of the requirements
                                                                                          of their respective coursework.


A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                     Updated March 2008
 10             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                               Program + Academic Information                                        11




                Clark Association of Paralegal Students (CAPS)                              2. Academic Coursework - Paralegal Certificate of
                                                                                            Proficiency
                Where best to get advice at times but from others who’ve preceded
                you? Clark College has a great paralegal and legal assistant student        To obtain a Certificate in Paralegal you must maintain a 2.00
                club on campus – Clark Association of Paralegal Students (CAPS).            cumulative grade point average. The Certificate of Proficiency is
                Their purpose is to provide support, outreach, and growth for the           designed for students with prior college or law firm experience who
                                        paralegal/legal assistant program by fostering      wish to receive specialized paralegal training. To obtain a paralegal
                                        planned study groups, guest speakers from           certificate, you must earn 53-56 credit requirements.
                                        the field, and courthouse tours with all intent
                                        CAPS goal is to encourage a passion for law         3. Brief Summary in Preparation of Class Load
                                        and the career field.
                                                                                            When choosing your classes, insure that you are not overloading
                                         Meetings: Every other Tuesday 5:00pm to            yourself. Find out what the homework loads are so you are not taking
                                         5:45pm in the Penguin Union Building               too many courses. For example: when taking Legal Research PRLE
                                         Student Lounge PUB 161.                            103, choose other classes that are not as demanding.

                Education (after High School) - Program and Degrees                         4. Online Services
                1. Academic Coursework - Paralegal Degree                                   Online Services is a link on the Clark College home page that enables
                To obtain an AAS degree in Paralegal, you must earn 90 credit               you to access different functions via the internet. Some examples
                requirements and you must maintain a 2.00 cumulative grade point            include: Bookstore; Change of Address Form; Class Information;
                average. The required credits include your general education classes        Degree Works; Online Advising; Student Schedule and Web
                and specified Paralegal and Legal Assistant courses.                        Registration.

                Check your college catalog while choosing your classes, as some are         As long as you have your Student ID, date of birth and email address,
                only offered during specific quarters. In other words, all courses are      you will have access to the links located within Online Services, saving
                not offered every quarter; it is imperative you sit down at the on-set of   you time and making the processes easier.
                your college career and carefully plan out your course of action with
                your Academic Advisor.


A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                            Updated March 2008
 12             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                           Program + Academic Information                                    13




                Online Advising                                                                                 5. Graduation

                By accessing the Online Advising link, you have the options to review                           When you are getting close to graduation,
                the Frequently Asked Questions or directly email your Advisor.                                  visit the Credentialing Office or your
                Be specific with your questions and allow two business days for a                               Academic Advisor and request a credit
                response. If for some reason the advisor cannot answer your question,                           evaluation (form) to ensure you have what
                you will be notified to make an appointment.                                                    you need to graduate.

                                                                                        Also, you must submit an application for completion in order to
                Online Services – “Degree Works”
                                                                                        graduate. At Clark College, you must submit your application no later
                Degree Works provides an unofficial evaluation of your credits.         than the tenth day of the quarter you are expected to graduate.
                When accessing Degree Works through the Online Services tab, you
                                                                                        For more information regarding these topics and more, go to
                will have several different viewing options to view your transcript
                                                                                        the Clark College website - or schedule an appointment with an
                information.
                                                                                        advisor.
                w One such tab, Detailed Advice, is the default view and provides
                  detailed information including course discipline, course number,      6. Continuing Education through Associations, Clark
                  course title, credit value, and transfer school information.          College, and More
                w Concise Audit contains the course work completed by course            The legal world is changing, and it is becoming ever more difficult
                  discipline, course number and advice (which are the classes still     to keep up with the changes. Formerly, only attorneys attended
                  needed).                                                              continuing education classes, but now paralegals as well attend such,
                w Registration Audit shows the course discipline(s) and course          and especially paralegals in specialized branches. More law firms are
                  number(s) that is still outstanding and must be completed.            sending their paralegals to educational courses, and they are reaping
                w What-If allows you to process and audit for a degree or certificate   the benefits. Paralegals do more work now than they have ever done
                  that is different than your default certificate or degree. Use this   in the past, and attorneys are finding that they can delegate more of
                  feature if you decide you might want to go into another career.       their work to paralegals, saving money for both the attorney and the
                                                                                        attorney’s clients.
                Once you’ve chosen which audit report you’d like to view, you should
                print it for your permanent needs.

A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                     Updated March 2008
 14             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                            Program + Academic Information                                                                       15




                As a paralegal or legal assistant, you have many opportunities           Higher Education
                to continue your education. Since the field of Law is constantly
                                                                                         Continuing education doesn’t have to be with a professional
                changing, you should remain knowledgeable in your area of work. In
                                                                                         association. Consider formal courses for college credit, such as those
                the legal community, it is important to understand that the more you
                                                                                         offered at Clark College. For example, if your work includes personal
                know, the more you can succeed.
                                                                                         injury or medical malpractice, consider taking a college course in
                Training can be achieved through professional associations, higher-      medical terminology or anatomy and physiology. Continuing
                learning institutions, internally created and structured seminars,       education comes from all aspects, not just through a degree: stand-
                mentoring, vendors and external training resources, and the              alone classes can be beneficial in your career, and a bonus on your
                incorporation of quality learning materials.                             resume!

                Professional Associations                                                In-House Seminars
                To help paralegals, there are three leading professional associations:   Once you are hired, some law firms use one-on-one teaching by other
                National Association of Legal Assistants (NALA) (www.nala.
                                                                                         paralegals and lawyers. Other law firms have structured training
                org); National Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA) (www.
                                                                                         programs beneficial for your area of practice. Such in-house seminars
                paralegals.org); and National Association of Legal Services (NALS)
                                                                                         have the benefit of targeting the specific area of need.
                (www.nals.org). Each offers continuing education at seminars, online
                programs, reading materials and more.
                                                                                         Mentoring
                Each offers voluntary certification that includes a study program, a     Mentoring is a good and often easily accessible method of learning.
                test, and a required number of continuing education credits per year.    A mentor can be a secretary, a senior paralegal, an office manager, an
                For example, NALA offers advanced certification for certain specialty    attorney, or even a team of mentors. An added benefit to mentoring
                areas. Furthermore, the NFPA exam covers specialty sections as well. 3
                                                                                         is that you learn how things are preferred to be done within the
                For your current need in reading, consider Legal Assistant Today         company, without learning matters that may not be applicable to your
                (www.legalassistanttoday.com), a monthly magazine. 4 This premier        position.
                magazine is dedicated to the profession of paralegals. Topics are
                numerous, but have included new ways of research, interview
                techniques, salary ranges, and where to obtain continuing education.
                                                                                         3 See other discussion in this booklet, “Paralegal and Legal Assistant Certification.”
                                                                                         4 See other discussion in this booklet, “LA Today.”


A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                                                         Updated March 2008
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                Seminar Companies                                                          Getting into law school can be difficult. For example, working and
                                                                                           going to school create pressures, such as family burdens, and you must
                There are many local and national seminar management companies
                                                                                           know how much work you are willing to do. Graduate (law) school
                that can offer a wide variety of seminars, often day long, presented by
                                                                                           adds high cost (for example, tuition) and other financial burdens.
                a specialist.
                                                                                           Also, consider another disadvantage which is that law firms are using
                                                                                           paralegals and legal assistants more and more to cut down the cost of
                On-line Education
                                                                                           hiring new lawyers.
                Take your specialty classes at your leisure. On-line courses are
                as convenient as having a computer, Internet connection, and a
                telephone. Estrin LegalEd and West LegalEdcenter both offer
                specialized on-line courses for paralegals.

                Continuing Education through Law School
                If law school is your ultimate goal, consider being a paralegal or legal
                assistant first. Experience as a paralegal gives you working knowledge
                of the day-to-day activities and practices when working with the
                Law. The paralegal profession will enhance your legal education
                to be a better lawyer. Another advantage is that, as a law student,
                you will bring to your law school experience useful knowledge of
                legal terminology, legal procedure, legal research and legal writing
                skills. Furthermore, being a paralegal first can confirm your personal
                motivation and feelings of pursuing a law degree before you invest
                time and money into another program. Any previous law firm
                experience will be an advantage to the future job market. Knowledge
                and skills drawn from your practical learning in the work place is a
                superior advantage, as you will have better comprehension of real-life
                roadblocks to overcome.

A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                       Updated March 2008
 18             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                             Program + Academic Information                                      19




                Your Internship
                1. What is an Internship?

                An important aspect of your education in the paralegal field is your      Because the internship is a “capstone course”, it will normally
                internship. An internship is defined as: A period of apprenticeship       be scheduled as one of the final courses in the degree program.
                when students work off-campus, under supervision, in a school,            Students self-enroll in the internship when in their academic
                factory, hospital, business, laboratory, or government agency or          careers they are eligible (prerequisites completed) and feel they
                program. It also allows students to learn practical applications of       are ready to tackle the duties of an intern. The Paralegal Program
                classroom material.                                                       Director assists as their coordinator. While it is up to the student
                                                                                          when to start her/his internship, the Program Director must
                An internship is the very best way to familiarize you with what being
                                                                                          authorize the enrollment. Most students find that it is most
                a paralegal entails. Furthermore, it is an excellent opportunity to get
                                                                                          productive to complete an internship towards the end of their
                on the job experience — very important when it comes time to find
                                                                                          paralegal studies. In this way, they are more familiar with the basics
                a job. During your internship, you will be guided and advised by
                                                                                          of the law practice areas. Students enrolling in the internship
                experienced paralegals and attorneys.
                                                                                          should consider the benefits of successfully completing most of
                Attorney employers and similar businesses and organizations, such         the PRLE course to make the internship a far more enriching
                as private law firms, government agencies, court offices, corporations,   experience. The more competencies you bring to the internship
                insurance companies, banks, real estate companies, community              experience, the more the experience can benefit your own needs.
                service agencies, health care facilities, or other appropriate offices,
                working closely with Clark College, are in the unique position of         The duties of the Intern are:
                being able to offer PRLE students, entering the end of their academic
                                                                                          w The Paralegal/Legal Assistant Intern will work side by side, in a
                career at Clark, a range of experiences that many students need so
                                                                                            paralegal position, with attorneys and law office staff in various
                they may discover their interests and talents. When exposed to a
                                                                                            situations suitable to the skills, experience and education the
                variety of environments and real-time problems, Paralegal/Legal
                                                                                            Intern brings to the Internship.
                Assistant students begin to grasp the urgency of the rapidly changing
                demands they will face in the workplace, including exponential            w It is expected the Intern will learn the practical daily operation of
                increases in the sophistication of technology. Such business                the law office. Supervised by a licensed, practicing attorney, the
                and organizations contribute to students’ education by offering             student will be both an observer and a participant in the operation
                internships and other kinds of exposure to the workplace.                   of the law office.



A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                         Updated March 2008
 20             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                           Program + Academic Information                                     21




                The Intern has responsibilities ranging from:                           Other requirements include:

                w client interviewing                                                   w Professionalism is expected. If there are appointments, hearings,
                w maintaining case files                                                  meetings or otherwise, the assistant is expected to dress
                                                                                          professionally. A good understanding of business etiquette is
                w legal research
                                                                                          required, including professional dress and appearance.
                w drafting letters and other legal documents under the supervision of
                                                                                        w If the intern has a school schedule or other obligations, the Intern
                  the licensed Attorney
                                                                                          will provide the law office staff and attorneys her/his schedule of
                w participating in administrative hearings                                hours. The Law Firm should be flexible with the hours that the
                w observing court hearings                                                Intern can work. However, the hours must remain consistent for
                w making telephone calls on behalf of clients                             the duration of the internship.
                w limited clerical and support tasks                                    w The student generally receives no salary or remuneration for his/
                                                                                          her services.
                Miscellaneous skills include:                                           During an internship, Clark College expects the student will be
                w Communication skills are a must. The Intern may return phone          guided and advised by experienced paralegals and attorneys.
                  calls and schedule appointments on behalf of the attorney.
                                                                                        2. Process of Obtaining an Internship
                w Time management skills are essential, as well as organizational and
                  interpersonal skills along with a concrete understanding of the       Note that the courses at Clark College in which you must enroll for
                  advocacy process and the lawyer’s role in the judicial system.        credit(s) are PRLE 153 (1 credit) and PRLE 299 (2 to 3 credits).
                w The Intern must be able to spell and use proper grammar.              You are primarily responsible for finding your internship. However,
                w The law office can be very fast-paced. The Intern must be able to     you are not alone in this endeavor. Many of the paralegal teachers
                  work calmly under pressure and have a good attitude.                  have contacts within the legal community; they may be able to help
                                                                                        you find an internship. The advisors at Clark are here to help you as
                w The Intern may be called to help out with the phones, typing, files
                                                                                        well. It’s going to take some leg work from you, but it’s worth it.
                  and day-to-day affairs in the office.



A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                     Updated March 2008
 22             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                                Program + Academic Information                                       23




                When you enroll at Clark College for PRLE 299 (Internship course),           w Make it stress free. Having the following two pieces of the
                you may enroll for 1, 2 or 3 credits (2 or 3 is needed to graduate, so         puzzle in hand will make a stressful time easier to manage:
                most enroll for 3 credits). If you enroll for three credits, you will have      • Build a résumé.   Use Clark’s resources, such as Clark’s
                to complete 99 hours at the internship site. A two-credit internship            Paralegal Program Director or other Paralegal Instructors, for
                requires 66 hours and only 33 hours should be completed for one                 this process. Instructors are either experienced attorneys or
                credit.                                                                         paralegals. They know what attorney employers want to hear!
                During your internship, there are no requirements as to the                     • Target numerous sites.     As you select attorney employer sites,
                number of hours per day or week to work, but you must complete                  you will want to bring extra resumes. Perhaps you are traveling
                all requirements prior to the end of the quarter in which you have              to site to interview, but there may be opportunities to stop
                enrolled.                                                                       somewhere else in that Law Office Building you don’t have on
                                                                                                the list. Congratulations if the first stop yields success, but for
                3. Advice for Your Internship                                                   most interns looking for sites, that chance just isn’t reality. There
                When it comes to finding your internship:                                       are many firms out there who do not accept interns. Do not take
                                                                                                it personally, move on to the next firm.
                w Don’t make assumptions about various fields of law. Don’t limit
                  yourself, keep an open mind. Choose a field of law that appeals to         w Email. It is a good idea to email the firms if you can’t reach
                  you, but also consider experience in a less familiar field. The wider        them by phone. You should attach your resume and a transcript
                  your experience, the better. Also, you don’t have to intern with a           and let them know when you’re available.
                  law firm, as many corporations take interns. Think outside the box         w Complete your internship “contract.” The student,
                  and make sure you have fun!                                                  supervising/participating attorney, and the Paralegal Program
                w Your success depends on a few factors: (1) your motivation; (2)              Director are all involved in completing the agreement. Review
                  the attorney’s and supervisor’s commitment of time and energy                the Duties and Goals with your supervising/participating
                  to teaching the trainee; (3) funding or non-funding of your                  attorney. These provisions define the path for the internship
                  internship; and (4) a well-thought out and organized path of                 to follow. These terms will not only help you know what you
                  learning.                                                                    should have accomplished, but it gives the attorney an idea of
                                                                                               how to handle an intern if this a first time experience.
                w Begin the quarter before. You have to use your own “feet”
                  or “insider” contacts to locate a comfortable setting for your
                  internship.

A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                                                            Updated March 2008
 24             Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant                              Program + Academic Information                                            25




                w Say Thanks! This one often misses the “check list,” but from        Clark Co. District Attorney 5      Ginger Pullen, Paralegal
                  the most reliable sources, it is the most important. When your      1013 Franklin St.                  Law Department
                  internship is over always remember to say, “Thank you!” It can be   Vancouver, WA 98666                The Kroger Co.
                  done in any form that you are comfortable with, just make sure it   360-397-2261                       3800 SE 22nd Ave
                  gets done!                                                          360-696-8251                       Portland OR 97202-2999
                                                                                                                         (503) 797-5611
                                                                                      Webber / Gunn
                4. Resources for Obtaining an Internship                                                                 Ginger.pullen@fredmeyer.com
                                                                                      7700 NE 26th Ave.
                The following firms have had, currently have or are open to interns   Vancouver, WA 98665                Nicholas Wood
                from Clark College:                                                   360-576-2954                       2901 Main St.
                                                                                                                         Vancouver, WA
                Baumgartner, Nelson and Price                                         Miller / Nash
                                                                                                                         360-852-1009
                112W. 11th St., Suite 150                                             500 E. Broadway, Suite 400
                Vancouver, WA 98660                                                   Vancouver, WA 98660                Barg Horvat PC
                360-694-4344                                                          360-699-4771                       121 SW Morrison Street
                Contact: Mickey Thompson                                                                                 Suite 600
                                                                                      The Law Office of Maggie Smith
                                                                                                                         Portland, Oregon 97204
                Miles & Miles                                                         Evansen, P.S. 6
                                                                                                                         (503) 241-8514
                1220 Main St., Ste. 455                                               1115 Esther St. Ste. C
                Vancouver, WA 98660                                                   Vancouver, Washington 98660-2891
                360-696-4280                                                          Tel. 360-213-0053                  More sites are posted and
                                                                                      smithevansenlaw.com                updated on the Clark College
                Landerhoim, Memovich,
                                                                                                                         Paralegal / Legal Assistant
                Lansverk & Whitesides                                                 Wheeler, Montgomery,               Bulletin Board!
                805 Broadway St., Ste. 1000                                           Sleight & Boyd
                Vancouver, WA 98666                                                   408 W. 9th St.
                360-816-2451                                                          Vancouver, WA 98660
                                                                                      360-690-0064                       5 Candidates must pass a background check
                                                                                                                         6 Emphasizes criminal defense.




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                                                                                          Don’t forget that professional paralegal associations such as National
                                                                                          Association for Legal Assistants (www.nala.org) and the National
                                                                                          Federation of Paralegal Associations (www.paralegals.org) have
                                                                                          information as well. Furthermore, your local professional paralegal
                                                                                          association can also “link” you up with other local paralegals for
                Employment and Salary Realities                                           networking purposes.

                1. Experience and How to Get it!                                          Here are a few of resources available to Paralegal students and
                                                                                          graduates that will get you started:
                Students are looking for jobs to gain valuable experience in the legal
                field, in order to function and perform as they have been trained and     Clark College
                educated.                                                                 www.clark.edu/student__services/employment/job_information

                Experience is achieved through several means, the most important          This is a free job placement service and is available to both current
                and by far the most practical is an internship. Most internships are      and former Clark College students. Through this website, you will be
                performed during the last quarter in the program and are done on          able to seek information regarding local employers (search by your
                a volunteer basis, although on occasion, albeit rare, you may find a      major), career research links, work source link, and more.
                supervising attorney who is willing to pay you while you intern with
                                                                                          This website also connects you with Job Search Techniques, including
                that firm. 7
                                                                                          writing a cover letter, job search tips, resume tips, interviewing tips,
                Another method to achieve experience is to volunteer as an advocate       and much more.
                with a non-profit organization, such as the Legal Aid or the YMCA
                                                                                          It is also recommended that you visit the Employment Office at Clark
                (e.g. Court Appointed Special Advocate [CASA]), and thus gain
                                                                                          College.
                experience through such programs.
                                                                                          Legal Assistant Today
                You may also work as clerical support, such as legal secretary, runner
                                                                                          www.legalassistanttoday.com
                or other function, as a means to get your “foot in the door” and learn
                job responsibilities. When a position as a paralegal or legal assistant   This web site is the only independent legal news resource covering the
                becomes available, then seek promotion.                                   paralegal profession.
                7 See other discussion in this Booklet “Internships.”


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              Various areas to pursue include:                                        w    Mediation                                            w    Privacy Law
              a. Job Bank                                                             w    Medical Malpractice                                  w    Property Law
              b. Becoming a paralegal                                                 w    Military Law                                         w    Public Defense
              c. News briefs                                                          w    National Security Law                                w    Real Estate Law
              d. National & local organizations for paralegals                        w    Nonprofit Law                                        w    Securities
              e. Option to obtain email of the LAT bulletin which keeps you up-       w    Personal Injury Law                                  w    Tribal Law
                 to-date not only with LAT but with the paralegal profession itself
              f. Upcoming events, national and local
                                                                                      3. Salary Ranges 8

              2. Areas of Practice                                                    Earnings of paralegals and legal assistants vary greatly. Salaries depend
                                                                                      on education, training, experience, the type and size of employer,
              Don’t be afraid to expand your horizons and try something new and
                                                                                      and the geographic location of the job. In general, paralegals who
              interesting! Consider these areas:
                                                                                      work for large law firms or in large metropolitan areas earn more than
              w   Administrative Law               w   e-Commerce                     those who work for smaller firms or in less populated regions. In May
              w   Air, Sea and Space Law           w   Elder Law                      2006, full-time wage-and-salary paralegals and legal assistants had
              w   Antitrust Law                    w   Employee Benefits Law          median annual earnings, including bonuses, of $43,040. The middle
              w   Bankruptcy Law                   w   Entertainment and Sports Law   50 percent earned between $33,920 and $54,690. The top 10 percent
              w   Children’s Law                   w   Environmental Law              earned more than $67,540, and the bottom 10 percent earned less
              w   Civil Rights Law                 w   Family Law                     than $27,450. 9
              w   Communications & Media Law       w   Gaming Law
                                                                                      As usual, experience is one of the most important factors that will
              w   Consumer Law                     w   Health Law
                                                                                      increase your salary opportunity. The amount of experience as well
              w   Corporate Law                    w   Homeland Security Law
                                                                                      as your skills and type of degree will affect your pay. Formally trained
              w   Criminal Law                     w   Housing Law
                                                                                      paralegals generally have the best opportunities for employment.
              w   Cyberspace Law                   w   Immigration Law
              w   Disability Law                   w   Insurance Law                  There are several job opportunities for paralegals to work for the
              w   Drug Law                         w   Labor & Employment Law         government. According to the Bureau of Labor, an average salary for a
                                                   w   Litigators                     paralegal working for the government is as follows:


                                                                                      8 US Department of Labor - Bureau of Labor Statistics, “The Occupational Outlook Handbook” found at
                                                                                        http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos114.htm
                                                                                      9 http://www.bls.gov

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                w   Federal Government: $59,370                                       w Fully paid employee medical insurance (32%)
                w   Local Government: $38,260                                         w Medical supplements (19%)
                w   Legal Services: $37,870                                           w Unpaid time off for association activities (15%)
                w   State Government: $34,910
                                                                                      5. Working outside the Box – Alternative Careers
                4. Benefits for Paralegals
                                                                                      “The paralegal career is not just for law firms anymore”
                The latest concerning salaries, benefits, raises, overtime and much
                                                                                      Even within the relatively narrow definition of the term “Paralegal,”
                more...
                                                                                      you will find that your unique experience can develop into multiple
                According to the National Federal of Paralegal Associations, Inc.     satisfying careers. Many students think that a paralegal works only
                (NFPA) 2006 Compensation and Benefits Study Report, the most          in a law firm, yet being a paralegal does not limit you to a traditional
                common benefits offered today are                                     law firm. What field do you wish? There is room for diversity if you
                                                                                      seek it.
                w   Vacation (reported by 93%)
                w   Paid sick leave (85%)                                             Three out of ten jobs in the paralegal field are held in alternative
                w   401(k) savings plan (81%)                                         work places. Within the federal government, the US Department
                w   Life insurance (77%)                                              of Justice is the largest employer, followed by the Social Security
                w   Professional Dues reimbursement (73%)                             Administration, and then the US Department of Transportation.
                w   Personal paid time off (71%)                                      Types of work available to paralegals include:
                w   Dental insurance (70%)
                                                                                      w   Social Worker                       w   Court Interpreter
                w   Continuing legal education reimbursement (70%)
                                                                                      w   Title Examiner                      w   Guardian ad litem
                w   Long-term disability insurance (64%)
                                                                                      w   Abstractor                          w   Investigator
                w   Partially paid employee medical insurance (58%)
                                                                                      w   Claims Adjuster                     w   Lobbyist
                w   Vision insurance (51%)
                                                                                      w   Government Employee (various)       w   Law Librarian
                w   Paid professional time off for association activities (50%)
                                                                                      w   Appraiser                           w   Writer for legal publications
                w   Flexible scheduling (45%) or ability to work from home (29%)
                                                                                      w   Examiner                            w   Advisor to associations
                w   Pension retirement (34%)



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                Paralegal Studies prepare a graduate for many options, due to the        to the poor, elderly, minorities, and middle-income families, will
                program’s focus on organizational and interpersonal skills, skills       employ additional paralegals to minimize expenses and serve the
                always needed in the job market. Not only are there plenty of            most people. Federal, State, and local government agencies, consumer
                jobs outside law firms, having Paralegal skills provides plenty of       organizations, and the courts also should continue to hire paralegals
                transferable talents. According to the Oregon Career Information         in increasing numbers.
                System, paralegals and social workers share over one dozen work
                                                                                         7. Becoming a Specialist
                activities. Some similar tasks include:
                                                                                         The need for specialized paralegals is increasing at a steady rate, and
                w   make decisions and solve problems
                                                                                         at the same time, a surplus of entry-level candidates is being passed up
                w   document and record information
                                                                                         because they lack experience. To be competitive in this market, you
                w   organize, plan and prioritize work
                                                                                         need to invest in continuing education and structured training.
                w   evaluate information against standards
                w   explain the meaning of information to others                         The rapidly growing paralegal field is opening up new opportunities
                All of these tasks also share autonomy, an aspect of working that most   for paralegals who want to specialize in one particular field. All you
                employees find appealing.                                                need are a few years experience under your belt, either on the job
                                                                                         and/or in conjunction with a paralegal degree.
                6. Job Outlook                                                           Many paralegal associations through their websites can help with
                Employment for paralegals and legal assistants is projected to           career choices in specialty areas, describing various types of jobs
                grow much faster than average for all occupations through 2014.          available and the education needed. For instance, the National
                Competition for jobs should continue as many people seek to go into      Federation of Paralegal Associations (NFPA) allows you to explore
                this profession; however, experienced, formally trained paralegals       different types of jobs and suggests various continuing legal education
                should have the best employment opportunities. As of now, the area       routes in order to “climb the ladder.”
                in Washington State that is in the highest demand for Paralegals is      Specific “specialty” areas for paralegals include Legal Nurse or
                King County.                                                             Health Consultants, Legal Administrators, and Alternative Dispute
                Job opportunities for paralegals will expand in the public sector as     Resolution. Other specialty areas include Knowledge or Learning
                well. Community legal-service programs, which provide assistance         Officers, Directors of Professional Management, Practice Group
                                                                                         Leaders, and Environmental Specialists.

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                For instance, Legal Nurse Consultants manage cases where medical         keeping personnel records, controlling the office budget, liaising with
                knowledge is needed. A health or nurse consultant may hold a degree      members of the senior management team, and dealing with complex
                as a nurse and a paralegal. These consultants can investigate nursing    queries and complaints.
                home complaints, navigate through medical malpractice cases and
                                                                                         For law firms greater than 45 attorneys, most Law Office
                more. Employers of Legal Nurse Consultants, for example, include
                                                                                         Administrators come from the “business” sector, possessing advanced
                insurance companies and larger, private law firms.
                                                                                         degrees, such as MBA’s or possessing CPA certificates. They generally
                Law Office Managers and Law Office Administrators make decisions         enjoy extensive accounting/financial analysis expertise and senior-
                as the personnel manager, the finance manager, and the health and        level management experience.
                safety manager. These office administrators organize and supervise
                                                                                         Law Office Administrators serve on all internal committees and have
                administrative activities within the office. These duties may include
                                                                                         a strong, respected voice in management discussions and related
                coordinating and directing administrative support functions for
                                                                                         decisions, including working with members of the firm’s Board of
                an office or department, implementing policies and procedures for
                                                                                         Directors.
                production of documents, work flow, filing, ordering of supplies,
                records maintenance, and other clerical services. Office managers may    Paralegal Administrators typically recruit and hire new employees,
                organize office operations such as workspace assignment and layout,      supervise a team of paralegals, and manage work unit operations,
                along with assisting in the decision process for hiring, terminating,    and perform other duties typical to paralegal obligations such as
                promoting, or evaluating office personnel. Office managers monitor       document preparation. Furthermore, such Paralegal Administrators
                the budget, accounting, and/or time records.                             might coordinate on-site continuing legal education for paralegals
                                                                                         and participate in long range planning. According to the National
                For law firms with less than 30 to 45 attorneys, most Office Managers
                                                                                         Federation of Paralegal Associations, an administrator can set salaries,
                come to those law firms with significant management familiarity
                                                                                         solve personnel problems, and prepare financial and statistical
                derived from their own experiences in the legal profession. For
                                                                                         reports, such as yearly budgets. Paralegal Administrators are typically
                such firm managers, they gain experience from their roles as
                                                                                         knowledgeable in employment law and have management skills.
                paralegals, executive assistants, law clerks or personnel managers.
                The responsibilities of the office manager may be writing reports,       Another fast growing specialty field for paralegals is Alternative
                supervising the work of clerical and secretarial staff, monitoring the   Dispute Resolution (ADR). In ADR, paralegals are providing
                workload and work rate, delegating work and workload planning,           assistance to out-of-court resolutions through mediation, negotiation,

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                and/or arbitration. Paralegals involved in conflict resolution need       Another branch of Knowledge Management includes the role of
                experience, and knowledge of mediation, negotiation, and arbitration.     Law Librarians. Law Librarians, often considered the “brain trust”
                Their duties can include legal research, drafting motions, and            of the private firm, keep all documents and information current, and
                negotiation. Furthermore, they must be knowledgeable of the laws          are knowledgeable of past research projects within the office. They
                and regulations in regards to ADR.                                        understand how to locate legal and non-legal resources accessible in
                                                                                          the office or outside.
                Paralegals who serve as arbitrators and/or mediators assist parties’
                settlements, often work closely with the courts, ensure court             The responsibilities and duties of a Law Librarian, according to the
                documents are fully prepared, listen to the disputing parties and         American Association of Law Librarians, are to provide information
                discuss various perspectives to help the parties come to a mutual         to lawyers and staff by mail, email, in person, or by phone; to assist
                agreement, and assist in writing the agreement for the parties to sign.   legal staff with basic reference questions; perform basic cataloging
                They possess excellent listening skills and often have experience and     tasks; and assist staff in using law library technology.
                knowledge within a law area, such as real estate, litigation or family
                                                                                          Another specialist area includes the role of the Practice Group Leader
                law.
                                                                                          whose job it is to supervise attorneys and paralegals by observing their
                Knowledge Management is the process through which a law firm              work and making certain that they are appropriately managing client
                benefits from its intellectual and knowledge-based assets. Knowledge      matters. Usually, this leader has office workers under her that help out
                or learning officers must understand how to codify what employees,        while continuing their own work. She will be in charge of creating
                partners and clients know, and share that information among the           and implementing a plan while helping the workers to succeed in
                firm in an effort to devise best practices. A branch of Knowledge         carrying forward firm goals and projects.
                Management includes the role of Directors of Professional
                                                                                          Outside the traditional attorney employers and law firms, an
                Management who are responsible for training new and current
                                                                                          Environmental Specialist’s job is to review projects by going to
                employees, as well as the implementation of training development
                                                                                          location sites to make sure that construction follows environmental
                programs. The Director may be in charge of annual reviews of
                                                                                          laws, and to keep such projects current with environmental laws.
                employees and attorneys.
                                                                                          As the field of paralegal specialists is unregulated, the possibilities of
                                                                                          how specialist careers develop are ever expanding.



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                8. Job Flexibility                                                         Paralegals and the Unauthorized Practice of Law
                In the legal profession, work schedules don’t always have to exist         The unauthorized practice of law is prohibited in every state and prohibits
                between 8am-5pm. Many private and some government attorney-                any paralegal from rendering legal advice. Due to the expanding career field
                employers are seeking ways to help their employees get the most out        of law, including new professions such as independent paralegals, stricter
                of their work day. This means “flex-time:” come in early before your       guidelines have been enforced to restrict the unauthorized practice of law
                counterparts, or work from home (“telecommute”). For example, a            and protect clients.
                paralegal may telecommute part-time for her supervising attorney,
                                                                                           The general definition of unauthorized practice of law is quite hard
                making business calls and preparing files and documents from home.
                                                                                           to define as there are many avenues to which could constitute the
                Her home has become her “alternative work arrangement.” Many
                                                                                           unauthorized practice of law.
                people that are in the workforce (or coming back to the workforce)
                are entering with difficult situations and a need to develop alternative   The American Bar Association defines the practice of law as, “Functionally,
                work arrangements.                                                         the practice of law relates to the rendition of services for others that call
                                                                                           for the professional judgment of lawyers. The essence of the professional
                Employers, too, are also receiving benefits for such arrangements.
                                                                                           judgment of the lawyer is his educated ability to relate the general body and
                They’re finding that not only is there less overhead, but employees are
                                                                                           philosophy of law to a specific legal problem of a client….”
                becoming more productive because there is less office chatter.
                                                                                           As defined by Revised Code of Washington10 a non-lawyer may not
                Make sure to ask about “flex-time” options from your supervising
                                                                                           practice law, or hold himself or herself out as entitled to practice law. In
                attorney employer. However, first build on a strong relationship of
                                                                                           Washington, the unlawful practice of law is a crime, and a single violation is
                trust – show that you can be relied on to get the projects done.
                                                                                           a gross misdemeanor with each additional violation set as a class C felony.

                                                                                           1. Why is this rule important to a Paralegal?

                                                                                           The unauthorized practice of law is a very important matter when it comes
                                                                                           to a paralegal’s ethical obligation. A paralegal may know current laws and
                                                                                           regulations, but she is not authorized to give any legal advice to anyone.


                                                                                           10
                                                                                                Revised Code of Washington 2.48.180


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                2. What practices generally constitute the                                    2. How to get certified?
                unauthorized practice of law?
                                                                                              w NALA offers the Certified Legal Assistant (CLA) or Certified
                Here is a list of categories: giving legal advice; accepting cases; setting     Paralegal (CP) exam, a 2-day exam given three times each year at
                fees; appearing in court; planning strategies for the case; making              several regional testing centers. Additional competency exams are
                legal decisions; or signing documentation meant for an attorney                 also available.
                signature.11                                                                  w NFPA offers the Paralegal Advanced Competency Exam
                3. How may Paralegals Protect Themselves from UPL?                              (PACE), a four hour exam for experienced paralegals. Additional
                                                                                                competency exams are also available.
                First, state that you are not an attorney and it would be beyond your
                                                                                              w NALS offers three certifications: (1) ASL: the basic certification,
                expertise to provide such information; second, inform the questioner
                                                                                                a four hour exam; (2) PLS: the advanced certification, a one day
                that he/she should seek the assistance of an attorney and suggest
                                                                                                exam; and (3) PP: the Professional Paralegal.
                a referral. Remember: paralegals must not only look out for their
                clients, but for themselves and their attorneys as well.                      Each option validates the candidate’s experience and skills; each
                                                                                              may establish credentials and increase the candidate’s value to an
                Paralegal and Legal Assistant Certification                                   organization and clients.
                Consider establishing your credentials nationwide as a certified              3. Use of Certification Marks
                paralegal or legal assistant. The certification designation is an
                attainable goal for graduates who wish to be identified as exceptional.       The certification mark is a distinctive visual symbol that indicates an
                                                                                              individual is qualified to provide paralegal services, e.g. John Doe,
                1. What is certification?                                                     CP. The certification marks cannot be used by individuals who have
                Certification is a credentialing process by which a professional society      not met these requirements and its use may be revoked for failure to
                grants recognition to an individual who meets certain predetermined           comply with ethical standards and recertification requirements.
                qualifications specified by that profession. Participating in the             Please visit these websites for further information on the credentialing
                certification process is voluntary, and not a requirement after               process:
                obtaining a diploma. Employers do not require certification.
                However, earning a voluntary certificate may offer the paralegal              www.nala.org   •   www.paralegals.org   •   www.nals.org
                certain advantages in the labor market.
                11 See http://www.dcba.org/brief/mayissue/2oo2/art4o5o2.htm


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                Frequent FAQ’s and Testimonials
                What if I am having trouble in a class?

                Most students at Clark College use each other as a “sounding” board
                for class questions. With small class sizes, it is easy to find someone
                to talk to about any struggles. In addition, the teachers are willing
                to help with any questions or study advice. Additionally, the Clark
                                                                                            Despite projected rapid employment growth, competition for jobs is
                College Tutoring Center offers a Paralegal tutor!
                                                                                            expected to continue as many people seek to go into this profession.
                What if I don’t have time for school?                                       Experienced, formally trained paralegals should have the best
                                                                                            employment opportunities.
                Clark College’s Paralegal program is very time friendly. Classes are
                offered at different times. Most professionals find the night classes       What does a paralegal’s workday consist of ?
                very helpful. Perhaps you wish to take one class one day a week and
                                                                                            Paralegals handle many routine assignments. As they gain experience,
                still manage a career or take a few at once to further your education.
                                                                                            paralegals usually assume more varied tasks with additional
                Is it hard to find a job after graduation?                                  responsibilities. Paralegals do most of their work in offices and law
                                                                                            libraries. Occasionally, they travel to gather information and perform
                Demand for paralegals is expected to grow as an expanding
                                                                                            other duties. Paralegals employed by corporations and government
                population increasingly requires legal services, especially in areas such
                                                                                            usually work a standard 40-hour week. Although most paralegals
                as intellectual property, health care, international law, elder issues,
                                                                                            work year round, some are temporarily employed during busy times of
                criminal law, and environmental law. The growth of prepaid legal
                                                                                            the year and then released. Paralegals sometimes work longer hours to
                plans also should contribute to the demand for legal services. Private
                                                                                            meet deadlines.
                law firms will continue to be the largest employers of paralegals,
                but a growing array of other organizations, such as corporate legal         What should I expect from the classes at Clark?
                departments, insurance companies, real estate and title insurance
                                                                                            Clark College offers a wide variety of classes for the Paralegal
                firms, and banks also hire paralegals. Corporations in particular are
                                                                                            program. Classes are very applicable to real-world problems, such as
                expected to increase their in-house legal departments to cut costs. In
                                                                                            Legal document preparation or Legal writing. A large amount of the
                part, because of the range of tasks they can perform, paralegals are
                                                                                            classes are hands-on and use real world examples.
                also increasingly employed in small and medium-size establishments
                of all types.
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                Testimonials

                                                                                                                   Amanda Shiplet - Senior, going for her Associates
                                                                                                                   in Applied Science, Certifying in Paralegal. She is
                                                                                                                   currently working as a Bookkeeping Assistant.

                                                                                                                   Q: What was your favorite class?
                                                 Dee Harris - Senior, going for
                                                 her Associates in Applied Science,                                A: I didn’t have a particular favorite class, but
                                                 Certifying in Paralegal. She is                                   I liked the classes that incorporated real life
                                                 working as a legal assistant and is                               scenarios to the lectures. Many teachers were
                                                 a wife and a mother of seven.                                     really good at relating things to every day
                                                                                                                   examples. Theory and textbooks are all well
                                                                                                                   and good, but unless a person has an idea of
                Q: Why did you become a paralegal?                                                                 what to expect in real life then she missed half
                A: I enjoy the office environment, and I enjoy successful people.                                  the education.

                Q: In your opinion, is the                                                                              Q: How did you find time to go to
                Paralegal program set up                                                                                school?
                for success?
                                                                                                                        A: I worked full-time while in the
                A: I believe the program                                                                                paralegal program, I found that taking
                gave me the opportunity                                                                                 classes in the evening and on-line suited
                to get a grasp on what was                                                                              my schedule best. If I ever needed
                expected as a paralegal.                                                                                help, I always consulted my classmates
                Although, I learned the most                                                                            and we resolved the question working
                about my job by doing my                                                                                together. Clark also offers the assistance
                job, I’m thankful for the                                              Marina Burks - Senior, going     of a paralegal tutor if you need extra
                program because it gave me        Alisa Mason - Graduate from          for her Associates in Applied    assistance, which is wonderful when you
                the contacts I needed to be      the Paralegal Program, Currently      Science-Transfer degree,         have such a tight schedule.
                where I am today.                  working as a Legal Assistant.       certifying in Paralegal.

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                                                                Notes




                Contacts

                Curriculum Advisor
                John Maduta
                Phone: (360) 992 - 2678
                Building: Scarpelli Hall (SHL)

                Program Director
                Layne Russell
                Title: Professor
                Phone: (360) 992 - 2485
                E-Mail: lrussell@clark.edu
                Building: Scarpelli Hall (SHL)




A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide                                                                Updated March 2008
 48                 Clark College | Paralegal and Legal Assistant




             Cl ar k Col l ege Par al egal P rogr a m


                   A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide




       Clark College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability,
        age, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, creed, disabled veteran
              status, marital status or Vietnam-era veteran status in its programs and activities.




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A Student-Written, Student-Directed Guide