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Gospel of Mark Suffering Servant


									          The Christ of the Gospels
1. ―Who do you say that I am?‖
2. The synoptic problem: the
   Two-Source hypothesis.
3. Distinctive features of each
         Who do you say that I am?
…On the way [Jesus] asked his disciples, "Who do people say that
I am?" And they answered him, "John the Baptist; and others,
Elijah; and still others, one of the prophets." He asked them, "But
who do you say that I am?" Peter answered him, "You are the
Messiah." And he sternly ordered them not to tell anyone about
him. Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man must
undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the chief
priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise
again. He said all this quite openly. And Peter took him aside and
began to rebuke him. But turning and looking at his disciples, he
rebuked Peter and said, ―Get behind me, Satan! For you are
setting your mind not on divine things but on human things.‖
                     Mk 8: 27-33.
              NT Canon: 27 books
• Gospels
   – Synoptic: Mark, Matthew, Luke
   – John

• Acts of the Apostles
• 21 Epistles + Book of Revelation

                                     Four gospel codices in
                                          a bookcase
Two Source Hypothesis
     The Gospel of Mark: Jesus the Suffering Servant

• The earliest and the shortest gospel
• written c. 70 AD
• ―passion narrative with an extended
  introduction‖ (Isa 53).
• Jesus as the offense
• Did Jesus speak about himself
   – Healing of a leper 1:44
   – Resuscitation of Jairus’ daughter 5: 43
• The gospel of questions
   – 1:27 exorcism in synagogue
   – 4:41 rebuking the wind
• ―I believe; help my unbelief‖ 9:24
                    Outline of the Gospel of Mark
1:1-2:45          The beginning of Jesus’ ministry
   Title; John the Baptist; Baptism; Temptation;
   proclamation of the kingdom; the call of first disciples;
   day in Capernaum.
2:1-6:13          Conflicts with authorities
   Paralytic cured; Jesus & Jewish observances:
   association with sinners, fasting Sabbath; man cured
   on Sabbath; controversy over authority; parables of
   the kingdom; four miracles; rejected at Nazareth.
6:14-8:26         Ministry in Galilee and beyond
8:27-10:52        Turning point
   Peter’s confession—passion prediction;
   Transfiguration; second passion prediction;
   discipleship; teaching on marriage; third passion
       Outline of Mark
11:1-13:37       Jesus in Jerusalem
   Entry into Jerusalem; cursing the fig tree;
   cleansing the Temple; controversies with
   authorities; small apocalypse
14:1-16:8        Passion narrative
   Judas’ betrayal; Last Supper; Gethsemane;
   Arrest; before Sanhedrin; Peter’s denial;
   before Pilate; mockery; crucifixion; burial;
   empty tomb.
       Gospel look Mark: study his reaction tohis
                   of up Matthew 3:1-6), appearance,
• Group 1. Describe John the Baptist, hisquestions
  message (also
  Jesus, and the circumstances of his death (Mark 1:1-8; 6:
• Group 2. In the conflicts with authorities, what is Jesus
  accused of? 2:1-28; 3:1-6; 3: 20-27; 11:15-19.
• Group 3. What are the characteristics of a true disciple of
  Jesus? 8:34-38; 9:33-41; 10:32-45.
• Group 4. How are the disciples portrayed? What is their
  reaction to teachings and miracles of Jesus? 4:1-13,      4:
  35-40; 6:47-52; 7:14-23; 8:14-21.
• Group 5. Summarize Jesus’ moral exhortation concerning
  the end time (chap. 13). What are the signs of the eschaton
  (end time)? What are the implications for human behavior
  follow from the apocalyptic world-view?
John the Baptist
    The Gospel of Matthew: Jesus the Living Torah

• Written after Mark, c.
  80-85 AD
• Compare Mk 1: 9 & Mt
• Jesus the Emmanuel:
  God with us Isa 7:14
• Jesus & the Law
• Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the
  kingdom of heaven. Cf. Lk 6:20
• Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for
  righteousness, for they will be filled. Cf. Lk 6:21
• Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see
                                        Mt 5: 3,6,8
       Jesus’ attitude towards the Law
              Matthew 5: 21-48
• You have heard that it was said…
   – You shall not murder, commit adultery,
     swear falsely, etc.
• But I say to you
   – Do not be angry, lustful, swear at all
   – Love your enemies
         Jesus and the Law
―Do not think that I have come to abolish the law
or the prophets; I have come not to abolish but to
fulfill…‖ 5:17.

―For I tell you, unless your righteousness
exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you
will never enter the kingdom of heaven.‖ 5:20.
  The Gospel of John: Christ the Divine Logos

• The latest gospel, c. 90 AD
• ―the spiritual gospel‖
• John 1:1-18. Who is the
• ―I am‖ sayings. 6:35; 8:12,
  11:25; 14:6; 15:1.
Ancient manuscript of John’s Prologue. ca. 200. P66

     The Gospel of Luke: The Good Shepherd

• Written c. 80-85 AD
• Luke-Acts written by one
• the social gospel (parable of
  the good Samaritan 10: 29-37)
• Parables of the lost coin, lost
  sheep, prodigal son (chap.

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