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									                           Arctic Earth Observation and
                            Surveillance Technologies
      Multi-platform, multi-sensor technologies for Earth observation, surveillance, and
                    information retrieval in Northern and Arctic regions

1. Introduction
1.1 Some background and motivation
Currently there is a strong political focus on the Northern regions. Norway has large national
interests related to the surveillance of its economic zone, from economic, environmental and
security points of view. For Norway the new political situation in the North and climate change
represent both great challenges and opportunities.
The Arctic is an area especially sensitive to global warming, and many important indicators of
climate change are related to processes in these regions (e.g. changes in mass balance of glaciers,
changes in polar ice and snow cover, changes in vegetation). Recent climate models predict that
within the next 50 years the summer ice coverage in the Arctic Ocean is expected to disappear
(ACIA, 2005). The past few years of measurements of sea ice extent from satellite images indicate
that this situation might appear much sooner than predicted. These environmental changes will have
severe implication for the Northern regions, and for the accessibility and usage of the Central
Arctic regions. The importance and need for more research on the arctic system has recently been
recognized by the EU. “Svalbard International Arctic Earth Observing System” (SIAEOS) has been
accepted as a candidate for an European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI).
       The remoteness of the region, its harshness and large extent make observing Northern Norway
and the Arctic by Earth Observing (EO) satellites and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) very
attractive and cost effective. Moreover, as there are many EO instruments in polar orbit, the entire
region can be observed at high temporal frequency and relatively high spatial resolution (1 km2 or
better depending on sensor). As the region is in darkness for up to 6 months of the year, EO
measurements from instruments measuring in the infrared and microwave part of the
electromagnetic spectrum are appropriate.
        The increase in ship traffic, particularly the transport of oil and gas along the Norwegian
coast, and the potential of oil spill hazards in connection with hydrocarbon exploration and
production, ask for reliable remote sensing systems which allow for almost continuous surveillance
as well as capabilities for more thorough investigation and mapping. Furthermore, new simulation
software predicting the impact of spillage and atmospheric emissions can be employed by industrial
and governmental users for monitoring the impact of pollution. Such systems are prerequisite for
enabling the Norwegian authorities to establish an “early warning and rapid response system”. This
activity will be particularly important for companies establishing activity in arctic environments.
Eni Norge, ConocoPhillips, Statoil, BG Group, and Shell are companies expanding in the north, and
they have collectively expressed needs for facilities for sharing environmental related data, e.g.
through a web portal, and a coastal Oil Spill Preparedness Improvement Program (Arctic Web by
Hence, Norway should strengthen its capacity and technical competence in surveillance of the
Northern regions. The most efficient method to monitor large geographical areas is to use remote
sensing data from space borne platforms. In this respect, Tromsø is in a unique position thanks to
the advanced satellite tracking stations in Tromsø, at Svalbard and now also at Troll in Antarctica,
offering the world’s best tracking system for polar orbiting satellites. In the future, data from a
multitude of satellite systems will be available at KSAT, Tromsø, providing multi-sensor, multi-
frequency, multi-polarization, multi-resolution data of the Earth surface.

Satellite borne platforms should be complemented by air borne remote sensing systems, especially
in terms of temporal and spatial resolution on regional scales. In the Arctic the cloud cover can
often limit the retrieval of information from satellite observations (visible and IR sensors).
Measurements from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) require less complicated atmospheric
corrections and provide a higher resolution, which are relevant in cases where this is required (e.g.
detection of melt ponds on sea ice, ships, oil spills etc.). Norut Tromsø is developing UAV
platforms, which provide an enormous potential for detailed monitoring and surveillance of smaller
areas still covering of up to a few thousand square kilometers in a single mission.

1.2 Scope of the project
The project ”Arctic Earth Observation and Surveillance Technologies” is planned as a long-term
project, which focuses on the development of new advanced technologies for Earth observation
from satellites and UASs. The project will be oriented along two main axes: research &
development and education. The output should be new platforms for carrying new EO instruments,
advanced models and algorithms for data analysis which can improve information retrieval, and
educated candidates at the Master and PhD levels. The project will be carried out (and further
developed) in close collaboration between research institutions and EO, communications, and high-
tech industries in Northern Norway, and should deliver output of significant benefit to these
industries (e.g. KSAT, Dualog, StatoilHydro and spin-off companies), as well as institutes
organizations and management authorities (e.g. NPI, Coastal Authority, Coast Guard, NOFO).
Northern Norway has a deficit when it comes to research and high competence employment within
technological disciplines. R&D in the area of unmanned aerial systems (UAS), sensor and
communication systems has a large potential to create industrial impacts. This is an area which has
experienced a attention during the last few years and Norut is in the lead being the first to operate
UAS on the Antarctic Plateau as well as on Svalbard, performing scientific missions in connection
with the International Polar Year.
Earth observation both from satellites and UAS is a high-tech industry with hard international
competition, and it is imperative for participating companies to have access to highly qualified
employees. Companies operating in this field will have a need for continuous innovation in order to
develop and improve services and products. New and more advanced sensors, put new requirements
to the knowledge base on which new products are developed, and a key to success in the long run,
is to have a close collaboration between the companies and the research and education sector. The
project will strengthen technical research and development in Northern Norway, and have positive
impacts on the region in several ways.
      It will create a strong research network focusing on basic and applied research in the area of
       Earth observation and surveillance.
      It will promote and improve collaboration between industry, research institutes and
      It will make research results available to the industry and management authorities.
      It will contribute to making relevant industrial R&D needs attractive for the research
      It will produce PhD candidates with competence relevant to industrial partners.

2. Objectives
The primary objectives of this proposal are to conduct education, basic and applied research on
new technologies for both large scale Earth observation based on satellite observations, and local
scale surveillance using UAVs. The project will develop competence and technology, which should
improve our ability to monitor and survey oceanographic phenomena (including ship traffic and
pollution), land use and vegetation, sea ice, glaciers and snow covered areas, the Earth
atmosphere, and environmental processes in Northern and Arctic regions. This will in turn aid a

deeper understanding of the environmental changes due to increased industrial and commercial
activities in the North (including the Arctic), and improve the decision basis for sustainability and
safety associated with these activities.
Our main goal is to:
        To create spin-off effects in form of new services, new technologies and education of
         skilled personnel that would result in commercialization, and on creating new high-tech
         jobs and companies.
This is achieved by the following subgoals:
     To advance the competence in analyzing and interpreting remote sensing data from active
         and passive sensors on board satellites and UAVs.
     To further develop the UAV platforms as a cost-efficient method of monitoring Earth’s
         surface and lower atmosphere in arctic regions.
     To develop active and passive remote sensing sensors to be deployed on the UAS
     To develop models for predicting the impact of emissions from polluting sources, and for
         aiding the analyses and interpretation remote sensing data from the Earth surface.
     Increase interest and motivation among students for pursuing a carrier within geophysics,
         physics and engineering
The added benefits of combining satellite and UAS technologies are considered one of the core
outcomes of the ”Arctic Earth Observation and Surveillance Technologies” proposal.

3. Research themes
The project will comprise four interrelated research and development areas:
    1. Methods and Algorithms: Development of basic methods and algorithms for information
       retrieval from data from Earth observation sensors, quality assurance and modification of
       existing satellite algorithms for arctic conditions.
    2. Platforms: Develop a UAS platform dedicated to surveillance tasks and reliable routine
       operation in the Arctic under all kinds of conditions.
    3. Sensors: Develop new sensors and products based on the UAS platform.
    4. Models: Development of numeric models for prediction of the impact of emissions from
       polluting sources, as well as physical and statistical models describing the electromagnetic
       (EM) interaction with the Earth surface.
The research conducted within the Methods and algorithms, Platforms, Sensors and Models areas
include development of modeling methods and algorithms and thorough evaluation of these within
a framework that should allow for integration into future operational surveillance facilities.

3.1 Methods and algorithms
Methods and algorithms refers to basic and applied research on information retrieval from multi-
dimensional SAR images, multi- and hyper-spectral radiometers, radar sounders and lasers. We will
advance our understanding of how remote sensing data can be used to detect and monitor
oceanographic phenomena (sea ice extent, thickness, melt pond coverage and albedo, ice bergs,
glaciers, snow cover, oil spills, ships and drifting objects). Emphasis will be put on the analysis of
multi-dimensional synthetic radars operating on microwave frequencies and multi- and hyper-
spectral systems on board satellites and UAS platforms. Research will be conducted to exploit the
imaging capabilities of active and passive sensor systems exploiting the whole electromagnetic
spectrum, as well as information retrieval from multi-frequency, multi-temporal remote sensing
data sets. The integration and exploitation of data from multiple sensor modalities, which represent
big challenges due to the differences in resolution and the physical mechanisms involved, will be

3.2 Platforms
Platforms include research on developments and applications of UASs as a cost-efficient method
for monitoring the Earth’s surface and lower atmosphere in arctic regions. Increased knowledge and
new technologies will benefit not only unmanned aviation, but also the safety of general aviation
operating at low altitudes in arctic regions. This is achieved by research addressing icing problems
and miniaturized low cost anti-collision systems for small aircrafts. In addition improved control
systems and development of payload feedback will enable new usages by giving very accurate
flight tracks and the possibility of multi-airplane coordinated flights. Research on new
communication technologies and systems will be done to increase flexibility, reliability and speed
of data transfers in remote areas to optimize benefit of the data collected by the UAS platform. As
an added benefit, this will also be useful for remote settlements, ships and fishing vessels operating
in the region. Platform tests are to be conducted under arctic conditions, summer and winter using
ARR and NPI facilities.

3.3 Sensors.
The sensor development will be closely coupled with the needs of the algorithm and modeling
work, and firmly linked with the emerging needs for environmental monitoring, resource
management and civil security in the arctic region (i.e. monitoring of cryosphere, oceans, marine
ecosystems, lower atmosphere, ships, oil spills, etc.). Some important sensors are listed below.
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR). FFI is currently building the prototype of a miniature Ku-band
UAV SAR that will be tested onboard the Norut UAS platform. This instrument has great potential
as it matches new planned satellite missions (CryoSAT and CoreH2O) and can be used in algorithm
development and validation for these missions which focuses on snow and ice mapping. The SAR
instrument is particularly well suited for oil spill detection and high resolution mapping under all
light and weather conditions, which are important in civil security applications. These products will
have high value in connection with oil and gas industry development in the eastern Barents Sea. A
simpler SLAR (Side Looking Aperture Radar) processing can be done using the SAR instrument in
near real-time to obtain a lower resolution image in connection with oil-spills.
Radar Sounders. FFI and Norut is planning to jointly develop a radar for use in a sense and avoid
system onboard UAS and small manned aircrafts. A radar sounder can be used to measure snow
depth and snow water equivalent, which is a valuable product for the hydropower industry, and to
detect oil spills.
Laser/Lidar. Laserscanners and lidars can be used to create high resolution digital elevation
models. This will yield a cost effective and safe method for measuring e.g. climate response of
glaciers, thickness of sea-ice (by measuring freeboard), forest growth and value estimation, and
power line inspections.. High resolution DEMs has also several other commercial applications
which become more affordable than the current commercial services offered.
Hyper spectral imaging (UV-VIS-NIR). Snow and sea-ice spectral albedo measurements are
important in development of better parameterizations in meteorological and climate models as well
as for improving and validating of satellite retrieval methods and algorithms, resulting in better
operational performance of weather forecasts. The sensor can also be used to monitor algae blooms
and hence important for the aquaculture industry.
Aerosol sampler (NPI/NILU) measures black carbon (soot), air quality, and aerosols. This sensor is
very important for the atmospheric chemical transport model development work as well as enabling
work on black carbon which is a very important but poorly understood parameter in modeling arctic
climate feedbacks through ice/snow albedo.
Drop sondes (NUC/IRIS/UoT/Norut). This is one of the most challenging developments but will
result in unique capabilities that opens for a lot of further development and business opportunities.
This is a two fold challenge where the first is to develop a drop sonde platform with datalink back

to the airplane/satellite, possibly with an acoustic relay if we have an ocean profiling sensor. The
second part is sensor development, currently there are emerging new “lab on a chip” technologies
allowing for chemical/biological sampling. We plan to start with a sensor that can measure the
“fingerprint” of oil slicks which are important when it comes to tracking down the polluter and
bring evidence of the source.

3.4 Models
Models refers to development of numerical atmospheric dispersion models of reacting pollutants
which enable predicting the dispersal and impact of accidental release of airborne emissions as well
as emission increases in the Arctic due to increased shipping and oil and gas exploration activities.
Such models can be implemented into simulation software and in larger real scale simulators. In
particular on short time scales, common for coastal conditions, this requires a proper description of
both the chemistry involved and the transport of pollutants. For typical conditions close to the
polluting source, such as power plants, industrial process plants, and accidental emissions from
ships and ocean installations, the inclusion of micro-mixing effects are important in order to
correctly predict emissions that are influenced by fast chemistry, but also involved in the creation
and growth of airborne aerosols (e.g. soot particles) that have an high climatic impact lowering the
albedo of snow and ice surfaces in addition to human health impacts.
In order to capture accurately the dispersion of harmful emissions and trace pollutants, it is
necessary to include detailed descriptions of atmospheric chemistry, involving thousands of
reactions and hundreds of chemical elements. This requires the development of fast numerical
algorithms and efficient model reduction techniques. It also requires validation by collection of
data from gas and aerosol samplers, which an UAV platform can deliver on a cost effective
manner, at sufficient temporal and spatial resolution for accurate model validaiton.
Physical and statistical models which can well describe the characteristics of EM radiation and the
radar signals, will be further developed. Several previous studies have verified that high-resolution
SAR data tend to have non-Gaussian statistics. Specifically, statistical models for representing the
polarimetric texture associated with backscatter from various surface cover will be considered. The
multivariate non-Gaussian models will be used to improve image segmentation and target
classification. We note that the Model development is closely linked to the development of Methods
and algorithms

4 Partners
4.5 Consortium partners
The consortium consists of partners from industry, research institutes, and academia, which covers
the whole spectrum of activities from basic research and education to commercial companies
trading services and products on the national and international arena. Through this project, we will
strengthen research, development and education in the area of Earth observation and surveillance,
and accordingly reaffirm and maintain the participating institutions as attractive partners for
collaboration within this field both on the national and international level.
We have set up a consortium consisting of scientific personnel and engineers from the academia
(University of Tromsø, Narvik University College, Energi Campus Nord (Hammerfest), research
institutes (Northern Research Institute, Norwegian Polar Institute, Nilu, IRIS), and industry
(Kongsberg Satellite Services, Kongsberg Spacetec, Akvaplan-niva, Andøya Rocket Range, Troms
Kraft, StatoilHydro). This represents an axis from Hammerfest, Tromsø and through to Narvik,
connecting not only the three most northern counties but also the leading research establishments in
the region. In the following each partner and their roles are briefly described:
Northern Research Institute (Norut): Norut has strong scientific background in signal and image
processing of remote sensing data and in development of ICT systems including payload

management, communication per to per technology, and distributed networks. The UAS platform to
be used in the project has been developed by Norut and used in several IPY and other research
projects on Svalbard, Antarctica, and mainland Norway. Norut has extensive experience in leading
large research projects and was coordinater for the EU Framework projects EnviWave, EnviSnow
and Floodman.
University of Tromsø (UoT): The Institute of Physics and Technology will bring to the project
expertise and experience in physics, statistical modeling, signal and image processing, pattern
recognition and information theoretic learning. The Department of Engineering and Economics
(AFI) research and education activities are focused around marine and off-shore activities in arctic
regions, with special emphasis on safety and environmental issues. This includes research within
multi-sensor technologies, icing on outdoor utilities, product assurance analysis, energy and
pollution dispersion. UoT will be responsible for PhD students affiliated with in the project. All
students will be enrolled in the PhD program of the just established Barents Remote Sensing School
Narvik University College (NUC): NUC offers higher education through various study programmes
in the field of engineering, but also within health & nursing and business management. The
Department of Computer Science, Electrical Engineering and Space Technology (IDER) at NUC
provides both bachelor and master studies within electromechanical systems, communication and
applied control theory. There is also a considerable amount of ongoing research within these fields
at NUC, and specifically related to technological challenges for cold climates in the Northern
The Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) is Norway’s central institution for research, environmental
monitoring and mapping of the polar regions and is the Norwegian authorities’ consultant and
supplier of knowledge, and contributes to the best possible administration of Norwegian polar areas.
NPI can provide appropriate polar platforms (Sverdrup station (Svalbard), Troll (Antarctica) and
R/V Lance (ship)) for field tests of the UAV in harsh conditions.
Akvaplan-niva (APN) is a leading provider of environmental services to business, government, and
non-government     organisations     in    northern    Norway      and    around      the   world
( APN has experience with managing large multi-disciplinary
programs with relevance for Arctic environmental monitoring, impact assessment and ecological
research. APN has expertise in cold-water biology and ecology, ecotoxicology, arctic oceanography
and the environmental impact of offshore oil exploration activities and related anthropogenic
Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU): NILU is an independent non-profit research
foundation. NILU conducts environmental research on sources of airborne pollution, atmospheric
transport, transformation and deposition, forecasting of long term emission of greenhouse gases,
exposure assessment, remote sensing, effects of pollution on ecosystems, human health and
materials, including economic assessments. NILU has long experience in radiation transfer and
chemical transport modeling and its applications
Norinnova AS: Norinnova is an innovation company with the main objective to commercialize new
business ideas based on research activities and new technologies through the use of competence,
contact network, capital and creative environments.
TTO Nord AS: TTO Nord is a technology transfer office, which actively contribute to promote,
develop and adopt research originating in Northern Norwegian research and educational
environments into potential business opportunities.
Andøya Rocket Range (ARR): provides sounding rocket and balloon operations from Norway, and
is host to a large array of ground based scientific instruments. ARR owns and operates the
ALOMAR lidar observatory located on the mountain top Ramnan.

EnergiCampus Nord (ECN, Hammerfest): Is a collaboration project with the participants NTNU,
UoT, UoS, NUC and Finnmark University College, who is hosting the project. The aim is to
develop and offer educational opportunities on bachelor and master level connected to the energy
sector, taking advantage of the activities outside the coast of Finnmark and in the Barents Sea. ECN
has a tight cooperation with major industrial partners and will represent a dissemination link to
them and make use of the research results in their educational programs and courses.

International partners
Japanese Agency for Marine Science and Technology, (JAMSTEC, Japan): JAMSTEC is heavily
involved in climate research and applying new technologies in advancing on its scientific goals.
Norut and JAMSTEC has already collaborated on a UAV campaign out of Ny-Ålesund (funded by
JAMSTEC) and want to continue the cooperation on advancing the use of UAV as a science
platform and to further the knowledge about the arctic and improving climate models. The
cooperation will result in joint papers and coordination of field operations together with NPI.
University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF, USA). UAF is the main campus for the University of
Alaska system. UAF has several highly accomplished research institutes with a focus on arctic
science. Through it’s own satellite receiving stations and newly started UAS program UAF has a
common scientific interests with the consortium. There already exist a student exchange program
between UoT and UAF, and exchange of scientists and cooperation in the product developments
will be of mutual benefit. The circumpolar reach this gives the project will also have unique
scientific value as it enables coordinated measurements across the Arctic.
EU COST Action ES0802. UAS in Atmospheric Research: The European Union has funded a
COST Action with the goal of coordinating efforts across Europe on the use of UAS in atmospheric
research. This project is a 4 year project with participants from 12 countries started in November
2008. This project will help co-fund a summer school on scientific use of UAS to be held in
Northern Norway (Most likely at Andøya Rocket Range).
Cambridge University, UK: atmospheric dispersion modeling.
(AFI please add a few lines on scope of cooperation)

4.6 Partners from other parts of Norway
Forsvarets Forskningsinstitutt (FFI)
 Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) is the prime institution responsible for defence-
related research in Norway. The Establishment is also the chief adviser on defence-related science
and technology to the Ministry of Defence and the Norwegian Armed Forces’ military organization.
FFI will develop and build the radar sensor systems that will be used in this project.
International Research Institute of Stavanger (IRIS)
Research at IRIS Biomiljø is on ecotoxicology and the development and validation of modern
methods to perform environmental monitoring and risk assessment of chemical discharges from
industrial operations at sea. The most important clients are international oil&gas companies
operating at the Norwegian continental shelf, but also EU and the Research Council of Norway

4.7 User partners
Kongsberg Satellite Services (KSAT) is a world leading commercial satellite centre. Situated in
Tromsø, Norway with ground stations in Tromsø, Svalbard, Grimstad and the Antarctic, KSAT is
immaculately located for both TT&C, launch support, orbit support and near real time EO services.
The Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) is the Norwegian national agency for coastal
management, marine safety and –communication. The NCA is responsible for ensuring a good
national preparedness against acute pollution and to enhance the safety of vessels along the coast.
The Coastal Administration is present along the whole of the Norwegian coast, and delivers a

variety of services for all kinds of users of Norwegian waters. They operate the Vessel tracking
systems along the coast. They are continuously looking for ways to improve their knowledge and
overview of the ships they monitor and the environmental conditions.
The Norwegian Clean Seas Association For Operating Companies (NOFO) has on behalf of the
operating companies on the Norwegian Continental Shelf initiated a multi-year development
program for oil spill response technology. The program is conducted in cooperation with the
Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA). This program has a separate workpackage on
developing innovative platforms and systems for remote sensing for oil spill detection and in
support of cleanup operations.
Dualog AS provides a complete business solution for sending and receiving e-mail and data files
from ships with emphasis on cost-efficiency, safety and reliability.

4.8 Other stakeholders
Several groups or organizations hold in some way a
stake in the results of the Arctic EOS activities. In
this document, we present the stakeholders that we
perceive as the most central to the activities.
The Norwegian Coast Guard provides safety and
security to vessels in Norwegian waters. Improved
surveillance will help them target their efforts better.
The possibility to steer the surveillance over
particular areas using UAVs may prove very
beneficial in critical situations.
Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observatory Figure 1 Stakeholders outside the project
(SIAEOS) is a planned ESFRI center .The development of a UAS based sensor system that work
under arctic conditions could be an important platform for this observatory. The center will be
operational in 2012, which means that our technology should be developed with their needs in
iNord is a large scale data compilation project that will give a comprehensive knowledge of the
Barents Sea. Our technology will enable iNord to gather data in the form of new information
derived from new satellite sensors and UAS sensors.
 The Ministry of Environment has an interest in better monitoring of climate conditions, as well as
pollutions, both air borne and sea borne.
University of Stavanger has an ongoing co-operation with UoT related to civil security.

5 Organization
5.1 The project organization
Norut will have the overall project
management, in addition to be
responsible for the sensor development
work package.
The University of Tromsø will have the
responsibility for coordinating the
Methods and Algorithms, Models and
Outreach work packages in the project.
NUC will be responsible for
coordinating the platform development         Figure 2 Work organization
workpackage. APN will provide advice

and assistance in successfully linking product development with end-user needs and in marketing of
the technological achievements to the end-user community. The scientific advisory board will be
giving advice about the scientific development of the project. UoT will head this board, and it will
consist of experts within and outside of the project. The industrial advisory board will be giving
advice about the needs and demands of related industry and how new partners may be added to the
project. KSAT and APN will share the responsibility for this board.

5.2 Work breakdown
In order to reach the project goals, we have broken down the work in the following work packages:
   WP1 Algorithm development (UoT)
   WP2 Platform development (NUC)
   WP3 Sensor development (Norut)
   WP4 Model development (UoT)
   WP5 Campaigns and data collection (ARR)
   WP6 Outreach activities (UoT)
   WP7 Commercialization and industrial development (APN)
   WP8 Project administration (Norut)

WP1 Algorithm development
The UoT will be responsible for the algorithm development activity. The NUC and Norut will
contribute to the activity. The methods and algorithms will be developed in close cooperation with
the leader of the model development task. NPI snow/ice algorithms (hyperspectral/multi-sensor).
WP2 Platform development (NUC)
NUC will develop improved control systems, Norut and ARR will improve weather toughness and
develop a new flexible robust communication system suited for UAS used in arctic regions.
WP3 Sensor development
FFI will build a SAR and radar sounder. Norut will develop a drop sonde system in cooperation
with UoT, NUC and IRIS. IRIS will develop an oil fingerprint sensor for the drop sonde. NPI will
develop an aerosol sampler. Norut will adapt and integrate all the instruments to the UAS platform.
WP4 Model development
UoT and NILU will cooperate on the development of numerical atmospheric dispersion models of
reacting pollutants which enable prediction of the dispersal and impact of emissions of pollutants to
WP5 Campaigns and data collection
ARR, Norut and NPI will plan and execute field campaigns on mainland Norway and on Svalbard
to gather the data necessary for development of methods and algorithms as well as testing and
validation of new sensors, products and models
WP6 Outreach activities
In addition to the publishing of results in scientific journals, there will be outreach activities with
the specific aim of reaching young citizens and stimulating them to study natural science subjects.
The activities will target high school teachers and students in addition to bachelor students. Summer
schools, participation in campaigns, school visits and other activities will be defined. We will
cooperate closely with existing activities. SAMREAL, APECS and Labyrint are identified as
partners for this within the UoT.
Commercialization and industrial development

It is a major project goal to develop commercial activity based on the project results. Norinnova and
TTO Nord will identify ideas and results within the project suitable for business development and
help realizing these. At the UoT there is a Master of Business Creation which is especially suitable
for early stage idea development. In addition, the participating business partners (KSAT, APN,
Dualog and ARR) are interested in expanding their business activities within the fields that we are
researching. Thus we are confident the results of this project will benefit the industry in the North of
Norway on a long term basis.
Project administration
Norut will be responsible for the project coordination and contract with NCR. Each participant will
have a sub-project manager that is responsible for reporting progress to Norut. Annual plans for
each task will be agreed between the partners, and the progress will be reported according to these

1. Actions and milestones
The following project plan is identified:
Table 1. Milestones
 No         Milestones                                                          Date
 M1         Product requirements formulated (for algoritms, sensors and models) 01/10
 M2         Radar, laser and hyperspectral test systems integrated and tested   07/10
 M3         Initial data processing line developed                              07/11
 M4         First set of field campaigns for product development and testing 07/11
 M5         Drop sonde platform prototype built and tested                      10/12
 M6         Project plan for 2013-2017 developed and requirements formulated    07/13
 M7         Demonstration campaign for algorithm and model evaluation completed 07/14
            oilspill detection/sea-ice/snow mapping/pollutants sampling.

2. Budget
                           2009      2010       2011    2012      2013         2014   Total
Campaign                             1500       1500    1500      1500         1500   7500
PhD-grants                 250       4000       4000    4000      4000         2000   18250
Personnel                  2000      3900       3900    3900      3900         1000   18600
Use of workshops           250       500        500     500       500          250    2500
Infrastructure / sensors   2750      850        500     100       100                 4300
Commercialization                    125        125     350       350          125    1075
Outreach                   50        100        100     100       100          200    650
Business development                 200        200     200       200          150    950
Administration             400       800        800     800       800          400    4000
Workshops / seminars       150       50                           400                 600
Summer School                                   350     350       350          350    1400
Total                      5850      12025      11975   11800     12200        5975   59825
Table 2 Proposed budget

                Norut       UoT   NUC    APN      NPI   NILU    ARR     IRIS   TTO/Norinnova     Totalt
Personnel      10700       7100   1350   1075                   1750   1500              950    21175
Stipendiater    4160       6400   3200           2400   2400                                    18560
Equipment       3600               200          400                     300                      4500
Direct costs    4350     1950      120            670    670    1750                             7760
Totalt         23510    15450     4870   1075    3470   3070                            950     51995


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