Presentation on Interview by fjzhangxiaoquan


									Interview Preparation Techniques
            May 5, 2011
Definition for interview
Types of interview
Preparation for interviews
Do‟s and Don‟ts
Interview questions
Useful Website
An interview is a conversation between
 two people (the interviewer and the
 interviewee) where questions are asked
 by the interviewer to obtain information
 from the interviewee.
Arranged to examine the suitability of
 the candidate
Tested for subject knowledge, skills and
 desired behavior within a limited
            Types of Interview
Phone Interview: One interviewer on
 candidate. Typically without visual
Panel Interview: Three or more experts sit
 across a table from the candidate.
Face-to-Face Interviews: One interviewer
 one candidate. Informal in nature less
 distance between interviewer and
 candidate less stressful and relaxed
 environment compared to panel interview.
          Prior Interview
Know the company
Go to the company website
Annual reports
Business news papers, magazines
 Directly contact the employees
           Know Thyself
Why are you qualified for this role?
Why are you better than the
What projects have you done in the past
 that prepare you for this role.
What are your weaknesses and how can
 you compensate?
Why are you worth the risk?
                Know thyself
Who can sing your praises better than you?
Prepare answers to these questions
Prepare examples of how you have done this
 job in the past
Be ready to show how what you have done
 in the past will work in this role even if it is
 different than what you know.
Be ready for them to try to sink your battle
  During an interview Employers
Self Confidence – you should be
 confident while appearing for interview
Interpersonal skills –listen attentively
 and answer to the questions asked by the
Honesty – While answering in the
 interview, even if you don‟t know the
 answer for certain question, be honest in
 answer to the interviewer.
        Non- verbal or Body
Posture: Square your shoulder to your
 audience. This makes you seem open
 and approachable. It also helps you feel
 more centered.
Make eye contact when you speak, but
 avoid continuous staring
Don‟t use too many hand movements
 and frequent change of facial
 expressions not in relation to words you
 have expressed
Do show enthusiasm in the position and
 the company
Do make sure that your good points
 come across to the interviewer in a
 factual sincere manner
Do stress your achievements
Take a practice run to the location
 where you are having the interview
If presented with a job application, fill
 it out neatly, completely and
Bring extra resumes to the interview
Greet the interviewer & do shake
 hands firmly
Wait until you are offered a chair
 before sitting.
Avoid controversial topics (religion and
Don‟t lie. Answer questions truthfully,
 frankly and succinctly
 Don‟t say anything negative about former
 colleagues, supervisors, or employers
Don‟t answer questions with a simple „yes‟
 or „no‟. Explain whenever possible.
 Describe those things about yourself that
 showcase your talents, skills and
 determination. Give examples.
Don‟t inquire about salary, vacations,
 bonuses, retirement, or other benefits on
 the first interview.
Don‟t bring up or discuss personal issues
 or family problems
Don‟t give a chronology of your job
 history. That should be known from your
 resume. Discuss specific situations that
 relate to the role and where you were
 when you did this.
     Rejected by the committees
 Vague and irrelevant answers to the
 Very fidgety: little eye contact; nervous
 mannerism, such as playing with hair,
 nail biting etc.
 Lack of sincerity or Sarcastic humor
 Utter superficial remarks to impress the
 interviewer – project work
Tell me about yourself. Why did you leave
your previous job? What sort of job you are
looking for? What appeals to you about this
job? Why do you think you‟d be good at this
job? What are your strengths? What are
your weaknesses? What skills do you have
that would benefit our company? Would you
accept this job if it were offered to you? What
do you know about this company? If you take
this job, how long would you stay? Don‟t you
think you may be over-qualified?
        Tell Me About Yourself
The most often asked question in interviews
Tell your academic record
Your skills
Your qualification etc.
Talk about things you have done and jobs you
 have held that relate to the position you are
 interviewing for
Time: 3 minutes
Prepare written answer for this question and
  Top 4 hard to answer Questions
1. Why did you get fired/ terminated? - This question is
   tricky yet needs to be answered with full honesty. The
   interviewer would want to hear your honesty and your
   side of the story. Support your answer with a very good
   explanation. In case you get fired due to legal issues,
   explain that you were currently working on it and that
   it does not have anything to do with your performance.
   Your explanation in your answer is very important; it
   should be direct and should not contain intersections.
  Top 4 hard to answer Questions
2. Tell me about problems you encountered with
   Supervisors- Another tricky question that will test
   how you worked with your superiors. I suggest not to
   be too honest in answering this question. For
   example, common observations such as being bossy,
   opinionated, authoritarian, or being a keen observer
   are the common traits of a Supervisor that are
   incorrectly used. Instead, cite a personal experience
   that you had encounter with a supervisor so that the
   interviewer would understand why it became your
  Top 4 hard to answer Questions
3. What Qualities do you look for in a boss? -
  Do not answer with the most common traits
  that a boss should possess like "being nice to
  employees" or a good leader. You should relate
  your answer with your work. For example
  “My ideal boss is someone who can make time
  to hear employees' opinions or ideas, and a
  boss who cares to listen and give fair his/her
  opinion with my work.”
  Top 4 hard to answer Questions
4. As a professional, do you have any
  disappointments? - Cite the experience that
  really disappoints you, as you relay the story
  behind it make sure that you state something
  that you have learned after.
     Why did you leave your last job?
      An explanation exists that doesn‟t make you sound like a
  “problem employee” and your former employer does not sound
like an undesirable company. As unfair as it may seem, no time is
 the right time to say something bad about your former employer.
 It can be said about the lack of potential for upward mobility, the
fact that your job responsibilities changed to the point that they no
longer fit into your career plans, your need for a more challenging
  job, or anything else that does not get into personalities or other
conflicts. Practice your answer to this question with someone who
   has Interview experience. However, don‟t lie. If you can‟t say
anything positive about your former employer, don‟t say anything.
                  It could come back to haunt you.
     What do you think you do
      to be good at this job?
The best is to stay general and say
 something like: A job where I love the
 work, like the people, and can contribute
 more to the company
A job which is challenging, a job which
 gives me opportunities to prove my
 knowledge and skills
    What are your strengths ?
Strength of your subject knowledge
Your ability to prioritize
Your problem –solving skills
Your ability to work under pressure,
Your ability to focus on projects
Your professional expertise,
Your leadership skills and
your positive attitude.
     What are your weaknesses?
       This is where you make a weakness a strength.
A “good” weakness might be that you have trouble leaving
 the office behind when you go home in the evenings. This is
   a very difficult question that is not asked often, but it‟s the
  one you should prepare for anyway. If you talk about your
  temper, your tendency to gossip or the fact that you‟re lazy,
    you may as well pack up and go home right then. If you
     mention a weakness such as your lack of patience with
    people who don‟t do their share of the work, you should
  also mention that you keep this impatience to yourself and
          try very hard not to express it toward others.
 What appeals to you about this
Speak specifically to your skills as they
 related to the role and how you love
 doing them.
Talk about how you can grow in the role
 and be an integral part of the company‟s
 growth as well.
     What do you know about this
             company ?
Go to the website and look for the details like
 company, products, services, year of starting the
 company, their annual reports,agenda.
How many workers are working in that
 company, volume of the business future plan of
 business and other specific details .
How would you be an asset to this company? -
 Another tough question. Confidence is the key to
 surpass this one. Give a clear two-liner
 explanation on how you can become an asset to
 the company
     We don’t see where you are a
               good fit.
If your skills are not exactly those that the
 company may have requested, you can point
 out those skills that would be valuable to any
Examples of these skills are your ability to
 plan and execute long-term projects, your
 ability to organize information into usable
 data, you can mention how quickly you were
 able to adapt and learn in other situations.
  Would accept this job, if were
       offered to you ?
Yes, I believe that my work ethic and
 skillset dovetail beautifully with the
 corporate direction and culture as you
 have laid it out for me.
No, you have give reason.
      If you take this job, how long
             would you stay ?

You see an opportunity to grow in this role
 and with the organization so you see this as
 a long term commitment.
The opportunity to contribute to an
 organization and be a part of it‟s success
 excites you and you see this company as
 being your corporate home for the long
       Don’t you think you may be
Admit that you may have more experience
 than the role requires. However explain why
 this is to their benefit and way you aren‟t a
 flight risk. This may well be a way of saying
 you are too old. This is where you need to
 show that you are on top of whatever trend is
 relevant to your industry.
               Interview Day
The Old School Advice Still Holds True:
Dress for Success
Be in the moment
Manners – Don‟t speak over the interviewer
Active listening
Ask for a Business Card
Most job seekers forget to: Ask for the job!!!!
              Dress outlook
Dress formally and be well groomed
You will never get a second chance to make
 a good impression
Wear something that makes you feel
Use simple accessories like simple jewelry,
 watches, ties, etc
Scents, perfumes and after shaves lotion
 should be avoided
Expected qualities of the candidate

Effective Verbal communication
Natural delivery, fluency
 Pronounce sentences clearly
 Speak little more loudly or lower your
  voice to draw attention of the experts
  if there is an important point or
              Thank You!
Gretchen Gunn
Office: (877) 643-8378
Mobile: (973) 945-9817

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