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					                                Ethics Problem


                                      CHAPTER I
                                   INTRODUCTION

A. Background

   The progress of the development of information and communication technology are
starting gate to the human life better and more efficient as the effects of science developed by
man.

   In the past to communicate only humans are still difficulties, but with the development of
science and technology communication problem has not become a problem. When the
communication device in the form of telephone was first invented by Alexander Graham
Bell, it has not been recognized by most human beings but with the discovery could be the
start of the development of telecommunications which eventually became the present
thriving.

   But what about the problems in the world of information technology, what about its
application and how the use of technology, particularly on the use of Internet media are
applied to education.

B. Problem Formulation

   The development of information technology so rapidly must be in anticipation of the laws
that govern where the police are law enforcement agencies play an important role in law
enforcement, because without the existence of laws that regulate and the institutions that
enforce it can cause chaos within the development.

   So also with the problems that exist in it, we must be responsive in the face and find
solutions how to solve the problem. A lot of the problems faced by the world of Information
Technology, especially Internet in education one of which is How to Use of Information
Technology in education at present, how the application of technology in education today,
     Apasajakah constraints applying technology in education today, What is the role Internet as a
     means of communication students, What are the effects of the features available on the
     Internet such as web sites, e-mail, and chat for students.

     C. The purpose of Writing Papers

        The purpose of this paper is to understand the world a glimpse of the problems in
     information and communications technology, and can avoid and be aware of the crimes -
     crimes that exist in today's technology world, especially the use of the internet media in
     education.

     D. Benefits of Writing Papers

        With the completion of this paper the authors hope this paper can be useful for the
     reader. This paper can also be made in reference to learning about how to understand the
     problems - problems that exist in a world of information technology especially in the use of
     the Internet applied to education.




                                             CHAPTER II

                                          BASIS THEORY

        Meaning of information and communication technology for education should mean the
availability of channels or means which can be used to broadcast educational programs. But this
use of information technology in Indonesia is just entering the stage of studying the possibilities
of      developing       and      applying       information      technology    to     education.
Though the use of information technology has not an alien discourse in the country, Uncle Sam
Sana. Utilization of information technology in education is already a norm in the United States in
the past decade. This is one of the main proof of the backwardness of Indonesia with the nations
of the world.

        Rapid development of information technology, particularly the Internet, enabling the
development of better information services in an educational institution. College environment,
the use of other information technology that is embodied in a system called electronic university
(e-University). Development of e-University aims to support the implementation of education, so
the college can provide better information services to the community, both inside and outside the
universities via the Internet. Other educational services that can be implemented by means of the
Internet is by providing online course material and course material can be accessed by anyone in
need.

                                                CHAPTER III

                                                DISCUSSION

   A. Use of Information Technology In Education

   Meaning of information and communication technology for education should mean the
availability of channels or means which can be used to broadcast educational programs. But this
use of information technology in Indonesia is just entering the stage of studying the possibilities
of developing and applying information technology to education. Though the use of information
technology has not an alien discourse in the country, Uncle Sam Sana. Utilization of information
technology in education is already a norm in the United States in the past decade. This is one of
the main proof of the backwardness of Indonesia with the nations of the world. Here are samples
from abroad the revolution of the education system that successfully exploit information
technology to support their learning process:

        1. River Oaks Elementary School in Oaksville, Ontario, Canada, is an example of what
might happen at school. SD is built with a special vision: the school should be able to make the
students enter the era of instant information with confidence. Every student in every class a
chance to get in touch with the rest of the school computer network. CD-ROM is a fact of
life. This school does not even memiiki encyclopedia in print. On the whole library, reference is
stored in the video disk and CD-ROM interktif-can be directly accessed by anyone, and in
various forms: images and facts that can be combined before printing, images can be combined
with information.

        2. SMU Lester B. Pearson in Canada is another model of this computer age. This school
has 300 computers for 1200 students. And this school has the lowest dropout rates in Canada:
4% compared to the national average by 30%
        3. More spectacular achievements demonstrated by Christopher Columbus Junior High
School in Union City, New Jersey. In the late 1980s, school test scores are so low, and the
number of student absences and dropouts so high until the state decides to take over. More than
99% of students come from families who use English as a second language.



        B. Use of IT in Education Indonesia

        e-Education, this term may still be foreign to the Indonesian nation. e-education
(Electronic Education) is the term use of Information Technology in Education. Internet open
source information that was difficult to access. Access to information resources is not a problem
anymore. Library is one source of information is expensive. (How many libraries in Indonesia,
and how its quality?) Existence of the Internet allows a person in Indonesia to access the library
in the United States in the form of the Digital Library. There have been many stories about the
help the Internet in research, the final. Exchange of information or the frequently asked questions
by experts can be conducted via the Internet. Without the Internet much the final project and
thesis, which may require more time to resolve.

        The rapid development of Information Technology, particularly the Internet, enabling the
development of better information services in an educational institution. College environment,
the use of other information technology that is embodied in a system called electronic university
(e-University). Development of e-University aims to support the implementation of education, so
the college can provide better information services to the community, both inside and outside the
universities via the Internet. Other educational services that can be implemented by means of the
Internet is by providing online course material and course material can be accessed by anyone in
need.




        Environmental Education Academic Indonesia who know already familiar with the
implications of Information Technology in Education is the UI and ITB.For Example UI. Almost
every faculty listed in the UI has a network that can be accessed by the public, provide
information that is difficult even to get it because of problems of space and time. It is also
certainly very helpful for prospective students and college students or even graduates who need
information about tuition, curriculum, faculty mentors, or many others.

       At the high school educational level implications of information technology have also
begun to do though have not been able to try out with its implications at the level of further
education. In high school, the average Internet usage is just as additional facilities and more
information technology has not become the main curriculum taught to students. IT has not
become the primary database for media values, curriculum, student, teacher or the other. But the
prospects for the future, the use of information technology in high school quite bright.

       In addition to serving the educational Institute in particular, those that for the world in
general education in Indonesia. There is also a service website which presents activities in the
Indonesian education system. This site is intended to summarize information related to
educational developments that occur and to present a common source and network
communication (forum) for school administrators, educators and other enthusiasts. The main
purpose of this site is a forum to interact that can accommodate all major sectors of
education. Examples of this website is www.pendidikan.net

       C. Obstacles to Implementation of the World Information Technology in Education
Indonesia

       If this is the Information Technology and the Internet has many benefits, of course we
want to use immediately. But there are some constraints in Indonesia that led to the Information
Technology and the Internet can not be used optimally.

       Readiness of the Indonesian government still needs to be questioned in this regard.
One of the main causes is the lack of availability of human resources, process transformation
technology, telecommunications infrastructure and legal devices that govern them. whether the
underlying legal infrastructure of education operating in Indonesia is quite adequate to
accommodate new developments in the form of the application of information technology to
education. Therefore please note that the Cyber Law is not applied to the world of law in
Indonesia. In addition, there are still shortcomings in terms of infrastructure provision of
telecommunications     technology,    multimedia    and   information     is   a   prerequisite   the
implementation of Information Technology for education while the penetration of computers
(PCs) in Indonesia is still low. The cost of telecommunications service usage is still expensive
even the telephone network is still not available in various places in Indonesia .. For that to think
about access to the Internet without going through a personal computer at home. Meanwhile,
where Internet access can be widened its reach through the facilities on campus, school, and even
through the stalls is certainly confronted Internet.

       This is sure to the government or private parties, although in the end terpulang also to the
government. Because the government can create policies and regulatory climate conducive to
private investment in education. But while the government itself is still so stingy to allocate
funds for educational needs.Currently a new pre-eminent educational institutes which have the
facility to access adequate information technology network. Though there are many other
educational institutes that have not been equipped with Information Technology facilities.
Our hope with this matter can be resolved in line with the development of increasingly
sophisticated telecommunication and getting cheaper.

   D. Internet As a Means of Communication Students

In line with the times, the progress of Internet technology is also moving forward.'Internet' is a
computer network that connects a computer or computer network with another computer
network, so it can communicate or share data regardless of the computer itself. In 1999, the
number of computers that have been associated with the Internet around the world reached more
than 40 million and this number continues to grow every day. Currently the number of web sites
to reach millions, maybe even trillions, it contains a variety of topics. Of course, the sites were a
source of information, both positive or negative. Information useful to say positively if research.




Quarterman and Mitchell share use of the Internet in four categories, namely:
       1. Internet as a medium of communication, is a function of the most widely used Internet
in which every Internet user can communicate with other users from around the world.

       2. Media data exchange, using email, newsgroups, ftp and www (world wide web - a
network web sites) of Internet users worldwide can exchange information quickly and cheaply.

       3. Media to seek information or data, the Internet's rapid growth, making the www as a
source of important and accurate information.

       4. The function of the community, the Internet form a new society whose members
include internet users from around the world. In this community of Internet users to
communicate, find information, shop, conduct business transactions, and so forth.Because the
nature of the internet that is similar to our everyday world, the Internet is often referred to as
cyberspace or virtual world (virtual world).

       Therefore, we surely want to know the functions of the Internet as well as facilities what,
where, how, why, to and from whom the student will use the Internet to communicate.

       In general, Internet users use the Internet are available at internet cafes or better known
by the term 'cafe'. This is because they cost less than using a private internet.

       Please note that the student has not worked, and still depend on the funds provided by
their parents. This situation is one of the causes in which they will use a computer connected to
the internet. In general, the cost of using the Internet amounted to three thousand five hundred
dollars per hour. Of course, this cost is relatively expensive because the students are still a lot
depends on the funds provided by parents per day or per week of or per month. Thus, the
students via the Internet communication is limited by cost.




   E. Impact of Existing Features In Internet For Students.
   Web Site World Wide Web is often abbreviated to the www is the internet's most widely
used today in addition to email. The website is information that can be accessed by all Internet
users from around the world by using a program called a Web browser such as Netscape
Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer. The information placed on web sites that may include
text, images, animations, sound, and video clips.

   As a means of communication, the web Sistus useful for finding data, news, follow the
development of new science, and others. For example, through observation of many students
visit web sites such as myspace, second, satuwanita, yahoo, CNN, Compass and so forth. In
addition, students can have their own web sites to disseminate their ideas and their own opinions
to the whole world.

   Although there are many benefits of web sites, there are also many problems. The biggest
problem is that the information disseminated on the internet is not always true. This happens
because the website does not have to provide true and accurate, and no responsibility for the
accuracy of information disseminated. The second problem is that pornography is a negative
impact. However, pornography is not to be sought deliberately, it could get pornography with
data search and mp3 music files.From the observation of deep, thirty-three percent of
deliberately looking for pornography on the www, and not only men but also women. However,
most are students who intentionally seek pornography. Meanwhile, who do not accidentally get
porn as much as fifty-nine per cent.

   Often times, people want to know where it comes from pornography. Usually, students are
looking for pornography Western pornography, the pornography that contains about American
States, the Netherlands, France or other Western countries.However, more and more Indonesian
pornography is readily available via the internet, and sometimes it involves students
IndonesiaBaru pornography recently, on the internet, there is an article about two students of
Bandung, which record the intimate scenes with a video camera. Not unexpectedly, the tape is
circulating tub commercial pornographic VCDs. Later, the image file and a clip of this scene
began roaming on the internet. Thus, the negative side of the www is pornography which is
easily seen, and this has a bad impact for Indonesia's young generation

Email
       The purpose of the students in using the internet facilities vary. Many students use the
Internet to research, or look for foreign news, but the most popular is email. Email is an
electronic correspondence in which a message sent will arrive within a short time.Email
messages are not only of writing but can be accompanied with the image file, sound, animation,
and others. In addition, emails can be sent to hundreds of people only in one-time
delivery. Hence, this email is important for communication in modern times, and especially for
students.

       In observing the average student who never use the internet has its own email
address. Email address students were all free of charge like yahoomail or hotmail famous. They
are more like yahoomail or hotmail because of the advertisements that the website was able to
persuade them and was very popular email providers not only in Indonesia but also worldwide.

       Of course, the emails received but not expected to not only SPAM. Computer viruses are
often received via email, and the topic is also not clear. Unfortunately, there is no way to stop
SPAM and computer viruses. Many companies have a free email 'spam filters' that stop receiving
SPAM but this filter is usually not effective. Maybe in the future someone will make an effective
Fiter but this time SPAM and viruses remain a major problem. However, the benefits of email is
still exceeding its negative impact.For TSM students, email is still the fastest means of
communication and art to communicate with friends and family. Email has become a good
substitute of regular mail (or in the 'internet language', snail mail) because the email was
received    at   the   time   and   the   same   time   and   can   not   be   read   by   others.


Chat

       Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, or often referred to as chat or chat is an online discussion
forum of Internet users by using writing as a tool for discussion. IRC provides a way to
communicate directly with people around the world, and of course, between students.IRC
consists of a variety of networks IRC servers (the machines to connect the user with the
IRC). The users have a program (called 'client') to connect them with a server from one of these
IRC networks. These servers that will send information from one server to another server in the
same network. We have thousands of chat groups in various languages and topics.
         From the observations almost entirely of students who frequently use the Internet also has
chat. Programs that are often used for this chat is mIRC or Yahoo Messenger. In this chat is not
uncommon of them to continue to do than just chatting on the internet becomes a direct meeting
or referred kopdar (Ground Coffee). Even some that eventually lover after their relationship
often chatted on the internet and then meet each other.




                                           CHAPTER IV

                                            CLOSING

Conclusion

         From this deep observation, we know that the longer use of the Internet is increasingly
important as a means of student communication, Internet facilities such as email, www and HE is
very popular among the students, both as a means of communication as well as a tool to search
the data for other studies as well as tool to expand the association and acquaintance among
Internet users. In addition, the use of the Internet has created a new language, known as the
'internet language'. Indeed, the language used by using the Internet depends on whom and with
whom users of the Internet to communicate. However, although there are many benefits of using
the Internet, there are also negative effects for students. For example, pornography, and SPAM
has become a big problem. Until now there is no effective way to avoid these negative
impacts. However, due to the positive impact too much, then inevitably, like it or not, we must
use the internet as a means of communication is the fastest and most advanced to date. As a
means of communication student, I am sure that in the future use of the Internet will become
more widespread on campus, and communicate via the Internet it will be sepopular use of the
telephone.

         Seeing the negative and positive impacts of technology, particularly Internet Audio
Visual above, it can be concluded that when compared with the negative impact of its positive
impact     is   much    more,    so   it   is   unlikely   that   until   banned    in   Inonesia.


Suggestion
To overcome or rather prevent negative impacts, especially for children and adolescents,
Prevention is always better, sooner or later Audio visual communication, especially the Internet
will be in front of our eyes. Better we know in advance of the regret in the future. Here are some
suggestions from the author to prevent problems in particular Information Technology Internet
use in education.

       1. Online block: a lot of commercial services, such as America Online and Prodigy have
a mechanism to access the restricted areas and not appropriate for children. If you joined the
online service, akrabkan with it and use it with approval. Particularly in Indonesia, Radnet - one
of the existing providers in Indonesia indeed has blocked pornographic magazines found on the
Internet such as Playboy and Penthouse.

       2. Checklist: make sure that children and teens know which ones should and should not
be. Never give personal information to strangers. Do not have a meeting face to face with
another user without the consent of the family. Always remember that anonymity
(ketakbernamaan) of the Net can make a person hide the age and identity.

       3. Waiting: still hanging out when the kids are doing something. Favorite Ask what they
see, let them teach you some 'stroke'net. If you are concerned with children's activity on the
online, try talking to them about it. Make the computer becomes a family activity that can be
enjoyed and discussed with the entire family.

       4. Special Software: Consider the purchase of cleaner software such as Surfwatch, which
will protect the computer that loads from one place of access to the Internet is known contains
things sexual. An attempt to search for Penthouse Web page, for example, produce the writing on
the screen "Block by Surfwatch".

       5. You are not alone: Association of parents and teachers in schools or other groups
concerned with issues that together will bring us to where we can exchange experiences and get
support from people who face the same problem. Also tell your neighbors, because your efforts
will    be     futile   if    the     child     across    the    street    with     no    limits.