Ethics Problem CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background The progress of the development of information and communication technology are starting gate to the human life better and more efficient as the effects of science developed by man. In the past to communicate only humans are still difficulties, but with the development of science and technology communication problem has not become a problem. When the communication device in the form of telephone was first invented by Alexander Graham Bell, it has not been recognized by most human beings but with the discovery could be the start of the development of telecommunications which eventually became the present thriving. But what about the problems in the world of information technology, what about its application and how the use of technology, particularly on the use of Internet media are applied to education. B. Problem Formulation The development of information technology so rapidly must be in anticipation of the laws that govern where the police are law enforcement agencies play an important role in law enforcement, because without the existence of laws that regulate and the institutions that enforce it can cause chaos within the development. So also with the problems that exist in it, we must be responsive in the face and find solutions how to solve the problem. A lot of the problems faced by the world of Information Technology, especially Internet in education one of which is How to Use of Information Technology in education at present, how the application of technology in education today, Apasajakah constraints applying technology in education today, What is the role Internet as a means of communication students, What are the effects of the features available on the Internet such as web sites, e-mail, and chat for students. C. The purpose of Writing Papers The purpose of this paper is to understand the world a glimpse of the problems in information and communications technology, and can avoid and be aware of the crimes - crimes that exist in today's technology world, especially the use of the internet media in education. D. Benefits of Writing Papers With the completion of this paper the authors hope this paper can be useful for the reader. This paper can also be made in reference to learning about how to understand the problems - problems that exist in a world of information technology especially in the use of the Internet applied to education. CHAPTER II BASIS THEORY Meaning of information and communication technology for education should mean the availability of channels or means which can be used to broadcast educational programs. But this use of information technology in Indonesia is just entering the stage of studying the possibilities of developing and applying information technology to education. Though the use of information technology has not an alien discourse in the country, Uncle Sam Sana. Utilization of information technology in education is already a norm in the United States in the past decade. This is one of the main proof of the backwardness of Indonesia with the nations of the world. Rapid development of information technology, particularly the Internet, enabling the development of better information services in an educational institution. College environment, the use of other information technology that is embodied in a system called electronic university (e-University). Development of e-University aims to support the implementation of education, so the college can provide better information services to the community, both inside and outside the universities via the Internet. Other educational services that can be implemented by means of the Internet is by providing online course material and course material can be accessed by anyone in need. CHAPTER III DISCUSSION A. Use of Information Technology In Education Meaning of information and communication technology for education should mean the availability of channels or means which can be used to broadcast educational programs. But this use of information technology in Indonesia is just entering the stage of studying the possibilities of developing and applying information technology to education. Though the use of information technology has not an alien discourse in the country, Uncle Sam Sana. Utilization of information technology in education is already a norm in the United States in the past decade. This is one of the main proof of the backwardness of Indonesia with the nations of the world. Here are samples from abroad the revolution of the education system that successfully exploit information technology to support their learning process: 1. River Oaks Elementary School in Oaksville, Ontario, Canada, is an example of what might happen at school. SD is built with a special vision: the school should be able to make the students enter the era of instant information with confidence. Every student in every class a chance to get in touch with the rest of the school computer network. CD-ROM is a fact of life. This school does not even memiiki encyclopedia in print. On the whole library, reference is stored in the video disk and CD-ROM interktif-can be directly accessed by anyone, and in various forms: images and facts that can be combined before printing, images can be combined with information. 2. SMU Lester B. Pearson in Canada is another model of this computer age. This school has 300 computers for 1200 students. And this school has the lowest dropout rates in Canada: 4% compared to the national average by 30% 3. More spectacular achievements demonstrated by Christopher Columbus Junior High School in Union City, New Jersey. In the late 1980s, school test scores are so low, and the number of student absences and dropouts so high until the state decides to take over. More than 99% of students come from families who use English as a second language. B. Use of IT in Education Indonesia e-Education, this term may still be foreign to the Indonesian nation. e-education (Electronic Education) is the term use of Information Technology in Education. Internet open source information that was difficult to access. Access to information resources is not a problem anymore. Library is one source of information is expensive. (How many libraries in Indonesia, and how its quality?) Existence of the Internet allows a person in Indonesia to access the library in the United States in the form of the Digital Library. There have been many stories about the help the Internet in research, the final. Exchange of information or the frequently asked questions by experts can be conducted via the Internet. Without the Internet much the final project and thesis, which may require more time to resolve. The rapid development of Information Technology, particularly the Internet, enabling the development of better information services in an educational institution. College environment, the use of other information technology that is embodied in a system called electronic university (e-University). Development of e-University aims to support the implementation of education, so the college can provide better information services to the community, both inside and outside the universities via the Internet. Other educational services that can be implemented by means of the Internet is by providing online course material and course material can be accessed by anyone in need. Environmental Education Academic Indonesia who know already familiar with the implications of Information Technology in Education is the UI and ITB.For Example UI. Almost every faculty listed in the UI has a network that can be accessed by the public, provide information that is difficult even to get it because of problems of space and time. It is also certainly very helpful for prospective students and college students or even graduates who need information about tuition, curriculum, faculty mentors, or many others. At the high school educational level implications of information technology have also begun to do though have not been able to try out with its implications at the level of further education. In high school, the average Internet usage is just as additional facilities and more information technology has not become the main curriculum taught to students. IT has not become the primary database for media values, curriculum, student, teacher or the other. But the prospects for the future, the use of information technology in high school quite bright. In addition to serving the educational Institute in particular, those that for the world in general education in Indonesia. There is also a service website which presents activities in the Indonesian education system. This site is intended to summarize information related to educational developments that occur and to present a common source and network communication (forum) for school administrators, educators and other enthusiasts. The main purpose of this site is a forum to interact that can accommodate all major sectors of education. Examples of this website is www.pendidikan.net C. Obstacles to Implementation of the World Information Technology in Education Indonesia If this is the Information Technology and the Internet has many benefits, of course we want to use immediately. But there are some constraints in Indonesia that led to the Information Technology and the Internet can not be used optimally. Readiness of the Indonesian government still needs to be questioned in this regard. One of the main causes is the lack of availability of human resources, process transformation technology, telecommunications infrastructure and legal devices that govern them. whether the underlying legal infrastructure of education operating in Indonesia is quite adequate to accommodate new developments in the form of the application of information technology to education. Therefore please note that the Cyber Law is not applied to the world of law in Indonesia. In addition, there are still shortcomings in terms of infrastructure provision of telecommunications technology, multimedia and information is a prerequisite the implementation of Information Technology for education while the penetration of computers (PCs) in Indonesia is still low. The cost of telecommunications service usage is still expensive even the telephone network is still not available in various places in Indonesia .. For that to think about access to the Internet without going through a personal computer at home. Meanwhile, where Internet access can be widened its reach through the facilities on campus, school, and even through the stalls is certainly confronted Internet. This is sure to the government or private parties, although in the end terpulang also to the government. Because the government can create policies and regulatory climate conducive to private investment in education. But while the government itself is still so stingy to allocate funds for educational needs.Currently a new pre-eminent educational institutes which have the facility to access adequate information technology network. Though there are many other educational institutes that have not been equipped with Information Technology facilities. Our hope with this matter can be resolved in line with the development of increasingly sophisticated telecommunication and getting cheaper. D. Internet As a Means of Communication Students In line with the times, the progress of Internet technology is also moving forward.'Internet' is a computer network that connects a computer or computer network with another computer network, so it can communicate or share data regardless of the computer itself. In 1999, the number of computers that have been associated with the Internet around the world reached more than 40 million and this number continues to grow every day. Currently the number of web sites to reach millions, maybe even trillions, it contains a variety of topics. Of course, the sites were a source of information, both positive or negative. Information useful to say positively if research. Quarterman and Mitchell share use of the Internet in four categories, namely: 1. Internet as a medium of communication, is a function of the most widely used Internet in which every Internet user can communicate with other users from around the world. 2. Media data exchange, using email, newsgroups, ftp and www (world wide web - a network web sites) of Internet users worldwide can exchange information quickly and cheaply. 3. Media to seek information or data, the Internet's rapid growth, making the www as a source of important and accurate information. 4. The function of the community, the Internet form a new society whose members include internet users from around the world. In this community of Internet users to communicate, find information, shop, conduct business transactions, and so forth.Because the nature of the internet that is similar to our everyday world, the Internet is often referred to as cyberspace or virtual world (virtual world). Therefore, we surely want to know the functions of the Internet as well as facilities what, where, how, why, to and from whom the student will use the Internet to communicate. In general, Internet users use the Internet are available at internet cafes or better known by the term 'cafe'. This is because they cost less than using a private internet. Please note that the student has not worked, and still depend on the funds provided by their parents. This situation is one of the causes in which they will use a computer connected to the internet. In general, the cost of using the Internet amounted to three thousand five hundred dollars per hour. Of course, this cost is relatively expensive because the students are still a lot depends on the funds provided by parents per day or per week of or per month. Thus, the students via the Internet communication is limited by cost. E. Impact of Existing Features In Internet For Students. Web Site World Wide Web is often abbreviated to the www is the internet's most widely used today in addition to email. The website is information that can be accessed by all Internet users from around the world by using a program called a Web browser such as Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer. The information placed on web sites that may include text, images, animations, sound, and video clips. As a means of communication, the web Sistus useful for finding data, news, follow the development of new science, and others. For example, through observation of many students visit web sites such as myspace, second, satuwanita, yahoo, CNN, Compass and so forth. In addition, students can have their own web sites to disseminate their ideas and their own opinions to the whole world. Although there are many benefits of web sites, there are also many problems. The biggest problem is that the information disseminated on the internet is not always true. This happens because the website does not have to provide true and accurate, and no responsibility for the accuracy of information disseminated. The second problem is that pornography is a negative impact. However, pornography is not to be sought deliberately, it could get pornography with data search and mp3 music files.From the observation of deep, thirty-three percent of deliberately looking for pornography on the www, and not only men but also women. However, most are students who intentionally seek pornography. Meanwhile, who do not accidentally get porn as much as fifty-nine per cent. Often times, people want to know where it comes from pornography. Usually, students are looking for pornography Western pornography, the pornography that contains about American States, the Netherlands, France or other Western countries.However, more and more Indonesian pornography is readily available via the internet, and sometimes it involves students IndonesiaBaru pornography recently, on the internet, there is an article about two students of Bandung, which record the intimate scenes with a video camera. Not unexpectedly, the tape is circulating tub commercial pornographic VCDs. Later, the image file and a clip of this scene began roaming on the internet. Thus, the negative side of the www is pornography which is easily seen, and this has a bad impact for Indonesia's young generation Email The purpose of the students in using the internet facilities vary. Many students use the Internet to research, or look for foreign news, but the most popular is email. Email is an electronic correspondence in which a message sent will arrive within a short time.Email messages are not only of writing but can be accompanied with the image file, sound, animation, and others. In addition, emails can be sent to hundreds of people only in one-time delivery. Hence, this email is important for communication in modern times, and especially for students. In observing the average student who never use the internet has its own email address. Email address students were all free of charge like yahoomail or hotmail famous. They are more like yahoomail or hotmail because of the advertisements that the website was able to persuade them and was very popular email providers not only in Indonesia but also worldwide. Of course, the emails received but not expected to not only SPAM. Computer viruses are often received via email, and the topic is also not clear. Unfortunately, there is no way to stop SPAM and computer viruses. Many companies have a free email 'spam filters' that stop receiving SPAM but this filter is usually not effective. Maybe in the future someone will make an effective Fiter but this time SPAM and viruses remain a major problem. However, the benefits of email is still exceeding its negative impact.For TSM students, email is still the fastest means of communication and art to communicate with friends and family. Email has become a good substitute of regular mail (or in the 'internet language', snail mail) because the email was received at the time and the same time and can not be read by others. Chat Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, or often referred to as chat or chat is an online discussion forum of Internet users by using writing as a tool for discussion. IRC provides a way to communicate directly with people around the world, and of course, between students.IRC consists of a variety of networks IRC servers (the machines to connect the user with the IRC). The users have a program (called 'client') to connect them with a server from one of these IRC networks. These servers that will send information from one server to another server in the same network. We have thousands of chat groups in various languages and topics. From the observations almost entirely of students who frequently use the Internet also has chat. Programs that are often used for this chat is mIRC or Yahoo Messenger. In this chat is not uncommon of them to continue to do than just chatting on the internet becomes a direct meeting or referred kopdar (Ground Coffee). Even some that eventually lover after their relationship often chatted on the internet and then meet each other. CHAPTER IV CLOSING Conclusion From this deep observation, we know that the longer use of the Internet is increasingly important as a means of student communication, Internet facilities such as email, www and HE is very popular among the students, both as a means of communication as well as a tool to search the data for other studies as well as tool to expand the association and acquaintance among Internet users. In addition, the use of the Internet has created a new language, known as the 'internet language'. Indeed, the language used by using the Internet depends on whom and with whom users of the Internet to communicate. However, although there are many benefits of using the Internet, there are also negative effects for students. For example, pornography, and SPAM has become a big problem. Until now there is no effective way to avoid these negative impacts. However, due to the positive impact too much, then inevitably, like it or not, we must use the internet as a means of communication is the fastest and most advanced to date. As a means of communication student, I am sure that in the future use of the Internet will become more widespread on campus, and communicate via the Internet it will be sepopular use of the telephone. Seeing the negative and positive impacts of technology, particularly Internet Audio Visual above, it can be concluded that when compared with the negative impact of its positive impact is much more, so it is unlikely that until banned in Inonesia. Suggestion To overcome or rather prevent negative impacts, especially for children and adolescents, Prevention is always better, sooner or later Audio visual communication, especially the Internet will be in front of our eyes. Better we know in advance of the regret in the future. Here are some suggestions from the author to prevent problems in particular Information Technology Internet use in education. 1. Online block: a lot of commercial services, such as America Online and Prodigy have a mechanism to access the restricted areas and not appropriate for children. If you joined the online service, akrabkan with it and use it with approval. Particularly in Indonesia, Radnet - one of the existing providers in Indonesia indeed has blocked pornographic magazines found on the Internet such as Playboy and Penthouse. 2. Checklist: make sure that children and teens know which ones should and should not be. Never give personal information to strangers. Do not have a meeting face to face with another user without the consent of the family. Always remember that anonymity (ketakbernamaan) of the Net can make a person hide the age and identity. 3. Waiting: still hanging out when the kids are doing something. Favorite Ask what they see, let them teach you some 'stroke'net. If you are concerned with children's activity on the online, try talking to them about it. Make the computer becomes a family activity that can be enjoyed and discussed with the entire family. 4. Special Software: Consider the purchase of cleaner software such as Surfwatch, which will protect the computer that loads from one place of access to the Internet is known contains things sexual. An attempt to search for Penthouse Web page, for example, produce the writing on the screen "Block by Surfwatch". 5. You are not alone: Association of parents and teachers in schools or other groups concerned with issues that together will bring us to where we can exchange experiences and get support from people who face the same problem. Also tell your neighbors, because your efforts will be futile if the child across the street with no limits.
Pages to are hidden for
"The Ethics"Please download to view full document