Chapter 23 section 3 and 4 Affects of the New Deal and Culture in the 1930s

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Chapter 23 section 3 and 4 Affects of the New Deal and Culture in the 1930s Powered By Docstoc
					Effects of the New Deal
& Culture in the 1930’s

   Chapter 23 Sections 3 and 4
  Main Idea and Key Terms
• New Deal policies      • Frances Perkins
  and actions affected   • Mary McLeod
  various social and       Bethune
  ethnic groups          • John Collier
                         • New Deal coalition
                         • Congress of
                           Organization (CIO)
New Deal, New Opportunity
• Long-standing patterns of prejudice and
  discrimination continued to plague
  women and minorities
• Several women during the New Deal
  were named to important government
• Francis Perkins became the first female
  cabinet member
• Perkins played a major role in the
  creation of Social Security
• Roosevelt also appointed two female
  diplomats and a female federal judge
• However, women still faced
  discrimination in the workplace
• This did not stop more and more
  women from entering work outside the
 African American Activism
• During the New Deal, Roosevelt
  appointed over 100 African Americans
  to key government positions
• Mary McLeod Bethune was one of
  these, and worked to provide job
  training and benefits to minority
• She also organized the “black cabinet”
  to advise Roosevelt on racial issues
• Roosevelt however, was not committed
  to civil rights
• He did not want to lose white voters in
  the South
• Several programs (TVA, CCC, NRA)
  paid black workers less
• In general, blacks supported the
  Roosevelt administration, seeing it as
  the best hope for the future
        Other Minorities
• Mexicans were discriminated against
  more than blacks
• Native Americans began to gain support
• Look up John Collier, and the three
  major changes in government policy for
  the test on page 713
• Read Chapter 6, Sections 3 and 4 for
  homework, there is a lot more that was
  left out due to time constraints.
  Main Idea and Key Terms
• Motion pictures,       •   Gone With the Wind
  radio, art, and        •   Orson Welles
  literature blossomed   •   Grant Wood
  during the New Deal
                         •   Richard Wright
                         •   The Grapes of
 Motion Pictures and Radio
• Although the 1930’s were difficult for
  many, motion pictures and radio
• By the late 30’s, 65% of Americans
  attended the movies once a week
• Almost 90% of households owned a
• Movies and radio had taken the country
  by storm
         Movies of the 30’s
•   Gone with the Wind
•   The Wizard of Oz
•   Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
•   Monkey Business and Duck Soup
•   Mr. Smith goes to Washington
• Families typically spent several hours a
  day together listening
• It was the most direct form of
  communication to the American public
• Orson Welles created “War of the
• Soap Operas became popular
• The Lone Ranger
• Most art was serious and sober
• The Federal Art Project paid artists to
  produce public art
• The Federal Theater Project hired
  actors to perform plays
• Woody Guthrie sings of America
• Richard Wright completed his
  acclaimed novel Native Son
• John Steinbeck writes The Grapes of
• Thornton Wilder wrote the play Our

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