Middle School Bullying Survey Nautilus Middle School

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Middle School Bullying Survey Nautilus Middle School Powered By Docstoc
					        Bullying in Middle Schools
      Results from a Southeast Florida
           Middle School Survey

                Darren Richmond
Scholars Academy, Miami Beach Senior High School
Student Affiliate, American Psychological Association
Presented to the middle school faculty on September 21, 2006.
                        Richmond Bully Survey 2006
    Anti-Bully Project
    Co-Investigators

Fabianna Pergolizzi Samantha Macario
     Naples, FL                             Palo Alto, CA



    Zoe Gan                                Paul Auster
     Durham, NC                             Baltimore, MD



              Richmond Bully Survey 2006
    Acknowledgements

• Joseph Pergolizzi, MD
  – Johns Hopkins University
• Charlotte Richmond, PhD
  – Biomedical Research & Education
• TJ Gan, MD
  – Duke University
• Alex Macario, MD
  – Stanford University
• Marty Auster, MD
  – Johns Hopkins University

                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
      Significance
• There is a prevalence of bullying in schools in the
  United States
• Bullies and victims are more likely to be middle
  school age
   – Brown, et al. J Sch Health. 2005: 75(10):384-92
• Bullies have problems with delinquency and
  aggression
• Victims who also bully report high levels of suicidal
  thoughts
   – Ivarsson, et al. Nord J Psychiatry. 2005: 59(5):365-73

                       Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Significance

• Anti-bully legislation passed at the
  Florida state level in 2006
• Florida Schools to implement
  mandatory anti-bully education
• Customization of curricula based
  on results of surveys such as this
  one

             Richmond Bully Survey 2006
     Methods
• Permission to use Survey from Child Abuse
  Prevention Services, Roslyn, NY
• Approval from Middle School Administrators
• Permission slips sent to parents
• 700 surveys supplied to selected middle school
• Surveys distributed in 7th & 8th grade Social Studies
  May 15-25, 2006
• 496 surveys returned

                     Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Methods

• 400 evaluable surveys received
  (80.7%)
• 96 not evaluable due to:
  – Incomplete surveys
  – Didn’t follow directions
  – Gave more than 1 answer when not asked
    for more than 1 answer



                Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Survey Results




    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
             Demographics
          Total Number of Students = 400
Males            45.5%     Hispanic      67.3%

Females         54.5%                White          14.3%

7th grade       37%                  Black          7.8 %

8th grade       63%                  Other/         10.6 %
                                     Multi-ethnic
                   Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 1: How bad is the
problem with bullies in your
school?
           No       Small           Medium        Bad     Very Bad
         problem   problem          problem     problem   problem
            %         %                %           %         %

 All     17.0      32.5              33.0       10.5       6.8
 Males   19.8      34.1              28.0        8.8       9.9
 Females 14.7      31.2              37.6       11.9       4.1
 7th     10.1      30.4              41.9       12.2       4.7
 8th     21.0      33.7              27.8        9.5       7.9
                   Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 2a: How often does
teasing occur in your school?

            All of       Most of           Some of    Little of   None of
           the time      the time          the time   the time    the time
              %             %                 %          %           %

 All       25.8          24.5               28.3      14.3         6.0
 Males     29.1          21.4               24.2      16.5         8.8
 Females   22.9          27.5               31.7      12.4         3.7
 7th       27.7          26.4               24.3      17.6         2.7
 8th       24.6          23.4               30.6      12.3         7.9
                      Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 2b: How often does
hitting occur in your school?
          All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
         the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
            %              %               %          %           %

 All     17.5           22.3             30.5      19.5         7.8
 Males   20.3           19.8             25.3      22.5         8.8
 Females 15.1           24.3             34.9      17.4         6.9
 7th     18.9           25.0             25.7      20.9         4.7
 8th     16.7           20.6             33.3      18.7         9.5

                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 2c: How often does
gossiping/rumors occur in your
school?
          All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
         the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
            %              %               %          %           %

  All     43.0 22.0 13.3 11.0                                   7.3
  Males   29.7 22.5 17.0 14.8                                  11.5
  Females 54.1 21.6 10.1  8.3                                   3.7
  7th     35.1 25.0 15.5 14.9                                   4.1
  8th     47.6 20.2 11.9  8.7                                   9.1
                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 2d: How often does
threatening occur in your
school?
          All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
         the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
            %              %               %          %           %

 All     17.0           16.5             23.5      26.8        13.8
 Males   19.8           17.6             22.5      20.9        15.9
 Females 14.7           15.6             24.3      31.7        12.4
 7th     12.8           23.0             18.9      29.7        12.2
 8th     15.5           17.9             26.2      19.0        18.3
                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 2e: How often
does excluding occur in
your school?
         All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
        the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
           %              %               %          %           %

All     14.5           17.0             25.0      23.3        16.3
Males   15.9           15.4             22.5      22.5        19.2
Females 13.3           18.3             27.1      23.9        14.2
7th     12.8           23.0             18.9      29.7        12.2
8th     15.5           17.9             26.2      19.0        18.3
                   Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 3: How often do
you see a kid bullied in
your school?
         All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
        the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
           %              %               %          %           %

All     12.8           15.5             32.5      29.0        10.3
Males   17.0           14.8             31.3      26.9        10.4
Females 9.2            16.1             33.9      30.7        10.1
7th      9.5           16.9             44.6      22.3         6.8
8th     14.7           14.7             25.4      32.9        12.3
                   Richmond Bully Survey 2006
 Question 4: What did you do
 the last time you saw
 someone being bullied at
 school?
          Did     Told an         Got friends    Told bully    Talked to
        nothing    adult           to help        to stop     victim later
          %         %                 %              %             %

All     62.3       6.0                 6.8        19.8          15.5
Males   67.0       6.0                 5.5        18.1          13.7
Females 58.7       6.0                 7.8        21.1          17.0
7th     61.5       4.1                 6.8        20.9          16.2
8th     62.7       7.1                 6.7        19.0          15.1
                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 5: If you chose “did
nothing” in question 4, why?
           I was   Wasn’t            Kid        Didn’t    I didn’t
          scared     my           deserved it know what     care
             %     business           %         to do        %
                     %                            %

All       4.0      38.0                4.8      8.3       28.0
Males     5.5      35.2                8.2       7.1      37.9
Females   2.8      40.8                1.8       9.2      19.7
7th       4.1      38.5                4.7      10.1      25.7
8th       4.0      37.7                4.8       7.1      29.4
                   Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 6: How often have
you bullied in your school?
            All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
           the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
              %              %               %          %           %

 All        2.0             6.3              6.8     24.8        61.0
 Males      2.7             8.2              4.4     23.6        61.5
 Females    1.4             4.6              8.7     25.7        61.0
 7th        1.4             6.1              7.4     25.7        60.8
 8th        2.4             6.3              6.3     24.2        61.1
                      Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 7: If you have been
bullied in your school, what
did you do?
          Did      Got help             Asked      Ignored   Pushed/hit
        nothing   from adult          friend for    bully      bully
          %           %                  help         %         %
                                          %

All     14.0        8.5                  8.8       34.5       29.8
Males   13.2        6.0                  7.1       28.0       42.9
Females 14.7       10.6                 10.1       39.9       19.3
7th     14.9        8.1                  7.4       39.2       27.0
8th     13.5        8.7                  9.5       31.7       31.3
                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 8: Have you ever
bullied someone in your school?

                Yes (%)                  No (%)
  All                37.5                 62.3
  Males              38.5                 62.1
  Females            37.2                 62.4
  7th                44.6                 55.4
  8th                33.3                 66.3

            Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 9a: If you choose yes in
question 8, how often have you
used teasing to bully?
            All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
           the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
              %              %               %          %           %

   All      9.5             5.5             8.3      14.3        28.5
   Males   13.2             4.9             8.8      15.4        26.9
   Females 6.4              6.4             7.8      13.3        29.8
   7th      6.8             6.1            10.8      22.3        27.7
   8th     11.1             5.2             6.7       9.5        29.0
                      Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 9b: If you choose yes in
question 8, how often have you
used hitting to bully?
              All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
             the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
                %              %               %          %           %

   All        6.5             4.0              7.3      9.0        34.8
   Males      9.9             4.9              7.7      7.1        30.2
   Females    3.7             3.2              7.3     10.6        38.5
   7th        4.7             4.7              6.1     14.2        34.5
   8th        7.5             3.6              7.9      6.0        34.9
                        Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 9c: If you choose yes in
question 8, how often have you
used gossiping/rumors to bully?
              All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
             the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
                %              %               %          %           %

   All        7.3             3.8             7.8       9.3        32.8
   Males      9.9             3.8             4.4       7.7        34.1
   Females    5.0             3.7            10.6      11.0        31.7
   7th        7.4             4.7             8.8       8.1        33.8
   8th        7.1             3.2             7.1       9.9        32.1
                        Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 9d: If you choose yes in
question 8, how often have you
used threatening to bully?
              All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
             the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
                %              %               %          %           %

   All        6.0             3.5              3.3      6.8        42.0
   Males      9.3             3.8              2.7      7.7        37.4
   Females    3.2             3.2              3.7      6.0        46.3
   7th        3.4             4.1              4.1      7.4        45.9
   8th        7.5             3.2              2.8      6.3        39.7
                        Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 9e: If you choose yes in
question 8, how often have you
used excluding to bully?
            All of        Most of         Some of    Little of   None of
           the time       the time        the time   the time    the time
              %              %               %          %           %

   All      8.0             2.5              4.0      8.0        38.5
   Males   11.0             2.7              4.4      6.6        35.7
   Females 5.5              2.3              3.7      9.2        41.3
   7th      4.7             4.1              4.1      8.8        43.2
   8th      9.9             1.6              4.0      7.5        35.7
                      Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 10: Generally speaking,
“how safe” do you feel in school?

           Very safe            Safe        Unsafe   Very unsafe
              %                  %            %           %

All          8.5              64.5          21.3        7.5
Males        9.3              52.2          25.3       12.7
Females      7.8              75.2          17.9        3.7
7th          6.1              63.5          23.6        5.4
8th          9.9              65.1          19.8        8.7

               Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 11: If you chose either
“unsafe” or “very unsafe” in
questions 10, is it because you
are concerned about:
           Physical   Gossiping,           No adults to Presence    Other
            safety    teasing, etc           turn to    of drugs   reasons
              %            %                   %           %         %

 All       21.5          13.3                      5.5   12.5      25.3
 Males     29.1          12.6                      8.2   15.4      26.9
 Females   15.1          13.8                      3.2   10.1      23.9
 7th       23.6           8.1                      3.4   11.5      25.7
 8th       20.2          16.3                      6.7   13.1      25.0
                      Richmond Bully Survey 2006
 Question 12: In school or out,
 how often have you been a
 victim of a cyberbully?
          All of the    Most of            Some of    Little of   None of
             time       the time           the time   the time    the time
              %            %                  %          %           %

All         3.0           2.8                 5.0     15.0        72.5
Males       5.5           3.3                 5.5     11.5        73.6
Females     0.9           2.3                 4.6     17.9        72.0
7th         4.1           2.7                 3.4     14.2        75.0
8th         2.4           2.8                 6.0     15.5        71.0

                       Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 13: In school or out, if
you have ever been a victim of a
cyberbully, what did you do?
            Did      Got help            Asked       Ignored or   Cyberbullied
          nothing   from adult         friend for     blocked      the bully
            %           %                 help          bully         %
                                           %             %

All       21.0        7.0                 4.8         24.5          21.8
Males     23.6        6.0                 4.9         17.0          26.4
Females   18.8        7.8                 4.6         30.7          17.9
7th       25.0        8.8                 5.4         25.0          19.6
8th       18.7        6.0                 4.4         24.2          23.0
                        Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Question 14: In school or out,
have you ever been a cyberbully?

             Yes (%)                      No (%)
   All       16.3                         82.3
   Males     14.8                         84.6
   Females   17.4                         80.7
   7th       15.5                         83.1
   8th       16.7                         81.7


             Richmond Bully Survey 2006
 Summary
• More than 4 out of 5 (82.8%) students feel
  bullying is a problem
• At least 5 out of 10 (50.3%) feel it is at least
  “medium-sized”
• 8th graders are more likely to feel bullying is no
  problem than 7th graders (21% vs. 10.1%)
• More 7th graders say they have bullied someone
  than 8th graders (7th 44.6% vs. 8th 33.3%)

                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
 Summary

• More than 1 out of 3 (37.5%) admit they
  have bullied someone (37.2% female,
  38.5% males)
• Teasing is the main weapons used to
  bully at this middle school (37.6%)
• Threatening is the least used method
  (19.6%)

                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
 Summary

• Almost 2 out of 3 (62.3%) “did nothing” the
  last time they saw someone bullied
• Only 6 out of 100 (6%) told an adult when
  they saw bullying
• Males were more likely to do something if
  they were the ones being bullied (84%)
  (Females 79.9%)

                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
 Summary
• Females (40.4%) are just as likely as
  males (38.9%) to be bullied at school
• If they are bullied, females are more
  likely than males to “ignore the bully”
  (39.9% vs. 28%)
• If they are bullied, males are more
  likely than females to “push/hit bully”
  (42.9% vs. 19.3%)

               Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Summary - Safety

• Overall, almost 3 out of 4 (73%) students
  report feeling safe at school
• Females report feeling safer at school
  than males (83% vs. 61.5%)
• 8th graders feel safer than 7th grade (75%
  vs. 69.2%)


                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
   Summary - Safety

• Males were more likely to report physical
  safety as their biggest concern (29.1%)
  where females report other reasons
  (23.9%)
• 7th and 8th graders both chose “other
  reasons” as their biggest concern



                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
     Summary - Cyberbully



• 1 out of 4 students (25.8%) reports being a victim
  of a cyberbully
• Overall, the students were more likely to ignore
  the cyberbully (24.5%) and least likely to ask a
  friend for help (4.8%)
• Males were more likely to cyberbully the
  cyberbully (26.4%) and females were more likely
  to ignore the cyberbully (30.7%)
                    Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Limitations
• Self-reported data
   – Over report
   – Under report
• Voluntary – based on only surveys
  returned
• Each reported data point was rounded
  to the nearest tenth of a point, for this
  reason, some totals may not add up to
  100%

                Richmond Bully Survey 2006
   Limitations

• Large number who did not complete the
  survey correctly (1 out of 5)
• Entertaining answers:
  – For the date: “today”
  – When asked if they had ever bullied
    someone in your school, they answered:
    “Yes but I didn’t mean to”.
  – Check “male” and “female”

                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
    Conclusions

• Bullying, including cyberbullying, is
  present at the middle school surveyed
• It appears to be a big problem; however,
  students feel safe
• Students, faculty, staff and parents would
  benefit from anti-bully education
• Follow up surveys needed to measure
  efficacy of anti-bully education
                 Richmond Bully Survey 2006
Richmond Bully Survey 2006

				
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